Voters and the Affordable Care Act in the 2014 Election

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Voters and the Affordable Care Act in the 2014 Election"

Transcription

1 special report Voters and the Affordable Care Act in the 2014 Election Robert J. Blendon, Sc.D., and John M. Benson, M.A. As we approach the 2014 election, we are witnessing an unusual situation. Poll results suggest a low level of public interest and a low projected voter turnout in this election. Only about half (52%) of the public say they are currently paying attention to the election (CBS News New York Times [CBS-NYT] poll, 2014). On the basis of past nonpresidential-year elections, less than half of U.S. adults are expected to vote. 1 At the same time, congressional candidates are raising a number of important national issues, including what should be the future of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in the years ahead. Most Democratic candidates hold positions in favor of continuing the next phase of the ACA s implementation mostly in its current form, whereas most Republican candidates have positions favoring some sort of major scaling back, repeal, or replacement of the legislation. For a number of different reasons, political forecasters see this election s outcome as being very close. They give at least an even chance that the Republican Party will win majorities in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The uncertain outcome of this election has importance for health care because of the polarized views held by each party s candidates on the future of the ACA, federal health spending, and policies regarding federal health care regulation. Forecasters see the outcome of the 2014 Senate races as most uncertain, while projecting that the House of Representatives will maintain a Republican member majority. 2 They also predict that the Senate majority will be determined by the outcome of races in 14 states that have either competitive races, as shown by state polls, or open seats without an incumbent senator. The 14 states Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Montana, New Hampshire, North Carolina, South Dakota, and West Virginia are shown on the map in Figure 1. A Senate race is considered to be competitive if it was listed as such in both the Cook Political Report and Real Clear Politics as of October 1. 3,4 The Gallup Poll s rating of the political culture of these states shows that these 14 states are more politically conservative as a group than the country as a whole (Gallup, January 2 December 29, 2013). In addition, support for the ACA is lower in some of these states than in states that are often cited as leading in ACA implementation. Whereas support for the ACA is 57% in Massachusetts (Boston Globe Harvard School of Public Health [HSPH] poll, 2014) and 56% in California (California Wellness Foundation [CWF] Field poll, 2014), it is 40% in Colorado (Quinnipiac University, 2014), 38% in North Carolina (NYT Kaiser Family Foundation [KFF] poll, 2014), 37% in New Hampshire (WMUR University of New Hampshire [UNH] poll, 2014), 35% in Kentucky, 34% in Louisiana, and 29% in Arkansas (NYT KFF, 2014), six states with Senate races that are projected to be close. This article, which is based on an analysis of data from 27 public opinion polls by 14 organizations, seeks to examine the role of the ACA in the 2014 election and the potential implications for health care depending on the outcome. It examines the following six questions: How important is health care, and specifically the ACA, as an issue in the 2014 election? If a congressional candidate supports the ACA, are voters more or less likely to vote for him or her? What is the current level of voter support for the ACA? How does this support vary according to voters partisan affiliation? Do voters currently support a core principle of the ACA that it is the responsibility of the federal government to make sure that all Americans have health care coverage? What do voters want the next Congress to do with the ACA? e31(1)

2 Washington Montana North Dakota Minnesota Maine Vermont Oregon Nevada California Idaho Utah Wyoming Colorado South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Wisconsin Michigan New York Iowa Pennsylvania Illinois Indiana Ohio West Virginia Missouri Virginia Kentucky New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Jersey Delaware Maryland Arizona New Mexico Oklahoma Arkansas Tennessee North Carolina South Carolina Texas Louisiana Mississippi Georgia Alabama Florida Alaska Hawaii Figure 1. Battleground States for Senate Races in 2014, According to Political Analysts. As of October 1, analysts at the Cook Political Report 3 and Real Clear Politics 4 were predicting that the Senate majority will be determined by the outcome of races in 14 states Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Montana, New Hampshire, North Carolina, South Dakota, and West Virginia that have either competitive races (according to local polling) or open seats without an incumbent senator. Table 1. Public Attitudes about the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and President Barack Obama s Handling of Health Care.* Variable Approval of the ACA ACA Enactment, % of respondents Favor Oppose President Obama s handling of health care Approve Disapprove * Data are the averages from available polls for each period. Data in this category are from the following polls: for , Blendon et al.; for 2014, KFF (August September), Pew (September), NBC WSJ (September), ABC WP (September), CBS NYT (September), and HSPH SSRS (September). Data in this category are from the following polls: for 2010, Gallup USA Today (March), ABC WP (April), Quinnipiac (April), Fox (April), Pew (April), CBS NYT (April May); for 2012, ABC WP (July), Quinnipiac (July), and Fox (October); for 2014, Gallup (August) and Fox (September). National Support for the ACA Before examining these questions, we provide some politically relevant background data on the ACA and the public. The ACA was enacted in Table 1 shows public support (in an average of polls) for the ACA at the time of its enactment and in connection with the 2012 and 2014 elections. We also show President Obama s job approval on his handling of health care for the same years. What is striking is that despite major changes in health care since 2010 including increased health insurance security protections and benefits, the expansion of Medicaid, and subsidized private insurance plans, which have reduced the proportion of Americans who are uninsured from 18.0% to 13.4% (Gallup, July 2013 June 2014) public approval of the ACA has not increased since the law was enacted. Today, as was the case in 2010 and 2012, 5 only a minority of Americans approve of either the ACA or the President s handling of the health care e31(2)

