Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government & Politics 6GP03 3D GLOBAL POLITICS

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government & Politics 6GP03 3D GLOBAL POLITICS"

Transcription

1 Mark Scheme (Results) January 2012 GCE Government & Politics 6GP03 3D GLOBAL POLITICS

2 Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the world s leading learning company. We provide a wide range of qualifications including academic, vocational, occupational and specific programmes for employers. For further information, please call our GCE line on , our GCSE team on , or visit our qualifications website at For information about our BTEC qualifications, please call , or visit our website at If you have any subject specific questions about this specification that require the help of a subject specialist, you may find our Ask The Expert service helpful. Ask The Expert can be accessed online at the following link: Pearson: helping people progress, everywhere Our aim is to help everyone progress in their lives through education. We believe in every kind of learning, for all kinds of people, wherever they are in the world. We ve been involved in education for over 150 years, and by working across 70 countries, in 100 languages, we have built an international reputation for raising achievement through innovation in education. Find out more about how we can help you and your students at: January 2012 Publications Code UA All the material in this publication is copyright Pearson Education Ltd 2012

3 No. 1 How do realists explain the tendency within the international system towards war? Realists explain the tendency within the international system towards war in a number of ways. Classical realists believe that war is, sooner or later, inevitable both because of non-rational and often aggressive drives that are intrinsic to human nature and because if states pursue the national interest they will inevitably come into conflict with one another. Neorealists argue that the tendency towards war can largely be explained by imbalances in the international system that encourage states to believe that they can prosper by taking military action against other states, because there is little prospect of their being defeated or humiliated. This is particularly argued by offensive realists who believe that states are motivated by the desire to maximise power, and not merely security, implying that war amongst great powers in particular is unavoidable. LEVELS DESCRIPTORS (11-15 Good to excellent knowledge and understanding of relevant Good to excellent ability to analyse and explain political Good to excellent ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making good use of appropriate (6-10 Limited to sound knowledge and understanding of relevant Limited to sound ability to analyse and explain political Limited to sound ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making some use of appropriate (0-5 Very poor to weak knowledge and understanding of relevant Very poor to weak ability to analyse and explain political Very poor to weak ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making little or no use of appropriate

4 No. 2 Distinguish, using examples, between economic regionalism and political regionalism. Economic regionalism refers to the creation of greater economic opportunities through cooperation amongst states in the same geographical region. This may involve the establishment of free trade areas, where states agree to reduce tariffs or other barriers to trade, but it may also involve the establishment of customs unions or common markets. Political regionalism refers to attempts by states in the same area to strengthen or protect shared values, thereby enhancing their image and reputation and gaining more a powerful domestic voice. Examples of this can be seen in the case of the Council of Europe or the Arab League. LEVELS DESCRIPTORS (11-15 Good to excellent knowledge and understanding of relevant Good to excellent ability to analyse and explain political Good to excellent ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making good use of appropriate (6-10 Limited to sound knowledge and understanding of relevant Limited to sound ability to analyse and explain political Limited to sound ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making some use of appropriate (0-5 Very poor to weak knowledge and understanding of relevant Very poor to weak ability to analyse and explain political Very poor to weak ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making little or no use of appropriate

5 No. 3 Explain how the role of NATO has changed since the end of the Cold War. NATO s initial purpose was to act as a deterrent against the threat posed by the Soviet Union and its Eastern bloc satellite states, whose collective military alliance was the Warsaw Pact. The end of the Cold War has, however, forced NATO to find a new role. This has involved establishing itself as a force for European and global peacemaking and crisis management, as has applied, for example, in former- Yugoslavia. This has also seen NATO expand its involvement beyond the North Atlantic area, particularly through its association with the war on terror and its command of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. Finally, NATO has been involved in redefining relations between the USA and its western allies and post-communist Russia, partly through extending NATO membership to former-communist states and through the idea of missile defence. LEVELS (11-15 DESCRIPTORS Good to excellent knowledge and understanding of relevant Good to excellent ability to analyse and explain political Good to excellent ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making good use of appropriate (6-10 Limited to sound knowledge and understanding of relevant Limited to sound ability to analyse and explain political Limited to sound ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making some use of appropriate (0-5 Very poor to weak knowledge and understanding of relevant Very poor to weak ability to analyse and explain political Very poor to weak ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making little or no use of appropriate

