Bahrain India Forum 2015: The Changing Geo-Economics of Gulf and Asia. Session I: Changing Dynamics of Gulf-Asia Economic Links

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Bahrain India Forum 2015: The Changing Geo-Economics of Gulf and Asia. Session I: Changing Dynamics of Gulf-Asia Economic Links"

Transcription

1 Bahrain India Forum 2015: The Changing Geo-Economics of Gulf and Asia Session I: Changing Dynamics of Gulf-Asia Economic Links Prof P R Kumaraswamy Middle East Institute, Jawaharlal Nehru University

2 P R Kumaraswamy * T he Middle East, especially the Persian Gulf region, is the most important for India than it is commonly recognized and understood. Unlike other sub-regions, the Gulf not only provides opportunities but also presents challenges to India s ability to play a leadership role in the world. New Delhi s ability to shoulder greater responsibility both political and diplomatic would be tested by its ability to manage some of the sensitive issues that dominate the region. Some of the vexed issues that dominate the current global political agenda are located in or could be traced to the Persian Gulf. Diverse issues such as popular disenchantment with existing political order and growing demands for good and transparent governance, accountable leadership and empowerment of women and youth have been dominating the Middle Eastern landscape. The Gulf region has to face additional burdens in terms of falling oil prices, sectarian tensions, deprivation of minority rights, Saudi-Iranian competition for regional hegemony and above all concerns over Iranian nuclear ambitions. Despite the historical ties and geographical proximity, the primacy of the Gulf region is not reflected in New Delhi s attitude and policies towards it. The region continue to evoke attention within the country only for controversies, recurring violent political upheavals, external interventions, civil wars, internal tensions within the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and of late, fears over the emergence of Islamist parties. This state of affairs exists against the backdrop of India maintaining strong economic relations with Gulf region, especially the GCC. India s engagement following the economic liberalization of 1991 means two things for the hydrocarbon-rich GCC countries; a guaranteed market for their energy resources and a potential alternate destination for investments. The former is manifested in the form of growing Indian import of oil and natural gas from the Gulf region and their dominent role in the Indo-GCC bilateral relations. The latter is yet to take concrete shape and investments from oil-rich Arab countries continue to be in the realm of potentials than a reality. For a variety of reasons and misgivings, India is yet to emerge as an attractive destination for Arab investment. * Paper for the Conference on The Changing Geo-Economics of Gulf and Asia, organized by IISS and Bahrain-India Forum 2015, on 6 April 2015 at The Oberoi Hotel, New Delhi. Professor P R Kumaraswamy teaches contemporary Middle East at Jawaharlal Nehru University and is the Honorary Director of Middle East Institute, New Delhi and author of the Annual series on Persian Gulf that deals with India s relations with the region. 2

3 The Gulf region, especially the GCC, continues to be India s largest trading partner. During India s imports from GCC stood at US$ billion as against the total imports of US$450.2 billion and this accounts for 22.6 percent of total goods imported by India. During the same period, India exported goods worth US$ 48.2 billion to GCC while its total exports stood at US$314.4 billion. This accounts for 15.3 percent of total exports. Thus, India s trade with GCC countries during stood at US$150.0 billion as against its total trade of US$764.6 billion. In other words, the GCC accounted for close to one-fifth of India s total trade during Since , six out of India s top 25 trading partners are to be found in the Persian Gulf region. Except for smaller economies such as Bahrain, Oman and Yemen, rest of the countries in the region are its principal trade partners. During , six Gulf countries are among India s top 20 trading partners. They are UAE (3); Saudi (4); Iraq (9); Kuwait (11); Qatar (15) and Iran (19). Indeed, only Oman (37); Yemen (52) and Bahrain (63) fall way behind. For some time, the UAE was India s largest trading partner before losing that status to China and in it fell behind China and the US. The booming trade was largely spurred and led by the hydrocarbon sector. Until the introduction of economic liberation, India was relatively self-sufficient in meeting its crude oil-requirements. Nearly two-thirds of its demands were met domestically and the rest were imported. As economic liberalization accelerated demands for oil and gas, domestic supplies remained static thereby forcing India to rely heavily on imports, especially from the Gulf region. The prognosis on hydro-carbon self-sufficiency is rather bleak. Various national and international estimates suggest that India s import dependency would only increase in the coming years. According to India Hydrocarbon Vision 2025, a document prepared by the now-defunct Planning Commission in 2000, The gap between supply and availability of crude oil, petroleum products as well as gas from indigenous sources is likely to increase over the years. Likewise, in 2007 the Paris-based International Energy Agency estimated that 90 per cent of India s crude oil need would have to be met through imports by It is widely recognized that India would soon overtake Japan and emerge as the largest oil importer after China. Since when country-wise data became available, the Gulf countries were among the top five energy suppliers to India. With the US-led sanctions disrupting the oil imports from Iran, Iraq has emerged as a major energy supplier. Hence, since largest supplier of oil and gas came from the GCC, namely, Saudi ; Kuwait, Qatar and UAE. 3

