THE COLLEGE OF THE BAHAMAS LL.B. Programme and Centre for Continuing Education & Extension Services

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "THE COLLEGE OF THE BAHAMAS LL.B. Programme and Centre for Continuing Education & Extension Services"

Transcription

1 THE COLLEGE OF THE BAHAMAS LL.B. Programme and Centre for Continuing Education & Extension Services LL.B. Programme Moss Road Oakes Field Campus Nassau, New Providence, The Bahamas INTRODUCTION TO THE LAW AND POLICY OF THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION Credits: 2 continuing education credits Instructors: Assistant Professor Lisa Benjamin Office Telephone: Secretary Telephone: Fax Number: Address: Semester: July Office Location: COB/UWI LL.B. Programme, Moss Road Office Hours: By appointment, COURSE DESCRIPTION This course provides an introductory overview of various areas of the institutional structure, law and policy of the World Trade Organization, with a focus on the role of trade in development and Bahamian trade legislation. MAJOR AIMS The primary aims of this course are to: 1. introduce students to the principles and practices of the World Trade Organization. 2. to introduce students to the legislative and dispute resolution processes of the World Trade Organization;

2 3. introduce students to the provisions of a select number of World Trade Organization agreements and existing Bahamian and regional trade legislation and institutions; and 4. enhance students technical knowledge of the World Trade Organization and the role of small island developing states within the organization. COURSE OBJECTIVES Upon successful completion of this course students will be able to: 1. discuss the history of the World Trade Organization; 2. examine the institutional structure and functions of the World Trade Organization; 3. discuss the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, the General Agreement on Trade in Services, the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes, the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, and the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade; 4. discuss the World Trade Organization s dispute settlement procedures and selected decisions; 5. examine cross-cutting issues such as the relationship of trade and the environment, and access by developing countries, in particular small island states, to the dispute settlement mechanism. ASSESSMENT Students will be required to attend the four sessions and complete one written assignment of 4,000 to 6,000 words. Assignment topics for the four components will be made available, so students can choose one of the four topics to write their paper on. Written paper 100% Total 100% REQUIRED TEXT: Resource readings to be provided on the course website: through a reading list for each of the four Components of the course. Students must have access to the internet to access the resource materials online. 2

3 SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS To be provided on the course website: WTO agreements like the GATT and GATS can be found on the WTO website at: WTO dispute cases can be found either on the course website or on the WTO website at: WEBSITES Course website: World Trade Organization website: Course schedule Date and class 6 th July 9am-12pm Components Assessment topic DUE DATES Component I Assessment topic for Component I due 30 th August A. The History of the World Trade Organization i.) ii.) WWI, the interwar period and post- WWII the Bretton Woods Conference; The International Trade Organization, Havana Charter and the 1947 GATT; iii.) Overview of subsequent trade rounds; iv.) The Uruguay Round and establishment of the World Trade Organization; v.) The philosophy of the WTO; vi.) The WTO Agreement and the covered agreements Annex 1A-1C; vii.) The Plurilateral Agreements Annex The General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs of the World Trade Organization has a long history. The founding principles of national treatment and most favoured nation do not allow member states to change their tariffs on goods once they have bound them in their 30 th August 3

4 4; viii.) The Doha Development Round a round for developing countries? Schedules of Concessions. Discuss. B. The Functions and Institutional Structure of the World Trade Organization i.) The WTO as a single undertaking Article II.2 and the Brazil-Desiccated Coconut decision; ii.) Structure of the WTO: a. the Ministerial Council; b.the General Council, the Dispute Settlement Body and Trade Policy Review Mechanism; c.councils and Committees; d.membership accession by developing countries; e. Amendments, Interpretations and Waivers to Agreements; iii.) The Functions of the WTO: a. to facilitate implementation, administration and operation, and further the objectives of, the WTO Agreement and the multilateral trade agreements; b. forum for negotiations; c. administers the dispute settlement and trade policy review mechanism; d. status of WTO and relationships with other international institutions. C. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade i.) Provisions of GATT 1947 and GATT 1994; ii.) Tariffs and quantitative restrictions (quotas); iii.) Most favoured nation principle; iv.) National treatment principle; v.) What are like products? vi.) Cases: 4

5 a. Chile Price Band System and Safeguard Measures Relation to Certain Agricultural Products; b. Japan Taxes on Alcoholic Beverages; c. Korea Measures Affecting Imports of Fresh, Chilled and Frozen Beef; d. Dominican Republic Measures Affecting the Importation and Internal Sale of Cigarettes; e. EC- Measures Affecting the Prohibition of Asbestos and Asbestos Products. vii.) Schedules of Concessions and how to interpret them; viii.) Cases: a. EC-Computer Equipment; b. EC-Customs Classification of Frozen Boneless Chicken Cuts ix.) The White Paper on Value Added Tax in The Bahamas. 13 th July 9am-12pm Component II A. The General Agreement on Trade in Services i.) Overview of provisions of GATS; ii.) Modes of supply of services; iii.) General obligations and specific obligations; iv.) Schedules of services and exceptions; v.) Cases: a. Mexico Measures Affecting Assessment topic for Component I due 30 th August The Article XX exceptions under GATT provide sufficient flexibility to member states to set their own national policies for the protection of health and the environment. 30 th August 5

