Voting Corruption, or is it? A White Paper by:

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1 Voting Corruption, or is it? A White Paper by: By: Thomas Bronack JASTGAR Systems, Mission and Goal (917) Eliminating Voting Fraud and Corruption Our society is too far along to allow voting fraud and corruption to continue to alter the voice of the people to match those that are stealing our liberty from us. Is it the politicians, or others, that are not closing the holes in our voting system? Why can t we guaranty One Person One Vote, the basis of any democratic voting system? Why don t we have a Voter ID to verify a person s identity? Why do we allow undocumented people to gain access to our society and then just disappear? Are we tracking how our tax funds are spent so that we can insure our societies existence going forward, instead of suffering from a crumbling infrastructure, skyrocketing healthcare costs, poor housing, low pay, and an education system that is bankrupting our children before they graduate? Obviously something must be done now to stem this downward spiral to a broken society and third world existence. This paper will introduce a direction that will lead to solving these problems and raising the status of the American Citizen both at home and abroad. Abstract of the Voting Corruption problem (Fraud or Negligence) A problem arose in the NY Primary when a large number of voters found that their names were erased from the Eligible Voter List and they could not vote using normal procedures, instead they had to submit their vote on a paper ballot. This process was inconvenient, time consuming, and prone to manual errors, to the extent that many of the erased voters simply went on their way and did not submit their votes through the elongated procedure totally defeating the One Person One Vote concept of a democracy. How would you feel, taking time out from your busy day to vote for a candidate you really wanted to win, just to discover it would take too long and you had to go to work? All through no fault of your own. It was recently discovered by the FBI that people were using paper absentee ballots to submit the name of dead people as voters for a specific candidate. It was only discovered because one of the voting workers noticed the name and address of a prominent individual who they knew had passed away. Further discussion revealed that there was no way to trace absentee ballots because of their paper nature. This open door to fraud and corruption must be closed or our election system will have no basis for proving the election results. Of course the mistake will be audited to determine its cause and what can be done to stop this problem from happening again, but the final outcome is we must have a means to guaranty a citizen s right to vote and have their opinion included in the country s direction. Also, a trace of the erased people s voting record must be conducted to make sure someone else had not stolen their identity to vote in the Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 1

2 election (think stuffing the ballot box) which could result in corruption charges against any detected perpetrator s (if evidence is available to prosecute). Do you think Voting Systems must have an audit trail that can be used to trace offenders? We must have a Voter ID Card based on the individual s biometrics and their profile, or there will never be a means to validate the voting results. Recently, a system was introduced to speed people going through airport security by scanning a person s finger prints and Iris and combining that with their contact information. This system allows people to avoid long airport lines, but costs a substantial amount of money each year. Why not do something similar for a Voter ID Card, but at a much lower cost. Weaknesses in the Voting Process This primary season has already shown many weaknesses in the voting process that have eliminated a person s right to have their decision included in the selection of a candidate (i.e., Colorado). Some states cut back on spending for the election, which resulted in extremely long lines and discomfort for citizens again resulting in the loss of voters who could not stand the conditions and decided they would stay/go home instead of casting their ballot. In many cases Voting Stations ran out of Paper Ballots, which resulted in producing copies by printing new ballots with a corresponding loosening of security control. The difficulties of including citizens and eliminating fraud and corruption in voting operations are paramount to the support and growth of a democratic society. How do we secure our future and the Democracy we live in? We need a more secure and accurate system and we need it now. Protecting our Citizens right to vote Obviously another means to protect citizen rights has to be developed and I have some suggestions that I would like to see included in that process. They are: Insure people are registered to vote by making the process as easy as possible; Utilize Bio-Metrics and Encryption with Smart ID Cards to guaranty a person s identity; Provide citizens with status notification alerts so they can avoid losing services; Allow for citizens to maintain their profile and make status changes as required (i.e., change of address and corresponding registration as a voter in their new district); Modernize the system to include Social Media and current technologies that are people friendly and easy to use (website, cloud technology, bio-metric readers, encryption, PKI, , text messages, apps for smart phones, smart ID Cards, the ability to display and update personal records while being guaranteed that their information is secure and protected at all times); Allow citizen s to vote, participate in caucuses, or obtain services, via electronic technology from remote locations (think how business personnel telecommute and how they can perform their work functions via PC s / Smart Phones remotely as well as locally); Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 2

