General Overview of Communism & the Russian Revolution. AP World History Chapter 27b The Rise and Fall of World Communism (1917 Present)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "General Overview of Communism & the Russian Revolution. AP World History Chapter 27b The Rise and Fall of World Communism (1917 Present)"

Transcription

1 General Overview of Communism & the Russian Revolution AP World History Chapter 27b The Rise and Fall of World Communism (1917 Present)

2 Communism: A General Overview Socialism = the belief that the economy should be controlled by society, either directly or through the government Believe in: a classless society, equal distribution of wealth, gender equality, etc. How is communism different? It really isn t very different think of communists as extreme socialists Socialists believe their ideal society can be achieved slowly through progression and evolution of the government Communists believe this society can only be achieved by overthrowing the government

3 Communism: A General Overview Cold War = Global rivalry between the Soviet Union and the U.S. Capitalism vs. Communism Divided continents, countries, and cities Spawned the space race Spawned a dangerous arms race focused on nuclear weapons

4 Communism: A General Overview Major countries/regions in the communist bloc : The Soviet Union Eastern Europe China North Korea North Vietnam Laos Cambodia Cuba Afghanistan The Communist bloc is the former Soviet Union and the countries of eastern Europe which had Communist governments and were under Soviet influence, especially between the end of World War II and about 1990

5

6 Communism: A General Overview During the Cold War, the Soviet Union and its allies were brought together by: Warsaw Pact = military alliance designed to counter NATO Council on Mutual Economic Assistance = tied together the economies of the Soviet Union and those of Eastern European countries

7

8 Communism: A General Overview Communist parties also existed in noncommunist countries 1950s = small communist party developed in the U.S. Sparked fear and political repression McCarthyism = movement of political repression against communists in the U.S. involved making accusations of disloyalty and treason without proper regard for evidence Many people lost their jobs, had their careers destroyed, or were even imprisoned without any evidence that they were communists or communist sympathizers

9 The Russian Revolution (1917)

10 Pre-Revolutionary Russia Only true autocracy left in Europe No type of representative political institutions Nicholas II became czar in 1884 Last ruler from the Romanov family Believed he was the absolute ruler anointed by God Russo-Japanese War (1904) = defeat for Russia in this war led to political instability

11 Russia in WWI Suffered harsh defeats Shortages of both food and weapons Morale in the Russian army = hit rock bottom Russian civilians suffering at home too All supplies & food went to the army, not them Demanded: PEACE AND BREAD! These losses in WWI made Czar Nicholas II very unpopular Russian soldiers running from advancing German troops

12 Czar Nicholas II & Alexandra Alexandra = Czar Nicholas II s wife Both the Czar and his wife = very unpopular because they were politically incompetent and foolish Both relied on the guidance of a mystic healer named Rasputin This also made them look weak and silly

13 Rasputin Known as the mad monk Wandered around Russia, claiming to have special powers Czar & his wife asked him to cure their son He had hemophilia Built up a bad reputation in St. Petersburg Slept with dozens of women Alcoholic

14 Alexis: Alexandra s Son with Hemophilia

15 Death of Rasputin Killed by the Czar s relatives in 1916 to save the monarchy 1 st = served cake and wine laced with cyanide No effect stayed alive 2 nd = shot several times No effect stayed alive; staggering around wounded and bleeding 3 rd = the men pushed his body through a hole in an icedover river Moved about for several minutes before dying

16 The March Revolution of 1917 People organized strikes and protests demanding food and fuel Soldiers who were sent to stop the protests ended up joining the protestors Czar Nicholas II abdicated (gave up) his power on March 15, 1917 End of the 300-year Romanov dynasty in Russia

17 The Provisional Government Provisional Government = temporary central government in Russia after the Czar stepped down Led by: Alexander Kerensky Saw the war effort as the #1 priority Had to deal with: soldiers deserting, transportation problems, low arms production, etc.

18 The Provisional Government Russian masses wanted 3 things: 1) Immediate peace & withdrawal from WWI 2) Transfer of land to the peasants 3) Control of factories by workers Provisional government did not pull Russia out of the war and did not enact any social reforms Lost popularity Led to its downfall

19 The Bolsheviks Bolsheviks = radical revolutionary group in Russia Wanted a socialist society in Russia Led by: Vladimir Lenin Slogan = Peace, land, and bread!

