6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN"

Transcription

1 6.0 INTRODUCTION 6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN In January 1992, the National Commission For Women 6.1 was set up by an Act of Parliament with the Specific mandate to study and monitor all matters relating to the constitutional and legal safeguards provides for women, review the existing legislation, to suggest amendments wherever necessary, and safeguard the rights and entitlements of women. The commission extends financial support to NGOs and educational institutions to conduct legal awareness programme to enable women to become aware of their rights. 6.1 A BRIEF HISTORY The Committee on the Status of Women in India (CSWI) recommended nearly two decades ago, the setting up of a National Commission for women to fulfill the surveillance functions to facilitate redressal of grievances and to accelerate the socioeconomic development of women. Successive Committees / Commissions / Plans including the National Perspective Plan for Women ( ) recommended the constitution of an apex body for women. During 1990, the central government held consultations with NGOs, social workers and experts, regarding the structure, functions, powers etc.of the Commission proposed to be set up. In May 1990, the Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha. In July 1990, the HRD Ministry organized a National Level Conference to elicit suggestions regarding the Bill. In August 1990 the government moved several amendments and introduced new provisions to vest the commission with the power of a civil court. The Bill was passed and received accent of the President on 30th August The First Commission was constituted on 31st January Dr.(Miss.) Girija Vyas took over as Chairperson of the National Commission for Women on 16 th February, ABOUT NWC The National Commission for Women was set up as statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (Act No. 20 of 1990 of Govt of India) to: 1. review the Constitutional and Legal safeguards for women ; 2. recommend remedial legislative measures ; 81

2 3. facilitate redressal of grievances and 4. Advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women. In keeping with its mandate, the Commission initiated various steps to improve the status of women and worked for their economic empowerment during the year under report. The Commission completed its visits to all the States/UTs except Lakshdweep and prepared Gender Profiles to assess the status of women and their empowerment. It received a large number of complaints and acted suo-moto in several cases to provide speedy justice. It took up the issue of child marriage, sponsored legal awareness programmes, Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalats and reviewed laws such as Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, PNDT Act 1994, Indian Penal Code 1860 and the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 to make them more stringent and effective. It organized workshops/consultations, constituted expert committees on economic empowerment of women, conducted workshops/seminars for gender awareness and took up publicity campaign against female foeticide, violence against women, etc. in order to generate awareness in the society against these social evils. 6.3 CONSTITUTION OF THE COMMISSION The National Commission for Women is constituted under section 3 National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (Act No. 20 of 1990 of Govt.of India) 1. The Central Government shall constitute a body to be known as the National Commission for Women to exercise the powers conferred on and to perform the functions assigned to, it under this Act. The Commission shall consist of :- a. A Chairperson, committed to the cause of women, to be nominated by the Central Government. b. five Members to be nominated by the Central Government from amongst persons of ability, integrity and standing who have had experience in law or legislation, trade unionism, management of an industry potential of women, women s voluntary organizations (inc luding women activist), administration, economic development, health, education or socialwelfare; Provided that at least one Member each shall be from amongst persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes respectively; (1) a Member-Secretary to be nominated by the Central Government who shall be :- (a) An expert in the field of management, organizational structure or sociological movement, or An officer who is a member of a civil service of the Union or of an all-india service or holds a civil post under the Union with appropriate experience. 82

3 6.4 LEGAL AMENDMENTS PROPOSED Laws. The National Commission has suggestions for various amendments to the existing Criminal Procedure Code, amendment of sections 198 and 320 To remove restriction on lodging of complaint in respect of offences under sections 494 and 495 of the Indian Penal Code. Amendment of section 320 so as to make the offences under section 498 of the Indian Penal Code as Compoundable. Indian Penal Code, Strengthening of the laws to curb the incidence of sale of minor girls. Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, To transfer the substantive provisions under the Indian Penal Code. The offence may be called as "Sati murder". Hindu Marriage Act, Amendment of section 5 so as to omit epilepsy as a ground for divorce. Child Marriage Restraint Act, Amendment should be made to change the definition of kidnapping under section 359 of the IPC. The marriage of a minor should be made void. The offence should be made cognizable and non-bailable. Indecent Representation of Women ( Prohibition ) Act, The Commission recommended for the amendment of Section 1 of the Act to make the definition of derogatory representation of women wider. Further provided for the increasing of punishment to the violators. Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (for elimination of child prostitution and devising a comprehensive package for rehabilitation). The Commission recommended that the age of majority of the child under the Act may be raised to 18 years. 83

