TERMS AND OBJECTIVES American Pageant 14 Ed. Chapter 6: The Duel for North America,

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1 Chapter 6: The Duel for North America, Chapter 6 Objectives 6-1 Explain what caused the great contest for North America between Britain and France, and why Britain won. 6-2 Describe France s colonial settlements and their expansion, and compare New France with Britain s colonies in North America. 6-3 Explain how Britain s colonists became embroiled in the home country s wars with France. 6-4 Describe the colonists role in the Seven Years War (French and Indian War), and indicate the consequences of the french defeat for Americans. 6-5 Indicate how and why the British victory in the Seven Years War (French and Indian War) became the one of the causes of the American Revolution. Chapter 6 Terms Acadians Albany Congress Antoine Cadillac autocratic Battle of Quebec Beaver Benjamin Franklin Cajun commissions coureurs de bois domestic ecological Edict of Nantes Edward Braddock flotilla Fort Duquesne Fort Necessity French and Indian War guerilla warfare Hugenots Hurons Iroquois James Wolfe Jesuits Louis XIV Louisbourg Marquis de Montcalm minister mutinous New France peasant Pontiac Proclamation of 1763 regulars Robert de La Salle salutary neglect Samuel de Champlain Seven Years War siege strategic voyageurs War of Jenkin s Ear War of Spanish Succession William Pitt

2 Chapter 7: The Road to Revolution, Chapter 7 Objectives 7-1 Explain the ideas of and radical Whiggery that Britain s American colonists th had adopted by the 18 century. 7-2 Describe the theory and practice of mercantilism, and explain why Americans resented it. 7-3 Explain why Britain adopted policies of tighter political control and higher taxation of Americans after 1763, and how these policies sparked fierce colonial resentment. 7-4 Describe the first major new British taxes on the colonies and how colonial resistance forced repeal of all taxes, except the tax on tea, by Explain how colonial agitators kept resistance alive from Indicate why the forcible importation of taxable British tea sparked the Boston Tea Party, the Intolerable Acts, and the outbreak of conflict between Britain and the colonists. 7-7 Assess the balance of forces between the British and the American rebels as the two sides prepared for war. Chapter 7 Terms st 1 Continental Congress Adam Smith admiralty courts Baron Von Steuben Battle of Lexington & Concord Benjamin Franklin Boston Tea Party Boston Massacre boycott British East India Company Charles Townshend committees of correspondence continentals Crispus Attucks Daughters of Liberty Declaratory Act depreciate duty (duties) George Grenville Hessians inflation internal/external taxes Intolerable Acts John Hancock John Adams King George III Lord North Loyalists Marquis de Lafayette mercantilism advantages & disadvantages Minute Men monopoly mulatto Navigation Acts No Taxation w/o Representation nonimportation agreement patronage propaganda (propagandist) Quartering Act Quebec Act radical Whigs royal veto Samuel Adams Sons of Liberty Stamp Act Stamp Act Congress Sugar Act The Association Thomas Hutchinson Townshend Acts veto virtual representation

3 Chapter 8: America Secedes from the Empire, Chapter 8 Objectives 8-1 Explain how American colonists could continue to proclaim their loyalty to the British crown even while they engaged in major military hostilities with Britain after April Explain why Common Sense inspired Americans to declare their independence and outline the principal ideas of that American revolutionary leaders promoted. 8-3 Explain both the specific political grievances and the universal ideals and principles that the Declaration of Independence used to justify Americas s separation from Britain. 8-4 Show why the American Revolution should be understood as a civil war between Americans as well as a war with Britain, and describe the motivations and treatments of the Loyalists. 8-5 Describe how Britain s original strategy to crush the Revolution was foiled, especially by the Battle of Saratoga. 8-6 Describe the fundamental military strategy that Washington and his generals, especially Nathaniel Greene, adopted, and why it proved successful. 8-7 Describe the key role of the French alliance in winning American independence, including the final victory at Yorktown. Chapter 8 Terms nd 2 Continental Congress Admiral de Grasse Armed Nuetrality Barry St Leger Battle of Saratoga Battle of Yorktown Benedict Arnold blockade Bunker Hill Charles Cornwallis civic virtue civilian Common Sense Comte de Rochambeau confiscate Declaration of Independence dictatorship envoy Ethan Allen George Rogers Clark George III Hessians Horatio Gates indictment Invasion of Canada John Paul Jones John Burgoyne Joesh Brant Loyalists/Tories mercenary Model Treaty Nathaniel Greene natural aristocracy natural rights neutral Olive Branch Petition Patrick Henry Patriots/Whigs popular consent privateer Richard Henry Lee Richard Montgomery Thomas Paine traitor Treaty of Fort Stanwix Treaty of Paris 1783 Valley Forge William Howe

