President George Washington s Inauguration Day April 30, 1789 in New York City

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2 President George Washington s Inauguration Day April 30, 1789 in New York City

3 The First Government Washington Established Cabinet Washington Appointed Supreme Court Justices and Federal Court System Congress Passed the First Federal Budget Established Tax System to Operate the Government & Pay the War Debt 1789 Washington D.C became U.S. Capital Ratification of the Bill of Rights by States

4 Strife on the Western Frontier Whiskey Rebellion Uprising against the Federal Government over taxes on whiskey George Washington sent troops to end the rebellion Westward, ever westward.. Fighting Indians on the Frontier as the Population moved Westward

5 Problems with France French Revolution in 1789 People s Uprising against the King and the Noble Class Bloody France Went to War against England Tried to get America to join in against England America stayed neutral

6 Problems with England England was now scared of America English Ships Captured America trade ships and IMPRESSED the sailors Forced Labor and harsh discipline Jay Treaty brought temporary cessation of hostilities

7 Settling the Land Disputes with Spain: Extending our Territory 1795 Pickney s Treaty Line

8 America s First Election 1796

9 The Significance of the 1796 Election: Competing Visions & the Birth of the 2 Party System Federalists Led by John Adams and Alexander Hamilton Strong Central Government Government led by Qualified Citizens Industrial Nation with Diverse Economy Democratic-Republicans Led by Thomas Jefferson Favored States Rights over Central Government Rural and Agricultural Nation

10 The rules: Popular Vote The people vote for President Electoral College Vote Each ELECTOR votes for their top 2 70 votes needed to win John Adams Fed Incumbent VP Thomas Pickney Fed Former Gov of S.C. Oliver Ellsworth Fed Supreme Court Justice John Jay Fed Governor of New York James Iredell Fed Supreme Court Justice Samuel Johnston Fed Former Senator from NC Charles Pickney Fed US Minister to France Election 1796: The Candidates Thomas Jefferson D-R Former Secretary of State Aaron Burr D-R Senator for New York Samuel Adams D-R Governor of Massachussetts George Clinton D-R Former Governor of New York John Henry D-R Senator from Maryland

11 Election 1796: The Vote Candidates in Order of Popularity John Adams Fed 35,726 Thomas Jefferson D-R 31,115 Thomas Pickney Fed Aaron Burr D-R Sam Adams D-R Oliver Ellsworth F George Clinton D-R John Jay Fed James Iredell Fed John Henry D-R Samuel Johnston Fed Charles Pickney Fed

12 Election of 1796: The Results John Adams received the most electoral votes so he was declared President Thomas Jefferson won the second-most electoral votes and was declared Vice President

13 Question to Consider Compared to today, where the president and Vice-President are from the same party and share the same vision for the country: how do you think Adams and Jefferson got along as the President and Vice-president??

14 America Under President Adams: Unlike Washington, Adams was not popular and did not have the trust of the nation or his colleagues His Presidency was marked by many issues and negative affairs. Problems with France almost going to War Alien and Sedition Acts Keep foreigners out of America and restrict citizenship Censor unpopular speech against Adams or the government as Seditious (Traitorous)

15 Jefferson vs Adams II the Election of 1800

16 The Significance of the 1800 Campaign Introduced Negative Campaigning to America Adams was accused of wanting to be king and starting a dynasty, and sucking up to England. He was also accused of being overweight. Jefferson was accused as being godless and wanting to spread the French Revolution to America. They also said Jefferson s supporters were cut-throats who walk in rags and sleep amid filth and vermin.

17 Negative Campaigns 1800 vs 2016

18 Election 1800: The Vote Popular Vote Jefferson/ 41, % Burr Adams/ 25, % Pinckney

19 Vote 1800: Jefferson vs. Burr and The Tiebreaker

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