6 No. 4 Distinguish, using examples, between hard power and soft power. Hard power is the ability of one actor to influence another through the use of threats or rewards, typically involving military sticks or economic carrots. This is power as compulsion or as inducement. Soft power, by contrast, is power as attraction or identification. It is the ability to influence other actors by persuading them to follow or agree to norms and aspirations that produce the desired behaviour. Soft power operates largely through culture, political ideals and foreign policies. The examples of hard and soft power should be accurate and help to explain or illustrate the differences between the two. LEVELS DESCRIPTORS (11-15 Good to excellent knowledge and understanding of relevant Good to excellent ability to analyse and explain political Good to excellent ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making good use of appropriate (6-10 Limited to sound knowledge and understanding of relevant Limited to sound ability to analyse and explain political Limited to sound ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making some use of appropriate (0-5 Very poor to weak knowledge and understanding of relevant Very poor to weak ability to analyse and explain political Very poor to weak ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making little or no use of appropriate

7 No. 5 Define subsidiarity, and explain its significance for the process of European integration. Subsidiarity is, broadly, the devolution of decision-making from the centre to lower levels. As such, it suggests that decisions should be made at the lowest appropriate level. Subsidiarity has been incorporated into the process of European integration, in particular by the Treaty of European Union. Its significance for the process of European integration is that it defends national sovereignty against the encroachment of EU institutions. The TEU, for example, emphasises that the competence of the European Union should be restricted to those actions that cannot be sufficiently achieved by the member states. Subsidiarity thus modifies the trend towards federalism and supranationalism. The intellectual skills relevant to this question are as follows: The ability to analyse and explain the implications of subsidiarity for European integration. LEVELS DESCRIPTORS (11-15 Good to excellent knowledge and understanding of relevant Good to excellent ability to analyse and explain political Good to excellent ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making good use of appropriate (6-10 Limited to sound knowledge and understanding of relevant Limited to sound ability to analyse and explain political Limited to sound ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making some use of appropriate (0-5 Very poor to weak knowledge and understanding of relevant Very poor to weak ability to analyse and explain political Very poor to weak ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making little or no use of appropriate

8 No. 6 State sovereignty is now an outdated concept. Discuss. State sovereignty refers to the capacity of the state to act independently and autonomously on the world stage. It implies that states are legally equal and that the territorial integrity and political independence of a state is inviolable. State sovereignty can be viewed as an outdated concept for a variety of reasons. These include, in particular, the advance of globalisation, which fosters deeper levels of interdependence and interconnectedness that mean that state borders are increasingly porous, the strengthening of non-state actors, notably transnational corporations and non-governmental organisation, the trend in favour of regional and global governance, which erodes the independent authority of national governments, and the growth of humanitarian intervention, possibly reflecting the fact that international law is no longer geared to upholding state sovereignty. On the other hand, state sovereignty can be seen to be alive and well in a number of respects. In the first place, it is by no means clear that globalisation has always worked to weaken the state as an autonomous entity; rather, in many ways it has transformed the state and helped to redefine state sovereignty. Similarly, international law is still based on state sovereignty as a fundamental principle, reflected in the questionable status of humanitarian intervention in international law. The idea that the growth of international organisations and the trend towards global governance inevitably makes state sovereignty irrelevant can also be challenged on the grounds that international bodies are overwhelmingly intergovernmental and not supranational, and serve therefore as forums within which sovereign states can take action on matters of mutual interest or concern. AO1 Knowledge and understanding (5-8 Good to excellent knowledge and understanding of relevant Limited to sound knowledge and understanding of relevant (0-4 Very poor to weak knowledge and understanding of relevant

9 AO2 Intellectual skills (5-8 Good to excellent ability to analyse and evaluate political Limited to sound ability to analyse and evaluate political (0-4 Very poor to weak ability to analyse and evaluate political AO2 Synoptic skills Good to excellent ability to identify competing viewpoints or perspectives, and clear insight into how they affect the (5-8 Limited to sound ability to identify competing viewpoints or perspectives, and a reliable awareness of how they affect the (0-4 Very poor to weak ability to identify competing viewpoints or perspectives, and a little awareness of how they affect the AO3 Communication and coherence (7-9 Good to excellent ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making good use of appropriate vocabulary (4-6 Limited to sound ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making some use of appropriate vocabulary (0-3 Very poor to weak ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making little or no use of appropriate vocabulary

10 No. 7 To what extent has the rise of emerging powers altered the nature of world order? The growth of emerging powers, such as China, India and Brazil, can be seen to have altered the nature of world order in important ways. In particular, it has created conditions of growing multipolarity, in which global power is divided amongst three or more major states. Such a view is underpinned by economic developments, notably the fact that the balance of power in the world economy has shifted from the West to the East, especially due to the combined influence of China, India and Japan. Such trends also have a political or diplomatic character, as reflected in the growing importance of bodies such as the G20 and the BRICs countries. However, others argue that emerging powers have yet to fundamentally alter the nature of world order. In most cases, this is based upon the view that none of these powers is yet strong enough to challenge the USA as the global hegemon. The USA remains the world s largest economy and has a still impressive global lead in hitech production. Similarly, its military lead over the rest of the world is still considerable, being the only power that can sustain major military involvements in two or more parts of the world at the same time. As the global hegemon, the USA also continues to exert disproportional structural power through its influence over a variety of institutions of global governance. AO1 Knowledge and understanding (5-8 Good to excellent knowledge and understanding of relevant Limited to sound knowledge and understanding of relevant (0-4 Very poor to weak knowledge and understanding of relevant

