CRIME SCENARIO IN INDIA

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CRIME SCENARIO IN INDIA"

Transcription

1 LOK SABHA SECRETARIAT PARLIAMENT LIBRARY AND REFERENCE, RESEARCH, DOCUMENTATION AND INFORMATION SERVICE (LARRDIS) MEMBERS REFERENCE SERVICE REFERENCE NOTE. No. 1 /RN/Ref./February /215 For the use of Members of Parliament Not for Publication CRIME SCENARIO IN INDIA The reference material is for personal use of the Members in the discharge of their Parliamentary duties, and is not for publication. This Service is not to be quoted as the source of the information as it is based on the sources indicated at the end/in the text. This Service does not accept any responsibility for the accuracy or veracity of the information or views contained in the note/collection.

2 CRIME SCENARIO IN INDIA INTRODUCTION India is a Union of States and is governed by a written Constitution which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January It consists of 29 States and 7 union Territories 2. Due to its colonial heritage, India follows the Anglo-Saxon common law system. Article 14 of the Constitution provides for equality before the law. Article 21 guarantees protection of life and personal liberty. Article 2 provides protection against double jeopardy Article 39-A mandates the State to secure equal justice for all. Article 5 provides for separation of the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State 3. Police and Public Order are State subjects under the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India and therefore, the State Governments are primarily responsible for prevention, detection, registration and investigation of crime and for prosecuting the criminals 4. CLASSIFICATION OF CRIMES The Criminal Procedure Code (Cr.P.C.) classifies all the crimes into two categories: (i) Cognizable - Sec.2(c) Cr.P.C. and (ii) Non-cognizable - Sec.2(l) Cr.P.C. Cognizable Crimes A Cognizable offence or case is defined as the one which an officer in-charge of a police station may investigate without the order of a magistrate and effect arrest without warrant. The Police have a direct responsibility to take immediate action on the receipt of a complaint or of credible information in such crimes, visit the scene of the crime, investigate the facts, apprehend the offender and arraign him before a Court of law having jurisdiction over the matter. Cognizable crimes are broadly categorised as those falling either under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) or under the Special and Local Laws (SLL) 5. As many as 66,4,378 Cognizable crimes were reported in the country during 213 comprising 26.5 lakh cases registered under the IPC and 39.9 lakh cases registered under Crime in India by Shashi Shekhar Singh, (26), Vista International Publishing House, Delhi, p.1 4 Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No.3211 dated India. Ministry of Home Affairs Report, Crime in India, 213, p.15

3 2 the SLL. The ratio of IPC to SLL crimes varied from 1:2.2 in 23 to 1:1.5 in 213. In terms of percentage, 6.1 per cent of total cases (IPC + SLL) during 213 were reported under Special and Local Laws and rest of the cases (39.9%) under the Indian Penal Code (IPC). Incidents of Cognizable crimes in the country during the decade from 23 to are given at Annexure -I. Non-Cognizable Crimes Non-Cognizable crimes are defined as those which cannot be investigated by police without the order of a competent magistrate. The Police do not initiate investigation in Non- Cognizable crimes except with magisterial permission. First Schedule of the Cr.P.C. gives the classification of the offences of the IPC into Cognizable and Non-Cognizable categories 7. Various crimes that are being registered and investigated by different law enforcement agencies are broadly grouped under the following categories for statistical information system. Broad classification of crimes under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) i) Crimes against body: Murder, Attempt to commit murder, Culpable homicide not amounting to murder, Kidnapping & Abduction, Hurt, Causing death by negligence; ii) Crimes against property: Dacoity, Preparation and assembly to commit Dacoity, Robbery, Burglary and Theft; iii) Crimes against public order: Riots and Arson; iv) Economic crimes: Criminal breach of trust, Cheating & Counterfeiting; v) Crimes against women: Rape, Dowry death, Cruelty by husband or his relatives, Assault on woman with intent to outrage her modesty, Insult to the modesty of women and Importation of girls from foreign country; vi) Crimes against children: Child rape, Kidnapping & Abduction of children, Procuration of minor girls, Selling and Buying of girls for prostitution, Abetment of suicide, Exposure & Abandonment, Infanticide and foeticide; vii) Other IPC crimes 8. The detailed data of Cognizable Crimes (IPC) State-wise and Crime Head-wise is given at Annexure- II and II-A). 6 Ibid, Ministry of Home Affairs Report, Crime in India, 213, pp.17 & 23 7 Ibid, p.15 8 Op.cit, Crime in India by Shashi Shekhar Singh, p.6

4 3 Crimes under the Special and Local Laws (SLL) i) Arms Act, 1959; ii) Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985; iii) Gambling Act, 1867; iv) Excise Act, 1944; v) Prohibition Act; vi) Explosives & Explosive Substances Act, 1884 & 198; vii) Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956; viii) Indian Railways Act, 1989; ix) The Foreigners Act, 1946; x) Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955; xi) Indian Passport Act, 1967; xii) Essential Commodities Act, 1955; xiii) Antiquities & Art Treasures Act, 1972; xiv) Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961; xv) Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 26; xvi) Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986; xvii) Copyright Act, 1957; xviii) Commission of Sati Prevention Act, 1987; xix) SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989; xx) Forest Act, 1927; xxi) Other crimes (not specified above) under Special and Local Laws including Cyber Laws under Information Technology Act, 2 9. The detailed data of Cognizable Crimes (SLL) State-wise and Crime Head-wise is given at Annexure- III and III-A. CRIME INCIDENCES (IPC + SLL) (Incidences: 66,4,378) Total incidences of crime gives an absolute picture of the crime situation in the country or the States/UTs. Comparative figures over a period of time indicate an increase or decrease of the incidences of crime, requiring appropriate crime control efforts by the State Police. 9 Ibid, Crime in India by Shashi Shekhar Singh, pp.6 & 7

5 4 The incidents of IPC crimes during 213 reported a higher growth of 54.3 per cent as compared to 15. per cent population growth during the decade (23-213) 1. Details are given at Annexure- II and II-A and III and III-A. CRIME RATE (IPC + SLL) (Crime rate: 54.4) Population is one of the important factors influencing incidences of crime. A number of socio-economic factors, besides population, could influence the crime situation at a particular place. The present analysis of crime rate is restricted to the influence of population only. Therefore, the analysis of crime rate of a particular State/UT shouldn t be construed as the sole indicator of crime position of that particular State/UT in relation to others. The Crime rate defined as the number of crimes reported per 1,, population is universally taken as a realistic indicator since it balances the effect of growth in population and size of State. The rate of total Cognizable crimes in the country which showed a rising trend during the period (from in the year 23 to in the year 24) and declined to in the year 25 and again slightly decreased to in the year 26. However, it rose to 54.5 in 27, 515. in 28, 57.8 in 29 and it, however, decreased to in 21, in 211, and further declined to in 212, thereafter it rose to 54.4 during 213. The sudden drop in crime rate from in the year 24 to in the year 25 may be attributed to the exclusion of certain non-cognizable crimes by Kolkata Police in 25 data, which were being included inadvertently under the crime-head 'Other SLL crimes' prior to the year 25. The crime rate in respect of IPC crimes has increased by 9.6 per cent during 213, from in the year 212 to in the year 213 and for SLL crimes, an increase of 7.9 per cent was reported during 213 over 212 (from 31.2 in 212 to in 213) 11. Details are given at Annexure - II and II-A and III and III-A. COMPLAINTS RECEIVED BY POLICE The total number of complaints received by the Police including oral, written, distress call or the ones initiated suo-moto by the Police is being collected since 1999 in order to assess the quantum of work load of police. A total of 1,86,84,289 complaints were received by the Police in the country during the year 213 as compared to 1,7,82,638 complaints received during the year 212 showing 1 op.cit, Ministry of Home Affairs Report, Crime in India, 213, p Ibid, pp.23 & 25

