2 Development: Key Issues 1. Why Does Development Vary Among Countries? 2. Where Are Inequalities in Development Found? 3. Why Do Countries Face Challenges to Development? 4. Why Are Countries Making Progress in Development?
3 Key Issue 1: Why Does Development Vary Among Countries? 1.1 Introducing Development 1.2 A Decent Standard of Living 1.3 Access to Knowledge 1.4 Health and Wealth
4 Level of Development Developed States More developed country (MDC) Core countries- World System Theory DTM Stage 4/5 countries- Demographic Transition ETM Stage 4/5 countries- Epidemiological Transition Developing States Less developed country (LDC) Semi Periphery/ Periphery countries- World Systems Theory DTM Stage 2/3 countries- Demographic Transition ETM Stage 2/3 countries- Epidemiological Transition
5 Characteristics of Development LDC Low Uneven Primary High Subsistence by hand Rural High, High, Low Poor Infectious, poor Overcrowded, poor sanitation Poor with Illiteracy Inferior Characteristic Per capita Income Distribution of Wealth Dominate Industry % in Agriculture Farming is. Rural or Urban CBR. CDR. LE. Diet Diseases / medical Housing Education Women MDC High More even Secondary and Tertiary Low Commercial / mechanized Urban Low, Low, High Adequate to overeating Age and good Adequate, good sanitation Highly Developed Equal terms
6 Level of Development Usually expressed by Human Development Index (HDI) 1. Adequate standard of living 2. Long healthy life 3. Access to knowledge Standard of living Income 1. Gross National Income (GNI) Total income for a state Calculation: GDP + Money Received (salary/ benefits) divided by the pop GDP is the value of all goods and services produced in a year in a state Calculate the contribution of the average citizen in a state United States: 15 trillion GNI/ 312 million people = 48, Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) How much can you buy in comparison to people in other states
7 Human Development Index Figure 10-1: The Human Development Index measures development by country around the world.
8 Level of Development Income 3. Economic structure Primary sector Direct extraction of resources- fishing, mining, forestry, or agriculture Secondary sector Manufacturing that processes, transforms, and assembles raw materials as well as making finished consumer goods Tertiary sector Providing goods and services to people for paymentretailing, banking, law, education, government, etc Think Wallerstein (Core, semi-periphery, periphery)
9 GNI PPP Per Capita Figure 10-4: Gross national income per capita, adjusted for purchasing power parity.
10 1.2 Economic Structure Figure 10-5: Employment in the tertiary sector (services) has grown in both developed and developing countries while the primary and secondary sectors have declined.
11 Level of Development Income 4. Productivity Value of a product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it Developed states are more productive than developing states Value added The value of a product minus the costs of raw materials and energy US was $5,900; Japan was $6,700; China was $800; India was $ Consumer goods Developed countries use their wealth to purchase goods and services related to transportation and communications Think Hans Rosling video Greater divide between wealthy and poor in developing states
12 Productivity Figure 10-6: Workers contribute more to a nation s GDP per hour in developed countries than developing countries, representing a higher value added.
13 Motor Vehicles Figure 10-12: Motor vehicles are a consumer good that helps trade and allows access to jobs.
14 Cellular Telephones Figure 10-13: Cell phones are a consumer good that aids communication.
15 Internet Users Figure 10-14: Access to the Internet allows for greater sharing of information.
16 Level of Development Health and Life Nutrition and medical services HDI Indicator Life expectancy at birth 80 in developed; 68 in developing 75 in Latin America; 65 in South Asia; 55 in Africa Infant Mortality (IMR) Less than 1% in developed 6% in developing Access to Knowledge Quantity and Quality of Schooling Literacy rate 99% in Developed; less than 70% in developing Variation in development exists within states and regions
17 Life Expectancy at Birth Figure 10-11: By world region, life expectancy at birth ranges from the mid-50s to early 80s.
18 Mean Years of Schooling Figure 10-7: Mean years of schooling is the average number of years people aged 25 or older have spent in school.
19 Expected Years of Schooling Figure 10-8: Expected years of schooling is the average number of years today s 5-year-olds are expected to be in school.