20 The Russian Revolution November 1917 Also known as the: Bolshevik Revolution Bolsheviks staged a coup d etat in St. Petersburg Overthrew the provisional government Members of the provisional government fled or were arrested Relatively bloodless Bolsheviks claimed absolute power

21 The Russian Revolution Bolsheviks began building a socialist state Ended private ownership of property Distributed land among the peasants Gave workers control of factories and mines Bolshevik Party = officially renamed the Communist Party in March 1918 Wanted to spread the Communist revolution throughout the world

22 Peace with Germany Peace Conference between Russia and Germany Lenin s 1 st order of business = get Russia out of WWI Signed peace treaty with Germany in March 1918 Russia lost much of its western territory and 1/3 of its population

23 Russian Civil War Communists vs. their political opponents Political opponents = Royalists, Liberal Democrats, Moderate Socialists, Landlords, etc. Communists = the Reds Their opponents = the Whites

24 Russian Civil War: The Red Army Communist Army = called the Red Army Led by Leon Trotsky

25 Russian Civil War Both sides burned villages and killed civilians In the meantime: workers and peasants were starving and the Russian economy was crumbling

26 Russian Civil War: The Terror Bolsheviks imposed a policy called war communism Took direct control over all industries Forced peasants to send food to the cities Killed the imprisoned Czar & his family Set up secret police force = the Cheka Arrested (and often executed) anyone considered an enemy of the revolution Placed severe restrictions on the Russian Orthodox Church Communists = anti-religion

27 Russian Civil War Whites surrendered in 1921 Outnumbered, disorganized, poorly equipped armies Lenin and the Communists then had complete control of Russia Lenin = ruled from State of Russia = horrible From = 27 million Russians had died Economy = in shambles Peasants = still starving

28 Lenin in Power 1922 = Russia becomes USSR = Union of Soviet Socialist Republics = Soviet Union New constitution written = makes it a socialist state In theory = Soviet Union supposed to be run by the workers But really the Communist Party did

29 Lenin in Power Lenin died in 1924 at the age of 54

30 Trotsky vs. Stalin Fought for power after Lenin died Leon Trotsky = leader of the Red Army during the Civil War Joseph Stalin = General Secretary of the Communist Party Difference = Trotsky wanted to spread Communism all over the world immediately & Stalin wanted to make it strong in the Soviet Union first

31 Trotsky = closer to Lenin and more well-known Stalin = outmaneuvered Trotsky politically Ability to remove and appoint government officials Once he gained control of the government, he exiled Trotsky to Siberia in 1929 Trotsky eventually moved to Mexico City 1937 Stalin sent an assassin there to kill him in 1940 Trotsky vs. Stalin

32 Joseph Stalin Ruled the Soviet Union from Responsible for the next major extension of communist control In Eastern Europe after WWII Soviet military forces already there after the war stayed there to help impose communist regimes per Stalin s orders Stalin wanted to be surrounded by friendly governments as security against invasions from the West

33 Communism Today North Korea in 1948 China in 1949 with Mao Zedong Cuba in 1959 with Fidel Castro Laos in 1975 after a revolution Vietnam in

Starter Activity Peace, Land, and Bread

Starter Activity Peace, Land, and Bread Starter Activity: Vladimir Lenin led a Russian Revolution promising the people Peace, Land, and Bread. Based on this slogan, what problems was Russia facing that would lead to a revolution? (Why were peace,

More information

Revolution and Nationalism

Revolution and Nationalism Revolution and Nationalism 1900-1939 Revolutions in Russia Section 1 Long-term social unrest in Russia exploded in revolution, and ushered in the first Communist government. Czars Resist Change Romanov

More information

Chapter 14 Section 1. Revolutions in Russia

Chapter 14 Section 1. Revolutions in Russia Chapter 14 Section 1 Revolutions in Russia Revolutionary Movement Grows Industrialization stirred discontent among people Factories brought new problems Grueling working conditions, low wages, child labor

More information

Cruel, oppressive rule of the Czars for almost 100 years Social unrest for decades Ruthless treatment of peasants Small revolts amongst students and

Cruel, oppressive rule of the Czars for almost 100 years Social unrest for decades Ruthless treatment of peasants Small revolts amongst students and Cruel, oppressive rule of the Czars for almost 100 years Social unrest for decades Ruthless treatment of peasants Small revolts amongst students and soldiers that resulted in secret revolutionary groups

More information

Module 20.1: Revolution and Civil War in Russia

Module 20.1: Revolution and Civil War in Russia Module 20.1: Revolution and Civil War in Russia 1913 300 th anniversary of Romanov Dynasty 1914 Huge Russian Empire Eastern Europe to Pacific Ocean March 1917 first of two revolutions will topple Romanov