6 5 an increase of 73.3 per cent over per cent of these were written complaints, 8. per cent were oral complaints, 2.3 per cent complaints were initiated by the Police and 5.8 per cent were distress calls reported over phones (Dial No.1). Nearly, 35.5 per cent of these complaints were registered as Cognizable offences (66,4,378 out of 1,86,84,289 cases). The year-wise number of such complaints vis-à-vis actual number of Cognizable crimes registered by the Police 12 are given at Annexure-IV. MEASURES TAKEN BY THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT Under the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, Police and Public Order are State subjects and, therefore, the State Governments are primarily responsible for prevention, registration, detection and investigation of crime and prosecution of the perpetrators of crime within their jurisdiction. However, the Ministry of Home Affairs supplements the efforts of the State Governments by providing them financial assistance for modernization of the State Police Forces in terms of weaponry, communication, equipment, mobility, training and other infrastructure under the Scheme of Modernization of State Police Forces 13. The Union Government, attaches highest importance to the matter of prevention of crime, and therefore, has continued to urge to the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations to give more focused attention towards improving the administrations of criminal justice system and taking such measures as are necessary for prevention and control of crime. In this regard a number of advisories have been issued to the States from time to time Ibid, Ministry of Home Affairs Report, Crime in India, 213, p India. Ministry of Home Affairs Annual Report, , p op.cit. Question No.3211 dated

7 6 Annexure-I Incidence & Rate of Total Cognizable Crimes Under Indian Penal Code (IPC) And Special And Local Laws (SLL)(23-213) Sl. No. Year Projected Mid-Year Population (In Lakh)* IPC Incide nce SLL Total IPC Rate SLL Total Percentage of IPC Crimes to Total Cognizable Crimes (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (1) ** PERCENTAG E CHANGE IN 213 OVER COMPOUND GROWTH RATE PER ANNUM * Source: Registrar General of India ** Actual Population As Per Population Census 212 Andhra Pradesh excluded Motor Vehicle Act (Non-Cognizable) Cases from the year Variation in SLL crimes is due to less registration of M.V. Act (Cognizable) & Town Nuisance Act cases in Andhra Pradesh. Source: India. Ministry of Home Affairs Report, Crime in India, 213, p.194

8 7 Sl. No. Incidence & Rate of Total Cognizable Crimes (IPC) In States & UTs During 213 State/UT Incidence of Total Cognizable Crimes Percentage Contribution to All-India Total Mid-Year Projected Population (In Lakh)** Annexure-II Rate of Total Cognizable Crimes (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) STATES: 1 ANDHRA PRADESH ARUNACHAL PRADESH ASSAM BIHAR CHHATTISGARH GOA GUJARAT HARYANA HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMIR JHARKHAND KARNATAKA KERALA MADHYA PRADESH MAHARASHTRA MANIPUR MEGHALAYA MIZORAM NAGALAND ODISHA PUNJAB RAJASTHAN SIKKIM TAMIL NADU TRIPURA UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND WEST BENGAL TOTAL (STATES) UNION TERRITORIES 29 A & N ISLANDS CHANDIGARH D & N HAVELI DAMAN & DIU DELHI LAKSHADWEEP PUDUCHERRY TOTAL (UTs) TOTAL (ALL-INDIA) Source: India. Ministry of Home Affairs Report, Crime in India, 213, p.2

9 8 Incidence & Rate of Cognizable Crimes (IPC) Under Under different Crime Headsand Percentage Changes During 213 Annexure-II A Sl. Crime Head Year No (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) 1. MURDER (Sec.32 IPC) 2. ATTEMPT TO COMMIT MURDER (Sec. 37 IPC) 3. G.H. NOT AMOUNTING MURDER (Sec.34, 38 IPC) 4. (Sec.376 IPC) (3.1) (2.4) (3.1) CUSTODIAL RAPE OTHER RAPE (3.1) 5. KIDNAPPING & ABDUCTION (Sec , IPC) (1.9) i) OF WOMEN & (2.6) ii) OF OTHERS 6696 (.6) 6. DACOITY (Sec IPC) 7. PREPARATION & ASSEMBLY FOR DACOITY (Sec IPC) 8. ROBBERY (Sec ,397,398 IPC) 9. Burglary (Sec , 454, 455, IPC) 1. THEFT (Sec IPC) (1.6) (8.7) (23.) (i) auto theft 6937 (6.5) (ii) other theft (16.5) 11. RIOTS (Sec , , 153, 153A, 153B, 157, 158, 16 IPC) 12. CRIMINAL BREACH OF TRUST (Sec IPC) 13. CHEATING (Sec.419,42 IPC) 14. COUNTERFEITING (Sec ,489A- 489D IPC) 15. ARSON (Sec.435,436,438 IPC) 16. HURT (Sec , IPC) 17. DOWRY (Sec.34B IPC) 18. ASSAULT ON WOMEN WITH INTENT TO OUTRAGE HER (Sec.354 IPC) 19. INSULT TO THE MODESTY OF (Sec.59 IPC) 2. CRUELTY BY HUSBAND OR HIS (Sec.498 IPC) 21. IMPORTATION OF GIRLS FROM FOREIGN (Sec.366B IPC) 22. CAUSING DEATH BY NEGLIGENCE (Sec.34A IPC) (5.4) (1.3) (4.4) (.9) (24.5) 628 (1.2) (6.4) (2.4) 573 (9.8) (5.7) 23. OTHER IPC CRIMES 7412 (65.6) Note : TOTAL COGNIZABLE CRIMES UNDER IPC (16.7) (2.8) (2.5) (3.8) (3.8) 3261 (2.6) (4.1) 7322 (.6) (1.8) (8.1) (27.5) 1232 (1.4) (17.1) 6618 (5.7) (1.4) (5.8) (.8) (24.7) 8172 (1.5) 4413 (7.2) (2.2) (14.6) (8.) (74.3) (181.5) (2.8) 2938 (2.5) (3.8) (3.8) 3386 (2.9) (4.5) 8119 (.7) (1.9) 927 (7.9) (27.7) 1427 (12.) (15.7) (5.4) (1.4) (6.2) (.7) (23.9) 8383 (1.5) (6.8) 119 (1.9) (15.8) (8.4) (74.) (181.4) (2.8) (2.5) (3.9) (3.9) 3844 (3.2) (5.2) 8645 (.7) (2.) 9179 (7.6) (27.9) (12.4) (15.4) (5.7) (1.4) (6.7) (.7) (24.4) 8391 (1.5) 4613 (7.1) 9961 (1.7) 9441 (16.4) (9.) (77.9) (187.6) 3435 (2.8) (2.6) (4.1) (4.1) (3.7) (6.1) 999 (.8) (2.) 9254 (7.6) 348 (28.2) 1512 (12.5) 1896 (15.7) 685 (5.7) (1.4) (7.2) (.7) (25.) 8618 (1.5) (7.3) 857 (1.5) (16.9) (9.) (79.8) (192.2) 1. Figures in brackets indicate rate of crime per lakh of population. 1. Due to paucity of space `C.H. not amounting to Murder' also includes `Attempt to Commit C.H.' under Section 38 IPC'. 2. Due to technical limitations, crime rate of crimes committed against children has been calculated on the basis of total population instead of children population. Rate of crime has been worked out using female population (mid-year estimated / actual census) of the respective years (2.8) (2.9) (4.3) (4.3) (3.9) (6.5) 933 (.8) (2.3) (7.7) (27.8) (12.7) (15.1) (6.2) 1791 (1.5) 9423 (7.8) (1.) (27.4) 8233 (1.4) (7.7) 9173 (1.6) (18.2) (8.9) (79.6) (196.7)

