Role of Youth in Pakistani Model for Democracy:

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Role of Youth in Pakistani Model for Democracy:"

Transcription

1 Role of Youth in Pakistani Model for Democracy: To start up my essay, First of all I would like to talk about youth of Pakistan and their role in the democracy of Pakistan. In my point of view Youth are like the running water that can tore any hard rock coming its way. Youth are a supremacy that can really make a difference in any circumstances. Youth are the backbone of any country. With this high percentage we should not forget there is a chance of either falling to dark results of failure or the golden opportunity towards success. It s not only up to the State of Pakistan who will provide a right path to the young generation but a lot of that responsibility depends upon youth s shoulders itself. Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal thoughts about youth: "Your world is (only) the one which you create yourself, not these stones and bricks, which are in sight" "I have love for those youngsters who pull the stars down" These are the lighted words of our National poet, a great philosopher, a great leader and a great Muslim. If we only follow them then no doubt we will not be the one what we are. We will be a responsible citizen as well as successful person. Now what to do to change the Youth s attitude & behavior for success? This is a very important question that doesn t belong to youth only but to whole Pakistan s prosperity. Youth should be the agents of behavioral change to bring a change in society. It s only possible if they bring change in themselves first then they can influence others with their positive attitude and behavior. Attitudes can change majorly through personal contributions to Pakistani society by the youth and adult population of Pakistan. Attitudes grow in and make trends and these trends get so deep rooted in the society that it is very difficult to change them. Societies are not perfect. Why? Because the wrong attitudes continue to be experienced without curious, without the willingness to bring change, without thinking about improvement and without reflection. We all have to do something for this uncountable power of youth. Youth are the future of Pakistan. Experience is something that you collect, a one valuable asset. Experience is neither good nor bad. It is just Experience. It is a result of growth. Pass your experience to those who will mostly likely be involved in benefitting from it. Pass it to children, youngsters and the youth. Adult learning in our society is not appreciated. Change that. You don t have to give classes and trainings to achieve this. When you meet some-one casually, at parties or other gatherings, bring up the discussion. You will find changes in yourself within some days. Media needs to focus more on airing free programs such as distance learning and adult learning to bring about change by discussions, by free sessions on TV focusing on changing societal attitudes in Pakistan to build cognitive and intellectual skills of Youth. They should invite youth from all segments of life in a

2 roundtable conference or a show and let them discuss about issues of Pakistan. Go ahead and AIR ON their discussions so that the one who are in power and the one who are in dark can come to know our thoughts. Volunteers and councilors can set up free courses by asking the youth of the area to participate to educate the women in their area making them realize the importance of building a child s wide-ranging comprehensive abilities. Volunteers should inspire others with their good work. Volunteerism is a great spirit that can really make difference. Teachers should encourage students to ask questions during lessons and also ask students analytical and opinion based questions at the end of the lecture. Adults should encourage youth to ask questions not vice versa. And the youth should also remember to ask questions with respect for elders in mind. Make the youth in the society realize that bringing a change towards a positive direction is essential. Letting go of old ideals and attitudes is very difficult but reflecting on them will make them realize that they are wrong. Positive learning to change mindset is as important as youth s change of perspective and realization of a collective vision and drive. Volunteer is any person who helps others without any personal gain and profit. One of my favorite saying about Volunteerism is: Volunteers are non-paid not because they are worthless, It s just because they are priceless. I request youth of Pakistan to volunteer yourselves for your own future and save Pakistan from these corrupt political robbers. I used this term because I have serious concerns on them due to their character showed to fool the nation by them. They are the one who ruins the future of youth. They are just exploiting youth for their political benefits. What are we youth getting from them?? Any benefit as individual or as a whole?? This is not a one handed show. We all have to contribute our part for a positive change within ourselves and a country that blessed us with so many things. Humans have the power to influence, power to reason, power to bring about positive change. We should focus on how to change attitudes to build intellectual and leadership abilities. In the end, as they say the only constant in life is change. Change is happening the very moment I am writing this, the very moment you are reading it. But to determine the direction of change, whether positive or negative is in our capacity and on the shoulders of the youth of Pakistan. Actions can bring attitude change and over a period of time, the change would be visible and measureable in the form of a trend. Be the Trend setter, be the change. Act Now for this is the only moment you have. Live the moment, they will be memory tomorrow.

3 The destiny of a nation is entrusted with the youngsters. These are the people if guided correctly; they can modify the course of the world. They have the might of wide-ranging thinking, hard struggle, innovation and advancement. The youth are ready to adapt changes because they are young they are in search of truth, they are open to different ideas contrary to the people who are developed and old. Today Pakistan is facing many challenges from within and beyond. Terrorism, drone attacks, shameful law and order situation, bad economic conditions, education sticky situation, corruption, energy crisis and so many others. There are many factors behind these problems, but one of the most important and vital is the foreign impact that is itching and weakening Pakistan. Pakistan is not completely independent yet. The policies both political and economic are framed partially or completely by the involvement of external powers. Their involvement is not confined to that extent but even more, they are spreading fatalistic ideas using different tools. Youth are the actual target, they are made confused and thus they start imitating the society of foreign nations. Role of Citizen to strengthen democracy in Pakistan Pakistanis citizens should work hard for the betterment and development for the strengthening of democracy in Pakistan. It is our obligation to choose our own representatives via electoral process with mutual understanding before any dictator comes and take charge. This is very bad luck of us as a nation that we citizens of Islamic republic of Pakistan always failed to indulge out dictatorship away from Pakistani streamed Politics. To understand what a good citizen is we must first understand the meaning of the word citizen. A citizen is a legal member of a political community and has citizenship. Citizenship is about understanding the rights and responsibilities you have as a member of society and learning how to exercise them. It is about knowing your legal, civil, human rights and responsibilities. Citizens of Pakistan should not ignore the democratic system of Pakistan. They should fully involve themselves in this system because they are going to face the aspects democratic process in the form of their representatives. Someone said, Democracy is the best revenge. Yes! I agree with this statement because true meaning of democracy is to give the rights of those who elect their representatives on a hope. We have seen the example of Barack Obama s campaign for the office of the President. He gave the motto, Yes! We can, this slogan was a WORDS OF VICTORY or A HOPE for U.S Citizens that if they elect Obama as President by democratic process with the power of Vote, They will get all their rights.

