3 Leadup to War 1. The Failure of the League of Nations
4 The Failure of the League of Nations League was founded by the winners of WWI in 1919 to create permanent peace through collective security. It failed to prevent war because: its member nations would not support it the US refused to join
5 The Failure of the League of Nations -After WWI Canada distrusted European governments. It was leery of the League of Nations, even though it was a member. When Japan invaded Manchuria (a province of China) in 1931, the League of Nations condemned the action but its member nations would do nothing to stop Japan.
6 The Failure of the League of Nations Italy under Benito Mussolini invaded Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 1935.
7 Mussolini invaded using modern weapons against soldiers armed with spears.
8 The Failure of the League of Nations The League objected to the attack and attempted an economic boycott of Italy, but it failed to block delivery of oil supplies. Boycott: organized suspension of trade Germany under Hitler (left the league in 1933) was the first country to officially recognize Italy's annexation of Abyssinia.
9 2. Harshness of the Versailles Treaty After WWI the winners (especially France) used the treaty to punish Germany Germany was humiliated into accepting full blame for WWI the War Guilt Clause Germany was forced to pay exorbitant payments to the Allies - reparations Germany was allowed to keep only a very small army, navy & no air force Germany lost much of its land, regions where German-speaking people lived
10 Territories lost by Germany under the Treaty of Versailles E. Danzig A. Denmark D. Polish corridor B. Alsace Lorraine C. Sudetenland
11 Harshness of the Versailles Treaty These harsh terms helped Hitler come to power in Germany How? He promised to end the humiliation that the treaty imposed on Germans Many other countries (even Canada) agreed that Germany had been treated unfairly
12 3. The Great Depression All western countries were hit hard by the Depression When Hitler(Germany), Mussolini(Italy) and Tojo(Japan) started their aggression, Britain, France and Canada were too focussed on their own economic problems to worry about doing anything to stop them
13 The Great Depression Germany was hit very hard Because of the need to pay reparations, hyperinflation (when prices rise more quickly than salaries) hit Germany before the Depression did! The result a lot of unemployment and Germans wanted a drastic change of govt.! *Economic instability leads to political instability!
14 4. Rise of Fascism & Aggression of Dictators Fascism: a system of government in which nationalism is promoted, workers and industry are regulated by a strong national government, and all opposition is suppressed.
15 Fascism Founded in Italy by Benito Mussolini in 1922 Strong central government, led by a dictator Based on the ideals of nationalism, militarism, and persecution. Believed democracy was weak that people needed a strong leader
16 Characteristics of Fascism Extreme Nationalism: Devotion to one s country even at the expense of innocent people Devotion to a dictator: (all-controlling leader) All opposition is suppressed and the media is censored Militarism: Focus on having a strong army and using war & violence to settle disputes Persecution of minorities and communists Blaming the country s problems on scapegoats such as Communists, Jews
17 Fascism and Nazism Fascism in Germany is called Nazism Had two unique policies: Lebensraum (the quest for living space for all Germans) Anti-Semitism (the hatred, persecution of Jews)
18 Hitler's Nazi party won the most seats in the German election in 1932 *But NOT a majority. he was declared Chancellor in 1933 beginning of the Third Reich Hitler s promise: to reclaim land lost in Treaty of Versailles
19 Fascism and Anti-Semitism Hitler s Nuremberg Laws (1935) stripped German Jews rights and citizenship. They were forced into ghettos In 1941, the Nazis began the Final Solution to the Jewish problem ; all Jews would be sent to concentration camps and exterminated. This was The Holocaust
20 In 1936, Hitler violated Versailles, German troops marched into the Rhineland, a coal and oil-rich region between Germany and France Even though it had a superior army, France did nothing Next Hitler demanded Anschluss; unification of Germany with Austria Germany annexed Austria in 1938.
21 Fascism in Canada Some people thought that only Hitler could stop the spread of communism
22 Fascism In Canada So some Canadians were attracted to Fascism Italian Canadians were sympathetic toward Mussolini's Government The Catholic Church in Quebec saw Nazism as a protector against godless Communists In large cities like Toronto and Montreal there were attacks against Jews, who were also kept out of some professions.