11 AO2 Intellectual skills (5-8 Good to excellent ability to analyse and evaluate political Limited to sound ability to analyse and evaluate political (0-4 Very poor to weak ability to analyse and evaluate political AO2 Synoptic skills Good to excellent ability to identify competing viewpoints or perspectives, and clear insight into how they affect the (5-8 Limited to sound ability to identify competing viewpoints or perspectives, and a reliable awareness of how they affect the (0-4 Very poor to weak ability to identify competing viewpoints or perspectives, and a little awareness of how they affect the AO3 Communication and coherence (7-9 Good to excellent ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making good use of appropriate vocabulary (4-6 Limited to sound ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making some use of appropriate vocabulary (0-3 Very poor to weak ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making little or no use of appropriate vocabulary

12 No. 8 The history of UN peacekeeping has been a history of failure. Discuss. UN peacekeeping has had a controversial history, especially due to its resurgence from the 1990s onwards. Critics have drawn attention to dramatic peacekeeping failures, such as those in Bosnia and Rwanda where the UN stood by and failed to prevent mass slaughter and genocide. Other UN peacekeeping operations have been weak or ineffective because of inadequate resources, poor training and, often, confused or ill-defined missions. The problems in this respect have included an unwillingness by the Security Council to provide clear guidance for UN intervention and the often highly complex nature of the post-conflict situations that the UN seeks to deal with. On the other hand, a significant number of UN-led peacekeeping operations have succeeded in keeping the peace and even, sometimes, in promoting democracy. This particularly applies because of the advent of multi-dimensional peacekeeping, or peace-building, which recognises that peacekeeping is not merely a military operation but has important political, social and economic dimensions, aimed, ultimately, at state-building. At an operational level, the UN is clearly more appropriate than any other body in carrying out small-scale peacekeeping, the provision of humanitarian aid and the monitoring of elections. AO1 (5-8 Knowledge and understanding Good to excellent knowledge and understanding of relevant Limited to sound knowledge and understanding of relevant (0-4 Very poor to weak knowledge and understanding of relevant

13 AO2 Intellectual skills (5-8 Good to excellent ability to analyse and evaluate political Limited to sound ability to analyse and evaluate political (0-4 Very poor to weak ability to analyse and evaluate political AO2 Synoptic skills Good to excellent ability to identify competing viewpoints or perspectives, and clear insight into how they affect the (5-8 Limited to sound ability to identify competing viewpoints or perspectives, and a reliable awareness of how they affect the (0-4 Very poor to weak ability to identify competing viewpoints or perspectives, and a little awareness of how they affect the AO3 Communication and coherence (7-9 Good to excellent ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making good use of appropriate vocabulary (4-6 Limited to sound ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making some use of appropriate vocabulary (0-3 Very poor to weak ability to construct and communicate coherent arguments, making little or no use of appropriate vocabulary

14 SUMMARY A2 MARKING GRIDS These grids should be used in conjunction with the fuller Level descriptors. PART A - SHORT QUESTIONS (15 Excellent 15 Very good Good Sound 10 Basic 8-9 Limited 6-7 Weak 4-5 Poor 2-3 Very poor 0-1 PART B ESSAY QUESTIONS (45 AO1 / AO2 / Synopticity (Good to excellent) 9-12 (Limited to sound) 5-8 (Very poor to weak) 0-4 AO3 (good to excellent) 7-9 (Limited to sound) 4-6 (Very poor to weak) 0-3

15 Further copies of this publication are available from Edexcel Publications, Adamsway, Mansfield, Notts, NG18 4FN Telephone Fax Order Code UA January 2012 For more information on Edexcel qualifications, please visit Pearson Education Limited. Registered company number with its registered office at Edinburgh Gate, Harlow, Essex CM20 2JE

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government & Politics 6GP03 3B POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government & Politics 6GP03 3B POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES Mark Scheme (Results) January 2012 GCE Government & Politics 6GP03 3B POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the world s leading learning

More information

Principal Examiner Feedback. January GCE Government and Politics Global Political Issues 6GP04 4D

Principal Examiner Feedback. January GCE Government and Politics Global Political Issues 6GP04 4D Principal Examiner Feedback January 2013 GCE Government and Politics Global Political Issues 6GP04 4D Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the world s leading

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer GCE Government & Politics Other Ideological Traditions 6GP04 4B

