CHAPTER 2: MAJORITARIAN OR PLURALIST DEMOCRACY

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CHAPTER 2: MAJORITARIAN OR PLURALIST DEMOCRACY"

Transcription

1 CHAPTER 2: MAJORITARIAN OR PLURALIST DEMOCRACY SHORT ANSWER Please define the following term. 1. autocracy PTS: 1 REF: oligarchy PTS: 1 REF: democracy PTS: 1 REF: procedural democratic theory PTS: 1 REF: universal participation PTS: 1 REF: political equality PTS: 1 REF: majority rule

2 PTS: 1 REF: participatory democracy PTS: 1 REF: representative democracy PTS: 1 REF: responsiveness PTS: 1 REF: substantive democratic theory PTS: 1 REF: minority rights PTS: 1 REF: majoritarian model of democracy PTS: 1 REF: interest group PTS: 1 REF: pluralist model of democracy

3 PTS: 1 REF: elite theory PTS: 1 REF: democratization PTS: 1 REF: 52 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. When the House Of Representatives voted on President Obama s stimulus plan, a $787 billion package of targeted tax cuts and government spending on public works projects to fight the recession, the following occurred: a. no House Republicans voted for the plan b. no House Democrats voted for the plan c. the plan was supported by all House members d. Rush Limbaugh encouraged the House to approve the plan e. all House Democrats voted for the plan A PTS: 1 REF: 33 NOT: F 2. The ancient Greeks classified governments as autocracies, oligarchies, or democracies based on a. the fundamental purposes for which the government was instituted. b. the extent of government power. c. the types of elected officeholders. d. the kinds of decisions the government was responsible for. e. the number of citizens involved in governing. E PTS: 1 REF: 34 NOT: C 3. An autocracy is a political system ruled by a. a few. b. one individual. c. the military. d. a majority. e. a few powerful, wealthy individuals. B PTS: 1 REF: 34 NOT: C 4. The best contemporary example of an oligarchy would be a(n) a. multiparty democracy. b. personal dictatorship. c. military dictatorship.

4 d. hereditary monarchy. e. elite interest society. C PTS: 1 REF: 34 NOT: C 5. Although many countries openly advocate rule by the people, much disagreement remains over a. whether such a system could ever exist in the real world. b. how the people is defined, and how those individuals should rule. c. whether the people are actually better decision makers than the elite. d. whether such systems are outdated and becoming less common. e. whether non-participatory citizens are included in the definition. B PTS: 1 REF: 34 NOT: C 6. The Greek word demos, which is the root of the term democracy, means a. common people. b. power. c. participation. d. foundation or base. e. order. A PTS: 1 REF: 34 NOT: F 7. The Greek word kratos, one of the roots of the word democracy, means a. power. b. authority. c. common man. d. rule. e. form. A PTS: 1 REF: 34 NOT: F 8. A politician who appeals to and often deceives the masses by manipulating their emotions and prejudices is a(n) a. politico. b. delegate. c. oligarch. d. legacy. e. demagogue. E PTS: 1 REF: 35 NOT: C 9. The names of more than 20 percent of the world's political parties contain some variation of the word a. conservative. b. republican. c. socialist. d. democracy. e. freedom. D PTS: 1 REF: 35 NOT: F 10. In a typical survey, one would expect Americans to support the notion that the United States should promote democracy to other countries as a foreign policy goal. a. almost all b. a very large majority of c. a slim majority of

5 d. about half of e. well less than half of E PTS: 1 REF: 35 NOT: F 11. Which president(s) promoted democracy abroad as a major foreign policy objective of his/their administration? a. Woodrow Wilson b. Thomas Jefferson c. George W. Bush d. William Howard Taft e. A and C. E PTS: 1 REF: 37 NOT: F 12. The procedural view of democracy is most concerned with a. the level of popular participation in decision making. b. the equality of government decisions. c. minority protections. d. the impact of government decisions. e. how government decisions are made. E PTS: 1 REF: 36 NOT: F 13. The principle of universal participation may still be met even if some adults (such as recent immigrants) are excluded from participation if this exclusion is based on a. the principle of political equality. b. practical or political reasons in a particular country. c. failure to understand the political system. d. lack of knowledge of the nation's dominant language. e. conflicts of law. B PTS: 1 REF: 36 NOT: C 14. The idea that all adults within the boundaries of a political community should be allowed to vote is known as a. universal participation. b. political equality. c. majority rule. d. plurality rule. e. suffrage. A PTS: 1 REF: 36 NOT: C 15. A country abiding by the principle one man, one vote is practicing a. representative democracy. b. political equality. c. equal suffrage. d. substantive democracy. e. a free and fair election system. B PTS: 1 REF: 36 NOT: C 16. Whereas majority rule is defined as decision making by 50 percent plus one person, is defined as decision making by most participants. a. rule by the people

6 b. assention c. political equality d. universal participation e. plurality rule E PTS: 1 REF: 37 NOT: C 17. All of the following are principles of procedural democracy except a. government responsiveness to public opinion. b. minority rights. c. universal participation. d. majority rule. e. political equality. B PTS: 1 REF: 41 NOT: C 18. In Athens, were excluded from participation in assemblies. a. women b. slaves c. those who were new to the area d. males above the age of 40 e. A, B and C E PTS: 1 REF: 37 NOT: F 19. New England town meetings are an example of a. substantive democracy. b. oligarchies. c. representative democracy. d. civil democracy. e. participatory democracy. E PTS: 1 REF: 38 NOT: C 20. The following allows a person to acquire information and documents online, and also provides a medium to register opinions and complaints to government officials a. E-government. b. the Federal Communications Commission. c. the Telecommunications Act. d. the Secretary of State. e. Fox News. A PTS: 1 REF: 38 NOT: F 21. Why do most democracies give power to representatives rather than directly to citizens? a. Bringing large numbers of citizens together for discussions and votes is difficult. b. Decisions may require specialized knowledge not possessed by the average citizen. c. Discussion of political issues takes more time than most people are willing to spend. d. All of these e. None of these D PTS: 1 REF: 38 NOT: F 22. Which of the following represents a principle of procedural theory? a. Social equality b. Representative democracy