23 Anti-Semitism in Canada Canada turned away many Jewish refugees in the 1930s When a gov t official was asked how many Jews they would allow he replied, None is too many. This anti-semitism helps explain why the gov t was so reluctant to accept them See p.157 & p.200
24 Spanish Civil War In 1936 Spain democratically elected a left-wing, government. The Catholic Church, wealthy Spaniards, fascists and some army forces led by General Franciso Franco, opposed the new government. Franco started a civil war to take control
25 General Francisco Franco
26 Hitler supported Franco.
27 Mussolini did too
28 Russian leader Stalin supported the elected govt.
29 Spanish Civil War Canada, Britain and France had a policy of non-intervention in this war. Some 1200 Canadians secretly fought against the Fascists as part of the Mackenzie- Papineau Battalion
30 German and Italian aircraft bombed the Basque town Guernica during a busy market day
31 The world was outraged
32 Guernica One of Picasso s most famous paintings shows the tremendous suffering
33 Spanish Civil War Germany & Italy helped Franco because it was a chance to test their war machines. Franco's forces won the war in 1939, making him dictator of Spain hundreds of thousands of Spaniards would die under his rule.
34 Hitler and Mussolini learn three lessons from Spain:
35 1. 2. The League of Nations is weak and refuses to intervene The world s democratic powers refuse to stop Hitler 3. Total War - (the use of aircraft to create terror among civilians) is very effective
36 Rise of Fascism & Aggression of Dictators Dictators in Japan, Germany and Italy wanted to take more territories Japan invaded Manchuria Italy invaded Abyssinia Hitler wanted to expand Germany through Lebensraum and Anschluss
37 Hitler wanted more living space for Germans (Lebensraum) by invading the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia
38 5. Non-intervention & Appeasement: This policy of the western countries actually helped promote war! Wanting to avoid war by satisfying Hitler s demands, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain met with Hitler in 1938 The policy of appeasement is the best way to avoid war.
39 At the Munich Conference in September 1938, he tried to satisfy Hitler s demands
40 Neville Chamberlain Edouard Daladier Adolph Hitler Benito Mussolini But Czechoslovakia was not invited!!
41 I believe it is peace in our time. Chamberlain returned to London with the Munich Pact in hand. The document was signed by Hitler. Germany was given the Sudetenland and Hitler renounced any further claims
42 Non-intervention & Appeasement: In Canada, PM King supported Britain s signing of the Munich Pact The heart of Canada is rejoicing tonight at the success which crowned your (Britain s) unremitting effort for peace. What is the message of the quote?
43 Non-intervention & Appeasement: Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, breaking the Munich Pact Then in August 1939 Stalin and Hitler signed a non-aggression pact. This meant if Germany invades Poland the USSR does nothing! Germany & USSR would both attack & split up Poland
44 War begins: On September 1, 1939 Hitler invades Poland. Great Britain and France declared war on Sept 3, Appeasement of Hitler ended with the German invasion of Poland World War II had begun On Sept 3, a German U-boat sunk the passenger ship Athenia, killing 112 people including Canadians Canada declared war on Germany Sept 10
45 Recap - Causes of WWII 1. Failure of the League of Nations 2. Harshness of Versailles Treaty 3. World Depression 4. The Rise of Fascism and Aggression of dictators: Germany (Hitler), Japan (Tojo), Italy (Mussolini) 5. Non-Intervention & Appeasement of Hitler did nothing to stop the war
Unit 5 World War II There were 4 main causes of World War II Leadup to War 1. The Failure of the League of Nations The Failure of the League of Nations Was founded by the winners of WWI in 1919 to create
Unit 5 Canada in the Second World War 5.1 Causes of war: Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism, Failure of League of Nations, and appeasement Invasion of Poland The most immediate cause to the war as the
15-3: Fascism Rises in Europe 15-4: Aggressors Invade Nations E S S E N T I A L Q U E S T I O N : W H Y D I D I T A L Y A N D G E R M A N Y T U R N T O T O T A L I T A R I A N D I C T A T O R S? Totalitarian
Prelude to War The Causes of World War II The Treaty of Versailles Harsh, bitter treaty that ended WWI Germany must: Accept responsibility for WWI Pay war reparations to Allies Demilitarize the Rhineland
Unit 3.1 Appeasement and World War II 3.1.1 Pan-Germanism: German nationalist doctrine aiming at the union of all German-speaking peoples under German rule. Pan-Germanists were especially interested in
Rise of Totalitarianism Unit 6 - The Interwar Years I. The Rise of Totalitarianism A. Totalitarianism Defined 1. A gov t that takes total, centralized state control over every aspect of public and private
The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Main Idea The shattering effects of World War I helped set the stage for a new, aggressive type of leader in Europe and Asia. Content Statement/Learning Goal Analyze the
1 2 Begins to believe isolationism will not work for the U.S. FDR wanted to : 1) fix the depression at home 2) recognize the USSR (1933), trade possibilities and counter-weight to Germany in Europe and
Essential Question: What caused World War II? What were the major events during World War II from 1939 to 1942? CPWH Agenda for Unit 12.3: Clicker Review Questions World War II: 1939-1942 notes Today s