3 Provide electronic / real-time services to support Caucuses, on-line voting, chat rooms, profile display & maintenance, general information, alerts, awareness, instructions, and personal status, (Consider a Phone App concept); Insure an individual s identity during remote sessions via a bio-metric reader that would scan the person s finger print, or other bio-metric data, and compare it to their smart card Universal Unique Identification Card (UUID) bio-stored metric data, then utilize call-back security for validation; Replace the Absentee Paper Ballot with an on-line ballot and bio-metric scanner that could either be connected to the voter (think iphone Finger Print or Facial Recognition via Picture) or made available in Post Offices or other Government facilities. I received three absentee paper ballots this year and did not ask for any of them, why? Include an Audit Trail to record and track voting / voter activity; And so much more. Developing the System Of course, the system must be developed through Best Practices and Proven Techniques to insure proper applications and services are delivered safely and best targeted to the general citizen audience. Insure that all applications and services are fully tested and validated before implementation and rollout. Insure that a System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is adhered to that includes: Clear Requirement Definitions, Feature Definitions, Development, Testing (verification and validation), Acceptance, Transition, Production Operations, Support, Maintenance, Change Management, and Version Release Management (modules, documentation, etc.). Test all components (Hardware, Software, Network, Storage, Safeguards, etc.) to insure they work accurately, providing proven results and supporting efficient operations without the chance of fraud or corruption. Most important is to make sure the citizens know about the system and how it works, so they have no fear of the voting process. evote Mission and Goals JASTGAR Systems has been pursuing the creation of an electronic voting system (evote) for about a year now, with a Mission to construct a system based on One Person-One Vote that can detect and eliminate Fraud and Corruption in near real-time. Our Goal is to utilize bio-metrics and encryption to create a Voter ID that verifies the person s identity and a validation system that proves the person only submitted one vote. Our Smart Card technology places the bio-metric identity of a person in the card chip and it is compared to a live scan of the person at the voting station. Our data base tracks a person s vote and can detect when a second attempt to vote is made. If violations are found, the guard at the voting station is alerted so that they can intervene and detain the individual for questioning and possible arrest. When word of this arrangement goes out to the general public, fewer people will try to beat the system and a more honest voting system will be attained. Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 3

4 Our system is paperless and can produce results in near real-time for publication to the media and the general public. Our voting data can be used to populate Magic Boards used to show voting results and calculate What If? questions posed by media and personal inquiries. Finally, since our Smart Voter ID Card can verify a person s identity, it can be used for any system (Government or Private Sector) that requires a person prove their identity. This could replace the multiple systems used by the private and public sector with a single protected individual profile record (Parent Record) and attached records associated with the service being provided (Child Record). One change to a person s profile will be utilized by all systems, thereby making it easier to update a person s location and status. Universal Unique ID Smart Card (UUID) The JASTGAR process for creating a Voter ID Smart Card is shown below. Consider the use of a Universal Unique ID Smart Card (Bio-Metrics on a Chip that is compared to a locally generated bio-metric signature Eye Scan, Finger Print, Facial Recognition, etc.) that would guaranty that an individual is who they claim to be and allow citizens access to government services or even as a gateway to a cashless society where transactions are paid electronically. We are developing a solution we believe will meet the needs of individuals, corporations, and governments for a safe and economic means to guaranty a person s identity and provide services. This is an overview of how it would work. Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 4

5 Identifying the Voter is who they claim to be JASTGAR has produced an Electronic Voting System named evote that is based on a bio-metric Voter ID Card that stores the individual s bio-metric data within the Smart Card s chip along with a Private Key for encryption. This saved information is compared against locally generated bio-metric information to guaranty a person s identity (Match = Yes) or not (non-match = No). In our voting system, we perform individual Vetting (evetting) by comparing the Voter ID Card bio-metric data with an individual s local scan (eye scan, finger print, facial recognition, etc.). We also validate a person s ability to vote by checking their background to verify they are not a felon, or other status that would disqualify them from voting (like they died last month, etc.). Local Verification and Remote Validation to eliminate Fraud and Corruption We also perform remote searches to insure the individual is allowed to vote and has not already voted in this election. We created a voting process that insures Voter Identity, safety, ease of use, and rapid vote processing, and the rapid display of voting results. We have a complete audit trail that can be used to identify fraud and corruption, and provide evidence and documentation needed to prosecute offenders. We believe it is the wave of the future in how elections will be conducted in countries and businesses. As a result of our development efforts (Design, Architect, Requirements Definition and Agreement, Development, Testing (Verification and Validation), Acceptance, Transition, Support, Maintenance, Change, and Version controls) we have discovered a range of products that could be used to support the needs of society. They are also discussed below and illustrated within this paper. The JASTGAR two phase approach shown above will allow an individual to obtain a Voter ID Smart Card and then use that card to enter a voting station and cast their vote. The steps include: 1. Voter enters station and presents their Voter ID to the Guard who verifies they are at the right voting station. The voter then scans their bio-metric information locally and it is compared to the bio-metric information on their smart card Voter ID. If a match occurs they are allowed to proceed to the voting booth, but is no match is made then they are detained for questioning and possible arrest for voter fraud if they are not who they claimed to be. 2. If passed, the voter is allowed to enter the voting booth, where they are presented with a touch sensitive display that allows them to select language, read instructions, review the ballot, cast and verify their vote. When storing their vote, the JASTGAR system will determine if the individual has previously voted. If so, they are detained for questioning by the guard and an investigation is performed to determine if they committed a fraud or if their vote was cast by someone else. 3. This process will validate votes as they are submitted, so that voting results can be guaranteed immediately and corruption can be eliminated. Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 5

