Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download ""

Transcription

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10 LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 10, you should be able to: 1. Explain the functions and unique features of American elections. 2. Describe how American elections have evolved using the presidential elections of 1800, 1896, and 2004 as examples. 3. Discuss the factors that affect a citizen's choice of whether to vote. 4. Explain how Americans vote and what factors influence how they vote. 5. Explain how the electoral college works and what biases it can introduce. 6. Understand how elections affect democracy, public policy, and the scope of government. The following exercises will help you meet these objectives: Objective 1: Explain the functions and unique features of American elections. 1. List the three kinds of elections found in the United States and their purpose

11 What is the difference between an initiative petition and a referendum? Objective 2: Describe how American elections have evolved using the presidential elections of 1800, 1896, and Complete the following table on the elections of 1800, 1896, and Year Candidates and Party Winner Major Issues Campaign Style Significance of Election

12 2. What were the major reasons why people voted for either George W. Bush or John Kerry in the 2004 presidential election? George W. Bush: John Kerry: Objective 3: Discuss the factors that affect a citizen's choice of whether to vote. 1. List and explain three major reasons why people might vote What is the major provision of the 1993 Motor Voter Act? 3. List and explain six demographic factors that are related to voter turnout

13 Objective 4: Explain how Americans vote and what factors influence how they vote. 1. What is meant by the "mandate theory of elections"? 2. How has the influence of party identification on voting changed since the 1950s? 3. What are the three most important dimensions of candidate image? What are the four conditions necessary for true policy voting to take place? Objective 5: Explain how the electoral college works and what biases it can introduce. 1. Briefly explain how the electoral college works. 2. What are the two reasons why the electoral college is important to presidential elections? 180

14 1. 2. Objective 6: Understand how elections affect democracy, public policy, and the scope of government. 1. What are the two tasks that elections accomplish, according to democratic theory? According to the text, what is the clearest way in which elections broadly affect public policy? 3. What does retrospective voting mean? 181

15 Compare and contrast: initiative petition and referendum suffrage and voter registration voter registration and Motor Voter Act 182

16 policy differences and civic duty mandate theory of elections and policy voting Name that term: 1. A term used to describe elections that are almost universally accepted as a fair and free method to select political leaders. 2. This enables voters in 23 states to put proposed legislation on the ballot. 3. It varies among the states and tends to dampen voter turnout. 4. This reflects the belief that one's vote can make a difference. 5. Politicians are more attracted to this idea than are political scientists. 6. A unique American institution created by the Constitution. 7. When voters essentially ask the simple question, "What have you done for me lately?" 183

17 USING YOUR UNDERSTANDING 1. The text points out that the United States has one of the lowest voter turnout rates among all democratic nations. Examine the reasons why voter turnout is so low and outline a comprehensive plan that would increase voter turnout in the United States. What policies need to be changed to increase voter turnout? How might incentives be used to get people to vote? You might want to look at voting laws in other countries with high turnout rates to get ideas. Also include an examination of the Motor Voter Act. Speculate on how the Motor Voter Act might increase participation. What are the main criticisms of the Motor Voter Act? Comment on how your suggestions might be implemented. 2. Find out about electoral turnout in your state for the 2004 and 2006 elections. How did the participation rates for various population groups (based on race, income, region, etc.) differ? Compare your state's voting rate to the national turnout rate and to that of other states. How well does your state fare? See if you can identify some of the demographic features of your state that might help explain its rate of turnout, such as its size, urbanization, or population composition. How did participation rates differ between 2004 and 2006 and why? How might the voter registration system in your state affect turnout? Briefly describe what you found and suggest ways to improve electoral participation. REVIEW QUESTION Check the correct answer: 1. Elections serve the purpose of a. socializing and institutionalizing political activity. b. providing regular access to political power. c. providing a legitimate means to replace leaders. d. all of the above 2. In the United States, elections are used to a. select party nominees. b. select officeholders. c. make or ratify legislation. d. all of the above 3. Voters in some states can put a proposed law on the ballot with a. an initiative petition. b. an opinion poll. c. a referendum. d. a three-fifths vote. 184

18 4. A referendum is used to give voters a chance to approve a proposed legislative act or constitutional amendment. 5. In the election of 1800, a. candidates were nominated at national conventions. b. the focus of the campaign was on the voters. c. the candidate with the second-highest number of electoral votes became vice president. d. media coverage was extensive. 6. In the election of 1896, the Republicans supported a. low tariffs. b. the gold standard. c. rural farmers in debt. d. unlimited coinage of silver. 7. (bonus) Which candidate traveled through 26 states and logged 18,000 miles? a. William McKinley b. Grover Cleveland c. John Adams d. William Jennings Bryan 8. Voter turnout in 1896 approached a. 20 percent. b. 60 percent. c. 50 percent. d. 80 percent. 9. The election of 2000 boiled down to who would win the state of a. California. b. Pennsylvania. c. Florida. d. New York. 10. The U.S. Supreme Court ultimately determined the winner of the 2000 presidential election. 11. In 2004, George W. Bush successfully portrayed John Kerry as a flip flopper. 185

