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3 PREFACE. DURING the 'year 1875, the Peking Uazette has given ~ublicity to many documents of unusual interest and importance. The death of the reigning Emperor in the twelfth month of the Chinese, end first of the Foreign, year, inspired a number of edicts which have interest both on account of the insight they give into the customs of the Peking Court, and the quaint eloquence of the language employed. The death and obsequies of the Son of Heaven, the selection of a successor, the self-appointment of the Empresses-Dowager as Regents during the minority of the childwere incidents of serious political import to the count1.y; and not only the leading facts, but the details of every movement, are described with curious minuteness in the present volume. The incident suggested the publication, in the North-China Herald, of a Genealogical Table of the Imperial Family, which has been reprinted together with an exhaustive commentary, as a useful record and a fitting appendix to the documents before-named. For the first time too, during the year just ended, the Peking Gazette has deigned to notice officially the presence of foreigners in the county. One of the conditions exacted by Her Britannic Majesty's Minister, during the course of the negotiations which ensued on the murder of Mr. 31argary in Yiinnan, was that the leading features of those negotiations should be published, and the ieal poeition of foreigners in the country should be recognized more fittingly than has been hitherto done. And the appointment of Li Han-chang as a High Commissioner to Isvestigate the crime ; his first report after his arrival at Yiinnan-foo, and certain edicts

4 emphasising the Treaty privileges of foreigners, and placing on a. better footing the relations of Foreign Ministers with hhe Great Departments of State at Peking-mill be\ found in the following pages. 2 Th. carefully arranged Index with whia the volume opens wi enable easy reference to t'hese various documents, and to the multiplicity of memorials, decrees, a,nd utterances of every kind on every imaginable subject which lend to the pages of the Gazette a curious literary interest, and constitute them a valuable record. INDEX PEKING GAZETTE ROR I I. t i I I.,+, For purposes of classification, with a view to ready reference, the contenta of the Peking Gazette, as translated in this volume, have been indexed under six principal beadings, viz :-Court Affairs, Judicial aud Revenue Adniiriistration, Civil and Military Administration, Instruction, Worship, and Usages, External Relations, and the Provinces. Under each of theae hain diviaions, the aubjects are still further arranged in appropriate categories. 1 I.-COURT AFFAIRS. Donations on Empress Mother's birthday... Arrears due to Imperial carriage department... Imperial cla~isman guilty of keeping opium shop... Assemblage in Emperor's sick-room... [See Decease of Emperor.] Revocation of former Act of Grace... Jan. 14, 22. Prince of Ch'un entreata leave to retire... Jan. 14, 22. Do. do. duties retained, and honours... Jan. 21, 22. Building-works abandoned... Jan. 15. Pnsthumous title for late Emperor... Jan. 15. Title of new reign... Jan. 16. Period of Imperial mourning... Jau. 17, 21, 24. Gratuities to Imperial escort... Command of Imperial musketeers... Day fixed for enthronement... Imperial Princes exempted from acts of homage... Regency-Empress besought to assume... Titles of houour for Empresses... Advice called for-good example promised... Title conferred on Empress-widow... High Provincial authorities appealed to... Imperial Studio dissolved... Education of young Emperor and future conduct... Eu~lucbseverely punished... Comptrollers of Household denouuced and relnoved...:. Death and funeral of late Emperor's sister Disgrace of preceptor of late Emperor Jan. 2. Jan. 3, 13. Jan. 7. Jan. 6, 9. ' Jan. 21. Jan. 21. Jan. 22. Jan. 22. Jan. 22, 25. Jan. 24. Jan. 26. Jan. 26. Jan. 26. Jan. 26. Jan. 30, Feb Feb. 1. Feb. 1, 03. Feb. 6, 2.3:. Feb. 11.

5 Reprimand to Kwang-an for impertinent advice... Ceremonies on enthronement... Feb 23 Manifesto of Accession issued... Feb. 27. Control of eunuchs and economy... Indelible patent recommended by Kwang-an... Commission for History of late reign... Death of Empress-widow %.- Feb. 21. March 10 March 11. March 14. June 27. March 27 March 28. March 31. May 11. Imperial hunting grounds in ShBngking... June 27 Empress-dowager's birthday ceremonial... July 14 Son of bei-teh Tsai I... July 26. Misconduct of Imperial clansman Aug. 26. Sept Cloth for palace-awnings supplied... Aug. 31. Gratuities to Imperial historiographers... NOV. 15. Misconduct of Imperial clansmen in Shengking... Sept. 16. Oct. 6. High Officials privileged to ride in Palace... Noo. 24. [See Imperial Obaequiea.] Panegyric on late Sovereign Jan 15 Mourning period determined Jan 15. Imperinl physicians degraded... Jan 18, 15, 24. Testamentary edict published Jan. 20. Decrees on death of Emperor Jan. 13. Posthnmous designatiou of deceased Sovereign... Jan 23, Feb. 9. Do. do. eelection of... Jan. 26. Removal of Imperial remain8... Jau. 20. Date fixed for obsequies... July Programme for do... July Young Emperor to accompany the cortege... July 26. Bug. 3. Do. do. do... Aug Funds (Tla and'~1s. 40, 000) called for... Aug Do. (Tla ) for Equipage department.... Aug Aug 25. Sept. 9. Sept 22 Sept. 24. Do (Tla ) for Household Treasury Do ('L'ls ) for Brigadier of Ma-lan... Do. ('rls ) for Guardiana of ~lausol&t... Roadwnya to Mausolea...: Silver and Silks not to be sent... Empresses insist on following the cortbge...;... Remissio~~ of taxatiou along liue of road... Compensation to proprietors do.... Damage to property forbidden... Programme for Imperial departure... Imperial progress.. gratuities... Return of Court... Sept. 15. Sept. 15. Survey of buildings reported... Jan. 6. Sept. 27. Sept 29. Oct. 16. Sept 29. Sept. 30. Oct 15. Oct Oct. 26. Prince of Ch'un to continue superiuteudence... Jan. 21. Site for mausoleum of deceased Emperor... Jan. 22, March 29. iuausolea for Empresses Regent... Feb. 13. Sacrifices at 31ausolea of Ming dynasty... April 12. Plantations at Mausolea May 28. July 3. Robbery at ATaaeolea... Aug. 4. Dilapidations at Mausolea Sept. 25. Oct. 11. Commission of inspection... Oct. 11. iii.... Rewards to official8 for services Nov. 20, do Regulation prices at Hang-chow impossible Manufacture of cloth of gold and silver Expenditure for silks at Soochow Silks forwarded from Accounts on change of Supt at Soochow Cost of supplies for Empress mother's birthday... Superintendent appointed to Hang-chow... Do. takes office at Nanking... June 16. June 20. July 26. July 27. Bug.12. Sept.13. Sept.25. Nov JUDICIAL AND REVEXUE ADMINISTRATION Oppression of licensed salt-merchant in Chehkiang Jan.28. Murder cases in Chihli March 16. Official Oppression in Szech'wan April 1. Murders in Szech'wan and Honan May 16. Rape and wholesale murder in Kiangsi... June 13. Murder and official corruption in Shantung...,... July 1. Do. in Jehho... July 31. Do. and robbery in Honan... Aug.2. Pillage of a monastery in Hupeh... Aug.8. Dream revealing murder in Kiangsu... Aug.19. Murder of father in Anhwei.... Aug.22. Illegal execution in Chihli... Aug.28. Murder of a nun at Hankow... Sept.17. A Cousin flogged to death in Shantung... Oct.6. RIurder of husband in Chihli... Oct.8. Local oppression in Fuhkien... Oct.14. Murder by burglars in Kiangsu... Oct.14. Do. of daughter in Hupeh... Oct.22. Oct.26. Dispute amongst licensed weighmen in Feng-t'ien... Il?sane woman at Jehl~o... Murder of son, and official neglect in Honan... Do., rapine, and oppression do... Cruelty and gross injustice do... Mongolian succession case... Murder and robbery near Jehho Official rap~city in Houan Murder of an uncle in Rupeh... Do. and injustice in Kwangtung Clanfigh tiug and rapine do.... Censor Ch'Bn I on abuses in appeal aystem... Do. T'6ng-k'in-lin. do. do... Nov.3. Nov.12. Nov.12. Dec.. Nov. 14, Deo. 18, 24. Dec.2. Dec.7. Dec.21. Dec.27. Dec.27. July 20. AugA5, 18.

6 Rehearing-Murder of an uncle in Shantung... Do Entire falsity of oharge... Do Nien-fdi disorders in Honan... Jan. 11. Do Demands for foddor in Chihli...!... March 20. Do IIlicit intercourse and mntder... April 12 Do. Illegal uae of torture in Chihli... Aptil 15 Do Alleged murder in Shantung April Do Lawsuit with Li Kwang-chao at Han.yang. Do TWO murder cases in Shantung... Do. Alleged extortion and suicide in Chihli... gv Murder of a son in Honan DO. Do. Adultery and murder at Hangchow (See... husband in Honan... also under Crime).... Robbery in Shdng-king... Do Coeroion of a widow in Shenai... Do Do Alleged murder of husband near Tientain.. Do. Do. do. in Honan... Rape and murder in Honan Homicide at Sh&ng-king... Do Do Murder at Jehho., Do. Female suppliant to late Emperor punished... Pirates on coast of Chehkiang... Wholesale murder in Kwangtung Murder by wife and son iu Chihli (ling-clr'e) Do. aunt and cousin in Shnntong (do.)... Brigandage and kidnapping in Kwangtuog... Parricide in Shantung (ling-el2e)... Rape and suicide in Hupeh... Extortion by military official in Hupeh... Robbery by Imperial clansmen... Triple murder in Anhwei...,... Murder by inaane woman in Chihli (ling-ch'e)... Father killed by mishap in Kwnngtung... Parricide by lunatic in Shantung(1ing-ch'e)... Matricide in Shantung Sentence of ling-ch'c.... Highwaymen captured in Chihli... Counterfeiters executed in Szech'wan... Matricide in Chihli (Zing-ch'e)... Y.'. Suicide for purposes of extortion... Lamlessnene near T'ai Hu Lake... Right of summary execution in Kiangsu... Desperado captured near Jehho... Piratical band on coast of Shbng-king... Desperado captured near Newchmaug... Brigandage in Taitsihar... Colonel executed for rape in Hupeh... Swindler executed in Honan... Adultery and murder at Hang.chow... Do. do. do.. further proceedings. Matricide in Chihli (ling-clb'e)... Jan. 8. Jan. 8. April 23. April 26. Aptil 28. May 4. May 24. May 29. June 2. Aug. 1. Aug. 31. Sept. IS. Oct. 18. Deo. 5. Dec. 22. March 2. March 13 March 19. April 17. April 17. April- 20, June 7. June 9. June 15. June 16. July 6. July 12. July 13. Aug. 23. Sept. 9. Sept. 16. Sept. 27. Oct. 15. Oct. 15. Oct. 28. Oct. 28. Nov. 3. Nov. 5. Nov. 5. Nov. 9. Nov. 13. Nov. 25. Nov , 27. Nov. 30, Dec. 2, 11. Nov. 31. Operations against gold-hunters in Kirin... ~;ecution of Turban brigands Outbreak at T'ien-t'ai in Chehkiang... Secret societies existing in Hunan... Outbreak at Sin-chang in Chehkiang... Outlaws disperaed in hunting grounds..... [See also bfanchun'a.] GAMBLING. Gambling among officiale in Shensi Wei Sing Lotteries at Canton-Censor... denounces Do. do do. do Do. do Decree and Memorial... Do do Gov.-General removed... Do. do. do. degraded. Opium-shop kept by Imperial clansman... Illegal tax levied by magistrate in Kansuh... Do. do. do... Opium-shops at Peking... 0pium.duty at Hwai-an Fu... Do. at Peking...,... Do. near Eongkong...,... Magistrate cashiered in Kansuh for illegal levy... Censor Hli T'ing-kwei denounces the tax... Do Wang Chao-Ian do do... Do. Wang Li-ts'ing do. do... Li-kin stations in Szech'wan... Do. in Kiangau... Censor Ch'Bn I's memorial... Li-kin on riee abolished in Rupeh... Do. stations and custom-heuses in ICiangsu... Do. do. do. do... Decree on Censor Hti T'ing-kmei's memorid... State of exchequer in Honan... Censor's memorials on finance (See Li-kin.) Salt-tax administration in central provinces... Remission of land-tax in Chihli... Jan.26. Feb.6. June 17. Juue 28. July 8. Dec.31. March 26. July 6. July 27. Aug Sept. 2. Sept.13. Jan.7. &larch 23. Oct.30. April 21. April 24. Sept.21. Nov.27. Nov.14. Jan.18 Feb. 23. Mar. 12. Feb.28. May 8. biay 23. July Aug Ang.12. Seyt.25. March 6. March 7. May 8. July 4. Land and grain taxes in Szech'wan-abuses... Censor urges thorough financial reform... Do. Ch'&n I oo arbitrary exactio~~s... July 20. Maritime Customs at Canton Oct Customs' receipts at Peking... Sept.21. Return of duties at Lin-ts'ing custom-l~oose...- Nov.20. Customs' Stations near Hongko~~g... Nov.27. Rice tax in Kiangsi... Dec.8. Forced contributioqs in Szech'wan Dec. %; Sept.. 5.

7 . GRAIN TRIBUTE Rice shipped from Kiangsu in :... Jan 15 Report on rice supply from Kiangai...n... Jan U) Censor's memorial on abuses in system... Feb. 28. Despatch of-shipments from Kiangsu... March 30. Do do Chehkiang... April 7 Do. do. do... May 30. Grain supply from Hupeh... June 6. Landing of grain for storage... June 21 Despatch of shipments from Kiangsi... Aug. 21. Do. do. Hunan... Oct. 4. /ampletion of grain-delivery of Oct 11, 27. Popular contributions in Yiinnan... Contribution of Tls. 20, 000 by Taotai at Tientain... Charity founded by Tsiarrg Yih-li... Charitable relief agencies at Peking... Do do... DO. do do do. Do. d o.. T'ung Chow... Donation of Tls. 3, 600 to poor of Peking.... BUILDING WORKS. March 31. June 20 Jan. 30. April April 23. May 13. Sept. 27. Oct. 8. Oct. 27. Nov. 14. Roads and Bridges restored in Chehkiang... March 22. Sea-wall repaired in Chehkiang... July 8. Inspection of river-wall in HupeL... July 16. Building and canal works in Kokonor... Aug. 17. RIVERS LND CANALS. r. Censor Wang Yung-kwan on Yellow River... Feb Thanksgiving for safety of banks of Canal... Feb Repairs to embankments of Yellow River... Feb. 17 Safety of banks of Canals... March 6. Works of repair begun in Chihli... Repairs to Grand Canal and lock... Cenaor Lin Shui-chi urges repair of Canal... Progress and cost of repairs to River e~nbankmente... Floods on south bank of Yung-ting R. iver... Completion and cost of Yellow River works... Rise in Yellow River and affluent8 in July... Inspection of Canal and Yellow River New Canal excavated in Chillli f... State of Yellow River and Canal... Scheme of repair for Canal... Safety of Yellow River and Canal \Trorke... Rewards to Yung-ting River staff... New Calla1 in conuexion with Peiho.... April 9. April 16. bfay 29, June June 4. Aug. 7, 18. Aug. 13. Aug. 27. Aug. 28. oct. 13. oct Oct. 29. Nov. 2. 3, 15. h'ov. 6. Nov CIVIL AND MILITARY ADJIINISTRATION. APPOINTI\IENTS. Sh6n Pihg-cheng-Judicial Commissioner in Honan... Jan. 1. Do. Transferred to Szech'wan... June 2. FQng Tettu-kwang-Taotai at Shanghai... Jan. 2 Li Hung.cLang. WBn.siang. and Pao-yUn-Honours....Jan. 9.. Liu Kw'&n-yih-Acting Gov..Genl. of Two Kiang... Jan 12, March 28. Chih-kang-Resident at Urga... Jan 26. Ch'Bng-lin and'un-V~ce.Presidents... Jan 28. ~h&n Kwei-f&n and Ying-kwei,- honours... Feb 6 Ch'&n Sze-kiehaudicial Commissioner in Sbantung... Feb. 6. Kwei-ts'ing and Na-j&n-Vice-Presidents... March 14 Ts'ung-shih-Acting Mil..Governor of March 18 Ts&ng Kwo-ts'tian-Governor of Shensi... March 22. Do. Gov..General of Yellow River... March 27, June 27. T'an Chunglin Governor of Shensi... March I: F&ng Kwang-yiin-Secretary of Grand Council... March W6n.ohe-Taotai in Shansi March 29 Sh&n Pae-chdog-Gov.-General of Two Kiaug and Superintendent of Trade:... May 30, July 15 Hia Hien-lun-Taotai of T'ai-wan... June 25. Li K'ing-aiang-Governor of Honan... July 2 Mu-t'u-shan-Acting Mil..Governor of Kirin... July 6 K'i-yiian-Acting Civil Governor of FBng-t'ien... July 9. Do. Vice-President of Board of Revenue at Moukden... Aug. 24 Tu Jui-lin- Judicial Commissioner in Sxech'wnn..,... July 27 Chang Yoh-ling-Judicial do. FuLkien... Aug. 29 Lao W&n-pin-Taotai in Shensi... Aug. 29. Liu Kw'en.~ih-Gov..General of Two Kwang... Sept 2 Liu Ping-chang-Governor of Kiangsi... Sept 2 Financial and Judicial Commissioners... Sept 3. Prefect of Nan-ch'ang Fu... Sept 4. Financial Commissioner of Kwangtung... Sept. 22 i Governor of Sl~un-t'ien Fu Sept. 22 Taotai at Tieutain... Sept. 23. President of Board of Works Oct 4 vii... Do. Censorate... Oct Comptroller of Household Oct 4 Secretaries to Grand Council... Oct 9. Governor, kc., of Kwei-cbow... Oct. 12 Prefect of Kwei-yang Fu Oct 16 Ting Jih-ch'ang-Governor of Fullkien... Dec. 11. $ Chow Kia-mei-to sub.directorsbip... Dec 11 Hiug-kw'ei-Judicial Commissioner of Chehkiaug 1... Dec. 12. Liu Ch'ang-yeo-Gov.-Geul. of YCi~~nnn and Kweicbow. Dec. 3 i Governor and Financial Colnmisaiouer of Kwaugsi... Dec. 3. A. Judicial Commissioner of Kansuh... Dec. 3. Taotai and Prefect in Kansuh... Dec. 4,5. Censor Yeo'wau to Supervisorate... Dec. 19. Judicial Colnmisaioner of Kwangsi... Dec. 31. DECEASE OP OFFICIALS. Ex-Salt-Comptroller of Kwsngtung-Eulogiutu... Jan 11, 21. &ling-shan. Comptroller of Household... Jan. 28. Ex-Governor Tsinng Yih-li... Feb Tu.hing.ah, Mil..Gover~lor of SbBng.king.... March 18. April 1. K'iao Sung.nien, Gor..General of Yellow Hiver... March 27, Ap~2. 12.

8 / viii Colonel killed in action with Formosan savages...- April 24. Ts'ien Ting.ming, Governor of Honan... July 2. Tsiin.ta, Financial Commissioner of Kwangtung... Sept. 22. Oct. P. Ts'ung-lun, Comptroller of Household;- &c... Oct 4. Ts61lg PLkwang. Governor of Kweichow... Oot. 12, 27. Wang KPai.t'ai. Governor of Fuhlti.6~.... Dec 11 Kw'ai Bo.sun, Judicial Commissioner of Chehkiang... Dec. 28. P~LIC SERVICE. Wu Ytian-ping assume0 Governorship in Kiangsu... Jan. 1. Ting resumes do. Shantung... Jan. 11. Malpractices of Di~trict Magi~trsbe Yi~~g.han, in Kansuh... Jan. 2. Gov..Genl. of Two.Kwang. reachea Peking... Jan. 4. Arbitrary conduct of Sub-prefect in FQtlg-t'ien... Jan 4 Ma Ju-lung punished for harbouring a rebel... Jan 6. Li Tsung-hi Retires hom GOT.-Gen1.-ship of TaoKiang. Jan. 12, Feb. I. Degradation of a Taotai in Kiangnan... Jan. 12. Grand Secretary Wbn-siang again eotreate leave to.retirs.. Jan Do. Li Hung-chang-at Peking... Jan 28, 30.. Gov..General of Two Kwang-audienm of leave Jan 28 Tiug'ang. Taotai of Tientsin. retention for service... Feb. 3, 21. Ting'ang, Taotai of Tient~in, memorial against service... Feb. 23, Narch 1. Ting'ang, Taotai of Tientsin, eanction revoked.. March 21. Censor Yiian Ch'Bug-yeh on oivil service and sale of office... March 3, 25. Censor Wang Yung.kwan, on civil service and sale of... 05ce -... i. March 9. Censor Wang K5ng.k.i disgraced for unworthy conduct... Feb. 11. Kwoh Sung-tao arrived at Peking... Feb 13 Ts'ung-ehih to proceed as Commissioner to Sh2ng.king... Feb. 21. Descendant of Coufucius-visit to Peking....March 8, July 17. Magistrate aashiered in Hupeh... March 8. Do. removed in Chehkiang. abse~lt without leave.. &larch 10. Censor Wei-kang on corruption of. public service... Feb. 28, March 15. Taotai cashiered in Kansuh... March Dispatchee damaged by rain in transmission... March Deliberative Aasembly convoked... :... April 3 Deceased. Magistrate in default in Shantung... April 5 Taxes remitted in honor Accession... April 6.. P'an Wei, Finance Comm of Fuhkien, retires March 30 Cuslorns' Taotai of Tienthummonrd to his post... April 6, June 10. Grand Secretary W6ng-siang relieved of certain offices... April 8, 24. Gor..General Li Hung-chang proceeds to Tientsin... April 9. Deceased Magistrate in default in Honan... April Lit. Chancellor Fei, exposure of abuses... April 13. Tiug Jihech'ang. arrived at Peking... April 15. Do. asks leave to retire. and takes leave... June Do. receives two months conge... Aug. 20. Proposed removal of a cousin from neighbouring post... April 16. Do. reform of Constabulary syatem at Peking... April 21. Change of name by officials bearing Imperial cognomen... May 15. 'Fire in Board of Revenue at Moukden... May Ying-han arrives at Canton as Gov..General May 28 Do. denounced.for misconduct and removed Sept , W Do.. departures from Canton NOV 11 P'&ng YV.lin. memorial oq official corruption June 4 Department &Iagistracies in Chihli Jhne 10. Fire in Board of Punishments June 21. July 2. Do. in Stores of Board of Works June 21. July 2. Corrupt eonductof a Secretary to Board of Reveuue June 21. July 4.. Do.. do. do. do. do. Aug Do. do. do. do. do.... Nov. 12 Accumulations of salt stored in Shausi... June 22 &la Ju-lung takes office as t'i-tuh in Huuan... June 28. Virtues of two individuals extolled by Censor... July 6. Censor Ch'&n I on administrative reform... July Wreck of two cruisers off Gutzlaff Island... July 7. filisconduct of official in Fuhkien... July 10. Restriction of purchase system advocated... July 10 Taxes on banner lands-remission solicited... July 11 Sh6u Pao-chhg refused leave tn resign his poat... July 15. Nominations by Li Hung-chang objected to... July 15. Sh6n Ping-ch&ng allowed to retire... July 26. Aug Extortion by Magistrates in Shantung July 25. Aug 15. Kwoh Sung-tao reports arrival at. Foochow July 26 Full ealary besought for Lit. Chancellor... Bug 15 Governor of R onan takes office... Aug 21 Ytian Pa-h6ng returned from Kaneuh... Aug 23. Proposed reform of Civil service in Sh8ng-king... Aug 24. Sept. 6. Li Hen-chang hands over seal of office in Hupeh... Aug. 24. '1 Shortcomings of Superintendents of Granaries Aug 27. Sept 13, 17 Biography of late Governor of Honsn to be prepared... Aug False charge brought by Magistrate in Kansuh... Aug. 30. Robbery of couriers from Yiinnan and Hupeh... Sept 4 State Appointments of Literary Examiners filled up... Sept Release of convict officials in, Kansuh Sept 3 24 Penalty on Jud. Corn m. of Shensi remitted... Sept 4 Eulogium on lste Governor of Honan. Ts'ien Ting.ming. Sept 8. Improper addrese presented by gonan graduate... Sept Kinglien arrived from Urumtsi command... Oct 2. Gov..General Li Hung-chang at Peking... Oct Civil Comm. of Bauner force at Chinkiang... Oct 6 Command of Peking Gendarmerie. &c... Oct. 6. Further reform in Civil Service in Fang-t'ien... Oct. 28. Nov. 10. Financ. Commr. Ying Pao-she retires... Oct 28. Breach of national mourning rules in Piinnan... Oct. 24. Nov. 19. Military officials cashiered in Sh6ng-king...,... NOV. 5. Government pawnshops at Peking... Nov. 8. Official appointments in Yiinnan... Nov. 11. Officials cashiered in Kirin....No v Magistrate removed in Szech'wan-31issionary troubles... Nov 25 Censor urges abolition of sale of decorations Nov 29. Dec 14 Do. do. repression of luxury... Nov. 29. Deo. 14. Abuses in judicial reports in Ohehkiang... Dec Protest of official against dismissal in Chehkiang Dec 1 I

9 . Penalty on Gov..General and Governor of Hupeh... Deo 16. Censor Teng K'ing-lin on eystematic injustice... Dec District Magiatrate Cashiered in Kiangau Deo 19 Punishment for causing death by bastinado Dec. 30 Esca'pe of one prisoner in ChiLli... Jan. 10. Jailwarden disgraced in Chihli... March 15. Escape of seven prisonere in Chihli... March 29 Censor Wang Chao-Ian on abures of prison management.. March 30 Escape of priaonera in Chelikiang... March 20. Recapture of a prisoner in Kirin... June 23 Defects of prison system exposed... July 20. Escape of condemned felon at Pekiug... Sept. 15. Oct. 2 Do. prisoners in Kirin... Nov. 5. Do. from 7. g Fu... Escorts for prie. re in Kirin... Money and clothing allowance in Shantung... Escape of prisoners in Tsiteihar... Yang Shaoho. memorial on military reform... mar-junks of Naval divisions of Yangtsze... Yang Yobpin. Joint Inapector.Cenera1 of Yangtsze... Do. Inepection of Tientsin and Yaogtsze defeucea... Do. Military Inspectiou of Hwaugp'u and Yangtsze... P'Bng Yil.lin, inspection of yaugtsze Naval Forces... Liu Kw'P'Bu.yih, do. Arsenals and Forts... Triennial inspection in Shemi... Do. do. in Shantung... Mutiny of troops in Szech'wsn... Do. do. at Chinkiang... Cavalry Horaea from Kwangai... Troops withdrawn from Urgq-cost of transport... Donation of pay to troops at Peking... General-in-chief in Fuhkien... 1V.-INSTRUCTION, WORSHIP. -AND PUBLIC INSTRUCTION.. Nov Nov. 16. Nov. 24. Dec. 12. March 1. Feb. 1. April 21. Aug. 28. Nov. 23. May 23. June 18. July 6. July 9. Sept. 5. May 9. May 13.. Aug. 4. Nov. 2. Nov. 17. w t..' > USAGES. 13, 14. Sub-prefect impeached by Lit. Chancellor of F6ug.t1ien. Jau 4. Extra examiuationa iu Ilonour of Accession... Feb. 25. Increase in number of candidates... March 6. Changes proposed iu system of revision... Narch 14. Exau~iuation of examiuers... %lay Examinera for Eonau, Hansuh. aud Shensi... Yap 24. June 2. Do. do. Kiangtlan. &c... July 23. Do. do. Peking... Sept. 5. Endowment of College in Shantuug... June 7. Themes for Pekiug Examinations... Sept Couclusiou of Esaminationa... Oct Manchu examiners appointed... Oct. 13 Military do.. do... Nov. 1. Graduates at Peking examinations... Nov, 3. Liang SBng-pao, harshness in revision... Oct 24. Nov 8, Do. do. retirement from o5ce... Nov Poating orders for Szech'wan candidates Nov. 2 Ch'unghow solicits inerease of examinere... Dec 7,26. WORSHIP Imperial Princes to sacrifice for snow... Jan. 1,iO. Ceremoniea and prayers for rain... April 20. Prayers for rain... May 8, 25. Do. do... June Thank-offerings for rain... June 26. Admiasion of Hii Sh6n to sacrificial honoura... Sept. 19. Oct. 7. Sacrifices at tombs of E ng dynasty... Oct. 26. Prayers for snow... Dec. 17, 25. Usher of sacrificial court punished... Dec. 25. TEXPLES. Memorial tablet for temple of Confuciue... Feb 28. Temple to Cheng Ch'eng-kung in Formoea... Feb. 1 5, 3 Do of Hu She-ning in ChBhkiang... March 13. Do. to Tsung Kwoh-fan at Pao-ting Fu... June 6,20. Do. to God of the Seas at An-p'ing... Oct 2 VIRTUOUS AND DISTIKGUISHED FEJIALES... Women of Anhwei who perished during rebellion... March 2. Aged lady in Chehkiang-honours solicited... March 13. Self-mutilation and suicide of a wife... blay 3. Devotion of a wife and widow in Shantung... July 17. Do. bereaved bride in Kiangai... Sept 19.. Do. do. do. Hupeh... NOV. 6. Oentenarian lady in Yilnnan-honours solicited... Sept. 2. Octogenarian lady in Fuhkiaug- do.... Dec. 25. SUPERSTITION.... ' March. Deified Sub-prefect Wang, protector of Yellow River... Feb Do. do. by God of Seas in Formosa...,... June 3. Oct. 2. hlemorid boards for temple of Dragon God... Sept Guardian deity of district city in Formosa March 3 Divine protection to Yellow River works April 21. May 5. RIETEOEOLOGIY... Destructive storms and floods in Fuhkien... Jan. 23. Fall of snow at Peking... Feb. 9, 3 Snow and rain in Chihli... April 9. Rain at Peking... July 2. Floods and drought in Chehkiang... Nov. 7.. ASTROSO~IY, AS~ROLOGY, AND GEO>IAXCY March. Presage for the New Year... Feb. G.. Tablea of cslculations for the solar eclipse... March 31.-

10 ,. xii Auspicioue day for beginning work at Mausolea... April Rewards to professors of Fhg-shui at do Nov I4 V. -EX!CERNAL RELATIONS. EUROPEAN AFFAIRS.... Jan. 15. April S. Grand Secretary WGng-siang solely devoted to Lin Kwl&n.yih. Minister Superintendent at Nanking... April Do. report on Yiinnan outrage, and Decree... Dec , Oct. 9, 15.. FOREIQN M1ssIoR ShBn Pao-chBng do do.. do. May 30. Ting Jih-ch'ang Assistant Commissioner at Tientsin June 10 Foreign commercial relations at Amoy March 22 Do Affairs in district, Formma April 3 Do Constructors employed in Formosa June 3 Do Drilled troops inspected at Chefoo Sept 5. Do Settlement at Chinkiaug Oct 6 French Missionary robbed-criminals executed.. Oct 12 Do do affairs in Szech'wan Missionary hospital at Hankow h'ov: 25; Sept 17. Li Han-chang appointed to hold enquiry June Relations with Foreign blinistets at Peking Sept 28 Oct 8 Passport privileges and muraer of &Ir Margary Kwoh Sung-tao relieved of functions in Fuhkien Ang 28 Hii K'ien-shen had audience Aug 31 Embassy to Great Britain Suite of Envoys Ch'&n Lan-pi11 awarded a step of rank Sept 7 Dec 11. Kwoh Sung-tao arrived in Peking Nov 30 Do. appointed to Yamen of Foreign Affairs, &c. Dec. 1. COREA, LIU;~'IV,.. iw~ ANAN. Autumn patrol of Corenn frontier... Jan. 5.. Trmaactions at Corean gate... Jan 24 Valedictory decree of late Emperor despatched... Jan. 30. Li.jui, departure for Corea... March 4. Do. return from do... July 2., departure for Corea... May 25. Do. return from do... July 11. Shipwrecked Chinese traders sent back... April 20. Miscarriage of tribute... '... Sept \s. Oct 5 Iuvestiture of Heir Apparent of Corea... Nov. 21, Dec. 9. Do. do. departure of Envoys... Dec Liu-ch'iuan junk arrived at Foochow Jan 23 Do. aliipn~ecked aeamen at Foochow:... March 5. Do. do. juuk in Shantung... Sept. 29. i Do. do. do. Chehkiang... Nov I Rrigands on frontiers of Anam and Kwangtung... Juno i '. Anamese Envoys returned from Peking Jan BURXAH, TIBET, AND ABORIQI~'.ES Lrrneae tribute mission in Ytinnan... May 15 '~urmah>a letter with tribute May 15 xiii Burmese envoy# arrived in Kweichow and Hunan... Do. do Honan and Chihli.... Do. Elephants at Peking... Lassa. Judicial enquiry at... Tibetan lamas proceeding to Peking... Do. dignitary. escort furnished to... Kwangsi aborigines apply for naturalization... Sept.10. Sept Sept.29. April 10. April June 25. July 11. k-ung-ts'lian asks leave to resign Military Governorship.. Jan.5. Funds provided for E n Shun's army... Jan. 19. Feb 3. Kin Shun arrived at Barkul... Feb.3. Do appointed Captain-General of Urumtsi... May 4. Do. has seal engraved... Aug.4. Tso Tsung-t'ang and Kin Shun placed in command... blay 3. Ili, capture of, in 1864-honours to the slain... April 10, 29. Do. do. further honours... Aug.16 Distribution of aupplies at Barkul... July 23. Works of defence at Uliasutai... July 29. Yrian Pao-hang returns from charge of Intendancy... Aug.15. Eami, prayer for remission of melon tribute... Aug.11. Do., troops at, urgent appeal for funds... Aug.25. Do. and Barkul, prices of provisions at... Aug.25. Do., Ming-ch'nn retained in office at...,... Oct.26. Tarbagatai, cultivation of grain at... Dec.9. Lend ore to be utilized for military neds... Dec.28. S!!XA3f.VESSELS Gunboate lost in typhoon on coast of Formosa... Jan. 23. Do. in charge of Liu-ch'iuan junk... March 5. Do employed against pirates in Chehkiang... March 13. Do. do. rebels in ichchuria... July Do. do on Coaat of Formosa Oct 2 C. M. S. N. Co.'s Steamers loading grain from Kiangsi... Jan. 20. Do. do. do. Kiangsu... March 30. D o. do. do. Chehkiang. April 7, May 30. Do Steamer Fu-sing lost by collison... Aloy 3 June 4 1. Do. do., Censor's reference to... June 13. Do. Shipment of Grain from Hu~eh... June 6. Do. do. do. Kiangsi Aug Do. do. do. Hunan... Oct. 4.. Ting'ang, Navy Commissioher at Foochow... Dec. 29. V1.-PROVINCML AND COLONIAL AFFAIRS. ~IANCHURIA Gold.hunters, disturbances by. in Kirin... Jan 26. Do do do... Oct. 3. Nov. 16. Do. do. in Sh8ng-king... Nov. 22. Ninguta, capture of. by insurgents... Jan. 26. July 18. Do. recaptured in May 5. Kirin. state of garrison troops... Nov. 16. Hu-lsn T'ing. attack on jail... April 14. May I.... 'i


12 ABSTRACT OF PEKING GAZETTES. Jan. lst,.-(1)-d Decree. Let Sltdn Ping-c11'Bng (the present Taotai at Shanghi) be appointed to the vacant post of Judicirll Con~~nissioner for the proviiice of HOII~II.. (2)-A Decree. Wllereas,.qirlce tile come mellcement rillter, tile fall of snow at pekillg llas been very sligllt, alld need, of lnoisture experiellced by tile soil is of inlportallce, Our llenrt is profo,lil~~y with devollt nl,sie~y. \, ordaitt tllerefo1.e tl~;rt ot~ the 4th ir~st;i~tt, tlte Prince of KIIII~, Yi'11-sit], do revererttly ' offer incet~se OII our behalf at the 'l'a K~ro- Tien,-and that it~cet~se be at the same a;rtlte ob'ared severally by the Prince of TLIII, Yilh-tsung, at the Sl~ili Ti~lg Kut~g, by tlte Prince of Clr'u~~, Yih-l~w;r~~, at the Cllao Hien 3Iiao ; by Ll~e Prince uf Fu, Yilt-]lwei, at the Sii;r~~ Ji.11 Miao ; by the Prince of H<vei,Yil~-siang, at the Ning Ho ' BIiao... (3)-Wu Yiian-ping, nemly appointed Governor of ICiangsu, reports 11is arrival OII the 27th Nove~nher at Nankii~g, where on the 30th 110 received the seal of 11is ofice fro111 the Governor- General, alio 11ad been te~nporarily in cl~nrge of it, toyetl~er wit,lt imperial death warrant, arcl~ives, etc. He will i~nriiedintely set out for Soocho\v, to enter OII his official residence. /. nor of Sllantung, reports I~avii~g received on the 3rd Dece~nber, on his return to the.. provincial capital, the imperial rescript ~~egativi~~g ltia xpplicatio~~ for pernlissio~l to visit Pekiug and present l~imself before his Majesty. (See Gazette of Dec. 13, 1874): He resumed his seal of othce OII the (5th December. His locum tette~is, Well-pin, the Governor-General of the Grail1 Transport, at the same time reports 11is withdrawal from the acting Governorship. Jan. 2nd.-(1)-A Decree. Let Fbng. Tsiin-kwang ;& k x- be appointed to the vacant post of Intenda~~t of tl~e Xu- : Sung-Tai Circuit (Taotai at Sllanghai). (2)--A Decree, in pursuance of a further report from the Boards of Civil Office aud War, co~~ferri~l~ donatioils, in Itonour of the Empress-Mother's 40th birthday, 011 two more octogenarian ladies. The illother of C11~11g Cl~ao-tung, G-overnor of Kwarjg- ~IIII~, receives a lablet imyerinlly it~scribad, a sanddrvood sceplre illlaid mitl~ jade, and a ~ IUIILL.'~~ of rolls of silk and snti~~. The ~nollier of n Brigadier-G-e~le~l in Kwallgsi is ~ red Wit11 Sinlilar gifts. (3) Tlte Gover~~or-Get~eral of Slte~~si and l<at~sult~~el~torial~zes with refere~tce to the co~~d~~ct of the late Magistrate of Ll~e Tunkrra~~g district (the extreme western fror~tiar-city itlcluded witl1i11 the 1i111iLs of l<iuisulr). 'l'l~is ollicer is accused of having bee11 iu league wit11 one of his clerlcs, some relatives, a ~ ~ a Xii-jin d grad1tat.e of the district, ill exte~lsive n~alr~ersirtio~~s of the yr;riu stored 1111der l~is jurisdiction, under vretext of SUDD~Y~IIE the ar111v c01111nissariat, and fu&& ofver~ortin~ large srlma of nloney by Ineans of requiuitions from t,l~e people. He is also cl~argecl with I~rving wrongfully cansed the deirth of a pelty official delegated OII a 1nissio11 by a Taotai in KLIIISLI~, wit11 some scores of the soldiers acuornp;~~tying him. The Magistrate I~iniself, Itavi~~g been bro~tgl~t as a prisor~er to the yrovi~~cialcapital, has there died from disease, a~td he is conseque~~tlj beyond the reach of put~ishn~er~t ; but steps ha\-e behl take11 to cause the arrest at Han~i of his late retainer and cot~federate, mlto is found to 11ave p11rc11;ised the r:rrrk of assistant magistrate under an assunled name, and. to I~ave obtained entployment as a volunteer under the antbalr of Hami. It is furhlter requested that the Itii-je^i~ graduate be stripped of his degree, and of l~onours and promotion conferred up011 l~ini owing to n~isreprese~~tatio~ts.-kejcript asaetiting to these proposals. (4) -The Assistant Resident at K'urun (Urga, the capital of wester^^ hlongolia), n~en~orializes representing that the city in questio~~ is the seat of goverli~nent for the two eastern tribes of the Khalkhas, and.. that since insurrectionary troubles began to make tl~elnselves felt, it has becoule the

13 headquarters of the troops employed for defensive purposes, as well as of traders from far lrnd near. Tl~e officer charged with the eup.erintendeuce of the traders has been directed at once to enforce a stringent control, and also to encourage the growth of tl~e commercial population, in order to pronlote the assemblage of tl~e supplies that the increase in the number of inhabita~~ta has renderrd needful. It now appears, however, that wit11 a largely augmented population, the nun~ber of l~ouees in tl~e trading quarter, which is limited by regulation, is inautlicient, and tl~ere is not storitge-room ellough to guard tl~e merchandise brongl~to the spot from expoaure to the weather. 'I'l~e Assiatant Resident 118s therefore granted permission to the trading comrnu~~ity to build houses as they see fit, to meet tl~o demand for accom~nodation. Rescript : It in Resident and Assistant Resident at Kobdo meniorialize reporting that for some time past the post road through the region of Uriangl~ai and of tlie Turgut tribe has been infested by bands of Mongol robbers, who l~are made the cou~~try about the Burkhan river their especial haunt. A party of 20 soldiers was sent out in August last to scour the country in pursuit of these banditti, and olle ~norning at daylight, four of their l~orees were stolen from the picket by two of the robbers of whom they were in searcl~. After a long chase, the four stole11 I~orses were found tethered outside two &long01 tents in a seclucled valley, with seventeen others, and after a eharp struggle the occupants of the tents, four Dl?ngols, were captured and brougl~t in as prisoners. They have been executed, and their heads pnspended as a warning, at the scene of tl~eir offence. Jan. 3rd-(I) A Decree. Let the Board oonaider and report with reference to the memorial from the Censor Hu T'ing-kwei, who requests that the revenue and expenditure of the several provi~~ces be stringently audited, with a view to the enforcement of economy. (2) A Decree, based on a memorial from the Superintendents of the Imperial carriage department, complaining that heavy arrears of revenue are left owing to the funds of that establiabment. Tl~eGovernor- General of Cl~il~li is directed to cause an immediate payment of Tls. 8,700 to be made, and to give orders to his aubordi~~ates for the collection and payment of the long-standing arrears of gcound:rent appropriated to thki departmenh Jan. 4th.-(Court circular). The Governor-General of the Two Kwang paid his respects on his arrival at Peking. (1) The;Assistant Governor and Literary Cha~~cellor of Fbng-t'ien ( Manchnria ) memorializes impeacl~ing the sub-p~efect of Kin-chow T'ing for having arbitrarily and il~egallg flogged certain licentiates of his department. No less than 29 petitions have been lodged with the departnrental supervisor of instructiol~, on the part of the civil and military graduates under his jurisdiction, protesting agai~~st this violation of the privilege of their order. It appears that the three individuals who euffered the illdignity cornpla~ned of 11ad been snn~n~oned with others to take their turn o n~ilitary duty, and happelled to be behit~d time on the 4th November last, when the nagi istrate required them to escort his family to the ~rovi~~cial caoital. whither he was sendineihetn in cons^equence of a rebellious outbreak that had ucc~irred. IIe flew into a rage at their delay, and, tlot content with yomlnelling them with his own hands, 110 caused them to be stripped and to be beaten to the extent of upwards of 300 blows. Scarred and bleeding, they were still furtl~er outraged by being thrown into co~~tinement in chains. According to the reyulations laid down in the handbook for the literary directorate, trivial offences on the part of liaentiates are to be notified by the district authorities to the superinte~~de~~ts of instruction, who will inflict penalties ; and in the case of offences of a serious order, the guilty person is to be sentenced only after having been deprived of his grade by the Literary Chal~cellor. The sub- Prefect who has inflicted corporal punishment regardless of the immunities secured by these regulationn, has incurred a severe penalty, and he is accordingly denounced. A rescript cashiering the official in question has already appeared. Jan.. 5th.-(1)-Tl~e Governor of Sl~ensi, Shao Hang-yii $P renews his ap- - peal for leave to retir. from the public service. In the course of lust year he twice had congks granted him for the care of his health, and having with a great effort returned to the discharge of his duty, he hae hoped for a gradnal recovery, but in vain. He is troubled with asthmatic cough, bowel complaints, and a continually increasing weakness. He is compelled to rely on assistance when moving about, and grows dizzy after being seated for a short time at his table. He assures his Majesty that his applioation is dictated by no selfish desire - for rest, and that if he should be so fortunate as to recover his strength in the least,, lie would hasten to lay hia forehead in the dust before the Palace gate and ask for re-employment. The' people within his. jurisdiction are happy and prosperoua, steps. having bee11 talcen to relieve, where necessary, the distress caused in certain local-.. ities by floods and hailstorms.-rescript : Let Sl~ao Hdng-yii take one month's cong6. Be need not vacate his poet. (2)-'Che military Governor of Ili, Yungts'iian$&, memorializes beseeching the speedy appoint~nent of a successor to relieve him in his present post. He is oppressed wit11 maladiesof different descriptiolis, and although he has obtained remedies from Peking, there are no physicians on his wild border station who can properly diagnose his complaint. His breathing is at times affected, and his speecl~ confused-of late he 11as been uuable to sleep at night, and both liis lo\ver - extremities suffer from increasing muscular contraction, wllilsl at the same time his eyesigl~t is growing dim. He feels tl~at the responsibility of military command is too heavy for 11im to bear. The present memorial, he adds, is drafted on 11is behalf by the chief of his staff.-rescript : Let Yul~g-ts'iistl take two montl~s' cong6. He need not vacate his post. (3)-The Military Governor of Fbng-t'ien reports the conclusio~r of the autumn patrol of the Corean frontier, according to tlie regulation which imposes the duty four times per annum. In the summer and autumn quarters, the duty is discharged by Chinese and Corean oficials jointly, the object being to keep an eye on squatters who would, if not restra~ned, cross the frontier and take possession of the uncultivated border-landa. In Allgust last a Manchu colonel was appointed to discharge the duty of the autumn patrol, and the King of Corea was notified in due time by the Eoard of Ceremonies at Rloukden to give orders to the authorities of his own country to the same end. Colonel K'ing-si has now reported that he has proceeded to the Corean frontier, and has patrolled it in concert with a Corean official, who, on the 8th OcLober, delivered to him a stamped certificate setting forth the fact that the border is in a state sf tranquillity. - Jan: 6th.-(Court Circular). Audience was given to the Gra~~d Council, tl~e Ministers of the Presence, tlle Comptrollers. of the Household, and the Ministers of - -the Imperial Study. (N.B.-This in con- -mqaence of the grave relapre in his Majesty's state of health, which declared itself yesterday). (1)-The Presidents of the Board of War me'~iorialize 011 the case of the rebel outlaw Chang Cl~ao-sl~ow, who was detected lately 111 the train of General Ma Ju-lung on 11is visit to Peking (see Gazette of Dec. 6, 1874). On being brought to trial, the culprit confessed his identity, stating that after assuming a false name 11e had enlisted as a brave ill tl~e service of Ma Ju-luog, to wl~o~n he never revealed the circu~~~stances of his past history. Ma Ju-lung likewise steadfastly denied any knowledge of the antecedents of the man. Upon this the Board of Punishments solicited that the Board of War be called upon to prouounce a decision as to the penalty which sl~ould be inflicted upon M a Ju-lung, and the present, report is in pursuance of a rescript to that effect. The only legal enactment which can be discovered as applicable to the case is the following: If any convict under transportation to Turkestan, who bylaw has incurred the penalty of deatl~, make his escape, and if he take up his abode in any other place for a period exceeding half a motitll, the district authority who has failed to detect him sl~all be degraded by one step, and left in office. Further provisoes define the additional degrees of severity that may be given to sentences of this kind, for laches in the didcharge of official duty; and it, is proposed that the severest degree of penalty be now inflicted, to wit, entire deprivation of rank, with retention, of ofice.-a rescript confirming this haa already appeared. (2)-The Vice-president Ho T'ing-k'ien preseut a report embodying the result of his survey of one of t11e buildiugs of the Eastern Mausolea, which is in a completely ruined state. Details are given of the works of reconstruction that are required. January 7th.-The Censor Ying-chBn, e member of the Imperial lineage (ts~cng-shih), and Itis colleagues, charged with the supervision of the roadways, memorialize reporting midconduct on the part of a member of the I~nperial lineage who has bee11 found keeping an opium-shop. On the l&th ~aember last the Censor Liu Kwoh-kwang, in the execution of his duty, was passing along a certain street in the north part of the city, when he observed a heap of liquid mud in front of a shop, which 11e ordered the keeper of the shop to level. The man not only refused to obey, but also raised all unseeml cla~nour ; and when the Censor's attenfants were directed to make him aprisoner, five-or six men came forward who renisted tb

14 arrest. On their beirrg aslted as to tl~eir complained that his uncle, a ferrym'sn occupation, they ack~~owledged~tl~emselves named Dla King-fBng, had been carried to bo keepers of an opiu~ri-shop, and off as a prisol~er to P'u Cliow, ill S~I~IIanother person next came forward, wearing ~ I I I I ~ by, :1 police rnuner na~ned Fallg Man, a button, who stated himsolf to be a tszeng- and otliers, in revellye for the capture shih (Impsrial cla~~sn~a~~), be1011gi11g to of certain l~igl~rvaynie~l wit11 ~~ho~n they tlie bordered white banner, named Siang- were in league, and whom 31% Icing-fbllg ling, wl~o made opposition to tl~ enquiry, had delayed by refusillg to ferry them across and raised violent uproar in the public a river when pursued. It was alleged that ' street. As 11e was a tu~~,tg-saih, 11e was Fung Dlan a11d his fellow police runners not apprehended at the time, bnt mns had pnt Rla King-fi.11g to dent11 in an inn, subsequently sr~mmoned before the proper and t.11at all attempts to bring them to military authority, together with a com- justice lrad been defeated. The Governor pnnion named F6ng-krv'ei, also a banner- now reports that on Ma Ch'ao-i being sent man; cr set of articles nsed in opium smok- to the provillce from Peking, and an ining and the I~ouse-regieter being at tlie vestigation being ordered, an official was same time produced. The individuals despatched to P'u Cl~om to investigate were e~lbsequently brol~ght before the Cen- the case in concert with the departsineat aors, when Siang-nang (aliac Siang-ling) Magist.rate. Their enquiry elicited tl~e fact alleged that 110 h:td t;~ken possessi.on of the opium-ahop on the abscondiug of the actr~al proprietor, a man 11:lmed Li, fro111 rvlio~ti he had claimed repayment of a debt. 111 the house-register, however, which was issued in October last, thesl~op is entered ns kept by Siaug-ta, of the bordered white banner, and the names of three assistants are given. It further appears that Siang-n811g was in lengue with,yled tsung+shih, a notoriol~s bad charactor, and that the opium-shop rvns frequented a8 n receiving house for stoleil property by a numer- ous gang of vngabo~~cls. Numerous cl~arges have bee11 preferred iu tlie Imperial Clan Court against Sia~~g-na~~g ; aud it is IIOW solicited tliat proper legal proceecli~~gs be instituted against this delinquent and his associates. 111 a postscript memorial, it is req~~eeted that the regulations be put in force wliicll prohibit the members of the In~perial lineage from living in the outer or Chinese city. It is found that tl~cir in~munities are availed of by certain members of the clnn, to give shelter and assistai~ce to criminals. (2)-The Governor of KIvallg-si, Liu Cl~'a11g-Yeo, 111e~o~i~li~es reportillg the Allalllese envoy Pjan S]le.ahull, :nld his suite, on their return fronl tile trlt)ute embassy to peltillg, llaring arrived at tile provi~~cial capital on June. 211d, set ollt subsequently on tileir fur f ller jollrlley that there was no such person as Fa~ig JIml employed as a police runner. The two other persons implicated, Fang T'ing-lin and Fang T'sing-piao, being ill, were unable to ulldertalie tlre jo~~rr~ey to the provincial capital, and only the docl~ments relatil~g to the case were conseque~~tly transinitted bo the Judicial Corn~nissioner. On this being done, the appellant, Ma C11'ao-i, came forward and voluntarily acknowledged the fact of the case to be that his uncle, 11aving been induced by certain persons who are not in c~~stody commit divers ac'.a of robbery, had been apprehended by tlie P'u Chow autliorities, and had died from disease in prison. He 11ad not been wrongflllls. laic1 hold of, confirled in an ini~, and pllt to death by the police, (as stated in. his appeal). He had brought forward this charge in ignorance of the real facts, while tilled with grief for llis uncle's death ;,but now, having assured himself of Ihe true particulars, he ~vould not venture to persevere in a false charge, and he begged that the production of \vitnesses to be col~fronted wit11 him might be dispensed with. He acknowledqed that there vias 110 ~11~11 person as Fang &Ian. 011 referring to the docu~ne~lts it appears that in Jai~uar~ 1873, the then department ~~~~~~~~~ate of P'" C:ho\~ apprehended culprit 111~1ned Ma Urh-lna Tsai, nho nas the sallie with King-fbllg, and who confessed to sundry acts of robbery at diffel-eut- places. homeward, alld are ~ reported by tile The prisoner's father, A1a Sin-ltirn, and a local authorities as l ~ crossed ~ the ~ relat,il-e, i ~ came ~ to the ~ Riagistracy to apply frolltier at the CltBn Nail border-station for his release ~ii~bail, but it nas refused, and he died in prison on the 15th on the 20th September. Investigation has thus proved the falsity Jan. 8th.-The Governor of Shsntung of Ma Ch'ao-i's complaint, but as it reporta the rel~eali~~g of an appeal case originated in grief for his uncle's death, referred baclc from Peking (see Gazette of tl~+re is a distiuction between its nature May 15, 1874). The con~plai~~ant, Ma and that of a wa~~tonly calumnio~~s charge. Ck7ao-i, a native of K'ai Chow in Chil~li, As, nioreover, he acknowledged the fact - before trial, he is entitled to lenient treat- souer was received at that district from ment, and sho~~ld be exeri~pted fro111 another magistracy, to be forwarded on, ptlt~ishme~~t. Rescript: Let lliu 13oard of and or1 the followir~g ~norr~ing, after Punisl~~iients take ~~ote. esnrnit~ation of tl~e fetters, a gutrrd of (2) The Gover~~or of Sl~antung rep0rt.s police and soldiers was detniled to es.cort the settlement of s~lother appeal case, with the nian 011 to hl~o uext starge. Some of the invariable result, viz., tho establish- tlie soldiers and police lagged behi~~d ment of the utter falsity of the charge on account of ill~~ess. At a curtnil1 poilit, - preferred at Pelti~~g. on the journey, tl~e prisoner wits allowed Jan. 9th.-(Court Circular). Bad to- get out of the cart for a pnrpose, and audience-the Grand Cou~~cil, t.he BIinis- just at that n~qlne~~t a gnle of wind came ters of the Presenca, the Comptrollers of OII \\*l~icli startled tho mnles and caused the Hoasel~old, and the Jlinisters of the then1 to rull array. U'l~ile the guard Hung TBli Tien (imperial study). were rnntliny nftur the cart, the prisouer?'. A D~~.~~. ~~t ~i ~ ~ be ~~~~d ~ managed ~ to break his - fetters and ~ escape. h lie has not bee11 recaptured. Tl~e offeuce SecretarJ' of the "an ~"Ja~~e~2Sgf$; of w11ic1 118 was g11ii~y ivas t ~~at of causing I :' \?'bn-sin~~e - ba Grand Secretary of the \\ ll tho death of a inilrried vom:rn, nl~oin he Ying Tien 3!$$; and Pao-yiin be threw down aucl Iriclted, for \vhiclt 110 had been senteuced to strang~~lat~o~i. Tl~e Grand Secretary of tlie T'i Jbn Kok Magistrate's investigation had elicited 110 #!!CM* proof of guilty connivance at 11is escape (Note.-The above indicated re-arrangeon the part of the soldiers aud police. The ment of the titles of three out of four Governor-General pronounces it as his opi~iio~~ that decided ~~eglige~~ce has been Ta +Ti0 Sze, or Grand Secretaries, the fourth being Tso Tsung-t'a~~g,, Goyernorshown, and begs that tlre two d~strict General of Kansuli and Shensi, is coilsemagistrates concerned be adjudged a quent up011 the death of Juili~~, Governorpenalty by ll~e proper Board. General of the two Kwa~~g, aud Graild Jan 11th.-(Conrt Circular)-The Prince Socretarv of the Wbn Hwa Tien. The of I<u!~g returns tl~anks for the gift of a 1ocalizat;on of each of the four titles sable-skin robe. connects them with certain buildings with- (3)-A Decree replying to a memorial in the palace-city, without any actire from the Governor-General Tso Tsnngsignificance as regards fu~ctiol~s attach- t'ang, who, in reporting the dent11 of the ing to the post-indeed, the position of late ex-salt Co~nptroller of Kwangtung, Grand Secretary, although the Iiigl~est prize Cliung K'ien-kiin, dwells upon the liberof the Chinese bureaucracy, and a~~alogo~~s ality and public spirit with wl~ich he - to the honourable disti~~ction of Field Mar- contributed from his official inco~na to the shal in the British army, does not neces- relief of the distressed (as reported a few aarilg carry with itanyincrease of influence mo~itl~s ago). Sanction is given to the or voice in the affairs of the Government. Governor-General's applicatio~~ that matc- What is remarkable in the present re-ar- rials for the biography of the deceased rangemei~t is that the senior post is given be supplied by the aut,liorities of Hupeh to a Chinese, Li Hung-chnng, who moves and Ji\~anyt~ing f.0 the Ofico of fl~e up from the Wu Ying Tien, illstead of to National Historialla, to be duly enrolled a $Ianchu, to whom precede~~ce l~as aln~ost amollg the lives of distinguislled public invariably been assigned under like cir- aervnn ts, aa an encouragement lo others. cumstances hitherto). (a).-the Governor of HOII~II reports Jan. 10th.T(l) &Decree, reforri~lg again tho reheariug of an appeal case referred to the want of snow in the i~eigllbourhood back froin Peking. Tlio acc~isation of of Peking. 111 addition to the propitin- murder to ivhicll it rclates grew out of b ' tory oeer~ngs commanded by docree OII tli~ i~~cicleuts ill the Xiell-fei disortlars of st illstant, it is I I ~ W further ordai~~ed Llrat 1862, ar~d the accused persol1 iu pronou~rced 1,..,......J..,.. incense bo again okered ou tho 13th illat., i11noce11t of the cl~arge.... by five of the Imperial Princes at different,tan. 12th. (L)-A Decree. Li Tsung- I.?.:,. temples. 11i ~ilen~orializes declaring that Iris conl- -'i.. (2)-The Governor-Geueral, Li Hung- plaint grows daily more severe, and ;'.. ;, -.. 'chang, n~emorializes denouncing the oflicinla beseeching por~nission to resigu his office. :l~~awerable for the escape of a prisoner Let Li Tsung-lii vacate his office, and while under conroy. It has been.reported attcncl in tranquillity to the care of his to' him by the District Magistrate of lioalth. Let Liu Kw'bn-gill act tempo*.. - ":Slia-110 that on the 6th September a pri- rily as Gover~~or-General of the TWO.


16 pression may in some aligllt part be given of the Soutli and West the Miao and Muato the grief that fills our III~II~. sul~nan insurgents have been severally As regards all the acts of sacrifice conquered, and hro~~gl~t illto subn~ission. and vorsl~ip prescribed by canon for Tranquillity hau bee11 every~vl~ere restored; the Te~nples of the State, it is fitting but tliougl~ the ~niseries of war have ceased, 11otlling be din~inisl~ed tl~e allotted the wounds of our people are not yet ceremonial on accoun~t of the present healed. Whe~~ever tl~ir thought has occu- ~nour~~i~~g. Let therefore the departlnents pied Our rni~~d) sleep and repose have bee11 that are co~~cer~~ed nssenible to decide alike denied Us. II'he~~ever, too, in tirnea wl~at steps it is right to talre, as former of visitation by flood or drought, Our precede~~t directs, for tl~e appoi~~t~~~e~~t of gorerllors ill the provinces have prayed Ua officials reverently to discharge the duty to remit taxation or bestow relief, the on Our behalf, or for Our persol~al per- immediate outpouri~~g of Our bounty has forrnance of L11e ritual, a ~ ~ make d report in IIO case bee11 witl~l~eld. The a~~xious to Us thereon. Let tl~e rites of ~no~~rni~~g care that ill the seclusio~~ of Our palace to be observed by the oficials and the has filled our breast must have been people tl~rorlgllout Ll~e empire be con- witnessed by Our ministers aid people dactcd in col~forn~ity wit11 tl~e establisl~ed tl~rougl~oot the empire. rule. Let this be pro~nulgated for tl~e- Our bodily constitation has through Our i11format.ior1 of all in Our capital +nd life been strong, and when in the elevent11 tllrongl~on t tl~e E~npiro. moon of this year We were attacked by Valedictory Nauifesto of the deceased sn~all-pox, We gave the utn~ost care to Emperor. the preservation of Our I~ealth ; but for 6.-An Edict of Hia Mtajesty the Em- sonie days pastour strength has gradually peror, saith :- tiled, until the hope of recovery l~as passed It was owing to the oxalted love of Our way. We recognize in this the will of late Imperial fkttl~er, Our canopy a ~ s~~p- ~ d Heaven. hii11dfu1 of the grave interests port, that tl~edivinevessel + rvau bestowed of the dynastic line, We feel that it behoves npoll Our keep'ng. 1Iavi11,o set foot ill Our Us to trans~nit Our charge to wortl~y cl~ildhood II~OII the 'l'l~ro~~e, ns We suc- hands, and We ]lave now received the ceedod to Our great heritage ill reverent be~~ig~~ Mandate of tl~eir two 3lajesties the devoutness, frum the n ~o~~ie~~t of Our acces- the Empresses, in these words :-"Let Tsai sion We had, gazi~~g upward, to tl~n~~k Tien, the son of Yih H\VRII, Prince of tl~oir two BIi~jesties Ll~e E~npresses for tl~at, iu 0rdering.a~ Regents the affairs of Gov- Ch7u11, be adopted as heir to His Majesty the En~peror M'6n Ts1111g Rien, a ~ enter ~ d emnlent, they devoted night and day to up011 the inherita~~ce of the great dynastic their laborious task. M'l~en, later, in line, as emperor by succession. A special obedience to their be~~ign cornn~ands We Decree." personally assumed the supreme power, We looked on 11igl1 for guidance to the Onr imperial successor is virtuously disposed and filial, nud endowed with bright Ancestral precepts of tlre Sacred Ones intelligence. We are assured that he before Us, and, in devotion to Our gov- will know 110w to accept wit11 reverence tl~e ernment, and love toward Our people, trust that is bestowed. Heaven, who gives made the fear of heave^^ and t,he example the people birth, set,s up a ruler for them, of Our forefatl~ers tl~e mai~~spring of every and makes 11i1n their governor add pastur. act. Co~~scio~ls (lf Our own deficiency, \Ye.Let hinl exert himself co~~tinually with have not dared to do ougl~t bnt lal)our anxious painstaking and diligent awe. By late and early nit11 a~~xic~us agplicxtio~~. n~;~ki~!g choice of his serva~~ts wisely+ 110 To be r~nwernied day LJ' day * ]bas beell will giro the people easo, and w~ll assure Our single purpose. For Inore tllall Our great inheritance for ever. Let Ili~n, ten years past,, blest wit11 Llle colll~sels 111oreo\-er, cherish wit11 filial devotion their of maternal love \Ire 11;lre atrivcrl c:lr- ' hlajesties the two En~presses, and look nestly to adva~~ce toward tl~e Iligllest, pat11 r~yn.ards to co~~sole tl~eir loving hearts. It of order. It l~as, indeed, Ilnppily beell is eqrlnlly Our hope that Our Fli~~isters Rud true that the armies of tlie St,~te, as tiley servants, civil and military, will unite in.aaccsssivelg adva~~ced fro111 poillt to poillt, 11prig11t and loyal efforts, eacl~ zealoug in ]lave va~~q~~isl~ed and subd~~ed tl~e of the discharge of his allotted duty, that Yiiel~ and the Nien, and ill tile - * The Di~ine Vesol or instrument-i.e., tho throne. This metaphor, invaliablg enlyloyet or, occiuloua aucll as the prcsont, ie derived fmm a passage iu tho ~Lrdu~cles af the Hao dp.wty. * The exhortation nddrcssed by Yu to his aoveroign, t A quotation from tho shun-shoo King, B~ok IV., ch, I, lmg, Book 111, Ch. 1, tl~us they may uphold for Our adopted successor a more more glorious iule. If this be done, the cravillgs of Our breast will be assuaged. CouueLB of Kao Yno;' Shoo $n obedience to former usage, let the the last stroke be omitted, and alteration r~bes.of mourning be laid aside at the as a token of respect be made by writing.end of seven and twenty days. Be this the character All books tllak proclaimed tl~rougl~out the Empire for the ipformation of all. have been printed before the issue of this 7.-A Decree. Wl~ereaa in'tl~eleventh decree r l unaffected by it. year of ~ i ~ ~b~~~,, (1861) on tile decease The Court Circular col~tains only the sf His Majesty the Emperor Wen Teung fo1lowiug alllloullcembnts :- Bier~, His Majesty nor departed excused, The Prince of Cll'un appliea for a conge in cbnformity wit11 precedent, the Mancllu of tell d:rys. Generals, Governors-General, Gover~~ore, The Grand Council 11~d audience. Commanders-in-Chief, provincial Commie- (10)-King-show, Consort of the Xmpe- 'aioners of Fi~~ance and Justice, togetller rial Prince, and director of the In~perial wit11 the Comptrollers of the Salt and Equipage Depirrtment, wit11 I~iscolleagues, Custo~na' revenue and Superintendents of memorializes represerlt~ng that in former the manufactories, from tlle duty of corn- times funds were invested by this departing to the capital to do homage before tile meut of the Court in the acquisitio~~ of imperial coffi~l-now, inasmuch as Hie &la- lands by p~~rcl~~ae or mortgage ill differeut jesty llae departed this life and ascellded parts of the Province of Cl~il~li, yielding to the empyrean heights, let all the high an atln11a1 relltiil of Tnela 20, , o5cials concerned take note that tlley need wl~icl~, accordi~~g to reg111atio11 co116r111ed.not ask permission to come to tl~e capital by Decree, sho~~ld be ren~itted at the cud to do homage before the in~perial cofill, to of esicl~ year from the provi~~cial trens~~ry. tlle end tl~at IIO neglect be elltailad ill tile Tl~e a~nuu~it in q11estiu11 served to defray functions of their ofice. What is incu~n- tl~e salaries and ;rllowa~~ces of the oflicers bent upon them is that they do exert e~nployed r~nder tl~e department, as well as their efforts for the con~plete fulfil~~lellt, the expellses of all ki~~ds entl~iled ill the of their duty, a ~ ~ thus d sl~ew tl~e~nselves service. Up to Iaqt year, I~owever, paynot u~~worthy of their trust. 'I'lre mere ments OII t111s account fru~n tlie treasury of for111 of cere~noniitl observa~~ce is not tl~xt Chil~li were in arrear to the an10111lt of four wl~icl~ is i~i~portn~~t. Let this I)e yrumul- I~nntlred and eigl~ty-nine tl~ouatind Tnels, gated for the infor~nation of ;ill. and up~vards. Repeated den~a~~ds fur the 8.-A Decree.-Twan Siu has memo- slim of Taels 8,700, due on accou~~t of the ~norialised, stating that 11is con~plaint gives revenue of last year, have been addressed no hope of speedy recnvery, and he in~plores wilhor~t result to the Governor-Geueral of that 11e may be relieved of his oecial ties, Cltil~li, and it is now besought that he may a ~ that ~ d Ilia state allorvnnce as a duke of be com~nanded to cause imn~ediirte paythe imperial li~~aage be lerntinrited. Let n~ent of he snm ill q~~estion to be made, Twiin Siu be relieved of his duties and his tu~d steps to be taken for the gradual allowance cease. collecli~~n and paymelit uf the arrears.. 9.-A Decree. 111 the 3rd moon of the Jan (1)-A Decreeoftl~~irMi~jesties 26th year of Tao K\vanu (1846) 14is Bfajest.y tbe Ernpre~s Dowitgrr a ~ tl~e ~ d Eu~press tlie E~nperor Siian Tsung Ch'611g, Our Moll~er :-We have rrceived a n~e~norial imperial Ancestor, issued a special edict, from the Pri~loe of TIIII a ~ his ~ d ~ollea~~~e ill the followi~~g terms :- reqnesti~~g that tl~e rict of gr:ice I~eretofore l'tl~e two llalnes [give11 to a11 emperor] bestowed be~~i)\rzrevr~lted. Tl~is applicntion sl~ould not be capricio~~sly altered.ill is illspired by feeli~~gs most 11o11ourable. demon st ratio^^ of respect. He~~cefurward, Let, tl~erefore, as is reqr~ested, the 1101~ours ~ Ia I successor to Lhe Tl~rone being declared, conferred by tl~e Decree of the 23rd let the first cl~trracter of his llalne, as December OII the princes and 'n~i~~isters be before, remain ~u~cl~a~~ged ; neitller let ally di~ninution be made in the strokea of wl~icl~ it is composed. As regards the second character, let decision be taken at the time wi~h reference to the stroke that al10111d be dispensed with. Let tl~ia b; enrnlledamo~~g tl~efundame~~tal inatitntes. Tl~ia l~rrving been revereutly received, Me now, ill respectful obedience to the will of Our angust predecessor, ordirin tllut the first character of the in~periallxlne be wribte~~ as before, 'withor~t necessit,~ of riltefalion. For 4he second character, lot revoked and a~~n~~lled, and let the two steps of 11o11nrary rank conferred by the same 1)ecree nu officialn, 11ig.h and lr~rv, tl~rougl~onthe empire, be at tl~e aanle ti111e revoked and cancelled. Let the proper depart~nt?~~ ts take note. (3)-A Decree of their DI~jevtiea tl~e E~~~press Duwager a11c1 tlie E111prers Rlot11er :-M'e I~nrc received this day a 111elnorin1 fro^^^ tl~e Pri~~ce of Clr'u~,, strrti~~g tl~rit,l~e co~~~plni~~t r111(1at. wl~icl~ Ile formerly labonled l~ns brolce~~ or~t tifresl~, and, ent,reating that special grace be s11e.wll

17 + K'iung-k'iung-Lsai-N-an him in the granting of permission to strive for the preservation of his existeuce. On perusal of the Prince's memorial, expreaued in terms of earnest supplication, wliich are inspired by the moat honourable feeling, We ordain that the Princes, Nobles, Grand Secretaries, the Six Boards and Nine Superior Courts, do consult wit11 careful deliberation up011 the proper course to be pursued, in fulfiln~ent of every requirement of what is right and proper under the circumstai~ces. [N.B.-Tlie Prince of Cli'nn, whose application for leave to resig~i his offices is indicated above, is the father of the cl~ild who has become Emperor of China. According to public report, the Prince was in reality overcome by the shock of the allnouncement; but in any case His High would be obliged to will~draw from his functions as a Minister of the Presence, and his other State einployme~ita, since he could not reuder acts of homage to his OWll Jan. 15th.-(1)-A Decree. We have tl~is day receired a memorial from the Princes and iioblea, Grand Secretaries, and president,^ of the Six Boards and Niue Superior Courts, beseeclling that tlieir Majesties the two Empresses should take upon the~naelves tlie fu~lctions of a Regellcy. Having reverently preaented this for the nffectioiiate perusal of tlieir Rlajesties, We have reverently received the benign Mandate of Bar Majesty the Empress Ts'ze-An-Twan-Yii- K'ang-K'ing and Her Majesty tlie Empress 1 1, lsze-hi-twan-yu-k'aug-i in these words :- - The perusal of the memorial which the Princes and ministers have presented, has made Us to feel with added poignancy the sorrow We are unable to dispel. The institution of a Regency from behind the Curtain * is essentially a temporary expedient. In consideratio11 of the fact that Els Majesty wlio has succeeded to tl~e Throne is at preseut of a tender age, and moreover that, in times SO tilled with trouble the Prlnoes and Millisters cannot be left withotit a source to look to forautliority, We have no choice but to yield consent to their entreaty, until His Majesty who has now succeeded shall. have fulfilled tlie period of his education, when We will forthwith return the government into Hie hands. In reverently receiving this Decree, We have oause indeed to feel devoutly grateful Chui-liru-ling-clu'iq-the expression snnelioned by httorical urnge for tho re ency of an Empress who, with "a csrtain dropped her piwa rrr'to the.&sin of government." for snch benign commands. Notwlthstanding the deficiencies of Our unworthy person, their Majesties the two Empresses have deigned to cause Us by tlieir benign Mandate to enter upon the succession of the great dynastic line, magnifying Us to become recipient of the resplendent Commission from on High ; and, look~ng upward, We have been charged with the burden of the trust committed to Our keeping by His Majesty wl~o has departed. Great is the bequest and difficult tho task bestowed! Sorrowful, sorrowful is Our distress! * Yet, as it ham happily been ordered, the protection of their two Majesties the Empresses is vouchsafed until in person We talte illto Our hands the Supreme power. It behoves ye, Pri~ices, nobles, aud ministers, and officers high and low, to put forth your strenuous efforts, striving one nnd all in uprigl~tness and loyalty to yield wilh joiut accord support to ail ever improving rule. Tlius will ye give comfort above to the aonl in heaven of His Majesty now deynrted, and gratify below tl~e hope of our subjects within tlie liniita of the seas. Grent in aucli case will be tl~e happiuess vouchsafed to Us! Let tlie Pri~lces, nobles, ai~d Ministera as aforesaid duly decide in consultntio~~, and i~ie~norialize upon the arrai~gemei~te n l~icl~ it is proper shoold be made for the conduct of the Regency. Let this be promulgated througl~outhe empire for tlie informet~oii of all. (2)-The benign Maildate of their Majesties the two Empresses has been received a8 follows : Let all the -works undertaken at tl~e huildings on tl~e Tlirue Lakes, wl~etl~er actually in progress or not yet begun, be forthwith disco~iti~~ued. [N.B.-The works in question were ordered to be undertaken in September last, in the neighbourhood of tl~e Imperial Palace, for the accon~modation of the two Empresses Dowager, on the abandonment of the works at Yiian-ming Yuan being decided 011). (3)-A Decree commanding the selection of a posthumous canonical title for Ilia late Majesty, wllose virtues are extolled in the name of his successor. For thirteen years, it is recounted, His Majesty ruled beneath Heaven, in dovout fear and UIIbending reverence. In toilsome devotion to duty, and awe-stricken assiduity, he spent no single day in wliich l~is tlioughts were not devoled, in veneration of Heaven and application of the Ancestral erpresmion attributed by historiantao K'iu-miqg to Duke bi of Lu, on hebring of the dewme of Coduclw ' - preoepta, to industry in the cause of. and love toward 11is people. His perfor~nances of worship at the ten~ples of the State were reverent and. sincere. Re was indefatigable at the proper epochs in his pilgrinlagea to the mausolea of the departed sovereigne. He cherislied in the sublimity of filial piety their two Majesties ings diffused by his Majesty coutribute to the Empreasos. From tlie higl~est a~~tiqui- his recovery, to prostrate hinlself in the ty 11is equal has not lived, as is known dust before the palace gate, and solicit reindeed to all llis subjects. When lie first enlploynlent. (For rescript granting three acceded to the Throne, he laboured diligently, day and niglit, under the direction of the benign maternal counsels,.to accomplish his studies, under the tutelage of learned ministers. In the course of a few years, the rebels of the South and the roving banditti of the North were wliolly_ subdued, aud tl~e provinces of the South and West once more enjoyed tranquillity. His tender. regard for the welfare of his people was ahown in his compassion for - those in bondage under the law, and in the indulgence he displayedin times of disaster from flood and drougl~t. The great assemblago of Princee aud ministers will accordingly deliberate upon the title that it is proper to enrol in the sacred canon. (4)-A Decree uaming tl~e princes, nobles and ministers wllo are to wear mourniug for one hui~dred daye.!\'it11 the exception of those named, all other officials will wear mournir~g for twenty-seven days only. (5)-A Decree of the two Empresses, in reply to a memorial by the Censor Yii Sliang-l~wa, with reference to the two pliysicians who attended his late Majesty. It is commanded that they be stripped of tlieir rank, and continue under this penal ee~iteuce to discharge their official duty. (For previous chastisement sea Gazette of 13th iust.) (5)-Tlie Grand, Secretary Wbn-siaug memorializes (on or about tl~e 28th Dec., 1874), renewing 11ia entreaty for leave to retire from his office. 011 the 30th September last he memorialized to this eeect, stating that l~is health did not permit him to attend to a11 liis duties, and begging to be relieved of his office, in order that he might devote himself solely to the management of Foreign aff,rirs. In reply, 11is Majesty deigned to grant l~iln n further cong6 of three nio~~tl~g. In gratitude for such favours he hastened to occupy himself with restorative treatment, trustiug that after tl~e settlement of the For~nosan &air, lie might, perllaps, be able to resume tho discharge of 11is func-.tions. l'lle Formosan affair, Iiowever, is but juet co~icluded, and his l~ealtl~ is worse. than ever. He. is consequently obliged to reiterate hie entreaty for leave to resign, not feeling himself capable even, ea before, of undertaking to devote l~imself solely to Foreig~~ affairs. If favoured under the circumstauces of his grievous illness with his Majesty's leave to retire for the purpose of attending to the care of hia health, he will not fail, should the bless- monll~s' additional cong6, see Gazette of Dec. 29, 1874.) (6.) The Governor-General of the Two Kiallg reports the total quantity of common and superior rice transmitted to Peking from tho province of Kiangau during the aeason He adverts to the condition of the proviuces, as yet but partially recovered from the devnstatiou caused by the rebellion, much land still remaining untilled, whilst tliat wliich has been brought under cultivation again, from its being overgrown with deuse vegetation aud having remained long unploughed, re- quires a great outlay on tl~e part of the husbandman, with comparatively small results. The provi~~ce was - also visited with severe tempests toward the end of last mummer, just as the cottori and rice orops ware flowerir~g, whereby much damage was done ; and when fine weather returned about harvest time, epidemic sickness prevailed very extensively amoug &be agricultural population. All these causes have produced distress, wliich it has been neceaaary to take illto cousideration. After making all allowauces and granting exemption in sundry cases, the quantity of rice collected and shipped was 696,100 pict~ls, beside 18,700 piculs by way of waste aud transl~ipmel~t allowance, and a further proportioil of 13,905 piculs as additional surplus. The quaiitily further provided as excess ord wastage allowance for the junks was 67,100 piculs. Jan. 16th. -The Court Circular -records the presentation of a memorial frpm the Board of Astromo~ly, naming the day fixed upon for the issue of tl~e manifesto announcing to the people the decease of the late Emperor. The Graud Council reoeived a Decree in the Vermilion pencil, selecting from among the characters submitted, the designation Kwa~o Sii %f$$ as the style to be adopted from Llle first of the comii~g year as the style of tl~e reign..tail. 17th.-A Decree, in reply to a memorial from the princes and noble's, urging that the announced determillation of Hie


19 -- represented tl~nthe cost of rice per pio~~l wl~tlst in Kiangsu, wl~lch lies. ao mnch as purcliased, freight i~~cluded, is Tla. 2.3 nearer the coast, 4,600 cash is tlie to TIR. 2.6 per picul, and that as the sdh sum- allowed to be levied; and in rioe, $)icl is t11e staple product of Kiaugsi, HOII~II, mocli nearer to Peking, the in verg inferior ill quality to tlie khtg rice fixed equivale~it is 3 taels. Tl~e total prodriced elsewl~ere, tlie price ought like- anlount collected an~lually in Kiangsi for wise to be lower ; and further that ns tlie the supply of rice-money to the troops, and experiment of shippi~~g the Peking rice for tlie grain-tribute to Peking, should be from Sha~~~liai by the C. &I. S. N. Co's Tls. 390,000 rind odd ; but the actual col- ateamera lias proved ancceaaful, the satlie aystem might be pursued in Kiangai, lnaki~~g Kiu-kia~ig the central poii~t of delivery for sl~ipment. Tl~e Governor represents, liereupon, tliat, commutation having bee11 for so many years the rule in Kiangsi, it would be next to impossible to revert to the practice of collecting tlie tax!n kind, or to collect part in kind and part in money. If rice must be had, however, the only course that aeems open is to pnrchase grain out of the ~roduct of the tax levied u~~der this head. At the same time, althor~gll the selling value of Kinnysi sdh rice is aomeml~at less tlia~l that of the k6ng quality, yet the distance of 2,000 li \vl~icli iutervenes betwe011 the producing districts and the seaboard most be taken iuto consideration, as it involves ndditional expenditure for tranahiprnent and freight. Tlle differonce, therefore, is not v~orth ~ne~~tioning. It mould also be i~npossible to oomlnission tl~e district blagistrates to buy up rice each iu his several jurisdiction, ail~ce no gra~iariea exist where the rice could be deposited, and it would be no ea~y mntter, moreover, to obtain transport by liired boats to the central dep6t. \V he11 rice was purchased and shipped last year by the Provi~~ce of Cli&l~kiang, the trrr~isnotion was effected at Sl~nngl~ni by an official deputed for the purpose ; and the proviiicea of Hullall and Hupel~ have adopted tlie same plan, tlie C. M. S. N. Com'pa~~y co~~trncting for the transportation to Tientsin and delivery at T'ungcliow. Kiangsi would now follow s like ayetem ; and as t,he expectant Taotai sl1611g Siian-hwai, one of the managers of the Steamsliip Company, wns passing through Kiangsi on Ilia way back to Shanghai from Hupeli, tl~e opportunity has been taken of consulting him. The limit prescribed by tlie Board of Heveune for the rice shipped from Kiangsu and Chbhkiang was tl~at, for prime coat nnd freiglit combined, the mnxirnrin~ oi~tlay should not exceed Tls. 2.7, treasury weight, per picul ; but, under the new regulations imposed since last year for tl~e rice-levy in Kiangsi, tlie a~nourit of commufation is far from being adequate to this rate. Tlie amount of levy sanctioned is 3,420 cash as the equivalent of one picul of rice ; lectio~~, owing to remissions and pay~nenta in arrear, has beeu IIO more than about Tls. 200,000 and odd. Of late years there has bee11 due from this source an annual contingent of Tls. 240,000 to the troops in Kansuh, and 'l'ls. 20,000 to the Ta'ing-chow and Hwai-ngan local governments, the requiremeuta.being thus in excess of the revenue accruing. If now 80,000 piculs of, rice are to be purchased and shipped, the cost, at the rate mentioned above, will be Tls. 216,000 ; and it is proposed that, against this, the province be allowed to keep back the money contingei~t due for year 1874 to the amount of piculs 80,000, at the fixed equivalent of TI , equal to Tls. 104,000, beside Tls. 40,000 which would be payable for illland transport, at the fixed rate of 5 mace per picul. Tllere would then still be a deficie~icy of Tls. 70,000 and odd to be made good fro111 other sources. If the proposition lie approved, the Governor will appoint officials to make the neceaaary purchases and superilltend the ship- - ~nent at Shang11ai.-Rescript: Let the Board of Revenuo take note. Jan. 21et.-(1) A Decree of the Empresses, referring to the prayer presented by the Prince of Ch'un for per~nission to retire fro111 all his offices. 'I'l~is having been referred for coiisideratioii OII the part of the princes, ~~obles, and ministers, tl~ey ]lave now reported tlint His Highness's requert should be rauted, and that lie be allowed to resign 11% various duties, brit that his name be still submitted by the Imperial Clan Court, in regular course, - for the performance of annual eacrificea at the Eastern and Western, mausolea. He should likewise take it in turn to attend tlie religious ceremonials I at the various ancestral temples, Bc., but should be excused from taking his place ill the rnnks of attendance to offer lio~iiage OII His Rlajesty'e enthronement and on the Imperial birthday. In reward for his manifold and distinguished past services, it is recommended that he be raised to the rank of an Imperial prince of tlie first order, with perpetual hereditary succession in tlie enme degree ;,and it is further snggested that, in view of the great magnitude of tlie works now in grggres o ~ i (the site selgtid for the constrriction ot matisolea fogthe two Emureases). His Hirhuess be commanded to *continue his superilltenden~e in that quarter. The E~npresses 'confirm 'the reconirnendatio~ia herein proposed, and, having by a separate Decree bestowed jlie command of the Imperial Musketeers, lately held by the Prince, on.prince Peh-yen-na-mo-hu and the Duke King-show, they enjoin upon His High- - ness, wl~ose long and successful tenure of his.oommand they war~r~ly appreciate, that for the future he sl~ould advise in all tliings with his gucoesaors in the commana. Uovernments of the provinces 111 wl~lclt he 118s served. Jan. 2211d.-(I)-A Decree. The Board of Ceren~ol~ies 11as memorialized Us reapecbing the day for Our entl~ro~ieme~~ slid the ceremoi~ial atte~!ding the atllioullcemelit of Or~r accession. On perusal of this, Our grief Iiss been revived anew with adzed poig~iancy ; but, co~isideri~~g how His Majesty now departed hat11 given over to Our keepi~~g the glorious ancestral I~eritage, \TTe have been moved to consent to the request. Let the coming year be the Brat of the rtrigu Kwang Sii, and let the great cerenionial of the enthronement and nrocla~nation be ~roceeded with at 6 r--- ~ a.m. oil the 20th day of tlie 1st Bloo~l day selected (2) Their Majesties the two Empresses (26th February), the arispicio~la decree that a gratuity of two Taels of by the Astrol~omicnl Board. Let all ailver each be bestowed froin the Horise- preparatio~ie be reverently made in conhold treasury upon the guards of the formity with former usage by the proper Equipage department, who reverently degartnleirts. escorted His Majesty to the palaoe ou the (2) A Decree, renewing the privilege 12th inat., ou his succession. granted in 1861, 011 tlre accession of the (3) A Dearee Pell-yen-na- lat,e Emperor, to His Rlnjestg's uncles the mo-hu and Ki~~g-st>ow to the coi~~rnalld of Princes of TIIII, KUII~, and Fu, of exempthe I~nperial Ml~aketeers. tion froin duiny I~on~nge by tho act of (4) A decree, based a rellemed melnok~leelit~g aud k~~ocki~~g the liend on the rial froln tile prillces and Ininistera, nrgilbg gr"""d "rdillar~ OccasiO1ls. His Majesty to reconsider the detern~ir~at3) D'cree Of Empresses ~p~oi11t111g a co~nrnission of l~igl~dig~~itaries tion observillg tllree years of morlrnillg presided over by tl~e Prince of Hung, to for his deceased predecessor. It appears select a fitting apot at either the Easter11 tllat tile of Emperors Kia or the Western Hills for tl~e ~nausolor~m of Tao Kwang, alld Hiell F611y, tile entreaty of tile millisters of tile day pre- His late Rlajesty. Tlie Pri~rce of Kung is over similar reaoluti,,lls tile pa,.t exentpted iro:ll the duty of inapectinbr the of the successors to the Tl~ro~~e, and His site in porsoll. 'I'lle remainder of con~missi~~l, lleaded by the Prillce of biajesty, profoull~ the grief he does llot feel justified in tile CIl'ull, are to ilispect locality and proancestral precedent. He will, therefore, pare wear tlie full mourning garb of wl~ite for (4) A Decree of the two Empres'es olle I,undred alld plaill robes i~isiating upon the retention by the Prince for of CII'UI~ of the pate~~t of Imperial Prince 27 months. Let not tile alld the first perpetual 8uccessi0u millistera obtrude further solicitations on in the same degree, whicli Hia Highness this subject. 11ns begged per~nissioil to decline. Ail succession of decrees, conferr.ina aclditio~~al rno11t11's co11y6 is granted him for a number of court and military appo~~~t- tile care of llis healtll. lnents or transfers.. (5)-Memorial (presented on the 13th (6)-Tlie Governor-General of Shensi instant) by the Princes, Nobles, and aid Kailsuh memorialihes on the decease Mi~~ietsrs, headed by tl~e Prince of Li, of the ex-comptroller of the Siilt Revailue the ae~~ior of :the hereditary Pri~ices of tlie of Kwal~gtuog, Chrin K'ien-ktin, vvl~ose Empire, ill which the two En~presses are virtues and unselfinli patriotism he wartnly beaongl~t to asstline tlie ful~ctio~is of a eulogizes. 111 the course of last year, as Regency. See Gazette of 16tli instant. reported at the ti~ne, he contributed Tla. (6)-A memorial by the Grand Coun.cil 40,000, tlie accumulations of his salary, - with reference to the guar~ls to be appointed to tlie relief of the distressed poor in to do duty in attelldance 011 the co6n of Kansuh slid Chihli; and having now His late Rlajesty, in conformity wit11 departed this life, at an advanced age, it former precedent. is requested tliat Ilia biography be included (7)-A memorial by the Prince of C11'1tn in the State chro~~icles, a ~ tliat ~ d materials (preaent,ed on the 13th inst.), in wl~icli, be supplied for tllia purpose by tlie after expntiating on the devoted loyalty

