ROLE OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION FOR STATUS OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN 21 ST CENTURY: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HYDERABAD KARNATAKA REGION

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ROLE OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION FOR STATUS OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN 21 ST CENTURY: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HYDERABAD KARNATAKA REGION"

Transcription

1 ROLE OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION FOR STATUS OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN 21 ST CENTURY: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HYDERABAD KARNATAKA REGION * Dr. Prahlad V Chengte Assistant Professor of Political Science GFGC, Humnabad, Dt: Bidar **Dr. Jaisheela B Assistant Professor of Commerce and Management GFGC, Aurad (B), Dt: Bidar ABSTRACT In the word Empowerment means to give somebody the power or authority to act. Therefore women empowerment means that the women have the power or capacity to regulate their day today lives, in the social, economic and political terms, a power which enables them to move from the periphery to the centre stage. Ambedkar said the main motive behind women empowerment is to protect their rights, to enrich their quality of life and involve them in decision making process at all levels, particularly in those decisions, which are related to their lives and families. The empowerment of women occurs when women are involved in decision making, which leads to their better access to resources, and therefore improved socio-economic and political status. In recent years, gender equality and women s empowerment have been recognized as crucial to the health and socio-economic development of entire country, not just individual families. This is evident in the fact that promotion of gender equality and empowering women is one of the eight Millennium Development Goals. The present paper observed that the Role of Indian Constitution for status of Women Empowerment in 21 st Century: with Special Reference to Hyderabad Karnataka Region. KEY WORDS: Empowerment, Legislative, Political Status, Economic Status, Decision making INTRODUCTION: Woman is an incarnation of Shakti the Goddess of Power. If she is bestowed with education, India s strength will double. Let the campaign of Kanya Kelavni be spread in every home; let the lamp of educating daughters be lit up in every heart. Narendra Modi The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution in its Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles. The Constitution not only grants equality to women, but also empowers the state to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of women. Empowerment may be described as a process which helps people to assert their control over the factors which affect their lives. Empowerment of women means developing them as more aware individuals, who are politically active, economically productive and independent and are able to make intelligent discussion in matters that affect them. Women empowerment in simple words can be understand as giving power to decide for their own lives of inculcating such abilities in them so that they could be able to find their rightful place in the society. Women are an integral part of a society. They play an important role in determining the destiny of a nation. It has been rightly said by Swami Vivekanand, The Best thermometer to the progress of nation is its treatment of women. Therefore, due recognition to them in the society and their greater involvement in socio-economic and political affairs becomes all the more important. Every person should come forward to ensure equal status for women in all spheres of life. The present paper observed that the Role of Indian Constitution for status of Women Empowerment in 21 st Century: with Special Reference to Hyderabad Karnataka Region. According to the United Nations, women empowerment mainly had five components: 1) Generating women s sense of self-worth 2) Women s right to have and to determine their choices 3) Women s right to have access to equal opportunities and all kinds of resources 4) Women s right to have the power to regulate and control their own lives, within and outside the home and 5) Women s ability to a more just social, economical and political order. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE: Dr. B.P Mahesh Chandra Guru, Mr.H.S.Shivraj, Dr.Madhu Gundlepet and Mr.M.Dileep Kumar (2015) published their article entitled Tribal Development in Karnataka State focuses on The Government of Karnataka has implemented certain programmes for the benefit of tribes who remain at the lowest rung of the social and economic orders. Programmes like free AARMSS INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS Website: 16

2 housing, drinking water supply, electrical connectivity, ashram schools, scholarships, free text books and uniforms, midday meals and poverty reduction programmes have benefited the tribes who had experienced serious economic constraints. Dr. N. R. Savatikar (2014) in his article entitled Problems of Education among Scheduled Tribal P.G. students in Karnataka state opined that Education implies the transmission of culture from one generation to another by creating the power to awaken men to their social responsibilities. It provides a strong link between the past and the present with a view to fashioning a future that meets the socio-economic needs of mankind. Mamta Mokta (2014) in her paper entitled Empowerment of Women in India a Critical Analysis focuses on Empowerment of women means developing them as more aware individuals, who are politically active, economically productive and independent and are able to make intelligent discussion in matters that affect them. Women do not share the power of decisionmaking and are not involved in policy making in Indian democracy in proportion to their numerical strength. Thus there is a gap between the formal idea of women s participation and their meaningful use of power. M. Suguna (2011) in her article entitled Education and Women Empowerment in India Women education in India has also been a major preoccupation of both the government and civil society as educated women can play a very important role in the development of the country. Education is milestone of women empowerment because it enables them to responds to the challenges, to confront their traditional role and change their life. So that we can t neglect the importance of education in reference to women empowerment India is poised to becoming superpower, a developed country by Singh and Dr. Pushpanjali Thapar (2010) published their article entitled Gender Equality and women empowerment in India. They observed that the all round development which includes their physical, social, economical and political development. Keeping in view of this, the Government of India celebrated the year 2001 as the women empowerment year. Without the full and equal participation of women, there can be no sustainable human development. NEED FOR THE STUDY Very few studies have been made on status of women empowerment in India. No research has been made on the Role of Indian Constitution for status of Women Empowerment in 21 st Century: with Special Reference to Karnataka State. Therefore, it has in cited to undertaken this study to fulfill the following objectives. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 1. To analyse the implementation of Legislations and laws for women empowerment. 2. To ascertain the factors influencing the status of empowerment of women according to constitution of India 3. To identify the constraints of economic empowerment of women. 4. To suggest the suitable programmes and policy measures to achieve the goal of economic empowerment of women. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: This study is exploratory and analytical case study. Primary Data: Primary data was collected through questionnaire. The questionnaire administered household women in Hyderabad Karnataka region. The collecting primary data 200 women households of Bidar (35), Gulbaraga (35), Yadgir (35) Raicur (35) Bellary (30) and Koppal (30) women in Hyderabad Karnataka. Secondary Data: Secondary data was collected mainly from the various published documents, books, journals and the annual report censes 2017 etc. Statistical tables and the simple average methods are used to analyse the status of empowerment of women in Hyderabad Karnataka Region. Statistical Analysis: The Chi-Square test was applied to examine the difference between the organisation and different variable. ² = Oi Ei Oi = Observed frequencies Ei = Expected frequency... Degree of freedom = (r-1) (c-1) E i 2 AREA OF THE STUDY: The study has been conducted in Hyderabad Karnataka Region of Karnataka State in order to reconsider the problems faced by rural poor, especially the tribal women while improving their socioeconomic and political status using locally available resources, expertise and their own creativity and also to find out possible solutions for hindrances which would be expected to be faced. AARMSS INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS Website: 17