19 12. One of the main reasons people voted for George W. Bush in 2004 was a. his stand on the economy. b. the war in Iraq. c. strong leadership in the war on terrorism. d. his stand on health care. 13. A paradox in American electoral history is that while suffrage has expanded, a. fewer Americans exercise the right to vote. b. participation in elections has increased. c. people place greater value on their right to vote. d. fewer people are eligible to vote. 14. Rational people might decide that the costs of voting outweigh the benefits. 15. Which of the following factors is NOT central to the decision of whether or not to vote? a. perceived policy differences between the parties b. the knowledge that most elections are extremely close c. a sense of political efficacy d. a sense of civic duty 16. The belief that ordinary people can influence the government is known as a. political efficacy. b. rational behavior. c. civic duty. d. class-based voting. 17. The voter registration system is a. implemented by federal authorities. b. more restrictive in northern states. c. an important factor in low voter turnout. d. the same in every state. 18. The Motor Voter Act made voter registration easier. 19. All other things being equal, who of the following individuals is most likely to vote? a. a single person b. a married government employee c. a high school drop-out d. a southern black 186

20 20. African Americans and other minorities with high income and education levels vote with greater frequency than whites with high income and education levels. 21. Politicians and political scientists agree on the relevance of the mandate theory of elections. 22. Which of the following factors is NOT central to the decision of how to vote? a. simplified registration procedures b. party identification c. candidate evaluation d. policy voting 23. In the 1950s, the single best predictor of a voter's decision of how to vote was a. political efficacy. b. policy voting. c. party identification. d. candidate evaluation. 24. A study by Rosenberg and McCafferty concluded that a. a candidate's appearance and image has no real effect on voters. b. policy voting has become the single most important determinant of how to vote. c. it is possible to manipulate a candidate's appearance in a way that affects voters' choices. d. party identification has all but disappeared as a determinant of how to vote. 25. Studies have shown that the most important dimension of candidate image is a. integrity. b. reliability. c. competence. d. all of the above 26. Which of the following conditions is NOT central to policy voting? a. a voter's clear view of his or her policy preferences b. a voter's knowledge of where the candidates stand c. a voter's party identification d. a vote for the candidate whose positions match those of the voter 187

21 27. No longer can a candidate get a party's nomination without taking stands on the major issues of the day. 28. The electoral college system was created by a. political practice. b. political parties. c. an act of Congress. d. the Constitution. 29. Which of the following statements about the electoral college is FALSE? a. It is used in many countries of the world. b. Each state has as many electors as it has senators and representatives. c. In most states, there is a winner-take-all system. d. Electoral college votes are counted when the new congressional session opens in January. 30. Electoral college votes are cast in proportion to the popular vote for each candidate. 31. The electoral college is important to the presidential election because it a. introduces a bias into the campaign and electoral process. b. overrepresents the less populated states. c. may result in the election of a president who did not receive the most popular votes. d. all of the above 32. The electoral college system can introduce bias in the electoral process because it overrepresents a. urban states. b. small states. c. big states. d. states without big cities. 33. It is possible for the electoral college to choose a president who did not win a majority of the popular vote. 188

22 34. The greater the policy differences between the candidates, the more likely voters will be able to steer government policies by their choices. 35. Parties and candidates a. are skilled in the art of ambiguity. b. prefer to tackle the controversial issues. c. use the media for comprehensive issue coverage. d. always provide voters with sharp choices. 36. (bonus) Who said that candidates should offer "a choice, not an echo"? a. Jimmy Carter b. Barry Goldwater c. Benjamin Page d. Ronald Reagan 37. Retrospective voting refers to voting a. by absentee ballot. b. for an incumbent because the perception that his or her policies have made you better off. c. according to party identification. d. the same way year after year. 38. Because of retrospective voting, nothing makes incumbent politicians more nervous than the state of a. foreign affairs. b. the environment. c. the economy. d. all of the above 39. Individuals who believe they can influence the government's actions are also more likely to believe, in turn, that the government should have more power. ESSAY QUESTIONS 1. What are the functions of elections in American society? What are some of the electoral features that are unique to the United States? 2. How has the American electoral system evolved? How did the election of 2004 contrast with elections of the past, particularly the elections of 1800 and 1896? 189

23 3. What is the electoral paradox of more suffrage and less participation? Why would we expect people to vote more today and why do they not do so? How does the voter registration system affect the decision to vote? 4. What factors determine why people choose to vote? What groups are most likely to vote and what groups are least likely to vote? What are the implications of these differences in electoral participation? 5. Why do people vote the way they do? Which reason do you believe is most important and why? 6. What is the electoral college and how does it work? What biases in the electoral process does it introduce? Should the electoral college system be preserved or abolished? 7. How do elections affect democracy, public policy, and the scope of government? 190

CHAPTER TEN: ELECTIONS AND VOTING BEHAVIOR

CHAPTER TEN: ELECTIONS AND VOTING BEHAVIOR CHAPTER TEN: ELECTIONS AND VOTING BEHAVIOR P EDAGOGICAL FEATURES p. 298 Making a Difference: Barbara Anderson and the Politics of Tax Relief in Massachusetts p. 302 Figure 10.1: The Electoral College Results