3 special report Table 2. Most Important Issues among Registered Voters in the 2014 Congressional Elections, According to Polling Results.* Rank ABC News Washington Post CBS News New York Times Issue % of Respondents Issue % of Respondents 1 Economy and jobs 35 The economy 38 2 The way things are working 15 Terrorism 17 in Washington 3 Health care 13 Health care 16 4 International conflicts 12 Immigration 10 5 Immigration 10 Federal budget deficit 8 6 Other 11 International conflicts 6 * Percentages reflect the percentage of respondents who identified the issue as the single most important issue affecting their vote. Data are from the responses of 847 registered voters, as reported by ABC WP, Data are from the responses of 854 registered voters, as reported by CBS NYT, issue (Table 1). They hold these views even though most respondents report that the law has had no direct impact on their own family (56%). About one in four (27%) believe the law has hurt their family, whereas 14% believe it has helped them (KFF, 2014). However, Americans are more divided over the impact of the ACA on the country as a whole. Nearly half (45%) believe that the law has had a mostly negative effect on the country to date, whereas 33% think it has had a mostly positive effect, and 18% do not think it has had much of an effect (Pew Research Center, September 2014). Over the past decade, there has been a cultural shift in Americans attitudes about the principle of universal health care coverage, one of the main rationales for the ACA. In 2007, during the presidential primary season, public support for the view that the federal government has a responsibility to make sure all Americans have health insurance coverage was at 64% (Gallup, 2007). By 2014, this number had declined to 47% (Pew, January February 2014). In addition, there has been a decline in overall public trust in the federal government to handle domestic problems such as health care from 51% in 2012 to 40% in 2014, which may also play a role in depressing public support for the ACA (Gallup, September 2014). One often unrecognized factor that may be contributing to these overall findings is the extraordinary level of paid negative advertising opposing the ACA that has taken place since the law was enacted. A recent study reported that $445 million had been spent for advertising related to the ACA through the beginning of Of that amount, 94% was expended on negative ad messages about this national law. Moreover, the large volume of advertisements against the ACA has continued throughout the campaign season, with 37,544 anti-aca ads between August 1 and September 11, Health Care and the 2014 Election The 2014 election campaign has not been dominated by a single issue, with respondents highlighting multiple issues as important (Table 2). Health care was the third-ranked issue in two recent polls asking registered voters to identify the single most important issue influencing their vote in the upcoming congressional elections (ABC News Washington Post [ABC WP] poll, 2014; CBS NYT, 2014). Polling results have highlighted the fact that voters do not see health care as a single issue. In one poll, 73% of respondents said that health care was an extremely or very important issue in their voting decision. When asked from a list what they meant by this statement, the ACA or Obamacare was the dominant health care issue (48%). Medicare was mentioned by 25%, and Medicaid by 14% (HSPH Social Science Research Solutions [SSRS], 2014). In this shifting political environment, poll e31(3)

4 Table 3. Attitudes about the Affordable Care Act, According to Party Affiliation.* Variable All Respondents Republicans Democrats Independents percentage of respondents Making sure all Americans have health care coverage is... The responsibility of the federal government Not the responsibility of the federal government Trust in the federal government to handle domestic problems Great deal or fair amount Not very much or none at all 59 NA NA NA The new health care law has... Directly helped you and your family Directly hurt you and your family Not had a direct effect What effect has the health care law had on the country to date? Mostly positive Mostly negative Not much of an effect Approval of the Affordable Care Act Support Oppose If a candidate for Congress supports the 2010 health care law passed by President Obama and Congress (ACA) You would be more likely to vote for a candidate who held this position You would be less likely Wouldn t make a difference What you would like to see Congress do with the ACA Expand what the law does Keep the health care law in place as it is Scale back what the law does Repeal the law entirely * Don t know or Refused responses are not shown. NA denotes not available. Data are from the responses of 1596 likely voters, as reported by HSPH SSRS, Data are from the responses of 1017 U.S. adults, as reported by Gallup, September Data are from the responses of 1505 U.S. adults, as reported by KFF, Data are from the responses of 2002 U.S. adults, as reported by Pew, September Data are the averages of responses that were available according to party identification. results show that support for the principle of universal coverage is lower among those who are likely to vote than among the public as a whole. About 4 in 10 likely voters (41%) support the principle of universal coverage provided by the federal government, as compared with 47% of the general public (HSPH SSRS, 2014; Pew, January February 2014). Among likely voters, a e31(4)

5 special report Opinion Polls on Voters and the Affordable Care Act in the 2014 Election ABC News Washington Post (ABC WP) polls April 22 25, 2010 ( July 5 8, 2012 ( September 4 7, 2014 ( Boston Globe Harvard School of Public Health (Boston Globe HSPH) poll May 27 June 2, 2014 ( California Wellness Foundation Field (CWF Field) poll June 26 July 19, 2014 ( CBS News New York Times (CBS NYT) polls April 28 May 2, 2010 ( September 12 15, 2014 ( Fox News polls April 6 7, 2010* October 7 9, 2012* September 7 9, 2014 ( Gallup polls January 2 December 29, 2013 cumulative data ( July 1, 2013 June 30, 2014 ( November 11 14, 2007* August 7 10, 2014* September 4 7, 2014 ( Gallup USA Today poll March 26 28, 2010 ( Harvard School of Public Health Social Science Research Solutions (HSPH SSRS) poll September 10 28, 2014 ( Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) poll August 25 September 2, 2014 ( NBC News Wall Street Journal (NBC WSJ) poll September 3 7, 2014 ( New York Times Kaiser Family Foundation (NYT KFF) poll April 8 15, 2014 ( Pew Research Center for the People and the Press polls April 21 26, 2010 ( January 23 February 9, 2014 ( September 2 9, 2014 ( Quinnipiac University polls April 14 19, 2010* July 1 8, 2012 ( July 10 14, 2014 ( WMUR University of New Hampshire (WMUR UNH) poll April 1 9, 2014 ( * These data are available from the ipoll database, Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut. e31(5)

6 majority (56%) do not believe it is the responsibility of the federal government to make sure all Americans have health care coverage (HSPH SSRS, 2014). Those who are likely to vote in the 2014 election are highly polarized on the basis of their party identification. Democratic voters are the most likely to support both the ACA (Pew, September 2014; KFF, 2014; HSPH SSRS, 2014) and the principle of universal coverage (HSPH SSRS, 2014), whereas Republican voters are the least likely (Table 3). There are also major differences in policy views between the adherents of the two parties on a whole range of other issues relating to the ACA and the future role of the federal government in health care. Of significance for this election and its aftermath, a larger proportion of likely voters say they are less likely to vote for a congressional candidate who supports the ACA (40%) than say that they are more likely to vote for such a candidate (31%). About one in four (27%) report that a candidate s stand on the ACA will not matter to their vote. More than two thirds of Republican voters (69%) say they are less likely to vote for a pro-aca candidate, whereas only 9% say they are more likely. Among independent likely voters, those who say they are less likely to vote for a pro-aca candidate outnumber those who say they are more likely to vote for such a candidate, 43% to 25%. Only among Democratic likely voters was this pattern reversed: 60% say they would be more likely to vote for a candidate who supports the ACA, whereas 10% say they would be less likely (HSPH SSRS, 2014). Finally, as to voters preferences for the future, polling results show that a majority of likely voters nationally do not support repealing the ACA. However, a majority do support either repealing or scaling back the ACA (31% repeal entirely and 23% scale back) (Table 3). In contrast, a majority (74%) of Democratic likely voters support keeping the law in place as it is (30%) or expanding what it does (44%), whereas only 18% prefer scaling it back or repealing the law. On the other side, a majority of Republican likely voters (56%) support repealing the law, with 27% favoring scaling back the existing program. Few Republicans support future implementation or expansion (13%) (HSPH SSRS, 2014). Implications of Survey Results Although the election of 2014 is not of wide public interest, the outcome matters in terms of health care. This is the case because Republican and Democratic voters are so separated in their views on the future of the ACA that these divisions will have an impact after the election. The leaders of the majority party in the House and Senate are likely to reflect the views of their party s adherents. On one side, Republicans favor scaling back or repealing the legislation, positions that have been shown by other studies to have been taken by a majority of Republican candidates in 2014 primary races. 8 On the other side, Democrats favor moving ahead with this law. Of important note for the 2016 election, the plurality of Democratic likely voters favor expanding the current scope of the ACA, rather than just implementing the current law. Regardless of the outcome of the election, the ACA cannot be repealed unless President Obama concurs, which is highly unlikely. However, what a Republican majority could possibly accomplish through multiple budgetary bills is to reduce federal support for health insurance subsidies, Medicaid expansions, public health grants, innovation investments, program administrative information, and outlays for outreach. Also, honoring Republican candidates commitments, substantial efforts would probably be made to postpone employer and individual health insurance mandates and reduce the ACA s taxes on employers, insurers, and health care companies. The budgetary process would provide the focus for these efforts. Though proposals to provide a new Republican substitute for the ACA are likely to be debated, it is unlikely that one could be passed in the Congress and signed by the President after the election. However, a Democratic majority in the Senate would probably result in the implementation of the next phase of the ACA with more resources being available. Such an outcome would be likely to create a political environment in which more of the 23 states that are not participating in the optional Medicaid expansion component of the law would agree to move ahead. It would also provide encouragement for 2016 Democratic presidential hopefuls who are presenting their views on an expanded ACA. Even though health e31(6)

