TOPICS Unity in Diversity

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1 Unity in Diversity Concepts of Unity and Diversity Meaning of Diversity Meaning of Unity Forms of Diversity in India Religious Caste Linguistic Racial Comparison of India and China Reasons for diversity in India Bonds of Unity in India Geo-Political Unity The Institution of Pilgrimage Tradition of Accommodation Tradition of Interdependence Role of Sensitive Leaders Constitutional Safeguards - Role of Constitutional Framers Misc Factors Challenges of Diversity to Unity (Challenges of National Integration) Diversity of Constituents Regionalism and Cultural Identities Casteism Linguism Communalism Social Inequalities Regional Disparities Ethno Nationality and Ethnic Conflicts Tribal Identity Role of Political Parties Concluding Remark

2 (Basic Sociological Concepts) Chapter 1: Basic Sociological Concepts Society Community Association Social Structure Culture Social Norms Social Sanctions Folkways Customs Mores Values Socialization Chapter 2: The Family and Kinship Essential characteristics of family Social Importance of The Family Social control in the family Family from the economic viewpoint Types of family Major functions of the family Agencies performing the functions of the family Changes in modern family Disorganisation of modern family Modern civilization and family disorganisation Conclusion

3 Chapter 3: The Joint Family Functions of the Joint Family Dysfunctions of the joint family system Conclusion Chapter 4: Concept of Patriarchy in India Patriarchy in Family Patriarchy in Education System Patriarchy in Religion Patriarchy in Media Patriarchy in Legal System Patriarchy in Economic System State The Way Forward Conclusion

4 (Social Empowerment) Chapter 1: Social Empowerment Constitutional Provisions Relevant to Social Justice & Empowerment of Scheduled Caste Constitutional Provisions Relevant to Social Justice & Empowerment of Scheduled Tribes Chapter 2: Issues faced by Vulnerable Sections Issued faced by Tribals In India Chronic Indebtedness Forest Related Problems Destruction of the Forest environment and the Tribal People 'Development' and Displacement Analysis of Forest Rights Act Status of Minorities in India Constitutional provisions Status of Muslims Sachar Committee Report Initiatives of the Government Conclusion The Scheduled Castes: from Untouchable to Dalit Population of the Scheduled Castes Types of Disabilities of the SCs From Untouchables to the Dalits: The Process of Identity Formation Combating Mechanism against Caste Atrocities and Violence The State Efforts at Dalit Emancipation Way Forward Chapter 3: Social Empowerment of Marginalized Sections of Society Development of Marginalized Sections Scheduled Castes

5 Scheduled Tribes Empowerment of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Constitutional Provisions Specials Schemes and Programs for SCs and STs Tribal Research Institutions State of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Empowerment of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation Scheme for OBCs Marginalization among Minorities and Steps for their Empowerment Muslim and Marginalization Problem of Minorities Programs Significance of new programs Chapter 4: Women Empowerment Social Empowerment of Women Women in Difficult Circumstances Operational Strategies Institutional Mechanisms Resource Management Legislation Gender Sensitization Panchayati Raj Institutions International Cooperation Economic Empowerment of Women Political Empowerment of Women Chapter 5: Social Justice Concept of Casteism in India Caste and Politics

6 Caste Associations Scheduled Caste and Backward Class Movements Historical Perspective of the Movements The Reservation Policy Debate Arguments in Favour Arguments against Reservation Social Justice and Social Development Chapter 6: Social Security in India Concept Social Security System in India Organized Sector and Social Security Contributory Laws Non Contributory Laws Unorganized Sector and Social Security Centrally Funded Social Assistance Programs Social Insurance Schemes Social Assistance Through Welfare Funds of Central and State Governments Public Initiatives Review of Implementation of Social Security Laws in the Country Social Security for Disabled Persons in India

7 (Women: Violence Against Women) Chapter 1: Acid Attacks Reasons/Motivation of Perpetrators Consequences Health Effects Psychological Effects Social Effects Solution Chapter 2: Domestic Violence Reasons Consequences Protection of Women From Domestic Violence Act, Salient Features Rights Granted to Women Under Domestic Violence Act, 2005 Liabilities and Restrictions Imposed Upon the Respondent Authorities Responsible and Their Functions Procedure of Filling Complaint and Court's Duty Under Domestic Violence Act 2005 Penalty or Punishment Under Domestic Violence Act, 2005 Appeal Under Domestic Violence Act, 2005 Criticism of Domestic Violence Act, 2005 Chapter 3: Dowry Reasons for Dowry Consequences Counter Reaction - Groom Kidnapping (Pakrauh Shaadi) What should be done in general? (Broad Overview)

