1 HERE WAS BURIED THOMAS JEFFERSON AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE OF THE STATUTE OF VIRGINIA FOR RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AND FATHER OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA BORN APRIL 13, 1743 DIED JULY
2 1. Background and Education Father: Peter Jefferson Like most sons of land owners, he studied land surveying Graduated from William and Mary University in Williamsburg, VA Tall, red-headed, quiet
3 2. Political Beliefs The government which governs least, governs best Strongly favored States Rights as opposed to a strong national government Believed in a strict construction, or strict interpretation, of the U.S. Constitution Wanted to end all taxes of any kind paid by U.S. citizens
4 3. Accomplishments Prior to becoming President Wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence Wrote the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom Created the University of Virginia Served as an ambassador to Europe from the United States
5 4. The Election of 1800 Democratic-Republican Candidates: Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr
6 4. The Election of 1800 Federalist Candidates: John Adams and Charles C. Pinckney
7 4. The Election of 1800 Adams would have won re-election, perhaps easily, had Alexander Hamilton not split the Federalist Party
8 4. The Election of 1800 Instead, the Democratic-Republicans won the election Both winning candidates, Jefferson and Burr, received 73 electoral votes Election was settled the House of Representatives after 35 votes Hamilton swings the election to Jefferson and angers Burr
9 4. The Election of 1800 The messed up election pointed out the need for a Constitutional amendment regarding the Presidential election process. The 12 th Amendment modified the Constitution so that the President and the Vice-President are elected using separate ballots.
10 4. The Election of 1800 John Adams, the 1 st President to live in Washington, D.C., leaves before Jefferson s inauguration Jefferson s Inauguration takes place on March 4, 1801 in Washington, D.C. the 1 st done there The unfinished White House and Capitol were just about the only buildings in town
11 4. The Election of 1800 Federalists fear what Jefferson will say will he start a new revolution? Jefferson, surprisingly, calls for unity he states We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists. Jefferson DOES NOT propose to change or destroy the structure of the federal government.
12 5. Accomplishments made during early part of Jefferson s 1 st term Appointed Albert Gallatin as Secretary of the Treasury Cut military spending Reduced the army from 4000 to 2500 men Reduced the navy from 25 to 7 ships Reduced national debt from $83 million to $45 million Cut ALL internal taxes
13 5. Accomplishments made during early part of Jefferson s 1 st term Only source of government income: tariffs and sales of Western land Let the Alien and Sedition Acts expire
14 6. Issues with the Courts Marbury vs. Madison: Does William Marbury, one of John Adams last minute midnight judges, receive his commission to be judge or not? Jefferson had James Madison refuse to give the commission to Marbury Issue went before the Supreme Court Ruling became a precedent an example for future court cases
15 6. Issues with the Courts With Marbury vs. Madison, the Supreme Court established the concept of Judicial Review of laws Judicial Review means that the Court may decide if a law is constitutional or not. If a law is judged to be unconstitutional, or goes against the U.S. Constitution, then the law ceases to be a law.
16 7. The Louisiana Purchase By 1800, the western boundary of the U.S. was the Mississippi. The Louisiana Territory, that is all lands west of the Mississippi River which drained into the river, was originally controlled by France. As part of losing the French-Indian War, France ceded, or gave, the Louisiana Territory to Spain
17 7. The Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Territory continued to be controlled by Spain until A war fought in Europe between Spain and France ended with a victory for Napoleon and the French. Secretly, the Louisiana Territory was transferred from Spain to France as a result of that European war.
18 7. The Louisiana Purchase Jefferson learned that Louisiana Territory was now controlled by France French ownership of the Louisiana Territory posed several problems for the U.S. mainly the French were popular with the Indians and the French presence blocked any sort of westward movement by U.S. citizens into the Louisiana Territory
19 7. The Louisiana Purchase The other major problem involved the city of New Orleans. New Orleans controlled all river trade. River trade came from not only the Louisiana Territory, but also from the United States. If France decided to close the city of New Orleans to U.S. trade, then the U.S. would suffer great economic hardship.
20 7. The Louisiana Purchase Jefferson realized the problems involved with France owning the Louisiana Territory. Jefferson sends Robert Livingston and James Monroe to buy New Orleans and West Florida for $2 million from France. Livingston and Monroe may spend UP to $10 million.
