3. Which region had not yet industrialized in any significant way by the end of the nineteenth century? a. b) Japan Incorrect. The answer is c. By c.

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1 1. Although social inequality was common throughout Latin America in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a nationwide revolution only broke out in which country? a. b) Guatemala Incorrect. The answer is a. The Mexican Revolution ( ) led to a million deaths, although its reforms were limited by internal conflicts. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) b. a) Mexico Correct. The answer is a. The Mexican Revolution ( ) led to a million deaths, although its reforms were limited by internal conflicts. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) c. c) Brazil Incorrect. The answer is a. The Mexican Revolution ( ) led to a million deaths, although its reforms were limited by internal conflicts. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) d. d) Chile Incorrect. The answer is a. The Mexican Revolution ( ) led to a million deaths, although its reforms were limited by internal conflicts. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) 2. Which British social class suffered a decline thanks to the Industrial Revolution? a. c) The peasantry Incorrect. The answer is a. British aristocrats suffered a sharp decline in political clout as wealthy businessmen competed with them for positions of power. (See section The British Aristocracy in your textbook.) b. d) The urban poor Incorrect. The answer is a. British aristocrats suffered a sharp decline in political clout as wealthy businessmen competed with them for positions of power. (See section The British Aristocracy in your textbook.) c. b) The middle class Incorrect. The answer is a. British aristocrats suffered a sharp decline in political clout as wealthy businessmen competed with them for positions of power. (See section The British Aristocracy in your textbook.) d. a) The aristocracy Correct. The answer is a. British aristocrats suffered a sharp decline in political clout as wealthy businessmen competed with them for positions of power. (See section The British Aristocracy in your textbook.)

2 3. Which region had not yet industrialized in any significant way by the end of the nineteenth century? a. b) Japan Incorrect. The answer is c. By c. 1900, industrialization had penetrated Europe, the United States, Russia, and Japan, but not Africa. (See section Variations on a Theme: Industrialization in the United States and Russia in your textbook.) b. a) The United States Incorrect. The answer is c. By c. 1900, industrialization had penetrated Europe, the United States, Russia, and Japan, but not Africa. (See section Variations on a Theme: Industrialization in the United States and Russia in your textbook.) c. d) Great Britain Incorrect. The answer is c. By c. 1900, industrialization had penetrated Europe, the United States, Russia, and Japan, but not Africa. (See section Variations on a Theme: Industrialization in the United States and Russia in your textbook.) d. c) Africa Correct. The answer is c. By c. 1900, industrialization had penetrated Europe, the United States, Russia, and Japan, but not Africa. (See section Variations on a Theme: Industrialization in the United States and Russia in your textbook.) 4. What was the relationship between the laboring and the middle classes in nineteenth century Britain? a. d) They were like two separate nations who were ignorant of each other s ways. Correct. The answer is d. Little social contact existed between the laboring and middle classes. (See section The Laboring Classes in your textbook.) b. c) There was no distinction one class simply blended into another. Incorrect. The answer is d. Little social contact existed between the laboring and middle classes. (See section The Laboring Classes in your textbook.) c. b) They were on friendly terms with each other. Incorrect. The answer is d. Little social contact existed between the laboring and middle classes. (See section The Laboring Classes in your textbook.) d. a) They lived and worked alongside each other. Incorrect. The answer is d. Little social contact existed between the laboring and middle classes. (See section The Laboring Classes in your textbook.)

