1 America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 5 The Constitution of the United States ( ) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved.
2 Government by the States Chapter 5, Section 1 Describe the early government of the United States. What were some reasons for opposition to the Articles of Confederation? What were the causes and effects of Shays Rebellion?
3 Early Government: Articles of Confederation Chapter 5, Section 1 In the years following the Revolution, Americans thought of themselves as citizens of individual states, not of a common nation. The United States was not a nation as much as it was a confederation, an alliance of separate governments that work together. State governments had more power than the national government. Individual state constitutions were important during this period. A constitution is a plan of government that describes the different parts of the government and their duties and powers. In 1777, the Continental Congress adopted a set of laws to govern the United States. These laws were called the Articles of Confederation. Approved in 1781, the Articles established a limited national government, in which most of the power lay with the states. WHY CREATE THIS TYPE OF GOVERNMENT?
4 The Articles of Confederation Compared and contrasted to today s national government Chapter 5, Section 1 Today s National Government Consists of three branches of government: The legislative branch, or Congress, is responsible for making laws. The executive branch, headed by the President, executes, or puts into action, laws passed by Congress. The judicial branch is made up of the courts and judges who interpret and apply the laws. The judicial branch forms a national court system. Congress has the power to tax. The Articles of Confederation Consisted of only one branch of government: the legislative branch, or Congress. Congress carried out the duties of both the legislative and executive branches. No national court system existed. Congress could declare war and borrow money, but lacked the power to tax. Unanimous vote of the states needed to amend the constitutional structure. ALL POWER WAS WITH THE STATES! 13 LITTLE COUNTRIES!
5 Opposition to the Articles Chapter 5, Section 1 Americans generally agreed that their new nation should be a democracy, a government by the people. Specifically, they desired a republic, a government run by the people through their elected representatives. Economic Problems Concerns About Weak Government Huge amounts of public and private debt were creating economic chaos in the new republic. Many upper-class critics of the Articles felt that this problem was due to citizens having too much power in their state legislatures. A group called the Nationalists felt that a weak national government could not keep order. They argued that European history had demonstrated that people were not naturally wise enough to have so much power over their own affairs. The Annapolis Convention In 1786, Nationalists held a conference in Annapolis, Maryland, to discuss economic problems. Although the conference itself accomplished little, delegates agreed to call another convention in Philadelphia in 1787.
6 Shays Rebellion Chapter 5, Section 1 Causes of Shays Rebellion In order to help pay off its large debts, Massachusetts passed the heaviest direct tax ever. This tax had to be paid in specie, gold or silver coin, rather than paper money. A group of farmers led by Daniel Shays rebelled against these taxes in a crisis which came to be known as Shays Rebellion. Farmers drove off tax collectors and forced courts to close when their petitions were rejected. Soon, open conflict raged as angry crowds rioted. Effects of Shays Rebellion Congress had no money to raise an army to counter Shays Rebellion. It also could not force states to pay for one. The Massachusetts state government raised an army that quieted the rebellion. However, Shays Rebellion demonstrated to many prominent Americans that a stronger national government was needed to avoid civil unrest.
7 The Convention Assembles Chapter 5, Section 2 In May 1787, delegates from 12 of the 13 colonies met in Philadelphia to try to fix the problems of the new United States government. This meeting, known as the Constitutional Convention, produced the United States Constitution, the document that has governed the United States for over 200 years. One particularly influential delegate at the Constitutional Convention was James Madison of Virginia. Before the convention, Madison spent a year thinking about how to create a new government. At the convention, he took detailed notes that would later become the best record of the proceedings. For his role, he became known as the father of the Constitution.
8 Divisions at the Convention Chapter 5, Section 2 The convention in Philadelphia had been empowered only to amend, or revise, the Articles of Confederation, not to replace them. However, two plans for a new national government emerged at the convention. The Virginia Plan Proposed a bicameral, or twohouse, national legislature Each state would send representatives in proportion to the number of its citizens. The new legislature would have the power to tax; the right to regulate foreign and interstate commerce; to veto, or prohibit from becoming law, any act of a state legislature; and to use force against a state, should that state defy national authority. The New Jersey Plan Proposed a unicameral, or onehouse, national legislature, and the creation of executive and judicial branches Each state would send the same number of representatives to the legislature. The new legislature would have the right to tax and to regulate foreign and interstate commerce.