6 Telecommunications Services; b. United States Measures Affecting Cross-Border Supply of Gambling and Betting Services. Discuss B. General exceptions to the GATT and GATS i.) ii.) iii.) Article XX of the GATT; Article XIV of the GATS; Cases: a. Tuna/Dolphin I; b. US-Shrimp; c. Korea- Measures Affecting Imports of Fresh, Chilled and Frozen Beef; d. US-Gasoline; e. EC- Measures Affecting the Prohibition of Asbestos and Asbestos Products; f. Brazil-Retreaded Tyres. 20 th July 9am-12pm Component III A. The Dispute Settlement Understanding i.) Origins Articles XXII and XXIII of GATT 1947; ii.) The basic provisions of the Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (or DSU Agreement) its integrative function; iii.) Process issues consultations, timetables and establishment of a panel; iv.) The Dispute Settlement Body; Assessment topic for Component III due 30 th August The dispute settlement system of the World Trade Organization has been described as the jewel in the crown of the organization. Despite its considerable strengths, some developing states struggle to employ it to their advantage. Discuss. 30 th August 6

7 v.) The Appellate Body; vi.) Cases: a. Japan Taxes on Alcoholic Beverages; b. Mexico Soft Drinks; c. United States Anti- Dumping Measures on Shrimp from Ecuador; e. US-Wool Shirts and Blouses; f. US-Section 301 Trade Act. vii.) Compliance mechanisms Article 21.5 and available remedies; viii.) Cases: a. Arbitrator EC-Hormones case; b. Arbitrator US-Gambling case; c. Arbitrator Korea-Alcoholic Beverages. ix). Concessions for developing countries. 27 th July 9am-12pm Component IV Assessment topic for Component IV due 30 th August 30 th August 7

8 A. The Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade i.) Article III GATT 1994; ii.) Overview of the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade; iii.) Technical regulations; iv.) Standards; v.) Conformity Assessment Procedures; vi.) Cases: a. European Communities Measures Affecting the Prohibition of Asbestos and Asbestos Products; b. European Communities Trade Description of Sardines. B. The Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Both the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade and the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures provide for uniform rules to facilitate trade and prevent discriminatory treatment, while allowing member states to protect the health of their populations, livestock and agriculture. Discuss. i.) Article XX(b); ii.) Overview of the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures; iii.) Risk assessment; iv.) The Precautionary Principle; v.) Cases: a. European Communities Measures Affecting Meat and Meat Products (Hormones); b. Japan-Apples. vi.) Draft Bahamian legislation: Animal Health and Production Bill, Plant Protection Bill, Food Safety and Quality Bill. C. Trade and Development where do developing countries stand? i.)concessions in the WTO Agreements for developing countries; ii.)the Sutherland Report; iii.) The Oxfam Report Rigged Rules and Trading Standards; iv.) The issue of subsidies on 8

9 agriculture and textiles; v.)a closer look at the Doha Development Round; vi.)the position of small island states and trade: a. the Lomé and Contonou Agreements; b. the European Communities Regime for the Importation, Sale and Distribution of Bananas the erosion of colonial preferences; c. United States Measures Affecting the Cross-Border Supply of Gambling and Betting Services; d. the Committee on Trade and the Environment. Biography of Instructor Lisa Benjamin completed her B.A. at McGill University, her LL.B. at University College London, and her LL.M., with a specialization in law and development, at University of London. She is a qualified solicitor in England and Wales and barrister in The Bahamas, having practiced commercial law in both jurisdictions. She has over 10 years experience in the law, and teaches International Trade Law, Company Law, Environmental Law and Intellectual Property Law. Her specializations include small island developing states in environmental law, including climate change, and trade and the environment. She has published in these areas, has contributed to the Second National Communication of The Bahamas to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and is currently a national legal expert for a CARICOM project on trade and the environment. 9

INDONESIA MEASURES CONCERNING THE IMPORTATION OF CHICKEN MEAT AND CHICKEN PRODUCTS

INDONESIA MEASURES CONCERNING THE IMPORTATION OF CHICKEN MEAT AND CHICKEN PRODUCTS 17 October 2017 (17-5524) Page: 1/160 Original: English INDONESIA MEASURES CONCERNING THE IMPORTATION OF CHICKEN MEAT AND CHICKEN PRODUCTS REPORT OF THE PANEL - 2 - TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION...

More information

Introduction to the WTO. Will Martin World Bank 10 May 2006

Introduction to the WTO. Will Martin World Bank 10 May 2006 Introduction to the WTO Will Martin World Bank 10 May 2006 1 Issues What is the WTO and how does it work? Implications of being a member of the WTO multilateral trading system 2 WTO as an international

More information

Dispute Settlement Procedures under WTO

Dispute Settlement Procedures under WTO Part ⅡChapter 16 Dispute Settlement Procedures under WTO Chapter 16 Dispute Settlement Procedures under WTO As mentioned in the Preface, this Report aims to present specific measures for resolving issues

More information

Accomplishment of the WTO Dispute Settlement system - A Review of Some WTO Jurisprudence 1

Accomplishment of the WTO Dispute Settlement system - A Review of Some WTO Jurisprudence 1 Accomplishment of the WTO Dispute Settlement system - A Review of Some WTO Jurisprudence 1 Mitsuo Matsushita Introduction More than 10 years have passed since the establishment of the WTO and it is time

More information

Sources of law in the WTO

Sources of law in the WTO Sources of law in the WTO What is our objective when studying sources of law? Assess interpretative arguments in light of general principles of sources of law in international law? Predict how a panel

More information

Introduction to the WTO Non-tariff Measures and the SPS & TBT Agreements

Introduction to the WTO Non-tariff Measures and the SPS & TBT Agreements Introduction to the WTO Non-tariff Measures and the SPS & TBT Agreements Gretchen H. Stanton Agriculture and Commodities Division World Trade Organization Introduction to the WTO 1. General Introduction

