Federal Constitution Test Review & Study Guide

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1 Name: AP GOPO AP United States Government & Politics (AP GOPO) Sumer Work Federal Constitution Test Review & Study Guide AP Government will require you to do a high level of work and to have a basic understanding of the way the American government works in order to discuss concepts in depth. As such, you should be prepared to take your required U.S. Constitution exam the first week of the semester. You will turn this completed packet in with your exam. Answers will be reviewed in class just in case there is any confusion but feel free to me with any questions: Chapter 1 1. John Locke s theory about the social contract said 2. Define constitution: Chapter 2 3. Our first constitution was 4. Representatives from the states met to write a new constitution in this year 5. They met in the city of in this building: 6. The main reason for changing the Articles of Confederation was because 7. This philosophers ideas influenced the founders in the writing of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence: 8. The number of states that was represented at the signing was 9. Define New Jersey Plan: 10. Define Virginia Plan: 11. Define Connecticut Compromise: 12. Define 3/5 th Compromise: 13. Define framers: 14. Define Federalists: 15. Define Anti-Federalists:

2 16. Define Republic: 17. Define Separation of Powers: 18. Who is the Father of the Constitution? 19. Before the mid 1700 s, the American colonies were largely self-.? 20. Which characteristic of the Constitution did the Anti-Federalists find most fault with? 21. Which state was last to ratify the Constitution? Chapter The highest court in the judicial branch is? 23. The Necessary and Proper Clause is also referred to as? 24. Judges of the Supreme Court must be nominated by? 25. Questions about interpreting the Constitution are settled by? 26. Every state is required to have this type of government 27. The total number of amendments to the Constitution is 28. The amendment that was later repealed was the 29. Invoking the 5 th amendment means that an accused person has the right to 30. The right of all citizens to vote regardless of race is this amendment 31. What is the impact of Marbury v. Madison 32. Define popular sovereignty: 33. In which ways can the legislative branch check the judicial branch? 34. The Constitution sets forth your basic rights in this 35. What is a formal amendment? 36. If the Senate rejects a treaty, which branch is being checked? 37. If Congress raises the number of Supreme Court justices, which branch is being checked? 38. Define the 4 th amendment:

3 39. Define the 19 th amendment: 40. Define federalism: 41. How is an amendment proposed and ratified (1 st method) 42. Define the 26 th amendment: 43. Powers the national government possesses because it is a nation are called ( in other words because all nations do these things): 44. Define the 6 th Amendment: Chapter Congress may not exercise these powers 46. The power to coin money is in the hands of 47. Powers that are specifically given to the national government are 48. Powers that are thought to be granted, but not specifically spelled out are Chapter 5--Complete the following: U.S. Representative U.S Senator Age Requirement Residency Requirement # Elected from each state Total # President X X Term of office (years) Term limits Supreme Court Judges X X X X 49. One third of the Senators are elected how often? 50. How often must Congress meet? 51. How many members do the House and Senate need present to do work? 52. How can Congress override a President s veto? 53. How many days does a President have to sign a bill? 54. Define congressional legislation:

4 55. Define bill: 56. Laws for the United States are made by 57. We count our population every 58. When the seats in the House of Representatives are redistributed every ten years, it is called 59. The process of redrawing district lines within a state after the census is called Chapter If the President is impeached, who will preside over the trial? 61. The number of Presidential electors a state gets is determined by 62. The President s term ends at 63. If none of the candidates for President receives a majority of the vote, how is the President elected? 64. If the President is unable to perform his job, he writes a letter to 65. What are the duties of the Secretary of State? 66. How are Presidential electors appointed or chosen? 67. If there is a vacancy in the office of Vice President, who appoints a new one? 68. List the order of Presidential succession after Vice President (next four): President Vice President What are the residency requirements for President? 70. The President s cabinet is an example of informal amendment by unwritten 71. This institution actually elects the President 72. How many electoral votes does Illinois have?

5 73. This state has the largest number of electoral votes 74. All impeachment trial verdicts are decided by 75. If the President cannot work, the job will be taken over by 76. What are the two (2) duties of the Vice President? 77. How many cabinet departments are there? Chapter To convict for treason, you need 79. The term of office for a Supreme Court justice? 80. How many justices are on the Supreme Court? People: President of the United States: Vice President: Speaker of the House: Chief Justice of the Supreme Court: Secretary of State: U.S. Senators from Illinois: U.S. Representative from the 14 th District (IL):

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