History PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT OHIO ACADEMIC CONTENT STANDARDS, BENCHMARKS & INDICATORS

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1 Prentice Hall World History: Connections to Today, The Modern Era 2005 Ohio Academic Content Standards, Social Studies, Benchmarks and Indicators (Grade 9) History Students use materials drawn from the diversity of human experience to analyze and interpret significant events, patterns and themes in the history of Ohio, the United States and the world. SE/TE: Comparing Viewpoints, 47, 146, 245, 514; Assessing Your Skills: Analyzing Primary Sources, xxxvi-xxxvii, 77, 177, 227, 270, 323, 421, 481, 569, 608, 652; Chapter Assessment: Analyzing Primary Sources, 58 59, 80 81, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ; Synthesizing Information, 103, 123, 201, 308, 344, 409, 457, 529, 589; You Are There, 117, 205, 255, 335, 384, 475, 564, 625 Grade Nine Enlightenment Ideas 1. Explain how Enlightenment ideas produced enduring effects on political, economic and cultural institutions, including challenges to religious authority, monarchy and absolutism. 2. Explain connections among Enlightenment ideas, the American Revolution, the French Revolution and Latin American wars for independence. SE/TE: The Scientific Revolution, 54 57; The Enlightenment and the American Revolution, ; Philosophy in the Age of Reason, ; Enlightenment Ideas Spread, ; Britain at Mid-Century, ; Birth of the American Republic, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 142A 142B SE/TE: The Enlightenment and the American Revolution, ; Enlightenment Ideas Spread, ; Birth of the American Republic, ; The French Revolution and Napoleon, ; On the Eve of Revolution, ; Creating a New France, ; Radical Days, ; An Age of Ideologies, ; Revolutions of 1830 and 1848, ; Latin American Wars of Independence, TE: 164A 164B - 1 -

2 Industrialization 3. Explain the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution with emphasis on: a. How scientific and technological changes promoted industrialization in the textile industry in England; b. The impact of the growth of population, ruralto-urban migrations, growth of industrial cities, and emigration out of Europe; c. The changing role of labor and the rise of the union movement; d. Changes in living and working conditions for the early industrial working class, especially women and children; e. The growth of industrialization around the world. SE/TE: The Industrial Revolution Begins, ; Changes in the Textile Industry, 200; The Factory System, 204; Spinning Thread in a Textile Mill, 205 TE: 194A 194B SE/TE: The Population Explosion, 198; Hardships of Early Industrial Life, ; Review and Assessment, ; The World of Cities, ; Changing Attitudes and Values, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 194A 194B, 240A 240B SE/TE: Labor Unions, 207, 210, 241, 311; Working- Class Struggles, SE/TE: Hardships of Early Industrial Life, ; Life in the Industrial Age, ; The World of Cities, ; Changing Attitudes and Values, TE: 194A 194B, 240A 240B SE/TE: The Industrial Revolution Begins, ; Dawn of the Industrial Age, ; The Industrial Revolution Spreads, ; The World of Cities, ; Changing Attitudes and Values, ; A New Culture, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 194A 194B, 240A 240B Imperialism 4. Describe the political, economic and social roots of imperialism. SE/TE: The New Imperialism, ; A Western- Dominated World, ; The Partition of Africa, ; Europeans Challenges to the Muslim World, ; The British Take Over India, ; China and the New Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, ; Japan Modernizes, ; Southeast Asia and the Pacific, ; Economic Imperialism in Latin America, ; Impact of Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 314A 314B, 340A-340B - 2 -

