AP World History Document-Based Question (DBQ) Directions:

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "AP World History Document-Based Question (DBQ) Directions:"

Transcription

1 AP World History Document-Based Question (DBQ) Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying Documents 1-8. (The documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.) This question is designed to test your ability to work with and understand historical documents. Your assignment is: Analyze all of the documents, noting the source, point of view and analysis of each Write a thesis for an essay comparing reactions to the Treaty of Versailles. You should refer to relevant historical information not mentioned in the documents. Based on the following documents, analyze the aftermath of the Treaty of Versailles and the establishment of the League of Nations. Identify and explain the effects and reactions to the Treaty and the outcome of the war. Historical Background: The Treaty of Versailles between Germany and the Allied powers was signed on June 28, 1919, five years to the day after Franz Ferdinand s assassination in Sarajevo. Adopting U.S. President Woodrow Wilson s fourteenth point, the treaty created the League of Nations. The United States, however, never signed the treaty and did not join the league; it worked out a separate treaty with Germany and its allies several years later. The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany with war reparations, a loss of land, and demilitarization, among other things. With Adolf Hitler as its dictator, Germany invaded Poland on Sept. 1, 1939, launching World War II in Europe. The war pitted Germany, Italy and Japan the Axis Powers against the Allies, which included Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the United States (after Dec. 7, 1941), among others. Earlier, an alliance called the Rome-Berlin Axis had been established between Germany and Italy in October A month later, Germany made a similar agreement with Japan. Document 1 Point of View: Document 2 Point of View: Document 3 Point of View:

2 Document 4 Point of View: Document 5 Point of View: Document 6 Point of View: Document 7 Point of View: Document 8 Point of View: Thesis:

3 Document 1 Source: Woodrow Wilson, U.S. president, Fourteen Points plan for achieving a just and lasting peace, presented to Congress in January The program of the world's peace, therefore, is our program; and that program, the only possible program, as we see it, is this: I. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view. II. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international covenants. III. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. IV. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. V. A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined. XIV. A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike. Document 2 Source: David Low, British political cartoonist, London Evening Standard, Dec. 12, 1939.

4 Document 3 Source: Margaret MacMillan, historian and great-granddaughter of British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, Paris 1919, In the Berlin cabarets, they told jokes about the worker who smuggled parts out of a baby carriage factory for his new child only to find when he tried to put them all together he kept getting a machine gun. All over Europe, in safe neutral countries such as the Netherlands and Sweden, companies whose ultimate ownership was in German hands worked on tanks or submarines. The safest place of all, farthest from the prying eyes of the Control Commission*, was the Soviet Union. In 1921 the two pariah nations of Europe realized they had something to offer each other. In return for space and secrecy for experiments with tanks, aircraft and poison gas, Germany provided technical assistance and training. * established by the Treaty of Versailles to monitor Germany s compliance with its military terms Document 4 Source: Adolf Hitler, Nazi dictator of Germany, speech to the Reichstag* on Feb. 20, There are more than ten million Germans in states adjoining Germany which before 1866 were joined to the bulk of the German nation by a national link. Until 1918 they fought in the Great War shoulder to shoulder with the German soldiers of the Reich. Against their own free will they were prevented by peace treaties from uniting with the Reich. This was painful enough, but there must be no doubt about one thing: political separation from the Reich may not lead to deprivation of rights, that is the general rights of racial self-determination which were solemnly promised to us in Wilson s Fourteen Points as a condition for the armistice. We cannot disregard it just because this is a case concerning Germans. * lower chamber of Germany s federal parliament Document 5 Source: Jerry Bentley and Herb Ziegler, Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past, 3rd edition, In (March) 1933, after the League of Nations condemned its actions in Manchuria, Japan withdrew from the league and followed an ultranationalist and promilitary policy. Seeing territorial control as essential to its survival, Japan launched a full-scale invasion of China in What became known as the Rape of Nanjing demonstrated the horror of the war Over the course of two months, Japanese soldiers raped seven thousand women, murdered hundreds of thousands of unarmed soldiers and civilians, and burned one-third of the homes in Nanjing. Four hundred thousand Chinese lost their lives as Japanese soldiers used them for bayonet practice and machine-gunned them into open pits.