3 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY: 1. Difficulty in collection of primary data from illiterate household women. The majority of women are involved in selfhelp group s activities and other small business activities having lack of general awareness. They don t have proper maintenance of records. 2. The study is based on random samples of household women in each district of Hyderabad Karnataka Region CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS FOR WOMEN: The Constitution of India contains various provisions, which provide for equal rights and opportunities for both men and women. The Followings Are The Salient Features 1) Indian constitution Article 14 said guarantees that the State shall not deny equality before the law and equal protection of the laws. 2) Indian constitution Article 15 prohibits discrimination against any citizen on the ground of sex. 3) Indian constitution Article 15(3) empowers the State to make positive discrimination in favour of women and children. 4) Indian constitution Article 16 provides for Equality of Opportunity in matters of public employment. 5) Indian constitution Article 23 prohibits trafficking in human beings and forced labour. 6) Indian constitution Article 39 (a) and (d) enjoins the State to provide equal means of livelihood and equal pay for equal work. 7) Indian constitution Article 42 enjoins upon the State to make provisions for securing just and humane conditions of work, and for maternity relief. 8) Indian constitution Article 51 A (e) imposes a Fundamental Duty on every citizen to renounce the practices derogatory to the dignity of women. LEGISLATIONS AND LAWS FOR WOMEN (Article 243 D (3) (xii): one-third of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every panchayat to be reserved for women Including the number of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes women and such seats to be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a panchayat. (Article 243 D (4) (xiii): one third of the total number of offices of Chairpersons in the Panchayats at each level to be reserved for women. (Article 243 T (3)) one-third of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Municipality reserved for women Including the number of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes women and such seats to be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Municipality. (Article 243 T (4)): Reservation of offices of Chairpersons in Municipalities for the scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and Women in such manner as the legislature of a State may by law provide. SPECIAL LAWS Consistent with Constitutional Provisions as well as their sprit, the Government has also enacted specific laws for the protection of women and for the up gradation of their status. MARRIAGE RELATED LAWS Special Marriage Act 1954: Any girl of 18 years of age or boy of 21 years can take resort to this law irrespective of caste or religious considerations. Hindu Marriage Act 1955: Marriage is deemed to be solemnised on the performance of certain rights, especially Saptapadhi; while first marriage subsists, second marriage is forbidden; right to judicial separation and divorce is made available on certain grounds like, for example, unsound of mind, conversion to a different religion, incurable or communicable diseases, etc. Dowry Prohibition Act 1961: Giving, abetting or taking dowry is a cognizable, non-bailable offense against the state and is not punishable with less than five years of imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 15,000 or the amount representing the value of the dowry. Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act 1955: An unmarried woman, a widow or a divorcee of sound mind can also take a child in adoption. Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006: To overcome the shortcomings of the Child Marriage Restraint Act, the Government of India enacted the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act It receives the assent of the president of India AARMSS INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS Website: 18

4 on 10 January, The act came into effect from 1 November, 2007 to overcome the constraints of the former legislation in effectively dealing with the problems of child marriage in India and to put in place a comprehensive mechanism. PROPERTY RELATED LAWS The Hindu Succession Act 1956: It vests women with rights in the matter of inheritance as well as the alienation of property at par with males. Equal Remuneration Act 1976: This Act is enacted for providing equal remuneration to men and women, thereby to prevent discrimination against women on the grounds of sex. VIOLENCE RELATED LAWS Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1986: This Act was adopted in India as a follow-up of the International Convention on Immoral Traffic, This Act Underwent several changes and exists today as the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act This act aims at the prohibition of illegal traffic for purpose of sexual exploitation or abuse. It lays out procedure for rescue of a women or girl. Commission of Sati (prevention) Act 1987: This Act provides for the prevention of the commission of sati and its glorification. The Act lays out extensive provisions to check attempts to commit abet or glorify sati. The collector or District Magistrate is empowered by Act to offences relating to Sati. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005: This Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on 13th Sep., The act provided for more effective protection of the rights of women guaranteed under the Constitution who are victims of any kind occurring within the family and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Under the Act 2005, Domestic Violence covers any abuse or threat thereof that is physical, sexual, verbal, emotional or economic. The Sexual Harassment of Women at Work Place (Prevention, Provision and Redressal) Act It is an act to provide protection against sexual harassment of women at work place and for the prevention and redressal of complaints of sexual harassment and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Whereas sexual harassment results in violation of the fundamental rights of a women to equality under Article 14 and 15 of the Constitution of India and her right to life and to live with dignity under Article 21 of the Constitution and right to practice any profession to carry on any occupation, trade or business which includes a right to a safe environment from sexual harassment. And whereas the right to protection against sexual harassment and the right to work with dignity are universally recognised human rights by international conventions and instruments, such as Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, which has been ratified on the 25thJune, 1993 by the Government of India. And whereas it is expedient to make provisions for giving effect to the said Convention for protection of women against sexual harassment at work place. STATUS OF WOMEN IN 21 ST CENTURY: The status of women in 21 st century is significant reflection of the level of social justice in that society. Women s status is often described in terms of their level of income, employment, education, health and fertility as well as their roles within the family, the community and society. The role of women in communities is substantial and crucial. They constitute about half the total population but in society women are more important than men, because they work harder and the family economy and management depends on them. Even after industrialization and the resultant commercialization swamped the economy, women continued to play a significant role. Collection of minor forest produce is done mostly by women and children. Many also work as laborers in industries, households and construction, contributing to their family income. However, women face problems and challenges in getting a sustainable livelihood and a decent life due to environmental degradation and the interference of outsiders. Undoubtedly, the programmes, oriented towards the empowerment of women, they have also improved their socio-economic conditions and status. However, there are wide variations across regions and women in terms of work participation, sex ratio, economic productivity and social life. The table -1 illustrate that the literacy rate of Tribal population in Karnataka. Comparing with the male, female literacy rate is more than the male. It is found that development of tribal women is good impact on the society in 21 century. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION: AARMSS INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS Website: 19