4 Struggle for democracy in Pakistan Pakistan has been under military dictatorship for the maximum time of its 65 years of after freedom. All five of the elected governments have been removed by the Army, on every occasion with the hidden support of the president. On all the tenures from General Ayub Khan to the latest version of dictatorship of General Musharraf, everyone take away the Power on the name of saving Pakistan. But they gave the greatest loss to Pakistani Nation. Nevertheless from the different disasters, they even did not care about what is good or bad for this loving homeland. After the election of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in 1988 to replace military ruler Mohammad Zia-ul Huq after Zia s death in a plane crash, observers believed that Pakistan had entered a democratic phase of its political history, with the army having made a transition from the role of kingmaker to that of referee. They were getting a sigh of relief that its finished now! Democracy will be able to get through for the next period. Dictatorship returned, however, in August 1990 when President Ishaq Khan invoked a Zia-era constitutional amendment to remove Bhutto from office. Nawaz Sharif became prime minister after elections held in October 1990, with Sharif also being removed in 1993 under the same amendment. Bhutto returned for three years before being dismissed by President Farooq Leghari for favoritism and corruption. Farooq Leghari was one of important personality in Her own government but When it s all about Power Who cares? He overruled her tenure and gave invitation to Mr. Nawaz Sharif again. People call it fair elections in 1997, Pakistan Muslim League won a significant victory, and Sharif moved in April 1997 to remove the controversial Eighth Amendment which allowed the president to dismiss the government and appoint military chiefs and provincial governors. Sharif further strengthened his position by replacing the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and pressuring the resignation of President Leghari; he pressed the Lahore High Court to convict Benazir Bhutto and her husband Asif Ali Zardari of corruption. This was a part of dirty game of politicians when they wanted to ruined each other. They always register cases on political basis. And always in need of clues to demoralize each other. It s shameful for the countries like Pakistan where democracy is used as a weapon against the people. In these countries democracy has bred and encouraged hatred, deficiency and horse trading. The main cause of the failure of democracy in these countries is that awareness is not here/ People are mostly uneducated, illiterate and are unaware of their rights and duties. The people they choose in elections as their representatives, the rulers and the law makers of the country are usually the big landlords or industrialists who have no concern with education, independent thinking and pure patriotic feelings. They snatch power with the single aim of making people their slaves so that they may multiply their wealth by fair or unfair means. This wealth is then used for personal affectation, expensive living and carnal pleasures. In Pakistan, sectarianism, illiteracy, brotherly system and poor economic condition have deteriorated our social and political structure. Most of the so-called politicians and law makers are illiterate. We have seen that in the recent elections those lots of our representatives were elected on fake degrees. Their pockets are full of money but their minds are devoid of wisdom.

5 The law makers are the law breakers. Now see their loyalty, they have huge amount of properties abroad. They have nothing to care about Pakistan. Only one agenda!! (Pehle tere Bari fir mere wari). Pakistan came into being as a Muslim majority state on 14 th August Nonetheless, the democratic state did not work agreeably in Pakistan; it could not perform its tasks such as providing law and order, starting economic development and developing tolerable political institutions. In 1958 the army stepped in for the first time to take over the political power and was equally welcomed by the people as in In 1977, Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto s rule was brought to an end by the army after political forces in the country had proved too weak to sort out the problems with the election equipped by the Bhutto government. What are the reasons for this repeated failure of democracy? It is quite clear that in all the cases there were foreign vested interests which did find it more suitable to deal with a military government than with a weak political one. Those external factors are left aside here deliberately. In any case it can be stated safely that the Pakistani state with its political parties and institutions has been not strong enough to tackle such emergency situations while the army has been a very strongly developed institution with considerable political power and power ambitions. After the development of print and electronic media the discussions which took place in the media were very positive. Now they ve been brought under control again. But that opening did help to transmit ideas and diversity into the country. As a whole, the entire movement to put the Chief Justice back into power would not have been possible had it not been for television, where the demonstrations were covered and people were interviewed. People were proud to be associated with that. Many illiterate people turned out to demand that the Chief Justice be put back into power. This was a struggle that had no link to religion or anything like that. It was a straight forward struggle for legitimate rights and the separation of powers. Collective approach works at great deal. Stay together, stay united will lead towards success but who cares?? If they give power to democracy they will get success for themselves. Is this right democracy? I don t think so because of false voting lists. In fact they are not false they are made deliberately fake to choose the democracy and government by own choice of hidden hands. Who are these hidden hands? We have to collectively find out the aspects of cheating and catch these hidden hands red handed and let them to come in court of justice about their cruelty and criminal thinking against Pakistan and ARTICLE 6 should be practiced instantly. We can see the one more example by current situation, the time I am completing my words, I am thinking about what is going to be happen tomorrow when Prime Minister of Pakistan will face judiciary on 13 th February 2012, on contempt of court he will be charge the (fard e Jurm). He may be go down from membership of parliament. And he will be no more PM. I beg for this Nation, Please give him one chance for democracy. There Supreme Court should not convict the Prime Minister for only one reason. 1. There are bigger issues then writing a letter as far as corruption and other issues are concerned. This will lead to the same destabilizing plane that Pakistan has been going through, let one Prime Minister complete his term please! In the long term it means a lot more for the country! Essentially anyone who thinks differently than us is a traitor, agent, illiterate or a fool. Whereas we never choose to examine our own arguments and opinions but we always think about dragging other