9 Reaching Agreements Chapter 5, Section 2 In the Great Compromise, delegates agreed to create a legislative branch made up of two houses. One house, the Senate, would have the same number of representatives from each state. In the other house, the House of Representatives, representation would be based on state population. Another difficult issue was whether or not to include enslaved persons when determining a state s population and therefore its representation. According to the Three-Fifths Compromise, three fifths of a state s slave population would be counted when determining representation. After further debate, the convention approved the final draft of the United States Constitution on September 17, The strengths of the Constitution have helped it endure for more than 200 years.
10 Government Structure Chapter 5, Section 2 Federal and State Powers The Constitution created a federal system of government, in which power is shared among state and national authorities. In a federal system of government, powers are divided into three categories: Some powers are reserved for the states only. Others are delegated to the federal government only. Still others, called concurrent powers, are held by both the federal government and state governments. Separation of Federal Powers Within the federal government, a separation of powers was created to prevent any one of the three branches of government from acquiring too much power. Each branch has its own area of authority, but no one branch has complete power over the government. The Constitution also set up a system of checks and balances, in which each branch has the power to check, or stop, the other branches in certain ways. This system prevents the misuse of power by any one branch.
11 Congress, the President, and the Federal Courts Chapter 5, Section 2 Congress Makes the law Each of the two houses of Congress was granted different powers. Each was also designed with different methods of election and different term lengths, making the House more receptive to public opinion and the Senate more stable. The President Carries out the law The President would be chosen by a group of electors from each state. The candidate with the majority of votes in the electoral college, or group of electors, would become President. The President was granted enormous powers, including the power to veto acts of Congress and to appoint judges for the federal courts. The Federal Courts Interpret the law The Constitution calls for one Supreme Court and several lesser courts, although the details of the federal court system were intentionally left vague. Supreme Court justices would be appointed for life by the President with the consent of the Senate.
12 The Federalist View Chapter 5, Section 3 For the Constitution to become law, 9 out of the 13 states had to ratify, or approve, it. Special conventions called in each state would decide whether or not to ratify the Constitution. Those who favored the Constitution were called Federalists. The Federalists included many Nationalists, such as George Washington, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton, who favored a strong national government. To make their case for the Constitution, the Federalists wrote a series of 85 essays, collectively known as The Federalist. One issue addressed in these essays was that one powerful faction, or group concerned only with its own interests, could not control the government under the Constitution.
13 The Anti-Federalist View Chapter 5, Section 3 Those who opposed the Constitution were called anti-federalists. Anti-Federalists believed that the Federalists plan threatened state governments and the rights of individuals. The anti-federalists included older revolutionary figures such as Patrick Henry, people in isolated areas who had less need for a strong national government, and some former Nationalists who wanted a national government but were unhappy with the Constitution. According to the anti-federalists, a President would be too similar to a king, a figure whose control American patriots had fought to escape. Anti-Federalists also objected to the proposed federal court system. While the Federalists feared the people more than government, the anti-federalists feared government more than the people.
14 Why the Federalists Won Chapter 5, Section 3 The Federalists had several advantages over the anti-federalists. These included: (1) The Federalists drew on the widespread feeling that the Articles of Confederation had serious flaws. (2) The Federalists were a united, wellorganized national group, while the anti- Federalists tended to consist of local politicians who did not coordinate their activities on a national level. (3) The Federalists had an actual document and plan which they could defend. The anti- Federalists had no constructive plan of their own to offer. (4) The Federalists had the support of George Washington, a respected Revolutionary War hero. Delaware, New Jersey, and Connecticut quickly ratified the Constitution. In June 1788, New Hampshire became the ninth and final state needed to ratify the Constitution.
15 For and Against the Bill of Rights Chapter 5, Section 3 For the Bill of Rights Many Americans believed that the national Constitution, like most state constitutions, should include a clear declaration of the rights of the people. In September 1789, Congress proposed twelve constitutional amendments, largely drafted by James Madison and designed to protect citizens rights. Ten of these amendments were ratified by the states. These ten amendments became known as the Bill of Rights. Against the Bill of Rights Most Federalists saw no need for these amendments. These Federalists claimed that under the Constitution, the people and the government were the same. Therefore, the people needed no additional statements to protect their rights.
16 The Bill of Rights Chapter 5, Section 3
17 The New Government Chapter 5, Section 4 Who were the new leaders selected by President Washington? What challenges did Washington s government face? What details were involved in planning the capital city?