5 Scheduled tribal population Table -1: Literacy Rate of women in Karnataka Percentage to total population in Karnataka Rural Urban Total Total Male Female Source: Censes of India, Primary Censes Abstract data highlights Karnataka series-30 Status of Tribal Women includes the following determinants: Table -2: Socio demographic characteristics of the study population Characteristics Frequencies Chisquare df sig Rural Urban Total value a Age group of respondents in years (10%) 25 (12.5%) 45 (22.5%) (19%) 42 (21%) 80 (40%) (16%) 30 (15%) 62 (31%) 61 and above 10 (5%) 03 (1.5%) 13 (6.5%) Total 100 (50%) 100 (50%) 200 (50%) b Socio Economic classes Upper 28 (14%) 25 (12.5%) 53 (26.5%) Middle 42 (21%) 40 (20%) 82 (41%) Lower 30 (15%) 35 (17.5%) 65 (32.5%) c Educational Background Primary Education 35 (17.5%) 15 (7.5%) 50 (25%) Secondary Education 38 (19%) 20 (10%) 58 (29%) Graduates 15 (7.5%) 42 (21%) 57 (28.5%) Post graduates 2 (1%) 13 (6.5%) 15 (7.5%) Others 10 (5%) 10 (5%) 20 (10%) d Health status Very good 38 (19%) 35 (17.5%) 73 (36.5%) Good 30 (15%) 43 (21.5%) 73 (36.5%) Normal 27 (13.5%) 10 (5%) 37 (16.5%) Ell Health 05 (2.5%) 12 (6%) 17 (8.5) e Economic Status of respondents (Monthly Income) Below (27.5%) 15 (7.5%) 70 (35%) to (15%) 23 (11.5%) 53 (26.5%) to (7.5%) 45 (22.5%) 60 (30%) and above 00 (0%) 17 (8.5%) 17 (8.5%) Political Status Very Good 45(22.5%) 20 (10%) 65 (32.5%) Good 22 (11%) 23 (11.5%) 45 (22.5%) Average 20 (10%) 40 (20%) 60 (30%) Not good 13 (6.5%) 17 (8.5%) 30 (15%) f Participation of decision making process in family All time (always) 10(5%) 45(22.5%) 60 (30%) AARMSS INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS Website: 20

6 Some times 30(15%) 38(19%) 85 (42.5%) Not at all 60(30%) 17(8.5%) 55 (27.5%) Total 100(50%) 100 (50%) 200 (100%) g Environmental Status Very Good 20 (10%) 33 (16.5%) 53 (31.5%) Good 37 (18.5%) 48 (24%) 85 (42.5%) Average 32 (16%) 15 (7.5%) 47 (23.5%) Not good 11 (5.5%) 04 (2%) 15 (7.5%) Source: Field survey Table 2:a shows that the age group of the respondents, the majority of 80 (40%) of respondents were belonging to age group of years only least numbers of respondents 20 (10%) respondents were above 61 years of age group. Hence the present study reveals that, rural and urban area most of the women s are young and empowered their family and society. Table 2: b illustrates the economic status of women. Out of the 200 respondents 53 (26.5%) are rich their economic status is well. 82 (31%) of respondents are middle class women s. and 65 (32.5%) of the respondents are economically very poor, means still they require support from the society, support from family and economic support also required. Educational Status: Education is the key which opens the door of life, develops humanity and promotes national and self development. Education can be an effective tool for women empowerment. It enables the women to acquire knowledge for improving and empowering their tasks in all fields. Women relegated to the background as they lack educational, economic and political power necessary to actualize their potentials. Illiteracy is the major hurdle to women s empowerment in this region. Female children are usually not given adequate opportunity to acquire formal education which is necessary condition for empowerment. Education is a powerful tool for social transformation. Gender sensitivity must be developed. Education for tribal women has to be paid special attention. Table 2: c illustrates educational background of the respondents. The above table found that comparing with the rural to urban area. In this present study reveals that, particular in Urban area it fount maximum number of respondents were qualified in higher education like UG 42 (21%), PG 13 (6.5%) and in other professional courses are 10 (5%). At the same time in the Rural aria 15 (7.5%) are UG, 2 (1%) and 10 (5%) are qualified other courses. Hence it is found that facilities provided by the government are not reached to women in proper. Health: Women face risk of malnutrition hence focus should be paid on nutritional need of women at all stages of their lifecycle. The problem in the country is more serious among the women belonging to these indigenous groups. Table 2:d. Focuses on Health status of tribal women, in the both the areas maximum number of more than 73% of the respondents are having good and excellent health condition, because government hospitals, primary health centrals are providing very good medical facilities for rural as well as urban women health. Table 2: e. illustrates income level of women in urban and rural. As women we come to know that maximum numbers of women s are illiterate due to lack opportunities to empower themselves economically. Nearly 80% of them depend upon primary sector for their livelihood; they mainly have forest products for their earning. Poverty is reflected in almost all aspect of an average women s life. Hence in the rural area none of the respondents having above Rs / of income, where as in urban area some of figure counted respondents are earning above Rs / of monthly income. Political Status: Although most of women around the world have the right to vote and right to actively participate in political parties. Table 2: f. shows that the political status of women, comparing with urban women respondent, rural women s opined that in the rural area political status were good they are having opportunities to participate in Grama Panchayat, Taluka Panchayt Jilla Panchayat etc due to reservation system provided by government of India, hence in rural and urban area women s were satisfied. Decision-making and gender equality: Indian is one of the most powerful country s in the world. There is gender equality in the families is very important factor in the present study. Our society is accepted itself as male dominated society and decision making ability of women is very less in outside and in family but it is equal to male within families. Table 2: g examines the environmental status of the women empowered in rural and urban area also. More than 70% of respondents opined that some families are having equal opportunities to male and female in decision making and treated as both are equal and their surrounding environment always support to women. RECOMMENDATIONS: There should be a continuous attempt to inspire, encourage, motivate to women in rural and as well as urban area for better empowerment. AARMSS INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS Website: 21

7 Attempts should be there to enhance the standards education of women in general as well making effective provisions for their training, practical experience and personality development programmes, to improvise their over-all personality standards for urban and rural women. The present study recommended establishing for them proper training institutes for enhancing their level of workknowledge, skills, risk-taking abilities, enhancing their capabilities in both the area like women and urban. Attempts to bring about a society attitude change, generation of awareness and consciousness on the policy of selfdevelopment of women in urban and rural. Attempts by various NGO s and government organisations to spread information about policies, plans and strategies on the development of women in the field of industry, trade, commerce, technology and business politics etc. Establishing various policies to offer easy finance schemes for economically strengthening the position of women. Offering seed capital, up-liftment schemes, women entrepreneurs fund etc. to encourage them economically. CONCLUSION: Thus higher education is necessary for upward mobility. It plays an important role as a powerful instrument of health, economic, environment, political and social changes. It makes significant contribution in raising the quality of life of people. It is through higher education that the all-round progress of tribal women in the society is possible. Thus the study shows that most of the respondents maintain their educational expenditure with the help of scholarship amount is not sufficient to meet all their expenditures but it require job facilities in tribal in rural aria as well as urban in Karnataka. REFERENCES: 1. Mamta Mokta Empowerment Of Women In India: A Critical Analysis Indian Journal of Public Administration/ Vol. Lx, No. 3, July-September M.Suguna Education and Women Empowerment,International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Vol.1 Issue 8, December 2011, ISSN Antony, Vaslsmma (2006) Education and Employment: the key to Women Empowerment, Kurukshetra Vol 54 No 4, New Delhi pp Dr. Sarbjeet Singh and Dr. Pushpanjali Thapar, (2009) Gender Equality and Women Empowerment in India, Third Concept An International journal of Ideas, pp Mallikarjun Nayashetty and Somanath Reddy (2010) Political Empowerment of Women through PRIS Southern Economist, Vol 49 No.1 Pp Dash and Sidharth (2004) Women Empowerment in India, Orissa Review pp Chakrabarthy, Manas and Bhuia, YoungLahmu (2007) Empowering Indian Women in he New Wake of Globalisation, The Indian Journal of Political Science, Vol LXVIII, No 1 Meerat pp Ssssinha, Chadni (2007) Education and Empowerment of Women, Third Concept Vol.21, No 243 pp50 9. Dr. N. R. Savatikar (2014) Problems of Education among Scheduled Tribe P.G. Students in Karnataka, International Journal of Innovation and Research Development.. Vol.3, Issue 5, pp 352 to 357, May Dr.B.P.Mahesh Chandra Guru, Mr.H S Shivaraj, Dr.Madhu Gundlupet and Mr.M.Dileep Kumar (2015) Tribal Development in Karnataka, International Journal of English Language, Literature and Humanities, Vol-III, Issue II, April Dr. M.R.Singhaniya Dr. Ambedkar and Women Empowerment in India Quest Journals- Journals of Research in Humanities and Social Science, Volume 2~ Issue 1 (2014) pp: ISSN(Online) : AARMSS INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS Website: 22

THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013 SECTIONS 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. 3. Prevention of sexual harassment. ARRANGEMENT

More information

THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT, 2005 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT, 2005 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS SECTIONS THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT, 2005 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY CHAPTER II 3. Definitions of domestic

More information

Synopsis WOMEN WELFARE PROGRAMMES IN ANDHRA PRADESH: A STUDY IN WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT GUNUPUDI SUNEETHA. Research Director. Prof. K.A.P.

Synopsis WOMEN WELFARE PROGRAMMES IN ANDHRA PRADESH: A STUDY IN WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT GUNUPUDI SUNEETHA. Research Director. Prof. K.A.P. Synopsis WOMEN WELFARE PROGRAMMES IN ANDHRA PRADESH: A STUDY IN WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT BY GUNUPUDI SUNEETHA M.A., M.Phil., P.G.Dpl.P.R Research Director Prof. K.A.P. LAKSHMI Joint Research Director Prof.

More information

Women Micro Entrepreneurship: Role Of Shgs In Women s Investment Pattern In Trichirapalli

Women Micro Entrepreneurship: Role Of Shgs In Women s Investment Pattern In Trichirapalli ISSN: 6-999 Women Micro Entrepreneurship: Role Of Shgs In Women s Investment Pattern In Trichirapalli DR. N.MAHESWARI, St. Joseph s College, Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce Computer Application,

More information

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT AND GENDER EQUALITY BILL

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT AND GENDER EQUALITY BILL REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA WOMEN EMPOWERMENT AND GENDER EQUALITY BILL (As introduced in the National Assembly (proposed section 7); explanatory summary of the Bill published in Government Gazette No. 3700

More information

THE DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961

THE DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961 THE DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961 (No. 28 of 1961) [20th May, 1961] An Act to prohibit the giving or taking of dowry BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twelfth year of the Republic of India as follows:-

More information

6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN

6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN 6.0 INTRODUCTION 6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN In January 1992, the National Commission For Women 6.1 was set up by an Act of Parliament with the Specific mandate to study and monitor all matters relating

More information

ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN EMPOWERING WOMEN OF TAMILNADU

ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN EMPOWERING WOMEN OF TAMILNADU ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN EMPOWERING WOMEN OF TAMILNADU Mrs. P. NALINI Assistant Professor (Senior Grade), Department of Management Studies Velalar College of Engineering and Technology Erode. E-Mail: nalini.vcet@gmail.com

More information

CHAPTER 3 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF MINORITIES OF INDIA

CHAPTER 3 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF MINORITIES OF INDIA CHAPTER 3 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF MINORITIES OF INDIA 73 List of Contents S.No. Chapter-3 Socio economic condition of Minorities of India on the Page number basis HDI indicators 3.1 Defination of

More information

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT TOWARDS ACHIEVING GENDER EQUALITY

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT TOWARDS ACHIEVING GENDER EQUALITY WOMEN EMPOWERMENT TOWARDS ACHIEVING GENDER EQUALITY The article deals with a judicious eye of conventionalism. The conventional attributed has been dealt in this arena on various strands and stratification

More information

Case Study. Women s participation in stabilization and conflict prevention in North Kivu. SDGs addressed CHAPTERS. More info:

Case Study. Women s participation in stabilization and conflict prevention in North Kivu. SDGs addressed CHAPTERS. More info: Case Study Women s participation in stabilization and conflict prevention in North Kivu KINSHASA SDGs addressed This case study is based on the joint programme, Project to support stabilization and conflict

More information

SUPREME COURT OF INDIA Page 1 of 10 PETITIONER: VISHAKA & ORS.

SUPREME COURT OF INDIA Page 1 of 10 PETITIONER: VISHAKA & ORS. http://judis.nic.in SUPREME COURT OF INDIA Page 1 of 10 PETITIONER: VISHAKA & ORS. Vs. RESPONDENT: STATE OF RAJASTHAN & ORS. DATE OF JUDGMENT: 13/08/1997 BENCH: CJI, SUJATA V. MANOHAR, B. N. KIRPAL ACT:

More information

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS. SmartPrep.in

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS. SmartPrep.in Downloaded from http:// FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS People in democratic countries enjoy certain rights, which are protected by judicial system of the country concerned. Their violation, even by the State, is not

More information

THE ROLE OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES- A CASE STUDY OF GUNTUR DISTRICT IN ANDHARA PRADESH

THE ROLE OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES- A CASE STUDY OF GUNTUR DISTRICT IN ANDHARA PRADESH THE ROLE OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES- A CASE STUDY OF GUNTUR DISTRICT IN ANDHARA PRADESH Sk. ASHA BEGUM Research Scholar, Dept of Economics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna

More information

THE WOMEN FARMERS' ENTITLEMENTS BILL, 2011

THE WOMEN FARMERS' ENTITLEMENTS BILL, 2011 AS INTRODUCED IN THE RAJYA SABHA ON THE 11TH MAY, 2012 Bill No. LV of 2011 THE WOMEN FARMERS' ENTITLEMENTS BILL, 2011 ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY CLAUSES 1. Short title, extent and commencement.