20 which inaplred him toward.his late the c~~stomary lev& of congratulation on Majesty, he proceeds to state that on the coming New Year's Day. gazi~~g upon the Imperial features after (2) A Decree ill the name of the Emdecease, Ilia vitals were rent wit11 the peror, referring to the decree iss~~ed last of grief, and his strength failed hinl month, ill which the bestowal of additional utterly. He nevertheless strove, to- bear titles of l~onour on the two Empresses was up for the more effeccua1 discharge of his ordained. His Majesty considers it his duty, whet1 Ile was suddenly overwhel~neb duty to fulfil the inte~ltiona of llis predeby the news that their Majesties, by their cesaor, although the two Empresses, in benign marldate, had chosen his son to be their grief on Eis late Majesty's decease, srlccesaor to thethrone. Stupefied by this had issued orders coulltermanding the intelligence, he became entirely I~elpleas, step : and he now decrees that the selection and when carried to his home he r led of appropriate additional titles be protrembling and agitated as tllougll bereft ceeded with, ar the great Coutlcil of State of reason or as one in a dream. The mag find to be most proper. complai~lts under which he has heretofore (3) Memorial of Hie Prince of Li and his labollred lmve been revived in collse- colleagues, erltreatinghiamajesty toreconqllence, and Ile is compelled to throw sider liis determinatio~l with reference to I~imaelf on the merciful consideration of Their Mxjeqties the Empresses, allom the three years of mourning.-rescript already published. he entreats to grant him the indulgel~ce (4) Tlle Censor Yii Shang-hwa memor. wl~icll can alone permit him to prolong rirdizes representing that the penalty his days, and allow him, wasted and i~~flicted 011 the two Imperial physicians has useleas in his rank tl~ou#h be be, to beer1 disproportiot~ately slight, and asking conti~~ue in exist~rlce on the face of the earth. He elltreats at the same time for tl~eirimmediatedegradation. Rewarded as they already were beyond their deserts, tllat, his dwible allownnce as all 1111perial they sl19uld have straineg every nerve ill Prince IIIR~ bo witl1dl.aw11. (For rescript devotio~i to their task, illstend of sl~ich, see Gazetk of JIIII. 14th.) in less thau twenty days afterwards, owil~g (8)-'rile Pri~~ceof Tun a~ld I~is collei~~~les to their mistalcen treatlne~lb, His Majesty memorialize requesti~,~ tl~e abrogatiorl was suddenly removed to a~lotllel. wol.ld. of bl~e ho~~orirs cn~lferred ill celebrntio~l,of Universal indignation is felt agai~lst tl~e His late hlnjosty's app~rellt co~lvnlescellce. two pllysicia~ls, whose offence is likened to J~,,. 23r~, - (corlrt CJ~~~~~:,~.) - ~l~~ that of the Prillce of Hii, brurded for ~,.~,,d ~~~,>~t~~i:,t tlleir h ~ his ~ misdeed ~ by ~ Confuciua ~ - in the Sprillg rial decirion to tile Dostllllmolls and Autumn Chronicles. (The Chroi~icle appellatioli and cnno~lical desiynatioll of " She* lleir-son Heu, His late Muje~ty. murdered Ilia ruler, Mae,"-Legge's Governor-Genera1 Classics, Vol. V., P The conlmentatora explain that the act entitled murder, and Chbllkia~~g, in a postscript memorial, refers to a report by tile Itneeria1 Colnlnisin reprobatioll of its gravity, in f;,illlre to taste tile remediesbupplied to 8ioller, Shbn Pao-c11611g, On loas two gullboats in gales of ilia fatller by the offelldi"g prillce, before laat off the coast lie gave them to the sufferer). Formosa In thbr i and gives nn account of destructive storms and floods. erroneolls diagnosis illeffectual on the coast of Fuhkien, in which much scriptioll of remedies, the offellce of the damage two p~yaicians baa been more heinous done at the same titno to life. even t,hn that of failllre to taste a and property. ture supplied, and complete degrad-ation (2)-Tlle salne autllority reports tile from official rank is called for as tile only arrival at Foocl~ow of the Lir~-ch'iuan jolllt fit,till,a yu~~iahment.-rescript co~lfirrni~l~ which was reported (see Gazette of Oct. tllia proposed se~ite~lce has already 24th, 1874) as having been drifted. with ten appeared. man on board, to the conat of Cll6llkiang. (5) T]le+Tilitary Governor of Shiing.killg After having bee11 repaired at Yii Hwall (Mallchllria) memorializes with referellce T'ir~g, the junk mas sellt on to E'oocho~, to certain excl~anges which 110 dee~n adwhere she arrived, after an eleven days' viaable between the commandants of difvoyage, on the lot11 Sept., and slle was ill ferel~t dist,ricts within his jnrisdiction. due course to be allowed to rettlrll with ~lthoug~l tl~e rcgio~~ is at present comparathose 011 board to Liu-cli'iu. tively free from the brigandage which has Jan. 24th.-(1) A Decree of the two 1111tilately afflicted it, a recurrence of tlie Empresses, ill reply to a memorial from evil is nevertlleless to be apprehended the Boald of Oeremonies, dispensing with allould the garrison post,s be witlldrawn s littbllity to diaturbahoe is traceable to thd unsuitability of officiall to the posts th~phave to fill. The commandantship at F6ng-hwaf~g Ch'6ng is particularly important, owing to its proximity to the Corean frontier, and the fraquent occurrence of international transaotions. On eaah oc$asion when Corean officials enter Ohiheae territory, it is the commandapt'a duty to institute examination iq person, and maintain order ; and he hse likewise to supervise the squatters on: the waste lands beyond the border. An exchange between the present commandant, and a more active and energetio officer, at present stationed at Fuh-chow, is thought advisable. At Kai-chow, again, this city having under its jurisdiction the port of Muh-kow Ping (Newohwang), with its foreign trade, an officer of superior intelligence is required, and an exchange in to be effected here, as well as at two other points. Jan. 25th-(Court Circular.)-The Grand Secretariat memorialized reporting the decision arrived at with regard to the rtlles for the oonduct of the Regency. (1) The Governor of Honan reports the completion of measures he has instituted for encouraging the formation of $age granaries in his provit~ce, as a provision against times of scarcity ; his object being to make the system entirely unofficial, so that the country people may not be pillaged by dishonest underlings or haraased by the empty form of handing in elaborate returns. The contributions collected during the past two years have enabled a stock of grain to be assembled in tlie different districts, amounting at present to 930,000 piculs. In the evont of bad harvests, advances or sales will be made under the management of the local notables and elders. (2)._The same Governor reports the establ~shment of a system of distribution and pay for the corps of specially drilled troops lately,set on foot for the preservation of order in the province. The force consists of four battalions, qf 500 men each, of infantry; and three battalions, of 250 m9n each, of cavalry ; who have been selected frop the established force of the provinoe to constitute this apocial drilled corps. Thg greatest caw is exercised to maintain their efficiency and the good condition of the horses. The rules adopted with regard to service and pay are essentially the same with those drawn up by Tsiing Kwoh-fan while Governor-General of Chihli. k c '. B.-From the 26th January~to the 24th.Bebmary, being the periocl of the New Year's holidaye, the Uazctte will only appear every other day). Jan. 26th-27th (I).-A Decree, approving the selection made by the aseemblbd Mini~ters of State, of the posthumous titles to be attributed to the deceaaed Emperor. The adopted is I and Che title to be enrolled in the list for worship in the ancestral temple is Muh s. (The above titles may bi rendered as Noble Resolve and Moral Grandeur). (2) A Decree of the two Empresses, calliog, in conformity with precedent, for advice in the shape of memorials from officials throughout the Empire on the occssion of Ria Majesty's c+ccession. In representing whatepei. may have a praotical upon the conduct of affairs, all idle forma of words are to be discarded. An example will be set in the Palace of the regard for simplicity and economy whiah the Sovereign has constantly inculcated. For the future, it shall be forbidden to make offerings of articles of luxury and elegance, and of objects ministering only to the delicht of the eye or ear. In all apparel and other surroundings, eimplicity will be the first consideration. The official olass is called upon to respond to these intentions, and thus to contribute to a reform of morals and to the predominance of the highest form of order. Officials generally are farther reminded of the exhortations repeatedly addressed to them of late years, urging genuine earnestness of action, which nevertheless have remained unheeded. They are now again besought to rollse themselves into activity, and to aim vigorously at the worthy discharge of their Decree of the two Empresses, conferring the honorary title of Kia Shun JsnE on the Empress-consort of his Majesty now deceased, and the honorary title of Tun-I Bg on the chief of his Majesty's subsidiary consorts (lately raised to the rank of Hwang Kmei Fei), in recognition of the devotion they manifested toward their Imperial lord. (4).-A further Decree of the. two Empresses, appealing to the high provlnc~al authorities, who have enjoyed to so great an extent the favours of the State, that, in these present troublous timea, they should exert themselves in all loyal devotion to discharge their duty to the uttermost. I (6).-Li Bung-tsao and his colleagaea Sii T'ung, Ung T'ung-sheh, and gwang,

21 show, are relieved by decree, at their own request, of their duties in connexion with the Hung-tlh Tien (the late Emperor's study). (6).- A Decree appointing Chih-kang (one of the two Burlingame cgco-envoys ") to the post of Resident at Urga. (7).-Yih-jung, Military Governor of the province of Kirin, memorializes reporting the oomplete extirpation of the bands of rebellious gold-hunters who have lately troubled the region of Nil~guta and Sansing, between the rivers Usuri and Sungari. Having already heretofore reported the measures taken in quelling the disturbances at Ninguta (memorial not published), he had been instructed by a Decree to despatch the Brigadier-General Shang-an in person, at the head of a military force, to attack the inuurge~lts in their mountain retreats ; and in pursuance of these commands, military measures were forth- with instituted. The Brigadier-General Shkng-an haa now reported, in different despatches, the various expeditious he has undertaken, resulting in the capture and execution of numbera of the refractory miners. On the 11th October, having ascertained that upwards of 100 of the gold-hunters were assembled in a valley of the Wu-hrit'a-pan range, he proceeded to the spot, where his force wae met with an attack on the part of the insurgents. The troops replied vigorouely, and upwards of 60 of the enemy were slain, the remainder taking to flight. They mere pursued, and many of them killed, three prinoners being taken alive, one of whom confessed that he and another of the band, named WangLoh-nu, had been the ringleaders. The prisoners were forthwith executed on the spot. The troops having resumed their advance without delay, intelligence was brought in by the scouts that 300 or 400 of the goldhunters were assembled in the T'ai-p'ing and Rwa-p'i valleys, and measures were at once concerted for all attack in separate divisions on these localities. On the troops advancing to the scene of action, they mere encountered by 80 or 90 of the insurgent drawn up in array to reeist attack, but th 1 fire which mas opened upon them inflicted a losa of upwards of 40 of their number, whilst at the same time upwards of 20 were killed or taken and beheaded in another direction. A third division of the troops killed between 30 and 40 more, and on. s'eirching'the valleys upwards of 100 who had sought safety in hiding were...discovered and slaugl~tered, On the following day upwards of 60 more were killed &.an engagement, and after 1 this had taken place another band, 200 to 300 strong, was discovered and attacked. The result of an engagement which lasted for two hours wae the Dlaughter of upwards of 200 of the insurgents, and the remnans of them, having taken to flight, were pureued for 40 or 50 li, many being either taken and put to death or drowned in the rivers. The loss to the troops was only. one man wounded. The result of the next day's work wa8 the capture of some 40 odd prisoners, from whom it was ascertained that the leader, Wang Loh-wu, had I perished in the previous fighting. In consequence of these victories, the entire region has been cleared of the bands by which it was infested. Commeriting upon the reports received, the Military Governor refers to the disturbance caused in the region in queation by the gold-hunters, whom, in deepite of instructions, the local commanders had failed to exert themselves to put down ; and he adds that when, on a recent occasion, the town of Ninguta was captured, bands of malefactors immediately issued from the mountain8 to commit depredations. Although Ninguta was subsequently recovered, and the disturbers of the-peace driven back to the mountains, local authorities shewed thenlselves incapable of following them up to their retreats. This task has now been performed, and, in order to secure the maintenance of order in thecountry lying eastward of Ninguta and Sansing, a force will be detailed to occupy the region and to maintain regular patrols. A list of officers wlio have distinguished themselves in the late actions is submitted for the bestowal of reqards. Jan. 2Sth, 29th.-(Court Circular). The Grand Secretary Li paid his respects on arrival at Peking.-Ying-han, Goveplor General of the two Kwang, presented himself for returned thanks for the title of honour conferred upon (his daughter) the Hwang Kwei Fei (see yesterday's Gazette). His Majesty will proceed to-morrow to the Kwan Teh Tien (the temporary resting place in the Imperial Park to which tho remains of the late Emperor were conveyed on the 28th inst), to perform s religious ceremony. 7 a.m. (1) A Decree. Let Ch9i3ng-lin #( be transferred to the poat of Vice-president of the Board of Works ; and let his place as Vice-president of the Colonial o5ce be filled by T6h-ch'un. (N.B., Ch'lng-lin is one of the members of the Yamln of Foreign Affairs, and assistant Captain-General of the Gendarmerie). Let preparatione be made at (2) A Decree expressing the Imperial regrets on the death of Ming-shan, a Vicepresident of the Board of Works and Comptroller of the Household. (8) The Court of Censorate forwards an appeal presented by Lo Lin-chbg, a licensed salt merchant from the Lin-hm district in Chlhkiang, complaining of robbery, oppreasion, and denial of justice. The petitioner states that in 1864, in conformity with the official regulations, he purchased for Taele 1,400 a license appointing him monopolist of the salt supply to the two districts of T'en-t'ai and Nirlg-iiai, in which, accordillg to law, an annual iasue of 800 yin and 1,016 yin respectively should be consumed (the yin in Chahkiang co~~taina 335 to 400 catties), although, owing to the neglect with which the operations of contraband dealers had long been allowed to flouriah, the area of consllmption had for gears been1 abandoned to disorder. The monopolist, having establish his central and branch agencies at different points, has carried on his business on good terms with has paid to Governof cash during that time by may of duty and likin. In 1873, however, a plot wagorganized against him by a certain professional stirrer-up of litigation, in concert with a villanous clerk of the district magistracy, who, with the design of getting the salt business out of his hands, instigated three contraband dealers to lodge a complaint r%t him, stating that he used false weigh and owed them money. On the case being brought to trial, the late Magistrate, named Sun, verified the scales and found them correct, and it was moreover established that salt was paid for as delivered to petitioner, who was not in debt as stated. The cornplail~ants were punished for bringing a false charge, and the caee was dismissed. In revenge for their defeat, the conspirators organized an attack upon petitioner's establishment, after previous acts of forcible interference with his trade, which, on being complained of to the Prefects of T'ai-chov Fu, had been allowed to remain unnoticed. On the 19th September last, the ringleaders of t b plot, having got together a band numbering upmarde of a thousand armed men, attacked and plundered the central agency, where they killed nine soldiere belonging to the local regulars and militia, and wounded some 20 or 30 more of their number. On the following day they attacked and plundered Che branch agency at Biian-chu. On complainte being lodged with t11e Prefect and Distriot Magistrate, no rrte'e whatever were taken to arreet the" offenders, and the relatives of the soldiers who were killed were allowed to persecute the petitioner at his dwelling, clamouring for compensation to such an extent that he mas compelled to pay them 820 strings of cash as indeml~ity for the loss of life, beside 2,800 strings as compensation to the men who were wounded, for their medical expensed, &c. Not only did the authorities pay no attention to petitioner's complaints. but they winked at the subsequent forcible seizure of his hongs by a party of braves, headed by an oficial acting in collusion with the hostile faction. The monopolist and his employ68 were driven forth empty-handed, entire poaaession of everything being taken by the invaders. The Prefeht of T'ai-chow Fu hae done all he could to screen the offender, and ~ustead of taking steps to apprehend the really guilty partiea he has sought to stifle the affair by simply applying for permission to execute eummarily nix prisoners, who, although not concerned in the csse, have been purchased as aubstitutes. When, on petitioner's appeal to the Governor of Chahkiang, a delegate was sent to investigate matters in concert with the Prefect, in lieu of having the oare brought up to the provincial capital for trial, the weiyuan, following the rule of "one mandarin stands by another," simply gave his adhesion to the Prefect's report of the proceedings. Petitioner has consequently no resource but to bring his complaint to Peking.-Referred by rescript for further investigation by the provincial authorities, in the usual manner. Jan. 30th-31th.-The Court Circular of the 30th announces that the Governor- General Li Hung-chang had audience. -That of the 3lstannouncesa furtllervisit of His Majesty, to-morrow morning, to &he building in which the remains of the deceased Emperor are lodged. (1)-A Decree. In reply to the Memorial from the Board of Ceremonies, requesting that an envoy and associate-envoy be appointed to convey to Corea a copy of the valedictory manifesto of his late Majesty, We appoint as chief, and Li-jui -& ae associateenvoy. Let them reverently convey the manifesto (to Corea] and promulgate it there. (N.B.-Ming-an is at present a member of the civil government of 6h6ngking, as vice-president of the Board of Revenue at Moukden.) (2) A Deerecl by the two ~m~resdea: We have received the memorial presented,,

22 by the Cennor Wu Hung-6n, offering observations in pursuance of the Decree calling for advice (see Gazette of 26th inst.) The several representations he lias made, i~lrespect~ot nurturing virtue in the Sovereign, acquiring support in men's minds, and being guided by the expression of public opinion, are all worthy of attention. Hia Majesty being still of tender age, it is beyond qoestion expedient that effectual training in the right patli be studied. All those who surround His Majesty and are in near employment about His person, should be witliout exception of tried capacity and solid character. No youthful and thoughtless persons shall be suffered to be in attendance. Thus it may be that, by laying from the first a right foundatio~i, the virtues which become a Prince may daily be made to inorease in splendou?. Inasmuch as the first consideration, In the policy of the State, is regard for the welfare of the people, it 11aa already been enjoined upon the high officials in all the Provinces that they should devote themselves, with redoubled care, to guarding against the evils under which the people suffer. Let all Governors-General and Governors be active in putting an end to unauthorized levies and to oppresaive exactions of every description. The co~itributions ordered by the Board of Revenue from provincial resources should also be reduced, or wholly done away with, as the circumstances of each province may, on consideration, shew to be advisable. As regards the expenditure of the Privy Purse, the annual ar~lolint of this is fixed by rule ; and it is especially incumbent upon the Comptrollers of the Household to be accurate and sparing in their administration, avoiding all approach to wastefulneas or excess. In all matters of judicial punishment and rewards of merit, the Sovereign ia guided by the one rule of absolute justice. It shonld be the aim of all oficials to mould their aotions by this example, so that, whether it be to add a lustre to good deeds or to brand the conduct of evildoers, an even bala~loe be ever held in advancemei~t or in repressio~ In such wise may effect be given to thl. continllal desire of the Sovereign for the perfection of His rule. (3)-The Governor of Hunan reports the receipt of a communication from Tsiang Pill-li, titular ex-judicial Commissioner of Shansi (heretofore Governor of Kwangtung), who states that he has a large number of kinafolk whose circumstances are of a straitened nature, on whose behalf he has resolved upon devoting certain property of his own, being the result of his savings from his officiakalary, to form a fund to provide for the expenses "\ of their education. He has made arrangements to set aside the rental of certain lands, amounting to 1,275 piculs of grain, besides 3,000 strings of cash, to be allotted proportioi~ally anlong the delcendants of his great-great-gkandfather in a yearly divisioi~ of tlie amount accruing thereform. He requestn that this fou~ldation may be officially recorded ; and it is cousequently reported to tl~e Throne. Feb. 1st.-2nd.-(1)-A Decree of the two Empresses, referring to the stringency of tlie discipline enforced by the August Sovereigns of the preae~it dynasty for the governance of the eunuchs of the Palace. Notwithstanding this, certain eu~iuchs have been SO bold as to miabehave themselves aud act regardlessly of their duty, even going so far, in some cases, as to assume authority to which they had no title, and to engage in intrigues with officials,of the ~dusehold for dishonest purposes. Their evil macliinations, with an oye to their own profit, are worthy of the deepest abhorrence. Let the most notable among these offenders, to wit, the superior euuuchs Chang T6h-hi ar d Mbg Chung-ki, with the eunuch wehg an ofdcial b~rtton, Chow TsBngshow, be,ripped of their office and be transported to the Amoor, to be given as slaves to the soldiery and to be excluded from the benefit of any future general pardon. Let four other eunucl~s (whose names are-given) be bastinadoed in the severest manner by the office of discipline, and be handed over to the Comptrollers of the Eousel~old to be transported to the Hunting Park and set to work as grasscutters. The Comptrollers of the Houseliold are likewise to makeer~quiry with regard to any acts of collusion between the officials of that department and eunuchs, and to impeach any such persons as may be folr~~d to have been guilty in this renpect. Tl~e Co~nptrollers will be held answerable themsel~~es if they allon favouritism to stand ill the way of j ~~st~ice. (2) A Decree of the two Empresses, in answer to a memorial by the Censor Li-Hung-mo, in denunciation of certain oficials. A memorial mas heretofore presented by the Censor Sun Fhng-slang, accusing the Comptroller of the Household, Kwei-pao, of collusion with Li Kwang-chao in his attempted frauda ill connection with the supply of timber, whereupoil sentence of deprivation of rank was submitted by the Board. With regard to the Comptroller of the Household, Wln-ei, he yaa eome time ago denounced by the Censor Chang Killg-ts'iug for malversation of his office, and he rvas removed from all his fu~ictions. Botli these ofticiala are thus in bad repute and unfit to diacharge their trust. Lot Kmei-pao and W6n-si be forthwith shipped of their rank. Let the pro er Board bake note. (3) Elemorial by Li Tsung-hi, Governor General of tlie Two Kiang, applying for leave to retire on the score of ill-health. (Rescript granting the application. published Jan. 12th). (4) Li Ts~~ng-hi reports, in- a postcript melnorial, that the war-junks of the naval divisions of the Yangtsze, aud adjacent coast and inner wafers, had been assembled and exercised on receipt of the Imperial ordera to take measures for defence within his jurisdiction. As the necessity for defensive measures has now passed by, it is desirable that the vessels should retuin to their respective stations in time of peace, in order to discharge the constabulary duties which are incumbent upon them, and orders have accordingly been given to this effect. (5) Li Ho-nien, Governor-General of Min-ch611, reports that during the absence from his post o,# the naval general of Fuhkien, Lo Ta-ch'un, who is at present in the North of Formosa, at Su Ao (Sawo), directing the measures that are in hand for opening the mountains, a temporary appointment in his stead is neceasary. The Brigadier-general of Cliang-chow, Sun K'ai-hwa, is consequently appointed his locum tellens. (6) Memorial by the Duke Twan-siu, asking leave to resign his command and appointments about the Court, together with the State allowance of his rank, on the ground of increasing infirmity. (N.B. -This memorial was acknowledged and the request acceded to, on the 13th Jauuary, among the decrees issued with reference to tlie decease of the late Emperor or1 the previous evening.) Feb. 3rd-4th.-(1)-Adecroe, on receipt of a ~ner~~orial from the vice-president of the Sacrificial Court, Chow Jui-ts'ing, soliciting posthumous honours on behalf of Tsia~~g Yih-li, who has just died. The n~ilitary services reudered by the deceased official, in combating the rebellio~~, before his adva~~cement to the post of Governor of Kwang-tung, are duly acknowledged ; and it is added that his- late Rfajesty, mitidf~rl of the distinguished merit he had achieved, s~~mmoned him last summer to Peking with a view to oonferring employmeut upon him. Having come to the capital, suffering though he was from B illness, 110 has now been removed from the world to the great sorrow of his hlajesty. It is ordered that he be hoi~oured with the funeral rites due to a provincial governor, a~id that llis life be recorded in the imperial l~istoriography. (2) A Decree. Replying to memorials from two ofticials, expressi~~g opposite views wlth reference to the conduct to be pursued by the late Prefect of T~entsin, Ting Show-ch'ang. The Censor Li Kweilin has men~orialized, extolling the virtues and ability of Ting Show-cll'a~lg, who some montlis ago was obliged by liis father's death to vacate office in order to observe the 27 montlis of mourning, and reqoeatipg that in his case an exception to the general rule be made, and that he be retained for service in Chihli. On the other hand the vice-president of the Sacrificial Court, Chow Jui-ts'ing, repreaents that Ting Show-cli'ang is bound by rule to obaerve the mourning period, aiid requests that he be commanded to return to his provincial home for this purpose. It is decreed hereupon, that the reteutiou of Ting Show-ch'ang in Chihli is for detachedservice, and not in the incumbency of any stated office. The memorial of Chow Jui-ts'ing need not, therefore, be taken into consideration. ( Ti~ig Show-ch'ang, who, as Taotai of Tientsin, was highly trusted by thegovernor-general Li, was retained by the latler in an appointment on his own staff on his being compelled to vacate his office as Taotai a few months ago. The memorial and counterruemorial dealt with above, probably form part of tlie arrangernei~t, as the readiest means of publishi~~g sanction to a aomewhat irregular proceeding). (3) A decree, referring for conaideration by the Board of Civil Office a memorial from the Censor Yiian Chbng-yeh, urging that the ancient rules with regard to the purchase of rank be reverted to, and a check be placed upnn the system of recommendations for promotion in ordinary cases. (4) Kin-shun, the commander-in-chief of Kaiisuh, and divisional general of the troops beyond the Wall, draws attention in a postscript memorial to the alacrity and efficiency with which the provincial government of Shensi have bestirred themselves insmaintaining the supply of funds required. He mentions that he has now reached Barkul (near Hami) with the force under hie Feb. command. 6th.-No Gazette published this day, being the eve of Chinese New-year. Feb. 6th-8th-(Court Circular). The Board of Astronomers report that the wind


24 and other divisions, nl~o, since his arrival when tl~e whole island of Formosa became in Forn~osa, has taken his n~ilitary inea- part of the Imperial dominions, in view of sures with millrite care a11d 11~1s m.ti~~- the alien custonis prevailing among the tainad a strict and enlightened discipline, vxrior~s savage tribes of the int.erior, it is ordained that he be ho~~oured with Chinese subjects of the mainland have the distinctio~~ of the Yellow Jacket. been prohibited against crossing over to (2) A decree in reply to a memorial hy Formosa, and likewise against illicit entry Shbll Pao-chbng and his ~(~lleag~~es, re- into tl~o savilge territory, to tlie end that questing the bestowal of a postl~u~noue disturbances n~igl~t be obriated. Now, title of distinction OII a l~ero of the times inasn~ucl~ as SllOn Pao-cli611g and Ilia of the Ming dynasty, and the erection of a colleag~~es 11ave taken steps to throw open temple in his honour. Tl~e fer~datory of the interior, it is eminently necessary that the Ming dynasty, Chu C ~I'~II~-~~III~, had cultivatio~~ of the lands lying waste shoulrl a temple erected to his memory at Nan- be e~~couraged, and the existing institu- 1lgan by imperial comn~and, dr~ring tl~e tions shol~ld be modified in consollance reign K'ang-hi ; and as it is now reported with the reqrlireme~~ts of the prenent in the memorial received that tl~e departed time. Tl~e removal of all proliibitio~~s chieftail), already i]lustrit,us tl~rougl~ his heretofore in force, restricting Chi~~eee heroic virtues and steadfast loyalty, has s~~hjects from crossing over to Formosa, is given ear to supplications wl~enever ad- hereby gra~~ted, and the interdict upon dreseed to him in tinles of flood or drought, trade ill iron and bamboos is at the same tl~us adding to the benefits for wl~ich time resci~lded, with the object of affording Formosa has to thank him, We ordain that encouragement. Let the proper Board the request be granted, and that a memo- take note. rial teinple be erected at T'ai-wan Fu, and (4) A memorial by the Cei~sor Wu a posthu~nous title of canollizatioll be con- Hung-6n, dwelling upon the importance of ferred upon him, in gratification of the placi~~g none but persolls of staid and public wish. Let the proper Board take correct co~~duct in attenda~~ce upon his note. (Note.-The deceased liero reforred present Majesty. (For rescript of the two to above was the celebrated freebooter Empresses, see Gazette of Jan. 30th). Ch6ng Ch76ng-kmg, $$bga, who, for Feb. 17th-18th. Ting ~ao:chang, hie services in the cause of the Mi~ig Governor of Sl~antnng, memorializes redynasty in its. last struugles against the porting the measures undertaken for the invading Manchus, was l~onoured by the repair of tl~a breach in the embankment bestowal of tlie surname of the imperial of the Yellow River at Shih-Cl~wang-Hu family, in exchange for his own. He. is &)$p. He has already transmitted conseqoently spoken of above as Chu 3 plans and specifications for the work Cl1'6ng-kung ; and from the fact of 11is which it Kas deemed advisable to carry out, investiture with tho Ktuoh-Sing or surname in conseqnence of this occurrence, at Kiaof the rulers of the state, he was designa- Cl~aang in the Ho-tsbh district (in ted among 11is adherents by the title of Ts'ao-chow Fu. on the Western border of ~woh-sing #&'G, wllici1 Shantung). 1;nperial orders for the execurendered by tlhe Portnguese ae Koxinga tion of this undertaking, as a matter or Kosl~inga. Beside waging a bitter affecting the interests of several provinces, warfare against the Mancl~ns, 110 under- were received on tlie 29th December ; and steps were immediately taken to urge on the work, preparations for which were took, for his own benefit., tl~ expulsion of the Dutch from their eettlements in Formosa, wl~ich he successfully achieved in He died almost immediately after victory 11ad rewarded his efforts in this direction ; and his achievement tended only to the foundation of the Manchu Sovereignty over the island, which was surrendered in 1683 to the Manchu authorities of Fuhkien, by his grandnephew Chbng K'Bh-shwang). (3) A decree in reply to a memorial by Sh6n Pao-chbng and his colleagues, requesting that the ancient interdict upon the cultivation of lands in the interior of Formosa, be rem8ved. From the time already in hand. The labour of constructing the necessary ombankme~~ts has been greatly impeded by the dow~~rush of ice mliich has swept over the flooded district, and also by the frozen condition of the soil ; but it is hoped that before the month of March the dykes which are in process of cn~istruction from North to Sontl~, and rice t.e~.s&, will liave been brought together, and tl~e further egress of the river water Soutliwards be thus prevented. Feb. 19th.20th.-The whole of this day's Gazette is occupied by the memorial of 1.i Hung-chang and his colleagues of the Grand Secretariat, ill response to tl~e the manifesto of accession, and thence Decree, dated the 15th Ja~~uary last, in ret~~rn to the Imperial apartme~~ts. w11icl1 the deter~ninatio~~ of tl~e posth~~mous (I). A Decree. 011 the removal tl~ia day titles of tl~e late Emperor was enjoined. cf the golden cottin of 011r elder sister, the (See Gazette of January 15th). The Gra~~d PrincessYu~rg-an, to tl~e(ten~porary rasting- Secretariat proceeds 11ereupo11 to extol tlre virtues a ~ endowmeuts ~ d of his late Majesty place) at Tsing-an Chwang, let the Beilbh Tsai Ch'l11g proceed thitl~er and offer a fullin a strain of fulsome adulation, its ereal llbotion, as ;I token of our affectionate me~norial consisting in a prodigious con- ren~en~brallce. (Note-the decease of the cate~lation of phrases extracted from the princess Yung-an, daughter of Hien-Flng, ancient classics, by means of wl~icl~ his late and only sister of the late Emperor, who Majesty is compared to the most illustrious died in childbed at the beginning of tl~is sages of the nncient world. ([''or the montli, was recorded ill the Gazette of tl~e titles by canonization adopted in pur- 6th inst. By his adoption, the preeent suance of the recommendations of this memorial, see Gazette of January 23rd.) Feb. 21st-22nd. (1) A decree of the two Empresses, referring to their decree of the 12th January, in which they ordained that on the birtl~ of a son to his late Ma- jesty's adopted successor, the child shall become the adoptive heir of the deceased Emvernr. A memorial has now been addressed to the Throne by Kwang-an e, Assistant Reader of tl~e Grand Secretariat, requesting that the high ofliciale of the Court be directed to deliberate respecting the issue of a War- rant inscribed on iron (in toke11 of UIIchangeableness) t'o this effect. Tliia illconaidered and offensive suygestio~~ gives occasion for a feeling of the utmost astonishment. Let Our message of reprimand be communicated to Kwang-an. (2.) A Decree. Let Ts'uug-shih (President of the Board of Punishments) and K'i-yiian proceed by post-relay to Sloukden-to hold an investigaiiion. Let the Secretaries who accompany them travel similarly. (3.) Memorial by the Cei~sor Li Kwei- lin, representing the popularity of the ex-taotai of Tientsin, Ting Show-cll'ang, among the people under Ilia juriediction, and transmittiug their entreaty that, althougl~ conlpelled by the death of a parent to resign his office, he may still be left, by a stretch of the Imperial prerogative, to discharge oflicial functions among them.-(see Gazette of February 3rd-4th.) Feb. 23rd-24th.-(Court Circular, 24th.) His Majesty will proceed to-morrow at 4.15 a.m., to offer homage at the Kwan-tdh Tien [before the remains of his late Majesty], and thence return to the ln~perial apartment~. At 6.15 a.m., His Majesty, issuing from the K'ien T'sing gate, will ascend the Chung Ho Throne-hall from tl~e folding doors at the back, and receive homage, passing thence to tl~e T'ai Ho Throne-hall, to receive congratulations and promulgate Emperor became placed in the relation of a brother to the deceased lady, though in reality only her cousin.) (2) A decree in reply to a memorial by tl~e Censor Wang Chao-lan, who 11as submitted his views ou fi~iailcial administration, civil government, and military eeciency. All these are acknowledged ae deserving attention. On the subject of revenue and expenditure, tlie Board of Revenue is directed to compute the total amou~~t of receipts in all the provincea from the land tax, salt and rice collectorates, as also from the li-kin tar and the sales of titles and offices. This 11avi1)g been done, expenditure ie to be RO ordered as to come witl~i~~ the limits of income. The governors of provinces are further directed to require from the commissioners of Finance a return of all existiug li-kt~r tax stations, to be tranrmitted to tl~e Board of Revenue, as well as returns of the annual receipts and disbursements. Should delays in this respect be wilfully illdulged in, as I~eretofore, the offending officials are to be denounced for punishment. Tl~e Board is likewise to scrutinize the expenditure which is resorted to under the head of military requirements in tlie provincea generally, and to effect a return to the old system and prices in the supply of matkrtel. As regards the government of the people and the selection of trustworthy officials, scrupulous care is enjoined OII tl~e higli authorities. (3) A ~ne~norial by the Vice-director of the Sacrificial Court, Cl~ow Jui-~s'ing, panegyrising the deceased high official Tsiang Yih-li, formerly Governor of Kwang-tung, and aeking that his name be included among the state biographies. (For rescript see Gazette of 3rd instant.) (4) A further memorial by the same writer, protesting in atrong terms against the continuance in public employ, under tl~e orders of the Governor-General Li Hung-chang, of the lpte Taotai of Tientsin, Ting Show-ch'ang, who has been

25 placed in tnourning by the death of ltis Feb. 25th.-(1) A Decree announcing fntller. (For rescript see Gazette of 3rd that, in celebration of his Majesty's accesinstant.) sion, and in accordance with former (6) The Censor Li Rung-mu memo- precedent, an exatnit~ation extraordinary riallzes, ill virtl~e of the Decree calling for the bestowal of the Kii-jtn degree is for ~~tirdstricted counsels, to entreat that granted in all the provinces lor tlie current tiken of worth be rightly appreciated and year, to be followed by a similar examinathe untr~tstnortliy be put far away. Re- tion extraordinary at Peking in 1876, for ferring to the terms of the decree, in the bestowal of tsiar-sze degrees. which the Elnpresses have called for ad- (2).The Censor Yuan Ch'Bng-yeh vice from all oficials who have the right memor~alizes, urging a reform in the of addreaa, and to the paramount import- rcystem of admission to the ranks of the auce which the character of its servnl~ts public service. Whe~~ever takes up the has for the illterests of the State, he recnlls the time wllen, in the first year of quarterly official list, he is str~~ck by perceiving that, oi the district and department T'ung-cl~e (1862), their Majesties the Em- magistrates throughout the empire, 80 or presses rll~dertook the regency au bellalf 90 per cent, owe their positions to purof his late Majesty, the11 a child. The chase, with only a fractional admixture of policy they ever pursued was that of sor- those who have gained degrees at the rounding tl~ernselves with hiinisters grave, literary examinations. Moreover, in the respected, aod of tried capacity, whilst in selections to fill vacancies made by the the case of those who were leaguod together Board of Civil Office, for which standard it1 the execution of evil designs ~ n whose d regulations are in force, it is nevertlleless ill repute was notorious, such men, if not the fact that, owitlg to the vast number rent to undergo the highest penalty of the of "purchase " categories that have been law, were banished in disgrace. Now that created, forty or fifty purchase-candidates ollce more a youthful sovereign haa com- obtain appointments for every four or five menced to reign, and a regency is again of those that have the tsiu-sze degree. inaugurated, the cht~racter of those who After passing successfully at the triennial serve is more than ever the point of most eran~iuations at Peking, a tsila-sze nlay urgent itnportance. Among individuals, have to wait for ten years, and even longer, who at the present day are by common after being sent as an "expectant" to a conseut acknowledged as Inen of worth, Province, in consequellce of the glut of there is Kwei-tsJing, l~oldii~g the oftice of officials to which the purc1l:rse system has Vice- resident of the Board of Works at contributed. The memorialist has observed hloukden ; and amotlg tl~osa who are in the Gazette reprosentatio~~s from the universally pointed to as evil men, there goviarnlnents of Sxe-ch'wn, Eliil~t~al~, are none more conspicuous tl~an the Fuhkien, and Cl~ehltia~tg, in which either Comptrollers of the Irnperial Aousohold, the cessation of tl~e purcl~use system ia W~II-s~ :r~~cl Iiwei-pao. Accordillg to the advocated, or else the introduction of teuk accou~tts tile Catlsor 11:~s I~aard, Ktvei-ts'ing, examinations for purcl~ase officers. If, as when iu office as C~~mgtroller of the Ho~~se- the Censor titinks probable, the present. hold, discharged his duty with stern iilte- condition of the firtances will not admit of grity, \rithout feirr or favour, artd made an entire abolition of the system, he would himself the terror of self-seeking under- at least urge the adoption of restrictive lings. If the sacred favour be inoved to recnll him to etnploymetlt iu the Palace, an it~centive will be applied to due exertion and a public wish be gratified. 011 the other Iiand, W6u-si, when employed as assistnt~t Comptroller, relying upon the fact of his father, DIing-shan, being one of the Comptrollers, made himself the object of loud anin~ad\~er~iot~ by the lavish expenditure he coi~trived for his own illicit advantage. Kwei-pal), a~ain, il~trigued disltonestly in coi~t~ec~ic~u witoh the fraudrllent proposals of Li IC\vang-chao for the supply of timber for Yiinn-ming Yiian. The dirmissal of these two otlicials from their posts in the household is solicited. (For rescript, diamiraing Wan-si and Kweipao, see Uazatte of lrt inst.) measures, amoug which 11e s~~ggests the enforcen~ent of ready-money payment in f11ll for the brevets of rnnlc subscribed for. He enulnerates six advantages which may be expected to 0ovr from soch a course, among which are benefit to the exchequer, and a raising of the character of the service generally, by checking the prevailing tendency toward pecuniary aggrandizement by unworthy means. (3) In, a s~~pplententary memorial, the same Censor urges the imposition of a rigorous check upo~l the system of extraordillary rewards for services performed, which has now reached such a pitch that for the discharge of the most ordinary duty commendation and promotion are looked for. He recommeuds that heuce: i. record, does not appear in the G~rzztte.) I Feb. i : 1 high i forward, except in the case of substantial (3) The Cc~~sor Wilng Yung-k~~ memo. achievements, none but llonorary dm- rializes, presontilly his views 011 questiolte tinctions be granted. of tl~e dsy, ill pursu:rllce of the Elnpressea' Xeb. 26th.-This day's Gazette contains invitation of srdv~ce. Tl~e subjects 011 only ~ne~norials on adluinistrative det,r~la, which he has op111io11s t,o exproas, are as from the Goveruor of Shantung. follows. 1stly.-He advocates rectitic;rtiotl Feb. 27th.-(Court Circular.) The Board of abuses ill the Gover~~me~lt service. of Ceremonies reported to-day tl~e issue, Adluission to the officinl career has been of for despatch to all the Provinces, of the late years so much fc~cilitated, Illat the Manifesto of His Majesty's accessio~i. cl~aracter of tl~e servicu has suffered, and (N. B. -The Manifesto, beit~gco~tt~nuuicated it is most desirable that a. checlc be imto the Board of Cere~nonies for publi- posed to tl~e system of favouritism, which cation, not to the Grand Secretariat for prevails in the rel~loval of fu~~ctionaries from one jurisdiction to another, on the 28th.-(Court Circular.) The Grand applicrrtio~l of patrons in high positiotl ; as Secretariat memorialized on behalf of all also that a restrictio~l be placed OII indisthe Guverr~ment departments, returtti~ig criminate recom~nelldatio~~s for promotion. thanks for the steps of l~onorary rank 211dly.-Restrictioti is called for in tl~e bestowed in the n~an~festo of accuss~on. ~lulnber of degrees accessil~le at tlie littfrilr~ (1.)-A decree in reply to a rnalnorial by exatui~istiotis, these l~av~t~g been greatly the secretary Wei Ka~rg, preset~ted to the augmented of late years, whereby tile Tl~rone ou his I~el~alf by the Board of War, standatqd of ql~alificatio~l has been lowered. ill which he has dllated upon the corrup- 3rdly.-Astoy shot~ldbeputo the exactions tions of the admiu~strative service. Tlte and oppression indulged ill by ur~scr~~pulons authorities of all the Provinces are underlings, on occasiorts when remissions called upon to exert themselves in the of taxation are granted in times of flood or work of energetic reform, to a1)olish the drought. 4thly.-Equitable collectiou of evils of intr~gue and sycophallcy, and to o I give advancement to the capable and the! virtuous. I i (2.)-An Edict. 7Vhereaa ench of the I,' > I I w 1 B%EB Sacred Ones in succession, on first ascending the Throne, have reverently inscribed a tablet to be suspended in the 'l'emple of. Cot~fuctus, nbw We, on reverently taking up the august snccesslon, orda~li hereby, L I ditf+rence between tlte sum collected and in respectful coltformity to the at~cirrtt the actual cost of p~~rchasiitg tlte requisite rule, that [ the author~ties ] of tlre supplies. 6thly.-Measures for securing Imperial Library and the Han-lin Col- the unimpeded discharge of the waters of lege do reverently prepare an inscription tlte Yellow River, by means of the co~~sistittg in the characters uetv ~tiouth in Slraotung, are urgently (the abode of Scliolarsl~ip is here), and do recomtn911ded. The preseilt cllallnel of the deliver the same to the sr~perit~ter~dency Ta Ts'ing Ho is nob more tl~an one li of the Works' Department, by wl~om a iu H-idth, and the etnbatlkment of some of tablet shall be prepared and respectfully the older chali~~els, for the pu'rpose of carrysilspetided in the Temple of Confuc~us, ing off some of the waters of the river, is forming part of the Great College of advocated, as well as the dredging of the Peking. On the arrival at Peking of actual mouth of the river, ill order to allow a free passage for its waters to the K'ung Siang-k'o a Sg, the Duke sea. Continuator of the Sage, let the manuscript (4.)-A postscript Rlemorial by the Cenof the inscription be delivered to him by the Grand Council, to be conveyed back to his home with revere11 t crrreful~~ess, for the preparation of a tablet to be suspended in the Temple of Confucius at K'uell Li. 3 The mnnuscript need not be returned, but 4 may be preserved at K'ueh Li. Let fnc- simileaof the in scrip ti or^ be madeby t11e Wu. YingTien, and transm~tted to be suspended :. 81 the Colleges of all prefectures, dietriots throughout the empire. the grain revenue, iu ulolley or in kind, should be enforced. In actual practice, when collecting the grain revenue, the magistratos are accustoined to collect no Inore than one-third of the amount in kind, taking the remainder in money, but in doing this they exact an amout~t several times greater tllatl the actual value of the rice, pubtirig into their own pockets the aor Wang Li-ts'ing, pointing out a source of frequent abuse in ttie ernplrryrnent of " gentry" (that is, literary or purchase graduates or retired officials), as managers of the branch-ofices for the collection of the li-kin tax,. especially that OII salt, in the diatricts of wl~ich they are natives. Their oficial function in this respect brings them into such close cont~ectiolt wit11 the actual authorities, as to put them in positions of unduo il~flueuce-so much so that,

26 as the Cenaor liaa heard, a popular saying is current in An-liwei and flunan to the effect that " there are any number of incumbents to one official seal." He begs that the employment of residents of the districts i11 the above-mentiolled capacity may forthwit11 be prohibited. (For rescript see Gazette of February 9th-10th). March 1st -(I) Yang Shao-ho, an assistant Expositor of the Hanliii, memorializes submitting his views With regard to the augmentation in the number of degrees obtainable at the different provincial exanii~iations, he represents the harm that is wrought to tlie cause of devotion to tlie ancient fountains of learning by the enlarge~nent of the area of admission, wl~ereby genuine application is discouraged. The additio~~al degrees that have bee11 granted during the last twenty pare, in reward for contributions to the exchequer in a time of warfare, shouldnow, in his opinion, be withdrawn, the provinces liavii~g already enjoyed to a sufficie~~t extent the advantages of the Imperial bounty. On the subject of tlle military service, lie expatiates on the inefficiency in to whicli the regular army has fallen, its duties being discharged wherever troops are required by irregulars ('I braves "), whom it ia necessary to enlist for the purpose. Whilst the regular army, unpaid, undrilled, and with its ranks only nominally filled, has become next door to uselees, the forces of irregulars who have been retained in the different provinces since tlie restoration of peace have also, it is insinuated, fallen into a col~dition of no slight iiieficiei~cy. The remedy that the memorialist proposes is to fill up the ranks of the regular army by drafts from the irregular forcea. With reference to the skill in the use of the lance and bow, in which tlie soldiery of the three Ma~~cli~~rian provinces were heretofore preeminent, the memorialist, who served at one time as Adjutant-(ie~~eral in Shantung, aliere he had an opportunity of personally observing tliia fact, now liears that a falling off in efficiency is noticeable among the soldiery from that region, who have been sent to join in tlie Western campaigi~. He solicits that the proper authorities be called upon to institute regulations for amending this state of affairs. (2)-The Censor Yeo Peh-ch'wan memorializes adding his protest to tl~ose whicli have already appeared in the Gazette, against the continuance in official employ of the late Taotai at Tientain, after being placed in mourning by the death of his father. March 2nd.-(1.) A Decree, in reply to a memorial by Hwang Yii, a Vice-presideut of the Board of Punishmenb, wl~o has reported respecting an additional number of tlie women of An-hwei, who perislied during the recelrt rebellion, and for wlio~n no sacrificial offeri~rgs have as yet been provided. Wit11 regard to the 586 persons, of whose names a list has been presented, it is ordered that the proper Board take measures for providing marks of Imperial distinctip~~, with the exception of such anlong them lsl~avealready been thus honoured, and that their relations be allowed to erect memorial temples or mural tablet8 at their own expense. (2.) The Governor-General of Chilrli reports the trial and sentence of a moman named Li11 Challg-she, for the offence of presenting a supplication to the (late) Emperor by the roadside. The suppliant, l~av~iig been persuaded by a female relative, a widow, who had a grievance with regard to tlie ownership of aome land,& present a complaint to his Majesty wl~en passing along a public thoroughfare, is condemned, under the etatute in such cases made and provided. to the penalty of eighty blows, with privilege of co~nmutation. March 3rd.-(Court Circular.) The Prefect of Shun-t'ieu Fu reports a fall of suow of upwarde of 3 inches, at Peking, on the 28th Feb. (1 and 2.) The Manchu General, Qovernor-General, and Governor of l'ul~kein, and Pao-chbng, Commissior~er for Maritime Defence and Foreign Affairs in Formosa, joilltly memorialize on the following subjects :- (A).-The application of the late Acting- Magistrate of the Kia-1 district is forrarded, ill which he declares that the guardian deity of that city has long been conspicuously accessible to the prayers offered up, on occasio~~, for either rail1 or 6110 weather, and that a most noteworthy illstance of his supernatural interposition occurred in 1862, hen the city was besieged by the insurgent leader Tai. At this juncture a severe earthquake occnrred, wl~ich threw down some of tlie battlements, but left the walls of the city undisturbed. In answer to the prayers that were offered at the temple, when tlie rebels endeavoured to storm the town, an oracle was granted assurilg a safe resnlt, a~id the people took heart tllerefrom, so that a desperate defence was made, and the city was preserved from capture. It is now prayed that an additional title of holiour be coufemed upon the god in queetion. (B).-The attention of His Majest? $1 eolicited to an application presented, certain of the literati of T'ai-wan Fu. (I)-The autl~orities of Fulikien, nnd embodying a panegyric upon the heroic Sliln Pao-clilng, Com~lliesioner for Mari- Chbng C11'611glku11g~ entitled l'rince of time Defence and Foreign Aff,rirs in Formosa, men~orialize soliciting tl~e re~noval end honoured by of the restriction on colonizabion in Forthe beetowal of the surname Chu, under the mosa. Referring to a men~orial dated Millg dynaaty. Devoted to scliolarsl~ip ill January 18tl1, in wl~icl~ they had already his youth, he became involved, 011 reacl~i~~g reported the opelli~~g of access into the the age of manl~ood, in tlle trouble8 wl~icl~ morintains at both the nortl~ aud the south befel the State ; and, inib~ied 1r.itl1 the of tl~e island, and the arra~~geme~~ts they prevailii~g aentiments of heroic devotion, llad ill contemplati011 for establishing he postponed the obligatio~ls - of filial posts at Lal~g-k'iao and K'i-how, they have mourning to the duties of patriotism. fle now to observe that with tl~e exceptio~i of found ill the midst of the waste of waters the lands occupied by tlie aboriginal tribes, a dominion which he transmitted to his tl~e wl~ole interior of Formosa is entirely descendaiits, and wl~icl~ was by them uninhabited. Lands wl~icl~ might be cultisurrendered to the Imperial sway. His vated lie waste, overgro,wll with forest and former opposition being condoned, his sending forth pestilential ~niaama, a refuge name was admitted to a place in the record for the savage aborigines who lie in wnit of the loyal servants of the dynasty ; and there for victims of their nlurderous in the enauing ages his supernatural designs. Though pntliways may be cut intervention has been grauted when cries across the hills they are nevertlieleai of distress have arisen in times of natural shr~uned as unsafe, and soon become calamity. The common people have obstructed by the undergrowth. The offered sacrifices to him in humble shrines response tlmt 11as been made to the late without official authorization, and it is invitations to cultivators to take up new now requested that the erection of a temple lands has been limited ill the ext.rel~~e, and the Lrstowal of a canonical designation the fact being that the popr~lati~~~i of the on tlie departed hero may be l~nperially settled part of the island is by no meaua sanctioned. 111 eupport of this petition, the abundant in proportion lo the extent of lmperial Comtnissiouer Sl~lii, inditer of the its area. A prol~ibition has long been memorial, together with hiscolleagues, after maintained against the emigration of observing that although Cl~BngCh'Bng-kung Chinese from the mainlal~d to Forniosu ; in hie lifetime necessitated the employment a~rd althougl~ it has not been ellforced to of tl~e sword of the State, in the palmy days the letter, yet, so long aa the interdict is of the dynasty, to effect his subjugation, not removed, the local authorities have yet his character was of a kind to serve as always been fearful of committing an a healing example to the turbulent and infri~~gen~ent of the law if they were lawlessly disposed ;and it ie OII record that in the 39th year of K'ang Hi (A.D. 1700) His Majesty declared in an edict' that the deceased had been one of the supporters of the Ming dynasty, nota revolted rebel against His hlajestyjs own rule, and sent ofiicials in charge of the coffins of both Chlng Cl1'6ng-kung and his son to be conveyed for interment at Nan-ngaii, where a tumulus was to be raised over their remains and a memorial temple to be erected. As this temple, however, is on the niainland, it is of no avail so far as the people of Formosa are concerned ; and it is now besought that a cal~onical deaigl~ation be conferred on the spirit of Chbng Ch'Bng-Kung, andc the erection of a temple in his honour at T'aiwall Fu be saiictioned. (For rescript see. -. Gazette of February 16th-16th). March 4th.- (Court Circular.) Li-jui had audience of leave on proceeding to,.roorea to promulgate the lmperial maui-.,fwto: (See Gwtk of Jenuary 30th). to encourage the influx of settlers. The enterpriae of opening up the mountain region, however, renders the introduc- tion of c~~ltivators absolutely necessary ; and to obviate hesitotion on the part of the people, tlie removal of the interdict ie indispensable. The ancient enactment ia found to be to the fr)llowi~lg effect :-I' The s~~rreptitious crossing over to Formosa by the people of the mail~la~~d is forbidden. On ally vessel making the surreptitioun voyage being capt.ursd, the master and crew shall be punis1)eri in differe~~t degrees, pe~ialties shall be inflicted OII the civil and military autl~oritiea, and the aoldiers and police shall be criminally dealt witll." A further enactment provides that 'I in tl~s the case of persons acting as crimps to decoy the inhabitants of the seaboard into eur. reptitioualy crossing to Formosa, offenderr in the tirst degree ellall be transported into military servitude. and acceasorie~ ahall be yo~~islied with 100 blows and banishment for three years. The penalty of 100 blows and one montli in the cangue

27 allall be inflicted on the r ling junk ports are anbject to inspection, although masters, wllo are bo~ind as secnrity for the the fact is that sea-going craft make use of offe~~di~rg persou. The perso~~s emigrati~~g mattii~g or canvaa for their saila, and are in slrall receive 100 blows and be seut back to no wise deprnde~~t 011 the use of bamboo. their iiative places. Tl~e civil and mili- The ii~ferdict, consequel~tly, serves only tary a~~tl~orities found guilty of ~iegligence aa an additional vei~icle for extortioli on shall be subjected to pe~~altie~ a* n~ay be the part of the soldiery and police. The due." Oll~er e~~act~nents are quoted tu the removal of all the aboven~entioned longsanie effect. 111 addition to tliese, itisfurther stallding prohibitio~is is solicited, in the provided that for the offei~ce of ei~tering iilterest of the colonizatioli of E'or~noaa. the territory of the aborigines, 100 blows (For rescript, see Gazette of Feb ). aliall be itiflicted ; and t,lle same penalty, nlarcl~ 6tl1.-Tl1e Governor-Geueral and nit11 3 years ba~iisli~nent added, for ell- Go\,ernor of Fuhkien memorialize reportgaging i11 sucl~ occupatio~~s as gall~eri~tg ing tl~e arrival of sundry shipwrecked ratta~rs, snaring deer, felling tin~ber, and Liu-Chinan barbarians at Foocl~ow. On collecti~~g coya-fibre ill proximity to the the 18th December last, the co~nmanda~~t savages. Sto~~e mo11i1n1e11ts werenioreover at Min-an received a commu~~ication from erected at the entrance to the mountai~~s the district Magistrate of Ts'ung-ming in at the northern and southern extren~ities (1) Kiang-SII, forwarding a Liu-cl~iuan junk of Taiwan, (the term cautiously used here is with eleven natives on board, together g, signifying condition or appearance), with their effects. On being examined, it was found from the statemel~ts talten that beyond which were the limits of the the junk had sailed 011 tlie 16th July last, savages. Penalties were prescribed for 011 a trading voyage from Napa, and had tlte oecials guilty of ~~egli~enca ill the been dismasted ill a gale on the following case of any persons s~~rreptitiously dtry. She drifted ih the collrse of tihe gvli~g beyond these bo~~ncls with vei~t~~res next seven days to the coast of Cl~ina, and of ~i~ercl~a~~dize. Yo~lalties were also was taken by Chinese who catlle to the provided for i~~te~.n~arriage rvitl~ tl~asavages. rescue, to the magistracy of 'l'sui~g-ming 'I'l~e rvithdrawal of all these anciel~t restric- (estuary of the Ya~~~tsza). Clothing and 11~11s is 11ow solic~ted. It is furtl~ermore food were nupplied by the Magistrate, al~d sbated that, accordi~~g to n longsta~lditrg the junk was repaired, after which steersr~~le, IIO person was allowed to ellgage ill men were put on board, a11d the junk rvaa the busi~~essof iro~l.fon~ldi~~gii~forinos;r, for towed by a stea~ngunh~~at to the frol~t~er of the ma~lufacture of don~estic hardware or Ful~ltie~~ and C116hkia11g, wl~ereshe arrived agricultural impleulents, without a liceuse on the Dec. 4th. After beiug provisioned from tl~e Treasurer of Fuhltien, obtained by the Magistrate of Yii-11wnn T'iug alie tl~rough the govertimerit of the is1:tnd. continued to Foochow. Fro111 Only 27 persolls were tl~us liceused for the day of their arrival at the Liu-cl~iunn the entire island, ai~d the iron they lodginqho~~se, the ~r~thorities have issued employed was to be brought fro111 Chang- the daily ration, as provided by regulation, chow on tl~e ti~ainlaird, nncter pe~~alties for of I sltkttg (about 1 pint English measure) unautl~orized evtractiol~ or ale of the ore oi rice, and 6 cash for salt ni~d vegetables. or metal. Of late years, however, the On departure, tlre shipwrecked n~arilrers ports of tl~e island Ibrrva been opened tco will further be supplied wit11 provisio~~s trade, and pig-iror~ is illcl~~drd the Lariff for one mo~~t,l~. of i~iiports, ao that wl~trt was formerly for- hiarc11 6th.-(1) The acting Gover~~orbiddell to be produced in Cliina in now General of the Grain Transport reports iinported from the con~~tries of IEnrope. tl~atho apprehansio~~s entertained towards Whilst the co~~ditio~~s are thus rvl~olly the close of last year, for the safety of the altered, it frequently l~appens that ill-dis- banks of the Grand Cantrl in it.s Sout11er11 posed soldiera tar police tr11111p up pretexts portion, owing to the strong pressure of for levying extortions fro~n tlre people tl~e waters flowing in fro111 the Yellow at large, whilst tha licen~ed iro11-for111dars River, hud paased away in the early part seek to enforce a 1no110p01y in virtue of I) Janu:rry, as the volume of writer their recognized positio~~, greatly to the decreased. public injury. A~~otller prol~ibition on the (2) 'l'he (lirte) C4overnor-Geuernl of the statute book is tl~at agaiost the exportation two Kiang, Li l'nnng-hi, ulen~orializes wit11 of bamboos, the object being to prevent retere~~ce to a decree received by 11in1 on tlie supply of materials for s:rils and stag- the 3rd Jnut~ary, ill which the tellor of a ings to pir~tic~l jl~nks. 111 virtue of this me~iiorial by the Censor Hii T'ing-kwei, prohibitiou, bamboos tran~ported from proposing a scheme for the raieing of a point to point in the ~ieigl~l~o~~rliood of tlie large a~noii~~t of revenue for the expol~sea of tl~e Yellow River aervice, was forwarded. Upon this the Governor-General has to remark that, under the uew regnlations for the Ewai lian Salt Division (including Kiangsi, ' part of Kiangsu, Anhwei, and Hu Knang), 500 y.iu $1 (each abont 364 cattiea) of salt are allotted to one p'iao or license, and that, con- /*. aeq~~etttly, the issue of 200 extra licenses would be an addition of 100,000 yit~ of salt placed on the market. If for each license the payment of Tls. 6,000 mere received, an addition to the revenue would be made of Tls. 1,200,000. Supposi~lg that there were an opening for the sale of the salt In question, tl~is would certainly dord an auxiliary source of income on behalf of the river-works ; but he has to sul~mit that tlie secret of the gabelle revenue does not lie in arrgmentation of the s~~pplies available for distribution, so much as in the quickening of sale for consumption. In earlier times, the aalt brought to the distributing centres by the licensees, was got rid of as fast as it arrived ; but increasing competition has led to a gradual accnmulation of atock. The licensees, who began by finding themselves able only to make one delivery a quarter, have at length reached such a point that their turn for aisposing of their importations comes only once a year. It is found that the salt accumulated at the distributing centres of the Two Hu, Kiangsi, and Anhwei, amounts to upwards of 360,000 yi~~, which the dealers are altogether ~~onplrissed how to get rid of, and this does not include the salt in tr(rt~situ or in the ~ntermediate storehouses. Owing to the long delay that must elapse before that salt can be put on the market, it is exposed to various forrns of deterioration. The only salvation for the traders lies in their adherence to the rule of successive rotatioil in the dispoaal of their venturea. These facts, with others to tl~e same effect, are urged as a sufficie~~t objection to the proposed additiou to the number of licenses issued.-liescript : Let the Board of Revenue take note. March 7th.-(1) A decree, remitting certain portions of the land-tnx in some of the Souther11 districts of Cl~ihli, on a representation by the Governor-General of the extent to which the lands ill quealiou have suffered from inundation. (?) The Censor Sun Fbng-siang memorializes, protesting against arrangen~ents proposed by the Board of Ceremollies for -limiting the nr~mber of candidates to be.;'.allowed to coma forward at t.l~e provincial kterary examinations, on the ~notiol~ of the assistant Civil Governor of F6ng-t'ien, Uhal~g Sii-kiai, who me~norialized on tl~e subject in The Censor r~ow urges, taking Sha~~tu~~g as a provit~ce of tlie middle order in this respect, that in the provi~~ce in question the number of degrees of K&.je^~c conferred, including those newly added to the liat, is seventy-one, with 13 of tl~e ju-pang or subsidiary class. The number of cells in tlie examination hall has been illcrea~ed to ~lpwards of 12,000, and for the 1873 competitiol~ more than scllolars came forward. Tl~e r~nrnber who actually entered for the examination, after rejection of a certain proportion at tl~e preliminary test, was upwards of 12,000. If, however; tho standard regulation were co~nplied with, which allowa only the following proportion to come forward in a Province of the middle order-viz., 60 for each degree as KC-jen, and 30 for each degree of the jupang class, the 11umber of candidates sent forward from the districts cor~ld not exceed some 4,600 all told. The illcrease in the number of candidates is attributable to the relaxation of the rules granted from time to time in reward for local contribu- tions during the rebellion, and tl~e Cenaor deprecates a witl~drawal of privileges which have been highly prized by the literary class. March 8th.-(I) K'ung Siang-k'o, the hereditary representative of Confucius, invested with the title of Duke, memo- rializes, expressing Ilia lame~~tations the decease of 11is late Majesty, the intelligence of which reached hin~ at his honle on the 24th January. After a panegyric on the virtues of the deceased sovereiqr~, he requests pern~issio~i to visit Peking to pre~e~~t Iiin~self before the Throne, as he did in Rescript gra~iti~ig the request. (2) The Gc~vernor of Hupeh memorializes, denou~~cil~g tl~e acting Magistrate of the District of Hien-f6ng for auudry acts of corrupt conduct and perversion of justice illto a means of extortion. A rescript, skipping the ogender of his rank, has already appeared. Illarc11 9th.-No docunlenta of importance. March lot11.-(1) *A Decree in reply to a memerial by t ~ Assiatant ~ e Hanlin reader Pao-t'ing, who has admonished their Blajesties the Empresses with his viewr respecting the control of the eunuohs of the palace and economy in the expenses of the housel~old. In reply it is observed that the memorialist's warning is dictated by a praiseworthy desire to prevent the possible growtl~ of evils, and that as

28 regards the eunuchs, it has been fully recogl~ieed by successive aovereig~ls that not tlle smallest approach to freedom call be allowed to tl~is class of peraolis. On the subject of houseliold expenditure, the Comptrollers will be eujoi~ied toeadjust their outlay to the regulated illcome of the Privy Purse, alld not to make unjustifiable applications for extra subsidies fron~ the genernl revenue. (2) The Governor of Cheh-kiang memorializes requesting that the name of Yaug En-sllu, Magistrate of the Shall-yill District, may be removed from the-official list under that heading, ol~lllg to prolonged absence from 111s post. The Magistrate, haviug been recolnnlended for nomination to this office, was reqrlired by the Board to proceed to Peking for presentation to the Emperor, after which he was to returm to his post on probation only. Having left Cheh-kiang in July 1871 for the purpose of proceeding to Peking, he has never returned ; and it ha8 been ascertaiued on enquiry that he ha purchased a certificate of rank as Taotai from a sale-of-titles office in Hullall. Having failed, however, to pay UP the extra amount required from llim to make good his want of a recommelldation for promotion from his actual superiors, tile Board has refused to confirm his new rank, and likewise to discharge him from duty in Chbhkiang. It is now requested that, as he has abse~lted himself for such a length of time from duty, Ilia office may be declared vacant, in order that another appointment be made.-granted by rescript. (3) 111 a supplementary memorial, the same Governor reports the appointment of the late Magistrate of Chu-ki to act as Magistrate of T'ie~l-t'ai, vice Ting Shu- lia~rrr, removed from office-(probably ill collsequellce of the late rising in that district). March llth.-(l) A Decree. A memorial llas bee11 received from Tso Tsung- t'ang, Governor-General of Sllensi and Kansuh, &c., who requests that a 'l'aotai be stripped of his rank aild excluded for ever from the public service, as well as that a penalty be inflicted upon himself. Intendant of a. the T'ai Shall itself, tl~e counsel of Cl~ao the An-su11 circuit, was au ofticial who had Tsin would have been powerless to interfere already beeu denounced for misco~~duct, with it. The memorialiet now recommende when Tso Tsung-t'aug memorialized in liis that, to guard against any possible defavour, soliciting restoration of his original parture from the declared will of their rauk aud his appointment as acting Tautai Majesties in the course of future years, Ho Yiian-tsin n; g, of the above-named circuit. Notwit.11- etariding this, the official in question, so fir from shewing repentance and a desire to atone for the past, hae thrown obstacles in the way of public busi~less, rna~~ifesti~~g conduct the most u~~worthy, deceitful, a~ld devoid of principle. Let 11im be stripped of 11is rank, and excluded for ever from 1 re-employment. 111 summoning to 11is lieadquarters, witl~ont due cause, a11 official of bad character, already stripped of 11is j rank, Tso 'I'su~~g-t'a~~g himself has com-! mitted a fault ]lot easily excusable. Let his name be handed to the Board, for i decision as to a pennlty. (2) The assistant Reader of tlre (:rand Secretanat, Kwaog-an, lnemorializes eub- ' ~nitting his views with respect to the recently declared succession tu the Throne. He submits that, whereas it is true that the serva~~ts of the State are not called up011 to meddle with the Sovereign's prerogative in the adoption of au heir, yet it appears to llim that, where son~e tr~fling moditicatio~l suggests itself as desirable, after the satisfactory conclusion of all arra~~gement of the kind, it behoves a Minister not to remain silent. After referring to the lamented decease of Ilia late Majesty, and extolling the wisdom and foresight with which the two Empresses have caused all heir to the Throne to be adopted, with the proviso that his DIajeaty'a future son sllall become adoptive heir to the deceased Emperor, the memorialist thinks it his duty to refer to an analogou~ case which has struck him, in the history of the Sung dynasty. Yai Tsu, tl~e founder of that line (A.D ). trammitted the successio~~ to his younger brother, in obedieuce to the comma~ld of his mother, instead of maki~~g his eon his heir (the arra~~gemeut being that T'ai Tsu's SOII al~ould succeed 011 the death of T'ai Taung, the second sovereign.) Subaeque~~tly, however, by the solitary advice of Chao Tsin, T'ai Tau~ig named his own BO~I as his successor, iu lieu of his nephew (the rightful claimant of the Throne.) Objections innunlerable were the result of this departure from the rule prescribed by the Empress mother of T'ai Tsu. If, at the time, her Majesty had comma~~ded her decree to be illscribed on a tablet of iron (#$$, thus constituting a patent imnlovable as the ~i~~ Tripods of or the great aasembly of Pri~~ces, Nobles, Ministers, and heads of departments be convened to decide on the preparation of a tablet of iron to record for ever their Ma- tl~e crew of the remnining tllree-maeter, jesties' decree. (For rescript severely re- finding the odds against. them, put their prinia~~ding Kwnng-a11 forlli~ presumptuous helm about and rail the jn111c asllore. The iutermeddling, see Gazette of Feb. 21st.) pirates, having taken to the hills, were Marc11 12th.-This day's Gazette is hotly pl~raued by a landing party from tl~e wl1011y occupied wit11 the memorial by the Imperial squadron, and a great number Ce~~sor Wang Cl~ao-Ian, r~rgin~ financial, perisl~ed hy fnlli~~g over precipices in their civil service, and army reform, a full ab- fligllt. Thirteen prisoners were taken, stract of which has already bee11 given, with aud twel~ty-four heada were brought in tlie rescript, i~the Gazette of Feb. 23rd. from the scene of action. On board the March 13th.-(Court Circular). Kwoi- piratical j1111k five imprisoned persons were ts'i~~g, Vice-Preaideut of the Board of found and liberated. Ho~>ours aresolicited Works at bloukden, had audience on his on behalf of the o5cers and soldiers who arrival at Peking. (N.B.-This is the achieved tliis exploit. official lauded by tlie Censor Li Hung-mu, Marc11 14th.-(1) A Decree, appointing in his memorial published on the 23rd February, for 11is uprigl~tness while acting a commission of high oficials, with the Grand Secretary Pao-yiin as President, rrs Comptroller of the Household, in to supervise tile drawing up of the l~istory coiltradietinction to Kwei-pao and W6n-si, the officials whose degradation was granted ( Veritable Record) of the late by rescript to the metnorial in question). Emperor's reig~~. (1) The Governor of Chbhkinng memo- (2) A Decree. Let Kwei-ts'ing #$'& rial~zes applying for a memorial structure in honour of an aged lady of the province, be transferred to the post of second Vicewho 11aa seen seven generations living and President of the Board of Worka, with who has, herself incll~ded, five generations charge of the Coinage department. Let of her family living at present day. The Na-jln 1,be transferred to fill the lady iu question, now 83 years of age, has post of Vice-Presideut of the Board of thr& sons, thirteen grandsons, seven Works at Moukden. (N.B.-With regreat-grandsons, and two great-great- ference to Kwei-ts'ing, see Gazette of 13th grandsons. The application, accompa~~ied inst.) by a copy of the genealogical register, is referred to the Board of Ceremonies. (3) A memorial, by Liang Sbng-pao, Sub-Director of the Co~~rt of Literary (2) The same Governor applies for sauc- Record, 11ging certain modifications in the ti011 to the resumption of a payment of system at present pursued in the revision eight taels per a~lnr~m out of the p~~blic of examir~ation eaeays. funds for the maintenance of Spring and Autumn sacrifices in ho11011r of a President Marc11 1tth.-(I) A Decree, ordering of the Board of War under the tl~athe jail-warden of the Wei district, in Rli~lg dynasty, named RII She-~~i~tg, who ~ided Chilili, be stripped of his rank, and made in suppresaing the f~~rrriidable revolt a prisouer for trial, in co~~seq~le~~ce of the escape of certain priso~~ers under Ilia of Pri~rce Chdu Ha0 (in A.D. 1519). A temple in his 11o11our was erected at tlie charge. district city of JBII-110, but during tlie (2) The Preaidents of the Board of War rebellion, when the records were lost and memorialize, forwarding a memorial lodged affairs fell into confusion, the accustomed in their I~aods for presentatior~ by the eacrifices were e~ispended. titular Secretary of tl~e Board, Wei Kang, (3) The same Governor reports an whicl~ tl~ey liave duly examined and engagement which took place in Ar~gl~st fpund free from objecti~lnable expreslast, on the coast of Chbl~kiang, close to the alolla. The memurialiet, referring to border of Fultkien, with some piratical tl~e Empresses' decree inviting co~~nsel, junks which had been cl~ased lip from tlre has to request that tl~e Governments Soritl~. The Imperial war-jnnks, under of all the Provinces be called 11po11 to the command of the Acting-Brigadier of institute measures of reform of the civil Wan-chow, aided by a steam-gunboat, fell administration. He begins his l~omily in with tl~e pirates near Ko11-sien Ao, ~ nd wit11 tl~e following chnin of argument : It having obtained the weather-gage during is [proverbially] the people who are the the prevalence of a furious gale of wind, forll~dation of the State. If the foundation bore down upon them and opened 6re be secure, the prevale~~ce of good governwith tl~eir heavy ~IIIIS. Two of the pirnte- ment may he looked for. Tl~e mea~~s of i,un,ks were suuk, as well ae one of their 811stenr11ce are [proverbinlly] tlle people's :ats, a great alimber of the piratical Heaven. If Heave11 be ill liarmonie~~s bps being thus sent to the botto~n, and [wit11 the remait~illg co~retituenta

29 of the u~~iverse], then years of plenty nlay retire from the eervice on the score of ill military achievements in the operations A sum of Taels 264 is, moreover, raised be couiited health. Ha is succeeded by the Judicial against the rebels in the central al~d 011. But let grasping and periodically, by asae.esn~e~it, an~o~~g the illheartless officials hold the reins of power, Commissioner, Pao-h6ng, wl~ose place is North-western provinces; and having lately Ilabitants, to meet certain charges in corland outcries of complaining be heard OII taken hy Kwoh Sung-tao, nor at Peking. asked for leave of absence owing to tlie nection with the examinations. The vilhigh, then Hearell will not be in I~armo- (2) A,Decree, stati~~g that, in the present state of his I~ealth, it was hoped that lagers are bound, in addition, to fur~~ieh ~iious accord. Let the State be wa~~til~g year, m~l~tary inspections are due in the lie might be restored to strengtll and 39 large carts, rrhel~ever required, for the in upright and virtuo~~u servants, then provinces of Cl~il~li, Shansi, Shensi, Sze- long contii~ue one of the supports of transport of ~nsterials for the public works calamity aud woe will again and again be ch'wan, and Kansuh. The Gover~~ors- the Stake. Postl~~mous distir~ctions are at the mausolea. Complaints lodged at experienced, aud the fonndation will in General, or Governors of these provinces, decreed in his favour, all penalties re- Peki~~g, accusing [he local authorities of consequence be disturbed. To dissipate il~cludil~g Li Hung-cl~ang aud Tso Tsung- corded against his name during life are oppressive action in the collection of tl~e viaitatio~ls of Heaven, mallkind must t'any, are severally comn~anded to hold remitted, a grant of Tla. 1,000 for his these assessments, have led to the present be in harmo~~ious accord ; and whoso these i~~spectiol~s in person. funeral expenses is ordained, and his son enquiry. The prime mover in the affair would protect the interests of the people, (3 and 4) blemorials by the Court of and grandson are to be presei~ted tb the is declared guilty of misrepresentatio~l must make the civil administration pure. Cellsorate, forwarding two appeals in mur- Throne in due time. aud falsehood, and sentenced to the miti- Thus it was in the days of old, and a der cases, from natives of the province Decree. Let Ts'ung-slrih ( Presi- gated penalty of 100 blows and deportasurvey of the existing condit.ion of affairs Cl~il~li-one with reference to the aasassi- dent of the Board of Punish~tteots) become tion for three years. At the same time, shews the same to be more than ever all natio11 of a peasalit in a village squabble, acting Military Governor of ShGng-King. after making all allowances for the Ilecesurgent necessity. In the nlemorialist's the otlier the complaint of the widow of a On his arrival at Moukden, let Chih-ho sities of the position of the authorities, humble opinion, the corruptiol~ of the civil petty military officer, who denounces her hand over charge to him. whose revenue from land-tax is extremely service throughout tlie Empire has reached brother-in-law for the alleged murder of March 19th.-The whole of to-day's small, whilst their liabilities for Governin recent years its extreme development. her husband and son, and for indirectly Gazette is occupied with a memorial from ment service are heavy, no that the fodder The causea of this may be classed under causing the suicide of her son's wife. The the Governor of Kwaagtung, on the pro- aseeeement is tlreir principal resource, it eight heads. Here follows a categorical authorities, she implies, are in league to j ceedings in a murder case. Three indivi- is nevertheless improper that additions enumeration of the evils the mernorialista deny her justice, and she especially charges duals of the family name of Siao had should be made to the amount levied. would expose, which are as follows :- the district Magistrate of Tientsin with murdered six of their relatives in a most The Governor-General decided that Laxity in the system of admission into endeavours to hush up the case. Referred ruthless manner, in consequence of dis- cash shall henceforward be struck off the the public eervice. 2. Extravagance in in the usual manner. putes about some land. Tile ringleader alnouirt payable per 100 catties as above dress, entertainmenta, and establishme~lts. March 17th.-(1) A Decree. The Cen- had escaped and was alleged to have nlentioned, and some other slight reduc- 3. The facility with which acting-appoi~it- sor Wang Chao-latl memorializes, re- comn~itted suicide, and it was stated that t~ons made in the public burdens. ments and temporary incunrbenciea are presenting that an excessive mortality takes I his body had been devoured by wild March 2lst.-The Governor-General of coirferred on expectairts of office, without place among the prisoners in the Board of I beasts. One of the two remaining delin- Chihli, Li Hung-chang, memorializes, supregard to their character or fitness, and Punishmeuts, aud reqnesting tliat pending :I quents has beer1 executed, and the second porting the request of the Taotai Ting often as e means of ertricatiog the arrears be disposed of. Inasmuch as the is kept in prison to serve as a witness in i. Sl~ow-ch'ang for leave to return to his l~o~ninee from debt. 4. The aystetu of system of incarceratioll is a question affect- case the efforts made to apprehend Ilon~e, to complete his three years' period ing the lives of the people, injunctions the missing ringleader should prove suc- of mourning. 011.' indemnibillg,, returning from Peking 54 ;gb ullo have been repeatedly been laid upon the cesaf 111. to Paoutiilg Fu, on t,he 6th February, the held for some tin10 ur~~roductive appoint- ~~~~d to dispose of pendillg with due March 20th. - The Cover~~or-General of Gover~~or-General fol~nd all application lnellts, by transferrillb tllelll Illore diligence ; and it is scandalous, indeed, Chihli reports the issue of proceedi~~us in a from Ting Sl~ow-ch'al~g awaiting him, in lucrative posts. 5. The suppreusio~~ of the no less than ten deaths from exhaus-! case of appeal by il~liabital~ts of the whial~ this request was preferred, in regl11;rtioll syst.em of advance~~le~rt in the tio,, slrould llave taken place ill one nlolltll, departn~ent of Tson-bra, on the ground of fultiln~ent of the duties of filial mournirig. public service (riz, Il~ro~~ch the literary durillg tile period wllen the censor was,, irregularities ill the exaction of feudal The Goverllor-General states that, since the examillatiolls), LY ',lie lavish elllploylnent acting, tile nlolltll before last, as yisitor of servlce. Tho facts of the case are as year 1862, the ex-'l'aotai l~as served under of patrollage. 6. Tl~e wide extalrsio~~ of tile prisoll. ~~t tho chief P,lthoritiea of follows:-the Ili~perial mausolealie wit11i11 his orders, as a leader of braves, in various tlle purc1la~e system as an are11ue to sub- the Board at once prescribe a lilllit of time I the department in questio~~, and as two ciunpaigns against the rebels ; and having sta~~tive rank ; its origi~~al and har~nless within whicll all before tllem, whether i Governinelit posting stations are i~~cluded been appoi~~ted acting Taotai of Tientsin intelrtiol~ being the bestowal of lnere titles. already or still undetermined, within its limits. the service req~liremel~ts ill 1870, just us disturbances had occurred 7. The abuse of the recomnlelldatioll sllall be definitely disposed of, in order a~steln, which means many tl~athere may be no further delay. Com- Persons obtain advallcemel1t. 8. Neglect passiol,ate regard should likewise at all or1 the part of the higher authorities to time, be extellded to the in scrutinize wit11 sufficient care the cornpe- custody, ;uld the jailers be stringently tency of expectant oecials, before confer- prollibited 811ewins them ill-treatring po~itiolle of trust 11po11 them.-the mellt, ~t is imperative tllat all abuses be above constitutes the list of accusations done with, in furtherance of the whichthe ~nen~orialistsl~ave to t)rit~ga~t~i~~st sovereigll,s deterrnillatioll tllat wisdom and tlie civil aervice. Tile o111y prop..axl, wit11 sedulous care shall direct tile a view to reform, is that ;I frt sl~ l~ortatory of justice. decree be issued to the Proviucial Cl~verli- njarch 1~th.-(l)-~ decree, expressing ~nellts, wllo are accordi~lgly called 1lpoll to the llnperial regrets on receipt of intelreform existing abuses. ligence of the decease of Tu-hing-ah, March 16th.-(1) A Decree, granting the request of P'rm Wei, the Finallcia1 Commissioner of Fuhkien, for permissiou to Militrry Governor of Shangking. A trusty and devoted public servant, he diatinguished himeelf iu former years by his 1' required are of all olrerous nature. The grass (for fodder) is supplied Dy tile population of tlie district, tlie amount being 1,364,300 catties ill ordinary years, and 1,470,420 catties in ioterc:slary years, for which payment is made at the rate of.,. one standard cash per catty. The actual grass is delivered by the villages which lie within aconvenient distalice from the mau-.. solea ; whilst in the case of those more.$ remotely situated, a commutation is paid in at the rate of 4 cash for each catty deliver- ' able, inclusive of the one cash payable by., Government 011 account of tlie grass. The payment for each 100 catties at the above rate is estimated as equivalent to two tiao (490 ccwh of local currency.) between the people and the [Roma~r Catliolic] converts, his actio~l ill soothi11~ the troubled state of the public mind aud ill enforcing order was equally marked by fir~nness and benevolence. After being confirmed in the post he held, his etertions, during years of distress from inundations, earned for him grateful ack~~owledgmente on every side. His father's dentj~ having occurred in November last, he firmly with. stood the Governor-General'sproposal that, after escorti~~g the remains to his native place for interlne~~t, he should return to Cl~ihli to hold an unattached appointme~lt; and tlie Governor-General, consequently, uilwilling to run ooul~ter to his filial sentiments, negatived, in due official form,