7 special report care is only one of a number of top issues in the 2014 election, the majority party in Congress will claim it has a mandate for its priorities on what is still a controversial national health care issue. Of the most importance in the health care field, these deep divisions foretell continuing conflicts over the shape and direction of U.S. health care policy in the future. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Supported by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available with the full text of this article at NEJM.org. From the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston (R.J.B., J.M.B.), and the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge (R.J.B.) both in Massachusetts. This article was published on October 29, 2014, at NEJM.org. 1. National voter turnout in federal elections: Infoplease, 2013 ( 2. Democrats currently have a 1 percent chance of retaking the House. Washington Post. December 20, 2013 ( democrats-currently-have-a-1-percent-chance-of-retaking-the -house/). 3. Cook Political Report Senate race ratings for September 29, 2014 ( 4. Real Clear Politics. Battle for the Senate ( _map.html). 5. Blendon RJ, Benson JM, Brulé A. Understanding health care in the 2012 election. N Engl J Med 2012;367: Wilner E, West M. The Affordable Care Act s place in advertising history. Kantar Media, May 2014 ( default/files/cmag_aca_deck_v4_embargoed_1.pdf). 7. Wesleyan Media Project general election advertising opens even more negative than 2010 or September 16, 2014 ( -advertising-opens-even-more-negative-than-2010-or-2012//). 8. Kamarck EC, Podkul AR. The 2014 congressional primaries: who ran and why. Washington, DC: Center for Effective Public Management at Brookings, September 2014 ( congressional%20primaries%20kamarck%20podkul/primaries5.pdf). DOI: /NEJMsr Copyright 2014 Massachusetts Medical Society. e31(7)

Implications of the 2012 Election for Health Care The Voters Perspective

Implications of the 2012 Election for Health Care The Voters Perspective s p e c i a l r e p o r t Implications of the 2012 Election for Health Care The Perspective Robert J. Blendon, Sc.D., John M. Benson, M.A., and Amanda Brulé, M.A. In October, we reported on voters views

More information

Health Care in the 2016 Election A View through Voters Polarized Lenses

Health Care in the 2016 Election A View through Voters Polarized Lenses The new england journal of medicine Special Report Health Care in the 2016 Election A View through Voters Polarized Lenses Robert J. Blendon, Sc.D., John M. Benson, M.A., and Logan S. Casey, Ph.D. This

More information

2016 Voter Registration Deadlines by State

2016 Voter Registration Deadlines by State 2016 Voter s by Alabama 10/24/2016 https://www.alabamavotes.gov/electioninfo.aspx?m=vote rs Alaska 10/9/2016 (Election Day registration permitted for purpose of voting for president and Vice President

More information

PERMISSIBILITY OF ELECTRONIC VOTING IN THE UNITED STATES. Member Electronic Vote/ . Alabama No No Yes No. Alaska No No No No

PERMISSIBILITY OF ELECTRONIC VOTING IN THE UNITED STATES. Member Electronic Vote/  . Alabama No No Yes No. Alaska No No No No PERMISSIBILITY OF ELECTRONIC VOTING IN THE UNITED STATES State Member Conference Call Vote Member Electronic Vote/ Email Board of Directors Conference Call Vote Board of Directors Electronic Vote/ Email

More information

Public Opinion about the Future of the Affordable Care Act

Public Opinion about the Future of the Affordable Care Act Special Report Public Opinion about the Future of the Affordable Care Act Robert J. Blendon, Sc.D., and John M. Benson, M.A. In the early hours of Friday, July 28, the U.S. Senate closed debate on repealing

More information

STATE LAWS SUMMARY: CHILD LABOR CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS BY STATE

STATE LAWS SUMMARY: CHILD LABOR CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS BY STATE STATE LAWS SUMMARY: CHILD LABOR CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS BY STATE THE PROBLEM: Federal child labor laws limit the kinds of work for which kids under age 18 can be employed. But as with OSHA, federal

More information

December 30, 2008 Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote

December 30, 2008 Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote STATE OF VERMONT HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES STATE HOUSE 115 STATE STREET MONTPELIER, VT 05633-5201 December 30, 2008 Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote To Members

More information

2008 Electoral Vote Preliminary Preview

2008 Electoral Vote Preliminary Preview 2008 Electoral Vote Preliminary Preview ʺIn Clinton, the superdelegates have a candidate who fits their recent mold and the last two elections have been very close. This year is a bad year for Republicans.

More information

Delegates: Understanding the numbers and the rules

Delegates: Understanding the numbers and the rules Delegates: Understanding the numbers and the rules About 4,051 pledged About 712 unpledged 2472 delegates Images from: https://ballotpedia.org/presidential_election,_2016 On the news I hear about super

More information

National State Law Survey: Statute of Limitations 1

National State Law Survey: Statute of Limitations 1 National State Law Survey: Limitations 1 Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware DC Florida Georgia Hawaii limitations Trafficking and CSEC within 3 limit for sex trafficking,

More information

Democratic Convention *Saturday 1 March 2008 *Monday 25 August - Thursday 28 August District of Columbia Non-binding Primary

Democratic Convention *Saturday 1 March 2008 *Monday 25 August - Thursday 28 August District of Columbia Non-binding Primary Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and s Chronologically http://www.thegreenpapers.com/p08/events.phtml?s=c 1 of 9 5/29/2007 2:23 PM Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and s Chronologically Disclaimer: These

More information

MEMORANDUM JUDGES SERVING AS ARBITRATORS AND MEDIATORS

MEMORANDUM JUDGES SERVING AS ARBITRATORS AND MEDIATORS Knowledge Management Office MEMORANDUM Re: Ref. No.: By: Date: Regulation of Retired Judges Serving as Arbitrators and Mediators IS 98.0561 Jerry Nagle, Colleen Danos, and Anne Endress Skove October 22,

More information

The remaining legislative bodies have guides that help determine bill assignments. Table shows the criteria used to refer bills.