More information

Women s Empowerment in Nepal:

Women s Empowerment in Nepal: Jessica Kramer Women s Empowerment in Nepal: Literacy, Employment & Political participation Nepal, a landlocked country between India and China that is ethnically diverse with 28 million people. It ranks

More information

The United Nations Human Rights Council

The United Nations Human Rights Council The United Nations Human Rights Council Letter from the Executive Board Greetings delegates and welcome to The Heritage MUN 2015. This year we are a part of the United Nations Human Rights Council. The

More information

Abstract. Introduction

Abstract. Introduction Introduction Abstract Globalization is the most widely debated and discussed phenomenon in all over the world. The world opinion is divided on what constitute globalization and whether the globalization

More information

GENDER, RELIGION AND CASTE

GENDER, RELIGION AND CASTE GENDER, RELIGION AND CASTE SHT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [3 MARKS] 1. What is casteism? How is casteism in India different as compared to other societies? Describe any five features of the caste system prevailing

More information

CBSE Class 10 Social Notes Civics

CBSE Class 10 Social Notes Civics CBSE Class 10 Social Notes Civics 1 CBSE Class 10 Social Notes Civics Table of Contents 1. Power Sharing... 2... 2 2. Federalism... 3... 3 3. Democracy and Diversity... 4... 4 4. Gender, Religion and Caste...

More information

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [3 MARKS]

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [3 MARKS] DEVELOPMENT SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [3 MARKS] 1. What is meant by economic development? What are the two bases of measuring economic development of a country? Economic development can be defined as

More information

ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF THE MIGRANT WORKERS IN KERALA: A STUDY IN THE TRIVANDRUM DISTRICT

ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF THE MIGRANT WORKERS IN KERALA: A STUDY IN THE TRIVANDRUM DISTRICT (ISSN: 2321-4155), 33-46 Economics ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF THE MIGRANT WORKERS IN KERALA: A STUDY IN THE TRIVANDRUM DISTRICT Dilip Saikia* ABSTRACT In recent years, Kerala has been experiencing a large

More information

Chapter III SOCIO- ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF SLUM POPULATION IN PIMPRI- CHINCHWAD URBAN AREA

Chapter III SOCIO- ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF SLUM POPULATION IN PIMPRI- CHINCHWAD URBAN AREA Chapter III SOCIO- ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF SLUM POPULATION IN PIMPRI- CHINCHWAD URBAN AREA 1. Introduction 2. Economic status of slum population in Pimpri Chinchwad urban area 2.1: Average Annual income

More information

Perspective on Forced Migration in India: An Insight into Classed Vulnerability

Perspective on Forced Migration in India: An Insight into Classed Vulnerability Perspective on in India: An Insight into Classed Vulnerability By Protap Mukherjee* and Lopamudra Ray Saraswati* *Ph.D. Scholars Population Studies Division Centre for the Study of Regional Development

More information

Socio Economic and Regional Disparities: Some Implications for India

Socio Economic and Regional Disparities: Some Implications for India Int. Journal of Management and Development Studies 5(4): 61-66 (2016) ISSN (Online): 2320-0685. ISSN (Print): 2321-1423 Impact Factor: 0.715 Socio Economic and Regional Disparities: Some Implications for

More information

Khizar Hayat Qamar. Language in India ISSN :3 March 2017

Khizar Hayat Qamar. Language in India  ISSN :3 March 2017 =================================================================== Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 Vol. 17:3 March 2017 ===================================================================

More information

Challenges Of Implementation Of Right To Education (RTE) Act 2009 For Children In The Age Group In West Bengal

Challenges Of Implementation Of Right To Education (RTE) Act 2009 For Children In The Age Group In West Bengal Challenges Of Implementation Of Right To Education (RTE) Act 2009 For Children In The 10-14 Age Group In West Bengal Ankita Dey Assistant Professor and Statistician, KPC Medical College & Hospital, Jadavpur,

More information

Domestic Violence (Offence and Punishment) Act, 2066 (2009)

Domestic Violence (Offence and Punishment) Act, 2066 (2009) Domestic Violence (Offence and Punishment) Act, 2066 (2009) Date of Authentication and Publication 2066.1.14 (April 27, 2009) Act No. 1 of the year 2066 (2009) An Act relating to control the Domestic Violence

More information

CHHATTISGARH BILL (No. of 2012) CHHATTISGARH FOOD SECURITY BILL, 2012.

CHHATTISGARH BILL (No. of 2012) CHHATTISGARH FOOD SECURITY BILL, 2012. Section CHHATTISGARH BILL (No. of 2012) CHHATTISGARH FOOD SECURITY BILL, 2012. TABLE OF CONTENTS Description CHAPTER-I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. CHAPTER-II PROVISIONS

More information

THE MENTAL HEALTH CARE BILL, 2013

THE MENTAL HEALTH CARE BILL, 2013 AS INTRODUCED IN THE RAJYA SABHA THE MENTAL HEALTH CARE BILL, 13 ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY CLAUSES 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. Bill No. LIV of 13 CHAPTER

More information

CHHATTISGARH ACT ( NO. 13 OF 2007) CHHATTISGARH POLICE ACT, 2007,

CHHATTISGARH ACT ( NO. 13 OF 2007) CHHATTISGARH POLICE ACT, 2007, CHHATTISGARH ACT ( NO. 13 OF 2007) CHHATTISGARH POLICE ACT, 2007, An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to Police Force in the State of Chhattisgarh and matters connected therewith incidental

More information

Empowerment of Women through SHG and Role of Education : An Analysis

Empowerment of Women through SHG and Role of Education : An Analysis Pedagogy of Learning, Vol.-3, Issue-2, pp.96-104, Oct. 2015 (International Refereed Journal of Education) P-ISSN : 2320-9526, E-ISSN: 2395-7344 Indexed and Impact Factor : 0.787 (GIF) Recommended Citation

More information

THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT, 2009 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT, 2009 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT, 2009 SECTIONS 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY CHAPTER II RIGHT TO FREE

More information

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES. Proposal for a COUNCIL DIRECTIVE

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES. Proposal for a COUNCIL DIRECTIVE EN EN EN COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, 2.7.2008 COM(2008) 426 final 2008/0140 (CNS) Proposal for a COUNCIL DIRECTIVE on implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons

More information

THE STREET VENDORS (PROTECTION OF LIVELIHOOD AND REGULATION OF STREET VENDING) BILL, 2012

THE STREET VENDORS (PROTECTION OF LIVELIHOOD AND REGULATION OF STREET VENDING) BILL, 2012 AS INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA THE STREET VENDORS (PROTECTION OF LIVELIHOOD AND REGULATION OF STREET VENDING) BILL, 2012 ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES Bill No. 104 of 2012. CLAUSES CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short

More information

Women Entrepreneurship in India: Challenges and Opportunities

Women Entrepreneurship in India: Challenges and Opportunities Women Entrepreneurship in India: Challenges and Opportunities Prof. N. ChintaRao,Director, Dr. C.S.Rao P.G.Centre, Sri Y.N.College, Narsapur, W.G.Dt., A.P. Introduction : Women have achieved immense development

More information

THE KARNATAKA STATE COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1995 CHAPTER I CHAPTER II. 4. Term of office and conditions of service of chairperson and members.