18 The New Leaders Chapter 5, Section 4 On April 30, 1789, George Washington took the oath of office as the first President of the United States. Washington s inauguration, or official swearing-in ceremony, was attended by thousands. Leading Federalist John Adams of Massachusetts became Vice President. Washington also selected a Cabinet, a group of federal leaders who both advise the President and head national agencies. Washington s Cabinet included many prominent Americans. He named Edmund Randolph of Virginia to the post of Attorney General and kept Henry Knox as Secretary of War. Thomas Jefferson was named Secretary of State and Alexander Hamilton became Secretary of the Treasury.
19 Jefferson and Hamilton Chapter 5, Section 4 Secretary of State Jefferson After serving several years as ambassador to France, Thomas Jefferson returned to the United States in He quickly became involved again in domestic affairs, or the country s internal matters. In addition to being a politician, Jefferson was a planter, writer, and inventor. His interest in architecture led him to build several homes, including his most famous, Monticello. Jefferson was not a strict Federalist and later became one of Washington s harshest critics. Treasury Secretary Hamilton Alexander Hamilton was chosen to head the government s largest department, the Department of the Treasury. Hamilton had been an officer in the Continental Army during the Revolution, where he had carried out important military missions. In contrast to Jefferson, Hamilton believed that governmental power, properly used, could accomplish great things.
20 Washington s Government Chapter 5, Section 4 Washington knew that during his first administration, or term of office, he and his officials were establishing precedents for how to govern. A precedent is an act or statement that becomes an example, rule, or tradition to be followed. Washington worked to establish a tone of dignity in his administration. The President held regular receptions for government officials and was escorted by soldiers when he traveled. Although he felt that such pomp was necessary to command respect, others saw these activities as reminiscent of a king and his court. In 1792, Washington won unanimous reelection. His second term, however, became marked by criticism and controversy.
21 Planning a Capital City Chapter 5, Section 4 The Need for a Capital City During Washington s first year in office, the government resided in New York City. In 1790, the capital was moved to Philadelphia while a new capital could be planned and built. The Residence Act of 1790 specified a 10-square-mile stretch of land on the border between Maryland and Virginia for the new capital. This area, to be called the District of Columbia, would be governed by federal authorities, not by either state. Planning the District of Columbia African American mathematician Benjamin Banneker helped survey the city. French architect Pierre- Charles L Enfant developed the city plan. The District of Columbia, later renamed Washington, District of Columbia, was designed to echo the beauty and structure of European capital cities. The federal government moved there in Today, Washington, D.C., remains the most visible legacy of the Federalists belief in the power and dignity of the new government.
1 CHAPTER 5 THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES (1776 1800) Mr. Anderson, M.Ed., J.D. GOVERNMENT BY THE STATES Early Gov t Articles of Confederation Set of laws to govern the U.S. most power w/ the states
Articles of Confederation Do Now How is power divided in our country today? SWBAT Analyze government problems under the Articles of Confederation Activity Review the Articles of Confederation chart and
Constitutional Convention May 1787 Annapolis Convention September 11 to September 14, 1786 Annapolis, Maryland Purpose - How to fix the articles of confederation Alexander Hamilton (New York) MUST resolve
The United States Constitution The Supreme Law of the Land The Articles Prove Unstable Federal gov t could declare war and other foreign affairs Federal gov t have no power to collect taxes, relying only
Chapter 25 Terms and People republic a government in which the people elect their representatives unicameral legislature a lawmaking body with a single house whose representatives are elected by the people
The Constitutional Convention Chapter 2 Section 4 Constitutional Convention May 1787 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 74 delegates allowed, 55 attended, 39 signed final Delegates to the Convention Had lots of
2.3 Articles of Confederation What were the Articles of Confederation? Why were the 1780s a critical period in United States history? What did America do to create a stronger government in the 1780s? Section:
Grade 7 History Mr. Norton Section 1: A Loose Confederation Section 2: The Constitutional Convention Section 3: Ideas Behind the Constitution Section 4: Ratification and the Bill of Rights Grade 7 History
Chapter 2 Government The way the United States government is organized, its powers, and its limitations, are based on ideas about government that were brought to these shores by the English colonist. Three
SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL UNITED STATES HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 7 : CREATING A NEW NATION LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN THE WEAKNESSES OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
Creating the Constitution 1776-1791 US Timeline 1777-1791 1777 Patriots win Battles of Saratoga. Continental Congress passes the Articles of Confederation. 1781 Articles of Confederation go into effect.