In 1919, Lloyd George of England, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson from the US met to discuss how Germany was to be made to pay for the damage world war one had caused. Woodrow
The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Main Idea The shattering effects of World War I helped set the stage for a new, aggressive type of leader in Europe and Asia. Content Statement/Learning Goal Analyze the
A Nation Forged in Blood Part Two? Canada and World War Two Causes A continuation of WWI Continuity from WWI: Imperialism (German aspirations for European dominance), Nationalism (Independence post WWI
What caused World War II A variety of reasonable answers 1. World War I & The Treaty of Versailles 2. The Rise of Totalitarian Governments 3. Failure of the League of Nations 4. Nationalism and Aggression
World War II Causes of the war What is ideology? What is propaganda? 1 A dictator is? What is a totalitarian government? What is a totalitarian dictator? 2 Post-WW1 Problems Treaty of Versailles Rebuilding
Lead up to World War II Overview 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 1910 s 1930 s Event Recap Political Spectrum Rise of Dictators Failure of the League of Nations Preview: Appeasement Compare and Contrast Causes of World
World War II Part 1 War Clouds Gather After World War I, many Americans believed that the nation should never again become involved in a war. In the 1930 s, however, war clouds began to gather. In Italy,
SSWH18: EXAMINE THE MAJOR POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS THAT SHAPED WORLD SOCIEITES BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II Element D: Explain the aggression of conflict leading to WWII in Europe and Asia;
WORLD WAR II Chapters 24 & 25 In the 1930 s dictators rise; driven by Nationalism: desire for more territory and national pride. Totalitarianism: Governments who exert total control over their citizens.
Rise of Dictators After WWI Around the World Emergence of A New Leader A certain type of leader emerged all over the world In between WWI and WWII: Totalitarian Leader AKA! DICTATOR Characteristics: Agreed
Nationalism Treaty of Versailles fascism in Italy Militarism Major Causes of World War II Economic depression Appeasement Hitler and Expansion Japanese expansionism Treaty of Versailles - 1919 Map! The
Chapter 23: The Coming of War (1931-1942) Section 1: Dictators & Wars Objectives Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive
WORLD HISTORY TOTALITARIANISM WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THIS POLITICAL CARTOON? WHAT IS THE CARTOONIST SAYING ABOUT TRUMP? WHAT IS THE CARTOONIST SAYING ABOUT OBAMA? HOW DO YOU NOW? TEXT WHAT IS TOTALITARIANISM?
Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933. Almost immediately he began secretly building up Germany s army and weapons. In 1934 he increased the size of the army, began building warships
IT BEGINS! LIGHTNING ROUND! We re going to fly through this quickly to get caught up. If you didn t get the notes between classes, you still need to get them on your own time! ITALY One of the 1 st Dictatorships
WW II The Rise of Dictators Benito Mussolini: founder of the Fascist Party in Italy. Fascism is an intense form of nationalism, the nation before the individual. Anti-communist Blackshirts, fascist militia
Name World War II Causes of World War II U.S. History: Cold War & World War II Treaty of Versailles Caused Germany to: Admit war guilt Give up overseas colonies Lose land to France (Alsace Loraine) Give
1939-1945 Fascism is a nationalistic political philosophy which is anti-democratic, anticommunist, and anti-liberal. It puts the importance of the nation above the rights of the individual. The word Fascism
Allied vs Axis Allies Great Britain France USSR US (1941) Axis Germany Japan Italy Who became dictator in Italy in the 1920s? Mussolini What does totalitarian mean? Governtment has control over private
U.S. Led Into WWII 1920-1941 WWII What you ll need to show you know 1. The political and military events that led to U.S. into WWII, the turning points of WWII, results & legacy 2. The causes of the bombing
Section 1: Dictators and War Objectives: Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia. Analyze
THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II 1935-1941 Georgia Standards SSUSH18 The student will describe Franklin Roosevelt s New Deal as a response to the depression and compare the ways governmental programs aided those
1 2 Unit I: Test 1 Consequences of WWI, Rise of WW II, Holocaust In your own words define the Treaty of Versailles? normally. 1918- Europe was hit by the Spanish influenza pandemic, which killed an estimated
Between the Wars Timeline 1914 1918 I. Aggression and Appeasement 1939 1945 WWI 10 million casualties Versailles Treaty: Germany blamed, reparations, took colonies, occupied Germany A. Europe was destroyed
The Coming of War German Aggression Under Hitler Resentful of the punitive terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, Hitler immediately withdrew Germany from the League of Nations. Ended the payment of all
READ P. 124-126 IN COUNTERPOINTS 4 CAUSES OF WWII 1. Rise of Fascism Benito Mussolini (Italy) Adolf Hitler (Germany) Japan had some fascist characteristics as well A. Italian fascism was forged by by Benito
Making of the Modern World 15 Lecture #8: Fascism and the Blond Beast The Blond Beast Friedrich Nietzsche 1844-1900 German Philosopher Genealogy of Morals (1887) Good/Evil vs Good/Bad Slave morality Priestly
UNIT 3: INTERNATIONAL TENSIONS DURING THE 1930 S & WW II (1939 1945) 3.1.1: Terms Pan-Germanism: a doctrine whereby Germany could win influence over Europe and control the world through military power.