20 Pupil/Teacher Ratio Figure 10-9: The pupil/teacher ratio is another measure of access to knowledge.
21 Literacy Rate Figure 10-10: The literacy rate is another measure of access to knowledge.
22 Key Issue 2: Where Are Inequalities in Development Found? 2.1 Unequal and Uneven Development 2.2 Gender Inequality 2.3 Gender Empowerment and Employment 2.4 Reproductive Health 2.5 HDI and Gender Inequality
23 Gender and Development No country in the world is without gender inequality Gender Inequality Index Empowerment, Labor force, Trends Inverse relationship with HDI: HDI high = Inequality Low 1. Empowerment Ability of women to achieve improvements to their own status Education and economic and political power are key indicators 2. Labor force Participation rate, level of job, compensation for work 3. Current Trends Inequality is going down world-wide BUT!!! The U.S. is lagging behind all other developed countries
27 Unequal and Uneven Development Inequality-adjusted HDI accounts for inequality within a country. Inequality within developed countries: example of Turkey vs. Brazil Inequality in developed countries: increasing since 1980 in many countries
28 Inequality-adjusted HDI Figure 10-15: Compare to Figure 10-1; many countries are ranked much lower after considering inequality.
29 Inequality Among Regions in Turkey Figure 10-16: Turkey s wealthiest regions are in the west; the eastern area is poorer on average.
30 Inequality Among Regions in Brazil Figure 10-17: Brazil s wealth is concentrated in the south and east, especially along the coast.
31 Inequality in the United States and United Kingdom Figure 10-18: The share of wealth held by the richest 1% has increased in the United States and United Kingdom since about 1980.
32 Gender Inequality Gender-related Development Index (GDI): Same measures as HDI but by sex. Gender Inequality Index (GII) measured through: Reproductive health Female empowerment Female labor force participation
33 Gender-related Development Index Figure 10-19: The GDI is a measure of how unequal women are relative to men on the measures used in the HDI.
34 Gender Inequality Index Figure 10-20: The GII is composed of measures of reproductive health, empowerment, and the labor market. Larger numbers indicate greater gender inequality.
35 Decrease in Gender Inequality Index Figure 10-21: Increased gender equality is a trend in most countries of the world.
36 Gender Inequality Index: Empowerment Figure 10-22: One measure of female empowerment is the percentage of seats held by women in a country s national legislative body.
37 Gender Inequality Index: Empowerment Figure 10-23: Another measure of female empowerment is the ratio of girls to boys in secondary school. Countries with ratios above 1 have more girls than boys enrolled.
38 Gender Inequality Index: Employment Figure 10-24: Female labor force participation as a percentage of male participation is a measure of gender inequality.
39 Gender Inequality Index: Reproductive Health Figure 10-26: The maternal mortality rate is included in the GII.
40 Gender Inequality Index: Reproductive Health Figure 10-27: The adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19) rate is included in the GII.
41 Core and Periphery Figure 10-28a: In a world systems perspective, North America and Europe form the developed core, and the developing countries form the periphery.
42 Core and Periphery Figure 10-28b: The spatial relationship of the core and periphery is more apparent in a world map projection centered on the North Pole.
43 HDI and Gender Inequality Figure 10-30: The general relationship observed in this map is countries high in gender inequality are lower in overall development.
44 Key Issue 3: Why Do Countries Face Challenges to Development? 3.1 Two Paths to Development 3.2 World Trade 3.3 Financing Development 3.4 Development Challenges During Hard Times
45 Two Paths to Development Self-sufficiency: protect domestic production Example: India International trade: specialize and trade Examples: Asian Dragons, Arabian Peninsula Rostow s model of international trade: 1. Traditional society 2. Preconditions for takeoff 3. Takeoff 4. Drive to maturity 5. Age of mass consumption
46 Development Models MODERNIZATION DEPENDENCY WORLD SYSTEMS
47 Rostow s Modernization Model Known as the Stages/Ladder of Development Based on the idea of successive stages, each one leading to the next A country begins with a heavy reliance on primary activities, goes through industrialization and on to a mature stage of postindustrial development Has been a useful explanation of development in Europe and the US, and some countries have followed our lead We can identify countries currently in each stage
48 Critiquing Rostow The theory is too simplified- does not look at context Cultural differences are great and may make development hard- countries are locked in stages 1 & 2 Examples-the caste system, gender inequality, ethnic strife There are other ways to develop. Ex- Saudi Arabia & oil Does not address interdependency- we are connected. Can everyone become developed? We don t want everyone to get to a high mass consumption stage - it s bad for the environment Is there a stage 6- deindustrialization, where most people work in service jobs?
