FDR Man of the Year

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1 FDR 1943

2 FDR Man of the Year

3

4 Eleanor Roosevelt

5 Cordell Hull

6 Cordell Hull Secretary of State America s Longest Serving Secretary of State Nobel Peace Prize 1945 The Father of the United Nations

7 1940 Cordell Hull

8 Henry Morganthau Secretary of the Treasury

9 1943 Morganthau

10 Roosevelt and Morganthau

11 Henry Stimson Secretary of War Secretary of State Gov. Gen of the Philippines

12 Henry Stimson Secretary of State under Herbert Hoover Secretary of War under Franklin D. Roosevelt and Truman.

13 Sumner Welles Under Secretary of State

14 Sumner Welles and Herman Goering 1940

15 Fr. Charles Coughlin "The Radio Priest" 30 million weekly listeners Father of Hate Radio

16 War Refugee Board Meeting, 21 March 1944 Hull, Morganthau and Stimson

17 Coughlin

18 Coughlin

19 1934 Rev. Charles Coughlin

20 Coughlin s weekly publication

21 Coughlin publishes version of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion

22

23

24 Breckenridge Long Ambassador to Italy under Roosevelt Head of the Visa Section, Department of State Used his position to impede the ability of Jews and other victims of Nazi persecution to seek refuge in the United States.

25 Henry Stimson Secretary of War

26 Memo from Asst. Secretary of State Breckinridge Long, to State Department Officials June 26, 1940, effective ways to obstruct the granting of U.S. visas We can delay and effectively stop for a temporary period of indefinite length the number of immigrants into the United States. We could do this by simply advising our consuls, to put every obstacle in the way and to require additional evidence and to resort to various administrative devices which would postpone and postpone and postpone the granting of the visas.

27

28 Robert Borden Reams US State Department handled Jewish Questions for Breckenridge Long

29 Wilbur Carr US Minister to Prague 1937 Father of the US Foreign Service

30 George Messersmith Asst Secretary of State US Consul Germany and Austria

31 1946 George Messersmith

32 Josiah DuBois Asst. Secretary of the Treasury Gen. Counsel War Refugee Board

33 John McCloy Asst Secretary of War McCloy spent most of his time working on issues involving postwar Germany.

34 Morganthau

35 Gerhart Riegner World Jewish Congress Representative in Switzerland Sends Riegner Cable to Rabbi Stephen Wise

36 Rabbi Stephen Wise

37 Reigner Cable August 28, 1942 from Gerhard Reigner in Switzerland to Rabbi Stephen Wise in Fuehrer's headquarters plan under consideration to exterminate at one blow this fall three and half to four millions Jews following deportation from countries occupied, controlled by Germany

38 Riegner Telegram RECEIVED ALARMING REPORT THAT IN FUHRER'S HEADQUARTERS PLAN DESCUSSED AND UNDER CONSIDERATION ACCORDING TO WHICH ALL JEWS IN COUNTRIES OCCUPIED OR CONTROLLED GERMANY NUMBERING 3½ FOUR MILLION SHOULD AFTER DEPORTATION AND CONCENTRATION IN EAST BE EXTERMINATED AT ONE BLOW TO RESOLVE ONCE FOR ALL THE JEWISH QUESTION IN EUROPE STOP ACTION REPORTED PLANNED FOR AUTUMN METHODS UNDER DISCUSSION INCLUDING PRUSSIC ACID STOP WE TRANSMIT INFORMATION WITH ALL NECESSARY RESERVATION AS EXACTITUDE CANNOT BE CONFIRMED STOP

39 Francis Perkins Secretary of Labor

40 Harold Ickes Secretary of the Interior

41 Evian International Conference on Refugees July 1938

42 Evian International Conference on Refugees July 1938 The American Delegate: "We are coming to try to figure out what to do for the Jews, but no nation will be asked to take any more Jews than its quota already allows."

43 The Bergson Boys Peter Bergson (Hillel Kook) led a dissident group of Zionists known in the United States as the Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe..

44 Rabbi Stephen Wise

45

46 Rabbis March on Washington 1943

47 We Will Never Die Pageant in New York, 1943

48 NYC, 1943 We will never die

49 Elmo Roper poll percent of Americans feel Jews are different and require social and economic restrictions. Gallup poll percent of Americans oppose the admission of a larger number of Jewish refugees.

50

51 Jan Karski Courier from the Polish Underground

52 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry Morgenthau

53 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin Livadia Palace in Yalta (9 FEB 1945)

54 1940 Washington, DC

55 Charles Lindbergh

56 Franklin D. Roosevelt and King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia at Great Bitter Lake in Egypt 14 Feb 1945

57 Franklin D. Roosevelt and King Farouk of Egypt at Great Bitter Lake in Egypt, 13 Feb 1945

58 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill in Teheran, Iran (11 NOV 1943)

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