[ 2.1 ] Origins of American Political Ideals [ 2.1 ] Origins of American Political Ideals Key Terms limited government representative government due process bicameral unicameral [ 2.1 ] Origins of American
A More Perfect Union Chapter 7 Lesson 1 The Articles of Confederation 1. Eleven of the thirteen states adopted state constitutions. Connecticut and Rhode Island kept its colonial charter as its constitution
NAME: Date: U.S. History CHAPTER 7 PACKET ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS: 1. What is a constitution? 2. What is a republic? 3. What was the Articles of Confederation? 4. How was state and national power divided under
Name Date Period Workbook Activity Vocabulary Match-Up Chapter 2, Lesson 1 7 Part A Directions Match the vocabulary word in Column 1 with its definition in Column 2. Write the correct letter on each line.
CHAPTER 2 Origins of American Government SECTION 1 OUR POLITICAL BEGINNINGS The colonists brought with them to North America knowledge of the English political system, including three key ideas about government.
2. Divided Convention notes7 9/13 states needed to ratify (to approve) Political parties begin Federalists: supported the Constitution The Federalist ---essays support Constitution Anti-Federalists: against
Name: Date: Chapter 8 Study Guide Section 8-1: The Articles of Confederation 1. A constitution is a set of basic principles and laws, usually in written form, that state the powers and duties of a government.
SS.7.C.1.5. Identify how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to the writing of the Constitution SS.7.C.1.8 Explain the viewpoints of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists regarding the
Shays Daniel Shay 1784 to 1785, unfair taxes, debt and foreclosure Farmer s rebellion to overthrow Mass. Govt. 1. Constitutional Convention: May to Sept. 1787 2. Divided Convention 9/13 states needed to
Civics Honors Chapter Two: Origins of American Government Section One: Our Political Beginnings Limited Government Representative government Magna Carta Petition of Right English Bill of Rights Charter
The Goal To form a confederation of states - A Firm League of Friendship To continue the form of government established by the Second Continental Congress Ratification By March 1781, all 13 Colonies had
1 st United States Constitution A. loose alliance of states B. Congress lawmaking body C. 9 states had to vote to pass laws D. each state had 1 vote in Congress Northwest Ordinance / Land Ordinance division
CHAPTER 2 NOTES Government Daily Lecture Notes 2-1 Even though the American colonists got many of their ideas about representative government and freedom from England, that country has no written constitution.
The Constitutional Convention Unit 4 (part 2) Problems and Compromises Struggle for power between the small states and the large states Virginia Plan (James Madison) proposed two houses of Congress based
The American Revolution is over but now the colonists have to decide how they want to frame their government. Take the first 5 minutes of class and imagine that you were a colonist that just fought against
The Constitution The Beginnings of a New American Government Dissatisfaction grew with the Articles of Confederation as disagreements over control of waterways and trade developed. In 1785 the first meeting
How Shall We Govern Ourselves? The Articles of Confederation America s First Constitution What kind of government would the FREEDOM loving Americans create to balance LIBERTY with enough AUTHORITY to get
THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Compromises Federalists v. Anti-Federalists QUICK REVIEW: FIND SOMEONE WHO Second Continental Congress Drafting of the Articles of Confederation Weaknesses International Relations
End of American Revolution and Creation of American government American Revolution concludes, an independent nation develops, 1781. Articles of Confederation ratified by states March 1781 - framework for
RESULTS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 1) NO CHANGE IN POLITICAL POWER 2) NO CHANGE IN ECONOMIC POWER 3) NO CHANGE FOR WOMEN OR AFRICAN AMERICANS 4) LOST TRADE WITH BRITISH MARKETS 5) ECONOMIC DEPRESSION WHAT
Chapter 5, Section 3 Creating the Constitution Pages 163-168 It didn t take long for people to realize that the Articles of Confederation had many weaknesses. By the mid-1780s most political leaders agreed
The Critical Period 1781-1789 The early years of the American Republic America after the War New Political Ideas: - Greater power for the people Republic: Represent the Public America after the War State
Constitutional Convention Members Principles Agreements and compromises The Constitutional Convention, 1787 u 55 delegates attended but on a typical day 35 were present u 29 held college degrees u 34 were
Articles of Confederation Essential Question: Why was the central government s power too weak under the Articles of Confederation? Objectives Discuss the ideas that guided the new state governments. Describe
Chapter 6 APUSH Mr. Muller Aim: How is the New Republic tested? Do Now: Thus I consent, sir, to this Constitution, because I expect no better, and because I am not sure that it is not the best. The opinions