8 Case Studies Laws Against Dowry Only Supplementary Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 Criminal Statutes - Indian Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Act and Evidence Act Protection of Women From Domestic Violence Act, 2005 Critical Analysis of Dowry Laws Chapter 4: Rape Overview Present Status Reasons Consequence Solution Case Studies Delhi Gang Rape Budaun Moga Incidence Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, Intro Detail Status and Cases Chapter 5: Witchcraft Related Murderers (Or Magico-Religious Beliefs) In News A Form of Violence Against Women Reasons Way Forward

9 (Women: Economic Aspect) Chapter 1: Banking Present Status Bhartiya Mahila Bank Chapter 2: Self Help Groups (SHGs) Goals Structure How it Works NABARDs SHG Bank Linkage Program Challenges Chapter 3: Land & Property Rights Notable Laws and Instances UN Women Study on Inheritance Chapter 4: Schemes Related to Economic Aspect Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme For the Children of Working Mothers Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) Support to Training and Employment Program for Women (STEP) Chapter 5: Sexual Division of Labour View of Functionalists View of Feminists Concluding Remark

10 Chapter 6: Women in Armed Forces Recent Development which shows the Increasing Presence of Women in Armed Forces But We Should go Beyond Symbolism Chapter 7: Working Women: Challenges Reasons Consequences Challenges Faced by them Less Quantity Less in Higher Posts Not Equally Paid More Over Burdened Sexual Harassment at Workplace Seen as Immoral Only Supplementary Way Forward Chapter 8: Recent Developments Male Monopoly in Film Make-up goes Six Indians in Forbes top-50 list of 'Asia's Power Businesswomen 2015' Status of Women Directors New Companies Act Present Status Comment Progress of World's Women Report

11 (Women: Political Aspect) Chapter 1: Voting Evolution Reasons for Rising Voter Turnout Chapter 2: Women Movements 19th Century Women Movements - Under Social Reform Movements Women's Issues During Gandhian Era Issues in Post Independence Era Violence Against Women Developmental Movement Uniform Civil Code New Developments Chapter 3: Women's in Legislature Present Status Reasons for Poor Representation Sexual Violence Other Special Factors Why need of affirmative action their presence needs to be increased Affirmative action - ok, but in what way? Reservation of 1/3rd seats - NO Dual member constituencies - NO Reservation for candidates within political parties - YES Other reforms - YES Conclusion

12 Chapter 4: Women In Panchayats Genesis of the Constitutional mandate The Panchayati Raj Institutions System Women's Experience with PRIs Obstacles and Challenges Ahead Observations from a Feminist Perspective Conclusion

13 Demography and Census to Demography Demography theories The Malthusian Theory of Population Growth Demographic Transition Theory Stages of Demographic Transition CENSUS 2011 Common Concepts and Indicators Highlights of 2011 Census Indian Scenario - Issues involved High Population growth Infant Mortality Rate MMR - Maternal Mortality Rate Decline in Child Sex Ratio Literacy Age Structure Dependency Ratio in India Ethnic Composition Tribes in India Family Planning and Population Policy Socio-Economic Caste Census

14 (Urbanization and Urban Development) Urbanization Basic Feature of Urbanization in India Issues related to urbanization in India GOI Initiatives related to urban development Human Settlement Rural Settlements Urban settlements Concept of Smart Cities Human Migration The Rehabilitation And Resettlement Bill, 2007 Urban Development Role of Urban Development Urbanisation Trends and Their Implications Challenges in Urbanization Status of Service Delivery on Key Indicators Status of Urban Infrastructure Status of Urban Governance Recommendations 14th Finance Commission and Local Governments New Indian Urban Development Projects Conclusion

15 (Social Issues in Contemporary Context) Juvenile Justice System in India Transgender recognized as third gender NHRC: Issues in functioning and steps needed Human trafficking in India Child Labour in India Issues related to Slums in India Female infanticide and feticide Issue of Maternal Mortality Issue of high Infant and Child Mortality in India Sanitation: Issues and Reforms Secularism and Secularization Communalism, Fundamentalism and Communal Violence Fundamentalism, Communalism and Globalization Characteristics of the Existent Indian Organizational Structures Steps needed for improvement Conclusion

16 Globalization Meaning of Globalization Reasons for Globalization Dimensions/Impact Political Cultural Social Economic Anti Globalization Movement Neo Localism

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