4 Further the Government should take up correctional measures and also to rehabilitate the women and children in prostitution. Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 The women's consent must be obtained in every case. To provide stringent punishment to the violators. Foreign Marriage Act, 1969 The Commission has recommended for the stipulation of conditions for the performance of Marriages under this Act. The matters connected with this Act should be dealt by the Family Courts. Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 The Commission recommended that Section 15 and 16 or the Act should be amended so as to remove the compulsory linking of the wife's Domicile with that of the husband. Further a testamentary guardian may be appointed only with the consent of the parent if alive and capable of acting. Infant Milk Substitutes, Feeding Bottles and Infant Food (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, The commission recommended amendment of section 2(g), 3(g), 6,12, 13-17,19(2),21 and 23 of the said Act, for strengthening the provision for better implementation. More powers to NCW through: NCW (Amendment) Bill 1998 Power to appoint its own staff. Appointment of Commissioner for women's rights. Power of Prosecution in the lines of NHRC & Kerala State Commission for Women. Extension of the Act to the State of J & K. Amendment of laws relating to rape and sexual assault redefinition of the definitions of rape and allied provisions The recommendations are incorporated in Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2006 and sent to the Government Older person s maintenance, care and protection Bill, 2005 The recommendations of the Commission have been submitted to the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment 84

5 Implementation of PC & PNDT Act All India Conference of State Secretaries - Health, WCD, DGPs and NGOs on implementation of the PC&PNDT Act Amendment to the Dowry Prohibition Act,1961 To transfer the substantive provisions under the Indian Penal Code. Dowry givers should be excluded from punishment. Appointment of Dowry Prohibition Officers. The Marriage expenses should be limited to 20% of the annual income of the girl's parents/guardian. National Conference on Review of the Dowry Prohibition Act, which was held in November, 2005 Family Courts (Amendment) Bill, 2005 There shall be one or more family courts in every district. Appeal under these matters will lie only to the High Courts. Private Members Bill was referred to the Commission and recommendations have been submitted to the Government 6.5 NCW has adopted a Multi-Pronged strategy to tackle the problem: Generation of legal awareness among women, thus equipping them with the knowledge of their legal rights and with a capacity to use these rights. Assisting women in redressal of their grievances through Prelitigation services. Facilitating speedy delivery of justice to women by organizing Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalats in different parts of the country. Review of the existing provisions of the Constitution and other laws affecting women and recommending amendments thereto, any lacunae, inadequacies or short comings in such legislation's. Organizing promotional activities to mobilize women and get information about their status and recommend paradigm shift in the empowerment of women. 6.6 COMPLAINTS AND COUNSELING CELL The Complaints and Counseling Cell of the commission processes the complaints received oral, written or suo moto under Section 10 of the NCW Act. The complaints received relate to domestic violence, harassment, dowry, torture, desertion, bigamy, rape, and refusal to register FIR, cruelty by husband, deprivation, gender discrimination and sexual harassment at work place. The complaints are tackled as below:- 85 Investigations by the police are expedited and monitored.

6 Family disputes are resolved or compromised through counseling. For serious crimes, the Commission constitutes an Inquiry Committee which makes spot enquiries, examines various witnesses, collects evidence and submits the report with recommendations. Such investigations help in providing immediate relief and justice to the victims of violence and atrocities. The implementation of the report is monitored by the NCW. There is a provision for having experts/lawyers on these committees. The State Commission, the NGOs and other experts are involved in these efforts. The complaints received show the trend of crimes against women and suggest systemic changes needed for reduction in crimes. The complaints are analyzed to understand the gaps in routine functioning of government in tackling violence against women and to suggest corrective measures. The complaints are also used as case studies for sensitization programmes for the police, judiciary, prosecutors, forensic scientists, defense lawyers and other administrative functionaries. As per the 1997 Supreme Court Judgment on Sexual Harassment at Workplace, (Vishaka and others V. state of Rajasthan and others (1997 (6) SCC 241) 6.2 every employer is required to provide for effective complaints procedures and remedies including awarding of compensation to women victims. In sexual harassment complaints, the concerned organization are urged to expedite cases and the disposal is monitored. 6.7 THE NATIONAL PLAN OF ACTION FOR GIRL CHILD ( ) The Plan of Action is to ensure survival, protection and development of the girl child with the ultimate objective of building up a better further for the girl child. References 6.1 The National Commission For Women website 6.2 Vishaka and others V. state of Rajasthan and others (1997 (6) SCC 241) 6.1 The National Commission For Women - website 6.2 Vishaka and others V. state of Rajasthan and others (1997 (6) SCC 241) 86

DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961

DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961 DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 96 Existing Provisions Amendment proposed by NCW Remarks The offence under the Act is treated as an offence against individual women. S. does not prescribe the sentence for the offence,

More information

SCHEME FOR RELIEF AND REHABILITATION OF OFFENCES (BY ACIDS) ON WOMEN AND CHILDREN NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN

SCHEME FOR RELIEF AND REHABILITATION OF OFFENCES (BY ACIDS) ON WOMEN AND CHILDREN NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN SCHEME FOR RELIEF AND REHABILITATION OF OFFENCES (BY ACIDS) ON WOMEN AND CHILDREN NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN Statement of object and reasons In most cases, acid attacks permanently disfigure, debilitate

More information

Misuse of Section 498-A IPC and Dowry Prohibition Act Vis-à-vis Human Rights: Need for Statutory changes

Misuse of Section 498-A IPC and Dowry Prohibition Act Vis-à-vis Human Rights: Need for Statutory changes Misuse of Section 498-A IPC and Dowry Prohibition Act Vis-à-vis Human Rights: Need for Statutory changes By Prof (Dr) Mukund Sarda 1. Increasing number of false cases of Dowry harassment against the husbands

More information

THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1990 ACT NO. 20 OF 1990

THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1990 ACT NO. 20 OF 1990 THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1990 ACT NO. 20 OF 1990 [30th August, 1990.] An Act to constitute a National Commission for Women and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

More information

Concluding observations on the combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of India*

Concluding observations on the combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of India* United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women CEDAW/C/IND/CO/4-5 Distr.: General 18 July 2014 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Elimination

More information

TRAFFICKING OF PERSONS (PREVENTION, PROTECTION AND REHABILITATION) BILL, 2016 RECOMMENDATIONS BY GLOBAL MARCH AGAINST CHILD LABOUR

TRAFFICKING OF PERSONS (PREVENTION, PROTECTION AND REHABILITATION) BILL, 2016 RECOMMENDATIONS BY GLOBAL MARCH AGAINST CHILD LABOUR TRAFFICKING OF PERSONS (PREVENTION, PROTECTION AND REHABILITATION) BILL, 2016 RECOMMENDATIONS BY GLOBAL MARCH AGAINST CHILD LABOUR CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. 2. Definitions- In this Act, unless the context

More information

THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT, 2005 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT, 2005 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS SECTIONS THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT, 2005 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY CHAPTER II 3. Definitions of domestic

More information

THE DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961

THE DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961 THE DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961 (No. 28 of 1961) [20th May, 1961] An Act to prohibit the giving or taking of dowry BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twelfth year of the Republic of India as follows:-

More information

SUPREME COURT OF INDIA Page 1 of 10 PETITIONER: VISHAKA & ORS.

SUPREME COURT OF INDIA Page 1 of 10 PETITIONER: VISHAKA & ORS. http://judis.nic.in SUPREME COURT OF INDIA Page 1 of 10 PETITIONER: VISHAKA & ORS. Vs. RESPONDENT: STATE OF RAJASTHAN & ORS. DATE OF JUDGMENT: 13/08/1997 BENCH: CJI, SUJATA V. MANOHAR, B. N. KIRPAL ACT:

More information

Copyright, Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University, 2011

Copyright, Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University, 2011 Introduction National Human Rights Institutions in India A Comparative Table Human rights institutions are meant to function as independent human rights watchdogs at the domestic level. Their key functions

More information

THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN (PROCEDURE) REGULATIONS, 2016 FOR DEALING WITH COMPLAINTS IN NRI CELL

THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN (PROCEDURE) REGULATIONS, 2016 FOR DEALING WITH COMPLAINTS IN NRI CELL THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN (PROCEDURE) REGULATIONS, 2016 FOR DEALING WITH COMPLAINTS IN NRI CELL National Commission for Women under section 9(2) of the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (20

More information

Changes is brought about in criminal law relating to protection of women

Changes is brought about in criminal law relating to protection of women G.R.KARE COLLEGE OF LAW MARGAO GOA Name : MALINI RAMCHANDRA KAMAT Roll No. 8 Semester II Sub : Law of social Change Changes is brought about in criminal law relating to protection of women 1 P age Contents

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/MDA/CO/4-5 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 29 October 2013 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

CITIZENS RIGHT TO GRIEVANCE REDRESS BILL, A Bill. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-second Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

CITIZENS RIGHT TO GRIEVANCE REDRESS BILL, A Bill. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-second Year of the Republic of India as follows:- 1 CITIZENS RIGHT TO GRIEVANCE REDRESS BILL, 2011 A Bill to lay down an obligation upon every public authority to publish citizens charter stating therein the time within which specified goods shall be

More information

Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Malawi

Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Malawi 3 February 2006 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Thirty-fifth session 15 May-2 June 2006 Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/YEM/CO/6 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women 9 July 2008 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Forty-first

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/YEM/CO/6 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women 9 July 2008 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Forty-first

More information

The response of the National Commission for Women

The response of the National Commission for Women National Commission for Women An Overview of Its Performance Sadhna Arya The paper attempts an assessment of the National Commission for Women, which was created in 1992 as an autonomous apex body to monitor