30 +he solicitatiorl presented to 11i111 by a (3) The Governor of Cl~el~kiang memolarge btrdy of the l lo tables and elders- of rializes, repnrbi~~g the result of comrniaaiolls 'I'iell~si,~, who petitioned for Ilia rete~lt~on appoiuted to aurvey the w~rks of restoration required for tl~e governrnet~t postrond +.llere. S~rbseqr~e~~tly, I~oeever, a special decree was received, sal~ctio~~illg tlre anti bridges in tlle Provillce, whicll ]lave e~~~~loy~r~e~~t of Ting Show-cll'ang on fallen into dilapidntio~~ ill consequence of r~~rattacl~edduty in Cl~ihli, after the expiry the rebellion. Detailed particr~lars are of tile 100 days' deep niourning, wit11 the given wit11 resl~ecto different sectiol~s of tlre work declared us Ilecessary, the improviso that, tliis sho111d not be constrr~ed portance of which to tllo trading comas a precedel!t in fut~lre cases of tl~e k~nd ; and at the Goverllor-General's a~ldiellce of munit.y ia at the same time referred to. leave on the 2nd Febr~lary last., their Tlle estimates for repairs to roadways and Ivlajestiek tlre Empresses condescended to bridges are given as in "foreign money " enquire respecting the favo~~rable reports (a11 ur~rlal~al fenture), and the total statewhicl~ had reached tlle~n collcerlli~lg 'Yirlg me11 t nlnoun ts to Mexican dollars tig,970, SIIOW-CII~~II~, as a public serva~lt. Tlle beside cash 34,160 thousands, excloaive of Governor-General, in reply, stated the cost of piles and the purcl~aae of land for the exc;rvatioll of soil for filli~lg-in, cvllicll actual facts of the case. Havi~ig now received his applicatior~ for leave to retire it is difficult to estimate in advance. Tliere to his native place wit11 his fatller's ra~nains, being no fullds available from other and to fulfil the three years' period of sources, it is proposed that the necessary amor~nta be disb~~rsed in the fir%t instance mourning, the Governor-General feels bound to lay it before the Throne.-Refrom the li-kin revenue, to be made good script: We Ilave already sanctio~led the hereafter from any surpl~ls funds that may applicntion of tlle Board of Civil Office, accrue, at~d it is requested that the Prorequesting that 110 be not required to vincial Government may he exempted from re~nairl on duty in Cllihli. (Note.-Tl~is the requiremel~t of sending ill detailed terminates the crlrio~ls contest between the nccori~~ts for audit at Peking.-Rescript: desire of the Governor-General to retain Let the Board of Revenue take note. \m his side a trusted assiatallt,, al~d (110 -J / Marc11 23rd.-Tl~e Governor-General Tso - imperative rule elltailing retiremellt fro111 Ts&,-t~allg Illemoriilliees, reporting tile office 011 tlie death of a parent, wllicll facts elicited an enquiry held into the given rise to a spirited between condrict of tlre late acting Magistrate of different members of tile Censorate- See tile yii-,,,bn district, wllo was of Gazettes of Feb. 21at and 23rd9 alld >larch levying a allrreptitioua tax on tile opium 1st. Ortllodoxy has satisfactorily trlumphed over innovation in the pr~s~llt POPPY & 4% AlthOrlgll illstance). Rlagiatrate llimself co~~tendod that all 110 -(I) A l-jecree. Let sllao had done was to isslle a procla~~iation warning tl~e people tltat 110 would impose ~ 6 be pernitten, ~ in ~ mordance - with ~ ~ llis to retire fmm ilia as a fine on any f11t11re cultivation of the G~~~~~~~ of Shensi, on the grtnulld of ill POPPY, haring discovered 011 accessioll to otfice that the c~rltivators 11ad gathered lledth. Let TsGng KwOh-ts'(lsn in their crnp for the year, and beillg fear- ( brother of the late Tsdng Kwoll-fall ) ful lest tlley sl~ould plant for allotller succeed to the vacant post. harvest,-it is evident that he is merely lnemorial by the Governor-Gene- aeeking to escape nnder cover of a misral and Governor of Fuhkien recommend- representatiolr of tlie act~lnl facts ; and the ing, for appointment to the vacant post of Governor-General asks that Ile be stripped Prefect of Ts'iian-chow Fu, the present of hi8 rank in order that he may be Prefect of Yen-p'ing Fu, named Sii Ch6n- regularly brougllt to trial.-granted by a agid 39, a t i e of rescript. Marc11 24tll.-Tl1e Governor-General Tso Peking, who is selected as combining all Teung-t'ang memorializes, denouncing an the requirements which are called for in officer of tlle rank of Tuotai, named flo tl~elaborio~ls and difficult po~t in q~lestion. Yuan-tain, wllom, after Ile had been Having tlre port of Amoy witllin his juris- diction, wit11 its foreign commercial relations, the Yrefect'e d~lties ill tlie way of enforcing order and at the same time mail~tainillg a sootliing sway are especially important.-rescript : Referred for tlie con ride ratio^^ of the Boerd of Civil Office. degraded for in~proper cnlrdrrct in 1868, at tlie instance of the Governor-Gelleral of flu Kaang, lle took under Ibis orders on tjle recomme~idation of that high fr~nc- tionary. A military command waa given Ilim, and after a time the restoration of his - 1 * origillal ral~k was solicited of His Majesty. Majesty the Empress Kilt Sllull, before Having been appoirlted aotillg Taotai of eve11 tlle l~rlrldred days of r~~uur~bil~g f4)r the An-Sull T~~tendautship, with the special her late Imperial collsort Iiave expired. fu~ictio 11 of providir~g for tlie nrilitary I Ber Majesty's re~~~nir~s are to be tell~porequirelllelits of General Sfi Chan-piao's rarily deposited iu the Sl~olv K'ul~g gullov force, ahen operating against Suh-cl~ow, (a brlildiug witllill the palace), n ~~til a ti811e Ho Yurlr-tsitl not ollly altogetl~er lleplected be fixed for their renloval to the YIIII~ En this duty, but actrlally threw every Tie11 (ill the p~rrk wllere the ren~ail~s of possible difficulty ill tlle way of the the late Klriperorare temporarily reposi~~g.) commallder he was requ~red to support. Tl~e Pri~~ce of Kung is directed to joi~l tile Tlle Governor General coufeaees, wit11 a co~t~rniasio~~ nppoil~ted for tl~e ~rrangeu~e~~t feeling of mortificatio~~, that he IIRS beell of tl~e fullerettl rites. mistaken in his estinlate of the deli~~quent's (3) A Decree, expressillp tlle imperial A capacity, us all officer suited f~rr frontier sorrow 011 receipt of i~~telliger~ce of tl~e service, and requests tllat be stripped of deceane of the Governor-General of tile Ilia rank alrd office, as also that Ile lllmself Yell~bw Itiver, K'iao SUIIE-]lien. be adjudged a penalty for elnploying an (4)- A Decree appoi~~61~g Ts6ng Kwohi~nproper person. (For rescript see Uate'iin to the vacant post of zette of lltll illat.) March 25th.-No doculrlente of import- Goverlior-General of the Yellow River. ance. The vaca~lcy as Governor of S11e11-ais to Blarch 26th.-The Governor of Sl~enai, be filled by the promotion of the provi~l- Sllao Hhg-yd, ~~~emorializes reporting the cia] Commissioner of Finauce, T'uu (;hullgpenalties allotted to certain petty officials lin, for their participatio~~ 111 a gambling party, the reault of wl~ich wna the suicide of oue March 28th. -(Co~lrt Circular). The of tllelr ]lumber, as previously recoullted Pri~~ce of Ch'un and his colleagrres paid their respects 011 their returu fro111 the Western Mausolea. last March year. 27th.-(1) A Decree. Her Majesty the Empress Ria Shun, from the ( 1 ) - Kw'bn-yib, Goverlior of time wl~en ill the 11th year of the reign Kiangsi and acting {:overuor-general of the two Kiang, memorializes acknowledging T'u~ig Cl~e (1872) she became consort to His Majesty now departed, to be the with humble thanks his appoilltmelit toact mistress of the Imperial llalls, sllewed herin the vacancy caused by the retirement of I self a pattern of virtuous demeanour in the p~lr~ty and diligence, the gentleness aud affability, by which al~e was diatinguiahed. Slle waited up011 their Majesties the two Empreases Dowager wit11 deference and a willlng mind, rejoicing ill the mallifestatioll of a filial devotion wl~icl~ was never interrupted. When called upoli, in the twelftll moon of last year, to lanie~lt the departure upon the Dragon of His Majesty tlre late Emperor to be a guest ou high, Her grief was so excessive that it took the proportions of a fatal 11111ess. Tliis day, to our ~nost profound distress, at the hour of four a.m., She 11- departed this life. Let She-toll, Prince of LI, Wang 'I's'ing-li, the President of the Board of Ceremo~lies, Kw'eili~lg, Comptroller of the Household, and Kwei-ts'ing, Vice-Presidel~t of the Board of Works, arrange with reverellce the funereal rites. Let the proper departments attend accordiug to precede~~t to all otller ceremonies befitting the occ;~aion. (2) A Decree in the name of the two - Empresses, expreasi~lg tl~eir profound morrow at the calamity wliicll 1s occurred 90 unexpectedly, in tlle decease of Hor Li Ts~~ng-hi. In a strain of prof~lee selfdepreciation, the lrewly appoillted digllitary declares his unfitlleas for tlle poet he is called npon to occupy, imlnediately after lie has llimself aaked leave to retire for a time from public employ for the recovery of hie healtll. He proposes proceeding to his now post at Nal~kili~ by steamer, leaving Ki~lkia~lg 011 tile 23rd Febrr~ar~. (2) Tlle same frl~lctiollary ~nelnori~li~es- 011 a date previo~la to tlint, of the above -requestilrg leaveto retire from the service on the grouud of cl~lltinned ill-llealtl~. Re is 11ot yet Yifty years of age, and Ilas still a right to Icwk forward to n long lif., during wl~ich Ile Ir~~sts, so soon as 11ie healtl~ is restored, to be able to discl~ar~a allew Ilia duty to the State. RIarcll 29th.-(I) A Decree, appointir~g m'611-che 2 78 (Superilltelldetlt of tlle Ilnperial Maliufactory at Hangchow), to the post of Taotai of \'ell-p'ing circuit in Shallai. (2) A decree of the two Empresses, adopt~llg the recotr~me~~datio~~ of the Prince of Krillg,and his colleagl~es irl favollr of a site for the Mausoleun~ of his late Msjeety. The only suitable spot

31 I. discovorecl is a piece of gronnd near the lessness, and is sent back with all speed Eastern Hills, wli~ch is accordi~~gly to wit11 a duplicate of the despatcl~. 0wi11g be adopted, with the de.iip~~at~on Hwei 10 this miscarriage of his application for leave to retire, the Governor, although his if5. (s.~,-l~~ tile rlieumatic affecti~~n of the m~~scles still ~nste;l~~illu as the site for tho illterlllellt c,ruses hinl great sllffarillg, feels bound to of his late &lajusty, tile L1sab.e ill force,,bey tile com~l>a~~ds received ill the interim ai~~ce the f0(111dati011 of tile ~r'33e11t alld to proceed ti, take up Ibis post, ill as dy~~asty is interrupted. Each dece~ed he is, as actillg Governor-General at sovereign has hitherto bee11 illterred at ~ ~ ~ ~ k i ~ ~ ~. either the Easter11 or the Westerll Hills, &I~~.~I~ 30th,-(l) Tl~~Cens~r WangChaosituated at a distance of about 10') 11lilt.s lall molnorializes, stating tl~at, wl1e11 taki~~g fr0111 PeItillg OII eitllgr side, ill alternate ills tllrll of dllts I;rst lno~~th as visitor of order. The late Emperor, ill accordallce tile Hoard of J?o~~ish~~~ents, he found that tvith this syste~n, allould ]lave ljeell inter- no loss than tell of tl~e inir~ates died during red at the Western Hills ; but it is reported tllat single period ; and t.hat, on holding that on Ilia Maj~j"utJ"8 atate visit tllitller Ilia inquest (or inayectioll) oil tlie remains, last year, ha expressed a strong dislilce to lie invariably foolld the bodies to present the neighbourhood). the mout la~nei~table appeara~~cea of e~nacia- (3) The b over nor-general of clfihli tion, bei~~g in faot simply skeletons. The men~orialixes denooncillg tile authorltles exylallatio~l given by the jaileru was that responsible in the case of an escape of the deceased had been long coil6ned in the serer, prisoi~ers from the jail of the Wei priaor~. TIle Censor was informed that no district. of whom three rvere under Sell- snlall nulnber of the priso~lera were ill, and tence of death for homicide, and four the,tate affairs hiwitnesaed callaed him others awaiting trial. According to the pent distress. Be.wonld observe that the statement of the jnilera, tlle~ cnll- L c Yill.Killgl' COntaillR a text enj~,ini~~r! 011 ~rivsd to nre~~ch off t.11eir fetters, and tile vil.tllolls LC precaution ill tile brenk ont of their cages while the jailera infliction of penal disciplille.- hi^ should were sleeping. The sub-assistant Magis- be the rlnalterable rule for those to whose trate or jnilwarden has been stripped of charge prisoners are elltrusted ; and it is his office by rescript, and ordered to be on these grounds that stringent rules exist, placed on trial. limiting the tirne within which judicial (4) Liu Kw'an-yih, Goveri~or of Kiangan, cases inr~et be disposed of. The rules are reports in a postscript Rlernnrial, that not, however, strictly observed, owlng toward tl~e close of last year he sent up a to an illcrease in receilt years in the 111emoria1 beseecl~i~rg leave to retire from il~lmber of cases before the tribu~ial, and the service OII the ground of couti~~ued the conseqllence is a perpetually ininfirmities, which, with a 1111mber of other creasing number of priso~~ers. The effects lne~norials on provincinl business, was of starvatio~l and cold, superadded to the handed over to one of his conriers named tortnre undergol~e judicially, canse the in- Wang Cl1a11-kw'ei, together with a despatch mates of the prison to fall ready victims addressed to the RIernorii~l Prese~~taFjon to any epide~nic t11nt niay break out ; a ~ ~ d Office, for trans~nissio~~ to Poking. ll~e the result is that., while OII the one hir~~d courier has nonf retttrr~ed, and made cri~ni~~nls of the deepest gnilt escape, by report to the effect that :IS 11e rode post- death, tlie pnblic i~~flictio~~ of the penalty of haste to Peking he encon~rtered heavy the law, otl~ers, wllose offei~ces are not of storlns of rain and s~~ow, which co~n- a capital nalure, sl~ccu~nb to the same fate pletely drenched his effects. As 11e pro- in the midst of their fetters. The Censor ceeded day and uight, Ile did not pay aor~ld entreat that i~~jtl~~ctio~~s be laid proper attenti011 to the circumsta~~ces, and up011 tile autllorities of the Board of when he reached Paking, al~.l~ougl~ the Punislrme~~ts to rise greater despatch iu box col~tnini~~g the rne~norials l~nd bee11 dis~osil~g of the casos before ~II~III, and at protected by its many folds of oiled paper the salne time to exercise a vigila~~t care from aufferirlg iujury, he discovered that in the issue of rations and clotl~ing, and iu the covering despatcl~ had got soaked and preve~~ting malversatio~~ in this respect. had beeu reduced to a state of pulp by the The jailersandothersshould bestringel~tly motion on horseback. handed over the box of memorials to the Kiangsi Courier Otrice for safe keeping, and hastened back to the province to make report. Tile Governor states that the messenger hna been flogged for his care- He co~~sequer~tly prohibited from the practice of cruelty or extortio~~ toward the prisoners. (For rescript see Gazette of 17tl1 instant.) (1) The Governor of Kiangsu memori- alizes, reporting the despatch of the first detachment of the grain-ju~lks for Tieutsin. I ' 'Re measlires adepted hr the ehipment (2) The Governor of Yiim~an memoby sea of the entire contingent of first I rializes reportiup the amount of contribaand second quality rice *$$a=% tiona by tfie peoile of the Province d&> daeon account of the 1874 collectio~~ from the years of rebellion, upou which a the prefectures of Soochow, Sung-kiang, request for increase in the number of en- Ch'ang-chow, ChOu-kiang, and T'ai-ts'ang, amination degrees is based. Between the including the rice plprcheaed from the years 1856 and 1873, both inclusive, tile amount collected in money in the two dis- total to be credited to popular conkributricta of Taa-gang and Kin-t'an in ChOn- tiona for the expenses of trainbauds and kiang Fu, have already been reported. local irregulars, amounts to Taela The Governor has IIOW to state that the 8,023, In addition to this all requisite number,of junks have been amonnt uuder the head of 6-kt& Jg& chartered by the trausyorti~ office, and has bee11 contributed in rice to llie extellt the grain, as forwarded to Shanghai, has of 2,726,474 piouls, the otfioial value of at once been loadedon board. The operation has been completed as regards the,first detachmeut of junks, n~mbering 180 sail, which have received a total lading of 333,694 picals of rice, with an extra sur- plusage dlowance of 28,127 piculs. All,inspectiol~a having bee11 held, the squadron Zeft Shanghai on the 25th February, dropping down to Ts'ung-ming, there to await a favourable wind. III addition to the above-named amount, lqq,oqo piculs of rice, with 8,000 picula extra waste allowance, have been handed over to the Chine Merchants' Steam Navigation Company $or transmission. A abeam gnnboat.from the Sl~angl~ai Araeual Itas bee11 detailed to eonvoy the,junk squadron and expedite its ~nove~ilei~ts. (3) '!'lie Governor of Kiangsu further mem~r~nlkes, presenting the aolioitation of J?'a~i CVei, Fil~ancial Com~nissioner of F1111kie11, 011 leave at 'his home, to retire fro111 the sewice un the grouud of illdhealth. (Granted by rescript). BIarcll 1st.-(Court Circular,). The Board of Astronomers presented a copy of the Tables of Calcolationa for the Eclipse..(N.B-The "Jih Shih T'LI".H - - is a pamplrlet drawn.up ill wl~ich is rated at one Tael per picul. Tl~e actual total to be credited to tlm provirice under the head of voluntary coat~butiona ia therefore Taels 10,749, According to the rule establislled ill 1.853, for every Tla. 10,000 contributed in any province, an addition was to be allowedof olle civil and oue military degree at a triennial examination, ai~d for every Tach 30,000 thus co~itributed the addition waa to be made perpetual. Sinli~lar advantages were conceded to departulei~ts and distrieta for tl~eir respective co~~tributio~~s. 1~ conformity with the tenor of regulations, it is now reql~ested that an addition in perpehity of ten degrees, both civil and military, be made to the limit assigned for the prooi~~ci~rl examinatio~~s, and of from 110 to 115 similw deerees to the various district eraininatio~~a.-(referred by rescript for decisio~i by the proper Boanel.) (3) The Prince of Kung and his col- leagues of the Grand Con~~cil memorialize, reporting the appointme~~t of Fdng-kwangy.iin a titular Secretary of the Board of Yun~sl~menta and supernumerary Secretary of Lhe Grand Oou~~oil. to 611 a vacancy as Secretary on the establi.shment, caused by the retirement of Shao W4n-hii,, U111nese and Manchu, setting forth the who goes,into moaruing. ca'culatior~s for the mlipse of' April April 1st.-Chili-110, Civil Governor of 6th for Peking, each of the prr~vi~~cial Brig-t7ien Fu, ~nernoriali~es, reporting the. cnyitals of tl~e E~npire, and Mte capltals decease of the Military Governor, Tu-.of Anam and Corea. Each d these hing-all, which took place oil the9th March. occopies a separate page, together wit the previoaa day lie had sent off a a dlagram sl~ewing the extent of ob- inemoriai, asking for sick leave, and had scuration of the solar disk, acco~tlpa~~ied by handed over the key of his seal of ofice to a scale ef measurement. The calculations Chill-ho. Dnrii~g his recent illness, liie are avowedly based on tl~e " Su Li Tsiug mind hsa been entirely concentrated 011 Stin" or Imperial cyclopdia of Mathema- his duties, and especially occupied with * tics and Astromony, publi~l~ed at the sthe diuturba~ices prevailillgin tl~e province. begi~~ui~~y of the 18th eerltnry). Not a si~lgle word has eacaped him on (1) A decree ordaining that the great affriirs of a merely personal i~rterest. The.Councll of State do deliberate with refer- Y only member of his family wit11 him at ence to the ~oetl~umous title to be con- M011kden;is Iris third son, who proposes to < +,.. ferred on li& Majeety, the empress Pia proceed with,the r ls of his fatherate, Shun. &ire :family home in tlw Amoer regiou. r < k -2- -

32 Cl~ih-ho adds that his compassio~~ has been local banditti and roving " braves,'' at the powerfully llloved 011 fillding tl~at the partict~larseason w11e11 agricultt~rehas no Military Governor has died in very e~nplo~~l~e~~t to offer and food is scarce. straitened circmustances. (3) 111 a suppleme~~tary memorial the April 2nd.-Tl~e Caytai~~-Get~eral of the same official forwards a report by the Bordered Ye1li)w Mo~igolia~l Ban~~er nle- colonel RIIO had been sent to Sii-chow Fu morialixea, requestilrg sanctio~~ to tlie (on the upper Yangtsze, near the border of adoption of all heir to a captain in tlre Yii~lna~~), to q~iell the disturbances caused corpe ill q~iestioir, ml~o lias died witl~out by a body of braves who had mutinied for i~aue. their pny. He has disbanded 800 of their April 3rd. - ( Court Circular. ).The number and retailled 1,200 wit11 their Prince of Cll'un aud his colleagues recelved colours. Hn hrrs further disbanded a force instructions on their departure for the of 600 irregnlars who were statio~~ed 011 the Eastern Mausolea. frontier. The colo~~el ill questio~l has bee11 The Grand Secretariat preeented the ft~rtl~er ar~tl~orized to enrol a body of 300 memorial of tl~e great State Aseen~bly (011 me11 aa body-guards, for the more effective matters referred for deliberatiorr.) maintel~ance of his al~tllority. On the She-ts611g received i~~structio~~s 011 his applicalio~~ of noth her military commander,. departure in charge of tlie "yolde~~ coffi~r" ml~o 11as reported tl~at his men were beof the Imperial concnbi~le, Show P'in-of corni~~g impatient of their long service, and the seraglio of Hien F611g. mere asking for their pay and discliarge, Tlie Gover~ror-General and Gover~~or of 600 BIIII~II irregulars have been fnrther F~ilikien memorialize or] tlie ap~ointme~~t disbanded. Sillce the Gover~ror-Ge~~eral of a Magistrate for the district of P'bng- has held office iu Szech'wnn, 110 adds, he alian in Formosa. Tlie former inculnbent, has disbanded no less than 50,000 men, Yen Cl1'6ng-i, is a nian of great prudence and the great extent of territory for wl~icl~ and.integrity, but somewhat wantil~g in he is answerable, toeether with the lawbreadth of mind, and it has been requested lessl~ess encouraged by the proximity of by the Taotai of T'ai-WRII, in cot~sequence frontier tribes, makes stri~~gellt prec+ution of failure on the Magistrate's part to deal contin~~ally necessary. suitably with foreign affairs, that lie be April 5th-(1) A decreo ill reply to a excl~a~rged wit11 some other magistrate on menlorial by the Governor of S t'ie11 the nlninlana. It is accordingly proposed E'u, requesting all exte~~sion of the time that his late post at F61lg-shall be filled by during vvl~icl~ tl~e cl~aritable relief age~rcies the preser~t M~gistrate of tl~e \\'~~-~'ing may be kept open. A further period of district, named T6ng Kia-sl~bng, aged 43, two months is granted, and an allowa~~ce a native of Nanking. Yen Cl~'bng, who is of 200 piculs of millet is ordered to be to excl~ar~ge with him, is a native of supplied, together with Taels 400 out of Hancun, aged 36, a Kii-j6n graduate, who tlie octroi, revenue of tlie Ts'ung-w6n mas appointed to the E'bng-shan district in (Ha-ta) Gate. 1869, and removed from it ill tl~e followi~~g (2) The Gover~~or of Shantung meyear (since wllicl~ tirne ns probably morializes reprere~~ting that a district been seeking the re-employme~~t now to be magistrate, lately deceased, named Li~i given I~im.) Ying-lin, was a defaulter to the exteut of April 4-(1) A decree of the two Em- Taels 6,040 under different Ireadings in the presses, directing the Imperial Board of revenue for whicl~ he was accountable. Aatror~on~era to select a11 a~~spicious day His family 11ave given no l~eed to repeated for tr~rnili~ the first sod at tl~e nitk upon denlands for the pr~glnel~t of tliis debt, wl~icli tl~e mausc~1e11111 of tl~e late l21npuror a~rd it is req~~eeted Illat he be postia to be constructed. Notice is tl~ere~~po~~ lr~~nlorrsly stripped of his ra~~k, and Ilia to be given to tlre Prir~ce of Cll'un a ~ his ~ d late residence, hot11 ttt 11is blagistracy a ~ ~ d collengues, the Directors of tl~e \\Torlce. his nalive place, be searcl~ed and all (2) 'Pl~e Governor Ge~~ernl of Sse-clr'wa~l discc>veruble property eschexted.-a rereports that on the expiratio11 of his two script sa~~ctio~~ing tlris co~lrse lras already months of sick co11g6 lle has resumed the appeared. active discharp of 11is duty, alt11o11~\1 still April 6th.- (I) A decree, referring to tlie sufferingu~~der his old complaint. He f*.els bounty annctioned by the upage oi lris bound not to thilrko111~ of his ow11 welfare, BIajesty's predecessors, ill the way of particularly at tlie present ju~~cture,,wl~e~~ ren~issions of taxatio~~, and comma~lding the roads of the provil~ce are covered wit11 the Board of Reven110 to examine a ~ ~ d the discharged irregulars who have been report on tl~e measures of relief and exempdinbanded of late in Kweicliow, and when tion that sl~ould be granted, in honour of trouble may be looked for on the part of his Majesty's acceaaibn, and in fulfiln~enb of his lovi~lg desire for the welfare of his lodgi;~~-station for tl~e cor~venier~ce of people. officials when trnvelli~rg or residi~rg at tire (2) A decree. Li Hung-cllang memori- spot. Wang See-ki 11ad tnke~~ up Ilia alizes rtrquesti~rg tllat tlie Taotn~ of Tien- abode there from l11e mome~~t of his ent,ry tail1 be co~nrnauded to repair to 11is post upon tlle appoi~~t~nent of sub-prefect, arid rvithoc~t delay. Let Li C'llao-t'ar~g, the had occupied himself wit11 supervisio~~ of Custon~a' Taotai of Tientsin. wl~o has the Sitlt-boili~~g works. 011 an illquest now retl~rl~ed to KR~II~IIII~ (his native being I~eld, his body rvas foulld cov.ered provir~ce), be directed by tile Governor- with mo~lrlds, fourtee11 in umber. The Geueral and Goverl~or to proceed witl~~at efforts of the autllorities resulted in the capdelay by sea to Tiel~tsill, for the due die- ture of tive of tlle perpetrators of the crime, charge of hie official da ties. together wit11 some of the stolen property. (3) Tlle Goverllor of I'iinnan memori- The priso~~ers arrived at tl~e provincial alizes reporting the proceedings taken capit,al under military guard 0x1 tl~e 21st respecti~tg the t~iurder of a civiliau official. Js~~uary 1876, and were placed on trial On the 18th November last, a report was received by him from tlle Coloiiel of the military division, to the effect that 011 the 8th of that month it had been reported IBim by a servant of Walls Sraki '/%#a sub-prefect of the Wei-yuan depart~nent (in the Prefeclure of Pu'-urh, in the extreme soutl~ of Yiinnm), that his master had been murdered 011 bile 28th Oct., by a band- of malefactors wl~o broke into tlre building where he was lodging, at a place called Pao Mu Tsing, and ill addition to despatclring tlre sub- Prefeot, wounded several of his retainers and. carried off all his money and effects. As they retired from the place they were pursued by the sergeant of tlle poet, wit11 the force under Iris command, but they forced a passage to the mountains, killing one of the soldiers of the pursuing force. On receipt of this report, the Governor had to obnerve that many years have elapsed silrce the departl~~el~; of Wei-yiin~l was recovered fro111 rebel possesaio~~, H I I ~ tllat 110 rem~~a~~ts of the insr~rge~~ts were any lol~ger io existence there, so that a searclling e11q11iry illto the c;buses which conld have led to so serious an affair as this, was urgeritly needful. The locality being nearly 2,000 li (650 miles) from the provincial capital, however, time did not permit of sending a special cornrnis- sio~~er for this 1,urpose ; and instructions were consequently despatclled post haste to the Taotai of the so~~therl~ circuit and the Brigadier commandil~g at P'u-nrh, sit11 other officials, to proceed wit11 a military force at once to the spot, at~d irtstitr~te enquiry ai~d actioli in the matter. A brevet Brigadier-General and a Lieutenant-Colonel were at the same time ser~t from the provi~~cial capital to cooperate with them. The place were the murder took place was one of the localities containing salt-wells, situated among the mountains 120 li from the departmental town, slid was provided wit11 a hngso or before the Judicial Commissioner. By the facts elicited it was proved that tlie murdered sub-prefect, from the time when ~ p ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ a d : ~ ~? i e d h ~ o wells illstend of i r ~ the departmental city. 111 September 1874 he sent his family to the provillcial cnpital in charge of two of his ullderli~lgs, namd Chow Lao-shih nnd Lit1 Ch'ang-tai. When half way 011 their journey, the party were robbed of their money and valuables, a ~ ~ ct~mpelled d to return. Tl~e sub-prefect, s~~s~ectil~ the two underlings of co~~~plicity wir,h the thieves, flclgged nl~d diecharred them, and in the mo11t11 of October Liu ah'ang-tai died from the effects of the beating 11e liad undergone. Chow Lao-shill hereupon sough5 out a Sworrl brotl~er of the deceased, with certain others, told t11er11 his grievance, and informed the111 moreover that Wang Sxe-ki must have a large amor~nt of governmel~t money it] his lceepit~g, as he had not for a le11gt11 of tinre made n11y reluittrnces of the proceeds of tlie salt tax. A band was orgallised by wllo~rr the mr~rder ar~d robhery mere s~~l)stlq~~e~~tly perpetrated. 011 reacl~i~~g tl~e Ilills, tl~e co~~federatem, eighteer~ all told, divided the bouty tl~eg had obtained, to wit, seveli dred tnels in silver, opium, clotlling, ~ n d female orn~rnents. One nler~lher of the band had not bee11 able to join them in time for the act, al~d I~is allare of the pllll~ler, viz., Taels 60 it] sirvar altd 50 t:tals' rveigl~t of opiulll, wit11 a cor~ple of jackets, was sent to hiln by one of the co~~federates, and duly accepted by him. The prisoners l~ave bee11 sun~l~~arily executed accordil~g to law. The deceased sub-prefect is severely blamed both for his tr~~authorised residence away from lris oan city. and for the severity of the p11nis11111ent inflicted on his underlings. states that a report had already renched him of the sub-prefect's absence from his proper residence, his object being to profit by the admitlistration

33 of tlre salt-works, and he was on the point above the amount of tax-levy, and ns of ordering an -enquiry into his conduct Ilaving bee11 i~rfluenced by tlre local saltwhen tliis affair occurred. monopolist to allow tl~e price of salt to be April 7tll-(l) The Court of Cenaorate largely augmenled. to guard forwarding appeal prehis interests, the monopolist has raised aellted by ~i~~~ ~ ~ ~ and. other ~ h a force, of ~ five ~ hundred or sir hundred vagabonds, who are arno1ig the villages on the look-out for eontrabalid dealers ; and local banditti have taken advantage of this to plant tlrernselves ab every cross-road and commit depredations, it being impossible to disti~lgulsh who are notables and taxpayers of the department of P'ei C%ow is jn insm-ch7wa1bc0mplaining of rapacity on the part of the local Magistrate and his connivance at oppression practised by his subordinates. Tlre representatior~ made is as followa :- Tllirty or forty years ago it was settled, on a petition of the taxpayers to the Governor General, that with regard to the assessed land-tax of the department, amounting to a total of Tls. 5,000 and odd, the amount collected should be Tla for each Tael of regulation lsvy, the additional 3 mace 6 candareem to include all charges for remeltage, adjuatmeilt of weiglit and standard, packing, and conveyance. Under the head of tea-grower's tax a further amoont of eight or ten candareens was assessed in addition to each Tael of land tax. Matters were conducted on this basis for some years without charge, but during the reign of Hien F6ng some alight additions wero made to the amount of levy. In 1868 tho rate of exchange of silver stood at 1,600 cash per Tael. The Magistrate then in office demanded, however, 11,290 cash per Tael of tax-levy. Before he had collected much more than o~re-fifth of the year's assessment, his successor take office, and this Magistrate re-esbblislied a sub-office for the tax levy, and put on a further sum of 3,000 cash per Tael, introducing besides a new item of 1,000 cash per Tael under the Ilead of Gvvernnient courier assessnrent. 111 the autumn of tlle fullowi~ig year he issued a notification stating that an additiv~ialevy of tlie ~econd l~alf-year's tax-levy nlust be made, ii, co~~furn~ity with superior orders calling for funds to supply tho wa~~te of other provillces, and a 8111n of ten tirnes the amount of the reglllation payiiient mas exacted, beside the 1,000 cash per I'ael for the courier service. In reality, however, there is no post-road in con~~ection with the department, and no such charge had been known in previous years. A further cataloglie of grievance8 ie alleged, winding up with the statement that in the last seven years the amount of illegal taxation which has gone into the pockets of five successive incnmbente of the Magistracy is between 160,OCO and 160,000 Taels. The present incumbent is denounced as having exacted forced contributions over and brigallds and who the watcl~era of tlle salt monopoly. The preaent Magistrate, moreover, having married Ilia son to tlte assistant Magistrate's brother's, has allowed the assistant Magistrate the unlawful privilege of sitting judicially for the decision of civil crruaes, the resrllt being that judgment is sold to the highest bidder. The complainants have petitioned the Governor-General, but, altl~ough His ExcellencyJsinstructiona in reply were all that could be looked for in the way of autlloritative stringency, the Magistrate has not paid the elightest attention to them. As a last reeource, the appeal is bronght to Peking.-A rescript has already appeared in the usual terms, remitting the subject for enquiry in the Province. (2) The Governor of Chehkiang memorializes reporling the despatch of tlle first detachment of the vessels conveying tlie quota of the provincial grain-tribute to Tientsin. The amount of wl~ite arbd ordinary rice to be sent north in the present year, from the Hangchow, Kiahing, and Hu-chow prefectures, on account of the collection of 1874, is 430,000 and odd piculs. The provincial Rice Comptroller hae proceeded to Sl~aiigl~ai to superintend the shipment there, wl~icl~ is to be accompl~shed in three divisiuns. The first of these llaa now been completed, arnt,until)g to 164,500 piculs, of wllioll 60,250 piculs have been talten by tlle C. M. S. N. Conlpany, arid the ~*emaiucler has been sllipped by 50 native ju~~ks, which begall their voyage from Sllallgliai on tlie 211d February. April 8th.-(1) A Decree. Ivi3n-aiallg memorializes reporti~lg that his healtl~ still remains unrestored, and entreating permission to vacate his offices. We grant him permission to vacate Ibis post as captain-general of the Bordered White Manchu Banner, and sanction his withdrawal from supervision of the Board of Works and the division ef Musketeers, in token of our sympathising regard. Let him still cootinue to occupy h~a office as Grand Secretary and his membership of the Grand Council and tl~e Yam6n 04 Foreign AfTnirs, resuming the active dis- April (1) A decree, in reply tn B charge of 111s fu~~ct~ons wllen 111s cv~nplalut me~tior~nl by tlre Court of Utt~lrvra~a, shall have been in some degree allev~ated forwarding the petitiou lodged by a mem- The relna~nder of tllia day's Gazette is ber of the irnperjnl lineage named En-shao, occup~ed ~1111 an unimportant appeal wit11 referel~ce to the deatli of Ilia ullole, rehear~ng case from An-l~wei. the furrner Military Gorer~~or of Ili, wl~o Apr~l 9th -(I) A Decree. SllOn Pao- perislied with Ilia entire farnily, and ol ch6ng and his colleagues memor~alize Us whose deprivation of rarlk lie appears to requesting poatl~urnous rewards for a major have complained. It is stated that on the wllo has fallen in aclion, and likewise that attack upon Ili being made, in 1865, by sanction be given for the erection of a the Mahommedan rebels, tlle late Military memorial temple. Wang K'ai-tsun, a major of the W6n-chow divia~on, who had greatly Governor, Ch'ang-ts'ing 'E, who had I distinguished himself in his operatio~is been stripped of his rank but left at Ui to against banditti in Formosa, is reported to carry out certain duties, mounted the walle I Us as haclilg proceeded at the ]lead of a wit11 the Military Governor tlren in the body of troops, in the first moo11 of this city, accompanied by his staff, and conyear, to apprehend tlle savages of the tributed stoutly to tlle defence of the Lion Head tr~be, and We learn with pro- place. When tliecity was at length taken, found comm~seration that, having fallen Cll'ang-ts'ing still nlaintaiued the struggle into an ambuscade, he perialled iu the from street to street, until he fell fighting, i fight. Let posthumous rewards of a dis- his entire family perished at the same tinguished characler be conferred upon time in tlle oause of their couutry. Their him, on the scale appropriate to the rank fate is most deeply to be deplored. Let of colonel, and let, as a special act of grace, Ch'ang-ts'ing receive porrthumoua honours ri a title of canonisation be conferred up011 on the scale appropriate to the fourtl~ him, and a memorial temple be erected in rank ; and let honorary memorials be E his honour in the eouth of Formosa. Let established on behalf of his stepmother i the names of the two o5cers and ninety- Ch1i3ng-she, his son Tbn-jun, his daughters three men who fell at the same tirue be (four in number), and his co~~cubinem likewiee handed over to the Board, for the Wang-she and Yiieh-she. Let the proper award of distinguished honours, and let Board take note. I them be admitted also to a place in the (2) The acting-resident in Tibet, temple, for sacrificial-honours, as a comfort Hi-k'ai, memorializes at great length with to the manes of the faithful dead. reference to sundry judicial proceedings (2) Let Peh-yen-na-mo-hu (Prince of the in con~~ection with a case which is shewn K'ortcllin Mongols) be transferred to the to have been pending for the last two oaptain-generalship of the Bordered White years, but the details of which are not set Mancl~u Banner (vacated by Win-siang, forth. Several Chinese officials, civil and see Gazette of 8th mstant) ; and let Lu11gmilitary, are reported as having been in k'i~i (the Prince of Su) succeed to the league together to falsify the evidence captain-generalship of the Bordered Blue taken at a trial, and to have used illegal Hal, Kim Banner. forms of torture, such as burnillg the flesh of a prisoner with a slow match, to extort (3) Li Hu~lg-chang, Governor-General of confession. Tlle offence charged in this Cllil~li, menloriallzes reporting that since case appears to liave been " illicit comtlle beginning of February two falls of ml~nication with people beyond the snow have taken place in tlre province, and border" (Nepalese 1). A tumult in the that on the 12th March ram fell to the yami3n of the late resident C11'Bng-ki (who depth of one or two inches (ts'un), greatly died on the 14th August last) is also to the benefit of the wheat crop, and incide~rtally refered to. The actingaffording rnuch satisfaction to the people. Resident, having little experience as a Works were begun on the 10th Marc11 on judicial officer, submits for decielon at the embankment of the Yellow River in Peking the sentences to be passed on the delinquent officials. April 11th-(1) A decree in reply to a memorial by the Governor of Honan, directly that stringent proceedings be taken for the recovery of Tls. 20,800 due on account of sundry items of revenuecollection by a deceased dis trict Magistrate. Search is to be made for property that may have belonged to him at the places

34 wl~ere lie has successively held office, a ~ ~ is d subject to fits of insanity, and on this ~t his I~ome ill Sl~a~rtul~g. All properhy ground he is absolved from punishment discovered is to be sequestrated. for bringing a false charge. A pril l2tl1.-(court Circ111ar). C11'Eng- April 13tl1.-The Literary Chancellor of twa~~ preae~~ted his respects OII his retl~rn the Proviuce of Bollan, B'ei Yell-li, fro111 oft'erii~g sacrifices at the hlausolea of n~e~nol.ializes ill virtue of the decree of tl~e the I\lliug dynasty. two E~npresses calling for. advice, which (I) A decree in reply to a memorial by vas oliicially coo~lnunicated t.o hi111 on t11e tlie Governor OF Sl~e~~si, w11o appears to 16th February by the Governor of the have complaineci of exactions perpetrated province. He feels bound, accordingly. by tl~e persous it] charge of parties of to state the views his position has led lan~as aud tributary cl~ieftains from the Irim to form wit11 reference to the public Tibetan frontier, w11e11 paasing tl~rougl~ service ; and he proceeds to submit that the Provi~~ce on the may to Peking. It is whilat selection of the agents of Goveruobserved in reply that fixed regulatio~~s are in existel~ce for tl~e n~easure of supplies meut (H A) and the exerciae of the,,-, - to be iurnisl~ed 011 sucl~ occasion. and the l~igl~est fu~~ctioi~s of admi~~istration means of trx~~sport to be provided, and no (fi&) are duties the importance of exwctiuns in excess of tl~ese allowances. - -, can be tolerated. 'J'l~e Governor-General tvl~ich are equal, yet, inasmucl~ as the of Szecl~'wa~~ is to see in future that the success of Gorer~rme~~t is dependel~t upon pacltages conveyed by parties of the descrip- the quality of its agents' capabilities, if 11e tion referred to correspond in weigl~t aud were called up011 to assign a place to number with he statement furnisl~ed by either, he sl~ould give precedence to the the President in Tibet, and to notify the selection of persolla for oficial e~nployme~t provincial govem~nents along the line of as the, paramount consideration. In the journey with reference to the number of endeavour to obtain able public servants, n~ules and drivers required. Tl~e nutl~ori- what is needful is to exercise due care at ties of Shensi, Shansi, and Chihli will the out,set of their admissio~~. Altl~ougl~ furnish proper escort ; and the same rule the state, in making choice of scholars by is to be observed for the return jouruey. meal18 of the competitive examinations, (2) Tl~e Governor of Honan memo- cannot dependon invariably obtaining talent rializes, reporti~r~ the decease, on the 21st of practical utility, yet, in the majority of Rlarch, of K'iao Sung-nien, Governor- caees, minds that can appreciate what ia General of the Yellow River. A eulogiu~n right and adapt the~nselves to active of tl~e deceased official's charac~ er and functions, fitting their possessors for the devotion to his duty in t.he stations he 11:~s discl~arge of great and onerous duties, are successively filled, is set fort11 in the yielded from this source. The access to c~~sto~l~ary terms. the public service furnished by means (3) Tl~e salne Governor report,s the of coi~tributions (purchase of rauk) is, on rel~eari~rg of an appeal case referred back the other hand, essentially all exceptional from Peki~~g by n decree dated Augnst expedient. Where eighty or ninety in the 1873, ou tl~e co~~~plai~~t of a man named 11u11dred are derived from the regular Sun T'ong-11 wei, w 110 accused one Liang- coclrse of entry, wit11 but ten or twenty k'o and others of the murder of his ul~cle ad~nitted by tl~e purcllase lists, no great Sun Sze-ch'61lg. 'L'l~e deceased \\.as mar- detriment need accrue to the character of ried to a sisler of Liallu-k'o, a ~ a ~ Itius~nan d tlre civil service. In the six Boards, for of his, named SIIII Sze-ltieh, was HCCIIS- illstance, tl~e secretaries of vwrio~~s classes tonled to mallage the fwnily affairs for sl~ould 11e drawn from anlong tl~e graduates 11in1 duri~~g his abse~~ce from ho111e on busi- at the l~igl~est competitive examinations ; ness. A quarrel arose ill Jn~le 1873 okvillg a~ld the Taotais, Prefecls, aud Magistrates to a i~uspicio~~ 011 the ptr1.t c~f deceased that ill tl~e provi~~ces fire all placed ill direct illicit i~~terco~~rse was being carried on aut110rit.y over tl~e people. Of late yearr, between Sun Sze-kieh and his wife, but I~owe~er, such appointrnents are filled in a after an altercation ill wl~ich blows were mnltitode of cases frorn the purclrase excha~~ged, tlre parties were separated and lists. Representatio~~s l~rrse been COIIrelations were eatablisl~ed as before. Sun tint~ally made on tl~e subject by officials Sze-ch'Bny is found to l~ave been attacked both at the capital and in the provinces, in wit11 sunstroke sl~ortly afterwards, on all reply to which Imperial commands have intensely 11ok day, ir~ oonsequence of been given requiring the persons thus which lie died ; and the present complaint employed to I)e subjected toexaminationa, originated In ul~founded suspicions on the with t11e object of purifying tl~e stake of sppella~it's part. The appellant, l~owever, the service. Tlie menorinlist would observe, hoveper, that examination before admission is preferable to examinatioi~ after tlie purchase of rank has been con~pleted ; and 11e proposes that the folloring system of discri~niu~tion be l~enceforward adopted. Wl~enever i~~dividuals, whether of lettered prete~~sione but witl~out degree of any kiud, or having obtained by purchase an 11011orary degree of the loweet order, wish to obtain by purchase any of the positions above-named, tl~ey sl~ould not be allowed to effect the transaction at any provi~~cial sale-of-titles ofice, but should be required to proceed to Peking and to hand in their applicatio~i to the Hoard of Civil Office. They should t11e11 be orally examined by purchase system to the State are purely illnsory. The n~emorialist winds tip by repeating that Ire does not assert every calldidate who has gained Ilia I~onoura by tl~e literary exxn~inations to be invariably the cl~iefs of tile Board, and tested both ill quali6ed for practic~l service, nor that the replies to questiona and in compositio~~, subsidiary avenues to e~nploy~nent ill no stringent precautions being taken agaiust cases admit uaeful public servants ; but 119 false personation. 01lly such as sl~ould insists that a test examinatiou should in rnanifest adequate literary capabilities all cases preoede admienion into the public should be allowed to purchase rank. service. I~npressed wit11 these riewa, lle By tl~is means not only would those is ready to expose himself to the sneers of be gathered in whom the exan~ina- those who are not alive to the questio~~e?ion system has passed by, but proper of the day, rather than to commit the regard would also be had for the require- fault of putting forward a mere string of ments of official station. It should further empty verbiage.-a rescript was publisl~ed be prescribed that all persons at preaent l~olding appoi~~trnellts by purcl~ase in any of tl~e Boards or the provinces sl~ould be subjected to the ordeal of a test examiuation. As circunlstances are at present, candidates for substantive appointments ill the provinces a110 have got themselves named to certain posts, it may be, on the "80 per cent." or "40 per ceut." tariff of obtained for "military service" ~ n d 1)y '$ recorn~r~e~~datio~~s,~' beside which, the agents en~ployed in tl~e military commissariat or the li-khr tax.ufices do not scruple to embezzle the pttblic f~inds ill order to provide tl~e~~~selves wit11 means for purchnsing office. Once in place, they are followed by eager crowds of relatives and friends, oftell wl~olly devoid of the elements of education ; and so it conlee about that the bellefits of tl~s on the 28th March, directing the proper Board to examine, and report up011 the above memorial. April 14th.-(I) A decree in reply to a memorial frorn the Military Gover~~or of the Amoor, who 11,w reported that on tlre 20th February an attaclc was made or1 tl~e jail at Elu-la11 T'ing (on the north bank of tl~e river Sungari, Lat. 46" N., Long. purchase, having presented tl~en~selves 127' E.), by a band of 30 or 40 brigands, in the province to which they are named, who carried off a number of tl~e criminals may be perfectly well-known to the high confined there. In the rising of the autl~orities as unfit for the ponitions to prisol~ers some of tlie jailera lost their which tl~ey lay claim ; and yet, as they lives. The deputy magistrate in charge of have their appointments from Peking, it the jail is stripped of his oftice, and is to is iinpossible not to send them to tl~eir be placed on trial and p1111is11ed according posts. Snch among individuals of this class to law; and other civil and mi1itar.v as in,the course of time come to be re- officials responsible are similarly deprived moved from their posts or it may be im- of their rank. A prisoner who WIIB peached for misco~lduct, are only the most retaken 11as been executed. The remainder nbsolutely incapable and nnfit. As for the are to bo rec:~pt~~red wit.11o~t fail. rest, the met1 who are skilled wit11 their (2) Tl~e Vice-Presidelit of the Board of tongues and adepts in tl~e art of malting Punishments at Mo111tde11 nlen~orializes themselves useful. continne as an incubus reporting the serious misco~~duct of s on the official liste. That ill positions member of the imperial liueage, 11nrned requiring so mucl~ experience as the die- Fu-~ning, re~iding at Moukde~~ 111rder cl~arge of duties involving tl~e collection banisl~rnent for an offence con~n~itted ab of revenue, the nioven~ent of troopa, Peking. Be had lodged a co~nplai~~t and the admi~~istratio~~ of justice, per- against the owner of a rice sl~op on sons wholly without literary trairriug tile ecore of alleged non-paynrent of n shorlld be colnpelled to rely on the debt, which was denied ; and w11ei1 dssistance of others, is quite self-evident. summoned before the district magistrate Sn former times, persons who purcl~aeed for a Ilearing, he e~nployed a number of fmk or office at least came forward men to seize and tie up the police runner with large sums for tllo transaction ; but who served the summons, aud who, beside at the present day, advancement is beii~g cruelly beaten, was tortured by

35 51nvi11g 11is ltairs pulled out. Tl~s offend- who gave rise to the wl~ole affair is pro- C drink. His wife conseque~ttly took counsel placsrds, throug11out the I~rcalities conilly ts~ngshil~ has been cot~~~nitted to nounced to have acted indefe~tsibly by with her so11, Wei-t.a Nan-k'an, for the cerned, and to take :igt~i~rst prisoit, atid it is requested tltrrt a commia- bastinadoing a prisoner in a mauner and nlt~rder of the head of the family, to which nefarious attempts at extorlio~t,011 tlra, p~rrt aioti be uanled to try him for his acts of wit11 an implement unwarranted by law, 11e co~,sertted ; at~d one evenir~g. on Wei- of tire yani611 clerks. "L-t our extr?l~le viole~~ce. and he would have been dealt wit11 had he Urh relurnir~g l~onle in liquor, he was cvm~niseratlon for tlte s~ttft.ri~~gs of ot~r! April l5tli.-(court Circular) The llot already bee11 dismiased from the beaten to death wit11 a club by the motl~er people be made fully milllifest 011 tlria fornler Governor of Kial~g-su, Ting Jill- service on a separate cllarge. atid son. Ae so011 as life was extiitct, the occasion." 6011 took Itis fatl~er's body OII his back and cl19allg T d g, paid respects April 16thU-(1) The Govern~~General oil carried it out to a cemetery.i~~ a neiyl~bour- (2) Edict, appoit~ting C11e11-ming to the of the Grain Transport, Wan-pin, merno- I arrival at Peking, and had audie~~ce. ing ravine, where the mother dug a hole it1 actiug post of Brigadier-Ge~~eral of 111e rializes, referring to tlte recent appoiut- Tlre retnainder of tllis day's QazeHe is which the remains were put oul of sight. Yellow Bordered C'lii~tese ful-ce. merit of \ft6n-lill, llis secolld cousin, as occ~ipied n it11 tlie report of the rellearitlg ~ ~ ~ of customs ~ at ~ ~ i F~. ~ ~ i t Detectio~~ - ~ subsequently ~ ~ ~ ensued, d and n~otl~er ~ ~ and son, having been fo1111d guitty of tl~n (3) The ~ Footai ~ of Shantu~~g, Tir~g Psoef a11 appeal case it* Chillli. A villager oi1 the arrival of llis relalive at his post, cl~e~i, me~norialiaes the Tltro~~e ill refere~~ce.~t;rtt~ed HII the Itad beell rlpprellelldecl oil ~ ~ llaa exllorted ~ hinr ~ most ehrllestly - ~ i ~ crime, ~ have been eubjected to the peualty to the trial and award of a case of re-appeal, a vagne suspicicl~~ of Ifis beiltg iltlplicatd to dllties witlk all possible of ling-eh'ih according to law. ill a case of high-way robbe~y, as ltavit~g by olle sung Pan-shan. llurir~g tl~e 12th vigour and apriglltl~ess; but It6 has uow (2)-The Governor of Sl~antuug reports moo11 of the 9th year of Tu~~gclri (beyi1111i11g Judged overrlight per"ol18 aupposed to the exec~~tion by ling-ch'ih of a man for J~ave beenguilty of tile crillle, RltlI, 011 beillg. to wlletller, hia owll otficial residence of 1870), the appella~~t'a father, Su~rg \Veibeillg wit]lill a few Inilea of tllat of tlls the murder of his aunc and his first cousin, brotl#l't before '"gistrate tien, was introduced by a friend to a of Superi~~te~ldel~t of C~sto~ns, although there by putting arse~ric it] tlre millet from.district, Ile falsely collfessed cllarg% ill farmer, HWHII~ Tun-li, to act it] the is Ilo collllection betweell the two 05ces, which their food was prepared, in revenge dread of beitlg put to torture. \vl!ell capacity of laborer. Hwang. fittdi~~g by and the regulations do not in so many for beiug required by his aunt to give up i~rterrogation that the man knew litble of fllrti,er called upol~ to acktiowledge a house whiclt Ire had been allowed by lrer husba~~dry, and seeing that 110 was, furll~er, at the same time io the two posts in to occupy for a time half of the advanced ill years, refused to e~nploy hiut. wliicli was on record, Ile refused to collfess, questioll, jullior] not be crin~i~~al'a property is to be awarded to the Sung Wei-tien was IIIUC~I disappoi~~ted, and wi~ereupon tile RIagietrate, belieqillg hit11 removed from proximity to the 05cial fanlily of his victims ; and as his cousin being ashamed to retur~~ home, contmitted to be wilfully prevaricatillg, ordered hilu jurisdictioll Of llis relative. R ~ ~ ~ left ~ uo issue ~ to beco~i~e ~ his ~!~eir, : tlie suicide on the farmer's pramiaes by ct11 ting to be beaten with a stick 0.R the palllls of ~ 1 is no, occnsion ~ ~ for removal, ~ (N. B. Magistrate of the District is to direct tlie llis harlds rrtrd tlre.soles of ]lie feet. A himself in the abdomen. The son, Sung heads of the clan to which 110 belonged to Ililll~ad Paoahan, refused to believe hat his fatl~er ~JII Ur11, w id been T11erule0fhwri~~i~~,0r44withdrawd~" select a persol\, qualified ill order of birth.arraiglled at the satlte time, plertded designed for the purpose of guardi~tg would seek deatlr by auclr rrteans, atrd aud senioril.y, to be recog~iized as heir to accordingly accused some of tl~e farmer's Illelcy llis bellal4, whereupo~~ Ire hi~naelf agai~~st collrision between relatives ia the mttrdered wotntin, ill order to co~it~nue was beaten, and bot.h were t11e11 locked emploly4a of murder, actuated by tlte fear I I ~ civil or military employ, who might I the family line and ancestral sacrifices. ill prisoll. Hu that they would be suppla~~trd by Ilia Sac, being dcprived of tlie happen to find themselves placed ia upi~l~n to wl~icl~ Ile wa4 accustomd, April 18th.-(1) An edict, ill reply to a father. The case was tried in several SIW- at~thority oue over the other. 111 such clllnbed sllortlp afterwards to rne~~~orial from Sl~ao Hel~g-i, Footiri OF Courts, olle lifter anoltier, always in favor nit attack of cases, thej~utior is bound to "get out of Shenai, setting fort11 the result of all in- of the acc~~sed, and asau~ni~rg each time -dyselltery, alld died ot~ the Mtli Jx~~uary, the may," by exchange itito some othtvr vestigation iuto tl~e co~~ditior~ of distressed 1;lrger proportions, unlil a host of relatiot~s UII repvrt being mnde to the Prefect jurisdic~iotl or otherwise). districls ill the provi~rce of Sl~e~~ai, and and ya11181l rllunere were driigged in as of tile departmetlt, he se~vt anotller district (23 The same fnnctiot~ary memoriali~ee Magistrate to verify tlie demaee, aud he, with reference to the 111tenda11t of the praying that arrears of land tax aud grain accomplices and cot~nivers. Tlie Fuotai in comyally with Htt Urlt, irtspected tl~e Hwai-Yar~g Circuit, Liu Hien, whose cotttrib~~iiotrs be remitted partially or ell- adjudyeu the appellrrnt to be guilty of false r la alld attesbed the fnct that the sores period of aervice 11avi11g expired, should tirely ; or tlte collection deferred, as called acc~~a;tf.iott, actuated by tlte desigr~ of for by the circoa~sta~tces of the respective extvrting lnotley, and llre parties atien~pted left by tile bastiliadoi1~g were in process of accordi~~g to regnlatio~~e proceed to Peking healing tllat deceased l~ad died tor aadience. As acting and afterwards localities. The vast tracts of unreclaitned to be iiiiylictrted being over ten it1 ~~unrber, lfroln natltrnl 3c;i~ises. '1\).1e appeal wlricl~ as actt~nl 'L'aotni, Lic~ Hie11 l~ae occupied land, lyiug waste since the devastatio~~s of and Llle cousequence being death to the was lodged at o ~ of ~ a t tull~ttlt Ilia present post for nine years, aud it is tlle late civil war, and the lertgtl~ of tirne accused if convicted, tlte criltte, ml~ile too ill tile Magistrate's Yattd~~ by the solicited that he be allowed to re~aait~ in required for the people to recover their grave to benefit by tlte Act of grace of midow of deceased, her sister, and two tlaale it without beill: reqkrired far the preseut ~~ortnal stnte of prosperity, are la~d duwt~ 15th of It tll moot^ of Year of Tungclti relatives, wllo, iu tlie edict, as reasons sufliciet~t to c:tll (1874) should be dealt witlr by the utmost it1 collsequel.lce of their ~ I I - to proceed to Yeki~~g, 011 tlte gr~l\~~ld u~f :seemly bellavioar, were cotntttitted to Ilia preaelice bei~~g v~luable ill tlre condttd for apecial le~tie~icy ill respect to c~ld severity of the Iaw. Tlte sente~~ce arrived arrears ; and over tifty districts are enume- at, therefore, is lhat the appella~~t be coltprisoll, Upotr this some more of tlre rela- of the works it1 prl~gress for the repair of %ivea and carriedobtl~e priss~~ers tlte Gra~~d Catral, ayl~rotably of the great rated, in separate Iists, as cases fur special veyed to tlte border to serve in tlte Army by force, togetlter wit11 tllecofkl cf)lltainil% mark of Imperial clemency. The arreara as a felon. Plie Bonrd of Pu~~islime~~t - Hwei-tsi Lock wl~icll ie about tile r ls af the deceased. More arrasta are sub-divided aocording to the differet~t commanded to consider and report.] were made llerellpolt, ~lld the C.88 Was be proceeded witll'dgrauted by re- years to which they pertain, extet~dit~g from vario~~s dates-i.e. from 1 ltlr year of April 19th.-(I) Several minor ofticial Ternoped to tile pro~ir~~ial cttpilwl, script. Tn~~gcl~i, dow~~warde. Tlte 1naj~)rity are pron~otions, retirements of deputy ofticars was traversed by the appeal to April 17tll.-(U The Govertlor-GelleraJ remitted itt toto, others are owing to mourt~ing, and houorary dintincpeking. The oalprits of bhe Hu falllily OF Cl~iltli reports the execution of two allowed to re~nai~t over till the girtlreri~~y of the wheat tiona are gnzetted. are now pronoul~ced.guilty in var~ous -cri~ni~~ak, motl~er and son, for tile mnrdegrees, alld tile ringletrder of tlte distur- der of their htlsbnnd and *father. Tho harvest; ill tlre presetlt 1st yeiir of Kwat~g- ('L) The Gover~~or of Shansi nlemorializcs bance would have beell sellte~~ced to death victim, a Inan naoled wei-orh Lien-chO~~g, ;:while the remission in' a few d~strict.~ respectiltg Ll~e appoiutment of Tell-pou to by stral~glillg llad he not already died irl was a s~nallfarmer, and aman of diesi~ated well watered rice Iiu~d is dis;tllowed. the post of Sub-Prefect over the Ma~tclru prison. Several others are eente~tced to habits, who was gradllnlly disposing of his e Footai is cotn~oa~~dad to proclaim populatiot~ of Tni-yueu-foo, the yrovinciul tl1w1t11 this' act of grace, OII,yellow, and brnishrneut. Tlle Magistrabe property and cc?usuming 4he.prooeede in tor11 of Sl~ausi. aogging

36 i~t erec~~tiie proceedir!:~. The memorial (3) Slll3i-lielt, Comn~al~der of Sliergco~~cludes by stati~~g that cases of kidnnppc\lillg (the birblt-place of the present i:tg for sale to go abroad 11as co~~sidernbly dyllasty), replrrls to the Tl~rone OII the apprellellsio~ era~l~il~ation of certairl decreased ; that these call now be dealt with ill the ordi~~ary course ; but that illcnlprits, wllo llnd plotted together to exsul)ordi~lation tl~rougl~out certain c)asses of tort m4,ltey from tl~u farmers and settlers tl~e Provi~lce is still prevalent, and that a on the I ~~~p~riai Irol~tirlg gron~~da at Jehol. GrallLa of tllgye lands have from bi111e to great elenle~~t of dal~ger exists from the time beell rllade for the pllryose of c~ilrivaextreme i~umber of disbanded a ~ ~ dis- d q~~alified braves. If tile inmates of the tillll ; R I I ~ re-s~~rveys. with a view to prisons were allowed to accumulate too thxgtioll, nre made. The much, serious conseq1lences might result ; pre8erit cotlnyir;\tors fa\sely represented thelllselvgs 10 be petty o&cials and rulutera and the Imperial assent is craved to allow all cases of robbery by violence and sediillvesled \vith :t,~tl~ority, and were in leaylle with one Lien-tsiang, who represents tioil to be reported to the nearest Taotai or Prefect ; and for prisol~ere to be exe- Ili~~~self to be a clerk ill one of the Boards cuted on the spot, after receipt of instrucnt Pak~l~g.-L~es~t.ipt : Let tl~ose prisoners tio~~s therefrom. As regard. the Kaangat prasetit, at large be at utlce apyrehe~~ded cl1e11-foo-the yrovincinl capital Foa-the ar~d hro~lyllt to j~~stice ; and let the case culprita can be forwarded, as l~eretofore, to of Lieu-tsia~~g be il~vestigated. Callton for trial and award.--rescript : (4) foreg~~ill% official reports on the Let tile Criminal Board take ~lote. exirlllll~atio~~, accol.dil~g to rule, after the (3) Liu-S~III, a member of t11e Imperial expiratioll (>f 0110 yea5 of two PWIICIIII o~cers pl;tced rlll<ler his j~~risdictio~~: A farl~ily, reports that the Killg of Corea had, OII fiil~ accurlr~t of their ant.ecede11ts is glvell, the 18th of lot11 moon of last pear, sent ftwward tvo Cl~iuese to be lra~rded over to alr& both are represented to be tleservi~~l: of beiuy retained 011 the list of the con~mandarlt of Fung-hwaug district, with e letter stating that tlie nlen were expecla~~t,s for f111l appointments. Sl~antrlng traders, that their boat had nlet April 20tlt.--(l) Collrt Circular. Certain with bad weat.her, and been blown townrde ofiiciala are deput-ad to officiate at the cere- tile coast of Corex ; alld tllat they Ilad 111ol1ies of ~lle.'actt7ellt of Summer" term, been takell in llnlld, clotl\ed, fed, m,d on the 1st of the 4th nlooll, and at the in cllarge of all ofecer to their ordinary pmyer-offering for rail1 011 the llative country. From tile Killg's letter, 10th uf tlie sarue month. Other -0ficers it does llot appear that tile boat mcrs sre also ~lotni~~ittcd, to present tlie libations wrecked ; for it folllld allc~lored required on the two occasio~~s. the coast; but what was d~a~~e ~vith the cratt is 110t stated. Liu-shin fi11ds tbat, in (2) ~l~~ ~oren,or of cmton, chalig the 20th Year of Tau KwalIlr a similnr CLau-tuog, addresses the Thro~le, in reply instance occured, when the sun1 of Tls. 30 to a circtl~ar of instruction from tile was prese~~ted to the Corean officer in crilninal ~ ~ to ~ report ~ on d tile ex., charge of the refugees. He themfore pediency or )lot of carrying into effect, Prays that theimperi.1 generosity be lnada ill tile provi~~ce of Canton, the Censor equally manifest 011 this ocorsiur, and that reng Chilll-liag7s represeutation that, lu Tls paid from the Sllellg-chiltg view of tile whole country having been brongl~t roul~d to its nor111a1 state of exchequer to the presellt Corean q~~i~tude, the executio~~ of robbers, baudits, alld crilnillals should be regulated by mesae11ger.-rescript: Noted. Respectthis. rules formerly existi~rg. The Governor (4) Several official movements are expresses hi~nself sa deeply impressed with the feelings of hunia~~ity wl~icll prompt the 2lst April.-Edict. Ting Pau-chun, Goprese~~t rlqtliries of the lmperial Govern nlent. A retrospect of the reaso~ls for the verllor. of Shautung, reports that, while suapenaio~~ 1titherl.o of the necessity to supervlalng the filling up of certain breaches in the River at Chia-chwang in submit to tl~e Board all cases before dealing Shantung, manifestations of divine assistoi~t tile extreme peualty of the law, is given ; ance from the River Deities were repeatthe rifeness of robbery by armed bands, edly met with, and works of a most end the desirability of dealing out prompt and dread warning, in order to check the dangerous and difficult nature were finally mcomplisl~ed, owing to the divine help turbnle t feeliug existing, are adduced ; while, at 'tt ha sanle tinie, no undue precipithus offered. By record, it is found that tcrrion is reyresel~ted to have been shown the posthumous title of Queen of Heaven was, in the 23rd year of K~nghi, added to practices are f011.d to bave been long going the diglilies of the "Golden Drag011 Ki~lg" deity, but jn regard to further ou, These statio~~s, as well as horse and l~onors to be conferred OII the '' Yellow coo1iestations(&,&r) GO~erllment Great King " and several otl~ers, the Board use thmugl~out seventy six department. of Rites is comtnal~dsd to co~~fer and and sub-departments, are an~lounced to report. A special temple is also ordered to have been already closed by a single order; be erected in nlelnory of the Lih Ta-wa~~g. a11d the Governor-Gr~eral is comma~lded (2). An Edict in reference to instruct all his subordinate officials ill certa~n Imperial graves. tile remaining sixtydve department8, to close the lnilitary conetabulary stations and retain certain horse and coolie stations, in accordance with a listdrargn up. Publio (3) Tile Court of Censorate at Peking reports as to the revision of the collstabl~lary regulations in tile Capital An increase of tl~e force is urgen~ly called for, but the low tinallcia1 col~dition of the Board's exchequer relidera euc11 course illexpedient, while an illcrease of taxation would be tuo burdensol~le to the people. A rigid revision of the ~~~~~e ragu1ation8 is tllerefore resorted to as tlle O1li~ Tlle3e are sllbolitted in exte11a; alld lnally reforu~a mel~tioned, which are probably but a reiteratiou ill fresll words of old existi''. may be mentioned a recoll~n~endation that the police rulluers be paid wages five mace per inunth in full, witliout any deductioll from the ~lnderlillg clerb; also, that the O'alldesti~e openil'g of O~ium-snloking which are '''sidered but meeting places for thieves and vagabonds, should be visited with severe punishment. 110tifica~ion8 are to be also issued ivforming the people of the Steps taken. (2) A decree in reference to the repair of tlie Government gra~~aries and to the of surplus wheat on store. (3) A decree. Yang YII~I-ping, former Governor-Gsoeral of Shellsi and &nsn]l, petitiol~s to the effect that llis two prnllts are old and sufferillg from i]l-health ; be again prays to be dlowed to repair to his native plpu to attend upon them during their last years. Yallg Yuhis bfi]ial is to be comme~lded. Being erperie~lc~d ill naval affairs, he is Colllmanded act jointly ~ ~ ~ ~ ill - ~ ~ - ) i, ~ ing a1111ualb the naval 8tatiol18 on the Y,gt~~e, and ill takingmew~r~s to illcrease the eficiencg of the T~~ fuuda required for this purpose.ill be supplied 22"d A lengthy Edict by the Governor-General of ti~e TWO in referelme to vario~~a rnisde~~~ea~lours artd Kinng and of Bupeh and B ~ ~ ~, ~ misgoverllmellt in ~ ~ ~ brought ~ l to, During ~ ~ the irltervals ~, of his labour, Yang Iigllt by several Censors, in separate memo- Yuh-ping will be allowed to visit his rials, and revealed iu part by an appeal case Chm6?sz-chen, a graduate purchwe9 and An official, Kaang- (4) A petition that the period for dia. the", s~eciall~ from tho tributlon of Coogee Rice from two cllarita- 0. ital, toenquire into thestateof affain ; ble institutions in tl~e capita1 be prolongeded. sentences based On his report are ti^^^ of 200 rhh of from the passed on several of the litemi guilty of Irnpedal.Granary, and of TI from extortio~l, a~ld who had been previously ~~t~ receipts are stnpped of their degrees, varying from 60 The remainder of the Ga.ntk is taken up blows of bamboo upward8 to tral~aportaby reports on the conduct and character of tion. Several officials are also referred to certain expectant officials, in purauany the Civil Board for pu~~iahment. One or two of a regulation requiril~g an examination likin aud exa~l~ination stations are ordered after one year from their anival in the to be closed, and the expediency of remov- Province in question. illy otl~ers is to be considered. The appeal by Chang-sz-chen, of extortion arising by military out of an travelling alleged period April for 23rd.-(1) the charitable Decree, distribution allowing the of accommodation station keepere, is ad- rice in the to be prolonged. jttdged to have hew prompted by private (2) The Governor-General of ~u-peh motives-ie., he had borrowed money from and Euaan, and Governor of Hu-peh, a station and was exasperated at being jointly report on the trial of a suit lodged pmssed for its repayment ; but, although by deputy at the Capital by Li. gwang. bin particular charge i. unfounded, malchau (a former (Iompradore to a Foreign

37 firm at llankow before referred to). The period. After coming to, struggling with appellant undertook Ll~e etnbnnknlent and his weakness, 110 hastened to the Palace, reclan~rtio~~ of certain lzilid on the tlnn and rith wails of lalnentation, prosriver, and situated OII the Hall-yang side. trated himself to the ground. But t11e Y11e scheme was reported to and originally trial was too great ; fresh syn~pton~s allowed by the Cl~e-ahian, and the land ~nanifested tl~emselres, and tlle next day proprietors to be be~~etited thereby \sere to his strength was it1su5cient to enable hilt1 cot~tribute two strit~gs of cash for each to re-attend. From that time thore has ahih of rice producible. The u~~dertaking been IIO alleviatio~~ of Itis sickness." The was subseq~~ently apparildd agail~st by other statesman further goes on to aay that his landowners as iilterferil~g with tl~erecession illl~ess has now exte~ided over a year, and of flodd water, and, afler a survey by the the symptoms becotne daily more unfahigher authorities the embarikmettt was vorable. He has been burlling ~itli ordered to be removed. Li Kwang-cl~su anxiety to improve in health, to enable llim accuses cer?ain parties of makingunfounded to requite one ten-thousaudth part of the statements, and thereby interfering with deep favors of which lie has been the his undertaking. The Buding is that the recipient : but it1 vai~i ; and he has uo embaukmeut was made to serve the interest recnlurse but to implore that 11is post be of the appellant, while acting to the pre- filled up by anotl~er, and that he be left to judice of others, and illterfering with the seek the reward of quietude in his native flow of the Han River. As Li Kwang-chau home dming the declining years of Ilia is awaiting in prison the sentence of de- life. According to rescript previonsly capitation for false statements in regard to Gazetted, Wen-tsiang waa permitted to timber offered for Imperial use, his guilt in tl~is case need not be passed sentence upon. In regard to the deputy, Liu Tayung, he was probably ignorant of the untenableness of the charge, and no punisliment need be dealt out to him. Reports on the character of Expectarit officials follow. April 24th.-(I) A Decree. Chang Cl~antung, Gover~lor of Kwangtung, impeaches the conduct of certain o5cials on the Expectant list. Let the Expectant Sub- Prefect, Clien-sl~uen, whose mode of life is reported to be ill.becomiug his position. while his discharge of official duties shows ignorance and neglect ; as also another officer named, be both deprived of their rank and never allowed to again take oflice, as a warning to others. The remaining officers mentioned may be dealt with as suggested. (2) The RIinister Wen-siang, on his relieved reports giving over hie seals. The knees, memorializes the Throne, stating latter states that, during his tenure of that he has not recovered from his previous 05~0, 2 years and 26 days-tls. 11,430 indisposition, and imploring that he may be had been collected in all on Foreign opium, ayowed to retire from o5ce. (' Your slave which he purposea co~lveyirlg hirnself tu was impelled by sickness to repeatedly the Board of Revenue. apply to his departed Majesty for leave of (6) The Governor of Kianpsu reports absence ; and words are inadequate to having taken over the acting post of depict the deep gratitnde to vihicl~ 110 mas Governor-General of tlle Two Kia~rgs on moved by the Royal regard so freque~~tl~ shown. Your slave was in hopes that, by medical attention, he would partially recover, and immediately returu to his duties ; but, alas! on the 6th of the 12th moon of last year, news of the great calamity came upon him with a shock that rendered him illsensible for a considerable absent ltimself to attend to his ltealtl~, but his post was left vacant. (3) The Imperial Commiasioner to Formosa, Shun Pao-chun, memorialiars respecting the death of Colonel Wang Kaisiin, ml~o was recently surprised and kllled in an ambuscade by the " Lion head " wild tribe of Formosa. The bravery displayed by this officer on the present as well as on former occasions is expatiated upon, a ~ ~ d posthumous hor~or is prayed to be crccorded to him as if he liad held the rank of Lieutenaut-Colonel. Marks of sympatl~y are also desired for an attendant o5cer and 93 soldiers who also fell on the occnaio~~. A rescript has already appeared grttntii~g the request. (4 and5) Wen Liu-kwei, newly appointed to the Inspectorate of the CIusto~t~s of Wei-an #z in Kiangsu, reports taking over the seals of o5ce ; and tl~e Inspector the 6th of 211d Rloou. Tl~e ilnyortallce of the post is dwelt upon, and aalt administration, river worka, and Imperial grain snpply are i~tstanced as among the first of the multifarions duties to be at- tended to. The Acting Gover~~or-General also declares his intenti011 of iuspecti~~g the new forb erected. April 26th.-(1) A monthly liet of vacated posts issued by the Civil Service Board. (2) Edict, dealing out sentences cf puuishmer~t on certain Mancl~u soldiers, quartered at Yang-chen, for making a disturbaece in the Brigadier-General's office. A report of the affair had been laid before the Throne, and the case delegated for investigation to Muh Teng-awe, from whose memorial it appears that the troops, being clamorous for their rice-allowance, crowded illto the Yambn, and there caused some damage to the furniture or building ; but no fighting is ascertaiued to have ensued. Two of the soldiers are found guilty of breach of discipline, and sentenced to be transported, flogged, and cangued, and to be dismissed at the expiration of the term of banishment with a final castigation. Several of the oficere are further reproved for their inability to maintain discipline. (3 and 4) The Governor of Shantung, Ting Pao-oh611,-also holding rank of Junior Guardian to the Heir apparent,, reports on the adjudication of two appeal cases referred to his decision. In one case, the appellant accuses Liu Pull-tang and others of murdering his sister, Liimenze. The latter, who had not finished a pair of stockings in hand for her husband, Liu Pau-chill-was accused by him of idleness and beaten abont the arms with a hempen rope ; she stormed and raged at him in return, and received a further application of the rope about the back. Mortified by the hun~iliation thus subjected to, slle committed suicide by swallowing brine. The husband was bambooed according to law by thechehsien ; but the appellant, suspecting that the father and mother-in-law of the deceased were guilty of beating his sister to death, lodged h ~s accusation accordingly. In the other case, a nepltem of the appellant Liu Ting-chi, was strrbbed and found dead in the street ; and Liu Chi-ting, with whom the deceased had been stopping, was accused of being guilty of the act. Both oharges are found by the Governor to be untrue, although the suspicions which. prompted the accuscrtiol~s are not without eome shadow of reason. The two appellal~ts, by repairing to the cnpitnl to lodge false accusations are notwithstanding brought under the penalty of the law relating '' to doing that which you ougl~t not to do," and sentenced each to eighty blows of the bamboo. But, in virtue of the Act of., Grace of the 16th of 11th Moon of Tung-. che, the senteuce was not to be carried -, into erect, 1 April 27th. -(I) Edict. Two military officers are reprimanded and deprived of their buttons, for failing to apprehend certain criminals guilty of murdering five individuals and wounding others. A date ia further ordered to be fixed within which the said officers will positively be required to produce the prisoners. (2) Two more edicts-one commsnding the Civil Service Board to consider and report 011 a recommendation that an Under Secretary of the Criminal Board, who hag distingu~shed himself in capturing certain - criminals, be promoted. Another, commanding the Governor of Eunan to select an officer to fill the vacant Prefecture of Nan-cliang-a post of considerable impo~tance-from the other incumbent prefecte under his jurisdiction. (3) The Commander-in-chief of Kweichow, Chen Tah-wou, reporta that he ham brought to a satisfactory olose the financial troubles connected with the disbanding and payment of the Ta'ou (Eonan and Hupeh) forces. "Your slave left the provincial capital of Szechuen, C'heng-tou, on the 21st of the 9th moon of last year, and arrived at Chung-king on the 6th of the following month. With the exception of the rear detachment of the force-three regiments, which had been also ordered on from Kweichow to be disbanded-the various battalions had all arrived, and were encamped at different places in the vicinity of Chung-king. Of the funde ordered to be co~~tribtlted by Szeclluen, Tls. 200,000 had been furnished, aud the feelings of tl~s eoldiers had been eomewhat quieted iu consequence. Your slave at once called together the various Generals in command; informed them of the absence of funds in the Provincial Exchequer of Szectluen ; that it would be impossible to pay more than"io% of the arrears, and that unless measures could be devised of commuting for the deficiency by the " pau-chueo system," i.e. bestowal of honorary panchuen is used for the acceptation, supposedto be willingly, of a "button" in lieu of money due ; being realty a " get what you can " arrangement), it would be most di&cult to fix a date for final settlement. In dismissing them with instructio~~s to carry out these measures, words exhorting them to be inspired by patriotism and disintereated~~ess were aleo not omitted, and sutfsequent reporte were received to the effect that the proposition ltad been successfully carried into effect by each General. The amount of coutribution due

38 by Imperial allotment, and still remaining unpaid by Szocl~uen, amounted to Tls. 940,000-but doducliug fro111 tl~is Tls. 119,000 borrowed by the Province from the finance office of Krveichow, which by Imperial assent is not to be rotnrned, the balance at present due sta~rds at Tls. 825,000-while the total sum wlricll the Provincial authorities have on two separate occasions agreed to provide is only Tls. 580,000-to go specially towards liquidating arrears of pay. 111 addition to this, Tls. 100,000 were payable to meet the monthly expense of feediug the troops after their pay ceased, and wl~ile waiting 'to receive the arrears due to tlrom. Notwithstanding great economy, tlris lnttor has been insufficient, and the deficiency has had to be otherwise made good. Without taking this into accou~~t, Tls. 240,000 are still required to complete autl~orizable reqnirements. As the payments of contributions have come in, your slave has employed the funds in disbanding and paying off first such troops as urgency dictated ; the most important being thoae who have been lo~rg ill active service, and whose thoughts are strongly directed to their homes. As regarda the conbributions actually stipulated for by the Szechuen authorities, there is an amount of Tls. 90,000 still to be paid over in rnonthly instalments by the Fuh-yung finance office. But these instalments run 011 till the middle of the 4th moon-too late to administer to the pressing needs of the day. Arrangements have therefore been made with the Taotai, Chian Chi~rgyuen, and tho Prefect of Chung-clring, Chni-heng, to obtain the monoy, by loall, in advance. From the 10th moon of last year, to thecommencement of the 1st moo11 of the present year,.your slave, assisted by the various officers In command, has been busily engaged in all the details entailed by the disbanding of t.he troops-i.e., of iasuino pay, receiving back weaponn, and of dolegating officers to accompany the men in detaclrmenta to their respective homes ; and, with the exceptio~r of the Wu character (8 the last character of the Commander-in-chief's name) battalion, tho whole of the Ts'ou force under my control has been disbanded. The Wu battalion men, belonging principally to Hunan, will be taken to I-chang, and there paid off. Theae arrangements having one after another been sa~isfactorily made, the u~~easiness amongst the troops was thereby allayed, and for the last few months thia place has been restored to tranquility." The Communder-in-chief hiehes his memorial by announcing that, on the 6th of tho 2nd moon, 110 will proceed with all haste, vib Enpeh and Roiinn, to kneel before the Throne and listen to the lmperial wiil. (4) A supplementary memorial to the above, setting forth the extremely critical position of arairs when the Ts'ou troops first arri~ed in Szechuen, owing to the want of f~rnds to pay their arears, and reco~nn~endi~~g for promotion or honorable nrelrtion tl~ose officers, civil and military, who distinguished the~nselves by responding to fil~ancial exigencies and by allaying the dissatisfaction of the soldiers. (5) Another supple~ne~ltary memorial, giving a brief review of the successful compaig~~s against the rebels in the varioua Provinces of China. The many obtacles to overcome, the determined resistance of tho rebels at every step ; tho ravages of disease from malaria during the hot weather, and "the defeat of your enemy before taking your morning riceu-spirit of the troops. are all expatiated upon, and the number of soldiers attached to the Commander-ill-chief's original corps-afterwards led by Li Yan-won-who succumbed from beginning to end by death in the ranka and disease, is instanced as amounting to 10,500 a 10,600 men. Other temples have therefore been erected, at places to which the men principally belonged, in their memory, and tlre local officials are ordered to repair tl~itl~er every Spring and A~ltunln to sacrifice to their manes and thus commemorate their loyalty. (6) A Chi-shien in Honan had been im- ~eached for being short in the payment of public moneys, and deprived of his button. The Governor now requests that, in virtue of the sum having been made good, Itis button be roturned, to which the Imperial consent is given. April 28th.-(1) A decree gazetting a long list of promotions. (2) A memorial from the Cabinet Minister and Governor-General of Chihli, Li Hung-chang, Earl of first grade. An inhabitant of the Yung-clierrg district had lodged an accusation at the capital against some tax clerks, Kwoh Pei-cheng and others, for extorting money and being the cause of his fatlrer's death, who endeavoured to commit suicide, when, confined in prison for not payi~~g his taxes, by piercing himaelf with a nail. It is found that the father recovered from the illjury self-inflicted, and died afterwards from ordinary disease. The appellant is therefore brought under the law of doiug that which 110 ought not to do, i.e., lodging a false plaint, aid. ' sentenced to 120 blows of the bamboo. But th~s, in virtue of the act of grace since the offe~~ce, is renlitted. Apr~l 29th.-(1) Two Imperial Edicts, command~ng two cases of appeal to be investigated and adjudicnted upon by the Governor-Generals of the Prov~uces concerned. (2) A memorial by the Censor Kweiling and others. A member of the Imperial clan Chang-tsing, formerly holding e position of General in the army, was 2ripped of his rank for certain kouduct, but still continued to render assistance as a subordinate. It was in this position that he was killed at the capture of 1-11 by the rebels in the fourrh year of Tung-chi, when fighting manfully on the ramparts ; while his ent~re family-male and femaleswallowed poison andsacrifioed themeelver to preserve their honor. The nephew, En-show, sent a messenger to ascertain the true circumstances of the case, of wl~~ch he had only heard a rumour ; but the road was intercepted by rebels and no information,was then procured. Recently a servant, who was at the time in Chang-tsing's employ, has returued and given a full and rel~able report of the proceedi~~ga. The Imperial assent ie therefore craved, in accordance with the law existi~~g on tl~is subject, to graciously allow Charrg-tsing to. be restored posthuu~ously to his prevlous honors. (3) The newly appointed Chief Justice of Sl~antung, Chen Sz-cha, reports having taken over 11is seals of ofice. (4) The Governor of Honan, Tsien Tinaming, memoralizes in reapect to a Cheehien being found, after his death, to be short of public money to the extent of Tls. 20,800, which the family,.in view of the death of the Ohe-slrien, think it not illcumbent on them to make good. Orders had been issued to make searcl~i~rg elrqulry as to what money was left in the hands of the family, and also to sell any real estate that may be left. (6) Liu Chong-yin, Governor of Kwangsi, memorialises in regard to official movements within his jur~sdictio~~. April 30th.-(1) Several nominations of high officials are Gazetted, to persouify certain officers sent off to their posts, also to examine into other publ~c affairs. A ' monthly list of officials nominated iu the A.different provinces also appears. ' ' -' (2) Thb Governor of Shen-si, Shan 1% :*:%eng-yi, representa to the Throne that., :id the case of Lama chiefs from Tibet :repairing to the capital to present tribute, '.or to relieve their couutrymeu reaidept there, it is the custom for f11e local officirls to supply them wit11 food en route, and beasts of burden to convey their effects. 011 passing the border at Szecl~uen, it ia further the rule to depute Cl~i~~ese officera to act ae escort. But evil practicesapyear to have sprung from these reg~~lations. The escort officers enter into league wit11 the ir~terpretere, require two or three times more beasts of burden than are necessary, and tout for the conveyance of merchants' cargo at reduced rates. They also trun~p up false charges, accusing people of stealing the tribute articles, and make this a means to extort money; in fine, " words are insufioient to narrate the way impositions are practiced." Remedial measures, as suggested by two Che-slriens, are proposed ; z.e., that when the Lama missions croes the border, a full inventory of the articles conveyed should be at once taken ; that the various boxes should be labelled with a list of contents and particulars of weight of each; and that the total number of beasts of burden required should be plainly specified for the information of the officials of each province when passiug into their respective jurisdictions. The Imperial command is therefore solicited, to be given to the Governor- General of Szechuen to carry the above suggestions into effect. (3) A menlorial from Shan Heng-yih, Governor of Sl~en-si, on meaaures to be takeu in his province to render more eficient the working of the "virtue reward office.'' The ~norals of the people are represented to be vitally cor~nected with the effective bestowal of postlrun~ous marks of distinction for deeds of I~eroia~rr, acts of merit, and lives of virtue, &c., $c.; and although the above establ~al~~nent I has in 8 successive lists returned 117,039 names of civil and military ofticers, gentry, soldiers and wives and daughters, as worthy of distinguishing marks, it is to be feared that ow~ng to the difficulty of enquiry caused by the devastation of war, tl~ere m~~at still be many incidents which have escaped enquiry, i. e., deaths in the ranks when fighting or defending towns, people captured and preferring death to sub~nission to the enemy, and of women dying to preserve their virtue, which time and ciroumstances have obliterated from nlelnory : and it is desirable that not one of these sl~ould be allowed to pass unnoticed. To this end, the merit-reward establishment has been amalgamated with the military or volunteer ofice, which it is supposed will asaist the enquiries to be made. The Imperial assent has been publjslieil by the Cabiuet.