More information

What are the WTO rules that affect animal welfare? Can you have trade bans? FROM THE PUBLIC AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT

What are the WTO rules that affect animal welfare? Can you have trade bans? FROM THE PUBLIC AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT What are the WTO rules that affect animal welfare? Can you have trade bans? FROM THE PUBLIC AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT Overview This briefing covers trade bans under World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules and is

More information

GATT Exception Fails in 97 Percent of Cases 1. Subject Matter/Scope: 2. Qualifier Necessary, Related to :

GATT Exception Fails in 97 Percent of Cases 1. Subject Matter/Scope: 2. Qualifier Necessary, Related to : Only One of 40 Attempts to Use the GATT Article XX/GATS Article XIV General Exception Has Ever Succeeded: Replicating the WTO Exception Construct Will Not Provide for an Effective TPP General Exception

More information

GATT Article XX Exceptions. 17 October 2016

GATT Article XX Exceptions. 17 October 2016 GATT Article XX Exceptions 17 October 2016 GATT Article XX Exceptions - Purpose Allow WTO members to adopt and maintain measures that aim to promote or protect important societal values and interests Even

More information

Trade and environment under WTO rules after the Appellate Body report in Brazil-retreated tyres

Trade and environment under WTO rules after the Appellate Body report in Brazil-retreated tyres Trade and environment under WTO rules after the Appellate Body report in Brazil-retreated tyres Sébastien Thomas Teaching assistant, College of Europe in Brugges sthomas@coleurop.be Abstract: This paper

More information

Chapter 19 TRADE AND LABOUR. Gabrielle Marceau*

Chapter 19 TRADE AND LABOUR. Gabrielle Marceau* Chapter 19 TRADE AND LABOUR Gabrielle Marceau* I. Introduction 540 A. From the ITO to the WTO on Labour Issues 541 B. States Must Comply With Both Their WTO and ILO Obligations 541 C. The Legal Relationship

More information

Trade and Public Policies: NTMs in the WTO

Trade and Public Policies: NTMs in the WTO Trade and Public Policies: NTMs in the WTO Xinyi Li Trade Policies Review Division, WTO Secretariat 12 th ARTNeT Capacity Building Workshop December 2016 1 Disclaimer The views and opinions expressed in

More information

Introduction to World Trade Organization. Risk Analysis Training

Introduction to World Trade Organization. Risk Analysis Training Introduction to World Trade Organization Risk Analysis Training Purpose/Focus Introduce WTO History and Mandate Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement Role of Risk Analysis Standard Setting Bodies Technical

More information

N O T E. The Course on Dispute Settlement in International Trade, Investment and Intellectual Property consists of forty modules.

N O T E. The Course on Dispute Settlement in International Trade, Investment and Intellectual Property consists of forty modules. ii Dispute Settlement N O T E The Course on Dispute Settlement in International Trade, Investment and Intellectual Property consists of forty modules. This Module has been prepared by Mr. Peter Van den

More information

Introduction to WTO and the SPS Agreement. Anneke Hamilton Agriculture and Commodities Division 12 September 2013 SADC Workshop, South Africa

Introduction to WTO and the SPS Agreement. Anneke Hamilton Agriculture and Commodities Division 12 September 2013 SADC Workshop, South Africa Introduction to WTO and the SPS Agreement Anneke Hamilton Agriculture and Commodities Division 12 September 2013 SADC Workshop, South Africa Outline Introduction to WTO Use of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs)

More information

Environment features in Uruguay Round results

Environment features in Uruguay Round results TE 005 17 February 1994 Environment features in Uruguay Round results and emerges as priority issue in post-uruguay Round work of GATT With the successful conclusion of the Uruguay Round negotiations,

More information

An Introduction to the WTO Dispute Settlement System

An Introduction to the WTO Dispute Settlement System MAY 20011 An Introduction to the WTO Dispute Settlement System In this article two legal oficers from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade provide a practical guide to the World Trade Organization's

More information

General Agreement on Trade in Services: Part I Malcolm Langford

General Agreement on Trade in Services: Part I Malcolm Langford General Agreement on Trade in Services: Part I Malcolm Langford Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo Co-Director, Centre for Law and Social Transformation, CMI and University of Bergen

More information

An Overview of Procedural Aspects of International Trade Dispute Resolution under the WTO System* by Naeem Ullah Khan

An Overview of Procedural Aspects of International Trade Dispute Resolution under the WTO System* by Naeem Ullah Khan Abstract An Overview of Procedural Aspects of International Trade Dispute Resolution under the WTO System* by Naeem Ullah Khan naeemkhan1976@hotmail.com The Dispute Settlement System (DSS) under World

More information

Non-tariff barriers. Yuliya Chernykh

Non-tariff barriers. Yuliya Chernykh Non-tariff barriers Yuliya Chernykh Non-tariff measures/non-tariff barriers All government imposed and sponsored actions or omissions that act as prohibitions or restrictions on trade, other than ordinary

More information

Asbestos and World Trade

Asbestos and World Trade Asbestos and World Trade 2011 National Asbestos Meeting Denver, CO Doug Farquhar National Conference of State Legislatures General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) World Trade Organization (WTO) Established

More information

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EFTA STATES AND UKRAINE

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EFTA STATES AND UKRAINE FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EFTA STATES AND UKRAINE PREAMBLE Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway, the Swiss Confederation (hereinafter referred to as the EFTA States

More information

( ) Page: 1/26 INDONESIA IMPORTATION OF HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS, ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS AB Report of the Appellate Body.