More information

the Russian Revolution in 1917? Warm Up Question: calling themselves communists gained

the Russian Revolution in 1917? Warm Up Question: calling themselves communists gained Essential Question: How did Vladimir Lenin & the Bolsheviks transform Russia during the Russian Revolution in 1917? Warm Up Question: Based on what you know about communism, why do you think people calling

More information

Chapter 14 Revolution and Nationalism. Section 1 Revolutions In Russia

Chapter 14 Revolution and Nationalism. Section 1 Revolutions In Russia Chapter 14 Revolution and Nationalism Section 1 Revolutions In Russia I. Czars Resist Change A. Czars Continue Autocratic Rule 1. Cruel and oppressive rule for most of the 19 th century caused widespread

More information

Russia in Revolution. Overview. Serfdom in Czarist Russia 6/1/2010. Chapter 28

Russia in Revolution. Overview. Serfdom in Czarist Russia 6/1/2010. Chapter 28 Russia in Revolution Chapter 28 Overview Russia struggled to reform Moves toward revolution Bolsheviks lead a 2 nd revolution Stalin becomes a dictator Serfdom in Czarist Russia Unfree Persons as a Percentage

More information

Section 5. Objectives

Section 5. Objectives Objectives Explain the causes of the March Revolution. Describe the goals of Lenin and the Bolsheviks in the November Revolution. Outline how the Communists defeated their opponents in Russia s civil war.

More information

Unit 7: The Rise of Totalitarianism

Unit 7: The Rise of Totalitarianism Unit 7: The Rise of Totalitarianism After WWI, many people in nations impacted by the Great War were willing to accept rule by dictators who controlled all aspects of society. In the 1920s and 1930s Russia,

More information

UNIT 6 THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION

UNIT 6 THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION UNIT 6 THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION I; LONG-TERM CAUSES A. AUTOCRACY OF THE CZAR 1. Censorship 2. Religious and ethnic intolerance 3. Political oppression I; LONG-TERM CAUSES B. ECONOMIC PROBLEMS 1. Russia began

More information

In Your Notebook-- What do you remember about the causes of the Russian Revolution? What were the revolutionaries trying to achieve?

In Your Notebook-- What do you remember about the causes of the Russian Revolution? What were the revolutionaries trying to achieve? In Your Notebook-- What do you remember about the causes of the Russian Revolution? What were the revolutionaries trying to achieve? What were some of the major events of the revolution itself? What results

More information

Revolution and Nationalism

Revolution and Nationalism Revolution and Nationalism 1900-1939 Revolutions in Russia Section 1 Long- term social unrest in Russia exploded in revolution, and ushered in the first Communist government. Czars Resist Change Romanov

More information

Russia. Revolutionary Russia

Russia. Revolutionary Russia Russia Revolutionary Russia Nicholas II & Alexandra Russia under Nicholas II Urbanized (13%) Educated (17,000 students) Populated (128 Million) Industrialized (#1 oil producer) Antiquated Social System

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide Chapter 16, Section 3 For use with textbook pages 514 519 THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION KEY TERMS soviets councils in Russia composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers (page 516) war communism

More information

THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (1917)

THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (1917) THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (1917) 1. Introduction 2. Background to the revolution 3. The rise of Lenin and the Bolsheviks 4. Civil War 5. Triumph of the communists 6. Lenin s succession 7. The terror and the

More information

The Russian Revolution. 10/5/2018 Bennifield

The Russian Revolution. 10/5/2018 Bennifield The Russian Revolution Bennifield 1 Bennifield 2 STANDARD The student will explain conflict and change in Europe to the 21 st century. Bennifield 3 Essential Question How did the Russian Revolution contribute

More information

The Russian Revolution. Adapted from slides by Scott Masters Crestwood College

The Russian Revolution. Adapted from slides by Scott Masters Crestwood College The Russian Revolution Adapted from slides by Scott Masters Crestwood College Pre-Revolutionary Russia Only true autocracy left in Europe No type of representative political institutions Nicholas II became

More information

Welcome, WHAP Comrades!