39 (4) Another memorial from tho same officials wishing to retain a Manchu oilicor in his former poeitiori. (5) A menlorial from Ching Lin Kwei, in charge of affairs beyond the border. A eystem was inaugurated in tlie 4th year of Hien-fung, of issuing certificates, and white, to troops, entitling them to certain reward, or payment, of money at a future date, and issued in view of the reducedstate of public 611ance at the momellt. During recent years, the Provincial exchequers have been so low as to render the redemption of 'certain of these certificates impossible, while the condition of the holders is stated to be so poor that they are unable to pay for funeral services and rites to their relatives. The redemption of the red clasa certificates has bean in abeyance by special,order since the 4th year of Eien-fuug, and the white si~lce the 10th year. It is at present requested that the redemption of the white certifi-. cate~, issued to the troops under the memorialists' command, be now made.- Rescript : Let the Board consult and report. May 1st-(1) Edict commanding that pothumous ho~~ors' be conferred on Fuh Tsi-ou, who fulfilled the post of Governor of Anhwei in Hien-fnng's reign, and whose death Li Hung-chang reports. (2) Two Maiichu officials, Tung-sheng and Toh-ko-tuan, memorialiae, impeaching certain officera wit11 carelessness and neglect of duty. A previous report of the circumstances connected with the impeachment had already been reported to the Throne, and a narrative, as elicited froin the pri- soners examined, is again given. The case is one of a very daring attack on the Gaol of How-lan Ting, near Jehol, by a band of over 30 mounted aud foot robbers. After making known t1ieir.iutention to the inmates of the prison, the'y effected their entry during the stillness of a moonlight night, released the fetters of the prisoners, overawed and wounded some of the gaplers, and finally set at liberty over 60 prisoners. Some of these were afterwarda captured, and othere delivered tliemselves up ; but 43 are still at large. Pu~~ishment is requested to be dealt out to the officers who shewed neglect, a time to be fixed for bringing to justice the robbers and escaped prisoners ; and the prisoners recaptured aro to be dealt with according to law. May 2nd.-(1) Thanks are returned by eeveral officers for appointments received. (2) Ediot, commanding an examination to be made at the Pau-ho-tien (peace preservation hall), Peking, into the capabilities of the various Examinera before appointing them to the different provinces. (Note.- This is in alitioipatioll of the extra, or act of grace triennial examination, to be held tlils year in the 8th mooli, in virtue of tlie acceseion of a iiew Em.peror to the throne.) (3) The Governor-Genera1 of the two Kwangs and Goveruor of Kiangsn both report on investigatiolie made into the character and capabilities of expectant officials within their jurisdiction. May 3rd.-(1) A decree commanding Tso Tsung-tang to assume the control and direction of military affairs in Chinese Turkestan, and ordering Chin-shun to act as assistant administrator. (3) Kwei-yuh and Heng-ehunmemorialise requesting that surplus banner men at Cheng-tu-the provincial capital of Szechuen-be drafted to Nanking. The authorised number of troops at Cheng-tu, entitled to the issue of rations, ie twothousand six hundred odd ; but, owing to the growth of their families, a large excesa of strong hale and intrepid young men exists who are a great burden Co those on the roll, and while anxious to serve their country, cause actual want in the encampment. At Nanking, on the other hand, the full complement has not been made good since the ravages of civil strife, and the Imperial consent is craved to allow of 600 cavalry being transferred thither from Cheng-tu.-Rescript : Let it be as desired. The proper Board will take uote. (3) A memorial from the Governor of Shall-si, respecting the filling up of the vacancy caused by the death of a Brigadier General while under commiseion. (4) The foregoing Governor, Pau Yuenshell, reports to the Throne on the virtues displayed by a lady of Shansi, and requests, in deference to an influential petition received from a long liat of gentry, that a memorial monument be erected to immortalize her name. The lady HO was married at eighteen, to Lu Shu-yung, son of a Che-shien. The husband, while living with his parente, was taken ill in the autumn of the 12th year of Tungclii (1873). The disease shewed early symptoms of a dangerous character, but the lady, although occupied every night in secretly burning incense and offering up tearful prayers, maintained during the day a cheerful countenance, that the parents might not be overcome by dejection. For months she changed not her raiments, but devoted herself sedulously to administering to the wants of her husband, and finally as a last 1 recoume she cut from her arm a piece of flesh to mix with the mediciue. But her' endeatourd were of no avail, and her l~usband auccunbed to the disease. The lady Elo was then overcome with grief, and fainting several times was recovered only by medical applia~~ces. But slie had already resolved not to outlive her husband, and after privately writing to her sister-inalaw to come and atlend upon the two parents, already advanced in years -she swallowed a gold ring, and at the age of thirty-four thus sacriticed her life on the altar of conjugal virtue. Rescript. -Let the virtue of the lady Ho be commemorated as desired. May 4th.-(1) An edict, orderingchingshun to be Commander of the forces at Ou-lou-moh-tsi, in Chinese Turkestan- (Note.-Ching-shun was gazetted on the 3rd, to assist TsoTsung-tang)-and Chiiiglien to be commander of the White Banner ' Chinese force ; the latter having to repair at once to the Capital to take up his post. (2) The Governor of Honan, Taien Tingming, reports on the trial and award of a caseof manslaughter, lodged at the Capital and referred to the decision of the provincial authorities. The appellallt's father, Li T~ng-yung, in 1872, arranged the sale of an ox and an ass to the accused's father, Chau-fuh. Subsequently, an altercation arose on the subject of payment with the buyer's eon, Chau-chiin. Li Ting-yung struck a blow at Chau-chiin, which the latter managed to avoid, but, picking up a vegetable knife to frighten his antagonist, he accidentally stabbed him in the abdomen while making a feint thrust, which caused his death within a short trine afterwards. The deceaeed's son, the appellant, Li Singchieh, lodged a charge of murder at the Prefect's yaman, and the case was thence referred to the District Magistrate for adjndication. Here the appellant for s9me reason shewed considerable reluctance about making an appearance. In the meanwhile, his cousin was summoned to the bar, and tlie appellant, hearing false rumours to Lhe effect that the yambn men had beeii extorting money, and that his cousin had been eubjected to coercion and punishment, thereupon resorted to a higher t+ibuuali.e., first to the Provincial Court and lastly to the Capital. The Governor, after a full investigation, finds that the death wolind was beyond all doubt given uniutentionally, but that, according to the law of "homicide" during an affray, no matter by what means, sentence of strangulation should be pasaed. upon Chau-chiin-.,the said sentence to be carried out in the,a&umn. In virtue, however, of the act,of grace peseed sinoe the commission of the crime, the punishment will be commuted to one hundred blowe of the bamboo and tra~isportatioll to a distance of 3000 li. (3) The above Governor presents a further mem~jrial, suggesting that the diwtrict of Kau-cheng, now included under tlie jurisdiction of the Wei-yau Prefecture, sl~ould revert again to the Prefecture of Kwei-teh. The cliange in the course of the Yellow River led to the original transfer ; but, in consequence of a subsequent further alteration in the course of the stream, the approach to Kau-cheng from Wei-yau is iutercepted by the river, and a re-transfer thus rendered desirable, in the interest of officiils as well as the people.-rescript : Let the Buard consult and report. May 5th.-(1) An Edict degrading several officials in Fungtien (Manchuria) for remissnesa and suspicious conduct in respect to the banditti in that neighbourhood ; also handing over other ofticials to the Board for investigation and punishment. (2) TWO more Edicts relating to official movements. (3) A memorial relating to the oonvaleacence of a Brigadier-General, Ou-leh-hiiigaw, and to his return to his duties at Ning-kou-tall ill Mancllriria. (4). A memorial from Yeh-yung and Yih-a], high Manchu officers, settingforth that at tl~e recapture by the Imperialists of Ning-kou-tah, which fell to the rebels last year, a general of tlie left, Yung-lien-yun, and his nephew, a Captaiu of Artillery, Wen-shuy, are accused by certain of the soldiers and officers of using their influence to stop the pursuit of the insilrgenta, and of also escortilig some of their number away in safety. Tlie two accused, it appears, mere captured by the rebels during their seizure of the town, and their lives were spared only through the entreaties of the resident merchants j their subsequent action being probably actuated by gratitude. Owing to tlie distance of Ning-kou-tah-some 800 li to the East of the Provincial town of Shengching, it had been difficult to aummon and procure at once the necessary witnessee ; but that officers of the Imperial army should meanly cling to life by,the favor of rebels, is alre'ady casting disgrace on their cloth, and the Imperial sanction is asked to allow tliat the two accused be at once athpped of their rauk preparatory. to e full investigation. (6) Ting Pao-chen, Governor of Shantung, reports on the marvellous intervention of the River Gods during important works at Chia-chuang. The embankments to be repaired are fepreeented to have,

40 been work of singular di5cnlty ; tlie Several short memorials follow, linving hearb of the o5cers and men engaged reference to civil service ehanges. were dismnyed at the danger to be sur- May 7th.-This Gazette, as well as a 1 mounted, and even the Governor l~iniaelf portion of that of the Sth, is taken up with could not but coiifeas to feeling consider- a leuy thy report by the gralld secretary and I able trepidation th of the 2nd secretary of the Board of War, Kwangmoon; while at a total loss as to what shell and Hai Tung-shan, on allege& messurea should be taken, the " Golden embezzlements and corrupt practices con- Dragon, NO. 4 Great KW," gloriously nected with the Ping-chai-chuh, revealed Himself to earthly eyes (in tho metamorp\losed form of a sllnlte.) Tile gatem establidmenta provide acco'nlnodation for en Governor, then, with his subordinates throughout the province of Szecbuen. In -civil and military-all devontly prayed that divine assistance might be vouchsafed, the Gazette of 24th *pril an Edict I~aving reference to the present report, On the 20th, Zlst, and 24th, and embodying the important features op The Yellow great King, the subject under investigation., Vermilllon do. 8th May.-Edict. From the commence-,, Exalted do. ment of spring, great scarcity of rain llaa,, Nine Dragon General.,, Yangsy do. prevailed around the Capital. The ",, Tang do. opening of summer" termllas now passed, and the fields are in uqent want of the,, Liu do. moistening bounties of Heaven. Great,, Tsau do. solicitude cannot but be felt, and it ie all respectively manifested themselves in fitting that prayers should be devoutly metamorphpsed form, and on the laat offered up to secure the benign favors date mentioned a hurricane suddei~ly required. The Princes of Tun, of Kullg, rose up and the force of the waters and others, are therefore ordered to repalr became abated. That the works were on tlie 11th to the various Temples, to finally completed, is ascribed to the divine perform the necessary ceremonies. assistance thus vouchsafed, but that the (2) A report from the two foregoing Gods should thus intercede in the interest officials, an investigation instituted into of the country, is doubtless due in great an allegation made by tlle Cabinet Minis- - measure to the virtues of their Imperial ter, K ~ ~ respectillg ~ ~ affairs - ~ in ~, Majesties, the Dowager Empresses and the Saechuen. For everp 0110 Tael of Impe- Emperor, by whose devoutnoas G?da rially fixed land aild grain tax, with the have been influenced. In regard to 111- ordillary for wasto, it is alleged creased postllumous llollora to be conferred that extra collectioils, to the extent of on the above Gods, see Imperial edict in ~ 17 a ~ 8,. are made, which are demanded Gazette of 22st April. under all kinds of subtle names-to wit, May 6th.-(I) Several Edicts about ofi- for difference in scale, packing sycee subcia1 movements. scription, &c. Tl~e memoriallsts had (2) A memorial from the Governor- made enquiries of the Governor-Generd, General of Fukhien aiid Chekiang, res- from wllom it appears that the land aid pocting the interchange of officials within grain taxes of Szechueu are fixed at a his jurisdiction. total of Tls. 660,000, to which Tls. 100,000 (3).Ting Pao-chen, Governor of Slian- are added for the ordinary 15 per cent. tung, impeaches a magistrate, Choiig-yuh- allowed for expenses ; that the nett guen, for failing to carry out instructioihs amouilt llas to be accounted for by 06- in regard to the conservation of theyellow cials according to "Treasury scale" and I River. It is requested that he be suspended.and that liis rank be witliheld until the orders given are satisfactorily c3rried out. The request is aaaented to. (4) Ting Pao-cheng charges a Colonel, Wang Hioli-li, who had acquitted himself formerly with credit in the campaign against the robels, with abandoning liimeelf to lust and opium, and also with making dedllctione from the pay of the officers under his control. The dismissal of tlie Colonel, and after-examination, is arked for and aesented to. " Treas~iry touch ;" tliat the scale currently used amongst the people shows a differeuce of 3 per cent., and that the to~lcll of the silver in circulation is also inferior ; for all of wlricl~ calc~~lation has to be made ; further, that in some poor districts, where eilver is scarce, cash, has to be received in paymei~t, and has to be changed into sycee at the wealthier towns. But the collection thus made in -varied form is a measure designed to acoommodate the people, and 110 undue demands are made. Apakt from this, ' contributions have been rendered necessary for repairing city walls, banks, bridges and roads, and for attending to the conservation of rivers, &c., all of which are necessary works, while the collections are riot made without proper authority. To the charge that exactions are made under the cover of subtle excuees, the Governor-General makes an emphatic denial. The memorialists, in view of the Governor-General's atatements, whiah appear satisfactory, deem it unnecessary to inetitute further examination into the past, but are of opinion that an addition of 7 a 800 per cent.. has actually been made to the taxation ; and while pointing out that the vitality of the people is likely to be sapped by such b~~rdensome taxation, they recommend that the Governor- General be enjoined to exercise increased vigilance in stopping extortion and malpractices,.and in not allowing contributions to be demanded too lightly* " Although there may be a work which, for ten thousand reasons, cannot be avoided, still should full consent be first obtained from the higher authorities before the, collections are authorieed 1" The Minieter, Kwang-an, further suggested that the Szechuen li-kin barriers should be closed. In answer to this it is argued that, although the province is now relieved of internal troubles, precautionary measures cannot be entirely renounced, and that the expense of the troops still retained muet as a rieceeaity be met. That, as expediency admits, th6 eurplus soldiers will be disbanded, and that the barriers can be gradually closed as the disbanding takes place. Three barriers are at present to be removed, but 16 others are pointed aut which will l~sve to remain for the time. May 9th.-(1) Several official appointments are gazetted. (2) Kwang-sheu and Hia-tung, of the Board of War, in a long memorinl extending over two Gazettes, report on further investigation made into Szechuen affairs. 011 the 9th of tlie first moon they tlad reached the Kwang-yun district in Szechuen, when they received en route a despatch from the Ministera of the Cabinet to the effect that, on the 23rd of the 12th moon, the Imperial command had been received stating that inforrnation had been received of a disturbance amongst the rc Tab" character garrison troops in Szechuen, who, in order to intimidate their officers into paying their arrears, had forced an entry into and taken up their quarters in the Prefectural town. The '\ case was, therefore, delegated for enquiry to the two Oommiueioners. The troopr ip question were on garrison duty in the Prefecture of Sti-chew sfl. The arreara due had accumulated to the extent of 18 months' pay, and many of the soldiers being anxious to return home, made importunate demands in person on the paymaater, Hia Teh-ying. The latter having no funds wherewith to meet the claims, fled to avoid danger. Hereupon, the troops left their encampment, and took up their quarters within the city of Sii-chew. The Governor-General hearing of the affair, at once degraded Bia Teh-ying, reprimanded and deprived of his peacock'e feather the commanding oficer, Ohing Hioh-teh, and appointed other civil and military officers to proceed to the spot, and take such measures as expediency might require. Subsequently, funds were forwarded to the Prefecture. The troops received their arrears, and discipline was restored. Statements are referred to, of the soldiers having fired off guns within the city, and of the people having been exhorted not to leave the place : but it appears to have been found by the Commissioners that the troops comported thelaselves quietly during the reign of confusion in the city, no acts of violence having. been committed. The result of tlie investigation is that the Commander, Chiiig Hioh-teh, having proved himself incompetent to maintain discipline, his conduct should have been reported for punishment, a mere reprimand from the Governor, accompanied with the stripping him of his peacock feather, being a correction inade- quate to the gravity of the occasion. The Imperial oon~mand is therefore asked, requiring that Ching Hioh-teh be handed over to the Board to be dealt with according to the merits of the case. The Governor-General, Ou-tang, is also charged with undue laxity in not impeaching the commander ; and the case ia also asked to be referred to the considera- tion of the Board. The two Commiasioners further report on several subsi$ary cpses brought nnder their cognisance, z. e. :- (1) In the District of Ee-pi~, owing to the large requirement by Government official8 and troops m route for horses aiid beaste of burden, consent had been obtained by the magistrate through the various channels up to the Governor General'e yambn, to illcrease the contribution demandable from the local people. Although he found that no embezzlement was made of the fuuds thus collected, it was the duty of the magistrate ~II terms of the application

41 made, to render a monthly account of reply to the Imperial command made incomings to the Prefect. Having failed known as follows :-" Her late Majesty, to do this, the magistrato is guilty of mis- Meen-chia-shun, a lady of perfect virtue demeanour, and his conduct is desired to be and of a family elevated by its refined referred to the Board. breeding, was affianced to His late (2) An ex-magistrate of the Canton Majesty, and becamequeenconsort of the province, Hwang, was summoned before ' Central ' Palace ; her benevolence aufthe magistrate of Pa-shan to answer to an fused itself throughout the Court. The, accusation respecting the ownership of fountain head of the ' female element, land. Hwang displayed some teniper in and the first symbol thus of the earth, she Court, and waa beaten on the palm of the ceiitred arouled lier an atmoephere of hand by order of the presiding magistrate. virtue illimitable in extent, and responded After being bailed out, fearlug to be sub- to the divine scheme of nature by cojected to further disgraca if lie appeared operatitig with and assisting tlie ' male again, he committed suicide by swallom~ng prl~iciple.' Her gentleness and excelleiice poison. The infliction of corporal pu~lisli- formed a pattern for study, and her strict ment on an official in a trivial case rect~tude exerted i~ifluence throughout tlie arising from a suit about land, is declared six Palacos. Her comportment was retirto be a violat~oii against established ~hg and modest, and for the three years regulations, and the action of the Pa-shan that she graced the Court, wh~le making magistrate is impeached. man~festhe excellence of her rule over (3) A dismissed magistrate, Sung-gun, ' inner' affairs, 8110 further shared in the also holding the literary degree of Ts~nsz, anx~eties and toila attending the adminiawas accused by an elder brother, by whom tration of Government. As successor to he was s~~pported and educated driring his their Majesties theempresses Dowager, she youth, of renouiicing all paternal claims, further displayed her filial devotion by her in fact, of treating his brother as a attractive and winning ways ; and the styanger. The case was tried, and Sung- many feminine qualities thus illush$6usly yiin, heing very obstreperous and insoler~t exhibited have been evident to every in Court,corporeal pui~ishment on theliand inmate of the Palace. In conformity~witl~ was also administered, and the accused the regulations handed down by our further kept in confinement. After his ancestors, it is fitting that a glorious epitaph release, he died within a short time. and poatliumous t~tle be selected fof Her Sung-yiin, althongh dlsiniased from his departed Majesty; and the Ministry ia magistracy, liadit appears beenre-appoin ted hereby comnianded to examine andcarefl~lly ill an acting capacity to other d~ities, and note the records and ceremonial canons, the applicntioll of corporal pr~~~isliment and to respectftjly make a suitable selecwns reridered by such reas011 unjustifi- t~on. The Millistera, while paying addiable. The officials impl~cated are therefore tional tribute to the meniory of Her reported for puriisl~meiit by the Board. departed Majesty, remark w~th t-he greatest The above concl~idea the personal in- h~~mility that where the virtues (of ail vestigations of the two Comm~ssioners in Emperor and his consort) Iiarinoiiise, the Szechuen, u-ho report that they propose effect may be compared to the sun and returning with their subordinates to the moon beautifying the Heave~is-(Note: the cnpi tal. sun is another emblem of the male and May 10th.-Gazette is taken up prin- the moon of the female principle)-and cipally by the co~lclusio~i of the foregoi~g that where the two natures accord, the report ; it co~itai~is besides- female acts in unison with the male and (1) An Edict disieissi~~g a Prefect in the scheme of nature is thus carried out. Kwangs~, for resorting to artful and low 111 obedience to the Imperial command, expedients to make a name for himself. the Ministers submit two selections of (2) Another inenlorial fro111 Ktva~lg- ep~taphs, each 12 characters, and both emcheu and Hia-tung rospecti~~g the abolis11- bodyi~~g the two characters of the deceased ment of eatnblishments in Szecliuen for Q ~ life-title ~ of ~ l ~ i ~ - ~, h ~ ~ providing quarters and benats of burden to officials, etc., en route through the pro- " excellent" and " yielding." In reply " viiice ; and for particulars ill respect to to the memorial, the following 12 characwhich see edict in a previous Gazette. ters have been marked out by the vermil- ' >May 11th.-41) An edict from the 11on pencil :- Bowagef Empresses, in reference to repairs to'the "'Wel" Im~etial~sepulchre. (2) Tpy Mfinister, Li Hung-chang, and others, on atheir Luan mbmoridise in % (-%! 3 6) j.,-i r.3 \ y. ' '.. "Queen Ee-(Ee, the posthumous term of " the late Emperor) the filial, wise, ex- " cellent, yielding, chaste, careful, virtuous, "and intelligent, who governed her actions " by the laws of Heaven, and whose life.. "added luetre to the teachings of the ' (3) A memorial, in reference to repairs required to public granaries, which, owing to the want of funds, have fallen into a atate of great dilapidation. It is suggeated that they need not all be repaired at once, but tliat Tls. 2,000 to 3,000 should be allowed a~~nually, and the work done gradually. It is also recommended that the long process of memorialising in each trivial instance e h p p dispensed with.-rescript : noted. (4) Another memorial, respecting the disposal of a surplus of 2,000 to 3,000 piculs of old stores of wheat, which it is feared, if left longer, will rot and become perfectly (5) A memorial from Li Han-chang, Governor-General of Hupeh and Honan, in reference to exception being taken at the appointment of a Taotai within l~is jurisdiction, and which was stated to be May 12th.-(1) An edict, promoting several officers who distinguished tliemselves in suppressing an outbreak, ill the 10th moon of last year, at a place in Szechuen called 0-pien. (2) Tso Tsung-tang, Governor-General of Shenai and Kansuh, reports 011 the reconalderation of and re-investigation into the heroie conduct of a former Acting- Prefect of Kwei-teh, Cl~en-s11u11, and 111s family and subordinates, all now deceased. Chin-shun entered into his duties on the 8th moon of the first year of Tang-chi (L862), jnst at the time when the MRhom'medans raised the standared of rebellion. A11 the neighbourii~g towns fell, one after allother, to the fury of the insurgent, but Kwei-teh, owing to the energetic and gallant defence of Cl~en-shun, held out bravely for six years. Forlorn and uiiaseisted, the hearts of the people were strellgthened to resistance by the exert~oiis of tlieir Prefect ; but during the night of the 16th of tlie 2nd Moon of tlie 6th year of Tuiig-chi, the rebel chiefs, wit11 1,000 followers, surprised the tom^^. Bhqng-shun asceuded the battlement and foughb ma~ifully-hurling down a rain vn the enemy ; but treachery had,alreddy shewrl itself wltliin the walls. The ga!es,were opened and the rebels poured &:&:"(?hen-shun now gathered together liis 'f~llowers, and with sword and knives fought. hsud to hbd in the streets. Seventeen of '. a. the rebels had fallen before them, when a band attacked them in the rear, and Cheng-. shun was felled to the ground by a stone hurled at his head. The insurgents crowded around him, but Cheng-shun railed at them in a furious tone. They cut off his left arm, and he railed with increased vehemence. Finally, they cut off his right foot and quartered him. Che~~g-shun's two brothers then led their mother to the scene of I~is~deatli, and the ' three, while weepiug with grief and abusing the perpetrators, were despatched by their spears. Valour of so rare a character should be specially commemorated, and the mark of honor previously conferred by the Throne on Cheng-shun is considered to be inadequate. It is now suggested that higher posthumous distinctions sliould be granted, and that the Imperial consent should in addition be given to the dedication of a temple to the memory of Chengsliur~ and his family. (3) A memorial, by the former Governor- General of Shensi and Kansuh, Yang Yuh-ou, who had repaired to the Capital on a visit of condoleiice at the death op the late Emperor, to be allowed to return to his native place and attend upon his parents during their declining years. May 13th.-(1) A fine of 6 moiitbs' stipend imposed on a president of the Criminal Board, Ts'ung-sliih, is remitted. (2) A memorial requesting that tlie distribution of rice from the various rel~ef dep8ts in the capital be prolo~iged for two months beyond the usual date. An edict granti~ig the request has already appeared. The number of recipie~its of charity at all the dep8ts is l~ere stated to be seven to eight hundred, or perhaps over one thousand individuals. (3) A Manchu official, Fung SHn-toh, merrlorialiaes tlie Thro~ie recommending a marine, Wang Liang-~nin, for Imperial mark of favor. Wang Lia~ig-min is reyresented to be seventy six years of age and, including and counting froin himself, five generations are at present ill existence, Le., " together in the family hall." The memorialist himself summoiied before him and witnessed-1, the Patriarch Wang : 2, his son : 3, three grand childre11 : 4, six great grand cl~ildren : and 6, one great great grand child-all of them in different degrees of health and vigonr, i e., tlie old mall still hale and cheerful, others in full mnnly strength and the little fellow with his corner tufts of hair looking brave a~id l~opeful. So remarkable an instance of faniily felicity is represented to be due to the fostering care of the " oile ma11" (the Emperor) for his childreu, the people, to

42 6 1 *horn prosperity and long life are tl~ns vouchsafed ; and it is deemed fitting that this happy example sl~ould be brongllt before the Imperial notice.-heacript : Referred to the Board of Rites. (4) An account of tho disturbaace amongst the Banner soldiers quartered at Ymgchow, by Muh Tet~g-au-referred to moe~~tly in an Imperial edict. The pay of. theae'troops I~au, according tocustom, been provided for out-grain contributions due by the district of Tantu, and discontent arose amongst the soldiers owing to the money-value paid, i.e., 2,400 cabh per shell, being under the market price. Tlle magistrate had applied for orders as to what action should be taken, and delay consequently arose in the issue of the pay. Beyond the trampling down a ~ injnry ~ d of a few articles iu the yambn, no v~olence was committed. May 14th.-(1) Edict appointing Shuycl~ang to the Intendantsl~ip of Sllaoahing in Cltekiang. (2) A memorial from ttre Governor of Kwang-tung and also Acting Governor- General of the t\qo LCwangs, respect~nx the result of military measures take; to repress brigandage in tl~e Districts of An-ping and Kai-ping. The disorder and lawlessness existing previously in these localities rere sufficient to cause fear of graver dilticulties. In the 9th moon of 1873, the Customs' station of Kai-ping was looted, a~ld two guards killed and wounded. In the 10th moon, an acting Colonel, while escortit~g his family, was attacked, and some of 11is aoldiers mounded at An-ping ; and other cases of daring robbery wero daily cropping up. Accordingly, during the 10th moon folloiving, a T:totai, I-lo Ying-chi, mllo had had every experience in military affairs, and Colonel Hwa~lg Tseng-teng, were despatched at tlle head of 400 men to root out and destroy all the la~vless people of the place. The monntainous and inacceseible character of tho cou~ttry, and the shelter and means of escape aflorded by the neighbouring islands, are brought forward as offering great obstacles to tho action ofthe troops ; but good service was performed, and the robbers, oe whom twenty-two were executed on t11e spot, mere thoroughly extripated and subdued. After settlement of the afinirs of the two Districts it1 question, 400 soldiers were told 'off on the 19th of the 4th moon of last year to proceed1 to Kwang-ning, and there enquire into 8 feud fight and reprisals. long going on, between two clans-sie Chung-kwan and Chr~n Chung-ling. Hero great, diflicultios l~ad to be surn~ounted, and it warr found necessary to alist 300 soldierd to act ss guides arld render general assistance it1 the cause; it was slab necessary to burn and clear away the trees and bau~boos of a certain mountain, in order to deprive the iasurgenb of shelter. After much hard work al~d the furtller executiou of fifty-seven malefactors, order was restored, and tho Governor finishes up his memorial by retruesting that a auitable reward be conferred on the officers in charge of tlte exped~t~on. May 15th.-(1) Edict. Yih-eiang, amem- ber of the Imperial fa~nily petitions to tlte effect that it will take time to recover from his illness, and desiring that his salary be suspended. Ylh siung is hereby allowed to renounce 111s official duties but, as a mark of especial favor, to contit~ue in receipt of his previoos emoluments. (2) The Governor oe Yunnar~, Cl~en Yo11-ying, also holding the acting post of Gover~~or-General of Yu~lnan and Kweicllow, lne~~~orialisos tl~e Thro~~e in respect to an envoy having been despatched from Burmah to present tribute to Chtt~r. Burmah, it is represented, has long since beell ranked among the tributary allies of China and it has been an establisl~ed regulation that the Yunnan authorities sl~ould on the decennial presentation of tribute, appoint ofticers to convey the missiou tlrrouglr Chinese territory to the Capital. But during the sixth year OF lien-fung (1856) internal trotrbles commellced in Yunnan. A11 the dependeucies oe the Teng-yeh Ting, (~~omein), the Prefoctnr, of Yung-chong 3 8 $f, and bordering on Eurmah, fell into the possession of the rebels, Conlmu~licatio~~ with that country was thus intercepted, aud the presentation of tribute to the Court of China mas in consequence suspended for eighteen years. In the 11th year of Tung-chi (1872), after the defeat by tlie memorialist of the Tou % Rebels of ;fe a Ta-li-fou, a Burmese officer Tien-i-ya-sah-ua-erh-ta came to the camp on a mission of enquiry ; and, after the re-capture, in the following year of tho Shun-yun )B and Teng-yeh cities, by which the entire Province was again brought under Imperial rule. the aboricinal prefect of Meng-ti~lg - - &i$*, Ban-chu~~g-pang q,a s,. subject to the jurisdictiou oe the ltrtperial. Prefecture of Yung-chong, escorted a Bor~nese ofticer Ma-han-tso-ting-yalt-jii- YalI-ta to tlie Provil~cial capital to -ask for iustructions as to tlre batter of tribute. TOhe.Governor therefore commanded llim 60 act in' accordance with the establisl~ed oc~stom, and tl~o circumstt~nces wera at bhe time aubmitted by memorial to the Throne, as shewn by records existilag. During last year the Governor received instructions from the Imperial Guard Oace to buy some elephants for Court requiremerits, and instrl~ctions wereforthwith sent to the Prefect of Yung-chong, Chu-peh-wei and tile sub-prefect Ou Chi. ;tfi; a liang a to despatch messengers to purchase the elepl~ants in Burmese territory. The Kil% of Burmah, on hearillg of the circumstance, and dpsirolls of shewing his friendly feelillg, sent 0fficers with two tame elephants to the capital of Yunnan. which thev reached on the 27th of tl~elith moon ofiast year, and requested tl~at the animals might be forwarded to Peking. Infor~natio~l was also given to the effect that articles of tribute, accordin,n to custom, mere in course of preparation and would be shortly offered. But, owing to it being then mid-w~nter and tile lklle of road covered with snow, it mas arranged, as reported to the Throne, that escort officers sllould not be sent to the frontier to meet tl~e mission until tile season became milder. Subsequently, the acting garrison commander at Teng-yeh, - 7. Tsiaue., and tl~e acting Taung-han $$,% I$$, sub-prefect of Teng-yeh, Ou Chi-Iiang, petitioned stating that en the 15th of the 12th moon (1st Feb.), the B~lrmese mission had arrived on the border at Tenz-veh. consisting of the chief tribute-envoyuclih: yell-to-&i-mun-tso-mun-tien-tsou-sou with an assistant envoy, interpreters, servants and elephant-slaves, in all, over fifty inaividuals, in charge of five elephants and a quantity of tribute presents. Orders wefe at once issued to depute oecers to meet aud escort the mission ; which latter arrived at the Provincial capital on the 26th of the 2nd moon (1st April). A copy, of the letter from King Meng-tun of Burmah, with a listall in Burmeseof the names of the envoys and of the articles brought, were then received and.duly examined. The Governor here allndes to irrstruclions roceive'd at the death of the late Emperor, to stop all tribute offerings for the period of three years; but the zpreparationa made by Burmah in this instanoe wefe comme~~ced before the receipt of the news of Ilia late Majesty's,death and, moreover, the length of time Burma11 has been precluded from offering,tribute is considered to offer sufficient gronnd 'to jl~stify n departuro,from the orclors rcceived. The miseion ltad tl~erofore boon acnt on, and a list of odicers charged with its escort to the capital irr given. Appended is a translati011 of the King of Burmall's letter and of the list of tribute offerings, running as follow :- King's Letter. nien~-~u"t ICing Burmah, respectfully lays a petition before the Thro~~e of the great Emperor of the Heavenly dynasty.- Your vassal (here B, the same character as that employed by Ministers of tile Cl~inese (sovernment to desigllate tllemselves in their memorials, is used, ivitll the addition of riao,i, -small-before it) would, wit11 all IlumilitY, Set forth that under the u~liversal away of Ids Holiness tlie " streams and hills" are all objects of his foateriug CWO, the kingdonis of tlle distant ocean become converted to his civilising rule, and as the sunflower bows before the sun, 80 doe9 all mankiud turn with adoratiou towards the Imperial person. Succeeding to yom barren and far off dependency of Burmall, your vassal is impressed with the deep favors conferred by your Heavenly Dyuasty when permit- ting his country to be enrolled amonest. u the territory of YU (the founder of the Hia Dynasty); and, in offering up accoding to rule the tribute prescribed, the land of Burmah is thus included under bhe heaven of Yau and all within the /u Realm join with one voice in tile Sung st cry to His Imperial Majeety. (Note.- Sung is amour1 bain where an echo supposed to proceed from the spirits of the Hill wan audible, crying out "happiness! long life! male issue!!'i) Recently, owing to war and rapine on the borders, communication has lgng been iutercepted ; but the horrors of strife are now happily ended, and the univeree returned to tranquillity. It is fitting, therefore, that your humble vassal should at once-offer tribute. T11i letter has, consequently, been respectfully drawn up in letters of gold, and is accompanied by an image of the God of Longevity, five tame elephants and with articles of manu- facture al~d productions of the country. Tlrese are sent under the care of an Envoy (name as above), as representative of your vassal ; who is charged to respectiully convey them to tlre palace gate, and to humbly crave that his great Majesty, the Emperor, will deign to receive the offerings and will further graciouely lend ear to

43 ' the feelings of obedience, respect and subentertained by your vassal. While writing this letter your vassal is overcome with pleasurable feelings of extreme 4ratitude, and in concluding his petition he humbly wishes his great lmperial Majesty loilg life for ten thousand ;for ten thousand thousand years. List of Presents : One Letter in Gold. the brother being enticed to the house of liis affianced was there murdered to smooth the way for his rival-a richer man. A judicial enquiry is asked to be instituted into both cases. (3) Chiug-full reports having taken over his duties as Intendant of Newchang, Chingohew and Fung-tien. (4) Several oficial changes are reported with 111s jurisdiction, by the Governor of Yunnan. A Burmese image of the May 17th,-(1) An Edict setting forth Longevity. that the prayers offered up for rain on the Five tame elephants. 7th of the 4th moon had not been responded Apair of ivory tusks, weighing 90 cattien. to by H ~ and ~ ~ ~ the ~ ~, Three jade weighing 210 Prince of Kung and others of the nobility catties. to repair on the 16th to various Temples, Eight gilt framed and inlaid mirrors. mentioned, to repeat the prayer. Two red jewel gold rings. (2) Li Hullg-chang, Governor-General of Two gold rings set with " Ya-tsing." Chihl~, makes five representations to the Eight pieces yellow, red and green Tllrone. One, that Feu-tsi, deceased, Spa~~ish Stripes. should be posthumously restored to his Ten pieces of thick heavy Shirtings. original rank of General. Two, an account Ten pieces Foreign Crape. of repairs to the Yung-ting river duri~~g Ten fine Handkerchiefs. the spring freshets. ThTee, that a newly Twenty foreign Carpet Itugs. appointed Salt ~omm'issioner had taken 10,000 sheets of Gold Leaf. over the seals of office. Four, removing a Do. do. S~lver do. Mongolian officer from command over Eight catties of Sandal Wood. Chinese soldiers, owing to inconlpetency. Nine Do. red do. Five, recommeuding four ex-officials for Ten bottles scent. early employ men t. Ten bottles pomade. May 18th.-(1) The office of command- Four No. 4 size ornamented boxes. ant of Pekiug reports the capture of forty- Fifty No. 5 do. one robbers, and requests that the prisoners F~ve Pictures of elephants. be taken over by the Criminal Board. Fifteen Peacock's tails. (2) A decree referriug a case of appeal (3) A memorial from the same GoxTernor by woman, Fung-lin, to Tan Chung-liu iu reference to carrying out the Imperial for adjndication. order and causing two officials within his (3) The Governor-General of Hujurisdiction, whose names colnprise the Kwang, Li Han-chang, and Governor of clla,,ier :&, the last cl~aracter ill the Hupeh, Eng Tsung-tsioh, report a conspiracy entered ill to bet ween a diimissed name of tile present if& deputy district magistrate, Su cheng-slld, Tsai-tien, to remove a stroke, i.e., the bot- and certain Y amun underli~lgs, Wang-liu tom 0110 of the right compou~ld & which md others, to incite the people of Lau-hoken-in the district of Kwang-l~wa-to tlius stands as x... close sho~s and stop trade. Prohibitory May 16th.-Edict punishing an official regu1atiol;s had been-put into force to stop in Manchuria for laxity in his duties. the use of spurious cash, and Su Chedg-shu, (2) Two memorials from Ying-kwei, re- being enraged at seizures of false cash made porting two appeal cases lodged at tlie by a Lieutenant-Colonel, Chen Yu-tsuen, mpital by inhabitants respectively of Sze- resorted to every expedient to create discl~uen'and Honao. 111 the one case the affection amongst the people. He first, in appellant's family house was attacked and co~lju~~ctiou with his confederates, issued set fire to by the respondents, and one of written ~~otice to all the shops instigating the attacking party being killed, a relative them to close their shutters, arld seeing of the appellant's was charged wit11 mur- that this effect, on tlie 11th of the dering him in broad day, and subsequently 3rd moon of last year he"further hired died under the infliction of torture in forty to fifty misenable lad8 to go about prison. In the other, a younger brother the streets and tldow stones into the shops. of the appellant's was engaged to be mar- He further caused one $'un& ' Ma-tsy to ried to a certain young lady, but one of collect together sixty or seventy chairthe gentry took a liking to the lady, and coolies to pass thraugh the town,#d r 1 I i, k. frighten the people with loud cries. Tlle result was that the residents finally closed their doors ; the salt establ~shment uhder charge of Chen Yn-tquen forming an exception, Hung Ma-tz led his followers into the place ; threw about tlie salt, and generally looted tlie establishment. He afterwards proceeded to the camp to create fnrther disturbance, but resistance was here offered ; Hung was killed, a ~ ~ his d con- federates all decamped. The ringleaders, Su Oheng-sl~u and Wang-liu were sumrnarily decapitated by special orders at Lhe time, and, after investigation into the aff~~ir, several accomplices were sentenced to be strangled, and others to be bambooed and transported. The hlagistrate of the locality and the Lieutenant-Colonel are both impeached by separate memorial, for falling to preserve order-the former having first been removed from his post. May 19 th.-(1) Three edicts, in reference to the appointment of a Prefect to an investigation to be held in the Imperial Library, into the capabilities of applicants for Examinership, relating to the approaching examination ; and to the division of Kansuh from Shensi, in reference to examination proceedings. (2) A memorial from the high officials of Kwe~chow, praying that, in vlew of the approaching examinations, Examiners be appointed for the province, and the number of degrees to be bestowed be fixed. (3) Another, from the Governor of tlie above province, requesting that, in accord- ance with the establislied custom requir~ng the province of Szecl~uen to provide two million catties of white copper, towards the expenses of the Kweichow examiuations ; orders be now issued to the said province to furnish, as first instalmelit, one million catties. Tlle metal is said to be wort11 Tls per picul. (4) The Manchu Commander of Chihli recommends various officials, who distinguished tllemselvea in the capture of notdrious banditti, for promotion. May 20th.-(1) The Governor-General oe Cllekiang, and Governor of Ful~kien, memorialise the Throne, recommending a certain official to the post of Magistrate of Chang-hwa, in Formosa-a position stated to be of great importance. (2) The above officials further report on an mvestigation into the escape of felons from the gaol of Tung-tsiallg, in the Changpou district, particulars of which had been previously laid before the Throne. Owing heavy wind and rain, the walls of the psis~n fell iq during the night. The keepers,.bere fast asleep at the time, and the watcli-.lmah;was, further, seeki~lg shelter from the e-., inclemency of tlie weather, and the prisoneia were thus able to inake their escape. Tlie gaolers, it is found, were not ill collusion with tlie felons; but for remissness in keoping watcli, they are sentenced to one hundred blows each, the punisllrnent being rendered lighter in virtue of the recent Act of grace. The Magistrate, albliougl~ absent on public duties on the occasion, ie still held al~swerable for not taking proper precaut~ons; and has been dismissed from office. May 21st.-(1) Several official movements and promotions are gazetted. (2) Fuug-shill reports on investigations made Into affairs at Moukden, in obedience to tlie Imperial command transmitted on the 17tli of the 3rd moon. The rifelieas of brigandage in tlle province is imputed to the laxity and supineness of the offioiale generally, while several names of im- 1 portant officers are pointed out as being ' the objects of popular iudignation, and whose conduct subjects them to dismissal and disgrace. Referring to an understood regulation, that ill no district sl~ouldmore tlian 20 % of acting oecials be allowed, the number of acting posts held is alleged to be fa? exceeding this lirnit ; and officiale are retained in office beyond tlie prescribed period, owing to an abseuce of expectantofficials, frorn whom to draw syccessors. As a flagrant instance of the effeteness of tlie Government, a clerk, HwangMo-shien, in the Yamen of Moukden, is reported to have exercised for over ten years control over the affairs of the entire province, and under hose evil iufluence the maclliuery of Government has become deranged, and the interests of the people completely neglected. Tlie salaries of some of the officials are reported to have beer1 cut down to too low a scale, and as a remedial measure towards stopping corruption and malpractice, a higher scale of pay is deemed uecessary. The memorialist here goes on to specify the delinquencies of eeveral oficials, with the request that they be degraded and punished, and finishes by the statement that, owing to the utter demoralisation existing, it is actually inexpedient to look too closely for the present into the misdeeds of all the varioue officials, as complete disorganisation would be tlie result. He recommends, however, that expectant-officials should be drafted to tlie provi~~ce from other quarters, to await employme~lt, and that affairs should be gradually brouglit to order. May 22nd.-(1) Several official movements are gazetted. (2) The Governor of Shansi, Pau Yuenshun, memorialises st some length,

44 requesting leave to enable him to recruit his 11ealtl1.-Rescript : Pau Yuen-sl~uu is allowed one moutl~. (3) Wu-tang, Governor-General of Szechuen, memorialises respectiug official movements in his provi~~ce. (4) The remainder of the Gazette is taken up with reports as to Civil Service cl~anges. Mav 23rd.411 Several reductions and promotions in'tire Civil Service are gazetted. (2) The Governor of Anhwei reports the completion of a temple erected in obedience to the Imperial will to the merllory of a Major-General Chang, who fell while fighting against the Rebels in Bupeh, and requests that the edifice be enrolled in the State list of sacrificial temples ; also that the local officials be required every spring and autumn to repair thither, to offer prayers at the altar. The temple is erected at the native town of the deceased -Hohpa, in the prefecture of Louchow, and is also to be dedicated to tl~e manes of his subordinates who fell in the same campaign. (3) The same Governor further r2ports that 11e had removed the Magistrate, Cliau Chii-110, of Hwai-niug, from 111s post. Chau is stated to be over sixty years of age, and, altl~ough 11is administratiou of magisterial dirties is marked by honesty, care and diligence, 11is mental vigour has recently been observed to have become somewhat impaired by age. No rniscarriage in his co~~duct of affairs 11as yet been discovered, but it is deemed expedrent, in the public interest, to replace him by an official of a more able and energetic character. (4) Peng Yu-ling, formerly vice-president of the Board of War, referring to the deep obligations he is under iu having been graciously permitted to lay aside the regular cares of office, and, with the exception of a yearly tour of inspection up tl~e Yangtze, to spend his time attending to 11is heallh, reports that owing to increasir~g years - being now past sixty-lris constitution is gradually becoming enfeebled, and that, to his otl~er ailments, has been recently added tl~e vomiting of blood. But reflecting ou the present reduced condition of tl~e people, on the many embarrassments of the present Government and of the cares of State devolvine. bv reason of the miuoritv of the present Xmperor, on their b~ajesti<s -th~!dowager Empresaes, the memorialist deems it t%e dutj of every public servant hob be prepared to sacrifice his last drop of, bl~od' to the couqtry'e weal; and with such views, notwitl~standing his present illfirm state of health, be prlpposes to start from Chekiang on the 24th of the 3rd rnoon on his up-river tour, when 119 will inspect and make a sweeping enquiry into the state of all the garrisou aud naval stations along the 11ne. (5) Tl~e Governor of Kiangsu, Ru Yuenping, reports on action take11 in respect to lessening and abolishing Li-kin imposts witlli~~ his jurisdiction. In vlew of the still remaiuing effects of the late ravages of civil war, all measures calculated to foster the resources of the people are deemed to be of the highest importance. An investigation in the various districts of Kiangau proves that mucli misery, squalor and depopulation yet exist and, although tenyears of peace and tranquility have elapsed, the country has not yet returned to ics normal atnte of prosper~ty. A consideration of tl~e cause at work points at once to the heavy Li-kite duties-higher than in any other province--as the root of the evil, prices of all articles being thereby raised to a high level, and the people filtding it difficult to earn sufficient for tl~eir subsistence. But the multitudinous and heavy requirements of the Gover~~n~ent have to be provided for and met, and any sr~dden fiscal chauge becomes a matter of grave difficulty. Tlie only course open is to abol~sh firstly sucl~ imposts as circumstances adrnit and urgency requires, in order to afford tl~e gradua! relief required. Already has the previous Governor repealed, as reporled to the Throne, the Li-kilr on " Keurshan " rlce ; and the present memorialist, in view of the theory that "tl~e people are the root of the country, and food the heaven of the people," has deemed it desirable to remove the impost on " Tsung" rice (a glutiuous rice not generally used at meals), and other minor edibles. The duty collected on theae is further represented to be uuirnportant, wl~ile the benefit to the people will be great. But after consultation with tl~e Inlendant of li-kin stations, one exception has been made-ill the article of yellow peas. The production of theae in the province is not large, while the greater portion is exported to Shantung and Manchdria for the purpose of making oil. Their connection with the question of food is of leas moment, and the amount of tax collected thereon is also relatively large. In regard to other li-kita duties, their gradual abolition will be effected as time and circumstances admit. In the meanwhile, instructions as to bhe " Tsung" rice and minor ediblen have bean given to the Soochow and Shanghai Qluh I offices-to be further transmitted to all I he received another command to convey a their dependencies. man~festo relacing to tl~enthronement, 011 May 24th.-(1) Several official changes the 20th of the first moon, of the preseut are reported. Emperor. In obedience to these orders, (2) The Governor of Bollan, Tsien the memorialist annouuces that Ire will Teng-ming, reports on the trial and award start from Sl~eng-ching (Manchuria), ill of a case appealed at the Capital. Tl~e company with the assistar~t-envoy, for appellant, a woman, Cllang-ee, charged Corea on the 15th of the third moon. Cl~ang 'lung-hing and otl~ers with the (4) A memorial from Toh-hua, requesting mrrrder of her huabar~d Cllang Peh-chug. leave for two months. Subsequent to a quarrel between the (5) Ee-sl~i memorialises as to resuming deceased and the respondents, bl~e former's sacr~ficial ceremonies to the Sea Gods of house was entered during the night by a biongolia, and to assembl~ng arld giving a gang of men and the deceased carried bat~quet to all the I~longolian allianceaway by foroe. Search was afterwards chiefs. These proceedings 11ave been in made by the wife, aud the body of her abeyance for 6 years, owing to disturbaucd husband found at the bottom of a pond at S,i-ning #$ aud the route being attached by rope to a stone. The wife, owing to the previous quarrel and also to intercepted ; and it is now proposed to a report given, suspected the respondents start during the autumn to follow up and of the act, and, failing to gain a conviction, carry into force old regulations. (Note.- lodged her accusation at the Censorate ill The Sea Gods are said to pertain to a sea Peking. But by a searching trial and in- originally existing in Mongolia, and now vestigation made, it is found by the Go- dried up.) vernor that no suspicion attaches to the Nay 26th-(1) The Imperial assent to respondents, who distinctly proved an several promotions or appointments is realibi-being engaged at the time on busi- corded. ness elsewhere. The appellant is found (2) The remainder of the Bazlte ia guilty of miademeanour for lodging a takedup by two reports from S11uy-lien in false accusation ; but the puuishmont is not referel~ce to the select~on and appo~ntment to be carried out by reason of the recent of two mag~strates to posts beyond the Act of grace, aud the womau is merely border, and also w~tl~ ar~otl~er in regard to to be placed in charge of her relatives. the iustalrnent of a garrison comma~lder in (3) TWO nlemorials from the abovo K\val~~tnt~g. Governor in respect to official cl~anges May 27tl1-(1) An Edict announcing the within his jurisdiction. arrival ill the c:apital of the remains of (4) The Examiner of Honan reports on tl~e I~te Vrceroy at Cantoll, Jl~y-l~u~, regulatious relating to tl~e ayproaclling and appointingamancl~u noble, Tsai-cheng, examination for C~IU-jin. Accommodation to go with 10 oficers of t11e lnlperlal Guard, has been provided in the exa~niuation to oit'er all oblation before tl~e cofli11-tl~ab hall for 1,400 candidates. Preliniinary the lnlperlal regard for old and trustworthy examinations aro made to weed out tl~e mi~~isters be thereby manifested. less competent, and thus reduco the num- (2) The comrna~~der at tl~e Shan-hai ber of candidates to the accommodation. barr~er reports l~avirlg captured a suspi- May 25th.-(1) An edict, proclaiming cious character, Cllaug-ta, who was under that two successive prayers for rain have senlence of banisl~me~~t at Ping-hiaug, and resulted in but a few lighk showers, and had been found outs~de thel~mitsprescribed. cornmanding thal prayers be again rever- (3) Shoy-lien reports having despatcl~ed ently offered up on a large scale. Tho an official to co11ti111le the survey aud parassistance of Tauist aud Br~ddl~ist priests tition amongst the banner battalio~~s, of is LO be enlisted on this occasion. A long ground compr~aod ill the I~nperial hunting list of temples which the Princes are grounds. The survcy had been interrespectively to repair to, is given. rupted by cold weather. The amount of (2) A memorial from tl~e Governor- laud already portioned out to the white General of Szechuen, respecting the filling banner battalion is stated to be over 200 up of the post of a colonelcy reudered ching, i.e, 20,000 mow. vacant by death. (4).Anotl1er report from Slluy-lien re- (3) bxrug-an memorialises that, on the spect~ng mensures take~ to centralise the 4th of the first moon of this year, he ro- authority over affdirs in the Imperial huntceived a command, tl~rough the Board of ing grounds. Rites, to convey the lata Emperor's teata- (5) A memorial in regard to prolongmentary proclamation to Corea. Subse- ing the term of office of one of the quently, on the 9th of the seoond moon, custodians of the Imperial tombs, -

45 May 28tli-(I). Edict degrading an ex- passing tlirougl~ Tientsi~i, Sl~anghai, &c. pectant sub-prefect, Sung Kwang-liang, for he observed that the young wheat was bei~ig sllort in certain military st,ores and sprouting luxuriantly, that rains had equipme~lts, aud precluding him from been seasonable aud equitable, and that ever rejoining the service. the people were peaceful and happy. As (2) A report from Ee-chen, now engaged such circunlstances 11lust be gratifying to at the works of the Mausoleum for the t+he Imperial feelings of solicitude for the late Emperor, "The tell thousand years national welfare, 11e deems it fitting to happy ground of the valley of universal embody the fact in his memorial. felicity "-stating that in obedience to (5) Tsai Kang Yung-ell reports that he commands conveyed, Ile had depnted had inspected certain trees presented and another officer to uudertake,repairs to the planted around the Imperial Graves. The "Eastern aepulclire of filial piety," a trees were a gift of an officer of the Imschedule of the expenses of which will be perial household and a Major-General, submitled to the Throne. and consist of 2,500 and 1,041 cypress (3) A vice-presideut of the Board of trees plantedresyectively about two of the Revenue of Sheng-chinar, Kung-tang, graves The cost at the regulation price reports that liis yrmun caugllt fire, several Tls per tree is stated to anrount to rooms being burnt, but having bee11 Tls. 6, besides on account.of promptly extinguished no public records Tls. 1, for removing bricks and l~ad been sacrificed to the flames. planting. The donors had already! ex- Tlie expenses of rebuilding he will pressed a wiali that their names sliould not himself disburse ; but, conscious of be put forward as expectants of reward, but want of management in allowil~g such a the memorialist decrees that such acts cataslrophe to occur, he deaires to be should not be passed over without notice, handed over to tlle Board for puiiishment. and accordingly recommends them both (4) The ne.w Governor-General of the as objects for Imperial mark of favor. two Kwangs, Ying-ii, reportallaving arrived -Rescript : Let the Board deliberate, an&. at his port and ret~~r~ls thanks fa tlie deal rvitlr the case munificently. bountiful mark of heavenly (royal) favor May 29th.-(1) An ofticial ~noiithly list of which he is the object. After giving of appointments. up tlre seals of office of the Governor- (2) An Edict, in reference to a case of ship of An-pei, lie l~astened to prostrate. conalderable present public interest at l~irnself at tl~e Imperial gate to receive Hanpchow. Information has been tenon his knees the royal command. Divilie dered by memorial by a certain person, that, grace suffused ilself from above. The at a re-trialof an important case, the judges heavenly words were replete with wisdom sitting have been guilty of connivance and and pelletration. Your slave cannot ex- condonement. The i~iforlnant stales that press the respectful emotions by wl~ich he a woman, Koh-pi, poisoned her husband, was overcome. In obedience thereto he Koh-ping, and falsely accused a Chti.jin at once quitled the capital and went (2nd literary degree), Yang Nai-ou, of wit11 all speed to Kwany-tuiig, by sea being -party to tile crime, from adulterous route. 011 the 24th of the 2nd moon int,entlona. The Governor, Yang Chonghe reached the Provilloial Capital, where yuh, deputed an official to re-hear the the Governor and also the acting Go- case, when she made a true deposition, and veruor-general Cllang Chau-tung had acknowledged the accusation to be false ; deputed the Prefect,of Kwang-chow and but, severe torture being applied, she the acting brigadier-general of the centre was coerced into repeating in Court of the Provincial army to convey to and her original acc~~aation ; that the woman hand ove'r lo, tl~e seal of the Governor- still firmly declares Yang Nai-ou had General, 2" the sealed patent of the salt no concern with the murder, and that service, and 3" tlie Imperial flag warrant she was induced by others, who had an and various docun~ents. Your slave there- emnity with Yang Nai-ou to, involve him upon reverently placed before himself on by an unfounded statement, kc., &c. incense-altar, and with his face towards The circ~~rnsla~ices of this case are of tho the Imperial palace, prostrated hishead to greatest gravity, and it behoves that a the ground and devoutly entered into sifting investigation be made, inorder to Che duties of office. The Governor-General procure a just verdict, and that an innocent here refers to the many ilnportant duties lnan be cleared of an iojurioua charge. to be attended to, and his determination JVu.Sllui-chien is hereby colnmanded to toyadminister affairs wit11 a firm and arralgn before him the parties to end determined hand. In concluding, he takes witnesses in the case, and with justneal' the opportwty -to remark that while a d severity to investigate tho~'md. ' circumstances. " As the water falls the atone will appear." Let there be no shelter given to colleagues in office. And let uot the case be patched up, and the aitting judge thereby render himself guilty of misdemeanour. I (3) Edict.-The Censor Liu Shun-chi pet~tions, requesting that the scheme of repairing the Grand Canal be considered, and that the conveyance of Government gain by canal be resumed. In consequence of cornm~~nicstion by tl~e calla1 having been intercepted, grain from the south liaa been conveyed to Tung-chow, by. sea route ; but this has been a temporary, measure of expediency only ; nnd the remarks by the Censor to the effect that it is to be feared that with the canal oonvey- - ance stopped, the silting-up of thecha~lnel will be allowed to go on unchecked ; that it should be at once deepened and attended to, &c., &om, are not without reason. We, therefore, command the Viceroys and ' Governors of Chihli, the Two Kiangs, Shantung and Kiangsu, also the Commisaioner-General of Grain Transit, and the Governor-General of the east division of the Yellow River, to examine in concert into the general state of the entire canal, a and to consider what measures should be taken to deepen the canal channel, and establish through communication-that the grain transit be thereby facilitated. Let satisfactory meaa~~res he devised and a report he seut in. Respect this. The remainder of the Gazette is taken up by Provincial reports respecting official movements, and in ope case the erection of a temple to the memory of an official who distinguished himself solile years since during the rebellion. May 30th.-(1) A monthly list of appointments of officers of instruction throughout the Provinces. (2) Edict, appointing Shun Pao-chun 'Egffi(recently Imperial Commissioner to Formosa) to be Governor-General of the TwoKiangs and Minister for the di- rection of Foreign Trade. Liu Knn-yih is still to continue in the acting post until the new Governor-General's arrival. (3) Memorial from the Governor of Honan-also temporarily Acting-Inspector of tlie Eastern division of the Yellow River-respecting works completed and attention given generally to the question. (4) The Governor of Chekiang, Yang Chuug-sing, on his knees, respectfully. presents a memorial reporting that in coilsequence of the loss of a C. M. S. N. CO.'~ eteamer at sea by collision, while engaged in the transport of Government grab, arrangements have been required to make good the grain lost ; end request is made that marks of Imperial regard be bestowed on a doputy-oftirial lost by the catastrophe. He would humbly set forth that, by reguls- tiona laid down a ~ reported ~ d to the Throne, the Goverilment import-grain pertaining to last year was decided to be conveyed to Tielitein during the present year, partially by the steamers of the said Company. According to report made by the Intendant of Grain Transit of Chekiang, the fourth shipment of import-grain, consisting of 7,270 shehs, was sent forward in the steamer FuJing from Shanghai. That on the morning of 28th of 2nd moon, while approaching the "Black water" sea, during a thick fog, she was run into b a steamer, the Ocean, beloaging to the Jwo foreigu Hong. The steanier immediately sank ; all. the grain waa lost, and, including deputyoficere belonging to the Chekiang jorisdiction, and general passengers and sailors, 65 persons in all perished with the vessel. In respect to the grain lost, a communication had been received from the C. M. S. N. Co. to the effect that they had made purchases to make good the loss, and that the quantity would be sent forward to Tientsin ; but, in regard to the special service, (or duty) officer in charge of the Tientsin establishment, Shih Shi-shen, who had lost his life while engaged in the publicservice, it is prayed that a memorial be made to the Throne, asking for an Imperial mark of regard, &c., kc. The Governor here goes on to say that, since the trauquilisation of affairs in Chekiaiig, rice has been conveyed to the North for ten years by sea route, on which for three years steamers have been partially em- ployed. In the case of merchant boats (junks), although losses have occurred from stress of weather, still means have generally been taken to avoid loa~ of life, and no co~lsiderable number of individuals have at any time been drowned ; at the same, time, it is to be ass~~med that, owing to the collision arising from the fog, and to the sudden foundering of the Fusing, human power was insufficient to cope with the emergency. The grain lost will be made good by the Company, and the arrangement is satisfactory ; but the cnae of tlie official, Sl~ill Sl~i-shen, leaves mnch to be deplored. Imperial marks of favor on his behalf are therefore craved. (6) The foregoing Governor reports'that the shipment of the total quantity of Chekiang import grain for last year by sea route had been completed. The total quantity of grain contributable by Chekiang-from three Prefec turee-ie set

46 down at over 435,000 shelbs. Tllis, ~cc~rd- " Black Water" sea, and, dnring a dense ing to report from tll0 Shanghai forward- fog, renderi~~g it impossible to discern the ing otlice, had been sent on by sea in three length of the ship, she was run into by instalments. The shipment of tlm tirst the E-wo foreign hong's Euglish steamer iustalment, 164,000 shehs, was co~l~rne~~cad Ocean, which struck her on the starboard on the 20th of the first moon, as already bow. The side of the ahip was crushed reported to the Throne ; of the second, ill ; the water rushed into the hold, and - 142,700 shehs, 46,300 shehs were, on the a11 the people on board scm~obled for tl~e 15th of second moon, handed over to tlre boats. Bl~t in the liurry of the n~o~nent C. M. S. N. Co. for conveyn~~ce by steamer, only one boat could be cleared and lowered, and the balance, 97,400 sl~elhs, were divided (lit. could cut the tackle off). The ropes amongst 39 junks, which sailed at ditierelrt of the remaining three boats could not be dates. Of the third instal~nent of 1'17,700 unfastened in time, and, in the short space sheh, 51,300 shelts were depnted to the of three minutes, these and t11e large vessel C. M. S. N. Co., and the balauce to junks were all immersed in the watery de~p. Of -32 in number. the officials belonging to the jurisdiction of May3lst.-Tl1is Gazette is filled up by Kiangsu, only three, with seven of their provincial reports as to the movements and servants, were saved and brought back,in appointments of oeciala, principally by the Ocean to Shanghai. The Governor Liu Kun-yih, Governor of Kiangsi a ~ ~ then d goes on to say that the case of these Acting -Governor - General of the Two Kiangs. In one case, a vacancy is cansed by an assistant-major in the arlny, who committed suicide by cutting his throat when being carried in his chair. A strict investigation was instituted to ascertain whether or not the account of hie death bonk Jide, or whether he might have been influenced to commit the act by being the victim of injustice. The depositions taken prove that he was ~bserved to be absent-minded and dejected before he got into the chair ; but no reason can be die- officers-meeting with so unexpected a fate while engaged on public duty-is much to be deplored, ind he therefore craves that instructio~ls be given to the Board to confer posthumous honors -on the deceased, in order that their souls be comforted in the other world. He also states that funda would be additionally provided to assist theirfamilie8.-rescript, made known through the Cabinet: Noted. (4) Tsing-pao-chen reports that he had returned to his seat of Government in the capibal of Shantung, after personal supervision of river works at Cl~ia-chwang. the previo~~s amalgamation of the examina- (3) Shhrly-lien pray that certain o5cials tions in the two provinces, requnsts (accord- engtrged ill capturing and bringing to i11g to custom) that the Ka11su11 province justice, a ~~otorious robber chief, Changbeing free from disorder, Cl~ief and mao, in the Tung-lcwang locality, be pro- A saistant-examiners be appointed for the moted for their success. Cllang-mao, it approacl~ing autumn. Rll~~or details as to appears, has been at large and an object.the number of candidates to be admitted, of pursuit fur year3 past. About tho 8th are also entered into. or 9th year of last reign, he collected arouud JLIII~ 3rd.-(1) A memorial, collectively 11i11t a ilulnerous band of associotos, whom signed by tl~e authorities of Fuhkian, and he organwed illto a force for the purpose headed by Shun Pao-chun reporting 0-1 loot and robbery. Many of the chiefs that a certain sea god in Koh-ma-Ian had acting with him, and their followers, have vouchsafed divine assistance, and prayi~~g from tinlo to tin10 been exterminated, but that the Imperial assent be given to erect all efforts to caplure Cllang-mao have a temple in token of gratitude. Last year, General Lo Fa-chun was stationed there with his troops. Owing to rapid currents and to heavy winds, boats conveying the army provisions found it extremely dangerous to anchor in the cove, and considerable anxiety as to supplies was the result. Accordingly, on the 23rd of the 8th moon, the General drew up, iu writing, a form of prayer, and reverently prayed for tl~~intervention of the sea gods. Before a montl~ had elapsed, a sandbank ~uddenly formed. The strength of the tide was din~inial~ed,a~~d a l~arbour constitl~ted, which afforded exczlle~~t rind safe anchorage to boats of over 100 sltehs tonnage, aa also to small abea~ners. The boatmen a~ld residents all joined ill praise of the divine response thus made, and the memorialists deem it their duty, in deference to.the covered to account for the circumstances. June lst.-(l) Several June2nd.-(1) Edicta. ~ h ~ ~ p i r i ~ - ~ h wisl~es ~ ~ of ~ the people, to pray for the menta are gazetted. (for~ncrly Taotai of S11anql1ai)is transferred erection of a temple in honor of the sea (2) The Ministers of the Service to the Clrief Justicesl~ip of Szecl~u+>r~, and gods of the locality.-rescript : Let it be Board, iu reference to the diaorg1&nisat,iul1 F~~~ h ~ ~ mill ~ fill - up t ~ tile, cllief ~ as desired. J,ratice- The Board will take ~iote. of affairs in Moukdell (wllicll lla~e beall,,hip, vacated, of H ~ ~ ~ 1 ~ ~ ~, ~,. ~ t ~ ~ (2) Shun, ~ Pao-chun ~ ~ reports ~ on t the falling reported Ts~n~g-shi, after a speci;tl of Cal~ton Custo~na, Wen-tien, is com- in of and repairs to the city wall of Taicommittee of il~vesri~atio~~), and in RCCOI.C~- 1u;inded to c~~n~inue l~is post. wan-~ii. Owing to violent and heavy witll the Imperial command (contailled torrents of rain duriug the 6th ~noon of (3) An Edict comlnandillg lhat a c ' I ~ ~ c ~ in a p,vious ~ ~ ~ ~ record l t e, tl~e ) seljte~lca last year, over one thousand cllanqs of the 'f arrived at by the ~~~~~d agaillst the violellt awault lodged by 0'10 Milu ~ l l, ()ffici;,lfi wall collapsed, and in obedience to the wllose conduct n,as impeaclled. A 10llg of Tientsin, be investigated and severe Imperial command given at the time, re- O1lt' list of degradatiorls and dismissals from pairs were immediately colnme~lced. oflice follow. (i) Ping Kwei memorialises the t11ro11e These were finished by the end of last (3) The Governor of Kiangsu also reports in reference to the case of the widow of a year, and the work is represented to have to tile ~h~~~~ on the loss of the If'.t~,.vi~~g Hanli~~, Fung, resident ill Shell-si, wl~u had steamer. A list of special.service oflicial.r, bee~~oppressed, assaulted andcoerced by her varyillg in rank from expectallt sllb- brother-in-law to re-marry. that he n~igl~t prefects downwards-altogether twe~~ty- thereby come illto the possession of certai~~ three in nlllnber-llnd been drafted by the propel ty. The case had been referred ~~~~~~~~~~~t Grain Service Transport Office to the local court, but bribery is declared bf ]tiitrllssu, to repair,111 duty to Tientsin to have been used to preve~~t juglice. al,d ~~~~~~l~~~ ; these, with anotl~er Tl~e case, considered in respect to its o&cial cllarged ~ ~ ithe t l ~ convoy of the bearillg on pllblic morality, is deemed by rice, having arrived at different tinlea tl~e memorialist to be one of great gravity ; at ~ l ~ ~ took ~ ~ passage, l ~ ~ with i their, and i~t is desired Lhat the In~perial urder servants, by the Fusing which hap- be given to have the' circumsta~~ceg pelled to be leavi1lg f0.r the North; tl~orollghly illvestigated. i with Chekiallg province rice. The vessel (6) The Viceroy of Sllansi a~ld ICetl~n1j, had lr,+qded -to within 100 li of the referringtotherecent regulationla;brog~~t% been substalltially carried out. 'I'l~e 11nperial Commissioner further reports on the erectiou of a powder manufactory, and a military store yard at Tai-wan. Tl~e former, consisting of 33 houses, &c., and surrounded by all outer wall of 102 changs i!* length, 11xs been constructed after Fc)r- '%n designs and with the aid of Foreign 'meclranics. Thelatter, comprisil~g 42 houses, enclbsed by a wall 85 cl~angs in circu~nference, is designed to afford shelter to the qoreigu rifles, caunon, and milibary equi6- pgdts purchased last year-to the storage 'q~d pret+tu.vation of which care should be 'gtveu...,. hitherto been unavailing..eventually, according to official report received on 8th of the 2nd moon, a detachment of soldiers was sent to Chi-lin, where Changmao was ascertained to be in hiding, and it was not till a battle, extendiug over a day and night, had been fought-changmao having the audacity eve11 to fire off cannon-that 110 was at lengtl~, after a most determined resistance, take11 prisoner. The capture, under such di5c11lt circu111- stances, of so dangerous a criminal, and the benefit thereby accruing to the public, ie considered to entitle the officials engaged to promotion or reward. (4) Ocher matter of local and minor importance followe. June 4th.-(1). Imperial edict. Peng Yuh-ling memorial~ses as to the necessity of purifying oixcial administration, of improviug the dicipline of the army, of ligbtening the burdens of the people, aud of giving a proper direction to the minds of the literary classes. Tlie measures advocated are of vital concern to the well-being of the country, and many valuable sugges- tions are comprised in the memorial. Prefects and magistrates are the o5cials placed in closest contact with the people. If a wrong selection be made, calamity to the iullabit~llts of the locality IS Lhe result. The avaricious and unprincipled should, therefore, be impeacl~ed and dismissed ; and, in the punisl~ment of oficial delin- ~ ~ ~ " ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ l ~ ~ quencies, IIO le~~iency sl~ould be shewn. To the incompetent and worthless, also, no indulgeuca should be extended ; and the Guvernors and Governor-Generals will throw off all co~lsiderations of friendship, and keep rigid check over their subssdi nates. They will likewise, in the matter of reurganisatio~~, look facts in the face an$ take action accordingly. Recently tlle expectant officials attached to each province have beeu in excess of the usual numbe;, and a desire of equalising the bestowal of terms of ogce ornougat them ha.9 led to vaclrvt magistracies, kc., being tilled up succe8sively by wtbg

47 I posta have thus come to be regarded as temporary sinecures. The welfare of the people is set at nought, and a greater injury to the interest of the nation cannot be conceived. Henceforth, let the Governora arid Governor-Generals be careful in their selection, and allow each official to remain longer in his post. No partizanship or hastiness in appointing acting incumbents will be permitted. To the reform of the military organisation of each province,,imlnediate and close attention shall be given. All the high authorities will hold periodical revieas, end see that special care is devoted to the instruction and drill of the troops. Should any of the officers in cotnmand make deductions from' tlie soldiers' pay, or be addicted to idleness or opium-smoking, it is commanded that they be brougl~to task and severely punished. Cblleges are institutions devoted to the nurture and development of talent. To rectify the disposition of man, a proper direction should be given to the habits and course of the student. If the officers of instruction be not men of parts, and of unblemislied character, they cannot be patterns for imitation. The Governors and Governor-Generals and Literary Cllancellors will, therefore, inatitute from time to time iriveatigation. To the worthy they will hold out reward. Theunworthy they will deal with according to their deserts. Since the ravages of internal war in the various provinces, the people have not regained their normal condition of prosperity ; and the authoritiea will accord every conaideration to their welfare. The memorialiat states that, in addition to the collection of the ordinary revenvea, heavy exactions are made, and the people thereby are uiiable to gain sufficient for their subsistence, or to put by savinga ; that legal caaes are suffered to linger on, and are, in some instances, never concluded ; that unprincipled and rapacious yam6n underlings are allowed to extort from and live upon the country-people ; and that one visit by one of them to a village means the ruin of several families. Such condition of affairs is truly abominable ; and all the local authoritlea are hereby commanded to iasue instructions to their subordinates requiring that such practices be at once suppressed. Should any unworthy oficial be found making light of the rights of the people, and embarrassing and oppreasing them at their pleasure, let them be forthwith reported and rigorously punished. In thoae districts recently devastated by war, large uncultivated traota still exist. The Governors and Gover~~or- Generals will enquire into the circumstances, and, as expediency may auggest, issue instructions for their recultivdtion. In order to encourage immigration, they are authoriaed to remit the taies on tl~e land.-respect thia. (2) Pih Pau-11 and Chang Tsing-hwa nre appointed respectively to the Chief and Assistant-Examinership of Kwei-chow, arid Chang Kai-chu and Wang Yiien-kwan are also appointed for Yuunan. (3) The Governor of Shantnng, Ting Pao.cI1u11, reports on the progress ot repaira decided upor) for the preaent to the Yellow River, and also that satisfactory arrangemerit had been made as to their conti~~ua- tion. The sums received and disburaed to date arno1111t to Tla. 987, , being Tls. 200,000 under the reduced estimate made last year. The original scheme laid down was to raise banks on the North and South sides of the river-aggregat~ng a length of over 500 li-to cost, as per subsequently reduced estimate, Tls. 1,500,000 to 1,600,000. But, owing to the land ou tlie North being relatively higher, it was subsequently determined to leave the raising of the bank on that side to a future period, nnd to devote attention first to the Suuth bank. The works now under way comprise 190 li in the Ho-tseh diatrict, in Shantung ; 43 li in the Tungming district, in Chihli ; 108 Li to be continued at Li- lien, also in Tung-ming-being a total in the two provinces of over 250 li. The land in Shantung is comparatively low, aud the banks are decided to be made relatively high0ri.e. 14 feet in heiqhtbeing 100 feet wide at the base and 30 feet at the summit. For this the people are paid at the rate of Tls. 2,400 per li ; extra allowance being made wl~ere piling is required. In Chihli, the banks are being made 12 feet high, 80 feet wide at the base and 20 feet wide at the top-for which Tls. 1,600 per li are paid. The province of Chihli having been unable to pay for its share of expenses, the money has heen provided by Shantung. Of the above works, 30 to 40 per cent. had already been finished by the middle of the 4th moon, and the entire completion will be reportable by the end of the 4th moon. Some temporary measurea in regard to the North bank are referred to ;also the necessity of requiring the local officials to be on the alert, in case of exigencies; to obtain the assistance of the people to make necessary repairs from time to time, andalso to have material at hand. The money for the above uncompleted portion of the works has been diburaed to the local officials. (4) The name Qovernor hands in a aupplementary lnelnorial in regard to the above worka. The amount expended ia represented to be extremely moderate, and much less than would have been required by many River Works' Commisaio~~ers. In instance of this, he cites the fact tliat he wae originally in correspondence wit11 the forn~er River Commissioner, Chian Sung-nien, whoestimated that about Tls. 4,700,000 would be required ; and it was out of deference to his experieuce that the Governor waa in sxceas in his origiuxl estimate. It is asked that the statutory form of scliedule of expensea be uot required, and that all ordinary account (based on actual prices) of the total cost only be rendered. (Note.-In the regulation achedule all material bought, and work done haa to be rendered at establiahed prices, and not at market rates ; l~ence the regulation achedule requires much manipulation and " cooking.") June 5th.-(1) Several o5cial appointments are made known by separate mandates. (2) Another decree ordering Kung Tsingwoug and other nobles to again offer up supplications for rain at the different templea, on the 6th of 6th moon. Since the last public prayer-offering, the sky had been thickly overclouded, but no rain of importance had fallen, and the heart of His Imperial Majesty was in consequence filled with anxiety on account of the agricultural people. The remainder of the Gazette is taken up by reports as to o5cial movements. June 6th.-(1) A Decree consenting to a request put forward by the Governor- General of Chihli, Li Hung-chang, that a temple should be built a~ld dedicated to the memory of the late Tseng Kwoh-fan at Pao-ting-fu, the Provincial capital of Chihli. The many reforms enacted, and the love ahewn for the people during the late Governor-Ge~~eral's administrat~on of affairs in Chihl~, as also the subacriptious got up in aid of sufferers during the flood, are assigned as reasons calling for the present manifestation oi regard. (2) Several fines and peualties are remitted. (3) The Governor-General of Hupeh and Hukwang, Li Ean-chang, and the Gover~~or of Hupeh, We~lg Tung-tsioh, memorialise in respect to Rice coutributiona by the Hupeh Province. Owing to the diaculty last year of obtaining rice in Hupeh, it waa determined that the purclltase elaewhere by the province of 30,000 shehs should be made on trial, to be forwarded by aea route. Sinoe then s oommunica. tion had been received by the Governor from the Board, requesting that the measurea devised for effecting the purchase should be reported to the Throne, and atating that the transit expe~~ses must be more moderate than thoae incurred. by Kiangsu and Chekiang. The memorialists uow report that they 11ad deemed it expedient to delegate the purchase, ship~nent and reception entirely to Cliu- Cl~iang expectant Taotai and manager of the Chinese pl. S. N. Co. (1) and the expectant Taotai Sheug Sl~uen-liwai, as beiug both experienced in the grain and sea transit services. According to report from Chu-Chiang, deputy officers would be sent to purchase the grain in tlie rice producil~g diatricts of Cllokiang aud Kiangau, but the freight to Tieutsin aud coat of rice could not be cheaper than that paid by Chekiang and Kiangsu. Reckonil~g the cost thua of the rice at about Tla a 2.60, tlie total funds required by Hupeh, allowing in addition for the customary surplus rice, will be Tls. 42,900-but an accoul~t of the exact cost w~ll l~er'eafter be rendered. The grain is to be sent forward by the Cliina M. stea~iiers after the completion of the Chekiang and Kiangnu rice transport.-rescript, received through the Privy Council. '' Let the Bonrd take note. In the memorial before us the words Chu Tau (Cl~u Tautai) appear coiitinually, and are not in keepiug with the style required in memorials. Li Ban-chang and Eng Tung-tsioh are referred to the Board to be reprimanded" (Note.-In memorials it is not cuatomary to give the the o5cial title after an o5cer'a name.) (4) Here follow some reports as to o5cial appoiiitmenta, and,a request from Tao Tsuug-tang that the Kanauh inapection and review of tlie troops by him, as commanded, be deferred till the next occaaion for holdi~~g a review throughout the uorthern provinces. June 7th.-(1) A long edict classifying the literary members of the Han-lin-yuen and Chan-sz Fou-recently examined by the Ministers of the Crown-into four grades. Several members have higher literary rank beatowed on them : others are degraded a step,.and some are mulcted in aix months' pay. Preaents of silk and robes are also made\to a few. (2) Ting Pao-chun, Governor of Shalltuug, reports as required by law on the case of an " unnatural "murder committed within his jurisdiction. The culprit Kwoh Ta-chih, represented to have been leading a vagrant life, returned on the 17th of the 11th moon of last year to his home, and raqaeeted. money from his father, Ewot

48 Pun.tsing. The latter reviled him for proceedi~~g, it appeare, is required to be,lot contributing to the support of the carried out l)i-air~~ually. family, but 011 tpe contrary rendering Ju11e 9th.-(1) Two edicts-one removi~~g himself a burden, and was about to strike a degraded Ge~~eral, Ee-lib-you, to serve hie son, when Kwoh Ta-chi took up a his time ur~der military tra~~nportation to stone, and struck his father on the vital the Yullg-lsiel~ calnp ; allother, removiilg spot behind the right ear. Tho result a ce~~sor, Tsue~i-shou, fton, the post of in-. was immediate death. The culprit then spector of the delivery of Government endeavoured to conceal the circumstances, Grain fr0111 Tul~g-chow to the capital, and placed the corpae in a coffin to awnit owi11g to carelessl>exs and remissness. interment ; but two relatives-a brother (2) The Gover~ror of Hupeh, Weng a ~ an ~ d uncle-returning a couple of days Tung-tsioh, reporls at length on tlle afterwards, discovered the act and 11a11ded suicide of a girl of sixteen, caused by Kwoh Ta-chi over to juatice. Tlie ser~tence shame and ilrdig~~atio~~ violance dobe to of 6' Ling-cl~.i ;'- sl~ci~lg to death - IS her by certain Yaman runners, Ee-slli and reported to have been carried ont accord- others. The latter had been sent with e ing to law, and the crimi~~al's head ex- warrant to sunrmon the girl's father to posed as a warning to tho peoplo. appear at Court, and took advantage of the (3) Cheu Tn-shien, an expectant Lang- father's absence and the loneliness of the cheng (Junior Secretary of Board), is re- place to con~mitl~e misdemeanor by t~lrrlj presented by the above Gover~~or to have uuder circumstallces of great brutality. presented the sum of Tls. 2,000 to the The Acting-Magistrate of the locality appre- Loh-yuen seminary of tho Provincial l~euded and exalniued the culyri ts, and for- Capital of Shantung ; and the Iulperisl warded them on to the Prefect. But on assent is desired to accord l~in) lionourable Iia~~diug over, subseqr~ently, his temporary recoynitiol~ to the extout of 5 degrees. seals of office, he gent iu a revised atate- Tl~e college is stated to have bee11 already ment, giving a dlfferel~t aspect to the casepoapessed of an e~~dowl~le~~t of over TIN. said to be founded 011 infor~~~atio~~ obtaii~ed 6,000-loaned out on illtorest to the pawn while personally passi~rg the spot. This shops; but the reveliue therefro111 lras rmrv versio~~ was proved to be utterly UJIbeen insufficie~~t for the growi~~g require- fo~~nded, and by Imperial assent the Actingments of the institution, aud the preser~t blagistratewasstrippedof his rank, pendi~~g Tls. 2,000, put out at an interest of one an i~lvestigation into the motives that per cent. per montl~, will be of great assist- prompted him to advance the statement. ante.-rescript : Let the Board report. He is now exonerated from ally underhand (4) Two more reportu follow by Ting- dosigll, having given too ready an ear only Pao-chun, respecting official nlt,vements. to false rumours ; a11d it is requested that June 8th.-(1) Royal Decree dismissing he be restored to his former honors. two Magistrates in Shansi, for.rapacious Se~~tence on the delinq~~ents, after re-trial and unbocornir~g conduct, in accordance in the upper Courts,-in reported to have to a representation made by the Governor been passed accordir~g to law,-i.e., the of that Province, Pao Yuen-sl~e~lg. pri~~cipal condemr~ed to decapitation, two (2) Two memorials from the ex-governor participators in the crime. to strangulation, and newly appointed Governor of She~~si, and the accessories to be branded and Shan Heng-i, and Tao Chung-ling, re- handed over as slaves to the.aoldiery attlle porting, t h ~ one, his handing over and, Amoor river. The case of the young girl the other, his reception of the seals of is cousidered to be specially sad, and for ofice. The ex-governor had requested to her high-mu~ded~~ess in viudicating her he -- relno~ed from office bv reneon of ill honur it is prayed that a monumel~t be health. His successor was originally erected to her nremory. commanded to re~air to ;he capitd, and / June 10th-(1) Edict. Ting nh-chang -- have audience 89) customary with his Imperial Majesty before entering illto office, but, owing to an urgent appl~cation made by Shan Heng-i in order to avoid delay, this proceeding was waived. (3) The rest of this Gazette is taken up by reports on ofticia1 movements, and by a short memorial by Prince Kung re- lativn to the appointment of officials to obceed to the Chien-tsing Hall in the galace, to turn over.ud air the Imperial reports that his old malady has Increased in intensity, and prays to be allowed to retire to his native home to adopt re- medial measures. The former Governor of Bia~~gsu, Ting Jih-chang, is hereby oommanded to repair to T~entsin and there assist the Northern Foreign Minister, Li Hung-chang, in the conduct of Foreign - affairs. He will be allowed two month leave to settle down md recruit himealfj previous to ente-g hto tho. hbibi*.l06 Family geoeelogicsl records. Tbie oeke. d, I, i,. i.4 (2) L1 Rung-chang, in concert with the rialiees, requesting that thepaymeut of Salt Mayor of Shun-tien-foo (the metro pol it^^^ duties due by the eslt merohante duine ~efect~~re)memoria~isea,s~~gg~st~ignsi~ht the 6th moon be allowed to remain over modification in the regulatior~s as toproc till the 10th moorl. Since the floods motisn of Magistrates within the j~~riadic- dl~ring the 10th year of last reign, the tion of Chil~li. Hitherto, vacancies of merchant$ have met with exceptionally deputy senior and senior rnagiatracies of 1 hard times. owing to the floodills of tha " the Chihli gcade ( N~~~.-A chi-li-,.heui'& salt ground6 and" the scarc~ty and neceasarily enhanced cost of the artlcle. For BfH is a senior magiaterial diatriet, some time they were allowed to draw their havi~lg two or ]nore Hiens within its jllris- supplies partially from Fung-tien-foo, but d1ct;ion) have been filled up in turn, respew.tllia permission waesubsequently rescinded, tively, from the i~~curnhellts of the magis- and their embr\nassrnouts thereby greatly tracles of Ta-hing and Wan-ping, ar~d from il~creased. The prolongation of the term those of the Metropolitan and relnainillg for payment has been Imperially allowed provinc~al M~gistracies. The rule was for successive years, it being hoped that origiilally inst~tuted as a set offagailrst the a gradual amelioration of the positio~~ of luergre emoluments, coupled with d,lties affairs would admit of the old date beinrr.. of all arduous ~rature, of the two magis- reverted to ; but the water is still colleetez tracies in question. But a rigid adherence over many of the salt gro~mda, a ~ Brat ~ d to this order of procedure ]]as beell found prices remain abnormally high. At the to militate too much against the promo. present time, arrear taxes have yet to be tion and reward of otller Magistrates, paid, and it is considered virtually imposespecially in respect to those of the capital, sible to collect the new and old rate at the upon whom multifarious and special same moment.-rescript :-The requeet le duties have recently devolved-to wit, the granted. reception of the late Emperor on his visit June 11th.-(I) Edict, oashieringalieuto the Imperial Tombs, tho patrol of tho tenant-general, Tuh-fuh, for being guilty Southern Park and the escort of the of error, in not requesting the co-operation " golden" coffin of the late Emperor), to of the Shantung fleet when advancing which are adde 6 the regular repairs to against the Kau-shi-chuu band of robbera. bridges and roads, and the supply of carts (2) Ting-an, a general stationed at Suifor the conveyance of military funds and clie~~g in Mongolia, represents that he is material going forward colltinuallp to the i~r a deplorable state of health, that hie North-West, and to which will be super- leg is paralized, and that he can only added tlle necessary police diapositione to move about by the assistance of his be.acquired during the coming examina- attendants. He is perfectly unable to %ions, all of which d~~ties incur consi- exercise personal sl~pervisio~l over affairs, darable expenses, for which tile receipts are inadequate to provide. With a and pmys that hie duties be delegated to all act~llg incumbol~t, pending the arrival view, tberafo~ e, to leave room for hold- of h ~s successor-apyoin~ed recdntly-sii~ce ing out compe~~sation by promotiou to thelatter is likely to be detailledsome ti111e more ~ I I C ~ ~ ~ posts, I V R the following modi- longer from going to his post.-rescript : fication is a~~gg?stedi.e., tile fining up Ting-an is gralltod one month's leave ; IIO of Assistant-Sa111or Magistrates being left acting ofecet ueod be appoi~ited. as before. but that of the two Chi-li-cheus (3) The Qover~~or of Kwang-tungreporte of TSUII-hwrr aud Ee-cheu be made on rneas~lres laid duwn in respect to the exception. irl regard to the rule of pro- literrrry accomplish~nent of ofbcials ou the hotion-e e., after being filled 11p or~ce Expectant list. That they should be able more by turn from the two magistracies to read aud write correctly is deenlea in question, it shall ]lot be imperative to abacllutely essential, and those fouud backcontinue, ill all cases, the same procedure ward in this respect will be be sent home, -The Civil Service Board is comrnauded and allowed several years to make good to deliberate and report 011 tl~e questioll. their deficiencies. Their moral cha~acter ie also to be strictly e~iquired into before ' (3) The above ~over1;nr-~eneral reports as to arrallyements made in respect to the placillg them on tile eeccliqe list. aut~lrnll HRS~ZP~, the sanle being reqrlired (4) B"ort me'11oria1s in Governor-General's) required respect toprovincial Oflicial movements. J~~~~~?bsel'ce the P~~~~~~~~ ar~ital and 12~h.-~11i-llo, former G~~~~~~~ of " p$peellce at Tientsim. Monkdell President of file Board of I Revenlle of Sl~eog-cl~i~jg? reports having : b,.($) Li Ut111g chang, as commissioner of received orders tl~ro~~gh the Iu~perial Co~nb'ke Ohaug-low division Salt affaira, mvmo- missioner, Tsung-shih, to baud over kin 1 \ -.