21 7. The Louisiana Purchase Despite being more money and more land than expected, both Livingston and Monroe quickly agree to the deal. The deal poses a personal problem for Jefferson is this small government? Still, Jefferson agrees to the deal. Congress debates the issue lots of money involved still, they agree to it.
22 7. The Louisiana Purchase Napoleon experiences slave rebellion trouble in the French colony of Saint Domingue located in the Caribbean. Napoleon also needs money for another war with Great Britain. He decides to sell ALL of the Louisiana Territory. His price: $15 million ( about 3 cents per acre).
23 7. The Louisiana Purchase
24 8. Lewis and Clark For a variety of reasons, Jefferson decides to send a military expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory. Jefferson s personal secretary, Captain Meriwether Lewis, is placed in charge of the expedition. The men on this expediton are called the Corps of Discovery. Lewis was to explore the territory, map it, find a water route to the Pacific, make friends with the Native Americans, and drive out all French and/or British traders if possible. Meriwether Lewis
25 10. Jefferson s Reelection By 1804, Jefferson was unquestioned success as a President. He was easily reelected. Burr decided to run for governor of New York. Hamilton criticized Burr; Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel; Burr shoots and kills Hamilton. Burr s term as Vice President was not quite over at the time of the duel.
26 11. Jefferson s 2 nd Term Pirates from the Barbary Coast States in the Mediterranean Sea demand tribute from U.S. trade ships. Jefferson refuses to pay the tribute The Barbary pirates from Tripoli declare war on the U.S. Jefferson does not want to fight; instead, he orders a blockade of the port of Tripoli.
27 11. Jefferson s 2 nd Term The blockade eventually works. The U.S. forces the pirates to sign a peace treaty which ends all tribute payments. The military action is popular in the U.S., but shows the need for a U.S. navy. Jefferson puts aside his own personal problems with the government paying for a navy, and the country develops a stronger defense.
28 11. Jefferson s 2 nd Term Great Britain continues its policy of impressment. Impressment is when the British kidnap U.S. sailors and force them to work as British sailors. The impressment issue becomes a big deal with the Chesapeake-Leopard Affair in June 1807.
29 11. Jefferson s 2 nd Term Jefferson deals with the impressment issue by asking for an embargo, or block of trade, against both Great Britain and France. Congress passes the Embargo Act of The main victim of the law was neither Great Britain nor France it was the U.S. merchants who could no longer trade with either country.
30 11. Jefferson s 2 nd Term The Embargo Act proves EXTREMELY unpopular and Jefferson s popularity suffers as a result. Eventually, Congress repealed the Embargo Act and replaced it with the Non-Intercourse Act. The Non-Intercourse Act was no more successful than the Embargo Act. American merchants and shipowners suffered greatly. Jefferson leaves office with a loss of respect.
31 12. Jefferson after the Presidency James Madison, the author of the Constitution, a Democratic-Republican, and Jefferson s handpicked successor becomes the next President. Madison leads the country during the War of 1812.
Chapter 11 THE TRIUMPHS & TRAVAILS OF THE JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLIC Election of 1800 1st with two national parties Adams (Federalist) v. Jefferson(Republican) again Problems for the Federalists Alien & Sedition
Chapter 11 Election of 1800 1st with two national parties Adams (Federalist) v. Jefferson(Republican) again Problems for the Federalists Alien & Sedition Acts Hamilton & Adams hated each other Adams refusal
End of Federalists. & Age of Jefferson Change for the new country. War & Terror: Does the US Govt have the power to take away your rights in time of crisis (ie. war) to protect the security of the country?
An Era of Expansion: Thomas Jefferson s Presidency We are all republicans--we are all federalists " Election of 1800 Democratic-Republican candidates - Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr To avoid a divided
Jefferson s presidency (1800-1808) Major Campaign Issues Alien and Sedition Acts Increase in taxes Heavy defense expenditures Reduction of trade with France Anti-British sentiment over impressment of American
Thomas Jefferson and His Presidency Election of 1800 Thomas Jefferson & Aaron Burr both tie with 73 votes. It goes to the House and Hamilton controls the outcome and chooses Jefferson! Why? He hates Burr
Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic, 1800 1812 I. Federalist and Republican Mudslingers A split among the Federalists over France issue- Hamilton wing>political consequences?