The remaining legislative bodies have guides that help determine bill assignments. Table shows the criteria used to refer bills. ills and ill Processing 3-17 Referral of ills The first major step in the legislative process is to introduce a bill; the second is to have it heard by a committee. ut how does legislation get from one

More information

Case 3:15-md CRB Document 4700 Filed 01/29/18 Page 1 of 5

Case 3:15-md CRB Document 4700 Filed 01/29/18 Page 1 of 5 Case 3:15-md-02672-CRB Document 4700 Filed 01/29/18 Page 1 of 5 Michele D. Ross Reed Smith LLP 1301 K Street NW Suite 1000 East Tower Washington, D.C. 20005 Telephone: 202 414-9297 Fax: 202 414-9299 Email:

More information

2016 us election results

2016 us election results 1 of 6 11/12/2016 7:35 PM 2016 us election results All News Images Videos Shopping More Search tools About 243,000,000 results (0.86 seconds) 2 WA OR NV CA AK MT ID WY UT CO AZ NM ND MN SD WI NY MI NE

More information

State Complaint Information

State Complaint Information State Complaint Information Each state expects the student to exhaust the University's grievance process before bringing the matter to the state. Complaints to states should be made only if the individual

More information

Election of Worksheet #1 - Candidates and Parties. Abraham Lincoln. Stephen A. Douglas. John C. Breckinridge. John Bell

Election of Worksheet #1 - Candidates and Parties. Abraham Lincoln. Stephen A. Douglas. John C. Breckinridge. John Bell III. Activities Election of 1860 Name Worksheet #1 Candidates and Parties The election of 1860 demonstrated the divisions within the United States. The political parties of the decades before 1860 no longer

More information

Election of Worksheet #1 - Candidates and Parties. Abraham Lincoln. Stephen A. Douglas. John C. Breckinridge. John Bell

Election of Worksheet #1 - Candidates and Parties. Abraham Lincoln. Stephen A. Douglas. John C. Breckinridge. John Bell III. Activities Election of 1860 Name Worksheet #1 Candidates and Parties The election of 1860 demonstrated the divisions within the United States. The political parties of the decades before 1860 no longer

More information

FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION [NOTICE ] Price Index Adjustments for Contribution and Expenditure Limitations and

FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION [NOTICE ] Price Index Adjustments for Contribution and Expenditure Limitations and This document is scheduled to be published in the Federal Register on 02/03/2015 and available online at http://federalregister.gov/a/2015-01963, and on FDsys.gov 6715-01-U FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION

More information

American Government. Workbook

American Government. Workbook American Government Workbook WALCH PUBLISHING Table of Contents To the Student............................. vii Unit 1: What Is Government? Activity 1 Monarchs of Europe...................... 1 Activity

More information

THE PROCESS TO RENEW A JUDGMENT SHOULD BEGIN 6-8 MONTHS PRIOR TO THE DEADLINE

THE PROCESS TO RENEW A JUDGMENT SHOULD BEGIN 6-8 MONTHS PRIOR TO THE DEADLINE THE PROCESS TO RENEW A JUDGMENT SHOULD BEGIN 6-8 MONTHS PRIOR TO THE DEADLINE STATE RENEWAL Additional information ALABAMA Judgment good for 20 years if renewed ALASKA ARIZONA (foreign judgment 4 years)

More information

The Electoral College And

The Electoral College And The Electoral College And National Popular Vote Plan State Population 2010 House Apportionment Senate Number of Electors California 37,341,989 53 2 55 Texas 25,268,418 36 2 38 New York 19,421,055 27 2

More information

New Census Estimates Show Slight Changes For Congressional Apportionment Now, But Point to Larger Changes by 2020

New Census Estimates Show Slight Changes For Congressional Apportionment Now, But Point to Larger Changes by 2020 [Type here] Emerywood Court Manassas, Virginia 0 0.00 tel. or 0 0. 0 0. fax Info@electiondataservices.com FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Date: December, 0 Contact: Kimball W. Brace Tel.: (0) 00 or (0) 0- Email:

More information

For jurisdictions that reject for punctuation errors, is the rejection based on a policy decision or due to statutory provisions?

For jurisdictions that reject for punctuation errors, is the rejection based on a policy decision or due to statutory provisions? Topic: Question by: : Rejected Filings due to Punctuation Errors Regina Goff Kansas Date: March 20, 2014 Manitoba Corporations Canada Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware

More information

Election Year Restrictions on Mass Mailings by Members of Congress: How H.R Would Change Current Law

Election Year Restrictions on Mass Mailings by Members of Congress: How H.R Would Change Current Law Election Year Restrictions on Mass Mailings by Members of Congress: How H.R. 2056 Would Change Current Law Matthew Eric Glassman Analyst on the Congress August 20, 2010 Congressional Research Service CRS

More information

Limitations on Contributions to Political Committees

Limitations on Contributions to Political Committees Limitations on Contributions to Committees Term for PAC Individual PAC Corporate/Union PAC Party PAC PAC PAC Transfers Alabama 10-2A-70.2 $500/election Alaska 15.13.070 Group $500/year Only 10% of a PAC's

More information

ADVANCEMENT, JURISDICTION-BY-JURISDICTION

ADVANCEMENT, JURISDICTION-BY-JURISDICTION , JURISDICTION-B-JURISDICTION Jurisdictions that make advancement statutorily mandatory subject to opt-out or limitation. EXPRESSL MANDATOR 1 Minnesota 302A. 521, Subd. 3 North Dakota 10-19.1-91 4. Ohio

More information

Table A1. Medicare Advantage Enrollment by State and Plan Type, 2014

Table A1. Medicare Advantage Enrollment by State and Plan Type, 2014 Table A1. Medicare Advantage Enrollment by State and Plan Type, 2014 State Total HMOs Local PPOs Regional PPOs PFFS Plans Cost Plans Other % Enrollment in HMOs Total U.S. 15,732,081 10,055,748 3,651,656

More information

Women in Federal and State-level Judgeships

Women in Federal and State-level Judgeships Women in Federal and State-level Judgeships A Report of the Center for Women in Government & Civil Society, Rockefeller College of Public Affairs & Policy, University at Albany, State University of New

