Introduction to WTO and the SPS Agreement. Anneke Hamilton Agriculture and Commodities Division 12 September 2013 SADC Workshop, South Africa

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Introduction to WTO and the SPS Agreement. Anneke Hamilton Agriculture and Commodities Division 12 September 2013 SADC Workshop, South Africa"

Transcription

1 Introduction to WTO and the SPS Agreement Anneke Hamilton Agriculture and Commodities Division 12 September 2013 SADC Workshop, South Africa

2 Outline Introduction to WTO Use of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) Why the SPS Agreement? Why is it relevant for agricultural trade? What is its objective? What does it cover? 2

3 Without the WTO The effect of protectionism on world trade, December January $3.0bn February 1931 November March October $0.9bn April September May August June July Trade figures: per month 3

4 Rounds: 1947(Geneva)... Negotiating Trade Rounds Negotiations Rules Disputes Implementation...

5 Negotiating Trade Rounds Year Place / name 1947 Geneva 1949 Annecy 1951 Torquay 1956 Geneva Geneva (Dillon Round) Geneva (Kennedy Round) Geneva (Tokyo Round) Geneva (Uruguay Round) Geneva (DDA) 1995: WTO Source: WTO

6 What is the WTO? Forum to negotiate trade rules Implement trade agreements Resolve trade disputes Review national trade policies Note: The WTO is not just for liberalizing trade. Sometimes the rules support trade barriers e.g. to protect consumers or prevent the spread of disease.

7 WTO Trade Rules & Disciplines WTO 1A 1B 1C Multilateral agreements on trade in goods GATS TRIPS Dispute Settlement Understanding Trade Policy Review Mechanism Plurilateral trade agreements

8 The WTO Fact File Location: Geneva, Switzerland Established: 1 January 1995 Membership: 159 Budget: 196m Swiss francs for 2012 (~214m US$) Secretariat staff: ~640 Head: Roberto Acevedo (Director-General)

9 WTO Basic Principles 1. No discrimination Most favoured nation principle (MFN): treating other countries equally National treatment principle: treating foreign & domestic producers equally 2. Predictability Respect of tariff bindings (goods and services) Transparency (notification, TPR) 3. Freer trade (suppression of barriers through negotiations) Tariff reductions Prohibition of using quantitative restrictions (quotas)

10 Outline Introduction to WTO Use of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) Why the SPS Agreement? Why is it relevant for agricultural trade? What is its objective? What does it cover? 10

11 Negotiating Trade Rounds Year Place / name Subjects covered # 1947 Geneva Tariffs Annecy Tariffs Torquay Tariffs Geneva Tariffs Geneva (Dillon Round) Geneva (Kennedy Round) Geneva (Tokyo Round) Geneva (Uruguay Round) Tariffs 26 Tariffs and anti-dumping measures Tariffs, NTBs, framework agreements Tariffs, NTBs, rules, services, IP, DSU, textiles, agriculture, creation of WTO, etc Geneva (DDA) (the above) + environment, +? Source: WTO

12 Use of Non-tariff measures 40% Overall, import weighted tariff on industrial products > 4% 12

13 Use of Non-tariff measures? %?

14 Non-tariff measures Trade-related intellectual Property rights Technical barriers to trade Subsidies Quantitative restrictions Government purchase Trade in services Sanitary and phytosanitary measures 14

15 Negotiating Trade Rounds Year Place / name Subjects covered # 1947 Geneva Tariffs Annecy Tariffs Torquay Tariffs Geneva Tariffs Geneva (Dillon Round) Geneva (Kennedy Round) Geneva (Tokyo Round) Geneva (Uruguay Round) Tariffs 26 Tariffs and anti-dumping measures Tariffs, NTBs, framework agreements Tariffs, NTBs, rules, services, IP, DSU, textiles, agriculture, creation of WTO, etc Geneva (DDA) (the above) + environment, +? Source: WTO

16 SPS Agreement Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures 1995

17 Outline Introduction to WTO Use of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) Why the SPS Agreement? Why is it relevant for agricultural trade? What is its objective? What does it cover? 17

18 Why an Agreement on SPS matters? World food and agriculture trade: In 2012, US$ 1657 billion of agricultural products traded US$ 1375 billion food traded (2012) But, on the other hand...

19 Bird Flu BSE Plant Pests SARS MRL

20 Which may lead to... Heavy economic losses for producers and exporters Loss of confidence between trading partners Trade bans followed by more severe import controls Loss of consumers confidence!!!

21 What is the objective of the SPS Agreement? Recognizing the right to protect human, animal, plant life or health Avoiding unnecessary barriers to trade 21

22 SPS Agreement - Coverage Article 2.1 Members have the right to take sanitary and phytosanitary measures necessary for the protection of human, animal or plant life or health, provided that such measures are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement 22

23 What is the purpose of the SPS Agreement? establishes a multilateral framework of rules and disciplines to guide development, adoption, and enforcement of sanitary and phytosanitary measures applies to SPS measures which may, directly or indirectly, affect international trade 23

24 Scientific Justification Articles 3 & 5 Measures must be based on: International standards OR Risk assessment 24

25 A measure taken to protect: What are SPS Measures? Definition - Annex A Human or animal health Human life Animal or plant life Territory of Member from from from from risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins or disease organisms in food, drink, feedstuff plant- or animal-carried diseases pests, diseases, disease-causing organisms other damage caused by entry, establishment or spread of pests 25

26 All types of measures with these purposes, including: product criteria quarantine measures processing methods certification inspection testing packaging, labelling (food safety) It is not the type of measure that counts, nor the products involved, but rather its objective! 26

27 We have looked at Intro to WTO Use of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) Why the SPS Agreement matters? Why is it relevant for agricultural trade? What is its objective? What does it cover? So what are the basic provisions of the SPS Agreement?... 27