3 5. Analyze the perspectives of the colonizers and the colonized concerning: a. Indigenous language; SE/TE: Humanitarian Goals & Social Darwinism, 317; Forms of Imperial Rule, 318; Missionaries, 320; A Schoolroom in East Africa, 323; Different Views on Culture, 331 TE: 314A 314B b. Natural resources c. Labor d. Political systems; SE/TE: The New Imperialism, ; A Western- Dominated World, ; The Partition of Africa, ; Europeans Challenges to the Muslim World, ; The British Take Over India, ; China and the New Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, ; Japan Modernizes, ; Southeast Asia and the Pacific, ; Economic Imperialism in Latin America, ; Impact of Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 314A 314B, 340A-340B e. Religion. SE/TE: Humanitarian Goals & Social Darwinism, 317; Forms of Imperial Rule, 318; Missionaries, 320; A Schoolroom in East Africa, 323; Different Views on Culture, 331 TE: 314A 314B 6. Explain the global impact of imperialism including: a. Modernization of Japan; SE/TE: Japan Modernizes, TE: 340A-340B b. Political and social reform in China; SE/TE: China and the New Imperialism, TE: 314A 314B c. Exploitation of African resources. SE/TE: The Partition of Africa, ; Europeans Challenges to the Muslim World, TE: 314A 314B 20th Century Conflict 7. Analyze the causes and effects of World War I with emphasis on: - 3 -

4 a. Militarism, imperialism, nationalism and alliances; b. The global scope, outcomes and human costs of the war; c. The role of new technologies and practices including the use of poison gas, trench warfare, machine guns, airplanes, submarines and tanks; d. The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations. SE/TE: World War I and Its Aftermath, ; The Stage is Set, ; The Guns of August, ; A New Kind of Conflict, ; Winning the War, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 374A 374B SE/TE: A Global Conflict, ; The Costs of War, TE: 374A 374B SE/TE: World War I and Its Aftermath, ; A New Kind of Conflict, ; Winning the War, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 374A 374B SE/TE: Making the Peace, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 374A 374B 8. Analyze the causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution including: a. The lack of economic, political and social reforms under the tsars; SE/TE: Absolute Monarchy in Russia, ; Revolution in Russia, ; Two Revolutions in Russia, ; From Lenin to Stalin, ; Life in a Totalitarian State, TE: 398A-398B b. The impact of World War I; SE/TE: Revolution in Russia, ; Two Revolutions in Russia, TE: 398A-398B c. The emergence of Lenin, Stalin and the Bolsheviks; SE/TE: Two Revolutions in Russia, ; From Lenin to Stalin, TE: 398A-398B d. The rise of communism in Russia. SE/TE: Two Revolutions in Russia, ; From Lenin to Stalin, ; Life in a Totalitarian State, TE: 398A-398B 9. Assess the global impact of post-world War I economic, social and political turmoil including: a. Disarmament; SE/TE: Making the Peace, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 374A 374B - 4 -

5 b. Worldwide depression; SE/TE: Crisis of Democracy in the West, ; The Western Democracies, c. Colonial rebellion; SE/TE: Nationalism and Revolution Around the World, ; Struggle for Change in Latin America, ; Nationalist Movements in Africa and the Middle East, ; India Seeks Self Rule, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 418A 418B d. Rise of militarist and totalitarian states in Europe and Asia. SE/TE: Empire of the Rising Sun, ; Fascism in Italy, ; Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 442A 442B 10. Analyze the causes of World War II including: a. Appeasement; SE/TE: Aggression, Appeasement, and War, TE: 466A 466B b. Axis expansion; SE/TE: The Global Conflict: Axis Advances, TE: 466A 466B c. The role of the Allies. SE/TE: Global Conflict: Allied Successes, ; Toward Victory, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 466A 466B 11. Analyze the consequences of World War II including: a. Atomic weapons b. Civilian and military losses; SE/TE: Aftermath of War, TE: 466A 466B c. The Holocaust and its impact; SE/TE: The Campaign Against the Jews Begins, 463; The Holocaust, 481, 489 TE: 466A 466B d. Refugees and poverty; SE/TE: Aftermath of War, TE: 466A 466B e. The United Nations; SE/TE: United Nations 490; also see: 502, 507, 517, 546, 551, 562, 568, 585, 593, 611, 615, 620 f. The establishment of the state of Israel. SE/TE: Birth of Israel,

