1 The Birth of a Nation The student will demonstrate an understanding of the conflicts between regional and national interest in the development of democracy in the United States. Analyze the impact of the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution on establishing the ideals of a democratic republic. Analyze how dissatisfactions with the government under the Articles of Confederation were addressed with the writing of the Constitution of 1787, including the debates and compromises reached at the Philadelphia Convention and the ratification of the Constitution.
2 Explain how the fundamental principle of limited government is protected by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, including democracy, republicanism, federalism, the separation of powers, the system of checks and balances, and individual rights. Analyze the development of the two-party system during the presidency of George Washington, including controversies over domestic and foreign policies and the regional interests of the Democratic-Republicans and the Federalists. Summarize the expansion of the power of the national government as a result of Supreme Court decisions under Chief Justice John Marshall, such as the establishment of judicial review in Marbury v. Madison and the impact of political party affiliation on the Court.
3 Key Terms French and Indian War Writs of assistance Proclamation of 1763 Stamp Act Declaratory Act Boston Massacre Boston Tea Party Intolerable Acts First Continental Congress Lexington and Concord Second Continental Congress Thomas Jefferson Egalitarianism Inalienable rights Declaration of Independence George Washington Saratoga Yorktown Articles of Confederation U.S. Constitution Great Compromise Three-fifths Compromise Slave Trade Compromise Bill of Rights Federalist Anti-Federalists Loose interpretation of the Constitution Strict interpretation of the Constitution Federalist Papers Alexander Hamilton Federalist Party Democratic-Republicans Naturalization Act Alien Act Sedition Act Virginia Kentucky Resolutions Doctrine of Nullification Republic Democracy Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Federalism Legislative Branch House of Representatives Senate Executive Branch Judicial Branch Precedence Marbury v. Madison John Marshall Judicial Review
4 Essential Questions Why was the French & Indian War fought? What were the primary causes of the American Revolution? What were the colonial responses to British actions such as the Proclamation Act of 1763, Stamp Act, & Intolerable Acts? What was the importance of Thomas Paine s Common Sense? The Articles of Confederation proved ineffective because of what? How did Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson interpret the Constitution differently? What purpose does the Bill of Rights serve?
5 The American Revolution
6 Causes of the Revolution The roots of the American Revolution go all the way back to the late 1600s because of the idea of mercantilism. Countries grow wealthier by exporting more than they import. To maintain such a balance, nations needed colonies for additional resources and markets. In 1660, England began passing a series of laws known as the Navigational Acts. These laws required British colonies to sell certain goods only to England. The few products the colonies could sell to other countries were charged a British tax. Strict enforcement of the Navigational Acts contributed to the American Revolution.
7 The French and Indian War The desire for territory produced by mercantilism also mean that nations ended up fighting over land and resources. As British colonist moved west, they found themselves fighting French settlers and Native Americans. In 1754, this tension resulted in the French and Indian War. (Britain v. French and Indians) It lasted nine years, France finally surrendered and gave up its claim in Canada and all lands east of the Mississippi.
8 Tensions Rise Between Great Britain and the Colonies After the F&I War, relations between England and the colonists deteriorated. The colonist had lost all respect for the British military because they believe the British were not suited for fighting on American terrain. Great Britain was heavily in debt after the war and wanted the Americans to help pay for the expense. In 1760, England began issuing writs of assistance. Three years later, in response to Native American attacks the King issued the Proclamation of 1763.
9 Tensions Rise Between Great Britain and the Colonies cont. The proclamation line forbade the colonists from settling west of the Appalachian mountains. It also put the territory under British control. Colonist resented the restrictions and many ignored the proclamation. Beginning in the mid 1760s, Parliament passed a series of laws and taxes that made the Americans mad. The Quartering Act, Stamp Act, Declaratory Act In protest, the colonist imposed a boycott of British goods.
10 Tensions Rise Between Great Britain and the Colonies cont. A group called the Sons of Liberty took it upon themselves to enforce the boycotts and used violence and intimidation to prevent implementation of British laws. In 1767 Parliament passed the Townshend Acts. Colonist reacted very violently and the British sent in troops into Boston. On March 5, 1770, British soldiers felt threatened by a mob of angry protesters and fired shots. Several colonist were dead, and this became known as the Boston Massacre.