More information

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 8, you should be able to: 1. Discuss the meaning and functions of a political party. 2. Discuss the nature of the party-in-the-electorate,

More information

Chapter 6: Voters and Voter Behavior Section 4

Chapter 6: Voters and Voter Behavior Section 4 Chapter 6: Voters and Voter Behavior Section 4 Objectives 1. Examine the problem of nonvoting in this country. 2. Identify those people who typically do not vote. 3. Examine the behavior of those who vote

More information

To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on

To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on Tuesday, November 8th, they are not voting together in

More information

NAME CLASS DATE. Section 1 Guided Reading and Review The President s Job Description

NAME CLASS DATE. Section 1 Guided Reading and Review The President s Job Description Section 1 Guided Reading and Review The President s Job Description As you read Section 1, fill in a brief description for each of the roles of the President given below. Formal Qualifications for President

More information

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties CHAPTER 9: Political Parties Reading Questions 1. The Founders and George Washington in particular thought of political parties as a. the primary means of communication between voters and representatives.

More information

The Electoral College. What is it?, how does it work?, the pros, and the cons

The Electoral College. What is it?, how does it work?, the pros, and the cons The Electoral College What is it?, how does it work?, the pros, and the cons What is the Electoral College? n E lec tor al College- A body of electors chosen to elect the President and Vice President of

More information

LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 9, you should be able to: 1. Explain the nomination process and the role of the national party conventions. 2. Discuss the role of campaign organizations and

More information

Chapter 08: Public Opinion and Voting Multiple Choice

Chapter 08: Public Opinion and Voting Multiple Choice Multiple Choice 1. Which of the following is a new restrictive law implemented by Arizona? a. Voters must be twenty-one years of age to be eligible to vote. b. Voters must first obtain a driving license

More information

Government Semester Exam Review Sheet

Government Semester Exam Review Sheet Your Final Exam will come from these questions, with the addition of 6 from the Chapter 18 and 20 quizzes that you have yet to take. The answers are supplied on the last few pages. The exam will consist

More information

Political Attitudes &Participation: Campaigns & Elections. State & Local Government POS 2112 Ch 5

Political Attitudes &Participation: Campaigns & Elections. State & Local Government POS 2112 Ch 5 Political Attitudes &Participation: Campaigns & Elections State & Local Government POS 2112 Ch 5 Votes for Women, inspired by Katja Von Garner. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lvqnjwkw7ga We will examine:

More information

9/1/11. Key Terms. Key Terms, cont.

9/1/11. Key Terms. Key Terms, cont. Voter Behavior Who, What & When of Voting Americans Key Terms off-year election: a congressional election held in the even years between presidential elections ballot fatigue: a phenomenon that results

More information

The Election What is the function of the electoral college today? What are the flaws in the electoral college?

The Election What is the function of the electoral college today? What are the flaws in the electoral college? S E C T I O N 5 The Election What is the function of the electoral college today? What are the flaws in the electoral college? What are the advantages and disadvantages of proposed reforms in the electoral

More information

Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Political Action Topics Key Questions Key Terms. on American politics.

Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Political Action Topics Key Questions Key Terms. on American politics. Chapter 1: Introduction to Government Government Identify the key functions of government and explain why they matter. political participation Politics The Policymaking System Democracy in America Define

More information

Lab 3: Logistic regression models

Lab 3: Logistic regression models Lab 3: Logistic regression models In this lab, we will apply logistic regression models to United States (US) presidential election data sets. The main purpose is to predict the outcomes of presidential

More information

LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 12, you should be able to: 1. Describe the characteristics of our senators and representatives, and the nature of their jobs. 2. Explain what factors have the

More information

Lecture Outline: Chapter 7

Lecture Outline: Chapter 7 Lecture Outline: Chapter 7 Campaigns and Elections I. An examination of the campaign tactics used in the presidential race of 1896 suggests that the process of running for political office in the twenty-first

More information

ELECTING CANDIDATES WITH FAIR REPRESENTATION VOTING: RANKED CHOICE VOTING AND OTHER METHODS

ELECTING CANDIDATES WITH FAIR REPRESENTATION VOTING: RANKED CHOICE VOTING AND OTHER METHODS November 2013 ELECTING CANDIDATES WITH FAIR REPRESENTATION VOTING: RANKED CHOICE VOTING AND OTHER METHODS A voting system translates peoples' votes into seats. Because the same votes in different systems

More information

and The 2012 Presidential Election

and The 2012 Presidential Election The Electoral College and The 2012 Presidential Election Roger C. Lowery, Ph.D. Professor & former department chair Department of Public & International Affairs University of North Carolina Wilmington

More information

Electoral Politics. John N. Lee. Summer Florida State University. John N. Lee (Florida State University) Electoral Politics Summer / 12