5 Document 6 Source: Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. senator ( ) and leading Republican opponent of Wilson s postwar plan for peace. The United States is the world's best hope, but if you fetter her in the interests and quarrels of other nations, if you tangle her in the intrigues of Europe, you will destroy her power for good and endanger her very existence. We would not have our country's vigor exhausted or her moral force abated, by everlasting meddling and muddling in every quarrel, great and small, which afflicts the world (for) it is well to remember that we are dealing with nations every one of which has a direct individual interest to serve, and there is grave danger in an unshared idealism. I have loved but one flag and I can not share that devotion and give affection to the mongrel banner invented for the League of Nations. Document 7 Source: Benito Mussolini, Fascist dictator of Italy, speech broadcast via radio on Oct. 2, It is not only an army marching towards its goal, but it is forty-four million Italians marching in unity behind this army. Because the blackest of injustices is being attempted against them, that of taking from them their place in the sun. When in 1915 Italy threw in her fate with that of the Allies, how many cries of admiration, how many promises were heard? But after the common victory, which cost Italy six hundred thousand dead, four hundred thousand lost, one million wounded, when peace was being discussed around the table, only the crumbs of a rich colonial booty were left for us to pick up. For thirteen years we have been patient while the circle tightened around us at the hands of those who wish to suffocate us. We have been patient with Ethiopia for forty years. It is enough now. The League of Nations, instead of recognizing the rights of Italy, dares talk of sanctions, but until there is proof of the contrary, I refuse to believe that the authentic people of France will join in supporting sanctions against Italy. And until there is proof to the contrary, I refuse to believe that the authentic people of Britain will want to spill blood and send Europe into a catastrophe for the sake of a barbarian country. Document 8 Source: United Nations Charter, signed in San Francisco on June 26, Article 41: The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations. Article 42: Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations. Article 43: All Members of the United Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security. Article 45: In order to enable the United Nations to take urgent military measures, Members shall hold immediately available national air-force contingents for combined international enforcement action.

Iwo Jima War Memorial in Arlington, Virginia. American soldiers arriving on the beach of Omaha: D-Day, June 6, 1944

Iwo Jima War Memorial in Arlington, Virginia. American soldiers arriving on the beach of Omaha: D-Day, June 6, 1944 o September 1939 September 1945 o Most geographically widespread military conflict o Approximately 55 million people died, 40 million MORE than WWI!!! o Most countries involved in the war were against

More information

AGGRESSORS INVADE NATIONS SECTION 4, CH 15

AGGRESSORS INVADE NATIONS SECTION 4, CH 15 AGGRESSORS INVADE NATIONS SECTION 4, CH 15 VOCAB TO KNOW... APPEASEMENT GIVING IN TO AN AGGRESSOR TO KEEP PEACE PUPPET GOVERNMENT - A STATE THAT IS SUPPOSEDLY INDEPENDENT BUT IS IN FACT DEPENDENT UPON

More information

WORLD WAR II. Chapters 24 & 25

WORLD WAR II. Chapters 24 & 25 WORLD WAR II Chapters 24 & 25 In the 1930 s dictators rise; driven by Nationalism: desire for more territory and national pride. Totalitarianism: Governments who exert total control over their citizens.

More information

World War II. The Paths to War

World War II. The Paths to War World War II The Paths to War The German Path to War Rise of Adolf Hitler Born in Austria 1889 Rose in German politics as head of the National Socialist German Workers Party (a.k.a. Nazi) Became Germany

More information

15-3: Fascism Rises in Europe 15-4: Aggressors Invade Nations

15-3: Fascism Rises in Europe 15-4: Aggressors Invade Nations 15-3: Fascism Rises in Europe 15-4: Aggressors Invade Nations E S S E N T I A L Q U E S T I O N : W H Y D I D I T A L Y A N D G E R M A N Y T U R N T O T O T A L I T A R I A N D I C T A T O R S? Totalitarian

More information

Jeopardy. Luck of the Draw. People Places Dates Events Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200

Jeopardy. Luck of the Draw. People Places Dates Events Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Jeopardy People Places Dates Events Luck of the Draw Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q

More information

CPWH Agenda for Unit 12.3: Clicker Review Questions World War II: notes Today s HW: 31.4 Unit 12 Test: Wed, April 13

CPWH Agenda for Unit 12.3: Clicker Review Questions World War II: notes Today s HW: 31.4 Unit 12 Test: Wed, April 13 Essential Question: What caused World War II? What were the major events during World War II from 1939 to 1942? CPWH Agenda for Unit 12.3: Clicker Review Questions World War II: 1939-1942 notes Today s

More information

World History II Final Exam Study Guide. Mr. Rarrick. Name:

World History II Final Exam Study Guide. Mr. Rarrick. Name: Mr. Rarrick Name: I. World War I 1. What effort did Alfred Nobel make toward peace? 2. Who had the largest standing army in 1914? 3. Where did the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand take place?

