Warm Up. 1 Why is Monroe s presidency referred to as The Era of Good Feeling :

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1 Warm Up 1 Why is Monroe s presidency referred to as The Era of Good Feeling : 2 What factors led to the end of the Federalist Party during the of 1816? 3 List and explain two causes of division between north & south during the presidency of James Monroe 4 What is the purpose of the American System? 5 Explain how each of the three parts of the American System was designed to promote unity:

2 The Presidency of James Monroe ( ) ì An Era of Good [and some very bad] Feelings

3 The Monroe Administration I. James Monroe s presidency marked the era of good feeling in the USA A. Economically successful, no world conflicts, no major problems II. However two regions within USA were beginning to divide over social and economic differences A. North vs. South/ Free vs. Slave / Industry vs. Agriculture III. Much of Monroe s presidency was spent trying to reconnect the dividing USA and prevent a possible Civil War A. American System / Missouri Compromise

4 The Election of 1820

5 The Growing West I. After the Revolutionary War the USA began moving westward to new lands II. Nine new states joined the USA between 1791 & 1819 A. They had been admitted alternately free and slave B. This maintained a sectional balance in Congress C. Equal number of free & slave states meant neither could become too powerful The Growth West Animation

6 Reasons for Westward Expansion I. US army defeated many Native American tribes clearing the way for new settlements II. Improved transportation methods westward A. Cumberland Road à connected Baltimore to St. Louis (east to west) B. Invention of the steamboat in 1811 made water travel easier & faster C. Canals (Eire) allowed for increased trade between west and east III. The west offered Americans opportunity to own land and start a new life

7 The Growing West

8 The Growing Divide I. New lands from the Louisiana Purchase began requesting to become states II. III. Missouri asked Congress to enter the United States in 1819 The new addition of states would upset the delicate balance between slave and free states A. Need to have the same number of free/slave states to keep both sides happy

9 The Missouri Compromise I. Henry Clay negotiated a compromise to prevent conflict II. The Missouri Compromise: A. Missouri was admitted as a slave state B. Maine was admitted as a free state i. Kept the sectional balance between slave & free states C. Slavery was prohibited north of 36º 30' latitude line, that was the southern border of Missouri III. Compromise was largely accepted by both sides A. South got Missouri another slave state B. North could forbid slavery in the territories above the 36º 30' line & got Maine

10 The Missouri Compromise

11 Do Now I. Complete the map on the Missouri Compromise

12 Missouri Compromise

13 Monroe Foreign Policy ì

14 Monroe s Foreign Policy I. James Monroe will not only attack domestic issues but foreign relation problems as well A. Improved Relations with Great Britain i. Rush-Bagot Agreement ii. Convention Treaty of 1818 B. Florida Acquisition C. Monroe Doctrine

15 Foreign Policy Rush-Bagot Treaty (1818) I. Most assumed that the USA would have a 3 rd war with Great Britain II. Rush-Bagot Treaty eliminated naval & military boats from the Great Lakes A. No boats = no war B. Solved the border issues with G.B. & USA C. No more wars between the two

16 Foreign Policy Treaty of 1818 I. Signed between the USA and Great Britain II. Fixed the American-Canadian border at the 49th Parallel III. Both nations would jointly own the Oregon Territory for 10 years IV. Ended hostilities between USA & G.B.

17

18 Foreign Policy Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) I. Spain did not police Florida and it became a safe place for criminals & hostile Native Americans A. These groups attacked the USA and retreat into Florida where Spanish government did nothing B. USA wants to control Florida to stop these problems II. Spain and USA agree to the Adams-Onis Treaty A. Spain ceded (gives) the USA Florida B. USA pays Spain 5 million dollars for Florida

19 The New United States

20 The Monroe Doctrine I. The United States now controls a large of North America. A. Pinckney s Treaty, Louisiana Purchase, Treaty of 1818, Rush-Bagot Agreement, Adams-Onis Treaty II. James Monroe feels the need to protect American interests from European III. James Monroe issues the Monroe Doctrine warning European to KEEP OUT of the Americas à America is for Americans

21 Foreign Policy Monroe Doctrine (1823) I. The Monroe Doctrine was part of his annual message to Congress and warned European nations: Western Hemisphere is closed to further European Colonization B. European attempts to colonize would be viewed negatively by USA C. The USA will not interference with existing colonies European nations have D. U. S. would stay out of European affairs A.

22 Foreign Policy after the War of 1812

23 Monroe Doctrine

24

25

26 The Presidency of James Monroe I. Growth of I. Economic Panic of 1819 II. Sedled border disputes with Great Britain II. Growing divide between north & south III. American System created to unite the III. Issue over the expansion of slavery is not solved IV. Missouri Compromise held north & south together V. Monroe Doctrine protects American territories IV. The USA is barely staying together ager the presidency of James Monroe

27 Do Now 1) Create a picture & two sentences on the following vocabulary words for James Monroe: A. B. Era of Good Feeling: C. The American System: D. Missouri Compromise: E. Adams-Onis Treaty: F. Rush-Bagot Agreement or Treaty of 1818 (pick one) G. Monroe Doctrine:

Chapter 9 A New National Identity The Big Idea The United States peacefully settled disputes with foreign powers. Holt McDougal,

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