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/BGD/CO/8 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 25 November 2016 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

F.NO.15011/6/2009-ATC (Advisory) GOVERNMENT OF INDIA/BHARAT SARKAR MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS/GRIH MANTRALAYA NORTH BLOCK NEW DELHI /CS DIVISION

F.NO.15011/6/2009-ATC (Advisory) GOVERNMENT OF INDIA/BHARAT SARKAR MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS/GRIH MANTRALAYA NORTH BLOCK NEW DELHI /CS DIVISION F.NO.15011/6/2009-ATC (Advisory) GOVERNMENT OF INDIA/BHARAT SARKAR MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS/GRIH MANTRALAYA NORTH BLOCK NEW DELHI /CS DIVISION New Delhi, the 09.09.2009 OFFICE MEMORANDUM Subject: Advisory

More information

THE KARNATAKA STATE COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1995 CHAPTER I CHAPTER II. 4. Term of office and conditions of service of chairperson and members.

THE KARNATAKA STATE COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1995 CHAPTER I CHAPTER II. 4. Term of office and conditions of service of chairperson and members. 1 THE KARNATAKA STATE COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1995 ARRANGAMENT OF SECTIONS Statement of Object and Reasons Sections: CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. 2. Short title and commencement. Definitions. CHAPTER II

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/GBR/CO/6 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 18 July 2008 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/LCA/CO/6 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 2 June 2006 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/MYS/CO/2 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 31 May 2006 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against

More information

Child trafficking for Forced labour

Child trafficking for Forced labour Child trafficking for Forced labour WHAT IS TRAFFICKING? Trafficking in person shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force

More information

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women CEDAW/C/LIE/CO/4 Distr.: General 8 February 2011 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Elimination

More information

BCI- DEC 2017 AIBE-XI ENGLISH -Set-B. 1. Cheque bouncing cases charged U/s. 138 of Negotiable Instruments Act is trialed by

BCI- DEC 2017 AIBE-XI ENGLISH -Set-B. 1. Cheque bouncing cases charged U/s. 138 of Negotiable Instruments Act is trialed by 1. Cheque bouncing cases charged U/s. 138 of Negotiable Instruments Act is trialed by a) Bank Tribunal b) Consumer Forum c) Magistrate Court d) Sessions Court 2. Under Section 59 to 60 of Indian Evidence

More information

BCI- DEC 2017 AIBE-XI ENGLISH -Set-D. 7. The Minimum number of persons required to incorporate a Public Company is

BCI- DEC 2017 AIBE-XI ENGLISH -Set-D. 7. The Minimum number of persons required to incorporate a Public Company is 1. Which Section of Specific Relief Act prohibits filing a case against the Government a) Section 5 b) Section 6 c) Section 7 d) Section 8 2. The Patent Act became a law in a) 1970 b) 1975 c) 1996 d) 1966

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/CHE/CO/3 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 7 August 2009 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Elimination

More information

Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Trinidad and Tobago

Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Trinidad and Tobago Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Twenty-sixth session 14 January 1 February 2002 Excerpted from: Supplement No. 38 (A/57/38) Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/USR/CO/7 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 30 July 2010 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Elimination

More information

28 Indian Legal System and its Relevance for Marginalized and Disadvantaged Groups

28 Indian Legal System and its Relevance for Marginalized and Disadvantaged Groups 282 Social Work Intervention with Individuals and Groups 28 Indian Legal System and its Relevance for Marginalized and Disadvantaged Groups Introduction * Bernard D Sami The learners are exposed to the

More information

EFFORTS IN PREVENTING AND COMBATING TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN

EFFORTS IN PREVENTING AND COMBATING TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN baliprocess@gmail.com SRILANKAN POSITION-Paper 1 BALI PROCESS ON PEOPLE SMUGLING, TRAFFICING IN PERSONS AND RELATED TRANSNATIONAL CRIME -SENIOR OFFICIALS MEETING EFFORTS IN PREVENTING AND COMBATING TRAFFICKING

More information

Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu (Madabhushi Sridhar) Central Information Commissioner CIC/NCFWO/A/2017/191483

Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu (Madabhushi Sridhar) Central Information Commissioner CIC/NCFWO/A/2017/191483 CENTRAL INFORMATION COMMISSION (Room No.315, B-Wing, August Kranti Bhawan, Bhikaji Cama Place, New Delhi 110 066) Phone: 011-26181927 Fax: 011-26185088 Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu (Madabhushi Sridhar) Central

More information

Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961

Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 (Brought into force on 1-7-1961) Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 Preamble An act to prohibit the giving or taking of dowry. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twelfth year of the Republic of India as follows:-

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women CEDAW/C/KHM/CO/4-5 Distr.: General 18 October 2013 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the