28 Key Principles of the SPS Agreement? Group Card Exercise

29 Key Provisions: SPS Agreement 1. Non-discrimination 2. Scientific justification harmonization risk assessment consistency least trade-restrictiveness 3. Equivalence 4. Regionalization 5. Transparency 6. Technical assistance/special treatment 7. Control, inspection and approval procedures

30 Exercise: Basic Principles of the SPS Agreement Each group receives a set of 20 cards Each card has a recto and a verso side containing two options referring to a provision referenced in the SPS Agreement Each group must discuss and choose which side of the card it believes contains the correct provision as referenced in the SPS Agreement Please choose the correct side of the card, i.e the right SPS provision for all 20 cards. Refer to the specific Article of the SPS Agreement (where applicable)

31 Review: Basic Provisions of the SPS Agreement?

32 Card 1 : What is the objective of the SPS Agreement? Recognizing the right to protect human, animal, plant life or health Avoiding unnecessary barriers to trade 32

33 Card 1 : SPS Agreement - Coverage Article 2.1 1A Members have the right to take sanitary and phytosanitary measures necessary for the protection of human, animal or plant life or health, provided that such measures are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement 33

34 Card 2: Scientific Justification Article 2.2 Members shall ensure that any SPS measure is: based on scientific principles applied only to the extent necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health not maintained without sufficient scientific evidence 2A except as provided for in Article

35 Card 3: Non-discrimination Article 2.3 3B No unjustifiable differentiation between national and foreign sources of supply 35

36 Card 4: Non-discrimination Article 2.3 4B No unjustifiable discrimination between Members with similar conditions 36

37 Card 5: Harmonization Annex A, Para. 3 Standard-setting organizations 5B food safety Codex animal health OIE plant health IPPC Codex = Joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission OIE = World Organization for Animal Health IPPC = International Plant Protection Convention (FAO) 37

38 Card 6: Scientific Justification Article 3.2 Article 3.2: Measures that conform to international standards shall be deemed to be necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health, and presumed to be consistent with the relevant provisions of this Agreement... 6A 38

39 Card 7: Equivalence Article 4.1 If the exporting Member objectively demonstrates that its measures achieve the ALOP of the importing country 7A Members shall accept SPS measures of other Members as equivalent Committee Guidelines (G/SPS/19/Rev.2) 39

40 Disease or pest risk: Card 8 - Risk assessment Definition, Annex A, Para 4 Evaluation of likelihood of entry, establishment or spread of a pest or disease according to the SPS measures which might be applied and of associated potential biological and economic consequences 40

41 Card 8 - Risk assessment Definition, Annex A, Para 4 Food safety: Potential for adverse effects on human or animal health Arising from the presence of additives, contaminants, toxins or disease-causing organisms in food, beverages or feedstuffs. 41

42 Card 8 - Risk assessment Definition, Annex A, Para 4 Disease or pest risk: Evaluation of likelihood of entry, establishment or spread of a pest or disease according to the SPS measures which might be applied and of associated potential biological and economic consequences 8B 42

43 Card 9 ALOP Article 5.3; Annex A, Para 5 In assessing the risk to animal or plant life or health, Members shall apply measures to achieve the appropriate level of protection (ALOP) from such risk, which is sometimes called the acceptable level of risk. 9B 43

44 Card 10: Risk assessment - exception Provisional Measures, Article 5.7 Members may provisionally adopt SPS measures: when relevant scientific information is insufficient on the basis of available information In such circumstances, Members shall: seeks to obtain additional information to assess risk review the measure within a reasonable period of time 10B 44

45 Card 11 - Regionalization Article 6 Adapt SPS measures to characteristics of area (all or part of a country, all or parts of several countries) taking into account prevalence of diseases or pests existence of eradication or control programmes criteria/guidelines developed by sisters Recognize concept of pest- or disease-free areas Exporters=>proof (Article 6.3) 11A 45

46 Card 12: When to Notify? Annex B, Para. 5 12A Regular measures When modifications are still possible (draft text) Allow 60 day comment period!! Emergency measures IMMEDIATELY!! 46

47 Card 13: TBT Agreement Coverage Annex A, para.1 It applies to all: technical regulations (mandatory) standards (voluntary) conformity assessment procedures 13B TBT SPS But: its provisions do not apply to SPS measures 47

48 A measure taken to protect: SPS Measures Definition - Annex A Human or animal health Human life Animal or plant life Territory of Member from from from from risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins or disease organisms in food, drink, feedstuff plant- or animal-carried diseases pests, diseases, disease-causing organisms other damage caused by entry, establishment or spread of pests 48

49 Card 14: Translations of Notified Regulations? - Annex B, para 8 Upon request, developed countries to provide regulation or its summary in English, French, or Spanish 14B Members encouraged to share unofficial translations with each other supplement format 49

50 Card 15: Transparency Article 7 & Annex B, para.3(a) 15B Enquiry Point Provides answers and documentation to all reasonable questions from interested Members regarding any SPS regulation adopted or proposed within its territory. NB//The Enquiry point can be the same as the NNA. 50

51 Card 15: Transparency Article 7 & Annex B National Notification Authority Notifies other Members through WTO at an early stage (or immediately for emergency measures) to allow for comments/amendments Provides copies of proposed regulations upon request Ensures that comments are handled correctly 51

52 Card 15: Transparency Article 7 & Annex B Members shall establish an Enquiry Point AND designate a Notification Authority notify other Members of new or changed SPS regulations when no international standard exists OR the new regulation is different than the international standard AND regulation may have significant effect on trade 52