6 Utilizing Private Clouds and the Internet We utilize a Private Cloud configuration with encryption and remote voting to replace absentee ballots. Our goal being the complete elimination of all paper ballots both for direct vote submission and for absentee voting. Utilizing a cloud infrastructure will allow for vote submission with a Private Cloud that Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 6

7 can guaranty the highest level of security through encryption of private and public keys and the use of bio-metrics. JASTGAR System uses Now that we have shown you how our system works and its ability to verify a person s identity, let me show you how our system can be used for more than supporting voting. JASTGAR systems approach to verifying a person s identity and our applications can assist any company wanting to verify a person s identity. Including those systems and infrastructures that use Role Based Access Controls (RBAC) associated with a person s Entitlements as described in their Functional Responsibilities and Job Description to allow personnel to gain access to physical facilities (Physical Access Systems PAS) and logical assets used in Information Technology Applications and Services (Logical Access System LAS). JASTGAR has the ability to track a person s identity from birth to death, so that an accurate vetting can be performed when necessary to validate an individual for access to sensitive information, or to enter a country via immigration. It is fast, accurate, and easy to maintain. Let s see how. Integrating JASTGAR products with the private and public sector Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 7

8 JASTGAR uses a database comprised of a Parent Record containing private information and Child Records containing public information which can be searched, but legal authority must be granted to access the Parent record. A Private Key is provided to the individual s Parent Record that allows them to decode encrypted messages and encode messages requiring encryption. The Child record can be used as an index into any private or public sector system that requires a person to prove their identify. It is even possible to trace a person from birth to death through this type of system, so that dead people will no longer be found on voting lists. Summary JASTGAR has taken every step possible to safeguard an individual s identity and provide them with a true voice in the voting process supporting our democracy. We believe our system design is both comprehensive and easy to use. Its goal is to provide One Person One Vote services while guarantying the elimination of voting fraud and corruption. We welcome comments and suggestions for improvement. Now let me explain our other products JASTGAR family of products Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 8

9 The ecard (Universal Unique ID Card based on Bio-Metrics and encryption) consists of an individual s personal information as a Parent Record and their Bio-Metric information as Child records, which supports local verification of a person s identity through bio-metric comparisons, and remotely validate that the individual has not already voted within this election at a previous location. This process eliminates Voter Fraud through local verifications and Corruption via remote validations. ecard APPs can be developed to satisfy a range of services through product offerings and government services. For example: it could be possible to connect with Voter Services to change your address or find directions to your voting station, or you could locate who your government representatives are, or be alerted to any changes in your status (which would have warned NYC Voters that they were being erased for the Eligible Voter List). evetting can be used to guaranty personal identify and to perform background checks to insure that the individual can be trusted. This information could be shared world-wide to track terrorist activity, or to clear a person for entry into a country. evote is an electronic voting system that is based on the ecard bio-metrics to guaranty a voter s identity locally and remotely validate that the voter has not previously voted in this election. This system can accommodate people with disabilities and can provide electronic ballots and instruction in multiple languages. emedical is an application that can utilize a person s DNA Record Analysis to identify drug allergies, make dosage recommendations, and in essence become a medical assistance for family practitioners and emergency medical technicians and doctors. It could be connected to the individual s HIPAA records so the patient s medical history can be reviewed even if the patient is unconscious due to a car accident. A Media interface is utilized to produce information and results from Primary and General Elections, and can provide information prior to, during, and after elections. We can even provide the Media with Trending Reports, or Tailored Reports whose content and format is agreed upon by customers and ourselves. A Magic Board for displaying voting results and posing What IF? Questions to analyze conceptual voting situations. This application can be created through the Voting Information obtained through JASTGAR System during a vote, or from vaulted information of a past election. It could be compared with the Electronic Data Gathering And Reporting (EDGAR) system used by the Stock Exchanges. Conclusion The combination of these tools can provide a safe and secure election environment, but people will always try to beat the system or game it to their benefit. Our approach provides a bio-metric audit trail of activities, so you can produce documentation necessary to detect and prosecute criminal and/or unethical activities. This evidence can be used to produce trending reports generated through historical Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 9

10 views over time, because it will be archived after an election is completed for a predefined period of time. I hope this paper helped understand how an electronic voting system based on a Smart Card with an individual s bio-metric information has served as a learning lesson that will result in teaching events and actions to better provide services and safeguard people and their property. If interested in learning more about JASTGAR Systems products and concepts, please contact Tom Bronack at or Alex St-Gardien Jecrois at Thomas Bronack / Alex Jecrois Page: 10

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