Welcome, WHAP Comrades! Welcome, WHAP Comrades! Monday, April 2, 2018 Have paper and something to write with out for notes and be ready to begin! This Week s WHAP Agenda MONDAY 4/3: Russian and Chinese Revolutions TUESDAY 4/4:

More information

Tsar Nicholas II and his familly

Tsar Nicholas II and his familly Tsar Nicholas II Nicholas II of Romanov family was Tsar at the start of the 1900s Was married to an Austrian, Tsarina Alexandra Had 4 daughters and 1 son Alexei Tsar Nicholas II and his familly Problems

More information

The Russian Revolution(s)

The Russian Revolution(s) The Russian Revolution(s) -1905-1921- Pre-Revolutionary Russia Only true autocracy left in Europe No type of representative political institutions, but did have instruments of oppression (secret police)

More information

Factories double from Trans-Siberian Railway finally finished in More and more people work in factories

Factories double from Trans-Siberian Railway finally finished in More and more people work in factories World history Factories double from 1863-1900 Trans-Siberian Railway finally finished in 1916 More and more people work in factories o Terrible conditions, child labor, very low pay o Unions were illegal

More information

Unit 2 Changes and Challenges: Part 1 - The Russian Revolution

Unit 2 Changes and Challenges: Part 1 - The Russian Revolution Unit 2 Changes and Challenges: Part 1 - The Russian Revolution Revolution=Radical Change At the beginning of the 20 th Century, Russia was ripe for change Over 95% of the population was rural/ peasantry

More information

Chapter 4: The Fall of Tsarism. Revolution

Chapter 4: The Fall of Tsarism. Revolution Chapter 4: The Fall of Tsarism Revolution What is a Revolution? A complete change in the way things are done (Agricultural Revolution, Industrial Revolution, Russian Revolution) Sometimes peaceful Sometimes

More information

1. This was Russia's first elected assembly

1. This was Russia's first elected assembly Russian Revolution Exam Choose the letter of the term or name that matches the description. soviet b. Nicholas II Bloody Sunday b. Duma Bolsheviks Ruso-Japanese War pogrom Mensheviks e. Trans-Siberian

More information

The Romanov s were the Imperial Family of Russia

The Romanov s were the Imperial Family of Russia RUSSIAN REVOLUTION The Romanovs The Romanov s were the Imperial Family of Russia Imperial is essentially the same as Royal Family Russia was so vast, they called themselves the Russian Empire The family

More information

Russian Revolution. Isabel Torralbo Talavera

Russian Revolution. Isabel Torralbo Talavera Russian Revolution Background Russia was the largest regime (land and population) in Europe. ECONOMY - SOCIETY - Weak, based on agriculture, slow industrial development opposite to others. - Lack of social

More information

3 Themes in Russian History

3 Themes in Russian History History of Russia 3 Themes in Russian History 1. Expansion east and west From 800 AD to 1900s the land Russia controlled increased greatly because of their powerful leaders 2. Harsh treatment of common

More information

UNIT 10 The Russian Revolution (1917)

UNIT 10 The Russian Revolution (1917) UNIT 10 (1917) o o Background o Tsar Nicholas II o The beginning of the revolution o Lenin's succession o Trotsky o Stalin o The terror and the purges Background In 1900 Russia was a poor country compared

More information

Unit 4. Industrial Revolution, Russian Revolution, and Chinese Revolution

Unit 4. Industrial Revolution, Russian Revolution, and Chinese Revolution Unit 4 Industrial Revolution, Russian Revolution, and Chinese Revolution Day 4: Russian Revolution Starter: March 20th and 21st In your own words, what is the difference between capitalism, socialism and

More information

Why did revolution occur in Russia in March 1917? Why did Lenin and the Bolsheviks launch the November revolution?

Why did revolution occur in Russia in March 1917? Why did Lenin and the Bolsheviks launch the November revolution? Two Revolutions 1 in Russia Why did revolution occur in Russia in March 1917? Why did Lenin and the Bolsheviks launch the November revolution? How did the Communists defeat their opponents in Russia s

More information

The Cold War. Chapter 30

The Cold War. Chapter 30 The Cold War Chapter 30 Two Side Face Off in Europe Each superpower formed its own military alliance NATO USA and western Europe Warsaw Pact USSR and eastern Europe Berlin Wall 1961 Anti-Soviet revolts

More information

APEH Chapter 18.notebook February 09, 2015

APEH Chapter 18.notebook February 09, 2015 Russia Russia finally began industrializing in the 1880s and 1890s. Russia imposed high tariffs, and the state attracted foreign investors and sold bonds to build factories, railroads, and mines. The Trans

More information

NCERT Solutions for Class 9th Social Science History : Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russians Revolution

NCERT Solutions for Class 9th Social Science History : Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russians Revolution NCERT Solutions for Class 9th Social Science History : Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russians Revolution Activities Question 1. Imagine that you are a striking worker in 1905, who is being tried

More information

Russian History. Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s

Russian History. Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s Russian History Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s Outline Russia Lecture #1 Ancient Russia Settlement of Russia Yaroslav the Wise Mongol Invasion of Russia Retaking Russia Ivan the Great Ivan the

More information

I. The Russian Empire A. The Russian Empire traces its roots back to the principality of Muscovy, which began to expand in the 1400s. B.