4 Energy imports also mean that the trade is heavily loaded against India. This is most visible vis-à-vis the GCC and the top ten countries with whom India has huge trade deficits include four from the region, namely, Saudi, Iraq, Kuwait and Qatar. This is largely due to the excessive domination of fissile fuel in the Indo-Gulf trade and India s inability to diversify its exports to the region. The Indo-GCC trade is highly skewed and dominated by a single commodity oil and gas. Last year, the energy component of India s imports was per cent for Bahrain; percent for Iran; percent for Iraq; percent for Kuwait; percent for Oman; percent for Qatar; percent for Saudi ; percent for the UAE; and percent for Yemen. In other words, with the exception of UAE and to a lesser extend Oman and Bahrain, the Indian imports are exclusively energy related. It is essential recognize that oil imports do not only cater to growing domestic demand but also play a key role in India s export trade. A significant portion of crude oil is processed and re-exported as different types of oil products. Thus, since 2000, the export of oil products have been on the rise and it crossed US$11 billion during Oil exports have overtaken other export commodities and last year, more than one-fifth of India s export were oil-related and stood at over US$64.8 billion. Interestingly, during , India s overall exports to the Persian Gulf countries were US$55 billion whereas its total oil exports were US$64.8 billion. The oil crisis of 1973 and resultant construction boom have spurred the flow of Indian expatriate workers to the Gulf region. While there are no accurate figures, current estimates suggest the presence of around seven million Indian expatriates in the Gulf countries. They are engaged in productive employment and contribute to the economic development of host Arab countries and in the process they earn livelihood and contribute to a substantial amount to their families back home. According to the World Bank, during , India received US$68.8 billion in the form of overseas remittances from its expatriate population and out this at least US$ 32.6 billion (or 47 per cent) came from the expatriate labour force in the Gulf. Indian laws require emigration clearance for certain types of workers and this ECR requirement is mandatory for workers going to 17 countries; out of them 13 are located in the Middle East. Hence workers seeking employment in all the six GCC countries as well as in Iraq and Yemen require ECR. In terms of destination, Saudi, UAE, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain Oman, Bahrain and Iraq are the most favourable destination in that order. Because of the domestic turmoil, since 2013 no ECR has been issued to those seeking employment in Yemen. According to various estimates there over 400,000 Indian expatriate labourers in Bahrain; over 500,000 in Kuwait; 500,000 in Oman; close 4

5 to 500,000 in Qatar; 2.8 million in Saudi and 2.6 million in UAE. Estimates suggest that despite the travel advisories and civil war conditions, there were about 100,000 in Yemen during Conclusion Discussions on the economic relations between India and the GCC would not be complete recognizing the political neglect between the two. Robust economic relations were never converted to significant political engagements and Indira Gandhi was the last Indian Prime Minister to visit Kuwait and UAE in May Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visited Oman and Qatar in November 2008 and Saudi in February-March Last prime ministerial visit to Iraq took place in January 1975 when Indira Gandhi paid a state visit. Unfortunately, no Indian Prime Minister had ever visited Bahrain and also Yemen since India became independent. Therefore, political indifference to a region of considerable importance does not bode well for India s aspirations to be a responsible international actor. 5

6 Table-1: India Bahrain Bilateral Trade (in US$ million) India s Exports to Bahrain India s Imports from Bahrain Total bilateral Trade , , , , Share of Bahrain in India s Total Trade Source: P R Kumaraswamy, (ed.) Persian Gulf 2015: India s Relations with the Region (forthcoming) Table-2: Share of Oil in India s Imports from Bahrain (in US$ million) Year Oil Imports from Bahrain Total Oil Imports Bahraini Share in Total Oil Imports Imports from Bahrain Per cent of Oil in Imports from Bahrain , , , , ,

7 Table-3: India s Energy Imports from Bahrain (in US$ million) Energy Imports from Bahrain Total Energy Imports 96, , , , , Total Energy Imports from Persian Gulf 55, , , , , Share of Bahrain in Total Imports Share of Bahrain in Imports from Persian Gulf Source: P R Kumaraswamy, (ed.) Persian Gulf 2015: India s Relations with the Region (forthcoming) Table-4: Place of Persian Gulf countries among the top 25 trading partners of India during Country Ranking Imports from Exports to Total trade Percent of total trade UAE Three 29, , , Saudi Four 36, , , Iraq Nine 18, , Kuwait Eleven 17, , , Qatar Fifteen 15, , Iran Nineteen 10, , ,

8 Table-5: India-GCC Bilateral Trade (in US$ million) Country Bahrain , , , , Kuwait 9, , Oman 4, , Qatar 5, , , , , , , , , , , Saudi 21, , , , , UAE 43, , , , , Total Trade with GCC 83, , , , , India s Total Trade 467, , , , , Share in Total Trade Table-6: India s Energy Imports from GCC (in US $Million) India s Total Energy Imports 96, , , , , Energy Imports from GCC 36, , , , , Total Imports from Persian Gulf 55, , , , , GCC Share in Total Imports (in per cent) GCC Share in Imports from Persian Gulf (in per cent)

9 Table-7: Persian Gulf share in India s total imports (in US$ million) Year Total imports Imports from Persian Gulf Share per cent , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

10 Table-8: Persian Gulf share in India s total exports (in US$ million) Year Total exports Exports to Persian Gulf Share in per cent , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

11 Table-9: Trade deficit-oil import linkages Year Total exports Total imports Trade Deficit Energy imports Per cent of Oil Imports to Trade Deficit , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

12 Table-10: India s energy imports from the Persian Gulf region (in US$ million) Country Bahrain , Iran 10,048,97 11, , , , , , Iraq 6, , , , , , , Kuwait 7, , , , , , , Oman , , , , Qatar 1, , , , , , , Saudi 17, , , , , , , UAE 7, , , , , , , Yemen 1, , , Total Persian Gulf Total imports Percentage of Persian Gulf Imports to total Imports 54, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

13 Table-11: Top Five Energy Suppliers Year First Second Third Fourth Fifth Nigeria Saudi UAE Kuwait Australia Saudi Saudi Nigeria Australia Kuwait UAE Kuwait Nigeria UAE Australia Nigeria Saudi UAE Kuwait Iran Saudi Saudi Saudi Saudi Saudi Saudi Saudi Saudi Nigeria Iran Kuwait Iraq Iran UAE Nigeria Kuwait Iran UAE Kuwait Nigeria Iran Kuwait Nigeria Iraq Nigeria Kuwait UAE Iran Iraq Kuwait UAE Nigeria Iraq Kuwait UAE Qatar Iraq Kuwait Qatar Nigeria Note: Non-Gulf suppliers are identified in Italics. 13

14 Table-12: Share of oil-products in India s exports (in US$ million) Year Total exports Energy exports Share in per cent , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

15 Table-13: Share of energy in India s total foreign trade (in US$ million) Year Total trade Energy exports Energy imports Total oil Percentage of oil trade , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Trade relations between India and Gulf cooperation council countries An Empirical Study

