Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2012

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1 Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL the global coalition against corruption

2 Contents Introduction 1 About the index 2 Corruption Perceptions Index Transparency International seeks to provide reliable quantitative diagnostic tools regarding levels of corruption, both at the global and local levels. The Corruption Perceptions Index is one of Transparency International s indices sponsored by Ernst & Young.

3 176 countries, 176 scores. How does your country measure up? Transparency International is the global civil society organization leading the fight against corruption. Through more than 90 chapters worldwide and an international secretariat in Berlin, we raise awareness of the damaging effects of corruption and work with partners in government, business and civil society to develop and implement effective measures to tackle it. Every effort has been made to verify the accuracy of the information contained in this report. All information was believed to be correct as of December Nevertheless, Transparency International cannot accept responsibility for the consequences of its use for other purposes or in other contexts Transparency International. All rights reserved. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index

4 About the index Corruption can happen anywhere. When politicians put their own interests above those of the public. When officials demand money and favors from citizens for services that should be free. Corruption is not just an envelope filled with money though these people make decisions that affect our lives. We know corruption is a problem around the world. But how bad is it and what can be done? The Corruption Perceptions Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in countries worldwide. Based on expert opinion, countries are scored from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). Some countries score well, but no country scores a perfect 100. Two-thirds of the 176 countries ranked in the 2012 index score below 50, showing that public institutions need to be more transparent, and powerful officials more accountable. The Corruption Perceptions Index forces governments around the world to take notice of corruption their country s score reflects on them. But recognizing the problem is only the first step toward a solution. That is why we help citizens to demand accountability from their leaders. And we show governments what they can do to tackle corruption. Together, we can make corruption a thing of the past. 2 Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2012

5 We must ensure that there are real consequences to corruption. No to impunity cannot just be a slogan it must be carried out with all our combined strength and inspire citizens to speak up and to no longer tolerate corruption. Huguette Labelle Chair, Transparency International Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index

6 ca Panama Peru Malawi Morocco Suriname Swaziland a Moldova Mongolia Senegal Argentina Gabon Tanzania o Philippines Albania Ethiopia Guatemala Niger Timor-Leste stan ea rial Eastern Europe & Central Asia 95% score below 50 Top: Georgia Bottom: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 Mozambique Sierra Leone Russia Azerbaijan Vietnam Kenya Lebanon Togo Côte d Ivoire Nepal Nigeria Pakistan EU & Western Europe 23% score below 50 Top: Denmark, Finland Bottom: Greece The perceived levels of public sector corruption in 176 countries/territories around the world. Guinea-Bissau Papua New Paraguay Guinea Kyrgyzstan Yemen Middle East & North Africa 78% score below 50 Top: Qatar, United Arab Emirates Bottom: Iraq Guinea Zimbabwe Burundi Chad Haiti Venezuela Score Highly corrupt Very clean Iraq Sub-Saharan Africa 90% score below 50 Top: Botswana Bottom: Somalia ania Top: New Zealand Bottom: Afghanistan, Korea (North) ia 4 Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2012

7 Rank Country/territory CPI score 01 Denmark Finland New Zealand Sweden Singapore Switzerland Australia Norway Canada Netherlands Iceland Luxembourg Germany Hong Kong Barbados Belgium Japan United Kingdom United States Chile Uruguay Bahamas France Saint Lucia Austria Ireland Qatar United Arab Emirates Cyprus Botswana Spain Estonia Bhutan Portugal Puerto Rico Saint Vincent and 62 the Grenadines 37 Slovenia Taiwan Cape Verde Israel Dominica Poland Malta Mauritius Korea (South) Brunei Hungary Costa Rica Lithuania Rwanda Georgia Seychelles Bahrain Czech Republic Latvia Malaysia Turkey Cuba Jordan Namibia Oman Croatia 46 Rank Country/territory CPI score 62 Slovakia Ghana Lesotho Kuwait Romania Saudi Arabia Brazil FYR Macedonia South Africa Bosnia and Herzegovina Italy Sao Tome and Principe Bulgaria Liberia Montenegro Tunisia Sri Lanka China Serbia Trinidad and Tobago Burkina Faso El Salvador Jamaica Panama Peru Malawi Morocco Suriname Swaziland Thailand Zambia Benin Colombia Djibouti Greece India Moldova Mongolia Senegal Argentina Gabon Tanzania Algeria Armenia Bolivia Gambia Kosovo Mali Mexico Philippines Albania Ethiopia Guatemala Niger Timor-Leste Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Indonesia Madagascar Belarus Mauritania 31 Rank Country/territory CPI score 123 Mozambique Sierra Leone Vietnam Lebanon Togo Côte d Ivoire Nicaragua Uganda Comoros Guyana Honduras Iran Kazakhstan Russia Azerbaijan Kenya Nepal Nigeria Pakistan Bangladesh Cameroon Central African Republic Congo Republic Syria Ukraine Eritrea Guinea-Bissau Papua New Guinea Paraguay Guinea Kyrgyzstan Yemen Angola Cambodia Tajikistan Democratic Republic of the Congo Laos Libya Equatorial Guinea Zimbabwe Burundi Chad Haiti Venezuela Iraq Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Myanmar Sudan Afghanistan Korea (North) Somalia 8 Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index