More information

IV. Measures to Improve Police- Public Relationship

IV. Measures to Improve Police- Public Relationship IV. Measures to Improve Police- Public Relationship 69 70 Circular on role and duties of Human Rights Cells in the State/City Police Headquarters D. R. Karthikeyan UÊc UËÿ ÊŸfl Áœ Ê U ÊÿÊappleª Director

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/PRK/CO/1 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 22 July 2005 Original: English 110 Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

THE PROHIBITION OF EMPLOYMENT AS MANUAL SCAVENGERS AND THEIR REHABILITATION BILL, 2012

THE PROHIBITION OF EMPLOYMENT AS MANUAL SCAVENGERS AND THEIR REHABILITATION BILL, 2012 AS INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA Bill No. 96 of 2012 CLAUSES THE PROHIBITION OF EMPLOYMENT AS MANUAL SCAVENGERS AND THEIR REHABILITATION BILL, 2012 ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title,

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/CAN/Q/8-9 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 16 March 2016 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

India s Report. On the Implementation of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. In Context of the

India s Report. On the Implementation of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. In Context of the India s Report On the Implementation of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action In Context of the Twentieth Anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women and the Adoption of the Beijing Declaration

More information

2 supra note 27; 267 th Law Commission Report on Hate Speech.

2 supra note 27; 267 th Law Commission Report on Hate Speech. The Committee is chaired by Dr. T.K. Visanathan, former Union Law Secretary and Secretary General, Lok Sabha and comprised inter alia of the following Dr. Gulshan Rai, National Cyber Security Coordinator,

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/NPL/CO/4-5 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 11 August 2011 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/HUN/CO/6 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 10 August 2007 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/BIH/CO/4-5 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 30 July 2013 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

THE WOMEN FARMERS' ENTITLEMENTS BILL, 2011

THE WOMEN FARMERS' ENTITLEMENTS BILL, 2011 AS INTRODUCED IN THE RAJYA SABHA ON THE 11TH MAY, 2012 Bill No. LV of 2011 THE WOMEN FARMERS' ENTITLEMENTS BILL, 2011 ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY CLAUSES 1. Short title, extent and commencement.

More information

A Report on Women's Rights in Kuwait Submitted to the Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women during the Session 68

A Report on Women's Rights in Kuwait Submitted to the Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women during the Session 68 A Report on Women's Rights in Kuwait Submitted to the Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women during the Session 68 February 2017 1 Introduction: Kuwait Society for Human Rights (KSHR)

More information

Korean Women's Association United (KWAU)

Korean Women's Association United (KWAU) Korean Women's Association United (KWAU) Review of Korea Women s Human Rights 1. Introduction As a former CEO and candidate of an opposition party won the 17 th presidential election of South Korea in

More information

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women CEDAW/C/MUS/CO/6-7 Distr.: General 21 October 2011 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the

More information

THE CONSTITUTION (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2016

THE CONSTITUTION (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2016 1 AS INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA 5 THE CONSTITUTION (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2016 By SHRI FEROZE VARUN GANDHI, M.P. A BILL further to amend the Constitution of India. Bill No. 174 of 2016 BE it enacted by Parliament

More information

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment United Nations CAT/C/KOR/Q/3-5 Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment Distr.: General 16 February 2011 Original: English Committee against Torture Forty-fifth

More information

THE NATIONAL GREEN TRIBUNAL ACT, 2010: AN OVERVIEW

THE NATIONAL GREEN TRIBUNAL ACT, 2010: AN OVERVIEW 2011] 99 THE NATIONAL GREEN TRIBUNAL ACT, 2010: AN OVERVIEW Background Aruna B Venkat* It is a matter of common knowledge that the higher judiciary in India is overburdened with a large backlog of cases.

More information

THE PUNJAB PROTECTION OF WOMEN AGAINST VIOLENCE ACT 2016 (XVI OF 2016)

THE PUNJAB PROTECTION OF WOMEN AGAINST VIOLENCE ACT 2016 (XVI OF 2016) THE PUNJAB PROTECTION OF WOMEN AGAINST VIOLENCE ACT 2016 (XVI OF 2016) CONTENTS 1. Short title, extent and commencement 2. Definitions 3. Measures for the implementation of the Act 4. Complaint to Court

More information

UN Global Plan of Action against Trafficking in Persons DRAFT (19 July 2010)

UN Global Plan of Action against Trafficking in Persons DRAFT (19 July 2010) General Assembly Resolution The General Assembly, UN Global Plan of Action against Trafficking in Persons DRAFT (19 July 2010) PP1 Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations

More information

HIMACHAL PRADESH. Himachal Pradesh Government Compliance with Supreme Court Directives on Police Reform

