Thursday, May 28, Quick Recap s Right Now --> What are THREE events that show the growing divide in the USA since the 1850s?

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1 Thursday, May 28, 2015 Take Out: - notes - writing utensil Today: Union in Peril - How did the divide over slavery widen in the 1850s? Homework: Permission Slips + $5!! Quick Recap s Right Now --> What are THREE events that show the growing divide in the USA since the 1850s? SC secedes

2 Quick Recap s...? Dred Scott vs. Sandford(1857) - Dred Scott = slave from Missouri - lived in IL & WI for 4 years with owner - then went back to Missouri - owner died FREE! LIVED FREE IN NORTH

3 Dred Scott vs. Sandford (1857) - Chief Justice Roger B. Taney - slaves do not have rights of citizens - Scott has no right to freedom Dred Scott vs. Sandford(1857) - also ruled Missouri Compromise unconstitutional - violates slave owners' right to property (BoR: 5)

4 Dred Scott vs. Sandford(1857) - cleared the way for expansion of slavery 1857: proslavery gvt. in Kansas writes Lecompton Constitution & asks to enter union

5 1857: proslavery gvt. in Kansas writes Lecompton Constitution & asks to enter union KS Free-Soilers reject constitution - outnumber proslavery supporters 10:1 1857: proslavery gvt. in Kansas writes Lecompton Constitution & asks to enter union Pres. Buchanan supports Lecompton

6 1857: proslavery gvt. in Kansas writes Lecompton Constitution & asks to enter union Pres. Buchanan supports Lecompton - Stephen Douglas - NO WAY! - what about popular sovereignty? Friday, May 29, 2015 Take Out: - notes - writing utensil Today: Union in Peril - What events ultimately led to secession? Homework: Take Home Quest due WED! Permission Slips + $5!!

7 Abraham Lincoln & the Election of James Buchanan elected PRES! - Buchanan & Douglas show growing divide in Democratic Party

8 - Buchanan & Douglas show growing divide in Democratic Party 1858: Illinois US Senate Race - Stephen Douglas (Dem - 2 terms) vs. - Abraham Lincoln

9 Background: Abraham Lincoln - served 1 term in Congress (Whig) - successful local lawyer & politician Background: Abraham Lincoln - served 1 term in Congress (Whig) - successful local lawyer & politician After KS-NE Act -> left Whig Party 1856: would join REPUBLICANS!

10 1858: Illinois US Senate Race - Lincoln-Douglas Debates: series of 7 debates between Lincoln and Douglas during Senate election

11 "I am not, not ever been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and politic al equality of the white and black races." At one debate... Douglas = Freeport Doctrine "Slavery cannot exist a day or an hour anywhere, unless it is supported by local police regulations."

12 At one debate... Douglas = Freeport Doctrine "Slavery cannot exist a day or an hour anywhere, unless it is supported by local police regulations." - elect reps to be FREE - showed people could get around Dred Scott decision Outcome of Lincoln-Douglas Debates? 1. Douglas wins election 2. Lincoln makes a name for himself -> Republican for 1860?

13 October 16, 1859: John Brown tries to start a slave uprising in Harpers Ferry, Virginia October 16, 1859: John Brown tries to start a slave uprising in Harpers Ferry, Virginia - aimed to take Federal arsenal & give captured arms to slaves in area

14 October 16, 1859: John Brown tries to start a slave uprising in Harpers Ferry, Virginia - aimed to take Federal arsenal & give captured arms to slaves in area - Brown captured by US Marines - failed to start an uprising October 16, 1859: John Brown tries to start a slave uprising in Harpers Ferry, Virginia

15 October 16, 1859: John Brown tries to start a slave uprising in Harpers Ferry, Virginia -12/2/1859: Brown hanged for treason Murderer, or martyr? Election of 1860 & Southern Secession

16 - Republican Convention held in Chicago - Abraham Lincoln won nomination - Republican Convention held in Chicago - Abraham Lincoln won nomination - NOT clear choice - Senator William H. Seward (NY) thought to be obvious candidate

17 would not "directly, or indirectly, interfere with their slaves, or with them, about their slaves..." How the South viewed him? "a black Republican" whose election would be "the greatest evil that has ever befallen this country."

18 Election of Republicans: Abraham Lincoln (IL) - Northern Democrats: Stephen Douglas (IL) - Southern Democrats: John C. Breckenridge(KY) - Constitutional Union Party: John Bell (TN) - would ignore issue of slavery altogether

19 Election of Lincoln wins! - no votes from South -> in many states, did not appear on ballot

20 December 20, 1860: South Carolina secedes from the Union

21 2/4/1861: delegates meet to form the Confederacy, or the Confederate States of America - met in Montgomery, AL - constitution "protected and recognized" slavery in new territories 2/4/1861: delegates meet to form the Confederacy, or the Confederate States of America - Jefferson Davis (MS) elected president

22 Where does this leave the United States? What will happen to America?

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