1 Objectives Describe the methods the colonists used to protest British taxes. Understand the significance of the First Continental Congress in Assess why Congress declared independence and the ideas underlying the Declaration of Independence. Explain the advantages the British held at the start of the war, and Evaluate the major military turning points of the war. Describe how the British were finally defeated. List the terms of the peace treaty. Explain how the war and the peace treaty affected minority groups and women. Assess the impact of the American Revolution on other countries.
2 What caused the colonists to rebel against the British? Colonists enjoyed military protection, profits from trade, and political rights as British subjects. When Britain imposed taxes, colonists protested. These protests grew into rebellion and eventually turned into war.
3 Comparing British and Colonial Governments Great Britain King Inherited executive power Parliament House of Lords Aristocrats with inherited legislative power House of Commons Elected by the few wealthy property owners American Colonies Governor Appointed by the King but paid by colonial legislature Colonial Legislatures Upper House or Council Prominent citizens appointed by the governor Lower House or Assembly Elected property owners about two-thirds of colonists
4 After the French and Indian War, Parliament decided to tax the colonists. The war raised Britain s debt. Defending the colonies was expensive. People in Britain already paid higher taxes. By collecting taxes and paying royal governors directly, Parliament could take control away from the colonial assemblies.
5 Grievances Major Acts put on the colonists by King of England **Place grievances in the rain drops on your worksheet 1. Quartering Act: colonists must house British troops 2. Sugar Act: placed a tax on sugar goods 3. Stamp Act: tax on all paper goods 4. Tea Act: import tax on tea arriving in colonies 5. Townshend Acts: Necessary items from England were directly taxed at ports. (ex: lead, glass, cloth) 6. Navigation Act: no trading with other countries 7. Currency Act: no paper money 8. Intolerable Act: British punished the colonists and placed military rule over Boston, Massachusetts
6 Parliament rejected colonist complaints by claiming: Parliament represented, and could tax, any subject. Other citizens couldn t vote but still paid taxes. The revenue was necessary. The colonists could afford to pay their share. The colonists were selfish and narrow-minded.
7 Colonists held the Stamp Act Congress (October 1765) and boycotted British goods. Boston rioted against corrupt customs officials and seizure of John Hancock s boat Liberty. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act but replaced it with the Townshend Acts (1767) that taxed glass, lead, paper, paint, and tea. The governor dissolved the Massachusetts legislature and 4,000 British troops were sent to Boston.
8 Started as a protest against British government by colonists. Colonists threw snowballs at soldiers and taunted them by calling them names. Soldiers fired on crowd killing 5 colonists. Someone from the crowed yelled fire.
9 Parliament passed the Coercive Acts to punish Boston. Closed the port of Boston Quartered soldiers in Boston homes Increased the governor s power at expense of legislature Allowed British officials to be tried in Britain Colonists formed committees of correspondence to coordinate protests against these Intolerable Acts.
10 Boston Tea Party
11 In 1774 the First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. Patrick Henry demanded, Give me liberty, or give me death. Most still hoped the king would side with them against Parliament. Some, like John Adams, believed a new country was being born.
12 2 nd Continental Congress The Continental Congress meets again. On July 4, 1776 Congress issued the Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson
13 What events led the colonists to declare their independence from Britain? In 1776, colonists made three important decisions: To declare their independence To choose a republican model of government To confederate the thirteen colonies into the United States of America Their strength surprised and changed the world.
14 In early 1775, Boston Patriots responded to the Intolerable Acts John Hancock and Samuel Adams organized a Provincial Congress to run Massachusetts. The Patriots began to stockpile weapons and ammunition in towns outside of Boston. Colonial militia calling themselves minutemen began to organize.
15 Aroused by the events at Lexington and Concord, thousands of Patriots surrounded the British in Boston.
16 Provincial assemblies seized control in the other New England colonies while colonial militia pinned down British troops in Boston. In May 1775 the Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia to take control of the fighting. As volunteers arrived in Boston, George Washington was chosen to command the new Continental Army.
17 Congress made one final attempt at reconciliation in July The Olive Branch Petition was sent to Britain reaffirming allegiance to King George, but not Parliament. The petition was rejected. Britain responded by sending more troops.
19 Not all colonists favored independence. About one-fifth remained British Loyalists. Some believed Britain was too powerful to beat. Some feared a loss of business and income. Some feared abuse from lawless Patriots. Some resented Patriot taxes and militia demands. Native Americans feared settlers moving westward. Many slaves hoped for freedom under the British.