6 legs. When we choose to fight within ourselves based on arbitrary differences, we create foundations for conflict, hatred and disunity. We must, all of us, at this point look for common ground amongst us so we can cherish our similarities and celebrate them rather than exasperate our differences. One's background can never define who a person is! Live as one, if you want to move forward! But Youth of Pakistan should not give up. They should register their vote first and make the best use of their vote. It s not that old era when political leaders influence the youth with their fake agendas for just their personal benefit. Now It s time for the Youth of Pakistan and they need to get up from a bad sleep in which we youth wasted our precious 65 years. Now time is changed. Ball is in our court. We are not only the leaders of tomorrow but we are the leaders of today. We will take care of our very personal thing (PAKISTAN). (On my last words I will say whether I win this competition or not, but I am glad that at least I am able to give you my point of view. We all are patriotic but we have to struggle to give the right place to our country what it really deserves. Think positively for our Pakistan) (Hum sab Aik hain) Pakistan Zindabad!!! I certify that thoughts and ideas that I have presented in the essay are my own. I also certify that all thoughts and ideas that I presented in this essay were never presented before to any other competition/contest and I strongly discourage plagiarism.

TRANSCRIPT. ROBERT KAPLAN: It s my pleasure to be here, Margaret.

TRANSCRIPT. ROBERT KAPLAN: It s my pleasure to be here, Margaret. TRANSCRIPT MARGARET WARNER: And joining me is Robert Kaplan, correspondent for the Atlantic Monthly and author of many books on foreign affairs. He traveled extensively in Afghanistan and Pakistan in the

More information

The Path to Peace: Just Relations Between Nations.

The Path to Peace: Just Relations Between Nations. "The Path to Peace: Just Relations Between Nations." Address by Hadhrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad atba, Khalifa-tul Masih V at Capitol Hill, Washington D.C. 27 June 2012 1 الهتاكربواللهاةمحرومكيلعملاس All distinguished

More information

Khizar Hayat Qamar. Language in India ISSN :3 March 2017

Khizar Hayat Qamar. Language in India  ISSN :3 March 2017 =================================================================== Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 Vol. 17:3 March 2017 ===================================================================

More information

Elections since General Pervez Musharraf took power in 1999

Elections since General Pervez Musharraf took power in 1999 Elections since General Pervez Musharraf took power in 1999 Long before Pervez Musharraf took power in a military coup in 1999, elections in Pakistan did not meet international standards for being free

More information

Voices of Immigrant and Muslim Young People

Voices of Immigrant and Muslim Young People Voices of Immigrant and Muslim Young People I m a Mexican HS student who has been feeling really concerned and sad about the situation this country is currently going through. I m writing this letter because

More information

CAPPELEN DAMM ACCESS UPDATE: THE PERFECT SLOSH

CAPPELEN DAMM ACCESS UPDATE: THE PERFECT SLOSH CAPPELEN DAMM ACCESS UPDATE: THE PERFECT SLOSH 2 The following article about the American Mid-Term elections in 2010 seeks to explain the surprisingly dramatic swings in the way Americans have voted over

More information

GCE AS 2 Student Guidance Government & Politics. Course Companion Unit AS 2: The British Political System. For first teaching from September 2008

GCE AS 2 Student Guidance Government & Politics. Course Companion Unit AS 2: The British Political System. For first teaching from September 2008 GCE AS 2 Student Guidance Government & Politics Course Companion Unit AS 2: The British Political System For first teaching from September 2008 For first award of AS Level in Summer 2009 For first award

More information

The Future of FATA after Zarb-e-Azb. Muhammad Asad Rafi

The Future of FATA after Zarb-e-Azb. Muhammad Asad Rafi Muhammad Asad Rafi The Future of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) after Zarb-e-Azb By Muhammad Asad Rafi Pakistan is one of those unfortunate countries affected by the greatest plague of this

More information

Comparison between 1956 and 1962 Constitution of Pakistan

Comparison between 1956 and 1962 Constitution of Pakistan Comparison between 1956 and 1962 Constitution of Pakistan Muhammad Dawood* Manzoor Khan Afridi** ABSTRACT When Pakistan came into being on 14 th of August 1947, the existing India Act of 1935 was adopted

More information

Downloaded from

Downloaded from INDIAN SCHOOL MUSCAT SENIOR SECTION DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCE CLASS: IX : DEMOCRATIC POLITICS TOPIC/CHAPTER- 2: WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? WHY DEMOCRACY? WORKSHEET NO.: Summary WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? WHY DEMOCRACY?

More information

PUBLIC VERDICT ON DEMOCRACY Based on a nationally-representative Survey

PUBLIC VERDICT ON DEMOCRACY Based on a nationally-representative Survey WWW.PILDAT.ORG PUBLIC VERDICT ON DEMOCRACY 2008-2013 Based on a nationally-representative Survey WWW.PILDAT.ORG PUBLIC VERDICT ON DEMOCRACY 2008-2013 Based on a nationally-representative Survey PILDAT

More information

Prepared by Dil-E-Nadan Campus[psmd01]Samundri

Prepared by Dil-E-Nadan Campus[psmd01]Samundri Pak301 Assignment no 2 International Journal of Art & Humanity Science (IJAHS) e-issn: 2349-5235, www.ijahs.com Volume 2 Issue 1, (Jan-Feb 2015), PP. 19-22 19 P a g e POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN PAKISTAN

More information

Independence in South Asia. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh

Independence in South Asia. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh Independence in South Asia India, Pakistan, Bangladesh Mohandas Gandhi (Mahatma) Raised in strict Hindu family Married at age 13 Studied law in London Went to South Africa for work Protested laws of racial

More information

WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? WHY DEMOCRACY?

WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? WHY DEMOCRACY? QUESTION BANK IN SOCIAL SCIENCE CLASS-IX (TERM-I) 2 WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? WHY DEMOCRACY? CONCEPTS WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? 1. Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people. Myanmar

More information

Teacher lecture (background material and lecture outline provided); class participation activity; and homework assignment.