7 c. Guaranteed civil liberties d. Discrimination protection e. Responsiveness E PTS: 1 REF: 39 NOT: C 23. The principle of responsiveness requires that legislators a. follow the general contours of public opinion. b. cast their ballots on the basis of what the people think back home. c. pay especial attention to groups that are highly organized. d. support public opinion in all matters related to electoral politics. e. consider the views of their fellow legislators more than the views of constituents. A PTS: 1 REF: 39 NOT: C 24. After following democratic procedures, a majority votes to impose its beliefs on a minority. This action a. violates the standards of procedural democracy. b. is consistent with all theories of democracy. c. violates all theories of democracy. d. violates the standards of substantive democracy. e. is unconstitutional. D PTS: 1 REF: 39 NOT: C 25. For the United States, the core substantive principles of democracy are embedded in a. the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the Constitution. b. the traditions and conscience of the people. c. colonial charters. d. Article I of the Constitution. e. legislative resolutions from state legislatures. A PTS: 1 REF: 40 NOT: F 26. The basic standard of substantive democracy is that government must guarantee a. economic rights. b. civil rights and liberties. c. social equality. d. All of these e. None of these B PTS: 1 REF: 40 NOT: C 27. Agreement among substantive theorists breaks down when the discussion moves from civil rights to a. freedom of expression. b. social rights. c. religious rights. d. economic rights. e. both B and D. E PTS: 1 REF: 40 NOT: F 28. Americans, in a recent Gallup survey, responded the following way after being asked whether or not it was the federal government s responsibility to make sure all Americans have health care coverage: a. 70% believed it was the federal government s responsibility b. 70% believed it was not the federal government s responsibility

8 c. 48% believed it was not the federal government s responsibility d. 47% believed it was the federal government s responsibility e. both c and d E PTS: 1 REF: 40 NOT: F 29. One weakness of the substantive model of democracy is that a. not everyone participates in decision making. b. there is no agreement regarding which policies are democratic. c. the government is less responsive to its people. d. terrible inequities occur in the wealthiest class. e. minority groups are easily defeated. B PTS: 1 REF: 41 NOT: C 30. One of the weaknesses of the procedural model of democracy is that a. it does not provide clear criteria on which to judge whether a government is democratic. b. its reliance on rules may lead to rigidity and inefficiency. c. it neglects the standards of classic Greek democracy. d. it permits policies that violate standards of substantive democracy. e. too much attention is paid to protecting minority rights. D PTS: 1 REF: 41 NOT: C 31. The American system allows for the will of the majority to be blocked by a. a declaration of martial law. b. the Constitution as interpreted by the Supreme Court. c. the lack of institutional mechanisms for gauging public opinion. d. no means. e. majority rule. B PTS: 1 REF: 41 NOT: F 32. A popular election is the primary mechanism for democratic government in which model? a. Substantive democracy b. Procedural democracy c. The majoritarian model d. The pluralist model e. The integrated model C PTS: 1 REF: 43 NOT: C 33. A referendum is best described as a(n) a. statement of legislative goals. b. do-over of a previous election. c. ballot without true competition for offices. d. election on a policy issue. e. decision that resolves a legal issue. D PTS: 1 REF: NOT: F 34. A citizen's group gathers enough signatures on a petition to force a popular vote on a statewide lottery proposal. This proposal would represent a(n) a. recall election. b. referendum. c. initiative.

9 d. popular law. e. citizen's proposal. C PTS: 1 REF: 44 NOT: C 35. Which of the following statements concerning recall is incorrect? a. Sixteen states allow for recall of officials. b. A specified percentage of registered voters must sign a petition. c. A majority vote is required for an officer to be removed. d. Recalls are not used as often as initiatives or referenda. e. None of these E PTS: 1 REF: 44 NOT: F 36. Although they are instruments of majoritarian democracy, initiatives are often sponsored by a. government officials. b. interest groups. c. members of the judiciary. d. foreign multi-national corporations. e. small numbers of average citizens. B PTS: 1 REF: 44 NOT: F 37. Voters in California and Maine approved measures that made marriage: a. only legal for heterosexuals. b. legal for both heterosexuals and homosexuals. c. legal between an adult and a minor. d. illegal for anyone under 18. e. legal for undocumented residents. A PTS: 1 REF: 44 NOT: F 38. A alleged weakness of the majoritarian democratic model is its a. reliance on public opinion polls, which tend to fluctuate over time. b. reliance on the American public to be knowledgeable and participatory. c. insistence that political parties represent the true opinion of the public. d. failure to require elected officials to follow voters' wishes. e. exclusion of interest groups from issue formation. B PTS: 1 REF: 44 NOT: C 39. Many observers of American politics contend that the majoritarian model is not a good description of our system given that a recent survey that found only the following percent of voters said that they follow news about politics very closely : a. 10% b. 5% c. 36% d. 18% e. 50% C PTS: 1 REF: 44 NOT: C 40. The concept of pluralism rests on the premise that a. modern society consists of many groups that share economic, religious, ethnic, and cultural interests. b. government should be responsive to the will of the majority as expressed through free

10 elections. c. government is always responsive to organized interest groups. d. most people belong to interest groups. e. responsibilities for participation and representation are best met by elected representatives. A PTS: 1 REF: 45 NOT: C 41. Compared with majoritarian thought, the pluralist model of democracy shifts the focus of democratic decision making from to. a. organized groups; the mass electorate b. representatives; voters c. procedures; substance d. substance; procedures e. the mass electorate; organized groups E PTS: 1 REF: 46 NOT: C 42. The pluralist model assumes a. the existence of interest groups. b. a decentralized structure of government. c. ready access to public officials. d. openness to arguments for or against government policies. e. All of these E PTS: 1 REF: 46 NOT: C 43. Pluralism is most likely to be found where the government structure is a. hierarchical. b. rapidly changing. c. centralized. d. unorganized and chaotic. e. decentralized. E PTS: 1 REF: 46 NOT: C 44. The division of authority in the U.S. Constitution among competing branches and levels of government has encouraged the development of a. elitism. b. majoritarian democracy. c. indirect democracy. d. pluralism. e. divided government institutions. D PTS: 1 REF: 46 NOT: C 45. According to the text, it is difficult for a country with a market economy to remain in its internal politics. a. democratic b. responsive c. decentralized d. undemocratic e. pluralistic D PTS: 1 REF: 54 NOT: F