HIMACHAL PRADESH. Himachal Pradesh Government Compliance with Supreme Court Directives on Police Reform Himachal Pradesh Government Compliance with Supreme Court Directives on Police Reform In response to the Supreme Court judgement on 22 September 2006 in Prakash Singh and Others vs. Union of India and

More information

PREVENTION OF COMMUNAL AND TARGETED VIOLENCE (ACCESS TO JUSTICE AND REPARATIONS) BILL, 2011

PREVENTION OF COMMUNAL AND TARGETED VIOLENCE (ACCESS TO JUSTICE AND REPARATIONS) BILL, 2011 PREVENTION OF COMMUNAL AND TARGETED VIOLENCE (ACCESS TO JUSTICE AND REPARATIONS) BILL, 2011 CHAPTER I PRELIMNARY 1. Short title, extent and commencement.- (1) This Act is called Prevention of Communal

More information

NATIONAL JUDICIAL ACADEMY

NATIONAL JUDICIAL ACADEMY NATIONAL JUDICIAL ACADEMY P-1055: Workshop on Counter Terrorism in Collaboration with CEELI Institute/FJC for High Court Justices 27 th 29 th October, 2017 Programme Coordinator : Ms. Nitika Jain, Law

More information

FAQs. How to address issues related to Marriages of Indian nationals to Overseas Indians

FAQs. How to address issues related to Marriages of Indian nationals to Overseas Indians FAQs How to address issues related to Marriages of Indian nationals to Overseas Indians 1. Is there any way through which I can check the background of my overseas Indian would be husband / wife (bride

More information

POLITICAL SCIENCE (852)

POLITICAL SCIENCE (852) POLITICAL SCIENCE (852) Aims: 1. To enable students to gain an understanding of basic concepts in Political Science. 2. To facilitate acquisition of knowledge and understanding of the practices of governance.

More information

All India Bar Examination Model Question Paper 1: Answers and Explanations

All India Bar Examination Model Question Paper 1: Answers and Explanations Part I All India Bar Examination Model Question Paper 1: Answers and Explanations Question 1: The correct answer is (c). Section 89 of the CPC expressly provides for alternative dispute resolution. Section

More information

ABA Policy on Issues Concerning Women/Gender Equality Updated 2/16/17

ABA Policy on Issues Concerning Women/Gender Equality Updated 2/16/17 ABA Policy on Issues Concerning Women/Gender Equality Updated 2/16/17 Bias in the Judicial System Support the enactment of authoritative measures, requiring studies of the existence, if any, of bias in

More information

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women CEDAW/C/ZWE/CO/2-5 Distr.: General 1 March 2012 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Elimination

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/VCT/CO/4-8 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 28 July 2015 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

August 2011 Japan Federation of Bar Associations

August 2011 Japan Federation of Bar Associations Report on the Japanese Government s Follow-up to the Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW/C/JPN/CO/6, paragraphs 18 and 28) August 2011 Japan

More information

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women CEDAW/C/UGA/CO/7 Distr.: General 22 October 2010 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Elimination

More information

THE STREET VENDORS (PROTECTION OF LIVELIHOOD AND REGULATION OF STREET VENDING) BILL, 2012

THE STREET VENDORS (PROTECTION OF LIVELIHOOD AND REGULATION OF STREET VENDING) BILL, 2012 AS INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA THE STREET VENDORS (PROTECTION OF LIVELIHOOD AND REGULATION OF STREET VENDING) BILL, 2012 ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES Bill No. 104 of 2012. CLAUSES CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short

More information

South Zone Regional Judicial Conference on Enhancing Timely Justice: Strengthening Criminal Justice Administration Criminal Jurisprudence of the Supreme Court: Key Highlights 29 th November 2009 Introduction

More information

THE REPEALING AND AMENDING (FOURTH) BILL, 2015

THE REPEALING AND AMENDING (FOURTH) BILL, 2015 As INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA Bill No. 194 of 2015 5 THE REPEALING AND AMENDING (FOURTH) BILL, 2015 A BILL to repeal certain enactments and to amend certain other enactments. BE it enacted by Parliament in

More information

Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act, 2006

Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act, 2006 Links: Constitution of Pakistan Legislation http://www.pakistani.org/ Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act, 2006 On December 22, 2010, the Federal Shariat Court declared sections 11, 25, 28

More information

The Prevention of Crimes in the Name of Honour & Tradition Bill, 2010

The Prevention of Crimes in the Name of Honour & Tradition Bill, 2010 1 The Prevention of Crimes in the Name of Honour & Tradition Bill, 2010 august 2010 Statement of object and reasons: A spate of murders and dishonourable crimes in the name of honour whether of a family

More information

List of issues in relation to the fifth periodic report of Mauritius*

List of issues in relation to the fifth periodic report of Mauritius* United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Distr.: General 12 May 2017 CCPR/C/MUS/Q/5 Original: English English, French and Spanish only Human Rights Committee List of issues in

More information

IN THE HIGH COURT OF DELHI AT NEW DELHI SUBJECT : INDIAN PENAL CODE CRL.M.C. No. 233/2014 Date of decision: 14th February, 2014.