3 5. At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, in which way did European states favor merchants? a. a) By granting special privileges and monopolies Correct. The answer is a. European governments frequently gave merchants special privileges in return for loans or payments. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) b. d) By providing ships for merchant ventures Incorrect. The answer is a. European governments frequently gave merchants special privileges in return for loans or payments. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) c. c) By providing insurance for merchant ventures Incorrect. The answer is a. European governments frequently gave merchants special privileges in return for loans or payments. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) d. b) By controlling trade as a state monopoly Incorrect. The answer is a. European governments frequently gave merchants special privileges in return for loans or payments. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) 6. What was the initial attitude of the British upper classes to the creation and legalization of labor unions? a. b) They enthusiastically supported unions. Incorrect. The answer is a. At first unions were illegal; even after they were legalized in 1824, their strikes and violence made unions terrifying to the upper classes. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) b. a) They were terrified of unions. Correct. The answer is a. At first unions were illegal; even after they were legalized in 1824, their strikes and violence made unions terrifying to the upper classes. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) c. c) They were indifferent toward unions. Incorrect. The answer is a. At first unions were illegal; even after they were legalized in 1824, their strikes and violence made unions terrifying to the upper classes. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) d. d) They did not know of the existence of unions. Incorrect. The answer is a. At first unions were illegal; even after they were legalized in 1824, their strikes and violence made unions terrifying to the upper classes. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.)

4 7. Which German writer resident in England was so shocked by the conditions of Britain s Industrial Revolution that he concluded that industrial capitalism would collapse and give way to a classless socialist society? a. d) Benjamin Disraeli Incorrect. The answer is a. Marx spent much of his life in England and used his analysis of industrialism there to underpin his argument that there would be a revolution and a new socialist world would emerge. (See section The Laboring Classes in your textbook.) b. b) Samuel Smile Incorrect. The answer is a. Marx spent much of his life in England and used his analysis of industrialism there to underpin his argument that there would be a revolution and a new socialist world would emerge. (See section The Laboring Classes in your textbook.) c. c) Otto von Bismarck Incorrect. The answer is a. Marx spent much of his life in England and used his analysis of industrialism there to underpin his argument that there would be a revolution and a new socialist world would emerge. (See section The Laboring Classes in your textbook.) d. a) Karl Marx Correct. The answer is a. Marx spent much of his life in England and used his analysis of industrialism there to underpin his argument that there would be a revolution and a new socialist world would emerge. (See section The Laboring Classes in your textbook.) 8. Which region developed a form of economic growth that was financed by foreign capital and heavily dependent on foreign prosperity and decisions? a. a) Russia Incorrect. The answer is b. Latin America became subject to a dependent development in which foreign investors exercised most of the power. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) b. c) The United States Incorrect. The answer is b. Latin America became subject to a dependent development in which foreign investors exercised most of the power. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) c. b) Latin America Correct. The answer is b. Latin America became subject to a dependent development in which foreign investors exercised most of the power. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) d. d) Japan Incorrect. The answer is b. Latin America became subject to a dependent development in which foreign investors exercised most of the power. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.)

5 9. Which of the following is a widely accepted reason why the Industrial Revolution took off in Europe first? a. b) Europe had a strong economic lead over the rest of the world by 1700 C.E. Incorrect. The answer is d. Competition between Europe s small states encouraged constant innovation. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) b. c) Europeans are better at technology than non Europeans. Incorrect. The answer is d. Competition between Europe s small states encouraged constant innovation. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) c. d) Europe s small, competitive states favored innovation. Correct. The answer is d. Competition between Europe s small states encouraged constant innovation. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) d. a) Europeans worked harder, thanks to the Protestant work ethic. Incorrect. The answer is d. Competition between Europe s small states encouraged constant innovation. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) 10. Which of the following arguments have scholars generally accepted against the notion that European culture is inherently more suited to industry and technology? a. b. a) Until about 1750, core areas of Europe, India, and China enjoyed similar levels of economic development. Correct. The answer is a. European economic development only began to surpass that of the rest of the world after (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) c) Non European civilizations have been able to provide other valuable contributions to world history, for example, in terms of music or cuisine. Incorrect. The answer is a. European economic development only began to surpass that of the rest of the world after (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) c. d) Europeans today lag far behind the United States in terms of industry and technology. Incorrect. The answer is a. European economic development only began to surpass that of the rest of the world after (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) d. b) Europeans make up only a small percentage of the world s population. Incorrect. The answer is a. European economic development only began to surpass that of the rest of the world after (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.)