11 46. Which theorist argues that a fundamental component of pluralist democracies is multiple centers of power without a sovereign? a. Robert Putnam b. John Locke c. John Stuart Mill d. C.J. Chivers e. Robert Dahl E PTS: 1 REF: 46 NOT: F 47. A sign that pluralist democracy might not be working well in the United States is the a. declining participation of citizens in civic groups like the PTA. b. declining number of interest groups in Washington. c. increasing number of voters in national elections. d. government's failure to pass more legislation each year. e. overinvolvement of elected officials in the protection of rights. A PTS: 1 REF: 47 NOT: C 48. One reason offered that environmentalism has yet to develop as a mass movement in the Czech Republic is the following: a. Communism continues in the Czech Republic b. the Czechs are more interested in economic prosperity than in preserving the environment c. interest groups do not exist in the Czech Republic d. the Czech Republic government banned environmental groups e. none of the above B PTS: 1 REF: NOT: C 49. The idea that the most important government decisions are made by an identifiable and stable minority that shares certain characteristics is called a. substantive democracy. b. elite theory. c. pluralist theory. d. the interest group model. e. aristocracy. B PTS: 1 REF: 48 NOT: F 50. Those who support elite theory claim that the United States is governed by a relatively small class of people whose power is based on a. democratic election. b. interest group membership. c. control of wealth and corporations. d. hereditary titles. e. market share domination. C PTS: 1 REF: 49 NOT: C 51. According to elite theory, the United States is actually a(n) a. oligarchy. b. monarchy. c. aristocracy. d. democracy. e. socialist system.

12 A PTS: 1 REF: 49 NOT: F 52. Studies on decision making concerning public policy issues suggest that much of the elite s power comes from the following: a. the ability of elites to win seats in Congress. b. the ability of elites to become governors of states. c. the ability of elites to finance candidates for president of the United States. d. the ability of elites to keep issues off the political agenda. e. none of the above. D PTS: 1 REF: 50 NOT: C 53. Those who claim that the pluralist model fits the United States better than the elite model point out that a. powerful minorities do not win major policy contests. b. no identifiable elite wins consistently over a broad range of issues. c. in the end, the public at large is the major force in policy making. d. financial resources are irrelevant in affecting public policy decisions. e. business interests control a vast majority of congressional legislation passed each year. B PTS: 1 REF: 50 NOT: C 54. Elite theory is discredited as an explanation of American national politics because studies show that a. elitism cannot coexist with democratic elections. b. there are too few power positions in the United States to constitute an elite. c. government and business leaders generally do not cooperate with one another. d. no one identifiable group regularly prevails on different issues. e. citizens will rally to defend rights they believe are endangered by government policies. D PTS: 1 REF: 50 NOT: C 55. Studies of the congressional agenda demonstrate that it is characterized by: a. an emphasis on legislation concerned with the poor. b. an emphasis on legislation concerned with immigration. c. an emphasis on legislation concerned with increasing taxes on the wealthy. d. an emphasis on business related legislation e. none of the above D PTS: 1 REF: 51 NOT: F 56. In Africa some countries have successfully achieved significant levels of democracy, but many other African countries have been unable to avoid: a. pluralism. b. Communism. c. anarchism. d. authoritarianism. e. None of these D PTS: 1 REF: 52 NOT: C 57. According to pluralist theory, group struggle is democratic if a. the outcomes of the struggle are in the popular interest. b. certain larger groups are provided with more representation than smaller groups. c. all citizens are organized into groups. d. all groups win a fair share of decisions. e. all groups are allowed to participate.

13 E PTS: 1 REF: 51 NOT: C 58. Democratization is the a. process of moving from procedural to substantive democracy. b. process of institutionalizing the rules of procedural democracy and establishing substantive democratic policies. c. act of electing leaders in a way that conforms to the criteria of substantive democracy. d. process of moving from a demand to a market economy. e. requirement that freedoms and rights be protected by written covenant. B PTS: 1 REF: 52 NOT: C 59. Ethnic and religious rivals are often more interested in achieving a form of government that does the following: a. oppresses their opponents. b. provides a separation of church and state. c. requires all citizens to attend religious services. d. requires all schools provide religious instruction e. all of the above A PTS: 1 REF: 52 NOT: F 60. The text observes that the process of democratization is made quite difficult by a. economic equality. b. technology. c. ethnic conflict. d. religious conflict. e. C and D. E PTS: 1 REF: 52 NOT: F 61. The text suggests that there are forces that may be pushing authoritarian governments toward democratization. a. religious b. moral c. philosophical d. ethical e. economic E PTS: 1 REF: 54 NOT: F 62. The authors suggest that the United States fulfills the model quite well. a. authoritarian b. majoritarian c. totalitarian d. pluralist e. egalitarian D PTS: 1 REF: 56 NOT: F ESSAY 1. Describe the debate between Republicans and Democrats over the Obama administration s $787 billion stimulus plan and how various industries viewed the stimulus bill as an opportunity.

14 PTS: 1 REF: Explain why the ancient Greeks were afraid of democracy. PTS: 1 REF: Identify the three questions that are addressed by procedural democratic theory. PTS: 1 REF: Explain the difference between majority rule and plurality rule. PTS: 1 REF: Describe some prominent examples of participatory democracy in both ancient and more recent history. PTS: 1 REF: Identify some of the major arguments for representative democracy (as opposed to participatory democracy). PTS: 1 REF: Identify and explain the four principles of procedural democracy. PTS: 1 REF: Explain the reasons majoritarian theorists see elections as more than mere mechanisms for selecting candidates?