49 eeals of offlce, and to be sent on to the Board to receive censure ; whileexpressing i~imeelf to be in great perturbation at the command received, he reports having handed over the seals, and that he will start at once to place himeelf before the tribunal of the Board. (2) Chi-koh returne thanks for being appointed Acting-Vice-president of the, Slieng-ching Criminal Board, in accordance with a request made by Teung-shih. (3) Several minor memorials follow from Dung-shih ill reference to official movementa, &c., in Moukden and its dependencies. June 13th-(1) A rescript in reference to tl~e paucity of oflicial attendants at the sncrificinl ceren~onies on the 6th at the Kwa~i-tell and Yun#-en E~lls, and cornnia~~ding that, oil future occaaio~ls of religious rites, all theyanil~~a will return their proper complement of officials. (2) The Censor Kwei-ling reports to the Throne on a charge of murder and oppression, laid by Hwang Tsu-jin of Kiangsi, The circumstances of the case, which took place in the Shuiching district of Kiangsi, are, as given by the appellant, of a lnost atrocious character, and briefly run as follows : The appellant's niece, Yuen-shi, aged only 16 gears, some three years ago, ww waylaid, wbile returning to her mother, by a set of ruffians, Lo Shan-sin and othere. They confilled the girl in tlieir residence, and after violatilig her in t~irn, murdered their victim, and cast the mutilated corpse on the north-bank of a lake. The culprits were sejzed by t$o Magistrate, but were rescl~ed by a baud of their comrades. Eventually, bribery was set at work, and official collusion thereby bought. The tables were turned, and some of the appellant's relativee charged with coeraing the girl to co~~~rnit suicide. Time thus passed, and the Lo family grew more daring and violent ; they attacked and set on fire the family house of the appellant, aud killed, decapitated, and quartered six members of the houselrold. Information waa given to the Magistrate, but the informants were kept ill castody, and three individuals succesaively tortured to death. The appellant's atatemeut goes 011 further to say that he could not remember 11ow many times he had appealed to the Prefect for justice ; but he had lodged his charge once at the office of the Chief Judge, and no less than seven times at the Gover~lor's yamen ; bub none of the higher authorities, ]lowever, had the accuaed brought before Ll~ern. Tile Ceneor, it1 the coilcluaion of his memorial,.statea that the above appellant had died the day after he was piaced under surveillance at the capital ; aacertained, not by foul means.--a Reecript in reference to this oase has appeared. (3) A memorial from the Censor, Liii Shui-chi, oomptroller of the old Imperial Granaries of th'e Hu-kwang division, in reapeot to re-opening the Grand CauaL through its entire length, that the conveyance inland of Governmerrt rice may be re-continued next year. Tl~e former Governor-General of Kiangsu, Li Taung-hi, and others, when recently requesti~ig that the rice be sent by sea route, mentioned, it is pointed out, that when the works to tlie (Yellow) river ill Shantui~g beconlo completed, the old regulations and route al~ould be at once reverted to; admittiog thug clearly that, wliile tlie sea trnnait was bat a temporary proceeding, the calla1 couveyance was eventually atill to be Ll~e perllla- nent measure. Ting Paochen, during the preaent year, is referred to as devoting himself indefatigably to tlleconstruction of new banks; but the move~nent is uucertain aa to ita effect on the soutliern part of the canal ; and in the presel~t stage of affairsit is impomible tolook forward witllcertainty to tlie reaumption next year of the canal route. The ilnpolicy of allowiug an institutiou of aeveral hundred years standing to fall into irreparable decay, and the probability of tl~is'being the result, unless again ueedforgovernmentrequirementa,isenlarged upon ; and the memorialist strengthens his argumeut for the necessity of the cand bei~~g restored to it0 original condition, by the statement tl~athe sea route canuot be depended upon permanently ; also, that one steamer with grain hae sulrk OD the way and public co~~fidence been much shaken. He is quite coguisant of the dificulties surrounding the required worke, but prays bhat all the officials be called up011 to speedily devise an effective scheme of actidb, that the necessary worke be completed by a given time, and internal conveyance again resumed. (4) Several short u~~important memorials follow. Julie 14th.-(1) The Governor of Hukwang, Watig Wen-shan, supported b~ the Governor-General, memorialiaes as to the filling up of the post of Prefect of Yao-ching col~cerni~~g which he.and the Civil Service Board have been at variance. The expectant prefect Kwoh Chien-hiangclued in the prior.claimrank-wae originally nominated, but the Board took exception to the appoiutment i r ~ virtue of the rule that seniority of claim does not have force during the firat month after retirement from previoue.:office. Subsequently another nominee, HenSheng- able number of rebels exterminated ; peng, was recommended, but the Board one of the chiefs, Liu-awe-sing, being, again addressed the Governor-despatch besides, shot during the action. 111 another received on the 6th of ihe 3rd moo~i-set- expeditiou, undertaken by the army under tiiig forth that there were many expectant the command of Liu-yu-cheng, into the Prefects in the Province whoa claims countv around pai-#h6 l~kfi, effective appeared to entitle them to consideration, aud that the remoue service was also done, and the vicinity of for passing them over be given. The Go- Liang-shan $m thereby cleared of vernor hereupon enters into particulars, rebels. Tlie otticiala concerned are and still adheres to the second l~orninatiou deemed to have established claims to recommended ; the nominee being. for reward and a long list of proluotions various circumstances the most eligible follows. one on the list.-rescript : Tlie Board will (2) Ying Kwei-teng and others report deliberate and report. 011 certaiu delinquencies said to have been (2) The former Governor requests tile committed by I~uperial clans-men, Taai- Imperial asaent to the intercllange of ying and others, near Tientsin. About certail~ magistrates within Ilia jurisdiction, ten of them, armed wit11 kllives and also that a certain military officer be a~ld cudgels, it appears, set upon a~ld degraded. severely beat a native of Tientsin, Tung June 16th.-(1) Edict, appointing EX- Man-lan, while en route for Yeki~rg. amir~er and haistant-examiner for several They seized his money a~ld took away by provi~~ces, in anticipation of the approach- force a fellow.traveller, Chao-che~l, and ing exami~lation. compelled him to write an order for tlle (2) A lollg report from the authorities i~n~i~ediate psylnellt of Tla. 1,000. The of Hu-~eh on the trial of and award nie~norialist prays that the deli~lquerrte given in respect to a blue-peacock-fen- be handed over for trial and puniall~nellt thered expectant Captain, Chu Chin-mi- to the Imperial-clan Prefect a~rd tlle Crihaving titular rnnk of major, and otl~ers minal Boatd. who were guilty of passing themselves (3) Weu-chi, the comptroller of Impeoff as Special Service officials, cl~arged rial Silk n~anufactures at Halrg-cl~ow, pewith the suppression of tile use of titio~~s, prayiug that tl~e recent orderrespurious cash, and of unlawfully seizing quiring all rna~~ufacturea to be supplied at certain molliea from 0110 Kiang Kwallg- the old regula~ion prices be resci~~ded. lin, at a place near Hankow. Tile nffair Tlie uurture of silk worms is repreeellted occurred a Year and a half ago, and to have ]lot yet obtaiued the acale of been referred to before in the Gazette. magnitude existiug before the devastatioll Cllu Cilia-wei, who had been atripped of of civil w;ir, and tire range of prices conhis rank some time sillce by Imperial seque~~tly co~ltiuues higher. Formerly, any command, pollding investigation, coi1- excess of cost couid be made good from the denilled tp trailsportation and lmtd labour perquisites accrulllg fro111 tl~e salt monoat the Amoor river; and punishment iu ~oly, which is also uuder tlle same condifferent degrees ia mated out to hie ~011- tract ; but, recently, these perqtrieitea I~ave federates. been much di~ni~~isl~ed, and it is cousidered (3) Tile Governor-General of Szechuen, impo~sible to coerce the ma~l~ifacturing Wu-tallg, reports on the yearly exalnination mercllaute into anpplyitig articles at forced of expectarlt o5cials within hie juriadic- rates. The Board of fievellue is corn- - tion. manded to deliberate and report. June 16th.-(1) 4n edict, promoting, June 17th.-(I) ~dict, ordering anotl~er several officials for their succeae m operu- prayer for rriu for the 21st June. tions agai~lat Annan insurgents ill Kwang- A lollg list of Princes aud Nobles, with the cereai. The " Clreu " dietrict of Pau-loh monial fu~lctions to be respectively ulrder- $$ -% SN, it appears, was invaded or taken, is given. disturbed by Annanese rebel chiefs, (2) Two memorials froq Tsung-shih and Hwang-tautig-yi~~g.... and others, Li Hung-chang, respecting the filli~rg up of and tl~e Taotai, Cl~an-van. led a force into certain vncaac~es. (3) Tlle Governor of Chekiang, in Nien-tai-slh i&&jj,' Na-wan concert with the Governor-General, and other str011g pl~i~lts, held by the reports on the pacification and eettleiueurgents. The entrericlled tow 11s of lueot of the recent disburbancef at Tilu(t~wen, T'ou-cl~en, and Oha-p'ing and Tientai. The farming populatio~i of Fuh- 3P.g and other places were one tou, in weatern side of Tientai, who iftsr.. mothen reduced, and a consider- were dragged into taking part iu the

50 movement, are represented to have ex- to let them be defehded wit11 detemiqapressed contrition for tlleir acts, and to tion. A more detailed report of affairs ia have been anxione to seize and deliver I to be prese~!ted after the tour of inspection over tlie instigators ; b ~ the ~ t more s~di- ie completed. tions and rebellious people flocked to their Jut10 19th.-(1) Edict. Li Han-chang entreno%ments in the inaccessible coulitry is commanded to repair with all epeed to around Cllang-chia alld Bring-tan, where Ynnnnn, to inveatiaate ar~d deal with they shewed a determinatiot~ to offer dea- (certain) matters. The duties of the Goperate reaistal~ce. On the 16th of the 12th vernor-general of Bu-kwalig will be temmoon of last year, tlie Imperial troops porarily admi~~istwed by Weng'rung-tsioh advanced towards their stro~~ghold. The (the present Govertior of Hupeh). riotere showed fight with firenrms, and (2) An edict expreneing grief at the killed one or two soldiers ; but a very death of a Vice-Presidelit of. the Criminal rigorous attack was made. Mapy of tlle~n Bonrd, Laog C11an~-en. were alaughtered during action, and some The r lder of tl~e Gazette is taken up fifty made prisoners, i~~cluding the by two reports from the Governor-General retlepade 05cia1, Hou Kwa~l. 13 pieces of Slleu-si, respecting official movements. of sling-cal~non, 16 nluskets and 60 swords, flags, &c., were also taken. III anotl~er expedition, in the lwal~~-allui and Kg-ai-ten locality, abont 20 more prisoners were taken, and over 500 meaporls of mar and 100 articles of plul~der were handed over by the gentry. Of the prisoners taken, elever, men, after trial, were executed on the spot in obedience to Imperial inatrnction given ; and some fifty more, beilig found to lmve been the victim8 of illetigation only, were to be punished and released according to their degrees of guilt. The ~riagiatrate of 'ring-tai, Ting Chu-liang, altlrough acquitted of the charge of extortion, is not witllout guilt in the matter, and llas been referred to the Board for punisllment by separate memo- rial. Imperial marks of sympathy are reqrlested for the aoldiere who fell in the engagemell t. June 18th.-(1) Imperial edict ordering in~eeti~ation to be made into the origin of a fire which recently occurred ill Mul~-sllur~kow-a Board of Works dep6t-and cornmanding that tlie various officials respo~~sible be punial~ed. Only three llouse-sections and two aide houees are stated to hare been burnt. (2) Two edicts comma~ding two appeal cases, tlle particulars of which do ]lot transpire, to be adjudged. (3) Three menlorials follow from the Governor of Sllansi, respectillg official dispositions witliiu his jurisdiction. (4) Peng Yuli-lin reports on progress made in tlle inspection of the Yallgtaze river military defences. He started on the 24th of the 3rd moon, and on tile 16th of the 4th moon reached as far as Nanking. Tlre atrategic positions of the newly erected forta,along the line of inspectio~l are repreaented to be well selected ; and the forts to present an.imposing appearance. The desideratum now lefc b;eiug, it is added, to stook tbem well with cannon, aud June 20th.-(1) Li Hung-cliallg memorialises in deference to the wislles of the gentry of Pao-tirlg-fu, collveyed througll the Minister oe Fitrance and Cllief Justice, praying tl~athey (tlie gentry) be allowed to contribute fullds towards the erection of a temple to be d-dicated- to the late Teeiig Kwolr-fan. The virtuea of the deceaeed atateainal~ are extolled in much the same terma as thoee rece~~tly uaed in reference to tile erectiol~ of a temple at Tientsin. ' (2) The above memorialist, alluditlg first to tile exhausted state of the Provincial EXcllequer of Cllillli, and to the ~n~lltifarious and important demands to pay for cannorr and other military weapons required for aea defences-(note.-the Goverlior of Shantung, it will be retnembered, also referred recelltly to the absence of futrda in Ohil~li, owing to which the Cl~il~li ehare of. river conservation expenses were borne by Shantung)-reports to thethrolie that the (late) Acting-Inapector of Tientsin- Dlaritime Custolrrs, Sun Sxe-tah, having had personal eaperiertce of the present embarrassed position of financial affairs, had mrlnificently presented Tle. 20,000, in aid of military requiremente. The donor had requeeted that no acknowledgment should be made ; but tlie Governor-General ie of opillio~l that eo public-spirited an act ehould not be passed over without llonorable mention. (3) Another memorial from Li Hung- cha~~g, reporting the arrival on the 25th of the 4th moon of thenew Maritime Customs Inspector of Tielltsil~, Li Cllao-tang. (4) A memorial fromwen-clii, respecting the manufacture of' gold and eilver emboesed eatin and embroidered robes. 0111y 40 per cent. of the required funds, sobvequently found to be little more than 30 per cent., lrad been furnished, and the manufacture of the remaining 60 to 70 per ceut. had been temporarily stopped ;by. Imperial went. The satin for the..poundt avdrk of the reduced quantity is now reported to l~ave been finished, but, in view. of there beir~g no i~nmediate require~nerit for tile articles, and of the first portion ~narrufactured having probably to await in, etore the completion of the balalrce, it ie deemed expedient not to cmlllellce the embossing and embroidering, but to allow the manufacturers to apply the ground silk to other purposes ; the mure especially as the memorialist is out of ; futlds for previous mauufactures. -Reacript : Noted. June 21st.-(1) Decreee, in reply to memorials by tl~e Celtsor Yii Shnny-hwa. 1st.-The Cenaor llaviltg denounced 8 Secretary of the Board of Rrvellue for impropriety of conduct, Itidden irregularitiee iu tlte diacbarge of his duty, aud constai~t attempts to engross authority, the Miniatera Pao-yiin aild Mao Cli'ang-lli are commanded to ii~vestigate the case. 2nd. - Tlle Board of Revenue is commarided to examine aiid report upon tire Censor's prayer that reform be effected in its ad~uil~ietrative system, to guard against waste of tile public revenlle. (2) An Edict, in reply to a memorial from the Board of Puniallnlellts and the O5ce of the Peking Geudarmerie, orders thtit the clerk on nigllt dnty in the Sllantong department, where the fire broke out, should be handed over to. the Gel~darlnerie for punishment, arid that. other officiale sliould be fined for llot taking precautio~~ary measures. [It would seem that portions of the Shenei, Kwal~gtulrg, and Hukwang Departments, and the clerks' officee of Slia~ituug, Kwsllgt~rlg and Slrenei depattmeiits were burnt down.] (3) The Sl~perintendents of the Imperial Gra~lariea rnel~rorialiae with reference to the landing of grain for storage. The rice brought up from the South reaches its pe~rnltimate termirrus at the Ta T'urig Bridge, on the Peking and T'ung-ellow canal. To the east of this bridge there are four locks, and the transportation of the grain up to the point in question is in the hands of tile Soutllern mauagers. To the westward, lies the city moat, and tlle grain on reaching tllia point is carted away in six divisions to the different granaries. Tlle object of the present memorial ie to denounce the obetinate inefficiency of a Mancliu Censor, named Te'iian-ehan, who pereists ill ilrepectiug the transllipment of no more than 20 boat-... 3oads per diem. It is of the uttnoat 3.. llrpportance to take all poesible advantage....{&:dry weatlrer, before the roads become, 1,.. qgnve,rted into quagmires, and the C'liinese :,.. %neor,li Teh-yiian, by going on duty at dayligltt, paseee 25,boatloads per diem. mounting to upwards of 7,000 piculs of grnitl. By worki~~g at lliglrt tlle qualltity tnay be doubled, aild tllns, ill a ku~ldred days, the entire opera ti or^ might be completed. Tlle blancllu Celieor 11ae paid no attention to the urgent reqliest,s addressed to llilrl to increase the tale of his daily labour, and as the deliveries of grain tllis year are greater than lieretofore, Irie re- moval and clinstise~llent are solicited. (4) ;ring Ji11-cllaltg memorializes for perllrisslon to return to Itis Irome on accoul~t of severe illlress. Be strrtea that, 111s; year, wlien the late Emperor au~llmolred hinil to Court, he replied, tltrousli the Goverllor oe Cantoll, declilrill:! the honor 011 the score of bad health ;but afterwards, wlien he learnt tl~at the Emperor lind excliallged a terreatrial for a Celestial Throne, lle at once started for the Capital in order to assuage Ilia grief at the side of the Imperial cofin. He was taken worse at flwaigall-fu, on his way to the North, where lie vomited a basill-full of blood, w11ic11 fact wae duly reported by the Commissioner for the Qraiu Tribute. His medical certificate reports amongst other reaaoue for Ilia illneas, the torrid atmosphere of Peking, alid tile asce~~deucy of the element of wood and deficiency of that of water ill his condition.. Jl~tte 22nd.-Tl~e Governor of Shan-se, Pao Yuen-allen, reports an accumulation of salt, and requeets permission to be allowed furtller time to diapoee of it, in accordance with precedent. It appears that ever sinoe the time the public were ad~nitted to sl~rre with tile Governmei~t in the salt traneport, tlrere was no dificulty in tllie regard until the rebellion broke out in Ho~ran a~ld Shan-ee, when the salt accumulated, and it became impossible to dispose of it witllin the liniited time. At the preeellt moment, although the disturbances are over, the two provinces have not regained their former condition, and are utterly unable to conallme the ua~~tity to be strpplied. Moreover, otlier~illda of salt from Honan, at a lower rate than tlte Sllan-se ealt, are imported in large qual~titias aud swamp the market. Julie 23rd.-The Military Governor of Kirin memorializes reporti~rg that a priseller, under sentence of deatll, who had escaped from the jail at Chun-cll'8ng Pao in February last, wae re-captured 011 the following day. I11 consequence of his recapture, the officer in charge of the jail is eutitled to undergo only the peilalty of remaining in office without rank for four years, at the end of which time, if no misconduct ie recorded him, hir!

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52 advance~ne~~t from the first to the aecotid (Kujeiz) literary degree, with the privilege of co~rpeting at the trie~~~rinl exarni~iatio~l for.. the doctorate. (3 and 4) Menlorials hy the Board of Punish~ne~ita nnd the Captait~ Ge~~eraI of revenue, besides the amounts additionnlly levied ut~dar the head cf eu~ne ill aid, por- Ge~idarmerie respeclivaly, reporting tlie cl~nss of rai~k, li kin, foreig~i Custo~ne' outbreak of a fire ill tl~e ohices of the Bonrd OII the nigllt of June 18th. Tl~e duties, aud other ~niacella~~eoua items. Where no fixed sum can be aeaigned under co~~flayration fortu~~ately did not extend ally one of these I~eadi~~gs, an average call to the prison yards. yet be struck from the data of pnat years. July 3rd.-(1) A Decree. Let Sung- 011 the other hnnd, the Board slinuld teiil~ succeed to tlie vacaut post of draw up a stateme~~t exhibiting tl~e iterns Grnir~ Cw~i~troller in Sltautung. of expenditure under the followi~~g helrds, (2) The Military Gover~~or of Jell-ho viz :-1. Pay of troops and oi%cial salaries reports the completion of the l ~bo~~ra of a a ~ ~ allowances d at Pekiug ; works at the corn~nraeio~~ al~poil,ted to wind I I ontsta~~d- Imperial ~nausolea ; pay of the Sltkn Ki ~ illy arrears co~~llected with transfers of Yiiig, or Musketeer Division, co~~slituti~~g &ce ill tlmt jurisdictio~~. the defe~~a~ve force of' the capital.-2. (3) Tsai-kang, and his colleagues, Proportion of revenue to be retained in S~~yerintende~~ts of n portion of tl~e each yrovi~ice for the arr1;rries of ofiaiala Imperial mausolea, m&e t~rgent applicn- and miscellaneous expendit11re.-3. Pay ti011 for a sum of Tle. 3,600, WIIICII ia of the tvla11c11u and Chi~~ese troops of the reqnired to provide for tl~e expellee of regular army in the different Provinces.- watering a ylautation of yotiug trees, now 4. Pay of the drillad tror~pe and irregular three years old, dunng the current year. levies in the Provi~~cea.-5. Outlay for A sum of Tls. 2,400, obtni~ied from the tlie armies operating on the northern and treasury of the salt departme~~t of Cllillli, is only eutficier~t to provide for the rntrlntenance of a si~pply of waler to a11 older plantatio~~. 111 the prese~~t season of dro~i~l~t, tlie you~ig trees, it is observed, are orgently in ~ ~eed of atte~~tio~~. Referred for the consideration of the Board of Revenue. July 4th.-(1) The Censor Yii Shanghwa uile~norial~zea repreae~~ti~rg tlie lieceaeity that exiats for a tl~orougll revision of financial procedure. He begills by observing that the policy of the ancieut Sovereigns was invariably that of adapting expenditure to i~icorne, by which uleans the sources of revenue tllomselves were duly fostered. At tlie present tiu~e, atration of the Board in the hands of a armies have been maintained in the field clique of sl~alneleaa coufederates. Although for upwards of twenty years, ei~~ce the deriving his information only from report, rebellion first broke out, and the conseand unable to adduce actnal proof, the quence is all' unprecedented exhaustion of Ce~~eor feels it.11ie duty u~~der these cirthe natio~ral fi~ia~~cee. He would remark cumstrrnces not to remain silent.-a rethat tlie Board of Revenue is the central, script ordering an enquiry has already poi~~t to wl~icll tlie y~eld of taxation appeared. ttiroughout the Empire converges, and July 6th.-The Governor of Anhwei that uuless speedy measurea be devised for reports the trial and se~ltence of a uative regulating the eourcea of supply and of the province for a case of triple murder. applying a check to the flow of diaburae- The offender, narned Liu Cllany-lu, liaving meuts, it,is to be feared that the waste been refused the loan of a donkey to turn which has so long continued will only go on from bad to worse. repeated memorials on the subject, 110 genlline measures have as get been instituted for eyatematiaing the collection ad diabureement of revenue. He would entreat that tlie Board be comma~ided to lay before the Throne a concise summary of the items of receipt under the head of 1a11d-tax, salt collectorate, and Customs' duties, forming the maiu brancl~es of the wester11 frontiers. A budget haviog bean thus co~ts:ructed in outli~~e, it would r l to bri~~g iteme of diebursement il~tolrarlno~~y wit11 the actual receipts, by mearia of ecoao~niee under different headings wherever practicable.-a rescript haa already appeared referriug this proposal for the consideration of the Board of Revenue. (2) 111 a poetscript, the same Ceneor de- nounces a Secretary of the Board of Reveuue, named K'i-au, ill un~neaeured lauguage, as guilty of flrgral~t impropriety of couduct, and of attempts at engrossing the ma~~agerne~lt of affairs in Ilia own hands. Without a Lhougl~t for the interests of the State, 110 seeka to place the eutire adrnini- a mill by the owner of the animal, a Notwithstandi~~g neighbour named Lin, an altercation eneued, in which bad language was used on both sides. Liu Chang-lu having ne; home and excited himeelf with ljqu 9, r,r went back to Lin'e home and murdered enactment in force. Let the Governor. him by repeated stabs. He likewise fatally General Ying-11a11, and the (iover~~or Cha~l* stabbed the two sons of the murdered man, Chao-tungwitllo~ltdelay proclaimafreel~ the who came to their fatheh rescue. IJ11d.r pn)ljibit~o~~ l~eretofore e~~ncted, and supthe law applicable to cases of this kind. 110 press the system henceforward lu~d for isse~~tenced to death, and half his property ever. Let their eubordi~~ates -be called is to be confiscated for the benefit of the up011 to arrest any lawless persons who aurvivi~~g relatives of hie victims. He is lnay open agencies in a surreptitious debarred from participating in the boon of manner. Let also a etringent supervision amnesty conferred by the decree on tile be maintained over the pneengeboatelate Imperial accession. plying to ~nd fro, and ill the event of July 6th.-(Court Circdar.) MII-t'u-shen lottery-ticket. or acco1111t books being returned thauks for his appoi~~tment smuggled by such vessels let severe punish- Actilly Military Governor of Kirin. lnellt be meted out to the offe~~ders, in had andience. order that ab~~aee may be kept dow~~ nnd (I) A decree in reply to a memorial by the purity of goverument be ~~~aintai~~ed. t11e Censor CIICI I, who has extolled the (4) Tl~e Acting Go ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ of r the ~ G ~ ~ ~ ilia1 virtues and ean~eat single-mi~~dedneas Two Ki,ng provilic~, Liu i(w'(n.yihy of a pbyaicia1~ named Kwoli Hien-i, and a reports ill a postscript memorial that, ma11 of the people ]lamed Cllu Cl~a~~g-cI~'ua, belollgillg to tile Knu-yeo district in hnv~~ig left Nn,king on the 2411 April, Ile arrived on the 29th at Slla~~~t~ai,. where, Nortllen~ Kiungso. Tlle Governor-Gene. 011 tile ~0~10wi~~~ day. GOverllor are ordered to make a thorough exami~lation of tlie cam and to J u 7th.- ~ T11~A~ti.g Govern~r-~ellerml report upon it. of tile T~~ K~~~~ reports llle receiot I ~-x commu~~ic~tio~~ froin the Com~na~~der-ini2) decree in repb to three by the who has chief of K~~II~~II, to tl~effect tl~at OII the urged improvemellt of the crimi~lal procs after of the Ja~iuary last, one of dure, eq'la"ation.of reform of tile gullboats of tile nav,,l squadron of the public morals. Tile recommendatior~s of SoocIlo., wllile cruiaillg ill tile lleix~lbour- Ihe are as not llood of ~ ~ I ~ overtakell ~ l~ by d ~ ~ '41"e, "ld it is ord'ined tllat, a violent a11d beiug u~rable to take ~~~~~~~~~s Pekillg are sllelter anyr]lere, was driven dllrillg the to be jllstly invesrigated, alld ]lot hushed night on a Bullken reef off the Southup or dealt wit11 collusively. The pmvineutem extremity of islalld,.here she cia1 Governmel~ts are likewise commanded isstalltb and went dowll. Olle to require their aobordirates to cond~~ct officer a,,d 27 Inen were All enqlliry jlldiclal proceedi~lp 011 a pril~ciple of strict llavillg been illstituled into circumjuatice. Secol~dly, oppresaive acts stances, wreck found Lo been ill toll, ~ection wit11 tlie reveuue collectorate are occaaioued by stress of weather, alrd tl~e glll18 to cease, and renliaaior~e of taxatioe are to and other o,l board are be take effect' for benefit of recovery, ~ompaaai.iullac ailowa~lces are prnl'le at large. the pro' due ill confor~~~ity witln regu1a1.i"~ for the vinci.1 Gover~lme~rts are to respect t ~ ~ lives e loat on tllia occuioll, according to orders repeatedly issued for the reduction t~le rank of tllose wlio perislied. of likiir taxatiou, a ~ the ~ d amalgamation of St1'.-(l) Decree, orderin&! liki,~ o5ces. Fourthly, public homiliee on Board Astrollom~ to select a ~ro~itioua moral duty are to be made something day in tl1e 9th rllooll (September) for the more than a11 empty form. -removal of the cofli~~s the late Emperor (3) A decree. ~h~ censor, H~~~~ and Empress to the Imperial Tombs. Hpai-al1611, has memorialized abating tllat (2) A Lieutenant of the left wing of the thg Wei-silq (Exarni~latio~~ sweepstakes) Tall-hwan Ca~np in Chekiang province lotteries I~xve been re-eatablialled in applies for perrnieaio~l to ezchange wit11 Kwangtung, and Ile requests that the pro- allotl~er Lieutei~aut of tile Camp at Sl~aohibition heretofore prom~ilgated be again haing in the same province. This requert put forth. A decree was issued laat year is not entertained, but, ul~fortunatel~, no stringently prol~ibiti~~g the examination reaaona are given for tlie decision. lotteries at C~II~OII ; but the Censor it1 his (3) A memorial from the Governor of present memorial now declares that of late Cl~ekiang province, sgnding in a concertaiu lawleas vagabonds have raid solidated list of officere who had distinacl~.e~nes for tlie re-establial~inent of tl~e guisl~ed tl~emselves in putting down the system under a change of name. This is late disturbarices at Ski-ohang and other dtogether contrary to the prohibitive places.

53 A body of bandita having atta,cked the foreign made fire-arm. Lnn-aan-tai-tsilb district city of Sil~-cl~ang, the Gover~~or nt took adva~~tage of the worst times of the otlce sent some troops, who speedily rebellion to form an affiliated band, when. defeated them with the loss of upwards of he set a line of stakeb as a barrier, levied 100 Inen killed and 20 made prisoners, customs dues, seized passing army supplies, wl~ile others of the band were intercepted and turned confusion into a calamity. He and slain when stealing away to the beat off and killea' the Government troops, mo~~ntai~~s, by the guards of the various and ont of revenge beheaded rustic spies. barriers. The bandit chief, Tang-wei, Death is no adequate ponisl~ment for and other8 mere at one time or anotl~er these despisers of the lam, and they 11ave captured and beheaded, but the chief been t~ied, bel~eaded, and their ]leads Wailg vns still at large. On the exposed on poles as a warning. 18tll of Augnat, 1873, the above circum- Tlte Governor concludes wit11 t11e statestances were laid before the Tl~rooe, and ment that he ha i~sued orders that the afterwards he reported t,l~e cspttlre a ~ ~ bandits d still at large should be arrested decapitatio~~ of the robber chiefs, Kin and pnnished. Yung-li and S~II-san-tai-cl~i, in the (4) ~l;e Governor of Chelrkiallg likewise department uf Taicl~r,~, when 110 received reports the repairing of the more import-. permission to amalgatnate the r.ames ant breaches in the stolhe wall in the of tl~e officers who had disti~~g~~islred district of Hai-yell, at the expellse of themselves on tl~ese occasio~~s wit11 the Tls. 54,500, and that the Prefect of Kia- Sinchaltg list. After tltis, the Acting- ahing had inspected and approved of the Magistrate of Sin-chang reported that, work and materials. wit11 the assistance of the local gentry and July 9th.-(1) Imperial Mandate ordermilitary, 11e had captured the robber chief ing rewards for officers.w110 have dia- Wang-clliug-ki, Ting-yin-kin, and Cllen- tilrg~~islted themselves in suppreasrng chis-tze. Chen-cl~ia-tee, who, being im- hrl~ditti in Soutl~errt Ma~tcl~uria. The pressed with the e~~ormity of his crime, Manchu Governor-General and 40msecretly swallowed opium, and while being mander-in-cl~ief, C1iu11~-shih, reports that exanlined as to the origin of the confe- the bandit Sung-aan-11aw and others had deracy, died from its effects ; Wang-cl~i~~~- joined with the bandit cl~ief, Kxq-luiki, who originated the idea of attacking tsan, and 'had entrer~cl~ed tllemselves at Sin-chang, died in prison from disease ; Ta-tung-cl~iau (Great East Bridge) and 9'ing-yi~~;k&~~, wl~o killed a committee room other ~lacea, where they had beatell off the clerk-have all been engaged as principals Government troops. Tl~eGoverl~or-General in com~nilting atrocious crirnes. They deepalclled braves to make a converging were, therefore, rigurouslyexa~~~i~~ed by the attack, and OII the 20th of June the Commissioner of Justice a ~ ~ the d Prefect officers and soldiers from the steamers of Hangchow, who reported.their sen- bo~nbarded their stro~~ghold wit11 cmnon, tence to the writer, who gave instructio~~s and pressed them so closely that they bolted that the living al~ould be decapitatgd and fro111 their lair and fled nortl~ward. Tlie~r. the heads be struck off the dead bodies. enca~mp~n~nt, together with their houses The Governor has ascertained that the contai~ling upwards of 300 rooms, were said bandits were illcited to bur11 and plun- bnrnt to the gro~~nd. At the same time der, out of revenge for tl~e c~pt~~re of their the rebels of Sha-ho-tze united with the chief by the local gentry Yang-yuh-chow fugitives, and being from time to time and otl~ers ; tl~at they ca31nbi11ed with the surrounded by t11egovernment troops, they bandits of Tsintai and Tting-yang, lost fro111 first to last ~lpwards of 800 killed the simple villagers, and so suddenly fell and 200 and odd taiken prisoners. Tl~e upon Sill-chang with a force arnounti~lg to bandit cl~ief Kau-hsi-tsan. was killed in eeperal thousands, when, owing to a mo- battle, while tl~e chiefs Sung-yun-ho ment.ary panic, a grave calamity nearly and Bong-san-haw were taken prisonem ensued. Fortunately the bandits were and beheaded as the law directs. immediately routed and tra~rqrlilit~ sr~o- The action taken being prompt and ceeded peril. The bandit chief, Kin-yung- satisfactory, and the officers I~aving die- ~li, < on the suppression of the Taipil~g tinguislred themselves, they are worthy of rebellion, allied himself wit11 Cantonese reward ; wl~erefore, on the Brigadier Cl~dn 'reb;els,-and with joint squadrons carried is best,owed a yellow riding jacket &c.;.oh s?ystem of piracy. scouring the adja- kc. [Here follows an interminable list]..,. -cent seas, repulsing the Governme~~t (2) Tan-chunp-lin, memorializes tbait:4mi;.,.or.~~jz~rs, and on one occaaio~~ killing the Brigsdi8r Ueneral of Hwang-yen, the offedder himelf ehooting him with a predecessor had handed Mandate, to the effect that Review ekould, according to.rotstio~,:bs,... held thie year in the Shensi province. He reports, however, that siuce the rebellion the several Manchu and Chinese troops have been coustantly drafted off for distant cervices, whether to guard important passes or to exterminate rebels in other provinoes. Having left their quarters for many years, far too large a number have died in battle or from wounds, while in addition to this the treasury has been so embarraased and the aupplies so deficient, that it was impossible to fill uo the vacancies. Latterly, although Kanauh and Shensi are at peace, yet war still exists outside the frontiere, and all the troops having in succession been moved outs~de the pass, the defence of the fron tiers and the transport of thearmy supplies entirely devolves on himself and the Commissioner and Intendants. Under these circumstances, the Governor submits that it would be inexpedient for hi111 to take his seals out of the provil~ce, and that the Grand Review should be postponed until the provincial troops be restored to their original state of discipline. (3) Shen P&ng-yuen returns thanks for his appointment as Acting Commissio~t er of justice of Sllenai. (4) Li Han-cl~ang. Viceroy of Uookwang, Ung Tung chill, Lieut.-Governor of Hoopeh, memorialize the Tl~rot~e to sond Examiners for the extra examination granted as an act of Grace on the Emperor's accession. (5) LiHan-changreports tl~at11eadlniral Li Chln-mow, commanding in the Yangtze, had arrived in Hoopeh and paased on to Hoonan. (6) Ki-yuen, Acting Civil Governor of the Province of Fungtien, returns thanks for his appoii~tment. July 10th.- (1) Imperial mandate. Li Ho-]lien. Goverrtor-General of Fookien and Chekiang, and the Governor of Fookien province, request an Edict for the cashieriug of an expectant official, who, relying on his com~nission, has been guilty of misconduct. It appears that an expectant district m istrate, Lin Chung-ming, re-. siding in %u Tien-haien, in Fookien province, was engaged in a law suit with Li Taih-chun, the parties reciprocally accusing each other of assault. Lin Chut~gming laid a plaint before the district magistrate, that his son Lin Niang-chi had been severely wounded, but when summoned before the magistrate, he (the father) behaved in a most violent manner, and when the magietrate repaired to his house to ipspect the wounde, he, Lin Chung-.... ming, shut the door, md would not admit.,, L him, while Lfn Niang-chi had absconded and could not be traced. This action is extremely diecreditabla Lin Chung-ming havin been duly reoop mended, he ought to [ave bebaved r~th decent self restraint, instead of which he allows his son to be guilty of pose violence, while he himeelf behavee outrageously in a Court of Justice. In consequence of his acts, it is hereby ordered that Lin Chung-ming be immediately deprived of rank ; that his certificate of good conduct be cancelled, and that he be tried and p~~nishod acoording to the law. The intention of the Court in ordering Prefects and Magistrates throughout the Empire to recommend men who are d~ltiful, incorruptible, regular and upright, is naturally to obtain a seleclion of officials distiuguished alike for their scholarship and good conduct ; and to what a pass has the country come when a swarm of knaves. like these necessarily befoul the well dia- po~ed ill their turbid waters, and utterly sobmerge all right-n~inded candidates. This year an Act of Grace has already been promulgated, ordiring the Gover~~ors of proviucos to make thoro~rgl~ enquirios before recommending officials. (2) Liu-yo-shan, Cloveror-General of Yuunan aud Kweichow, reports that bearing np against hie sick~iess, he started for his post on the 23rd of. May last, from his 1101ne at Siang-ltsiang, in Hoonan. In collseqllellce of tl~e late rebellion, the army sttpplies of Yunnan and Kweichow exhibit a fearful deficiency, and therefore the Governor-General proposes to call on his way upon Wang-wen-shaon, tlre Footai of Hoonan, at Chang-aha, in order to arrive at eome aatisfacbory arrangeme)t in that regard. [It appears that the army s~~ppliea of Yunnan are anpplied to a certaiu extent from Hoo11an.1 Tho Govert~or-General has sealed hie melnorial with tlre seal of the District Magistrate of Siang-l~siang. (3) Kwang-an, a member of the Grand Council, tutor to tlle Heir Apparent, memorializes on the obstacles tl~rown in the way of educated men who l~ave taken degrees, in obtaining office ; and petitioning the throne to alter the existittg regt~latio~ls. Last year the Censor Yuen Ching-yoh peti-.tioned that the old regulations regarding graduatea might be restored, and that a limit should be placed upon promotion for meritorious servicee. In reply to this the Board were ordered to setid up a report. Therein the Board suggests that, from Taotais downward, canchdates by subecriptioe or reoomrnellded for

54 meritorious serricem, sho~ild only be tllrust tliat some officer 111lght be eent to take into the oscial ranks l~ere and there, and charge of the expedition. thus tliestream of promotion for graduates The Con~miesioner is of opinion that, as would not be dammed up, while at the tlie General has been tlle first successfully same tirne there mould be 110 stagnation to sootl~e the barbariaus and open up the in the flow of subsoriptione. mountains in nortlrern Formosa, it will be a The above received tlie assent of the great inistake to hand over tlie command to a Throne. Kwang-ail goes on to say that raw hand; and yet,, to force li~m to perform since the rt9bellion, tlre appointmelit of his duties in his present state of health candidates b aubarjgtion lias been exces- would cause hie diseases to become chronic sive, whilo Xint ~$:m~didates by recom- and liard to cure ; ai~d, moreover, would mendation'llxa.ti"eii beybnd all bounds. not be quite in accorda~~ce wit11 the wislies of the Court to show due solicit~~de for Now that-peaos is estahlisl~ed, it is righh men of ability ; wherefore, perniiaaion is that the country ahould be brouglit back requested to allow the Geueral two montlla' to its priatrno proapericy, that the waste leave, in order to quit tlte mo~~ntains aud places sliould be again cared for, and tliat enjoy a little rest and medical trratment. all importailt malters of this kind should be take11 in hand by men of ability, as the (3) Liu.ohang-yiti, Governor of Kwaogse, ~ne~nor~alizea thet11rone ~.equesti~lg that tlie country w111 not prosper until ~t is godistrict of Toot'ien, in tl~e department of ver~ied by men of acliolarsl~ip atid i~~tegriby, slid devoted to t.he ~lational interests. He Szeg611, heretofore governed by l~ereditary therefore requests the Coort to order the Miaotze officials, may be coiiverted into all ordinary magisterial district on the Board to grant ~noreappoii~tments to those Miaotze frontiers. Referring to the dewho entered in at the struigl~t gate. feat and tranquillization of tl~ese partq July 11th.-(1) Li Hung-cliang memo- reported in a preceding memorial, the Uorializes, requesting that the accumulnted verltor goes on to say that an hereditary rent owing by tlie Chinese tenants on llte magistracy was given during the Sung Banner land in Chihli province be wliolly dynasty to a Miaotsze chief, surnamed remitted. By the Act of Grace published at the beginning of the preseut year, prov~s~oll was made for the relative remission of the land-tax in the several provinces. Now tlie rent paid by tlie Cl~ineae tenants on the Banner estates in the Chihli province is similar in charact,er to the ordinary land-tax. For the last few years disastrous harvests have constantly recurred, and tlie Chinese tenants have auffered extreme distress. The Governor therefore prays that all the rent due for 1871 and previous years be wliolly remitted. -The request is granted. (2) Shen Pao-clibn (Imp. Commissioner for Formosa) and others have received repeated applications from the General, Lo Ta-chun, to the effect that ever since the time when, a martyr to disease, he undertook to open up the mountains, he had no leisure for recovery ; while from the date of his entry into Sin Chbng, in February last, lie had suffered from palpitation of the heart, inflation of tlie as well as fever and dysentery, and otlier disorders. By the month of March the fever iiicreased ill intensity, and, in addition, hie ribs ached on both sides of Ilia body, his liver was violently inflamed, and lie vomited blood. There being no medicine bo be had amongst tho mountains, it was impossible to get better. At the present time, being confused in his mind and powerlees in body, he requeeta Cl~en [Chen-yu-ying, theyunnan Futai, a11d acting Viceroy of Yunnan and Kweichow, is a descendant of this Miaotze family,] who had served in the army ; in the Rling dynasty his successors were conetantly in trouble; and later on, the head of the family, after a severe defeat, was promoted to be a Sub-prefect. In after years, the family quarrelled again about the succession ; while in 1855 there was no heir of the body to tho Cllen deceased, and their feuds wrought more devastation on blle district than the ravages of tl~e long-haired rebels. When tlte soldiers eent by the Governor to tranquillize them arrived, the Miaotze were so pleased with their discipline and general civility, that they requested to be placed under the ordinary Chinese rule. Under tliese circumstances, the writer requests that Tootien-oliow beconverted into a regular magisterial district. The matter is referred to the consideration of the proper Board. (4) $lingan-reports his visit to the Corea, reporting the demise of the late and acces- sion of t h present ~ Emperor. The Edicts were received with due reverence. July 12th.-Li Hung-chang reporte on the trial of a heinoue offender, who has subverted the relations of human society. The Magistrate of Ching-chow reported that Mcrs. Su~g-chang, the younger, had in a fit of rnadnjxq killed her motker- t i r in-law wltl~ a knife and wounded her father-in-law, wlio had afterwards recovered. Tl~e case being so grave, tl~e Governor-General Li ordered tlie BIagiatrate to bring up the prisoner and witneesee to the provincial capital (Paoting-foo), in order that the trial uiigltt be couducted under the superv~sio~~ of tlie i Prefect. After the Prefect had framed a sentence, he passed on the caao to the Comm~ssiol~or of Justice, to be seut up to theuover11or-generalli, who, beingaway at Tientsin, deputed the Commissioner'of Finance to rehear tlie caae as his depnty. It was then elicited that Mrs. Sung-chang the younger, is the wife of Sung-liu, Sung T~ng-tao and Mrs. Sung-ohang the elder I being her father and mother-in-law. She bad never been guilty of disobedience to her husband's parents, but in the year 1871 alie became eubjeot to occasioiial fits of madness, and when the fit was on her she was perfectly bereft of reason. As, however, she had never occasioned any trouble,sung Ting-tso and tho ne~ghbours had never applied to the authorities to have l~er chained up. At the end of February in the present year, old Mrs. Sung-cliang was taken ill, and young Mre. Sung-chang and her sister-in-law, Mrs. Sung-pei, took it in turn to eit up with her. On the night of the 17th of Narch, youngmrs. Sung-chang sat with her mother-in-law all night, and at daylight the following morulng she was seized. with a fresh attack of madness, and became delirious. She then inflicted several wounde upon her mother-in-law with a kitchen knife ; and when her father-in-law, awakened by the noise, called out, ehe wounded him also. Mrs. Sung-pel and others hearing the noise, ruehed in and eecured her. Contrary to some one's expectation, old Mrs. Sung-chang died of her wounde the aame evening. An inquest was held by tlle Magistrate, who learnt from the evidence. that young Mrs. Sung-chang wag at the 8 5 the Fundame~ltal Law above referred to ; tliat after the trial a respectful applioati011 should be made for the deatl~ watrant, and a depllty should be sent to join the local autl~ority in escorting the prisoner to the spot where the crime was committed, for execution. If, however, the place allould be moro than 100 milea distant from the provincial capital, the capital punishmerit should be inflicted in capital itself. Again, a mandate decrees that when pereone become insane, in caae their family and iieigl~boure (instead of reporting tlie case aud having the subject in proper keeping), conceal the matter and it results in homicide, tliey shall be punished with 100 blows in accordance with the fundamental law on neglecting to gjve information of or to interfere and prevent 8 violent iujury which is known to beintended. Young Mrs. Sung-chang must, in accordaiice with the law above quoted, bept to death by a rlow and painful emcution. Therefore, se the place in question is more than 100 miles diata~~t, the Governor-General has instructed tlie above-mentioned Commissioner, and the Colonel in command of the central Division of the Governor-General'a army, to cause the said woman to be taken to tlle market place and there executed. The husband of the deceased, Sung Ting- tso, and the neighboura Sung-yun-tsai and Sung-yun-foo, not havingreported the madness of Mrs. Sung-chang the younger, or causled her to be watched, from which resulted tl~o killing of her mother-in-lrfw, should be sentenced to 100 blowe, +.a actually 40 blowe with the bamboo, as per computation scale, in oompany with the Tipau, who is guilty of not reporting the caae. Sung Ting-tso, wl~oae years exceea 7 decades will be allowed to redeem hie, offence by payment of a fine, a0 laid down by the Fundamental Law. The Tipau's offence being committed in his official capacity and done unwittingly, he will not be removed from hia office. time really insane. After being sent to The son of the deceased, Sune-liu, ought Pao-ting- 00 she gradually recovered from to be acquitted, as his father S~ng Ting-tso her dieease under medical treatment. As was unwilling to report the oaae to the the result of the trial, Qovernor-General authorities and cause his daughter-in-law Li Hung-ohang haa assured himself that to be chained up. the madnesswasnot simulated, and that there July 13th.-(1) An edict, according zvasne deceptionof any kindinthe case. The honorary rank to the Acting-Treasurer of Fundamental Law declares that a wife kill- Kiangsoo, Ting Pau-shih (sometimetaotal ing her husband's mother shall be put to of Shanghai), on account of hie servicee [m death by a slow and painful tatode of erecu- forwarding the rice tribute]. tion ; while a supplementary mandate (2) An ediot appointing the 16th of states that children and grand-children Ootober for the transportation of the killing their grand-parent or parents, no remains of the late Emperor and Empresm matter whether or not their actioab was to the family tombs. The necessary prea~credbym~ners, should besentencedunder paration to be made by the several Yamune

55 I and tho Governor-General of Chihli province. (3) Ting-han, Viceroy of the Two-Kwang provinces, and the Futai of Kwaugtung, report their sentence in a case in whicli a eon by misllap caused the death of his father. It appears that the offender, Chang-yau-po-eze, coming home drunk, demanded some clothes from his wife, wherewith to raise some money at a pawn shop. As her husband was an extravagent dissolute drunkard, Mrs. Chang-yan declined, when Chang became abusive, and eventually snatclled a hairpiu from her head and ran off. Mrs. Changpursued him outside the house sobbing and wailing, whereupon Chang fearing that he would be caught, and the hairpin be taken away from him, took up a large stone and in a threatening manner threw it towards his wife. U~~fortullately that moment his father, Chang-a-ehih, hearing the noise, came out to keep them quiet, when 110 was struck on the left side of the temple and knocked down. After lingering for some time he died, and was buried surreptiously by his son. Tho Fundamelltal Law states that a son cnuaing the deatli of his father by blows must suffer deatli by a slow aud ignominious mode of execution ; and again, a mandate decrees that a son causing the death of his fatller by wo~ulcls inflicted by misadventure, must be selltencod in accordance with the Fundamental Law above cited ; as, however, the act was not intelltional, the case is subinitted to thethroue for decision. Mrs. Chang-pang having caused this grave matter tl~ro~~gh quarrelling with her husband is liable to 80 blows, under the Fundamental Law respecting improper conduct generally ; being a woman, howevor, she is permitted to redeem her offewe by a money paylnellt, wl~ich offellce having occurred before the Act of Grace, the punishment and payment are alike remitted. July 14th -(I) Tl~e Board of Cerernonies request instructions as to the ceremonial to be observed on the Empress Dowager's birthday on the 12th of August. The Empress decrees that she will not ascend the Throne in her palace, tliat the feast ellall not take place, nor shall the usual attendance be required, while the musicians must be present but not play. The Emperor shall pay his respects ill the Tang-sin-tien, the Princes and high officers, down to the 2nd class of mandarins, shall kotow outside the palace, while the lower grades must go tl~ro,ugh the oeremony outside the Wu gate. J!he Princesses and other ladies will not be required to present tllemselves. (2) Fung-shin and To-ke-chuen, high officers in the Amur province, submit a list of officials banished, whose pardon they request on the ground either of the late Act of Grace, or of their having diatillguisl~ed themselves in the capture of bandits, or in bringing waste lands under culitivation. The first case is that of a Brigadier who was sentenced to banishment for life in January 1873, for embezzling army sup- plies. The other cases have no general interest. (3) The Commissioner of Finance for the Province of Ronan, reports the death of the Footai, Tsien-ting-ming, from ulcere cauaed by arduous services. July 16th.-(1) Edict. TheLang-chung of the Board of Ceremonies, Tii-chang, preeented at Court yesterday, being a man wantil~g in capacity, it is ordered that he shall be deprived of his brevet promotion recently awarded at the triennial scrutiny, and of his inspectorship at the Board of Work's Mint, and that he return to his original duties at the Board of Ceremonies. (1)Xdict. ShBn-pao-cl18u,lately appointed Governor-General of the Two Kiang provinces, and Commissioner of Foreig~l Trade, has memorialized requesting tliat his appointment might be cancelled, as tl~rougli failing health he fears that he will be unable to discharge his duties. As he has hitherto administered afhirs to the satisfactio~i of the Throne, 11e cannot be allowed to resign his post, but must at once present himself at Court. (3) Li Hung-chang memorializes that the Board have objected to his nomination of one Vang, as sub-prefect for the Nan La districts, but that notwithstanding, ho co~lsiders Wang the right man for the post. Tlie Emperor refers the matter to fie Board for their re-consideration. (4) Li Hung-chang memorializes that although tlie Board have objected to his nominee for the post of Acting Magistrate of Tientsin, yet for various reasons 110 adheres to Ilia original appointment.- Thin case is also referred to the Board for their re-consideration. July 16tl1.-Tl~e Governor of Hoopeh province memorializes to the effect that acoording to rule the Governor-General and Governor ought to take in turu the summer supervision of the Grand River wall at King-chow, which extends for about 60 miles alo~~g the bank of the Yangtze, protecting the whole prefecture and districts still lower down from the summer and autumn freshets. The present year it is the turn of the Governor to proceed thither, but 110 is unable to do so because lie is. obliged to remain at Wu-hang to act in conjrlnctio~l wit11 the Commissioners and lntendante to collect army supplies, as the western froi~tiers are still disturbed and the troops raised everywhere for purpose of defence have not been wholly disbanded. Moreover, in the province itself there are ever disbanded braves and affiliated bandits to be arrested ; and under these circumstances he l~as been obliged to depute the Taotai and Prefect of King-chow-foo to watch the river wall for him, 'and have the necessary tools and materials ready to repair ally breach wliicli lnav.- occur. - June 17th.-Ting Pao-chun, Governor (2) His IIoli~~essDuke Kung, desce~~darlt of Col~fucius ($L Kuiig is the for tl~e first syllable of Coufucius (Kuilg-futze), being the surnatne) had lne~~iorinlised through the Guveriior, and received the Imperial assent, to pay his respects before the remains of the late Enlperor. The present Governor also ~ne~norialisea 011 his behalf, et,at~ng that ill col~seque~lce of the dent11 of the Duke's n~otller and tl~e exigencies of morir~~ing regulatio~~a, lie will be unable to repair to the Capital. (3) The Governor reports that Ile is about to start on a tour to complete the iuspection of the military of the province, and that the duties of office. at the Pro vi~lcial capital will be temporarily delegated to the palltai. of Sl~antuilrr. resents several memorials as follows : : - I - (4) Keports that one of tlle gentry of the Poutai District ltas contribuied funds (1) Desiring that a memorial arch be to the repair of a public free scllool, ai~d erected in honor of a lady (Wu-chang) of also endowed it wit11 fllilda placed out at the district town of Chan-cheng. Tlle lady interest witli the pawl~sl~ops-altoge~l~er was married at the age of sixteen, during oue thousand llille hundred mils of casll. the fourth year of Hien-fung, to Ou Ping- It is desired that honorary disti~lction be chiir~, eldest son of a Chesllien. Ere one co~~ferred on the public-spirited donor. year had elapeed, the husband died, and OII his death bed the youilg wife commu- July 18th & 19th.-These two Gazettes nicated to him her intention of immola- are taken up wit11 a lollg ~llemorial from ting l~erself to his memory. Tlie dying Tsung-shill, regardiug a special judicial man dissuaded her, representing that sucli investigation hold into affairs in the Proa course would cause grief to her parents, vince of Cllili-lir~ in nlanchurin ; I~nperial and thnt devoting her 1 ife to attending orders in respect to the same having been to tlieir wants would be more virtuous, given at the time that the iiivestigation at inasmuch as filial piety ranked before Bloukden was instituted. Subaerjuently, devotion to a husband. The diacunsolate two further written con~munications were wife weepingly assented, and after her addressed to the mil~ister, i.e., oiie to the husband's dea~h devoted herself for years effect thnt the Commander of tlle Left, wit11 forced cl~eerfulness to lier bereaved Yung-lien, of Kou-tall & 8 ]lad treaparents (in-law). In the second year of clierously surrendered that tow11 to the Tung-ohi, the father-in-law died, and the rebels ; another, that a garrison cornlady witli intense grief helped her mander, Mau, after poisollirig himself, had mother-in-law to perform the funeral left a meinorial revealing certaill miaderibs. Eleven years subsequently, the meanours, LC. The minister in his report latter also followed her husband to addresses l~imself pdncipnlly to the cirthe grave, and here the crowning act cu~nstancescon~~ected wit11 these two cases. of virtue and self-saorifice was displayed. It appears that Kou-tall was attacked in Before the death, Wu-chang fervently the 6th moo11 of last year by a rebel chief, prayed that her mother-in-law's life might Wuh-erh. The commander of the Province, be redeemed by her own ; but with no Sl~wang-shen, went with a force to recon- avail. Slle tllen almost faiuted with grief, and soliloquized to I~erself, saying, " It is only because my parents-in-law have continued to live, tliat I have souglit to prolong my blighted life in this world of grief. They are now both gatliered away by the course of time ; my mission is over, and I will follow my husband to hades below." She then offered an oblation before the remains of her mother-in-law, and refusiug again to take food, expired seven daye afterwarde. noitre, leavil~g Yung-lien to follow and support llim in the rear. Owing to their numbers being illsufficient, Shwang.elleu was defeated and retired across the river to collect together fresh forces, but uotlling was for some timo. heard of Yung-lien. Subsequently, wllile getting together the troops, Yung-lien suddenly hailed from the opposite side of the river to send e boat across. He thon gave information to the effect that after the defeat 11e went to kis home and was caught aud bound by


57 and tliat a separate officir~l ohor~ld be commiasio~~ed to l~old specinl aurveillal~ce over the trant~nel~t of the witl~esses, retur~iing a niontllly report to the autlioritiea, wit11 particulars of the number remaining in charge, and of the deaths that inay have occurred. (3) Illegxl punialimelits should be pro- I~ibited. In tlie 16th year of Chia-ching, a mandate was issued, vigorously prol~ibiting the use of illegal torture, such as the Yi~lg-po-cilia ai~d Yien-ping-cliia. (Note.-\Nit11 the Yiug-po cllia the legs nlld hands Hre slung up behind, tlie head forc bly presqed down by a board, and tlie victim caused to rest, wit11 the additioi~al force of tlie above pressure, on \\is knees. With the Y~eupi~~~-chia, the arrlis are outstretched and fabte~~ed to a horizoiltal beam, the head pulled backwards by the tail, the feet a'so slung up bel~ind a11d the victim caused tp rest on the knee-cap oil iron cl~ai~is. While in this poaitioii the sitting judge calmly awaits a " clean breast" statement of facts, to accord with informati011 previoualy derived tl~rollgh his u~iderli~lge. The agony of the positio~~ becomes ao ii~tenaified by time, that if prr)loiigad the victim invariably failits from sheer pain.) 111 the present year, froin an investigation illto an appeal case froin Chillli, it ap- peared that d11ri11g examillation tlie cndgel had been used to beat the allole bone of the prisoners. (Note.-It will be remembered that Li Hung-clia~ig, in his decision, stated that the magistrate hnd tl~eroby rendered himself opeu to the penplty of dismissal, but as 110 had already been degraded for other reasons, the question i~eed IIO~ be entered into.) From this, tliere is actual ovide~~ce that the practice of torture is elill rife ; aiid your servnilt has l~imself heard that in trying cnaes ill the Northern proviuces, the practice of holding the prisoner straigl~t up by the two ears exists. After a time, if tlie priaouer feints, his stomach is rubbed to bring back consciousliess, and, as sometimes happeiis wliei~ let go, he falls down wit11 e thnd and expires. Tl~is is an extreme case of barbarous nnd illegal punial~ment. Again, in the Centrnl and So~ltheru Provinces there is tl~e "Tiger stand" torture. It originated with Wang Kr~n-heu, Magiatrate of Vh'ang-ahnh, in Kiangs~~. This official when dealing out puniahme~it, further adopted 1,000 blows of the bamboo as the general standard, arid was in consequence nick-named '$ Wang the Thousauder." (Note.-This officlal is at tlie present momeut holdiug office.) Suclr barbarous puuiehments are entirely in controveraibn of the eatablisl~ed law ; in tiines of disturbance they might perhaps have to be adopted as a last expedient to overawe the prisoner, but. wl~at excuse call be made for them in the present times 7 If there is any explanation at all, it is to be feared that the practice ia adopted in most cases as an engine to assist extortion only. The measures to be taken to stop this evil, your servant leaves to the decision of their hiajestiee. (4) Care should be taken in the selection of j~mior officials enrolled in the Fah-ehen office. (Note.-These officials aredrafted off te assist the magistrates in the Proviucial towns, to judge cases w1ie11 they I~ava not time tliemselvea.) The Censor here goes 011 to say tliat the position of judge over ' the people is an onerous one, and that men etill inexperienced in the law or not past the giddiness of yo~~tli, ahould not be charged wit11 such a trust. Snpplemerltary memorial No. 2, by the Ce~isar Ch'en-yi. This paper is merely advocati~~g the desirability of bringing to light the virtues of individuals in l1~1111ble position, as lieceaeary to stimulate the masses to follow. The Censor points out several names that llavo come under Ilia persolla1 kno\vledge in Klangsu, and desires that his accouut of them should bo firat verified and action taken afterwards. July 21st.-(1) Supplementary memorial No. 3, by the Censor Uh'en-yl. Duties should be positively lightened, ill order to promote the welfare of the people. The anxiety of a Government aliould not be that the revenue is insufficient, but that the resources of the people be not taxed to tlie utmost. For, if the extreme tension of their contributing power be the gauge for fixing tariff rates in ordinary tirnea, where is a surplus to come from in periods of neceeaity or, for instance, of war or fallline 1 Tlie institution of Likin rates and other collections, it will be remembered, has been for the moat part a measnre of expediency called for by uuuaual vicisaitildes ; but that at the present moment, when enjoying the bleeaingeof tranquility, these meaaures of emergency should not be rescinded, is to tlie mind of your memo- rialist a source of deep concern. The oensor here enumerates the question8 which claim the attention of Government, at~d divides his remarks under several headings, +.a:- (1) In the Spring of this year an Aot of Grace wm promulgated, remitting the arrears of taxes due by the people. But eeveral months are stated to have elapsed, and the Bopd does not seem to have devised effective menanrea for carrying the Act into force. Froin the system of corruption which has become a fixed habit through all orders of ofticials, it irr to be feared that the benefits will never reach the people, and that the officiala alone will be the gainera, and avail of it to liqoidate their own liabilities. It is likely to be as the common saying goes, n remiaaioii of the debts of tlle malldarina aud not of the people. This is a matter for the immediate legislation of tlle high autl~orities. (2) Likin stations should he ceiitralised. The me~norialiat instances the route from Yang-chow to Wei-a11 (he is a native of the former town) a distance of 300 lie, along which-the high road from North to South-tliere are no less than eight stations. Tl~ia is but one inatance, slid an idea of otller rontes throughout Kinng-au, and nll tl~e Provinces may be formed therefrom. Adding to tlie regulation tariffs the extortions of grasping petty officials and the delay to the boats, and it is to be asked how call the people bear up ag:~inst si1c11 oppressio~i 3 To make matters worse, at one station there are again freq~ientlg two distinct impoet.s to be collected ; as is the case in Xiangpeh {North of tlle river) where the Commlaaloner of Tribnte rice tranaport and river conservation works levies an additionnl rice tranaport tax. The abolitioi~ of Likir~ rates may be rendered difficult by tl~e reqnireine~ita from other provincer to assist the expenses of Government in Yiinnan, Kwei-chow and Ka~i-su11 ; but the Ce~ieor is unaware that the Tribute rice trallsport Coinmissioner 118s to provide for ally special expenses ; for the Tang-ting-kwei (of Siichow) arnly llaa long since been re~uoved to Follkieii, and the commissioner cannot require to keep any important force nbo~~t him. Tl~is latter impost slio~ild tilerefore, at least, be abol~shed. (3) Duty on grain slionld be remitted. The Governor of Kiangau has already tnken nction in this direction ; but tl~ere are places more important tllan that Province, and the nleasure is one likely to eucourage the re-cultivntio~i of wasteland. (4) No further additions should be permitted by tl~e Provi~lcinl officials. A law to this effect was passed ill the reign of Kang-hi, and Lna llever yet been rescinded. In tlie time of Cilia-cl~ing, when the public exchequer was inuch reduced, a proposition was made to break through this law, but was atre~~r~a~isly opposed and rejected. 111 the reign of Tao-ltwang, all encroacliment was attempted to be made by the Governor-Ge~leral of Kiangau, and Tls. 20 desired to be added to every Tls. 80, but the artempt nee also overr~iled. But the Cenaor has heard by reporl that within tlie jurisdiction of Kiangau 30% is added to the reg~ilatiou rice tribute tax, and that there 11x8 been a struggle between the gentry and the officials on the question. The Cel~sor is of opinion that the old rules allo~rld be reatored and adhered to. Censor Ull'e~i-yi'a supyleme~itury memo- rial No. 4.-The educntion of the people sholild be attended to, and a proper direction be given to their desire for advancement At present, acl~olara have but one idea, i.e., that of obtaining place ; and officinls seek for promotion by mealis other than tl~oae which s11011ld entitle them to real honor. The printi~~g of certaii~ books is advocnted to aaaist in the accomplisl~rne~~ t of tl~is end. The Gazette contains alao an edict degrading a General stationed at the A~noor river, for malversatic~n aud remissneas in duty. July 22nd-(1) An edict disvniasi~~g and degradil~g several ~ililitary ofticials at Chili~~, iu Manchuria, ill accordaiice with the decision of the Board. (2) The remainder of the Gnzette is taken up by reports from Ting Pau-~II'IIII, Governor of Sl~a~itung, as to pl.oposed official movements within lria jurisdiction. July 23rd-(1) TWO edicts commanding L~ing-ching to assunle tlre aclil~g post of General of the Wliite Banner Chinese army, aiid appointing Si-merig-koh-ahik- koli to be comlna~~der of Chi-lin. (2) Chiilg Li~i, Imperial Commissioner, in Clii~lese Tnrkeatan, reports on the miscondr~ct of a Pa-li-k'u~~ commissariat deputy officer and acting Lieutei~ant Colo~lel, Ee Cl~ih-pau, in regard to the dietributioii of army grain stores. It appears that over aud above the supplies portioned off and required for varions battalions, a e11rp111a of 800 sliel~a still ren~ai~ied at the commissariat st.atio11 of the rear at Pa-lik'un. This surpl~~s was ordered by the memorialist to be sent immediately to Kou cll'eng & a by Ee Cllih-pau, to supply the req~iirements of the corps under tlie comninnd of Clii~~g-el~uu, wliich had been ordered to proceed thitl~er But Ee Cl~ih-pnu took upon l~iineelf, as reported, to arrange will^ tlre traders of the place to deliver 6 a 700 allilr of rice by the first moon (of this year)-stiyulati~~g for its subaeq~~e~~t retnrn-on the pretence that the road was impaeanble owing to elhow, and that carts col~ld not be procured ; alao that the rice was required by the troops at Pa-li-kJuu, The Commissioner,

58 judging that from the difference of prices at tlie two placea, Ee Uhih-pau was actuated by private designs of gain, caused a strict enquiry into the circun~atances. The result proved the offender's first stntement to be totally unfounded, and it is prayed that Ee Chill-pau be first degraded and that the case be strictly judged. A rescript aasenta to the request. (3) A memorial from Wei~sl~rn, a Censor, praying for Imperial aritl~ority to erect a temple iu menlory of the officers and soldiers who fell in the campaign in Kweicl~ow againat the Miaotsz rebels : the expense to be boriie by the army. A rescript grants the request. (4) Another menlorial from Wenshan, praying that a military officer, owing to wounds received, be exempted from performing the exercise of shooting the arrow while riding. Rescript : granted. July 24th.-(1) Decrees gazetting the following appointments :- 1.-Chu Jui-Ch'ing to be Chief Examiner for the Kiangnan Triennial Elxaminations, a ~ ~ Waug-Ping d Deputy Examiner. 2.-Ku-K'oei to be Chief Examiner for the Sh6nsi Triennial Examinations, and- Ch'On Chi-tai Depnty Examiner. 3.-Wu Pao-Sl~u to be Director of Inatruction for tlie Province of Kwang-tui~g. 4.-Yi-Mo to be Deputy Commander in Cliief of the Mongol White-bordered Banner Corps. (2) A Decree. The Grand Council and the Board of Rites liave jointly menlorialised requesting that tlie ceremoily be performed of erecting the Tablets of their late Majesties tlie Ernperor and Empress, iu the Imperial Ancestral Temple. As eome tinie must still elapse before the advent of the 18th of tlie 9th moon, the date fixed for the removal of the remains of their late 3Injestiea to tlieir eternal resting place in the Imperial Mausoleum, if the erection of the Tablets were (as is customary) delayed ui~til after this ceremony, the shades of tl~e departed sovereigns would find no rgst, nor would due reverence be shown them. We could not rest satisfied under s~icli cotiditions ; and now, therefore, order that a propitious day be at once selected for the mantifacture of the Tablets of their late Majesties in the etoreliouse of the Feng-l~sie~i-tien (or Hall for the Worship of lnlperial Ancestors), and that after their completio~~ they be ten~porarily placed in the Hdl. After tl~e co~~cluaion of the ceremoniesattendal~t upon the depositing of tl~e re~uai~~s of their late 'Majesties in their eternal resting place, the Tablets can be erected in the T'ai-Mino (or Imperial Ancestral Temple.) (3) Ta'en Yu-ying, Governor of Yiinnan, and Acting Goverilor-General of Yiinnan and Kwei-chow, requests sanction for cer- tain pro~notio~ls and trailsfera of officers. (4) Postscript memorial by the same oficere, reporting the supplementrry examination and classification of certain civil officials, who from sickness, absence on special service, or other causes, have not yet been examined. July 25th.-(I) A Decree. Tii~g Paocbbng, Governor of Shantung, denounces a Dist~ict Magistrate for extortion in the levyi~lg of the grain tax, and demanding moiley instead of grain payments. Wbnjung, &lagistrate of Chao Yuan, when he was Acting 3lagistrate of Po P'iug last year, issued tlie receipts for the collection of the grain tax of the 13th year of T'ling Chih before they were dne, and was also gnilty of extortioil in the collection of tl~ia tax. Let him be at once deprived of ofice and tried by Tiilg Pao-cl16n, who will deal with him as the law reqnires. (2) Ts'bi~ Yii-ying, Governor of Yiinnan, reqrlests aanctioi~ for certain appointments to Sub-prefecturea and Magistracies. (3) A postscript menlorial by Wang Kai-thi, Governor of Fuhkien, who is about to proceed on an official visit to Taiwan. As it is necessary that he take with him his aeal of office, he will prepare 61,~ozcte all memnrials on pressing matters that should emanate from the Governor's YarnOu. Ordiiiary memorials, and commuuicalions with the Boards, &c., in the Capital will be attended to by the Governor-General, while the Fantai will trai~sact the daily routine of official busii~eas. Fiacal reports, and other matters, he begs to be allowed to hold over until his return. (4) Tiug Pao-clibn, Goverl~or of Slian- tuiig, reports tl~e steps ho bas taken to griard against i~iundationa of.the Yellow Iciver in certain quarters. Having IIO funds at his disposal wl~erewitli to provide tents, $c., for the accommodatio~~ of the officers engaged in this undertaking, he proposes to draw Tls. 7,000 for that p~~rpose from the Sl~antung Superintendency of Customs. July 26th (1)-A Decree. Let the first boru aon of tl~e BeilG11 Tsai I be named P'u (2) S11i.n Ping-ch'eng, Provincial Judge of Ssii Chuai~, (late Taotai at Shanghai) is allowed to resign his oace on account of sickness, ou the report of the Governor of Kiangau. (3) In reply to an earneat represenlation to verify the circumstailces of Ilia fatller'r OII the part of Sl~e-toh, the Prince of bi, death, lie has not been ill a position to and others, that His Majesty will inake applioatio~i before. forego his intention of personally follnw- (4) Tile Censor Hwa~~g Hwai a11611 repreing the r ls of their l~te M:~~aaliea aerlt,a t,h;rt the Weisir~g Lotteries (or to tile Imperial Mnusc,leunl, for fern lotteries on the names of the successf~~l tl~e fatigue of tl~e journey should Eandidatea at the examiilntiolis) liave been prove too inncl~ for his strength, His resumed in Kmai~g-tung, wid begs that Maje~ty that uotl~ilrg short of the Governor.Ge~~eral ai~d Gover~lor nlay accoicrpanying the corlbge in person will be iuetrr~cted to suppress tl~eni with a firm ill ally way assuage his grief or testify his hand. An Edict was issued last year devotion. The matter having been re- directing their sr~ppressioti, OII the repreferred to the E~npressee Dowager, their sentatio~~ of tlle Ce~rsor Fb11g CI161lg-pei, Majesties I~ave signified their capability of wllo so ably de~no~~etrated the evils of this trk111g proper care of the Emperor ell practice tl~at fr~rtl~er cclm~nent is unilecearozcte. His Majesty, therefore, adheres to sary. Proclamations aliould also be issued llis former inter~tion of waiting up011 their prol~ibiting tl~ia lottery at Macao. Majesties, the Empresses Dowager, wlleii (6) Yii hsiu, officer ill charge of the accompanying tl~n procession,.and directs ma~~ufact~~re of Imperial silks at Soochow, that the orders iasrled ill a forn~er decree reports tliat tlie first inatalme~it of an sl~all be reverently attended to. order for this year has bee11 forwarded to (4) Tlie Governor-General of Fukie~~ the capital. ai~d Cl~ekiang, and the Governor of Fukien July 28tl1.-Decrees-N01ie. memorialiee requ..atiilg sa~rction for the (1) and (2) Li Han-cliang. Governorappoi~~tmeilt of WGncl~i to the post of General of the Hu-kwai~g provinces, lutel~da~it of the Yen-Ol1ie11-Shao oircriit, recomlne~~ds officers to vacant Colonelcies (5) Kwoh Sul~g-tao, Yrovincial Judge of at irnporta~it atatio~~s 011 Ll~e Miaotzii Fuhkien, reports his arrival at his post. frontier. (6) Wal~g Kai-tai, Governor of Full- (3) Li Han-cl~ang and the Governor of kiei~, reports tl~at as 11e will be absent on Hupe11 request ll~trt cert:ri~~ rag~~latio~is Ilia trip to Taiwa~i at the tiiue of the EII for the niid trncki~~g of boats K'o, or extra Triennial Examination thro~~gl~ tlle rapids above IC~RII~, 11iay he granted by Ilia Majesty, when it is the placed on record. At Kweicl~ow, PHduty of the I:overnortoe~~ter the Exnmin- TIIII~, and otl~er plnces ndj(1i11i11g tlie r ation Hall, 11e 11aa arranged with the Go- Great River, there is H ~ IICC~EE~OII of rapids - vernor-general to officiate ill Ilia stead. wliicl~ are full of roclts that appear when (7) Yiihsin renders an acco1111t of the tlie water is low. 'I'l~e waves in tlleae are UIIIIIE expe~lded by lii~n in the liianu- very Iiigl~, nnd trading vessels that pass facture of silks at Soocl~ow for tl~e the111 are obliged to Itire me11 of the place Imperial use. He has expeuded altogether wlio know the water, to take tliem up and Taela 25,710, and has drawn fro111 the down, as well as porters to carry their Treasurer T~els 25,:443, leaving a debit heavy cargo overlalld. balance of Taels 367. This alnorlllt he A liost of abuaea in time crept into tl~ie ' proposes to recover from tl~e office for tlie service, s11c11 as extortiolinte cliarpea ou rnnnnfr\ct.ure of I~nperial silks. the part of the traclters, official squeezes, July 27th.-(1) A Decree, directing Li black mail levied by the local gentry, I H~ing-chat& to give orders to certain &c., kc.; to put R stop to wllicl~ regnla- Prefects a ~ ~ Magistrates d in Ilia provi~~ce, tio~is were drawn lip by tlie Governor- I at once to purcllaae and send to.l&liol the General and Governor of the Province in 1 quota of grain due by tl~em for 1874, for the 9th year of Hsie~t-FBlig. Tl~eae regnthe use of the troops there, w111cl1 the latio~is have bee11 foi~~~d to work well, authoritiea at Jbliol coinplni~l~aa not bee11 but it having been represented that in. eent. course of time the trackers nnd O ~ ~ I ~ P E (2) A Decree. Let Tu Joi-lin succeed might fall into their old conrses, a revised to the vaoailt post of Proviilcial Judge of edition of these regulations lies beeit Saec111ia11. drawn np, wl~ich it is requested the (3) The Censor Kueiling and his col- proper Board may be directed to put on leagues ~nemorialize, prese~~ti~~g a copy of a recr~rd. petition from a captain in the Mancl~u J~ly 29th.--Rlemorinls.--(l)Cl~ow Ta-w~r, Banner Force, praying that poetliumu~~s Major General of Kweichow, begs tl~at. lioi~ors 111ny be gralited to 11is father, who 110 may be allowed to vacate his post, 8s' was killed ill action near Ili, aonie nine liis sick leave 11aa expired and he is still k~ yeara ago. Having only, lately beell able unwell.-tl~e edict lins been recorded.