20 Paine depicted the king as an enemy of liberty. Thomas Paine s pamphlet Common Sense crystallized colonial ideas in early He called for a republic where opportunity is based on merit not on inherited privilege. He said the government should be elected by the common people. Paine reinforced the Enlightenment idea that all men have natural rights.
21 In the spring of 1776, Congress selected a committee to declare, and explain reasons for, independence. So Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence. Congress approved it on July 4, It stated that All men are created equal.
22 The Declaration was organized into four sections: The Preamble stated the reasons for writing the Declaration. The second paragraph stated the purpose of government to protect people s rights. Then came a long list of grievances against the King. The final paragraph actually declared independence.
23 What factors helped the Patriots win the war? The Patriots needed to overcome a powerful empire with nearly four times their population. The Colonists were: 20% Loyalists plus 20% slaves plus many who remained neutral
24 British commanders made major mistakes. British generals didn t take Patriots seriously. The British battle tactics were unsuited for fighting in America. The hiring of brutal Hessian mercenaries angered colonists. The British failed to see that the real struggle was for the hearts and minds of the citizens.
25 The odds were against the Patriots. Britain Well-organized, long established government. Produced many more ships and weapons. British troops were well trained and supplied. Colonists Continental Congress just starting out. The Continental Congress had no money nor authority to tax. Continental soldiers were cold, hungry, and poorly equipped.
26 British commander William Howe made a costly mistake at Bunker Hill. To show British invincibility, he ordered a frontal assault. The Redcoats took the hill, but they suffered heavy casualties. In early 1776, cannons captured by Continentals at Fort Ticonderoga were dragged to Boston to fire on the British. They soon evacuated.
27 The colonists endured despite hard times. The Continental Congress could only pay farmers and soldiers with paper money, causing inflation. The British blockade meant shortages of goods. Some profiteers sold items at inflated prices. Washington s troops spent the cold winter of at Valley Forge. There was disease and hunger; a third of the men were without shoes or coats.
28 Britain s European enemies sent assistance. Benjamin Franklin persuaded France to send supplies and, after Saratoga, troops and a navy. French nobleman Marquis de Lafayette volunteered to help Washington. Baron Von Steuben, a German, volunteered to train and drill Washington s men in The Spanish in New Orleans kept the British from entering the Mississippi River in 1779.
29 What did the Revolution accomplish, and what ideas did it set in motion? For the first time, overseas colonies rejected their empire in favor of creating a republican union. The Patriots defied conventional wisdom and aimed to create a more equal society.
30 The American-French victory at Yorktown led to the end of the war. After seven years of fighting, the British were tired and sought peace with their former colonists. In 1783, Benjamin Franklin negotiated the Treaty of Paris that officially recognized American independence. Franklin gained more territory for the United States than the Americans actually won on the battlefield.
31 The Treaty of Paris recognized American independence. But Women gained few political or legal rights. About 90,000 Loyalists became refugees. Some resettled in Canada. Many African Americans were re-enslaved and sent to the British West Indies. Native Americans were ignored by the treaty and abandoned by Britain. Frontiersmen forced Native Americans to sign treaties and took huge tracts of land.
32 The Revolution inspired many slaves to demand their freedom. In the North, some slaves petitioned or sued for freedom. Thousands of African Americans volunteered to fight the British. In the South, some planters voluntarily freed their slaves in an action called manumission. However, southern whites feared black reprisals. The Revolution led to emancipation in the North but not the South, where slaves were a third of the population.
33 The American Revolution inspired other revolutions around the world. First was the French Revolution in Others followed in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. The American Revolution changed the world.