15 PTS: 1 REF: Explain the pluralist model of democracy. PTS: 1 REF: Explain how Robert Putnam's research is related to the pluralist model of democracy. PTS: 1 REF: Explain what the pluralist model of democracy demands of citizens? PTS: 1 REF: Summarize the findings of political scientists who have researched the validity of elite theory, and the response of elite theorists to such findings. PTS: 1 REF: Explain the key difference between elite and pluralist theory. PTS: 1 REF: Discuss why democratization can be difficult to achieve in different parts of the world, and why there is a strong relationship between economic prosperity and democracy. PTS: 1 REF: 52-54

AP Gov Chapter 1 Outline

AP Gov Chapter 1 Outline I. POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT Key terms: Politics is the struggle over power or influence within organizations or informal groups that can grant or withhold benefits or privileges, or as Harold Dwight Lasswell

More information

Chapter 1 The Study of American Government

Chapter 1 The Study of American Government Chapter 1 The Study of American Government The nature of the American democracy The People : a large and diverse population throughout history People are motivated by self-interest. Extreme emphasis on

More information

Chapter One: The Democratic Republic

Chapter One: The Democratic Republic Chapter One: The Democratic Republic Learning Outcomes 1. Define the terms politics and government. 2. Explain some of the ways in which Americans interact with their government. 3. State what is meant

More information

Unit 1 Introduction to Comparative Politics Test Multiple Choice 2 pts each

Unit 1 Introduction to Comparative Politics Test Multiple Choice 2 pts each Unit 1 Introduction to Comparative Politics Test Multiple Choice 2 pts each 1. Which of the following is NOT considered to be an aspect of globalization? A. Increased speed and magnitude of cross-border

More information

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN AMERICA

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN AMERICA CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN AMERICA Chapter 1 PEDAGOGICAL FEATURES p. 4 Figure 1.1: The Political Disengagement of College Students Today p. 5 Figure 1.2: Age and Political Knowledge: 1964 and

More information

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties CHAPTER 9: Political Parties Reading Questions 1. The Founders and George Washington in particular thought of political parties as a. the primary means of communication between voters and representatives.

More information

US Government Chapter 1 Section 3 Review

US Government Chapter 1 Section 3 Review Class: Date: US Government Chapter 1 Section 3 Review True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. The subject of the cartoon shows that the minority is an important part of any political

More information

American Government: Roots, Context, and Culture 2

American Government: Roots, Context, and Culture 2 1 American Government: Roots, Context, and Culture 2 The Constitution Multiple-Choice Questions 1. How does the Preamble to the Constitution begin? a. We the People... b. Four score and seven years ago...

More information

Idea developed Bill drafted

Idea developed Bill drafted Idea developed A legislator decides to sponsor a bill, sometimes at the suggestion of a constituent, interest group, public official or the Governor. The legislator may ask other legislators in either

More information

Chapter 08: Public Opinion and Voting Multiple Choice

Chapter 08: Public Opinion and Voting Multiple Choice Multiple Choice 1. Which of the following is a new restrictive law implemented by Arizona? a. Voters must be twenty-one years of age to be eligible to vote. b. Voters must first obtain a driving license

More information

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ARTICLE 2 VOTING, INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM, AND RECALL

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ARTICLE 2 VOTING, INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM, AND RECALL SECTION 1. All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for their protection, security, and benefit, and they have the right to alter or reform it when the public good may require.

More information

Political Attitudes &Participation: Campaigns & Elections. State & Local Government POS 2112 Ch 5

Political Attitudes &Participation: Campaigns & Elections. State & Local Government POS 2112 Ch 5 Political Attitudes &Participation: Campaigns & Elections State & Local Government POS 2112 Ch 5 Votes for Women, inspired by Katja Von Garner. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lvqnjwkw7ga We will examine:

More information

2015 ICCB and CAIT i-pathways.org 1 The GED Mark is a registered trademark of the American Council on Education.

2015 ICCB and CAIT i-pathways.org 1 The GED Mark is a registered trademark of the American Council on Education. LESSON 1: MODERN AND HISTORICAL GOVERNMENTS This lesson covers the following information: The different government systems in the world Political ideologies Highlights include the following: Every nation

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) One of the various ways in which parties contribute to democratic governance is by. A)

More information

Quiz # 5 Chapter 14 The Executive Branch (President)

Quiz # 5 Chapter 14 The Executive Branch (President) Quiz # 5 Chapter 14 The Executive Branch (President) 1. In a parliamentary system, the voters cannot choose a. their members of parliament. b. their prime minister. c. between two or more parties. d. whether

More information

CONSTITUTIONAL UNDERPINNINGS

CONSTITUTIONAL UNDERPINNINGS What Is Government? A government is composed of the formal and informal institutions, people, and used to create and conduct public policy. Public policy is the exercise doing those things necessary to

More information

The Seven Levels of Societal Consciousness

The Seven Levels of Societal Consciousness The Seven Levels of Societal Consciousness By Richard Barrett The level of growth and development of consciousness of a society 1 depends on the ability of the leaders and the government to create an economic

More information

THE 2004 NATIONAL SURVEY OF LATINOS: POLITICS AND CIVIC PARTICIPATION

THE 2004 NATIONAL SURVEY OF LATINOS: POLITICS AND CIVIC PARTICIPATION Summary and Chartpack Pew Hispanic Center/Kaiser Family Foundation THE 2004 NATIONAL SURVEY OF LATINOS: POLITICS AND CIVIC PARTICIPATION July 2004 Methodology The Pew Hispanic Center/Kaiser Family Foundation

More information

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Objectives 1. Define a political party. 2. Describe the major functions of political parties. 3. Identify the reasons why the United States has a two-party system.