More information

SSWH18: EXAMINE THE MAJOR POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS THAT SHAPED WORLD SOCIEITES BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II

SSWH18: EXAMINE THE MAJOR POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS THAT SHAPED WORLD SOCIEITES BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II SSWH18: EXAMINE THE MAJOR POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS THAT SHAPED WORLD SOCIEITES BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II Element D: Explain the aggression of conflict leading to WWII in Europe and Asia;

More information

The Spanish American-War 4 Causes of the War: Important Events 1/7/2018. Effects of the Spanish American War

The Spanish American-War 4 Causes of the War: Important Events 1/7/2018. Effects of the Spanish American War The Spanish American-War 4 Causes of the War: Sugar (Economic) Spanish Cruelties (Humanitarian) The Sinking of the USS Maine (Self-Defense/National Pride) Spanish Brutalities and Yellow Journalism (Political

More information

Lead up to World War II

Lead up to World War II Lead up to World War II Overview 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 1910 s 1930 s Event Recap Political Spectrum Rise of Dictators Failure of the League of Nations Preview: Appeasement Compare and Contrast Causes of World

More information

Fascism is a nationalistic political philosophy which is anti-democratic, anticommunist, and anti-liberal. It puts the importance of the nation above

Fascism is a nationalistic political philosophy which is anti-democratic, anticommunist, and anti-liberal. It puts the importance of the nation above 1939-1945 Fascism is a nationalistic political philosophy which is anti-democratic, anticommunist, and anti-liberal. It puts the importance of the nation above the rights of the individual. The word Fascism

More information

The main terms of the Treaty of Versailles were:

The main terms of the Treaty of Versailles were: In 1919, Lloyd George of England, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson from the US met to discuss how Germany was to be made to pay for the damage world war one had caused. Woodrow

More information

The Coming of War. German Aggression Under Hitler 11/25/2013

The Coming of War. German Aggression Under Hitler 11/25/2013 The Coming of War German Aggression Under Hitler Resentful of the punitive terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, Hitler immediately withdrew Germany from the League of Nations. Ended the payment of all

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide Lesson 1 World War II Begins ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS Why do political actions often lead to war? How does war impact society and the environment? Reading HELPDESK Academic Vocabulary dominate to influence

More information

Guided Reading e a dictator who led a strong government

Guided Reading e a dictator who led a strong government Guided Reading 13-1 Question Answer Bank 1 What did the fascists believe was necessary to achieve order in society? a It was nationalistic, anticommunist, and anti- Semitic. The party also called for Germany

More information

THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II

THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II 1935-1941 Georgia Standards SSUSH18 The student will describe Franklin Roosevelt s New Deal as a response to the depression and compare the ways governmental programs aided those

More information

AMERICA AND THE WORLD. Chapter 13 Section 1 US History

AMERICA AND THE WORLD. Chapter 13 Section 1 US History AMERICA AND THE WORLD Chapter 13 Section 1 US History AMERICA AND THE WORLD THE RISE OF DICTATORS MAIN IDEA Dictators took control of the governments of Italy, the Soviet Union, Germany, and Japan End

More information

World History 3201: Unit 01 Test

World History 3201: Unit 01 Test World History 3201: Unit 01 Test Name: Part 01: Multiple Choice (20 marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Which country was a member of the Triple Entente? a) Austria-Hungary b) Japan c) Russia d) United States Which

More information

SSWH16 The student will demonstrate an understanding of long-term causes of World War I and its global impact.

SSWH16 The student will demonstrate an understanding of long-term causes of World War I and its global impact. SSWH16 The student will demonstrate an understanding of long-term causes of World War I and its global impact. LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WWI: M. A. I. N. MILITARISM: Glorification of the military; war was made

More information

World War II Causes of World War II

World War II Causes of World War II Name World War II Causes of World War II U.S. History: Cold War & World War II Treaty of Versailles Caused Germany to: Admit war guilt Give up overseas colonies Lose land to France (Alsace Loraine) Give

More information

With regard to the outbreak of World War Two the following events are seen as being contributing factors:

With regard to the outbreak of World War Two the following events are seen as being contributing factors: World War Two began in September 1939 when Britain and France declared war on Germany following Germany s invasion of Poland. The war ended in Europe on 6 th May 1945 when Germany surrendered. The war

More information

EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era

EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era WWII Begins Adolf Hitler and Nazi Party were elected to power and took over the German government Hitler held a strict rule over Germany and set his sights