Jefferson Becomes President The Big Idea Thomas Jefferson s election began a new era in American government. Main Ideas The election of 1800 marked the first peaceful transition in power from one political
Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic, 1800 1812 I. Federalist and Republican Mudslingers Federalist were split into two factions, the Adams faction that had become unpopular
The Revolution Defined The Jeffersonian Revolution of 1800 Continuing the Virginia Dynasty The Revolution of 1800 is basically the results of the Presidential Election that took place in 1800. It was a
JEFFERSONIAN AMERICA ELECTION OF 1800 Federalists lost control of both the executive and legislative branches Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st Democratic-Republican president 1st peaceful transfer of power
Jefferson s Justifications: Does the Constitution authorize me to purchase land? How to handle the French Revolution? What to do with the Barbary States? The Foreign & Domestic Policies of Thomas Jefferson
APUSH BELL RINGER 10/31 How did the Constitution lead to more issues in within government? How did the development of political parties reflect the ideals of the founders in terms of the size of government?
Democratic Republican Era Thomas Jefferson s Administration James Madison s Administration James Monroe s Administration Jefferson Madison Monroe Following the election of 1800, the Democratic Republicans
1800-1816 THE AGE OF JEFFERSON With respect to the Constitution, Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists.
Thomas Jefferson = The 3 rd President Marbury V. Madison Marbury V. Madison is a famous Supreme Court case. You can tell because court cases always have the V in the middle Marbury V. Madison The Court
Name: Give Me Liberty!, Chapter 8 Video Guide Big Idea Questions What was Washington s view of political parties? What is impressment? Guided Notes Politics In An Age Of Passion Hamilton s Program Hamilton
A young Shoshone woman who helped guide Lewis and Clark through the wilderness; who interpreted for them in their contact with native peoples; and who showed other Indian tribes that the expedition came
Chapter 7 Politics and Society in the New Republic, 1787-1820 The Political Crisis of the 1790s Thomas Jefferson vs. Alexander Hamilton The Federalist Implement the Constitution Swept the election of 1788
Chapter 6 Launching a New Nation 6.1 Laying the foundations of government The United States needed a president that the people already trusted. Washington s Cabinet Currently, there are 14 executive departments
The Election of 1800 Federalists Adams and Pinckney Democratic-Republicans Jefferson and Burr Rift in Federalist Party Tie between Jefferson and Burr threw election to the House; Jefferson won 12th Amendment
Thomas Jefferson as President Resume After attending College of William & Mary, Jefferson became a lawyer. He was then elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. He was the primary author of the Declaration
Name Class Date Section 1 MAIN IDEA President Washington and other leaders tried to solve the new nation s economic problems. This led to the rise of political parties. Key Terms and People cabinet heads
You will find the quizzes for Chapters 7 and 8 below. Use two separate scantrons to mark your answers. Both quizzes are due at our next class meeting on Thursday (11/20/14). EXAM 2 WILL BE ON 11/20/14.
THE NEW REPUBLIC Chapter 1 Section 4 Historical Context Constitution Bill of Rights was finally ratified in 1791. During 1790 s and 1800 s the New Republic faced internal political issues and international
SSUSH6: ANALYZE THE CHALLENGES FACED BY THE FIRST FIVE PRESIDENTS AND HOW THEY RESPONDED. ELEMENT C: Explore Thomas Jefferson s expansion of presidential power including the purchase and exploration of
Unit 3: Early Westward Expansion 1800-1850 s Lecture #1 Jefferson in Office AZ State sdn. S1C5PO1A-B & S1C5PO2A & S1C5PO3A-B & S1C4PO4 Created by SMHS Staff 7/11/06 1 Objectives: Analyze how events affected
Presidents Adams and Jefferson Mr. Baker - Humane Letters I Reading Quiz 1.What was the Sedition Act and why was it controversial? 2.Briefly describe the XYZ Affair. 3.Who won the election of 1796 4.Who
The Triumphs & Travails of Jeffersonian Democracy 1800 1812 Mr. Love Federalists & Republican Mudslingers Federalists damaged by Adams s refusal to fight France War preparation had increased the national
Constitutional Era Washington & Adams Federalist Era SOL: VUS. 6A SWBAT The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of the American political system by: a) examining founding
US History Refresher US History Refresher video Objective 1.01: Identify the major domestic issues and conflicts experienced by the nation during the Federalist Period. Objective 1.02: Analyze the political
Unit 3 SSUSH6 Analyze the challenges faced by the first five presidents and how they r esponded. a. Examine the presidency of Washington, including the precedents he set. George Washington, President George
Chapter 10 The Jefferson Era 1800 1816 pg. 310 335 10 1 Jefferson Takes Office pg. 313 317 One Americans Story In the election of 1800, backers of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson fought for their candidates
Jeffersonians and the Early Republic 1800-1812 Chapter 11 Jeffersonian Vision Objectives as he entered office: Reconcile American people under D-R vision. Purge gov t of Feds. Set Republican course--make
Chapter 8, Section 1 Jefferson Becomes President Pages 266-270 John Adams had not been a popular president, but many still admired his ability and high principles. Both he and Thomas Jefferson had played