Trade relations between India and Gulf cooperation council countries An Empirical Study Trade relations between India and Gulf cooperation council countries An Empirical Study Saeed RigiLadez Research scholar, Department of Commerce, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh, India. Mohd Asef Khan

More information

The Impact of Decline in Oil Prices on the Middle Eastern Countries

The Impact of Decline in Oil Prices on the Middle Eastern Countries The Impact of Decline in Oil Prices on the Middle Eastern Countries Dr. Shah Mehrabi Professor of Economics Montgomery College Senior Economic Consultant and Member of the Supreme Council of the Central

More information

Investigating the Geology and Geography of Oil

Investigating the Geology and Geography of Oil S t u d e n t H a n d o u t a Investigating the Geology and Geography of Oil Land Area of Oil Countries of Southwest Asia Examine the map at right. It shows the locations of 10 oil countries in Southwest

More information

Winners and Losers in the Middle East Economy Paul Rivlin

Winners and Losers in the Middle East Economy Paul Rivlin Editors: Paul Rivlin and Yitzhak Gal Assistant Editors: Teresa Harings and Gal Buyanover Vol. 2, No. 4 May 2012 Winners and Losers in the Middle East Economy Paul Rivlin The Middle East economy has been

More information

CSIS Center for Strategic and International Studies 1800 K Street N.W. Washington, DC (202)

CSIS Center for Strategic and International Studies 1800 K Street N.W. Washington, DC (202) CSIS Center for Strategic and International Studies 18 K Street N.W. Washington, DC 6 (22) 775-327 Acordesman@aol.com The US and the Middle East: Energy Dependence and Demographics Anthony H. Cordesman

More information

Definition of Key Terms

Definition of Key Terms Forum: The General Assembly 2 Issue: Student Officer: Position: The issue of remittance economies and protecting foreign worker rights Lyndsey Kong Assistant President Definition of Key Terms Remittance

More information

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE ARAB STATES

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE ARAB STATES Distr. LIMITED E/ESCWA/SDD/2007/Brochure.1 5 February 2007 ENGLISH ORIGINAL: ARABIC ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR WESTERN ASIA (ESCWA) INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE ARAB STATES United

More information

China s Trade Relations with Saudi Arabia: Performance and Prospects

China s Trade Relations with Saudi Arabia: Performance and Prospects China s Trade Relations with Saudi Arabia: Performance and Prospects ABDUL MUSVVER Ph.D (Economics), Dept. of West Asian Studies, Aligarh Muslim University Abstract From the past era, China and Saudi Arabia

More information

Press Release Political unrest in the Arab world shakes up regional economy UN report

Press Release Political unrest in the Arab world shakes up regional economy UN report Press Release Political unrest in the Arab world shakes up regional economy UN report Economies of countries experiencing unrest sapped, but higher oil prices helped exporters; expansion is declining region-wide

More information

The Gulf and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

The Gulf and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Workshop 2 The Gulf and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Workshop Directors: Prof. Tim Niblock Emeritus Professor of Middle Eastern Politics University of Exeter United Kingdom Email: T.C.Niblock@exeter.ac.uk

More information

Look East and Look West Policy. Written by Civil Services Times Magazine Monday, 12 December :34

Look East and Look West Policy. Written by Civil Services Times Magazine Monday, 12 December :34 Major feature of the post-cold war India s foreign policy is the so called Look East policy in which SE Asia and East Asia, especially the regional organisation, ASEAN, has been identified as central to

More information

GCC labour Migration governance

GCC labour Migration governance GCC labour Migration governance UNITED NATIONS EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

More information

Ministerial Consultation on Overseas Employment And Contractual Labour for Countries of Origin and Destination in Asia Abu Dhabi Dialogue

Ministerial Consultation on Overseas Employment And Contractual Labour for Countries of Origin and Destination in Asia Abu Dhabi Dialogue Ministerial Consultation on Overseas Employment And Contractual Labour for Countries of Origin and Destination in Asia Abu Dhabi Dialogue Abu Dhabi, 21-22 January 2008 Contractual Labour Mobility in Asia:

More information

Topic Page: Gulf Cooperation Council

Topic Page: Gulf Cooperation Council Topic Page: Gulf Cooperation Council Definition: Gulf Cooperation Council from Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary Economic and political organization, consisting of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar,

More information

THE QATAR DIPLOPMATIC CRISIS AND THE POLITICS OF ENERGY

THE QATAR DIPLOPMATIC CRISIS AND THE POLITICS OF ENERGY THE QATAR DIPLOPMATIC CRISIS AND THE POLITICS OF ENERGY The prolongation of the diplomatic crisis between Qatar and its Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) allies which saw Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain, and

More information

The Future of Saudi Price Discrimination: The Effect of Russian Production Increases

The Future of Saudi Price Discrimination: The Effect of Russian Production Increases The Future of Saudi Price Discrimination: The Effect of Russian Production Increases Amy Myers Jaffe Wallace Wilson Fellow for Energy Studies James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy Ronald Soligo

More information

The GCC and Australia

The GCC and Australia Workshop 4 The GCC and Australia Workshop Directors: Steven Wright Associate Professor College of Arts and Sciences Qatar University Qatar Email: swright@qu.edu.qa Matthew Gray Associate Professor School

More information

Trends in international migration and remittance flows: Case of Bangladesh

Trends in international migration and remittance flows: Case of Bangladesh J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 7(2): 387 394, 2009 ISSN 1810-3030 Trends in international migration and remittance flows: Case of Bangladesh K. S. Farid, L. Mozumdar, M. S. Kabir and K. B. Hossain 1 Department

More information

New Energy Fuels Japan's Diplomacy: From the Middle East to Central Asia

New Energy Fuels Japan's Diplomacy: From the Middle East to Central Asia The Asia-Pacific Journal Japan Focus Volume 5 Issue 5 May 02, 2007 New Energy Fuels Japan's Diplomacy: From the Middle East to Central Asia Hisane MASAKI New Energy Fuels Japan's Diplomacy: From the Middle