More information

Chapter 15. Years of Crisis

Chapter 15. Years of Crisis Chapter 15 Years of Crisis Section 2 A Worldwide Depression Setting the Stage European nations were rebuilding U.S. gave loans to help Unstable New Democracies A large number of political parties made

More information

Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial. World History from World War I to World War II

Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial. World History from World War I to World War II Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial World History from World War I to World War II Causes of World War I 1. Balkan Nationalism Causes of World War I 2. Entangled Alliances Causes of World War

More information

Public Assessment of the New HKCE History Curriculum

Public Assessment of the New HKCE History Curriculum Public Assessment of the New HKCE History Curriculum Public assessment of the new HKCE History curriculum, starting from 2004, consists of a written examination component and a school-based assessment

More information

World War II. Part 1 War Clouds Gather

World War II. Part 1 War Clouds Gather World War II Part 1 War Clouds Gather After World War I, many Americans believed that the nation should never again become involved in a war. In the 1930 s, however, war clouds began to gather. In Italy,

More information

Write the letter of the description that does NOT match the name or term.

Write the letter of the description that does NOT match the name or term. Page 1 Write the letter of the description that does NOT match the name or term. 1. Joseph Stalin a. totalitarian b. Communist c. launched a massive drive to collectivize agriculture d. entered into a

More information

Section 1: Dictators and War

Section 1: Dictators and War Section 1: Dictators and War Objectives: Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia. Analyze

More information

1. Militarism 2. Alliances 3. Imperialism 4. Nationalism

1. Militarism 2. Alliances 3. Imperialism 4. Nationalism 1. Militarism 2. Alliances 3. Imperialism 4. Nationalism Policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war Led to arms race Different nations formed military alliances with one another

More information

WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II

WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF GERMANY IN THE 1930 S? 2) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF THE SOVIET UNION DURING WWII? 3) LIST THE FIRST THREE STEPS OF HITLER S PLAN TO DOMINATE

More information

THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II

THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II 1935-1941 Rise of Totalitarian States Totalitarianism theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social and cultural lives of people. Some

More information

The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations By USHistory.org 2016

The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations By USHistory.org 2016 Name: Class: The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations By USHistory.org 2016 In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson proposed a series of principles and ideas in order to promote and secure international

More information

Hollow Times. 1. Olivia Gregory. 2. Lexi Reese. 3. Heavenly Naluz. 4. Isabel Lomeli. 5. Gurneet Randhawa. 6. G.A.P period 6 7.

Hollow Times. 1. Olivia Gregory. 2. Lexi Reese. 3. Heavenly Naluz. 4. Isabel Lomeli. 5. Gurneet Randhawa. 6. G.A.P period 6 7. Hollow Times World War II was tough but there is no 1. Olivia Gregory 2. Lexi Reese 3. Heavenly Naluz 4. Isabel Lomeli 5. Gurneet Randhawa 6. G.A.P period 6 7. 11/18 Rise of Dictators: Eurasia (Heavenly

More information

Unit 5 Canada in the Second World War. 5.1 Causes of war: Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism, Failure of League of Nations, and appeasement

Unit 5 Canada in the Second World War. 5.1 Causes of war: Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism, Failure of League of Nations, and appeasement Unit 5 Canada in the Second World War 5.1 Causes of war: Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism, Failure of League of Nations, and appeasement Invasion of Poland The most immediate cause to the war as the

More information

4/1/2019. World War II. Causes of the war. What is ideology? What is propaganda?

4/1/2019. World War II. Causes of the war. What is ideology? What is propaganda? World War II Causes of the war What is ideology? What is propaganda? 1 A dictator is? What is a totalitarian government? What is a totalitarian dictator? 2 Post-WW1 Problems Treaty of Versailles Rebuilding

More information

Defense agreements that could pull countries into battles. Competition to prove dominance and power. Loyalty and devotion to one s country of origin

Defense agreements that could pull countries into battles. Competition to prove dominance and power. Loyalty and devotion to one s country of origin Chapters 22-25 Militarism Build-up of weapons and navies Alliances Defense agreements that could pull countries into battles Imperialism Competition to prove dominance and power Nationalism Loyalty and

More information

1) Current Event Worksheet: This activity requires you to read a domestic (US based) news article and complete the worksheet that goes with it.