53 Notification of draft SPS regulations: New recommendations G/SPS/7/Rev.3 - operational as of 1 December 2008 Notify measures based on international standards Default choice 60 day comment period Identify date of publication Date of entry into force 6 months after date of publication 53

54 Online Submission of SPS Notifications Now possible to submit SPS notifications online (with the SPS Notification Submission System) The SPS National Notification Authority of each Member can request access to the system by sending an to 54

55 Card 16: Control, Inspection & Approval Procedures Article 8 & Annex C. para.1(f) 16A Any fees imposed for the procedures on imported products are equitable in relation to any fees charged on like domestic products or products originating in any other Member and should be no higher than the actual cost of the service. 55

56 Card 17: Technical Assistance Article 9.1 Members agree to facilitate provision of TA help countries comply with SPS measures technology, research, infrastructure advice, credits, donations, grants technical expertise, training, equipment help countries maintain and expand market access 17A 56

57 Card 18: Decision-making in the SPS Committee Article 12.1 All decisions in the SPS Committee are taken by consensus. A consensus is defined on the basis that no WTO member present at the time a decision is taken voices an objection. 18B 57

58 Card 19: SPS Committee The SPS Committee has developed guidance for the implementation of provisions as follows: o Decision on Equivalence (G/SPS/19/Rev.2) o Guidelines on Consistency (G/SPS/15) o Guidelines on Regionalization (G/SPS/48) o Recommended procedures on transparency (G/SPS/7/Rev.3) 19B 58

59 Card 20: Decisions & Guidelines of the SPS Committee The decisions and guidelines adopted by the SPS Committee cannot add to or detract from the legal obligations of WTO Members. 20B 59

60 Key Provisions: SPS Agreement 1. Non-discrimination 2. Scientific justification harmonization risk assessment consistency least trade-restrictiveness 3. Equivalence 4. Regionalization 5. Transparency 6. Technical assistance/special treatment 7. Control, inspection and approval procedures

61 THANK YOU! Agriculture and Commodities Division SPS gateway

Introduction to the WTO Non-tariff Measures and the SPS & TBT Agreements

Introduction to the WTO Non-tariff Measures and the SPS & TBT Agreements Introduction to the WTO Non-tariff Measures and the SPS & TBT Agreements Gretchen H. Stanton Agriculture and Commodities Division World Trade Organization Introduction to the WTO 1. General Introduction

More information

The Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Rolando Alcala Agriculture and Commodities Division World Trade Organization

The Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Rolando Alcala Agriculture and Commodities Division World Trade Organization The Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Rolando Alcala Agriculture and Commodities Division World Trade Organization Bird Flu BSE Plant Pests SARS MRL 2 Agreement on the

More information

Framework for Safe International Trade

Framework for Safe International Trade Framework for Safe International Trade Regional Workshop: OIE Standards Facilitating Safe International Trade Nairobi, Kenya, 20 22 March 2018 Dr Gillian Mylrea Deputy Head, International Trade Department

More information

Japan-EU EPA (SPS) (Non-Paper) Article 1: Objectives

Japan-EU EPA (SPS) (Non-Paper) Article 1: Objectives Disclaimer: The negotiations between the EU and Japan on the Economic Partnership Agreement (the EPA) have been finalised. In view of the Commission's transparency policy, we are hereby publishing the

More information

CHAPTER 5 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. Article 1: Definitions

CHAPTER 5 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. Article 1: Definitions CHAPTER 5 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES 1. For the purposes of this Chapter: Article 1: Definitions Competent Authority means those authorities within each Party recognised by the national government

More information

Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Annex VIII to the SADC Protocol on Trade

Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Annex VIII to the SADC Protocol on Trade Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Annex VIII to the SADC Protocol on Trade Approved by the SADC Committee of Ministers of Trade on 17 July, 2014, Gaborone, Botswana Page 1 of 18 ANNEX VIII CONCERNING SANITARY

More information

Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Annex to the SADC Protocol on Trade:

Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Annex to the SADC Protocol on Trade: Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Annex to the SADC Protocol on Trade: Approved by the SADC Committee of Ministers of Trade on 12 July 2008, Lusaka, Zambia Page 1 of 19 ANNEX VIII CONCERNING SANITARY AND

More information

9 January 2017 Without prejudice CHAPTER [XX] SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. Article X.1. Objectives

9 January 2017 Without prejudice CHAPTER [XX] SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. Article X.1. Objectives 9 January 2017 Without prejudice This document is the European Union's (EU) proposal for a legal text on sanitary and phytosanitary measures in the EU-Philippines FTA. It has been tabled for discussion

More information

Review of the Operation of the SPS Agreement DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION

Review of the Operation of the SPS Agreement DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION Review of the Operation of the SPS Agreement Gretchen Stanton Paper prepared for: The World Bank s Integrated Program Of Research And Capacity Building To Enhance Participation Of Developing Countries

More information

Introduction to World Trade Organization. Risk Analysis Training

Introduction to World Trade Organization. Risk Analysis Training Introduction to World Trade Organization Risk Analysis Training Purpose/Focus Introduce WTO History and Mandate Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement Role of Risk Analysis Standard Setting Bodies Technical

More information

CHAPTER FIVE SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES

CHAPTER FIVE SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES CHAPTER FIVE SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES The objectives of this Chapter are: Article 5.1 Objectives to protect human, animal or plant life or health in the respective territories of the Parties

More information

CHAPTER 6 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. (a) to protect human, animal or plant life or health in the territory of each Party;

CHAPTER 6 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. (a) to protect human, animal or plant life or health in the territory of each Party; CHAPTER 6 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES Article 79: Objectives The objectives of this Chapter are: (a) to protect human, animal or plant life or health in the territory of each Party; (b) to facilitate