( ) Page: 1/26 INDONESIA IMPORTATION OF HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS, ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS AB Report of the Appellate Body. WT/DS477/AB/R/Add.1 WT/DS478/AB/R/Add.1 9 November 2017 (17-6042) Page: 1/26 Original: English INDONESIA IMPORTATION OF HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS, ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS AB-2017-2 Report of the Appellate

More information

Chapter 27 The WTO Agreements: An Introduction to the Obligations and Opportunities for Biosafety

Chapter 27 The WTO Agreements: An Introduction to the Obligations and Opportunities for Biosafety Chapter 27 The WTO Agreements: An Introduction to the Obligations and Opportunities for Biosafety CHEE YOKE LING AND LIM LI CHING THIRD WORLD NETWORK The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is an extremely

More information

WTO & IT S DISPUTE SETTLEMEMT BODY

WTO & IT S DISPUTE SETTLEMEMT BODY A DISSERTATION ON WTO & IT S DISPUTE SETTLEMEMT BODY IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF LAWS SUBMITED BY: - MR. DHIRAJ GOLE LL.M (TRIMESTER) 1- YEAR COURSE ROLL NO. 49

More information

A CASE OF DOUBLE STANDARDS: THE WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR GEORGINA BEASLEY

A CASE OF DOUBLE STANDARDS: THE WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR GEORGINA BEASLEY A CASE OF DOUBLE STANDARDS: THE WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR GEORGINA BEASLEY A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Laws (with

More information

HORIZON. Market Intelligence 28 June The WTO and its implications for UK Agriculture

HORIZON. Market Intelligence 28 June The WTO and its implications for UK Agriculture HORIZON Market Intelligence 28 June 2017 The WTO and its implications for UK Agriculture Contents Introduction 3 WTO the essential background 4 Understanding the implications for agriculture 7 Leaving

More information

INTRODUCTION TO THE WTO

INTRODUCTION TO THE WTO Last update: 4/2/2003 INTRODUCTION TO THE WTO MARK BACCHATTA Main messages of this module: In theory, a trade agreement serves two main purposes. 1) It mitigates large countries' incentives to pursue beggar-thy-neighbor

More information

Intellectual Property in WTO Dispute Settlement

Intellectual Property in WTO Dispute Settlement Intellectual Property and the Judiciary 17 th EIPIN Congress Strasbourg, 30 January 2016 Intellectual Property in WTO Dispute Settlement Roger Kampf WTO Secretariat The views expressed are personal and

More information

WTO Plus Commitments in RTAs. Presented By: Shailja Singh Assistant Professor Centre for WTO Studies New Delhi

WTO Plus Commitments in RTAs. Presented By: Shailja Singh Assistant Professor Centre for WTO Studies New Delhi WTO Plus Commitments in RTAs Presented By: Shailja Singh Assistant Professor Centre for WTO Studies New Delhi Some Basic Facts WTO is a significant achievement in Multilateralism Regional Trade Agreements

More information

PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY

PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY INTERIM FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY Interim Free Trade Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey

More information

Professors Jagdish Bhagwati, Merit E. Janow & Petros C. Mavroidis

Professors Jagdish Bhagwati, Merit E. Janow & Petros C. Mavroidis INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW The Law of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Professors Jagdish Bhagwati, Merit E. Janow & Petros C. Mavroidis Columbia Law School Fall 2002 1 Introduction and Overview A. Substantive

More information

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF CHILE

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF CHILE FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF CHILE PREAMBLE The Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Chile (hereinafter referred to as the Parties or Turkey or Chile where

More information

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION 10 common misunderstandings about the WTO Is it a dictatorial tool of the rich and powerful? Does it destroy jobs? Does it ignore the concerns of health, the environment and development?

More information

OVERVIEW OF THE WTO AGREEMENTS

OVERVIEW OF THE WTO AGREEMENTS OVERVIEW OF THE WTO AGREEMENTS 1. Basic Objectives of the WTO As stated in the preamble of the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, the objectives of the WTO Agreements include raising

More information

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WT/DS34/AB/R 22 October 1999 (99-4546) Original: English TURKEY RESTRICTIONS ON IMPORTS OF TEXTILE AND CLOTHING PRODUCTS AB-1999-5 Report of the Appellate Body Page i I. Introduction...

More information

AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING A FREE TRADE AREA BETWEEN THE ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT AND THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY

AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING A FREE TRADE AREA BETWEEN THE ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT AND THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING A FREE TRADE AREA BETWEEN THE ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT AND THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY Agreement Establishing a Free Trade Area between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Republic of Turkey

More information

EU EXTERNAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS

EU EXTERNAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS EU EXTERNAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS Common Customs Tariff (CCT) Common Commercial Policy (CCP) R.Greaves LEGAL PERSONALITY & COMPETENCES (Article 235 TFEU) Articles 2-6 TFEU on categories and areas of Union

More information

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN CROATIA AND SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN CROATIA AND SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN CROATIA AND SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA AND SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO ON AMENDMENTS TO THE FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

More information

Dispute Settlement under the World Trade Organization: Implications for Developing Countries

Dispute Settlement under the World Trade Organization: Implications for Developing Countries Bond Law Review Volume 15 Issue 2 Festschrift for David Allan & Mary Hiscock Article 5 2003 Dispute Settlement under the World Trade Organization: Implications for Developing Countries Gillian Triggs Follow

More information

THE ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING A FREE TRADE AREA BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF TUNISIA