THE KARNATAKA STATE COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1995 CHAPTER I CHAPTER II. 4. Term of office and conditions of service of chairperson and members. 1 THE KARNATAKA STATE COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1995 ARRANGAMENT OF SECTIONS Statement of Object and Reasons Sections: CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. 2. Short title and commencement. Definitions. CHAPTER II

More information

NATURAL FATHERS OF CHILDREN BORN OUT OF WEDLOCK ACT

NATURAL FATHERS OF CHILDREN BORN OUT OF WEDLOCK ACT REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA NATURAL FATHERS OF CHILDREN BORN OUT OF WEDLOCK ACT REPUBLIEK VAN SUID-AFRIKA WET OP NATUURLIKE VADERS VAN BUITE-EGTELIKE KINDERS No, 1997 GENERAL EXPLANATORY NOTE: [ ] Words in

More information

BOOK REVIEW: Sex Trafficking in South Asia Telling Maya s Story

BOOK REVIEW: Sex Trafficking in South Asia Telling Maya s Story Volume 4, Issue 1 May 2014 BOOK REVIEW: Sex Trafficking in South Asia Telling Maya s Story Admira Alic, Webster University Saint Louis Sex Trafficking in South Asia: Telling Maya s Story by Mary Crawford

More information

Country Statement. By Prof. Dr. Fasli Jalal Chairman of the National Population and Family Planning Agency Republic of Indonesia

Country Statement. By Prof. Dr. Fasli Jalal Chairman of the National Population and Family Planning Agency Republic of Indonesia FINAL 15.00 Country Statement By Prof. Dr. Fasli Jalal Chairman of the National Population and Family Planning Agency Republic of Indonesia at the Ministerial Segment of the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population

More information

Informal debate of the General Assembly Promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women 6 8 March 2007

Informal debate of the General Assembly Promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women 6 8 March 2007 Informal debate of the General Assembly Promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women 6 8 March 2007 I. Introduction The President of the General Assembly invited Member States and observers

More information

Political Participation of Women in Gram Panchayat Elections in Odisha: A Case Study of Hindol Block in Dhenkanal District

Political Participation of Women in Gram Panchayat Elections in Odisha: A Case Study of Hindol Block in Dhenkanal District International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention ISSN (Online): 2319 7722, ISSN (Print): 2319 7714 Volume 2 Issue 2 ǁ February. 2013ǁ PP.38-46 Political Participation of Women in Gram Panchayat

More information

Data base on child labour in India: an assessment with respect to nature of data, period and uses

Data base on child labour in India: an assessment with respect to nature of data, period and uses Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Understanding Children s Work Project Working Paper Series, June 2001 1. 43860 Data base

More information

Women and Wage Discrimination in India: A Critical Analysis March

Women and Wage Discrimination in India: A Critical Analysis March International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention ISSN (Online): 2319 7722, ISSN (Print): 2319 7714 Volume 2 Issue 4 ǁ April. 2013ǁ PP.06-12 Women and Wage Discrimination in India: A Critical

More information

PROTECTION AGAINST DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT

PROTECTION AGAINST DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT LAWS OF KENYA PROTECTION AGAINST DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT Revised Edition 2015 Published by the National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney-General www.kenyalaw.org [Rev. 2015]

More information

SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL INDIA: A SMALL STEP APPROACH TOWARDS INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE

SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL INDIA: A SMALL STEP APPROACH TOWARDS INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE Occasional Paper OP-169-E May, 2009 SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL INDIA: A SMALL STEP APPROACH TOWARDS INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE Kate Ganly Johanna Mair IESE Occasional Papers seek to present topics of general

More information

Changes is brought about in criminal law relating to protection of women

Changes is brought about in criminal law relating to protection of women G.R.KARE COLLEGE OF LAW MARGAO GOA Name : MALINI RAMCHANDRA KAMAT Roll No. 8 Semester II Sub : Law of social Change Changes is brought about in criminal law relating to protection of women 1 P age Contents

More information

Migration and Informality

Migration and Informality Migration and Informality Alakh N. Sharma Dhruv Sood Institute for Human Development NIDM Building, 3 rd Floor, IP Estate Mahatma Gandhi Marg New Delhi-110002 Why People Migrate? Labour migration is an

More information

South Africa s Statement to the 48th Session of the UN Commission on Population and Development. Presented by

South Africa s Statement to the 48th Session of the UN Commission on Population and Development. Presented by South Africa s Statement to the 48th Session of the UN Commission on Population and Development Presented by Ms Bathabile Dlamini, MP Minister of Social Development Republic of South Africa New York, 13-17

More information

EXTRAORDINARY Part II Section I PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY. [No. 39] NEW DELHI, THRUSDAY, AUGUST 27, 2009/BHADRA 5, 1931

EXTRAORDINARY Part II Section I PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY. [No. 39] NEW DELHI, THRUSDAY, AUGUST 27, 2009/BHADRA 5, 1931 SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 1 EXTRAORDINARY Part II Section I PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY [No. 39] NEW DELHI, THRUSDAY, AUGUST 27, 2009/BHADRA 5, 1931 Separate paging is given to this Part in

More information

SUBMISSION FOR UGANDA S UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW

SUBMISSION FOR UGANDA S UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW SUBMISSION FOR UGANDA S UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW 1. Introduction The Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) is an A status independent national human rights institution established under the 1995 Constitution

More information

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: A Unique Scheme for Indian Rural Women

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: A Unique Scheme for Indian Rural Women Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: A Unique Scheme for Indian Rural Women by Vinita Arora, Prof. L. R. Kulshreshtha, Prof. V. Upadhyay Research Scholar, Dayalbagh University, Agra,

More information

SSRG International Journal of Economics and Management Studies (SSRG-IJEMS) volume 4 Issue 8 August 2017

SSRG International Journal of Economics and Management Studies (SSRG-IJEMS) volume 4 Issue 8 August 2017 Women Empowerment through Programmes with special reference to MavoorGramaPanchayat in Kerala BijuJoseph MA, MSc, MBA. Assistant Professor Post Graduate and Research Department of Economics St Joseph s

More information

ACT ON GENDER EQUALITY

ACT ON GENDER EQUALITY THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENT 2663 Pursuant to Article 88 of the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, I hereby issue the DECISION PROMULGATING THE ACT ON GENDER EQUALITY I hereby promulgate the Act on Gender

More information

THE KARNATAKA TRANSPARENCY IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENTS ACT, 1999

THE KARNATAKA TRANSPARENCY IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENTS ACT, 1999 THE KARNATAKA TRANSPARENCY IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENTS ACT, 1999 Statements of Objects and Reasons Sections : ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER I 1. Short title and commencement. 2. Definitions. 3. Provisions

More information

The Prevention of Crimes in the Name of Honour & Tradition Bill, 2010

The Prevention of Crimes in the Name of Honour & Tradition Bill, 2010 1 The Prevention of Crimes in the Name of Honour & Tradition Bill, 2010 august 2010 Statement of object and reasons: A spate of murders and dishonourable crimes in the name of honour whether of a family