10 9 Sl. No. Crime Head Quinquennial Average (28-12) (Q.A.) 213 Percentage Change in 213 (+) Increase / (-) Decrease Over 23 Q. A. 212 (1) (2) (9) (1) (11) (12) (13) 1. MURDER (Sec.32 IPC) (2.8) 3321 (2.7) ATTEMPT TO COMMIT MURDER (Sec. 37 IPC) 3. G.H. NOT AMOUNTING MURDER (Sec.34, 38 IPC) 4. (Sec.376 IPC) 3716 (2.6) (1.9) CUSTODIAL RAPE 2 OTHER RAPE (1.9) 5. KIDNAPPING & ABDUCTION (Sec , IPC) (3.3) i) OF WOMEN & 346 (2.6) ii) OF OTHERS 853 (.7) 6. DACOITY (Sec IPC) 7. PREPARATION & ASSEMBLY FOR DACOITY (Sec IPC) 8. ROBBERY (Sec , 397, 398 IPC) 9. BURGLARY (Sec , 454, 455, IPC) 1. THEFT (Sec IPC) (2.) (7.8) (27.8) (i) auto theft (12.) (ii) other theft (15.8) 11. RIOTS (Sec , , 153, 153A, 153B, 157, 158, 16 IPC) 12. CRIMINAL BREACH OF TRUST (Sec IPC) 13. CHEATING (Sec.419,42 IPC) 14. COUNTERFEITING (Sec ,489A-489D IPC) 15. ARSON (Sec.435,436,438 IPC) 16. HURT (Sec , IPC) 17. Dowry (Sec.34B IPC) 18. Assault on women with intent to outrage her (Sec.354 IPC) 19. INSULT TO THE MODESTY OF (Sec.59 IPC) 2. CRUELTY BY HUSBAND OR HIS (Sec.498 IPC) 21. IMPORTATION OF GIRLS FROM FOREIGN (Sec.366B IPC) 22. CAUSING DEATH BY NEGLIGENCE (Sec.34A IPC) (5.7) 1697 (1.4) 831 (6.7) (.8) (25.1) 8359 (.7) (3.5) 1185 (.9) (7.9) (8.7) 23. OTHER IPC CRIMES (77.1) TOTAL COGNIZABLE CRIMES UNDER IPC (187.9) (2.9) (5.7) (5.7) (5.3) (8.8) 7322 (.6) (2.6) 1441 (8.5) (3.3) (13.5) (16.8) (5.9) (1.6) 1733 (8.7) (.8) (27.2) 883 (1.4) 7739 (11.9) (2.1) (2.1) (9.1) (88.9) (215.5) Note: Figures in Brackets indicate rate of crime per lakh of Rate of crime has been worked out using female population (mid-year estimated / actual census ) of the respective years.

11 1 Sl. No. Annexure-III Incidence & Rate of Total Cognizable Crimes (SLL) In States & UTs During 213 State/UT Incidence of Total Cognizable Crimes Percentage Contribution to All-India Total Mid Year Projected Population** (In Lakh) Rate of Total Cognizable Crimes (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) STATES: 1 ANDHRA PRADESH ARUNACHAL PRADESH ASSAM BIHAR CHHATTISGARH GOA GUJARAT HARYANA HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMIR JHARKHAND KARNATAKA KERALA MADHYA PRADESH MAHARASHTRA MANIPUR MEGHALAYA MIZORAM NAGALAND ODISHA PUNJAB RAJASTHAN SIKKIM TAMIL NADU TRIPURA UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND WEST BENGAL UNION TERRITORIES TOTAL (STATES) A & N ISLANDS CHANDIGARH D & N HAVELI DAMAN & DIU DELHI LAKSHADWEEP PUDUCHERRY TOTAL (UTs) TOTAL (ALL-INDIA) Source: India. Ministry of Home Affairs Report, Crime in India, 213, p.22

12 11 Annexure-III A Incidence & Rate of Cognizable Crimes Under Special and Local Laws (SLL) Under different Crime Heads and Percentage Changes During 213 Sl. No. Crime Head 23 28~~ 29# (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) 1. ARMS ACT 7284 (6.8) 2. NARCOTIC DRUGS & PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT (2.6) 3. GAMBING (16.4) 4. EXCISE ACT (12.9) 5. PROHIBITION ACT (43.7) 6. EXPLOSIVE & EXPLOSIVE SUBSTANCES ACT IMMORAL TRAFFIC (P) 551 (1.1) 8. INDIAN RAILWAYS ACT 4861 (3.8) 9. REGISTRATION OF FOREIGNERS ACT 1315 (.1) 1. PROTECTION OF CIVIL RIGHTS ACT 671 (.1) (i) PCR Act for SCs 634 (.1) (ii) PCR Act for STs INDIAN PASSPORT ACT 555 (.1) 12. ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT TERRORIST & DISRUPTIVE ACTIVITIES ACT ANTIQUITIES & ART TREASURES ACT DOWRY PROHIBITION PROHIBITION OF CHILD MARRIAGE ACT INDECENT REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN (P) COPYRIGHTS ACT COMMISSION OF SATI PREVENTION 2. SC/ST (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) ACT 9388 (.9) (i) Prevention of Atrocities Act for SCs 848 (.8) (ii) Prevention of Atrocities Act for STs 134 (.1) 21. FOREST ACT OTHER SLL CRIMES (263.9) 23. TOTAL COGNIZABLE CRIMES UNDER SLL (353.7) 7716 (6.7) 3645 (2.7) (13.5) (14.) (31.4) (.1) (.1) 91 (.8) (1.) (1.1) (1.) 882 (.1) (26.9) (333.4) 819 (6.9) 2941 (2.5) (13.9) (15.9) (33.1) (.1) (.1) 7622 (.7) (1.) (.1) (1.) 1137 (.9) 822 (.1) (313.2) (389.4) 7555 (6.4) (2.5) (13.3) (14.9) (32.5) (.1) (.1) 7928 (.7) (.9) (.7) (1.) 1419 (.9) 137 (.1) (38.) (381.7) (5.2) (2.1) (12.8) (11.9) (33.) (.1) (.1) 8654 (.7) (1.1) (.1) 6976 (.6) (1.) (.9) 1154 (.1) 7448 (.6) (255.3) (324.5) Note : due to technical limitation, crime rate of crimes committed against children and SC/ST has been calculated on the basis of total population instead of children and SC/ST population respectively. Source: India. Ministry of Home Affairs Report, Crime in India, 213, pp (4.6) (2.4) 1432 (11.6) (13.2) (34.3) (.1) (.1) 6755 (.6) (1.5) (1.1) (1.) 1311 (.1) (23.8) (31.2)

13 12 Sl. No. Crime Head Quinquenn ial Average (28-12) (Q.A.) 213 Percentage Change in 213 (+) Increase / (-) Decrease Over 23 Q.A. 212 (1) (2) (9) (1) (11) (12) (13) 1. ARMS ACT (6.) (4.4) 2. NARCOTIC DRUGS & PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT (2.4) (2.8) 3. GAMBING (13.) (1.7) 4. EXCISE ACT (14.) (14.3) 5. PROHIBITION ACT (32.9) (34.2) 6. EXPLOSIVE & EXPLOSIVE SUBSTANCES ACT IMMORAL TRAFFIC (P) INDIAN RAILWAYS ACT REGISTRATION OF FOREIGNERS ACT (.1) 1. PROTECTION OF CIVIL RIGHTS ACT (i) PCR Act for SCs (ii) PCR Act for STs INDIAN PASSPORT ACT (.1) (.1) 12. ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT (.7) 13. TERRORIST & DISRUPTIVE ACTIVITIES ACT ANTIQUITIES & ART TREASURES ACT DOWRY PROHIBITION (1.8) 16. PROHIBITION OF CHILD MARRIAGE ACT INDECENT REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN (P) (.1) (.1) 18. COPYRIGHTS ACT (.6) 19. COMMISSION OF SATI PREVENTION SC/ST (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) act (1.) (1.3) (i) Prevention of Atrocities Act for SCs (.9) (1.1) (ii) Prevention of Atrocities Act for STs (.1) (.1) 21. FOREST ACT (1.7) 22. OTHER SLL CRIMES (273.6) (252.9) 23. TOTAL COGNIZABLE CRIMES UNDER SLL (346.) (324.9) Figures in brackets indicate rate of crime per lakh of population. 2. Rate less than.5 is also shown as.. 3. # Andhra Pradesh excluded Motor Vehicle Act (Non-Cognizable) Cases from the year Variation in SLL crimes is due to less registration of M.V. Act (Cognizable) and Town Nuisance Act cases in Andhra Pradesh as clarified by them. 5. ## 29 figures of newly enacted Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 26 in place of Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 have been clubbed with Other SLL crimes. 6. ~~ Compared to 28 data published in the report of 29, there is variation in 28 figures of PCR Act, Excise Act, Immoral Traffic (P) Act, Essential Commodities Act, Forest Act and Other SLL crimes due to revised data of 28 furnished by Karnataka in 21 only. 7. Revised data for 28, 29 and 21 has been furnished to NCRB by Chhattisgarh state in 212. Therefore, comparatively there may be difference in the old published data of some of the crime heads in regards of these years. 8. Revised data for 211 has been furnished by Jammu & Kashmir state for Sati Prevention Act after publication of the report. Hence, the data of 211 may have variation in this report of column 8 for 211. Rate of crime has been worked out using female population (mid-year estimated / actual census) of the respective years.