More information

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN AMERICA CHAPTER OUTLINE

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN AMERICA CHAPTER OUTLINE CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN AMERICA CHAPTER OUTLINE I. Introduction: Politics and Government Matter (pp. 3 8) A. Many Americans are apathetic about politics and government. B. Political knowledge

More information

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 What is a Party? The party organization is the party professionals who run the party at all levels by contributing time, money, and skill. The party in government

More information

Constitutional Convention

Constitutional Convention Constitutional Convention I INTRODUCTION Constitutional Convention, meeting during the summer of 1787 at which delegates from 12 states wrote the Constitution of the United States. At the convention in

More information

Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America

Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America 1. Which statement represents the single most important message of Government in America? (A) Citizens, who are politically ignorant, are not free. (B) Most

More information

Congressional Elections

Congressional Elections Name: Government In America, Chapter 12 Big Idea Questions Guided Notes The Representatives and Senators The Members: in total - 100 Senators and 435 members of the House Requirements to be a member of

More information

amended on 27 January 1997 and on 11 April 2000 PREAMBLE Conscious of our responsibilities and of our rights before history and before humanity;

amended on 27 January 1997 and on 11 April 2000 PREAMBLE Conscious of our responsibilities and of our rights before history and before humanity; THE CONSTITUTION OF BURKINA FASO Adopted on 2 June 1991, promulgated on 11 June 1991, amended on 27 January 1997 and on 11 April 2000 We, the Sovereign People of Burkina Faso, PREAMBLE Conscious of our

More information

From Straw Polls to Scientific Sampling: The Evolution of Opinion Polling

From Straw Polls to Scientific Sampling: The Evolution of Opinion Polling Measuring Public Opinion (HA) In 1936, in the depths of the Great Depression, Literary Digest announced that Alfred Landon would decisively defeat Franklin Roosevelt in the upcoming presidential election.

More information

Political Participation under Democracy

Political Participation under Democracy Political Participation under Democracy Daniel Justin Kleinschmidt Cpr. Nr.: POL-PST.XB December 19 th, 2012 Political Science, Bsc. Semester 1 International Business & Politics Question: 2 Total Number

More information

North Carolina s Initiative & Referendum Rights

North Carolina s Initiative & Referendum Rights North Carolina F Score: 1 North Carolina citizens do not have any statewide initiative and referendum rights. Some local jurisdictions do recognize initiative and referendum rights, but those rights are

More information

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline 509 BCE: Tarquin the Proud, the last king of Rome, was overthrown by a group of patricians upset over his abuse of power. The Roman Republic was proclaimed. 494 BCE:

More information

A RURAL STRATEGY FOR WISCONSIN DEMOCRATS

A RURAL STRATEGY FOR WISCONSIN DEMOCRATS A RURAL STRATEGY FOR WISCONSIN DEMOCRATS During the Walker Recall, I had the opportunity to visit with the AFT local in tiny Butternut, Wisconsin. The entire school district was a local of 21 teachers.

More information

AP Government Summer Assignment

AP Government Summer Assignment Answer the following short essay questions (3-4 sentences) from Chapter 1 and 2. Answers are due on the first day of class. Chapter One 1. Explain what power involved and differentiate it from authority.

More information

Why are there only two major parties in US? [party attachments below]

Why are there only two major parties in US? [party attachments below] Why are there only two major parties in US? [party attachments below] A. Institutional Constraints on 3 rd Parties 1. Election System Single-member districts (SMDs) Winner-take-all first-past-the-post

More information

Foundations of Government

Foundations of Government Class: Date: Foundations of Government Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. This is NOT a feature of all the states in today's

More information

The election of 1912

The election of 1912 The election of 1912 The Republican Party & President William H. Taft Keep the Whistle Blowing Taft was determined to defeat TR and preserve the conservative heart of the Republican Party. Come, Mr. President.

More information

Political Parties in the United States (HAA)

Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political parties have played an important role in American politics since the early years of the Republic. Yet many of the nation s founders did not approve

More information

Public Opinion and Political Socialization. Chapter 7

Public Opinion and Political Socialization. Chapter 7 Public Opinion and Political Socialization Chapter 7 What is Public Opinion? What the public thinks about a particular issue or set of issues at any point in time Public opinion polls Interviews or surveys

More information

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy Key Chapter Questions Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy 1. What do political parties do for American democracy? 2. How has the nomination of candidates changed throughout history? Also,

More information

Public Opinion and Political Participation

Public Opinion and Political Participation CHAPTER 5 Public Opinion and Political Participation CHAPTER OUTLINE I. What Is Public Opinion? II. How We Develop Our Beliefs and Opinions A. Agents of Political Socialization B. Adult Socialization III.

More information

AP United States Government and Politics Syllabus

AP United States Government and Politics Syllabus AP United States Government and Politics Syllabus Textbook American Senior High School American Government: Institutions and Policies, Wilson, James Q., and John J. DiLulio Jr., 9 th Edition. Boston: Houghton

More information

Chapter Seven: Interest Groups

Chapter Seven: Interest Groups Chapter Seven: Interest Groups Learning Outcomes 1. Describe the basic characteristics of interest groups and how they are sometimes related to social movements. 2. Provide three major reasons why Americans

More information

What Should We Know About American Government?