I. The Russian Empire A. The Russian Empire traces its roots back to the principality of Muscovy, which began to expand in the 1400s. B. Unit 8 SG 2 Name Date I. The Russian Empire A. The Russian Empire traces its roots back to the principality of Muscovy, which began to expand in the 1400s. B. Ivan III (the Great) married Zoe Palaeologus,

More information

The Russian Revolution and the Consolidation of the Soviet

The Russian Revolution and the Consolidation of the Soviet The Russian Revolution and the Consolidation of the Soviet Union 5 The Crisis of Tsarist* Russia and the First World War In the course of the 19th century, Russia experienced several revolutionary disturbances.

More information

World War I Revolution Totalitarianism

World War I Revolution Totalitarianism World War I Revolution Totalitarianism Information Who The Triple Alliance France Britain - Russia The Triple Entente Germany Italy Austria Hungary Mexico Africa Middle East India China Information What

More information

Standard: SS6H3 Explain conflict and change in Europe.

Standard: SS6H3 Explain conflict and change in Europe. Standard: SS6H3 Explain conflict and change in Europe. Element: a. Describe the aftermath of World War I: the rise of communism, the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Nazism, and worldwide depression.

More information

Russian Civil War

Russian Civil War Russian Civil War 1918-1921 Bolshevik Reforms During Civil War 1) Decree of Peace Led to the end of the war with Germany and the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. 2) Decree of Land private property was abolished.

More information

World History (Survey) Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present

World History (Survey) Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present World History (Survey) Chapter 33: Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Section 1: Two Superpowers Face Off The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February

More information

Lenin and the Russian Revolution ( ) (Part I)

Lenin and the Russian Revolution ( ) (Part I) CHY-4U1/Unit 4: The World at War Intro: Lenin and the Russian Revolution (1900-1918) (Part I) The success of Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov (Lenin) and his Bolshevik followers in taking control of Russia in November

More information

A Level History. Independent Summer Learning Introductory Assignment

A Level History. Independent Summer Learning Introductory Assignment A Level History Independent Summer Learning Introductory Assignment Introduction During the two year History A Level course you will study two units and complete 1 piece of coursework. The Units will focus

More information

**REVIEW: CHAPTER 10 NATIONALISM**

**REVIEW: CHAPTER 10 NATIONALISM** 10-4: Not breaking Russia apart but conflict that spills over Main Idea **REVIEW: CHAPTER 10 NATIONALISM** In the 1800s, Italian states rebelled against Austria and unified as the Kingdom of Italy. Learning

More information

L/ ) Lesson: The Russian Revolution. Mr. M. Stratis, Esq. Garden City High School Global History & Geography m

L/ ) Lesson: The Russian Revolution. Mr. M. Stratis, Esq. Garden City High School Global History & Geography m Garden City High School Global History & Geography m Mr. M. Stratis, Esq. Lesson: The Russian Revolution Aim: What events brought about the Russian Revolution? 1. How was Tsar Nicholas II overthrown in

More information

Date Period. Section 2 pg , Russia Under the Czars and The Beginning of Unrest : Group A

Date Period. Section 2 pg , Russia Under the Czars and The Beginning of Unrest : Group A Name Date Period With a partner, brainstorm three questions you could ask the class that would help them understand the important details of the image, what is happening, and its connection to the Russian

More information

Russia and the Soviet Union in the 19 th and 20 th Century

Russia and the Soviet Union in the 19 th and 20 th Century Russia and the Soviet Union in the 19 th and 20 th Century Alexander II (1855 1881) THE REFORMER Recognized the major issue of serfdom and the problems it created 1861 (when the U.S. was beginning the

More information

History Revolutions: Russian Teach Yourself Series Topic 1: Chronology of key events

History Revolutions: Russian Teach Yourself Series Topic 1: Chronology of key events History Revolutions: Russian Teach Yourself Series Topic 1: Chronology of key events A: Level 14, 474 Flinders Street Melbourne VIC 3000 T: 1300 134 518 W: tssm.com.au E: info@tssm.com.au TSSM 2015 Page

More information

Chapter 7: Rejecting Liberalism. Understandings of Communism

Chapter 7: Rejecting Liberalism. Understandings of Communism Chapter 7: Rejecting Liberalism Understandings of Communism * in communist ideology, the collective is more important than the individual. Communists also believe that the well-being of individuals is