49 Dependency Theory Rostow s idea that every country will make progress if they compete in the world economy is unfair The late starters don t have the same advantages- We were free of effective competition & obstacles They must compete in a crowded field while facing barriers that came from our successes (colonialism) Political & economic relationships between MDCs control and limit the economic development possibilities of less well off areas Colonialism created dependency on the imperial powers This dependency sustains our prosperity & their poverty- it is built into the system (structuralist)
50 Dependency Theory Sees very little hope for economic prosperity in LDCs Some peripheral countries have advanced- this model is very pessimistic Also is weak on considering the uniqueness of each place- colonialism affected places differently
51 World Systems Theory ImmanualWallerstein There is only one world (not the 1 st world v. the 3 rd world) connected by a complex network of economic exchange relationships, with a three tier structure: core, periphery, semi-periphery Not all places can be equally wealthy in a capitalist world system Does not assume change will occur the same way in all places- sensitive to context
52 Self-Sufficiency: India Figure 10-32: Under self-sufficiency in India, imports were limited, and the government regulated domestic industries.
53 International Trade: United Arab Emirates Figure 10-33: A shopper in the United Arab Emirates chooses from a variety of products imported from other countries.
54 International Trade Triumphs Figure 10-34: Both developed and developing countries are increasingly reliant on trade as a contributor to GDP.
55 International Trade Triumphs Figure 10-35: India s GDP growth under self-sufficiency (left, before 1991) and under international trade (right).
56 World Trade Organization and Critics Figure 10-36: The World Trade Organization works to increase free trade between member countries. Critics like these pictured in the Philippines oppose the WTO for several reasons.
57 Financing Development Countries wishing to develop may need money: Foreign direct investment from corporations Loans World Bank International Monetary Fund
58 Growth in Foreign Direct Investment Figure 10-39: Foreign direct investment in East Asia and Latin America has grown faster than other developing regions.
59 Foreign Direct Investment Figure 10-40: Most foreign direct investment is out of and into developed countries in North America and Europe.
60 World Bank Development Assistance Figure 10-41: The World Bank loans the most to countries in Asia.
61 World Bank Development Assistance Figure 10-42: A World Bank-funded road construction project in Kabul, Afghanistan.
62 Debt as Percentage of GDP Figure 10-43: Sometimes international borrowing leads to more debt than countries can repay.
63 Development Challenges During Hard Times Debate over best way to deal with downturn: Stimulus: government spending to stimulate economy Austerity: spending cut dramatically International Monetary Fund imposes structural adjustment programs Disagreements in Europe over sovereign debt Microfinance: access to loans in developing countries with poor banking
64 Anti-austerity Protest Figure 10-44: Greek workers protest austerity measures put in place after the 2008 recession.
65 GDP Per Capita Change Figure 10-45: Greece did not recover from the 2008 recession as quickly as the United States or Germany.
66 Key Issue 4: Why Are Countries Making Progress in Development? 4.1 Fair Trade Standards 4.2 Measuring Progress
67 Fair Trade Standards Fair trade provides more equity for: Producers: greater share of price Workers: fair wages, rights Consumers: cooperative stores
68 Fair Trade Worker Standards Figure 10-47: Indian garment workers produce fair trade clothing from organic cotton.
69 Fair Trade and Consumers Figure 10-48: Cooperative grocery stores like this one in the United Kingdom are likely to stock fair trade products.
70 Measuring Progress: HDI Figure 10-49: HDI in developed and developing countries has had a nearly parallel trend.
71 Measuring Progress: HDI by Region Figure 10-50: The changing circle size shows the increase in development from 1980 to 2013.
72 Measuring Progress: Education Figure 10-51: Education in developed and developing countries has had a nearly parallel trend.
73 Measuring Progress: Life Expectancy Figure 10-52: Life expectancy in developing countries has been increasing more rapidly.