6 11. What is a tariff? a. a) A tax imposed on merchants to help fund state enterprises Incorrect. The answer is b. Tariffs, like those imposed by the British government, protected British manufacturing from cheap imports. (See section Why Britain? in your textbook.) b. d) A special payment made to merchants to encourage them to import particular goods c. Incorrect. The answer is b. Tariffs, like those imposed by the British government, protected British manufacturing from cheap imports. (See section Why Britain? in your textbook.) b) A duty imposed on imported goods to make them more expensive and less competitive with locally produced goods Correct. The answer is b. Tariffs, like those imposed by the British government, protected British manufacturing from cheap imports. (See section Why Britain? in your textbook.) d. c) An early machine that spun cotton into yarn Incorrect. The answer is b. Tariffs, like those imposed by the British government, protected British manufacturing from cheap imports. (See section Why Britain? in your textbook.) 12. What actual development in Britain s class structure differed from Karl Marx s prediction? a. c) Existence of a lower middle class Correct. The answer is c. Marx failed to foresee the development of a lower middle class that identified with the middle class rather than the workers. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) b. a) Increasing polarization between rich and poor Incorrect. The answer is c. Marx failed to foresee the development of a lower middle class that identified with the middle class rather than the workers. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) c. d) Sudden desire of the rich to give their money away to the poor Incorrect. The answer is c. Marx failed to foresee the development of a lower middle class that identified with the middle class rather than the workers. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) d. b) Sudden increase in the wealth of the working class Incorrect. The answer is c. Marx failed to foresee the development of a lower middle class that identified with the middle class rather than the workers. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) 13. In what way did European colonization in the Americas stimulate the Industrial Revolution? a. a) Enslaved Indians provided cheap manpower for the early textile industry. Incorrect. The answer is c. American timber, cotton, and food products provided key raw materials for European industry. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) b. d) Europeans learned about mechanical processes from the advanced Aztec and Inca civilizations. Incorrect. The answer is c. American timber, cotton, and food products provided key raw materials for European industry. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) c. c) America provided cheap raw materials for European manufacturers. Correct. The answer is c. American timber, cotton, and food products provided key raw materials for European industry. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.) d. b) American factories were developed to produce goods for export to Europe. Incorrect. The answer is c. American timber, cotton, and food products provided key raw materials for European industry. (See section Why Europe? in your textbook.)

7 14. What is a caudillo? a. a) A Latin American military strongman Correct. The answer is a. Latin American military strongmen, known as caudillos, seized control of governments many times in the nineteenth century. (See section After Independence in Latin America in your textbook.) b. b) An estate granted to a Spanish colonist in the New World Incorrect. The answer is a. Latin American military strongmen, known as caudillos, seized control of governments many times in the nineteenth century. (See section After Independence in Latin America in your textbook.) c. c) A Spanish aristocrat Incorrect. The answer is a. Latin American military strongmen, known as caudillos, seized control of governments many times in the nineteenth century. (See section After Independence in Latin America in your textbook.) d. d) A Latin American socialist Incorrect. The answer is a. Latin American military strongmen, known as caudillos, seized control of governments many times in the nineteenth century. (See section After Independence in Latin America in your textbook.) 15. Which of the following best describes the changes in British society as a result of the Industrial Revolution? a. b) It created tremendous wealth for almost everyone in Britain. b. Incorrect. The answer is d. British society suffered massive, rapid change as a result of industrialization, causing tremendous upheaval in all areas of life, the positive and negative effects of which are still being debated. (See section The First Industrial Society in your textbook.) d) It created tremendous upheaval in all areas of life, the positive and negative effects of which are still being debated. Correct. The answer is d. British society suffered massive, rapid change as a result of industrialization, causing tremendous upheaval in all areas of life, the positive and negative effects of which are still being debated. (See section The First Industrial Society in your textbook.) c. a) It slowly, almost imperceptibly, changed life for most Britons. Incorrect. The answer is d. British society suffered massive, rapid change as a result of industrialization, causing tremendous upheaval in all areas of life, the positive and negative effects of which are still being debated. (See section The First Industrial Society in your textbook.) d. c) Other than their jobs, life did not change at all for Britons. Incorrect. The answer is d. British society suffered massive, rapid change as a result of industrialization, causing tremendous upheaval in all areas of life, the positive and negative effects of which are still being debated. (See section The First Industrial Society in your textbook.)