Chapter 4: The American Revolution Objectives Describe the colonists political heritage. Explain the colonists reaction to new taxes. Describe the methods the colonists used to protest British taxes. Understand
1 Chapter 4 The American Revolution Reading Guide HW # 4 If I cannot read it I will not grade it. The more effort you put in now, the better in the long run! 11th Define: George Greenville Section 1 Causes
Chapter 4 The American Revolution 1 Raising Taxes Sugar Act- The first tax passed specifically to raise money in the colonies, rather than regulate trade. To crack down on smugglers Help pay for French
The Americans (Survey) Chapter 4: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The War for Independence CHAPTER OVERVIEW The colonists clashes with the British government lead them to declare independence. With French aid, they
RW Name: Period: Date: AMERICAN REVOLUTION STUDY GUIDE Directions: Sort the list of phrases into the correct categories in the chart below. To help finance the French and Indian War Colonists opposed taxes
The American Revolution & Confederation The Birth of the United States 1774-1787 Essential Question Evaluate the extent to which the Revolution fundamentally changed American society. The First Continental
Chapter 7 APUSH Lecture Students will be able to clearly explain how Britain and its colonies viewed their joint victory over France in the Seven Years War. evaluate how colonial resistance to the Stamp
1- England Became Great Britain in the early 1700s 2- Economic relationships Great Britain imposed strict control over trade. Great Britain taxed the colonies after the French and Indian War Colonies traded
1. The Stamp Act taxed all legal documents, licenses, dice, playing cards and one other item. What is that other item? 2. Do you think it was fair for the Parliament to expect the colonies to pay to house
8th Grade History American Revolution BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHAT DID THE SPANISH WANT IN THE AMERICAS? 2) WHAT DID THE FRENCH WANT IN THE AMERICAS? 3) WHAT DID THE ENGLISH WANT IN THE AMERICAS? 4) HOW DID
The American Revolution: From Elite Protest to Popular Revolt, 1763 1783 Breakdown of Political Trust Seven Years War left colonists optimistic about future Most important consequence of Seven Years War
The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 2: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Revolution and the Early Republic CHAPTER OVERVIEW Colonists declare their independence and win a war to gain the right
LECTURE 3-2: THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION British attempts to assert tighter control over its North American colonies and the colonial resolve to pursue self-government led to a colonial independence movement
America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 4 The Road to Independence (1753 1783) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved.
Guided Reading Activity 5-1 DIRECTIONS: Recalling the Facts Use the information in your textbook to answer the questions. Use another sheet of paper if necessary. 1. In 1763 how did Great Britain try to
Ch. 2 Sec. 2 The colonists formed the Continental Congress to act as a government during the American Revolution. Massachusetts Defies Britain (cont.) To intercept smugglers, the British sent customs ships
Desert To run away or leave someone in their time of need. Inflation Rapid rise in prices. Blockade Barrier preventing the movement of troops and supplies. Tributary River or stream that flows into a larger
Unit 2 American Revolution Name: Chapter 4 The Empire in Transition 1. Loosening Ties 1707 England + Scotland = a. A Tradition of Neglect i.growing Power of Parliament influence of Kings a. Robert Walpole
Declaring Independence ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What motivates people to act? The Second Continental Congress The decision to declare independence came only after all other options had been exhausted. Guiding
American Revolution Learning Goal 5: Students will be able to explain the events which led to the start of the American Revolution. - Tea Act (Boston Tea Party, British East India Company, Sons of Liberty,
AMERICAN REVOLUTION U.S. History Chapter 4 The primary cause of economic differences among the colonies in North America was geography. Longer growing season in the South led to an agriculture-based economy.
American Revolution The Boston Tea Party The Night Boston Harbor Was Turned into a Giant Pot of Tea To learn about the Boston Tea Party, we will be doing a readers theater in class. In groups, you will
Study Guide for Test 4 1. In general, who could vote in the English colonies? Free men, over 21 years old, who owned a certain amount of land. Sometimes had to be church members. 2. representative government
1 Causes of the American Revolution The American Revolution The American Colonists developed 2 A strong sense of autonomy from 1607-1763 a strong sense of self government a different understanding of key
Proclamation of 1763 French and Indian War Sugar Act Official announcement made by King George III of England which stopped colonists from settling lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. War fought by
American Revolution Unit Packet Name Period 0 Learning Goals and Scales Learning Goal 5: Students will be able to explain the events which led to the start of the American Revolution. - Tea Act (Boston
