OIB HISTORY SYLLABUS Revised for 2013

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1 OIB HISTORY SYLLABUS Revised for 2013 Summary of themes Theme 1: Relationships between society and its past Theme 2: Ideologies, opinions and beliefs from the end of the 19 th century to the present Theme 3: Great powers and world tensions from 1918 to the present Theme 4: Levels of government from 1945 to the present Theme 5: Study of Britain from the second half of the 20 th century to the present HISTORY: Theme 1: Relationships between society and its past (10-11 hours) Memory; a historical reading: A study of one of the following : - Memories of the Second World War - A memorial theme relating to the national history of the section in the 20 th century Study one of the following: How World War I has been remembered in either France or Britain. How World War II has been remembered in either Britain or France. Study one of the following: The construction of the collective memory of the First World War centred around notions of the futility, the loss, the glorification of World War I or a study of war memorials and war cemeteries in either Britain or France. The construction of the collective memory of resistance and occupation in France or memories of the blitz and Britain s role in World War II. How empire has been remembered in either Britain or France. Debates around either the nature of imperial rule or decolonisation in Algeria or India. 1

2 HISTORY Theme 2: Ideologies, opinions and beliefs from the end of the 19 th century to the present (8-9 hours) Media and public opinion : Media and public opinion during the major political crises in France and in the world from the end of the 19 th century to the present. Teachers are advised to deal with this element of the syllabus by integrating it with Themes 3, 4 & 5 as indicated below. The role of the media and public opinion in one or more political crisis of your choice. Suggested case studies: Vietnam War from the 1960s to 1975 (Theme 3 USA) Falklands War, 1982 (Theme 5 UK) The Miners strike, (Theme 5 UK) The events of May 1968 in France (Theme 4 France ) The Algerian War, (Theme 4 France) The impact of the media and public opinion in the United States regards the Vietnam War first televised war, magazines, anti-war movement, music. The impact of the media and public opinion in Britain about the Falklands war; tabloid press and TV coverage, debates around the sinking of the Belgrano, the Falklands factor in the general election victory of Margaret Thatcher in The impact of the media and public opinion in France about the events of May The impact of the media and public opinion in France about the Algerian conflict, The impact of the media and public opinion in Britain about the Miners strike,

3 HISTORY Theme 3: Great powers and world tensions from 1918 to the present (12-13 hours) Pathways to power: 1. The United States and the world since the 14 points of President Wilson (1918). NB The purpose of this unit is intended to be a study of foreign policy and teaching should not focus on domestic affairs. The changing nature of US foreign policy from Wilson s 14 points to the end of World War II: the rise to world power status: - The role of the USA in the post-war peace settlement - The USA s retreat into isolationism in the 1920s and 1930s - The impact of WWII on the USA The changing foreign policy of the USA as a superpower, During the Cold War ( ) - US foreign policy after the Cold War The changing nature of US foreign policy: rise to world power status, The role of the USA in the post-war peace settlement. Wilson s role, the 14 points and the peace settlements. War debts and reparations - The retreat into isolationism (1920s and 30s). The Washington Conference and the Briand-Kellogg Pact. Roosevelt s Good Neighbor policy, and policy in the Far East. New Deal diplomacy : defending America with tariff barriers. US neutrality at the beginning of World War II, Lend-Lease Act - The impact of WWII on the USA as a world power. The US contribution to the war effort. From Atlantic Charter to the founding of the United Nations. Conferences at Yalta and Potsdam. The position of the USA in the world by The role of the USA as a superpower, Changing US policy during the Cold War - The role of the US in the origins of the Cold War - Containment - Détente - Reagan, New Cold War and end of the Cold War Changing US foreign policy after the Cold War - The role of the USA as single superpower. - The significance of the Gulf War, The impact of neo conservatism - The consequences of the terrorist threat and its aftermath: Al Qaeda, the impact of the events of 9/11, war in Iraq and Afghanistan 3

4 Pathways to power : 2. China and the world since 1949 NB The purpose of this unit is intended to be a study of foreign policy and teaching should not focus on domestic affairs. The role of China in the Cold War, from the communist victory in 1949 to détente (1950s to 1970s). China s changing role in the world from the 1970s. Communist China: the rise to superpower status, Mao s China: from Soviet influence to isolation ( ) - Communist victory in 1949 reactions worldwide and consequences on China s foreign policy - The Soviet alliance - Involvement in the Korean War ( ), - The Sino-Soviet split - Relations with the world in the 1960s China s role in the Non- Aligned Movement, clashes with India, significance of development of nuclear capacity. China: a new superpower? ( ) - The significance of the period of détente ( ) - Persisting tensions with USSR : Chinese involvement in South East Asia (Cambodia, Vietnam) ( ) - The significance of the one country, two systems policy on foreign relations. Improved relations with Taiwan, Hong Kong settlement (1997), regional policy with ASEAN and Japan and with former USSR. 3. A region of conflict : A century of tensions in the Near and Middle East (1918 to the 1990s) NB 3. is only for oral examination. What were the causes and consequences of conflict in the Near and Middle East in the period from the 1918 to the 1990s? The region in 1918: the Ottoman empire, European influence, Zionism and Arab nationalism. The region in the interwar years. The creation of the state of Israel and Arab responses: conflict from 1947 to Camp David (1978). The evolution of conflict in the Near and Middle East since

5 HISTORY Theme 4: Levels of government from 1945 to the present ( hours) National level : Governing France since 1946: State, government and administration. How have the challenges of governing France in a period of rapid transformation been faced since1946? Governing France from 1946 to the 1970s- the role and powers of the state - Historical context of the development of state power in France - The extension of the role of the state and developments in government after 1946 Governing France since the 1980s challenges to the role and power of the state - The apparent erosion of state power and the reasons for this. Continental level : European integration since the Hague conference, European integration from 1948 to Britain s changing attitudes towards European integration between 1948 and (Teachers are advised to deal with this part of Theme 4 of the syllabus by integrating it with Theme 5.) - The origins of European integration. From ECSC to EEC & Euratom ( ) - The building of an economically integrated Europe. Common Agricultural Policy 1962, European Monetary System 1979, Schengen 1985, Single European Act 1986, Maastricht to Lisbon ( ) - Britain stays out of Europe, Britain attempts to join Europe, Britain in Europe, World level : World economic governance since International economic policies and institutions since World economic institutions - The significance of Bretton Woods, IMF, GATT, World Bank - Reactions and opposition to global economic governance 5

6 HISTORY Theme 5: Study of Britain from the second half of the 20 th century to the present (16-17 hours) Britain politics, economy and society from The significance of the Labour governments of for domestic affairs. The creation of the Welfare State, nationalisation and the origins of political consensus. The nature of the political consensus in the period The nature of consensus in this period and why it broke down in the 1970s. Governments and their policies in the period with particular reference to dealing with problems in the economy and industrial relations. The Thatcher revolution, The significance of Thatcherism and the impact of government policies. Politics after Thatcher the emergence of a new consensus to The nature of the new consensus and the emergence of New Labour. British society The emergence of modern British society: issues of equality and inequality, liberalisation of attitudes in society. Changing patterns in British society, The changing status of youth - The changing status of women - Social class, wealth and poverty - The creation of a multicultural society - The liberalisation of attitudes in society and its consequences Approved for use for teaching from October 2013 (revision of September 2012 version) CJS Cambridge Inspector for History-Geography 14 October 2013 / end 6

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