59 ' (2)~ostscri~tmemorialb~ ti~eaameofficer, statilly further tliat lie 11as not yet gone itlto mourning for his mother, who died fourteen year3 ago. Be was not permitted to do so at the time of her death, as his services wererequired, and 110 now proposes 94 to go into mourlli~lg, should hebepern~itted to vacate Ilia post aud return to his native place. (3) Olohopu and Tok'arh (Commandnnt decapitated. and Imperial Commieeiouer at Wulia- Tl~e eut'ai) represent that a Mongol Commissioner by name ~ ~ ~ ~, i h i ~ -. arrested two brothers living at.kuo-lo,' village in his jliriediction, one of whom held a small military office., They were notorioualg bad characters, who had been guilty of many crimes of violence and bloodshed, and the elder brother while on Itis trial used auch violent and.threatening!anguage, that tile sub-prefect had both him and hie brother taken out, and theu pu~~ial~me~~t for illegally executing persona guilty of capital crimes, is a 11undrod blows of the bamboo, a pu~tiahtneat action, or committed suicide in Iii, iu the gear (2) Cll'ur~g-shih and Cl1'1-yuan report the result of an investigation of an appeal case, in which the petitiol~er, a secretary in tlte Board of Works at Sllel~g-cl~ing, con~plaina that his fnther's house was robbed on two occasions by moul~ted bauditti, wl~o tortured his father till Ile disclosed the whereabouts of his property. 011 the second occasion, the robbers, who had pliindered other I~ouses, were attacked by nome of tile locnl ~llilifia, when they fled, leaving their booty behind tl~ern. The petitiouer's grieva~~ce was that liis fatl~er was not allowed to clairn hie effects, as all the plunder was mold for the benefit of so~ne of tlie militia that his shop was broke11 into and robbed two years ago, and his father so injured by tl~e burglare that be died vf his wou~~de. Cl~aug Erl~-y'inbr, one of the gang, was arrested, cor~feesed hie gnilt, and gave the name of the receiver of the booty, but the ar~tl~orities were Iteavily bribed, and petitioner could get IIO redress.-tl~e edict has been recorded. (4) Memorial by Hwang Ti-fang, Officer of Iuetr~~ctio~~ for Sl~antung, reports the concluaio~~ of the sui-ahih or bietr~lial examinations, and also the results of wllich the sub-prefect 11ae rendered him- certain pl.elit~~inary exarninntio~~s of candichatnachiu, requests that 'Ie may be self liable to ; but, in view of two Irnperial dates for the extra examiuatious to be l~eld allowed to vacate post amnesties having been granted since the tltis year. aickneea--tl1e edict has beell recorded. offellce, the memoriaiieta suggest tlrat the (5) Postscript ~nemorial by the above, (4) i%~emorial by the above, stating that pellalty incurred by the sub-prefect be who had beet1 wou~lded in tl~e'encor~~~ter. have frlnda the reportttlg tllut tlle ~~urnber of cells ill the csllcel]ed, and tllat he be permitted to The tnemorialista for~tid tltat tlie rebels Exuminrtion Hall of the Province, le Wall, and reqlleating permiasion '0 patcll await Ilia tl1m for future employmellt. left no bvoty bellilld them, but only six it up temporarily with mud and straw. sufficient. July Slat.-Ch'ung-sl~ih denout~ces an I~orses, which were sold, arid the proceeds (6) Chnng Chao-tung, Governor of Wuliasut'ai was for~r~erly surrouilded by expectallt sub-prefect. disposed of as atated They de~~ot~~~ce cer- Kwallgtui~g, reports tlte stepa lie has taken a woodell stockade, which Was burnt by S]lll-c]lian, a nephew of Tu-sin-ga (late tain oficials ~11080 buai~iess it was to arreat the they took the place in to put a stop to tlte Wei simg lotteries. Commandant of Sheng-clli~~g), who llad the marnutlera. (7) Pao Yuan , Governor of Sl~an After its recovery, the Actil'g been colnpelled to resign ofice during ]]is (3) The above officers reqrlest the re- se, recommei~da au obicer for a vacant Commandant requested permission commalld, but Ilad been permitted nlovnl of a District. Magistrate, and ll~e Magistracy. a stolle but his sllccessor suggested to ill the provillce, the memorialist appoi~ttlnel~t of ~ll0tller ill his place.-rethe s~rbstitutioll of eartl~worka of mud Augnat 3rd.-(1) Two edicts. One now finda to be a persoil of notor~ou3~y bad ferred to tlte Board of Civil Ofice. con~~~~anding Pau-yut~ and Wall Ts~ing-lri and straw. These were erected, but character, and quite ur~fitted for the acting - (4) postscript me~norinl by the above, to i~ivestigate certain circrttnat~ilces tlle~ have places. post lle now holds. He prays, therefore, requeatitig per~liieeion to appoint Mal~cl~u brought to 111)tice by the Cenaor ; atiotl~er Tile M"ugols originally subscribad tllat he may be deprived of rauk and office, and Cl~i~leae oficers i~~diacrimi~~atel~ to bestowil~g houors on two Mo~~~oli the erection of wall, but tllere alld be placed on his trial for charges of a District Magistracies, &c. Under tlte officials. are at presellt and serious cliaracter, brougl~t against him by preaet~t regulatio~is, certain posts in the as nrilitary operations are just about to (2) An edict ill reply to a representatio~~ tile gelltry ill llis jllrisd,ction. Feng-t'ieu proviuce cnn be held by from the tioblen attd n~i~~istere elltr~isted be comlnenced agaillst the at (2) Appeal case, reported by Ying-kwei Manchrin only.-referred to the Board of WUIII~IIICII~, wlto when llard pressed with the funeral obsequies of their late (Superintendent of the ofice of ~ ~ ~, d ~ ~ - Civil Office. blajesties, who had inemurialieed reprewill make for Mongolia, it is itnportant nlerie.) yang ~, ~ i - ~ a l native ~ i ~ of ~ tile, Aug. 2nd. - Edict. Mao Chang-hei senting that it was to be feared that Ilia that the WuliaauL'ai be put Ch'ao-yallgdistrict ill J&ho, complaills tllat and Pro-yiill, having investigated certain state of defence. Tlle me~norialists there- Majeaty would be u~iequnl to the fatigue Ilia sister, wllen on theroad from llis house chargos of levily and u~~warrantable asprol'oae patcll of followi~~g the biers ott foot to the An-ti for to her l~uaband'a home, was robbed by one enmptio~~ of authority brought against gate ; and ai~ggesti~~g tllnt the Cl~ing-sl~ail present, makillg some permanent ShanTo,wl~o,wl~e~~ charged with theoffence, Ch'i-haii, Chief Secretary ill the Board of armngame~it at a later date. East gate sl~ould be tlie limit. The Emtila~~aged to evade a trial, and, out of Revenue, by the Cet~sor Yli Sl~ang-hwa, (5) Tile C1lil1 rj"iell-~llietl, Or peror remarks that, altl~nugl~ YOUII~ in revellye, robbed alld set fire to petitioller'a find them to be uuprove~~ ; but they find Astronomy, report that they Itave selected years and 1111nb1e to suetait~ 1o11g fatigue, house, carrying off younger that 110 lleglected to submit to his superiors Ilia reyard for the n~elnoriea of their de- 8 a.m. 011 the 16t.l) Octoberasall auspicious brotller, all^ acooying out the eyes of a the memorial reporting the promotiou of parted Mnjeatiea prol~ibits ltis shrillking momerit to comnience tlle removal of tile relative who went to claim ilia release. - Chief-Secretary Ul~~~tlgk'B, nnd, therefore, remains of their late Majesties to the at toil OII uucll 811 ~ CC~Y~OII. TO accompnlly SllRn T~ was evelltually killed by a party requeat that ally special d~ities Ile may be the procession na far as the Cl~it~g-sl~au Imperial RIausoleu~n. seut to arrest him, upon whom 110 fired a cl~arged wit11 be laken away fro111 him. Bast gate ol~lg, aould be insuficie~~t to July 3Dtl1.-~le111orials.-(1) The Go- catlnou ; and a relative of his t11e11 took They also suggest that Yii Shang-l~wa be mark the esteern and respect entertained vernor of Kwallg-si reqnests tllnt two up the quarrel,.persuading the alltliorities called up011 to substantiate Ilia cl1arges.- for the Imperial deceased ; but it1 view of District Magistrates may be deprived of to itnpriaon pet~t~oner's u~lcle and yoringer Let it be dotle aa requeeted, and let Yii the precedeltt estublial~ed on the occasion of ofice, their buttolls taken RWRY, and a brother, both of wl~om died in confinement. Shang-hwa memorialiee and make good the Et~~peror Hien-fully-wlren the origicertain time allowed them to effect the Tlte edict has been recorded. ltis nccusatio'i~s. nal illtelltion of eacortit~g the bier as far as. arreet uf certain burglars ill tlteir resllective (3) Ts611g KIIO-cll'iian, Governor-General (2) The S~rperilitendet~t of tt~e Ofice for the An-ti gate was altered ont of deference j~lrisdictions, wllo ]lave been gltilty of of Kiver Works, reports the result of an the Regulation of tlte Itnperinl Housel~old to the wiah of the Princes and nobles-the ' robbery with violence. inspection of tlle preparatioua against in- reqllests that a Superi~tte~ide~~t of Silk Emperor deter~nlnes in tlie present case to (2) Tl~e Governor of Kaang-si reports i~ndation on the upper part of the Hwang Mat~rrfaoture at Kiangalt may be appointed follow OII foot the remain8 of their late the trial of a sub-prefect, who took upolr Ho. in place of the present incr~mbe~~t, who Majesties to behind the Cl~ing-sl~au (hill). l~irneelf to inflict capital pr~~~ishme~~t IIPOII Aug. 1st.-Edict, grn~ltillg testimonials 11aa I~eld the post for four years colrsecu- Be will tl~en 011 llis k~~eee await the passa military oficer wl~o had been guilty of of merit and post11111nous rewards, 011 tl~e tive1y.-'l'lre edict has been recorded. ing by of the Royal coffins, and from crimes wortl~y of deatli. reco~i~me~~datio~~ of Yung-cl~'ii*n, to certaiu (3) Appeal caae reported by Ying-kwei. tllence will repair by a cross road to the Liu-sl1611, newly appointed aub.prefect of high oficials, nnd officers of lower gradesj wan^ Cll'i-shun, a nalive of Hsiatlg Cli'6ng- Hall- of Reeds (constructed for the purpose Kweisliu~~, wllile oil 11is way to liis poet, with their fumiliee, who wore killed ill hsien, in Honan, a dyer by trade, complai~ls soee distance further), and on his knees



62 been forbidden, a11011ld not be allowed to Mallufactory and of the Inland Cuetombe re-establial~ed. Wl~ereas a decree lras 1 Ho~~se. known as the Hu-sl~u - Kwan... heretofore been isq~red, comnla~~ditrg tlte I (on the Grand Canal, west of aholitio~~ of the Exihminatio~~ lot,teries ill Kwangtnng, it is the bounden duly of the Sooc~~ow), from his predecessor Yuh-aiu on Gover~~or-General and Governor 1x1 that the 5th Julv. Re ~roceeda to re~resent. provi~~ce atringe~~tly to prolribit them ill I after due edpression's of a sense of his owl; conformity with 011r decree. 111 the fif~h r~~rwortl~it~ess, that the enpplies of silks, moon of this year, nevertl~eless, the Go- satins, K;c., wlrich are d~le for the present I vernor-ge~~ernl, Ying-l~an, on the gro1111d year, have not been put ill hatrd, owing to that the sunis derived from payn~enhs by the orders received some time ago from tl~e Board of Revenue, to revert to tlte old way of fine Fg a under tl~is head would reg~~lation system, a ~ to ~ d pay the prices form a very large n~nount. wllicll migltt be appropriated to the outlay on defe~lsive works, took it upon 11i111self to issue a proclatnatio~t resciuding the prol~ibition, afher l~eretofore laid down by rule for the req~~isite materials. These prices, however, are no widely direrent from the market raten, that notl~ing could be done. despatching his memorial to the above He proposes, tl~eretore, to memorialize effect, and without awaiti~rg Our rescript separately on bhis subject. As regards tl~e ill reply. His action was grossly i~npro- RII-slrn Inland Custom-House, where no per. Let the Boards decide rrpon the duties have been levied for the last 12 or penalty that shall be rnetad out to him ; and let the said Governor-General and Govert~or, in obedience to 011r decree of tho 6th July, make public a stringent interdict of this form of ganlblillg, and 15 years (since tl~e Rebel capture of Soocl~ow), the Board of Revenue has lately obtained Imperial sanction to tl~e reopening of this establisl~ment. A despatcll has, lloirever, been received from the Governorcause it to be abolisl~ed henceforward at~d Genela1 at Na~~kit~g, opining that the cornfor ever. The mainte~~a~rce of the purity billed levy of duties and li-16th would prove of Government dema~~ds that it be not burdensome to trade, a ~ ~ i~~juric~us d to allowed, under any pretext, to be re-estab- both these sources at ollce. This questio~~ lished. [N.B.-The " fines " referred to the memorialist, at present u~~acquainted above in Yiug-11a11's proposition for the re- with the local circumsta~~ces, will carefully establishment of the Wei-Sing lotteries, are investigate. tlre licence fees of sorne $800,000 per annunl, (2) Yu11-siu, the outgoing Director of which the managers of the gambling lot- illa~~ufacturea at Soochow, reports having teries were to be allowed to pay into his handed over the seals of oflice to his auc- Excellency's hands, the transactio~l being ceaaor, together with the arnounts in the disguised under the specious designation Treasury u~lder various hoadinga, formiug aforeanid, as for some years previously to a sun1 total of Tla. 58, ] Aug. 13th.-Ting Pao-ch611g, Governor (2) Tso Tsung-t'ang, Governor-General of Sha~~turrg, memorializes reporting the of Kansuh, kc., memorializes, referring to comvletion and cost of the eieantic emthe edict of January last, in which the ba~~kment works undertaken axis Chwaug Provi~~cial Governments were exempted from the duty of forwarditlg articles of in the Bo-ts6h a :g district, " tribute" for- the use of the-~olrrt. The I OII the south bank of the Yell8w-~iver (see province of Kans~lh shonld, among otl~er Peking Gazette of January 28th, 1874, and things, forward a supply of melo~~s from February 17t11, 1876). The dista~tce be- Bami ; but 110 begs that tl~is may be pre- tween the two extreme points of the breach termitted, although a garrison is about to to be repaired, viz., from the boundary be stationed once more at that point. The line between the Provinces of Cl~il~li encouragen~e~~t given to agricolture on the and Shantung downwards to Sl~ih-li Pd part of both Chinese and Maliomedans has $ik, tl~e spot at which the Grand uot yet taken practical effect. (3) Clli11-kang (.me of the former "co- Canal debouct~es into the Yellow River, is envoya" of the Hurli~~game illission) re- some 180 or 190 ti (about sixty miles), and ports haviug arrived 011 the 7th July at the only means of accornplishing the work K'urun (Urgw) and taken over the seal of could be that of calling up large masses of oflice as Reaidant. labourers from the different adjo~l~il~g districts. Accordilrgly, upwards of one Bug. 12th.-(1) W611-che 373, the hundred thousand of the peasantry of ten newly appoi~~ted Director of the lmperial of the districts ill Shantung (the nalnes. of Mnllufactorv at Soocl~ow. revorts llnvi~la which are given). were assembled fdr taken over he seals of o&e oithe 1mperid I the purpos< ovi; whom ofliciale were placed as snperintelldents, to guard against sent forw~rd on account of the anbsidy it dishonest or dilatory workmanship. 'l'l~e was last year directed to provide. The heart of the people, moreover, wna ill the remainder of tlle outlay has been raised nndertakinp, the d~stricts ill question being by provisional advances from the provintllose wl~icl~ had either been.actually cial trerraurios, pending the receipt of the flooded by the river or were in immediate srlbsidies which have bee11 ordered from proximity to tl~e scene of diaaater. The the other prori~~ces. 111 concl~~ding Ilia difficulties enco~lntered in the proaec~ltion report,, the Governor makes bold to reof the work were immense, gnd tl~ey were qumt that a high oficer be sent to verify aggravated by the necessity of laying Ilia accoul~t of the exec~~tion of the works. foundations ill the water and among ice ill -A rescript is give11 in reply to the effect December and January last, when the pre- that tlris is not ueceseary. liminary reclanlation works were carried Aug. 14tl1.-(1) 'J'l~e Pril~ce of Tun and out. The line of the embankment was in his colleagues, constit,~lting the Big11 Commany places carried over tracts of land mission a~~peri~itending the Imperial obacross which the river had swept, eating sequies, memorialize beseeching Ilia Maout channels from 25 to 35 feet ill depth, jesty to reconalder l~is determi~latio~l, or else from to 3,000 feet in widtlt, already announced, of followi~lg on foot all of w11icl1 had to be brought to the level the remains of the late Emperor and of the adjacent soil ; and it1 many plnces Empress as far ne tlre Ti-an Gate, on their dyken of support have had to be constructed removal to the Eaeter~~ Hills OII the 16th for the protection of the base of the actual October next. They entreat that his embankment. By the end of June the Majesty will so far mitigate the expresaiot~ reports of the varions district magistrates, of h~s sorrow as to proceed on foot olily as annonncing the completion of the works, far as the Gate of the King-shan Park, had been received, and the Governor has where the Imperial coffins are now lying, inspected the results in personand found the and thence proceed to the mour~~ing paviexecution solid and satisfactory. A report lion to pay the last token of respect to of the length of the emba~lkrnent con- them in R kneeling attitude. (Rescript structed gives it at 182 li, calculated accord- already publisl~ed). ing to the "long" foot-rule in common (2) The Censor Yii Sl~ang-hwa reports, use. This measure arno~lnta to 84 ts'un in a d~gnified memorial, the groundwork Inore per chang than the ying tsao ck'ih of upon which 110 had previously based his the Public Works' Department, measilri~~g acc~~sations againat E'i-sii, a secretary of by which standard, accordingly, the length the Board of Revenue, in obedience to tlle would be 197 li 47 chang. The auln issued per li is Tls. 2,400, making a total for the main body of the work of Tla. 473,928. For labour carried on under water, a distance of upwards of 3,000 chang, the amount paid has' been Tls. 92,650. For filling up the cl~aams and cl~annels of the river-bed, Tls. 31,452. For s~lbsidiary dykes, Tle. 36,288. For excavatiug clrannels of derivation, Tls. 78,468. Tl~e above represents the outlay expended ou works in the Shantung province alone, beside which Tla. 78,356 have beell issued for corresponding worka executed in the Tungming district in Cl~il~li. Ae regards t11e repairs executed 011 the 11ort.11 bank, in restoring the Kin embankment, &g, tl~ese have been carried out on a similar system by the district acltl~oritiea, to whom a sum of Tla. 22,620 11aa been allotted toward the cost of the ut~dertaki~~g. The total amount of the outlay is Tla. 813, Toward this expeuditure the funds available were a balqnce in 11a11d of Tls. 23,046 on accou~lt of river repairs, and Tla. 100,000 which the 8-aJL Department of the Liaug-Hwai has decree calling for this evidence. He enumerates a variety of particulars in which tm oflicial conduct of the incriminated functionary, according to the information that has reacl~ed him, has been irregular and pres~~pptuons, and he expresses sorne surprise that the pres~dents of the Board s11011ld have manifested a disposition to back 11in111 by replying, as they have done, that " pr%:fa are not forthconling." Persor~ally, the Censor has never even seen K'i-sii, and hie only ~notive in deno~~ncing him was that of contributillg to the good of the State ill this period of embarrxaanie~~ts, by obtaining the punishment of oue deserving to be made an example of. (3) Kin-shun, assistant Cornmauder-inchief of the army of Sungaria, reporte that on his appoititment to the post of "Captain-General of Urumtai," he has caused a temporary wooden meal of office to be engraved wit11 the proper iuscriptio~i, and has destroyed the teuiporary meal he has l~eretofore had in use. A ug. 16th-(1) The Governor of,shantung memorializes denoul~cing a dietrict Magistrate named Wan Yung for illegal.

63 exactions while in charge of the Po-p'ing Weatern commissariat having been transdistrict last year. According to the regula- ferred to tl~e Financial Uomlnissio~~er of tions in force in Sl~antu~ig, the levy of Shenai, under the ordere of Tso Tsnngthe rice-tax'ia conducted on the following t'ang. Resuming the work he has accomprinciple : 1'-Where the tax is collected ~lished, the memorialist states that he has in money, the tan (picul) of rice is com- been engaged since 1869 in hia late post, muted into 6,000 cash (Government atan- which involved the gettiug in of the aubdard) ; and 2"-Where it ia customary to sidies ordered to be paid by different collect in kind, an equivalent quautity of provinces, and that he was laet year further rice is levied, the amount being fixed charged with the collection of supplies according to the prevailing local market for the army which is to operate beyond rates for the ataple. When collecting the the Wall, and with auditing the accounts of revenue of his diatrict last year, it has now expenditure under the head of "garrisons been discovered, the incriminated func- of the different cities in Kaahgnria." He tionary entirely ignored the regulations in haa now handed over his funds and force. He issued the receipt-alips to his acco~~nts to the Financial Commissiol~er revenue-clerka before payment, requiring of Shensi, and haa deapatched the carts, tliern to hand over suma of money in mules, and camels he has collected for advance, and to extort amounta in excess purposes of army transport, in separate of the legal rate of taxation--so much so divisiol~s, to Lan-chow and Suh-cllow for that for the tow (10 cattiea, or service aa Tso Tsung-t'ang may direct. &j of a tan) of rice, no lesa than 950 cash Bug. 16th.-Yung-ts'uan, Military Gowere exacted. The Prefect aild Taoiai vernor of Ili, memorializes applying for ui~der whose jurisdictio~~ the delinquent posthumous honours on behalf of an addiwas placed, havelikewise sent in reports to tional number of high military officers this effect. The Goverllor requests that who per~al~ed at the capture of Ili by the Imperial orders may be gireu directing Mahommedan rebels on the 22nd Novemthat he be stripped of his rank, and made ber, Ele especially eulogizes the a prisoner to be brought to trial.-sanc- heroic conduct of the then m~litary tioned by previous rescript. Governor, bling-aii, who, after maintain- (2) The same Gover~~or pleads for an ing a proloilged aud deaperate defence increaae of income on behalf of the pro- agninst overwhelming odds, at length fell vincial Literary Chancellor, wl~ose emolu- a victim with his entire family after the ments are exclusively confined to hia aasault. In a former memorial, Yungyang lien or o5cial aalary, without addi- ts'iian represented that wl~ilat lli is not tional allowances of any kind, and wlio yet recovered, the general longing for the' has to meet all the expenaes of his nlanifestation of lmperial auccour ia illtense, administration from tliia source. His and that the recognition of the deaerts of official outlay has been largely augmented the heroic dead will prove a signal encourof late years in conseqnence of the general agement to those who are, now maintaining trailquillization of the province, leading the struggle ; and he repeats the same to a contii~ual increaae in the number of language now. cand~dates for examination. The salary Ang. 17th.-Yii-ahe, the Imperial Resiof the post is ~~omi~~ally Tls 4,000 per dent for the Ts'ing-hai (Kokonor) region, annum, but it ia subject to the existing reports on the condition of affairs in his stoppage of one-fifth, applied to all governme~~t. He has already reported official salaries, as well as to the de- that on tlie 6th April 1874, he advanced duction under tlie head of " loss by weight." It is now entreated that the l~is head quarters from P'ing-fan (Fa) - 7- stoppage may in this case be waived.- to Chan-p6h a walled city having Referred by rescript for the consideration of the Board of Revenue. the rank of hie>& or d~strict, which occupies- (3) Yuan Pao-hang, a Vice-President of a comma~ld~ng position on the road to the Board of Revenue, reports his return Si-ning. Tlie walled conclosllre, however, to Peking from the temporary super- ia smlill and the inhabitant0 few, the great intendence of the co~nmissariat departn~el~t bulk of the trading population being setof the army of the Weat (see Gazette of tled in the eastern suburb. This was October 6th, 1874). Having proceeded to formerly protected by a wall, of which:! Ning-hie on a tour of inspection of the Iiowever, i~lcursions of the river hat ' route for the army supplies, he received on cauaed the downfall, and the plabe,kbsf the 12tkMay a Council despatch, forward- consequently exposed to panic at dny&m(. ing e;decree directing him to return to his of disturba~ices. The mem~rialist,k,tiiide~~. post irkpeking, the euperintendence of the quentlg set 400 men of the his order to work last year at digging a is committed over again-the gravity of '4. calla1 to divert the courae of the inundation, circumstances is explained away to someto build an embankment, and to restore thing of no moment, or the wronq is made the wall encloa~ng the suburb, all of which the better cauee. Hence arise the multiworks have now been completed. The wall tudes of appeala to Peking, which are is 614 chang ill length ; and a fort has also perpetually intruding OII the Snored care, been erected on the r~ver-bank. Tlle to sncl~ an extent that time does not defences were but just completed at the serve for ao much as perusiug them. 011 end of laat year when the alarm in the an appeal being lodged, the invariable direction of Ho-Chow ($1 $11) took place ; course is to direct by rescript the provincial goverunleut co~~cerned to brillg but the fortifications gave entire co~~fidence to the tlie case to tr~al with perfect justice, aud IIIIII~E of the people. The ne~ghbourllood of Cl~an-peh, beluga well-watered the coniplni~~a~lt is forwarded, according to regulatio~~, 1111der escort, to be folrthcomi~lg 4 couutry, was formerly a gram-producing region, but owing to the prevaleuce of when required to give his evidence. The rebell~on for the last 15 years, tl~e irrigaobject of t111a procednre is to bear as lightly as possible OII tlon works have completely d~aappeared, the witnesses who are parties to the case, and to spare the I in coilsequence of tlie abandonment of husbandry. Orders have now been given trouble of journeys to and fro to the for the restoration of the old oha~~nels for numbers of judicial officers who are inthe disbribution of water. Works of revolved in the proceedings. How little building and replanting are being urged ia it dreamt that, from the moment an appeal i on. is remitted for rdwarilig, all prospect of redress is gone for ever (the italics are Bug. 18th.-(1) The Censor Tdng K'ing- ours, Tram.), and the injustice complained lin, In a postscr~pt memorial, draws against actually becomes inteusified! Of attentiou to the abuses prevailiug in con- the appellants, some die in the plecea nection with the hearing of appeal cases where they are held in durance, others die iu the course of the journey they have to : 1 referred back from Peki~~g. He represents that the adm~nistration of the arimiual take ; and although the official reports are laws ranks among the most importa~~t all to the effect that " death has taken place fu~~ctio~~s of gover~iment ; adding that, i from disease," these cases may nevertheless elnce the country was plunged into a state well come under the category of pitiable i of warfare by the rebelliou, the avenues and suspicious transactions. ap, to ofiicial position have been widened, and pellant beiug conveyed in custody to the ability has been appreciated without regard provincinl capital, his case is remitted aa I to strict adherence to duty. The conse- in its earlier stayes to the central criminal quence is that wl~ilst good as well as court ; and, supposing that no abuses are capable men are not wanting to the public prevalent in the way of long accumulation^^ service, corrupt and unacrupulous men of arrears, and that the parties are forthabouud in ~t also. Funct~onariea of tl~ie with summoned to appear, months and claaa make use of judicial positions for years still elapse during which time bhe their own cuds, aided and abetted by tlieir complainant is held in cd~~finement! to 1 underlings, maki~ig the wrong appear the await the-trial. In so111e cases, the comt better cause, and turning and tw~st~ng in plainant is laid ill his last resting place I such wlse as to ~nvolve the innoce~~t In before the day of hearing at lengtli arrives; misfortune. Worda are inadequate to but supposing the trial to be held within describe the miseries of t111s state of the d111y appointed time, the result is either affairs. Examination el~cits the fact that tl~e appellant is seute~~ced as guilty that, of the prosecut~one instituted of bri~~git~g a calumnious charge, or else throughout the cou~itry, some 20 or 30 In he is adjudged to have been misled by the hundred take them rise 111 accusations nlere suspicion iuto laying an unfounded of murder, wh~lst aa mauy as 80 or 90 per accusation. There is not a caae on.necord cent. refer to murders comm~tted as acte iu which previoua proceedings have been followipg on previous judicial triala. To aimply revereed. Now, the majorirty.of begill with, the superior authorities, appeals to Peking are cases in which soils standing on them dignity, decliue to deal or brothers complain of the murder of personally with matters of minor import- their kinsfolk, and it is not consisbenb 9nce, or else, on the ground of some flaw with probability that every one of them. the proceedings, straightway reject the + should be wilfully calumni~us or unfoundec3. isdictment, or perhaps send it back to be accusations. Granting that one man,maf ". Ct;led #over &gain by,the same court as be a reckless! and wanton accuser4 I. itr ~irs ' beforb: Thus an inj uatice once committed unlikely.that eveny oomplainaqt ~shouldlbs, rf 1 :..- ;><',.-.

64 of the enme description-that every com- would be required to restore the river On two occeeiona he Wa8 favoured with year's account ae yet. Tlte i~npending plaint is baseless because diie may be works to their old condition of efficiency. adiniesion to the Imperial presence, and cere111011ie8 on the occasion of tlle refo~ind to be so, or that because one province Aug. 19th.-The acting Governor- having been llououred more than once wit11 inoval of tlie coffi~ls of their lately may be notorious for its litigious spirit, General of the two Kiang reports the gifts of viani ;, he was com~lla~~ded to return deceased Mnjesties will eutail a heavy therefore the whole empire is imbued with rehearing of an appeal caae referred back to his post and to take measures for securing outlay for biers, vel~icles, sedans, iuthe like te~~dency. Where grave irregu- from Peking. A native of the Hing-llwa the wahcl~ ai~d ward of the frontier. 011 signia, and atte~~daiits ot every descriptior~, larities exist in the earlier stages of a case, district, named Sii Pi-hwa, had accused a.-,x his arrival ill Yiirl~~an in obedience to these wlricl~ is estimated at about Tls. 38,000; the number of persons through whose kiusman, named Sii F~tli-tai, of,murdering coinma~~ds, 110 was directed by the Act111g a ~ it ~ is d r~rge~~tly besongl~thal the ar~tl~ollal~ds it llas passed is liltely to be consi- Ilia father. It appears that complainant's Governor-General, Ta16n Yii-yi~~g, to take rities of Cl~illli aud the Salt Gabelle be derable, and they mutuxlly stand by each father has disappeared since 1856, when up 11is post as Brigadier at K'ai-l~wa (on coinma~~ded to f~ir~~islr Tls. 40,000 for thie other in their own interest. K~ther, he left home to seek a livelihood elsewhere ; the Soutlr-western frontier); but oil reaoll- purpose by the 9th September. evidellce is fabricated with a view to and the son, having fallen ont with ing Ta-li Fu, he waa overtakeu by a forcing withdrawal from ftirtl~er proceed- reference to ~noney matters with Sii Full- despatch desiring him to take cl~arge (2j The 11ewly appointed Governor of EIIII~II, Li Khg-ao, reports havir~g I~anded ings, or false statements are laid before tai, dreamt one night that his father of tlie office of Acting Commauder-inover his late seal of office as Financial the a~~perior authority in order to Iiood- appeared before him and revealed the fact Cliiaf, the actual incurr~bent of the post, Commiasio~ler of S11a11si on the 24th July wink 11irn into dismiaai~~g the case, or of his liaving been beaten to death, and Poll-cll'ang, having solicited permiaaio~~ to to hie succesror Weng P'IIII. Beiug things go even so far that the witileasee buried near the river-bank by Sii Full-tai. viait Peking for audience. He accordi~lgly afflicted w~tlr cllronic aetl~ma, aird lravi~lg are put to death in order to stop their Upon this, complainant lodged an accusa- took over the seal of office on the 8th of been lately weakelled by all attack of mouths. False certificates of sickness, tion with the district Magistrate, who May, and paid tlle proper obeisances before diarrlma, lie begs sanction to a ruont11's false medical prescriptions, are trumped- dismissed it as frivolous and vexatious. au altar erected facing ill the directiou of conge before liaste~~ir~g to Peking to preup ; findings of illquests are substituted The complaii~ant still persevered, however, Peking, retur~~iog t11a11ka for tl~e Imperial sent l~i~uself for aud~ence. Grauted by one for the other, and dates are shifted and persuaded himself that Sii Fuh-tai was bourlty. The province, he goes OII to rescript. backwards or forwards as the case ill league wit11 the yam611 clerks and was observe, is a reglon of importance on the may be. The result of all thia is that laying a plot to take his life. He finally 1, frontier of his Majesty's dominions, and (3) The Actiug-Governor of Kiangsi t11e more the appeals the greater tl~e brought his appeal to Peking ; and tlte Ta-li Fu, being a bulwark of defence in reports the purchase and sl~ipmel~t by injustice, and the public feeling on the caae I~aving been tl~orougl~ly sifted by the itself, is the appointed residence of tlie steamer for Tielitsin of the eutire quota of subject-most unbecomii~g to an orderly Prefect of Soocl~ow, the Provi~lcial Judge, Commander-in-Chief, where he exercises rice tribute due from that province condition of affairs-is expressed in tlle and tlie Governor himself, the facts are his functions of control over the elltire for the current year. This method adage : "Horses shy at the waggon, and declared to be as stated. For the offeilce army, and defensive operations of the of fur~tisliiug the rice supply having men at the Government over them." of imperilling the life of an accuaed persoil province. Hirl~self a mere ignorar~t soldier, been duly eanctioued, it has been After rspeatiug that u~~acrupulous oajciala by a false capital charge, the charge not who has apelit eighteen years in active arrai~ged, accordi~ig to the system in are encouraged by the knowledge that resulting in convictioii, cornplainant is service on tlle froiltier, to be honoured by force already in K~nilgsu and Cl~ehkiarig, appeals are certain to be referred back to liable to the penalty of one hundred blows. so great a distit~ctivn overwhelms him as explai~~ed by tlre Taotsi Chu K'i-aug, the original tribunals for rehearing, and and transportation to a distance of 3,000 with confueion. Be will, however, exert of the China Merchants' Steamship Co., to tl~e miseries entailed by the prevailing li, but his case is not excluded from tlie t every effort for the discl~arge of his duty, that, beside the regular quota of 80,000 systematic denials of justice, the Censor benefit of the act of grace issued on the in co~tcert with the Governor-General and piculs of rice, a further allowance for waste entreats that a Decree be issued lo all the accession of his present Majesty on the the Goverl~or. and ratious (of the Paillo cargo-boat men), Provi~lcial Governments, ordering the 26th February last, and 110 is consequeiitly Aug~ist 21st.-(I) The duke King-show, amouuti~lg to picule 7,780, should be promost atrillgent inju~ictioils to be laid upon exempted from punishment, but sei~to consort of the Imperial Princess (sister of vided. Accordiugly, the followi~~g purthe judicial officers charged with the Ilia native place to be kept under sur- Hien F~II~), Grand Chamberlain of the cllaaee of rice have been made in Kiangau, hearing of appeals, forbidding illegal veillai~ce. Equipage dopa tment, memorializes re- Kix~~gai, and Anhwei, under the directiou conduct of any description, under penalty, Bug. 20th.-(1) A Decree. Ting Jih- qoeeting a decree ordering the speedy of Cl~u Taotai, VIZ. :- in the event of detection, of being dealt cl~ang memorializes Us, stating that the paymei~t of arrears due to the chest of Film rice... Pcls. 20,000 with accordiiig to the statute agaulst tl~e termination of h~s conge is impending, and his office. The regular disburaeme~~ta of Cargo-boat rations paesing of sentences at variance witli the soliciting permissioi~ to return to his home the department depend exclusively on the Do. waste alluwance law. for restorative treatment, Ilia complail~t payment of Taele 20,760 which shpuld be Steamer do. do ,600 (2) Li Hung-chang, Governor-General of being aggravated in intensity. Let 11im forwarded ai~nually from the rents of lalid Cl~ihli, reports ill detail the particulars of a enjoy two mont,hsl furtl~er conge for rest ill d~fferei~t districts of Chilrli, together Total-Fine rice ,946 disastroiis rise of the Y ung-ting river and treatment at Tientsin, a~rd let six Tls. 4,800 accruing from il~terest 011 a Second quality rice... 60,000 (Hw6n Ho), wl~icll, havi~tg been swollen taels' weight of.ginseng be bestowed upon depoeit accou~~t n~rder the n~anaqexnent of Cargo-boat rations by the July rains, rose to a height of him, toward the treatment of which he the Ch'ang-In Sult Gabelle. For years Do. waste allowauca chjih at Shill-king Slian by the 26th of stands - ill need. past arrears I~ave gone ort accii~n~~latitt~, Stean~er do. do.... 4,8u0 that moi~tll, and two days later, having ul~til ill 1873 the sum totnl of these under (2) Yang Yii-k70 still forther risen, swept over the southern the head of reuts a~uou~~ted to Taels embankment ill an impetuous flood, in1111- General of the K'ai-hwa division in Yiin- Total... Picula 87, ,200, and under the l~exd of i~~terest dati~l~alarge tract of country. Tl~epuniah- nan, and Acting Commander-in-Chief of from the Salt departll~e~lt to Tls. 38,000. The wl~ole of tl~e above has been se~~t ment of the responsible officials by depri- the provincial forces, memorializes report- It is now upwards of a year si~~ce the forward by stean~er. [N.B.-The amvu~rt vation of rank is requested, asalso a pe~inlty ing his having take11 05% and returning moiltl~ly pny~na~lts from the Equipage of rice tribute with wllicl~ K~a~~gai is by to be meted out to the Governor-Genera1 thanks for the Imperial favour..lpt depart~t~e~rt I~ave bee11 suapel~ded. 111 the regulalioi~ assessed, ie.uywarde of piculs l~imaelf, as their direct superior ; but at year, Ile writes, Your slave course of last year the provil~cial goveru- 500,000 per allliuln, puder the o\d system, the same, time it is submitted that the Peking for an audience, and laid lib, beg'# meut forwarded the currellt year's relit8 aa exhibiled iri an ~rticle on tlre Graiu calamity was one wllicl~ no humall effort in the dust before the ~PalbQ less a deficiency of upwards of Tls. 4,000, Tra~~sport System ob Cl~lna, iu the?hino could avert, and that milliona of taele entreating the admonitlone of HIE but nothing hs been received on t11k Review, No. 6, vol. iiii, T;


66 manner, sending prices ap daily. It nioi~ntaina have been stripped of everyis uecessary to have a daily distribution of thing, he has had to obtain supplies from food, IIIRII by 111a11, to the force under TIIII-11wang ChJ6ng. The cost per tan at W~II-li11's C O I I ~ I I ~ and ~ ~ ~ IIOW, tht~t rice tllis place is abo~~t.tla. 10- on an average, and firewood have become eql~al ill price bot an addition of Tls. 6.has to be made to the most expeneive luxuries, it is diffi- to tl~at a~noont for every hundred catties cult to say what is to be done. He has transported. This brings up the cost per borrowed a few thousalld taele apiece from tun to Taels twenty-eight (the tan or picul the generals Kill-~IIIIII, CII:LII~ YRO, al~d being conseque~~t,ly taken at 300 catt.ies or the Prince of the Kal~n~tks (Hwei-tsze about 4U0 lba.). To add to these embar- Ts'in Wang), who have bee11 eye wit~~eases raaame~~ta, nine buildings in ten, formerly of Ilia distress, but this is a ~nere drop in existing beyo~~d the Wall, are now in ruins, the ocean, and thi~~gs cannot go on mnch and the diflicolties of transportation across longer in so precarious a co~lditioi~. W6r1- a desert extending for tl~ousanda of li are liu observes, in addition, that Halni immense. Re appends a detailed statement is a strategical point of the ontmost' of the prices of provisions now prevailing importance on the lit~e of nlarcl~ of the army now being directed against Sungaria and Kashgaria, and especially on the road at Hami for the information of his Majesty. -Rescript referring the above to the Board of Revenue. to Tarfiin. Any encouragme~~t given to the e~~emy by leaving it u~rprovided for, would have most diaastrons results. He trnsts tl~at at such a crisis his troops will not be left to fight on empty stomacl~s in order to abide by tl~e letter of the Board of Revenue's regulatiol~s ; and he collsequently elltreats the iin~nediate supply of Tls. 200,000 as above stated, sendirrg Ilia memorial by a special officer to Peking to await the iss~~e of the alnount.-rescript : Let the Board of Reve~lue consider and report to Us nit11011t delay. (3) In a supple~nentary memorial, W6nlilt further states that lle has just pernsed a memorial from the Board of Reve~rue, comme~lting upon a marked discrtlpa~~cy belween tlie prices of rations as reported $ro~n Ha~ni and from Ku-cl1'611g, wilh the observation that the Board is not, informed (3) Ui~g T'l~ng-taio, acting Governorwl~etl~er tl~e cost of tralrsport is i~lcluded General of the two Bu, me~norializes in the higher figure. Be begs leave to requesting permission to abolisl~ the li kin represent tl~:~ t si~lce tlre winter of 1873, the tax on rlce within his jurisdictiou, as a price of provisions (grain) has risen to measure of relief to the people. He refers to the original introdnctio~~ of the Tls. 16 a 16 and upwards per tan (6) li.kin tax (in 1855) bv the tlrel~ Governor wllicl~ includes the cost of transport. At of Hupeh, HU ~in:yi&, as an i~~dispensable Barkoul tlie price is Tls. 7 a 8, but wit11 adjnnct to the supplies required for the tra~ls~ortatio~l added the cost would Imperial armies during tlie rebellion, and come to the sanle thing as at Halni. to its subsequent contirluance as a means and tllere llas bee11 no reductiori of prnvidi~~g s~~baidiea for the army in the for a series of years past. The west, the maritime defence of Kiangsu. cost of the proviaiolls mllicl~ JT6n-li11 the wor~a on tlie Yellow River, &c., &c ; obtained laet year fro111 the tribes of tile but lle urges that tl~e remissiou of the tax Mallomrlleda~~s (Tnrguts) was fixed at on rice would affect the irlcome from this Tle. 10 per tan, but as prices were raised aonrce in Hu K~vang by only one-twentieh among the private dealers he was of tlre total amou~~t, aud he promises Co compelled lo advance the taliff to Tls. 12, stilnulate the oficiala charged wit11 the in order nob to harass unduly the barbarian li-lcin collectorate to the most earnest dis- tribes. As the producing districla lay at s di~tflnce of between 300 slid 400 or even 6 0 a~ld ~ 600 li from.ha~lli, he waa in nll cases obliged to iaaue a11 wllow~i~~ce f11r tranaport; and i~ow that the eastern Aug. 26th.-(1) A Decree in reply to a memorial from the Governor of Shun-t'ien Fu, reporting illegal nction on the part of a member of the Imperial family named Tsai-kw'bn, holding the hereditary rank of Fu Kwoh Tsiang-biii~, in connection with a dispute about ~11e ownership of lands. Tlie case is relnitted to the Inrperial Clan Court and the Bonrd of Poni~l~met~-ts for trinl. (2) TBO TBUIIR-t'ang, Governor-Genpral of Ka~lsuh, etc., reports that the acting Ge11er;~l Conlmander-in-cllief of the provincial forces, Tsao K'BII-chung, has been placed in mourning by the death of Ilia motl~er at the family I~olne, at Tientein, and llaa consequently been obliged to retire froin office. A brevet general, uamed T'ao She-kmei, has beell temporarily placed ill comnia~~d. charge of their duty in levying the tax on merclra~ldize in general. Aug (1) A Decree in reply to a memorial by Lhe Censor Yiian Cll'611g-yeh, who has. impeached two Superintendents of the Peking Granariee for dilatory action had beset him with honied temptations, and careless exposure of tlie gram. Tlie w11icl1 l~owever he 11as sternly a11d perelnpvice-presidents of the Granaries are ordered torily repelled. Tlle Goverllor e~ltreats to i~lst~tote a stringent enquirj into the that Ilnper~al injunctio~is be laid npon the conduct of the two i~npeaclled officiale, who Governor-General, d~recting llim to give are suspended from their posts pe~~du~g i~nplicit obedie~lce to the decree already the result. issued, which enjoina the suppression (2) A Decree commanding that the bio- in perpetuity of tile Wei-Sing lotteries, and grapl~y of the late Goverr~or of Bonan, fdrbidding liim to apply under any pretext Ts'ren Ting-ming, as requested by TsBllg fur tl~e~r re-eatoblinl~rnent. (For rescgpt Kwoh-ts'iian ill a memorial extolling 111s acceding to this request R I I ~ ce11sli~111g publ~c services, be included by the Imperial the Governor General, see Gazette.of, lltl~ historiographers in the national annals. instam t.) ~(3) Chang Chao-tung, Governor of (4) Tile acting Governor-General of the Kwangtu~~g, memorializes ~gaillst the at- two HU reports the death of the assist.ant tempt lately made by the Governor-General Literary Exanliner for the provl~~ce oe Yillg-han to restore the system of Wei. Kwal~usi, wl~ile paaaillg tl~rongl~ Hupel~ OIL Sillg lotteries at Canton. Ou receipt of the 1mperi.d Decree of the 26th February laat year, he writes, Ile gave irn. mediate orders for the snppresaion of the lottery agencies, aud when the Goverllor- General Ying-ha~i sul,aeqr~ently arrived and took office, on Ilia referrl~lg to the snbject, the Governor stated to him that Imperial orders having been given for the Ilia way to llis desti~~ntion. He died on the 30th July, of dyae~~tety brought 011 by exposure to the heat ill the course of his jonr~ley. AS there will not be time for the appoilltof a successor before the period fixed for the exa~nit~atlone, the cllief Examiner will be required to diacllarp the functions of both oficlals. (6) Tad~lg Kwoh-t'siian, Governor- Gelleral of the Yellow ltlver, reports on the riae of the waters in the river and its affluent8 d11ri11g the period of tlle late sunllner flol~da. On the 18tl1 July, he abolition of tlie lotteries, their re-estalrlis11- ment wna not to be tllought of. It subseqnently came to his knowledge that Ylng-han had separately memorialized the Tl~roue on tlie subiect. witl~out even corn. states, the Yellow River snddenly rose at municsting to him 'a cdpy of the memorial, Hwar~g Kin-t'a11 (B$$iB) a11;ii~htof 5 but 110 did ]lot presume to draw at lention C~L& 7 ts'un: 011 rile l9tl1 Lllere was a to this proceeding. On the 12th July laet, furl.11er rise df 4 clh'ih 1 tshn; OII the 26tl1, however, a proclamatiori was abruptly a riae of 6 ch'lh 3 ts'un occurred ; on the issued by the Coast Defence Committee of 2it11,4ch'ih 9 /s1trn; H I I 011 ~ tlle 3rd A ngust, the provi~~cial Government, stating that a 4 C]L'~~L 7 ~Y''LL?Z (tola1 24 ch'lh i ts'uiz, or certain mercantile association had laid tenders before the Governor-General, about 27 feet). A ei~n~lar rise took place during tile same intervlkl in the waters of offering to pay the amount of $800,000 under the 11e:~d of " interest " for the the river Sin ($&), and the force of-the curyears 1876, 1876, and 1877, to w11icl1 rent tlrua augrne~~led is described as some- H.E. had replied declarirlg the proposal tl~ing terrific. The lnasollry works, butfeasible, and furthermore prescribing that tresses, and other appurtetlal~ces of the the standard to be followed al~ould be the old embankments were swept away in list of names of tl~e successful candidates all directions by the irresistible flood, but at the civil and military examit~atio~la owing to immellse exertio~ls on the part tl~rourl~vut the province of Kwaugtltng. of the ofiicers co~~cerr~ed the places The Governor proceeds llerenpon to euler tl~reatened wit11 brexcl~es of the embankon a long and elaborate denunciation of ment were successfully rescued from the the de~noral~zation and ruin entailed by irnyer~ding danger. tlie gnmbli~~g lotteries which tlle decree of Aug. 28th. -(I, 2, and 3). Decrees dislast year abolished. Not o111y do they tributing the ftrl~ctiolla discharged by Y ungtempt tl~ousands to tlleir own destructiou lull durillg Ilia abser~ce from Peki~~g by the prospect of wi~~nings wl~icll in the in charge of the arrangements at the nature of tllings call only be secured by a Imperial mausolea. His duties as a very few, but they also opem the door to Vice-Preaideut of the Board of Revenue official corruptio~~ of a very serious type, and C'aptnin-general of oue of the Bzulners in the way of mar~iyulatio~l of the awards are conferred on two otller o~cials, and of literary degrees. The late Literary Ilia 'oint-command of tlle Co~~stabulary iw Cl~aucellor of the province has told 11im 1 entllsted to the care of Cllrnag.1iow. how, even beforehibdepartorefrom Peking, (4) A Decree. Let Kwoh Sung-tao, ecouudrelrr conuected with this organization Judicial Commissioner of FuWlien, vacate.

67 Ilia post, and be placed on the list of ex- Po-yang Lake. Be will, as Ilia next step, yect.ant Vice-Presidents. visit the defences of the 111outh of Ule (5) 'I'l~e Court of Censorate forwards an Pangtsze arid the Woosu~~g river. appeal lodged by Slle Hwa-t'ang and Bug, 29th.-A decree. Let Chang Yo11- otl~ers, i~~l~abital~ts of the J611-k'ill diatrict in Cl~ihli,-wl~o complain that a nephew of succeed to the vacant post t]le firat llnnled appe]]ant oil tile 5th of Judicial Co~nmiaeio~~er in Ful~kien. of &Iav last a ~ ~ r e l ~ wit]lout ~ ~ ~ anv d ~ d Tl~e remainder of this day's Gazette is cause ;vhateve/by trvo Inell named ~i;, occ~~pied with reportr fro111 Krtnsuh 811d and carried off to a lnilitrry post colll- Sliellsi, ill reference to minor official apmanded by a sllba]tern oecer named Wu poilrtments, il~cludiug the confir~natio~l of r la 7 7. rng-lung, wllo, B,itllout liatelring to a Lao W~II-pin, a so11 of the for~~ter Gover~~orsyllZble of relnonstrnice, caused lliln to General of the two K\vallg, L o TB'LIII~be put to death, and exhibited his head kwang, in an expecta~~t Taotaisl~ip, after as a public spectacle tile to haviuy acco~nplisl~ed Ll~e year'e probatiou which Ilia ciiptors belo~~g.. It is alleged ~reacribed by regt~latio~~. that the.nlilitary officer in question is hand Ang. 30th. -Tso Tsung-t'al~g, Governoringlove wit11 these two Inen, w11o lately coin- General of Kansuh and Slre~~ai, nlemonlitted a flagrant act of ho~lse-breaking, rialims, denou~~cing a diatrict magistrate aud tl1:rt the victim of Ilia outrageous act nxn~ed Cl~al~g-ki~~ for the followi~~g offence. Was sacriticed as a pretended cri~ni~~al, in , tl~e magistrate ill qnestion made order to sl~ield the really gr~ilty parties. report to the Governor-Gemera1 to the 111 any cnse, the power of life a ~ death ~ d effect that a military graduate named Wang was flagra~~tly usurped, and the case is and a retired soldier, who had been deremitted to tile provi~lcial gover~iment fur corated for services in bl~e field, had been enqniry. guilty oe numeroos pracbioes and were '. L.t (6) Yang Yell-ping, fornmrly Governor- I~iirbouring suspiciol~a designs. Orders of Sl~e~~si and Ka~rsul~, lllsyector were given l~ereupo~i for the apprel~e~~eiolr '- 6f the l~aval forces OII the Ya~~~tsze, reports of the accused, who were broaght before. that after htivi~lg lrad 11is at~dience of the Provi~~cial Executive Con~~~~ittee ab ' leave 011 the 8:h of Xiay last, Ile proceeded Lan-cl~ow Fu, tlie magistrate bei~~g at the to Tiel~tsin, wlrere lie co~~sl~lted rsitll Li same tillbe SIIII~IIIOII~~ to give evidence. Hul~g-cl~al~g on ~natters re111ti11g to mari- By tlre time these orders were about to be time and river defe~rce, and visited ill carried illto effect, I~owever, the n~agiatrate colnpally wit11 tl~nt l1ig11 oeicer tl~e various litid I~a~rded over charge of his oflice, aud depart~l~enta of the Arseaiil, finding the left for the province of Kweicl~ow, to serve stores of arms of every descriptior~ abund- wit11 the artny. His return was called for ant arid of the best qunlity. Be ~~ext oflicially, and the case has now been yroproceeded to riait the exre~~sive furtifica- ceeded witli. Tl~e charge bruuglrl against tions at Taltu and Sin Cl1'i311g, where tl~e two accnsed is ~OIIII~ to have origi~ra- Colonel Lo Pony-kwang exl~ibi~ed ~IIIIS ted ill the fact that, before the magistrate ~vl~ich hit the mayk iit a distance of 8 li, el~tered on Ilia duties they had taken an arid wl~ere experin~euts were n~itde with active part in obtaii~ing col~tributiol~sr torpedoe~ exl~ibiti~~g resiilis of exbmordi- toward the supplies for the army, actuated nary force. 111 a11 these partic~llars the by a desire to secure official rewards for dilige~~t care a ~ energetic ~ d foretl~ou~l~t of their zeal, but the district being impoverthe Gover~~or-Generill Li are ~atisfnctorily ished, and their proceedingn erposlllg manifested. Proceeding by way of the tl~eni to nlucl~ a~~imadversion, they gave up Grand Canal, 110 i~rs~ecled tl~e v;~riotts their attempt0 to raise money and declined river works en voicte, fi~~di~~g a clear transil to contii~ue tl~e~n allei~ called OII to do so provided for the passage of tl~e gai~t j11111ts by C11a11g-kin. His accusatio~~ against tl~e nortl~wards, bnt at Cl~n~~g-ts'iu :LII~ Pa-li two lnen is declared to be u~~warraeted, Mino, and between Li~~-t,s'ill~ CIIOW a ~ ~ ai~d d Ilia diamirrsal from the public service Tung-clr'ang Fu the bed of tl~e river raised is requested ; but at the sa~ne the, tl~e by silting-up to a l~eigl~t of 12 or 16 feet two accused are found to have acted with: (above tile level of the land), greatly to orit due autl~orizatio~~, and tl~ey have been tl~e detriment of navigation. 011 the l6tll stripped of Ll~eir rank and distirlctiotls.- July he reached Nanki~lg, wl~ere 11e ell- Rescript aanctio~~ing the above. tered upoil con~i11t.ation with the acti~lg dug.3lst-(court Circular.) ChangYoll- Goverl~or-Genera] with reference to the ling returned tl~ailks for his appoi~~tnle~~t river defe~~ces, and he 11as t11e11ce proceeded as Judicial Con~rriiasioner to Fol~kien. with the special Commissioner, P'hg Yii- Audie~~ce was given to the Grand Cou~~cil, lin, to inspect the furtificatiolls of the to Chaug Yoh-ling, and to Hii Kien-eh6n. (1) Li Hung-cl~nng, Governor General of Chancellors of Rupeli nnd Ronan, report. Chil~li, reports the result of the rel~enri~~g ing the results of their exaini~~atio~~s. of a11 appeal case referred back from Sept. 211d.31) A Decree. Let Liu Peking (see Gazette of March 16th). The Kw'611-yil1 811cceed lo the post of Uover~~orappellant, widow of a petty military officer, General of the Two Kwang. U~~til his lrad denol~nced her brother-ill-law for the arrival at his post, let Cl~ang CIlno-tung alleged murder of 11er husband and EOII, discharge the dubies of the ofice col~joi~~tl and for indirectly cauai~~g the suicide of with his own (as Governor of Ktva~~gtung). her SOII'S wife ; as also the XIagietrate of Let Liu Ping-cl~ang succeed to the poet of Tientsin for endeavouring to llusl~ up tllc Governor of Kiangsi. case. C'l~ang Kao-sl~e, tl~e appellant, (2) A Decree With reference to the having been sent down to the custody of Melnorials (lstly) of Cl~crr~g-shall alld the District Bingistrate, l~ae died iu priuo~~, Kwol1-le11-1ni11 (1110 Mancl~n Co~n~nanderand the Magistrat.0 of tile 'I's'iug-yiirin in-chief and Lieutellant-General at Call toll) diatrict, having held all i~~quest, cer~ifiea reporting that officers of the snito of the that she died from 11atura1 causes. Tile Goverl~or-Gallera1 have assunied a fictitious case 11as bee11 proceeded witl~, aud the authority and co~il~nitted acts of diaqrder ; entire falsity of the origi~~al charge 11aa and (2ndly) of the Governor Chang Cl~aobee11 satiefactorily proved. Had she lived, Lung, requesting that certain officials wl~o tlre appellarit ~ould have incurred t11e have acted in a sca~ldalous manner be pe11a1t.y prescribed by law for tl~e lodging l~anded over to the Board for the infliction of false accusations. of aevere penalties, and also that the (2) Li Hung-cl~ang furtl~er reports tlie Gover~~or-Ge~~eral be enjoi~ted to com pel action taken ill obedience to an 1111perial the oeicials who have followed l~im to his order conveyed in Jannary last tllrougl~ post tu return to their respective I~omes;a~~d the Honsel~old departme~~t, for a si~pply of furtl~er, that certain officers of tlie suite be cotton cloth required for aw~~ii~gs and co~npelled to refund the a~noutita wrongcurtailla for the State ap~~rtmenta of the fully disbursed by them ; be it said that palace. An officer has bee11 sent tu obtai~~ the duty il~cumber~t upon Ying-11a11, the llecessary supplies, and 110 has pur- Governor-General of tlie Two Kwang, since cl~aaed ill tl~e southern districts of Cl~ilili his nominatio~~ to that post, was n~anifestly 170,265 ch'ih (sny about 60,WO yards) of that of mai~~tai~~ii~g the efficiency of the best qoa1it.y cloth, mliich has been dyed official admil~istration, and preserving the of the proper shades of blue, at a cost of tra!rquillity of lie region con~rnilted to Ilia nine candareens per ch'ih for material aud care. 111 actual fact, l~owever, 110 has dyeing. It 111~s been packed iu 34 large talcen wit11 11in1 a very large attendance bales and 1 small bale, the t,ral~sport of officers, both civil and military, includ- 011 wliich a~nounts to 'J'aela 10 per large bale ing as the ~nost trusted of their number, and 6 mace for tl~e small package, ~naking the Taolai Yii-ItBi~g, who has arrogated the total oublay Tls. 15, , wl~icll will autl~ority to I~imself and assumed all unbe cl~arged to debit of tlie provi~icial wxrrauted positio~~. A Decree having been revenue in regular account. issued some tirno ago con~~na~~di~~ the abulitio~r of the Wei-si~~ga~nbli~~g lot- Sept. 1st.-Chill-knng and his colleagues, teries at Callton, and a trader na~i~ed P'an the I~nperial Residents at K'uruu (Urga), 11avi11g under the altered desig~~atiou of ~ne~norializa wit11 refere~~ce to the with- Sl~ow TSII Hwei (or Asaociatiolr for Dedrawal of the drilled force of about 1,000 fe~~ce and Assistance), ~nade applic~tion stror~g, wl~icl~ was sent some time ago at the Gover~~or-Ge~~eral's otlice for sancfrom Ku-pei K'ow to that poilit 011 the tion to a system involvil~g the payment oe Mo~~golial~ frontier. Tl~ey represent tl~at license fees, an officer nanlcd W611 Sinq-jui the number of posti~rg stages between and otl~era have in concert with Yii-k611g Urga and Kalgall is forty-six, and tl~atho i~~stignted the Gover~~or-Ge~~aral to signify l~eavy demands made 11po11 these stxtio~~s Ilia assent to the proposal, al~ere~~yon, for lriealls of trallsport are already far in wit11011t any report l~aving been made to excess of the limited resources wit11 wllicl~ Clln~~g C~I~V-~IIII~, a proclamation was hurthey. are supplied. It ia co~~seque~~tly ried forth a~~~~ouucing the removal of tl~e requested that 1,400 bullock carts nlay be i~~terdict. Sucl~ col~duct is tanta~nount hired, to transport the fuel a ~ provisions ~ d to a serious derelictio~~ oe duty. That of tl~e retur~~i~~g force up to their poiut of tl~e officers wl~o sere taken to Callton passage tl~rough tho Great Wall.-Granted by the Governor-General, will~out ally by rescript. sauction to tl~eiremaining in the province The remainder of this day's Gazette is having been applied for and obtained, occupied with memoriab from the literary should nevertheless have had salaries alld


69 of business oil the part of the Military even greater still are tlie oppressions prao- Gover~ior niter tlie Peking fashioi~, tliat is tised on the victims of false clrarges or to say, keeping liis seal of o5ce at tl~e plnce atten~pts at extortion. It is n constnnt wliere oflicial business is transacted (11ot practice to dolay inquests, sometimes for at his ow11 residelice). As a col,aequellce molitl~s, as a mealla of extorti~ig squeezes. of this, every docurne~~t passes througli Tlie remedy proposed is tlie erectio~~ of a mnltitnde of hands, and secresy isre~~der- the office of flu Yin or Civil Governor illto ed impossible. Ts'u~~g-sl~ill l~i~nself has an equivalent of that of SG~L Pu, or obviated tl~ia difficulty, tlirougli l~aving (;over~~or in the eighteel1 Provilices. broogl~twithl~imai~umberof papersalready (3) Itefurm in the manner of conducting stamped beforelieleft Peking wit11 Ilia senlas the affairs of the five Boards at Mo~~kdeil Prenident of the Board c~f Punisllme~~ts, is next suggested. Tlie Board of Keser~ue so that he is nble to seal up a ~ se~~d d off slro~lld col~fine itself to its proper duties, docu~ne~~ts with his ow11 Iia~~ds, and tllus and no longer exercise control over the. to defeat ntten~yts at apyii~g. WIlnt lie civil service ; and tile Board of Punishnow proposes is that tlie tsiany-lciit~-sl~ip of ments be restricted from meddling in Sli611g-ki~~g slinll be converted by Decree ntfiiira of liti~ntion, confi~iir~g itself to the into all oflice eqrlivale~lto tliat of Gover- same cliiss c ~f cases, viz. criu~i~~al proceed- ]lor-genvral (tsung-trh) in any of tlie other i~rgs above a certain degree of gravity, as parts of the Ellipire, wit11 a title specify- are bro~lgl~t before tlie Board of Yl~nishing that the ii~c~inibent is director-ill-cl~ief 1ne11ts at Peking. Tlie duties of tlie Boards of the Boards of War and P~~~~iul~~nents, of Works and Cere~noniee principally and joint-a~ipervisor of the Civil Govern- concerll the Imperial mauiolea ; wl~ilst ment of the provii~ce. As in the case of tl~ose of the Board of War coiisist merely Governors-General elseallere, he sl~ould in tlie supervision of the courier-service. liave the title ex-oficio of President of Simple as tliese functions are, tliey have the.board of War, and his seal el~onld bee11 grossly neglected, as despatcl~es in specifically declare liin~ to be Qoverlior- course of trans~nissio~l have been system- General of the Mnncllu and Cl~ir~ese abicallg tampered with, the most conpopulation of tl~e provi~~ce, and COIII~- fitle~itially wid doubly-sealed com~r~unicatroller of the revenue and itrmy snppliee. ti0119 being opened eqa ~oute, and ordi~iary (2) The Fu Yin, or Civil Gover~~or of ~nnils delayed a d lost in tlie most the province, under the exisbi~~g system, scandt~lous malnler. sliould be the actual head of the Civil ~ 4 Tl~e ) fact is noted that the number of Service and of the udministrntioll of jus- s~~perior olticials ill tlie province is excestice, aided wllen necess.ry by the Iiien- si\*e, aiid that of lower nutllorities too few, Pin or Goverl~or-Adj~)ii~t. As of Itite ns one of the causes of ~nalndmiriistration. years the Chinese p0pulati011 11as grow11 It is co~~seq~lelltly proposed that an oflicer to outnu~nber tliema~~ciiu, administra- of tl~e rank of 'l'aotai shall be establisl~ed tion of justice line become greatly cornpli- at DZo~lkdeii, as a li~ik between tlie higher cated, in particular by tlre interve~~tio~i of a~~tllorilies and the district offioials.. the Revenue ai~d Cri~ninal Boards. Having (5) 'l'l~e uext subject requiring attention 110 one head to lo look to, tl~e lower ie the position of tl~e District Blagistrates autlloritiee 11ave come to vie with each vi8.u-v~s tl~eir military colleag~~es, tlie other in corrupt prnctices, each additioi~ill Cl~'e^trg show yii or Coinmaiida~~ts. Iu department that exorcises s~~perior jurisdiction viviirg the more groui~d for exaotion and extortion. Tliua, for i~lstai~ce, if a plaiiitiff lodges liis action before tl~e Civil Governor, the accused person will enter a plai~~t on liis side before the Board of P~~nishrnerlts ; and tlrenecretnries of tlre Boards, in defiance of the regulations, assume to tliemselves the right of receiving plaints and Ilearing cases anywl~ere. 'I'l~e presiding officers in the courts allow them- selves to be u~ijustly i~lfluenced, and their u~~derlings follow suit wit11 acts of villany. Cases remain pending indefinitely-s111nmonaea are disregarded-the parties implicated in cl~ar~ea of murder or robbery are left to rotain jail for ten or perl~aps twenty yeare without means of redress ; wliilat all cases of litigatioli betweell Cliinese and Mnl~cl~us, the two fu~ictio~~aries al~ould, by regulntiori, act together. Tl~ey are bouud to write joi11lly wlieil addressing the military Governor, but tl~e magistrate reports si~lgly to tlie Civil Gover~lor. This joint autl~ority nnd divided responsibility give rise to endless coinplicncio~is ai~d abuses, examples of wl~ich are given ; and it is now proposed to concentrate all civil jurisdiction in the l~ands of the District Mt~~istrute alone. As regards the Conima~~clanta, who are nppointed from amomg the llnperinl kindred (tsicng-shi-la) and who take rn~rk wit11 Taotais and Prefects,. it is requested tl~at. siicli appoi~itn~ents eli~tll -11e11ceforward be made oi~ly after careful investigation on. the part OF the Military Goveri~or into the official qualificatio~ie of candidates for tl~e posts. (6) The importa~~t subject of pay is next dealt w~th. Ib is no recent matter that bribery and corruptio~~ have openly flouriahed in Flug-t'ien, and this, not so rn~icll because the officials are greedy a ~ un- ~ d ecrl~puluus as in con~equence of absolute waht. For instance, although tlie salary (Pang-lien) of the military Governor is nom~nally isaued at 8110th~ of its full amount, yet, as the exchequer notes realize only 25 per cent. of their nominal value, he receives, eve11 with the additional allowai~ce of 1/10tl1 in money, oiily Borne Tls. 600 and odd on account of hie reg~~lation salary of Tls. 2,000 per annum. The Civil Governor and hie Deputy, 11aving to submit to a deduction of 4110th~. from their pay, receive only about TIE. 200 a plece. It is not to be supposed that out of such sums the condnct of public bueiness can be provided for ; slid there is 110 help for it but to take paymeiita under one name or anotlrer from the lower suthoritiee, as, for instance, presents on festivals and birthdays, and assessments per rnensem for current expenses. What the lower authorities have tllus to prov~de they must gather in fro111 tlie people ; and disho~~ourable conduct on tile part of the offic~ala reaches its extreil~e in the license couceded to the underlings with whom illicit gains are aliared, whilst the effect of euch examples produced among the people eliews iteelf iu acts of murder and robbery with violence. Towards a redress of these abuses it is proposed that the Military Governor sl~all be assigned a salary of Tls. 18,000, being the m~i~i~num enjoyed by Governors General, und to the Civil Governor a salary of Tls. 12,000, similarly proportioned to that of other provincisl Governors. As, in the praselit times of financinl exigency, tlle full amo~iiits cannot be aid, it is proposed that not less than Tls. 8,000 and Tls. 6,000 respectively shall be paid in actual nlotiey. Of the asaesaiiiente on tlie civil service heretofore imposed, ic is proposed to allow only a sum of about Tls. 4,000 to continue payable, which is to provfde for currei~t official expenses. Tlle Deputy Gover~ior sl~ould be provided w~tll 'a salary of at the least Tls. 2,000 ; and it is.requested that these amounts as above -btated may be issued from the collectorate '6f the Maritime Customs as part of tlie tegulation payinelits from tliat branch of 'kevenue. Further propositions are ni lde W$-improv~ng tlie pay of tlie Literary -WhancdIor and the military authorities. cl[t %e requeeted, in conclueion, that the preseut eclieme of reform be remitted to tlie Council of Princes, Ministern, and Presidents of the Boards for deliberation. vote. Tlle three provi~rcee of Man- clluria, consisti~ig iri F6ng-t'ien, or Shbngking as it is commo~ily called, in which the port of Newchwang is situated; Kirin, and Heh-lung Kiaiig or Teitsihar, constitute the 1hng 8an Sh6ng or Three Eastern Provinces, over and above the I' eigliteen" of which the Empire or China Proper is composed. Ui~like the chih-shgng, or proviiices directly governed from Peking, the provinces comprising the area of the Manchuria11 home of the present dynasty have hitherto been organized on a military rather than a civilian basis, and the decay of this military organization has c~ilminated in the abuses -which have at length led to the recent searching enquiry at Sl16ng King (Moukden). Each of the "Six Boards" at Peking llae its representative at Moukden with exception of the Li Pu or Board o# Civil Office ; tlie Vice-president of - the Board of Revenue being at the same time the virtual Gorernor of the Provillce ifi civil matters, as Kien Pin or Governor- Adjoint. Tlle appointme~~t of T'sung-ahih as Imperil~l Coiunlisaiotier was made on the death of the late Military Governor, Tu-hing-ah, a few months ago ; and his functions were initiated by the impeachment aiid degradation of the Governor- Adjoint and a number of other officials.] Sept. 7th.-A decree. Let the expectant Vice-Presidelit Kwoh Sung-tao, and the expectant Taotai Elii K', of the staff of the Province of Chil~li, invested with the button of the second rank, having been appointed as Envoys Extraordinary on a misaioi~ to England, confer as may be needful with Li Hung-c11a11g respecting the selection and ~ppointme~~c of the staff of o5cials and Chiueae interpreters wl~om they sl~onld take ae their suite. (N.B. Tl~e above ia the first mention in the Gazette of the mission to England, which it ia understood was decreed at about the end of last mouth. See decree relieving Kwoh Sung-tao of his fnnctiolln aa Judicial Cominiasioller of Ful~kien in Gazette of Aug. 28th.) The remainder of this day's Gazette ie occupied with the latter half of the long memorial translated under the heading of the previous day. Sept. 8th.-(1) A Decree appointing lhe Imperial Prince Tsni-yung to tlie temporary command of one of the Maa~ohu Ban~ierm, during the abse~~ce of tlie Priwe of Tun at the Imperial Maueolea.


71 rervice on the ground of increasi~~g ill- Ileal th. (3) A Decree ordering perquisitions to be made at the homes of sul~dry district magistrates, wl~o are denounced by the Governor of Slla~~tu~~g for deficiencies in tlleir public accouuts, which have not been made good. The delil~quellts are stripped of their rnnk aud ordered to be brought to trial, together with their respective clerks and underlings. (4),The Censor Yiian Ch'lng-yell, in his capaclty as s~~pervisor of one of the Granaries, memorializes denounci~~g the Manchu and (:I~inese Superinteudents of the establisl~ment for i~eglect of duty. Orders having been given by the Board of Revenue for the issue of piculs 19, , by way of rations to the soldiery of two of the Banners, great delay took place in the executio~~ of tl~is order ; and on the Censor visiting the Granary on the 24th and 26th of last montl~, Ile found some 3,000piculs of rice, lying exposed in sacks in the yard, no superintendelit preaeut, and the proper recipient0 complai~~ll~g that they had been kept fruitlessly waitiug for days for the issue of their a,llowauce. The rnle is that the two Superi~ltendentsl1011ld be on duty alternately, day and night, and their punishment for neglecb of this rnle is asked for. -Rescript- ren~oving the Superintendents has already appeared. (5) K'ing-lin, Superinte~~dent of the Imperial manufacturing department at Nanking, reports the expe~~diture he has incurred on account of the ornaments, &o., wllich were ordered for the celebration of the Empress mother's brithday in Novem- ber last. Among the articles ordered were sets of hair-pins and head-ornaments iu green and in white jadestone, scented woods, embroideries, &c. ; and the Board of Revenue has lately written refusing sanction to the expend~ture incurred 011 account of the jadestone orrrameuts and pcented woods,,, no precedent for which is on record Board further objects to the scale of charges for the embroideries, and requires fresh bills to be made out ; in accordance with the prescribed rates of farnlsh the full quantit#iea which had hen ordered in either respect. For embroidered crapes bhe outlay was Tls. 47, , aud for clotll-of-gold Tls. 6, It is requested that tl~e above an~ounts be drily sa~~ctioned.-referred by reacripb to the Board of Keve~~ue. Sept. 14tl1.-(I) A Decree appoi~~ting Brigadier-General T'arlg Tlllg-kW'ei, E-s?, from the command -of the Cl16ne-ti~~o division in Chil~li. to be com- mandir-ill-chief of the land fdrces of Fuh- Irien, and naming Wu Ch'ang-k'ing as his successor ill tile above-named port. plryrnent. The Superintendent represents that 110 was imperatively comma~~ded, ling, who is reported by the Board of Punin the Decree received, to fnr~~ish tlle ial~nlente to have succeeded in getting out articles nor objeoted to, and he had no resource but to purcl~ase in the open market at the most reasonable price he could arrive at. Tbe cost of materials and labour in the,caae of the head ornaments wee Tb. 16,719.0, and of scented moods Tla 12, , although, owing to sear~itp ~f eupplies, he was not able to (2) Li BIIII~-chang, Governor-General of Cl~ihli, rnen~orializes reporting the arrival, on the 14th August, of the B~lrmese tribute-envoys, notice of whose corning had been previously received from the Governor of Yiinnan, within the lintits of the province of Chihli. The elepl~anta they I~ave brought with them are still behind. Orders have been given to the principal autl~orities at the provinoial capital to bestow enlertainment and gratuitiea on the envoys on their brrival there, and to forward them in due course on their journey. (N. B.-Tl~e tribute misaion reacl~ed Peking about the 10th September.) Sept. 15t11.-(1) A Decree with reference to the road wh~ch it will be necessary to constr~~ct for the conveyance of the coffins of their deceased Majesties to the mausolea in the course of next month. No dowbb is entertained that to whatever extent it may be neoeasary to rely upon the services of the people in executing this work, the utmost alacrity will be shewn in coming forward for the display of their feelingm of love and gratitude. The provincial autlloritiea are at the same time enjoined to guard against any oppressive exactione. (2) A Decree exempting the Superintendent of the Cll'ang-lu Salt Gabelle from tlleduty incnmbe~~tuponlrirn by regulatio~~, of presel~ti~~g ingots of silver aud elrpplies of silks and satins on the occasion of the in~pending obsequies. (3) A decree, awarding penalties to the officials responsible for tlle escape of a prisoner under sentence of death by strang- of his place of confinement on the 14th inat., and who has not been recaptured. (4) The Manchu Commander-ill-Chief at Canton, Ch'ang-shall, and his Lioutsnmt- General, Ksoll-leh-min, memorialise, denouncing the officials in the suite of the Governor-Generol, Ying-han. Ch'ang-ellen and hie colleague declare tkag co&ng tllemselves, as a rule, to their military duties, they arenot in the habit of meddling with the affmrs of the Civil Government, but under existing circumstances they do not feel at liberty to remain silent. The Governor-General, Ping-l~xn, they represent, 11as brought with him a number of the civil and military officer0 who have recomnle~~ded themselves to his co~~fidence the hands of the Ger~eral Administrative by their willingness and activity in his Board. The Governor-Genersl, however, service during his campaigns in An-hwei ; and chief anlo~lg these is a Taotai, named Yii-khng, who aoted as his principal sec- retary in An-hwei, wl~ere tllis officer was II otorious for Ilia greed and ~l~lscrupulous- Ilas, moreover, elltitled it the Board of ness. Tlle same functions have been COII- Military Supplies. Great discontent 1 as fided to him by Ping-11an in his new post, been aroused by tl~ese proceedings, and Lhe wliere the control of all matters, great and ailualion is a' most critical ono. A decree sn~all, affecting either Cl~ineae or Foreign is col~sequently solicited, which allall c;dl affairs, has been left in Ilia hands. All upon Y~ng-llan to send back to AII-ltwei reports from subordinate authorities were the whole of the staff of officials al~d gunrds conveyed to the Governor-General througl~ whom he has brougll t wi tll him tllence. this cllannel ; and on his return at the (6 and 6) Two memorials fr~m the end of each day from the Governor- Governor of Kwa~lgtulrg, ( '11a11g Cl~ao-tung, General's yam611 to his lodgings, the in tenor similar to the foregoi~lg. street was blocked up until far into (7) A supplementary ~nemorial from the night, by the sedans and mounted Clian,g Chao-tung, exposing the irregularity abtenda~lts of his visitors. Although of the conduct of the Governor-General, there may be no actual proof of his having Yiug-l~an, in setting on foot tl~e IL Coast acceptedbribesand worked forhis own elida, Defence OEce," wl~ich Ile established in yet it is plain to a11 that 11e hae engrossed July last, and for the expenses of wl~icli undue authority and aasnmed a wholly 119 caused a snm of Tls. 20,000 to be paid ~~nwarranted position. Ch'ang-ahan 11ovin~ observed 011 one occasion to the Governor- General that ~nvidious remarks could not fail to be excited wit11 reference to tl~e Taotalk lodgillg outside the yam611, Y~ng-llan replied that the officer in question was a man of the utmost integrity, and that he would auswer for it tllat no harm sl~oold ellsue. Like Lu-k'i, therefore (the illfamed minister of the T'ang dynasty), 110 deserves to be called i~liqulto~~s in very fact, for failing to dlscover the worlters of iniquity. In addition to this, a bevy of Ge~lerals, Colo~~els, Tnotais, and Prefects have lollowed the Governor-General from his old to Ilia new post, a ~ for ~ d their mnintn~~a~lce Yi~lg-llan has called upon Llle Cor~st Dofrnce Office to issue salaries to them on public account. A scl~ome has further been arranged, an the pretext oi contributing to the funds for coltet defence, to re-eetablisll the WeiSing gamblinglotteries, in defiance of Irnperud commands. Still further;, althougl~ the city of Canton is not a camp, the Governor-Ganernl has sunounded himself with a staff of adjutants and orderly oficera, and a body-guard numbering upwards of two hnndred men, to IIO otl~er end but that of troubling the popular mind. The provincial force, placed apecialjy under his command, ie wllolly ignored. All these intr~idera, moreover, coming with a wl~ole trail] of kith and kin, have to be provided for, and their extravagant tendencies ministered to, out of the provincial resources. No military necessities exist at present in Kwangtung, and all matters relating to coast defence have for some time past been vested in without the least occasion, has established a special office, which he has furnisl~ed with a seal, and placed under the direction of officers delegated for the purpose ; and in from the provi~lcial treasuries. He furtlier gave orders for the issue from tllis ofice of salaries and allowa~~ces to the retainers Ile hna bro~rgllt wit11 lrim fron~ An-l~wei. (See Decree, in Gazette of 211d instant, disgracil~g and removing Yii~g-han from 11ie post.) Sept. 16t.l1.-((:ourt Circnlar). The Prince of CII'UII llnd at~dience. $1) A decree in reply to a n~emorial by Ts ung-ahil~, acting hl ilitary Governor of Sllbllg-king, who 11as reported that nleniber~ of the Imperisl litbeage in different pnrte of Ma~lclluria, and olher Bnnnermen, contribute toward defeating the el~de of justice by harbouring brigauds and giving them aid and comfort. It is decreed that in any case of offences of tlris ~~ature, pl~nlhment al~oll be inflicted willentire impartialily. (2) Li Hung-cl~ang, Governor.Genera1 of Ckihli, reports that for some time. past efforts have been maintained toward the hreaking up of agang of llighwaymen who 11ave infesled the aouthern roads of the province, under. the leaderehip of one Koll Loh-li, who since 1856 hae indu.lged 111 a career of desperate crime. Since last year some ten or fifteen of tlre band have been apprehended by the apecia1 force

72 detailed for this purpose, and have been wooden images, to extract the gold and put to death ; and in the course of last silver secreted in tlieir insides. Tlie reiraoll month the leader l~imswli was iuveigled to sl~e aasi*ns for tlie alleged ~nur.jer of the a certain point where he fell into the hands n111rsl1ow Cl~e, is thnt the man Chnng wns of the authorities, although iiot until after bent upon ell teri~ig oil illicit intercoi~ree a violeut resistance. His adoptive son was wit11 the otl~er member of the sistorl~ood, captured at the same time wit11 l~i~n, and Fa11 S ~I~II~, As Show Che opposed tliis, they were executed silnultai~eo.usly. Re- she waa inveigled into going to the miswards are besought on behalf of the sionary hospital, and the11 made away oficere who have distinguished themselves with. Appalla~it'a con~plai~~ts the spot ill tliia matter. have bee11 ignored, and she lias beeii Sept. 17th. -(I) A decree referring to cr~~elly beaten at the magistracy the cliarge rece~~tly brought by the Ce~~aor coiisequeu tly resorts in deeperalio~i to the Yii;in (;l116~ig-yeh against the Superintend- Capital, with 11er appeal.-lteferred by reent of one of the granaries, for ile~rlect script in tlle usual lnalhner. of duty and absence froin his post. >lie Sept. 18th.-(I) A decree based upon a iriculpated oficial has explained bliat his report made by the Governor-Genernl Yingabsence was occasioned by a sudden hail, respecting the co~lduct of affairs by cl~oleraic attack, a ~ ~ 110 d is allowed to the Superi~ite~~deiit of Maritime Customs return to his poat ; but 119 is ceusured for (Hoppo) at Canton. The Cei~aor Kung- 11avi11g failed to obtain leave of absence, and tlie Board is directed to iuflict the proper penalty. (2) The Court of Censorate forwards an appeal lodged by a Buddhist null from Hanyaug in Hupel~ (adjoinii~g Hankow), uarned Chang Sliow-i, atatii~g that she is 56 years of age, and lives as a nun in the Eluan ShBng Tien temple at Hankow. Two otller females lived there with her in the same character, l~aving been received into the sialerl~ood by llar apirit.utr1 director Pang Kwang-yuan. A brotl~er of this lmet iiained person, named Yahg I-kao, is i~cc~~sed of having I)rougl~to the temple a 1na11 named Cl~allg Lao-BIIII, i~omii~ally to look after the property, but ill reality to carry OII ail illicit cou~~exio~~ with one of the two youllger IIUII~, ~la~ned Sl~ow-cl~e. As tliis wolnuu I~;idso~~~etl~ing the n~atler with her eyes, Cliai~g LAO-sarl inveigled her i11to goirig to a foreigu misaionary hospital f$g to be treated medically ; whereupon they put her to death. and 110 traces of t.lie wliereabolits of her remains have beeii discovered. Fah Sl16og, the other 11~11, was also kidnapped away. Appellant petitioned the district Magistrate, who however did not deign to take the case in band, aiid her enemies were emboldelled into further ~nisdeeds. 011 the 27th Sept a man named YE caine to ask her I spiritual director to go to a certaiu place to prescribe for a sick person ; and on 1 reaching tlie To-pao-lin embankment lie was thrown into tlie water a ~ drowned. ~ d Appellant purchased a cofin and interred his remains ; wliereupoil the people she complains against borrowed 70 striiig of cash from her, which tliey spent, and beside thia they carried off thg whole of the 'altar furniture aiid split ope11 the suan having memorialized requesti~~g that a special delegate be appointed to act with the Hoppo in the control of his ofice, the present report was called for; aud the Governor-General states that the duties of the poat are attended to by the Hoppo him- self,-that tliey are not entrusted to tlie hands of underli~~gs-that tllere are no grounds for cl~argi~ig the persons employed with conniva~iceat contraband dealings with a view to their own enrichment-and that the outports, both far and near, are placed either under the control of oficial delegates or are managed by underlings, wliich is in conforlnity with the regulatio~~s, establisl~ed in the course of the last century. It is requested, therefore, that the reg~~lations hitherto in force be abided by. It is decreed, hereupo~~, that tl~e existing system be maiutained, with due precaution at the eame time against dishonesty a~id fraud, any indulgence in wl~icl~ is to be severely punished. 2) A decree strippi~ig of their rank two Mancliu officials in the province of Slllng-king, who hare been denourlced by the acting Military Qoveriior Ts'ung-sl~ili for wilful delay in tlie transmission of certain articles of tribute from Curea, which it was tlieir duty to forward. (3) The Acting-Governor of Honan reports the coiicluaioii of the trial of a native of the proviuce, named Sti Ch'~n-~ing, who was taken into custody in April.last year for the offence of presenti~lg asupplication to his late Majesty by the roadside, during the Imperial progress to the Mausolea. The accusation Ile laid, charged a man named Wu Sze-eiu with having beaten his elder brother and driven liim to commit suicide. The facts of the cam, as elicited at the trial wliich has now bean held, are these : The,deceased man, Su Yun-ying, a carpenter by trade, waa a friend of tlle accused persoli, WLI Sae-siu, wlio earned his livelihood as a seller of $roundnuts. Su Yung-ying 11ad given bii Sze-siu and his two soils three groundnut baakets to sell on his account ; and as no readymo~~ey purchaser was to be found, the baskets were sold on credit to one Jau H~en-si arid another, for the sum of 16,600 caeli. Payment being long delayed, a d~spote arose between the mail Su and 11is friends, Sii's father urging him to recover tlle mo~~ey, and at length, on the 16th December, 1872, Sii went to Wu Szeaiu'a house to insiaton an immediate settlement. He vowed with tears that lie dare not go back to his father without tl~e nioriey. Wu Sze-siu, with the assistance of a couple of neighbours, sought to comfort Iiim, and finally kept him at his house overnight, as it was already late. Overcome by his feelings of grief, however, Sii Yung-ging went out during the night and hanged himself from a tree in Wu's courtyard. On the suicide being discovered next morning, every effort was made, but in vain, to reauacitate life ; and on an inquest being held, the younger brother, erroneously insisting that tl~e venous discolourations of the corpse were marks of blows, accused WU Sze-siu of having been i~~strumental in causing the neath of Su Yung-ying. His complaints at tl~e Magistracy not having been snccesuful, he fi11ai1y took the course of proceedii~g as a suppliant to Peking. He is adjudged guilty under tlie statute in thia case made and provided, and the penalty he has illcurred is the infliction of 200 blows and transportatioii into military servitude oil the nearer froi~tiers. Tl~e person he hm accused, W11 Sze-sill, died di~ring the progress of the investigation at the inii where he was detailled. His death, it is fouud, is iiot attribi~table to ally act of l~arsl~nesa on the part of the people of the inn or others. As the offerice committed by Su Cli'un-yi~ig cornea witllin the mope of the Act of Grace on his Mnjesty's acccssion, his punisl~me~it reinitted, witli the provlso thit if lie ever vffei~d again, one degree of severily will be added to the seilte~~ce ~ncurred. Sept. 19tl1.-(Court Circular). Tl~e Grand Secretary WBng-aiailg has applied for a conge of tell days. A decree referring fop tl~e conaideration of the Board of Ceremonies an applicatio~j presented by Wang Ming-1wa11, requesting that Bii S1181i (the famous acl~olar of tl~e Han dynasty, who died about A.D. 220), be enrolled oil the sacrificial list 01 the Temple of - (3) The Acting-Governor of Kianpi 1 solicits a mark of imperial approbation oil behalf of a young girl who has dialinguish~d herself by her chaste devotedness. Tl~e subject of this application, daughter of n minor oflicial, had been betrothed froin childhood to the son of a petty military officer at Nan-chang. In 3873, the intended bride having reached the age of 18, the period of the nuptials was close at I~and, when the bridgegroom fell ill and died. His bereaved spouse, bitterly weeping when the ilews of his decease wns brought to her, vowed that alie wonld follow him to the grave. Slie attempted s~~icide by hanging aiid by titkilig poison, but iu each case Iier efforta were fruatrated by timely intervention. She the11 refused all nourisl~ment ; and it was only when her parents consented to her entering the family of her late betrothed, as hie u~iwedded widow, that slie was induced tn accept food. Since entering the houseliold of her parents-in-law she has waited upon them with tlie most perfect devotion, and has shone aa a brilliant exemplar of female virtue. In conformity witli regulatioii, eanction is requested for the erection of a memorial in her honour.-sauclioned by rescript. Sept. 20th.-The acting-governor of Hoi~aii reports tlie arrival of the Burnieae tribute mission with the li~~iits of liie jurisdiction on?he 27bh July, e~~teril~g tl~e district of Sin-yeh on tlleir passage out of the territory of en pel^. 011 the 14th August they crossed the prov~nci~l border into Cliil~li, entering tl~e department of Ts'ze Cl~ow, where they were handed over to the charge of tlie officials appointed for their escort by tlie Gover~ior- General Li Jd uiig-chang. The eloplia~~ ts accoinpaiiyillr tile iniauion, wliich mere left some distance bel~iiid, entered the province of Hollan on tl~e 8th Allgust, uiid will be duly forwarded on their way. Sept. 21at -(I) The Soperi~~tendeuls of the lmperial Customs at tlie Ts'ui~g Wall (Ha-ta) Gate of Peking me~norializa represel~ting the cansea of deficiency iii collection of the supplementary fixed nmoli~~t of reveilue at tl~e expiry of their year's telllare of osce. Tl~e result sllewe that the stal~dard regulalioii amount of duties lias been obtained in full, but that tliere is a deficiency in tile sup lementary levy for the collectiou of.hi31 they are likewile airswerable. Tlie causes assigned for the falliiig off in tl~e revellue are the difference prevailing ill tlle value of silver between Peking and the rest of the Enipire, com- bined with (or leadiiig to) a great illcrease in the cost of commodities. To tkeee