Chapter 5: DEFINING AMERICAN WAR AIMS Objectives: Identify the major debates in the Second Continental Congress, and their outcomes. Assess the impact of Thomas Paine s Common Sense on the colonial view
Chapter 5 Toward Independence: Years of Decision Salutary Neglect would give way to imperial authority! Problems Begin colonial troops treated poorly governors shared power army in peacetime Distance 1762
Causes of the American Revolution The Taxation Acts The King of England started taxing the colonists in the form of Taxation Acts in 1764. He felt that the colonists should bear the burden of the expense
Study Guide- The American Revolution Vocabulary (Matching) 1. Boston Massacre- The killing of 5 by British in 1770 became known as this. (Page 71 of 2. Nathan Hale- American captured by the British, tried
The Revolutionary War: America s War for Independence Standard Analyze the ideological, military, social, and diplomatic aspects of the American Revolution. The Fighting Begins King George III responded
From Protest to Rebellion Constitutional Issues Parliamentary Sovereignty: Only Parliament passes laws; it does not share this power with anyone. Were the colonies represented in Parliament? Yes: Virtual
The Early Days of the Revolution AHI Unit 1 Part C Breed s Hill or Bunker Hill? Following the Battles of Lexington & Concord, the British reinforced their position in Boston and brought in additional troops
War of Independence: Chapter 2, Section 4 Political ideas and major events shape how people form governments. The United States declared independence in 1776, but it took several years of war and turmoil
CHAPTER 2: REVOLUTION AND THE EARLY REPUBLIC COLONIAL RESISTANCE AND REBELLION SECTION 1 England s Parliament and Big Ben The Proclamation of 1763 sought to halt the westward expansion of the colonist,
The American Revolution and the Constitution Objectives Describe characteristics of Britain and its 13 American colonies in the mid-1700s. Outline the events that led to the American Revolution. Summarize
Guided Notes 3: The American Colonies and Great Britain Part II The Revolutionary War began as a disagreement over the way in which Great Britain treated the colonies versus the way the colonies felt they
Declaration of Independence Reasons for Independence Over 100 years of the policy of salutary neglect by the British government (relaxed policies, allowed for self government in the colonies) French and
Britain was in bad shape financially By 1763, British citizens were the most heavily taxed people in the world. Britain s empire was massive and expensive to maintain. The colonies in America were prospering.
You say you want a Revolution... Boston Tea Party Illustration of the Boston Tea Party. Mansell Time Life Pictures/Getty Images Coercive (Intolerable) Acts A set of laws passed by Parliament in 1774 aimed
BACKGROUND Historically speaking,. There is NO. COLONIZATION Impact *Columbus Claims New World for * established * English Colonies Created * brought to America *Native American depopulated due to Motive
Foundations of the American Government 1600s-1770s Each colony was loyal to Great Britain but was responsible for forming its own government, taxing and defending itself. The government and constitution
The American Revolution: Political Upheaval Led to U.S. Independence By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on 05.12.17 Word Count 740 Level 800L Continental Army Commander-in-Chief George Washington
Origins of American Government Chapter 2 Section 1 Essential Questions 1) What two principles of government came from the English heritage of the colonists? 2) What documents from England influenced the
Complete the warm-up about Jefferson s quote The 13 Colonies America: 13 colonies ruled by Great Britain (England) 1620-1783 European settlement initiated by Puritans & people seeking economic opportunities
WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 8 th Grade Revolution Unit of Study Unit 3: Revolution & the New Nation Debate Unit Title From Adolescence to Independence
The Declaration of Independence & The Revolutionary War US History 2 The Declaration of Independence The First Continental Congress Met from September 5 to October, 26, 1774 Meet in Philadelphia 56 delegates
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE AN AMERICAN? The American Experience AMERICAN GOVERNMENT Marshall High School Unit One AC MR. CLINE Intolerable Acts Parliament and the King insisted on their rights to govern the
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 9TH Unit 1 Review American Revolution Battle Notes, textbook pages 126-139. Planner: Unit 1 test tomorrow (review page & quizlet) UNIT 1 REVIEW 1. Based on your knowledge of Social Studies
Questions / Themes 9/5/2012 Early US History Part 1 How did the United States became a country? Your Notes You will need these notes to prepare for exams. Remember to paraphrase and generalize. Avoid copying
U.S. History Mr. Boothby 10/6/2017 SPECIAL DAY! The Learning Target: GOING IN A DIFFERENT DIRECTION/ PROJECT TIME! DISCUSS: The Articles of Confederation FIRST + REVIEW http://college.cengage.com/history/us/kennedy/am_pageant/12e/assets/students/ace/popupbranded.html?folder_path=/history/us/kennedy/am_pageant/12e/assets/students/ace&layer=act&src=workflow_07.xml&w=790;h=560
1 Vocabulary Unit 2: New Beginnings United States: French & Indian War: French and Indian War definition. A series of military engagements between Britain and France in North America between 1754 and 1763.