More information

TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM

TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM TRAINFORTRADE 2000 TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM Module 2 2 Table of Contents PREFACE...3 I. TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE WTO...4 A. BACKGROUND...4 B. THE COMMITTEE ON TRADE

More information

CHAPTER 6 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES ARTICLE 6.1. Scope

CHAPTER 6 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES ARTICLE 6.1. Scope CHAPTER 6 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES ARTICLE 6.1 Scope 1. This Chapter applies to the preparation, adoption and application of all sanitary and phytosanitary (hereinafter referred to as "SPS")

More information

EU-Mexico Free Trade Agreement EU TEXTUAL PROPOSAL. Chapter on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

EU-Mexico Free Trade Agreement EU TEXTUAL PROPOSAL. Chapter on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures This document contains an EU proposal for a legal text on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures in the Trade Part of a possible modernised EU-Mexico Association Agreement. It has been tabled for discussion

More information

CHAPTER 6 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. Article 6.1. Definitions

CHAPTER 6 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. Article 6.1. Definitions CHAPTER 6 SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES Article 6.1 Definitions 1. For the purposes of this Chapter, the definitions in Annex A of the SPS Agreement are incorporated into and made part of this Chapter,

More information

EU Mercosur negotiations. Chapter on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Draft consolidated text ARTICLE 1 OBJECTIVES

EU Mercosur negotiations. Chapter on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Draft consolidated text ARTICLE 1 OBJECTIVES This document contains the consolidated text resulting from the 28 th round of negotiations (3-7 July 2017) on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures in the Trade Part of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement.

More information

LL.M. in International Legal Studies WTO LAW

LL.M. in International Legal Studies WTO LAW LL.M. in International Legal Studies WTO LAW Prof. Dr. Friedl WEISS Institute for European, International and Comparative Law - University of Vienna Winter Semester 2012/13 Part II History & Institutions

More information

SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. Ensuring safe trading without unnecessary restrictions

SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES. Ensuring safe trading without unnecessary restrictions SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES Ensuring safe trading without unnecessary restrictions Did you know? Agricultural products worth over US$ 1,765 billion were traded in 2013.WTO rules help to ensure

More information

Environment features in Uruguay Round results

Environment features in Uruguay Round results TE 005 17 February 1994 Environment features in Uruguay Round results and emerges as priority issue in post-uruguay Round work of GATT With the successful conclusion of the Uruguay Round negotiations,

More information

WTO Dispute Settlement: Obligations and Opportunities of the TBT/SPS

WTO Dispute Settlement: Obligations and Opportunities of the TBT/SPS WTO Dispute Settlement: Obligations and Opportunities of the TBT/SPS David A. Gantz Professor of Law University of Arizona National Assembly, Dec. 19-20, 2005 1 Introduction Among the potential trade barriers

More information

Overview of the WTO TBT Agreement. Diane C. Thompson Principal Standards Advisor Standards Alliance. Lusaka, Zambia November 30, 2016

Overview of the WTO TBT Agreement. Diane C. Thompson Principal Standards Advisor Standards Alliance. Lusaka, Zambia November 30, 2016 Overview of the WTO TBT Agreement Diane C. Thompson Principal Standards Advisor Standards Alliance Lusaka, Zambia November 30, 2016 Slide 1 Agenda Overview of the WTO Overview of the TBT Agreement Benefits

More information

Detailed Presentation of Transparency Requirements and Procedures for SPS in the WTO

Detailed Presentation of Transparency Requirements and Procedures for SPS in the WTO WTO E-LEARNING COPYRIGHT 12 Detailed Presentation of Transparency Requirements and Procedures for SPS in the WTO OBJECTIVES Present another core principle of the SPS Agreement: Transparency; Explain the

More information

Chapter 27 The WTO Agreements: An Introduction to the Obligations and Opportunities for Biosafety

Chapter 27 The WTO Agreements: An Introduction to the Obligations and Opportunities for Biosafety Chapter 27 The WTO Agreements: An Introduction to the Obligations and Opportunities for Biosafety CHEE YOKE LING AND LIM LI CHING THIRD WORLD NETWORK The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is an extremely

More information

Addressing non-tariff barriers to maximize Indonesia trade potential I N T E R N A T I O N A L T R A D E F O R U M D R I N T A N S O E P A R N A

Addressing non-tariff barriers to maximize Indonesia trade potential I N T E R N A T I O N A L T R A D E F O R U M D R I N T A N S O E P A R N A Addressing non-tariff barriers to maximize Indonesia trade potential I N T E R N A T I O N A L T R A D E F O R U M D R I N T A N S O E P A R N A Non Tariff Measures Vs Non Tariff Barries NTMs : Non-Tariff

More information

Trade and Public Policies: NTMs in the WTO

Trade and Public Policies: NTMs in the WTO Trade and Public Policies: NTMs in the WTO Xinyi Li Trade Policies Review Division, WTO Secretariat 12 th ARTNeT Capacity Building Workshop December 2016 1 Disclaimer The views and opinions expressed in

More information

WTO LAW IN THE LIGHT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

WTO LAW IN THE LIGHT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION WTO LAW IN THE LIGHT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION Overview of the WTO s mandate and institutional structure History of the Trade and Environment debate The WTO Committee on Trade and Environment The Doha

More information

Chapter 7. Technical Barriers to Trade. For the purposes of this Chapter, the definitions of Annex 1 of the TBT Agreement shall apply.