8 16. Which area of manufacturing saw the earliest technological breakthroughs of the Industrial Revolution? a. a) Porcelain Incorrect. The answer is b. The first industrial breakthroughs came in the production of cotton textiles in Great Britain. (See section Explaining the Industrial Revolution in your textbook.) b. b) Cotton textiles Correct. The answer is b. The first industrial breakthroughs came in the production of cotton textiles in Great Britain. (See section Explaining the Industrial Revolution in your textbook.) c. d) Chemicals Incorrect. The answer is b. The first industrial breakthroughs came in the production of cotton textiles in Great Britain. (See section Explaining the Industrial Revolution in your textbook.) d. c) Steel Incorrect. The answer is b. The first industrial breakthroughs came in the production of cotton textiles in Great Britain. (See section Explaining the Industrial Revolution in your textbook.) 17. What is a friendly society? a. b. b) A working class, self help group that provided factory workers with help in sickness, funerals, and social opportunities Correct. The answer is b. By 1815, about a million British workers were members of the friendly societies, which provided necessary social services. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) d) Any of a variety of scientific gatherings, whose members met to discuss recent technological innovation. Incorrect. The answer is b. By 1815, about a million British workers were members of the friendly societies, which provided necessary social services. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) c. c) An organization of religious radicals who met privately to avoid religious repression Incorrect. The answer is b. By 1815, about a million British workers were members of the friendly societies, which provided necessary social services. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.) d. a) A trade guild intended to enforce trade regulations and standards Incorrect. The answer is b. By 1815, about a million British workers were members of the friendly societies, which provided necessary social services. (See section Social Protest in your textbook.)

9 18. Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the Industrial Revolution as it unfolded in other lands across the globe? a. b) Developments in other countries bore no relationship to what happened in Britain. b. c. Incorrect. The answer is c. Different social, political, and economic conditions made the process of industrialization different in various regions, but urbanization, growth of the middle and working classes, increased gender inequality, and other characteristics were common to most early industrial societies. (See section Variations on a Theme: Industrialization in the United States and Russia in your textbook.) d) Only Russia and the United States had similar Industrial Revolutions to Britain; every other country was totally different. Incorrect. The answer is c. Different social, political, and economic conditions made the process of industrialization different in various regions, but urbanization, growth of the middle and working classes, increased gender inequality, and other characteristics were common to most early industrial societies. (See section Variations on a Theme: Industrialization in the United States and Russia in your textbook.) c) The basic social outcomes were similar in Britain and other industrialized countries, but important differences also characterized how the process unfolded. Correct. The answer is c. Different social, political, and economic conditions made the process of industrialization different in various regions, but urbanization, growth of the middle and working classes, increased gender inequality, and other characteristics were common to most early industrial societies. (See section Variations on a Theme: Industrialization in the United States and Russia in your textbook.) d. a) It happened in other countries exactly as it happened in Britain. Incorrect. The answer is c. Different social, political, and economic conditions made the process of industrialization different in various regions, but urbanization, growth of the middle and working classes, increased gender inequality, and other characteristics were common to most early industrial societies. (See section Variations on a Theme: Industrialization in the United States and Russia in your textbook.) 19. What was the purpose of the British Reform Bill of 1832? a. a) It made religious toleration official British government policy. Incorrect. The answer is d. The Reform Bill of 1832 broadened the franchise to much of the British middle class. (See section The Middle Classes in your textbook.) b. d) It gave the right to vote to most men of the middle class. Correct. The answer is d. The Reform Bill of 1832 broadened the franchise to much of the British middle class. (See section The Middle Classes in your textbook.) c. c) It legalized trade unions. Incorrect. The answer is d. The Reform Bill of 1832 broadened the franchise to much of the British middle class. (See section The Middle Classes in your textbook.) d. b) It abolished the House of Lords. Incorrect. The answer is d. The Reform Bill of 1832 broadened the franchise to much of the British middle class. (See section The Middle Classes in your textbook.)