11 The Revolutionary Cause Shortly after the massacre, the Townshend Acts (except for the duty on tea) and tensions subsided. Years of salutary neglect would not allow Americans to accept England's strong hold over them. One group took bold action in December 1773, when it dressed as Mohawk Indians, and marched to the Boston harbor. Once there they raided ships and threw the Boston tea overboard. (Boston Tea Party) In response Parliament passed the Coercive Acts (the colonist labeled them Intolerable Acts) These acts closed the Boston harbor.
12 The Revolutionary Cause cont. To deal with the crisis, nearly every colony gathered for the First Continental Congress in September The Congress wrote a letter to the King, and stated they had a right to be represented in their government. Since they were not represented in Parliament they should be allowed to govern themselves. In April 1775, all hope was lost for a peaceful resolution when fighting broke out at Lexington and Concord. British troops were on their way to seize arms and ammunition when they were met by colonial militia. This became known as the Shot heard around the world that started the American Revolution
13 The Revolutionary Cause cont. Less than a month later colonial delegates met for the Second Continental Congress to discuss how to deal with the situation. In January 1776, Thomas Paine published his famous pamphlet, Common Sense. In it he made a compelling case for Independence. The Second Continental Congress eventually stopped seeking resolution with England and instead drafted the Declaration of Independence.
14 The Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence. He was influenced by men like John Locke and the Enlightenment. Jefferson asserted the principle of egalitarianism and proclaimed that men are born with certain inalienable rights. The Declaration concluded with a list of complaints against the King and asserts the colonist right to declare independence. Once it was signed, the 13 colonies became states. The Declaration s ideas also formed the groundwork for the United states Constitution
15 The War for Independence King George didn t expect a long war. Britain possessed the worlds best army and navy. There was no way the colonist could beat this force. The colonist had one advantage, they were fighting for their homeland. Many colonist knew the British tactics after fighting along side them in the F&I War. Colonial leaders also knew if they failed they would all hang for treason. THEY HAD TO WIN!!!
16 Loyalist and Patriots Not all colonists supported independence, Loyalist remained loyal to the king. Landowners in the south who depended on the British for protection and certain businesses who relied on economic relations with England did not war. Patriots wanted independence from Great Britain.
17 George Washington In July of 1775, George Washington, arrived having been newly appointed by the Continental Congress as commander of the Continental Army.
18 The Southern War Fighting broke out in the south as early as On June 28, 1776, South Carolina militia resisted an attack on Charleston. By the summer of 1780, General Cornwallis had seized both Savannah and Charleston. Cornwallis sought to invade North Carolina but the Battle of Kings Mountain and Cowpens ended in defeat for him. Small bands led by people like Francis Marion (nicknamed the Swamp Fox) and Thomas Sumter (nicknamed the Gamecock) grew in numbers and cause headaches for the British. Eventually Cornwallis did invade NC, then marched his men to Yorktown, Virginia, where he hope to receive what he needed from British ships.
19 Yorktown Realizing Cornwallis was trapped at Yorktown, Washington marched south to trap him between the Continental Army and the Atlantic Ocean. Meanwhile the French Navy provided a blockade that prevented British ships from coming to Cornwallis s rescue. On October 19, 1781, Cornwallis surrendered to Washington at Yorktown. Yorktown officially ended the Revolutionary War. The war officially ended in 1783 when the two sides signed the Treaty of Paris. Great Britain formally recognized U.S. independence.
20 Establishing a Government
21 Articles of Confederation In the beginning the newly independent state were cautious about giving to much power to the central government. They preferred a confederation in which each state would maintain its sovereignty. For this reason, Congress drafted the Articles of Confederation, this was the nations first set of laws. Finally ratified in 1781, the AOC failed because it did not give enough power to the federal government. Congress was unable to pass a law because it took at least nine of the thirteen states to agree. Since states had different interests this seldom happened.
