1 Privacy and Access in British Columbia B.C. s Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act Matt Reed, Director of Strategic Privacy, Legislation and Training Privacy, Compliance and Training Branch Ministry of Finance June 6, 2016
2 Agenda Introductions This Session: A high level overview of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FOIPPA) including: Intro to FOIPPA Access Privacy Security
3 Our Branch Privacy, Compliance and Training Branch Of the Corporate Information and Records Management Office (CIRMO) Responsible for FOIPPA, Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA), Document Disposal Act (DDA), and Electronic Transactions Act (ETA) and all policy, standards and directives that flow from them. Services, support and leadership to assist ministries and other public bodies in complying with FOIPPA Input and advice on legislative proposals and reviews Privacy training PIAs Privacy breach investigation
4 The Privacy Commissioner Information and Privacy Commissioner Information and Privacy Commissioner is an independent Officer of the Legislature Elizabeth Denham is B.C. s Information and Privacy Commissioner The Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner (OIPC): conducts reviews and investigations to ensure compliance with FOIPPA mediates FOI disputes comments on FOI and privacy implications of proposed legislative schemes or public body programs
5 Legislative Landscape Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FOIPPA) public sector access and privacy legislation; applies to public bodies in B.C. Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA) private sector privacy legislation; applies to organizations (more than just businesses) in B.C. Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) applies to federal works, undertakings or businesses (banks, airlines, and telecommunications companies) applies to the collection, use and disclosure of personal information in the course of a commercial activity and across borders. Canada s Access to Information Act and Privacy Act are the federal equivalents to the BC FOIPPA (access and privacy obligations for federal government institutions and the federally regulated)
6 Purposes of FOIPPA Accountable to the public: A right of access to records, Limited exceptions to the right of access Independent review of decisions made under the Act. Protects privacy: A right to request correction, and Preventing the unauthorized collection, use, or disclosure of personal information by public bodies.
7 Coverage of FOIPPA APPLIES TO: all records in the custody or under the control of a public body
8 Public Bodies Ministries, Crown Corporations, Agencies, Boards, Commissions Local government, health care bodies, municipal police, educational bodies Governing bodies of professional organizations
9 Records Any information recorded or stored by any means whether in hard copy or in electronic format This includes books, documents, maps, drawings, photographs, text messages, letters, s, telephone records, black books, vouchers, papers, etc...
10 Custody Physical possession May not be responsible for content Responsible for providing access to and security of the record Responsible for managing, maintaining, preserving and disposing of the record
11 Control Authority to manage, restrict, regulate or administer the use or disclosure of a record Indicators of control: Created by an employee of a public body, Created by a consultant for the public body, Specified in a contract, Subject to inspection, review or copying by the public body under contract.
12 Access to Information a.k.a. Freedom of Information (FOI)
13 The Request Process Written request Sufficient detail to identify record sought Copy or original Must provide proof of authority if acting for another person persons under 19 years of age persons who have committees deceased persons
14 Duty to Assist Openly, accurately and without delay Requirement to create records If the decision is that no records exist -- make sure that is correct If there are no records, tell applicant: other sources for the records other available records that are similar to what the applicant has requested.
15 Timelines & Fees Timelines 30 business days 30 day extension possible- further extensions through the OIPC Fees Locating, preparing, handling, and copying Limitations to what can be charged. Written estimates must be provided (track time!) Applicants may request a fee waiver Fees prescribed by regulation
16 Exceptions & Severing Must release unless an exception applies Disclosure should be the rule, not the exception Two types of exceptions: Mandatory and Discretionary
17 Mandatory Exceptions The head must not release requested information: Section 12: Cabinet confidences Section 21: Third party business information Section 22: Disclosure harmful to personal privacy Section 22.1: Related to abortion services 17
18 Discretionary Exceptions The head of a public body may refuse to disclose requested information. Two parts to applying a discretionary exception: Does the exception apply? Exercise discretion
19 Exercising Discretion Purpose of the Legislation Balance of interests Severing Historical practice Nature of the record Will disclosure increase public confidence? Age of the record Previous orders
20 Exercising Discretion The purpose of the Legislation Balance of interests (what is purpose of exception) Severing Historical practice Nature of the record Will disclosure increase public confidence? Age of the record Sympathetic or compelling need Previous orders
21 Tips Tips for responding to requests 1. Communicate, communicate, communicate! 2. Raise awareness of legislated timelines and other requirements in FOIPPA 3. It s not personal It s business! 4. Consider a staged release of records
22 Embarrassment is not an exception!
23 Public Interest Public Interest Paramount s. 25 Overrides any other provision of the Act: Whether or not request for access made Must release information, without delay To the public, affected group or applicant Information about a risk of significant harm to environment or health or safety of the public or a group of people; or other disclosure which is, for any other reason, clearly in the public interest.