4 Chapter 9: The Confederation and the Constitution, Chapter 9 Objectives 9-1 Explain the broad movement toward social and political equality that flourished after the Revolution and indicate why certain social and racial inequalities remained in place. 9-2 Describe the government of the Articles of Confederation and summarize its achievements and failures. 9-3 Explain the crucial role of Shay s Rebellion in sparking the movement for a new constitution. 9-4 Describe basic ideas and goals of the Founding Fathers in the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention and how they incorporated their fundamental principle into the Constitution. 9-5 Understand the central concerns that motivated the antifederalists, and indicate their social, economic, and political differences with the federalists. 9-6 Describe the issues at stake in the political fight over ratification of the Constitution between federalists and antifederalists, and explain why the federalists won. 9-7 Explain how the new government, set up by the Constitution, represented a conservative reaction to the American Revolution, yet at the same time, institutionalized the Revolution s central radical principle of popular government and individual liberty. Chapter 9 Terms small-state or New Jersey plan Virginia Statute for Religion Freedom large-state or Virginia plan bundle of compromises mobocracy 3/5 Compromise abolitionist Alexander Hamilton anarchy antifederalists Articles of Confederation bicameral, unicameral bill of rights checks and balances civic virtue consent of the governed Constitution of the U.S. constitutional convention Continental Congress disestablish Electoral College emancipation Federalists Great Compromise James Madison Land Ordinance of 1785 loose confederation nonimportantion agreements Northwest Ordinance 1787 other Founding Fathers popular sovereignty primogeniture quorum ratification republican motherhood requisition Roger Morris Shay s Rebellion Society of the Cincinnati sovereignty speculators (speculation) states rights territory The Federalist townships

5 Chapter 10: Launching the New Ship of State, Chapter 10 Objectives 10-1 State why was pivotal to inaugurating the new federal government Describe the methods and policies of Alexander Hamilton used to put the federal government on sound financial footing Explain how conflict between Hamilton and Jefferson led to the emergence of political parties 10-4 Explain the rationale for Washington s neutrality policies, including the conciliatory Jay s Treaty and why the treaty provoked Jeffersonian outrage Describe the polarizing effects of the French Revolution on American foreign and domestic policy and politics from 1790 to Describe the political atmosphere that produced the Alien & Sedition Acts and the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions Describe the causes of the undeclared war with France, and explain Adam s decision to seek peace rather than declare war Describe the contrasting membership and principles of the Hamiltonian Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republicans, and how they laid the foundations of the political party system. Chapter 10 Terms Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions agrarian Alexander Hamilton Alien and Sedition Acts amendment Anthony Wayne assimilation assumption Bank of the U.S. Battle of Fallen Timbers Bill of Rights cabinet census circuit court Citizen Edmond Genet compact theory Convention of 1800 Democratic-Republicans despotism elastic clause excise tax Farewell Address Federalists fiscal French Revolution funding at par Henry Knox implied powers impressment James Madison Jay s Treaty John Adams Judiciary Act of 1789 Little Turtle loose construction loyal opposition Matthew Lyon medium of exchange Miami Confederacy Neutrality Proclamation Ninth Amendment nullification Pinckney Treaty protective tariff public debt stock strict construction Tenth Amendment Treaty of Greenville Whiskey Rebellion witch-hunt XYZ Affair

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