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1 Unit 1 Exam Review 1. Why did Theodore Roosevelt propose the Square Deal? 2. A bitter battle between Theodore Roosevelt and his successor, William H. Taft, led to. 3. President Wilson promised a foreign policy guided by. 4. President Wilson s peace without victory idea formed a key part of the. 5. What did President Harding do to help American business? 6. U.S. leaders in the 1920s hoped to keep the rest of the world at arm s length in order to. 7. At first, what did President Hoover rely on to relieve the depression> 8. The bonus Army was a group of World War I veterans who were violently disbanded after they came to Washington, D.C. to do what? 9. According to his critics, why did President Roosevelt propose increasing the number of justices on the Supreme Court?

2 10. During the mid-1930s, President Roosevelt realized that most Americans were opposed to what? 11. The gain in the power of the executive branch during the New Deal led some commentators to speak of the rise of the. 12. The Truman Doctrine set a new course for American foreign policy by promising to help. 13. Congress created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to coordinate the space related efforts of. 14. What did President Truman pledge to da as part of his Fair Deal? 15. What book shocked Americans in 1962 with its claim that one fourth of Americans still lived in poverty? 16. Why did Lyndon Johnson s support for the Civil Rights Act of 1964 surprise many Americans? 17. John F. Kennedy s flexible response policy was intended to prepare the nation to fight. 18. What was the goal of the Bay of Pigs invasion?

3 19. In response to the Cuban missile crisis, President Kennedy approved a. 20. Why was President Kennedy s approach toward civil rights timid? 21. What was the conclusion of the Warren Commission? 22. Why did President Eisenhower support the new anticommunist government of South Vietnam? 23. The high point of President Nixon s foreign policy efforts was his trip to China, which led to. 24. During the 1968 campaign for president, for what group did Richard Nixon cast himself as the spokesperson? 25. As part of Nixon s southern strategy, he gave a nationally televised address attacking. 26. In the case of Unites States v. Nixon, the Supreme Court ordered Nixon to do what? 27. A major challenge during President Carter s administration was the economic impact of a.

4 28. How did the continued migration of Americans to the Sunbelt during the 1970s affect politics? 29. The hostage crisis in Iran caused Americans to become more concerned about. 30. The re-energized conservative movement of the 198os was lead by. 31. The New Right believed that federal welfare programs rewarded. 32. Which group described itself as a political organization with religious goals? 33. What factor benefitted the Republican Party in the 1970s? 34. What helped Ronald Reagan win the presidential election of 1980? 35. Who did Ronald Reagan defeat in the 1984 presidential campaign? 36. President Reagan appointed Sandra Day O Connor as the first female. 37. Whom did George H.W. Bush defeat in the 1984 presidential campaign?

5 38. AIDS research funding increased substantially under which President? 39. President Reagan sought world peace through. 40. Who were the anticommunist counter-revolutionaries in Nicaragua that the Reagan administration backed? 41. In the Iran-contra affair, the Reagan administration used earning from weapons sales to Iran to. 42. President George H.W. Bush came to the White House with considerable experience in. 43. Approval ratings for President H.S. Bush skyrocketed in 1991 as a result of. 44. President Bill Clinton promoted himself as a. 45. Which of Clinton s efforts to change domestic policy failed? 46. What was a major reason President Clinton was re-elected in 1996? 47. When George W. Bush ran for president in 2000, he was a Republican governor from Texas who had.

6 48. During the 2000 presidential election, the Supreme Court ended the recounting of votes in. 49. In his first two years as President, George W. Bush approved a major tax cut and the. 50. Which Democratic candidate lost to George W. Bush in the 2004 election?

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