More information

hereinafter referred to collectively as ''the Parties," and individually as "a Party":

hereinafter referred to collectively as ''the Parties, and individually as a Party: FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT FOR TRADE, ECONOMIC, INVESTMENT AND TECHNICAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE COOPERATION COUNCIL FOR THE ARAB STATES OF THE GULF AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA The Cooperation

More information

Impact of Low Oil Prices and Recalibration of U.S. Policy Jean-François Seznec

Impact of Low Oil Prices and Recalibration of U.S. Policy Jean-François Seznec Middle East Institute MEI Policy Focus 2016-1 Impact of Low Oil Prices and Recalibration of U.S. Policy Jean-François Seznec The Middle East and the 2016 Presidential Elections series January 2016 Professor

More information

Pravasi Bharatiya Divas

Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Pravasi Bharatiya Divas What is Pravasi Bharthiya Divas? Pravasi Bharatiya Divas is celebrated in India on 9 January every other year (every year before 2016) to mark the contribution of the overseas Indian

More information

A common currency area for the Gulf region

A common currency area for the Gulf region A common currency area for the Gulf region Muhammad Al-Jasser and Abdulrahman Al-Hamidy 1 Creation of a common currency area has been one of the cherished goals of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

More information

THE INNOVATION LANDSCAPE IN THE ARAB COUNTRIES

THE INNOVATION LANDSCAPE IN THE ARAB COUNTRIES THE INNOVATION LANDSCAPE IN THE ARAB COUNTRIES Economic And Social Commission For Western Asia Nibal Idlebi Chief of Innovation Section Capacity Building Workshop on Innovation Policies for SDGs in the

More information

THE ROLE OF UNIVERSITIES IN SHAPING THE YOUNG ARAB WORLD. Christopher Vas Griffith University

THE ROLE OF UNIVERSITIES IN SHAPING THE YOUNG ARAB WORLD. Christopher Vas Griffith University THE ROLE OF UNIVERSITIES IN SHAPING THE YOUNG ARAB WORLD Christopher Vas Griffith University Overview of the presentation Key facts of the region People in the GCC Education system Arabs and international

More information

Ministerial Consultation On Overseas Employment and Contractual Labour for Countries of Origin and Destination in Asia

Ministerial Consultation On Overseas Employment and Contractual Labour for Countries of Origin and Destination in Asia Ministerial Consultation On Overseas Employment and Contractual Labour for Countries of Origin and Destination in Asia The Abu Dhabi Dialogue Abu Dhabi, 21-22 January 2008 Theme: Contractual labour mobility

More information

Demographic Changes in the GCC Countries: Reflection and Future Projection

Demographic Changes in the GCC Countries: Reflection and Future Projection Models and Systems of Elderly Care Demographic Changes in the GCC Countries: Reflection and Future Projection Abdulrazak Abyad A. Abyad, MD, MPH, MBA, DBA, AGSF, AFCHSE CEO, Abyad Medical Center, Lebanon.

More information

On the Surge of Inequality in the Mediterranean Region. Chahir Zaki Cairo University and Economic Research Forum

On the Surge of Inequality in the Mediterranean Region. Chahir Zaki Cairo University and Economic Research Forum On the Surge of Inequality in the Mediterranean Region Chahir Zaki chahir.zaki@feps.edu.eg Cairo University and Economic Research Forum A tale of three regions Resource poor countries Djibouti, Egypt,

More information

India Development Indicators. aged years (per 1 000) Remittances received to GDP, 2010

India Development Indicators. aged years (per 1 000) Remittances received to GDP, 2010 India 1 Development Indicators Population, 2011 (in 1 000) Population growth rate, 2010 1 210 193 1.3 1.7 Total fertility rate, 2009 Percentage urban, 2010 Net migration rate, 2005 2010 (per 1 000) 2.7

More information

Middle East and Central Asia Regional Economic Outlook. Learning To Live With Cheaper Oil Amid Weaker Demand. January 2015 Update

Middle East and Central Asia Regional Economic Outlook. Learning To Live With Cheaper Oil Amid Weaker Demand. January 2015 Update 1/22/215 Middle East and Central Asia Regional Economic Outlook Learning To Live With Cheaper Oil Amid Weaker Demand January 215 Update Outline Recent Global Developments and Implications for the Region

More information

Migrant remittances is a way for Bangladesh to march toward a developed country through socio - economic development

Migrant remittances is a way for Bangladesh to march toward a developed country through socio - economic development 2015; 2(3): 01-07 IJMRD 2015; 2(3): 01-07 www.allsubjectjournal.com Impact factor: 3.672 Received: 15-02-2015 Accepted: 27-02-2015 E-ISSN: 2349-4182 P-ISSN: 2349-5979 Malaya Tashbeen Barnamala Senior Lecturer,

More information

Sima Baidya. Dissent in the Land of Arab (New Delhi: Academic Excellence, 2007).

Sima Baidya. Dissent in the Land of Arab (New Delhi: Academic Excellence, 2007). Profile Sima Baidya Sima Baidya is an Assistant Professor under the Gulf Studies Programme in the Centre for West Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi,

More information

The Belt and Road Initiatives and China-GCC Relations. Xuming QIAN. Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai, China

The Belt and Road Initiatives and China-GCC Relations. Xuming QIAN. Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai, China International Relations and Diplomacy, November 2017, Vol. 5, No. 11, 687-693 doi: 10.17265/2328-2134/2017.11.005 D DAVID PUBLISHING The Belt and Road Initiatives and China-GCC Relations Xuming QIAN Shanghai

More information

Africa s Petroleum Industry

Africa s Petroleum Industry Africa s Petroleum Industry Presented to the symposium on Africa: Vital to U.S. Security? David L. Goldwyn Goldwyn International Strategies November 15, 2005 Report Documentation Page Form Approved OMB

More information

Exploring Economic Relations between China and the GCC States

Exploring Economic Relations between China and the GCC States Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies (in Asia) Vol. 5, No. 4, 2011 Exploring Economic Relations between China and the GCC States CHEN Mo 1 (Institute of West Asian and African Studies, Chinese