More information

2015 ANNUAL OUTCOME GOAL PLAN (WITH FY 2014 OUTCOMES) Prepared in compliance with Government Performance and Results Act

2015 ANNUAL OUTCOME GOAL PLAN (WITH FY 2014 OUTCOMES) Prepared in compliance with Government Performance and Results Act Administration for Children & Families 370 L Enfant Promenade, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20447 Office of Refugee Resettlement www.acf.hhs.gov 2015 ANNUAL OUTCOME GOAL PLAN (WITH FY 2014 OUTCOMES) Prepared

More information

Complying with Electric Cooperative State Statutes

Complying with Electric Cooperative State Statutes Complying with Electric Cooperative State Statutes Tyrus H. Thompson (Ty) Vice President and Deputy General Counsel Director and Member Legal Services Office of General Counsel National Rural Electric

More information

SMALL STATES FIRST; LARGE STATES LAST; WITH A SPORTS PLAYOFF SYSTEM

SMALL STATES FIRST; LARGE STATES LAST; WITH A SPORTS PLAYOFF SYSTEM 14. REFORMING THE PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES: SMALL STATES FIRST; LARGE STATES LAST; WITH A SPORTS PLAYOFF SYSTEM The calendar of presidential primary elections currently in use in the United States is a most

More information

New Americans in. By Walter A. Ewing, Ph.D. and Guillermo Cantor, Ph.D.

New Americans in. By Walter A. Ewing, Ph.D. and Guillermo Cantor, Ph.D. New Americans in the VOTING Booth The Growing Electoral Power OF Immigrant Communities By Walter A. Ewing, Ph.D. and Guillermo Cantor, Ph.D. Special Report October 2014 New Americans in the VOTING Booth:

More information

FUNDING FOR HOME HEATING IN RECONCILIATION BILL? RIGHT IDEA, WRONG VEHICLE by Aviva Aron-Dine and Martha Coven

FUNDING FOR HOME HEATING IN RECONCILIATION BILL? RIGHT IDEA, WRONG VEHICLE by Aviva Aron-Dine and Martha Coven 820 First Street NE, Suite 510 Washington, DC 20002 Tel: 202-408-1080 Fax: 202-408-1056 center@cbpp.org www.cbpp.org December 9, 2005 FUNDING FOR HOME HEATING IN RECONCILIATION BILL? RIGHT IDEA, WRONG

More information

Swarthmore College Alumni Association Constitution and Bylaws. The name of this Association shall be Swarthmore College Alumni Association.

Swarthmore College Alumni Association Constitution and Bylaws. The name of this Association shall be Swarthmore College Alumni Association. Swarthmore College Alumni Association Constitution and Bylaws Constitution Article 1 Name The name of this Association shall be Swarthmore College Alumni Association. Article II Objects Objectives The

More information

o Yes o No o Under 18 o o o o o o o o 85 or older BLW YouGov spec

o Yes o No o Under 18 o o o o o o o o 85 or older BLW YouGov spec BLW YouGov spec This study is being conducted by John Carey, Gretchen Helmke, Brendan Nyhan, and Susan Stokes, who are professors at Dartmouth College (Carey and Nyhan), the University of Rochester (Helmke),

More information

THE CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE: SOME FACTS AND FIGURES. by Andrew L. Roth

THE CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE: SOME FACTS AND FIGURES. by Andrew L. Roth THE CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE: SOME FACTS AND FIGURES by Andrew L. Roth INTRODUCTION The following pages provide a statistical profile of California's state legislature. The data are intended to suggest who

More information

Immigration Policy Brief August 2006

Immigration Policy Brief August 2006 Immigration Policy Brief August 2006 Last updated August 16, 2006 The Growth and Reach of Immigration New Census Bureau Data Underscore Importance of Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Force Introduction: by

More information

ASSOCIATES OF VIETNAM VETERANS OF AMERICA, INC. BYLAWS (A Nonprofit Corporation)

ASSOCIATES OF VIETNAM VETERANS OF AMERICA, INC. BYLAWS (A Nonprofit Corporation) Article I Name The name of the corporation is Associates of Vietnam Veterans of America, Inc., as prescribed by the Articles of Incorporation, hereinafter referred to as the Corporation. Article II Purposes

More information

How Many Illegal Aliens Currently Live in the United States?

How Many Illegal Aliens Currently Live in the United States? How Many Illegal Aliens Currently Live in the United States? OCTOBER 2017 As of 2017, FAIR estimates that there are approximately 12.5 million illegal aliens residing in the United States. This number

More information

2018 Constituent Society Delegate Apportionment

2018 Constituent Society Delegate Apportionment Memo to: From: Executive Directors State Medical Associations James L. Madara, MD Date: February 1, Subject: Constituent Society Apportionment I am pleased to provide delegate apportionment figures for.

More information

Incarcerated America Human Rights Watch Backgrounder April 2003

Incarcerated America Human Rights Watch Backgrounder April 2003 Incarcerated America Human Rights Watch Backgrounder April 03 According to the latest statistics from the U.S. Department of Justice, more than two million men and women are now behind bars in the United

More information

Nominating Committee Policy

Nominating Committee Policy Nominating Committee Policy February 2014 Revision to include clarification on candidate qualifications. Mission Statement: The main purpose of the nominating committee is to present the Board of Directors

More information

Subcommittee on Design Operating Guidelines

Subcommittee on Design Operating Guidelines Subcommittee on Design Operating Guidelines Adopted March 1, 2004 Revised 6-14-12; Revised 9-24-15 These Operating Guidelines are adopted by the Subcommittee on Design to ensure proper and consistent operation

More information

Survey of State Laws on Credit Unions Incidental Powers

Survey of State Laws on Credit Unions Incidental Powers Survey of State Laws on Credit Unions Incidental Powers Alabama Ala. Code 5-17-4(10) To exercise incidental powers as necessary to enable it to carry on effectively the purposes for which it is incorporated

More information

Union Byte By Cherrie Bucknor and John Schmitt* January 2015

Union Byte By Cherrie Bucknor and John Schmitt* January 2015 January 21 Union Byte 21 By Cherrie Bucknor and John Schmitt* Center for Economic and Policy Research 1611 Connecticut Ave. NW Suite 4 Washington, DC 29 tel: 22-293-38 fax: 22-88-136 www.cepr.net Cherrie

More information

at New York University School of Law A 50 state guide to redistricting

at New York University School of Law A 50 state guide to redistricting at New York University School of Law A 50 state guide to redistricting ABOUT THE BRENNAN CENTER FOR JUSTICE The Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law is a non-partisan public

More information

Destruction of Paper Files. Date: September 12, [Destruction of Paper Files] [September 12, 2013]

Destruction of Paper Files. Date: September 12, [Destruction of Paper Files] [September 12, 2013] Topic: Question by: : Destruction of Paper Files Tim Busby Montana Date: September 12, 2013 Manitoba Corporations Canada Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware In Arizona,

More information

Election Notice. Notice of SFAB Election and Ballots. October 20, Ballot Due Date: November 20, Executive Summary.