8 Visualizing the data Denmark Finland New Zealand Sweden Singapore Switzerland Australia Norway Canada Netherlands Iceland Luxembourg Germany Hong Kong Barbados Belgium Japan United Kingdom United States Chile Uruguay Bahamas France Saint Lucia Austria Ireland Qatar United Arab Emirates Cyprus Botswana Spain Estonia Bhutan Portugal Puerto Rico Saint Vincent & the Grenadines Slovenia Taiwan Cape Verde Israel Dominica Poland Malta Mauritius Korea (South) Brunei Hungary Costa Rica Lithuania Rwanda Georgia Seychelles Bahrain Czech Republic Latvia Malaysia Turkey Cuba Jordan Namibia Oman Croatia Slovakia Ghana Lesotho Kuwait Romania Saudi Arabia Brazil FYR Macedonia South Africa Bosnia & Herzegovina Italy Sao Tome & Principe Bulgaria Liberia Montenegro Tunisia Sri Lanka China Serbia Trinidad & Tobago Burkina Faso El Salvador Jamaica Panama Peru Malawi Morocco Suriname Swaziland Thailand Zambia Benin Colombia Djibouti Greece India Moldova Mongolia Senegal Argentina Gabon Tanzania Algeria Armenia Bolivia Gambia Kosovo Mali Mexico Philippines Albania Ethiopia Guatemala Niger Timor-Leste Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Indonesia Madagascar Belarus Mauritania Mozambique Sierra Leone Vietnam Lebanon Togo Côte d Ivoire Nicaragua Uganda Comoros Guyana Honduras Iran Kazakhstan Russia Azerbaijan Kenya Nepal Nigeria Pakistan Bangladesh Cameroon Central African Republic Congo Republic Syria Ukraine Eritrea Guinea-Bissau Papua New Guinea Paraguay Guinea Kyrgyzstan Yemen Angola Turkmenistan Cambodia Uzbekistan Tajikistan Myanmar Democratic Republic of the Congo Sudan Laos Afghanistan Zimbabwe Burundi 6 Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 Libya Korea (North) Equatorial Guinea Somalia Score Highly corrupt Chad Haiti Venezuela Iraq Very clean

9 Global 70% of countries score less than 50 out of is the average score worldwide. Americas 66% score below 50 Top: Canada Bottom: Haiti, Venezuela Asia Pacific 68% score below 50 Top: New Zealand Bottom: Afghanistan, Korea (North) Eastern Europe & Central Asia 95% score below 50 Top: Georgia Bottom: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan EU & Western Europe 23% score below 50 Top: Denmark, Finland Bottom: Greece Middle East & North Africa 78% score below 50 Top: Qatar, United Arab Emirates Bottom: Iraq Sub-Saharan Africa 90% score below 50 Top: Botswana Bottom: Somalia Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index

10 Acknowledgments Generous support for the 2012 Corruption Perceptions Index was provided by Ernst & Young. Transparency International is grateful for the contributions to its core activities, including this publication, from the Canadian Agency for International Development; the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Danida); the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland; Irish Aid; the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands; the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation; and the UK Department for International Development. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the views of these donors. For a full list of all contributors and to find out how you can support Transparency International s work please visit Transparency International International Secretariat Alt-Moabit Berlin Germany Phone: Fax: Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2012

11 Keep in touch and get involved blog.transparency.org facebook.com/transparencyinternational twitter.com/anticorruption Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index

12 Ernst & Young Assurance Tax Transactions Advisory About Ernst & Young Ernst & Young is a global leader in assurance, tax, transaction and advisory services. Worldwide, our 167,000 people are united by our shared values and an unwavering commitment to quality. We make a difference by helping our people, our clients and our wider communities achieve their potential. Ernst & Young refers to the global organization of member firms of Ernst & Young Global Limited, each of which is a separate legal entity. Ernst & Young Global Limited, a UK company limited by guarantee, does not provide services to clients. For more information about our organization, please visit About Ernst & Young s Fraud Investigation & Dispute Services Dealing with complex issues of fraud, regulatory compliance and business disputes can detract from efforts to achieve your company s potential. Better management of fraud risk and compliance exposure is a critical business priority no matter the industry sector. With more than 1,700 fraud investigation and dispute professionals around the world, we assemble the right multidisciplinary and culturally aligned team to work with you and your legal advisors. And we work to give you the benefit of our broad sector experience, our deep subject matter knowledge and the latest insights from our work worldwide. It s how Ernst & Young makes a difference EYGM Limited. All Rights Reserved. EYG no. DQ0034 In line with Ernst & Young s commitment to minimize its impact on the environment, this document has been printed on paper with a high recycled content. This publication contains information in summary form and is therefore intended for general guidance only. It is not intended to be a substitute for detailed research or the exercise of professional judgment. Neither EYGM Limited nor any other member of the global Ernst & Young organization can accept any responsibility for loss occasioned to any person acting or refraining from action as a result of any material in this publication. On any specific matter, reference should be made to the appropriate advisor. ED 0114

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