1 Roofs for Youth Discharge Planning and Support for Young People Leaving Detention Pilot Project
2 INTRODUCTION Partnership Calgary John Howard Society Ø Provides housing, education, and social services to youth and adults at risk or involved with the criminal justice system. Ø Supporting the Calgary community for over 60 years. Ø Have 6 locations in Calgary.
3 INTRODUCTION Partnership Wood s Homes Ø Children s mental health centre. Ø Celebrating 100 th year anniversary in Ø Provides residential treatment, Foster Care, specialized educational learning centres, crisis and walk in counselling services. Ø Located in Calgary, Lethbridge, Strathmore, Canmore, Fort McMurray, and the NWT.
4 Ø Background Ø Strategic Fit Ø Outcomes Ø Evaluation Ø Lessons Learned Ø Next Steps INTRODUCTION
5 BACKGROUND History Ø Met with the Alberta Secretariat for Action on Homelessness and the Calgary Police Service in 2009 Ø Confirmed significant gap Ø Created partnership between the Calgary John Howard Society and Woods Homes Ø Applied for Federal Government funding through Calgary Homeless Foundation
6 BACKGROUND History Collaborative Partnership Model Ø Brought together partners with complimentary resources and experience with at risk youth Ø Talked with community stakeholders to determine need Ø Identified process of service implementation Ø Developed intake Logic Model based on agency experience
7 BACKGROUND Literature Review Ø High correlation between youth homelessness and involvement with the criminal justice system (Calgary Homeless Foundation, 2011) Ø In Calgary 71% of street youth charged under the juvenile justice system In 2010, the rate of those accused of a Criminal Code offence peaked at 18 years old and decreased with increasing age (Public Safety Canada, 2012) Ø Low level of engagement with education (Worthington, C. et al., 2008)
8 BACKGROUND Literature Review Ø Childhood exposure to domestic violence (Herrenkohl, T. et al., 2008, Evans, S. et.al, 2008) Ø Maltreatment and early traumatic experiences (Cook, A. et al., 2005) Ø Alcohol initiation in early and mid-adolescence (Dube, S. et al., 2003) Ø Personality characteristics; difficult temperament, early attachment problems, emotional regulation issues, low intelligence, ADHS. (Chamberlain, P., 2005)
9 STRATEGIC FIT Aligned with the following: Ø Calgary Homeless Foundation: 10 Year Plan to End Homelessness ( ) Ø Plan to End Youth Homelessness (2011) Ø Housing First Principles Ø Address System Gap - Youth without child intervention status
10 STRATEGIC FIT Housing First Philosophy Identify Initial Housing Roofs Contribution Locate safe and secure housing. Provide Support Identify appropriate services and resources. Move to permanent housing Positioning youth for permanent appropriate housing.
11 STRATEGIC FIT CHF: 10 Year Plan Stop homelessness before it begins Roofs Contribution Move youth exiting the justice system directly to stable housing. Connect youth with stable housing and supportive resources. Re-house and provide necessary support Develop trusting relationships that respond to the needs of youth. Connect with a Case Worker and provide supportive services and resources. Improve data and systems knowledge Introduced Homeless Management Information System (HMIS).
12 STRATEGIC FIT Plan to End Youth Homelessness Roofs Contributions No wrong door Coordinating activities between agencies. Discharge planning Establish relationship and assess needs prior to release and match to correct service. Strengthen informal networks Involve natural supports like family, friends, educators, peers.
13 STRATEGIC FIT System Gap Alberta s Crime Prevention Framework (comprised of 8 strategic directions) Shifts policy focus from enforcement of crime to a more balanced approach. Increases emphasis on crime prevention. Strategic direction #4: develop strategies to address gaps in crime prevention programs and services.
14 STRATEGIC FIT Alberta Crime Prevention Strategy Roofs Contribution Youth leaving CYOC without accessing services and then living on the streets or in unsafe conditions. No system supports the target population and they are the most challenging to house and to provide supports for. Need to provide housing and re-integration support for youth released from CYOC. Youth Reintegration Worker develops relationship at the institution through an intake and assessment process. Voluntary service so youth must want to become involved. Develop a release plan and maintain regular contact. Reintegration workers discuss housing options and helps develop a release plan.