Electoral Politics. John N. Lee. Summer Florida State University. John N. Lee (Florida State University) Electoral Politics Summer / 12 Electoral Politics John N. Lee Florida State University Summer 2010 John N. Lee (Florida State University) Electoral Politics Summer 2010 1 / 12 Campaign Finance Campaign Finance The financing of a politician

More information

Farmers had problems right after the Civil War

Farmers had problems right after the Civil War Farmers had problems right after the Civil War Falling crop prices Increased debt due to buying new equipment Competition from foreign farmers Power of big business Government refused to help Solution:

More information

The Keys to the White House: Updated Forecast for 2008

The Keys to the White House: Updated Forecast for 2008 The Keys to the White House: Updated Forecast for 2008 Allan J. Lichtman Professor of History American University Washington, DC 20016 202-885-2411 lichtman@american.edu Abstract The Keys to the White

More information

Magruder s American Government

Magruder s American Government Presentation Pro Magruder s American Government C H A P T E R 13 The Presidency 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. C H A P T E R 13 The Presidency SECTION 1 The President s Job Description SECTION 2 Presidential

More information

SECTION 1 The President s Job Description. SECTION 2 Presidential Succession and the Vice Presidency

SECTION 1 The President s Job Description. SECTION 2 Presidential Succession and the Vice Presidency C H A P T E R 13 The Presidency SECTION 1 The President s Job Description SECTION 2 Presidential Succession and the Vice Presidency SECTION 3 Presidential Selection: The Framers Plan SECTION 4 Presidential

More information

Chapter 9 Political Parties 325

Chapter 9 Political Parties 325 Chapter 9 Political Parties 325 Chapter 9 Political Parties Figure 9.1 The families of the 2012 presidential candidates joined in the festivities at the Democratic National Convention in Charlotte, North

More information

Chapter 10 Elections and Campaigns

Chapter 10 Elections and Campaigns Chapter 10 Elections and Campaigns WHO GOVERNS? 1. How do American elections determine the kind of people who govern us? 2. What matters most in deciding who wins presidential and congressional elections?

More information

READ Explain how political system organization (federal or unitary presidential or parliamentary) impacts political party strength.

READ Explain how political system organization (federal or unitary presidential or parliamentary) impacts political party strength. READ 193-202 NAME PERIOD 1. Define political party. What three functions do parties perform? 2. Explain how political system organization (federal or unitary presidential or parliamentary) impacts political

More information

The 2010 Election and Its Aftermath John Coleman and Charles Franklin Department of Political Science University of Wisconsin-Madison

The 2010 Election and Its Aftermath John Coleman and Charles Franklin Department of Political Science University of Wisconsin-Madison The 2010 Election and Its Aftermath John Coleman and Charles Franklin Department of Political Science University of Wisconsin-Madison Wisconsin Credit Union League January 25, 2011 Seat Change in States

More information

CHAPTER 10: Political Participation

CHAPTER 10: Political Participation CHAPTER 10: Political Participation 1960 Democratic National Convention 10.0 Political Participation One of the most important, and difficult, political questions is why governments have authority over

More information

Political Parties in the United States (HAA)

Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political parties have played an important role in American politics since the early years of the Republic. Yet many of the nation s founders did not approve

More information

A Practical Guide to Understanding the Electoral System. Courtesy of:

A Practical Guide to Understanding the Electoral System. Courtesy of: WHY SHOULD VOTE? A Practical Guide to Understanding the Electoral System F O R S T U D E N T S Courtesy of: Flagler County Supervisor of Elections PO Box 901 Bunnell, Florida 32110 Phone: (386) 313-4170

More information

Main idea: Voting systems matter.

Main idea: Voting systems matter. Voting Systems Main idea: Voting systems matter. Electoral College Winner takes all in most states (48/50) (plurality in states) 270/538 electoral votes needed to win (majority) If 270 isn t obtained -

More information

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy Key Chapter Questions Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy 1. What do political parties do for American democracy? 2. How has the nomination of candidates changed throughout history? Also,

More information

The Conservative Movement Builds

The Conservative Movement Builds The Conservative Movement Builds 1964-Conservative Sen. Barry Goldwater had run for president against LBJ Goldwater argued that state governments, businesses, & people needed more freedom from the heavy

More information

35% Attend The 2018 Iowa Caucus WHY? How Can A Candidate Lose The Primary But Win The Nomination? February 5, 2018

35% Attend The 2018 Iowa Caucus WHY? How Can A Candidate Lose The Primary But Win The Nomination? February 5, 2018 How Can A Candidate Lose The Primary But Win The Nomination? 35% WHY? If A Candidate Doesn t Receive 35% of the Vote in the Primary Election then Delegates Elected to Convention will Choose the Nominee

More information

Chapter 6: Voters and Voter Behavior Section 1

Chapter 6: Voters and Voter Behavior Section 1 Chapter 6: Voters and Voter Behavior Section 1 The Electorate The Constitution originally gave the power to decide voter qualifications to the States. Since 1789, many restrictions on voting rights have

More information

Chapter 10: Elections and Campaigns

Chapter 10: Elections and Campaigns Chapter 10: Elections and Campaigns Who Wants to Be a Candidate? There are two categories of individuals who run for office the self-starters and those who are recruited by the party The nomination process