More information

Introduction to the Cold War

Introduction to the Cold War Introduction to the Cold War What is the Cold War? The Cold War is the conflict that existed between the United States and Soviet Union from 1945 to 1991. It is called cold because the two sides never

More information

UNIT Y219 RUSSIA

UNIT Y219 RUSSIA UNIT Y219 RUSSIA 1894-1941 NOTE: BASED ON 2X 50 MINUTE LESSONS PER WEEK TERMS BASED ON 6 TERM YEAR. Key Topic Term Week Number Indicative Content Extended Content Resources The rule of Tsar Nicholas II

More information

World History

World History 2.1.1 Terms Marxism: Economic and political philosophy named for Karl Marx. It is known as scientific (as opposed to utopian) socialism. Marxism has had a profound impact on contemporary culture. Modern

More information

EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era

EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era Conflict in Europe Following WWII, tensions were running high between western Allies and USSR US and Great Britain: Allies should not occupy territories they conquered

More information

Russian Revolution Workbook

Russian Revolution Workbook Russian Revolution Workbook Name: Per. # Unit 2 Russian Revolution Test Date: Unit Overview Score Workbook Score Warm Up Score 1 Revolutions Unit Overview Key Terms 1. Marxism 2. Communism 3. Bloody Sunday

More information

World War I. The Great War, The War to End All Wars

World War I. The Great War, The War to End All Wars World War I { The Great War, The War to End All Wars M Militarism: Fascination with war and a strong military A Alliances: Agreements among varying nations to help each other out I Imperialism: Building

More information

The abandonment of the Constituent Assembly 1917

The abandonment of the Constituent Assembly 1917 The abandonment of the Constituent Assembly 1917! Lenin promised to hold elections for a Parliament to be known as the Constituent Assembly.! Renamed the Bolshevik Party as the Communist Party in order

More information

Russia Continued. Competing Revolutions and the Birth of the USSR

Russia Continued. Competing Revolutions and the Birth of the USSR Russia Continued Competing Revolutions and the Birth of the USSR Review: 3 Main Causes of Russian Revolution of 1917 Peasant Poverty Farmers: indebted and barely above subsistence level Outdated agricultural

More information

Early Cold War

Early Cold War Early Cold War 1945-1972 Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism Communism Free-Market Economy Upper, Middle and Working Class North Atlantic Treaty Organization Government Controlled Economy Classless Society

More information

IB Grade IA = 20% Paper 1 = 20% Paper 2 = 25% Paper 3 = 35%

IB Grade IA = 20% Paper 1 = 20% Paper 2 = 25% Paper 3 = 35% IB Grade IA = 20% Paper 1 = 20% Paper 2 = 25% Paper 3 = 35% Grade 11 Major Topic Canadian History Canada to 1867 (founding peoples, confederation and nature of BNA) History of Manitoba and the Northwest

More information

The Rise of Totalitarian leaders as a Response to the Great Depression NEW POLITICAL PARTIES IN EUROPE BEFORE WWII!!

The Rise of Totalitarian leaders as a Response to the Great Depression NEW POLITICAL PARTIES IN EUROPE BEFORE WWII!! The Rise of Totalitarian leaders as a Response to the Great Depression NEW POLITICAL PARTIES IN EUROPE BEFORE WWII!! COMMUNISM AND THE SOVIET UNION The problems that existed in Germany, Italy, Japan and

More information

Unit II: Challenges & Changes

Unit II: Challenges & Changes Unit II: Challenges & Changes This Unit: Russian Revolution 2.1.1 2.1.9 Key players 3 Revolts Economic Reforms (Lenin vs. Stalin) Rise of Facism 2.2.1 2.2.8 Key Players (Hitler & Mussolini) Characteristics

More information

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA)

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) Cold War VS Communism Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) United Nations (UN) Started with 50 member countries Created to promote peace

More information

Economics, Government, & the Cold War. Why do states cooperate with each other?

Economics, Government, & the Cold War. Why do states cooperate with each other? Economics, Government, & the Cold War Why do states cooperate with each other? ECONOMIC TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH POLITICS a. CAPITALISM Economic system where citizens own property & private businesses control

More information

Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial. World History from World War I to World War II

Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial. World History from World War I to World War II Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial World History from World War I to World War II Causes of World War I 1. Balkan Nationalism Causes of World War I 2. Entangled Alliances Causes of World War

More information

Chapters 30 and 31: The Interwar Period ( )

Chapters 30 and 31: The Interwar Period ( ) Chapters 30 and 31: The Interwar Period (1919-1938) Postwar Germany Unstable democracies Weimar Republic in Germany Democratic government formed after WWI Was blamed for signing Treaty of Versailles Cost

More information

Bell Activity. What does it feel like to be in a group where one person insists on always getting his or her own way? How might other members respond?