14 13 Number of Complaints Received By Police & Cases Registered Under IPC & SLL During 213 Annexure-IV Sl. No. State/UT Oral Category of Complaints Received Written Distress call over Phone/ Dial 1 Complaint Initiated Suo-moto by Police Total Complaints (Col. 3 to 6) No. of cases registered under (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (1) IPC SLL Total (Col.8 + Col.9) 1 ANDHRA PRADESH ARUNACHALPRADESH ASSAM BIHAR CHHATTISGARH GOA GUJARAT HARYANA HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMIR JHARKHAND KARNATAKA KERALA MADHYA PRADESH MAHARASHTRA MANIPUR MEGHALAYA MIZORAM NAGALAND ODISHA PUNJAB RAJASTHAN SIKKIM TAMIL NADU TRIPURA UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND WEST BENGAL TOTAL (STATES) UNION TERRITORIES: 29 A & N ISLANDS CHANDIGARH D & N HAVELI DAMAN & DIU DELHI LAKSHADWEEP PUDUCHERRY TOTAL (UTs) TOTAL (ALL-INDIA) *In some States/UTs only the Oral Complaints/Distress Call/Dial 1 which are converted into FIR are shown in column 3 and 5 Note: Some States/UTs have furnished the same figures for total complaints received (Col.7) and total cases registered (Col. 1) by furnishing only the cognizable complaints in Col.7. Source: India. Ministry of Home Affairs Report, Crime in India, 213, p.193

Insolvency Professionals to act as Interim Resolution Professionals and Liquidators (Recommendation) (Second) Guidelines, 2018

Insolvency Professionals to act as Interim Resolution Professionals and Liquidators (Recommendation) (Second) Guidelines, 2018 Insolvency Professionals to act as Interim Resolution Professionals and Liquidators (Recommendation) (Second) Guidelines, 2018 Provisions in the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 30 th November, 2018

More information

Fact and Fiction: Governments Efforts to Combat Corruption

Fact and Fiction: Governments Efforts to Combat Corruption Fact and Fiction: Governments Efforts to Combat Corruption CHRI s Preliminary findings from a study of NCRB s Statistics (2001 2015) Research and Report: Venkatesh Nayak, CHRI 1 Data Compilation: Access

More information

810-DATA. POST: Roll No. Category: tage in Of. Offered. Of Univerobtained/ Degree/ sity gate marks Diploma/ lng marks. ned (in Certificate-

810-DATA. POST: Roll No. Category: tage in Of. Offered. Of Univerobtained/ Degree/ sity gate marks Diploma/ lng marks. ned (in Certificate- 810-DATA 1--- POST: Roll No. Category: 01. Name 02. Address for Correspondence 03. Date of Birth 04. Father's! Husband's Name 05. Category 06. Academic/ Professional qualifications: (Beginning from +2

More information

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 70 TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 21 ST JULY, 2015/ASHADHA 30, 1937 (SAKA) HUMAN TRAFFICKING 70. SHRI SUNIL KUMAR SINGH: SHRI MD. BADARUDDOZA

More information

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO.*158 TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 8 th MARCH, 2016/PHALGUNA 18, 1937 (SAKA) FLOOD RELIEF *158. SHRIMATI KOTHAPALLI GEETHA: SHRI CHHEDI

More information

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS, MANAGEMENT AND ALLIED SCIENCES (IJBMAS) A Peer Reviewed International Research Journal

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS, MANAGEMENT AND ALLIED SCIENCES (IJBMAS) A Peer Reviewed International Research Journal RESEARCH ARTICLE Vol.4.Issue.4.2017 Oct-Dec INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS, MANAGEMENT AND ALLIED SCIENCES (IJBMAS) A Peer Reviewed International Research Journal THREE TIER MECHANISM OF CONSUMER DISPUTES

More information

ELECTION NOTIFICATION

ELECTION NOTIFICATION National Neonatology Forum Office of Election Committee (NNF Election-2018) Child Central, 717/1, 16 th Main, 6 th B Cross, Koramangala, 3 rd Block, Bangalore-560034 Email-nnfelection@gmail.com, Contact-+917022283535

More information

EXTRACT THE STATES REORGANISATION ACT, 1956 (ACT NO.37 OF 1956) PART III ZONES AND ZONAL COUNCILS

EXTRACT THE STATES REORGANISATION ACT, 1956 (ACT NO.37 OF 1956) PART III ZONES AND ZONAL COUNCILS EXTRACT THE STATES REORGANISATION ACT, 1956 (ACT NO.37 OF 1956) PART III ZONES AND ZONAL COUNCILS Establishment of Zonal Councils. 15. As from the appointed day, there shall be a Zonal Council for each

More information

RECENT CHANGING PATTERNS OF MIGRATION AND SPATIAL PATTERNS OF URBANIZATION IN WEST BENGAL: A DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS

RECENT CHANGING PATTERNS OF MIGRATION AND SPATIAL PATTERNS OF URBANIZATION IN WEST BENGAL: A DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS 46 RECENT CHANGING PATTERNS OF MIGRATION AND SPATIAL PATTERNS OF URBANIZATION IN WEST BENGAL: A DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS Raju Sarkar, Research Scholar Population Research Centre, Institute for Social and Economic

More information

National Consumer Helpline

National Consumer Helpline National Consumer Helpline Centre for Consumer Studies, Indian Institute of Public Administration, Indraprastha Estate, Ring Road, New Delhi-110002 Summary Report December 2016 Project of Union Ministry

More information

LOK SABHA SECRETARIAT MEMBERS REFERENCE SERVICE. REFERENCE NOTE. No. 6/RN/Ref./November /2014 HUMAN TRAFFICKING

LOK SABHA SECRETARIAT MEMBERS REFERENCE SERVICE. REFERENCE NOTE. No. 6/RN/Ref./November /2014 HUMAN TRAFFICKING LOK SABHA SECRETARIAT PARLIAMENT LIBRARY AND REFERENCE, RESEARCH, DOCUMENTATION AND INFORMATION SERVICE (LARRDIS) MEMBERS REFERENCE SERVICE REFERENCE NOTE. No. 6/RN/Ref./November /2014 For the use of Members

More information

PARTY WISE SEATS WON AND VOTES POLLED (%),LOK SABHA 2009

PARTY WISE SEATS WON AND VOTES POLLED (%),LOK SABHA 2009 PARTY WISE AND (%),LOK SABHA 2009 S. NO. PARTY NAME PARTY STATE NAME TOTAL ELECTORS 1 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam S Tamil Nadu 30390960 41620460 9 6953591 22.88 2 All India Forward Bloc S

More information

Lunawat & Co. Chartered Accountants Website:

Lunawat & Co. Chartered Accountants    Website: MINISTRY OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE CENTRAL BOARD OF EXCISE AND CUSTOMS NOTIFICATION NO. 04/2016-SERVICE TAX New Delhi, the 15 th February 2016 26 Magha, 1937 Saka G.S.R (E).- In exercise the powers