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer GCE Government & Politics Other Ideological Traditions 6GP04 4B Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2013 GCE Government & Politics Other Ideological Traditions 6GP04 4B Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the world s leading

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2010

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2010 Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2010 GCE GCE Government & Politics (6GP03) Paper 3D Edexcel Limited. Registered in England and Wales No. 4496750 Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V 7BH Edexcel

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) January 2011

Mark Scheme (Results) January 2011 Mark Scheme (Results) January 2011 GCE GCE Government & Politics (6GP04) Paper 4D Edexcel Limited. Registered in England and Wales No. 4496750 Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V 7BH Edexcel

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer GCE Government & Politics Governing the USA 6GP04 4C

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer GCE Government & Politics Governing the USA 6GP04 4C Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2012 GCE Government & Politics Governing the USA 6GP04 4C Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the world s leading learning company.

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government & Politics 6GP04 4A EU POLITICAL ISSUES

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government & Politics 6GP04 4A EU POLITICAL ISSUES Mark Scheme (Results) January 2012 GCE Government & Politics 6GP04 4A EU POLITICAL ISSUES Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the world s leading learning

More information

Pearson Edexcel GCE Government & Politics (6GP03/3B)

Pearson Edexcel GCE Government & Politics (6GP03/3B) Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2015 Pearson Edexcel GCE Government & Politics (6GP03/3B) Paper 3B: Introducing Political Ideologies Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications are awarded

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government and Politics (6GP03) Paper 3A UK Political Issues

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government and Politics (6GP03) Paper 3A UK Political Issues Mark Scheme (Results) January 2013 GCE Government and Politics (6GP03) Paper 3A UK Political Issues Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the world s leading

More information

Examiners Report June GCE Government and Politics 6GP04 4B

Examiners Report June GCE Government and Politics 6GP04 4B Examiners Report June 2014 GCE Government and Politics 6GP04 4B Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the UK s largest awarding body. We provide a wide range

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government & Politics 6GP03 3A UK POLITICAL ISSUES

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCE Government & Politics 6GP03 3A UK POLITICAL ISSUES Mark Scheme (Results) January 2012 GCE Government & Politics 6GP03 3A UK POLITICAL ISSUES Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the world s leading learning

More information

Mark Scheme (Standardisation) Summer Pearson Edexcel GCE Government & Politics Paper 4D: Global Political Issues (6GP04)

Mark Scheme (Standardisation) Summer Pearson Edexcel GCE Government & Politics Paper 4D: Global Political Issues (6GP04) Mark Scheme (Standardisation) Summer 2015 Pearson Edexcel GCE Government & Politics Paper 4D: Global Political Issues (6GP04) Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson,

More information

Pearson Edexcel GCE in Government & Politics (6GP04/4D) Paper 4D: Global Political Issues

Pearson Edexcel GCE in Government & Politics (6GP04/4D) Paper 4D: Global Political Issues Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2016 Pearson Edexcel GCE in Government & Politics (6GP04/4D) Paper 4D: Global Political Issues Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications are awarded by

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer Pearson Edexcel GCE in Government and Politics (6GP04) Paper 4D: Global Political Issues

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer Pearson Edexcel GCE in Government and Politics (6GP04) Paper 4D: Global Political Issues Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2017 Pearson Edexcel GCE in Government and Politics (6GP04) Paper 4D: Global Political Issues Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications are awarded by

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCSE History A (5HA01/01) Unit 1: International Relations: Peace and War,

Mark Scheme (Results) January GCSE History A (5HA01/01) Unit 1: International Relations: Peace and War, Mark Scheme (Results) January 2013 GCSE History A (5HA01/01) Unit 1: International Relations: Peace and War, 1900-1991 Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson,

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer Pearson Edexcel International GCSE in Global Citizenship 4GL0 (Paper 01)

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer Pearson Edexcel International GCSE in Global Citizenship 4GL0 (Paper 01) Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2017 Pearson Edexcel International GCSE in Global Citizenship 4GL0 (Paper 01) Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications are awarded by Pearson, the UK

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2010

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2010 Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2010 GCE GCE Government & Politics (6GP03) Paper 3C Edexcel Limited. Registered in England and Wales No. 4496750 Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V 7BH Edexcel

More information

CHAPTER 7: International Organizations and Transnational Actors

CHAPTER 7: International Organizations and Transnational Actors 1. Which human rights NGO publicized the arrest of an outspoken critic of Gaddafi s rule in Libya and later provided much of the information relied upon by international media and governments? a. Medicins

More information

Pearson Edexcel International GCSE in Pakistan Studies (4PA0/01) Paper 01: The History & Heritage of Pakistan

Pearson Edexcel International GCSE in Pakistan Studies (4PA0/01) Paper 01: The History & Heritage of Pakistan Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2016 Pearson Edexcel International GCSE in Pakistan Studies (4PA0/01) Paper 01: The History & Heritage of Pakistan Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications

More information

WHAT ARE SUPRANATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

WHAT ARE SUPRANATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 8.4 WHAT ARE SUPRANATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Supranational organization = three or more states that create an association and form an administrative structure for mutual benefit and in pursuit of shared goals

More information

Before the Committee on Foreign Relations of the U.S. Senate July 23, 1998

Before the Committee on Foreign Relations of the U.S. Senate July 23, 1998 Statement of David J. Scheffer Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues And Head of the U.S. Delegation to the U.N. Diplomatic Conference on the Establishment of a Permanent international Criminal Court

More information

What is Global Governance? Domestic governance

What is Global Governance? Domestic governance Essay Outline: 1. What is Global Governance? 2. The modern international order: Organizations, processes, and norms. 3. Western vs. post-western world 4. Central Asia: Old Rules in a New Game. Source:

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer Pearson Edexcel GCSE in History A (5HA02) Paper 2A Unit 2: Modern World Depth Study Option 2A: Germany,

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer Pearson Edexcel GCSE in History A (5HA02) Paper 2A Unit 2: Modern World Depth Study Option 2A: Germany, Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2015 Pearson Edexcel GCSE in History A (5HA02) Paper 2A Unit 2: Modern World Depth Study Option 2A: Germany, 1918 39 Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications

More information

Book Reviews on global economy and geopolitical readings

Book Reviews on global economy and geopolitical readings Book Reviews on global economy and geopolitical readings ESADEgeo, under the supervision of Professor Javier Solana 3and Professor Javier Santiso 1 The Future of Power Nye Jr., Joseph (2011), New York:

More information

The BRICs at the UN General Assembly and the Consequences for EU Diplomacy

The BRICs at the UN General Assembly and the Consequences for EU Diplomacy The BRICs at the UN General Assembly and the Consequences for EU Bas Hooijmaaijers (Researcher, Institute for International and European Policy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) Policy Paper 6: September

More information

What is NATO? Rob de Wijk

What is NATO? Rob de Wijk What is NATO? Rob de Wijk The European revolution of 1989 has had enormous consequences for NATO as a traditional collective defense organization. The threat of large-scale aggression has been effectively

More information

Issue: American Legion Statement of U.S. Foreign Policy Objectives

Issue: American Legion Statement of U.S. Foreign Policy Objectives Issue: American Legion Statement of U.S. Foreign Policy Objectives Message Points: We believe US foreign policy should embody the following 12 principles as outlined in Resolution Principles of US Foreign

More information

GCE. Government and Politics. Mark Scheme for June Advanced Subsidiary GCE F851 Contemporary Politics of the UK

GCE. Government and Politics. Mark Scheme for June Advanced Subsidiary GCE F851 Contemporary Politics of the UK GCE Government and Politics Advanced Subsidiary GCE F851 Contemporary Politics of the UK Scheme for June 2010 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations OCR (Oxford Cambridge and RSA) is a leading UK awarding

More information

Social Studies Sample Exam Form A Provincial Examination Answer Key

Social Studies Sample Exam Form A Provincial Examination Answer Key Social Studies 11 2011 2012 Sample Exam Form A Provincial Examination Answer Key Cognitive Processes K = Knowledge U = Understanding H = Higher Mental Processes Weightings 20% 50% 30% Types 55 = Multiple

More information

GCE. Government and Politics. Mark Scheme for January Advanced Subsidiary GCE Unit F851: Contemporary Politics of the UK

GCE. Government and Politics. Mark Scheme for January Advanced Subsidiary GCE Unit F851: Contemporary Politics of the UK GCE Government and Politics Advanced Subsidiary GCE Unit F851: Contemporary Politics of the UK Scheme for January 2011 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations OCR (Oxford Cambridge and RSA) is a leading

More information

DECLARATION ON TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS *

DECLARATION ON TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS * Original: English NATO Parliamentary Assembly DECLARATION ON TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS * www.nato-pa.int May 2014 * Presented by the Standing Committee and adopted by the Plenary Assembly on Friday 30 May

More information

Propose solutions to challenges brought on by modern industrialization and globalization.