Election Notice. Notice of SFAB Election and Ballots. October 20, Ballot Due Date: November 20, Executive Summary. Election Notice Notice of SFAB Election and Ballots Ballot Due Date: November 20, 2017 October 20, 2017 Suggested Routing Executive Representatives Senior Management Executive Summary The purpose of this

More information

2006 Assessment of Travel Patterns by Canadians and Americans. Project Summary

2006 Assessment of Travel Patterns by Canadians and Americans. Project Summary 2006 Assessment of Travel Patterns by Canadians and Americans Project Summary Table of Contents Background...1 Research Methods...2 Research Findings...3 International Travel Habits... 3 Travel Intentions

More information

Alabama 2.5 months 2.5 months N/R N/R 3.5 months 3.5 months 3.5 months 3.5 months No No

Alabama 2.5 months 2.5 months N/R N/R 3.5 months 3.5 months 3.5 months 3.5 months No No Alabama 2.5 months 2.5 months N/R N/R 3.5 months 3.5 months 3.5 months 3.5 months No No (In Alabama, annual reports are part of the Business Privilege Tax Return and are due 2.5 months from fiscal year-end

More information

ELECTION UPDATE Tom Davis

ELECTION UPDATE Tom Davis ELECTION UPDATE Tom Davis Polarization The Ideological sorting of the parties 1. Redistricting Residential Sorting Voting Rights Act Gerrymandering 2. Media Business Models Cable News Talk Radio Internet

More information

In the Margins Political Victory in the Context of Technology Error, Residual Votes, and Incident Reports in 2004

In the Margins Political Victory in the Context of Technology Error, Residual Votes, and Incident Reports in 2004 In the Margins Political Victory in the Context of Technology Error, Residual Votes, and Incident Reports in 2004 Dr. Philip N. Howard Assistant Professor, Department of Communication University of Washington

More information

and Ethics: Slope Lisa Sommer Devlin

and Ethics: Slope Lisa Sommer Devlin Hotel Sales and Ethics: Avoiding the Slippery Slope Steve Rudner Steve Rudner Lisa Sommer Devlin States t Adopting the ABA Model Rules Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas Colorado Connecticut Delaware District

More information

Election Notice. District Elections. September 8, Upcoming Election to Fill FINRA District Committee Vacancies.

Election Notice. District Elections. September 8, Upcoming Election to Fill FINRA District Committee Vacancies. Election Notice District Elections Upcoming Election to Fill FINRA District Committee Vacancies Nomination Deadline: Monday, October 9, 2017 September 8, 2017 Suggested Routing Executive Representatives

More information

The Changing Face of Labor,

The Changing Face of Labor, The Changing Face of Labor, 1983-28 John Schmitt and Kris Warner November 29 Center for Economic and Policy Research 1611 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 4 Washington, D.C. 29 22-293-538 www.cepr.net CEPR

More information

HAWAII: A law passed this year allows voters to share a digital image of one's own marked ballot.

HAWAII: A law passed this year allows voters to share a digital image of one's own marked ballot. STATES WHERE BALLOT SELFIES ARE ALLOWED CONNECTICUT: No law bans ballot selfies, according to Patrick Gallahue, a spokesman for Secretary of State Denise Merrill. But election moderators have discretion

More information

States Adopt Emancipation Day Deadline for Individual Returns; Some Opt Against Allowing Delay for Corporate Returns in 2012

States Adopt Emancipation Day Deadline for Individual Returns; Some Opt Against Allowing Delay for Corporate Returns in 2012 Source: Weekly State Tax Report: News Archive > 2012 > 03/16/2012 > Perspective > States Adopt Deadline for Individual Returns; Some Opt Against Allowing Delay for Corporate Returns in 2012 2012 TM-WSTR

More information

Case 1:14-cv Document 1-1 Filed 06/17/14 Page 1 of 61 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Case 1:14-cv Document 1-1 Filed 06/17/14 Page 1 of 61 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Case 1:14-cv-01028 Document 1-1 Filed 06/17/14 Page 1 of 61 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, et al., 555 4th Street, NW Washington, D.C. 20530

More information

2010 CENSUS POPULATION REAPPORTIONMENT DATA

2010 CENSUS POPULATION REAPPORTIONMENT DATA Southern Tier East Census Monograph Series Report 11-1 January 2011 2010 CENSUS POPULATION REAPPORTIONMENT DATA The United States Constitution, Article 1, Section 2, requires a decennial census for the

More information

New Population Estimates Show Slight Changes For 2010 Congressional Apportionment, With A Number of States Sitting Close to the Edge

New Population Estimates Show Slight Changes For 2010 Congressional Apportionment, With A Number of States Sitting Close to the Edge 67 Emerywood Court Manassas, Virginia 202 202 789.2004 tel. or 703 580.7267 703 580.6258 fax Info@electiondataservices.com EMBARGOED UNTIL 6:0 P.M. EST, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 200 Date: September 26, 200

More information

Chart 12.7: State Appellate Court Divisions (Cross-reference ALWD Rule 12.6(b)(2))

Chart 12.7: State Appellate Court Divisions (Cross-reference ALWD Rule 12.6(b)(2)) Chart 12.7: State Appellate Court (Cross-reference ALWD Rule 12.6(b)(2)) Alabama Divided Court of Civil Appeals Court of Criminal Appeals Alaska Not applicable Not applicable Arizona Divided** Court of

More information

Of the People, By the People, For the People

Of the People, By the People, For the People January 2010 Of the People, By the People, For the People A 2010 Report Card on Statewide Voter Initiative Rights Executive Summary For over a century, the initiative and referendum process has given voters

More information

Applications for Post Conviction Testing

Applications for Post Conviction Testing DNA analysis has proved to be a powerful tool to exonerate individuals wrongfully convicted of crimes. One way states use this ability is through laws enabling post conviction DNA testing. These measures

More information

2010 State Animal Protection Laws Rankings

2010 State Animal Protection Laws Rankings 2010 State Animal Protection Laws Rankings ALDF 2010 State Animal Protection Laws Rankings The Best & Worst Places to Be an Animal Abuser December 2010 The Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF) announces the

More information

Discussion Guide for PRIMARIES in MARYLAND: Open vs. Closed? Top Two/Four or by Party? Plurality or Majority? 10/7/17 note without Fact Sheet bolded