More information

Issues related to Working Women s Hostels, Ujjwala, Swadhar Greh. Nandita Mishra EA, MoWCD

Issues related to Working Women s Hostels, Ujjwala, Swadhar Greh. Nandita Mishra EA, MoWCD Issues related to Working Women s Hostels, Ujjwala, Swadhar Greh Nandita Mishra EA, MoWCD WORKING WOMEN HOSTEL A scheme to providing safe and affordable accommodation to working women who may be single,

More information

INDIA JHPIEGO, INDIA PATHFINDER INTERNATIONAL, INDIA POPULATION FOUNDATION OF INDIA

INDIA JHPIEGO, INDIA PATHFINDER INTERNATIONAL, INDIA POPULATION FOUNDATION OF INDIA INDIA JHPIEGO, INDIA PATHFINDER INTERNATIONAL, INDIA POPULATION FOUNDATION OF INDIA Expanding Advocacy Efforts Geographical expansion Partnership expansion Expanded to two states: Assam and Maharashtra

More information

POLITICAL PARTICIPATION AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN IN STATE ASSEMBLIES

POLITICAL PARTICIPATION AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN IN STATE ASSEMBLIES POLITICAL PARTICIPATION AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN IN STATE ASSEMBLIES Manpreet Kaur Brar Research Scholar, Dept. of Political Science, Punjabi University, Patiala, India ABSTRACT Throughout the world,

More information

ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA

ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA Nirvachan Sadan, Ashoka Road, New Delhi 110 001. No. ECI/PN/13/2009 Dated: 2 nd March, 2009 PRESS NOTE SUBJECT: SCHEDULE FOR GENERAL ELECTIONS, 2009 The term of the 14 th Lok

More information

Women in National Parliaments: An Overview

Women in National Parliaments: An Overview Journal of Politics & Governance, Vol. 6 No. 1, March 2017, Pp. 5-11 ISSN: 2278473X Women in National Parliaments: An Overview Sourabh Ghosh * Abstract Post the ratification of the Beijing Platform for

More information

THE PREVENTION OF ILLICIT TRAFFIC IN NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT, 1988 ACT NO. 46 OF 1988

THE PREVENTION OF ILLICIT TRAFFIC IN NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT, 1988 ACT NO. 46 OF 1988 THE PREVENTION OF ILLICIT TRAFFIC IN NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT, 1988 ACT NO. 46 OF 1988 [6th September, 1988.] An Act to provide for detention in certain cases for the purpose of preventing

More information

Online Appendix: Conceptualization and Measurement of Party System Nationalization in Multilevel Electoral Systems

Online Appendix: Conceptualization and Measurement of Party System Nationalization in Multilevel Electoral Systems Online Appendix: Conceptualization and Measurement of Party System Nationalization in Multilevel Electoral Systems Schakel, Arjan H. and Swenden, Wilfried (2016) Rethinking Party System Nationalization

More information

THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY PART-1 SECTION 1 PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY MINISTRY OF POWER. RESOLUTION Dated 29 th November, 2005

THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY PART-1 SECTION 1 PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY MINISTRY OF POWER. RESOLUTION Dated 29 th November, 2005 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY PART-1 SECTION 1 PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY MINISTRY OF POWER RESOLUTION Dated 29 th November, 2005 F.No.23/1/2004-R&R - In this Ministry s Resolution F.No. 23/1/2004-R&R

More information

Perspective on Forced Migration in India: An Insight into Classed Vulnerability

Perspective on Forced Migration in India: An Insight into Classed Vulnerability Perspective on in India: An Insight into Classed Vulnerability By Protap Mukherjee* and Lopamudra Ray Saraswati* *Ph.D. Scholars Population Studies Division Centre for the Study of Regional Development

More information

AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION

AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC LITERATURE (1994- ) 1 March 2007 Volume XLV No. 1 (Also includes December 1994 through December 2006) Articles, Book Reviews, New Books, & Dissertations

More information

THE FAMILY COURTS ACT, 1984 ACT NO. 66 OF 1984

THE FAMILY COURTS ACT, 1984 ACT NO. 66 OF 1984 THE FAMILY COURTS ACT, 1984 ACT NO. 66 OF 1984 [14th September, 1984.] An Act to provide for the establishment of Family Courts with a view to promote conciliation in, and secure speedy settlement of,

More information

THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 1986

THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 1986 THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 986 No. 9 OF 986 [3rd May, 986.] An Act to provide for the protection and improvement of environment and for matters connected there with: WHEREAS the decisions were taken

More information

Notice for Election for various posts of IAPSM /

Notice for Election for various posts of IAPSM / Notice for Election for various posts of IAPSM /2022 Dear Members, IAPSM is inviting Nominations for the election of the following posts of Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine: Posts for

More information

Land Conflicts in India

Land Conflicts in India Land Conflicts in India AN INTERIM ANALYSIS November 2016 Background Land and resource conflicts in India have deep implications for the wellbeing of the country s people, institutions, investments, and

More information

Estimates of Workers Commuting from Rural to Urban and Urban to Rural India: A Note

Estimates of Workers Commuting from Rural to Urban and Urban to Rural India: A Note WP-2011-019 Estimates of Workers Commuting from Rural to Urban and Urban to Rural India: A Note S Chandrasekhar Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai September 2011 http://www.igidr.ac.in/pdf/publication/wp-2011-019.pdf

More information

Presidential Election 2012 By Camp Bag/Special Messenger ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA Nirvachan Sadan, Ashoka Road, New Delhi

Presidential Election 2012 By Camp Bag/Special Messenger ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA Nirvachan Sadan, Ashoka Road, New Delhi Presidential Election 2012 By Camp Bag/Special Messenger ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA Nirvachan Sadan, Ashoka Road, New Delhi-110001 No. 479/11/2012-CC & BE Dated: 29 th June, 2012 To The Chief Electoral

More information

Chapter II PROSECUTOR/PROSECUTING ATTORNEY

Chapter II PROSECUTOR/PROSECUTING ATTORNEY Chapter II PROSECUTOR/PROSECUTING ATTORNEY 1. PROSECUTING SERVICE IN INDIA: AN OVERVIEW The administration of criminal justice involves three basic components viz., police (inputs); court (process); and

More information

Electoral Bond Scheme Sale of Electoral Bonds at Authorised Branches of State Bank of India (SBI)

Electoral Bond Scheme Sale of Electoral Bonds at Authorised Branches of State Bank of India (SBI) Ministry of Finance Electoral Bond Scheme 2018 Sale of Electoral Bonds at Authorised Branches of State Bank of India (SBI) Posted On: 27 OCT 2018 3:55PM by PIB Delhi Government of India has notified the

More information

(i) The reward scheme shall be applicable for whistleblowers in the area of drugs, cosmetics and medical devices.

(i) The reward scheme shall be applicable for whistleblowers in the area of drugs, cosmetics and medical devices. 1 Ministry of Health & family Welfare ***** Reward Scheme for whistleblowers in the fight against the menace of spurious or fake drugs, cosmetics and medical devices Public Health is one of the major objectives

More information

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL ORIGINAL JURISDICTION INTERLOCUTORY APPLICATION NO.6 WRIT PETITION (CIVIL) NO.318 OF 2006.