10 20. What role did the U.S. government play in the United States explosive industrial growth in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? a. c) It helped in ways less direct than in other countries such as Japan and Germany. Correct. The answer is c. The U.S. government encouraged industrialization with tax breaks, grants of public land, and modest regulation of industries, but it did not actively guide industrial development. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) b. d) It carefully planned and saw through each stage of industrialization. Incorrect. The answer is c. The U.S. government encouraged industrialization with tax breaks, grants of public land, and modest regulation of industries, but it did not actively guide industrial development. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) c. a) It tried as hard as it could to stop it, but failed. Incorrect. The answer is c. The U.S. government encouraged industrialization with tax breaks, grants of public land, and modest regulation of industries, but it did not actively guide industrial development. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) d. b) The government played little to no role in industrialization in the United States. Incorrect. The answer is c. The U.S. government encouraged industrialization with tax breaks, grants of public land, and modest regulation of industries, but it did not actively guide industrial development. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) 21. Which of the following were among Russia s reforms in 1905? a. b) Foundation of secondary schools and universities Incorrect. The answer is c. The Duma, Russia s popularly elected assembly, was created as a concession to the 1905 revolution. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) b. c) Creation of an elected national assembly Correct. The answer is c. The Duma, Russia s popularly elected assembly, was created as a concession to the 1905 revolution. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) c. d) Abolition of serfdom Incorrect. The answer is c. The Duma, Russia s popularly elected assembly, was created as a concession to the 1905 revolution. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) d. a) Abolition of the monarchy Incorrect. The answer is c. The Duma, Russia s popularly elected assembly, was created as a concession to the 1905 revolution. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.)

11 22. Which of the following helps explain why the United States did not develop a major Marxist or Socialist movement as other industrializing countries did? a. c) Marxism was illegal in the United States. Incorrect. The answer is a. The American laboring class was very diverse, and diversity of languages, cultures, and beliefs made solidarity difficult. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) b. b) Most workers were illiterate in America and could not read Karl Marx. c. Incorrect. The answer is a. The American laboring class was very diverse, and diversity of languages, cultures, and beliefs made solidarity difficult. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) d) The United States was already a socialist country, and its workers had little need for a political ideology like Marxism. Incorrect. The answer is a. The American laboring class was very diverse, and diversity of languages, cultures, and beliefs made solidarity difficult. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) d. a) Religious, ethnic, and racial diversity of American workers prevented class solidarity. Correct. The answer is a. The American laboring class was very diverse, and diversity of languages, cultures, and beliefs made solidarity difficult. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) 23. Which Western export has been most welcomed throughout the modern world? a. c) Christianity Incorrect. The answer is d. Industrial techniques have been welcomed in almost every part of the modern world. (See the chapter introduction in your textbook.) b. d) Industrial techniques Correct. The answer is d. Industrial techniques have been welcomed in almost every part of the modern world. (See the chapter introduction in your textbook.) c. a) Democratic politics Incorrect. The answer is d. Industrial techniques have been welcomed in almost every part of the modern world. (See the chapter introduction in your textbook.) d. b) Capitalism Incorrect. The answer is d. Industrial techniques have been welcomed in almost every part of the modern world. (See the chapter introduction in your textbook.)

12 24. From where did the Russian communist revolutionaries like Lenin emerge? a. d) The networks of urban revolutionary parties, mostly led by intellectuals Correct. The answer is d. A variety of revolutionary groups developed in cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg; they provided the leadership for the 1917 revolution. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) b. c) The middle classes Incorrect. The answer is d. A variety of revolutionary groups developed in cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg; they provided the leadership for the 1917 revolution. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) c. a) The ranks of the rural peasantry Incorrect. The answer is d. A variety of revolutionary groups developed in cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg; they provided the leadership for the 1917 revolution. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) d. b) The aristocracy Incorrect. The answer is d. A variety of revolutionary groups developed in cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg; they provided the leadership for the 1917 revolution. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) 25. The world s leading industrial power by 1914 was a. a) Great Britain. Incorrect. The answer is c. By 1914, the United States produced 36 percent of the world s manufactured goods. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) b. b) Germany. Incorrect. The answer is c. By 1914, the United States produced 36 percent of the world s manufactured goods. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) c. c) the United States. Correct. The answer is c. By 1914, the United States produced 36 percent of the world s manufactured goods. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) d. d) France. Incorrect. The answer is c. By 1914, the United States produced 36 percent of the world s manufactured goods. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.)