THE CONSTITUTION AND ITS HISTORY 1 CHAPTER Outline I. Introduction II. History Leading up to the Constitution A. Articles of Confederation 1. A firm league of friendship a. Each state was to remain (1)
Ch. 6 Creating the Constitution /EQ: 6.1 Introduction Like Washington, most Americans did not want to be ruled by a monarch. What they did want, though, was an effective government. Articles of Confederation,
Chapter 2: The Beginnings of American Government United States Government Fall, 2017 Origins of American Political Ideals Colonial Period Where did ideas for government in the colonies come from? Largely,
In November 1777, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. This was a plan for a loose union of the states under Congress. Once a year, each state would select
Key Players Key Players Key Players George Washington unanimously chosen to preside over the meetings. Benjamin Franklin now 81 years old. Gouverneur Morris wrote the final draft. James Madison often called
CHAPTER 7 CREATING A GOVERNMENT The Constitution set out our rules for government. It explains what our government can and cannot do. It reflects are experience as a colony as well as ideas from Europe
#1 State Constitutions The American Revolution began the process of creating a new nation in a number of different ways. On May 10, 1776, the Continental Congress directed the colonies to suppress royal
C H A P T E R 2 Origins of American Government 1 SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 SECTION 5 Our Political Beginnings The Coming of Independence The Critical Period Creating the Constitution Ratifying
Ch. 2.1 Our Political Beginnings The US government has its roots in English history Limited Government The concept that government is limited in what it can and cannot do Representative Government Government
Name: Date: Period: VUS 5 (pt1): Building a New Nation: The Constitutional Convention Notes US 5 (pt1): Building a New Nation: The Constitutional Convention 1 Objectives about VUS5: Building a New Nation
The United States Constitution The Supreme Law of the Land Standards SSUSH5 The student will explain specific events and key ideas that brought about the adoption and implementation of the United States
Presentation Pro Magruder s American Government C H A P T E R 2 Origins of American Government 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. C H A P T E R 2 Origins of American Government SECTION 1 Our Political Beginnings
LECTURE 3-3: THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION AND THE CONSTITUTION The American Revolution s democratic and republican ideals inspired new experiments with different forms of government. I. Allegiances A.
Chapter #9: The Confederation and the Constitution Big Picture Ideas 1. The Articles of Confederation, the first government set up after the American Revolution, was structured out of fear of a too-strong
The Constitution Major Problem Could not tax, regulate trade or enforce its laws because the states held more power than the National Government. Why? Feared a government like King George The Constitutional
Unit I Notes Purposes of Government - Maintain social order - Provide public services - Provide security and defense - Provide for the economy - Governments get authority from: o Their legitimacy o Ability
The Articles of Confederation Explain the weaknesses and strengths of the Articles of Confederation. Examine the need for a strong central government. Document that broke the 12 English colonies from British
PSCI 1040 Purposes of a Constitution Organize and empower the government Limit the powers of government. Many consider limited government to be the essence of constitutional government. 2 Articles of Confederation
SSUSH5 A, B, C & D Creating a New Government The Articles of Confederation Formally called the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, this agreement was created by the leaders of the original thirteen
Constitutional Convention I INTRODUCTION Constitutional Convention, meeting during the summer of 1787 at which delegates from 12 states wrote the Constitution of the United States. At the convention in
Underpinnings of the Constitution A constitution is a nations basic laws creates political institutions assigns and divides power in government provides certain guarantees to citizens includes unwritten
Constitution 101: An Introduction & Overview to the US Constitution United States Constitution 101 This PPT can be used alone or in conjunction with the Consortium s Goal 1 & 2 lessons, available in the
Constitutional Convention Unit Notes Civics Textbook: Government and Society - Text p. 5 Cue four reasons why society needs a government Notes 1. Law and Order Government makes laws to protect citizens
Essential Question Section 1: The Colonial Period Section 2: Uniting for Independence Section 3: The Articles of Confederation Section 4: The Constitutional Convention Chapter Summary Content Vocabulary
The U.S. Constitution: Who, What, Where, When, Why & How 'a ^Va&o/z Fighting between the American colonists and British forces under King George III was in its second year when the Declaration of Independence
Section 1 Read each of the following descriptions, and write who or what is speaking in the space provided. 1. My theories that a republic could only survive if its citizens actively participated in government