More information

Middle East. Middle East Arabic and/or Islamic

Middle East. Middle East Arabic and/or Islamic Middle East Ms Pauline Nunan Regional Manager, Middle East pnunan@unimelb.edu.au Middle East Arabic and/or Islamic 1 Snapshot of ME Birthplace of major religions Judaism, Christianity and Islam Historical

More information

Single Windows and Arab Regional Integration

Single Windows and Arab Regional Integration Single Windows and Arab Regional Integration Adel Alghaberi Régional Intégration Section Economic Development & Integration Division UN ESCWA SWC2016 Introduction The Arab region needs all kinds of at

More information

EXPORT CONTROL OFFICER. EXPORT CONTROL OFFICER (ECO) Panel Discussion. Todd Willis Assistant Director Office of Enforcement Analysis CHINA

EXPORT CONTROL OFFICER. EXPORT CONTROL OFFICER (ECO) Panel Discussion. Todd Willis Assistant Director Office of Enforcement Analysis CHINA EXPORT CONTROL OFFICER (ECO) Panel Discussion Todd Willis Assistant Director Office of Enforcement Analysis CHINA EXPORT CONTROL OFFICER BEIJING, CHINA COUNTRY OVERVIEW Largest population (1.3 billion)

More information

Contributions of, and Issues Faced by, Japanese Companies in UAE Economic. Development: A Comparison with South Korea

Contributions of, and Issues Faced by, Japanese Companies in UAE Economic. Development: A Comparison with South Korea Contributions of, and Issues Faced by, Japanese Companies in UAE Economic Development: A Comparison with South Korea Jun Saito 1. Introduction South Korean companies have expanded their presence in the

More information

Qatar diplomatic crisis what you need to know

Qatar diplomatic crisis what you need to know Qatar diplomatic crisis what you need to know Doha is a huge investor in overseas markets, and has committed to spending 5bn in the UK in the run-up to Brexit. Photograph: Kamran Jebreili/AP Patrick Wintour

More information

India Labour Migration Update 2018

India Labour Migration Update 2018 India Labour Migration Update 218 Overview 1 India is a major country of origin and transit, 2 as well as a popular destination, for workers across international borders. 3 As per official figures, there

More information

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix Statistical Appendix The IMF s Middle East and Central Asia Department (MCD) countries and territories comprise Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Georgia, Iran, Iraq,

More information

Regional prospects: Western Asia Project LINK Meeting Yasuhisa Yamamoto October 20, 2016

Regional prospects: Western Asia Project LINK Meeting Yasuhisa Yamamoto October 20, 2016 Regional prospects: Western Asia Project LINK Meeting 2016 Yasuhisa Yamamoto October 20, 2016 Western Asia: Major influencing factors Continuing armed violence/conflicts in the region Low oil prices Fed

More information

Economic Diversification in GCC Economies: A Heaven for Investors

Economic Diversification in GCC Economies: A Heaven for Investors International Journal of Economics and Finance; Vol. 8, No. 4; 2016 ISSN 1916-971X E-ISSN 1916-9728 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education Economic Diversification in GCC Economies: A Heaven

More information

CHAPTER X FOREIGN TRADE

CHAPTER X FOREIGN TRADE CHAPTER X FOREIGN TRADE Chapter X: Foreign Trade This chapter provides data on foreign trade for ESCWA member countries in United States dollars. Data were primarily collected from national sources. Table

More information

ZOGBY INTERNATIONAL. Arab Gulf Business Leaders Look to the Future. Written by: James Zogby, Senior Analyst. January Zogby International

ZOGBY INTERNATIONAL. Arab Gulf Business Leaders Look to the Future. Written by: James Zogby, Senior Analyst. January Zogby International ZOGBY INTERNATIONAL Arab Gulf Business Leaders Look to the Future Written by: James Zogby, Senior Analyst January 2006 2006 Zogby International INTRODUCTION Significant developments are taking place in

More information

CHAPTER II LABOUR FORCE

CHAPTER II LABOUR FORCE CHAPTER II LABOUR FORCE Chapter II: Labour force This chapter introduces working age populations, by gender, and their relation with labour force in ESCWA member countries during the period 2000-. Data

More information

ABSTRACT. The study Oil, Industrialization and Development. study the above aspects in the GCC countries. It analyzes

ABSTRACT. The study Oil, Industrialization and Development. study the above aspects in the GCC countries. It analyzes ABSTRACT The study Oil, Industrialization and Development in the GCC countries is a modest attempt to objectively study the above aspects in the GCC countries. It analyzes the historical and political

More information

Report. Iran's Foreign Policy Following the Nuclear Argreement and the Advent of Trump: Priorities and Future Directions.

Report. Iran's Foreign Policy Following the Nuclear Argreement and the Advent of Trump: Priorities and Future Directions. Report Iran's Foreign Policy Following the Nuclear Argreement and the Advent of Trump: Priorities and Future Directions Fatima Al-Smadi* 20 May 2017 Al Jazeera Centre for Studies Tel: +974 40158384 jcforstudies@aljazeera.net

More information

MIGRATION POLICIES OF INDIA AND THE GULF COUNTRIES

MIGRATION POLICIES OF INDIA AND THE GULF COUNTRIES CHAPTER-III MIGRATION POLICIES OF INDIA AND THE GULF COUNTRIES Though, the presence of Indians was marked in the Gulf in 1930s, but the massive inflow was seen in 1970s with the oil boom. This large scale

More information

Bangladesh. Development Indicators. aged years, (per 1 000) Per capita GDP, 2009 (at current prices in US Dollars)

Bangladesh. Development Indicators. aged years, (per 1 000) Per capita GDP, 2009 (at current prices in US Dollars) Bangladesh 1 Development Indicators Population, 2010 (in 1 000) Population growth rate, 2010 Growth rate of population aged 15 39 years, 2005 2010 148 692 1.1 1.7 Total fertility rate, 2009 Percentage

More information

The Qatar-Gulf Rift: Impacts on the Migrant Community

The Qatar-Gulf Rift: Impacts on the Migrant Community INSTITUTE OF STRATEGIC STUDIES web: www.issi.org.pk phone: +92-920-4423, 24 fax: +92-920-4658 Issue Brief (Views expressed in the brief are those of the author, and do not represent those of ISSI) The