Chapter 7. Technical Barriers to Trade. For the purposes of this Chapter, the definitions of Annex 1 of the TBT Agreement shall apply. Chapter 7 Technical Barriers to Trade Article 7.1: Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter, the definitions of Annex 1 of the TBT Agreement shall apply. Article 7.2: Objectives The objectives of this

More information

The International Classification of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) UNCTAD, on behalf of MAST group

The International Classification of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) UNCTAD, on behalf of MAST group ESA/STAT/AC.340/12 16 August 2017 UNITED NATIONS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS STATISTICS DIVISION Meeting of the Expert Group on International Statistical Classifications New York, 6-8 September

More information

Equivalence and Mutual Recognition in International Food Trade SADC Regional Food Safety Training Workshop November, 2013 Pretoria South Africa

Equivalence and Mutual Recognition in International Food Trade SADC Regional Food Safety Training Workshop November, 2013 Pretoria South Africa Equivalence and Mutual Recognition in International Food Trade Workshop 20-21 November, 2013 Pretoria South Africa By Hussein H.T. Tarimo Ministry of Health, Public Health Department Nutrition and Food

More information

CHAPTER 6 TECHNICAL REGULATIONS, STANDARDS AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES. Article 1: Definitions

CHAPTER 6 TECHNICAL REGULATIONS, STANDARDS AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES. Article 1: Definitions CHAPTER 6 TECHNICAL REGULATIONS, STANDARDS AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES Article 1: Definitions The definitions set out in Annex 1 of the TBT Agreement are incorporated into this Chapter and shall

More information

The GATT WTO System: How it Works and The Challenges of Doha

The GATT WTO System: How it Works and The Challenges of Doha The GATT WTO System: How it Works and The Challenges of Doha Patrick Low Director of Economic Research and Statistics World Trade Organization (WTO) ESCAP/WTO Fifth ARTNeT Capacity Building for Trade Research

More information

Introduction to the WTO. Will Martin World Bank 10 May 2006

Introduction to the WTO. Will Martin World Bank 10 May 2006 Introduction to the WTO Will Martin World Bank 10 May 2006 1 Issues What is the WTO and how does it work? Implications of being a member of the WTO multilateral trading system 2 WTO as an international

More information

PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE SOUTHERN COMMON MARKET (MERCOSUR) AND THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN CUSTOMS UNION (SACU)

PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE SOUTHERN COMMON MARKET (MERCOSUR) AND THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN CUSTOMS UNION (SACU) PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE SOUTHERN COMMON MARKET (MERCOSUR) AND THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN CUSTOMS UNION (SACU) The Argentine Republic, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Republic of Paraguay

More information

WTO ANALYTICAL INDEX SPS Agreement Article 5 (Jurisprudence)

WTO ANALYTICAL INDEX SPS Agreement Article 5 (Jurisprudence) 1 ARTICLE 5... 5 1.1 Text of Article 5... 5 1.2 General... 6 1.2.1 Standard of review... 6 1.2.2 Risk assessment versus risk management... 8 1.3 Article 5.1... 9 1.3.1 General... 9 1.3.2 "based on" an

More information

IN THE WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION. Russian Federation Measures on the Importation of Live Pigs, Pork and Other Pig Products from the European Union

IN THE WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION. Russian Federation Measures on the Importation of Live Pigs, Pork and Other Pig Products from the European Union IN THE WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION Russian Federation Measures on the Importation of Live Pigs, Pork and Other Pig Products from the European Union WT/DS475 Third Party Submission by Norway Geneva 10 March

More information

Enhancing Capacity on Trade Policies and Negotiations

Enhancing Capacity on Trade Policies and Negotiations Training of Trainers Enhancing Capacity on Trade Policies and Negotiations Session 5: Standards and Conformity Assessment, Non-tariff measures/barriers and ASEAN Trade Repository Dr. Mia Mikic Chief, Trade

More information

Chapter 10 STANDARDS AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS

Chapter 10 STANDARDS AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS Chapter 10 STANDARDS AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS 1. OVERVIEW OF RULES (1)Background of Rules 1) Standards and conformity assessment system Quality related to products "Standards" and assessment of

More information

International trade: Rights and obligations of OIE Members

International trade: Rights and obligations of OIE Members International trade: Rights and obligations of OIE Members Introduction This document is a guide to the rights and obligations of OIE Members with regard to international trade and trade disputes. In part

More information

The International Plant Protection Convention

The International Plant Protection Convention 1of 64 F A O P o l i c y L e a r n i n g P r o g r a m m e -The Agrifood System The International Plant Protection Convention FAO 2008 2of 64 The International Plant Protection Convention By Richard James

More information

Trade and Environment Division WTO TBT ENQUIRY POINT GUIDE. Making transparency work

Trade and Environment Division WTO TBT ENQUIRY POINT GUIDE. Making transparency work Trade and Environment Division WTO TBT ENQUIRY POINT GUIDE Making transparency work Transparency is essential to everything that we do at the WTO. It is vital to ensure the predictability and stability

More information

International rules and Institutions on food

International rules and Institutions on food International rules and Institutions on food Paolo Borghi IP Erasmus Global Food Law and Quality (GFLQ) Viterbo February 4th, 2013 Origins of GATT, creation of the WTO, and general legal framework about

More information

TRADE, LABELING, TRACEABILITY AND ISSUES IN BIOSAFETY MANAGEMENT

TRADE, LABELING, TRACEABILITY AND ISSUES IN BIOSAFETY MANAGEMENT TRADE, LABELING, TRACEABILITY AND ISSUES IN BIOSAFETY MANAGEMENT - THE SRI LANKAN PERSPECTIVE - Mrs. Gothami Indikadahena Deputy Director of Commerce Department of Commerce 07.04.2004 Management of Bio-Safety

More information

World Trade Organization

World Trade Organization World Trade Organization Konstantina Gkountaropoulou Rodrigo Ortiz-Mendoza 19 th November 2013 Stefanos Sinos International Agrifood Economics WTO in brief... Is the only international organization dealing

More information

TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT An Agenda for Developing Countries

TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT An Agenda for Developing Countries TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT An Agenda for Developing Countries Some trade and environment linkages work out in the same way for developing countries as for developed countries. However, most of the positive

More information

Trade WTO Law International Economic Law

Trade WTO Law International Economic Law Trade WTO Law International Economic Law Prof. Seraina Grünewald / Prof. Christine Kaufmann 13/20/27 March 2014 III. Dispute Settlement 2 1 Dispute Settlement 1. Principles Prompt and amicable settlement

More information

WTO and the Environment: Case Studies in WTO Law. Dr. Christina Voigt University of Oslo, Department of Public and International Law

WTO and the Environment: Case Studies in WTO Law. Dr. Christina Voigt University of Oslo, Department of Public and International Law WTO and the Environment: Case Studies in WTO Law Dr. Christina Voigt University of Oslo, Department of Public and International Law 1. Overview: 1. Trade and Environment: the Debate 2. The Multilateral

More information

PESTICIDE RELATED MRL AND OTHER MATTERS WHICH MAY IMPACT TO SA AT THE WTO LEVEL DAFF MINOR CROPS 2018 STAKEHOLDERS WORKSHOP

PESTICIDE RELATED MRL AND OTHER MATTERS WHICH MAY IMPACT TO SA AT THE WTO LEVEL DAFF MINOR CROPS 2018 STAKEHOLDERS WORKSHOP PESTICIDE RELATED MRL AND OTHER MATTERS WHICH MAY IMPACT TO SA AT THE WTO LEVEL DAFF MINOR CROPS 2018 STAKEHOLDERS WORKSHOP DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES DIRECTORATE: FOOD IMPORT AND

More information

2 WTO IN BRIEF. Global trade rules

2 WTO IN BRIEF. Global trade rules WTO IN BRIEF In brief, the World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only international organization dealing with the global rules of trade. Its main function is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, predictably

More information

CHAPTER FOUR TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE

CHAPTER FOUR TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE CHAPTER FOUR TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE Article 4.1 Objectives The objective of this Chapter is to facilitate and increase trade in goods between the Parties, by providing a framework to prevent, identify

More information

TRADE BRIEF. Upgrading of Quality Infrastructure in Africa Project. Abrie du Plessis. June 2017 JUNE 2017

TRADE BRIEF. Upgrading of Quality Infrastructure in Africa Project. Abrie du Plessis. June 2017 JUNE 2017 TRADE BRIEF JUNE 2017 The Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) policies of the African Regional Economic Communities (RECs), and the way forward for the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) Upgrading of Quality

More information

Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015: Section-by-Section Summary

Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015: Section-by-Section Summary Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015: Section-by-Section Summary Overview: Section 1: Short Title Section 2: Trade Negotiating Objectives Section 3: Trade Agreements

More information

Voluntary Initiatives and the World Trade Organisation

Voluntary Initiatives and the World Trade Organisation Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development October 2001 No. 29 Voluntary Initiatives and the World Trade Organisation Alice Palmer FIELD This report was commissioned by the MMSD project of IIED. It remains

More information

10 common misunderstandings about the WTO

10 common misunderstandings about the WTO 10 common misunderstandings about the WTO The debate will probably never end. People have different views of the pros and cons of the WTO s multilateral trading system. Indeed, one of the most important

More information

EC-BIOTECH: Table of Contents

EC-BIOTECH: Table of Contents EC-BIOTECH: OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF THE PANEL S INTERIM REPORT 1 Table of Contents Executive Summary... 3 I. Introduction... 5 II. Transparency and Public Participation... 7 A. Transparency... 7 B. Public

More information

CHAPTER 8 TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE

CHAPTER 8 TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE CHAPTER 8 TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE Article 89 Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter, the definitions set out in Annex 1 of the TBT Agreement shall apply. In addition: competent authorities means

More information

Presentation of the Appellate Body s findings in India Agricultural Products

Presentation of the Appellate Body s findings in India Agricultural Products TALKING DISPUTES 3 JULY 2015 Geneva, Switzerland Presentation of the Appellate Body s findings in India Agricultural Products Eugenia Costanza Laurenza Senior Associate, FratiniVergano European Lawyers

More information

Article 4 Preparation, Adoption and Application of Standards

Article 4 Preparation, Adoption and Application of Standards 1 ARTICLE 4... 1 1.1 Text of Article 4 and Annex 3... 1 1.2 Related TBT Committee decisions and recommendations... 3 1.2.1 General... 3 1.2.2 Regional standards-related activities... 3 1.3 Annex 3: Related

More information

AGREEMENT BETWEEN JAPAN AND THE EUROPEAN UNION FOR AN ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP PREAMBLE

AGREEMENT BETWEEN JAPAN AND THE EUROPEAN UNION FOR AN ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP PREAMBLE Disclaimer: The negotiations between the EU and Japan on the Economic Partnership Agreement (the EPA) have been finalised. In view of the Commission's transparency policy, we are hereby publishing the

More information

Article 1. Coverage and Application

Article 1. Coverage and Application 1 ARTICLE 1 AND APPENDIX 1 AND 2... 1 1.1 Text of Article 1... 1 1.2 Article 1.1: "covered agreements"... 2 1.2.1 Text of Appendix 1... 2 1.2.2 General... 2 1.2.3 The DSU... 3 1.2.4 Bilateral agreements...