What Should We Know About American Government? American Government: Brief Version 6/e 1 What Should We Know About American Government? I. Reviewing the Chapter Chapter Focus Study Outline The purpose of this chapter is to give you an understanding

More information

AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY

AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY Before political parties, candidates were listed alphabetically, and those whose names began with the letters A to F did better than

More information

Rural America Competitive Bush Problems and Economic Stress Put Rural America in play in 2008

Rural America Competitive Bush Problems and Economic Stress Put Rural America in play in 2008 June 8, 07 Rural America Competitive Bush Problems and Economic Stress Put Rural America in play in 08 To: From: Interested Parties Anna Greenberg, Greenberg Quinlan Rosner William Greener, Greener and

More information

Diversity and Democratization in Bolivia:

Diversity and Democratization in Bolivia: : SOURCES OF INCLUSION IN AN INDIGENOUS MAJORITY SOCIETY May 2017 As in many other Latin American countries, the process of democratization in Bolivia has been accompanied by constitutional reforms that

More information

GENDER, RELIGION AND CASTE

GENDER, RELIGION AND CASTE GENDER, RELIGION AND CASTE SHT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [3 MARKS] 1. What is casteism? How is casteism in India different as compared to other societies? Describe any five features of the caste system prevailing

More information

Government Semester Exam Review Sheet

Government Semester Exam Review Sheet Your Final Exam will come from these questions, with the addition of 6 from the Chapter 18 and 20 quizzes that you have yet to take. The answers are supplied on the last few pages. The exam will consist

More information

Document A: Polybius (Modified)

Document A: Polybius (Modified) Document A: Polybius (Modified) The following excerpt is the description of the Roman constitution provided by the Greek historian Polybius in his book The Histories written between 167-119 BCE, a period

More information

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS Midterm Study Guide Use ink- do not type. ed assignments will not be accepted.

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS Midterm Study Guide Use ink- do not type.  ed assignments will not be accepted. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS Midterm Study Guide Use ink- do not type. Emailed assignments will not be accepted. CHAPTER 1 CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY 1. politics 2. institution 3. government 4. liberty

More information

TUESDAY, MARCH 22, 2016 ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTES: 11

TUESDAY, MARCH 22, 2016 ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTES: 11 ARIZONA E L E C T I O N D A Y : TUESDAY, MARCH 22, 2016 ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTES: 11 TOTAL POPULATION (2014): 6,731,484 LATINO POPULATION (2014): 2,056,456 Since 2000, Arizona has seen one particularly

More information

THE 2015 REFERENDUM IN POLAND. Maciej Hartliński Institute of Political Science University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn

THE 2015 REFERENDUM IN POLAND. Maciej Hartliński Institute of Political Science University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn East European Quarterly Vol. 43, No. 2-3, pp. 235-242, June-September 2015 Central European University 2015 ISSN: 0012-8449 (print) 2469-4827 (online) THE 2015 REFERENDUM IN POLAND Maciej Hartliński Institute

More information

Basic Income and Deepening Democracy

Basic Income and Deepening Democracy Paper presented at the 14th BIEN Congress, Munich, Germany, September 2012. Basic Income and Deepening Democracy by Gwang-Eun Choi Member of the Executive Committee of the Basic Income Korean Network gwangeun@gmail.com

More information

Electoral Systems and Democracy: a Comparative Analysis of Macedonia and Albania

Electoral Systems and Democracy: a Comparative Analysis of Macedonia and Albania Journal of Identity and Migration Studies Volume 7, number 1, 2013 Electoral Systems and Democracy: a Comparative Analysis of Macedonia and Albania Etem AZIRI, Oreta SALIAJ Abstract. Elections and electoral

More information

Voting. Name. Lesson 8

Voting. Name. Lesson 8 Name Voting Lesson 8 ACROSS CLUES: 1. The people vote for the candidates in this type of election. 3. a special election in which voters approve or reject a law 5. This type of government allows its people

More information

Unit 2 Assessment The Development of American Democracy

Unit 2 Assessment The Development of American Democracy Unit 2 Assessment 7 Unit 2 Assessment The Development of American Democracy 1. Which Enlightenment Era thinker stated that everyone is born equal and had certain natural rights of life, liberty, and property

More information

NEW YORK UNIVERSITY Department of Politics V COMPARATIVE POLITICS Spring Michael Laver. Tel:

NEW YORK UNIVERSITY Department of Politics V COMPARATIVE POLITICS Spring Michael Laver. Tel: NEW YORK UNIVERSITY Department of Politics V52.0510 COMPARATIVE POLITICS Spring 2006 Michael Laver Tel: 212-998-8534 Email: ml127@nyu.edu COURSE OBJECTIVES The central reason for the comparative study

More information

An Introduction to Documents of Freedom

An Introduction to Documents of Freedom An Introduction to Documents of Freedom In 1781, after the Americans won the Battle of Yorktown, the British General Charles Cornwallis surrendered, effectively ending the Revolutionary War. Tradition

More information

The Minor Parties . L NATURAL :*~** LAW PARTY. SacUOD Pravlaw. Minor Parties in the United States. * single-issue parties. * splinter parties

The Minor Parties . L NATURAL :*~** LAW PARTY. SacUOD Pravlaw. Minor Parties in the United States. * single-issue parties. * splinter parties The Minor Parties SacUOD Pravlaw OBJECTIVES WHY 1. Identify the types of minor parties that Many minor parties have been active in American politics. They provide alternatives to the positions of the major

More information

BACKGROUND:Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia in When his father died in 1757 Jefferson

BACKGROUND:Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia in When his father died in 1757 Jefferson THOMAS JEFFERSON BACKGROUND:Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia in 1743. When his father died in 1757 Jefferson inherited a great deal of property. Three years later he entered the College of William

More information

LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 9, you should be able to: 1. Explain the nomination process and the role of the national party conventions. 2. Discuss the role of campaign organizations and

More information

Unit 11 Public Opinion: Voice of the People

Unit 11 Public Opinion: Voice of the People Unit 11 Public Opinion: Voice of the People Learning Objectives After completing this session, you will be able to: Define public opinion and discuss its major characteristics. Discuss the role that public

More information

Congress has three major functions: lawmaking, representation, and oversight.