Propose solutions to challenges brought on by modern industrialization and globalization. Core Content for Assessment: SS-HS-5.3.1 Title / Topic: Classical and Medieval Review, Renaissance and Reformation DOK 2 Define democracy, republic, empire, secular, humanism, theocracy, Protestant Reformation,

More information

Christian Aid Ireland's Submission to the Review of Ireland s Foreign Policy and External Relations

Christian Aid Ireland's Submission to the Review of Ireland s Foreign Policy and External Relations Christian Aid Ireland's Submission to the Review of Ireland s Foreign Policy and External Relations 4 February 2014 Christian Aid Ireland welcomes the opportunity to make a submission to the review of

More information

RT HON SIR ALAN DUNCAN MP

RT HON SIR ALAN DUNCAN MP Rt Hon Sir Alan Duncan MP Minister for Europe and the Americas King Charles Street London SW1A 2AH 08 February 2018 The Baroness Verma Chair EU External Affairs Sub-Committee House of Lords London SW1A

More information

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 [Since 1998, the pattern is: two subject specific questions, two questions allowing a choice of examples, and one question

More information

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS SUB Hamburg B/113955 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS VINAY KUMAR MALHOTRA M.A. (Gold Medalist), Ph.D. Principal Markanda National (Post-graduate) College (Kurukshetra University) Shahabad-Markanda, Haryana, India

More information

A-Level POLITICS PAPER 3

A-Level POLITICS PAPER 3 A-Level POLITICS PAPER 3 Political ideas Mark scheme Version 1.0 Mark schemes are prepared by the Lead Assessment Writer and considered, together with the relevant questions, by a panel of subject teachers.

More information

Cyber War and Competition in the China-U.S. Relationship 1 James A. Lewis May 2010

Cyber War and Competition in the China-U.S. Relationship 1 James A. Lewis May 2010 Cyber War and Competition in the China-U.S. Relationship 1 James A. Lewis May 2010 The U.S. and China are in the process of redefining their bilateral relationship, as China s new strengths means it has

More information

Student Handout: Unit 3 Lesson 3. The Cold War

Student Handout: Unit 3 Lesson 3. The Cold War Suggested time: 1 Hour What s important in this lesson: The Cold War With the end of the Second World War, a new international tension between Western Democratic countries and the Communist Soviet Union

More information

Engage Education Foundation

Engage Education Foundation 2016 End of Year Lecture Exam For 2016-17 VCE Study design Engage Education Foundation Units 3 and 4 Global Politics Practice Exam Solutions Stop! Don t look at these solutions until you have attempted

More information

AS Politics. Specification

AS Politics. Specification AS Politics Specification Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced Subsidiary GCE in Politics (8PL0) First teaching from September 2017 First certification from 2018 Issue 1 Contents 1 Introduction 2 Why choose

More information

Theories of European Integration I. Federalism vs. Functionalism and beyond

Theories of European Integration I. Federalism vs. Functionalism and beyond Theories of European Integration I Federalism vs. Functionalism and beyond Theories and Strategies of European Integration: Federalism & (Neo-) Federalism or Function follows Form Theories and Strategies

More information

History PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT OHIO ACADEMIC CONTENT STANDARDS, BENCHMARKS & INDICATORS

History PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT OHIO ACADEMIC CONTENT STANDARDS, BENCHMARKS & INDICATORS Prentice Hall World History: Connections to Today, The Modern Era 2005 Ohio Academic Content Standards, Social Studies, Benchmarks and Indicators (Grade 9) History Students use materials drawn from the

More information

Yasushi Akashi, former Under Secretary General of the United Nations

Yasushi Akashi, former Under Secretary General of the United Nations The Public Forum Keynote Speech Yasushi Akashi, former Under Secretary General of the United Nations The central topic for this evening is the Report published in the beginning of December 2004 by the

More information

HISTORY A (EXPLAINING THE MODERN WORLD)

HISTORY A (EXPLAINING THE MODERN WORLD) HISTORY A (EXPLAINING THE MODERN WORLD) for International Relations c.1918-2001 Recommended guided : 36 Note to Teachers The key element in all of the Schemes of Work is the Content. It is not the place

More information

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Japan Occupied by U.S. troops Demilitarized Industries re-built with modern machinery Divided into 2 zones of occupation

More information

The Astana declaration. of the Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

The Astana declaration. of the Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation The Astana declaration of the Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation The heads of state of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (hereinafter referred to as the SCO, or the Organisation)

More information

Exam Review Sheet Modern World History B

Exam Review Sheet Modern World History B Exam Review Sheet Modern World History B Directions: Use this list of key concepts, questions, and ideas as a starting place for studying. Use class notes and your textbook to review specific events mentioned

More information

Vision IAS

Vision IAS Vision IAS www.visionias.cfsites.org www.visionias.wordpress.com INTERACTIVE IAS MAIN TEST SERIES PROGRAMME 2010 Expert Guidance, Feedback & Telephonic Discussion ANSWER WRITING EVALUATION PROGRAMME POLITICAL

More information

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1:

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam War and the arms race were associated with the Cold War. RESULTS OF WWII RESULTS VE

