SWBAT. Explain significance of the Alien and Sedition Acts Explain significance of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

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1 Adams

2 SWBAT Explain significance of the Alien and Sedition Acts Explain significance of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

3 Do Now The Vietnam War was lost in America. Public opinion killed any prospect of victory. What is the meaning of this statement? What is more important, liberty (ie. free speech) or order (ie. security)?

4 John Adams President

5 John Adams John Adams (Federalist) becomes President in 1797 *Due to an awkward feature of the Constitution, Jefferson becomes VP

6 John Adams During his presidency Adams passed the Alien and Sedition Acts How does the cartoonist portray Adam s actions?

7 Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798 Naturalization Act Alien Act Alien Enemies Act Sedition Act Required immigrants to live in the U.S. for l4 years before becoming a citizen Allowed President to expel foreigners from the U.S. if he believes they are dangerous to the nation's peace & safety Allowed President to imprison or expel foreigners considered dangerous in time of war Barred American citizens from saying, writing, or publishing any false, scandalous, or malicious statements about the U.S. Gov, Congress, or the President

8 Alien and Sedition Acts The 4 acts together became known as the Alien and Sedition Acts Response to the Alien and Sedition Acts: - Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions - (written by T. Jefferson & J. Madison) declared the Acts unconstitutional

9 Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions 1. Called for the states to declare the Alien and Sedition Act null & void (invalid) 2. Introduced concept of nullification (ignoring federal laws) believing the states have the final say

10 Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions How did Jefferson justify the resolutions? - Federal gov was created by an agreement of states, & the federal gov only had powers specifically delegated to it by the Constitution

11 Wrap Up How did the Alien and Sedition Acts establish a stable political system?

12 Time to Campaign!

13 Election of 1800 Create a campaign flyer, on a piece of construction paper, using your notes, for either John Adams or Thomas Jefferson! Must include AT LEAST the following in some form: name of candidate, year of election, political party of the candidate, issues the candidate stood for, color, slogan, & creativity!

14 Jefferson

15 SWBAT Analyze Jefferson s Foreign and Domestic Policy Do Now: After reading the excerpt, answer the 2 questions that follow.

16 Election of 1800 DR- Thomas Jefferson (ran with Aaron Burr) Fed- John Adams Jefferson & Burr tied in Electoral College b/c voters meant for Jefferson to be Pres, and for Burr to be VP According to the Constitution, when no one wins a majority of the vote, who decides the winner? HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES!

17 Election of 1800 Thomas Jefferson wins the election Serves 2 terms Aaron Burr becomes Vice President *Power CAN transfer smoothly from one political party to another! Election of 1800

18 Thomas Jefferson Foreign Policy: Events- 1. France & Britain harassing American ships 2. British forced American sailors to serve in their navy (needed sailors so badly in the war against France) (ie. impressment)

19 Thomas Jefferson Jefferson s Response: Embargo Act of outlawed almost all trade with foreign nations (Britain and France) Results of the Embargo: 1. Didn t effect Britain and France much

20 Thomas Jefferson 2. Angered New Englanders started to smuggle goods 3. Left Jefferson s 2 nd term with a black mark

21 Thomas Jefferson Domestic Policy: 1. Reduce government debt (through cuts in federal government departments & employees) 2. Reduce size of military

22 Thomas Jefferson 3. Continued the Bank of the United States 4. Repealed Alien and Sedition Acts 5. Land Act of to increase settlement in the West (Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio) people could purchase land with credit

23 Louisiana Purchase The Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase!

24 Thomas Jefferson 6. Louisiana Purchase Lewis & Clark Expedition sent to explore newly acquired territory

25 The Louisiana Purchase Complete the reading and discussion questions that follow

26 Wrap Up What role did Jefferson play in shaping the office of the Presidency?

27 The Louisiana Purchase Discussion Questions: 1.Where is this type of purchase justified in the Constitution? 2.What are benefits of ratifying the purchase? 3.Why would a Senate member have reservations about ratification?

28 Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson Video Clip Thought Questions: 1. In what ways did Jefferson stray from his strict constitutionalist values during his presidency? 2. How did he change the power of the presidency?

29 Louisiana Territory Activity

30 DO NOW Which party favored a strict interpretation of the Constitution? Who was the leader of this party in 1800?

31 SWBAT Examine multiple perspectives of those involved in the Louisiana Territory Analyze a contradictory decision Jefferson had to make as a strict Constitutionalist

32 Louisiana Territory Activity 1. Read the scenario your group has been given. 2. Discuss possible decisions, and explain what you would have done in the situation. 3. Make a final decision. 4. Summarize your decision on the blackboard.

33 Louisiana Territory Activity Reconvene as a class You will now represent the US Senate. Decide whether or not to ratify Jefferson s decision to purchase the land. VOTE!

34 What do you think? Directions- With a partner, answer the following question: According to the awkward election turnout of 1796 and 1800, what changes would you propose to the Constitution?

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