76 (2) The Governor-General, Governor, in the hande of pereonal retainera. Tt and Suporintel~de~~t of Maritime Customs has further to be observed that the at Canton jointly ~llemorialize in obediellce Canton collectorate is ranged u~lder two to commallds. 011 the 23rd May last tlley divisions-one the foreign Maritime Cuereceived a Decree based on a memorial by tome, the other the native or regular the Censor Kung-suan, who had repre- branch. In all matters relating to foreign sented that grave abueee flourish in the dutiee, the shuiiwu-szs (i. e., the foreign ad~~~i~~ietratio~~ of the U~~eto~ns at Ca~~torl, Cuato~ne' eta%) effect the levy nccording owing to the practice of placing per- to the regnlatio~ls dectiug foreign trade ; sonal retai~era of the Superi~~te~~de~~t and where inter~~atio~~al questions arise in (or " Hoppo ") in charge of collec- this respect, if at Ca~~tor~, the shui-wu-ne toratea. He prayed that official delegates report to the memorialists, who take the of the provil~cial ~ ~ J V ~ ~ I I Isl~ould I I ~ I I ~ be necessary action thereupon, and if at aeaociated in the manage~nent of affairs Swatow, the delegate in charge of the wit11 the Hoppo's u11der1111gs. Tl~e decree Customs there makee the ~~eceaeary report. upon this observed that where perso~~al 1 l~e prese~~t Superilltelldent has adhered retai~~ere are e~nployed ill the collection of etric~ly to the regulatio~~s he has fouud in duties, al~usea may ~~aturally be expected force, aud keeps a watcl~ful eye for the to arise, and moretvver that, as qnestions preventio~l of all abnaes. It 1s also to relating to foreign trade llnve of late years be said that of late years tlle collection of come up in this con~~ectio~l, c;rre ill the the regalnr quota of dutiee has been discharge of duty is all the 1110re requisite. accomplished in full, and even as regards AII euquiry and report were accord~~tgly the suppleme~~tary quota of Tls. 100,000 called for. Tl~e ~~~el~~orialists 11ow repre- addedsolne timeago to tlleamount, asurplr~s sent that the Sllperirtteltdent of Cnstoms illstead of ally deficiency has been shewn. for tlle provi~~ce of K\YHII~~IIII~, residing Ua~der the head of opir~m-duty, agni~t, the at Cnl~to~l, has always bee11 ill tl~e habit amount collected is no re 111~1~ TIE. 300,000 of directi~~g ill perso11 rl~e ~na~~ageme~lt of (quy., Tls. 30,000 1) in excess of what it the main or central collectorate estab- tor~nerly was ; and the new collectorate at lished at that port, wl~ilst for the out- Pnk-l~oi yields upwards of Tls. 20,O 10 per etatio~la, far and ]bear, ill view of tlle great allllum. From these results it may be extent of the ter~itory, and the l~e~ivy inferred tl~at the persons employed disa~nou~lt of busi~~eas to be attended to, the cl~srge their duty witl~o~~t co~~~~ivance at Superintelldel~t is absolulely obliged to colltraband dealing for their own profit ; depute personal retainers aud clerks to a ~ the ~ d memorial co~~clr~des with a recomattend to the rnanagemel~t of eacl~ particular melldation that the exieting system, bei~~g place. 111 the 6 let year of the reign K'len- found to work tllue efficiently, ehol~ld be lung (A.D. 1786) the tlle~l Stlperi~lte~~de~~t continued in force, under constant aud joined with the the11 Governor-Ge~leral effective supervision. -For rescript see ill memorializir~g to the effect tllat, owing Gazette of Sept. 18th. to the great dlstallce from Calltoll uf the Oct. 6tl1.-(Court Circular.) The Goports alo~~g the East and West coasts of tlte vernor-general Li Hung-cllang had audiprovi~~ce, the systeu~ of 1na11age111ent there e11ce. by personal retainers sl~ould be wholly (1). A Decree. 011 our departure from abolisl~ed ; wl~ilst for the collectorate at Peking 011 the 16tl1 of this IIIOII~~, in and near Ca~~tol~, and the suppressiou of compa~ly wit11 Their ItIajeaties the Ememuggli~lg, duties wh~cl~ cvuld not be presses, to follow the re~~~ai~~s of Their entirely left to clerks and u~lderli~~gs, the deceased Majeeties to the Mausolea, let Superintendent should depute co~~fide~~tial the Pri~~ce of Tuu, the Grand Secretary and experieliced retainers of l~ie OWII to W~II-siang and the Presidente Mao Ch'angexercise a gelleral co~ltrol. This system, hi, Tung-Siiu, and Tsao-pao, remain in carried out under rigorous checks against the Capit.aI to adrrii~lister affairs. Let the disl~ooesty, llas bee11 in force ever since. Prince of Tun and the three Minietere Of late years, at the same time, llew last-named severally take it in turn to branch Custom hooses have been ea- remain on duty in the Palace. Tlloee tablislred, tile one at Swatow aud the wl~oee turn it is not to sleep witllill the other at Pak-hoi (in the Gulf of Tonquin), Palace, eltall go off duty at three p.m., and opinm-duty offices h ~ve further bee11 each day, and may be relieved from duty at set on foot ill the districts of Sin-an and noon at eacl<day. Hiang-ahan (i.e., near Ho~~gko~lg and (2) A decree conferring the temporary Macao); at all of which placea official comn~al~d of the Peki~g gendarmerie on delegates are employed an superi~~tende~~te, W6n-~iang, during the absence of ;,liis the mauagement not beiq left merely Majeaty from Peking. Ch'ung-how.; end. ) Templed. Bil Sll611, he represents, oa111e En-cl~lng are reepectively appointed ae the Temple of learnivg (the Confucian acting Lieutenants-Ger~eral of the two divisions of the guarde. forwar at a time when the worda of (3) The Court of Censorate memorialize the Sagell of antiquity had begun to be preeellting an appeal lodged by Wang obscured under the commentaries of later Chih-kung, a native of the Li-tsin dietrict writers, to establisll the true meani~~g in Sha~ltung, who complains that his consin, of their language. At about the end having been brought before the dietrict of the second ce~~tnry of the Cl~ristiall magistrate in oonnection with eome litiga- ere he composed the Shwo W81r dictionary, tion respecting the title to eome land, had in 14 aectio~le, divided under 640 classes, been so cruelly beaten, receiving a bas- and containing 9,353 words. Subaequel~t tinado of 100 blows, that he died in oon- writers of the Ha11 dynaaty extolled l~is sequellce. Cornplainant's father had also learning ; aud ill the Imperial catalogue of a bastinado of 200 blowe, and 100 blows OII literature compiled in the reign of K'ientl~e palms of Ilia l~ands iuflicted upon I~im. lu~tg (in the laet century), the value of his Comylail~t had been lodged with the Pro- work is fully enlarged upon. It is, invi~~cial Judge, w l merely ~ ~ depnted auother deed, chiefly u~~der the present dynaaty dietrict magistrate to enquire into the that his rnerits have been fully blazoned case, and nothi~~g 11as been done in the forth. His work 11as bee11 made the suhn~attsr.-referred ill the usual manner. jact of crilical expositil~n by writers 011ch (3) Tlle hlza1lc1111 comma~~der-ill-chief at as 8wei TUIIK, Cl~u YUII, Ts'ien Ta-II~II, Na~aki~lg me~norializea req~~esting that the Wnl~g Nie , Twan Yu-ts'ai, 'l'ai CIIBII, civil coln~niaaioner of the Banner force rit Sun Siug-yell, Ye11 K'o-kii~~, Yiian Yiisn, Cl~inken~~g, 811 officer named Ming-che, aa~d Kwei-fol~, al~d his equality wit11 the who llas accompliel~ed a three years' renure great mneter of all learni~~g, Ch6ng K'a~tguf ofice, may be left ill his present post for clr'b~lg, l~aa bee11 fully admitted. C1161tg anotl~er like period. His d~lties involve the K'a~lg-cl16ng wae restored ill A D to adjudic~rtio~l of suite 1~etwee11 the Baul~er- a place ill the sucrificinl CILIIOII ; a ~ tl~e ~ d 11le11 and Clli~~ese, a~ld Ilia exyerielrce and ad~nisaio~l of his co~~te~nporary a~ld fellowabil~ty partic~~larly ql~alify IIIIII for his post, worker to like I~o~lours is now beeoog1lt.- more especially in view of tl~e fact that at Referred by rescript already pnblial~ed for Cl~i~~kin~~g lllere is a foreign co~nm~~~~ity of the Board of Cereresident aide by side will] tllecl~i~~ese, and tllat a state of settled order 1111s but lately Oct. 8th.-(1) The Prince of Kung and been re~tored (after the rebellion.)-re- his colleagues in the YHIII~II of Foreig~l ferred by reecript to the Board of Civil Affaire n~enlorialize setting fort11 ill detail ofice. the co~~ditio~le exietir~g ill the relatio~~a (4) Ta'ung-shih, actingmilitary Governor between Clli~~a and Foreign owera, and of 8116t1g-ki11g; melnorializes representing aoliciti~~g a decree [conveyillgj a distinct that in this province scarcely one locality declaration OII this subject, in order to set exiets where al~elter is not afforded to at rest the doub~s-that have arise11 and to bal~ditti, who fiud especially s ~ fe Ilar- guard agaiclat cnoaee of disagreement. 111 boa~ring places in the small and remote the mol~tlr of Ju~te last tl~e Yam611 precourttry I~an~lets. Jn the towne and larger ae~lted a ~nemorial, ill which they requested villages, moreover, tlte members of the swr~ctioll to tile fou~~datio~l of a college i~nperial lil~eage (tsung shih and giwo), [lit., a store or place of 1ayi11g 11p provisio~,] as well aa other Btin~lerme~l, habi~i~ally tor pereo~~a versed in the nffaire of Foreig~l foll~w tllia.pernicious, tl~us ter- cou~~tries, to wllicl~ a rescript of asse~~t wars rifyi~~g the officers of justice, who are give11 ; a ~ at ~ a d subseque~~t date, a decree placed in dread of being tl~e~nselves falsely waa fartl~er received, appoi~~ting the exaccused and i~~volved ill trouble. A re- pectant Vice-President Bwoh Sung-tao, -. ecript is solicited to tl~effnct that persona and the expeota~~t Tnotai 011 the srnff of giving aid and comfort to banditti, wllose the province of Cl~il~li, wearing tl~e insignia names may be divulged 011 the trial of cap- of the eeco~~d rauk, Hu K'ie~l-sh611, to till tured offsndere, allall be derrlt wit11 as the post of e~~voys. actually grlilly of t!!e crimes lhey have - Your aerva~lts would I~nmbly remark encouri~ged, witl~out respect of persona.-- that their proposal to for~n a college of For rescript see Gazette of Septec~~ber 16th. persona vereed in Foreig~l affairs was not Oct. 7th.-(1) Wa11g Mi~g-IW~II, a pre- eolelp advauced with a view to the 1:- ceptor of the state Academy, me~~~urializea ad~niniatration of inter~latio~lnl questiolrs reqr~eeting the admission of the ]lame of [of an ordinary natore] : the queetiolls Bti S11611g, the famous ecl~olar of the Ban of missions abroad alld of intercourse d3uasty, to tie lint of worthies enrolled in [generally] wewale0 inoluded iu the id*. I


78 Oct. 1.Oth.-(1 & 2) Decrees conferril~g on a n~lnll,er of 11igl1 officials, who re1n;iill ill the Capital d~~ring the nbse~~ce of the Court, the c~~stodianal~ip of the kejs of the seals of different. Bal~ners al~d divisiol~s. Tile remainder of this day's Gazette contail13 no docnnle~~ts of inlporta~~ce. Oct. 1ltl1.-(1) A decree in rep11 to requests made by tile Vice-Preside~~ts of tl~e Granaries and the Governor of Sl~un-t'ien Fn, for a donation of p i n to the charitable asylun~s at T'ung chow. The issue of 1,000 piculs of millet. from the storel~ouses at that place is nccordingly autl~orized. (2) A decree appointing I-~11611 as Commissionor for the i~~spectio~~ of two of the older Xlauaolea, wllicll are reported by the Guardia~~s, Teai-kang and his colleitgues, as in need of repairs. (3) A decree, in reply to a memorial from the Vice-Presidenl,~ of the Gran~ries, reporting the deliveries of ttle tribute grai~lsupply as completed, and handing ill lints of the civil and military ofticials wllo have distiugllisl~ed tl~emselves ill co~~d~lcting tl~e service, for wl~om ren~nrds are solicited. The propor Boards are directed to take the s~lnlmoned the Princes, Nobles, djassuks * and daiji.9 of the Mongol tribt s, to assemble in preparatio~l for the ceremony, and' the Prefect of Si-ning FII, T61lg Uh'6ug- \mi, l~aving been deputed hy the Uo- vernor-general, Tso l'sung-t'ang, to conduct the sacrificial proceedings, the Com- ~~~issio~~er-i~~-ci~ief set out from Si-ning, 011 the 18th A~lgust, wit11 a picked escort of 1,001) men, cavalry and infatltry, on the joorney beyond t.lm frontier [of Kansul~. ] Having arrived at C11'a-l1a11-t'o-lol1-l~ai, 11e performed with reverence the sacrificial ceremony in h1111our of the God of the Seas, 011 t,l~e 21st August, and on the fol- loni~~g day 11e e~~tertained the entire assemblage of 31011golian Princes, Nol~les, a11d Chiefs, at a banquet in the order of their rank. Tl~e presents prepared for tl~ell~, col~sisti~~g in silks and sati~ls, materials for robes and capes ; for decorations in tl~e sl~ape of peacock-featl~ers al~d buttol~s, sl~eatll-knives, l~orse trappil~ga, etc., were at the same time distributed, gifts being also bestowed 11po11 the Chiefs of the Tibetan tribes. Tl~e Mongolia~~ Pril~ces, Nobles, aud Chiefs united iudividual ca~es into consideration. it) lond acclnnlatiolls of tl~anks~iving, (4) Tsai-ts'ien and his colleag~ies, Gum- and testified tl~eir gratitude by kot,omi~~g dians of tl~e Western Mausolea, memorial- in the direction of the I~ttperial abode. ize, reporting that repairs are urge~~lly The C~~mmissioner-in-chief set out on the required at the Pl'lausoleutn of the Emperor same dry on his re'turn journey. He S~IUII-Che. Tlle follosi~lg are the particu- observes, in cont.inuatiou, that tl~e region lars, as reported by the o&cers in charge, of Ts'ing Hai (or Kokonnr), several and verified by the Guardians on personal tl~ousands of li in extent, is the pasturage inspection. The granite pillars, lil~tels, grotlr~d of tribes of tlle nomad Mongols, and other cross-pieces, of the grand gate- anlong whom, during the prevalence of a may are all more or less brokeu or i~~jured ; state of warfare in the interior of China, the screen of glazed-tiles in fro~lt is dila- no display of nlilitrry force 11ad bee11 seen pidated ; some of the granite stri~rgcourses for maliy years, A state of anarcl~y has are broken and displaced ; all ll~e doors conseq~lently prevailed, robbery and have fallell away and are slrattered to n~r~rder bei~~gcrin~ea of consta~~t occurrence, pieces ; the paintwork is blistered and of which it has uot been possible to take pealed away ; the tilea of the wl~ole pave- notice judicially. Order hafing no~i been ment ar01111d the building are destroyed by restored irl Cl~ina proper, the offe~lces of alkaline efflorescence ; and the roofi~~g-tiles the past among the Mollgo1 tribes are of the boundary wall have fallell donn. It condoned, as the rule ie in the inlerior is indispe~~sable that works of repair sl~ould provinces, likewise, after a period of disbo undertaken willlout delay, more parti- turbance is overcome, in fulfilment of the cularly as the geo~nautic conditions are clelnent dispositions of the E~nperor's favourable for a con~mencement during the majesty aud in e~~courage~ne~~t to the present year ; and autl~ority to tllis effect leading of a new life. 011 tl~e present is solicited.-for rescript see Gazette of - - September 25th. The *djas*ah of the hiongolian (5) Yii-sho, Commissioner-in-Clrief for the banners are tl~e cl~~efta~ns of the tribes affairs of Koko~lor, mornorinliees, reporting that 11e has performed the annual sacrifice to tlle God of the Seas, and 11as l~eld a durbar of the h1ongolian and Tibetan chiefs, in foltilmertt of the proposal to this effect laid before ~lle Throne in his memorial of the 22ud April last, to which a rescript was duly received. Having wllicl~ are not under the direct government of high oecials appoint.ed from Peking. They are divided inho six classes, namely, ts'ilb-wang, kiitc-wa71g, beileh,, bei-tsze, c1181zkwoh-kung, and f w-l~woh-k14nq. Below these come the leaser nobles or daiji 6 z. occasion, a larger escort than usual was tnken for the purpose of making an impressive military display, which was furthered by causing the troops to march in their winter costu~ne to the shore of the - Sea [of Kokouor], the conlltry being found already covered with snoiy and ice wl~en tile Jih Yiieh range was crossed, after passing the frontier at Tan-ko-rh. Tl~e Rlongol princes aud nobles, after tlle distribution of presents 11:rd been completed, were asseml~led under a tent of felt, wl~ere the Corn~~lissiot~er-in-cl~ief pronon!~ced to them all earnest address on the dne discharge of their duties, and exhorted then1 to law-abiding and peaceable bcl~avionr. yollnger grandson has the rank of cltu-sze Both Mo~~yols and Tibetans shewed thern- be*t,~\ved IIDOII 11im. selves deeply penetrated by feelings of (2 and 3j A decree. Let Li Pei-king attac)ln~e~lt and awe, and they e~cort~ed the Commissioner on 11js returl~ to (at present Financial Comfrontier, clillgi~~g to hi111 as though re- n~~ssio~~er) succeed to the vacant post luctant to separate tl~emselves from his of Governor of XCweichow. Let Lin co~npa~~y. Tl~ere is thus reason to con- Cllao - yu:tn succeed him as Financial sider the territory on the ellst of the Col~~l~~issioner ; and let Yii En-ch'n suc- Sea of Kokor~or, wlletl~er occupied by ceed to the post of Judicial Commissio~ler Tibetans or by Mo~~gols, as ill a peuceful of tl~e provil~ce. Let Liu En-tsiiu SIICa ~ ~ ortlerly d state. 111 tl~e territory of ceed to post of Prefect of Kn-ei-yang Fu, (:l~'ai. ta-iiiuii ('l'aaida~ll t ) on the other now vacated (ill coneequence of the prehand, lying at a dislallce of 15 or 20 sent incu~~~bent being placed in mourning days' jourr~ey, tl~e Mongols and Tihetans, retirement.) being so far relnoved from the i~lfl~~e~lce Oct. 13th. - (Court Circ~~lar.) RIao of autl~orit.y, slill adhere to their former Cll'ang-hi and his colleagues, the Exevil courses, and crirnes of viole~~ce con- amil~ers at the recer~t competition, reported tinue to fl~nrish anlong tl~em. A sub- on the cor~clusion of their services. Li assistant magistrate and an ofticia1 writer, nib11 a suite of interpreters and attendanl,~ and a cavalry escort of 30 men, have bee11 sent to protnulyrte autl~orita- (1-3) Decrees appoiutiug chief and tive comn~aud* amvng these tribes, calli~~g assistant examiners for the Manchu exup011 tl~e~n to put their trust ill the Celes- aminations abont to be commenced. tial majesl.y, which extends its canopy (4) Hung-chang, Governor-General afar, and it is trusted that they may of Chlhli, n~ernorialieee reporting the develnp.feelings of reverence aud awe, and executiott of a worlc of caualization that peace may prevail for ever among the lately u~~dertaken by his order. This con- ullql~i~t spirits of tl~e border-region.- Rescript : It is noted. Oct,. 12th.-(1) A decree expressing the Imperial Borrow 011.\earning the decense of the Governor of Kweichow, Ts811g Pikwang. Fro111 tl~e time of his appointt For a description of Koko~~or and Tsaidam, the moat recent and best alltl~ority is Captain Prsl~ewalslcy, the Russian explorer, who passed the winter - - of in that region. (See Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, January,. 1874). He descr~bes tl~e Kokonor Mongols as " ~~atornlly of a cowardly dispositiou, and never able to defend tllemselves against Tangout aggression." The Tangouts are the Fan or Tibetans referred to in the above memorial. ment many yeare ago, a8 Prefect of Kwei-ynng Fu, and tl~ro~~gl~out his career in the posts he IIRS s~~ccessively filled, Ile has displayed a character of probity, wisdom, and resolution, 11ie services having been notably conspicuo~~s in the s~~ppression of the rebellion in 11is province, and duri~lg the s~~bseq~~e~~t work of reorganization. The casto~nary funeral l~onore are decreed on Iris behalf. His eon, Ta611g Shang-kii is atvarded ll~e ra~lk of Yiiata-wui-lu~,g, his grandson, Ts611g Ying-~11611, is invested wit11 the literary degree of kii jen, with authority to colnpet.e at the trienllial exami~lation for the tsirl-sze degree ; and a K'ing-siang, Governor of Honan, and Liu En-tsiin, newly appointed Prefect of Kwei-yang Fu, had audience. sists in the excavation of a new bed for the river known as the Sl1611g-fa11g Ho flowing through the Wdn-an and otller districts-weet and s~~tl~-west of Tientsil~-l~y means of which an outlet has been provided for the streams of tl~e Pa Cl~ow and Pao-ting districts. The object aimed at was to divert a portion of tlle waters of the Ta-tsing river in Pa Chow, to ease the flow of the Lu-e6ng and Mangniu rivers, and to conetruct embank~nents to guard against inundatione. For this purpose advantage was taken of the old bed of a former canal, the Cl~ung-t'ing Ho; long since silted up to a level wit11 the surroundi~~g country, which passed HCrOSs the Tai-ch'6ng district, tllrougl~ Pa Cllow, and [into t11e Pei-ho?] by way of the Yang-f6n channel in the 'l'aing-11ai distri 'r

79 conslitoting one of the maill lines of a "fore~gn tirearm.,, LIIW influence they co~nnlu~lication wit11 the sea and with commanded with the yarn611 u~rderli~rgs, Tientsin. The gentry and tr~diug classes althot~gh the perpet.rat~)rs of the crime aro have beell called upon, in tile absence well k~tow~t, has I~itlterfo secured them of any available Governme~lt funds, to i1nm1111ity.-referred in the us~~al manner. contribute the amom11 necessary for Oct. 15th.- (Cottrt Circulnr). To-morrow, tl~e ulldertalti~~g ; and employ~nent 113s at Iralf -past six a.m., his M~~jest,y the En1- been given in tl~e shape of relief-work peror will proceed to tlre KW~II-t6h l'ien to tl~e distressed peasantry of tlie districts arid Y~u~~g-sze Tie11 (the buildi~~gs ill ml~icll tl~at have suffered by inttt~datiot~. The the renlains of the late Emperor aad Elnold canal had a length of forty li, trhicll, press 11.uve hitl~erto laill ill state). After by c~~tting off bends a11d making its course the perfor~nalrce of the monrt~ing cerenlostraight has been reduced to 5,200 and nies, alrd reati~~g for awl~ile, his Majesty odd chuny ( = abont tell miles). At eacl~ will at 7 a. In. follow OII foot the Imperial end the width to tho new ~llan~rel cofe11s to the back of theking Shall (11ro1111d is 11 cha,~~, aud for the remainder of the in the Palace Park), and I~nvilrg clla~~ged conrse '7 chccltg are the dimet~sio~~s, with a his attire will set out on tlie lmyerial jourwidth at bot torn of from 3 c11u11q 4 ~h'ilt ney. His Majesty, after plrssillg tl~rougl~ to 3 chu?zg 6 ch'ih. Alo~~g tl~e nortl~ ba~~k the Cll'ao-ya~ly Gate, will take refection at of tlre clla~rrrel, at a dista~~ce of 6 cl~cclig the 'l'ur~g Yo11 tenlple. At the Yen Kiao fro111 tlre stream, an emba~rkme~rt 8 or ternyle His Blajesty will tral~sact blbsiuess 9 &'ill in hoigltt has been constructed, and give audience. wit11 a width of 17 ch'ih at the top, and of (1) The Prince of KUII~ and his col- 6 challg at Ilre biise. Cross dykos Ilave leay~~es of the Yarn611 of Foreigt~ afftrira likewise bee11 cr>llst,rrlcted as lrtteral sup- me~nori;~liza cleclari~~g the y~~rport of the ports, Tile rnorlt ll:t\tilly bee11 began early Treaties ill Force with different con~~tries, ill May last, it was co~npleted by the be- and st)lic~ting a Rescript co~~~n~nlrdil~g the ginning of Bnp~lst, the total an~on~lt ex- abtentiot~ of all provi~~ci~rl goverlt~nel~ts pended being Tls. 24,574 ; and the new tltereto, in order that a rnle IIIRY be t1111s cl~a~llel has been found most effective in lirid do\vr~ for their guidance and that inconcarrying off tlre st~rplus waters of the gruity of action be avoided. Tl~rg would streiunsnor~l~ of PaCliow. Rewards are soli nbly observe that ill tl~e Treaties wit11 cited on belialf of tl~e contributors of funds n14 Powers, it ia provided wit11 reference to and. the officials \~ho have distiognished travel in t11e itrterior on tlle part of tl~o~nselves ii~ the of the work. foreigners, passports n111st needs be Oct. 14th.-(I) Tl~e Court of Censorate tnltell out, wlrich are to be stamped wit11 a memorializes, presentil~g an appeal, lodged Chi~~ese officibl seal, and wl~icl~ must be by Li Tub, a native of Ful~kien, who, on produced for il~spectio~r by the bearer at being personally examined, found ally tiwe when cnlled upun to do so ill altogetl~er ul~inlelligible, in collsequettce of the course of Iris jouroey, wl~ere~~po~t free Itis speaking notlrillg but the pro~il~cirl passage will be gral~ted. No dete~ltion lang~lage. His written staten~ent, how- or obstructiot~ is to be caused. It is ever, sets forth the substance of 11is further provided that, ill ~11 event of a complaint, w11icl1 is to tl~e effect that p~tssport having been lost, or of e ~ irregu- ~ y be and all 11is kinsfolk, tile in- larity conl~ected with it, or if the bearer 11al;italits of an entire liamlet in the contnrit any offeltoe against the law, he is district of Cl~ang-p'n, llave been oppressed, to be handed over to the nearesc Cons111 to pillaged, and drive^^ out of house and be dealt with, but he 1r1ust not be srtbjected home by certain desperadoes of the same to ally ill-usage in excess of ~~ecessary clasa, formerly connected with the Taipi~~g rebele and 11om members of all affiliated eociety, wltose ilrfltience with the yantd~t underlings 11as defeated all the attempts made for the last. six years to oblain redress from the local or superior autl~orities. -Referrod in the usual manner. (2) A secor~d ~nemorial from the same department presents the appeal of a licentiate of the provitlce of Kiangsu, who coolplailrs of the murder of his mother by a gang of ruffians, who ill August 1873 cummitted a burglarious robbery in the houee where she waa lodging, shooting her with restraint. The Treaties further provide that passports shnll be issued o111y Lo persons of respectability ; beside rlliclt declnratio~ts have beeit made, it1 addition to the text of the Treaties, that paaaports sl~all on IIO account be issued to any other than respectable and well.conducted indivi~1~1:tl~. T11e stipulations of all the Treaties are [in tlris respect] very nearly identical, the object throttghout being no otlier than that of requiring local outliorities, when dealing wit11 tl~e case of bearers of pass. ports of the kind iu question, to take such measures as oiroumstances may direct, with careful reference to the int,ention of tlie Hall-she, ill the Lu-lung district , Treaties. 111 the case which has lately 110 ~nar~ufsctured an agricultnml irnplen~ellt occurred of the murder of the British for a graduate 11a111ed Ul~ai~g Sl~u-s11a11, official Interpreter, Ma-kia-li (Mr. Mar- livillg in a11 adjacent vil1;rge. So111e delay pry), on tl~e frontier of Ynni~an, Your and dispute about yagnlelrt evet~tunlly Majesty's commands have been reverently occ~~rred, bnt tlre debt -WH8 cleared off at received, appointing Li Ban-cllang to pro- laat by tl~e delivory (rf a tow of rice Sollieceed to the spot to iustitute inquiry what later, W~tng Yung-p'i~~g, being out and action. In what lnanller the n~urder of work and destitute of n~ealls, had occuwas act~~ally committed, is a question pied 11imself in g1e;unitlg in the fields ; ar~d of wlrich tlte aoltttion will, uodoubtedly, Charlg Sl1u-s116n, ltaving lnisaed aonte ears not be difficult to arrive at. Tire of millet from his land, suspected hi111 of apprel~ension nevertheless presents itself sollle kt~owledge of tl~eir abstrnctio~~. Tile that, pending the resnlt of the inquiry, parties canre to I~igll words over the ~natter; the local authorities tl~rollgl~o~~t the Eln- a ~ Wan19 ~ d Yul~g.p'ing, betlli~~kilrg l~i~l~self pire may be led to entertain feeli1lb.a of of lris poverty and of some wey of extorti~rg doubt and suspicion, ignoring, ill collae- ~noney, at lel~gtl~, tallted Itis sclteme over q~~ence of tlre occnrreilce of tllis event, the, wit11 lris motl~er. Tlte wonlail, ir~ consiintentio~~s of the Treaties. 111 cases where derabion of lrer age aud impoverisl~ed COIIprotectio~~ is due on their part, they may dition, co~raented to conrmit s~~icide, and from dread of evil consequences refrail) agreed to take son~e arsenic wlricll l~er son from affording it, or,-even worse-the lrwi remaining over fr-om a q~rantity that people, mulriplying false reports by reyeti- had beell used to destroy illsects in the, tion, may give rise to furtl~er causes of fields. WRII~ Y111tg-p'ing, liavi~lg bougllt trouble. It is imperatively lreceasery that two cakes of bread, put tlre arse~~ic ir~ tl~em all these possible contir~ge~~cies be fore- and want, at nil10 ~t'clock at t~iglrt wit11 hie seen and guarded ayaiust. The Yalll611 n~otl~er to Cl~ang Sl~n-slr61r's door, wl~ere feel I)ound, tlrerefore, to lay a stat.enlelrt al~e at.e the ca~ltea n ~ Ire ~ d tlror~ stole away of the cnse before the Tl~rone, and to fron~ her. sllortly nfterwarda set aolicita Re~criptlnyit~gi~~jur~ctions 11po11 tlle in as tlte poiso~i tcu~k effect, and Cl~ai~g governn~e~~ts of all the provillces, dlrectillg Sl1u-sl1611, con~inp out of Iris I~o~ise, f"u11d that tl~elocalnutl~oritiee be instructed,il~ all the wonran, who uttered not 8 si~~gle word. cases where foreigners provided wit11 pass- He 11:td her carried to her ao~r's Irouse, ports cotne witl~in their jllriadictions, to where she died on tl~e followiug day. 011 pay, without exception, careft11 attention to all inquest being held, Wa~rg Yl~ng-p'i~~~ tlre intenti011 of tl~e Treaties, and duly lo was tnken into custody, and vhrn brot~gl~t take s~~ch rrlettsnres as circ~lmstlrllcas may to trial 11e confessed his criine. In accord-... render necessary;ill ordertl~atra1rquil1ir.y ance wit11 the law, Ire has bee11 publicly. 1ilaY prevail ar~long Clhiuese and foreiguers sliced to death. alike. Sliould Your Majesty's sal~ction be Oct. 16th-17 tl~eabse~lce,. accorded to tlris request, tl~e Yanibn of of the Court from Pekiwg, tl~g Gazette will yonr servants, i~t addition to tlle copies appear only 011 alter11at.e ditys. of tl~e different Treaties wl~icli they lrave (1) A Decree grsl~ting further rerniaalready ci~.c~~lated among all tlle provinci;rl aio~~s of ti~xslior~ in farour of the i~rl~abitgovernments, will furtller extract froni the aute of the five dep~rt~~~e~rts and districts Treaties, the clauses relating to the [issue t11r011gii w11icl1 the route of tl~e Ilnyerial of] passports and travel, and the nleasures cort8,e lies on its way to the Mnusolea. to be taken and protection afforded as may All lnnd-tnx not remitted by previous,. be necessary, copies of wllicl~ lhey will Decree is i~ow wliolly re~riitted, togetl~er transmit to all the provincial governmellts, with all rents due for the ct~rre~~t year to wit11 the injunction that they be furnished any of the Banner treasuries. to tlle local authorities for their informa- (2) The (la&) Goyerrlor of Kwei-cl~ow, tion and guidanoe in every illstance. This Tsdlty Pi-kwnng, men~orializes reporting declaration of tl~e purport of the different the enforced retirenlel~t of tlte Prefect of Treaties is l~r~n~bly submitted to the sacred K~ei-~:t~~g Fu, Cl~ang Bii, owing to tl~e glance of Your Majesties the Empresses death of O I I ~ of his prrei~ts, and recum. and Your klajesty tlre En1peror.-For rnendit~g as his successor the prese~rt rescript see Gazette of 9th instant. Prefect of CII~II-yiian Fu, Hsvei Hnl~g-i,,. (2) Li Bung-chai~g, Govenlor-General of wlioee qualificatiot~s for the post are dwelt : Cl>il~li, reporta tl~e execution of a pri- upon a~td tl~e usual record of ltis antecedei~t soner for the crime of matricide. Wang services recited. Other contiuqent ap- L ' Yung-p'ing, the guilly individual, was cintmenta are recommended.-rescript : 1, - B blacksmith liviilg with hismother, Wang et the Board of Civil Office deoide and

80 report. (See Gmette of tlle iiist., ill of the Boards, tl~e guardialls of the BIauwllicll a different selection for tlre vacant solea, etc., etc. ; and a grat~~ity of half 11 post is inade k~lowl~) ~notltli's pay to the troops forming escort (3) TsBilg Kwoh-t'aiixn, Governor-Gen- and employed in lnakilly roads. era1 of tile Yellow Hiver, ~~lnnlorializes Oct. 2211d-23rd.-(1) Yu.slte, Commis-.reporting the corlditio~l of tlle river 11p to sioner-iii-clrief for tlre Kokol~or region, tlie nliddle of last month. On tlle l5tli ~neinorializ~s reporting the ayprelleiiaion Septe~nher the river rose at Hw:ung Kin - of a BIongol nanted Ho-li-tbli-nu and tliree T'an a heiglit of 4 cll'ik 5 ts'tcr~, and the followera, ~ had co~il~nitted an act of e~nbankn~ents at certain points were in robbery ou a large scale in tlte regivn of great danger foi a Li~ne, ocving to Lhe force Tsaidam (the remotelless and InWless conof tile current beiiig diverted ill a sorither- ditio~~ of which was dwelt upon in a recent lv Airart,ion -J , hv the ~.rowtll of a sandspit n~~~llorial-see Gazette of ll tll inst.) A - - report haviug been received to the effect opposit? slang silo; _t f ill thnt certaill Mo~igols of the banner, pre- 130 T'ilig division. The danger sided over by tile tadji ~ ~ ~ l ~ had ~ ~ b ~ k i, by nleans of active exertions on the part murdered the Iiead~n~tn (q p) of the of the oficials in charge. ' Oct (1-3) Decrees awarding gra- Wangsllitaikll clan of Tallguts, eriquiry tllities ill colinectioll with the transports- was fortlrwitlt ordered to be instituted by ti011 of tl~e I~nperial coftins, and tlie a sub-assistant Magistrate, mllo, with an carriage of the sedans of their Majesties in ofticia1 writer and an escorb of 30 soldiers, attelldance on the progress tso the Mallso- was sent to.the scene of the crinie. The lea. A sum of Tls. 3,000 is directed to be paid from the Horlsehold l'reaariry to Li H~~~~g-cl~atig, as Governor-General of Cl~ihli, for distribl~tio~l anloilg the bearers of the Ilnperial cofius. (N. 11. Tlie coflills are carried by 123 bearer^ encl~, relievrd sixty tinles ill tl~o coclrse of encli day'e The accuded persolls, in consequence of disputes arisi~~g out of the loss of a certain 1111mber of horses, liad made a descent up011 the Tangut C ~ ~ on I I tl~e 6tll Ju~le last, will1 a forceof some two jo~~r~~ey.) To tl~e clrair-benrera and lac- llr~ndred BIoi~gole, had killed four of the qlleys in attetida~~ce 011 their Majest.ies, a TOII~II~S,, and had carried off a large gr~tuity of one tael of silverelicll isordered wnloont of boaty in the sl~rrl~e of cattle, to be paid. silver, ai~d articles of clotlting. The Tan- (2) Tlie acting Governor of Honan re- gnt tribe, to ll~e number of up~nrds of porls the reheariug of ru appeal case as 1,000, mas at the iiloment of the enquiry follows : A co~ll~try~nall i~anled Lir~ cl1'611g- engaged ill a religious ceremony ae a pre- CIIRII~ 11ad lodged a co~lrplair~t Lo the effect piration for attackil~g tlieir late assailants. tliat n you~lg girl usl~o was beii~g bro~~gllt Tl~e tccidji Taslltob~iki delivered up the rlp by his co~rsin Liu Cl~'bn~-cliorv to be rillgleaner Ho-ti-t6h-11ii and tl~ree of 11ie Iris wife, liad been inade tl~e~rictinl of rape comrades on the 3rd August, and the fo~lr 011 tlie part of a 111~1111a1nad Cllang San-yu prisoners having bee11 brought to Si-nit~g and others, and fnrll~er that his ow11 have been duly placed on trial. Their fatl~er had been nlurdered by a 111x11 named crime having been confessed, the rillgleader Chailg WII-gill, w11o falsely represei~ted has sl~ffered the peltalty of death, and llis tllat the deceased llad c,trii~l~ittt~d suicide l~ead has beell selrt to tlie locality where \,y 11a11~il1g Ilinlself. These cl~arges, ~ I I tlie criule mas committed to be publicly being duly re-ilivestig~ted, are declared to displayed. fvitll regard to the rernaini~~g be grou~idless; and the appellalrt, altliongli three prisoners, the difference of manners exelnpted from tile l~eavier pe~~alties ill- between tlle i~ll~abitants of Mongolia curred by the Iuri~~gi~lg of false accusatio~~s, and those of the inner provi~lces is pleaded Iris g ~~ilt being held to be li~itigxted hy t11e in extenuatioll of their guilt, aud at the fact of liis I~aviiig acted 1111der tltr illflu- united prayer of the BIongolian and Tallence of grief for his father's death, is sell- gut, cl~ieflai~~s tlley have bee11 granted tlieir teticed Lo tile penrrlty of eighty blows lives and (lismissed with a flogging to the urtder tile stntnte again%t ul~~pecified cases custody of their banner commanders. The 6f oee11ce. 'I'llis pe1,nll.y is, Ilowever, re- c)tiafs of the banl~rrs have sorrendered mitted in virtne of tile Act of Grace on his 54, 50 oxell, and 500 taels of silver, Majrst.yls nccesrion. as part of the plunder obtained on the Oct. 20t.h.21st.-(1-4) Decrees conferril>g steps of horrorwry raiilc oil all tlre Pril~ces and Ministers cv~icerlled in tlie ln~perial obsequies now in progretls, on the officials result of the investigatio~l disclosed the facts of the ease to be as follows :- foray in qrlestioll ; and I)olrds terminat.illg the dispr~te have been take11 from both the parties to tl~e affair. 111 coi~clusio~r, it is pleaded that althougl~ the taidjitashtobuk has incurred a penalty for his failure to take cognizance of the crime in questiol~, still an excuse may be urged on the grotind of the disorders produced by a long-pellding state of warfare, and the cond~tio~~ of penury to which he llas been reduced.- Rescript, exempting the taidji fro~n pe11a1- ties 011 this occasion, and comma~rding active exertions for the preve~~tiou of disorder henceforward. (2) The Yam611 of Gendarmerie memorialize forwarding an appeal lotlged by a widow from Hupeh, named Liu Oll'Birgshe, complaining of the murder of I~er da~igliter by the relatives of the you11g man to wlioln tlie girl wae betrothed. Tl~e cause assigned for this act is anxiety lest, by her marriage, the victim sho~lld have become cognizant of the disgrace of a widowed sister-in-law of the alleged murderer, who had yielded to illicit intercourse wit11 this mall and had borne a cliild. A money dispute is further involved ill the matter.-referred in the ueual manlier. Oct. 24th-25th.-(1-2) Decrees, awarding gratuities of one tael of silver each to the chair-bearera and lacqueya in attendance on the Imperial conveyances. (3) Ili6l~-pin, Governor-Gel~eral of the Gra~rt Transport, memorializes, reporti~tg tile nieasurea take11 to guard the e~l~bat~k- merits of the Grand Calla1 against damage fro111 t11e.rise of waters during the sumni*r flood seasou. (1) Ts'6n Yii-yirlg, Acting - Governor- Ge~~eral of Ytin~tan a ~ Kweicl~ow, ~ d reports the followi~ig case of local disturbsuce : 011 the 23rd April,last, a report was received from the Sub-prefect of T'a-Iang T'ing (in P'u-ur11 FII) to the effect that, 011 the 6th April, a complaint liad been lodged with lli~n by a literary graduate slid certain others, accneii)g llie officer in charge of the likin o6ce of disregard of tl~e national ~nourni~rg by sllavillg 1110 liead in defiance of estabfisl~ed r~~le. At the same moment with the receipt of the petition to this effect, a report cnlrle of a tumult havi~lg occurred at the lilcir~ station, arid it was foulid tliat the o5cer ill cl~arge hnd been wounded in eight places ; wl~ilst, on subseq~~ei~t investigatlol~, it proved that tlie literary graduate who 11ad co~uplaiiled against 11i1n had led 011 amub to the attack. 011 a aumnlons being iss~~ed ugail~st 11i1t1 lle pertinacior~sly set it at defia~lco. Tlie error colntnitted by the obcial CIIII Piin-she11 ill sllavi~lg Ilia head is fo1111d to have arise11 from the followi~ig cause : A deepatcl~ was received on the 24th Marc11 from the PI-efect of P'u Fu, RIIIIOIIIICIII~ ttlle firct that, on the 12t11 January, His Majesty tlle Ernperor had asce~ided ou the Dragon, to be a quest on high, wllereupon a period of three days' tnourni~~g ceremonial in tl~e Hall of Asselnbly was at once begnil, t,ern~i~~rti~~g on BIarcl~ Chu Yiirlsl1611, after llaving take11 part ill the ceremony, waa told by a frie~rd that the peri~rd. of i~iollr~~ittg mould be over 011 the 27th day-~nrairil~g tl~e twe~ity-sevel~tll from the 24th March, wl~icl~ Ile nlistook ns referring to tl~e 27th day of tl~e 21rd III~OII (3rd April), and lie co~iseq~~e~~ tly sl~aved his head on the day follonii~~ this ditto, His accuser was a persot) who had lollg borne him a grudge, atid Jience the ellalling proceedings. Tl~e decisiot~ pronounced by the Actil~g-Gover~lor.Ge~leral in this case, after the parties have beer1 brorlgl~t to tlie. provi~rcial capital for trial; is, that the peccant official and liis accuser are both grevionsly to blame-tl~e one for remissness in ~iot jnforniillg I1it11- self with due care as to the text of i~~structi0118 relating to the soleln~lities of the national mourning, and the other for collecting a mob to attack a public officer. A rescript is solicited, strippillg Chu Y~ILsl1611 of liis rank, ill order Illat 110 may be placed on trin1.-assented t.o by rescript. Oct. 2Gt11.-(Coul.t Circ~~lar) c11'&11gtwan pttid his respects OII retur11i1,g froln offerill:: sacrifice at llie tonlbs of tl~e JIilrg dynastv..(i) A decree, awnrdillq gratnities of 011e tael of silver to e~cll of '&e chair-beilrers and 1acq11e)s ill nttelllialice 011 tile I~nperi~l conveyrucea. (N. B. Their hlnjesties re-elltered Pekiilg yesterday e~e~lirrg). (2) A decree, ill allswer to a reql~est 011 the part of Wbrl-lin, Resident at Banii, granting per~nissio~l to Mill#-cli'u~~ to remain at his post ae Assista~lt-lteside~lt, Ilia services bei~~g higl~ly valuable, notwi~)~- standing tliat he has been placed in ~11- ing by the dent11 of a parerit. His appoilrtlnellt is converted from a aubsta11- tive illto an " actinn" tenure of nfirb (3) Ts'ung.elril~, 2cting Military Governor of Sli611g-ki11g, reports tile settlelnellt of a complai~lt rvhicll ]lad bee hrnl>,,ll& -."...v forward ilrrougl~ tlie prese~itatioll OF s~~pplicatio~l to Ilia lato Majesty by tile roadside. It appears tlint, ill tlre city of I-cl~ow, twenty-tmo eetublisl~tnel,ts were licei~sed hy Goverllme~~t as public weigliers, having the right of levyilbg brokerage or weigl~i~lg dnes 011 all ~~lercl~cu~d~ae, out of whicli tlit-y paid their licei~se-d~~es GG a complaint was raised by C11ao Yu1lg- 110, o~re (if these lice~lsees, a11d the persol1 who nins taken i11t4) c~lstodr for presenti~lg tl~e supplicntion it1 q~ieatioil ngaillst certain traders who weighed r~iercharidire without using the licensed- ecalw ; and


82 of the Yellow River, and reenter the Canal 011 tlre nortlr bank at Chang-ts'iu. So far as regards the in~yroverne~it effected in tlre last few years in the nortlrern portion of the Canal. Along its southern course, the Lakes ill former tillleu coustituted a system of reservoirs by wl~icll its rvater.snpply was regulated , Iiowever, n,hen il1r111- datio~rs took place along the F81rg Ku~rg in the ~reighbourhood of the Wei-shanLake, and, after ascertaining by survey wlretller the silted sections in the neigtrbourlrood of Tsao Lin and Chung-te'ien can be again made available for navigatiol~, to take measures, 111 such case, for dredging the chan~rel. Funds will be requisite in order to carry out these works iu the course of the next winter and tlie following All the local resources of the.protlre Governor Q,-.- elltreats tl~at subs~dies may be ordered from otl~cr provi~rces.-rescript : Let the proper Board take note. Oct. 30th.-(1) A decree in reply to a memorial by l'so Tsuu~-t'a~~g, Governor- Ge~reral of Shensi and Kansul~, denouncing the magistrate of tl~e Ku-Iang district, tract, flooded botll "" 1 ;%;?iavinr been erl~austed. - lakes and the Canal, causing the irruptiou of suudry aatorcouraes into the latter, tl~e jo~rks were cornpelled to take a roundabo~~t course througli the Wei-sl~an Lake. The lnasonry of the Twelve locks at Slrih Pa Shui K'ow 11avi11g further bee11 precipitated into the bed of the Ca~~al, a~~otlrer divergence had to be made thro\rgh tlre Tuh-shan Lake ; and a third detour was rendered necessary by the silting-up of the Canal at the locks of Tsao Lili and Cl~u~lg-ts'ien. Navigatio~~ consequently became subject to great delaya ; and as tlie lakes, properly en'- ployed as reservoirs, were made use of as a meails of affording pasuage to vessels, tlre progress of wl~icli was barred by the silti~~g-up of parts of the Cin~al, tlre system of reg~rlating the water-supply was i~rterfered with. As various locks and sluices were destroyed, moreover, two years ago, by the inundations caused by the breach at Slrih Clrwang Hu, there is reason to fear that portions heretofore r~avigable may become silted-up, unless prompt measures be taken for tlle needful repairs. Tlre proper course to be pursued, iu view of the fact that tlre pri~rcipal damage to the Canal has been cnosed by the irruption of the Yellow River, is to deal ill the first place wilh the Kiver, and to proceed subsequently to the repairs of Clrow-k'i-clrang, fur the offence of levying ext ortio~rs under the pretext of aearclrirrg for p1;lntations of the poppy-pl~ant. As reco~nnre~~ded by Tso Tsnng-t'aug, the magistrate is stripped of his rank, and baninl~ed lo ~uilitary servitude in Mongolia. The remainder of this day's Gazette ie occupied with u~~important official details. Oct. 3lst.-Tliia day's Gazette contains notlrillg of importance. Nov. 1st.-(1) Decrees appointiug exanliners for the mililary examinations whiclr are nbout to take place. (2) Chill-kang, Resident at K'urun (Urga), and his military colleague, memorialize with reference to the detachment of troops from Suan-hwa Fu stationed at K'urun as a garrison, (in colisequence of the disturbances of the last few years.) They are allowed by regulation a.certain sum for the purchase of firewood and gram for fuel, which were indispensable in coneequence of the severe cold experienced in Mongolia. Without adequate means of maintaining artificial heat, great danger of suffering from frostbite would be incurred. An additional allowance for this purpose, tlre Canal. To undertake repairs to the Canal alone would be a mere sl~am. The Goverr~or has i~r previous men~orials re- amounting to Tla. 200, for the period from peatedly given expression to his opinio~~ November to February, was heretofore tlrat tlre cor~rse of the Yellow River gra~rted of tlie Imperial bounty; and a ought to be restored to its Soutl~er~i repetition of this act of grace is now aoli- Channel, for the reasoll tlrat, so long as cited, on the ground that the sufferings. tlie Yellow River rulrs nortlrwards, it is experienced t)y the troops are intense, impossible to do permanent good to tlre and that the cost of fuel at Urga has risen conrse of the Canal. (See memorial com- greatly, owing to the long distances from bating this view, presented by 1.i Hung- which it has to be brought.-granted by cha~r~, in Gazette of 18th August, 1873). rescript. Ae, however, it is out of the question that ' (3) Chih-kang further memorializes with the Canal slrould be abandoned, the only reference to his own pay (i.e.. as Brigadierthing to be done is to use all possible General of a Banner.) Before 'leaving efforts toward restoring it to an efiicient Peking to proceed to his post, he requested col~dition ; and this iuvolves tl~e absolute that the rice-allowance to which he is nedessity of prior attention to the state entitled might be issued to his family of the Yellow River. It is proposed, during his absence, in order to contribute meanwhile, to rebuild tlie locks and sluices to their maintenance, hie pay in money ". 5;;., being made receivable by himself at his post ; and a former precedent to tli~s effect lravillg bee11 discovered by the Board by tlre tradi~~g route, 1,400 and odd carts being engaged for the purpoae, tl~ey commenced tlre journey on the 20th Septemof Revenue, the application was sa~~ctio~red. ber. Tlre force numbered 1,284 all told, He now submits that tliere are IIO fu~ids whatever at Urga froni wlrich to draw his pay, except the military cl~est, and 110 s~~l~er~rumeraries i~lcluded, occupying will1 baggage, provisio~~s, etc., 1,480 ox-carte, for the hire of encli of wl~iclr 4 Tnels were begs for ea~~ction to Iris receiving from that pald. Tl~e stages by tlre co~~~nrercial route source t,lie amount of Tls. 124, hei~~g tlre arno~~~rt due him after the stoppage of one-fiftl~, according to the existing iule, on account of Iris p'ay (jlng yin) as Bligadier - Ge~~eral of a Ballliar. He further adds that, beyond the amount of Tls. 360, wl~icli Ire has received at his post as onehalf of the "anti-extortion allowance" to wliicl~ Ire is entilled (the remaining half being willrheld owing to tlie pressure of filra~~cial exigencies), 110 has no further i~~conre assigued him ; and it is the state of embarrassment to which 11e is coneequently reduced that impels 11iln to obtrude so trifling a subject as tlie present on the from Urga to Ku-pei K'ow are 77 in number ; and tlre amount paid for cart- Irire, viz. Tls. 5,640, is less than if the troops hnd been sent by tlie regular Gover~rment road. Nov. 3rd.-(1) A decree in reply to a me~i~orial fro111 the Gover~ror of Slran- ~IIII~, reporting tlre safely of both banks of the Yellow Iliver within liie juriadiction up to the shwang kiang period (23rd Oct.) Tlia~rk tmfferings to tlre God of the River are awarded. (2) A Decree with reference to the graduates who passed the exen~inations for the Kii-jln degree last monlli at Peking. notice of their Majesties.-Rescript : We As tlie result of tlie revising co~irmittee's have lake11 note. labours, 27 graduntes Irave been placed i~r Nov. 211d.-(1) A decree in reply t,o a the first-class, 60 in the seco~rd, and emoria1 by tlre Go~erii~r-G~~~~~~] y,f tlla ill tile tliird, all of wl~om are allowed to, Yellow River, reportii~g the safety of both compete at next pear's examination for hiu~l{s of the river ill the laat ]liilt of oclo- the tsiwsze degree. Cl~n~)g.Pil~g, wlro lias 11er. Tell slicks of Tihetall ll,cense are the fourth-class assig~red to him, is put forwa~ded, to be cafferrd in tllalrksgivillg back for one period (i.e. until 18i7). at the Temple of 111e Kiver. Reward8 are (3) Jui-lien, Military Goverl~or of Jellconferred up011 ofticera of the river staff 110, repor's the caplure of a noted deswhose merits lrave been reported. perado and lrigl~wayman, for wl~om the (2) w ~ - ~ G, ~ ~ ~ ~, ~ of Sze- ~ local ~ aull~oritiee ~ have ~ long ~ bee11 on. the G ~ 'cl~'wan, memorializes solicitiug t11e exten- look-out. career '8 a leader of sioll to tile literary candidales of tllat briga~rda dates from 1861, since whicl~ province of a ]leretofore bestowed tinre, after conlmitting llumerous crimes, upon tllose belonging to yiinnan alld lie llas bee11 for sorrie jears in 11idlng Kweic]low. Ill of 1lle great among tlle lamas at Wu T'ai Shan, wllere dietallce of tllese provinces from. pekillg, lie took 011 llirnself tlie profesaiol~ of a proceeding to Peking from priest* He lrns lately reappeared at the t]lence to compete at tile triellrlia] ex- 'lead of a gallg of lllree llundred maleaminations, are elititled to a posting-order factors. a party of tile foreigll-armed troops havi~ig been sent in pursuit lie has wlricll 8eCUreS each grnd"ate('lle bee13 captured after a severe Bgl~t. Sanchorse at every post stalion. This dim~nisl~es ti011 to his ~mn~ediate excutio~is solicited, tlie cost of tlie jour~iey to YIICII a degree and granted by rescript. as to bril~g it within tlle n~ea~ls of ~leedy (4) Jui-lie11 fnrtlrer memoriolizea reportecliolars ; and tlre distarlce bet,rvve~i Sze- ing that a womnlr lately drove up to liis ch'wan and tlre Capital is 'row pleaded as a residence ill a cart, and declari~g herself reason for ex tending Llre same boon to to belo~~g to tlre In~perialineage, denia~~ded tlie scholars of that province.-rescript justice. On enquiry bei~~g ninde, she referring tlie propoaal to tlie proper Board stated t,l~at her deceased liusba~rd, who for consideration. died many years ago, was all Imperial (3) Chih-kang, President at Urga, cl~r~sina~i belonging to one of tlie Peking reports conceruing the dismissal of tlie banners ; and that hnving been strickell troops from Ku-pei K'ow, numbering orle with insanity in 1866, after the death of thousand strong, w11o until lately Lave her I~usband, she was deported to Moukbeen stationed at Urga for purposes of den, where slie was assigl~ed a residence - local defence. Sanction Laving been in the clansrnetr's qunrler. Of late slie liad : obtained by previoue memorial to tl~e bee11 put-into fetters and confined belween Lh.. despatch of this body of men to their homes high walls, and as slie was conscious of no

83 offence she had effected her escape by solicited on behaif of T6khbsingal1i particulars of their voyage by means of take11 to restore to them the funds which crawling through a hole in the wall. Eer Granted by rescript. Chiuese writi~~y. They stated that they had been withdraw11 ; and t11e system design was to lay her complai~~t beforeany Nov. 6th.-(2) A decree in reply to a belonged to Nap+, and had set sail on the has continoed in force since t11e11, greatly official tribunal she could reach ; and hav- memorial from LI Hung-cl~ang, recom- 10th April olr a voyage to T'ai-p'iug to tile advantage of tlle ptlblic. Of Inte, I ing made her way to Jeh-ho she appenled mending tl~e officials employed in atteodirlg 811a11 (Meiaco-silna Group), but had been owing to some ~nalad~~~i~~istratioi~ that l~as to tile Military Governor for redress. 011 to the care of the Pung-ting River, for the disabled ill a gaie, and had drifted before occnrred, it l~ae again been proposed to being examined, the carters stated tl~at all services rendered by them during the late, the wind and sea ul~til they finally reached act upon a preoade~~t set ill the year 1764, they knew about the woman was that she flood season. Penalties heretofore im- the coast of Uhel~kiang. The vessel was and to witlidrnw from these pawnshops had hired them on the road ; but as their posed upon them are remitted. found to contain notl~ing beyond a supply the cupi~al officially advanced to tlle~n. statement canl~ot be credited they are cent (2) T!le Governor of Hupeh memorializes of n~illet. [II confor~nity with reglllatioll, Notice llae bee11 given to ticket-l~olders to together with tl~e woman l~eraelf incustody requeet~ug the usual mark of Imperial orders have been given for the supply of redeem their pledges wi tl~i~r a fixed time, to Peking.-Rescript referring the case to approbation on bel~alf of a young girl of. necessaries to tl~ese shipwrecked barba- and this it is to be feared very few of tl~e the Imperial Clan Court and Board of tile Kiell-li districtj who has distinguished riaus, and for their bei~~g forwarded -on persons interested will be ill a positio~l to Punisl~ments. herself by chaste and filial devotion on the board their own vessel to Fooohow, in do. Their property will consequently be order that they may thence proceed to N ~ 4th.-Nodocumentsof ~. importance, death of her betrotl~ed husband in July eold and muc11 distress occaaio~~ed. lt is last. Wit11 difticulty -dissuaded from her, their own cou~itry, ill fultilment of the in- besought that the matter be reconsidered. Nov. 6th.-(1) A decree degradillg tl~e resolution to commit suicide and follbw tention entertained by the Sacred Ruler -Consideration ordered I)y rescript alrebdy officials reaponeible for the escape of 11i1n to the grave, she l~aainsisted on bei~lg to cheriah tenderly those from afar. published. eartain froln a jail ill Kirill, enjoining the recapture of tl~eae i~~dividuala received il'to his farnib " a widowed Nov. 8th.-Tl~e Cetlsar Chow Shu-ehbng daugl~ter-ill-law, and 11as devoted herself Nov. Sth.-F6ng-~h61i, Military Goverwitlrin a period of follr Inollths, failillg memorializes~ denouncing Liang Slng-pao, wit11 the utmost assiduity to attendance nor of Teiteihar, memorializes reporting the which tl,e officials are to be ode,of the revising officers of the recent,bii tl~e pare~~ts of her spouse.-the orec- measures about to be taken toward deno~~nced for aevare ~'el~nlties. literary examinations,,for arbitrary judgticrl~ of a n~o~~unre~~tal tablet sauctioned by extirpating the remainder of the brigai~de (2) A decree, in replv 1.1) a o~emori;,l ment and conduct actuated by personal rescript. who l~ave give11 trouble ill the ~~ei~hbollrfro111 Ta'ung-sl~il~, acti~lg Rlililary Gover~~or motives It is submitted xov, 7tll.-(1) ~l~~ G ~, of chgh- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~, ~ hoc~d of Hu.lan T'ing. A force of 1,000 of Sl~btlg-ki y, wllll 11ils de~rounced saver~l klally nlelllorial,zrs reportillg tile disasters that in tile year 1760 tl~e Emperor rnen is to be sent to eoour the forests of of the n~ilibary officials within his juris- s,,~ered ill tilab prov~llce fro,,, flol,d rrlld K'ien Lung decreed with reference the Black Mountai~~ after the fall of the dic~io~i fur ~ I I V ~ % C ~ H Iand I C ~ corrupt co~l~l~~ct. drr,ng\,t during seaaoll. E~~~~~~~~ to the rules for reviai~~g the pro- leaf 11as set in, the expeditio~~ being They are c;~~l~iel-ed 011 his rrc~~m~nendation. rl,ills dllrillg tile lllolltll Of J, ~ ~ ~ ductions ~ of tl~e successful candidates at asseln bled under pretext of n~rdertakil~~ (3) Ts'u~~g-sl~il~, actring Military Governor Inat, and the low lying 1a11ds were floodbd the exami~iatious, al~ich had t11e11 lately the a~rtuur~~al mil~cary IIUII~, ill order to of Sl18ng-king, reports the services to a great extent tllrouyh tl~ewelli~ig of been iutroduced as au indiaper~sable lnenns divert attenti011 fro111 the real object in rendered by sundry rl~ilitary officers, who tile ~nou~rtail~ strexme. Tl~ie was especiarlly uf checking tendencies to literary irregu- view. distinguished tl~emselves ill April last, ill the case in tl~e tl~ree prefecturea of Wnn~.~ larity ou tl~e part of students, that exces- Nov. 10tl1.-(I) Ts'ung-s11il1, acting the attack made upon the re~n~~a~~ts of a cllo~, Kia-]ling, and Hu-chow. :. Agricul- sive I~arahness in mere verbal criticism was M~lltary Governor of SllAl~gk~~~g, and his gang of ba~~ditti, \rho had established tural operations ill this region cif ool1atry by no means the intentio~r of the llew colleague K'i-i Cial~, joi~~ tly ~nemorialize tl~e~nselvesononeof theislandson thecoast. sufferred greatly ill co~~sequellce. institution. Liang Sbng-Ilao, a Vice- reply~~~g to the reasulls advanced by the Forty or fifty of the malefactor8 were slaill Tile more ~~~ountni~lous districts of the ill- President of tl~e Court of Literary Record, Board of Civil Oftice ill oppositio~~ to their after a desperate resistance, and lnally terior have been less afflicted, their crops haii~ig had seven of the essays produced proposal that certain n~odificat~io~~s be inotl~ers were drow~~ed. Prolnotio~~ 1s being for tlre mast part dry, R I I plar~ted ~ at the recent exan~inations ae'sig~red to troduced ill the uletlrod of appoi~~tme~~ta awarded to the oficere in commar~d, and earlier in year. In the Ni~l~po~ 'f'ai- 1ii111 f~)r reviaio~~. is accused of having to di~trict Magistracies. They represent poatl~u~nous honours are decreed in favollr a11d SIIRO-11ing prefectnre,,there ha! criticised wit11 u~~juetifiable l~arsl~neaa tlre that ill the province of Fbnu-tl~e~~, apof two officers and two soldiers who lost beell co~l~plai~~t, on tile otlrer harid, of wllole.of these papers. It is implied tllat point~nents to chow and hien Magiatrscies their lives in the affair. dl011~11t d~~ring July and August. Offi- in taking suclr action he was influe~~ced are reserved by rule for either Mancl~~is (4) In a postscript memorial, Ts'ullq- cials l~nve been deput, i~~spect!' the by. persolla1 motives. In a snpplen~e~itary or Chi~~ese, as the case nlay be, a ~ tl~at ~ d allill further 'commends the activir.~ dia- anionl~t of damnge er~tailed, 'with a view40 me~norial, the Celisor repeats the same ill pract~ce at the presel~t day this r111s played by the acting military cum~na~ld:r~~t recolnlne~~datio~~ of the proper meas!ire~ of cllarge iu ano~lier form.-for Rescript see works injuriously,.since it frequently of Newchwang, an ofticer of tlie ra~~k of relief. It is- observed that since the closedf Gytte of Oct. 24th. happens that the oscer most qualified for tso-ling, ~~amed T6kl1tsin~6l1. Shortly the rebellio~~, the people 11wve t~ken by (2) The Censor T6ng K'il~g-lin memo- a vacancy is debarred from holding the after Ilia recent appointmeld post, he prefere~~ce to silk-growing instead of 'the rializes represe~~ting the htrrdship entailed appointment on tl~e mere ground tl~at 11s set to work to apprel~eod a certain titular ordinnrg forn~s of agriculture, as being. by the-closing of certain governme~lt pawn- is either Manchu or Chinese. Times have prad~~ate of the'bng district, 11nnled 1110re profitable and less exposed to risks sl~ops at Peking. In former times, 110 cl~an~ed, and the condition of affaire Kwoh C118n, who has long been a terror to from bad weather. 'I'l~is accounts for the strrten, the Court of the 1111perial House- moves with tl~e times; and tl~e memothe adjacent country, having placed Iri~n- little proyress thrtt has.been ~nade in I~old had, with due sa~lctior~, glven rialists feel bound ill the interest of the self at the head of a Ila~ld of dei,redattars, I~ri~h~i~lg 1an~I 1111d~rr cultivatio~l wit11 food aubhr~ritg for the establial~ment in different publ~c service a ~ of ~ the d people at large, with wl,ose neeistn~~ce he Iran Itee11 in the crctps ouce more. pnrt,s of Peking of paw~~al~ops under go- to repeat their recommendation. Tl~e habit of co~nrnitting divers acts of pillage, (2) Tl~e Qover~~or of Cl~el~kian~ forther ver~~r~~e~rt patronage, the object of which Bonrd of Civil O5ce has, indeed, de~~ied levying blackmail, alld tile like. Be ;u,d reports that a.i.i~~-cl~'iun~~ jl~r~k,.i~~ distl-ess, 1 was to provide a mexns for relieving the that the times have cha~~ged ; but Ts'ul~gthree of hie con.federatee have now bee11 had anclrored ill a bay OII the coast of tlre ilecessities of the people. Owing to the s11il1 and hie colleague call aver from perseized nud forwarded as prisol~ers to P'ing-yang district,, or1 tl~e 18tt1 July last.' troubled,state of the conntry ill 1861 it soi~al experience on the spot the necessity.monkden, where they l~ave 111ade full colt- 011 being i~repected hy the- ~c~agiatrate slre wae proposed at that time to close the of making the diatribution of appointfeaeion of tlreir ori~nes. Tl~ey have bean was found to have e~~ffered IIIIIC~I damage, ments more manageable.-rescript refereummarily executed,; and promotion to the andmto have a crew of eleven rnai1011 bwad, ring the propoeal to deliberation by a firat 'P.acanoy in the :grade of hi&-ling ie who commuuic~ted their naoiee.>~.:md merreure that, in 1862, steps were agqin speoial Council, issued October 28th...

84 (2) Yingllan, ex.governor-general of borders, moreover, on Burmah and tl~e Two Kwa~lg, n~emorializes reporting Laos, and comprises three sr~perior Iiaviug given up tl~e seals of o5ce on tlle sub-prefectures, one district, aud tlie thir- 30th Vepternber last, and flxed the 2nd teen cl~ieftaincies, deaig~~ated Pall-na-t'u- October for the com~nencement of his sze, of the Kiu-lung Kiaug (river MBkol~g.) journey. He will proceed overland to 111 view of the great extent of territory Peking, to await the peualty inflicted by embraced wit11i11 the linlita of the prefecsente~~ce of the Board, as cnmrnanded in ture, and the importa~~t fu~lctio~~s to be the Decree issued on September 1st. discl~arged iu the way respectively of " con- Nov. 11th.--(I) Tl~e Governor of Yun- trollil~g" and " sootl~i~~g,)~ it is only an nan, 'Ts'bn Yii-yil~g, acting Governor- oficer who has had ~nally years' aervice in Gel~eral of Yiinnall and Kweicl~ow, re- Yiin~~an, witli large experience of front,ier ports sundry cl~a~~ges in the oficial eatab- affairs nl~d the ways of the barbarians, as lishme~it of the Pro~ince. Tl~e Prefect of well as a constitution that will resist the Ta'u-lriung, Sl~u Che-KJiao, beiug laced pestilential climate, who call be equal to in mournine retirement through the death the task of government. The two chief bf his moth, the Prefect ellu Peh-mei Provincial Commissiol~ere report that among the entire body of officials throughsg&, who has vacated his late out tl~e province, entitled to be eitl~er appo~ntn~ent at Yungch'al~g Fn, is an transferred or promoted to the vacant officer qualified to succeed him. The Pre- post, there is not one who is not either fect of Ch'i3ng-kia11g Fu, Ch'ang-ellan, at this moment occupying an office of having been removed from his post and importance or else unsuited to the ordered to the provil~cial capital, an ex- requirements of the vacancy. On the list pectant Prefect named H 61tg-cha~~q is by of unemployed officials awaiting appointhis ability a ~ euergy ~ d lliyl~ly qualified to l~lents there is, however, one named Luh succeed him. Tlle acting Prefect of K'ai- Irwa Fu (on tlle Tonanill border), YRO Kia- classed on the list k'i, 11avi11g bee11 renloved from his post a ~ ordered ~ d to the provincial capital, a sullfor immediate employme~lt as a Prefect, --,:>, wl~ose age is at present 52, a native of the Prefect na~ned 'l's'ai Yiian-sill g5n;-$$' provi~~ce of Kal~sul~. His official history is appointed to act ill lli~ stead, be111g is as follows :-Having taken one of the llikliiy co~~bn~eiided for his experie~ice, lesser literary degrees wit11 " hollours," 110 aasdiiity, and firnlllefja. Subs~diary ap- proceeded to Pekiug ill 1856 to compete poi~~tlne~~ts are lnads in collseqilence of at tile trienlli~i examinatio~~ ; but, 'as tile tl~ia proniotion. Tl~e acti~~g sub-prefect of date of the exal~~ination was still distant, 'I"bl1g-yde11 T'iny! - -(Blo~nein),. u K'i-lia~lg, 11e onrcl~ased a brevet of the rank of snb- -4 a%, t~aving been summoned to the ~el;brtment-ma~iatrate, and, havi~~g had at~dience, was commanded to proceed to provincial capital, a11 expectant Depart- Yiinnan on probation. Havi~~g arrived in n~ent Magistrate ua~ned Cl~ow ll'ei-sua~~ Szec11'mau on his may thither, 110 waa over- M#%, a di1igellt r11d capable officer, taken by news of his father's death, and is ~~oin~r,ated to act ill the vacancy. A Ire returned to 11is native province to nnn~ber of other civilian fuoctiona;ies in observe the period of mournbg. On this different parts of 1110 Province are named being completed, he obtained the due as having been seut for to the provin'cial official commu~~ication, and reported himcapital. self in Yiionan. After holding the seals, (2) The Governor of Yiim~an further succeeeively, as actingincumbent of various melnorializes wit11 reference to the appoint- Mngistracies and Prefectures, such as Lilnent of Prefect of P'n-ur11 Fu. A de- kiang, Wei-si, &c., and Ilaving rendered. spatcl~ has bee11 received From the Board of actlve service in the field at the recapture Civil Ofice, forwt~rding a Decree in wllich of the cities of Cl~ung-tien and Wei-si, 110 WBII-kwang, 1110 Prefect l~itl~erto ill ofice, was promoted by decree to a sub-prefectis directed to vacate his post and to colne sl~ip, a11d ~ubsequently l~onoured with the to Peking for preaentatiol~. The office is decoration of a peacock-feather and furtl~er olie tech~~ically classed as " in a malnrious promotion for additional military eervices. climate and of an importa~rt category," III wns obliged to retur~~ to his all& appointlne~~ta to it are tllerefore to be ~~ative province to go into mourni~lg on mitd'e by selection, not by the system of the death of Ilia motlier, having accomdraw'ing lots., The' region in question plished ml~ich he again returned to lie8 on tlle extremest frontier of tl~e empire; i~l.-al,blimate of the most malaripus :hid - 2 4dlii3aLtlry description. It Yiinnan. His prenent grade was conferred up011 11iln by decree ill reward for his services at the recapture of Yul-lg-ch'ang Fu and other cities in 1873, and in 1874 discharge a display of fireworks, the conse- 110 proceeded to Peking for preseutation, qilence of which was that some of con]- which took place 0x1 the 17th July in tllat plainant's straw-ricks were set on fire and year. On his return to Yilr1na11 be was burnt. 011 complai~~ant remonstrating appointed to a department magistracy, wit11 Yiian Kyai-tai he not only did not whence, in August last, he was tral~aferred put a atop to the proceedings, but actually to act in the Prefectsllip of P'u-urh Fu. ee~~t the four me11 above referred to wit11 His co~~firn~ation ill this nppointrnent is arms in their 11a11ds to complttinant's now solicited, altl~oi~~l~ it is to some slight house, where, an altercation ensuinu, they exte~~t contrary to regi~lation as regards mounded his mother with a blow on tmhe the official category of the yost.-rcrferred temple, and when his younger brother by rescript for'tl~e deciaio~~ of tile Board came to the rescue bl~ey cut liin~ down and of Civil Office. mortally wounded him. Omi~~g to the in- Nov. 12th.-(1) A decree baaed on the fluence exerted by Yiin~l K'ai-tai the local report presented by the Board of Civil autl~orities have done their beet to hush Office wit11 refereuce to the conduct of K'i-sii, a secretary of the Board of up the matter, altllor~gl~ the three you~lger aggressors were taken iuto custody after Revenue, who was denounced for grave an inqnest held on the remains of the n~isconduct by the Censor Yii Slla~lg- ~urdered marl ; an appeal is consequer~tly hwa (see Qazettes of JIIII~, July, and lodged at Peking. -Referred ill the 11aual Angnat.) Several of the charges brought mallller. against him are deolared to be disproved ; (4) The Court of Censorate iorwnrd a but he is found guilty of serious neglect second appeal by' a native of the snlne diain connection with two cases in particular. trict with the foregoing, a man named Ma In one of these, connected with the collec- Shi3n-lin, a day-labourer, aged fifty-11i11e. tion of foreign duties at the Ki-ahui M61r He states that hie lute nephew Ma G'h'ang- (Capsingmoon, n'ear Hongkong), he omlt- k'ii had left on his death a yo1111g widow, ted to forward a despatcl~, and the Patrli311 who formed an illicit connection with a of Foreign Affairs failed to discover this ma11 named Lii Pu-cllow. His son, Ma omiesion. Tl~e second case wna a derellc- Chang-clie, 11avi11g remonstr~\ted agai~~st tion of duty in connection with the auditing of accounts from Ka~leull. K'i-8ii is tl~istate of affairs, Lii Pu-cl~ow leagued l~i~nmelf with certai~ ~ner~~bers of the to be adjudged the proper penalty, and the family and obtained by III~HII~ of bribee oficials guilty of overeigllt in the two the assistance of a military s~~balter~~ partic~llars referred to, are to be reported by name to the Board to be eimilarly dealt conlmanding a post in the neighbour- I~ood. This man came at the head of with. a body of horse and foot-soldhrs, to (2) A decree awarding penalties to the the number of more than one dred officials responeible ~ I I a case reported by men, and attacked co~~lplai~~a~~t's IIOIIB~ 011 Li Hul~g-chang, as Governor-General of the nigl~t oj the 29th May last. Firing Chihli, in wl~icli a body of upwards of 20 off foreign ~n~~skets tlrey burst into the priso~~ers co~~fined the prefectural prison dwelling, wliich they pillaged of everyat Pao-ting Fu made an attack on tile tl~ing, and I~aving severely wounded a jailers and sncceeded in breakillg open tl~e neigl~bour named Ma Hwai-cl~u, who came doors and effe8ti11g their escape. Altllougl~ to the rescoe, they bound him and carried more than 11ulf of then1 have been retalcell, 11i1n offa prisoner. The next day, comthe affair is a most eca~idrrlous one. Tl~e plaina~~t's son set out for the magistracy acting ji~il-warden is degraded, and is to be to lodge a complaint, but was stopped 011 brought to trial togetller wit11 the jailers. the road by Lii Pu-chow and his confeder- The recaptnred prisoners are to be forth- ates, who falsely accused hi111 of being a with executed, arid the Prefect, altl~o~~gl~ criminal against whom a warraut was out occupied at the time with tl~exa~ni~~ations, for brigandage, and carried II~III off, togeis to be adjudged a penalty for llavi~~g ther with the wounded men, to the district.. failed in taking adequate precarltions. magistracy. Here bot11 were severely (3) The Conrt of Ce~~sornte ~~~e~r~vrialize beater1 and lodged ir~ jail, and a few days: forwarding the appeal of Yiial~ P'i-she, a afterwards they died iu confineme~lt..the native of Li~i-c11a11g in HOIIHII, who com- n~ost grievous t11i11g of all is that frorr~! plains of the luurder of his brotl~er. A that day to this no cine to the wl~ereabouts i certain relative, a III~II of illfl~~ence )lamed of their re~nair~s 11aa been obtained ; and, Yuan K'ai-t'ai, had seized possession of this appeal ia,accordingly lodged.-refer-: some of com'ylai11a11t'8 la~~d, and ill March red ill the nsual manner. last this mall employed a rascally rnember Nov. 13th.-(l)..A decree baaed on tl~e of the family, with hie three sons, to report made by : the vioe-president Hu,

85 ~ni:lan, who waa specially appointed to exalllille tile case of a woman of the Yiillatlg district in Chela-kiang, on a charge preferred against her of 11avi11g poisoned ]rer llusballd and of falsely accusing a Kii jell gradtiate named Yel1g Nai-tqu, with who111 slle had indulged in adulterous il1tercourne,. of complicity ill the crime. A eupervisillg censor nallled wallg,cjllu-jui ' had memorialieod 011 this case, stating that the judicial officers of tile Provillce had unjustly confirmed the finding of tl~e collrt of first installce, is astertained that Ya~g Nai-wu was ill fact a party murder of 'Ier llusba'ld by wolnan Koh Pitl-ahe, and a sentence prollol~nced ill coilfornl~ty law. It is further declared that in the original decieioll of the case, no departure froln law, in the sltape of either undue leniellcy or eeverit,y, ia cllarpeable to the jlldicial fr~~~ctionaries concerned. 111 colnylia~~ce with the memorialist'^ request, tile Board of Pu~~is\lllle~~t directed to cot]- sider rind repl~rt UpO)) tile Cnse, aleo wit11 referellce to a rule whicll it is proposed shall be promulgated througlloutl!e Empire, enjoinillg greater explicitness In reports made wit11 reference to cri1lli!lal trials, eapeci*lly ill respect of O18- crephllcies betweell tile statements ~llade ill the co~nplai~l~s lodged and tile facts elicited on trial. (2) P'bngYu-lib), Il1fJpector-Cfenera1 of the Yallgtsze l~aval fnrces, and Ung 'J."ung-tsio, actillg Governor-General of the two Hu, joilltly the criminal colldllct, trial, a~ld ex~~~tio~l of an oflicer of tile rank of Colonel, T'an Tau- ]1111, who llnd and o;rrried- off the wife of a Lieutel~allt-colo~~el, during Iier 11UshR~ld7B abaellce ill Kansuh, and having imlnured bar il, his owst house together wit11 her rnntller, ill wlloee compally she was travel\ing by boat when thus captured, had forcibly cn~n~elled her to yield to his desires, allegi~lg a debt due him by her husband as Itis excr~ae. The hoeballd. while on Itis way back to Buyeh, had fallen overboard and w as drowlled. Numerous acts of ~niacondnct are alleged against the incriminated official, in the shape embezzlement of the pay of his men, alld tile like. He has been brought to trial, and after much attempted evasioll has COllfessed Ilia guilt, upon which 110 has beell executed nccordillg LO military law. ~i~ comn,anding Brigadier is denollllced for negligellce in allowing crimes to be-oommitted uclperceived; and by rescript this llamed ~i~ Wei-chbllg, is handed over to the Board for the. due ;. a6judication of e penalty; h'ov. 14th.-(I) A decree ir~ reply to a me~aorial from the Censor 'I'Bng K'itlg-lin, urging that an appeal relatii~~ to the allccession to a Mongolia~~ pri11cipalit.y be promptly brougllt to trial. It appears that t.11e No-'rh-sZe-tell-ma, motller of the deceased Prillce~g.ii,b-wang) Da-da-ba-clla-mu-au, has appealed against the s~lpreme chief of tile tribe for an act of wro~lgful adoption, and that the said plaintiff beell awaitillg a Ilearing- at Pekillg for more tllall a year past, 110 steps l~aving been taken ill the nlatter by the Colollial.06ce. imtrlediate trial is now ordered. (Set: Gazette of Septa Zrrd, ill which similar orders were notified.) (2) A decree in reply to alnernorial from the Governor of Chel1kia1lg, who ha0 requested the removal of the interdiot upon tile establi3111neut of populat~on on the island of Nan-t'iel~ Em, lying off the coast,f the Siallg-sllall and Ning-llai districts. Squatters, attracted by the rich and productive soil, are now reported to ]lave the ialalld, eetab]islling themselves iu huts and bringing t11e land Under cultivation, The removal of the illterdict ia gratlted, al1d orders are at tlle same time give11 for a careful survey of the lallde the definitioll of borllldariea, collectioii of revenue, and encouragement of further oultivalion. As-regards the occl~pation of the waste lands of Ta K'ii Shall fc f!& ill in the Tingliai distriot (Chusan), it is elljoined that step8 be take11 to bring the lands, 11po11 ml~icll squatters are now reported to have aettled themselves in lnrge nu~nbera, 011 the register of taxatior~, and to report to the Throne the statistics of population and arer and descriptiol1 of land. (3) A decree avrardi~~g a donati011 of Tls. 3,60nb from the interest tund of the Holrsel~old Treasllry, for the provision of wadded clo~hil~g fur the aged and deatito te poor of tlie Capital, in accordance with former precedent. (4) ADecree. Wllerea~ work has 11ow been gguu at tile ~~~~~l~~~ of hia late bxajeaty, it is proper that favour 110 vouchsafed' to the professors of the science of geomallcy. Let a buttoll of the third rallk be bestowed npnn Li T'allg, at prese~lt, wearing the button of the fourth rank and expectant of the grade of sub-prefect ; and let a bnttnn of the sixth degree be bestowed llpon Li Cll'61l-yii, at present belongiag to the inferior degree of the ninth rank. (6) Teo Tau~lg-t'a~~~, Governor-~eneral of Ka11a11h and Shensi, memorializee denouncing tl~e acting Magistrate of the Ku-lang district for levying extortions under pretence of ol~ecking the growth of tl~e opium-poppy. The facts, as stated at great le~lgth, are as follows :-On entering up011 hisoffice, tl~emagiatrate was approaclled by sundry of the notables and farmers of his district, who handed in a sum of money as the aaaeament due011 land planted with the poppy. This the Magistrate accepted, tl~oogh by a subsequent arrangement 11e endeavoured to make it ippear that 11e had at first refused the sun1 on tlie ground of illegality, and finally consented to receive it only as a payment toward the purchase of ca~nels for tra~~s- porting suppllea-a question which, it is remarked, did not colicerr1 him in the least. Some time later, on peran~bulating Ilia district, 110 caused througll his revenue clerk the farmers to pay in either a certain quota of opium or a commutatiol~ in money. The amonnt received in money was aurne Tls. 1,163 ; and the value of the drug collected, which he aftermrrds refu~~ded to the farmers who had supplied it, w;ls Tls. 3,000. ' The falsity of the excuses he has alleged has been fully exposed, and his atbempt to daniage the cl~arecter of Ilia superior, the Prefect of Liang-chow, by accusing him of accepting money preaenta at hia hands, has broken down. It ia requested that Chow K'icll'ang, the guilty magiatrate in ql~eation, be stripped of his rank and transported to military servitude.--granted by previous rescript. Nov. 16th.-(1) A decree in reply to a memorial from the Crovenior-General of the Grain Transport, annoulrcil~g the safety of all the worke along tlie Grand Can:il up to the Shwang fing period (Oct. 23rd). Ten sticks of Tibetan incellae are ordered to be sent as a thank-offering to tlie temple of the God of tl~e Rivers. (2) A decree awarding an extragratuity of 3'1s. 60 per menspm, for the next three moll ths, to the ofliciale at present en~ployed in the lmperial Hietoriograpl~ers' ORice, ill conaideration of the i~~cleme~~t season of the year during which their labours are being performed. (N.B.-The work. in progress is the comyilatiotl of the Veritqble Record, or An~~ala of the late reign). (3) A decree ill reply to a memorial from tile sl~perviaing Censor Pien Pao-ta:ii,tn, who has alleged thrlt the recent exa~~linati011 by a special Commissioner, Ho Jui- Ian, into the case of a murder of ahusba~~d in Chehkiang was not satisfactorily performed, and llaa requested that the case be brought before the Board of Puniahmente. The record of the prooeediuga taken before, KO Jui-Ian, who was strictly commanded to allow no favouritism toward brother officials to i~~flueace hie judgnie~~t, haa already been forwarded to the Board of Panisllmenta, and if any attempt at screeniug improper actions hns 'been made, de- tection cannot fail to ensue. The request made that the entire case be brought up for trial before the Board of Pui~isl~rne~~ts is contrary to all precedenl, and is rejected. (4) A decree conferring honot~rs aud proinotion on certaiil officials of Sxech'wan, for services rendered in tl~e auppreasion of an insurrectionary movement ill t11e aubprefecture of Su-yung, on the border of Yiinnan, in tl~e mo11th of August last. Nov. 16th -(I) A decree in reply to I me~nnrial from Mu-t'u-sl~an, ~ cti~~g fililitary Governor of Kirin, who has dellou~lced several military ogcers 1111deq his jurisdiction for corropt and oppressive conducf They are stripped of their rank, and ordered to be brought stri~~gently to trial. (2) -Mu-t'u.shall, acting Military Go. verilor of Kiri~~, me~~~orializes with referel~ce to the trt~nsportation of crin~iilals witliin his jurisdictiol*, with special refer. 811ce to the case of four prieo~lera who had been forcibly rescued by n balld of moullted robbers, aa comm~~t~icated to him by tl~e Goveriior whom he has superaeded. He fiuds tl~at osil~g to the diaturbed state of the three Rfa~lcl~urian provinces, the country being infested with mo~~llted brigands, cases of reacue of this description have been of co~istar~t occurrence, and it is lieceseary to Lalte meaaures in order to prevent the ra~~ks of tlle I~ighway robbers beirlg tl~us recruited, and criminals from escaping from tlie 11ands of justice. The rule in force is thnt etrcl~ criini~ial while being ser~t from point to poiut sliall be escorted by two soldiers, ill charge of a petty officer, botli officer and soldiers provid~ug their own travelli~~g expenses. It is now proposed that Ile~~ceforward a guard of ten men shall be aeut with all parties of prisoners ~~nnibering less than four, a guard, of fiftee~~ for four men, and of twenty for five met), this being the m~xilrl~~in number of any one party under escort. The guard to be prov~ded wit11 arms nnd arnmu~~ition, a~td a travelling allowance to be iselled to tl~em. -Referred by rescript to the Board of Revei~ue to take note. (3) MU-t'u-s11a11 further n~emorializee reporting that, after t~king ofice in his new post, lie reviewed the ~nili tary force undnr his cornrnand, wl~ell he found the soldiery living witllin the city -and doing duty at hie yam& hartly drwed