22 Articles of Confederation cont. The Articles did not allow the government to impose taxes. The federal government had to ask the states for money. After the revolution the United States experienced an economic crisis. The value of U.S. currency was very low. Falling farm prices left many farmers unable to repay outstanding loans. At the same time, Massachusetts raised taxes (states could) Outraged, a Massachusetts farmer and Revolutionary war veteran name Daniel Shay led a rebellion. Without an adequate national government, Massachusetts was forced to deal with the revolt alone. This event made it evident a stronger central government was needed. Leaders called a convention to revise the AOC
23 The Constitutional Convention and Ratification In 1787, a delegation met in Philadelphia to revise the AOC. They decide to do away with the document and write a new set of laws. The result was the U.S. Constitution. This caused much debate therefore a number of compromises emerged.
24 The Great Compromise Edmund Randolph and James Madison of Virginia introduced the Virginia Plan. They proposed a federal government made up of three branches. Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, Judicial Branch For the Legislative Branch the Virginia Plan called for two houses with representatives from each state. In each house, the number of representatives per state would be based on population. Larger states loved this idea but smaller states hated it because they would be left with less representation.
25 The Great Compromise cont. As a result one of New Jersey s delegates proposed the New Jersey Plan. It also had three branches. The New Jersey plan only called for one house with each state getting one vote. In the end the delegates decide on a compromise. It became known as the Great Compromise. It established a legislative branch with two houses. One house, House of Representatives elected by the people with each state granted seats based on population. The other house, called the Senate, would be elected by state legislatures, with each state having two senators, regardless of population. Together these two houses would comprise Congress
26 The Three-Fifths Compromise Slavery also proved to be a point of contention. Northern states had fewer slaves and argued that since slaves were not voting citizens, they should not be counted as part of the population. Southern states had far more slaves and wanted to count them. The answer to this question was important because it affected how many representatives each state would have in congress. Again, a compromise was reached. It was know as the three-fifths compromise.
27 The Slave Trade Compromise Debate about the slave trade resulted in the Slave Trade Compromise. Northerners opposed the slave trade but allowed it to continue for twenty years. After this Congress could impose regulations. This was important to the Southerners who insisted their economy could not survive without the slave trade.
28 Federalist vs. Anti-Federalists There were also controversy surrounding the new constitution. Many favored the Constitution because they believed the U.S. needed a strong federal government with a powerful president. Others opposed it because they feared a strong federal government would trample their rights. Those that supported the Constitution were called Federalist. Those that opposed them and wanted a stronger state government were called Anti-Federalist.
29 Federalist vs. Anti-Federalists cont. Federalist had a loose interpretation of the Constitution. They believed the Constitution allowed the federal government to take certain actions not specifically stated as long as it was necessary. The Anti-Federalist held a strict interpretation of the Constitution. They believed the federal government could only do what the Constitution specifically said. To make their case for the Constitution, the Federalist wrote a series of essays known as the Federalist Papers. Another compromise was reached and although the Federalist won, the Anti-Federalist did secure a Bill of Rights.
30 Hamilton, Jefferson, and the Emergence of Political Parties
31 Hamilton s Economic Plan When the U.S. government took power in 1789, the nation was deep in debt and the value of currency was low. Alexander Hamilton proposed a plan. Take on states debts that was largely due to the war. To raise revenue and strengthen the economy, Hamilton wanted to establish an excise tax on whiskey and impose tariffs. He believed this would strengthen and protect U.S. businesses and start a national bank. Thomas Jefferson opposed this plan, because he had a strict interpretation of the Constitution. Southerners opposed this plan because they were against tariffs.
32 Hamilton s Economic Plan Tariffs would lessen competition from foreign countries and raise prices. Southerners also didn t want to help pay the debts of other states. The whiskey tax was very unpopular among farmers. Many farmers made their money from converting grain into whiskey. Their protest led to the Whiskey Rebellion of President Washington had to organize a military force to halt their resistance.
33 The Rise of Political Parties Shortly before President Washington left office he gave a farewell address. He emphasized three points. 1.The U.S. should stay neutral and avoid permanent alliances with other nations. 2.He believed good government is based on religion and morality. 3.He spoke about the dangers of forming political parties. (He warned political parties would cause people to work for their special interests rather than for the public good.)
34 The Rise of Political Parties cont. Despite Washington s warnings, opposing political parties did form. The Federalist Party believed in a strong national government. Felt political power should be entrusted to the educated upper classes and supported business over agriculture. Alexander Hamilton was their key figure. The Democratic-Republicans arose in opposition of the Federalist. They favored stronger state governments and a weaker national government. They favored small farms and debtors and their leader was Thomas Jefferson.
