Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 06: The Early Republic

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1 Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 06: The Early Republic Why is the year 1803 significant to U.S. history? A. Congress passed the Naturalization Act. B. The United States doubled in size. C. England declared war on the United States. D. Washington wrote his "Farewell Address." 2. All of the following were problems faced by leaders during the early years of the republic EXCEPT F. conducting a war against Spaint G. maintaining national security H. defining authority of the national government J. creating a stable economic system 3. All of the following are defining characteristics of the era of the Early Republic EXCEPT A. the War of 1812 B. expansion of national power C. closing of the national bank D. the purchase of Louisiana 4. Which issue would be supported by Thomas Jefferson, but rejected by Alexander Hamilton? F. a strong business culture G. a national bank H. an expansion of states' rights J. an anti-french policy 5. During the Early Republic period, why were some Americans in favor of tariffs? A. Businesses in northern states thought it would help them compete with European imports. B. It would allow southern plantation owners to borrow money from banks. C. The federal government could then lower the income tax rate. D. It would enable Americans to buy foreign products. 6. What resulted from the passage of the Judiciary Act during the Washington administration?

2 F. Judicial review was established. G. The Supreme Court gained impeachment powers. H. States' role in federal courts was redefined. J. Federal courts system was created. 7. Which success of Thomas Jefferson is reflected by the unorganized territory of the United States? A. Brtiain signed a treaty creating new borders B. Northwest Ordinance established new states C. Western elections voted Federalists into power D. France sold the lands of Louisiana 8. The information on the map illustrates the extent of U.S. Territory during which era on the timeline? F. Era D G. Era C H. Era B J. Era A 9. James Monroe became president at a later time in U.S. history than the United States shown in this map. He was able to acquire land from foreign powers to add to U.S. territory. How would the map above change after Monroe's purchase? A. Florida would change to a territory. B. Florida would change to a state. C. Louisiana would change to a state. D. Texas would change to a territory. 10. Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. Who best completes this chart? F. James Madison G. John Adams H. James Monroe J. Patrick Henry

3 11. Which issue is one reason for the development of political parties in the early republic? A. There was an agreement over the war with Great Britain in B. There was disagreement over the role and strength of the national government. C. There was disagreement over the Louisiana Purchase. D. The Founding Fathers were split over including the Bill of Rights in the Constitution. 12. Which action contributed to the beginning of the War of 1812? F. impressment of American sailors into the British navy G. attacks on American ships by Barbary Coast pirates H. seizure of American ships by the Spanish navy J. violations of American fishing rights on the Great Lakes 13. How did the War of 1812 affect the standing of the United States in world affairs? A. European nations invited the United States to join the fight against Napoleon. B. The United States established its identity as an independent and powerful nation. C. Foreign governments agreed to make loans to repair war damage. D. The United States was viewed as being the leader of the Western Hemisphere. 14. Which controversial legislation of President John Adams' administration restricted citizens from criticizing the government? F. the Embargo Act G. the Monroe Doctrine H. the Judiciary Act J. the Alien and Sedition Acts 15. Which of the following stated that the United States would not tolerate European intervention in Latin America? A. XYZ Affair B. Alien and Sedition Acts C. Monroe Doctrine D. Treaty of Ghent 16. How did Washington's "Farewell Address" influence American foreign policy?

4 F. The United States led attempts to form international organizations that would seek peace. G. The United States attempted to remain neutral with foreign powers through the 19th century. H. The United States attempted to gain territory across the Americas. J. The United States sought new trading relationships with Asian powers. 17. Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. Which Founding Father's contributions are being described? A. George Washington B. John Adams C. James Madison D. Thomas Jefferson 18. Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. Which of the following is true, based on the reading? F. Washington, while patriotic during the war, did not want to make sacrifices that affected his family after the war. G. Washington felt that the well-being of the country was more important than his own personal wellbeing as evidenced by his patriotic actions and thus was elected President. H. Washington was ordered into serving as the next president of the United States, which he agreed to even though he preferred staying at home after a long service during the war. J. Washington had agreed to serve his country even though there were doubts about his ability to serve as president of the United States. 19. How did President James Monroe contribute to American foreign policy? A. The United States would resist any nation attempting to interfere in the affairs of nations in the Western Hemisphere. B. The United States would use international organizations to seek peaceful solutions to conflict. C. The United States would persuade Asian powers to increase commerce with American traders. D. The United States would use the military to topple dictators that threaten peaceful democracies. 20. How did the Embargo Act of 1807 impact American trade?

5 F. Imports grew while exports fell. G. Imports fell while exports grew. H. Both imports and exports fell. J. Both imports and exports grew steadily. 21. How did Federalists interpret the text of the Constitution? A. The Constitution should be interpreted strictly by following the text closely. B. The Constitution should be interpreted using the Bill of Rights. C. The Constitution should be interpreted loosely according to historical and social changes. D. The Constitution should be interpreted using precedents from international court cases. 22. Which of the following sets of words belongs where the III, IV, and V are located on the graphic? F. III. Believes in Equality; IV. Organized; V. Loyal G. III. Inspirational; IV. Honest and Practical; V. Believes in Equality H. III. Honest and Practical; IV. Inspirational; V. Respectful J. III. Believes in Equality; IV. Inspirational; V. Honest and Practical 23. What does Washington mean by his quote in I? A. The United States should be in the position of telling foreign powers what they can and cannot do because we have won our independence. B. The United States needs alliances with foreign powers to help us keep our independence which we fought so hard to earn. C. The United States must be self-governing. If we make alliances with other countries that take away any of that authority, we have fought the Revolutionary War for nothing. D. All of the above are included in the meaning of quote I. 24. Which of the following would Washington have supported based on the quotes in III? F. expanding slavery throughout the nation G. immigration of people from foreign countries H. travel of Americans to foreign countries J. all of the above are correct 25. Use the image and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

6 This portrait of George Washington served as a larger symbol at the time of the War of Which of the following accurately reflects the views of the people of the time? A. The loss of this portrait during the burning of the White House greatly discouraged the Americans who lost momentum in the war with Britain. B. The saving of the portrait by Dolly Madison showed that artwork is more valuable than our national founding documents. C. The hiding of the portrait from the British by Jane Adams preserved a great art treasure for the new nation. D. The saving of the portrait by Dolly Madison on the day of the burning of the White House served as a symbol of American independence and perseverance.

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