86 ~ 1 and well shod, but for the most part W6n-kw'ei, on liis part, mernorialiees' knowit~g very little about archery or an~ioii~~cing his havi~~g take11 office. horserna~~sl~ip. The soldiery aiid officers, Nov. 17tl1.-(1) A Decree. The Censor 011 the contrary, WIIO live ill the country Li Ti~ig-siao has memorialized repre~enting villages, preseuted a ragged. and forlor11 that a provincial high authority has illappearance, but seetiled to be stout and dulged ill wanton delay, and requesting honest fellows, although their state of that he be severely pu~riqhed. Liu Yohpoverty was sometl~i~~g pit,iahle. E~~q~iiry cl~ao, Goverrror-Gerreral of Piinnan and. led him to discover that the duties con- K\~eicliow, who lias sent in no further nected with the collectio~i of custon~s' app!icatio~~ for conge since he reported in duties and the gnards at the several tlie foprth moon (May last) that he had rnili tary posts, were habitually o~~trust.ed set out oil liis return journey, has waited to the milit.ary of tlie city aloi~e, who took actually until the ninth moo11 (October) t11r11 and turn about, the soldiery of the before taking his departure from Ch'angvillages receiving 110 calls to duty wliat- tell ill Hu~iaii. Such wanton delay be-, ever. Tl~e Gover~ior hnd further been tokei~s an extreme neglect of duty. Let informed, frbm the moment of his eiitrallce Liu Yoh-chao be handed over to the Eoard: into Kirir~, that tlie oflicors ill charge of for the adjudicatiol~ of a severe pe~lalty. the military post,s were in the habit of (2) A decree expressing the Imperial solicitude o ~i behalf of the soldiery of the allowing the lawless gold l~u~~ters & garrison of Peking, who are exposed to to proceed to the mountains, levjing a n~uch sufferi~ig througli the i~~cleinel~cy of' percentage-tax of gold dust for tl~is consent the neather. A gratuity of one nlo~~tli's on their part. Officers at Salr~inr, who pay at the present rates is ordored to be were co~lvicted of tlii~s extortiiig all1o1111ts besto\ied on tlie entire force, both Manchu ' of gold dust, liave already bee11 denounced and Cliinese troops and constabulary. to the throne. In order to put a stop to (3) A decree in reply to ~ne~nori:~ls from these malpractices, the Go\,ernor gave Ts'nng-sliil~ with reference to recoy~~ition orders that the tour of dnty aho~rltl be of the title to lands on tl~e Corean frontier, divided equally between the soldiery of formerly waste ai~d under prolribition both country and city alike. ii'l~e~i tlie against occupation a ~ culture, ~ d but wl~icl~ time arrived, Iiowever, for a cliange of the have bee11 settlect on by squatters for many, officers nntl men on d11t,y, the Colonel, ypars past, At Ts'u~~g-sliili's recommenda- Fo-'rh-tau by name, who had the arrange- tlon the breach of the law in the yast' ia' ments under his charge, Ilanded in :t 11st condoned with reference to the settlers, in which, as before, ilolle but ineiribers of ai~d authority is given to bri~~yi~~g tile. the city force were 11an1ed. Oil being p~~~~latio~~ 011 tlre ce~~sor'a register a~rd plaasked the meaning of this, Ile replied lliiit cing tlie 1it11d under tilxatio~~. Tile question it 11ad always been custon~arp tn glve tl~e duty at the posts aiid cuatonrs' statiol~s, where there is something to be n~ado, as a recompense to tile inell who cairle on dut,y in tlie ya~nbn ; and his tone a11d iilalllier of appoi~itii~g offici;tls i11 the tract of colll~try in qnestion is referred to the, proper Board for deliberatiolr. (4) Shbn Pao-cl~bn, Imperial Commissiolrer ill Formosa, and his colleag~iea, betrayed feelircgs of gre~tt disco11 tell t. It report the appoiiltine~~t of all officer. is fo111lct that tlritl officer is a man of milch llallled,chow Yeo-ki as acting incnrnbe~~t duplicity of' character, a ~ ~ d for his of the' newly creat.ed district of R6llginefficiency as a n~ilitary s~iperior ; and it is evident frorn his attempt to force the cl~'u~l teb (Perpetual Spring), which it A city soldiery into employ~i~ent, that he was has beell determined to eutablish since tlie actaaled by motives oi a persr~~~al nature. Lion Head tribe of aborigi~~es was awed It is reqnesled that he be cashiered, with. i~it,nnhmiaaion. --- Pla~~s for the Maeistracv' - the proieo that he be never again re- were p repared' so soon as this achieveme~~t co~nli~e~ided for re-emp1oyrne11t.-gra~~ted was accoinpliahed, arid bulldii~g materials by previous rescript. were sent for, of aliich a part has now arrrived. F~ve ll~indred builders and (4) K'ing-lin, the late Superintendent of 1:tbourers are to be brongl~t over from the Imperial bla~~ufi~ctory at Na~lkii~g, re- Cl~i~~cliew for the prosecution of the work. ports having ha~~ded' over the seals of his office on the 11th October to his sliccessor Nov. 18th -(I) A decree, based on a W6n-kw'ei, together with tlie aiiio~t~it of me~norial froui Pno-yun, President of the Tls. 34,365 deposited in liis treas~lq as the Board of Civil Oflice, and his colleagues, main balance of funds in hand, beside with reference to the recent complaint, of Tle. 9,496, being a supplerneutary amount. uudue severity on the part of a reyiasr I of the essays hnnded in at the late exam- this sollrce ; whilst from 60 to 70 per cent. inations. Tho errors pointed out by the of the total 111rmber of cultivators liave yet reviser Liang Sbng-pao are reported as to come forward. The Military Governor ' haviiig really existed ; but for tlie future, and his colleag~~es had no cor~ceptiorr that revisers are instructed to avoid the sem- the number of squatters on tl~elai~dsbeyond blance of harshl~ess and captious criticism, tlie border was so cousiderable ; but this ' where no actual faujts in con~positio~~ beingthecnse, it hasbeen tlreir object, during occur. the recent campaign, to accolnpally severity (2) Ts'ung-shih, acting military Governor agaii~at tlie brigands with gentle treatmerlt of SI~bng-king, reports the measured take11 to the deserving ; and tl~e resnlt has been with referei~ce to- the tract of coullrry on the diffusio~i of great coi~tellt~ne~~t among the Corean frontier, kl~ow~l as Ta Tuna the ~opnlatio~~ in auestion. A reaoest ' has already been raieived from certain of I referellce whicl' tl~e tradi~~g class for perulission to build a instructio~~s were received irr July last, in perma~~ent settle~nent at Slba-Ho-tsze, a decree having special reference to the whicli may be taken as a proof that these exactio~~s lepied by the banditti lately peopie are open to ameliorating i~~flue~lces. i~rfesting that region on the squatters wlio The region beyond the boundary, howhave settled down upon it, in the shape of ever, wliicli forms the lligl~way between dues upon the timber they fell and the China and Corea, demands special attenreeds they gather. The banditti having tion. It was.l~eretofore prescribed that a spnce of ten ti in width al10111d be left un- been exterrniuated by the recent operatio~~s of the field force directed against them, measures for i~rtroducing the control of gover~~~~~ent the squatters in this now there is scarcely any ground unoccuregion have 1,ecome urge~rtly Ilecessary ; pied. The land, I~aviug been long nnder and, wi~li this e11d ill view, certain oecials cultivatio~i, is too valuable toitsoccupiers to hnre bee11 deputed to make enqriiry and admit of their being ejected, and amodificareport. 'l'hese fui~ctioiiariea have reported tion of the ancient regulatio~~s is proposed, the e~tablisl~rnent of a? o5ce at All-tsze a roadway of tell cilang ill width being dia- Sllan (Saddle BIountai~~), at which mea- tii>cily marked out and reserved against sures for bringing the land under the all future encroacl~ment. The reed-beds it operation of the revenue systein hare is proposed to survey with a view to assessalready been set on foot. In the matter ment, so soon as the crop shall liave been of duty ~ I timber I alone, a large i~u~riber cut ; anct it is estimated that, with the of purcl~asers having congregated at the zealous efforts whicli are now to be used, approach of autu11111, 110 less than seventy ill order to repair the co~~sequei~ces of tliousa~~d strir~gs of "sinall" cash have long star~ding ~~eglect, a revenue of some been collected ; whilst with refere~~ce to Tla. 100,000 lnay be obtained from timthe assess~~leiit on lands, regulatio~~s ber duties and taxes on the land and the adapted to the requireinents of the case reed-beds. It is thought advisal~le to prohave been drafted. Temporary certificates pose the establisl~mu~it of twoor three subhave been issued to. the actual occupiers prefects or district magistrates at various of land, and so soon as the autumn poi~~ts, and also tostatio~~asuperiorofficer, (harvest) is over, mensurerneuts will be vested witli militnry powers, at FIng proceeded with, If the arears are found Ilwang Ch'bng. Details of the proposed to correspond wit11 the claims presented, arrangernelits, with a map and explanthe of revenue according to the established rule will be inslituted at once, beginning with next year. Or1 notiatory notes, are llanded in together with the memorial.-referred by rescript for considerati~)~l by the proper Board. ficalio~l to this effect being issued to tlie Nov. 19th.-(1) A decree, in reply to e people, they have welcomed the alrnounce- memorial from Ps'bn Yii-ping, Governor of ment ; and even where in sonie illstances. Yunnan, req~~esting the Imperial commands. bad characters have sought to stir up dis- for the punialiment of an official who had. content, witli a view to e~iuroseing power shared his head, contrary to law, during in tlieir own hands, the al.rests which have. been made I~ave lad them to desist froill the period of mourning for the death of the late Emperor, and also of the indivi- further attempts of the kind Already more than 6,000 cultivators have received, temporary rental certificates on application. to bring their lands under the reveuue. aystem, a~rd upwards of 200,000 strings of ','lsmall" cash have heen collected from inhabited, but for many years pastsettlera have been encroaching on this space, until dual who headed a mob to att,ack him.- (See Gazette of Oct. 24th.) Tl~e asaistant Magiatrate who co~nmitted the breach of decorum in question is pronounced. equally with the graduate who, in silt efectioll of axi old grudge, hounded a 111ob on against

87 him, to have acted with entire disregard for the law ; but, ill conaideratio~r of Ilia being subject to fits of i~manity, he is exemyted fro111 capital pouishment in conformity wit11 s precedent in the reign of Kia K'ing, atrd hie p~tnislhme~~t com. muted as an act of grace to banisl~mento tile north-west frontier (Sungaria), to expiate there his offence by exertiolrs in the public service. The other culprit is sentenced to traneportatiol~ into penal servitude on one of the nearer frontiers. (2) Tiog-pao, Taotni of the Eing-Ts'tian- Yung Intendancy in Fuhkien, and actiug Judicial Comn~iasionar of the Provillce, memorializes reporting his having taken the seal of office as temporary inculnbent of the post, on the departlire of the Judioial Cotnnrisaioner Kwoh Sung-tao, when relieved of his office. The memorialist, it1 reciting hie antecedents, reports Ili~neelf as having been promoted from the rank of.junior Secretary to the Bonrd of Revenue and Secretary in the Yam611 of Foreign Affairs, to the post of Taotai in Fuhkiell. NOV. 20tl1,-(1) A decree, appointil~g ~i~~~ sze-pill T f w, to the post of Taotai of the Eastern lntelldanq the province of Yii1111an. (2) Tlle Goverllor of Shalltungmemorial- izes wlth reference to the collectioll pf duties at the Custom-Hou~e at Lin-ts'iug Chow, n report up011 wl~ich, for the twelve montl~a ellding 011 the B1arcll last, has been received from the department Magistrate, wl~o is ex-oficio Collector of Cuatolna at this point. fixed annual am"u!lt which sho~ld by regulatioll be yielded Tls. 29,684, beside Tls. 7, , to be levied on cargoes of copper, aud Tla. 11,000 under the head of '' increme~~t," or supplemel1tmy levy. The actual collrtio~~ for the period ill quoation, levied upon merchalldize, j,,,lr-b,,il~i,,g n,acerialal and grailll wna 21,919, hn amount of TIs represellts the totd sllm of du,, exelnption frolo which was granted llnder illstructions in favour of grain for military suppliee for the province of Cllillli. TIle reason for the deficiency in the collection of revenue is accounted for as follows :-The chief dependence of the Custom-House for its EOUrCeE of revenue is tlle trade canied upol, the rivers W6n alld Wein Since Y~~~~~ ~i~~~ broke wry the Canal, mouth of the Callai at Cllallg~t~liu is silted up to Bucll an as to navigation impossible ercept at the season of the summer freshet8, and tlii~ only during a.hart period. A. for the channel of the weu (flo.wing from tl,e eastern part of sllantuna bto the canal), it. flow ha. been entirely swept away by the Yellow River, so that it is no longer available for navigation. All that r re istheriver Wei (whicll joilla callal at Lill- frontier, beyond the palisade to the east- the end of August last with 11is collengne ward of Bingking. He explains that it is P'61lg Yii-lin at Hu K'ow, he proceeded not only in lhe province of Kirin that bands toward Sl~angl~ai. The General of the of guld diggers are in the habit of gather- Kiang-nan forces, Li Cll'ao-pin, and the ing togetller, but, on the contrary, such three Brigadier-Gel~erals of Ta'ul~g-mii~g, lawless assemblages have been of constant Fuh-s11a11, and Lang-allan 11sppeni11g to be occurrence along the entire eastern border. at the same time nlaking a tour of ~~~epec- The looality now in queetion, the country lion, a rendezvous was effected wit11 these adjacent to the river 1 of icers, and tl~eparty visiied Ta'ur~g-n~ing, from which point they undertook a combeyond the Wang-ts'ing gate in the fron- plete inspectio~~ of the inner watere, intier palieade, has long been a resort for cluding various poit~ts at tlte entrance to bands of desperadoes, athracted by the the Hwang-q'u. All the topograplrical gold discovered tl~ere. The numbers of features of t 11s tract of country were these outlaws have increased of late years, closely examined, after which tlre party and ae the yield of metal has progressively returned up stream, scrutinizing in detail diminiehed, they have time after time tlle cjranaels, creeks, ialn~~de, arid strateorodsed lhe river and committed ravagee gical points alo~~g tile course of the river. ts'ing), and ever1 ill respect of tlrie stream, owing to the silti~~g up of its bed, tlre dealers who bring tea, tobacco, and other merchandize from the Soutl~ Irave of late years preferred for ll~e most part to ship their goods by steamer from Rnnkow. There only rem:rins n yel.ty locnl trnfic or1 which to collect revenue. It is furthermore to be noted illat owing to the 2ikin barriers wllich are placed at different points on the upper cuurae of the river, the n~ajority of traders resort to circuitous routes by land, in the dread of l~aving to submit to repeated levies on the rekular among the frontier setllemente. Their At the same time 1110 various n,nval stations litre of traftic. The reason why a com- outrages becoming more extended, mea- and posts were passed uuder review. paratively flourishing collectio~~ wai n~ade eures.have lately been taken for their sup- Weakly and men were ordered in 1871 and 1872 at this poi~~t was that, in pression, and in September last a small to be dismissed or exchanged, and rewards consequence of the floods ill Chil~li, force wee sent to altack them in their were bestowed OII the well drilled and mercl~ante from Honan and Shantung haunta. Having driven the outlaws skilful. More than a ihousand li of rive? sought a profitable market for their from their retreats on the frontier, have bee11 trow examined : wid after goods in the afflicted province dllring the troops pursued them across the sending off the preaent h&noial from the years above~~amed ; but tllis excep- river, and after destroying the fast~~ess at Wu-hu, t11e inspecti011 will be colrtin~~ed tional trade has einoe then come Lo all Miao-ar11 K'ow, where they have held lligller up the course clf the river. When end, same causes explain the fallil1g their head-qnartere for many years, over- the elltile survey hae bee11 completed, the off in the collection of the duty at.lin- took and routed them with mucll slai~ghter, nlnp called for will be transmitted for the ts'ing bellalf of the Board of WorkB, at the " fif~h" a11d " eighth" rivers. Up- Imperial prrnaal. w~licl, is elltitled to an anll,lal revellue wards of one l~uadred of the desperadoes Nov. 24t11.-(1) A decree conferring from this poillt of TIa. 8,372. The actllal were slain, sonre ten or twelve were tnken up011 tlle Ma~rchu president of the Board collection was ~ 1 3,145. ~. prisoner, and spoil, consisting of 24 horsea, of WH~, Kwn~lg-PIIOW ; llle president of the (3) A decree of tile two E ~ con. ~ ~ 13 gingals, ~ 6 foreign ~ musketsl ~ and ~ 20 Col~eorale, ~, King-lien ; Ihe vice-llresident of ferring a lonn list of and decors- carbines, beside flag*, ammunitio~r, kc., the Bnnrd ctf Civil Oftice, P'61lg-kiu-jii ; tioils upon the oficiala who exerted fell into the hands of the rictorioue'tr~o~s. and a Ma~~chu nanred tllemselves ill,bollnection with tile mau- Pursuit was maintained up to the borders Bing-Jill, the privilege of riding on horsesoleum in of construction for tlleir of the den~e forest which, according to the back within t.11e walls of the palace-city. ~ ~ j plu-siang ~ YE, ~ in ~ the gbbteru i ~ ~ ~ denizens ~ t of the locality, extends for 0ight.y (2) Ting Pao-cl1611g, Governor of Sltanor ninety li without a ei~~gle inhablla~~t, tung, memorializes reepeciil~g tlle allow- Nov- 21st.-(1) * decreel '' terminating at the foot of the Nao-urh ance 1 wllich the regulations provide on that of the 20th i~rst., conferring rewards range of mountains, not far from the river belralf of criminals wl~ilat~under aentetrce of and decoratiol~s in connection with the Sungari. Credit is taken for the yacitica- transportation to military and penal servisuperintendence of tile mausoleum work. tion of the eastern border, nlmost im- tude. The amou~lto whicl~ each prisol~er at P'u-~'o Yu, in tile mediately following upon that of t11e ia by law elrtitled is 12 cash per diem (2) A dsree appointing Hi-ho as chief Southern frontier region (as reported ill (about one I~alfyenl~y), to be advanced by tile Gozelte of tlre inet.), and rewards and Ulah~ts'u~~gall as aesiata~~t envoy on a, tl~e district magistratee col~cerrred, -and are besought on bellalf of the succeeaful mission to Corea, for the purpose of con- brougl~t illto their anni~al accou~~ts at the ferring a patent of investiture upon the leaders of the expedition. No loss is respective quarlerly rates of exchange for nle~~tio~~ed as l~avillg been sustained. heir-apparent to the Throne $$gf. silver. At the commellcement of wil~ter, NOV. 2'Jrd. -Yang Yoh-pin, lnepector- nloreover, each priaoner is entitled to (N.B.)-lt is understood that a ~r~iesion General of the Yangt~ze 11ava1 forces receive a cotton-wadded jacket aud pair of arrived in Peking about six weeks ago, (formerly Governor-General of Shenai and trousers, for the cost of which articles the bringillg a request from the Young=ng Ka~rsul~), memorializes reporting the re- sum of four mace in allowed. that his son, a child of obollt six pears old, sults of Ilia inspection of the lower course Tlre above payments are chargeable to tile extra might receive the cll~tomary patellt of in- of the rivor, and,of the approacl~es to assesrment on account of "meltage fee" vestiture, and be thus recognized a. his Wnsung. At tlre time of his audie~~ce of in addition to the ordi~rary land tax. In leave on the 12th of May last, he received 1859, however, orders were received to re- Nor. 22nd.-T~'un&'-~~~~1 lcting Imperial commands to draw up end for- duce the amounts above-named ly onretary Governor of Shallg-king, memorializes ward for inepection a chart 3f tlre whole fifth, Ieavil~g.a very trifling sum to be reporting 8 E U C C ~ O B expedition ~ ~ ~ againoh oouree of the river ; and he now has to issued ; and as prisoners under tlrese oirthe lawlsu goldhuntera on the emtern state that after holding a conaulta~oll at cumstaucee run inconvenient riak of being

88 stnrved and frozen, the Uovernor some (2) The acting Governor of Honan having fallen into disuse since 1848, the the auditing of certain accou~~ta from time ago addreseed the Board requesting reports the apprel~e~~sion of an impostor two adjacent districts of Wu-ts'ing and Kwa~~gtung, it appears that the audi~ill~ that,tl~e ded~~ction be waived for the who s~~cceeded not long ago in swi~~dling Pao-ti ]lave suffered in co~~sequence from of Custo~~la' acco~~rlts is allotted by fatare. Tl~e Board replied, desiri~~g Llle the provi~~cial govornme~~t out of a sum of annual inundations. The Governor-Gen- regulation to the Kweichow department G~~er~~or hi~nself to rne~~~orialize the Tla. 12,000. This individual, whose real era1 having caused repeated surveys to be of tlle Board. The arrn~lgements i~~sti~uted Tlrrr~l~e on the subject, and Ire now ac- 11arne was Tu Hio-pin, but who passed held. has found that the old chan~~els are in 1872, for the addition of a Custo~ns' cordi~~gly submits n tl~at reckon- under a couple of aliases, having served so filled up as to be no longer of any use ; collectorate at the Capsing RIoon (near i11g from and after the third qlrarter of for some time as a volunteer wi~h the and he has consequently caused a new Hongkong) were laid before the Tllro~~e last year, the ftdl regrrlatio~~ UIIIOIIII~ of forces in Ka~lsull, l~sd freque~~tly obtained canal, forty odd li in length, to be dug, in a joint memorial front the Yam611 of al1owa1,ce as above stated may be sanc- sight of the various seals in use, and had adapted to the eastward inclination of the Foreign Affairs and the Board of Reve1111e. t~oned.-granted b y rescript. moreover in his posaeaaio~~ a umber of river, from Chu-kia Mat'ow to the Ta Eo It was proposed that tl~e Governor-Ge~~eral Nov. 25tl1.-Wu T'ang, Guven~or-Gene- old oecial e~~velopes. Forging a ma1 lagoon, whence it communicates with the of the Two Kwang and his collexguea ral of Szech'wa~~, me~nor~alizes wit11 refer- purporti~~g to be that of General Kin-al~un, sea. Hewards are applied for on behalf should be directed to levy the duty of ence to the transfer of a district magistrate, 110 addressed s despatch to the late of the officials enyaged in the execntion of Tnela 30 in addition to the likiia tax of who is pronounced nnfitted for his present Governor of Bona11, iu which he repre- this work. (N.B.-The new canal opens Taels 16 per picul, wl~icl~ had previouely post, to allother office, of which the incum- sented hirnself ns n Depnrtnleut Magistrate from the Peiho between Yang-ts'un and been imposed on opiu~~~ and collected st bent excl~anges with him. TIle district of sell t to apply for fu~~ds, wl~icl~ were Ts'ai-ts'un, and runs into the lagoon the Capsi~~g Moon station. The memorial urgelltb reqased to Pay off 811 advallce called by residents at Tientsin the "French drafted by the Board of Revenue, and in of Tla. 12,000, and as hie credentials Marsh," a little to the eastw,ard of the joined in by the Yam611 of Foreign department, situated on the borders of appeared to be in order, he was paid the Peiho.) Affairs, received the In~perial assent on Kweicl~ow, and inl1abited by a ~ o~ul~tion lnolley. TIre fraud being subsequently Nov. 27th.-(1) A decree referring to the 4th February, 1871 ; and when iu n~uch addicted to turbulerlce, is one ie detected, pursuit on foot, he the. report heretofore received from Hu 1874 the accounts for the first year'e wl~ict~ of late, owing to the illterminglillg traced to ~ l ~ wilere ~ he ~ t ~ ~ ~ Jui-Ian,, the Literary Chancellor of Cl~eh- collection were seat up, the incrimir~ated of "converts" and "ordi~lary subjects," and tile molley Be kiang, respecting his e~lquiry as special Secretary tcok it II~OII hin~~elf to audit the onerous nature of the affairs of govern- has beell Rumlnarilv executed. Con~missioner illto the case of a murder them, no comn~nuication being made to the rnent has bee11 co~~ti~~r~ally growing lrrortl Nov. 26t.h.-(1) A Decree. Liang Sl~rg- committed by an unfaitl~ful wife, and Yam6n of Boreigir Affltirs or] the sllbject. pronounced. The difficulty of administra- pao, Vice-Preside~~t of the Court of further to the memorial anbeeqoently The enquiry leads to the discovery that tion llns f~rrthermop bee11 enl~anced by Literary Record, has memorialiaed stating presented by the Censor Pien Pao-ts'tia~r, K'i-su was only acting in obedieuce tlre number of disbanded braves from that his co~nplai~~t gives no ]lope of speedy raising objectio~~s to the statements made to a recent regulation in assuming for his Kweicllow who infest the diatrict. The recovery, and asking leave to resign his in the report in question. A rnen~orial own department the duty of auditing tl~eae magistrate, Kang-gu by name, 68 yeara of post. Let him reslgn his post and attend has now been received from the Board of accouuts ; a ~ ~ altl~ou~h d tl~e Yarn611 of age, in a member of one of the Rlo~~gol to. the care of his I~ealth. (N.B.-Liaug Punisbments, stating that on examination Foreig~~ Affairs has IIO trace ill its archives banners, who from the rank of governnle~~t- S611g-pno, who t11us retires into private of the case as referred to it, the Board of ally desp~ttch from tile Board of Reve~~ue writer was promoted in the third year of life, is the literary reviser whose unjaati- fi~~da a very great discrepancy between on the sa1~ject, the correspo~lde~~ce register J3ie11 Fb~lg (1863) to the ral~k of district finble l~aral~neas has lately been earposed the depositions now forwarded and the of the Board shews that one was prepared n~ngietrate in Szec11'wnn. In the sixll~ and censured.) original record of the case. A new trial and ouglrt to llhve bee11 sent. Tlre clerk year (1 of T'UII~ 011e=1867) 11e took ofice isco~~sequently recornrnended. Hu Jui-Ian as mugistrate of P'611g-slruei, and it mnat (2) Li Huug-cl~ang, Governor-General of ill cl~arge of tlria register died lnst year, is llereupon directed, in the interest of be said of him that his co~lstitutio~~ is still Cl~~lili, reports a rising and escape from and it is conaeque~~tly i~npossible to aacerjustice, to cause the parties to this case robuat and that 110 discharges his duties the priar,~~ at Pao-ting k'u, on the part of a tain the full particuiars; but a snperior to be bronght before him again, and to wit11 assiduity. Still, as dealing wit11 Ll~e number of prisoners. Tl~e Prefectural jail clerk whose duty it sl~or~ld have bee11 to ii~stitute a searcl~i~~g exalni~~atiol~ illto the questions that nrise betweell the "ordil~ary ill that city is eituated at some distance see that the despatch was properly sent particulars in wl~ich the depositions, firat people" and tile llco~~rerts" is not ]]is from the Prefect's yamall, and co~rtai~red out has now bee11 dis~niased for his r~egliand last, are at variance with each other. ~FIIC~. stro~,g point, be is not altogether adapted in October last 68 prisoners. At about The majority of the cl~arges broug.llb He is strictly bidden to avoid either to l~ia presel~t post ; a11d the niagistrate at 2 a m. OII the 24th October, twenty of tlre against K'i-su are sirr~ilarly diapoaed of, iuj~~st,ice or undue le~~iency, alld to make present in charge of tile Sirr-fa11 disprisoners broke down the bare of tlreir tl~ou~l~ l~e is in sor~~e caaee prono~~~~eed it Ilia one aim to arrive at the exact cage, knc~cked off their fetters, killed two guilty of arrogating autl~ority to I~ilnself. trict, named Cl~ang V6n-c1,611 truth and to let tl~e sentence pronou~~ced a~td -. - aol~nded -. four of the wardere. and (For rescript see Gazette of 12th inat.) be such as the facts reqtlire. Not the a native of An-l~wei, 4E years bf age, \\l~o broke out of confinerne~lt. Thirteb11 of Nov. 28th.-'l'l~is day% Gazette is wllolly sligk~tesb appronch to eqllivocation or has been promoted to his present rank for the fugitives were subsequently recaptured. occupied with the above t~~emorial. attempt at palliatio~~ is to be indulged in. services with the army, is selected as a -Rescr~pt ordering these men to be Nov. 29th.-(1) A decree ill reply to a A report in detail is to be forwarded and more suitable incnmbent Hang-yii will executed, publisl~ed on 12th illst.) memori;rl from the Censor Mei K'i-hi, eenterlce duly suhrnitted. who has requested that the privilege of consequently exchange wit11 hrn~, ~f the (3) Li Hung-chang further mernorializee (2) Pao-yun, Preaide~lt of the Board of purchrsingpeacock-featl~erdistinctio~~eand Imperial assent be g~ven.-rescript : Let to the effect that the riv& Peil~o tibe Board of Civil Office consider and permission to await selection for otllei H, owing to the nunrber of its posts wl~ile holding aubalantive appointreport. (N.B.-The broad dietinctio~~ afflueuts and its strong currdnt, is parti- ment~, be now abolished.-rescript: Let between min or the people at large, cularly liable to overflow, the only me'ana kiao, the oonverts to Roman Oathol~c~am, has now been for so~ne years incorporated in official phraseology. It was first brought prominently into notice jn the memorials snd decrees published at the time of the Tientsin Maesacr~.) of guarding againat which were the two channels of deviation at Whng-kin-wu and Kw'aog-urh Kiang (the Btet nanied of which appears to have ha8 its point of junction with the east bank of the Peiho' near Ho-ei my.) T&e laat-namea.ehshne2, Civil Offioe, al~d MHO Ch'ang-hiJ President of the Board of War, jointly report the resnlt of their ellquiry into the case of K'i-su, the Secretary to the Board of, Hevenue, wllo was denoullced by a Censor in June last for corrupt and irregular ' conduot. ('Pl~e memorial occupies tl~e I greater part of tl~is and the following day's Gazette:) With reference to the charge of h r d t i in o e t i i t the Board consider and report. (2) A decree in reply to afarther memorial from the same Ceneor, who has requested a stringent prohibition against sumptr~aty extravaga~lce, in defiance of rule, on the part of the people ab 1aip;e. Tho Boud of Cerernonie~ h r herelofon

89 - printed and promulgated such extracts from tlie Cano~~ of lustitutes and tlre Riti]x\ 80 concern the cererilotlials which aho~tld be practised at~~or~g the people on occ,usioils of festivity or mourning ; but llabits of extravagn~lce, derived from longstanding custom, it is to be feared, nlay nevertllelesa prevail. Tlie high autlloritiee tllroughoi~t the Empire are now commanded to iesue procla~nationa embodying the regnlatio~is l~eretofore promulgated by the Board. Any acts of wilful disobedience are to be repressed by the local oficials, in order to e~lco~~raye liabits of thrift slid to do sway.with indulgelice in extmvsgance. *.". N,.a.!iO~h~-((?o~lrt \---- Circular). Tile el- ~ - pectaiit Vice-Presidelit Kwoh ~;~i~-tao (the eiivoy-designate to Great Briraiu) arrived at Peking. and presented his respects. He \lad a;bience. - Tlie whole of this day's Gazette is occupied wit11 the memorial from Hu Jui-lau, tbe Literary Exnminer of the Proviuce of Chel~kianu. - - furlrishiug the result of his judicial igestigatioll Gito the case of murder of Koli Pin-lien by his wife, as a coibsequence of her ndult~eroua connectio~i with a K.ijS11 graduate iiamed Yailg Naiwu, wliich tlie memorialist waa speci~~lly comn~iaaioned to underlake when the previous judgment on the part of tlie prorincis,l anthorities was x~~ealed. ag;ailrst at Pekiug. Tlie facla of the case Gpear to be as follows :-Ko11 I"in-lie11 Was Ilinlself 8 grndllate of the t(iij811 deuree, but was eniyloyed as an aasietn~lt ilia bean-curdshop at Yii-iialig, of wl~icli place a11 tile p:uties to tlie case were ~latives. Yang - Nai-wn hnvinv.. - -ca art of a ]louse to let, Kolh r and his newly -married wife moved into it telnporarily ill 1872 ; at~d Yang av,kiled hilliself of his to establish an illicit intercourse witlt the wife, wl~olii lie irritated agxiilst her l~ueband by dwelling upon the il,diklrity of hie walk in life. Tlie wornttn fillally col~sented to rid I~erself of her llnsband by poison, under promise t1iatya11~ wollld afterwards marry her, a~ld in ally case hold her Ilarnlless. When returning from the exan~inations at Harrgc1ia.w ill 1873, he boogl~t at a certain druggist's sllop a quantity of arseuic, ulider tlie false pretext of raqr~irirlg it to poisv11 rats, and gave it secretly, on tlle Nove~nber to Koli's wife. On the 28th of tlle same moiltli, Koll Iiavi~ig desired the wnmalr mnke him. a decoction of dried lungan and gilrseng, which he was in the habit of taking for attack8 of gout, she aeized the opportuuity of mixing the poison with thia draiiglit, and after taking it, Koh was seized with deadly vomiting, of which he ehortlg afterwatde died. His mother, havlng occaeion to auspect foul play, reported the Case to the Ma8istracy, atid on au i~rqueet being held, death from poiso11 was proved. The wife up011 this confessed that she had poiaoi~ed her husband at the instigation of her paraqour Yang, and the parties were l~ereupou con- fronted. Yang denied the charge, atid brought furward persons to prove that lie had not comrnenced his journey back to Yii.ya11g until tlie 24th November, in order to upset the cl~arge of having purchased tlie arsenic on that day. Numerous attempts mere made, both in the province and at Pekiilg, to discollnect him from tlie affair, but the judgment now submitted is that the woman be aliced to I deatl~ (ling ch'e) under tl~eatatute providing r this penalty ill cnaea of ttie preseut kind ; that Yaug Nai-wu, under the statute providiug for the caee of a paramour who illstigates a woman to murder her I~usband, be decapitated summarily after aenteuce pronou~~ced ; that the druggist by whom the arseuic was sold receive eighty blows under tl~e statute providiug this penalty,in the case of persona who, in greed of gxiu) sell a PO~SUII wittiout e~iqairy into tlla antecedents of tlie purcl~aser, and tl~oa contribute to the taking of life ; aud that otl~er ~niaror pul~isl~ments be inflicted upon i~~dividuals concer~ied in the later complicatio~~a of the case. Dec. 1st.-(I) A Decree. Let Kwoh Sung-tao become acti~ig Vice-President of tlie Buard of War. Yin Cliao-yung need not contii~ue to liold this appointment i~r aadition to Ibis owl]. Let Kwoh S~~iig-tao also become a meuiber of tile Yam611 of Foreig~i Affairs. (2) VU Jui-liin, Literary Examiner of Cl~ehkla~lg, memorializes with referelice to an abuse lie llas discovered to be prevalent in framing the records of judicial proceedings. It consta~itly he represent.~, that complai~la~ita, wllen lodging their accusatio11s in cases of murder or robbery before tile Courts, o~iiit to stat,e the full p*rticulars or the entire trutl~, either throng11 beiu:; imperfectly infornled xt tile tinie or else with inte~itioiial evasio~i. Wl~eii tlie care coliles to be judicially investigated and reporled upon, a11d.discrepallcy ahewe itself betsveell the deposit~oua aird the original act of accusation, the Courts are in tile habit of ta~nperi~ig wit11 the form of lhe origi~~al cllargei in order' to escape dieapproval by tlre superior tribu~~als. Au instalice of this kind occurred in Ule case of murder of a husbaud, which Eu Jui-Ian haa latejy been commissioned to investigate : and he solicits a decree e~ijoinilig tllnt he~~celoryard a copy 6f the originel petition shnll be annexed to the proceedings in all cases in which dincrepancy of the kind referred to may occur. -F6r redcript see Gazette af Nov. 13th. {3) Hu Jui-Ian further memorialires wi h respect to tl)e case of Chih-wao, a Mar~chn sub-prefect in Chehkiang, whoa0 nppeal lie had been commissioned to invea- tigate. Chih-w&n had protested againat hia dismissal from the public service in conse uence of the verdict recorded against him %I tlie Governor, in his report at the laat triennial scruthy (A 81.),f the oiviiian offioials.(below the rank of Prefect) witliin his jurisdiction. Having leanled tirat lie ]lad beell placed in tlle category of p'ijwan (or "inefficiellts~") he had aoclgl~t an interview with the Financial Commi8Sioner, to ask an explanation, but nollhing ctiuld be alleged agailist him, and be was employed On different eemioea. As a the enquiry now ilistituted, Hu Joi-lan confirms the action fif llixh prwinciak offiuirla, ~110 are netibuud by relbulation, he poiute out, to 8'" tl'e'rcmaaomfor clusif~ing olle oft their bubordinates in either of the six categories of au n~kfavourable kind into which the trieunial reports are divided ; and he prooeede to desoribe comings whioh justify account rendered of bile l"'esent "~~6llw~c-A rescript conficnring the sentewe of dismiasai has already been publiahed. Ddc. ald--(l) The Oourt of humate forwrtd 811 appeal p-xented by a Mollgo1 WQmul' belongi~g to the Hao-han banuer gb Jdl~ho, who complains that her husband was murdered and her ]louse pillaged by a band of her fellow-villagers in October, U69. She recognized veveral of the men, and complained to the lieuten- a~lt of the local milibarp post, who, however; shared tile plunder with the robbers snd took no ateira for their ap~rehen8ion. Bppeliant finally lodged a complaint at the dietriot Magist~acy, wheretipon the men were arrested and put on trial. They conf&aed thecrime ; but Lieutenant Cllang has cbnbrived by certain oe~t?lt means to have bheir names altered erld to mitigate their coi~finemellb. He and one of the rit~gtcrgders have moreover spread the wariring abroad that if appdlalrt ahoold make any fw(flter appeal, she and her whole~l~ut~aehold ehall be destroyed. $lie bbe preserrtedl p&itiona six times to the iotiab Pr*%ot, and five1 tl1e~gam6n d~~a~imrubular~, rb9tlioat bdng ~vanted a healing.-refawed in the ogdai manner. " (2) 'The Ceusor Pien Peb-te'aan memob~-$l&ckh& Ru- Jd-lab, Triterary Examiner of Ohehkiang, in mnnectien with his recent report of hie judicial re-inveatigation of 'the murder of Koh P'in-lien by his wife. Ad~erse comments, he atatea, have been in circulation for aome time paet, before the appearance of the decree announcing HU Jui-lan's report. It has been bruited about that the Literary Examiner is on excellent terms with the Governorof Chelrkiang, and whileaffecting outwardly an appearance of aterh integrity, he is in reality guided by partial cons~den tiona. Far from giving judgment in the matter aa equity demands, it was propl~esied he would be to uphold the ael,tence previous~y delivered. ~h~~~ suppoei~ione, now found to tally the memorial which is acknowledged in the recent decree. ~h~ Censor, while avowing hie on, inability to declare yang Naiewu has been unjuetly dealt with, and whether there has been undve action with a view to screen tlie Courta which originally dealt with the question, remarka tlkat it haa becornea matter of well~iigh invariable precedent that no provincial judgment should ever be dieburbed on appeal to pekinr. H~ jui.lan, moreover, it^^^^^ ~~~~i~~~ of chel1kiallg, could do no otherwise rllen charged with this enquirp, than act through the very proviucial officiala who were previously concerned in the case. Hie position was different from that of a H~~J, ~ ~ attended by ~ h~s own staff. Entreaty is therefore made that a fresh trial be ordered to be undertakes by the Board of Puniahmente. -For reacripta see Gazettes of Nov. 16th and nth. DeC. Srd.--(1) A Decree. The Board of Civil Ofice has memorialized ua repartirlg their deciaion in the case of Liu Yohchaos The Governor-Ge~ieral of Ytinnan and Kweichow, Lirl Yoh-chao, bavirig arbitrarily indlllged in delay after reprting liie departure on hie return to Ilia poet, has been guilty of undeniable neglect of duty. We deme that, as the Board hse proposed, he be forthwith etrippd of hie rank, (2) A Decree. Let Liu Ch'ang-ye0 Bucceed to tile post of Qoveroo~Oenerd of Yiillnan and Kw#ichow. Let Yen,Bhu~ ah611 succeed him as Governor Of Kwangei 13) A Decree. Let Yang Chung-ya8au+ ceed to tile poat of Financisl Oommiaaioner of Kwangsi. Let Ch2B1lg 9ing-k'g* euoteed to the post of Judicial Oomdesbhec.jf Kafiauh. I %.I,[. '(4) Tan-pn end hie wlleagues-memorialize with' referen'ce to tlie osse of' the Pterary reirisbr Liaag S6ng-pao, whoae unjwtil&!e.harbhaeee iu aiitioiam hae


91 taking office, demanded from Chao-me, the decieion amved at ; and in the following Government refiner, a squeeze of Tle. 880 ; month Wang Shun-yeh again lodged s and to reimburse himaelf, tlre refiner pro- complai~rt to the effect that hie father had vided himself with falee weights for use ill beeudone to death In prieon, tliat theotlicial +.he ---- onlleotion of the land-tax. Tlie com- sent to examine hie remains had ignored plairlt has been referred for enquiry ill the the marka of injuriee upon hie person, yeyal manner. and had faleely reported the death ae Dec. 8th.-The Court of aeneorate for- caused by dieeaae, and tliat he hi~neelf had wards ail appeal lodged by oue Wa~ig Jang, been subjected to torture to compel him a.lad of fourteen, on bel~alf of his ui~cle to deeist fro111 further proceedings. Again, Wang Shung- yeh, who hae eent him with ~t in Auguet, 1873, the co~nplaina~lt lodged a from Honan to Peking. Tlie complaiuant fresh appeal, stating that under the influstates that, having lodged three accusa- ence of bribery his acc~~aatione were igusred tions fit tlre Ceneorate in 1873 agaiaet a and attempts made to force him to abandon pereon l~rrmed CII'&II Lull-hi~lg, he was eent the caee. The Ceneorate wrote on each back to hie own locality to await a rehear-, occaeion to the Gover~ior, deeiring that ing of his caee. Clr16n Lub-hing, however, enquiry be made, but no reply l~aa hen haa bv eome occult means eucceeded in received. 011 receipt of the preee~it appeal kaahi;:m nwas - from the Court, whilst cjm1- a decree ia sd1icited.-referrediu the ueual. - & - plaifiant, on tlle co~~trary, w& had up for manner. examination more ban 170 timee, and 1 (2) The Governor?f Kiangsi.. memori:... received no lese thau 700 blowe, tlis younger brother, having been eent to him at the provinci~l capital with a supply of money, was likewiae eeized and thrown into prison. In 1874, a new o5cer having beea deputed to proceed with the caee, complainant waa again had up at upwards of tllirty further l~earinge, at wliich 110 was made to kneel on clra~ne, no appear- ance being put in on the other side. In his grief for the death of hie father, wl~i~l] had bee11 compaeeed by Ch'6n Lohhing, complainant eet fort11 while before the court the verioue acts of villiany of whicli Ch%n has been guilty, but the preeiding o5cer nevertlreleee took no atepa to colnpel his appearance. It wae only after asdirect appeal on the part of complainantye mother to the provincial judge in pereon, that hie younger brother was at alizee repreeeuting the impoea~blllty ot conrplyiiig in that Province w it11 the orders lately ieeued, at the instance of the Board of Keve~iue, for a general attempt 8t re- sumir~g thecollection of therice-taxin kind. It ie now fully twenty yeare since a lnoiley ccrn111utat1011 hae been eubstituted for the levy in kind ; and the amount of the con)- mutation, moreover, la comparat~vely light. For each picul of rice aaseseed, the aum of 3,420 cash ie collected, whicli is leae than the preee~it market price per picul. 111 Kiangeu, on the contrary, cloee to the actual eeab~ard, for each picul of aaaese~nent, one and tl~ree-tentlie are collected, bea~de a sum of 1,000 caih toward contingent expeneee. lu dietricte where commutation ie the rnle, the eum ieiixed at 4,600 cash. Putting one amou~~t and another together, tlie total sum collected barely suffices to meet the expellee of tra~~ernieaiou. So far ae Kiangei ie wncerued, the distance of 2,000 li and length releaaed from prison. In April last, the provi~~cial judge eent complai~~ant in to Ch'6u-chow Fu for further trial, but the Prefect, without cslli~ig for upwarde wl1ic11 intervenes between the the appearance of the accueed man Cl1'611, provi~~ce atid the sea, cauees the coat of merely comlnanded oomplainant to sign transportation to be doubled, whether the tlre reoord of dismissal of the case. Corn- grain be collected at Shanghai or whether plainant'refneed to do thie, and the Pre- eteal~~ere o up to Kiukiaiig to load. A feot then eent him with all the papere material d ~cult~ in the way of revereion back to the oapital. The in- to the old ajatem ie t])at ih the 48dietricte fluenoe exerted by Ch'6t1, aa a notable of formerly eubject to the levy iu kind, all high rank, ha8 defeated all attempte at tlie granariee have been burnt dawi~ or obtailling justice; and complainant, etill otlierwise deetro~ed, and po f1111de *re in duratioe, forwarda the present appeal. avniluble for tlieir restoration. It ie con- Upon thia, the Celleornte obeervee that 111 eequeutlg entr~ated that a oontinua~~ce of July, 1870, Wsng Shun-ye11 preeented the practice IIOW in vogue be eanctioued him firah comnlaint. of tlie oppreeeion Mescript : Let the Board of Revenue cop. practised upol Ilia father, upon wl~icli eider and report. D dmpatch WM addreseed to the Go- Dec. 9tli.-(1) A Demea -Li, #&+,or. of, gunan,, deiring him to cauee ohang and hie colleagues hav? m w q ~. d a judicial enquiry to be held. In. April, reporting a general autll 8.,of. 1 e\q+ :.' , the Gayernor?rote reporting the enquiry, undertaken ia pbe Ow decree; into the murder of MIS Kia- atripped of their official rank, and be li (Mr. Maqary), and requesting that the brought to trial ae partiea to the caee. If o5ciale who have f~iled in the due evidence of troops l~aving been moved to diecliarge of tlieir duty be etripped of tl~eir oppoae [the entrance of the party illto rau4,and placed on trial. China], or of instigation to commit tlie In the case of the murder of Me Kia-li, murder be elicited, let Li Hall-cl~ang and Li Ean-chang and Ilia colleagure l~aviog hie colleagues tlioror~gl~ly and etrictly inveeboth iiiveetigated the matter publicly Old tignte the matter, in order that the denlands iristituted secret enquiries, I~av~ng oaueed of joatice be faitl~fully carried ant. Let all the dooumente oon~~ected with it to be there be no approach to favonr or concealla~d btlfore them for exa~n~nation, aua ment. Let tl16 Boards concerned take note having deputed competent officere to con- (2) The Board of Ceremo~~iea menloduct a jud~cal inveetigation in couformity rializee with reference to the reqoest with the pri~iciplee of justice, they report preeei~ted eome time ago, tl~rougli the to ue that on tlie road between Punnan Board froin tlie Kiug of Corea, by uame and Burmah there intervenes the terntory Li Hi %BE, for a pateut of i~rveetiture occupied by aavagee and the tribee (of the - A,..--- Sliau St~tes), wliich hae liabitually been on behalf of his son ae heir apparent the reeort of numerous robber bands. At the period in question, the notablee A reecript of sesent having been received, the Board has to obeerve that, people of T'6iig-y tie11 (Momein) having according to eetabliehed regulation, on heard that foreiguera at the head of a req~leste of the kind being received from large number of foreign ealdiere were Corea, the Board should move for the apabout to enter the oouutry, weembled on pointment of a chief and an aeaociste envoy tl!~a account a body of trainbauds (or local to proceed aa bearere of the Imperial Militla) for their own protection. 011 hie patent. Tlle clasa of functionariee from jour~iey from Yu~inan to Burmah, Ma Kia- wl~om the chief envoy ie to be selected ie li, being provided with a yaeeport, war that of high offlcera of the Court or Imduly eecorted from poilit to poiut through perial Guarde, and the aseocinte envoy ie the djffereut dietricte, which 11e travereed to be choeen from among V ice-clini~cellors in perfect eafety. On [h~s] return, at a of the Grand Secretar~at, Ma~~cl~u Chanlater date, from Burmali to Yunnan, no cellors of the Ha~llin College, or Mancliu notice waa given to the local autl~oritiee to Vice-Preeidents of the Board of Ceresend an escort to meet [I~im], the conmoniee. A list of the olciala eligible for aequericeof wliich was that oertain lawleaa tl~eee poete ie accordi~igly eu brni tted for ~ffendere lying in wait for opportunitiee, tl~e Imperial eelection ; a~rd the docu~nent took advantage of the occasion to cummlt to be delivered by the envoys will be robbery and murder. drawn up in conformity with precede~~t.- Tliie being the tenor [of the Memorial, For reecript see Gazette of November 21st. it appeare tliat], at the time when the (3) Yung-ts'lian, Military Governor of notables and people collected tlieir force Ili, requests rewards oir behalf of oficiale of Militia, 'Nu K'i-liang, the sub-prefect who have exerted tliemaelvee in the cr~lti-?f T'eang-ytieh, was incapable of guarding vatio11 of grain at Tarbagntai, since the in time against \hat followed, either by growth of euppliea wne u~rdertake~~ there the exerciee of persuasion, or by the three gears ago and 1874, the applicat~on of coercive meaerlree ; wliilat, crope a~~ffered much from loousta, wlreu after the dleaster llud taken plece, ~nonthe the troope exerted themeelvee to extirpate weut by before arrest of tlieyuiltg partlee this pest, as alao to promote irrigcrtioll, was made, nothwitheta~idi~~g tllat aatrin- with such E~CCeEe that when the grain raa qe~i t orders were iseued by Ts'Gng Yq11-ging, harvested, after flroviding a stock of reed, ct)niruanding tlre apprelienaio~) of the orim- feeding the labourers, and addiiiu to (tlie inale wit111n a given time. He, has store of imple~nehte ill ]lee,,a eurplus ui~qneetionably failed in the due discharge remained in hand. In the present.jear of Ilia duty. Teian Teuog-l~w, Jpnving drot~gl~t 11(Le had an i~ljurioue eaot, but as acting-~ri~adier-&neral of the TYI,~ the troops have worked diligently, a~ld a yiirrh csmmarld, tl~e ohief control of thie store of grain hae been oollected, of which Iegion incumbent upon him, haa eq~~ally a return ie eepanntely handed in.,r re~~dered himself l~able to gnnishme~~t bq Ilia failure to take agy Deo, 10th.-This day's Gazette contains cognizance, lw~iatever of the occurrence pf an affair of nothing of importance., h-aa,qerious a nature. Let both Wv K'i- Dec. 11th.- (1) A deoree. Let Tiag - - ring and Taiang Tsunp-han be removed Jih-oh'ang T succeed to the $oat :,from their poate.and be,provisio~~ally of Governor of Fuh-kien.

92 ER 4% (2) Let CII'~.II LXII-~~~II a paper of instructions aetting forth under ninteen lieads the regulatio~ls laid down in nt. present wearing the b11tto11 u1 tl~e fo11rt11 tlie fundamental instittitea of the d311asty ra~~k, become tr11 sxpec!nl~t of appoint- with regard to the ceren~ouials to be iiret~t as sub director of olle of the leaner observed by all classes 011 occasions of r~~atropolital~ uffices. He is also awarded mour~~ing or of festivity. At the preae~~t 11erewiLl1 the butt011 of the 3rd rank. day, he conti~~ues, the diatiuctio~~s pre- (N. u. CII'&II LILIJ-~'~~~ is the ofticial who scribed by law are uiiiveraally ignored. Te retnr~led in Nov~nlber, 1874, from Ilia despite of the prol~ibitioll agai~lat the c~~~nmission of enquiry in Cuba. He 11aa employment of insigi~ia of otfice (such as Irecn appt,i~~ted as Cl~ii~ese eilroy to the boards reciting o%ctlrl titles, etc.) at the U~~ited St,aCes, ill colnparty wit11 k'ul~g marriage proceasiotla of the lower classes, JVit~g, a tit~tlar oficiill who has bee11 em- this practice is IIOW constantly resorted to, ployed in co1111ectto11 wit11 the educcrtio~~ of tlie insignia of oficiala quite unconnected C111l1ese youths in tl~e Wl~ited Stales). wit11.the fa~nilg being borrowed for tlie (3) A Decree. Let C11o~q Kia-mei aoc- occasron. At feasts, also, nleeta aid ceed to the post of sub-director of tl~e delicacies altogetl~er in excesa of what is Grand Equerry's Conrt. (N.B. Chow Kia- adwitted by the regolatio~r are used even nlei.~~.. is the cl~ief clerk of the Yam& of among the least ofticla1 classes. Jt is laid Foreigll Affairs). down moreover, that officials below the (41. A Decree expressing the Ilnperial r tifth rai~k -~ are not to wear gar~~~e~~ts bf sorrow 011 receipt of~lte i~~iellige~ice of the Slid-Laun j*j%l]?js fur ; nor 05cials decezrse of Wang K'ai-tai, Governor of Ful~kien. His ablllt! al~d Jevotiol~ in tlie below the eigl~tlr rauk to wear white vublic service are I~i~llly extolled, and leopard or T1iie,,-nza %,% fox skins. :vitl~ ~.efere~~ce t,o his recent ad~~~i~~istrative Ne;ertllelesa, tllese l&den;eanours are elf3~rts ill Forn~osa it is decreed that a constalltly practised. contrary, to nre~rrorial te~nple be erected in his I~onour the prollibitioll formulated iu the 16th at TJai-wan Fu. Literary advancemellt is wlliclr forbids dollleatlc servel,ta col~fe~rsd upon his sons, R I I ~ the ua~lal to silk apparel, perabus of tllis postl~omous diat.inctions are bestowed. class are constantly seen dressed in the (5) Tile Boirrd of Pullialrnlenta Inem!- moat extravaysnt mallller, to such adegree riirlizes respecting the murder case In tllat uo would imagine them to be ill Clrel~kiang, which has lately been inveati- tile position of meilials. ~l~~ wallton gatad afrasll by the special conllniasioller expellditure by indnlgellce ill allch Hu J~ii-Ian. Havi~~g exarlii~led the pro- practices as tllese must llecessarlly lead to ceedi~~gs and tl~e counter-memorial of Pien gelleral rise ill prices alld to illdividual Pao-ts'iinn, the Board decides that certain illlpoveriahmellt. lt is requested tllat tile diacrepa~~cieatill preeent tl~emselvea 111 district officiale throughout the ~~~~~i~~ be the evidelice relatillg to Yan&! Nai-wu'a llpoll to ev]lort the notables wit],ill co~l~plicity, al~d a new trial is co~iseque~ltly their ssveral jurisdictiolls, the fixed recon~r~~e~~ded.-por rescript aee Gazette of periods for delivery of moral lromiliee, Novetnber 27th. viz., the 1st and 15th of each montl~, to Dec. 12th. -(I) 8 decree. Let HiW-kw'ei set a good example ill this ; and a i%h & succeed to the post of Judicial Decree is furtlrer solicited for the nlore 7%- Conitnlssioner in Chel~kia~~g. stringent enforcement of the law.-for (2) The Military Gover~ror of Taitsihar rescript see Gazette of Nov. 29th. iiielnori~rlizes reporting the results of an (2) The same Censor memorializes euquiry into the escape of a body of priurging the discontil~ual~ce of the sale of soners from the jail at Hu-1811 T'ing, ns the decoration of the peacock-feather, reported in a menlorial early in the year. which should be reserved for its proper Dac. 13th.-This day's Gazette contains function as e reward of military merit, no docllmellta of importance. a ~ also ~ d of the sale of higher degrees of raiik (in expectancy) to o5cials whilst Dec. 14th.-(1) The Censor Mei K'i-hi memorializes reprehending the eutravagance of modern manners, and the universal tendency toset sumptuary regulations at defiance. In the interest of morality, 110 asks for a sterner application of the Iawa. In September last, he represents, tl~e Board of Ceremonies iasued a notification, by Imperial command, calling attention to the allcient rules, and prolnulgated actually incumbents of appointments. Uuder the present system, a district magistrate may purchaae the title of Prefect, and thus place himself to all appearance on a level with his direct supe- rior ; or lie may even purcl~ase the rauk of Taotai, and at his next promotion, accordingly. become the superior of the very Prefect ullder whose orders he ldtely acted. Direct encouragement is, moreover, rehenring of appeal cases referred back for held out by this system to 1111principled new trials in the Provinces, where, as he officials to be merciless in their exactiona observes, tl~e invariable rule is to allow full from ihe people in order to obtain the play to personal considerations and. to means of self-aggra11dizemeut.-for re- affordprotection to fellow officiala ; there script see Gazette of Nov. 29tl1., being no instance on record of a simple Dec. 25th.-(1) The Board of Oivil Office reversal of a previous judgmet~t. He likeaubrnits its jndgment in the case of Li wise refers to the memorial ill whicl~ the Hall-chang, Governor-General of Bu Censor C11'dn-I lately poin bed on t how all Kmatlg, and Ur~g T'ung-tsioh, Governor of I the efforts of oflicials entrgsted with the con- Hupeh, for a breach of rule in the text of di~ct of a trial, are direcled towrrrd patclri~~g a memorial:-decree in reply : Let each tip :L case ill 61icl1wiseas to acreen their predeof the o5cials named be tnulcted in olie cesaol s in the same task froni blxn!e. He quarter's aalary. (N. B.-The case in ques- now calla attention to the coinplaint lodged tion is probably that referred to ill the at Peking more t.htrr~ a year aio by tlre Gazette of June 6th, the Taotai C~II~, of tlie widow of n Morlgoliirrt Pril~ce, claimil~g tllo C. M. S. N. Co., being irregularly deaiy- succession to the cllieftai~isl~ip of the tribe ~inted as Clru Tao, instead of by his name on behalf of her ~~epl~ew, as tl~e recognized in full without the title appended.) heir by adoptio~l. Notwitl~sta~~dil~~ the (2) Liu Kw'411-yil~, newly appointed Decree issued last year corn~nfl~~dir~g a Governor-Geueral of the Two Kwaiig, j~~dicial investigation, tlie Li Fa11 Yiian reports having handed over the seal of (Colonial Office) has take11 IIO steps to bring. o5ce at Ntrnlting to St1611 Pao-chBng on the parties togetl~er for the pnrpoae of the 18th November, and having take11 his deciding the ctrae, 11avi11g merely ~ departure on the followiiig day for Ca~itou moned some immnt.eria1 wit~~esses, in 110 (vil Runai~.) wise connected wit11 the actual queatioll (3) Wang K'ai-t'ai, Governor (now de- at issue, in order to go throogh a I~ollow ceased) of Fnhkien, ~ne~norializes reporting form of con~plyillg with tl~e orders his departure from Formosa in a atate of received. As tlte department in qnest.i~~~~, ill-health, tvl~ich necessitated his return to having begull by 11eglacti11g the case, tlie mainland. In a supplementary memo- is quite certain to conti~~~~e wi t.11 prorial he sets forth the arraugemerlts 110 has ceedi~~ga devised as a cloak for wlrrt 11~8 made for placing in tlle hands of the already taken place, the Censor requests Taotai of T'ni-wan, the supreme judicial that, in fulfilment of the I~nperinl policy of power in criminal cases otlier than such as liberality and justice toward the tributary involve capital sell tencea. It being at races, a Eigli Comlniasion be appoil~ted to present proposed. that the Governor of undertake tile' investigatio~l that is called Ful~kien shall reside in Formosa during for.-for rescript aee Gazette of November the winter and spring of each year, he will 14th. during such residence dispose of.cases of Dec. 19th.-(1) A decree appointing the e cap~tal nature, thus avoiding the necessity of reniovillg the priaonera for trial to Censor Yeo Peli-ch'wan &%.E I 1 to tile Foocl~ow. Supervisiug Censorship of the Board of Dec. lgtl1,-this day's Gazette contailis Revenuo. (N.B.--Teo Peh-c11'wan is the nothing of importance. Ce~~aor whose ~i~ernorial,, puhlialled on tlle Dcc. 17th.-(1) A Decree ordaining that 14th February, 1869, first drew attelltion prayers be offered up for snow, which ia to the iricl.eaae in the growtl~ of tlre opium urgently looked for. The Prince of gung poppy ill China.) and four other I~nperinl Princes are co111- (2) A decree ill reply to arnernorial from missioned to proceed to different temples Wu Yiian-pi~~g, Goverltor of Kiarjgsu, wl~o on the 19th illst. for tlrie purpose. has der~ou~lced Li $11-IIIIII, late acting Dec. 181h.-111 the list of "official Magistrate of the Tllllg-an District, for vacr~~cies reported dnring the 11th moon," coii~~ivil~g at the ville~~y of one of iris is that of assistant aub-prefect of T'Bng- u~~derlinga connection witll a (Momein), in Yiin~iau, vacated by the case, and giving orders for the appliccrtion death of the i~lcutnbe~~t, Chao Ki-al1611~ by this inan of cruel torture to co111pe1 a woman to persist in R false confesaiorl BfDZt2- which l~ad previously been extracted frozn 'I'bl~g K'inglin, Censor,supervising the her. The delil~quel~t official in, by rescript, Kwangtung department, rnemot.ializea stripped of his rank.,. referru~g to his former repseeentation (in Titi remainder of this day's Gazette is A~~gust last) of the syster$atio injustice occupied with 111e111orin1s of co~r~~nei~dati~~ which ia ~ractiaed iu connectioll with the in respect of officiula who have exerted


94 instructions of Your Majenties the Empressee and Your Majesty the Emperor. They have to add that Liu Yoh-chao, the Governor-General of Yiinnat~ and Kweichow, has not yet returned to hia post, and hie name is conseque~rtly not appended to this memorial. Dec. 24th.- A decree with reference to the Mot~golian sr~ccessiot~ case wliic11 has lately been memorialized upon by the Censor T6ng K'i~lg-lin. 011 receipt of e fresh representation from him, the Board of Puniah~nents is now directed to joiu wi~h the Colonial Office in instituting a trial. This day's Gazette coutaina no farther documents of importance. It is noteworthy that within the three or four days preceding this date, a new practice has made its appearance ill the pages of the Gazette. In addltil~r~ to the decrees and memorials prittted in full, and to the br~ef notices of routine reports from the Boards, a list l~as now farther bee11 added under the heading of fah ch'ao (documents issued for publ~catit)~~), giving a co~tdensed abstract of ~nemorials from the provinces on subjects of minor irnportance. This pract~ce may poasiblylrave been resorted to orring to tlre d~ffic~tlty of publishing all docume~~ts in eztep~so witl~in the very circumscribed lim~ta of the Gmette. Dec. 26th.-(1) A decree commanding farther prayers for snow at the Imperial temples. (2) A decree in reply to memorials by the Prince of Kuog and the Sacrificial Court respectively, accusil~g a ceren~o~~ial usher named Ts'ing-tlh of carelessness it1 the diaclrarge of his fultctior~s on the 24th inatat~t, when the tablets of the~r late Majesties the Emperor and Empress were placed in the Hall of Ancestors. He gave the signal for the Imperial return to the palace before a certain chant was raised. For this shortcoming, tl~e proper Board is directed to award a severe penalty. (3) The Governor-General of illin-cl16h me~~~orializee requesting a mark of Ilnperial distinctio~, on bel~alf of an octogetbaria~~ lady, the proge~litrix of several officials of rank, who has lived to see fvur get~eratior~s of her descenda~~ts in existence.-the application referred ns usual to the Board of Ceremonies. Dec. 26tl1.-(1) Ch'ung-how, vice-presiclent of the Board of War, memorializes pointing out the need that exists f11r an additiot~ to the number of Imperial Examiners for tlre provincial literary examinations. Two officers of this rank Are sent'at Baoh triennial period, aud the duties iraposed upon them are tdore than it is physically possible to discl~arge. This has become more and more tl~e caee sitlce the cultivatiot~ of letters has taketi so large a developmet~t as it ltae doue since the restoration of peace througl~o~~t the Empire, and since additions have beeu made to the fixed number of degrees obtainable by may of reward for co~~tril)utions raised on bel~alf of the State.- Rescript referring tl~e s~~hject for consideration, already publialred., Dec. 27th-(1 nnd 2.) hlemorials from the Court of Censorate, forwardi~lg appeals by natives of the province of Kwat~rtung. 111 the first caee, a woman named Li Liangshe, of the Sin-hwei district, cornplnina of the murder of lhr 1111aband ill 1872by certain neigl~bours, wl~o had laid violent hands on Ilia property. The district Magistrate mas inflnenced on behalf of the murderers by the local ~rotahles, and juetice was conseql~ently denied her. After nlany appeals, al~e wna ti~~ally ae~lt for by the looal "committee" of notableu, who took advantage of her being unable to read to make her p~tt Iler mark to a docu-, ment wl~ich she nnderstood to be a receipt for the r ls of lrer I~t~sl)and, but which falsely represented her as nckr~owledyi~~g that he had come by Itis death accidentally. A coolie was sent with her to d ~p up tl~e relnains from a hill-side, and the bones of her I~usba~~d, togetl~er with hie akr~ll in a state of decomposition, were 11a11ded over to her. Having failed in all efforts to obtain justice locally, she has sent her appeal to the Capital.-The aecoud case is the wmplai~~t of a native of the Sill-ning dirtrict, alleging the most grievona inj11rie6 ns havil~g been sr~ffered by Ilia clati from the ~~eighbouring clall of the surname Yii, who have destroyed the dwelli~~gs of eleven villages inhabited by the Li clan, and killed or carried away as prisoners upwards of one thousand persons. Delegates sent by the higl~est provincial authorities have failed to enforce redress, and the present appeal is co~~seque~~tly lodged. -Referred ill the 11aua1 manlier. Dec. 28th.-(I) Kin S~IUII, commatlderin-chief of the army of Songaria, reports in a poutscript metnorial tltat at a paid to the north of Barkrrl, adjacent to the Kobdo border, the local name of wllicl~ is Trtlan Kara, lead mines were formerly worked, and very li,rge quantities of lead ore are still in existence there. Having verified this fact tl~ro~~yh an officer despatcl~ed to the spot to make inspection, 110 proposes to utilire tllia stock of mineral for the pllrposes of his campaign, thus savi~tg the heavy cost of transport from e distanoe of many thousnndr 06 1;. He.bas deputed: ;;,. I I ' certain officials to proceed to the spot and severity." The delinquent in the present supervise the i~peration of smelting. All cnse 11~s accordi~~gly been sente~~ced under tl~at is c~rntemplated is to make use of the tllislrw, the petlalty uf tratlsportationl)ei~~~ stock of ore already on hand, ttot in any wise aggravated ill Itis case, it1 view of his to open new mines.-rescript : It is noted. lraving offet~ded while holding an official (2) Tl~e Gtlvrrnor of Cl~el~kiang memo- positio~~, and declared to entail foroed rializes reportir~g tlre deatl~, at the age of service in Sungaria. The principal agent 70, of the.i udicial Uon~miasioner of the ill c;trryi~~g out his orders from the bench, Provi~~ce, Kw'ai Ho-sun. Having been a police-runt~er named Y~II H6ng elran, is strickell wit11 apoplexy on the 28th NIIV., proved to have died while ill prison ; and he died 011 the following day. A high a second culprit is condemned to the character is given to the deceased official penalty of 90 bl0~8 a ~ transportation ~ d for for integrity aud zeal. two years. Uec. 29tl1.-(Court Circttlar.) Tl~e two Dac 31st.-(1) A Decree. Let Oh'aneenvoysappointed toproceed to Corea, Ki-ho k811g sncceed to the VHC;SII t poet of Judicial and Ulal~its'u~~~al~, Itad audience of leave. Coa~~~~issio~~er of Kwa~~gsi. Sl16n Pao-ch6ng, Governor-General of (2) Li Hu~t~-cl~a~~g, Governor-General the Two Kiaug, memorinlizes ~tatillg that of C!!iI~li, reports the trial and execution letters have bee11 addressed to 11i1n by Til~g of a labourer nnrned Chang-Hi for the JiI~-cIr'al~g, the High Con~misaioner for cri~ne of matricide. The crimi~~al ill the Navy at Foochow, and from the nota- questio~~ wae re~noving ill April laet wit11 bles of the city, informing him of the his ~t~otller from the conntry village where deceaee of!.he Goverllor of Ful~kien, at10 lived to tl~e town in which he had Wang K'ai-t'ai, wl~ose virtl~es are warn~ly employtnelrt, he himself carrying 011 his eli'logized. He solicits the beetownl of a shul~lder a bu~~dle of I~o~~sel~old goode. title of canonizati~l~ the decemed, nt~,l 011 reactling a certai~~ point 011 the road, also that memorial te~nples may be erected ttle W,,I~I~II felt 1.11iraty md raked her eon in his hollour at Foochow aud in Forntosa. to obt.ai11 sonte water. There was IIO well Dec. 30th.-Li Hl~~lp-cI~al~g, Gover~~or- near, a ~ it ~ was d co~lseqt~e~~tly in~posaible General of Chil~li, n~en~orializea, reporting to C ~ I I I ~ with : ~ her wisl~ ; but elle sat down the declaion arrived at in tlre case of a sub- irl tile rr,rrd a11d refrtsed to move a step assietant ma~istrate of the T~an-hwa~~g fartl~er. Her eon er~rlervor~red to drag her district, ljamad Wang Kin-ti, for causir~g alol~g, wherenpo~~ she seized one of his tile death of a mall II-III~~ Li Urh Cl~ao-ki. fil~gere betwee11 her teeth and bit 11im The deceased had bee11 apprel~e~~ded by severely. ~tlgared by tltis, 11e c~iugl~t up the Dlagietrate'e police after a wra~lgle of a roiii~~~-pit~ wit11 Ilia,,tl~er lla~~d, attd some ml)nths' duratil)~~ respectitlg the IIOII- atrtrck 11is 111ot11er to make her relax ller appearanlee of Ilia brother for yam611 duty, hold, i~lfllctl~~g a blow upon the temple, nlld being brougl~t before the sub-assist:ntt wilicil callsed her to fall down and ill no Magistrate tvllilst the latter's superior was dt)irlg to injure one of her eyes. Some. s1111t up in the Exr~nination Hall, he be- passera-by cattle up at this moment, and Ilaved with rn11c11 i~~aoler~ce of demeanour. tile eon rail away. Tl~e injured wornall Tlre er~b-aaaistnllt Rlagi-trate upon tltis was carried to her I~olne, wt~~re she died ordered the police to bastinado him, and very sllortly afierwarde from the effect of he received ill all 220 blows on tlle tllighs, tile W,,IIII~. Her sol1 w~is cnptured, and In cl,nsequellce of the illjuries t1111a ill- bro~~~llt to tritrl ; and, hie g111lt llxvillg flicted, mortification set in, and Ile d~ed bee11 estal)lisl~ed, Ile was sentenced to about tell days afterwards. The official ~lltdergo tl~e pe~~dby of death by slicing who tllns exceeded Ilia powers, having (li,,g.chsc). AD tl~e cri111e wlia co~~~mitted at been dello~l~tced and stripped of his rank, a dlelaltce of rlpwarda r ~ f 300 li fro111 the. Ilas bee11 prtt OII trid. The article of'tl~e provincial capital, the execu~io~~ 11~s take11 Peld Code moat closely applicable t11 the place at tlle provi~~cial capital itrself, after presetit case, is declared to be the follow- completi~,tt of the trial, as t,he lax provides. illg :-" Any offic-r presiding in a Court, (3) Tile Blilitnry Gover~~or of Jet1110 ~110 sllall, colltrary to the law, but on publio memorializes reportillg the sncceeaes obgrounds, deal blows to a prisoner causing tailled by a detacllmellt of troops over a his death, ~11~11 be punial~ed with one band of eollle h~~t~dreds of outlaws illfeatlllllldred blows and be traneported for i ~ the ~ g Ilnperial lrunti~~g grounde. The three years. Be shall also be called upon depredatore, wllo have for some time paet to pay tile sum of ten taels as fr~neral beeu a terror to tile surro~i~rding cooutry, expenses for the deceased. The individuals have been attacked a ~ ~.dispersed d with who used violence under his orderashall be much loss, upwards ef tag~~ty prisoners subject to endt tier one degree less in having beet1 ttrkeu.

95 - APPENDIX. -

96 THE CHINESE IMPERIAL FAMILY. The following particulars respecting the Imperial family of China, in connection 1 with the order of succession to the throne, were compiled shortly before the death of the late Emperor (Tung-che), in order to indicate the probable candidates for the Throne, in case the illness from which he was then sufferiug should terminate fatally. But the paper has permanent value, and can be fittingly placed on record in a volume comprising th4 edicts which eventually regulated the succession. We call attention to the circumstances under which it was written, in order to explain the form of expression. "As is well known, the reigning Sovereign is eighth in direct line of descent from his ancestor the Emperor She Tsu Chang Hwang Ti (Shun Che), who ascended the throne at the age of five in 1643, his reign being reckoned, however, according to the invariable Chinese usage, from the beginning of the followirig year, or February Sth, The legendary progenitor of the Manchu chieftains who advanced, by successive steps, to the assumption of the Imperial crown of China, bore, according to,tradition, the surname Aisin Gioro, represented by the Chinese %$%. The signification of the word Aisin iis the same as that of the Chinese Kin &t gold (or metal), and an identification is thus suggested with the dynastic title of the reputed ancestors of the Manchus, the Ntr-chi Tartars, who reigned in northern China during the 12th and 13th centuries. Tl~e surname of their Imperial house was, however, Wan-yen The word Gioro is said to be equivalent to the Chinese :. or family-stern. It is borne as a distinctive surname by every descendant of the founder of the present Imperial line, and it serves in particular as an appellation, prefixed to the personal name, for,the more remote scions of the original stock. Actual descendants of Hien Tsu, the acknowledged founder of the family, ( ), are designated Twng-shih zs, in conformity with the usage adopted by earlier Chinese dynasties. In order to make the observations which are to follow, with reference to the various branches of the Imperial lineage, more easily understood, it is necessary here to explain the further system of family nomenclature which has been adopted by the existing line. The foundations of this system were laid in the reign of the second Emperor of the dynasty, Sh&ng Tsu Jen, (K'ang Hi), who gave to each of his twenty-four sons a personal name consisting of two characters, the first of which was Yin ]$,--subsequently exchanged in writing as a token of respect, for Yiin - i% -and the second compounded with the radical she ~7; throughout, as and so on. His grandson, K'ien Lung, extended this practice into a system for perpetual application, ordaining that future generations deriving their descent from K'ang Hi should be successively designated by the following four chcracters, viz. :- 1. Yung. 2. #$ Mien. Yih. 4 $& Tsai. Minute.replations were drawn up, and incorporated with the fundamental institutes of the dynasty, setting forth the manner in which both these characters and those employed for the aecond or individual half of each name, should be bestowed.

97 In the 40th year of his reign (A.D. 17S4), on the birth of a great-great-grandson, to whom the character Tsai consequently appertained, K'ien Lung decreed tlle addition of the character as the next in succession ; but this character was dismissed from use by order of the emperor Tao Kwang. In the sixth year of the reign of this sovereign (1826), an addition to the number of characters appars to have been thought advisable (probably in order to avoid repetition as the list became exhausted). and ten characters were proposed for his JlajesQ's selection, out of which the following four were approved for future use, viz. :- 5. >$ Pb. 6. Yii. 7. Kbg. K'i. The Empcror Hien F$ng, again, saw fit to irlcrease the list by the addition of four more characters. The Peking Gazette of the 9th June, 18.57, contains a copy of a decree directing the chief oificers of Goverllmerlt to draw up a list of four characters, to be submitted, together with thc six remaining on record since 1826, when they were put on one side after the four above enumerated were chosen, for approval by his Majesty. A short time after~vards, a further decree announced the fact that the following additional characters had been adopted from the list dram up :- 9. a. 11. flif TsOng So much for the first of the two characters forming the compound name. The compleme~ltary part of the system of nomenclature is well illustrated by Dr. S. W. tyilliams, in his "Middle Kingdom" (vol. I., p. 310), in the following terms : "The members [of the imperial family] most nearly allied in blood, as sons, nephews, etc., are still further distinguished by having the second syllables o! their names written in compound Chinese characters, whose radicds are alike ; thus Kia K'ing and his brothers wrote their names with Pung (the fourth syllable in the above list) and under the radical gem ; Tau Ku7ang and his brothers and cousins with Mien, and under the radicj heart. This peculiarity is easily represented in the Chinese characters, but a comparison can be made in English with the supposed names of a family of sons, as Louis Edward, Louis Eilnin, Louis Edmy, Louis Edgar, and so on." The personal names, thus compounded, will be traced in the following list of the Sovereigns who have successively occupied the throne, whose historical or posthu~uous titles (mb) and the titles of whose reigns ($vl) are likewise given :- Historical Title. Title of Reign. Period of Reign. Persmurl Name. I. -.-She Tsu Chaiie. Shun Che. 164P FuhLin. 2.-Sh&ng Tau Jbn. JIB rs K'ang Hi She Tsung Hien. Yung Ch6ng. B%% BIE 4. -Kao Tsung Ch'un. K'ien Lung. C3B EB s* 5.-JBn Tsung Jui. Kia K'ing. 6.-Silan Tsung Ch'bng. Tao Kwang. Tsung Hien. 8.-(ThereigningEmperbr) Hien Fsng. &!E! Id 7s T'ung Che. Btian Yeh. &B Yin c hen. RRR * Rung Ti. a B Yung Yen. ITc 1% Mien Yih Chu. g$ z+ SlT Tsai Ch'un. ae? The characters Hwanq Ti (co~nmonly rendered Emperor) follow, in practice, the three characters constituting the historical title, and a deceased sovereign, when not spoken of, colloquially though incorrectly, by the title of his reign, is designated by the last of the three characters in combination with the words Rwang Ti-e.3. Ch'6ng Hwang Ti, for the Emperor who reigned the designation Tao Kwang. Up to the period of the late Emperor (Hien Hwang Ti or Hien Fhg), no dieculty in regard to the succession presented itself in the Inlpeiial line. Shun Clie was the ninth son of his father ; Ic'ang Hi the third of Shun Che ; Pung Chbng the fourth of K'ang Fli; K'ien Lung the fourth of Pung ChO~lg; Bia K'ing the fifteenth of K'ien Lung ; Tao Kwarig the second of Kia K'ing ; and Hien Fbng the fourth of the nine sons who were, in all, born to the Emperor Tao Kwang. Tlie Emperor Hien FOng, however,, was without male issue for some years after he succeeded to the throne ; and it was probably with a view to securing the dynastic succession that, about five years after his accession an adoptioe heir was provided, in coldoformity with the national usage, to the eldest son of the late Emperor, a prince who lid died at an early age many years before. On the 21st.January, 1855, it was decreed that Tsai Chung & $, a tmg-shih or member of the Imprial clan, be adopted I son to the Prince above-mentioned, whose personal name was Yih tvei, and whose title was that of Prince of Yin Che ("undeveloped wisdom.") The adopted heir was a son of the tsulig-sllih Yih Ki, a peat grandson of the Emperor K'ien Lung. By a subsequent decfee, the second name of the youth thus adopted w.m changed from Chuhg to Che 'ffj, bringing it into accord, as regards its radical (tcatev) with that prescribed for the line which, by adoption, he had entered. As, however, the birth of a son (the present Emperor) to Hien F6ng, on the 27th April, 1856, appare~ltly assured the succession in the direct line, any prospects that may have been connected with Tsai Che were for the time being at an end. The heir apparent received, by decree dated the 13th June, 1856, the name Tsd Ch'un f#&g ; and by his father's decease 011 the 22nd August, 1861, he became successor to 'the throne. His marriage took place on the 16th Octobcr, 1872, and he assumed of the reins of government on the 23rd February, In view of the fact that, up to the present time, no issue has been vouchsafed to the young sovereign, attention has naturally been turned toward the condition of the Imperial lineage ; and the state of affairs in this respect can best be made clear by means of a gellealogical table, commencing with the Emperor Ria K'ing. The point of first importance to be noted in the table is the fact that, in default of issue to the reigning sovereign, the direct line of Imperid devolution terminates with his person. His father, Hien Feng, was one of nine brothers; however, of whom four are still living ; and to a mind accustomed to the Ellropean order of succession, it might seem natural that in the event of the nephew's decease without issue, the uncles n-ould inherit in the order of their seniority. This is inadmissible according to Chinese ideas. Thc especial attribute of a son and heir being that.of keeping up the ancestral sacrifices, the maintenance of which are essential to the well-being of the spirits of the departed (who repay the benefit by assuring temporal rewards in return for the assiduity of their descenda~lts), it is held essential that the heir be of a generation posterior to that of the individual deceased. Hence, in the Imperial family, following the succession of the eight characters used in their nomenclature, a Mien should have a Tih as adoptive heir, whenever necessary ; a Yih a Tsai, and so forth. This rule is exemplified in the adoption, already mentioned, of Tsai Che as heir to the deceased elder-born of the Emperor Tao Kwang, the Prince Yih Wei. Adoption is, in fact, observed on an extensive scale among the members of the Imperial clan, whose family relationships are thus made not a little intricate. The

98 fifth son of Tao Kwang, next brother to the emperor Hien F6ng. commonly known by his title oi Prince of Tun, has been in this wise alienated from the closest to a collateral degree of kinship with the young Emperor. He was given in adoption many years ago (in 1845) to his deceased uncle the prince of TIUI K'io, third son of Kia K'ing ; and one of his sons, again, the Prince (beileh) Tsai I, has been made into his nephew through adoption as grandson to another of the sons of K'ia K'u~g (see Table). The alienation of Tsd I from the patelma1 stock is alleged to have been decreed as a punishment meted out to the Prince of Tun for a violation of self-restraint, prescribed by the ritual of mourning, at a period antecedent to the entry of the young prince into the world..4s the Table shews, the offspring of Tsai Che, who was himself by the decree of 1S55 indicated as a possible heir to Hien Fhg, should be now the most direct claimants to the privilege of furnishing an heir by adoption to the and childless Emperor. Four sons have been born to this Prince, of whom it is believed that only one, an infant, still survives. It seems possible, however, that in the deliberations of the Imperial Clan Court, the fact of Tsai Che being himself an adoptive son may militate, the case arising, against the eligibility of his children, and under such circumstances (provided also that the alienation of the Prince of Tun should bar the claim of his descend?nts) it appears probable that the offspring of the two uncles of his 3kjesty, next in order of seniority, would be the most available candidates. In any case, it is alleged by those who are versed in the principles of Chinese genealogy, the adoption of a heir not junior in the line of descent to the reigning Emperor could only be feasible by his being made heir to one of the earlier sovereigns (Hien Fhg or Tao Kwang). The Prince of Tun has several sons (eight in all have been born to him), of whom the eldest is married, hut the probability of their alienation from the direct liue of inheritance is, as has been remarked above, at least matter for consitleration. If this be the case, the possible candidate next in order would be the elder son of the Prince of Kung, the beilei~ Tsai Ch'Bng. This young prince is of about the same age with the Emperor, and was married in the course of last year. The "seventh Prince," younger brother of the Prince of Kung, has likewise a sol], a mere child. The favour with which the "seventh Prince " has been looked upon by the Emperor might cause the choice to be directed here. It may bc useful to note, in coiidnsion, that the titles conferred on members of the present Imperial house are of twelve degrees. Tlle sons of an Emperor, before receiring a specid title by patent, are known simply by the designation Ako (in Jlanchu a.qd), with the numeral indicating their seniority by birth prefixed. The twelve degrees of rmk are as follow : l.-$a %B %x3 lt0-6hdh TsJin Ilraan - Prince of the 1st order $3 5 To-lo KXUn Rrang-Prince of the 2nd order gt,q IA To-lo Beileh-Prince of the 3rd order. &.-a Ku-shan Bei-tsze- Prince of the 4th order. 5 to 8.-& Kung (with distinctive qualifications.) 9 to IS-^# g. Tsiang Kun (with distinctive qualifications.) Imperial princes usually receive patents of the first or second order on reaching the ase of manhood, and their sous are invested with the title bcile'h. A Beile'h's son becomes a btike, and rank is thus transmitted in a diminuendo scale, until the son of a titular hang-l;iin of the lowest degree vould be no longer the inheritor of a title. (,\rote.-an apparent departure from the symruetry of the rule of nomenclature may he ohserrecl in the case of the Prince Yih Wei, the eldest of the sons of 'l'ao Kwang. His name of Wei is written with the radical - (Silk), whereas Hien F&ng and his brothers are distinguished by the radical 5 (word). The discrepancy arose, it is explain+, after Yih Wei's decease, when the Emperor Tao Kwang ordained the abandonment of the radical,% silk and chose?cord as its substitute. It is unnecessary here to dilate upon the changes which, according to Chinese ideas of reverential duty, have been made in the form of the charactere employed successively for the personal name of each Emperor. An instance may, however, be given in that of the present sovereign, since whose accession the character C'h'un has been altered into the form 22. I n The titles given to the Princes of Imperial descent are largely compounded of Manchu words. Thus ha dgh (originally banner) signifies one of the four divisions of the army or State ; and beil&h has the meaning of commander or leadel. military origin of the dynasty is commemorated in these appellations. - - R.B-The abovewaa writ.tsu before the death of l1i6 late Yajertp, the Emperor T'ung Cho, wllo died on the night of Jan. 12th, On the 13th Jau., a ssrien of InlponaI decrees announced the adoption rwth Prince " (Prince of Ch'un), as heir to the Emperor Hien Phg and succrsllor to his deceased cousin, the Enlparor T8ung Che. He consequently ucended the throua ss uinth sovereign of the dyuastp, bshg st the time between.tllr'ee md four years old. Tllo two Empresses Dowager resunled their former Regency. Kwang Sli of Taai f%g, the young child above rebxd to u the mi of the la #a N the title proclaiued, thne day8 later, a thac of the new reign. Ou the 96th lanuan. the title by canonization of the lare Emporor was onuouuced as ivul Teung I Hranpti vii The..

99 -, j 1 i P I Mien K'ai, Prince of Tun K'io. 5 H IV. Mien Hien, Prince of 3' #I% 'Pa I 0 0 v. nlien Yu, Prince of Htvel. *,* The puhlisher regrcts that, owilig to unavoidable caures, the ortliography cmployed for Chinese proper ~~nlnea in the foregoing translatio~~s lias not been iu~iform tliroughcmt tlre ye:ir. The translations between the months of April and August proceed froin different hn~~ds. - E Ylh Tsung, Tao Kwang H Eh 34i *.- EX I,:&J~an the Prince \Bylug of Tun). Has one son, born ted to h f d) d. GENEALOGICAL TABLE OF THE CHINESE Ii\lIPICRIAL FABIILP. hes in the above Table is indicated by a triangle substituted for a circle. be addition of the triangle below the circle.

100 I i ~ ~ (YungPen). K JS'IXG, I A % 5% TAO KWANO. 1 0 m(~ien Ning). 1 1 I oidallle cauves, the ortl~ography il~g trx~lslations has not been ;\reen the months of April and I IV. V. 1 YibWei, / Tih? (a),g Pih Tsung. Yih Sin, Pih Hwan, Pnnce of c e (adopted aa heir to the 3rd son 35 1 f of Kia K'ing). f?+ s f % m o of Fun, % 1 Prince 1 prince VIII. Yih Ho, ~rince of Kung. & Ch'un. a Chung. Fu. dead. 0 dead. I X ' Yih Hwei, Pr~nce of I ; - (c) I Tsai Ying, Tsd T'ien, :,! A :e : 8 (p~esent K U b ying $I& hperor.) v by decree of j$ (adopted as as 1 Hien FBng in heir to his the 1854 post- KiaK'ing. deceased uncle, son humous heir. the Prince of KiaE Chungp (6) kai & (a< L--- 2V.Y.B.-The fact of adoption ii~tone of the bra: dead. Adoption from a branch is-indicated bj

101 I. 'ih? 111.,B IV. ~ ' n P'U t ~ ~un. Born, Kwawa Sii. 1 ONov. D(~sai T'iep). (e) f~ *, n1875- I f?, *: I OF TBE CHINESE 131PERIAL FAMILY. AT.B.-The fact of adoption iiito one of the branches in the above Table is indicated by a triangle substituted for a circle. Adoption front a branch is indicated by the addition of the triangle below the circle.

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