6 12. Analyze the impact of conflicting political and economic ideologies after World War II that resulted in the Cold War including: a. Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe; SE/TE: From World War to Cold War, ; The Changing Political Climate, b. The division of Germany; SE/TE: Divisions in Germany, ; Europe: The Cold War and After, ; Germany: Division and Reunification, c. The emergence of NATO and the Warsaw Pact; SE/TE: Military Alliances, 493; also see: NATO, 526, 527, 534, 536, 545, 549, 550, 551; Warsaw Pact, 467, 542, 548 d. The Chinese Communist Revolution. SE/TE: Upheavals in China, ; From Revolution to Reform in China, Examine social, economic and political struggles resulting from colonialism and imperialism including: a. Independence movements in India, Indochina and Africa; SE/TE: Nationalism and Revolution Around the World, ; Struggle for Change in Latin America, ; Nationalist Movements in Africa and the Middle East, ; India Seeks Self Rule, ; Review and Assessment, ; The Changing Political Climate, ; Achieving Independence, TE: 418A 418B b. Rise of dictatorships in former colonies. SE/TE: Military Rule, 613, 619; Dictatorship and War in Congo, 620; Other Nations of Southern Africa, 624, ; Politics: Reform, Repression, or Revolution, ; From Dictatorship to Democracy, 647; Dictatorship and Democracy in Argentina, Explain the causes and consequences of the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War including: a. The arms build-up; SE/TE: The World Since 1945: An Overview ; Europe: The Cold War and After, ; Foreign Policy Issues, 542 b. Ethnic unrest in the Soviet Union; SE/TE: Ethnic Conflict, 548, 550,

7 c. Independence movements in former Soviet satellites; SE/TE: The Other Republics, 546; A New Era in Eastern Europe, d. Global decline of communism. SE/TE: Europe: The Cold War and After, ; The Soviet Union: Rise and Fall of a Superpower, ; A New Era in Eastern Europe, ; Germany: Division and Reunification, ; Collapse of Communism in Europe, Examine regional and ethnic conflict in the post- Cold War era including: a. Persistent conflict in the Middle East; SE/TE: The Birth of Israel, ; Forces Shaping the Modern Middle East, ; The Middle East and the World, 597; The Arab- Israeli Conflict, Peace Efforts, b. Ethnic strife in Europe, Africa and Asia. SE/TE: Ethnic Conflicts, 506, 509, 548, 550, 551, 582, 593, 611, 617, 619; The Arab-Israeli Conflict, People in Societies Students use knowledge of perspectives, practices and products of cultural, ethnic and social groups to analyze the impact of their commonality and diversity within local, national, regional and global settings. SE/TE: Comparing Viewpoints, 47, 146, 245, 514; You Are There, 117, 205, 255, 335, 384, 475, 564, 625;Humanities Link, 42, 90, 152, 221, 285, 364, 414, 453, 519, 595; Global Connections, 52, 79, 101, 110, 149, 172, 284, 300, 329, 347, 359, 458, 470, 516, 548, 627, 640; Assessing Your Skills: Analyzing Primary Sources, xxxvi-xxxvii, 77, 177, 227, 270, 323, 421, 481, 569, 608, 652; Chapter Assessment: Analyzing Primary Sources, 58 59, 80 81, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ; Synthesizing Information, 103, 123, 201, 308, 344, 409, 457, 529, 589 Grade Nine Cultures 1. Analyze examples of how people in different cultures view events from different perspectives including: - 7 -

8 a. Creation of the state of Israel; SE/TE: The Birth of Israel, ; Forces Shaping the Modern Middle East, ; The Middle East and the World, 597; The Arab- Israeli Conflict, Peace Efforts, b. Partition of India and Pakistan; SE/TE: Nations of South Asia: Independence and Partition, ; Pakistan and Bangladesh, c. Reunification of Germany; SE/TE: Divisions in Germany, ; Europe: The Cold War and After, ; Germany: Division and Reunification, d. End of apartheid in South Africa. SE/TE: Struggles in Southern Africa, ; Review and Assessment, Interaction 2. Analyze the results of political, economic, and social oppression and the violation of human rights including: a. The exploitation of indigenous peoples; SE/TE: The New Imperialism, ; A Western- Dominated World, ; The Partition of Africa, ; Europeans Challenges to the Muslim World, ; The British Take Over India, ; China and the New Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, ; Japan Modernizes, ; Southeast Asia and the Pacific, ; Economic Imperialism in Latin America, ; Impact of Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 314A 314B, 340A-340B b. The Holocaust and other acts of genocide, including those that have occurred in Armenia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Iraq. SE/TE: The Campaign Against the Jews Begins, 463; The Holocaust, 481, 489; Ethnic Conflicts, 506, 509, 548, 550, 551, 582, 593, 611, 617, 619; The Arab-Israeli Conflict, TE: 466A 466B Diffusion 3. Explain how advances in communication and transportation have impacted: - 8 -