1) Current Event Worksheet: This activity requires you to read a domestic (US based) news article and complete the worksheet that goes with it. Name: ---------------------------------- Welcome to U.S. History 2 There are four activities that you must complete before the new school year begins. You must hand in this cover paper with your assignments

More information

Unit 3.1 Appeasement and World War II

Unit 3.1 Appeasement and World War II Unit 3.1 Appeasement and World War II 3.1.1 Pan-Germanism: German nationalist doctrine aiming at the union of all German-speaking peoples under German rule. Pan-Germanists were especially interested in

More information

Prelude to War. The Causes of World War II

Prelude to War. The Causes of World War II Prelude to War The Causes of World War II The Treaty of Versailles Harsh, bitter treaty that ended WWI Germany must: Accept responsibility for WWI Pay war reparations to Allies Demilitarize the Rhineland

More information

End of WWI. Treaty of Versailles

End of WWI. Treaty of Versailles End of WWI Treaty of Versailles By July 1917, Russian army disintegrated (Lenin s Bolshevik party came to power---became Communist) Germany can now fight one-front war German Spring Offensive didn t break

More information

I. A Brief History of American Foreign Policy

I. A Brief History of American Foreign Policy I. A Brief History of American Foreign Policy A. Isolationism 1. In his Farewell Address in 1796, President George Washington urged Americans to avoid entangling alliances and maintain neutrality. 2. Since

More information

Standard: SS6H3 Explain conflict and change in Europe.

Standard: SS6H3 Explain conflict and change in Europe. Standard: SS6H3 Explain conflict and change in Europe. Element: a. Describe the aftermath of World War I: the rise of communism, the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Nazism, and worldwide depression.

More information

World War II ( ) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement

World War II ( ) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement World War II (1931-1945) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement World War II (1931-1945) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement Learning Objectives Understand the course of the early years of World War II

More information

Name: Interwar Practice

Name: Interwar Practice Name: Interwar Practice 1. Which political leader gained power as a result of the failing economy of the Weimar Republic? A) Adolf Hitler B) Francisco Franco C) Benito Mussolini D) Charles de Gaulle 2.

More information

USSR United Soviet Socialist Republic

USSR United Soviet Socialist Republic USSR United Soviet Socialist Republic United States Great Britain FDR Joseph Stalin Winston Churchill Truman Major Leaders of the War Franklin D. Roosevelt (Allied Power) U.S. President Elected in 1933

More information

1 Run Up To WWII 2 Legacies of WWI Isolationism: US isolated themselves from world affairs during 1920s & 1930s Disarmament: US tried to reduce size

1 Run Up To WWII 2 Legacies of WWI Isolationism: US isolated themselves from world affairs during 1920s & 1930s Disarmament: US tried to reduce size 1 Run Up To WWII 2 Legacies of WWI Isolationism: US isolated themselves from world affairs during 1920s & 1930s Disarmament: US tried to reduce size of militaries throughout world -- did NOT work Kellog-Brand

More information

Treaty of Versailles Rise of Italian fascism Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Great Depression Japanese expansionism Anti-communism Appeasement

Treaty of Versailles Rise of Italian fascism Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Great Depression Japanese expansionism Anti-communism Appeasement Treaty of Versailles Rise of Italian fascism Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Great Depression Japanese expansionism Anti-communism Appeasement Militarism Nationalism U.S. isolationism Maps Rise of Hitler

More information

CAUSES of WORLD WAR II

CAUSES of WORLD WAR II CAUSES of WORLD WAR II The MAINE Causes of World War One 1. Germany Lost All her Colonies in Africa and Asia 2. Eupen and Malmedy given to Belgium Effects of the Treaty of Versailles (Signed June 28, 1919

More information

World War I. The Great War, The War to End All Wars

World War I. The Great War, The War to End All Wars World War I { The Great War, The War to End All Wars M Militarism: Fascination with war and a strong military A Alliances: Agreements among varying nations to help each other out I Imperialism: Building

More information

World War I. The Great War, The War to End All Wars

World War I. The Great War, The War to End All Wars World War I { The Great War, The War to End All Wars M Militarism: Fascination with war and a strong military A Alliances: Agreements among varying nations to help each other out I Imperialism: Building

More information

World War I. United States History

World War I. United States History World War I United States History Section 1 Nationalism Arms Race Alliances Assassination of Austrian- Hungary Archduke Causes of War Nationalism Militarism Alliances -Devotion to one s nation. - A nation

More information

Section 1: Dictators & Wars

Section 1: Dictators & Wars Chapter 23: The Coming of War (1931-1942) Section 1: Dictators & Wars Objectives Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive

More information

German Foreign Policy

German Foreign Policy German Foreign Policy 1933-1939 Presentation by Mr Young Europe after World War I Your Task You are an expert in foreign policy It is your job to advise the new leaders of Germany You will be told about

More information

CECA World History & Geography 3rd Quarter Week 7, 8, 9 Date Homework Assignment Stamp

CECA World History & Geography 3rd Quarter Week 7, 8, 9 Date Homework Assignment Stamp CECA World History & Geography 3rd Quarter Week 7, 8, 9 Date Homework Assignment Stamp Tuesday 2/20 Cornell Notes 15.3 two pages minimum Wednesday 2/21 Thursday 2/22 Friday 2/23 Monday 2/26 Tuesday 2/27

More information

Roots of Appeasement Adolf Hitler Treaty of Versailles reparation Luftwaffe Kreigesmarine Wehrmacht Lebensraum

Roots of Appeasement Adolf Hitler Treaty of Versailles reparation Luftwaffe Kreigesmarine Wehrmacht Lebensraum On October 1, 1938, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain returned to Great Britain to announce that peace with honor had been preserved by his signature in the Munich Pact. This was an agreement that gave

More information

Unit 5: World War I and the Great Depression

Unit 5: World War I and the Great Depression DO NOT LOSE ME!!!!! Unit 5: World War I and the Great Depression Standard 7-4 Goal: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth

More information

Specific Curriculum Outcomes

Specific Curriculum Outcomes Specific Curriculum Outcomes 1.1 The student will be expected to draw upon primary and/or secondary sources to demonstrate an understanding of the causes of World War I. 1.1.1 Define: imperialism, nationalism,

More information

The Rise of Dictators

The Rise of Dictators The Rise of Dictators DICTATORS THREATEN WORLD PEACE For many European countries the end of World War I was the beginning of revolutions at home, economic depression and the rise of powerful dictators

More information

Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s.

Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Objectives Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia. Analyze the responses of Britain,

More information

Causes Of World War II

Causes Of World War II Causes Of World War II In the 1930 s, Italy, Germany, and Japan aggressively sought to build new empires. The League of Nations was weak. Western countries were recovering from the Great Depression and

More information

Unit 5. Canada and World War II

Unit 5. Canada and World War II Unit 5 Canada and World War II There were 5 main causes of World War II Leadup to War 1. The Failure of the League of Nations The Failure of the League of Nations League was founded by the winners of WWI

More information

What is Totalitarianism?

What is Totalitarianism? What is Totalitarianism? A form of government in which all social, political, economic, intellectual, cultural, and spiritual activities are controlled by the rulers. The ruler is an absolute dictator.

More information

The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1

The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Main Idea The shattering effects of World War I helped set the stage for a new, aggressive type of leader in Europe and Asia. Content Statement/Learning Goal Analyze the

More information

Lesson Objectives C to evaluate the U.S. decision to drop the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Standards Covered:

Lesson Objectives C to evaluate the U.S. decision to drop the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Standards Covered: World History Unit 2: World War II When, if ever, is war justified? 100 minutes Monday 11/16 & Tuesday 11/17 Is it justified to use violence as a means to end violence? Lesson Objectives C to evaluate

More information

From D-Day to Doomsday Part A - Foreign

From D-Day to Doomsday Part A - Foreign UNIT 4 : 1930-1960 From D-Day to Doomsday Part A - Foreign World War I Unresolved Treaty of Versailles increases German nationalism Hitler violates treaty to re-militarize League of Nations has no way

More information

Rise of Dictators. After WWI Around the World

Rise of Dictators. After WWI Around the World Rise of Dictators After WWI Around the World Emergence of A New Leader A certain type of leader emerged all over the world In between WWI and WWII: Totalitarian Leader AKA! DICTATOR Characteristics: Agreed

More information

WORLD WAR II APUSH ROAD TO REVIEWED! 1930 s-1941

WORLD WAR II APUSH ROAD TO REVIEWED! 1930 s-1941 APUSH 1930 s-1941 ROAD TO WORLD WAR II REVIEWED! American Pageant (Kennedy) Chapter 34 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 25-26 America s History (Henretta) Chapter 24 FDR s FOREIGN POLICY U.S. opens

More information

Dictators and Publics

Dictators and Publics History 104 Europe from Napoleon to the PRESENT 17 March 2008 Dictators and Publics Olympic Stadium Berlin (1936) Introduction Historians of Europe often refer to the 1930s as a period of democracy in

More information

Dictators Threaten The World

Dictators Threaten The World The U.S. Enters WWII Yesterday, December 7, 1941 a date which will live in infamy the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. -FDR

More information

1. Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power? A. Stalin B. Hitler C. Lenin D.

1. Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power? A. Stalin B. Hitler C. Lenin D. Name: Date: Choose the letter of the best answer. 1. Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power? A. Stalin B. Hitler C. Lenin D. Mussolini

More information

World War I: Mr. Mattingly U.S. History

World War I: Mr. Mattingly U.S. History World War I: 1914-1918 Mr. Mattingly U.S. History WWI: The War to End all Wars. 30 Nations on Six Continents Disrupts 40 years of peace Causes of WWI: Powder Keg Nationalism = intense pride in one s homeland

More information

Introduction VI. AMERICA ON THE WORLD STAGE

Introduction VI. AMERICA ON THE WORLD STAGE Introduction VI. AMERICA ON THE WORLD STAGE P resident Woodrow Wilson and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, articulated two very different visions of how to make permanent

More information

LG 5: Describe the characteristics of totalitarianism and fascism and explain how Mussolini and Hitler came to power.

LG 5: Describe the characteristics of totalitarianism and fascism and explain how Mussolini and Hitler came to power. LG 5: Describe the characteristics of totalitarianism and fascism and explain how Mussolini and Hitler came to power. Background Reading (if time) Class Discussion: Based off the reading, how did the global

More information

2/26/2013 WWII

2/26/2013 WWII U.S. Led Into WWII 1920-1941 WWII What you ll need to show you know 1. The political and military events that led to U.S. into WWII, the turning points of WWII, results & legacy 2. The causes of the bombing

More information

Spineless Democracies? Appeasement

Spineless Democracies? Appeasement Spineless Democracies? Appeasement Italian War The year is 1935, and Mussolini wants to re-establish the glories of Rome, and hopes to use the invasion of Ethiopia to help prove Italian military might.

More information

Unit 6: A New Role in the World

Unit 6: A New Role in the World Unit 6: A New Role in the World Study online at quizlet.com/_1fnvlz 1. alliances 5. conscription An agreement between nations to aid and protect each other. 2. Allies A military draft 6. dollar diplomacy

More information

Title Student Check Notebook Check Class Notes The West 1890s /15 Class Notes Imperialism (2 days = Double

Title Student Check Notebook Check Class Notes The West 1890s /15 Class Notes Imperialism (2 days = Double In your notebook Title Student Check Notebook Check Class Notes The West 1890s /15 Class Notes Imperialism (2 days = Double /30 Points) Class Notes Philippines Cartoons /15 Class Notes Progressive Era

More information

Let s Connect! Erin Kathryn

Let s Connect! Erin Kathryn Thank you for downloading my product! My goal in creating all of my products is to share what I have loved using in my own classroom. I hope you love it as well! If so, please follow me on TeachersPayTeachers

More information

Jeopardy Chapter 26. Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200

Jeopardy Chapter 26. Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Jeopardy Chapter 26 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400

More information

I. The Great War finally ends

I. The Great War finally ends End of WWI I. The Great War finally ends A. Late summer of 1918, the Allied powers had a major offensive on the Western Front B. Bulgaria fell, followed by Ottoman Empire, then A-H. C. The Germans began

More information

Period 7: World War I

Period 7: World War I Period 7: 1890 1945 World War I Neutrality to War In 1914 war breaks out among European nations after Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated by Gavrilo Princip President Woodrow Wilson

More information

WORLD WAR 1. Causes of WWI

WORLD WAR 1. Causes of WWI WORLD WAR 1 1914-1918 Causes of WWI 1. Imperialism: Germany, France, & Great Britain Scramble for power and claim to lands in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific 2. Militarism Aggressive build up of a nation

More information

5. Base your answer on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

5. Base your answer on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Name: 1. To help pay for World War II, the United States government relied heavily on the 1) money borrowed from foreign governments 2) sale of war bonds 3) sale of United States manufactured goods to

More information

WHY PURSUE NATIONAL INTERESTS?