More information

1. OIL DEMAND. Why the world worries about oil prices. IMF World Economic Outlook, Sept. 2003, Chapter 1

1. OIL DEMAND. Why the world worries about oil prices. IMF World Economic Outlook, Sept. 2003, Chapter 1 Lessons 5&6: Oil 1. Demand 2. Supply 3. Shifting market power monopsony to monopoly 4. Leadup to the 1973 Crisis 5. The 1973 Crisis 6. The 1980s 7. The Gulf Wars 1. OIL DEMAND Why the world worries about

More information

Bulletin. SABA ip. In this Issue: KSA. Bahrain. Qatar. Yemen. Ethiopia. Middle East. GCC Trademark Law Published

Bulletin. SABA ip. In this Issue: KSA. Bahrain. Qatar. Yemen. Ethiopia. Middle East. GCC Trademark Law Published July 2014 Issue 7 In this Issue: KSA GCC Trademark Law Published Bahrain New Requirements for Patent Applications Qatar Legalization Dropped, Certification Suffices Yemen Accession to the World Trade Organization

More information

The Resource Curse. Simply put, OPEC members saw per capita income decline by 35% between 1965 and 1998,

The Resource Curse. Simply put, OPEC members saw per capita income decline by 35% between 1965 and 1998, * Gylfason, Lessons from the Dutch disease: Causes, treatment, and cures in Paradox of Plenty: The Management of Oil Wealth, Report 12/02, ECON, Centre for Economic Analysis, Oslo, 2002. The Resource Curse

More information

Regional Consultation on International Migration in the Arab Region

Regional Consultation on International Migration in the Arab Region Distr. LIMITED RC/Migration/2017/Brief.1 4 September 2017 Advance copy Regional Consultation on International Migration in the Arab Region In preparation for the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular

More information

Overview of Prevailing Conditions Surge of geopolitical developments across the Middle East Brisk Concurrent Unsolved and kinetic Dysfunction of tradi

Overview of Prevailing Conditions Surge of geopolitical developments across the Middle East Brisk Concurrent Unsolved and kinetic Dysfunction of tradi 2 nd IEEJ / APERC Join International Energy Symposium Global Governance, Energy, and the Middle East Koichiro Tanaka @Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University @JIME Center, Institute of

More information

Hashmat Suddat s Struggle UNHCR When they handed out the envelope with our acceptance, when they said the word "refugee," tears came to my eyes.

Hashmat Suddat s Struggle UNHCR When they handed out the envelope with our acceptance, when they said the word refugee, tears came to my eyes. Hashmat Suddat s Struggle UNHCR When they handed out the envelope with our acceptance, when they said the word "refugee," tears came to my eyes. This means we really have to leave Afghanistan now. It's

More information

A Sustained Period of Low Oil Prices? Back to the 1980s? Oil Price Collapse in 1986 It was preceded by a period of high oil prices. Resulted in global

A Sustained Period of Low Oil Prices? Back to the 1980s? Oil Price Collapse in 1986 It was preceded by a period of high oil prices. Resulted in global Geopolitical Developments in the Middle East 10 Years in the Future Dr. Steven Wright Associate Professor Associate Dean Qatar University A Sustained Period of Low Oil Prices? Back to the 1980s? Oil Price

More information

Global Economic Prospects. Managing the Next Wave of Globalization

Global Economic Prospects. Managing the Next Wave of Globalization Global Economic Prospects Managing the Next Wave of Globalization 2007 REGIONAL ECONOMIC PROSPECTS Middle East and North Africa regional prospects 5 Recent developments Thanks to oil revenues surging in

More information

India s New Look West Asia Policy

India s New Look West Asia Policy 10 December, 2014 India s New Look West Asia Policy Dr. Fazzur Rahman Siddiqui* The omission of West Asia and North Africa (WANA) in President Pranab Mukherjee s address during the joint session of Parliament

More information

Constructing One Belt and One Road and Enhancing the China-GCC Cooperation

Constructing One Belt and One Road and Enhancing the China-GCC Cooperation Constructing One Belt and One Road and Enhancing the China-GCC Cooperation WU Sike 1 (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, People s Republic of China) Abstract: China and the Middle East are located in the east

More information

I. LEVELS AND TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT STOCK

I. LEVELS AND TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT STOCK I. LEVELS AND TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT STOCK A. INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT STOCK BY DEVELOPMENT GROUP The Population Division estimates that, worldwide, there were 214.2 million international migrants

More information

The EU-GCC Partnership: Security and Policy Challenges

The EU-GCC Partnership: Security and Policy Challenges Al-JISR PROJECT EU-GCC Al Jisr Project ô ù G hô ûe The EU-GCC Partnership: Security and Policy Challenges Al-Jisr Project on EU-GCC Public Diplomacy and Outreach Michael Bauer, Christian-Peter Hanelt,

More information

IPS Survey of Iranian Public Opinion on its Nuclear Program, Recognition of Israel, Relations with the US, and the Removal of Sanctions

IPS Survey of Iranian Public Opinion on its Nuclear Program, Recognition of Israel, Relations with the US, and the Removal of Sanctions Institute for Policy and Strategy (IPS) IDC Herzliya IPS Survey of Iranian Public Opinion on its Nuclear Program, Recognition of Israel, Relations with the US, and the Removal of Sanctions Prof. Alex Mintz

More information

ANNEX 3. MEASUREMENT OF THE ARAB COUNTRIES KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY (BASED ON THE METHODOLOGY OF THE WORLD BANK)*

ANNEX 3. MEASUREMENT OF THE ARAB COUNTRIES KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY (BASED ON THE METHODOLOGY OF THE WORLD BANK)* ANNEX 3. MEASUREMENT OF THE ARAB COUNTRIES KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY (BASED ON THE METHODOLOGY OF THE WORLD BANK)* The World Bank uses the Knowledge Assessment Methodology with the object of measuring and analysing