Chapter 9 Lecture Contemporary Human Geography rd 3 Edition Chapter 9: Development Marc Healy Elgin Community College 9.1 Development Regions A developed country, also known as a More Developed Country
Chapter 9- Development How does development vary amongst regions? How can countries promote development? What are future challenges for development? Human Development Index (HDI) Development process of
Contemporary Human Geography, 2e Lectures Chapter 9 Development Karl Byrand, University of Wisconsin-Sheboygan 9.1 Human Development Index Development The process of improving the material conditions of
Rubenstein: Development Learning Outcomes 10 After reading, studying, and discussing the chapter, students should be able to: Learning Outcome 10.1.1: Understand the Human Development Index. Learning Outcome
Human Development Indices and Indicators: 2018 Statistical Update Briefing note for countries on the 2018 Statistical Update Introduction Indonesia This briefing note is organized into ten sections. The
Human Development Indices and Indicators: 2018 Statistical Update Briefing note for countries on the 2018 Statistical Update Introduction Pakistan This briefing note is organized into ten sections. The
Human Development Report 2015 Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report Sri Lanka Introduction The 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work for Human Development
Human Development Indices and Indicators: 2018 Statistical Update Briefing note for countries on the 2018 Statistical Update Introduction Cambodia This briefing note is organized into ten sections. The
Human Development Report 2013 The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World Explanatory note on 2013 HDR composite indices Venezuela (Bolivarian HDI values and rank changes in the 2013 Human
Human Development Report 2014 Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience Explanatory note on the 2014 Human Development Report composite indices Serbia HDI values and rank
11. World Poverty Poverty in the Third World Human Poverty Index Poverty and Economic Growth Free Market and the Growth Foreign Aid Millennium Development Goals Poverty in the Third World Subsistence definitions
Human Development Report 2014 Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience Explanatory note on the 2014 Human Development Report composite indices Venezuela (Bolivarian HDI
Human Development Report 2014 Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience Explanatory note on the 2014 Human Development Report composite indices Solomon Islands HDI values
Human Development Report 2013 The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World Explanatory note on 2013 HDR composite indices Albania HDI values and rank changes in the 2013 Human Development Report
Human Development Report 2014 Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience Explanatory note on the 2014 Human Development Report composite indices The former Yugoslav HDI
Human Development Report 2014 Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience Explanatory note on the 2014 Human Development Report composite indices Democratic Republic HDI
Human Development Report 2013 The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World Explanatory note on 2013 HDR composite indices Hungary HDI values and rank changes in the 2013 Human Development Report
Human Development Report 2014 Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience Explanatory note on the 2014 Human Development Report composite indices Cambodia HDI values and
Human Development Report 2014 Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience Explanatory note on the 2014 Human Development Report composite indices Palestine, State of HDI
Development Chapter 10 Key Question: How do you Define and Measure Development? Measuring Development Gross National Product (GNP) Measure of the total value of the officially recorded goods and services
AP Human Geography Development The world is divided between relatively rich and relatively poor countries. Geographers try to understand the reasons for this division and learn what can be done about it.
CIE Economics A-level Topic 4: The Macroeconomy c) Classification of countries Notes Indicators of living standards and economic development The three dimensions of the Human Development Index (HDI) The
Chapter 18 Development and Globalization 1. Levels of Development 2. Issues in Development 3. Economies in Transition 4. Challenges of Globalization Do the benefits of economic development outweigh the
Chapter 9 Exam Review LDCs remain poor because they are continually exploited by MDCs seeking resources and labor. The statement above represents what school of thought when it comes to development? Modernist
Has Globalization Helped or Hindered Economic Development? (EA) Most economists believe that globalization contributes to economic development by increasing trade and investment across borders. Economic
Modern Slavery Country Snapshots The Country Snapshot has been developed to give the reader an immediate impression of some of the driving factors behind modern slavery within a given country. Following
ASIA S DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES The Asian Century: Plausible But Not Pre-ordained a five lecture series Distinguished Fellow, NCAER March 31, 2015 a ten seminar series Moderated by 1 LECTURE 1: THE TWO FACES