24 What is privacy?
25 What is Privacy? It is not defined in FOIPPA, PIPA or any legislation in Canada None of the statutes define privacy but aim to achieve it with rules for how personal information is to be collected, used and disclosed. Different types of privacy: physical, spatial, informational
26 What is Privacy? The foundation of privacy laws Informational self determination an individual s personal information is their own to the extent possible, the individual controls how their personal information is collected, used and disclosed
27 Information Management Guiding Principles Right Information Right Person Right Purpose Right Time Right Way Managed based on the need to know and least privilege principles Access only to the minimum amount of personal information required to perform employment duties Access permissions should be assigned consistently and kept up to date
28 A World Without Privacy Ordering Pizza in the 21 st century Created by the American Civil Liberties Union Link:
29 Personal Information What is Personal Information? Personal information means recorded information about an identifiable individual other than contact information
30 Collection Collection of Personal Information Key to protecting privacy Personal information can only be collected if: Authorized under an Act For law enforcement Related directly to and necessary for an operating program or activity Planning or evaluating a program or activity of the public body By observation at a public event Other authorities (domestic violence, provincial identity services)
31 Collection How Personal Information is Collected Information must be collected directly from the individual, except in limited circumstances. Must notify the individual of the purpose, the legal authority, and who to contact with questions, except in limited circumstances.
33 Use Use of Personal Information A public body may only use personal information: For the purpose for which it was obtained or compiled, or for a consistent purpose: a reasonable connection to the original purpose, and necessary to perform the duties of, or for operating a legally authorized program, of the public body If the individual has consented to the use. For a purpose for which the personal information has been disclosed to it under the Act.
34 Disclosure Disclosure of Personal Information Disclosure only in limited circumstances You could do a PIA to figure out if you have authority. Inside versus outside Canada important distinction 24 inside/outside Canada authorities 10 inside Canada only authorities Disclose based on a need to know limit distribution limit content
35 Disclosure Disclosure of Personal Information - Examples Within Canada only: consistent purpose program planning or evaluation On the web (outside of Canada): consent (written) public, voluntarily attended event (e.g. photos of ribbon cutting) social media engagement (e.g. via Facebook) under an enactment
36 Who needs to know?
37 Accuracy and Completeness If your public body is using personal information to make a decision that directly affects the individual. then. You must make every reasonable effort to ensure that the personal information is accurate and complete.
38 Correction The Right to Correction Individual has right to request correction of personal information Section 29 applies to factual errors or omissions in personal information, not to expressions of judgement The right to request correction is distinct from the public body s duty to annotate Section 29 does not function as an avenue for appeal
39 Retention Must retain personal information for at least 1 year after it is used to make a decision that directly affects the individual so that the individual has a reasonable opportunity to access it; This is the minimum standard ensure that you also meet other applicable legal and policy requirements.
40 Security Reasonable security arrangements Appropriate and proportional Storage & Access must be in Canada Safeguards should include: Physical measures Technological measures Policies/Procedures
41 Information Incidents Information Incident Response
42 Useful Links Privacy, Compliance and Training Branch: Policy & Procedures Manual; PIA Process with Template; Contracting link to PPS; etc): The Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act: _00 BC Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner:
43 Useful Resources FOIPPA Policy and Procedures Manual Key Steps to Responding to Privacy Breaches - Protecting Personal Information Outside the Office
ACCESSING GOVERNMENT INFORMATION IN British Columbia RESOURCES Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FOIPPA) http://www.oipcbc.org/legislation/foi-act%20(2004).pdf British Columbia Information
INDEX The commentary entries in the index are referenced to page number. The legislation entries in the index are referenced to the section numbers of specific Acts and Regulations. Where the references
INDEX The commentary entries in the index are referenced to page number. The legislation entries in the index are referenced to the section numbers of specific Acts and Regulations. Where the references
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