IN THE HIGH COURT OF DELHI AT NEW DELHI SUBJECT : INDIAN PENAL CODE CRL.M.C. No. 233/2014 Date of decision: 14th February, 2014. IN THE HIGH COURT OF DELHI AT NEW DELHI SUBJECT : INDIAN PENAL CODE CRL.M.C. No. 233/2014 Date of decision: 14th February, 2014 DR. ZUBAIR UL ABIDIN Through: Mr.Suraj Rathi, Adv.... Petitioner versus STATE

More information

The Protection of Human Rights Act, No 10 of 1994

The Protection of Human Rights Act, No 10 of 1994 The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 No 10 of 1994 An Act to provide for the constitution of a National Human Rights Commission. State Human Rights Commission in States and Human Rights Courts for

More information

The Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Sex Workers

The Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Sex Workers A Brief for Civil Society The Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Sex Workers HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health is a July 2012 report by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law. The Commission

More information

Disciplinary Policy and Procedure

Disciplinary Policy and Procedure Disciplinary Policy and Procedure 1. POLICY REGARDING DISCIPLINE 1.1. Somerset College has developed and will develop rules, policies, contractual obligations and codes of conduct (hereinafter referred

More information

Legal tools to protect children

Legal tools to protect children Critical issue module 1 Abuse and exploitation Topic 2 The law and child rights Handout 2 Legal tools to protect children The CRC accords all children, regardless of their legal status, the right to be

More information

Appendix C THE REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS (PROTECTION) BILL, ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, extent and

Appendix C THE REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS (PROTECTION) BILL, ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, extent and Appendix C THE REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS (PROTECTION) BILL, 2006 1 ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. 3. Principles applicable to refugee

More information

THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013 SECTIONS 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. 3. Prevention of sexual harassment. ARRANGEMENT

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/BEN/CO/1-3 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 22 July 2005 English Original: English/French Committee on the Elimination of

More information

Prepared and Submitted GREAT LAKES INITIATIVES FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENT (GLIHD) October

Prepared and Submitted GREAT LAKES INITIATIVES FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENT (GLIHD) October SHADOW REPORT TO THE COMBINED 7 TH, 8 TH AND 9 TH REPORT OF THE GOVERNMENT OF RWANDA TO THE COMMITTEE ON THE CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN (CEDAW) Prepared and

More information

THE SCHEDULED CASTES AND THE SCHEDULED TRIBES (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) AMENDMENT BILL, 2013

THE SCHEDULED CASTES AND THE SCHEDULED TRIBES (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) AMENDMENT BILL, 2013 AS INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA Bill No. 148 of 2013 33 of 1989. THE SCHEDULED CASTES AND THE SCHEDULED TRIBES (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) AMENDMENT BILL, 2013 A BILL to amend the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled

More information

NGO STATEMENT TO NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS for the PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

NGO STATEMENT TO NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS for the PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS NGO STATEMENT TO NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS for the PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS November 6, 2012 This statement is an outcome of the participation of more than 100 NGOs from four continents Africa,

More information

Working Together for Victims and Witnesses

Working Together for Victims and Witnesses Working Together for Victims and Witnesses Protocol between Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service (COPFS) Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service (SCTS) Police Scotland and Victim Support Scotland (VSS)

More information

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO MARRIED PERSONS ACT CHAPTER 45:50. Act 52 of 1976

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO MARRIED PERSONS ACT CHAPTER 45:50. Act 52 of 1976 MARRIED PERSONS ACT CHAPTER 45:50 Act 52 of 1976 Current Authorised Pages Pages Authorised (inclusive) by L.R.O. 1 20.. 1/2006 L.R.O. 1/2006 2 Chap. 45:50 Married Persons Note on Subsidiary Legislation

More information

Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 40 of the Covenant. Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee

Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 40 of the Covenant. Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights CCPR/C/IRN/CO/3 Distr.: General 29 November 2011 Original: English Human Rights Committee 103rd session 17 October-4 November 2011 Consideration

More information

SRI LANKA UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW SUBMISSION BY THE WOMEN & MEDIA COLLECTIVE, SRI LANKA

SRI LANKA UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW SUBMISSION BY THE WOMEN & MEDIA COLLECTIVE, SRI LANKA SRI LANKA UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW SUBMISSION BY THE WOMEN & MEDIA COLLECTIVE, SRI LANKA 1. Discriminatory Laws Abortion is illegal unless the mother s life is in danger Marital Rape is only recognized