More information

The SPS Committee. Functions/Role and How to Use It

The SPS Committee. Functions/Role and How to Use It The SPS Committee Functions/Role and How to Use It Chair of the SPS Committee: Mr Deny KURNIA Indonesia 2 The SPS Committee What does it do? Implementation of SPS Agreement Reviews compliance Potential

More information

N GAGE CONSULTING FOREIGN TRADE REPORT

N GAGE CONSULTING FOREIGN TRADE REPORT N GAGE CONSULTING FOREIGN TRADE REPORT Page 2 of 17 Latest News FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS The Ministerial decree No. 444 for the year 2015 by the Minister of Trade and Industry was issued to suspend the

More information

Completed on November 19, 2012

Completed on November 19, 2012 ASEAN China Free Trade Agreement 2012 Protocol to Incorporate Technical Barriers to Trade and Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures into the Agreement on Trade in Goods Completed on November 19, 2012 This

More information

EU-Georgia Deep and Comprehensive Free-Trade Area

EU-Georgia Deep and Comprehensive Free-Trade Area Reading guide The European Union (EU) and Georgia are about to forge a closer political and economic relationship by signing an Association Agreement (AA). This includes the goal of creating a Deep and

More information

Annexure 4. World Trade Organization. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1947 and 1994

Annexure 4. World Trade Organization. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1947 and 1994 Annexure 4 World Trade Organization General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1947 and 1994 The original General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, now referred to as GATT 1947, provided the basic rules of the

More information

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION 10 common misunderstandings about the WTO Is it a dictatorial tool of the rich and powerful? Does it destroy jobs? Does it ignore the concerns of health, the environment and development?

More information

INTERNATIONAL TRADING RULES & THE POPS CONVENTION

INTERNATIONAL TRADING RULES & THE POPS CONVENTION INTERNATIONAL TRADING RULES & THE POPS CONVENTION November 1999 Claudia Saladin & Brennan Van Dyke, Center for International Environmental Law I. Introduction In June 1998, over 90 governments met in Montreal

More information

The World Trade Organization...

The World Trade Organization... The World Trade Organization......In brief, the World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only international organization dealing with the global rules of trade between nations. Its main function is to ensure

More information

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF CHILE

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF CHILE FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF CHILE PREAMBLE The Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Chile (hereinafter referred to as the Parties or Turkey or Chile where

More information

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001 Australia New Zealand Food Authority Amendment Act 2001 Act No. 81 of 2001 as amended This compilation was prepared on 2 August 2002 [This Act was amended by Act No. 63 of 2002] 2002 [Schedule 2 (item

More information

Peru s Experience on Free Trade Agreement s Equivalence Provisions

Peru s Experience on Free Trade Agreement s Equivalence Provisions 2018/SCSC/WKSP4/005 Session: 3 Peru s Experience on Free Trade Agreement s Equivalence Provisions Submitted by: Peru Workshop on Trade Facilitation Through the Recognition of Food Safety Systems Equivalence

More information

Chapter Seven. Technical Barriers to Trade

Chapter Seven. Technical Barriers to Trade Chapter Seven Technical Barriers to Trade Objectives The objectives of this Chapter are to increase and facilitate trade through the improvement of the implementation of the TBT Agreement, the elimination

More information

EC Sardines (2002) WTO Slide 1

EC Sardines (2002) WTO Slide 1 EC Sardines (2002) WTO Slide 1 And a word about standards WTO Slide 2 Three issues use! (2.4) explain / presumption (2.5) participation (2.6) WTO Slide 3 A Case Study WTO Slide 4 EC Trade Description of

More information

THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE EMERGING SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE

THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE EMERGING SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE EMERGING SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE Carlos Fortin The establishment of the World Trade Organization(GATF) 1994 with its related instruments, as well as (WTO)

More information

International Plant Protection

International Plant Protection Downloaded on September 05, 2018 International Plant Protection Convention Region United Nations (UN) Subject FAO and Environment Sub Subject Agriculture Type Conventions Reference Number Place of Adoption

More information

PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF MAURITIUS AND THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN

PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF MAURITIUS AND THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF MAURITIUS AND THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN 1 PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN AND THE REPUBLIC OF MAURITIUS

More information

Joint Working Party on Agriculture and Trade

Joint Working Party on Agriculture and Trade Unclassified Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 13-Feb-2013 English - Or. English TRADE AND AGRICULTURE DIRECTORATE Unclassified

More information

INTERNATIONAL TRADE ORGANIZATIONS

INTERNATIONAL TRADE ORGANIZATIONS INTERNATIONAL TRADE ORGANIZATIONS GEORGIA PERFORMANCE STANDARDS: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MARKETING To accompany the Marketing Curriculum. CTAE Resource Network, Instructional Resources Office, 2010 MKT-MP-5:

More information

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA FREE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA The following text reproduces the Free Trade Agreement between Turkey and the Republic of Slovenia. 1 FREE TRADE AGREEMENT

More information

The International Regulation of Modern Biotechnology

The International Regulation of Modern Biotechnology The International Regulation of Modern Biotechnology Ruth Mackenzie* Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development I. INTRODUCTION Products derived from modern biotechnology are subject

More information

Discussion Paper No. 68 October ACP-EU Economic Partnership Agreements. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Martin Doherty

Discussion Paper No. 68 October ACP-EU Economic Partnership Agreements. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Martin Doherty ACP-EU Economic Partnership Agreements Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Martin Doherty Discussion Paper No. 68 October 2005 European Centre for Development Policy Management Centre européen de gestion

More information

Desiring to encourage the continued technological development of the aeronautical industry on a world-wide basis;

Desiring to encourage the continued technological development of the aeronautical industry on a world-wide basis; TRADE IN CIVIL AIRCRAFT 8 AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN CIVIL AIRCRAFT PREAMBLE Signatories to the Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft, hereinafter referred to as "this Agreement"; Noting that Ministers on 2-4

More information

POVERTY, TRADE AND HEALTH: AN EMERGING HEALTH DEVELOPMENT ISSUE. Report of the Regional Director EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