On October 1, 1938, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain returned to Great Britain to announce that peace with honor had been preserved by his signature in the Munich Pact. This was an agreement that gave
WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF GERMANY IN THE 1930 S? 2) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF THE SOVIET UNION DURING WWII? 3) LIST THE FIRST THREE STEPS OF HITLER S PLAN TO DOMINATE
Practice Paper 2 WWI & WWII WADOBBIE NOVEMBER 15, 2013 ANONY MOUS NOVEMBER 15, 2013 2. What do you understand by the term "total war"? Explain in what ways one twentieth century war could be called a total
Hollow Times World War II was tough but there is no 1. Olivia Gregory 2. Lexi Reese 3. Heavenly Naluz 4. Isabel Lomeli 5. Gurneet Randhawa 6. G.A.P period 6 7. 11/18 Rise of Dictators: Eurasia (Heavenly
A Rehearsal for WW2 CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR CAUSES DEALT WITH IN PREVIOUS UNITS a) The Treaty of Versailles A.J.P Taylor has been quoted saying that the Treaty of Versailles caused the second world
POST WW1 Overview: 1.Treaty of Versailles: punished Germany 2. Continued Nationalism 3. Worldwide Economic Depression 4. Rise of Fascism in Germany, Italy & Spain 5. Rise of Japan = CAUSES OF WW2 I. Treaty
World War II The Paths to War The German Path to War Rise of Adolf Hitler Born in Austria 1889 Rose in German politics as head of the National Socialist German Workers Party (a.k.a. Nazi) Became Germany
The Interwar Years 1919-1939 Essential Understanding: A period of uneven prosperity in the decade following World War I (the 1920s = the Roaring 20s ) was followed by worldwide depression in the 1930s.
1 Dictators Threaten World Peace Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia Failures of the World War I Peace Settlement Treaty of Versailles causes anger, resentment in Europe Germany resents blame for war, loss
Years of Crisis Chapter 15 Great Britain Postwar Problems Severe Economic Problems No jobs for soldiers Relied on trade dropped why? 40% fleet destroyed US/Japan Increased tariffs Old technology Couldn
THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES Georges Clemenceau: France David Lloyd George: G.B. Woodrow Wilson: USA Wilson s 14 points 1. No secret alliances (A) 2. No body of water claimed by one country 3. Remove economic
Name: Interwar Practice 1. Which political leader gained power as a result of the failing economy of the Weimar Republic? A) Adolf Hitler B) Francisco Franco C) Benito Mussolini D) Charles de Gaulle 2.
Name: Class: _ Date: _ Chapter 17 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES Match each name with his or her description below. You will not use all the names. a.