More information

HONG KONG, CHINA. 1. Discriminatory family code

HONG KONG, CHINA. 1. Discriminatory family code HONG KONG, CHINA 1. Discriminatory family code Article 19 of the Hong Kong Bill of Rights guarantees rights to women in respect of marriage and family. The Article provides that the family is the natural

More information

THE PREVENTION OF MONEY-LAUNDERING (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2009

THE PREVENTION OF MONEY-LAUNDERING (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2009 Bill No. XXXI-F of 2008 THE PREVENTION OF MONEY-LAUNDERING (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2009 (AS PASSED BY THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT RAJYA SABHA ON 19TH FEBRUARY, 2009 LOK SABHA ON 24TH FEBRUARY, 2009) ASSENTED TO

More information

CHHATTISGARH ACT ( NO. 13 OF 2007) CHHATTISGARH POLICE ACT, 2007,

CHHATTISGARH ACT ( NO. 13 OF 2007) CHHATTISGARH POLICE ACT, 2007, CHHATTISGARH ACT ( NO. 13 OF 2007) CHHATTISGARH POLICE ACT, 2007, An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to Police Force in the State of Chhattisgarh and matters connected therewith incidental

More information

AS INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA

AS INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA 1 AS INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA Bill No. 52 of 2012 63 of 1986. 5 10 THE BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2012 A BILL to amend the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986. BE it enacted by Parliament

More information

Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. For the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Compilation Report -

Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. For the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Compilation Report - Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees For the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Compilation Report - Universal Periodic Review: BURUNDI I. BACKGROUND AND CURRENT

More information

Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Fiji. Initial report

Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Fiji. Initial report Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Twenty-sixth session 14 January 1 February 2002 Excerpted from: Supplement No. 38 (A/57/38) Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/DEU/CO/7-8 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 9 March 2017 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

THE COMMUNAL VIOLENCE (PREVENTION, CONTROL AND REHABILITATION OF VICTIMS) BILL, 2005

THE COMMUNAL VIOLENCE (PREVENTION, CONTROL AND REHABILITATION OF VICTIMS) BILL, 2005 Bill No. CXV of 2005 THE COMMUNAL VIOLENCE (PREVENTION, CONTROL AND REHABILITATION OF VICTIMS) BILL, 2005 A BILL to empower the State Governments and the Central Government to take measures to provide

More information

BOOK REVIEW: Sex Trafficking in South Asia Telling Maya s Story

BOOK REVIEW: Sex Trafficking in South Asia Telling Maya s Story Volume 4, Issue 1 May 2014 BOOK REVIEW: Sex Trafficking in South Asia Telling Maya s Story Admira Alic, Webster University Saint Louis Sex Trafficking in South Asia: Telling Maya s Story by Mary Crawford

More information

CENTRE/ STATE ACTS AND RULES ON HIV / AIDS CENTRAL ACTS AND RULES ON HIV / AIDS

CENTRE/ STATE ACTS AND RULES ON HIV / AIDS  CENTRAL ACTS AND RULES ON HIV / AIDS CENTRE/ STATE ACTS AND RULES ON HIV / AIDS http://www.indiacode.nic.in CENTRAL ACTS AND RULES ON HIV / AIDS Daman, Diu Public Health Act, 1985 Goa, Amended in 1986. Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940 (Act No.

More information

MAHILA POLICE VOLUNTEERS (MPVs)

MAHILA POLICE VOLUNTEERS (MPVs) MAHILA POLICE VOLUNTEERS (MPVs) SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Gender-Based Violence (GBV) faced by women both in public and private spaces, including domestic violence, sexual assault, rape, voyeurism, stalking

More information

DRAFT OF THE PROPOSED NATIONAL SPORTS LEGISLATION. As on THE NATIONAL SPORTS DEVELOPMENT BILL, 2011 BILL

DRAFT OF THE PROPOSED NATIONAL SPORTS LEGISLATION. As on THE NATIONAL SPORTS DEVELOPMENT BILL, 2011 BILL DRAFT OF THE PROPOSED NATIONAL SPORTS LEGISLATION As on 14.10.2011 THE NATIONAL SPORTS DEVELOPMENT BILL, 2011 A BILL To provide for development of sports in India, coordination of national teams for participation

More information

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS. SmartPrep.in

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS. SmartPrep.in Downloaded from http:// FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS People in democratic countries enjoy certain rights, which are protected by judicial system of the country concerned. Their violation, even by the State, is not

More information

A Case Study through IR&D Method for Intervention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Chennai, India

A Case Study through IR&D Method for Intervention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Chennai, India A Case Study through IR&D Method for Intervention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Chennai, India Syed Ali Mujtaba School of Mass Communication, Vels University, India Email: syedalimujtaba@yahoo.com Abstract-

More information