Discussion Guide for PRIMARIES in MARYLAND: Open vs. Closed? Top Two/Four or by Party? Plurality or Majority? 10/7/17 note without Fact Sheet bolded Discussion Guide for PRIMARIES in MARYLAND: Open vs. Closed? Top Two/Four or by Party? Plurality or Majority? DL: Discussion Leader RP: if also have Resource Person from Study 10/7/17 note: It takes about

More information

BY-LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES COLLEGIATE ARCHERY ASSOCIATION CORPORATION

BY-LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES COLLEGIATE ARCHERY ASSOCIATION CORPORATION BY-LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES COLLEGIATE ARCHERY ASSOCIATION CORPORATION Adopted by the USCAA Board of Directors - 14 May, 2010 1 Article 1. ORGANIZATION Name The name of the organization is the United

More information

SEMI-ANNUAL AUDIT REPORT JANUARY 1, 2005 JUNE 30, 2005

SEMI-ANNUAL AUDIT REPORT JANUARY 1, 2005 JUNE 30, 2005 JANUARY 1, 2005 JUNE 30, 2005 Audit Period PRINTER S MAGAZINE Publication Established 1996 Issues Per Year: 26 Issues This Report: 13 PRINTER S PUBLISHING, INC. Publishing 22 Printpress Company Way Providence,

More information

State P3 Legislation Matrix 1

State P3 Legislation Matrix 1 State P3 Legislation Matrix 1 Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas 2 Article 2: State Department of Ala. Code 23-1-40 Article 3: Public Roads, Bridges, and Ferries Ala. Code 23-1-80 to 23-1-95 Toll Road, Bridge

More information

#WeChooseWelcome for refugees of all faiths and nations

#WeChooseWelcome for refugees of all faiths and nations #WeChooseWelcome for refugees of all faiths and nations May 18, 2016 Welcome & Introductions Presenters: Teresa Waggener, Immigration Issues Office Susan Krehbiel, Presbyterian Disaster Assistance Rev.

More information

THE JUDICIAL BRANCH. Article III. The Role of the Federal Court

THE JUDICIAL BRANCH. Article III. The Role of the Federal Court THE JUDICIAL BRANCH Section I Courts, Term of Office Section II Jurisdiction o Scope of Judicial Power o Supreme Court o Trial by Jury Section III Treason o Definition Punishment Article III The Role of

More information

Pharmacy Law Update. Brian E. Dickerson. Partner FisherBroyles, LLP Attorneys at Law

Pharmacy Law Update. Brian E. Dickerson. Partner FisherBroyles, LLP Attorneys at Law Pharmacy Law Update Brian E. Dickerson Partner FisherBroyles, LLP Attorneys at Law Disclosures Brian E. Dickerson declare(s) no conflicts of interest, real or apparent, and no financial interests in any

More information

THE RULES OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 2012 REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION

THE RULES OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 2012 REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION THE RULES OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY AS ADOPTED BY THE 2012 REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION TAMPA, FLORIDA AUGUST 27, 2012 **AMENDED BY THE REPUBLICAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON APRIL 12, 2013 & JANUARY 24, 2014**

More information

Eligibility for State Funded TANF Replacement Programs for Immigrant Crime Victims i. By: Benish Anver and Leslye E. Orloff December 15, 2016

Eligibility for State Funded TANF Replacement Programs for Immigrant Crime Victims i. By: Benish Anver and Leslye E. Orloff December 15, 2016 Eligibility for State Funded TANF Replacement Programs for Immigrant Crime Victims i By: Benish Anver and Leslye E. Orloff December 15, 2016 Qualified Immigrants ii VAWA iii PRUCOL (includes Applicants)

More information

Statutes of Limitations for the 50 States (and the District of Columbia)

Statutes of Limitations for the 50 States (and the District of Columbia) s of Limitations in All 50 s Nolo.com Page 6 of 14 Updated September 18, 2015 The chart below contains common statutes of limitations for all 50 states, expressed in years. We provide this chart as a rough

More information

BYLAWS THE ASSOCIATION OF PUBLIC-SAFETY COMMUNICATIONS OFFICIALS- INTERNATIONAL, INC. AS ADOPTED BY THE MEMBERSHIP QUORUM AUGUST 19, 2009

BYLAWS THE ASSOCIATION OF PUBLIC-SAFETY COMMUNICATIONS OFFICIALS- INTERNATIONAL, INC. AS ADOPTED BY THE MEMBERSHIP QUORUM AUGUST 19, 2009 BYLAWS OF THE ASSOCIATION OF PUBLIC-SAFETY COMMUNICATIONS OFFICIALS- INTERNATIONAL, INC. AS ADOPTED BY THE MEMBERSHIP QUORUM AUGUST 19, 2009 VERIFIED AS ACCURATE BY THE BYLAWS COMMITTEE NOVEMBER 10, 2009

More information

MEMORANDUM SUMMARY NATIONAL OVERVIEW. Research Methodology:

MEMORANDUM SUMMARY NATIONAL OVERVIEW. Research Methodology: MEMORANDUM Prepared for: Sen. Taylor Date: January 26, 2018 By: Whitney Perez Re: Strangulation offenses LPRO: LEGISLATIVE POLICY AND RESEARCH OFFICE You asked for information on offense levels for strangulation

More information

National State Law Survey: Mistake of Age Defense 1

National State Law Survey: Mistake of Age Defense 1 1 State 1 Is there a buyerapplicable trafficking or CSEC law? 2 Does a buyerapplicable trafficking or CSEC law expressly prohibit a mistake of age defense in prosecutions for buying a commercial sex act

More information

Lobbying: 10 Answers you need to know Venable LLP

Lobbying: 10 Answers you need to know Venable LLP Lobbying: 10 Answers you need to know 2013 Venable LLP 1 Faculty Ronald M. Jacobs Co-chair, political law practice, Venable LLP, Washington, DC Government and campaign experience Counsel to corporations,

More information

Name Change Laws. Current as of February 23, 2017

Name Change Laws. Current as of February 23, 2017 Name Change Laws Current as of February 23, 2017 MAP relies on the research conducted by the National Center for Transgender Equality for this map and the statutes found below. Alabama An applicant must

More information

Some Change in Apportionment Allocations With New 2017 Census Estimates; But Greater Change Likely by 2020

Some Change in Apportionment Allocations With New 2017 Census Estimates; But Greater Change Likely by 2020 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Date: December 20, 2017 Contact: Kimball W. Brace 6171 Emerywood Court Manassas, Virginia 20112 202 789.2004 tel. or 703 580.7267 703 580.6258 fax Info@electiondataservices.com Tel.:

More information

Accountability-Sanctions

Accountability-Sanctions Accountability-Sanctions Education Commission of the States 700 Broadway, Suite 801 Denver, CO 80203-3460 303.299.3600 Fax: 303.296.8332 www.ecs.org Student Accountability Initiatives By Michael Colasanti

More information

APPENDIX C STATE UNIFORM TRUST CODE STATUTES

APPENDIX C STATE UNIFORM TRUST CODE STATUTES APPENDIX C STATE UNIFORM TRUST CODE STATUTES 122 STATE STATE UNIFORM TRUST CODE STATUTES CITATION Alabama Ala. Code 19-3B-101 19-3B-1305 Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. 28-73-101 28-73-1106 District of Columbia

More information

Bylaws of the BMW Car Club of America E31 Chapter Updated October 12, 2015

Bylaws of the BMW Car Club of America E31 Chapter Updated October 12, 2015 Bylaws of the BMW Car Club of America E31 Chapter Updated October 12, 2015 1. Preamble 1.1. The BMW Car Club of America E31 Chapter is a Non-Geographic Chapter of BMW Car Club of America. 1.2. The BMW

More information

Some Change in Apportionment Allocations With New 2017 Census Estimates; But Greater Change Likely by 2020

Some Change in Apportionment Allocations With New 2017 Census Estimates; But Greater Change Likely by 2020 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Date: December 26, 2017 Contact: Kimball W. Brace 6171 Emerywood Court Manassas, Virginia 20112 202 789.2004 tel. or 703 580.7267 703 580.6258 fax Info@electiondataservices.com Tel.:

More information

CA CALIFORNIA. Ala. Code 10-2B (2009) [Transferred, effective January 1, 2011, to 10A ] No monetary penalties listed.

CA CALIFORNIA. Ala. Code 10-2B (2009) [Transferred, effective January 1, 2011, to 10A ] No monetary penalties listed. AL ALABAMA Ala. Code 10-2B-15.02 (2009) [Transferred, effective January 1, 2011, to 10A-2-15.02.] No monetary penalties listed. May invalidate in-state contracts made by unqualified foreign corporations.

More information

State of Local and State Government Workers Engagement in the U.S.

State of Local and State Government Workers Engagement in the U.S. State of Local and State Government Workers Engagement in the U.S. We change the world one client at a time through extraordinary analytics and advice on everything important facing humankind. JIM CLIFTON,

More information

State Limits on Contributions to Candidates Election Cycle. PAC Candidate Contributions. Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited

State Limits on Contributions to Candidates Election Cycle. PAC Candidate Contributions. Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited State Limits on to Candidates 2015-2016 Election Cycle Individual Candidate Alabama Ala. Code 17-5-1 et seq. Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Alaska 15.13.070 and 15.13.074(f) $500//year

More information

Judicial Ethics Advisory Committees by State Links at

Judicial Ethics Advisory Committees by State Links at Judicial Ethics Advisory s by State Links at www.ajs.org/ethics/eth_advis_comm_links.asp Authority Composition Effect of Opinions Website Alabama Judicial Inquiry Commission* Commission Rule 17 9 members:

More information

Survey of State Civil Shoplifting Statutes

Survey of State Civil Shoplifting Statutes University of Nebraska - Lincoln DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln College of Law, Faculty Publications Law, College of 2015 Survey of State Civil Shoplifting Statutes Ryan Sullivan University

More information

The United States Presidential Election Process: Undemocratic?

The United States Presidential Election Process: Undemocratic? The United States Presidential Election Process: Undemocratic? The Bill of Rights Institute Chicago, IL October 2, 2008 Artemus Ward Department of Political Science Northern Illinois University aeward@niu.edu

More information

the rules of the republican party

the rules of the republican party the rules of the republican party As Adopted by the 2008 Republican National Convention September 1, 2008 *Amended by the Republican National Committee on August 6, 2010 the rules of the republican party

More information

THE RULES OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. As adopted by the 2012 Republican National Convention August 28, 2012

THE RULES OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. As adopted by the 2012 Republican National Convention August 28, 2012 THE RULES OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY THE RULES OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY As adopted by the 2012 Republican National Convention August 28, 2012 *Amended by the Republican National Committee on April 12, 2013

More information

NATIONAL FEDERATION OF MUSIC CLUBS STANDING RULES AND PROCEDURES

NATIONAL FEDERATION OF MUSIC CLUBS STANDING RULES AND PROCEDURES NATIONAL FEDERATION OF MUSIC CLUBS STANDING RULES AND PROCEDURES A-1 The Bylaws of the National Federation of Music Clubs (Article VI, Section 3C-1) authorize the Board of Directors to adopt such rules

More information

THE IMPACT OF STATE LAWS ON THE VOTER TURNOUT OF YOUNG PEOPLE IN THE 2010 MIDTERM ELECTION IN THE UNITED STATES. By: SIERRA RAYE YAMANAKA

THE IMPACT OF STATE LAWS ON THE VOTER TURNOUT OF YOUNG PEOPLE IN THE 2010 MIDTERM ELECTION IN THE UNITED STATES. By: SIERRA RAYE YAMANAKA THE IMPACT OF STATE LAWS ON THE VOTER TURNOUT OF YOUNG PEOPLE IN THE 2010 MIDTERM ELECTION IN THE UNITED STATES By: SIERRA RAYE YAMANAKA A Thesis Submitted to The Honors College In Partial Fulfillment

More information

FBLA- PAPBL Drexel University Bylaws

FBLA- PAPBL Drexel University Bylaws ARTICLE I Name The name of this division of FBLA-PBL, Inc. shall be Future Business Leaders of America and may be referred to as FBLA. ARTICLE II Purpose Section 1. The purpose of FBLA is to provide, as

More information

BYLAWS FEDERAL LABORATORY CONSORTIUM FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

BYLAWS FEDERAL LABORATORY CONSORTIUM FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER BYLAWS FEDERAL LABORATORY CONSORTIUM FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PREAMBLE The Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC) is a formal association of U.S. government laboratories; research,

More information

Electronic Access? State. Court Rules on Public Access? Materials/Info on the web?

Electronic Access? State. Court Rules on Public Access? Materials/Info on the web? ALABAMA State employs dial-up access program similar to Maryland. Public access terminals are available in every county. Remote access sites are available for a monthly fee. New rule charges a fee for

More information

India Visa: Application Guide

India Visa: Application Guide India Visa: Application Guide The following is a guide to completing the India visa application. The application is completed online, then printed, signed and included with the rest of applicant s documents.

More information

There are currently no licensing or registration requirements for process servers in the state of Alabama

There are currently no licensing or registration requirements for process servers in the state of Alabama Requirements to Become a Process Server in Alabama There are currently no licensing or registration requirements for process servers in the state of Alabama As an alternative to delivery by the sheriff,

More information