WHY PURSUE NATIONAL INTERESTS? WHY PURSUE NATIONAL INTERESTS? Related Issue II: To what extent should national interests be pursued? Chapter Issue: To what extent should the pursuit of national interests shape foreign policy? (20-1)

More information

The Falange Espanola: Spanish Fascism

The Falange Espanola: Spanish Fascism Spanish Civil War The Falange Espanola: Spanish Fascism Fascism reared its ugly head. Similar to Nazi party and Italian Fascist party. Anti-parliamentary and sought one-party rule. Not racist but attached

More information

UNIT Y218: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

UNIT Y218: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS UNIT Y218: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 1890-1941 NOTE: BASED ON 2X 50 MINUTE LESSONS PER WEEK TERMS BASED ON 6 TERM YEAR. Key Topic Term Week Number Indicative Content Extended Content Resources The causes

More information

Introduction to World War II By USHistory.org 2017

Introduction to World War II By USHistory.org 2017 Name: Class: Introduction to World War II By USHistory.org 2017 World War II was the second global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The war involved a majority of the world s countries, and it is considered

More information

American Interwar Foreign Policy: FQ: TO WHAT EXTENT DID THE GOALS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY CHANGE IN THE INTERWAR YEARS ( )?

American Interwar Foreign Policy: FQ: TO WHAT EXTENT DID THE GOALS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY CHANGE IN THE INTERWAR YEARS ( )? American Interwar Foreign Policy: 1920-1941 FQ: TO WHAT EXTENT DID THE GOALS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY CHANGE IN THE INTERWAR YEARS (1920-1941)? PATH TO WORLD WAR II 5Pick up handout from stool 5Get a

More information

World War II Leaders Battles Maps

World War II Leaders Battles Maps World War II Leaders Battles Maps Reign of the Dictator Italy Germany Soviet Union Japan Joseph Stalin Born in Gori, Georgia in 1879. Last name means steel in Russian. Seized power in USSR after Lenin

More information

The Rise of Fascism. AP World History Chapter 21 The Collapse and Recovery of Europe ( s)

The Rise of Fascism. AP World History Chapter 21 The Collapse and Recovery of Europe ( s) The Rise of Fascism AP World History Chapter 21 The Collapse and Recovery of Europe (1914-1970s) New Forms of Government After WWI: Germany, Italy, and Russia turned to a new form of dictatorship = totalitarianism

More information

E. America Enters World War II (1945-Present) a.describe circumstances at home and abroad prior to U.S. involvement in World War II b.

E. America Enters World War II (1945-Present) a.describe circumstances at home and abroad prior to U.S. involvement in World War II b. Dictators of WW II E. America Enters World War II (1945-Present) a.describe circumstances at home and abroad prior to U.S. involvement in World War II b.identify the significant military and political

More information

5/23/17. Among the first totalitarian dictators was Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union

5/23/17. Among the first totalitarian dictators was Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union Among the first totalitarian dictators was Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union Stalin s Five Year Plans & collective farms improved the Soviet Union s industrial & agricultural output Stalin was Communist

More information

The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1

The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Main Idea The shattering effects of World War I helped set the stage for a new, aggressive type of leader in Europe and Asia. Content Statement/Learning Goal Analyze the

More information

I. The Rise of Totalitarianism. A. Totalitarianism Defined

I. The Rise of Totalitarianism. A. Totalitarianism Defined Rise of Totalitarianism Unit 6 - The Interwar Years I. The Rise of Totalitarianism A. Totalitarianism Defined 1. A gov t that takes total, centralized state control over every aspect of public and private

More information

What caused World War II

What caused World War II What caused World War II A variety of reasonable answers 1. World War I & The Treaty of Versailles 2. The Rise of Totalitarian Governments 3. Failure of the League of Nations 4. Nationalism and Aggression

More information

Between the Wars Timeline

Between the Wars Timeline Between the Wars Timeline 1914 1918 I. Aggression and Appeasement 1939 1945 WWI 10 million casualties Versailles Treaty: Germany blamed, reparations, took colonies, occupied Germany A. Europe was destroyed

More information

Document 1: In this excerpt, Adolf Hitler explains some of his ideas.

Document 1: In this excerpt, Adolf Hitler explains some of his ideas. Why did WWII Begin? Historical Context: The 1920s began with a favorable outlook for peace. However, toward the end of the decade and throughout the 1930s, the clouds of war were forming. Dictators arose

More information

Appeasement PEACE IN OUR TIME!

Appeasement PEACE IN OUR TIME! Appeasement PEACE IN OUR TIME! Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of Great Britain prior to the outbreak of World War II, proclaimed these words in 1939 after the Munich Conference in which he, meeting

More information

Practice Paper 2 WWI & WWII WADOBBIE NOVEMBER 15, 2013

Practice Paper 2 WWI & WWII WADOBBIE NOVEMBER 15, 2013 Practice Paper 2 WWI & WWII WADOBBIE NOVEMBER 15, 2013 ANONY MOUS NOVEMBER 15, 2013 2. What do you understand by the term "total war"? Explain in what ways one twentieth century war could be called a total

More information