Development Report 20 Human The Rise of the South 13 Analysis on Cambodia Introduction The concept of human development entails freeing and enlarging people s choices within a society. In principle, these
288 The Cultural Landscape FIGURE 9-15 Developing regions with low HDIs: South Asia and sub-saharan Africa. (left) Sugarcane is transported by rickshaw to a wholesale market in Hyderabad, India. (right)
Unit-II Chapter-3 People of any country are diverse in many respects. Each person is unique in her/his own way. People can be distinguished by their age, sex and their place of residence. Some of the other
Measures of Development HDI Big Mac Index and Purchasing Power Parity A method of measuring the relative purchasing power of different countries' currencies over the same types of goods and services. Because
1. Self-interest is an important motive for countries who express concern that poverty may be linked to a rise in a. religious activity. b. environmental deterioration. c. terrorist events. d. capitalist
Edexcel (B) Economics A-level Theme 2: The Wider Economic Environment 2.4 Life in a Global Economy 2.4.2 Developed, emerging and developing economies Notes Indicators of growth: o GDP per capita GDP per
Strictly embargoed until 14 March 2013, 12:00 PM EDT (New York), 4:00 PM GMT (London) UNDP: Urgent job creation on a mass scale key to stability in the Arab region Mexico City, 14 March 2013 Arab States
43 vi. rising InequalIty with high growth and falling Poverty Inequality is on the rise in several countries in East Asia, most notably in China. The good news is that poverty declined rapidly at the same
The state of human development in the world and in Moldova Antonio Vigilante HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX 1. Norway 0.953 2. Switzerland 0,944 3. Australia 0, 959 187. South Sudan 0,388; 188. Central African
TALKING POINTS FOR THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY ROUNDTABLE 1: GLOBALIZATION, DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION: THEIR SOCIAL AND GENDER DIMENSIONS Distinguished delegates, Ladies and gentlemen: I am pleased
Chapter 2 Overview of Sudanese Economy and the Status of ICT in Sudan 2.1 Introduction This chapter provides a general overview of the socio-economic characteristics of the Sudanese economy and explains
WELCOME! Professors Jay Aronson, Bernardine Dias, Joe Mertz and Rahul Tongia Fall 2007 Instructor Introductions Aronson and Mertz are main instructors for undergraduate version Dias and Tongia are main
Chapter 18: Development and Globalization Section 1 Objectives 1. Understand what is meant by developed nations and less developed countries. 2. Identify the tools used to measure levels of development.
1. Key Terms What is development? The progress of a country in terms of economic growth, the use of technology and human welfare. What is a HIC? A high income country. What is an LIC? A low income country.
1. Global Disparities Overview The world is not an equal place, and throughout history there have always been inequalities between people, between countries and between regions. Today the world s population
Case Study on Youth Issues: Philippines Introduction The Philippines has one of the largest populations of the ASEAN member states, with 105 million inhabitants, surpassed only by Indonesia. It also has
Emerging Market Consumers: A comparative study of Latin America and Asia-Pacific Euromonitor International ESOMAR Latin America 2010 Table of Contents Emerging markets and the global recession Demographic
214 P Gersmehl Teachers may copy for use in their classrooms. Contact email@example.com regarding permission for any other use. World Map Title Name Canada United States Mexico Colombia Ecuador Haiti
1. Key Terms What is development? The progress of a country in terms of economic growth, the use of technology and human welfare. What is a HIC? A high income country. What is an LIC? A low income country.
Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Target 1 Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day Indicator 1 Population living below $1 (PPP) per day
Chapter 7 INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF GENDER INDICATORS Women & Men in India -2017 125 126 International Comparison of Gender Indicators International Comparison of Gender Indicators India is part of many
Economic Development and Transition Developed Nations and Less Developed Countries Developed Nations Developed nations are nations with higher average levels of material well-being. Less Developed Countries
Human Population Growth Through Time Current world population: 7.35 Billion (Nov. 2016) http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/ 2012 7 billion 1999 13 years 12 years 1974 1927 1804 13 years 14 years
Or7 The Millennium Development Goals Report 2009 1 Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Target 1.A Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day
S t u d e n t H a n d o u t a Investigating the Geology and Geography of Oil Land Area of Oil Countries of Southwest Asia Examine the map at right. It shows the locations of 10 oil countries in Southwest
Comparing Lebanon to Canada All rights reserved RCPL 2003 Comparing Lebanon to Canada Printing History: February 2003 First Edition Contact: Rassemblement Ccanadien pour le Liban (RCPL) Place Élysée C.
INEQUALITY AMONG WOMEN AND ITS IMPACT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH: THE CASE OF MENA D. Hosni Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Economics, University of Central Florida, Orlando,USA M. Sandberg and A.