9 a. Globalization; SE/TE: Global Economic Trends, ; Computers, 503, 518, 519; ASEAN, 507, 574; European Union, 507, 525, ; Trade 295, 336, 557, 572; NAFTA, 507, 540, 636, 640, 644, 675; OPEC, 528, 538, 558, 588; Programs for Development, ; Three Nations: A Closer Look, b. Cooperation and conflict; SE/TE: The Industrial Revolution Begins, ; Dawn of the Industrial Age, ; Hardships of Early Industrial Life, ; The Industrial Revolution Spreads, ; The World of Cities, ; Changing Attitudes and Values, ; A New Culture, ; Review and Assessment, ; World War I: Technology of Modern Warfare, ; Science and Technology, 518; What is the relationship between people and the environment?, 514; Global Warming, 515; Offshore Oil Rigs, 528; Green Revolution, 502, 520, 566, 582; Preserving Africa s Wildlife, 614; Regional and Global Issues, c. The environment; SE/TE: What is the relationship between people and the environment?, 514; Global Warming, 515; Offshore Oil Rigs, 528; Green Revolution, 502, 520, 566, 582; Preserving Africa s Wildlife, 614; Regional and Global Issues, d. Collective security; SE/TE: World War I: Technology of Modern Warfare, ; The World Since 1945: An Overview ; Science and Technology, 518; Europe: The Cold War and After, ; Foreign Policy Issues, 542 e. Popular culture; SE/TE: The World of Cities, ; Changing Attitudes and Values, ; A New Culture, f. Political systems; SE/TE: World War I: Technology of Modern Warfare, ; The World Since 1945: An Overview ; Science and Technology, 518; Europe: The Cold War and After, ; Foreign Policy Issues, 542 g. Religion. SE/TE: The Scientific Revolution, 54 57; Changing Attitudes and Values, ; A New Culture,

10 Geography Students use knowledge of geographic locations, patterns and processes to show the interrelationship between the physical environment and human activity, and to explain the interactions that occur in an increasingly interdependent world. SE/TE: Geography and History, 91, 131, 188, 202, 226, 258, 286, 311, 332, 360, 391, 400, 428, 480, 505, 528, 565, 584, 614; Maps, 33, 35, 51, 61, 64, 69, 83, 94, 99, 109, 112, 126, 130, 135, 143, 155, 160, 165, 184, 190, 195, 200, 201, 215, , 241, 243, 267, 269, 27, 281, 291, 302, 307, 315, 321, 327, 330, 336, 341, 349, 352, 354, 358, 375, 378, 385, 394, 407, 419, 427, 434, 437, 443, 467, 471, 483, 487, 492, 503, 506, 525, 529, 530, 543, 550, 555, 568, 572, 579, 581, 589, 599, 600, 605, 615, 631, 649 Grade Nine Places and Regions 1. Interpret data to make comparisons between and among countries and regions including: a. Birth rates b. Death rates c. Infant mortality rates d. Education levels e. Per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP). SE/TE: Fact Finder: Native American Population of Central Mexico, 86; Average Life Expectancy in Selected Industrial; Areas, , 249; Casualties of World War I, 392; Effects of the Five-Year Plans, 408; Casualties of World War II, 490; Welfare-State Spending in Britain, , 527; Charts and Graphs: British Output of Coal, , 213; Steel Production, , 265; Soviet Agricultural Output, 1928 and 1932, 409; Unemployment, , 465; Health Statistics of Selected Countries, 1999, 513; Votes in the European Union Council, 529; Women Working Outside the Home, 553; Japanese Motor Vehicle Exports, 1997, 558; World Crude Oil Production, 588; Population Pyramids, 629; Ethnic Diversity in Latin America, 632; The Impact of Hurricane Mitch, 645; Urbanization in Brazil,