THE ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING A FREE TRADE AREA BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF TUNISIA FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN TURKEY AND TUNISIA THE ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING A FREE TRADE AREA BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF TUNISIA PREAMBLE The Republic of Turkey and The

More information

Legal Analysis: WTO Implications of the Illegal-Timber Regulation

Legal Analysis: WTO Implications of the Illegal-Timber Regulation ClientEarth * Briefing, September 2009 Legal Analysis: WTO Implications of the Illegal-Timber Regulation The European Parliament recently adopted amendments to the European Commission proposal laying down

More information

The Role and Effectiveness of the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism

The Role and Effectiveness of the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism The Role and Effectiveness of the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism John H. Jackson Brookings Trade Forum, 2000, pp. 179-219 (Article) Published by Brookings Institution Press DOI: https://doi.org/10.1353/btf.2000.0007

More information

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EFTA STATES AND MONTENEGRO

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EFTA STATES AND MONTENEGRO FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EFTA STATES AND MONTENEGRO PREAMBLE Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway, and the Swiss Confederation (hereinafter referred to as the EFTA

More information

The Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Bulgaria (hereinafter called the "Parties");

The Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Bulgaria (hereinafter called the Parties); FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN TURKEY AND BULGARIA PREAMBLE The Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Bulgaria (hereinafter called the "Parties"); Reaffirming their commitment to the principles of market

More information

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION AND GLOBAL ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PERSPECTIVE

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION AND GLOBAL ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PERSPECTIVE An Open Access Journal from The Law Brigade (Publishing) Group 1 WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION AND GLOBAL ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PERSPECTIVE Written by Balaji Naika B.G.* 1. Introduction The

More information

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION Committee on Regional Trade Agreements WT/REG203/1 19 September 2005 (05-4125) Original: English FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN TURKEY AND TUNISIA The following joint communication,

More information

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EFTA STATES AND TURKEY

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EFTA STATES AND TURKEY AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EFTA STATES AND TURKEY Note: Austria, Finland and Sweden withdrew from the Convention establishing the European Free Trade Association (the Stockholm Convention) on 31 December 1994.

More information

International Trade Agreements Spring Semester 2013 January 16 to May 10, 2013

International Trade Agreements Spring Semester 2013 January 16 to May 10, 2013 International Trade Agreements Spring Semester 2013 January 16 to May 10, 2013 Ninth and Tenth Classes February 13/15, 2013 Professor Luis Ernesto Derbez Bautista Second Section - Trade Agreements: A Typology

More information

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARTICLE XIX OF GATT 1994 AND AGREEMENT ON SAFEGUARD

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARTICLE XIX OF GATT 1994 AND AGREEMENT ON SAFEGUARD LAW MANTRA THINK BEYOND OTHERS (I.S.S.N 2321-6417 (Online) Ph: +918255090897 Website: journal.lawmantra.co.in E-mail: info@lawmantra.co.in contact@lawmantra.co.in RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARTICLE XIX OF GATT

More information

THE WTO LEGAL SYSTEM: SOURCES OF LAW

THE WTO LEGAL SYSTEM: SOURCES OF LAW THE WTO LEGAL SYSTEM: SOURCES OF LAW By David Palmeter and Petros C. Mavroidis* I. INTRODUCTION Modern discussions of the sources of internationalaw usually begin with a reference to Article 38 (1) of

More information

AGREEMENT BETWEEN COLOMBIA AND THE STATES OF THE EUROPEAN FREE TRADE ASSOCIATION (ICELAND, LIECHTENSTEIN, NORWAY AND SWITZERLAND) TABLE OF CONTENTS

AGREEMENT BETWEEN COLOMBIA AND THE STATES OF THE EUROPEAN FREE TRADE ASSOCIATION (ICELAND, LIECHTENSTEIN, NORWAY AND SWITZERLAND) TABLE OF CONTENTS AGREEMENT BETWEEN COLOMBIA AND THE STATES OF THE EUROPEAN FREE TRADE ASSOCIATION (ICELAND, LIECHTENSTEIN, NORWAY AND SWITZERLAND) TABLE OF CONTENTS AGREEMENT Preamble III CHAPTER 1: GENERAL PROVISIONS

More information

Trade Preferences for Developing Countries and the WTO

Trade Preferences for Developing Countries and the WTO Order Code RS22183 Updated August 8, 2007 Trade Preferences for Developing Countries and the WTO Summary Jeanne J. Grimmett Legislative Attorney American Law Division World Trade Organization (WTO) Members

More information

2015: a snapshot 12. Our year 14. Spotlight: Nairobi Ministerial Conference 20

2015: a snapshot 12. Our year 14. Spotlight: Nairobi Ministerial Conference 20 A year in review A year in review 2015: a snapshot 12 Our year 14 Trade negotiations 15 Implementation and monitoring 16 Dispute settlement 17 Supporting development and building trade capacity 18 Outreach

More information

United States Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements

United States Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements United States Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements Agricultural Trade and Policy Reform: Where is the Action? A Workshop on the Current State of Multilateral, Bilateral and Unilateral Policy Discussions

More information

The Meaning of 'Necessary' in GATT Article XX and GATS Article XIV: The Myth of Cost-Benefit Balancing

The Meaning of 'Necessary' in GATT Article XX and GATS Article XIV: The Myth of Cost-Benefit Balancing University of Michigan Law School University of Michigan Law School Scholarship Repository Articles Faculty Scholarship 2007 The Meaning of 'Necessary' in GATT Article XX and GATS Article XIV: The Myth