Teacher lecture (background material and lecture outline provided); class participation activity; and homework assignment. Courts in the Community Colorado Judicial Branch Office of the State Court Administrator Updated December 2010 Lesson: Objective: Activities: Outcome: The Rule of Law Provide students with background information

More information

My fellow Americans, tonight, I d like to talk with you about immigration.

My fellow Americans, tonight, I d like to talk with you about immigration. FIXING THE SYSTEM President Barack Obama November 20,2014 My fellow Americans, tonight, I d like to talk with you about immigration. For more than 200 years, our tradition of welcoming immigrants from

More information

MONITOR. Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan March 2017

MONITOR. Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan March 2017 MONITOR Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan In this Issue 1) ISPR Statement on NAP: A Change in Style? 2) PTI Chairman Mr. Imran Khan's Meeting with the COAS 3) Gen. (Retd.) Raheel Sharif's Joining of

More information

Statement by the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt Before the 70th Session on the General Assembly At the United Nations

Statement by the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt Before the 70th Session on the General Assembly At the United Nations Statement by the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt Before the 70th Session on the General Assembly At the United Nations Mr. President, At the outset, I would like to congratulate you and your friendly

More information

CONTENT ANALYSIS OF TELEVISION TALK SHOWS

CONTENT ANALYSIS OF TELEVISION TALK SHOWS CONTENT ANALYSIS OF TELEVISION TALK SHOWS For the Month of August, 2014 Prepared by 25 th September, 2014 Disclaimer: Gallup Pakistan is not related to Gallup Inc. headquartered in WashingtonD.C.USA. We

More information

The Electoral Process STEP BY STEP. the worksheet activity to the class. the answers with the class. (The PowerPoint works well for this.

The Electoral Process STEP BY STEP. the worksheet activity to the class. the answers with the class. (The PowerPoint works well for this. Teacher s Guide Time Needed: One class period Materials Needed: Student worksheets Projector Copy Instructions: Reading (2 pages; class set) Activity (3 pages; class set) The Electoral Process Learning

More information

SETTING THE STAGE. News in Review December 2012 Teacher Resource Guide U.S. ELECTION: OBAMA RE ELECTED. Check It Out

SETTING THE STAGE. News in Review December 2012 Teacher Resource Guide U.S. ELECTION: OBAMA RE ELECTED. Check It Out News in Review December 2012 Teacher Resource Guide U.S. ELECTION: OBAMA RE ELECTED SETTING THE STAGE A YouTube clip of a little girl crying and saying she was tired of Bronco Bamma and Mitt Romney captured

More information

THE UNION WE WANT. A proposal from the New Europeans

THE UNION WE WANT. A proposal from the New Europeans THE UNION WE WANT A proposal from the New Europeans About us The New European Citiziens is a projects co-funded by the Europe for Citizens programme. The main objectives of the project are: developing

More information

The Political Economy of Social Desirability Bias:

The Political Economy of Social Desirability Bias: The Political Economy of Social Desirability Bias: The Case of Education Bryan Caplan Department of Economics and Mercatus Center George Mason University bcaplan@gmu.edu Background: The Case Against Education

More information

Partition. Manan Ahmed

Partition. Manan Ahmed Partition Manan Ahmed manan@uchicago.edu What is the Partition? - DISPLACEMENT: 12 to 14 million people left their homes to take up residence across the border. - VIOLENCE: Anywhere from 500,000 to 1.5

More information

Political Parties Guide to Building Coalitions

Political Parties Guide to Building Coalitions Political Parties Guide to Building Coalitions August 2014 Rania Zada Nick Sigler Nick Harvey MP +44 (0) 207 549 0350 gpgovernance.net hello@gpgovernance.net Global Partners Governance, 2014 Building Coalitions

More information

TEACHER SUPPORT PAGES

TEACHER SUPPORT PAGES September 11 TEACHER SUPPORT PAGES Online support for these lessons is available at: www.onlinelearningexchange.com/content/products/home.html Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates.

More information

Critical Analysis of Political Economy of Media in Pakistan s General Elections 2013

Critical Analysis of Political Economy of Media in Pakistan s General Elections 2013 Critical Analysis of Political Economy of Media in Pakistan s General Elections 2013 Muhammad Osama Shafiq, S. W. Rehman Abstract: Political economy of media is the phenomenon of information age. The term

More information

Public Opinion and Political Participation

Public Opinion and Political Participation CHAPTER 5 Public Opinion and Political Participation CHAPTER OUTLINE I. What Is Public Opinion? II. How We Develop Our Beliefs and Opinions A. Agents of Political Socialization B. Adult Socialization III.

More information

BAL BHARATI PUBLIC SCHOOL PITAMPURA,DELHI Class-IX ( ) TERM II (NOTES) UNIT TEST II ELECTORAL POLITICS

BAL BHARATI PUBLIC SCHOOL PITAMPURA,DELHI Class-IX ( ) TERM II (NOTES) UNIT TEST II ELECTORAL POLITICS BAL BHARATI PUBLIC SCHOOL PITAMPURA,DELHI 110034 Class-IX (2013-2014) TERM II (NOTES) UNIT TEST II ELECTORAL POLITICS Ques. 1 Ans. 1 What makes an election democratic? The conditions of a democratic election

More information

Joe Andrew Paid for by Joe Andrew and not approved or authorized by any candidate

Joe Andrew Paid for by Joe Andrew and not approved or authorized by any candidate May 1, 2008 Dear Friends: I have been inspired. Today I am announcing my support for Senator Barack Obama for President of the United States of America. I am changing my support from Senator Clinton to

More information

GRADE 9 Social Studies Canada: Opportunities and Challenges

GRADE 9 Social Studies Canada: Opportunities and Challenges GRADE 9 Social Studies Canada: Opportunities and Challenges 9.1 Issues for Canadians: Governance and Rights General Outcome Students will demonstrate an understanding and appreciation of how Canada s political