More information

CHAPTER 20 NATIONAL SECURITY POLICYMAKING CHAPTER OUTLINE

CHAPTER 20 NATIONAL SECURITY POLICYMAKING CHAPTER OUTLINE CHAPTER 20 NATIONAL SECURITY POLICYMAKING CHAPTER OUTLINE I. Politics in Action: A New Threat (pp. 621 622) A. The role of national security is more important than ever. B. New and complex challenges have

More information

Mr Speaker, Mr Deputy Prime Minister, Madam Special Representative, dear Miroslav, Members of Parliament, General, Ladies and Gentlemen;

Mr Speaker, Mr Deputy Prime Minister, Madam Special Representative, dear Miroslav, Members of Parliament, General, Ladies and Gentlemen; Croatia's NATO Membership Anniversary Annual Commemoration Event Address by Hon. Paolo Alli, President, NATO Parliamentary Assembly Croatian Parliament Josip Šokčević Hall 4 April 2017 Mr Speaker, Mr Deputy

More information

Edexcel GCE Government and Politics: Topic D Global Politics. Andrew Heywood. Content explanation and advice UNIT 3D STRUCTURES OF GLOBAL POLITICS

Edexcel GCE Government and Politics: Topic D Global Politics. Andrew Heywood. Content explanation and advice UNIT 3D STRUCTURES OF GLOBAL POLITICS Edexcel GCE Government and Politics: Topic D Global Politics Andrew Heywood Content explanation and advice The material below expands on the content of A2 Topic D, Global Politics, as outlined in the specification

More information

Proposals for Global Solidarity in a Plural World

Proposals for Global Solidarity in a Plural World Proposals for Global Solidarity in a Plural World Majid Tehranian and Wolfgang R. Schmidt Undermined Traditional and Proposed New Units of Analysis Since Bandung 1955, the world has gone through major

More information

Intervention vs. Sovereignty: Kosovo Conflict

Intervention vs. Sovereignty: Kosovo Conflict Intervention vs. Sovereignty: Kosovo Conflict A public awareness of ethnic conflict rose after the end of the Cold War, especially in the Balkans during the break-up of the Yugoslav Republic by Croatia

More information

Resolved: United Nations peacekeepers should have the power to engage in offensive operations.

Resolved: United Nations peacekeepers should have the power to engage in offensive operations. Resolved: United Nations peacekeepers should have the power to engage in offensive operations. Keith West After the tragedy of World War II and the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations, the world came

More information

Rachel Suissa University of Haifa

Rachel Suissa University of Haifa The EU as global actor based on the wider Petersberg Tasks: Building on EU and Member States Instruments and Capability Processes Rachel Suissa University of Haifa WP6Scenario Research Managing Trans-boundary

More information

Unit 1: La Belle Époque and World War I ( )

Unit 1: La Belle Époque and World War I ( ) Unit 1: La Belle Époque and World War I (1900-1919) Application Question 1.2.3a Explain how trench warfare contributed to a stalemate on the Western Front. 1.1.4a Analyze the origins of World War I with

More information

Democracy, Sovereignty and Security in Europe

Democracy, Sovereignty and Security in Europe Democracy, Sovereignty and Security in Europe Theme 2 Information document prepared by Mr Mogens Lykketoft Speaker of the Folketinget, Denmark Theme 2 Democracy, Sovereignty and Security in Europe The

More information

Multilateralism and Canadian Foreign Policy: A Reassessment

Multilateralism and Canadian Foreign Policy: A Reassessment Multilateralism and Canadian Foreign Policy: A Reassessment By Tom Keating Introduction Canada is a member of many international organizations Should our participation in any of these be strengthened,

More information

ATO. Modern peacekeeping. Building peace and stability in crisis regions

ATO. Modern peacekeeping. Building peace and stability in crisis regions Crisis management ATO briefing SEPTEMBER 2005 Modern peacekeeping EU-NATO cooperation Building peace and stability in crisis regions Jaap de Hoop Scheffer: The Alliance today is fully alert to the possible

More information

Is This the Right Time for NATO to Resume Dialogue with Russia?

Is This the Right Time for NATO to Resume Dialogue with Russia? Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review vol. 34 (2015) DOI: 10.1515/lfpr-2016-0006 Is This the Right Time for NATO to Resume Dialogue with Russia? Renatas Norkus* Currently we face Russia s regime fighting a

More information

SEC SYLLABUS (2017) SEC 18

SEC SYLLABUS (2017) SEC 18 HISTORY SEC SYLLABUS (2017) SEC 18 SYLLABUS 1 History SEC 18 (Not available in September) Syllabus Paper 1 (2 hrs) + Paper 2 (2 hrs) Aims The syllabus aims: (a) to stimulate interest in and enthusiasm

More information

Back to Basics? NATO s Summit in Warsaw. Report

Back to Basics? NATO s Summit in Warsaw. Report INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR Back to Basics? NATO s Summit in Warsaw Friday, 3 June 2016 Press Centre Nieuwspoort, The Hague Report On Friday, 3 June The Netherlands Atlantic Association organized a seminar in