Figure 1 Source: Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/en/data/trends The multi-dimensional poverty value for Bangladesh is.292 and it sets Bangladesh 146th among the 187 developing countries in HDI ranking
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymwwrgv_aie Demographics Demography is the scientific study of population. Demographers look statistically as to how people are distributed spatially by age, gender, occupation,
Lecture 1 Introduction In this course, we will study the most important and complex economic issue: the economic transformation of developing countries into developed countries. Most of the countries in
ASIAN TRANSFORMATIONS: An Inquiry into the Development of Nations DEEPAK NAYYAR Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi UNU- WIDER Development Conference Think Development, Think WIDER Helsinki 14 September
IX Geography CHEPTER 6 : POPULATION Introduction: The people are important to develop the economy and society. The people make and use resources and are themselves resources with varying quality. Resources,
Trade, Growth and Poverty in the context of Lao PDR Dr. Yan Wang Senior Economist The World Bank Ywang2@worldbank.Org Prepared for the joint workshop on Lao PDR: Trade and The Integrated Framework Vientiane
1. GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF POPULATION Population & Migration BASICS OF DEMOGRAPHY Demography - study of: POPULATION DISTRIBUTION Distribution: (Distribution is ) Living space of humans on earth s surface:
EMPOWERMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES : FUTURE POPULATION POLICIES AND PROGRAMS BY : PROF. DR. HARYONO SUYONO AUICK, IAC MEMBER THEORY AGRARIAN COMMUNITIES AGRARIAN COMMUNITIES HAVE HIGH DEATH RATE MODERN SELF
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BEFORE YOU BEGIN Looking at the Fill in the blank spaces with the missing words. Economic vs. Economic Less developed countries have relatively low or. Economic Development: Less-developed
Human development in China Dr Zhao Baige 19 Environment Twenty years ago I began my academic life as a researcher in Cambridge, and it is as an academic that I shall describe the progress China has made
UNITED NATIONS The Demographic Profile of Qatar Population Trends - Mortality - Fertility - Age Structure - Urbanization - International Migration - Education and Youth Unemployment Population Trends Population
Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Gender in the South Caucasus: A Snapshot of Key Issues and Indicators 1 Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia have made progress in many gender-related
Test Bank for Economic Development 12th Edition by Todaro and Smith Link download full: https://digitalcontentmarket.org/download/test-bankfor-economic-development-12th-edition-by-todaro Chapter 2 Comparative
The business case for gender equality: Key findings from evidence for action paper Paris 18th June 2010 This research finds critical evidence linking improving gender equality to many key factors for economic
Infant mortality rate (per 1 live births) UNITED NATIONS The Demographic Profile of Saudi Arabia Population Trends - Mortality - Fertility - Age Structure - Urbanization - International Migration - Education
TOPICS INCLUDE: Population Growth Demographic Data Rule of 70 Age-Structure Pyramids Impact of Growth UNIT 3: POPULATION # of individuals in a given area Uniform equally spaced Clumped/Clustered individuals
Committee for the Coordination of Statistical Activities SA/2003/17 Second session 2 September 2003 Geneva, 8-10 September 2003 Item 10(e) of the Provisional Agenda IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF DATA USED FOR
POLI 12D: International Relations Sections 1, 6 Spring 2017 TA: Clara Suong Chapter 10 Development: Causes of the Wealth and Poverty of Nations The realities of contemporary economic development: Billions
Development Development: Terms The process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology. There are nearly 200 countries in the world today. Every country
Economic Development The single most important geographic fact of economic development is its striking unevenness. World Bank What do we mean by economic development? Economic development is a term that
Center for Economic and Social Rights India Making Human Rights Accountability More Graphic This fact sheet is intended to contribute to ongoing monitoring work to hold states accountable for their economic
Development means The level of development is different in every country this is called the global development gap. Quality of life is The 3 types of countries are defined as: HIC: Indicator Definition
Prospects for Inclusive Growth in the MENA Region: A Comparative Approach Hassan Hakimian London Middle East Institute SOAS, University of London Email: HH2@SOAS.AC.UK International Parliamentary Conference
1400 hrs 14 June 2010 Slide I The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs): The Role of Governments and Public Service Notes for Discussion I The Purpose of this Presentation is to review progress in the Achievement
A COMPARATIVE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI) AMONG ASEAN COUNTRIES: THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT REPERCUSSIONS OF THE 2009 REPORT TO ASEAN COUNTRIES Introduction Caroline Mariñas Acosta, Dip. in R&D, MBA, Ph.D.
1. China s economy now ranks as what number in terms of size? a. First b. Second c. Third d. Fourth 2. China s economy has grown by what factor each year since 1980? a. Three b. Five c. Seven d. Ten 3.
I. INTRODUCTION TO POPULATION Economic Geography Unit 2: Population A. Aspects of Population (3) 1. Number of People 2. Spatial Distribution 3. Demographic Composition B. Demography World Cartogram II.
Development Dynamics GCSE Geography Edexcel B Practice Exam Questions and Answers 2.1 Measuring Development Describe two indicators that show a country s level of development. [4 marks] This question is