More information

The UK General Election 2017

The UK General Election 2017 The UK General Election 2017 Supporting people who have learning disabilities to vote A guide for family carers and supporters This guide answers some common questions about how to approach the UK General

More information

Table of contents. 5. Amnesty International's recommendations to the Government of Pakistan 11

Table of contents. 5. Amnesty International's recommendations to the Government of Pakistan 11 Table of contents Pakistan: @Special Courts for Speedy Trial Pakistan: Special Courts for Speedy Trial 1 1. Introduction 1 2. The legislation 2 2.1. Special courts 1987 to 1990 2 2.2. Legislation in 1991

More information

SURVEY OF "DEBATE: LIBERTARIANISM VS. CONSERVATISM" ATTENDEES CONDUCTED BY THE CATO INSTITUTE JULY 23, 2015 N=179

SURVEY OF DEBATE: LIBERTARIANISM VS. CONSERVATISM ATTENDEES CONDUCTED BY THE CATO INSTITUTE JULY 23, 2015 N=179 SURVEY OF "DEBATE: LIBERTARIANISM VS. CONSERVATISM" ATTENDEES CONDUCTED BY THE CATO INSTITUTE JULY 23, 2015 N=179 Millennial Attendees All Conservative Libertarian Attendees % % % Q1. Regardless of your

More information

THE NATURE OF THE CORPORATION > More Rights Than People

THE NATURE OF THE CORPORATION > More Rights Than People Noam Chomsky Institute Professor, MIT HISTORY > An Attack on Classical Liberalism The courts accorded corporations the rights of persons. That s a very sharp attack on classical liberalism in which rights

More information

PPIC Statewide Survey: Special Survey on Campaign Ethics

PPIC Statewide Survey: Special Survey on Campaign Ethics PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY: Special Survey on Campaign Ethics OCTOBER 28 NOVEMBER 4, 2002 MARK BALDASSARE, SURVEY DIRECTOR 2,000 CALIFORNIA ADULT RESIDENTS; ENGLISH AND SPANISH [LIKELY VOTERS IN BRACKETS; 1,025

More information

Speech by President Herman Van Rompuy at the Europe House, Tbilisi, Georgia

Speech by President Herman Van Rompuy at the Europe House, Tbilisi, Georgia UROPA COUCIL TH PRSIDT N Tbilisi, 14 May 2014 UCO 109/14 PRSS 293 PR PC 99 Speech by President Herman Van Rompuy at the urope House, Tbilisi, Georgia I am pleased to be here in urope House in Tbilisi,

More information

Klaas Knot: The changing role of central banking

Klaas Knot: The changing role of central banking Klaas Knot: The changing role of central banking Opening speech by Mr Klaas Knot, President of the Netherlands Bank, at the Conference De Nederlandsche Bank 200 years: central banking in the next two decades,

More information

Democracy is Bankrupt

Democracy is Bankrupt The Anarchist Library Anti-Copyright Democracy is Bankrupt CrimethInc. CrimethInc. Democracy is Bankrupt Retrieved on 2017.02.14 from https://web.archive.org/web/ 20160903210249/http://www.crimethinc.com/tools/vote/

More information

Community Conversations

Community Conversations Community Conversations in Higgins Our values, views and vision for a fair and humane asylum process. #RightTrack Report Back in Higgins As a caring people we have a proud history of defending what we

More information

Electoral System in Pakistan

Electoral System in Pakistan Electoral System in Pakistan Brief report containing recommendations by: Electoral System Committee Head Dr. Muhammad Sadiq President, Pakistan Visionary Forum (Cell # 0300-8470057) 1 ELECTORAL SYSTEM

More information

Human Rights and Foreign Policy

Human Rights and Foreign Policy Human Rights and Foreign Policy President Jimmy Carter 1977 Nation: to provide more efficiently for the needs of our people, to demonstrate -- against the dark faith of our times -- that our Government

More information

Letter from the Frontline: Back from the brink!

Letter from the Frontline: Back from the brink! Wouter Bos, leader of the Dutch Labour Party (PvdA), shares with Policy Network his personal views on why the party recovered so quickly from its electoral defeat in May last year. Anyone wondering just

More information

BREXIT: WHAT HAPPENED? WHY? WHAT NEXT?

BREXIT: WHAT HAPPENED? WHY? WHAT NEXT? BREXIT: WHAT HAPPENED? WHY? WHAT NEXT? By Richard Peel, published 22.08.16 On 23 June 2016, the people of the United Kingdom voted in a referendum. The question each voter had to answer was: Should the

More information

Report. Deep Differences over Reconciliation Process in Afghanistan

Report. Deep Differences over Reconciliation Process in Afghanistan Report Deep Differences over Reconciliation Process in Afghanistan Dr. Fatima Al-Smadi * Al Jazeera Center for Studies Tel: +974-44663454 jcforstudies-en@aljazeera.net http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/

More information

L During. f!y DALLAS, TEXAS - 11nft+'~ VICE PRESIDENT HUBERT PRESIDENT'S CLUB BRIEFING ~ May 17, 1965

L During. f!y DALLAS, TEXAS - 11nft+'~ VICE PRESIDENT HUBERT PRESIDENT'S CLUB BRIEFING ~ May 17, 1965 VICE PRESIDENT HUBERT L During PRESIDENT'S CLUB BRIEFING ~ f!y DALLAS, TEXAS - 11nft+'~ May 17, 1965 these busy days, it's always a pleasure to get away from Washington to simply talk with friends-- or

More information

Peace Agreements Digital Collection

Peace Agreements Digital Collection Peace Agreements Digital Collection India-Pakistan >> The Lahore Declaration The Lahore Declaration Joint Statement Memorandum of Understanding The following is the text of the Lahore Declaration signed

More information

On behalf of people of Afghanistan, it is my pleasure and privilege to. welcome you to this milestone conference, marking a new phase in the