More information

Case Summary Suresh Kumar Koushal and another v NAZ Foundation and others Supreme Court of India: Civil Appeal No of 2013

Case Summary Suresh Kumar Koushal and another v NAZ Foundation and others Supreme Court of India: Civil Appeal No of 2013 Case Summary Suresh Kumar Koushal and another v NAZ Foundation and others Supreme Court of India: Civil Appeal No. 10972 of 2013 1. Reference Details Jurisdiction: The Supreme Court of India (Civil Appellate

More information

Copyright, Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University, 2011

Copyright, Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University, 2011 Introduction National Human Rights Institutions in India A Comparative Table Human rights institutions are meant to function as independent human rights watchdogs at the domestic level. Their key functions

More information

National Seminar On Marginalized Sections and Inclusive Development: Issues Challenges and Social Work Perspective. Dates: October

National Seminar On Marginalized Sections and Inclusive Development: Issues Challenges and Social Work Perspective. Dates: October National Seminar On Marginalized Sections and Inclusive Development: Issues Challenges and Social Work Perspective Concept Note Dates: October 11-12-2012 The Indian society is highly stratified and hierarchical

More information

Specific Issues of Gender in Accessing Social Protection and Labour Market Opportunitites. Athia Yumna, The SMERU Research Institute

Specific Issues of Gender in Accessing Social Protection and Labour Market Opportunitites. Athia Yumna, The SMERU Research Institute Specific Issues of Gender in Accessing Social Protection and Labour Market Opportunitites Athia Yumna, The SMERU Research Institute Structure Introduction Gender Inequality, Poverty and Vulnerabilities

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/VCT/CO/4-8 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 28 July 2015 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

Women and Youth Forum

Women and Youth Forum 1 Women and Youth Forum About Us Overall Objective: Sub-objectives: Stems from the keenness of the United Nations to promote the principle of engagement in the decision-making process in line with international

More information

Distribution of Legislative Powers between the Centre and States

Distribution of Legislative Powers between the Centre and States Distribution of Legislative Powers between the Centre and States *Anu Mishra Our Constitution is one of the very few that has gone into details regarding the relationship between the Union and the States.

More information

DECENT WORK IN TANZANIA

DECENT WORK IN TANZANIA International Labour Office DECENT WORK IN TANZANIA What do the Decent Work Indicators tell us? INTRODUCTION Work is central to people's lives, and yet many people work in conditions that are below internationally

More information

Self-Help groups and women empowerment: Problems and prospects

Self-Help groups and women empowerment: Problems and prospects 2015; 1(13): 235-239 ISSN Print: 2394-7500 ISSN Online: 2394-5869 Impact Factor: 5.2 IJAR 2015; 1(13): 235-239 www.allresearchjournal.com Received: 18-10-2015 Accepted: 20-11-2015 Ph.D Scholar, Dept. of

More information

Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961

Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 (Brought into force on 1-7-1961) Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 Preamble An act to prohibit the giving or taking of dowry. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twelfth year of the Republic of India as follows:-

More information

CHAPTER - I PRELIMINARY

CHAPTER - I PRELIMINARY THE JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE AND PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) ACT, 2000 NO. 56 OF 2000 [30 th December, 2000] THE JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE AND PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) AMENDEMENT ACT, 2006 ( No.33 of 2006 ) An Act

More information

JORDAN. Report preparation methodology

JORDAN. Report preparation methodology JORDAN Report by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action (1995) and the Outcome of the Twenty-Third Special Session of the General Assembly (2000) Report preparation

More information

Summary of the Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Summary of the Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) Summary of the Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) CEDAW/C/CAN/CO/8-9: The Concluding Observations can be accessed here: http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/download.aspx?symbolno=cedaw%2fc%2fca

More information

APPRENTICES ACT, 1961

APPRENTICES ACT, 1961 APPRENTICES ACT, 1961 [52 OF 1961] An Act to provide for the regulation and control of training of apprentices 1 [***] and for matters connected therewith. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twelfth Year

More information

THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1990 ACT NO. 20 OF 1990

THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1990 ACT NO. 20 OF 1990 THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1990 ACT NO. 20 OF 1990 [30th August, 1990.] An Act to constitute a National Commission for Women and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

More information

OF THE REPUBLIC OF ZIMBABWE TO THE

OF THE REPUBLIC OF ZIMBABWE TO THE ZIMSAaWE Permanent Mission @f the Republic of Zimfea&w T tie United Nations STATEMENT BY H. E. MR CHiTSAKA CHIPAZfWA, AMBASSADOR AND PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ZIMBABWE TO THE UNITED NATIONS,

More information

BE it enacted by the legislature of the State of Orissa in the Fifty-sixth Year of the

BE it enacted by the legislature of the State of Orissa in the Fifty-sixth Year of the *THE ORISSA LABOUR WELFARE FUND ACT, 1996 (ORISSA ACT 14 OF 2005) [Received the assent of the President on the 28 th November, 2005, first published in an extraordinary issue of the Orissa Gazette, Dated

More information

SADC PROTOCOL ON GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT

SADC PROTOCOL ON GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT DISTRIBUTED BY VERITAS email: veritas@mango.zw website:www.veritaszim.net Veritas makes every effort to ensure the provision of reliable information, but cannot take legal responsibility for information

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/ARG/CO/6 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 30 July 2010 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Elimination

More information

Does Decentralization Matters For Human Development?

Does Decentralization Matters For Human Development? 1 Does Decentralization Matters For Human Development? J. Nagaraj Tejbir Singh Soni 2 Does Decentralization Matters For Human Development? Abstract: The objective of this paper is to answer the question

More information

TAMIL NADU GOVERNMENT GAZETTE

TAMIL NADU GOVERNMENT GAZETTE [Regd. No. TN/CCN/467/2009-11. 2009 [Price: Rs. 4.80 Paise. GOVERNMENT OF TAMIL NADU TAMIL NADU GOVERNMENT GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY No. 149] CHENNAI, MONDAY, JUNE 22, 2009 Aani 8, Thiruvalluvar

More information

P r o g r a m m e I m p l e m e n t a t i o n, Government of India has b e e n c a r r y i n g o u t n a t i o n w i d e s o c i o -

P r o g r a m m e I m p l e m e n t a t i o n, Government of India has b e e n c a r r y i n g o u t n a t i o n w i d e s o c i o - Original Article NUJHS Vol. 5, No., September 205, ISSN 229-70 Cross Sectional study to asses housing conditions and to compare it with education and socio economic status of a semi urban area in Mangalore

More information

EMPLOYMENT EQUITY ACT NO. 55 OF 1998

EMPLOYMENT EQUITY ACT NO. 55 OF 1998 EMPLOYMENT EQUITY ACT NO. 55 OF 1998 [ASSENTED TO 12 OCTOBER, 1998] [DATE OF COMMENCEMENT: 1 DECEMBER, 1999] (Unless otherwise indicated) (English text signed by the President) This Act has been updated