More information

10 common misunderstandings about the WTO

10 common misunderstandings about the WTO 10 common misunderstandings about the WTO The debate will probably never end. People have different views of the pros and cons of the WTO s multilateral trading system. Indeed, one of the most important

More information

Vision The International Trading System I Liberalization of International Trade

Vision The International Trading System I Liberalization of International Trade Vision 2020- The International Trading System I Liberalization of International Trade 1. One of the features of international trade in goods in the past 50 years or so has been its expansion. While the

More information

GLOBAL TRADE AND MARKETING

GLOBAL TRADE AND MARKETING GLOBAL TRADE AND MARKETING A Nepalese Perspective Bijendra Man Shakya Associate Professor (Economics) Shanker Dev Campus Tribhuvan University RATNA PUSTAK BHANDAR Kathmandu, Nepal CONTENTS List of Boxes

More information

NTMs: Definition, Data, and International Regulations

NTMs: Definition, Data, and International Regulations CHAPTER 1 NTMs: Definition, Data, and International Regulations Efforts to streamline NTMs have been hampered by lack of a clear conceptual definition and data on the use of NTMs, their impact on domestic

More information

The World Trade Organization: A New Legal Order for World Trade?

The World Trade Organization: A New Legal Order for World Trade? Volume 16 Issue 2 1995 The World Trade Organization: A New Legal Order for World Trade? Thomas J. Dillon Jr. University of Konstanz Follow this and additional works at: http://repository.law.umich.edu/mjil

More information

THE WTO AS A LAW-HARMONIZING INSTITUTION

THE WTO AS A LAW-HARMONIZING INSTITUTION THE WTO AS A LAW-HARMONIZING INSTITUTION ARIE REICH* 1. INTRODUCTION The violent demonstrations and riots at the ministerial conference of the World Trade Organization ("WTO")1 in Seattle 2 have helped

More information

TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT: AN INTRODUCTION TO UNDERSTANDING AND PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE TRADE IN THE WTO

TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT: AN INTRODUCTION TO UNDERSTANDING AND PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE TRADE IN THE WTO TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT: AN INTRODUCTION TO UNDERSTANDING AND PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE TRADE IN THE WTO NEWLY INDEPENDENT STATES WTO/NCSD PROJECT Background Paper prepared by the International Institute for

More information

PRESENTATION ON KENYA S EXPERIENCE AT THE WTO

PRESENTATION ON KENYA S EXPERIENCE AT THE WTO PRESENTATION ON KENYA S EXPERIENCE AT THE WTO PRESENTATION BY: AMB. NELSON NDIRANGU DIRECTOR ECONOMIC AFFAIRS AND COMMERCIAL DIPLOMACY DIRECTORATE MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS 28 TH AUGUST 2017 OUTLINE

More information

Russia s Accession to the WTO

Russia s Accession to the WTO Order Code RL31979 Russia s Accession to the WTO Updated January 10, 2007 William H. Cooper Specialist in International Trade and Finance Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Russia s Accession

More information

U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends

U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends Order Code 98-840 Updated January 2, 2008 U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends Summary J. F. Hornbeck Specialist in International Trade and Finance Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Since

More information

N O T E. The Course on Dispute Settlement in International Trade, Investment and Intellectual Property consists of forty modules.

N O T E. The Course on Dispute Settlement in International Trade, Investment and Intellectual Property consists of forty modules. ii Dispute Settlement N O T E The Course on Dispute Settlement in International Trade, Investment and Intellectual Property consists of forty modules. This Module has been prepared by Mr. Edwini Kessie

More information

MARKHUB. Macao Regional Knowledge Hub Working Papers, No. 19, January Mia Mikic*

MARKHUB. Macao Regional Knowledge Hub Working Papers, No. 19, January Mia Mikic* MARKHUB Macao Regional Knowledge Hub Working Papers, No. 19, January 2009 Multilateral rules for regional trade Agreements: past, present and future by Mia Mikic* * Author is an Economic Affairs Officer

More information

TRADE POLICY REVIEW OF SOUTH AFRICA 1-2 JUNE GATT Council's Evaluation

TRADE POLICY REVIEW OF SOUTH AFRICA 1-2 JUNE GATT Council's Evaluation CENTRE WILLIAM-RAPPARD, RUE DE LAUSANNE 154, 1211 GENÈVE 21, TÉL. 022 73951 11 TRADE POLICY REVIEW OF SOUTH AFRICA 1-2 JUNE 1993 GATT Council's Evaluation GATT/1583 3 June 1993 The GATT Council conducted

More information

Council of the European Union Brussels, 27 October 2016 (OR. en)

Council of the European Union Brussels, 27 October 2016 (OR. en) Conseil UE Council of the European Union Brussels, 27 October 2016 (OR. en) Interinstitutional Files: 2016/0205 (NLE) 2016/0206 (NLE) 2016/0220 (NLE) 13463/1/16 REV 1 LIMITE PUBLIC WTO 294 SERVICES 26

More information

Basic glossary of terms commonly used in the World Trade Organization (WTO)

Basic glossary of terms commonly used in the World Trade Organization (WTO) Basic glossary of terms commonly used in the World Trade Organization (WTO) This glossary forms part of the series of notes that the Center for Strategic Analysis for Agriculture (CAESPA) of the Inter-

More information

Asian Network of Economic Policy Research (ANEPR) Asia in Search of a New Order January 2004