POVERTY, TRADE AND HEALTH: AN EMERGING HEALTH DEVELOPMENT ISSUE. Report of the Regional Director EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 17 June 2006 REGIONAL COMMITTEE FOR AFRICA ORIGINAL: ENGLISH Fifty-sixth session Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 28 August 1 September 2006 Provisional agenda item 8.3 POVERTY, TRADE AND HEALTH: AN EMERGING HEALTH

More information

PRIVATE STANDARDS AND THE WTO COMMITTEE ON SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES

PRIVATE STANDARDS AND THE WTO COMMITTEE ON SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES PRIVATE STANDARDS AND THE WTO COMMITTEE ON SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES Christiane Wolff Counsellor, World Trade Organization 1 Original: English Summary: Private standards have been under discussion

More information

Joint Report on the EU-Canada Scoping Exercise March 5, 2009

Joint Report on the EU-Canada Scoping Exercise March 5, 2009 Joint Report on the EU-Canada Scoping Exercise March 5, 2009 CHAPTER ONE OVERVIEW OF ACTIVITIES At their 17 th October 2008 Summit, EU and Canadian Leaders agreed to work together to "define the scope

More information

Comparing EU free trade agreements

Comparing EU free trade agreements InBrief No. 6B - July 2004 Comparing EU free trade agreements Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards Bettina Rudloff and Johannes Simons, Institute of Agricultural Policy, University of Bonn The aim of this

More information

Non-preferential rules of origin: Their importance and thoughts for the future

Non-preferential rules of origin: Their importance and thoughts for the future Non-preferential rules of origin: Their importance and thoughts for the future Jonas Kasteng Senior Adviser, National Board of Trade Sweden Contact: jonas.kasteng@kommers.se WCO Global Origin Conference

More information

THE LEGAL TEXTS THE RESULTS OF THE URUGUAY ROUND OF MULTILATERAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION

THE LEGAL TEXTS THE RESULTS OF THE URUGUAY ROUND OF MULTILATERAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION THE LEGAL TEXTS THE RESULTS OF THE URUGUAY ROUND OF MULTILATERAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION PUBLISHED BY THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE The Pitt Building, Trumpington

More information

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN WTO DISPUTE SETTLEMENT

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN WTO DISPUTE SETTLEMENT INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN WTO DISPUTE SETTLEMENT How Much Institutional Sensitivity? MARINA FOLTEA CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS List of abbreviations page xii Table of WTO reports xiv - - Table of GATT1947

More information

SOUTHERN AFRICAN CUSTOMS UNION AGREEMENT

SOUTHERN AFRICAN CUSTOMS UNION AGREEMENT SOUTHERN AFRICAN CUSTOMS UNION AGREEMENT 2002 (As amended on 12 April 2013) BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BOTSWANA, THE KINGDOM OF LESOTHO, THE REPUBLIC OF NAMIBIA, THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

More information

II. Trade and public policies: A closer look at non-tariff measures in the 21 st century

II. Trade and public policies: A closer look at non-tariff measures in the 21 st century II. Trade and public policies: A closer look at non-tariff measures in the 21 st century The World Trade Report 2012 ventures beyond tariffs to examine other policy measures that can affect trade. Regulatory

More information

RULES OF ORIGIN CHAPTER 10 A. OVERVIEW OF RULES 1. BACKGROUND OF RULES. Chapter 10: Rules of Origin

RULES OF ORIGIN CHAPTER 10 A. OVERVIEW OF RULES 1. BACKGROUND OF RULES. Chapter 10: Rules of Origin CHAPTER 10 Chapter 10: Rules of Origin RULES OF ORIGIN A. OVERVIEW OF RULES 1. BACKGROUND OF RULES Rules of origin are used to determine the nationality of goods traded in international commerce. Yet,

More information

THE AGREEMENT ON THE APPLICATION OF SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES

THE AGREEMENT ON THE APPLICATION OF SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES CHAPTER 7 THE AGREEMENT ON THE APPLICATION OF SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES Denise Prévost and Peter Van den Bossche TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Introduction... 233 A. International Trade and SPS Measures...

More information

Technews. July-August 2009 No. 81 WTO, CODEX AND IDF

Technews. July-August 2009 No. 81 WTO, CODEX AND IDF Technews National Dairy Development Board For Efficient Dairy Plant Operation July-August 2009 No. 81 WTO, CODEX AND IDF This bulletin includes technical information based on latest developments on products,

More information

FDA's Consideration of Codex Alimentarius Standards in Light of International Trade Agreements

FDA's Consideration of Codex Alimentarius Standards in Light of International Trade Agreements Berkeley Law Berkeley Law Scholarship Repository Faculty Scholarship 1-1-1998 FDA's Consideration of Codex Alimentarius Standards in Light of International Trade Agreements Lucinda Sikes Berkeley Law Follow

More information

(a) Short title. This Act may be cited as the "Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2013". (b) Findings. The Congress makes the following findings:

(a) Short title. This Act may be cited as the Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2013. (b) Findings. The Congress makes the following findings: TRADE PROMOTION AUTHORITY ACT OF 2013 Section 1. Short title, findings and purpose (a) Short title. This Act may be cited as the "Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2013". (b) Findings. The Congress makes

More information

RULES OF ORIGIN. Chapter 9 1. OVERVIEW OF RULES. Figure 9-1

RULES OF ORIGIN. Chapter 9 1. OVERVIEW OF RULES. Figure 9-1 Chapter 9 RULES OF ORIGIN 1. OVERVIEW OF RULES Rules of origin are used to determine the nationality of goods traded in international commerce. Yet there is no internationally agreed upon rules of origin.

More information

2002 Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Agreement

2002 Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Agreement 2002 Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Agreement BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BOTSWANA, THE KINGDOM OF LESOTHO, THE REPUBLIC OF NAMIBIA, THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA AND THE KINGDOM OF

More information