More information

Election 2008 Exit Poll David Redlawsk Associate Professor of Political Science University of Iowa

Election 2008 Exit Poll David Redlawsk Associate Professor of Political Science University of Iowa Election 8 Exit Poll David Redlawsk Associate Professor of Political Science University of Iowa More than 11 interviews in 1 Iowa City, 3 Coralville, and North Liberty and Penn Township precincts. Better

More information

Latino Voters in the 2008 Presidential Election:

Latino Voters in the 2008 Presidential Election: Educational Fund Latino Voters in the 2008 Presidential Election: Post-Election Survey of Latino Voters National Assoication of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO) Educational Fund On November

More information

Notes for Government American Government

Notes for Government American Government Chapter 13 The Presidency Notes for Government American Government Section 1 The President s Job Description The Constitution grants the President six of his eight roles. The President acts as the ceremonial

More information

1. One of the various ways in which parties contribute to democratic governance is by.

1. One of the various ways in which parties contribute to democratic governance is by. 11 Political Parties Multiple-Choice Questions 1. One of the various ways in which parties contribute to democratic governance is by. a. dividing the electorate b. narrowing voter choice c. running candidates

More information

Political Beliefs and Behaviors

Political Beliefs and Behaviors Political Beliefs and Behaviors Political Beliefs and Behaviors; How did literacy tests, poll taxes, and the grandfather clauses effectively prevent newly freed slaves from voting? A literacy test was

More information

Chapter 09: Campaigns and Elections Multiple Choice

Chapter 09: Campaigns and Elections Multiple Choice Multiple Choice 1. In most states, the provides the list of registered voters and makes certain that only qualified voters cast ballots. a. super political action committee b. election board c. electorate

More information

TUESDAY, MARCH 22, 2016 ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTES: 11

TUESDAY, MARCH 22, 2016 ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTES: 11 ARIZONA E L E C T I O N D A Y : TUESDAY, MARCH 22, 2016 ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTES: 11 TOTAL POPULATION (2014): 6,731,484 LATINO POPULATION (2014): 2,056,456 Since 2000, Arizona has seen one particularly

More information

AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY

AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY Before political parties, candidates were listed alphabetically, and those whose names began with the letters A to F did better than

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Class: Date: Ch.13 &14 Test Matching Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms. a. electorate b. platform c. keynote address d. electoral college 1. the speech given

More information

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4 Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4 Objectives 1. Describe the role of conventions in the presidential nominating process. 2. Evaluate the importance of presidential primaries. 3. Understand the caucus-convention

More information

Unit #2: Political Beliefs/Political Behaviors AP US Government & Politics Mr. Coia

Unit #2: Political Beliefs/Political Behaviors AP US Government & Politics Mr. Coia Unit #2: Political Beliefs/Political Behaviors AP US Government & Politics Mr. Coia Name: Date: Period: Mon 10/6 AP Gov course evaluation Grading FRQs Conservative and liberal views Explain Election Interview

More information

Issues vs. the Horse Race

Issues vs. the Horse Race The Final Hours: Issues vs. the Horse Race Presidential Campaign Watch November 3 rd, 2008 - Is the economy still the key issue of the campaign? - How are the different networks covering the candidates?

More information

Federal Primary Election Runoffs and Voter Turnout Decline,

Federal Primary Election Runoffs and Voter Turnout Decline, Federal Primary Election Runoffs and Voter Turnout Decline, 1994-2010 July 2011 By: Katherine Sicienski, William Hix, and Rob Richie Summary of Facts and Findings Near-Universal Decline in Turnout: Of

More information

The United States Presidential Election Process: Undemocratic?

The United States Presidential Election Process: Undemocratic? The United States Presidential Election Process: Undemocratic? The Bill of Rights Institute Chicago, IL October 2, 2008 Artemus Ward Department of Political Science Northern Illinois University aeward@niu.edu

More information

Federal Primary Election Runoffs and Voter Turnout Decline,

Federal Primary Election Runoffs and Voter Turnout Decline, Federal Primary Election Runoffs and Voter Turnout Decline, 1994-2012 July 2013 Summary of Facts and Findings Near-Universal Decline in Turnout: Of 171 regularly scheduled primary runoffs in U.S House

More information

Handout Voting FAQs. 1. What are the requirements to register to vote in Oregon?

Handout Voting FAQs. 1. What are the requirements to register to vote in Oregon? Voting FAQs 1. What are the requirements to register to vote in Oregon? 2. It s the day before Election Day and I am ready to register. Can I? 3. When should I update my voter registration? 4. Must I select

More information

American Citizenship Chapter 13 The Presidency

American Citizenship Chapter 13 The Presidency American Citizenship Chapter 13 The Presidency Section 1 a. The President s Description B. The President s Roles a. i. Ceremonial head of the government of the United States b. Chief Executive i. Vested

More information

PRESIDENT OBAMA AT ONE YEAR January 14-17, 2010

PRESIDENT OBAMA AT ONE YEAR January 14-17, 2010 CBS NEWS POLL For release: Monday, January 18, 2010 6:30 PM (EST) PRESIDENT OBAMA AT ONE YEAR January 14-17, 2010 President Barack Obama completes his first year in office with his job approval rating

More information

Public Opinion and Political Participation

Public Opinion and Political Participation CHAPTER 5 Public Opinion and Political Participation CHAPTER OUTLINE I. What Is Public Opinion? II. How We Develop Our Beliefs and Opinions A. Agents of Political Socialization B. Adult Socialization III.