On behalf of people of Afghanistan, it is my pleasure and privilege to. welcome you to this milestone conference, marking a new phase in the Mr. Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon, Excellencies, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen, On behalf of people of Afghanistan, it is my pleasure and privilege to welcome you to this milestone conference,

More information

Survey Research (Polling)

Survey Research (Polling) Survey Research (Polling) Types of Surveys personal (face-to-face) interviews: high response rate, can ask more questions, but... expensive, takes longer to administer telephone interviews: cheaper, fairly

More information

Pakistan Coalition for Ethical Journalism. Election Coverage: A Checklist for Ethical and Fair Reporting

Pakistan Coalition for Ethical Journalism. Election Coverage: A Checklist for Ethical and Fair Reporting Pakistan Coalition for Ethical Journalism Election Coverage: A Checklist for Ethical and Fair Reporting (NOTE: These are suggestions for individual media organisations concerning editorial preparation

More information

The Seven Levels of Societal Consciousness

The Seven Levels of Societal Consciousness The Seven Levels of Societal Consciousness By Richard Barrett The level of growth and development of consciousness of a society 1 depends on the ability of the leaders and the government to create an economic

More information

People Transforming Communities. For Good.

People Transforming Communities. For Good. People Transforming Communities. For Good. Angela Blanchard Neighborhood Centers, Inc. Neighborhood Centers, Inc., has a long and rich history in community development, beginning with our origin as a part

More information

I wish you every success with your campaign. Nicola Sturgeon SNP Leader

I wish you every success with your campaign. Nicola Sturgeon SNP Leader www.snp.org Congratulations on being selected to represent the SNP in your school election. I would like to welcome you to our team and wish you all the very best for your election campaign. This pack

More information

Pakistan s First ISO Certified Manpower Export Company. Company Profile

Pakistan s First ISO Certified Manpower Export Company. Company Profile Pakistan s First ISO Certified Manpower Export Company Company Profile Overseas employees are one of the most important features in national economic development and Government of Pakistan has never neglected

More information

Note on David Miller, National Responsibility and Global Justice

Note on David Miller, National Responsibility and Global Justice 1 Note on David Miller, National Responsibility and Global Justice In ordinary life, says Miller, we think that we are obligated to contribute to ensuring a decent minimum of resources for everybody, and

More information

PLS 103 Lecture 8 1. Today we re gonna talk about the initiative and referendum process in Missouri. We

PLS 103 Lecture 8 1. Today we re gonna talk about the initiative and referendum process in Missouri. We PLS 103 Lecture 8 1 Today we re gonna talk about the initiative and referendum process in Missouri. We introduced the initiative and referendum process when we talked about the Constitution. We talked

More information

Interview with Philippe Kirsch, President of the International Criminal Court *

Interview with Philippe Kirsch, President of the International Criminal Court * INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS Interview with Philippe Kirsch, President of the International Criminal Court * Judge Philippe Kirsch (Canada) is president of the International Criminal Court in The Hague

More information

MINORITY PROTECTION IN TODAY S OSCE: LESSONS LEARNED

MINORITY PROTECTION IN TODAY S OSCE: LESSONS LEARNED Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe High Commissioner on National Minorities PC.SHDM.GAL/8/15 5 November 2015 ENGLISH only MINORITY PROTECTION IN TODAY S OSCE: LESSONS LEARNED Opening

More information

SURVEY ASSESSING BARRIERS TO WOMEN OBTAINING COMPUTERIZED NATIONAL IDENTITY CARDS (CNICs) February 2013

SURVEY ASSESSING BARRIERS TO WOMEN OBTAINING COMPUTERIZED NATIONAL IDENTITY CARDS (CNICs) February 2013 SURVEY ASSESSING BARRIERS TO WOMEN OBTAINING COMPUTERIZED NATIONAL IDENTITY CARDS (CNICs) February 2013 Survey Assessing Barriers to Women Obtaining Computerized National Identity Cards (CNICs) Survey

More information

News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons

News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons www.breaking News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons 1,000 IDEAS & ACTIVITIES FOR LANGUAGE TEACHERS The Breaking News English.com Resource Book http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/book.html Pakistan

More information

Sample Pages. To browse ebook titles, visit

Sample Pages. To browse ebook titles, visit Sample Pages Sample pages from this product are provided for evaluation purposes. The entire product is available for purchase at www.socialstudies.com or www.goodyearbooks.com To browse ebook titles,

More information

When does a refugee stop being a refugee?

When does a refugee stop being a refugee? When does a refugee stop being a refugee? Missed Opportunities Stories from the contact zone of settlement Associate Professor Jane Haggis School of International Studies Faculty of Social and Behavioural

More information

The French Revolution Timeline

The French Revolution Timeline Michael Plasmeier Smith Western Civ 9H 12 December 2005 The French Revolution Timeline May 10, 1774 - Louis XVI made King King Louis the 16 th became king in 1774. He was a weak leader and had trouble

More information

Maiden Show; June 16, 2012

Maiden Show; June 16, 2012 Maiden Show; June 16, 2012 Kris: Welcome to Saturday Morning Live. The show that is all about you, the forgotten People whose lives are most affected by politicians due to the laws and regulations they

More information

Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric

Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric Findings from Afrobarometer Round 7 survey in Kenya At a glance Democratic preferences: A majority of Kenyans prefer democratic,

More information

Pakistan Security Research Unit (PSRU) Research Report 2

Pakistan Security Research Unit (PSRU) Research Report 2 Pakistan Security Research Unit (PSRU) Research Report 2 Civilian Control and Democratic Transition: Pakistan s Unequal Equation Siegfried O. Wolf 18 th May 2012 About the Pakistan Security Research Unit

More information

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL A CITIZENS AGENDA

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL A CITIZENS AGENDA COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, 10.5.2006 COM(2006) 211 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL A CITIZENS AGENDA DELIVERING RESULTS FOR EUROPE EN EN COMMUNICATION

More information

Address by Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO on the occasion of the opening of the General Assembly of Blue Shield International

Address by Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO on the occasion of the opening of the General Assembly of Blue Shield International Address by Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO on the occasion of the opening of the General Assembly of Blue Shield International Vienna, Rathaus (Town Hall) 13 September 2017 Mr Vice-Mayor of the

More information

Code of Conduct for Police Officers

Code of Conduct for Police Officers Code of Conduct for Police Officers In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful By The Ministry of Interior: To the spectrum of Bahraini society, both citizens and residents, and to the police officers

More information

A long way to the White House

A long way to the White House Script 00.16 O-Ton Jimmy Carter: It s crucial that you understand how serious this challenge is. 00.21 And what a challenge that is! The American President is probably the most powerful person in the world.