15 PROGRAM MODEL Eligibility Criteria Ø Males incarcerated at CYOC aged 15 to 18 years old (Now includes females). Ø Youth most at risk of being homeless. Ø Youth without child intervention status. Ø Chronic involvement with criminal justice system Ø Cycle in and out of institutions including CYOC, shelters, secure treatment, and hospitals. Ø Those without family or natural supports, experiencing repetitive incarceration, past unsuccessful releases, and frequent shelter users.
16 PROGRAM MODEL Referrals Intake Housing and Supports Graduation
17 PROGRAM MODEL Referrals CYOC Youth Probation Youth Criminal Defense Office Schools Emergency Health Centres
18 PROGRAM MODEL Intake Ø Determine eligibility and suitability for program Ø Assesses readiness of individual, willingness to participate considered Ø Develop Clinical Summary and Crisis Plan, Release Plan Ø Complete modified version of the Rehousing, Triage and Assessment Survey (RTAS) Assignment of Case Manager Conducts Youth Acuity Scale Implements combination of assessments
19 PROGRAM MODEL Housing and Supports Options Ø Return to family (permanent) Ø Scattered Site (permanent) Ø Place Based (temporary) Ø Youth shelter (temporary)
20 PROGRAM MODEL Graduation Procedure Ø Policy of zero discharge into homelessness Ø Remain in the program months Ø Follow up contacts conducted at 2, 4,and 6 week intervals and then two months thereafter. Ø Clinical services continue after graduation for 6 months Ø Required follow up contact 3,6,9,12 months after graduation
21 PROGRAM MODEL Continual Program Components: Ø Goal planning Ø Outreach activities Ø Therapeutic support Ø Skill development (Life Skills, conflict resolution, communication, independent living, self-management) Ø Vocational Support (employment preparation, access to education, culinary program, Attendance Centre/career practitioner) Ø Connecting youth to community services (employment, education, counselling, medical services, recreation, volunteer involvement) Ø Harm Reduction
22 Program Advisory Committee PROGRAM MODEL CJHS WOOD S HOMES Program Manager Program Manager Team Leader Team Leader Case Workers Youth Reintegration Workers Youth Reintegration Workers Clinician Crisis Family Support Worker
23 PROGRAM MODEL Resources Ø Program Advisory Committee: senior management, staff member, Calgary Police Services, Youth Probation, nonpartnering Youth Sector member. Meet quarterly. Ø 1:10 staff to youth model Ø Wood s Homes provides internal services including; EXIT Youth Shelter, access to school placements, and supervision, management and direction through the Advisory Committee. Ø Staff have access 24/7 to a Crisis Support Worker. Ø Case managers on-call 24/7
24 EVALUATION Demographics Housing Route Representation Family reunification 17 Place based 10 Scattered site 7 Shelter 2 *Based on the 36 individuals housed
25 EVALUATION Demographics Ethnicity Representation Caucasian 20 Aboriginal 13 Metis 1 African 3 Korean 1 Latino 2 Arab 1 *Based on 41 intakes
26 EVALUATION Demographics Age Representation 15 years old 5 16 years old years old 22 Males: 38 Females: 3 *Based on 41 intakes
27 EVALUATION Measurement tools: Ø HMIS Benchmarks Ø Outcome Star
28 EVALUATION Criteria Benchmark Outcome Occupancy Minimum 85% occupancy 41 clients enrolled Program capacity: 45 Length of Stay/ Stabilization 95% maintain housing for at least 6 months; 85% maintain housing for at least 12 months. More than 80% client have attained safe accommodation At any given reporting period 85% of people housed will still be permanently housed.
29 EVALUATION Criteria Benchmark Outcome Positive Destinations 95% of clients leaving program go to positive housing. 47% reunified with family Some entering addictions treatment facility. Some remaining at CYOC A few leaving program services. Current running total: 83% of clients leaving program have left for positive destinations.