More information

Chapter Nine Campaigns, Elections and the Media

Chapter Nine Campaigns, Elections and the Media Chapter Nine Campaigns, Elections and the Media Learning Outcomes 1. Discuss who runs for office and how campaigns are managed. 2. Describe the current system of campaign finance. 3. Summarize the process

More information

CHAPTER 2: MAJORITARIAN OR PLURALIST DEMOCRACY

CHAPTER 2: MAJORITARIAN OR PLURALIST DEMOCRACY CHAPTER 2: MAJORITARIAN OR PLURALIST DEMOCRACY SHORT ANSWER Please define the following term. 1. autocracy PTS: 1 REF: 34 2. oligarchy PTS: 1 REF: 34 3. democracy PTS: 1 REF: 34 4. procedural democratic

More information

Do you think that political parties are good for American politics? Why or why not?

Do you think that political parties are good for American politics? Why or why not? The Constitution makes no mention of political parties, but the first ones formed during the early years of the republic. Today, the United States has several political parties, although two the Democrats

More information

FORMAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR PRESIDENT TERM AND COMPENSATION

FORMAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR PRESIDENT TERM AND COMPENSATION American Government Chapter 13 Study Guide The Presidency I. Section 1: The President s Job Description 1. I will be able to identify the President s many roles. 2. I will be able to understand the formal

More information

Sample Examination One Answers RUBRIC FREE RESPO SE QUESTIO S. 1. Political participation in the United States can take place in various forms.

Sample Examination One Answers RUBRIC FREE RESPO SE QUESTIO S. 1. Political participation in the United States can take place in various forms. 79 RUBRIC FREE RESPO SE QUESTIO S 1. Political participation in the United States can take place in various forms. a) Other than voting, identify two ways that Americans participate politically. b) Explain

More information

The Presidential Election. Paul Beck, The Ohio State University Lifelong Learning Institute December 7, 2016

The Presidential Election. Paul Beck, The Ohio State University Lifelong Learning Institute December 7, 2016 The Presidential Election Paul Beck, The Ohio State University Lifelong Learning Institute December 7, 2016 1 Introduction: Fundamentals of the 2016 Presidential Contests 2016 presidential results with

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Democratic complaints during the 2004 elections included the Bush Administration╩╣s A)

More information

UNIT THREE POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION

UNIT THREE POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION UNIT THREE POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION PUBLIC OPINION PUBLIC OPINION, THE SPECTRUM, & ISSUE TYPES ITEM PUBLIC OPINION IDEOLOGY THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM (LIBERAL- CONSERVATIVE SPECTRUM)

More information

1 Gilded Age Politics 2 POLITICAL MACHINES 3 In Counting There is Strength 4 What is a Political Machine? Well organized political parties run by a

1 Gilded Age Politics 2 POLITICAL MACHINES 3 In Counting There is Strength 4 What is a Political Machine? Well organized political parties run by a 1 Gilded Age Politics 2 POLITICAL MACHINES 3 In Counting There is Strength 4 What is a Political Machine? Well organized political parties run by a political boss Controlled cities governments Oversaw

More information

AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics Advanced Placement AP U.S. Government and Politics Course materials required. See 'Course Materials' below. studies the operations and structure of the U.S. government and the behavior of the electorate

More information

Primary Election Systems. An LWVO Study

Primary Election Systems. An LWVO Study Primary Election Systems An LWVO Study CONSENSUS QUESTIONS with pros and cons Question #1. What do you believe is the MORE important purpose of primary elections? a. A way for political party members alone

More information

AP US Government Top 20 Topics

AP US Government Top 20 Topics AP US Government Top 20 Topics These topics have made up one-third of all mult-choice questions and one-quarter of all free-response questions. Your goal is a 4-5, so you are shooting for getting 62% of

More information

THE 2004 YOUTH VOTE MEDIA COVERAGE. Select Newspaper Reports and Commentary

THE 2004 YOUTH VOTE MEDIA COVERAGE.  Select Newspaper Reports and Commentary MEDIA COVERAGE Select Newspaper Reports and Commentary Turnout was up across the board. Youth turnout increased and kept up with the overall increase, said Carrie Donovan, CIRCLE s young vote director.