The First President Main Idea President Washington and the first Congress tackled the work of establishing a new government. Key Terms precedent, cabinet, national debt, bond, speculator, unconstitutional,
Section 4 at a Glance The Constitutional Convention At the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, delegates debated competing plans the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan for how the new government
Read the Federalist #47,48,& 51 How to read the Constitution In the Woll Book Pages 40-50 The Origins of a New Nation Colonists from New World Escape from religious persecution Economic opportunity Independent
CHAPTER 9 THE CONFEDERATION & CONSTITUTION DEFINE REVOLUTION" A SUDDEN AND MOMENTOUS CHANGE IN A SITUATION THE OVERTHROW AND SUDDEN CHANGE OF A GOVERNMENT WAS THIS REALLY A REVOLUTION? Slavery after the
AIM: How did the Articles of Confederation impact the U.S.? Do Now: How do you think Hale Charter Academy would function if we got rid of the assistant principal, and the dean, and we allowed the individual
The Constitution History! European Influence! European Enlightenment Scientific Revolution of the 16 th and 17 th centuries, basis of modern science.! European philosophers were strongly criticizing governments
Four reasons we need government 1. Need for Law and Order - Government makes laws to protect citizens, and punishes those who break the law. Laws provide order in a society. This allows citizens to live
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Objectives Why did the Constitutional Convention draft a new plan for government? How did the rival plans for the new government differ? What other conflicts required the Framers
Creating the Constitution 2.2, 2.3, 2.4 Struggle for Government The creation and signing of the Declaration of Independence did not create a government The founding fathers had many problems Declaration
Constitutional Convention Unit Notes Civics Textbook: Government and Society - Text p. 5 Cue four reasons why society needs a government Notes 1. Law and Order Government makes laws to protect citizens
America: The Last Best Hope Chapter 4 Reflection and Choice 1. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress had all of the following powers EXCEPT A settle disputes between the states B borrow money C
WARM UP 1 Using the information from yesterday or new information collected using your ipad create a bubble map on the Constitutional Convention 2 Include people, dates, locations, facts and other information
Guided Reading Activity Lesson 1 Government in Colonial America Review Questions Directions: Read each main idea. Use your text to supply the details that support or explain each main idea. A. Main Idea:
The period between the Treaty of Paris and the writing of the Constitution, the states were united only by a rope of sand. George Washington Beginnings of a New Nation Officers were disgusted with Congress
Chapter 8 Confederation to Constitution pg. 218 241 8 1 The Confederation Era pg. 221 225 Moving West and New State Governments Into which areas did American settlement expand in the late 1700s? What types
Conceived in Liberty 5th Grade Social Studies Textbook Chapter 9 Creating the Constitution Chapter 9 Creating the Constiution When the American people won their independence, they had to decide what kind
Origins of American Government Chapter 2 Section 1 Essential Questions 1) What two principles of government came from the English heritage of the colonists? 2) What documents from England influenced the
Chapter 3 Constitution Read the article Federalist 47,48,51 & how to read the Constitution on www.pknock.com Read Chapter 3 in the Textbook The Origins of a New Nation Colonists from New World Escape from
Creating a Republic The British did not even stay for the official portrait at the Treaty of Paris in 1783! The treaty ending the war with Britain, more than doubled the territory of the United States!
ü A al Convention Is Called - during the summer of 1787, 12 states sent delegates to Philadelphia to discuss amending the Articles of Confederation - the example set by Shays Rebellion proved our young
1 Section 1 Guided Reading and Review Government and the State As you read Section 1, fill in the answers to the following questions. 1. What are the four characteristics of a state? a. b. c. d. 2. What
Articles of Confederation and Constitutional Conventions The Declaration of Independence Recognized changes taking place in colonies; colonies becoming states subject to no higher authority Colonies begin
understanding the CONSTITUTION Contents The Articles of Confederation The Constitutional Convention The Principles of the Constitution The Preamble The Legislative Branch The Executive Branch The Judicial
Let us not be afraid to view with a steady eye the dangers with which we are surrounded. Are we not on the eve of a war, which is only to be prevented by the hopes from this convention? CREATING A GOVERNMENT
The Constitution Chapter 2 O Connor and Sabato American Government: Continuity and Change The Constitution In this chapter we will cover 1. The Origins of a New Nation 2. The Declaration of Independence