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL ORIGINAL JURISDICTION INTERLOCUTORY APPLICATION NO.6 WRIT PETITION (CIVIL) NO.318 OF 2006. IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL ORIGINAL JURISDICTION INTERLOCUTORY APPLICATION NO.6 IN WRIT PETITION (CIVIL) NO.318 OF 2006 National Campaign Committee for Central Legislation on Construction Labour

More information

GENERAL ELECTIONS

GENERAL ELECTIONS GENERAL ELECTIONS - 2009 SCHEDULE OF ELECTIONS General Elections to Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Sikkim Nirvachan Sadan Ashoka Road, New Delhi - 110001 ELECTION

More information

The turbulent rise of regional parties: A many-sided threat for Congress

The turbulent rise of regional parties: A many-sided threat for Congress The turbulent rise of regional parties: A many-sided threat for Congress By: Sanjay Kumar Sanjay Kumar is a Fellow at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS) Delhi REGIONAL PARTIES CHALLENGE

More information

Policy for Regional Development. V. J. Ravishankar Indian Institute of Public Administration 7 th December, 2006

Policy for Regional Development. V. J. Ravishankar Indian Institute of Public Administration 7 th December, 2006 Policy for Regional Development V. J. Ravishankar Indian Institute of Public Administration 7 th December, 2006 Why is regional equity an issue? Large regional disparities represent serious threats as

More information

Evaluation of Upliftment of Scheduled Tribes under MGNREGA

Evaluation of Upliftment of Scheduled Tribes under MGNREGA IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) Volume 19, Issue 8, Ver. IV (Aug. 2014), PP 08-12 e-issn: 2279-0837, p-issn: 2279-0845. Evaluation of Upliftment of Scheduled Tribes under MGNREGA

More information

II. MPI in India: A Case Study

II. MPI in India: A Case Study https://ophi.org.uk/multidimensional-poverty-index/ II. in India: A Case Study 271 MILLION FEWER POOR PEOPLE IN INDIA The scale of multidimensional poverty in India deserves a chapter on its own. India

More information

MINIMUM WAGES ACT, 1948

MINIMUM WAGES ACT, 1948 MINIMUM WAGES ACT, 1948 Background A tripartite Committee Viz., "The Committee on Fair Wage" was set up in 1948 to provide guidelines for wage structures in the country. The report of this Committee was

More information

On Adverse Sex Ratios in Some Indian States: A Note

On Adverse Sex Ratios in Some Indian States: A Note CENTRE FOR ECONOMIC REFORM AND TRANSFORMATION School of Management and Languages, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS Tel: 0131 451 4207 Fax: 0131 451 3498 email: ecocert@hw.ac.uk World-Wide Web:

More information

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA (MINISTRY OF TRIBAL AFFAIRS) LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO TO BE ANSWERED ON FOREST RIGHT TITLES

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA (MINISTRY OF TRIBAL AFFAIRS) LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO TO BE ANSWERED ON FOREST RIGHT TITLES GOVERNMENT OF INDIA (MINISTRY OF TRIBAL AFFAIRS) LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 3666 TO BE ANSWERED ON 08.08.2016 FOREST RIGHT TITLES 3666. SHRI DINESH TRIVEDI: SHRI BALABHADRA MAJHI: SHRI KANTI LAL

More information

INDIA ELECTORAL LAWS

INDIA ELECTORAL LAWS INDIA ELECTORAL LAWS The President and Vice-President The President of India Election of President Manner of election of President Term of office of President 52. The President of India.- There shall be

More information

MIDC, Andheri (East), Mumbai ALL INDIA GEMS AND JEWELLERY TRADE FEDERATION, MUMBAI RULES FOR ELECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF ADMINISTRATION

MIDC, Andheri (East), Mumbai ALL INDIA GEMS AND JEWELLERY TRADE FEDERATION, MUMBAI RULES FOR ELECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF ADMINISTRATION ALL INDIA GEMS & JEWELLERY TRADE FEDERATION 6 th Floor, P & S Corporate House, Plot No. A-56, Road No. 1, Behind Hotel Tunga International, MIDC, Andheri (East), Mumbai - 400093. ALL INDIA GEMS AND JEWELLERY

More information

THE OMBUDSMAN SCHEME FOR NON-BANKING FINANCIAL COMPANIES, 2018

THE OMBUDSMAN SCHEME FOR NON-BANKING FINANCIAL COMPANIES, 2018 THE OMBUDSMAN SCHEME FOR NON-BANKING FINANCIAL COMPANIES, 2018 The Scheme is introduced with the object of enabling resolution of complaints free of cost, relating to certain aspects of services rendered

More information

Table 1: Financial statement of MGNREG scheme

Table 1: Financial statement of MGNREG scheme MGNREGA AND MINIMUM WAGE DEBATE - A fight for the right to get minimum wage The Government of India has introduced several social security schemes, but the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee

More information

Australian Treaty Series 1976 No 10

Australian Treaty Series 1976 No 10 1 of 8 7/29/2012 10:41 PM Australian Treaty Series [Index] [Global Search] [Database Search] [Notes] [Noteup] [Context] [No Context] [Help] Australian Treaty Series 1976 No 10 DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

More information

An analysis into variation in houseless population among rural and urban, among SC,ST and non SC/ST in India.

An analysis into variation in houseless population among rural and urban, among SC,ST and non SC/ST in India. An analysis into variation in houseless population among rural and urban, among SC,ST and non SC/ST in India. Abstract: Subash Kumar Research scholar, department of economics Jammu University The census

More information

Andhra, Telangana Easiest Places to Do Business in India: World Bank...

Andhra, Telangana Easiest Places to Do Business in India: World Bank... 1 of 5 02-11-2016 11:33 SUBSCRIBE WEDNESDAY 02 NOVEMBER 2016 T H E F U L L Y L O A D E D M A G A Z I N E THE MAGAZIN E THE WEBSITE THE NEWSWIRE HOME MAGAZINE WEBSITE NEWSWIRE VIDEOS 31 OCTOBER 2016 NATIONAL

More information

Illiteracy Flagging India

Illiteracy Flagging India Learning Community: 7(3): 287-295, December, 2016 2016 New Delhi Publishers. All rights reserved DOI: 10.5958/2231-458X.2016.00031.2 Illiteracy Flagging India Shiv Prakash Katiyar Independent Researcher,

More information

THE ADVOCATES ACT, 1961

THE ADVOCATES ACT, 1961 THE ADVOCATES ACT, 1961 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY SECTIONS 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. CHAPTER II BAR COUNCILS 3. State Bar Councils. 4. Bar Council of

More information

Prashanth Kumar Bhairappanavar Examiner of Geographical Indications Geographical Indications Registry, India

Prashanth Kumar Bhairappanavar Examiner of Geographical Indications Geographical Indications Registry, India Prashanth Kumar Bhairappanavar Examiner of Geographical Indications Geographical Indications Registry, India 1. Concept of GI 2. Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999

More information

Democracy in India: A Citizens' Perspective APPENDICES. Lokniti : Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS)

Democracy in India: A Citizens' Perspective APPENDICES. Lokniti : Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS) Democracy in India: A Citizens' Perspective APPENDICES Appendix 1: The SDSA II (India component) covered states of India. All major states were included in the sample. The smaller states of North East

More information

FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN POST REFORM INDIA

FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN POST REFORM INDIA Man In India, 96 (4) : 1075-1082 Serials Publications FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN POST REFORM INDIA Ripudaman Singh The largest democracy, second largest population and third

More information

Socio-Economic Causes of Rural to Urban Migration in India

Socio-Economic Causes of Rural to Urban Migration in India 138 ISSN 0975 5942 Vol.III(2), July-Dec 2011, pp.138-158 Visit: http://www.socialsciences-ejournal.org International Society for Asia-Pacific Studies (ISAPS), www.isapsindia.org Socio-Economic Causes of

More information

SEVEN STEPS TO POLICE REFORM. 1. Introduction

SEVEN STEPS TO POLICE REFORM. 1. Introduction SEVEN STEPS TO POLICE REFORM 1. Introduction The need for police reforms in India is long recognised. There has been more than three decades of discussion by government created committees and commissions

More information

Hong Kong, China-Malaysia Extradition Treaty

Hong Kong, China-Malaysia Extradition Treaty The Asian Development Bank and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development do not guarantee the accuracy of this document and accept no responsibility whatsoever for any consequences of

More information

Status of Female Employment in India

Status of Female Employment in India Status of Female Employment in India Examining the Current Scenario I. Introduction and Status The status of female employment in India has been the subject of much debate of late in the national fora,