More information

2012 DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION THE VIRGINIA DELEGATE SELECTION PROCESS QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

2012 DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION THE VIRGINIA DELEGATE SELECTION PROCESS QUESTIONS & ANSWERS 2012 DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION THE VIRGINIA DELEGATE SELECTION PROCESS QUESTIONS & ANSWERS This publication provides information regarding Virginia s Democratic National Convention Delegate Selection Process

More information

US Government Module 3 Study Guide

US Government Module 3 Study Guide US Government Module 3 Study Guide There are 3 branches of government. Module 3 will cover the legislative and execute and module 4 will cover the judicial. 3.01 The Legislative Branch aka Congress Established

More information

Gilded Age Politics!

Gilded Age Politics! Gilded Age Politics! POLITICAL MACHINES! Strength! What is a Political Machine?! Well organized political parties run by a political boss! Controlled cities governments! Oversaw improvements in public

More information

Presidential Election Democrat Grover Cleveland versus Benjamin Harrison. ************************************ Difference of 100,456

Presidential Election Democrat Grover Cleveland versus Benjamin Harrison. ************************************ Difference of 100,456 Presidential Election 1886 Democrat Grover Cleveland versus Benjamin Harrison Cleveland 5,540,309 Harrison 5,439,853 ************************************ Difference of 100,456 Electoral College Cleveland

More information

4) Once every decade, the Constitution requires that the population be counted. This is called the 4)

4) Once every decade, the Constitution requires that the population be counted. This is called the 4) MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The Founders intended that the House of Representatives be 1) A) professional. B) electorally insulated.

More information

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 1

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 1 Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 1 Introduction The President s roles include: Chi ef of st at e Chi ef execut i ve - Chi ef di pl omat - Chi ef l egi sl at or - Chi ef admi ni st rat or - Commander

More information

US History, October 8

US History, October 8 US History, October 8 Entry Task: Write down your FAVORITE cartoon character. We will narrow it down to 2 or 3 - you ll need a piece of paper (FYI) Announcements Fill out worksheet - ONLY Executive side

More information

Voter turnout in today's California presidential primary election will likely set a record for the lowest ever recorded in the modern era.

Voter turnout in today's California presidential primary election will likely set a record for the lowest ever recorded in the modern era. THE FIELD POLL THE INDEPENDENT AND NON-PARTISAN SURVEY OF PUBLIC OPINION ESTABLISHED IN 1947 AS THE CALIFORNIA POLL BY MERVIN FIELD Field Research Corporation 601 California Street, Suite 900 San Francisco,

More information

Voting Lesson Plan. Student Objectives. Question for Deliberation. Materials

Voting Lesson Plan. Student Objectives. Question for Deliberation. Materials Voting Lesson Plan Student Objectives Discuss the importance of voting in democratic societies. Learn how compulsory voting works in democratic countries that use it. Analyze the reasons for supporting

More information

Quarter 2 CIVICS: What You Will Need to Know!

Quarter 2 CIVICS: What You Will Need to Know! Quarter 2 CIVICS: What You Will Need to Know! SS.7.C.1.8 Explain the viewpoints of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists regarding the ratification of the Constitution and inclusion of a bill of rights.

More information

Unit 2 Take-Home Test Part 1 (AP GaP)

Unit 2 Take-Home Test Part 1 (AP GaP) Unit 2 Take-Home Test Part 1 (AP GaP) Please complete these test items on the GradeCam form provided by your teacher. These are designed to be practice test items in preparation for the Midterm exam and

More information

Partisan Advantage and Competitiveness in Illinois Redistricting

Partisan Advantage and Competitiveness in Illinois Redistricting Partisan Advantage and Competitiveness in Illinois Redistricting An Updated and Expanded Look By: Cynthia Canary & Kent Redfield June 2015 Using data from the 2014 legislative elections and digging deeper

More information

While viewing this PBS Documentary video answer the following questions. 3. Is voting a Right or a Privilege? (Circle the answer)

While viewing this PBS Documentary video answer the following questions. 3. Is voting a Right or a Privilege? (Circle the answer) ELECTORAL DYSFUNCTION NAME: While viewing this PBS Documentary video answer the following questions. 1. America is at war over V. The fear of voter fraud and concern over limiting voting for Americans

More information

Settling the West and the Rise of Populism Notes

Settling the West and the Rise of Populism Notes Settling the West and the Rise of Populism Notes LG: How did people settle the West? I. Railroads Open the West A. Massive govt. land grants for laying RR lines. 1. 10 to 20 sq. miles of land per 1 mile

More information

READ Explain how political system organization (federal or unitary presidential or parliamentary) impacts political party strength.

READ Explain how political system organization (federal or unitary presidential or parliamentary) impacts political party strength. READ 193 202 NAME PERIOD 1. Define political party. What three functions do parties perform? 2. Explain how political system organization (federal or unitary presidential or parliamentary) impacts political

More information

The Electoral Process STEP BY STEP. the worksheet activity to the class. the answers with the class. (The PowerPoint works well for this.