13 26. What role did women in middle class British families play during the era of the Industrial Revolution? a. a) They were expected to work outside of the home to support their families. Incorrect. The answer is b. Society taught that middle class women s place was in the home. (See section The Middle Classes in your textbook.) b. d) They were expected to make or sew all the items in the house themselves. Incorrect. The answer is b. Society taught that middle class women s place was in the home. (See section The Middle Classes in your textbook.) c. c) They were allowed to focus purely on pleasing themselves. Incorrect. The answer is b. Society taught that middle class women s place was in the home. (See section The Middle Classes in your textbook.) d. b) They were expected to be homemakers and moral educators. Correct. The answer is b. Society taught that middle class women s place was in the home. (See section The Middle Classes in your textbook.) 27. In which region was industrial development most heavily directed by the state? a. d) Great Britain Incorrect. The answer is b. Most change in Russia was initiated by the state rather than by free enterprise. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) b. b) Russia Correct. The answer is b. Most change in Russia was initiated by the state rather than by free enterprise. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) c. c) The United States Incorrect. The answer is b. Most change in Russia was initiated by the state rather than by free enterprise. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.) d. a) France Incorrect. The answer is b. Most change in Russia was initiated by the state rather than by free enterprise. (See section Russia: Industrialization and Revolution in your textbook.)

14 28. What was the impact of the Mexican Revolution ( ) on the rest of Latin America? a. c) Other Latin American countries reacted with hostility to it and invaded Mexico. Incorrect. The answer is b. The Mexican Revolution led to radical political change in Mexico, but the problems that caused it were so specific to Mexico that the revolutionary movement could not really spread elsewhere. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) b. a) It swept through Latin America, replacing dictatorship with democracy. Incorrect. The answer is b. The Mexican Revolution led to radical political change in Mexico, but the problems that caused it were so specific to Mexico that the revolutionary movement could not really spread elsewhere. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) c. b) It transformed Mexico but was not duplicated elsewhere in Latin America. d. Correct. The answer is b. The Mexican Revolution led to radical political change in Mexico, but the problems that caused it were so specific to Mexico that the revolutionary movement could not really spread elsewhere. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) d) It led Latin American countries to be less dependent on the economies of the world s industrial powers. Incorrect. The answer is b. The Mexican Revolution led to radical political change in Mexico, but the problems that caused it were so specific to Mexico that the revolutionary movement could not really spread elsewhere. (See section Becoming like Europe? in your textbook.) 29. Where did industrialization begin? a. a) Germany Incorrect. The answer is c. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain. (See the chapter introduction in your textbook.) b. b) India Incorrect. The answer is c. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain. (See the chapter introduction in your textbook.) c. d) The United States Incorrect. The answer is c. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain. (See the chapter introduction in your textbook.) d. c) Great Britain Correct. The answer is c. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain. (See the chapter introduction in your textbook.)

15 30. Which group of American social reformers had the most success in improving factory and economic conditions for workers? a. c) The Socialists Incorrect. The answer is a. The Progressives worked to improve wages and sanitation, besides pushing for the government to play a greater role in the economy. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) b. d) The Federalists Incorrect. The answer is a. The Progressives worked to improve wages and sanitation, besides pushing for the government to play a greater role in the economy. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) c. b) The Populists Incorrect. The answer is a. The Progressives worked to improve wages and sanitation, besides pushing for the government to play a greater role in the economy. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.) d. a) The Progressives Correct. The answer is a. The Progressives worked to improve wages and sanitation, besides pushing for the government to play a greater role in the economy. (See section The United States: Industrialization without Socialism in your textbook.)

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