More information

TEACHING TOLERANCE tolerance.org

TEACHING TOLERANCE tolerance.org TEACHING TOLERANCE tolerance.org Created by educator Alicia Harris of Los Angeles,California and shared by Teaching Tolerance with permission. We Refugees Unit Week 3 Day One (Thursday) 1) Introduce unit

More information

Democratization, Institutionalization and Constitution in Pakistan: A Case Study of Musharraf Era

Democratization, Institutionalization and Constitution in Pakistan: A Case Study of Musharraf Era American International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences Available online at http://www.iasir.net ISSN (Print): 2328-3734, ISSN (Online): 2328-3696, ISSN (CD-ROM): 2328-3688 AIJRHASS

More information

CAMPAIGN MANAGEMENT & ORGANIZATION

CAMPAIGN MANAGEMENT & ORGANIZATION CAMPAIGN MANAGEMENT & ORGANIZATION WHY IS A PLAN SO IMPORTANT? Planning ahead is key to the success of any campaign. Sets the candidate s path to victory. Without a plan, the campaign will likely waste

More information

Immigration and Multiculturalism

Immigration and Multiculturalism A New Progressive Agenda Jean Chrétien Immigration and Multiculturalism Jean Chrétien Lessons from Canada vol 2.2 progressive politics 23 A New Progressive Agenda Jean Chrétien Canada s cultural, ethnic

More information

GUARD AGAINST CORRUPTION, POLITICAL ARROGANCE RAWLINGS TO BURKINA FASO

GUARD AGAINST CORRUPTION, POLITICAL ARROGANCE RAWLINGS TO BURKINA FASO GUARD AGAINST CORRUPTION, POLITICAL ARROGANCE RAWLINGS TO BURKINA FASO Ghana s former President, Flt Lt. Jerry John Rawlings has called on the people of Burkina Faso not to allow corruption, arrogance

More information

CONSENSUS DECISION-MAKING

CONSENSUS DECISION-MAKING CONSENSUS DECISION-MAKING by The Catalyst Centre, October 2006 Consensus decision-making is a democratic and rigorous process that radically respects individuals right to speak and demands a high degree

More information

Reconstruction. A Problem-Based Approach. Developed by Rob Gouthro & Fran O Malley Delaware Social Studies Education Project

Reconstruction. A Problem-Based Approach. Developed by Rob Gouthro & Fran O Malley Delaware Social Studies Education Project Reconstruction A Problem-Based Approach Developed by Rob Gouthro & Fran O Malley Delaware Social Studies Education Project Teaching American History Teacher s Briefing This problem-based learning scenario

More information

AMERICAN CONSTITUTION SOCIETY (ACS) SIXTH AMENDMENT LESSON PLAN RIGHT TO COUNSEL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

AMERICAN CONSTITUTION SOCIETY (ACS) SIXTH AMENDMENT LESSON PLAN RIGHT TO COUNSEL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL AMERICAN CONSTITUTION SOCIETY (ACS) SIXTH AMENDMENT LESSON PLAN RIGHT TO COUNSEL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Description: This unit was created to introduce students to the Constitution and the Sixth Amendment.

More information

The Arrow Impossibility Theorem: Where Do We Go From Here?

The Arrow Impossibility Theorem: Where Do We Go From Here? The Arrow Impossibility Theorem: Where Do We Go From Here? Eric Maskin Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton Arrow Lecture Columbia University December 11, 2009 I thank Amartya Sen and Joseph Stiglitz

More information

We the People: The Role of the Citizen in the United States

We the People: The Role of the Citizen in the United States We the People: The Role of the Citizen in the United States In the United States, the government gets its power to govern from the people. We have a government of the people, by the people, and for the

More information

60 TH SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESS BY H.E. ILINKA MITREVA MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

60 TH SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESS BY H.E. ILINKA MITREVA MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA PERMANENT MISSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS 866 UNITED NATIONS PLAZA. SUITE 517 NEW YORK. N.Y. 10017 TEL: (212) 308-8504. 8723 FAX: (212) 308-8724 Check against delivery 60 TH

More information

CURRENT GOVERNMENT & ITS EXISTING PROBLEMS AND THE WAY TO GET RID OF IT

CURRENT GOVERNMENT & ITS EXISTING PROBLEMS AND THE WAY TO GET RID OF IT CURRENT GOVERNMENT & ITS EXISTING PROBLEMS AND THE WAY TO GET RID OF IT د افغانستان د بشرى حقوقو او چاپيريال ساتنى سازمان Afghan Organization of Human Rights & Environmental Protection No: Date: 1. Distrust

More information

1. Title: Group and Individual Actions of Citizens that Demonstrate Civility, Cooperation, Volunteerism, and other Civic Virtues

1. Title: Group and Individual Actions of Citizens that Demonstrate Civility, Cooperation, Volunteerism, and other Civic Virtues Teacher s Name: Employee Number: School: Social Studies Lesson Plan- SS.3.C.2.1: Identify Group and Individual Actions of Citizens that Demonstrate Civility, Cooperation, Volunteerism, and other Civic

More information

CITIZENYOU. Young people are vital to the processes of development, democracy and participation.