More information

EMPLOYMENT EQUITY ACT NO. 55 OF 1998

EMPLOYMENT EQUITY ACT NO. 55 OF 1998 EMPLOYMENT EQUITY ACT NO. 55 OF 1998 [View Regulation] [ASSENTED TO 12 OCTOBER, 1998] [DATE OF COMMENCEMENT: 1 DECEMBER, 1999] (Unless otherwise indicated) (English text signed by the President) This Act

More information

THE PERSONAL DATA (PROTECTION) BILL, 2013

THE PERSONAL DATA (PROTECTION) BILL, 2013 THE PERSONAL DATA (PROTECTION) BILL, 2013 [Long Title] [Preamble] CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, extent and commencement. (1) This Act may be called the Personal Data (Protection) Act, 2013. (2)

More information

National Seminar On POLITICS OF DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Dated on February, 2016

National Seminar On POLITICS OF DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Dated on February, 2016 National Seminar On POLITICS OF DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Dated on 12-13 February, 2016 Organized by DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University), Lucknow Sponsored

More information

National Youth Policy of India 2014: Does it Meet Aspirations of Next Gen?

National Youth Policy of India 2014: Does it Meet Aspirations of Next Gen? 11 National Youth Policy of India 2014: Does it Meet Aspirations of Next Gen? 2 Table of Contents 1 Overview...3 2 Objectives of the Policy... 4 3 Analysis of Policy Objectives... 5 4 Analysis of Key

More information

INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT

INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT Please check against delivery INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT BY H.E. MS. DEEPA JAIN SINGH SECRETARY AND LEADER OF THE INDIAN DELEGATION, MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA AT THE THIRTY

More information

UNTOUCHABILITY IN RURAL INDIA

UNTOUCHABILITY IN RURAL INDIA UNTOUCHABILITY IN RURAL INDIA Does it still exist? How widespread is the practice? Video Clip Who are these Untouchables? Defined by the Government of India as Scheduled Castes Dalit ( down-trodden ) is

More information

Government Notices Goewermentskennisgewings

Government Notices Goewermentskennisgewings Health, Department of/ Gesondheid, Departement van 1092 Act No. 12 of 2012: National Public Health Institute of South Africa Bill 39392 4 No. 39392 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 11 NOVEMBER 2015 Government Notices

More information

The Delhi School Education Act, 1973 (Act No. 18 of 1973) 1 [9th April, 1973]

The Delhi School Education Act, 1973 (Act No. 18 of 1973) 1 [9th April, 1973] The Delhi School Education Act, 1973 (Act No. 18 of 1973) 1 [9th April, 1973] An Act to provide for better organisation and development of school education in the Union Territory of Delhi and for matters

More information

Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Trinidad and Tobago

Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Trinidad and Tobago Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Twenty-sixth session 14 January 1 February 2002 Excerpted from: Supplement No. 38 (A/57/38) Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination

More information

THE APPRENTICES ACT, 1961

THE APPRENTICES ACT, 1961 SECTIONS THE APPRENTICES ACT, 1961 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, extent, commencement and application. 2. Definitions. CHAPTER II APPRENTICES AND THEIR TRAINING 3. Qualifications

More information

(1 August 2014 to date) EMPLOYMENT EQUITY ACT 55 OF (Gazette No , Notice No dated 19 October 1998.

(1 August 2014 to date) EMPLOYMENT EQUITY ACT 55 OF (Gazette No , Notice No dated 19 October 1998. (1 August 2014 to date) [This is the current version and applies as from 1 August 2014, i.e. the date of commencement of the Employment Equity Amendment Act 47 of 2013 to date] EMPLOYMENT EQUITY ACT 55

More information

THE BOMBAY PREVENTION OF BEGGING ACT, 1959

THE BOMBAY PREVENTION OF BEGGING ACT, 1959 THE BOMBAY PREVENTION OF BEGGING ACT, 1959 INTRODUCTION For the purpose of making uniform and better provisions for the prevention of begging in the State of Bombay; for the detention, training and employment

More information

SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND POVERTY IN BANGLADESH

SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND POVERTY IN BANGLADESH SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND POVERTY IN BANGLADESH Md. Ayub Ali This report has been prepared as a chapter for a forthcoming book Measuring Multidimensionality State of Poverty in Bangladesh 2013, edited by Rashed

More information

Whistleblower Protection Act 10 of 2017 (GG 6450) ACT

Whistleblower Protection Act 10 of 2017 (GG 6450) ACT (GG 6450) This Act has been passed by Parliament, but it has not yet been brought into force. It will come into force on a date set by the Minister in the Government Gazette. ACT To provide for the establishment

More information

FOOD SECURITY BILL 1

FOOD SECURITY BILL 1 FOOD SECURITY BILL 1 FOOD SECURITY BILL FOREWORD For the many poor people in the country, getting food grains at cheap prices that they can afford will now no longer be a problem. The Government of India

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/USR/CO/7 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 30 July 2010 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Elimination

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/NPL/CO/4-5 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 11 August 2011 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

Annexure D. Political Parties (Registration and Regulation of Affairs, etc.) Act, 2011

Annexure D. Political Parties (Registration and Regulation of Affairs, etc.) Act, 2011 Annexure D Political Parties (Registration and Regulation of Affairs, etc.) Act, 2011 (Draft prepared by committee headed by Justice M.N. Venkatachalaih) An Act to regulate the constitution, functioning,

More information

NORMATIVE AND CULTURAL FACTORS INFLUENCING IN POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT 5 IN TEHRAN

NORMATIVE AND CULTURAL FACTORS INFLUENCING IN POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT 5 IN TEHRAN SINGAPOREAN JOuRNAl Of business EcONOmIcS, ANd management StudIES VOl., No., 0 NORMATIVE AND CULTURAL FACTORS INFLUENCING IN POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT IN TEHRAN Akram Ghorbani

More information

Rights. Strategy

Rights. Strategy mpowerment Rights Resources Strategy 2017 2021-1 - 2017 2021 Index Introduction... 4 Vision... 5 Mission... 5 Overall objective... 5 Outreach... 5 Rights and framework... 5 How to achieve lasting change?...

More information

THE CENSUS ACT, 1948 ACT NO. 37 OF [3rd September, 1948.] An Act to provide for certain matters in connection with the taking of census.

THE CENSUS ACT, 1948 ACT NO. 37 OF [3rd September, 1948.] An Act to provide for certain matters in connection with the taking of census. THE CENSUS ACT, 1948 ACT NO. 37 OF 1948 1 [3rd September, 1948.] An Act to provide for certain matters in connection with the taking of census. WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for the taking of census

More information