11 2. Explain how differing points of view play a role in conflicts over territory and resources. 3. Explain how political and economic conditions, resources, geographic locations and cultures have contributed to cooperation and conflict. SE/TE: The New Imperialism, ; A Western- Dominated World, ; The Partition of Africa, ; Europeans Challenges to the Muslim World, ; The British Take Over India, ; China and the New Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, ; Japan Modernizes, ; Southeast Asia and the Pacific, ; Economic Imperialism in Latin America, ; Impact of Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, ; Divisions in Germany, ; Europe: The Cold War and After, ; Germany: Division and Reunification, ; Nations of South Asia: Independence and Partition, ; Pakistan and Bangladesh, ; The Birth of Israel, ; Forces Shaping the Modern Middle East, ; The Middle East and the World, 597; The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Peace Efforts, ; Struggles in Southern Africa, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 314A 314B, 340A-340B SE/TE: The New Imperialism, ; A Western- Dominated World, ; The Partition of Africa, ; Europeans Challenges to the Muslim World, ; The British Take Over India, ; China and the New Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, ; Japan Modernizes, ; Southeast Asia and the Pacific, ; Economic Imperialism in Latin America, ; Impact of Imperialism, ; Review and Assessment, ; Divisions in Germany, ; Europe: The Cold War and After, ; Germany: Division and Reunification, ; Nations of South Asia: Independence and Partition, ; Pakistan and Bangladesh, ; The Birth of Israel, ; Forces Shaping the Modern Middle East, ; The Middle East and the World, 597; The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Peace Efforts, ; Struggles in Southern Africa, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 314A 314B, 340A-340B

12 Human Environmental Interaction 4. Explain the causes and consequences of urbanization including economic development, population growth and environmental change. SE/TE: Hardships of Early Industrial Life, ; Life in the Industrial Age, ; The World of Cities, ; Changing Attitudes and Values, ; Urbanization, 516, 573, 616, 633, 634 TE: 194A 194B, 240A 240B Movement 5. Analyze the social, political, economic and environmental factors that have contributed to human migration now and in the past. SE/TE: Migration, 543; Immigration, 531, 539, 574, 641 Economics Students use economic reasoning skills and knowledge of major economic concepts, issues and systems in order to make informed choices as producers, consumers, savers, investors, workers and citizens in an interdependent world. SE/TE: For related information see: Taxes, 18, 22, 120, 129; Capitalism, 102, 211; Socialism, 209, 210, 218; Marxism, 210, 211, 273; Communism, 210, 403, 404, 405, 410, 491, 537; Inflation, 459, 460, 549, 653, 678; Global Economy, 361, 362; Economics of Dependence, 357, 362; Overproduction, 445; Global Economic Trends pages ; North American Prosperity pages Grade Nine Markets 1. Describe costs and benefits of trade with regard to: a. Standard of living b. Productive capacity c. Usage of productive resources d. Infrastructure. 2. Explain how changing methods of production and a country's productive resources affect how it answers the fundamental economic questions of what to produce, how to produce, and for whom to produce. SE/TE: Trade, 19, 62, 78, 88, 96 98, 101, 102, 557, 572; Free Trade, ; OPEC, 328, 511, 528, 538, 558, 588, 640; NAFTA, , 542, 547, 583; European Common Market, 636 SE/TE: The Industrial Revolution Begins, ; Dawn of the Industrial Age, ; The Industrial Revolution Spreads, ; The World of Cities, ; Changing Attitudes and Values, ; A New Culture, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 194A 194B, 240A 240B