1 In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews. 1 Kristallnacht ( Night of Broken Glass ) 2 This 1934 event resulted in Hitler s destruction
1 Run Up To WWII 2 Legacies of WWI Isolationism: US isolated themselves from world affairs during 1920s & 1930s Disarmament: US tried to reduce size of militaries throughout world -- did NOT work Kellog-Brand
8/5/05 Dictators Threaten World Peace Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia Failures of the World War I Peace Settlement Treaty of Versailles causes anger, resentment in Europe Germany resents blame for war,
15-3 Fascism Rises in Europe Fascism political movement that is extremely nationalistic, gives power to a dictator, and takes away individual rights The economic crisis of the Great Depression led to the
German Foreign Policy 1933-1939 Presentation by Mr Young Europe after World War I Your Task You are an expert in foreign policy It is your job to advise the new leaders of Germany You will be told about
Causes of World War II We will look at 4 main causes & several examples of each: 1. Failure of Collective Security Collective security is not an alliance system, but an agreement of many signatories to
Communists Nationalist Socialists Fascists The Collapse of the Old Order Soviet Union - Nazi Germany - Fascist Italy Notecard: List Name 8 different types of governments: Notecard: List Name 8 different
Treaty of Versailles Rise of Italian fascism Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Great Depression Japanese expansionism Anti-communism Appeasement Militarism Nationalism U.S. isolationism Maps Rise of Hitler
Among the first totalitarian dictators was Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union Stalin s Five Year Plans & collective farms improved the Soviet Union s industrial & agricultural output Stalin was Communist
The Rise of Totalitarian leaders as a Response to the Great Depression NEW POLITICAL PARTIES IN EUROPE BEFORE WWII!! COMMUNISM AND THE SOVIET UNION The problems that existed in Germany, Italy, Japan and
Spineless Democracies? Appeasement Italian War The year is 1935, and Mussolini wants to re-establish the glories of Rome, and hopes to use the invasion of Ethiopia to help prove Italian military might.
The Rise Of Dictators In Europe WWI disillusioned many Americans about further international involvement. The U.S. was in a major depression throughout the 1930s and was mostly concerned with its own problems.
World War II Outcome: The European Theater EQ: Elaborate on the Conditions of WWII in Europe, including major battles, events and the scope of the Holocaust. Content Standard 4: The student will analyze
Do Now: Early Warning Signs of Fascism This sign hangs in the National Holocaust Museum as a reminder to all of us the dangers brought to the world by fascism: 1) What is Fascism? And why warn people against
Causes Of World War II In the 1930 s, Italy, Germany, and Japan aggressively sought to build new empires. The League of Nations was weak. Western countries were recovering from the Great Depression and
Appeasement PEACE IN OUR TIME! Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of Great Britain prior to the outbreak of World War II, proclaimed these words in 1939 after the Munich Conference in which he, meeting
Leaders $200 Who is Adolf Hitler? He was the leader of Nazi Germany. Who is Benito Mussolini? The Fascist leader of Italy Who is Joseph Stalin? He led the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during WWII.
A World in Flames Chapter 24 1931-1941 America and the World Rise of Dictators Versailles Treaty Depression Mussolini-Italy Stalin-Soviet Union Hitler-Germany The Fuhrer Franco-Spain Military-Japan Axis
AWC II 1718 Assignment 18 Storm Clouds Gather April 17-24 (due) FRYE Read Quest Chapter 18 and Sources [see below] Terms to take note of (may appear on a pop quiz of some kind ) The Great Depression Weimar
BW What were the causes of WWI and what was the outcome of that war? WWII Why it s important A. It shaped the US into a world superpower, politically, economically, and militarily. Can we keep this status
Appeasement 1. Define appeasement in your own words. 2. Give 4 specific examples of how Hitler was appeased. 3. What are the pros and cons of appeasement? Provide at least 3 of each. 4. Do you think appeasement
On your own paper create the following layout LEADER PROBLEMS MAJOR REFORMS EXAMPLES OF TOTALITARIAN RULE Joseph Stalin Benito Mussolini Adolph Hitler Hideki Tojo Francisco Franco Rise of Totalitarianism
Why did Britain adopt a policy of appeasement? There were many reasons why Britain adopted a policy of appeasement! Economic Reasons The economy during this period was too weak. The Great War and depression
GCSE HISTORY (8145) EXAMPLE RESPONSES Marked Papers 1B/B Conflict and Tension: The inter-war years, 1918 1939 Understand how to apply the mark scheme for our sample assessment papers. Version 1.0 April
Standard 7-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century. 7-4.4: Compare the ideologies of socialism, communism,
World War II Notes Name: Date: Humanities Teacher Name: Directions: You will be responsible for understanding how all the following events/people relate to World War II - its beginnings, its duration or
Outline of Content: (Suggestions: Take notes with each assignment and use this out line. You will be reading different sources so it is best for your learning to take notes from the beginning of the unit