35 Conflicts between the Federalist and the Democratic-Republicans Debt was not the only problem facing the new nation. Global politics was another major source of concern. As a result Congress passed the Naturalization Act, the Alien Act, and the Sedition Act. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison produced a response to the Alien and Sedition Act called the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions. This became known as the Doctrine of Nullification. With the end of the War of 1812, the Federalist Party faded.
36 Principles of the Constitution The Founding Fathers of the United States based the U.S. Constitution on the ideals of limited government and the rule of law. In the United States, the government must abide by the Constitution.
37 Republicanism and Democracy The U.S. Constitution founded a republican government. A Republican government is one where members of an elite, leadership class, represents members of society overall. Under the Constitution, only males who owned property could originally vote. Over time, the U.S. government changed to be more of a democracy. In a democracy, the people elect leaders directly. The 17 th Amendment allowed private citizens to elect U.S. Senators instead of relying on state legislatures to do so. Eventually Presidents were elected directly.
38 Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances In order to prevent any one leader from becoming to powerful, the framers made sure that the new government featured a separation of powers. This is where each branch shares governmental authority. To make sure that no one branch tries to use its authority to overpower the others, the framers of the Constitution included a system of checks and balances. Ex. Congress has the power to propose and pass bills that become laws. The president however has the authority to check this power by vetoing (rejecting the bill) Congress can still pass it if they have enough votes to override the Presidents veto. (2/3)
39 Sections of the U.S. Constitution THE PREAMBLE AND ARTICLE I The first sentence of the U.S. Constitution is known as the Preamble. It serves to explain the purpose and intent of the document. The Preamble is followed by seven articles that establish the U.S. government. The articles are followed by twenty seven amendments. These are additions to the Constitution.
40 Sections of the U.S. Constitution THE PREAMBLE AND ARTICLE I (The Legislative Branch) cont. Article I established the legislative branch, known as Congress. It is the role of the legislative branch to make the laws. Congress consist of two houses. Population determines how many representatives each state has in the House of Representatives. (435) The second house is the Senate, which is comprised of two senators from each state. (100)
41 Sections of the U.S. Constitution ARTICLE II (The Executive Branch) Article II establishes the executive branch of government to enforce the laws. The president of the United states serves as the chief executive of this branch. The president is elected to office by the electoral college. The Constitution list the qualifications for president and defines his or her powers and responsibilities.
42 Sections of the U.S. Constitution ARTICLE III (The Judicial Branch) Article III creates the Judicial Branch. This branch consist of the federal court system with the Supreme court acting as the highest court in the land. One of the most important powers of the judicial branch is not specifically granted by the Constitution, but rather established by precedence in 1803 (Marbury v. Madison) Precedence means a court uses past legal decisions to make rulings because the law is open to interpretation, or there is no written statute. If Congress passes a law and the president signs it, the federal courts can still nullify it by ruling it violates the Constitution.
43 Sections of the U.S. Constitution THE BILL OF RIGHTS Congress passed the Bill of Rights in 1789 for the purpose of protecting civil liberties. Greatly influenced by the English Bill of Rights and Declaration of Independence, these ten amendments are known as the U.S. Bill of Rights.
The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 2: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Revolution and the Early Republic CHAPTER OVERVIEW Colonists declare their independence and win a war to gain the right
Period 3: 1754-1800 British imperial attempts to reassert control over its colonies and the colonial reaction to these attempts produced a new American republic, along with struggles over the new nation
Name Date Hour Mid-Term Exam Study Guide Following is a list of concepts and terms that may appear on the mid-term exam. Some definitions have been provided. **Exam Tip: Take extra time on graph and reading
Unit 2: A New Nation Establishing a Government Articles of Confederation Nation s first set of laws Limited central gov. Confederation would have more power Ratified in 1781, failed b/c it did not give
Read the Federalist #47,48,& 51 How to read the Constitution In the Woll Book Pages 40-50 The Origins of a New Nation Colonists from New World Escape from religious persecution Economic opportunity Independent
Prompt:Analyze the reasons for the Anti-Federalists opposition to ratifying the Constitution. Re-written as a Question: What were the reasons for the Anti-Federalist opposition to ratifying the constitution?