Bell Activity. What does it feel like to be in a group where one person insists on always getting his or her own way? How might other members respond? History of Russia Objectives Know important events and people from the history of tsarist Russia. Know the reason for the rise and fall of the Soviet Union. Explain the cause and effects of the Russian

More information

e. small bourgeoisie/proletariat 1. no union or strikes 2. strikes of 1890s 3. workers concentrated f. Constitutional Democratic party forms(cadets)

e. small bourgeoisie/proletariat 1. no union or strikes 2. strikes of 1890s 3. workers concentrated f. Constitutional Democratic party forms(cadets) Russian Revolution Intro: French Vs. Russian Rev. a. movements of liberation 1. addressed to the world 2. strong reaction 3. conflict to find new way b. differences 1. lead vs behind 2. middle class 3.

More information

From Lenin to Stalin: Part II. Building a Communist State in Russia

From Lenin to Stalin: Part II. Building a Communist State in Russia From Lenin to Stalin: Part II Building a Communist State in Russia DEFINITION: a classless, moneyless, stateless society based on common ownership of the means of production. Why were Russians ready to

More information

This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct. There was a warlike relationship between the two nations.

This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct. There was a warlike relationship between the two nations. AIM: Explain the conflict between the two superpowers that led to the Cold War. Expansion of Communism Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Soviet occupied European countries. He did not fulfill his

More information

RUSSIA S LEADERS. Click map to view Russia overview video.

RUSSIA S LEADERS. Click map to view Russia overview video. RUSSIA S LEADERS Click map to view Russia overview video. CZAR NICHOLAS 1894-1917 Czar Nicholas Romanov II the last of the czars. Made attempts to modernize, not successful Russia defeated in Russo-Japanese

More information

The Cold War

The Cold War The Cold War 1945-1989 What is the Cold War It was an intense rivalry between the United States and Russia between West and East and between capitalism and communism that dominated the years following

More information

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill COLD WAR 1945-1991 1. The Soviet Union drove the Germans back across Eastern Europe. 2. They occupied several countries along it s western border and considered them a necessary buffer or wall of protection

More information

World War I. The Great War, The War to End All Wars

World War I. The Great War, The War to End All Wars World War I { The Great War, The War to End All Wars M Militarism: Fascination with war and a strong military A Alliances: Agreements among varying nations to help each other out I Imperialism: Building

More information

Domestic policy WWI. Foreign Policy. Balance of Power

Domestic policy WWI. Foreign Policy. Balance of Power Domestic policy WWI The decisions made by a government regarding issues that occur within the country. Healthcare, education, Social Security are examples of domestic policy issues. Foreign Policy Caused

More information

Standards and

Standards and Standards 10.7.1 and 10.7.2 The Russian Revolution took place in November 1917 (October 1917 on the Russian calendar). This marks the date when Bolshevik Party forces took over the government offices in

More information

TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Cold War Tensions (Chapter 30 Quiz)

TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Cold War Tensions (Chapter 30 Quiz) Cold War Tensions (Chapter 30 Quiz) What were the military and political consequences of the Cold War in the Soviet Union, Europe, and the United States? After World War II ended, the United States and

More information

The Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution The Russian Revolution January 1917 World News Weekly 10 68 War Devastates Russia s economy; Russian Suffering, Cold and Hungry While one bloody war is going on in the trenches of France and Belgium, an

More information

Unit 7: The Cold War

Unit 7: The Cold War Unit 7: The Cold War Standard 7-5 Goal: The student will demonstrate an understanding of international developments during the Cold War era. Vocabulary 7-5.1 OCCUPIED 7-5.2 UNITED NATIONS NORTH ATLANTIC

More information

World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues _Edited

World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues _Edited Name: Period: Date: Teacher: World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues 2012-2013_Edited Test Date: April 25, 2013 Suggested Duration: 1 class period This test is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE

More information

The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT)

The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) Throughout WWII the U.S. and the Soviet Union began to view each other with increasing suspicion. He s a commie, and once made an alliance with Hitler...

More information

Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off. Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII?

Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off. Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Post WWII Big Three meet in Yalta Divide Germany into 4 zones (U.S.,

More information

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War The Cold War Origins - Korean War What is a Cold War? WW II left two nations of almost equal strength but differing goals Cold War A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct

More information

Chapter 33 Summary/Notes

Chapter 33 Summary/Notes Chapter 33 Summary/Notes Unit 8 Perspectives on the Present Chapter 33 Section 1. The Cold War Superpowers Face off We learned about the end of WWII. Now we learn about tensions that followed the war.