SOCIAL STUDIES PACING GUIDE: 1st Nine Wee Week Standards Learning Targets Week One Week Two Week Three 4.9 Compare and constrast the differing views of American Indians and colonists on ownership or use
In your notes... What caused the American Revolution? Unit Question Was the American Revolution truly revolutionary? Causes of the American Revolution In the news... Scotland is seeking independence from
The Birth of a Nation The student will demonstrate an understanding of the conflicts between regional and national interest in the development of democracy in the United States. Analyze the impact of the
Name: Date: Geography & History Combine Assignment Labeling a Map 7 Points Write or draw on the map to answer the questions that follow. Be sure to label clearly and neatly. 1. Color each of the colonies
Bell Ringers gmail Hand in homework Objective: Students will be able to distinguish several examples of British actions and colonial reactions 1 The only representatives of the people of these colonies
Name: USH Period: Study Guide Unit 3 Directions: All information can be found in your notes, presentations Power Points), handouts, etc. for USH Unit 2: Road to the Revolution. When writing your answer,
STANDARD VUS.4c THE POLITICAL DIFFERENCES AMONG THE COLONISTS CONCERNING SEPARATION FROM BRITAIN The ideas of the Enlightenment and the perceived unfairness of British policies provoked debate and resistance
American Revolution Unit Packet Name Period Learning Goals and Scales 0 Learning Goal 5: Students will be able to explain the events which led to the start of the American Revolution. - Tea Act (Boston
The American Revolution The Rise of Nation Conflicts with Native Americans Some Allied with Colonists, Others Fought Natives Trusted the smaller French over English Conflicts Between England and France
Revolutionary War Prior Knowledge- Cross check the following questions for the correct answer in your Insights (Copy Questions) Questions #2,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14 Objectives- Students will understand the
What do these clips have in common? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=salmxkxr5k0 (Avatar) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dlrrewji4so &feature=related (Pirates of the Caribbean) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wlrrbs8jbqo
Period 3: 1754-1800 British imperial attempts to reassert control over its colonies and the colonial reaction to these attempts produced a new American republic, along with struggles over the new nation
You have 15 Minutes from the time the Bell Rings. The Shot Heard Round the World January 1775, actions of First Continental Congress led British government to use force to control colonies April, British
1. Which of the following is NOT a reason the Quebec Act (1774) angered American colonists? A) Expansion of Quebec's territory to lands along the Ohio River B) Lack of representative government in Quebec
American Revolution Unit Packet Name Period 0 Learning Goals and Scales Learning Goal 5: Students will be able to explain the events which led to the start of the American Revolution. - Tea Act (Boston
Creating the Constitution 1776-1791 US Timeline 1777-1791 1777 Patriots win Battles of Saratoga. Continental Congress passes the Articles of Confederation. 1781 Articles of Confederation go into effect.
Chapter 5, Section 4 Moving Toward Independence (pages 147 151) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What happened at the Second Continental Congress? Why did the colonists
Read and then answer the questions at the end of the document Section 3 From ideas to Independence: The American Revolution The colonists gathered ideas about government from many sources and traditions.
The American Revolution, 1763-1783 [excerpt] The American Revolution, 1763-1783 [excerpt] By Pauline Maier This essay excerpt is provided courtesy of the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. INDEPENDENCE
AP U.S. History Chapter 7 The Road to Revolution, 1763-1775 Name A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below. 1. 2. 3.
Topic 3 1. How did the colonists protest British taxes? Pg 88-89 They boycotted, petitioned the English government, and signed nonimportation agreements 2. How did the British respond to the Boston Tea
8th grade 1770-1900 I. American Revolution A. A New Nation (1763-1791) *Unit 3 1. The Thirteen Colonies Rebel a. Tighter British Control Colonists resented new laws and taxes passed by the British after
Chapter 2:2: Declaring Independence Objectives: 2:2 Our Political Beginnings o Students will explain how the relationship between the colonies and Great Britain changed during the pre- Revolutionary War
Mr. McMurray US History Essential Question QuickWrite 1. Write down everything that you know on the American Revolution 2. Based on what you know, were the colonists justified in their rebellion. The Road
Intolerable Acts Taxation without Representation History SS8H3 The student will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution. a. Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution
The Role of Virginia in the American Revolution The Colonies Against Great Britain Conflicts developed between the colonies and Great Britain. The colonists and the The colonists and the English disagreed
Introduction and Origins to the American Revolution SYNOPSIS : The war of independence was a people s revolution sparked by the colonists yearning for independence from the British Details - The American