The American Revolution: From Elite Protest to Popular Revolt, 1763 1783 Breakdown of Political Trust Seven Years War left colonists optimistic about future Most important consequence of Seven Years War
CHAPTER 2: REVOLUTION AND THE EARLY REPUBLIC COLONIAL RESISTANCE AND REBELLION SECTION 1 England s Parliament and Big Ben The Proclamation of 1763 sought to halt the westward expansion of the colonist,
Chapter 3 Constitution Read the article Federalist 47,48,51 & how to read the Constitution on www.pknock.com Read Chapter 3 in the Textbook The Origins of a New Nation Colonists from New World Escape from
Period 3: 1754-1800 In a Nutshell British imperial attempts to reassert control over its colonies and the colonial reaction to these attempts produced a new American republic, along with struggles over
Foundations of the American Government 1600s-1770s Each colony was loyal to Great Britain but was responsible for forming its own government, taxing and defending itself. The government and constitution
Essential Question Section 1: The Colonial Period Section 2: Uniting for Independence Section 3: The Articles of Confederation Section 4: The Constitutional Convention Chapter Summary Content Vocabulary
1 Vocabulary Unit 2: New Beginnings United States: French & Indian War: French and Indian War definition. A series of military engagements between Britain and France in North America between 1754 and 1763.
Chapter 2: The Beginnings of American Government United States Government Fall, 2017 Origins of American Political Ideals Colonial Period Where did ideas for government in the colonies come from? Largely,
WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 8 th Grade Revolution Unit of Study Unit 3: Revolution & the New Nation Debate Unit Title From Adolescence to Independence
STANDARD VUS.4c THE POLITICAL DIFFERENCES AMONG THE COLONISTS CONCERNING SEPARATION FROM BRITAIN The ideas of the Enlightenment and the perceived unfairness of British policies provoked debate and resistance
Complete the warm-up about Jefferson s quote The 13 Colonies America: 13 colonies ruled by Great Britain (England) 1620-1783 European settlement initiated by Puritans & people seeking economic opportunities
Study Guide for Test 4 1. In general, who could vote in the English colonies? Free men, over 21 years old, who owned a certain amount of land. Sometimes had to be church members. 2. representative government
The Rise of Political Parties Creation of Political Parties George Washington s cabinet became bitterly divided over the direction America was taking in its first eight years. America s first two political
Objective 1.1-1.1 - Identify the English documents that influence American colonial government Vocabulary 1.1 - Magna Carta Rule of Law Due Process Parliament English Bill of Rights Common Law precedent
Questions / Themes 9/5/2012 Early US History Part 1 How did the United States became a country? Your Notes You will need these notes to prepare for exams. Remember to paraphrase and generalize. Avoid copying
The Americans (Survey) Chapter 4: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The War for Independence CHAPTER OVERVIEW The colonists clashes with the British government lead them to declare independence. With French aid, they
Proclamation of 1763 French and Indian War Sugar Act Official announcement made by King George III of England which stopped colonists from settling lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. War fought by
8th grade 1770-1900 I. American Revolution A. A New Nation (1763-1791) *Unit 3 1. The Thirteen Colonies Rebel a. Tighter British Control Colonists resented new laws and taxes passed by the British after
1- England Became Great Britain in the early 1700s 2- Economic relationships Great Britain imposed strict control over trade. Great Britain taxed the colonies after the French and Indian War Colonies traded
Forming a New Government Why Independent in the First Place? Citizens wanted to limit the power of government Lack of representation No taxation without representation Protect personal freedoms Desired
Topic 3 1. How did the colonists protest British taxes? Pg 88-89 They boycotted, petitioned the English government, and signed nonimportation agreements 2. How did the British respond to the Boston Tea
THE CONSTITUTION Chapter 2 ROOTS OF THE CONSTITUTION 2.1 TRADE AND TAXATION 2.1 Mercantilism Strict import/export controls Widely ignored Costly French and Indian War New taxes on sugar and paper items
Creating the Constitution 1776-1791 US Timeline 1777-1791 1777 Patriots win Battles of Saratoga. Continental Congress passes the Articles of Confederation. 1781 Articles of Confederation go into effect.