Congress has three major functions: lawmaking, representation, and oversight. Unit 5: Congress A legislature is the law-making body of a government. The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature that is, one consisting of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the

More information

Key Concepts & Research in Political Science and Sociology

Key Concepts & Research in Political Science and Sociology SPS 2 nd term seminar 2015-2016 Key Concepts & Research in Political Science and Sociology By Stefanie Reher and Diederik Boertien Tuesdays, 15:00-17:00, Seminar Room 3 (first session on January, 19th)

More information

2015 EXAMINATIONS GOVERNMENT: MSS J135

2015 EXAMINATIONS GOVERNMENT: MSS J135 JOINT UNIVERSITIES PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS BOARD MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 2015 EXAMINATIONS GOVERNMENT: MSS J135 1. A government based on the rule of law is known as A. Constitutional Government B. Military

More information

Magruder s American Government

Magruder s American Government Presentation Pro Magruder s American Government C H A P T E R Political Parties 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. S E C T I O N 1 Parties and What They Do What is a political party? What are the major functions

More information

Initiatives; procedure for placement on ballot.--

Initiatives; procedure for placement on ballot.-- 1 100.371 Initiatives; procedure for placement on ballot.-- (1) Constitutional amendments proposed by initiative shall be placed on the ballot for the General election occurring in excess of 90 days from

More information

LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 12, you should be able to: 1. Describe the characteristics of our senators and representatives, and the nature of their jobs. 2. Explain what factors have the

More information

1. States must meet certain requirements in drawing district boundaries. Identify one of these requirements.

1. States must meet certain requirements in drawing district boundaries. Identify one of these requirements. Multiple Choice 1. States must meet certain requirements in drawing district boundaries. Identify one of these requirements. a. A person's vote in the largest district of a state must have only half the

More information

Experiencing the Presidential Nomination Process: Caucuses and Iowa s Role

Experiencing the Presidential Nomination Process: Caucuses and Iowa s Role Experiencing the Presidential Nomination Process: Caucuses and Iowa s Role NCSS Thematic Strand: Civic Ideals and Practices Grade Level: 9-12 Class Periods Required: 1-50 minute class period Purpose/Background/Context:

More information

Government Final Review

Government Final Review Government Final Review 1)The U. S. Constitution sets up a system of checks and balances to keep one branch of government from gaining too much power. One example is that the President appoints, but the

More information

RES PUBLICA: INTERNATIONAL FRAMEWORK

RES PUBLICA: INTERNATIONAL FRAMEWORK RES PUBLICA: AN INTERNATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR EDUCATION IN DEMOCRACY DRAFT December, 00 Civitas: An International Civic Education Exchange Program of the Center for Civic Education Douglas Fir Road / Calabasas,

More information

Mathematics and Democracy: Designing Better Voting and Fair-Division Procedures*

Mathematics and Democracy: Designing Better Voting and Fair-Division Procedures* Mathematics and Democracy: Designing Better Voting and Fair-Division Procedures* Steven J. Brams Department of Politics New York University New York, NY 10012 *This essay is adapted, with permission, from

More information

GEOGRAPHY OF GOVERNANCE AND REPRESENTATION

GEOGRAPHY OF GOVERNANCE AND REPRESENTATION Human Geography by Malinowski & Kaplan CHAPTER 11 LECTURE OUTLINE GEOGRAPHY OF GOVERNANCE AND REPRESENTATION Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 11-1

More information

John G. Barisone Atchison, Barisone, Condotti & Kovacevich 333 Church Street Santa Cruz, CA THE INITIATIVE PROCESS AFTER PROPOSITION 218

John G. Barisone Atchison, Barisone, Condotti & Kovacevich 333 Church Street Santa Cruz, CA THE INITIATIVE PROCESS AFTER PROPOSITION 218 John G. Barisone Atchison, Barisone, Condotti & Kovacevich 333 Church Street Santa Cruz, CA 95060 THE INITIATIVE PROCESS AFTER PROPOSITION 218 T ABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 2. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

More information

Teach Civics and Economics to ALL Students book (teacher book).

Teach Civics and Economics to ALL Students book (teacher book). These sample pages are from the What I Need to Know to Successfully Teach Civics and Economics to ALL Students book (teacher book). This book contains the content in the student book, plus strategies and

More information

Elections and referendums

Elections and referendums Caramani (ed.) Comparative Politics Section III: Structures and institutions Chapter 10: Elections and referendums by Michael Gallagher (1/1) Elections and referendums are the two main voting opportunities

More information

Reconstruction. A Problem-Based Approach. Developed by Rob Gouthro & Fran O Malley Delaware Social Studies Education Project

Reconstruction. A Problem-Based Approach. Developed by Rob Gouthro & Fran O Malley Delaware Social Studies Education Project Reconstruction A Problem-Based Approach Developed by Rob Gouthro & Fran O Malley Delaware Social Studies Education Project Teaching American History Teacher s Briefing This problem-based learning scenario

More information

Afrobarometer Briefing Paper No. 51. June 2008 POPULAR ATTITUDES TO DEMOCRACY IN GHANA, 2008

Afrobarometer Briefing Paper No. 51. June 2008 POPULAR ATTITUDES TO DEMOCRACY IN GHANA, 2008 Afrobarometer Briefing Paper No. 51 June 2008 POPULAR ATTITUDES TO DEMOCRACY IN GHANA, 2008 Introduction Ghana embarked on a transition to democratic rule in the early 1990s after eleven years of quasi-military

More information

A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Key Terms. Section 1 Guided Reading and Review Government and the State

A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Key Terms. Section 1 Guided Reading and Review Government and the State 1 Section 1 Guided Reading and Review Government and the State As you read Section 1, fill in the answers to the following questions. 1. What are the four characteristics of a state? a. b. c. d. 2. What

More information

Is True Democracy Impossible under Capistalism? Augusta Cater

Is True Democracy Impossible under Capistalism? Augusta Cater Is True Democracy Impossible under Capistalism? This article inquires into whether the social conditions of a population which are needed for democracy to flourish are met by a capitalist organisation

More information

23.2 Relationship to statutory and constitutional provisions.

23.2 Relationship to statutory and constitutional provisions. Rule 23. Rules Concerning Referendum Petitions. 1-40-132, 1-1-107 (2)(a) 23.1 Applicability. This Rule 23 applies to statewide referendum petitions pursuant to Article V, section 1 (3) of the Colorado

More information

9.1 Introduction When the delegates left Independence Hall in September 1787, they each carried a copy of the Constitution. Their task now was to

9.1 Introduction When the delegates left Independence Hall in September 1787, they each carried a copy of the Constitution. Their task now was to 9.1 Introduction When the delegates left Independence Hall in September 1787, they each carried a copy of the Constitution. Their task now was to convince their states to approve the document that they

More information

Origins of American Government. Chapter 2

Origins of American Government. Chapter 2 Origins of American Government Chapter 2 Section 1 Essential Questions 1) What two principles of government came from the English heritage of the colonists? 2) What documents from England influenced the

More information

[ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do

[ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do [ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do [ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do Learning Objectives Understand the origins of political parties in the United States and analyze their major functions.