30 EVALUATION Criteria Benchmark Outcome Income 95% of clients have an increased income after 6 months in program from employment and/or other benefits Clients employed: At intake 26% After six months in Roofs 54% After 12 months in Roofs 100% Return to Homelessness Less than 5% of clients return to shelter/rough sleeping 20% with some cycling in and out of CYOC Most found positive longterm accommodation 31% returned to shelter since completing Roofs. Many shelter uses have been temporary.
31 EVALUATION Criteria Benchmark Outcome Interaction with Public Institutions & Mainstream Systems Clients reduced; incarcerations, ER visits, and hospitalizations. Demonstrate an increase in connection to healthy systems. Most reduced incarceration occurrence. All clients work on repairing relationships with family and friends. Develop relationships with Roofs staff. Engagement in mainstream systems 100% of clients engage in mainstream systems. 100% of clients have accessed community resources/mainstream systems.
32 EVALUATION Criteria Benchmark Outcome Self-Sufficiency 75% engaged in education. 75% engaged in employment. 95% connected to and engaged in community resources. Most pursue education while also connecting with employment resources. All involved with community services. Clients in school: At intake 87%* After six months 85% After 12 months 100% *most referrals come from CYOC, where school is mandatory.
33 EVALUATION Criteria Benchmark Outcome Self-Sufficiency 75% engaged in education. 75% engaged in employment. 95% connected to and engaged in community resources. Clients employed: At intake 26% After six months in Roofs 54% After 12 months in Roofs 100% 100% connected to community resources.
34 OUTCOMES Lessons Learned Ø Expanded referral sources Ø Added female clients Ø 47% of clients returned home to family Ø Housing youth under 18 years old comes with challenges Ø (issues with stability and insurance, locating landlords willing to rent to youth with criminal record, tight housing market) Ø Master leases Ø Housing locators Ø Limitations with HMIS Ø Need a more effective way to track youth in the program
35 Next Steps OUTCOMES Ø Introduce a variety of community based housing options such as room and board, semi-independent living, and supported roommate Ø Hire a housing locator to develop and maintain relationships with landlords Ø Vocational support (employment preparation, access to education opportunities) Ø Move staff team (CJHS and Wood s Homes) under one roof Ø Seek accreditation equivalency in Summer of 2013 Ø Develop a comprehensive evaluation tool Ø Rates of recidivism Ø Impact of staff supporting families Ø Understanding profile of successful graduates Ø Importance of having one case worker stay with young person through the duration Ø Expanding client population to include 18-24
36 THANK YOU!
38 References Calgary Homeless Foundation Plan to End Youth Homelessness in Calgary. Chamberlain, P., Treating chronic Juvenile Offenders (2 nd Ed.). American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C. Cook,A., Spinazzola,J., Ford,J. Lanktree,C.,Blaustein,M., Cloitre,M., DeRosa,R., Hubbard, R., Kagan,R., Liautaud,J. Mallah, K., Olafson,E., van der Kolk,B Complex Trauma in Children and Adolescents. Psychiatric Annals Dube,S., Felitti,V., Dong,M., Chapman,D., Giles,W., and Anda,R Childhood Abuse, neglect and Household Dysfunction and the Risk of illicit Drug Use: The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study. Pediatrics. Vo. 111, No.3.
39 References Evans,S., Davies,C., and DiLillo,D Exposure to Domestic Violence: A Meta-analysis of Child and Adolescent Outcomes. Aggression and Violent Behaviour. 13, Herrenkohl,T., Sousa,C., Tajima,E., Herrenkohl,R., and Moylan,C Intersection of Child Abuse and children s Exposure to Domestic Violence. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. Vol.9, No.2. Public Safety Canada A Statistical Snapshot of Youth at Risk and Youth Offending in Canada. Worthington,C., MacLaurin,B., Huffey,N.,Dittmann,D. Kitt,O., Patten,S.,Leech,J Calgary Youth, Health and the Street Final Report. Canadian Institute of Health Research.
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