More information

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior.

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 1. The Americans become increasingly impatient with the Soviets. 2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 3. On February 22, 1946, George Kennan an American

More information

Journal 4/24/18. What do you know about Russia? Write 5 sentences about anything you know/think you know about Russia?

Journal 4/24/18. What do you know about Russia? Write 5 sentences about anything you know/think you know about Russia? Journal 4/24/18 What do you know about Russia? Write 5 sentences about anything you know/think you know about Russia? Table of Contents Unit 7: Communism 1. Title Page (extra credit for decorating) 2.

More information

VS. THE COLD WAR BEGINS

VS. THE COLD WAR BEGINS VS. THE COLD WAR BEGINS 1945-1960 GEORGIA STANDARDS SSUSH20 The student will analyze the domestic and international impact of the Cold War on the United States. a. Describe the creation of the Marshall

More information

2014 Brain Wrinkles. Origins and Consequences

2014 Brain Wrinkles. Origins and Consequences Origins and Consequences Standards SS5H7 The student will discuss the origins and consequences of the Cold War. a. Explain the origin and meaning of the term Iron Curtain. b. Explain how the United States

More information

Rise of the Totalitarian Rulers

Rise of the Totalitarian Rulers Changes in Governments take over Europe!!! (When leaders control every aspect of your life ). Use,, and to control the citizens. a form of government that is nationalistic to the extreme. is glorified.

More information

Chapter 25 Cold War America, APUSH Mr. Muller

Chapter 25 Cold War America, APUSH Mr. Muller Chapter 25 Cold War America, 1945-1963 APUSH Mr. Muller Aim: How does the U.S. and U.S.S.R. go from allies to rivals? Do Now: Communism holds that the world is so deeply divided into opposing classes that

More information

Chapter 30 Revolution and Nationalism

Chapter 30 Revolution and Nationalism Chapter 30 Revolution and Nationalism 30-1 Russia Czarist Autocratic Rule Alexander III 1881-1894 Ruthless secret police Oppressed nationalist minorities Jewish pogroms Nicholas II 1894-1918 Industrializes

More information

Lessons from the Cold War, What have we learned about the Cold War since it ended?

Lessons from the Cold War, What have we learned about the Cold War since it ended? Lessons from the Cold War, 1949-1989 Professor Andrea Chandler Learning in Retirement/April-May 2018 Lecture 2: The Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact LIR/Chandler/Cold War 1 What have we learned about the

More information

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Japan Occupied by U.S. troops Demilitarized Industries re-built with modern machinery Divided into 2 zones of occupation

More information

History of RUSSIA: St. Vladimir to Vladimir Putin Part 2. By Vladimir Hnízdo

History of RUSSIA: St. Vladimir to Vladimir Putin Part 2. By Vladimir Hnízdo History of RUSSIA: St. Vladimir to Vladimir Putin Part 2 By Vladimir Hnízdo It is a riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma. I cannot forecast to you the action of Russia. It is a riddle, wrapped

More information

I. Global Communism A. Marxism s path to the future: B. Communist revolutions in agrarian societies:

I. Global Communism A. Marxism s path to the future: B. Communist revolutions in agrarian societies: 1 I. Global Communism A. Marxism s path to the future: Interpretations of the work of nineteenth-century philosopher Karl Marx predicted a path to an egalitarian future utopia. Societies would industrialize

More information

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s America after WWII The 1946 through the 1950 s The United Nations In 1944 President Roosevelt began to think about what the world would be like after WWII He especially wanted to be sure that there would

More information

COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm.

COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. COLD WAR ORIGINS U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World

More information

SOC 30-1 Readings: Chapter 5 parts on Russia. SOC 30-2 Readings: Chapter 7, pg

SOC 30-1 Readings: Chapter 5 parts on Russia. SOC 30-2 Readings: Chapter 7, pg SOC 30-1 Readings: Chapter 5 parts on Russia SOC 30-2 Readings: Chapter 7, pg. 161-172 Nature of Totalitarian (Dictatorship) Regimes: Totalitarian regimes are responding to what they see as dangerous and

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War A Difference In Opinion 1945 was the beginning of a long period of distrust & misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West (particularly the US) Soviet

More information

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991 U.S vs. U.S.S.R. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension

More information

Standard 7-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century.

Standard 7-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century. Standard 7-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century. 7-4.4: Compare the ideologies of socialism, communism,

More information