The American Revolution & Confederation The Birth of the United States 1774-1787 Essential Question Evaluate the extent to which the Revolution fundamentally changed American society. The First Continental
The American Revolution: Political Upheaval Led to U.S. Independence By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on 05.12.17 Word Count 740 Level 800L Continental Army Commander-in-Chief George Washington
Chapter 4 The American Revolution 1 Raising Taxes Sugar Act- The first tax passed specifically to raise money in the colonies, rather than regulate trade. To crack down on smugglers Help pay for French
American Government Unit 2 Study Guide Events leading up the Declaration of Independence: 1) Stamp Act- a tax placed on all printed material a. An attempt to earn money lost in the French and Indian War
RW Name: Period: Date: AMERICAN REVOLUTION STUDY GUIDE Directions: Sort the list of phrases into the correct categories in the chart below. To help finance the French and Indian War Colonists opposed taxes
Name Date Hour U.S. History to 1877 OCCT Review Study Guide Use your notes, your textbook and all of the knowledge gained this year to complete this O.C.C.T. Review Study Guide. This study guide will be
Civics Honors Chapter Two: Origins of American Government Section One: Our Political Beginnings Limited Government Representative government Magna Carta Petition of Right English Bill of Rights Charter
8th Grade History American Revolution BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHAT DID THE SPANISH WANT IN THE AMERICAS? 2) WHAT DID THE FRENCH WANT IN THE AMERICAS? 3) WHAT DID THE ENGLISH WANT IN THE AMERICAS? 4) HOW DID
Period 3: 1754 to 1800 (French and Indian War Election of Jefferson) Key Concept 3.1: British attempts to assert tighter control over its North American colonies and the colonial resolve to pursue self-government
Chapter 6 APUSH Mr. Muller Aim: How is the New Republic tested? Do Now: Thus I consent, sir, to this Constitution, because I expect no better, and because I am not sure that it is not the best. The opinions
American Revolution Learning Goal 5: Students will be able to explain the events which led to the start of the American Revolution. - Tea Act (Boston Tea Party, British East India Company, Sons of Liberty,
The American Revolution and the Constitution Objectives Describe characteristics of Britain and its 13 American colonies in the mid-1700s. Outline the events that led to the American Revolution. Summarize
The Critical Period 1781-1789 The early years of the American Republic America after the War New Political Ideas: - Greater power for the people Republic: Represent the Public America after the War State
By Mr. Cegielski WARM UP: 1 PREVIEW: George Washington Presidential Accomplishments Washington voluntarily resigned as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army in 1783. Because of his victories in the
The Goal To form a confederation of states - A Firm League of Friendship To continue the form of government established by the Second Continental Congress Ratification By March 1781, all 13 Colonies had
Chapter 25 Terms and People republic a government in which the people elect their representatives unicameral legislature a lawmaking body with a single house whose representatives are elected by the people
1 Chapter 4 The American Revolution Reading Guide HW # 4 If I cannot read it I will not grade it. The more effort you put in now, the better in the long run! 11th Define: George Greenville Section 1 Causes
[ 2.1 ] Origins of American Political Ideals [ 2.1 ] Origins of American Political Ideals Key Terms limited government representative government due process bicameral unicameral [ 2.1 ] Origins of American
AMERICAN REVOLUTION U.S. History Chapter 4 The primary cause of economic differences among the colonies in North America was geography. Longer growing season in the South led to an agriculture-based economy.
America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 4 The Road to Independence (1753 1783) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved.