CITIZENYOU. Young people are vital to the processes of development, democracy and participation. CITIZENYOU a commonwealth youth exchange council initiative CITIZENYOU C OMMONWEALTH YOUTH SUMMIT 2002 STATEMENT OF VISION AND RECOM MENDATIONS Young people are vital to the processes of development, democracy

More information

A noted economist has claimed, American prosperity and American free. enterprise are both highly unusual in the world, and we should not overlook

A noted economist has claimed, American prosperity and American free. enterprise are both highly unusual in the world, and we should not overlook Free Enterprise A noted economist has claimed, American prosperity and American free enterprise are both highly unusual in the world, and we should not overlook the possibility that the two are connected.

More information

Free Speech and Free Enterprise An Inseparable Link. Remarks by THOMAS J. DONOHUE President and CEO, U.S. Chamber of Commerce

Free Speech and Free Enterprise An Inseparable Link. Remarks by THOMAS J. DONOHUE President and CEO, U.S. Chamber of Commerce Free Speech and Free Enterprise An Inseparable Link Remarks by THOMAS J. DONOHUE President and CEO, U.S. Chamber of Commerce Washington, D.C. December 3, 2014 Introduction Thank you very much, Jock, and

More information

Magnifizenz, spectabiles, Ladies and gentlemen,

Magnifizenz, spectabiles, Ladies and gentlemen, Rede des Präsidenten des Bundesverwaltungsgerichts a. D. Dr. h.c. Eckart Hien anlässlich der Verleihung der Ehrendoktorwürde durch die Universität Warschau am 17. Juni 2008 Magnifizenz, spectabiles, Ladies

More information

2015 National Elections Step by Step Guide

2015 National Elections Step by Step Guide 2015 National Elections Step by Step Guide What is the National Executive Council? The National Executive Council consists of 10 elected members who primarily serve as liaisons to the FCCLA membership

More information

Americanization, by Frederick C. Millett

Americanization, by Frederick C. Millett Americanization, by Frederick C. Millett In today s world, the term Americanization is strongly associated with the idea of globalization. We may say that it is seen as the globalization of the world by

More information

District of Columbia Court of Appeals Historic Courthouse 430 E Street, NW Washington, DC (202)

District of Columbia Court of Appeals Historic Courthouse 430 E Street, NW Washington, DC (202) District of Columbia Court of Appeals Historic Courthouse 430 E Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 (202) 879-2700 Representing Yourself in an Agency Appeal. INTRODUCTION This guide is for people who don t

More information

In the name of God, the most merciful, the most compassionate. Your Excellency, Mr. Zardari, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan;

In the name of God, the most merciful, the most compassionate. Your Excellency, Mr. Zardari, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan; In the name of God, the most merciful, the most compassionate Your Excellency, Mr. Zardari, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan; Distinguished guests; Your Excellencies Speakers of both Houses

More information

Regional Autonomies and Federalism in the Context of Internal Self-Determination

Regional Autonomies and Federalism in the Context of Internal Self-Determination Activating Nonviolence IX UNPO General Assembly 16 May 2008, European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium Regional Autonomies and Federalism in the Context of Internal Self-Determination Report by Michael van

More information

Nationalism. Students analyze the causes and course of the First World War.

Nationalism. Students analyze the causes and course of the First World War. Nationalism Standard 10.5 Students analyze the causes and course of the First World War. 1. Analyze the arguments for entering into war presented by leaders from all sides of the Great War and the role

More information

Closer to people, closer to our mission

Closer to people, closer to our mission MOUSHIRA KHATTAB FOR UNESCO Closer to people, closer to our mission UNESCO was founded at a defining moment in history with one aspiring mission; to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration

More information

TUNISIA. 64th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Statement by

TUNISIA. 64th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Statement by TUNISIA 64th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations Statement by H.E. Mr Abdelwaheb Abdallah Minister of Foreign Affairs Of the Republic of Tunisia New York, September 28, 2009 CHECK AGAINST

More information

Remarks of AFL-CIO President Richard L. Trumka 29 th New Jersey State AFL-CIO Constitutional Convention Atlantic City, New Jersey June 21, 2016

Remarks of AFL-CIO President Richard L. Trumka 29 th New Jersey State AFL-CIO Constitutional Convention Atlantic City, New Jersey June 21, 2016 Remarks of AFL-CIO President Richard L. Trumka 29 th New Jersey State AFL-CIO Constitutional Convention Atlantic City, New Jersey June 21, 2016 Thank you, Brother Charlie [Wowkanech]. I appreciate you

More information

If states are known by the enemies they have, then Pakistan has largely been known by the very country it seeks to avoid: India. - Ahmed M. Quraishi.

If states are known by the enemies they have, then Pakistan has largely been known by the very country it seeks to avoid: India. - Ahmed M. Quraishi. Death of Osama can improve Indo-Pak peace talks Hrishiraj Bhattacharjee, If states are known by the enemies they have, then Pakistan has largely been known by the very country it seeks to avoid: India.

More information

Students will be able to: Identify the three functions of government. Sort a list of governmental tasks into executive, judicial, and legislative.

Students will be able to: Identify the three functions of government. Sort a list of governmental tasks into executive, judicial, and legislative. Unit III: Authority LESSON 2: THE TIRED KING OBJECTIVES Students will be able to: Identify the three functions of government. Sort a list of governmental tasks into executive, judicial, and legislative.

More information

Address by. His Majesty King Mohammed VI King of Morocco

Address by. His Majesty King Mohammed VI King of Morocco Address by His Majesty King Mohammed VI King of Morocco to the High-Level Meeting of the General Assembly commemorating the 60` anniversary of the creation of the United Nations Organization New York 14-16

More information

A Critique on Schumpeter s Competitive Elitism: By Examining the Case of Chinese Politics

A Critique on Schumpeter s Competitive Elitism: By Examining the Case of Chinese Politics A Critique on Schumpeter s Competitive Elitism: By Examining the Case of Chinese Politics Abstract Schumpeter s democratic theory of competitive elitism distinguishes itself from what the classical democratic

More information