The Electoral Process STEP BY STEP. the worksheet activity to the class. the answers with the class. (The PowerPoint works well for this. Teacher s Guide Time Needed: One class period Materials Needed: Student worksheets Projector Copy Instructions: Reading (2 pages; class set) Activity (3 pages; class set) The Electoral Process Learning

More information

The Rising American Electorate

The Rising American Electorate The Rising American Electorate Their Growing Numbers and Political Potential Celinda Lake and Joshua Ulibarri Lake Research Partners Washington, DC Berkeley, CA New York, NY LakeResearch.com 202.776.9066

More information

2016 GOP Nominating Contest

2016 GOP Nominating Contest 2015 Texas Lyceum Poll Executive Summary 2016 Presidential Race, Job Approval & Economy A September 8-21, 2015 survey of adult Texans shows Donald Trump leading U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz 21-16, former U.S. Secretary

More information

Political Paralysis in Gilded Age. Chapter 23

Political Paralysis in Gilded Age. Chapter 23 Political Paralysis in Gilded Age Chapter 23 Election of 1868 Ulysses S Grant (R) Horatio Seymour (D) Americans disillusioned with professional politicians so wanted military leader Waving Bloody Shirt

More information

CHANGING DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION POLITICS IN ARIZONA. March 4, 2014

CHANGING DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION POLITICS IN ARIZONA. March 4, 2014 CHANGING DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION POLITICS IN ARIZONA March 4, 2014 Latino influence in Arizona Demographic trends Participation and party competition Immigration Politics The Arizona Population Today

More information

Name. William McKinley ( ) Andrew Jackson ( ) George Washington ( ) Abraham Lincoln ( )

Name. William McKinley ( ) Andrew Jackson ( ) George Washington ( ) Abraham Lincoln ( ) Name Checks and Balances: U.S. Presidents and the Economy Directions: Working in teams, match the president with the appropriate Economic Situation, Government Response, and Primary Source Document cards

More information

NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING AND ELECTION OF DIRECTORS CONSERVATION DISTRICT

NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING AND ELECTION OF DIRECTORS CONSERVATION DISTRICT APPENDIX E Section I: Example Notice of Annual Meeting NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING AND ELECTION OF DIRECTORS CONSERVATION DISTRICT To all residents of the Conservation District, notice is hereby given that

More information

Participation. Voting Campaign Activity. Contacting officials Group Activity Protest. Volunteer Contribute money (corporations are people)

Participation. Voting Campaign Activity. Contacting officials Group Activity Protest. Volunteer Contribute money (corporations are people) Participation Voting Campaign Activity Volunteer Contribute money (corporations are people) Contacting officials Group Activity Protest Voter Participation What trends? How does US compare? Which mode

More information

Bylaws of the Illinois Republican Party

Bylaws of the Illinois Republican Party 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Bylaws of the Illinois Republican Party Adopted August 1, 1 Amended October, Amended April, Amended August 1, Amended December, Amended February, 0 Amended April, 0 Amended January 1, 0 Amended

More information

Discussion Guide for PRIMARIES in MARYLAND: Open vs. Closed? Top Two/Four or by Party? Plurality or Majority? 10/7/17 note without Fact Sheet bolded

Discussion Guide for PRIMARIES in MARYLAND: Open vs. Closed? Top Two/Four or by Party? Plurality or Majority? 10/7/17 note without Fact Sheet bolded Discussion Guide for PRIMARIES in MARYLAND: Open vs. Closed? Top Two/Four or by Party? Plurality or Majority? DL: Discussion Leader RP: if also have Resource Person from Study 10/7/17 note: It takes about

More information

Geer/Schiller/Segal/Herrera, Gateways to Democracy, 3 rd Edition ISBN w/ MindTap PAC: ISBN text alone: ACGM

Geer/Schiller/Segal/Herrera, Gateways to Democracy, 3 rd Edition ISBN w/ MindTap PAC: ISBN text alone: ACGM ACGM Geer/Schiller/Segal/Herrera, Gateways to Democracy, 3 rd Edition ISBN w/ MindTap PAC: 9781285852904 ISBN text alone: 9781285858548 GOVT 2305 Federal Government LEARNING OUTCOMES Upon successful completion

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) One of the various ways in which parties contribute to democratic governance is by. A)

More information

Political Paralysis in Gilded Age. Chapter 23

Political Paralysis in Gilded Age. Chapter 23 Political Paralysis in Gilded Age Chapter 23 Gilded Age coined by Mark Twain Gilded Age1860-1900 From the decorations in homes of wealthy Wealthy had palace like homes Characteristics Rapid Industrialization,

More information

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2017 SESSION LAW SENATE BILL 656

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2017 SESSION LAW SENATE BILL 656 GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2017 SESSION LAW 2017-214 SENATE BILL 656 AN ACT TO CHANGE THE DEFINITION OF A "POLITICAL PARTY" BY REDUCING THE NUMBER OF SIGNATURES REQUIRED FOR THE FORMATION

More information

The 2006 United States Senate Race In Pennsylvania: Santorum vs. Casey

The 2006 United States Senate Race In Pennsylvania: Santorum vs. Casey The Morning Call/ Muhlenberg College Institute of Public Opinion The 2006 United States Senate Race In Pennsylvania: Santorum vs. Casey KEY FINDINGS REPORT September 26, 2005 KEY FINDINGS: 1. With just

More information