World History, 2nd 4.5 weeks

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1 1 Unification, Imperialism and World War I : Students analyze patterns of global change in the era of 19th-century European imperialism. Students describe the independence struggles of the colonized regions of the world, redistribution of power, armed revolution, and cultural clashes. Students analyze the causes and course of the First World War, along with the long-term military, economic, and political effects. TN Academic Standards Student Friendly I Can Statements Prerequisite Knowledge Cross-Curricular Connections Teacher Resources Unification and Imperialism W.13 Summarize the causes, course, and consequences of unification in Italy and Germany including the role of Giuseppe Garibaldi and Otto von Bismarck. I can explain the events that led to the unification of Italy and the role of Italian nationalists, including Count Cavour, Garibaldi and the Red Shirts. I can explain the events that led to the unification of Germany and the actions of Otto van Bismark, including blood and iron and realpolitik. I can annotate a map to show the major geographical features of Italian and German Unification. I can cite textual evidence to support my conclusions about the causes of imperialism, including:

2 W14: Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of the causes of 19th century European imperialism, the role of Social Darwinism, the desire for increased political power, and the search for natural resources and new markets as prelude to the Berlin Conference. W. 15: Describe the Berlin Conference and the rise of modern colonialism in the 19th century and describe the impact of colonization on indigenous populations by such nations as England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United States. W.16: Analyze the political, social, and industrial revolution in Japan [Meiji Restoration] and its growing role in international affairs. W.17: Compare the progression of imperialistic claims on the African continent using historical maps. W.18 Students describe the independence struggles of the colonized regions of the world including imperialism in Africa (Zulu Wars, Ashanti Wars, and Ethiopia s struggle to remain independent). Social Darwinism humanitarian and religious goals desire for increased political power, economic need for resources and markets I can explain how Africa was partitioned between the various European nations at the Berlin Conference and the impact colonization had on the indigenous peoples, including decline in population increased nationalism I can analyze the impact of political, social, and economic changes occurring in Japan under Meiji. I can use and compare historical maps to describe the progression of imperial claims on the African continent. I can describe the struggles of different colonized regions in Africa to remain independent, including Zulu wars Ashanti wars 2

3 W.19: Explain the growing influence of the West in China, the Boxer Rebellion, Sun Yat-sen, and the Xinhai Revolution. W20: Explain the transfer in 1858 of government to Great Britain on the Indian Subcontinent following the Sepoy Rebellion. W21: Describe American imperialism in the Philippines and the Philippine-American War led by Emilio Aguinaldo. W.22: Cite evidence from text to describe the movements led by Emiliano Zapata, Francisco Madero, Pancho Villa, and Venustiano Carranza in Mexico stemming from the desire for Ethiopia s struggle to stay independent I can explain the growing influence of the west in China, including the spheres of influence unequal treaties the defeat of the Boxer Rebellion I can explain the role of Sun Yat-sen and the Xinhai Revolution [1911]in the creation of the Republic of China. I can explain the causes of the Sepoy Rebellion and the transfer of government to Great Britain from the East India Company. I can describe the American imperialism in the Philippines and the causes and outcomes of the Philippines-American War, including the role of Emilio Aguinaldo. I can cite evidence from historical texts to explain the causes of the Mexican Revolution, including desire for land reforms and democratic participation. 3

4 land reform and democratic participation. World War I Standards W.23: Evaluate primary source documents while analyzing the role of political and economic rivalries, ethnic and ideological conflicts, domestic discontent, disorder, propaganda, and nationalism in mobilizing the civilian population in leading to the outbreak of World War I. W.24: Trace the principal theaters of battle, major battles, and major turning points of World War I. I can explain the role of the following individuals in the Mexican Revolution: Emiliano Zapata Francisco Madero Francisco Pancho Villa Venustiano Carranza World War I I can examine and evaluate primary source documents to determine the causes of World War I, including militarism, alliances, political and economic rivalries, ethnic and ideological conflicts, domestic discontent, nationalism and propaganda. I can describe the significance of the following events during World War I: assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand the Schlieffen Plan Battle of the Marne Battle of the Somme Battle of Tannenberg The Zimmerman Note sinking of the Lusitania signing of the Treaty of Versailles 4

5 W.25: Analyze the importance of geographic factors in military decisions and outcomes. W.26: Explain how the Russian Revolution and the entry of the United States into the conflict affected the course and outcome of the war. W.27: Argue human rights violations and genocide, including the Armenian genocide in Turkey, through collaborative discussions. W.28: Explain the nature of the war and its human costs [military and civilian] on all sides of the conflict, including unprecedented loss of life from prolonged trench warfare. W.29: Trace advances in weaponry, the belief that the Great War would end war, and disarmament movements. I can use a map to determine how major geographic and political features affected the military decisions and outcomes of World War I. I can explain how the Russian Revolution and the entry of the United States into the conflict affected the course and outcome of the war. I can construct an argument through collaborative discussion identifying human rights violations and genocide, including the Armenian genocide in Turkey. I can explain the nature of the war, and its human costs [ military and civilian ] on all sides of the conflict, including unprecedented loss of life from prolonged trench warfare. I can explain the belief that the Great War would end all wars and list and discuss the impact of new weapon technologies that appeared in World War I, including: poison gas tanks submarines airplanes 5

6 W.30: Describe the effects of the war and resulting peace treaties on population movement, environmental changes resulting from trench warfare, the international economy, and shifts in the geographic and political borders of Europe and the Middle East. trench warfare I can explain outcomes and global effects of World War I including: demographic changes and population movement environmental impact trench warfare impact on the international economy end some European Empires, such as Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire creation of Mandates in the Middle East 6 W.31: Analyze the aims and negotiating roles of world leaders, including Woodrow Wilson s Fourteen Points, and the causes and effects of the United States rejection of the League of Nations on world politics. W.32: Compare the conflicting aims and aspirations of the conferees at Versailles and the Treaty of Versailles economic and moral effects on Germany. I can use various historical accounts to analyze the aims and negotiating roles of world leaders, including Woodrow Wilson s Fourteen Points. I can explain the causes and effects of the United States rejections of the League of Nations on world politics. I can compare the conflicting aims and aspirations of the conferees at Versailles.

7 W.40: Explain the widespread disillusionment with prewar institutions, authorities, and values that resulted in a void that was later filled by totalitarians. W.41: Draw evidence form literary or informational texts determining the causes and consequences of the Bolshevik Revolution and Civil War in Russia, including Lenin s use of Totalitarian means to seize and maintain control including the Gulag. I can explain the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and its effects on Germany, including Germany forced: to take responsibility for the war to pay reparations give up all of its colonies to limit its military to return Alsace and Loraine to France I can explain the widespread disillusionment with prewar institutions, authorities and values that resulted in a void that was later filled by totalitarians. I can explain why totalitarian governments emerged in Germany, Italy, and the USSR and identify the leaders involved in each. I can draw evidence from texts to explain why Russia erupted in revolution while fighting in World War I, including: peasant discontent incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II military defeats and high casualties in World War I 7

8 W.42: Compare the connection between economic and political policies, the absence of a free pass, and systematic violations of human rights during Stalin s rise to power in the Soviet Union. I can explain the consequences of the Bolshevik Revolution and Russian Civil War, including Lenin s New Economic Policy beginning the Gulag system 8

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