More information

THE NATIONALISED BANKS (MANAGEMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) SCHEME, 1970

THE NATIONALISED BANKS (MANAGEMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) SCHEME, 1970 THE NATIONALISED BANKS (MANAGEMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) SCHEME, 1970 Published in the Gazette of India Part II Section 3(ii), dated 28.11.1970 and subsequently amended and duly notified in Gazette

More information

DEPARTMENT RELATED PARLIAMENTARY STANDING COMMITTEE ON PERSONNEL, PUBLIC GRIEVANCES, LAW AND JUSTICE FORTY NINTH REPORT

DEPARTMENT RELATED PARLIAMENTARY STANDING COMMITTEE ON PERSONNEL, PUBLIC GRIEVANCES, LAW AND JUSTICE FORTY NINTH REPORT PARLIAMENT OF INDIA RAJYA SABHA 49 DEPARTMENT RELATED PARLIAMENTARY STANDING COMMITTEE ON PERSONNEL, PUBLIC GRIEVANCES, LAW AND JUSTICE FORTY NINTH REPORT ON THE ADMINISTRATORS-GENERAL (AMENDMENT) BILL,

More information

TREATY BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA FOR THE EXTRADITION OF FUGITIVES

TREATY BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA FOR THE EXTRADITION OF FUGITIVES TREATY BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA FOR THE EXTRADITION OF FUGITIVES TABLE OF CONTENTS ARTICLE 1 ARTICLE 2 ARTICLE 3 ARTICLE 4 ARTICLE

More information

THE NATIONALISED BANKS (MANAGEMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) SCHEME, 1970

THE NATIONALISED BANKS (MANAGEMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) SCHEME, 1970 THE NATIONALISED BANKS (MANAGEMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) SCHEME, 1970 Published in the Gazette of India Part II Section 3(ii), dated 28.11.1970 and subsequently amended and duly notified in Gazette

More information

Poverty alleviation programme in Maharashtra

Poverty alleviation programme in Maharashtra Poverty alleviation programme in Maharashtra 1. Mr. Dhiraj. R. Ovhal Asst. Prof. NSS College of Commerce & Eco. Tardeo. Mumbai 400034 2. Dr. Deepak. M. Salve The Bharat Education Society s Sant Gadge Maharaj

More information

THE REPEALING AND AMENDING (SECOND) BILL, 2017

THE REPEALING AND AMENDING (SECOND) BILL, 2017 AS PASSED BY LOK SABHA ON 19.12.2017 Bill No. 164-C of 2017 THE REPEALING AND AMENDING (SECOND) BILL, 2017 A BILL to repeal certain enactments and to amend certain other enactments. BE it enacted by Parliament

More information

ANNEXURE - IV [ SYLLABUS FOR MAIN EXAMINATION ] ASSISTANT PUBLIC PROSECUTOR, GRADE - II LAW - DEGREE STANDARD

ANNEXURE - IV [ SYLLABUS FOR MAIN EXAMINATION ] ASSISTANT PUBLIC PROSECUTOR, GRADE - II LAW - DEGREE STANDARD 24 ANNEXURE - IV [ SYLLABUS FOR MAIN EXAMINATION ] ASSISTANT PUBLIC PROSECUTOR, GRADE - II LAW - DEGREE STANDARD (Descriptive type) SUBJECT CODE: 300 PAPER I: LAW I The Indian Penal Code 1860 (with amendments

More information

Urban Administration: Urbanization and Governance Framework

Urban Administration: Urbanization and Governance Framework Urban Administration: Urbanization and Governance Framework Dr. A. K. Singh Assistant Director Regional Centre For Urban & Environmental Studies, Lucknow Urbanisation India is the second largest urban

More information

Law And Order Automation

Law And Order Automation Law And Order Automation Guided By Anindita Mukherjee Swagata Ray, Upasana Maity, Puja Talukder, Priyanka De Dream Institute Of Technology Computer Science and Engineering Department West Bengal University

More information

Hong Kong, China-Singapore Extradition Treaty

Hong Kong, China-Singapore Extradition Treaty The Asian Development Bank and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development do not guarantee the accuracy of this document and accept no responsibility whatsoever for any consequences of

More information

Jammu & Kashmir Police Crime Branch

Jammu & Kashmir Police Crime Branch Jammu & Kashmir Police Crime Branch The Crime branch of J&K Police was initially a part of CID Organization of J&K Police. It was separated in the year 1978 to function independently. Two Police Stations

More information

(2) Words and expressions used herein and not defined, but defined in the Act shall have the same meaning as defined in the Act.

(2) Words and expressions used herein and not defined, but defined in the Act shall have the same meaning as defined in the Act. NARCOTICS CONTROL -COPY OF- NOTIFICATION Dated 26 th March, 2013 In exercise of the powers conferred by section 9A of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (61 of 1985), the Central

More information

Constitution of India Questions for CDS, CGL Tier-1, Railways and SSC 10+2 Exams

Constitution of India Questions for CDS, CGL Tier-1, Railways and SSC 10+2 Exams Constitution of India Questions for CDS, CGL Tier-1, Railways and SSC 10+2 Exams Constitution of India Quiz 2 1. Provisions regarding suspension of Fundamental rights during emergence, in Indian constitution

More information

ACT XV OF 1920 AND THE INDEX. [As amended by Act No. 22 of 1956 and the Adaptation of Laws (No.4) Order 1957 and the Act.

ACT XV OF 1920 AND THE INDEX. [As amended by Act No. 22 of 1956 and the Adaptation of Laws (No.4) Order 1957 and the Act. INDEX S.No. Subject Page No. 1. Act No. XV of 192 2-1 2. The First schedule 11 3. The Second schedule 12 4. The Third schedule 13 ACT XV OF 192 [As amended by Act No. 22 of 1956 and the Adaptation of Laws

More information

6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN

6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN 6.0 INTRODUCTION 6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN In January 1992, the National Commission For Women 6.1 was set up by an Act of Parliament with the Specific mandate to study and monitor all matters relating

More information

Law. Environmental Law Judicial Remedies in Environmental Cases

Law. Environmental Law Judicial Remedies in Environmental Cases Law Environmental Law Judicial Remedies in Environmental Cases 1 QUADRANT-I (A) PERSONAL DETAILS Role Name Affiliation Principal Investigator Prof (Dr) Ranbir Singh Vice Chancellor, National Law University

More information

INDIAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS. IAP Election 2018 Notice Part I

INDIAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS. IAP Election 2018 Notice Part I INDIAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS IAP Election 2018 Notice Part I Dear IAP Members, Greetings from the Office of the Election Committee of the Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP). The Election for the Year 2018,

More information

Association for Democratic Reforms

Association for Democratic Reforms Date: 9 th March, 2018 Press Release Analysis of NOTA Votes (2013-2017) Association for Democratic Reforms T-95, C.L. House, 2 nd Floor, Near Gulmohar Commercial Complex Gautam Nagar, New Delhi-110 049

More information

International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai (INDIA)

International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai (INDIA) Kunal Keshri (kunalkeshri.lrd@gmail.com) (Senior Research Fellow, e-mail:) Dr. R. B. Bhagat (Professor & Head, Dept. of Migration and Urban Studies) International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai

More information

ILA CONSTITUTION. (Effective from January 5, 1987)

ILA CONSTITUTION. (Effective from January 5, 1987) ILA CONSTITUTION (Effective from January 5, 1987) An Association Is What Its Members Make It By Their Active Collaboration And Participation In Its Programmes And Activities; No More, No Less. INDIAN LIBRARY

More information

TREATY ON EXTRADITION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND AUSTRALIA

TREATY ON EXTRADITION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND AUSTRALIA BILATERAL EXTRADITION TREATIES AUSTRALIA Extradition TIAS 8234 27 U.S.T. 957; 1974 U.S.T. LEXIS 130 May 14, 1974, Date-Signed May 8, 1976, Date-In-Force STATUS: [*1] Treaty signed at Washington May 14,