Asian Network of Economic Policy Research (ANEPR) Asia in Search of a New Order January 2004 POSITION PAPER FOR Asian Network of Economic Policy Research (ANEPR) 2003-2004 Asia in Search of a New Order 16-17 January 2004 MODALITY OF KOREA-JAPAN FTA: FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF KOREA DUKGEUN AHN KDI

More information

II. Trade and public policies: A closer look at non-tariff measures in the 21 st century

II. Trade and public policies: A closer look at non-tariff measures in the 21 st century II. Trade and public policies: A closer look at non-tariff measures in the 21 st century The World Trade Report 2012 ventures beyond tariffs to examine other policy measures that can affect trade. Regulatory

More information

CARIBBEAN ADJUDICATION OF TRADE DISPUTES-THE CCJ s COMPULSORY AND EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION

CARIBBEAN ADJUDICATION OF TRADE DISPUTES-THE CCJ s COMPULSORY AND EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION CARIBBEAN ADJUDICATION OF TRADE DISPUTES-THE CCJ s COMPULSORY AND EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION By Dr. Delroy S. Beckford Before addressing the substantive issue of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ s) jurisdiction

More information

Since the UNECA / South Centre Policy Brief was written in May, there have been further developments:

Since the UNECA / South Centre Policy Brief was written in May, there have been further developments: Update: Eleventh World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference (Buenos Aires, December 2017) in the context of Africa s Agenda 2063 and the Continental Free Trade 15 September 2017 Since the UNECA /

More information

China s Compliance with WTO Transparency Requirement: Institution-Related Impediments

China s Compliance with WTO Transparency Requirement: Institution-Related Impediments Article China s Compliance with WTO Transparency Requirement: Institution-Related Impediments Sijie Chen * Abstract I. Introduction This article examines the institution-related impediments to China s

More information

THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TARIFFS AND TRADE (GATT 1994)

THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TARIFFS AND TRADE (GATT 1994) THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TARIFFS AND TRADE (GATT 1994) The following legal text of GATT 1994 is that of GATT 1947 as rectified, amended or modified by the terms of legal instruments that entered into force

More information

International and Regional Trade Law: The Law of the World Trade Organization. Unit XIV: Safeguard Measures

International and Regional Trade Law: The Law of the World Trade Organization. Unit XIV: Safeguard Measures International and Regional Trade Law: The Law of the World Trade Organization J.H.H. Weiler University Professor, NYU Joseph Straus Professor of Law and European Union Jean Monnet Chair, NYU School of

More information

MULTILATERAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS THE URUGUAY ROUND

MULTILATERAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS THE URUGUAY ROUND MULTILATERAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS THE URUGUAY ROUND RESTRICTED MTN.GNG/12 15 August 1988 Special Distribution \ Group of Negotiations on Goods (GATT) GROUP OF NEGOTIATIONS ON GOODS Eleventh meeting: 25 and

More information

RESOLVING DISPUTES UNDER WTO: A DISPUTE SETTLEMENT MECHANISM

RESOLVING DISPUTES UNDER WTO: A DISPUTE SETTLEMENT MECHANISM RESOLVING DISPUTES UNDER WTO: A DISPUTE SETTLEMENT MECHANISM AUTHORS: 1. RHEA SRIVASTAVA BBA. LL.B. (IV th Year) Institution: Symbiosis Law School, Noida Address: 0431 ATS Greens Village, Sector 93-A,

More information

MORE EMBARGO: TRADE POLICY REVIEW OF ZIMBABWE NOT FOR PUBLICATION BEFORE 1300 HRS GMT 2 DECEMBER November 1994

MORE EMBARGO: TRADE POLICY REVIEW OF ZIMBABWE NOT FOR PUBLICATION BEFORE 1300 HRS GMT 2 DECEMBER November 1994 EMBARGO: NOT FOR PUBLICATION BEFORE 1300 HRS GMT 2 DECEMBER 1994 TRADE POLICY REVIEW OF ZIMBABWE GAT/ 1654 28 November 1994 The opening of Zimbabwe's foreign trade regime, together with fiscal stabilization

More information

United States Panama Trade Promotion Agreement

United States Panama Trade Promotion Agreement United States Panama Trade Promotion Agreement Objectives The objectives of this Agreement, as elaborated more specifically through its principles and rules, including national treatment, most-favored-nation

More information

Can (Should) Article xx(b) GATT Be a Defense against Inconsistencies with the SPS and TBT Agreements?

Can (Should) Article xx(b) GATT Be a Defense against Inconsistencies with the SPS and TBT Agreements? Can (Should) Article xx(b) GATT Be a Defense against Inconsistencies with the SPS and TBT Agreements? Senai W. ANDEMARIAM* I. ARTICLE xx(b) AND THE SPS AGREEMENT A. GENERAL OVERVIEW OF EXCEPTIONS TO GATT

More information

The Challenge of Interpreting 'WTO-Plus' Provisions

The Challenge of Interpreting 'WTO-Plus' Provisions Wayne State University Law Faculty Research Publications Law School 1-1-2010 The Challenge of Interpreting 'WTO-Plus' Provisions Julia Ya Qin Wayne State University, ya.qin@wayne.edu Recommended Citation

More information

THE FRAGMENTATION OF THE MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM: THE IMPACT OF REGIONALISM ON WTO LAW.

THE FRAGMENTATION OF THE MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM: THE IMPACT OF REGIONALISM ON WTO LAW. Article THE FRAGMENTATION OF THE MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM: THE IMPACT OF REGIONALISM ON WTO LAW. Musa Njabulo Shongwe* ABSTRACT This is a study of the fragmentation of the multilateral trading system.