Unit #3 Chapters 9, 10, 11 The Confederation and the Constitution Presented by: Mr. Anderson, M.Ed., J.D. 1 Adams Becomes President Alexander Hamilton was the most famous Federalist but the controversy
Issues Facing the New Government George Washington s Presidency 1789-1797 No political party affiliation Won 100% of electoral vote in both elections Established precedent of serving only 2 terms as president
John Adams & Thomas Jefferson s Presidencies John Adams Thomas Jefferson John Adams Presidency (1797-1801) John Adams Presidency (1797-1801) Election of 1796 After George Washington chose not to run for
Q3 Vocab Washington s Presidency George Washington: 1st President of the US New York City: 1st capital of the US Precedent: an action or decision that serves as a later example Inaugural: the beginning,
APUSH- Unit 4: Early Federal Period Launching the New Ship of State, 1789-1800 (Chapter 10) I can explain why George Washington was pivotal to inaugurating the new federal government. (Pages 190-193) Cabinet
Test-Chapter 10 Name Pd. Matching (1 pt each) Match the key term with the correct definition. USE CAPITAL LETTERS FOR YOUR ANSWERS. a. Marbury v. Madison b. Treaty of Ghent c. Battle of Tippecanoe d. Impressment
Chapter 9 Multiple-Choice Questions 1a. No. Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin did not recommend an increase of taxes on the wealthy and did not attempt to use tax policy to equalize income among
JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY (1800 1828) ELECTION OF 1800 Revolution of 1800 Adams v. Jefferson (again) Major Issues: - Expansion of Military - Foreign Affairs - Alien & Sedition Acts 1 2 ELECTION OF 1800 DR
American History 11R Jeffersonian Democracy Election of 1800 Regional power shifts to South & West from mercantile aristocracy of Northeast Jefferson's views: Educate the People Political rule by agrarian
SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL UNITED STATES HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 9 : JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANISM LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN THE PHILOSOPHIES BEHIND THE GOVERNMENTAL
U.S. History 1 CP Mr. Mulry Chapter 6: The New Republic 1789-1816 Section Quizzes Section 1 Quiz: Government and Party Politics Directions: From I below, choose the term that best fits each description.
Chapter 6: The Origins of American Politics Section 1: Liberty vs. Order in the 1700s I. Hamilton s Debt Relief Plan A. Hamilton was a loose constructionist, interpreting the Constitution broadly B. Hamilton
Guide to Reading Main Idea The election of 1800 marked the transfer of power from one political party to another through a democratic election. ß Key Terms customs duties ß jurisdiction Space Bar to display
Level 2 NEW GOVERNMENT IN OPERATION ESTABLISHING STABILITY Vocabulary Precedent: an act that results in a tradition Economics: science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods
The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson: Part I Thomas Jefferson 1801 1809 Democratic-Republican Graduate of the College of William & Mary Author of the Declaration of Independence Former Governor of Virginia,
Level 1 NEW GOVERNMENT IN OPERATION ESTABLISHING STABILITY Vocabulary Precedent: an act that results in a tradition Economics: science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods
Chapter 10 The Age of Jefferson Powerpoint Questions Instructions: Use the Powerpoint presentation, American Nation textbook pages 300-321, and your class notes to answer these questions. 1. Who was inaugurated
The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson: Part II Jeffersonian Democracy Jefferson championed the idea that common men should be allowed to vote, as opposed to the Federalist idea that only a privileged elite
Grade 7 History Mr. Norton Section 1: A Republican Takes Office Section 2: The Louisiana Purchase Section 3: New Threats From Overseas Section 4: The Road to War Section 5: The War of 1812 Grade 7 History
LEQ: What proclamation said the U.S. would trade with both France and Great Britain? America s declaration of its official position of neutrality in the war between England and France was declared on February
The First Five Presidents Domestic and Foreign Policy 1789-1827 Domestic and Foreign Policy Domestic Policy: Actions that happen within the USA. Foreign Policy: Actions that happen overseas. George Washington:
Chapter 7 Chapter 7, Section 1 The New Capital City Jefferson was first President inaugurated in DC City designed by Pierre-Charles L Enfant City remained under construction for many years City grew slowly
Election of 1800 Jefferson s philosophy of government Midnight Judges and judicial review Burr Conspiracy Louisiana Purchase: Lewis and Clark Foreign affairs 1 Jefferson s Virginia Background 1743-1769
APUSH TERMS 316-350 316. Federalist control of courts and judges, midnight judges On his last day in office, President Adams appointed a large number of Federalist judges to the federal courts in an effort
AMERICAN HISTORY Meeting 5 -- Notes The assignment for today was to read Chapters 12 and 13 Background What was going on in the new American nation in its first years? First Government: The Articles of
7.5 NOTES George Washington (1789-1797) I. Precedents A. examples that later people will follow B. EVERYTHING Washington Did set a precedent C. Examples: 1. cabinet 2. 2 terms 3. acted royally II. Cabinet
7 US History Student Name: Unit 9: The New Republic Period: Time Period: 1790-1820 Unit Questions (Prepare to answer these questions for unit exam) 1. How did Washington set the tone for the presidency?