13 3. Analyze characteristics of traditional, market, command and mixed economies with regard to: a. Private property b. Freedom of enterprise c. Competition and consumer choice d. The role of government. SE/TE: For related information see: Taxes, 18, 22, 120, 129; Capitalism, 102, 211; Socialism, 209, 210, 218; Marxism, 210, 211, 273; Communism, 210, 403, 404, 405, 410, 491, 537; Inflation, 459, 460, 549, 653, 678; Global Economy, 361, 362; Economics of Dependence, 357, 362; Overproduction, 445; Global Economic Trends pages ; North American Prosperity pages ; Programs for Development, ; Three Nations: A Closer Look, ; Case Studies, , Government and the Economy 4. Analyze the economic costs and benefits of protectionism, tariffs, quotas and blockades on international trade. SE/TE: Tariffs, 104, 296, 423, 446, 528, 530; blockade, 185; also see: Free Trade, ; OPEC, 328, 511, 528, 538, 558, 588, 640; NAFTA, , 542, 547, 583; European Common Market, 636; Trade, 19, 62, 78, 88, 96 98, 101, 102, 557, 572 Government Students use knowledge of the purposes, structures and processes of political systems at the local, state, national and international levels to understand that people create systems of government as structures of power and authority to provide order, maintain stability and promote the general welfare. SE/TE: Government, 10 11, 12 13, 16 17, 18, 24, 27, 39, 87 91, , , 118, , 123, 124, , , , , 145, 146, 147, , , , , , , , 176, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 409, 410, , 415, , , , , 539, 540, , , , , , , , 638, , , , 700,

14 Grade Nine Systems of Government 1. Explain how various systems of governments acquire, use and justify their power. SE/TE: Government, 10 11, 12 13, 16 17, 18, 24, 27, 39, 87 91, , , 118, , 123, 124, , , , , 145, 146, 147, , , , , , , , 176, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 409, 410, , 415, , , , , 539, 540, , , , , , , , 638, , , , 700, Analyze the purposes, structures and functions of various systems of government including: a. Absolute monarchies; SE/TE: Absolute monarchies, 11, 111, , 119, 120, 145, 283 b. Constitutional monarchies; SE/TE: Constitutional monarchies, 171, 292 c. Parliamentary democracies; SE/TE: Parliamentary democracies, 11, 18, ; Triumph of Parliament in England, ; The Western Democracies, ; Argentina and South Africa: The Road to Democracy, d. Presidential democracies; SE/TE: Birth of the American Republic, ; Constitution pages 164, 226; The Western Democracies, ; Argentina and South Africa: The Road to Democracy, e. Dictatorships; SE/TE: Dictatorships, 456; Fascism in Italy, ; Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany, ; Review and Assessment, ; Military Rule, 613, 619; Dictatorship and War in Congo, 620; Other Nations of Southern Africa, 624, ; Politics: Reform, Repression, or Revolution, ; From Dictatorship to Democracy, 647; Dictatorship and Democracy in Argentina,

15 f. Theocracies. SE/TE: Theocracies, 48, 596 Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities Students use knowledge of the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in order to examine and evaluate civic ideals and to participate in community life and the American democratic system. SE/TE: Civil Disobedience, 430, 539; Civil Participation: Australia and the United States, Grade Nine Participation 1. Analyze and evaluate the influence of various forms of citizen action on public policy including: a. The French Revolution; SE/TE: The French Revolution and Napoleon, ; On the Eve of Revolution, ; Creating a New France, ; Radical Days, ; The Age of Napoleon Begins, ; The End of an Era, ; Review and Assessment, TE: 164A 164B b. The international movement to abolish the slave trade and slavery; SE/TE: Slave revolts in Haiti, ; Emancipation Proclamation, 284; Abolitionists, 307; World Antislavery Convention, 309 c. The Russian Revolution; SE/TE: Absolute Monarchy in Russia, ; Revolution in Russia, ; Two Revolutions in Russia, ; From Lenin to Stalin, ; Life in a Totalitarian State, TE: 398A-398B d. The independence movement in India; SE/TE: India Seeks Self Rule, ; Nations of South Asia: Independence and Partition, ; Pakistan and Bangladesh, e. The fall of communism in Europe; SE/TE: Europe: The Cold War and After, ; The Soviet Union: Rise and Fall of a Superpower, ; A New Era in Eastern Europe, ; Germany: Division and Reunification, ; Collapse of Communism in Europe, 666 f. The end of apartheid. SE/TE: Struggles in Southern Africa, ; Review and Assessment,

