FORMAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR PRESIDENT TERM AND COMPENSATION

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1 American Government Chapter 13 Study Guide The Presidency I. Section 1: The President s Job Description 1. I will be able to identify the President s many roles. 2. I will be able to understand the formal qualifications necessary to become President. 3. I will be able to discuss issues involving the length of the President s term. 4. I will be able to describe the President s pay and benefits. B. As you read Section 1, fill in a brief description for each of the roles of the President given below. 1. Age FORMAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR PRESIDENT 2. Citizenship 3. U.S. Residence 4. Maximum term length 5. Annual salary TERM AND COMPENSATION 6. Annual expenses C. Reviewing key terms Chief of state Chief executive Chief administrator Chief diplomat Commander in Chief Chief legislator Chief of party Chief citizen a. proposes laws to Congress b. ceremonial head of government c. represents the American people d. heads the federal bureaucracy e. determines foreign policy f. leads his or her political party g. commands the armed forces h. sees that the nation s laws are carried out

2 II. Section 2: Presidential Succession and the Vice President 1. I will be able to explain how the Constitution provides for presidential succession. 2. I will understand the constitutional provisions relating to presidential disability. 3. I will be able to describe the role of the Vice President. B. As you read Section 2, use the chart below to write the correct order of succession to the presidency. Order of Succession to the Presidency Answer the following questions in the blanks provided. 6. How does the Constitution provide for situations in which the President is disabled? 7. What duties are given to the Vice President by the Constitution? 8. How are Vice Presidents usually selected? 9. How can a vacancy in the vice presidency be filled? Write the definitions of each term in the blank provided. 9. Presidential succession 10. balance the ticket

3 III. Section 3: Presidential Selection: The Framers Plan 1. I will be able to explain the Framers original provisions for choosing the President. 2. I will be able to outline how the rise of political parties changed the original process set out in the Constitution. B. As you read Section 3, answer the following questions on the lines provided. 1. What were three methods of presidential election discussed by the Framers? 2. How did the Framers arrange for the electors to choose the President and Vice President? 3. Why did the Framers choose this method of electing the President? What kind of person did they envision as an elector? 4. How did the rise of political parties affect the electoral college? 5. How did the election of 1800 lead to the passage of the 12 th Amendment? Use each key term below in a sentence that shows the meaning of the term. 6. Presidential electors: 7. Electoral college:

4 IV. Section 4: Presidential Nominations 1. I will be able to describe the role of conventions in the presidential nominating process. 2. I will be able to evaluate the importance of presidential primaries. 3. I will be able to understand the role of the caucusconvention process in States that do not hold primaries. 4. I will be able to outline the events that take place during a national convention. 5. I will be able to examine the characteristics that determine who is nominated as a presidential candidate. B Complete the outline below by filling in the blanks to complete the sentences. The Role of Conventions 1. From 1800 to 1824, presidential candidates were chosen by 2. In 1832, that system was replaced by the 3. Today, the Democratic and Republican parties allot each State a number of party delegates based on the State s electoral vote and 4. The procedure for selecting delegates in a primary is governed by State laws and/or Presidential Primaries 5. A State s presidential primary may either be a process to or to indicate. 6. Winner-take-all primaries have nearly disappeared in favor of. 7. The few States that do no hold primaries choose delegates in and. The National Convention 8. The is the statement of a party s basic principals. 9. The is the speech that is usually given on the first day of a convention. Who is Nominated? 10. An President who wants to run again is usually nominated. 11. The greatest number of people who have been nominated for President have previously served as. Define the following terms. 1. Presidential primary: 2. proportional representation:

5 V. Section 5: The Election 1. I will understand the function of the electoral college today. 2. I will be able to describe the flaws in the electoral college. 3. I will be able to outline the advantages and disadvantages of proposed reforms of the electoral college. B. Using the information from Section 5, complete the chart below, which shows different plans for electing the President. Actual or Proposed System Electoral College How it works Flaws District Plan Proportional plan Direct Popular Election National Bonus Plan In which three elections of the past has the winner of the popular vote failed to win the electoral vote for the presidency? Define the following term. Electorate:

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