More information

International Relations GS SCORE. Indian Foreign Relations development under PM Modi

International Relations GS SCORE. Indian Foreign Relations development under PM Modi International Relations This booklet consist of the following Chapters: Chapter: 1 - India's Foreign Policy Framework Evolution of India s Foreign Policy Panchsheel NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) Cold War

More information

Update on Regional Activities

Update on Regional Activities UNWTO Commission for the Middle East Forty- third meeting Chengdu, People s Republic of China, 12 September, 2017 (09:30-12:00) CME/43/7 Rev.1 Madrid, August 2017 Original: English Update on Regional Activities

More information

Investment and Business Environment in the Arab World

Investment and Business Environment in the Arab World Investment and Business Environment in the Arab World Tarik H. Alami Director, a.i. Economic Development and Globalization Division United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UN-ESCWA)

More information

GCC An Overview on Economic Trends Dr. Nasser Saidi Chief Economist, DIFC Authority

GCC An Overview on Economic Trends Dr. Nasser Saidi Chief Economist, DIFC Authority GCC An Overview on Economic Trends Dr. Nasser Saidi Chief Economist, DIFC Authority 6 th Annual Conference on Trade Treasury and Cash Management in the Middle East Dubai, 12 March 2008 Sub-Prime Blues

More information

NO. 4. From Emerging Market to Emerging Power: Rethinking Sweden s India Policy. Henrik Chetan Aspengren. Key points

NO. 4. From Emerging Market to Emerging Power: Rethinking Sweden s India Policy. Henrik Chetan Aspengren. Key points NO. 4 2018 PUBLISHED BY THE SWEDISH INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS. WWW.UI.SE From Emerging Market to Emerging Power: Rethinking Sweden s India Policy Henrik Chetan Aspengren Key points Prime Minister

More information

Higher Education, R&D, Economic Development, Regional and Global Interface

Higher Education, R&D, Economic Development, Regional and Global Interface HED/POL/2007/PI/27 Higher Education, R&D, Economic Development, Regional and Global Interface B. Zahlan Presented at the Regional Seminar The Impact of Globalization on Higher Education and Research in

More information

Recent Trends of International Migration and Remittance Flows: An Empirical Evidence of Bangladesh.

Recent Trends of International Migration and Remittance Flows: An Empirical Evidence of Bangladesh. IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance (IOSR-JEF) e-issn: 2321-5933, p-issn: 2321-5925.Volume 2, Issue 5 (Jan. 2014), PP 16-23 Recent Trends of International Migration and Remittance Flows: An Empirical

More information

INDIAN MIGRATNTS TO GULF: The Kerala Experience. S Irudaya Rajan Research Unit on International Migration Centre for Development Studies

INDIAN MIGRATNTS TO GULF: The Kerala Experience. S Irudaya Rajan Research Unit on International Migration Centre for Development Studies INDIAN MIGRATNTS TO GULF: The Kerala Experience S Irudaya Rajan Research Unit on International Migration Centre for Development Studies INTRODUCTION India, one of the largest manpowerexporting countries

More information

GCC Economic Integration

GCC Economic Integration GCC Economic Integration References Rutledge, Chapters 1 & 4 Topics addressed» GCC economic integration progress to date» Why integrate?» Recent intra GCC trade and investment trends» Setbacks to GCC economic

More information

March 7, Second Annual ASDA A Burson-Marsteller Arab Youth Survey

March 7, Second Annual ASDA A Burson-Marsteller Arab Youth Survey March 7, Second Annual ASDA A Burson-Marsteller Arab Youth Survey OBJECTIVES The study was commissioned in October 9 to focus on attitudes among Arab national and expatriate youth aged 8- in nine Middle

More information

arabyouthsurvey.com #arabyouthsurvey April 21, 2015

arabyouthsurvey.com #arabyouthsurvey April 21, 2015 arabyouthsurvey.com April 21, 2015 ABOUT THE SURVEY 3,500 face-to-face interviews conducted by Penn Schoen Berland (PSB) Arab youth in the age group of 18-24 years Country nationals only Sample split 50:50

More information

India and China at Sea: Competition for Naval Dominance in the Indian Ocean

India and China at Sea: Competition for Naval Dominance in the Indian Ocean SADF COMMENT 13 February 2018 Issue n 116 ISSN 2406-5617 India and China at Sea: Competition for Naval Dominance in the Indian Ocean David Brewster Dr. David Brewster is a senior analyst with the National

More information

Trade Facilitation Agreement

Trade Facilitation Agreement Trade Facilitation Agreement implementation in the GCC: Charles Julien, Counsel, White & Case LLP Agenda Challenges and expectations vis à vis implementation of the Trade Facilitation Agreement in the

More information

Trade and Security: The Two Sides of US-Indian Relations

Trade and Security: The Two Sides of US-Indian Relations Trade and Security: The Two Sides of US-Indian Relations New Delhi is a valuable partner to Washington on one but not the other. Allison Fedirka August 13, 2018 Trade and Security: The Two Sides of US-Indian

More information

Discussion paper Christian-Peter Hanelt and Almut Möller

Discussion paper Christian-Peter Hanelt and Almut Möller Security Situation in the Gulf Region Involving Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia as Regional Powers. Policy Recommendations for the European Union and the International Community Discussion paper Christian-Peter

More information

Policy Frameworks to Accelerate Poverty Reduction Efforts

Policy Frameworks to Accelerate Poverty Reduction Efforts Policy Frameworks to Accelerate Poverty Reduction Efforts Khalid Abu Ismail Economic Development and Integration Division 1. Two competing narratives Pillars of conventional wisdom on Arab development

More information

Revealed Comparative Advantage of GCC Economies

Revealed Comparative Advantage of GCC Economies International Journal of Economics and Finance; Vol. 10, No. 10; 2018 ISSN 1916-971X E-ISSN 1916-9728 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education Revealed Comparative Advantage of GCC Economies

More information

Recent developments. Note: This section is prepared by Lei Sandy Ye. Research assistance is provided by Julia Roseman. 1