1. Define revolution 2. Define tyranny 3. Define anarchy 4. Define salutary neglect a replacement of a government by the people of that government Total loss of freedom/absolute government power No government/chaos
Study Guide- The American Revolution Vocabulary (Matching) 1. Boston Massacre- The killing of 5 by British in 1770 became known as this. (Page 71 of 2. Nathan Hale- American captured by the British, tried
Study Guide Pre-Revolution, Revolutionary War, Constitution Pre-Revolution o Benign Neglect Idea that the colonies ran themselves from 1607-1763 o Mercantilism (define, how did it hurt the colonies economic
The Constitution Chapter 2 O Connor and Sabato American Government: Continuity and Change The Constitution In this chapter we will cover 1. The Origins of a New Nation 2. The Declaration of Independence
Standards SSUSH5 The student will explain specific events and key ideas that brought about the adoption and implementation of the United States Constitution. a. Explain how weaknesses in the Articles of
Guided Reading Activity Lesson 1 Government in Colonial America Review Questions Directions: Read each main idea. Use your text to supply the details that support or explain each main idea. A. Main Idea:
Name: USH Period: Study Guide Unit 3 Directions: All information can be found in your notes, presentations Power Points), handouts, etc. for USH Unit 2: Road to the Revolution. When writing your answer,
Chapter 2:2: Declaring Independence Objectives: 2:2 Our Political Beginnings o Students will explain how the relationship between the colonies and Great Britain changed during the pre- Revolutionary War
Origins of American Government Chapter 2 Section 1 Essential Questions 1) What two principles of government came from the English heritage of the colonists? 2) What documents from England influenced the
Washington Leads a New Nation The Big Idea President Washington and members of Congress established a new national government. Main Ideas In 1789 George Washington became the first president of the United
CHAPTER 2 Origins of American Government SECTION 1 OUR POLITICAL BEGINNINGS The colonists brought with them to North America knowledge of the English political system, including three key ideas about government.
Battle of Saratoga British troops reached Saratoga from Quebec and were surrounded and severely outnumbered = Surrendered Huge military victory, and boosted morale Convinced the French & Spain to enter
Constitutional Democracy: Promoting Liberty and Self-Government Chapter 2 Before the Constitution: Colonial and Revolutionary Experiences The Rights of Englishmen Life, liberty and property to which all
Objectives Describe the methods the colonists used to protest British taxes. Understand the significance of the First Continental Congress in 1774. Assess why Congress declared independence and the ideas
The Constitution: From Ratification to Amendments US Government Fall, 2014 Origins of American Government Colonial Period Where did ideas for government in the colonies come from? Largely, from England
The United States Constitution The Supreme Law of the Land Standards SSUSH5 The student will explain specific events and key ideas that brought about the adoption and implementation of the United States
4 th Grade U.S. Government Study Guide Big Ideas: Imagine trying to make a new country from scratch. You ve just had a war with the only leaders you ve ever known, and now you have to step up and lead.
Desert To run away or leave someone in their time of need. Inflation Rapid rise in prices. Blockade Barrier preventing the movement of troops and supplies. Tributary River or stream that flows into a larger
1 2 3 4 5 A New Republic and the Rise of Parties 1789 1800 Washington s America What were the distinguishing features of the early republic s four major regions? Forging a New Government What challenges
American History Semester 1 Review - Shorter Answers Study online at quizlet.com/_30fd48 1. Name the first three attempts at British Colonies. 2. Which of the first three colonies attempted was settled
Chapter Eight The United States of North America 1786-1800 Part One Introduction The United States of North America 1786-1800 What does the drawing say about life in the United States in 1799? 3 Chapter
How Shall We Govern Ourselves? The Articles of Confederation America s First Constitution What kind of government would the FREEDOM loving Americans create to balance LIBERTY with enough AUTHORITY to get
Period 3: 1754 to 1800 (French and Indian War Election of Jefferson) Key Concept 3.1: British attempts to assert tighter control over its North American colonies and the colonial resolve to pursue self-government
1. The Stamp Act taxed all legal documents, licenses, dice, playing cards and one other item. What is that other item? 2. Do you think it was fair for the Parliament to expect the colonies to pay to house
Name: Date: Chapter 8 Study Guide Section 8-1: The Articles of Confederation 1. A constitution is a set of basic principles and laws, usually in written form, that state the powers and duties of a government.
Limited Government & Representative Government September 18, 2017 FEDERAL GOVERNMENT GOVT 2305 MoWe 5:30-6:50 MoWe 7-8:30 Dr. Michael Sullivan TODAY S AGENDA Current Events Limited Government Representative
american History Semester Exam review (KEY) 1. Fill in the name of each era and characteristics. Then use the word bank to match the events. 1. Exploration & Colonization 2. American Revolution 3. Creating
Why Revolution? War of American Independence Clash of Ideology - Cause and Effect What is your philosophy? 30 second speech DO NOWS! 1. Tag in! Phones away, hoodies/headphones off, greet classmates! 2.