More information

The GMO Dispute before the WTO: Legal Implications for the Trade and Environment Debate Francesco Sindico

The GMO Dispute before the WTO: Legal Implications for the Trade and Environment Debate Francesco Sindico The GMO Dispute before the WTO: Legal Implications for the Trade and Environment Debate Francesco Sindico NOTA DI LAVORO 11.2005 JANUARY 2005 NRM Natural Resources Management Francesco Sindico, Departamento

More information

Agenda 2) MULTIPRODUCT MULTILATERALISM: EARLY POST WORLD WAR II TRADE POLICY

Agenda 2) MULTIPRODUCT MULTILATERALISM: EARLY POST WORLD WAR II TRADE POLICY LOOK WEST: THE EVOLUTION OF U.S. TRADE POLICY TOWARD ASIA Vinod K. Aggarwal Director and Professor, Berkeley APEC Study Center University of California at Berkeley 22 December 2009 Agenda 1) CLASSIFYING

More information

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THAILAND AND AUSTRALIA PREAMBLE

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THAILAND AND AUSTRALIA PREAMBLE FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THAILAND AND AUSTRALIA PREAMBLE The Kingdom of Thailand and Australia, hereinafter in this Agreement referred to as the Parties ; Inspired by the traditional links of friendship

More information

THE RULES THAT SWALLOWED THE EXCEPTIONS: THE WTO SPS AGREEMENT AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO GATT ARTICLES XX AND XXI THE THREAT OF THE EU-GMO DISPUTE

THE RULES THAT SWALLOWED THE EXCEPTIONS: THE WTO SPS AGREEMENT AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO GATT ARTICLES XX AND XXI THE THREAT OF THE EU-GMO DISPUTE THE RULES THAT SWALLOWED THE EXCEPTIONS: THE WTO SPS AGREEMENT AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO GATT ARTICLES XX AND XXI THE THREAT OF THE EU-GMO DISPUTE Hal S. Shapiro* Your rank is below his when you seek to

More information

P1: IBE CY CY564-Unctad-v1 November 27, :24 Char Count= 0. 4: Basic Principles

P1: IBE CY CY564-Unctad-v1 November 27, :24 Char Count= 0. 4: Basic Principles 4: Basic Principles Article 3 National Treatment 1. Each Member shall accord to the nationals of other Members treatment no less favourable than that it accords to its own nationals with regard to the

More information

EURO-MEDITERRANEAN ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES AND EGYPT

EURO-MEDITERRANEAN ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES AND EGYPT EURO-MEDITERRANEAN ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES AND EGYPT The Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of

More information

Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business

Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business Volume 6 Issue 1 Article 3 2006 The WTO Internet Gambling Dispute as a Case of First Impression: How to Interpret Exceptions Under GATS Article XIV(a) and How

More information

19 USC NB: This unofficial compilation of the U.S. Code is current as of Jan. 4, 2012 (see

19 USC NB: This unofficial compilation of the U.S. Code is current as of Jan. 4, 2012 (see TITLE 19 - CUSTOMS DUTIES CHAPTER 4 - TARIFF ACT OF 1930 SUBTITLE IV - COUNTERVAILING AND ANTIDUMPING DUTIES Part I - Imposition of Countervailing Duties 1671. Countervailing duties imposed (a) General

More information

Conflicts in International Trade Law

Conflicts in International Trade Law EUROPEAN MONOGRAPHS Regulation of Subsidies and State Aids in WTO and EC Law Conflicts in International Trade Law Gustavo E. Luengo Hernandez de Madrid KLUWER LAW INTERNATIONAL Preface Acknowledgements

More information

The Parties to this Protocol, Being Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, hereinafter referred to as the Convention,

The Parties to this Protocol, Being Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, hereinafter referred to as the Convention, Preamble 131. The preamble of an international agreement sets out the context in which the agreement was negotiated and concluded. Under general rules of treaty interpretation the preamble is not considered

More information

Implications of the Cotonou Agreement for Sustainable Development in the ACP Countries and Beyond

Implications of the Cotonou Agreement for Sustainable Development in the ACP Countries and Beyond Implications of the Cotonou Agreement for Sustainable Development in the ACP Countries and Beyond Konrad von Moltke International Institute for Sustainable Development November 2004 Implications of the

More information

Multilateral Environmental Agreements versus World Trade Organization System: A Comprehensive Study

Multilateral Environmental Agreements versus World Trade Organization System: A Comprehensive Study American Journal of Economics and Business Administration 1 (3): 219-224, 2009 ISSN 1945-5488 2009 Science Publications Multilateral Environmental Agreements versus World Trade Organization System: A Comprehensive

More information

INTERNATIONAL LAW AND INSTITUTIONS International Trade and the Environment - Geert van Calster INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND THE ENVIRONMENT

INTERNATIONAL LAW AND INSTITUTIONS International Trade and the Environment - Geert van Calster INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND THE ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND THE ENVIRONMENT Geert van Calster Fellow, Collegium Falconis, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium. Keywords: Basel Convention, CITES, Clean Air Act, CTE, environment, EPA, GATT,

More information

Harnessing trade for sustainable development and a green economy

Harnessing trade for sustainable development and a green economy Harnessing trade for sustainable development and a green economy World Trade Organization Centre William Rappard Rue de Lausanne 154 CH-1211 Geneva 21 Switzerland Tel: +41 (0)22 739 51 11 Fax: +41 (0)22

More information

FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS AND JAPAN

FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS AND JAPAN FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS AND JAPAN WE, the Heads of State/Governments of Brunei Darussalam, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic

More information