Recent developments. Note: This section is prepared by Lei Sandy Ye. Research assistance is provided by Julia Roseman. 1 Growth in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is projected to pick up to 3 percent in 2018 from 1.6 percent in 2017 as oil exporters ease fiscal adjustments amid firming oil prices. The region

More information

Why Saudi Arabia? Page 1 of 9. Why Saudi Arabia? Trade Relationship Between The Two Kingdoms

Why Saudi Arabia? Page 1 of 9. Why Saudi Arabia? Trade Relationship Between The Two Kingdoms Why Saudi Arabia? Page 1 of 9 Why Saudi Arabia? Trade Relationship Between The Two Kingdoms Saudi - UK relations have always been important to both economies and continue to be so. The Kingdom is the UK's

More information

Migrant Transfers in the MENA Region: A Two Way Street in Which Traffic is Changing

Migrant Transfers in the MENA Region: A Two Way Street in Which Traffic is Changing Migrant Transfers in the MENA Region: A Two Way Street in Which Traffic is Changing GEORGE NAUFAL * and CARLOS VARGAS-SILVA ** Abstract: While remittances from GCC countries to Asia slowed down during

More information

Kurshed Alam CHOWDHURY Director General BMET

Kurshed Alam CHOWDHURY Director General BMET SINGLE YEAR EXPERT MEETING ON MAXIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT IMPACT OF REMITTANCES Geneva, 14 15 February 2011 MAXIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT IMPACT OF REMITTANCES IN BANGLADESH By Kurshed Alam CHOWDHURY Director

More information

The Impact of Global Economic Crisis on Migrant Workers in Middle East

The Impact of Global Economic Crisis on Migrant Workers in Middle East 2012 2 nd International Conference on Economics, Trade and Development IPEDR vol.36 (2012) (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore The Impact of Global Economic Crisis on Migrant Workers in Middle East 1 H.R.Uma

More information

Has Saudi Arabia Been a Positive Influence in the Middle East?

Has Saudi Arabia Been a Positive Influence in the Middle East? Has Saudi Arabia Been a Positive Influence in the Middle East? Published: February 19, 2004 SUSRIS Editor s Note: This article originally appeared in History in Dispute, Volume 14, The Middle East Since

More information

GCC Countries. Chapter 3. Development Economics GCC Dr. Mohammed Alwosabi. Dr. Mohammed Alwosabi. Characteristics of GCC States

GCC Countries. Chapter 3. Development Economics GCC Dr. Mohammed Alwosabi. Dr. Mohammed Alwosabi. Characteristics of GCC States Characteristics of GCC States Chapter 3 GCC Countries Dr. Mohammed Alwosabi The Arab Gulf States of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates are an integral part of the wider

More information

Declaration of Cooperation. OPEC and non-opec

Declaration of Cooperation. OPEC and non-opec Declaration of Cooperation OPEC and non-opec 10 December 2016 30 November 2017 Declaration of Cooperation OPEC and non-opec cooperation: An idea whose time has come. Algeria Angola Ecuador Equatorial Guinea

More information

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR WESTERN ASIA (ESCWA) PROSPECTS FOR SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION IN THE ESCWA REGION. United Nations

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR WESTERN ASIA (ESCWA) PROSPECTS FOR SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION IN THE ESCWA REGION. United Nations ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR WESTERN ASIA (ESCWA) PROSPECTS FOR SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION IN THE ESCWA REGION United Nations Distr. GENERAL E/ESCWA/EDGD/2011/4 22 August 2011 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH ECONOMIC

More information

IMBALANCE FACTORS IN THE ARAB WORLD: CONFLICTS AND NATURAL WEALTH DEVALUATION

IMBALANCE FACTORS IN THE ARAB WORLD: CONFLICTS AND NATURAL WEALTH DEVALUATION IMBALANCE FACTORS IN THE ARAB WORLD: CONFLICTS AND NATURAL WEALTH DEVALUATION RALUCA IOANA OPREA PH. D. STUDENT, LUCIAN BLAGA UNIVERSITY OF SIBIU, ROMANIA, e-mail: raluca.neagu@ulbsibiu.ro / ralucaioana.oprea@gmail.com

More information

COUNTRY OPERATIONS PLAN. Country: Saudi Arabia

COUNTRY OPERATIONS PLAN. Country: Saudi Arabia COUNTRY OPERATIONS PLAN Country: Saudi Arabia Planning Year: 2004 Country Operations Plan UNHCR Regional Office in Saudi Arabia 1 January 31 December 2004 Executive Summary Context and Beneficiary Population

More information

India s African Engagement (ARI)

India s African Engagement (ARI) India s African Engagement (ARI) Peter Kragelund * Theme: The April 2008 India-Africa Forum Summit not only marked the zenith of India- African cooperation following intensified cultural, political and

More information

Report to the UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ezeilo Presented by the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women

Report to the UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ezeilo Presented by the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women Report to the UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ezeilo Presented by the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women 7 November 2008 As per the request of the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking

More information

SR: Has the unfolding of the Dubai World debt problem in the UAE hampered broader growth prospects for the region?

SR: Has the unfolding of the Dubai World debt problem in the UAE hampered broader growth prospects for the region? Interview with Dr Georges Corm Al Jazeera Centre for Studies Tel: +974-4930181 Fax: +974-4831346 jcforstudies@aljazeera.net www.aljazeera.net/studies April 2010 Dr. Georges Corm is a globally distinguished

More information

THE DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE ARAB COUNTRIES

THE DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE ARAB COUNTRIES Distr. LIMITED E/ESCWA/SDD/2013/Technical paper.14 24 December 2013 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR WESTERN ASIA (ESCWA) THE DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE ARAB COUNTRIES New York, 2013

More information

OPPORTUNITIES IN ASIA

OPPORTUNITIES IN ASIA PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS OPPORTUNITIES IN ASIA OCTOBER 2016 www.britishcouncil.org PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS OPPORTUNITIES FOR UK QUALIFICATIONS IN PAKISTAN www.britishcouncil.org PAKISTAN - OUTLOOK

More information