16 2. Describe and compare opportunities for citizen participation under different systems of government including: a. Absolute monarchies; SE/TE: Absolute monarchies, 11, 111, , 119, 120, 145, 283 b. Constitutional monarchies; SE/TE: Constitutional monarchies, 171, 292 c. Parliamentary democracies; SE/TE: Parliamentary democracies, 11, 18, ; Triumph of Parliament in England, ; The Western Democracies, ; Argentina and South Africa: The Road to Democracy, d. Presidential democracies; SE/TE: Birth of the American Republic, ; Constitution pages 164, 226; The Western Democracies, ; Argentina and South Africa: The Road to Democracy, e. Dictatorships; SE/TE: Dictatorships, 456; Fascism in Italy, ; Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany, ; Review and Assessment, ; Military Rule, 613, 619; Dictatorship and War in Congo, 620; Other Nations of Southern Africa, 624, ; Politics: Reform, Repression, or Revolution, ; From Dictatorship to Democracy, 647; Dictatorship and Democracy in Argentina, f. Theocracies. SE/TE: Theocracies, 48, Analyze how governments and other groups have used propaganda to influence public opinion and behavior. SE/TE: Propaganda, , 411, 457, 462, 482,

17 Social Studies Skills and Methods Students collect, organize, evaluate and synthesize information from multiple sources to draw logical conclusions. Students communicate this information using appropriate social studies terminology in oral, written or multimedia form and apply what they have learned to societal issues in simulated or real-world settings. SE/TE: Chapter Assessment: Go Online, 58 59, 80 81, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ; Virtual Field Trip, 38, 68, 85, 121, 151, 169, 204, 230, 262, 280, 310, 320, 346, 390, 413, 431, 451, 478, 520, 535, 575, 587, 626, 646; Synthesizing Information, 103, 123, 201, 308, 344, 409, 457, 529, 589; Comparing Viewpoints, 47, 146, 245, 514; Analyzing Primary Sources, 77, 177, 227, 270, 323, 421, 481, 569, 608, 652; Case Studies on Contemporary Issues, 666, 670, 674, 678, 682, 686, 690; Distinguishing Facts from Opinions, 522, 608, 655; Comparing Viewpoints, 47, 146, 245, 377, 514 Grade Nine Thinking and Organizing 1. Detect bias and propaganda in primary and secondary sources of information. 2. Evaluate the credibility of sources for: a. Logical fallacies b. Consistency of arguments c. Unstated assumptions d. Bias. 3. Analyze the reliability of sources for: a. Accurate use of facts b. Adequate support of statements c. Date of publication. SE/TE: Distinguishing Facts from Opinions, 522, 608, 655; see also: Comparing Viewpoints pages 47, 146, 245, 377, 514; Analyzing Primary Sources, 77, 177, 227, 270, 323, 421, 481, 569, 608, 652; Propaganda, , 411, 457, 462, 482, 493 SE/TE: Comparing Viewpoints pages 47, 146, 245, 377, 514; Analyzing Primary Sources, 77, 177, 227, 270, 323, 421, 481, 569, 608, 652; Propaganda, , 411, 457, 462, 482, 493; see also: Distinguishing Facts from Opinions, 522, 608, 655 SE/TE: Distinguishing Facts from Opinions, 522, 608, 655; see also: Comparing Viewpoints pages 47, 146, 245, 377, 514; Analyzing Primary Sources, 77, 177, 227, 270, 323, 421, 481, 569, 608, 652; Propaganda, , 411, 457, 462, 482,

18 Communicating Information 4. Develop and present a research project including: a. Collection of data b. Narrowing and refining the topic c. Construction and support of the thesis. SE/TE: Chapter Assessment: Go Online, 58 59, 80 81, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ; Virtual Field Trip, 38, 68, 85, 121, 151, 169, 204, 230, 262, 280, 310, 320, 346, 390, 413, 431, 451, 478, 520, 535, 575, 587, 626, 646; Synthesizing Information, 103, 123, 201, 308, 344, 409, 457, 529, 589; Case Studies on Contemporary Issues, 666, 670, 674, 678, 682, 686, 690 Reference: andards

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