Launching the New Nation George Washington becomes the first president. President Thomas Jefferson doubles U.S. territory with the Louisiana Purchase. The U.S. fights the British in the War of 1812. Launching
Chapter 9: The Era of Thomas Jefferson How did Jefferson and Madison deal with unresolved problems? Pictures from:http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/beacon/fall06images22-jefferson-bible/jefferson.jpgg
Washington Leads a New Nation The Big Idea President Washington and members of Congress established a new national government. Main Ideas In 1789 George Washington became the first president of the United
Unit 6: The Early Republic I can identify the major eras and events in U. S. History. Early Republic I can explain the significance of the following dates: 1803. Louisiana Purchase I can describe major
George Washington Information to be included: 2 Facts (ONLY) BEFORE Washington was President, including place of Election facts events of and surrounding his nomination and election to the office of President,
Chapter 6 The New Republic Objectives Describe the steps Washington s administration took to build the federal government. Analyze Hamilton s plans for the economy and the opposition to them. Explain how
Name: Period Page# Chapter 6: The Origins of American Politics (1789-1820) Section 1: Liberty Versus Order in the 1790s What was Alexander Hamilton s program for dealing with national and state debt? How
Meet Mr. Jefferson On a morning in March 1801, Thomas Jefferson sat down to breakfast at his usual seat at the end of a long table at Conrad and McMunn s boardinghouse in Washington, D.C., where he paid
Chapter 11 Political Developments in the early republic Chapter 12 Foreign Policy in the Young Nation 1. Inauguration Terms 2. Election of 1800 3. Embargo 4. War hawks 5. Tribute 6. Impressment 7. Isolationism
Presidency of John Adams (1797-1801) Name: Class: The first election with two political parties had a strange outcome. The President and Vice President belonged to different political parties. The President,
Name: Class Period: Unit 3- Hammering Out a Federal Republic Key Concepts FOR PERIOD 3: Key Concept 3.2: The American Revolution s democratic and republican ideals inspired new experiments with different
JEFFERSON AND BEYOND MADISON AND THE WAR Re-Election Jefferson re-elected in 1804 easily (162) against Federalist Charles C. Pinckney (14) Election of 1800 - wanted to focus on domestic and avoid foreign
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 The Emergence of a New Nation Constitution, Washington, Adams, Jefferson, and Madison THE FOUNDING OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC AP United States History Updates made in-unit
Thomas Jefferson 3 rd President Still one thing more, fellow-citizens A wise and frugal Government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their
8 th Grade U.S. History STAAR Review Early Republic FORT BURROWS 2018 VOCABULARY Rebellion- an effort by many people to change the government or leader of a country by the use of protest or violence Excise
Major Events 1800-1850 VUS.6 a 7/6/2010 Go West Young Man! Economic and strategic interests, supported by popular beliefs, led to westward expansion to the Pacific Ocean. Prior to the Civil War U. S. experienced
America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 6 The Origins of American Politics (1789 1820) Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights
MUST BE COMPLETED IN INK! Name: Class Period: Due Date: / / Guided Reading & Analysis: Jefferson Era, 1800-1816 Chapter 7- The Age of Jefferson, pp 130-143 Reading Assignment: Ch. 7 AMSCO or other resource