More information

MEDICAL MARIJUANA ANALYZED USING PRINCIPLISM

MEDICAL MARIJUANA ANALYZED USING PRINCIPLISM MEDICAL MARIJUANA ANALYZED USING PRINCIPLISM Jeffrey W. Bulger Utah Valley State College Principlism is a practical approach for moral decision-making that focuses on four major principles: 1. Autonomy,

More information

Name: The Mechanics of Voting

Name: The Mechanics of Voting Democracies Need Voters Ask anyone what it means to live in a democracy, and you re likely to hear something about voting. There s more to a democracy than voting, but the citizens right to determine their

More information

Chapter 21 Progressivism at Its Height

Chapter 21 Progressivism at Its Height Chapter 21 Progressivism at Its Height 1910-1914 Taft Succeeds Roosevelt Though very popular with the general public TR chooses not to run in 1908. Conservative Republicans were unhappy with his progressive

More information

PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY OF VIRGINIA, INC.

PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY OF VIRGINIA, INC. PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY OF VIRGINIA, INC. Table of Contents ARTICLE Title Page I Qualifications for Participation in Party Actions...3 II Definitions...4 III State Central Committee...6

More information

Short title and commencement. Amendment of section 5 of No 4 of Amendment of section 109 of No 4 of 2011.

Short title and commencement. Amendment of section 5 of No 4 of Amendment of section 109 of No 4 of 2011. 2525 THE ELECTIONS (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2012 A Bill for AN ACT of Parliament to amend the Elections Act, 2011 ENACTED by the Parliament of Kenya as follows 1. This Act shall be cited as the Elections (Amendment)

More information

Of the People, By the People, For the People

Of the People, By the People, For the People January 2010 Of the People, By the People, For the People A 2010 Report Card on Statewide Voter Initiative Rights Executive Summary For over a century, the initiative and referendum process has given voters

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS Carteret County Republican Party Plan of Organization March 28, 2015

TABLE OF CONTENTS Carteret County Republican Party Plan of Organization March 28, 2015 TABLE OF CONTENTS Carteret County Republican Party Plan of Organization March 28, 2015 ARTICLE I - MEMBERSHIP... 3 MEMBERSHIP... 3 REFERENCES... 3 RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS... 3 ARTICLE II PRECINCT ORGANIZATION...

More information

In Nations and Nationalism, Ernest Gellner says that nationalism is a theory of

In Nations and Nationalism, Ernest Gellner says that nationalism is a theory of Global Justice, Spring 2003, 1 Comments on National Self-Determination 1. The Principle of Nationality In Nations and Nationalism, Ernest Gellner says that nationalism is a theory of political legitimacy

More information

Law 19/2017, of 6 September, on the Referendum on Selfdetermination

Law 19/2017, of 6 September, on the Referendum on Selfdetermination Only the official text in Catalan language is authentic Law 19/2017, of 6 September, on the Referendum on Selfdetermination Procedure 202-00065/11 Passed by: Plenary Assembly Session 42, 06.09.2017, DSPC-P

More information

The Electoral Process STEP BY STEP. the worksheet activity to the class. the answers with the class. (The PowerPoint works well for this.

The Electoral Process STEP BY STEP. the worksheet activity to the class. the answers with the class. (The PowerPoint works well for this. Teacher s Guide Time Needed: One class period Materials Needed: Student worksheets Projector Copy Instructions: Reading (2 pages; class set) Activity (3 pages; class set) The Electoral Process Learning

More information

Chapter 9 - The Constitution: A More Perfect Union

Chapter 9 - The Constitution: A More Perfect Union Chapter 9 - The Constitution: A More Perfect Union 9.1 - Introduction When the delegates left Independence Hall in September 1787, they each carried a copy of the Constitution. Their task now was to convince

More information

Primary Election Systems. An LWVO Study

Primary Election Systems. An LWVO Study Primary Election Systems An LWVO Study CONSENSUS QUESTIONS with pros and cons Question #1. What do you believe is the MORE important purpose of primary elections? a. A way for political party members alone

More information

Civics Lesson Objectives

Civics Lesson Objectives Civics Lesson Unit 1: A NEW NATION The Distinctions Among Civic, Political, and Private Life The student will be able to identify the source of government authority and describe at least four of the government's

More information

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4 Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4 Objectives 1. Describe the role of conventions in the presidential nominating process. 2. Evaluate the importance of presidential primaries. 3. Understand the caucus-convention

More information

Bylaws of the Henrico County Republican Committee

Bylaws of the Henrico County Republican Committee Bylaws of the Henrico County Republican Committee Article I Name The name of this organization shall be Henrico County Republican Committee, hereinafter called the Committee. Article II Definitions The

More information

History/Social Science Standards (ISBE) Section Social Science A Common Core of Standards 1

History/Social Science Standards (ISBE) Section Social Science A Common Core of Standards 1 History/Social Science Standards (ISBE) Section 27.200 Social Science A Common Core of Standards 1 All social science teachers shall be required to demonstrate competence in the common core of social science

More information

CAPPELEN DAMM ACCESS UPDATE: THE PERFECT SLOSH

CAPPELEN DAMM ACCESS UPDATE: THE PERFECT SLOSH CAPPELEN DAMM ACCESS UPDATE: THE PERFECT SLOSH 2 The following article about the American Mid-Term elections in 2010 seeks to explain the surprisingly dramatic swings in the way Americans have voted over

More information