More information

16. COMMITTEE SECTION (JPC on WAKF)

16. COMMITTEE SECTION (JPC on WAKF) 16. COMMITTEE SECTION (JPC on WAKF) 16.1 Main Functions the Committee: The Committee Section (JPC on Wakf) provides Secretarial assistance to the Joint Parliamentary Committee on Wakf, which consists 30

More information

Calculating Economic Freedom

Calculating Economic Freedom 2 Calculating Economic Freedom Laveesh Bhandari 1 Background As discussed in the previous chapter, the term economic freedom can have many connotations and depending upon which one is used the measurement

More information

Appendix

Appendix Appendix 1 Introduction New dimensions on an old methodological debate: This paper also makes a contribution to the more general methodological debate in population forecasting and even more broadly for

More information

Female Migration for Non-Marital Purposes: Understanding Social and Demographic Correlates of Barriers

Female Migration for Non-Marital Purposes: Understanding Social and Demographic Correlates of Barriers Female Migration for Non-Marital Purposes: Understanding Social and Demographic Correlates of Barriers Dr. Mala Mukherjee Assistant Professor Indian Institute of Dalit Studies New Delhi India Introduction

More information

An Analysis of Impact of Gross Domestic Product on Literacy and Poverty of India during the Eleventh Plan

An Analysis of Impact of Gross Domestic Product on Literacy and Poverty of India during the Eleventh Plan IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) Volume 22, Issue 6, Ver. 6 (June. 2017) PP 41-45 e-issn: 2279-0837, p-issn: 2279-0845. www.iosrjournals.org An Analysis of Impact of Gross Domestic

More information

A short notes on crime

A short notes on crime A short notes on crime Denasar Boro LLB. Final Semester, ULCGU Crime is an act or omission which is prohibited or forbidden by law which affects the society or public at large and it always committed against

More information

EMPANELMENT OF WHOLESALE AGENTS FOR DISTRIBUTION OF NCERT PUBLICATIONS

EMPANELMENT OF WHOLESALE AGENTS FOR DISTRIBUTION OF NCERT PUBLICATIONS EMPANELMENT OF WHOLESALE AGENTS FOR DISTRIBUTION OF NCERT PUBLICATIONS CONTENTS Section I : Invitation for Application 2-4 Section II : Instructions to Applicants 5-8 Section III : Qualification Criteria

More information

Ranking Lower Court Appointments. Diksha Sanyal Nitika Khaitan Shalini Seetharam Shriyam Gupta

Ranking Lower Court Appointments. Diksha Sanyal Nitika Khaitan Shalini Seetharam Shriyam Gupta Ranking Lower Court Appointments Diksha Sanyal Nitika Khaitan Shalini Seetharam Shriyam Gupta October 2017 www.vidhilegalpolicy.in The authors would like to thank Nakul Toshniwal for supporting our work.

More information

SECRETARIAT OF THE ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA ORDER

SECRETARIAT OF THE ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA ORDER 23713412 FAX : 23713412 GRAM: ELECCOM NEW DELHI No. 4/RTI/PIO-AA/2012 SECRETARIAT OF THE ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA NIRVACHAN SADAN 110001 ASHOKA ROAD, NEW DELHI- 110001 Dated: 26.07.2012 ORDER On account

More information

Exchange of Visits by Tribals

Exchange of Visits by Tribals Guidelines Exchange of Visits by Tribals (The word tribals used will always refer to Scheduled Tribes) 1. Background Exchange of visits by the Scheduled Tribes (STs) is one of the ongoing schemes implemented

More information

Urbanization Process and Recent Trends of Migration in India

Urbanization Process and Recent Trends of Migration in India Urbanization Process and Recent Trends of Migration in India Ratnesh Shukla 1 & Kashif Imdad 2 Abstract Urbanization is a process of transformation from traditional rural economies to modern urban economies

More information

NOTIFICATIONS BY GOVERNMENT GENERAL ADMINISTRATION (ELECTIONS) DEPARTMENT

NOTIFICATIONS BY GOVERNMENT GENERAL ADMINISTRATION (ELECTIONS) DEPARTMENT Registered No. HSE-49/2016 PART V EXTRAORDINARY No.21 AMARAVATI, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 14, 2017 G.186 STATUTORY NOTIFICATIONS OF THE ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA AND OTHER ELECTION NOTIFICATIONS --x-- NOTIFICATIONS

More information

CHAPTER - V CONSUMER DISPUTES AND CONSUMER REDRESSAL FORUMS IN INDIA

CHAPTER - V CONSUMER DISPUTES AND CONSUMER REDRESSAL FORUMS IN INDIA CHAPTER - V CONSUMER DISPUTES AND CONSUMER REDRESSAL FORUMS IN INDIA Cortsumer protection is a group of laws and organizations designed to ensure the rights of consumers as well as fair trade competition

More information

PLEA BARGAINING. Mahboob Ali, HJS Director JTRI, U.P

PLEA BARGAINING. Mahboob Ali, HJS Director JTRI, U.P PLEA BARGAINING Mahboob Ali, HJS Director JTRI, U.P New Chapter XXI-A (Sections 265A to 265L) has been added w.e.f. 05 th July, 2006 The source of Plea Bargaining can be attributed to United States where

More information

Tribunalisation of Justice in India Boon or Bane

Tribunalisation of Justice in India Boon or Bane Tribunalisation of Justice in India Boon or Bane Reasons for Establishment of Tribunals Burden on courts Traditional judicial system considered to be costly, complex and formalistic. Tribunals may work

More information

GSM and ADHAR based safety management system through Smart Poles: A step towards safety for humanistic Society (Women)

GSM and ADHAR based safety management system through Smart Poles: A step towards safety for humanistic Society (Women) GSM and ADHAR based safety management system through Smart Poles: A step towards safety for humanistic Society (Women) Sourav Kumar Pradhan 1, Vivi Holo 2, Shanti Bhusan Acharya 3 1,2 M. Planning (Urban),

More information

ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA

ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA By Special Messenger ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA Nirvachan Sadan, Ashoka Road, New Delhi-110001. No.24/2012-ERS/Vol-II/ Dated: 10 th October, 2012. To *1=50 Copies 1. Joint Secretary (Estt. / PG) & CVO,

More information

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA REPORT. U/s 21 (4) THE SCHEDULED CASTES AND THE SCHEDULED TRIBES (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) ACT, 1989, FOR THE YEAR 2016

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA REPORT. U/s 21 (4) THE SCHEDULED CASTES AND THE SCHEDULED TRIBES (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) ACT, 1989, FOR THE YEAR 2016 REPORT U/s 21 (4) OF THE SCHEDULED CASTES AND THE SCHEDULED TRIBES (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) ACT, 1989, FOR THE YEAR 2016 GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF SOCIAL JUSTICE AND EMPOWERMENT DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL

More information

PARLIAMENT OF THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA

PARLIAMENT OF THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA PARLIAMENT OF THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA PREVENTION OF CRIMES (AMENDMENT) ACT, No. 29 OF 2017 [Certified on 18th of November, 2017] Printed on the Order of Government Published as a

More information

Chapter III PARLIAMENT OF INDIA: CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS

Chapter III PARLIAMENT OF INDIA: CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS Chapter III PARLIAMENT OF INDIA: CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS The historical background of Indian parliament and, its development from ancient period to the period to provisional parliament have been discussed

More information

India s economic liberalization program: An examination of its impact on the regional disparity problem

India s economic liberalization program: An examination of its impact on the regional disparity problem India s economic liberalization program: An examination of its impact on the regional disparity problem JAISHANKAR RAMAN Introduction: For the past three decades, the buzz word in Economics has been Market

More information

National Survey of Manual Scavengers Workshop for Nodal officers and Coordinators

National Survey of Manual Scavengers Workshop for Nodal officers and Coordinators National Survey of Manual Scavengers Workshop for Nodal officers and Coordinators Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, (MS) 2013 Manual Scavenger means a person

More information