More information

GCE. Government and Politics. Mark Scheme for June Advanced GCE Unit F854: Political Ideas and Concepts. Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

GCE. Government and Politics. Mark Scheme for June Advanced GCE Unit F854: Political Ideas and Concepts. Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations GCE Government and Politics Advanced GCE Unit F854: Political Ideas and Concepts Scheme for June 2011 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations OCR (Oxford Cambridge and RSA) is a leading UK awarding body,

More information

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe The Main Idea WWIII??? At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Cold

More information

S.O Examine perspectives on the imposition of liberalism. Ch. 9 Imposing liberalism

S.O Examine perspectives on the imposition of liberalism. Ch. 9 Imposing liberalism The Story Thus Far: S.O. 2.11 Examine perspectives on the imposition of liberalism Ch. 9 Imposing liberalism So far this unit, we ve talked about the roots of liberalism, impacts of and responses to classical

More information

F852QP. GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS Unit F852: Contemporary Government of the UK Specimen Paper. Advanced Subsidiary GCE. Time: 1 hour 30 mins

F852QP. GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS Unit F852: Contemporary Government of the UK Specimen Paper. Advanced Subsidiary GCE. Time: 1 hour 30 mins Advanced Subsidiary GCE GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS Unit F852: Contemporary Government of the UK Specimen Paper Additional Materials: Answer Booklet ( pages) F852QP Time: 1 hour 30 mins INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

More information

POLITICAL SCIENCE (POLI)

POLITICAL SCIENCE (POLI) POLITICAL SCIENCE (POLI) This is a list of the Political Science (POLI) courses available at KPU. For information about transfer of credit amongst institutions in B.C. and to see how individual courses

More information

Is growing interconnectedness creating a more peaceful world?

Is growing interconnectedness creating a more peaceful world? Question 2: Is growing interconnectedness creating a more peaceful world? Final exam - Political Science Tutorial Class XC - Louise Thorn Bøttkjær BSc. International Business and Politics Copenhagen Business

More information

ITUC GLOBAL POLL Prepared for the G20 Labour and Finance Ministers Meeting Moscow, July 2013

ITUC GLOBAL POLL Prepared for the G20 Labour and Finance Ministers Meeting Moscow, July 2013 ITUC GLOBAL POLL 2013 Prepared for the G20 Labour and Finance Ministers Meeting Moscow, July 2013 Contents Executive Summary 2 Government has failed to tackle unemployment 4 Government prioritises business

More information

Results of World War II Crossword

Results of World War II Crossword Name Date Period Chapter 27 Results of World War II Crossword Workbook 107 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Across 1) country that became a superpower after World War II 3) these people were killed

More information

Canada and the Cold War. Notes for Students Mr. R. Smith

Canada and the Cold War. Notes for Students Mr. R. Smith Canada and the Cold War Notes for Students Mr. R. Smith The World - Forever Changed in August 1945 Pre-WWI: Empires Post-WWI: Nations Post WWII: Super Powers From Hot War to Cold War The Big Question:

More information

PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICS

PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICS '' ' IIIII mil mil urn A 383358 PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICS PEOPLE'S POWER, PREFERENCES, AND PERCEPTIONS SECOND EDITION Bruce Bueno de Mesquita New York University and Hoover Institution at Stanford

More information

What Future for NATO?

What Future for NATO? 1 4 ( 6 )/2006 What Future for NATO? Conference held at Helenow/Warsaw, Poland 22 September 2006 1. S PEECH OF M INISTER OF N ATIONAL D EFENCE OF P OLAND, R ADOSLAW S IKORSKI, Ladies and Gentlemen, It

More information

The Legacies of WWII

The Legacies of WWII The Cold War The Legacies of WWII WWI might have been the war to end all wars but it was WWII that shifted the psyche of humanity. The costs of total war were simply too high 55 million dead worldwide

More information

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL A CITIZENS AGENDA

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL A CITIZENS AGENDA COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, 10.5.2006 COM(2006) 211 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL A CITIZENS AGENDA DELIVERING RESULTS FOR EUROPE EN EN COMMUNICATION

More information

Executive Summary and Conclusions of the Elcano Report Towards the strategic renewal of Spain s foreign policy

Executive Summary and Conclusions of the Elcano Report Towards the strategic renewal of Spain s foreign policy Estrategia Exterior Española 0/2014 (Translated from Spanish) March 2014 Executive Summary and Conclusions of the Elcano Report Towards the strategic renewal of Spain s foreign policy Ignacio Molina Coordinator

More information

Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War

Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War Essential Question How did WWII change Europe? After the death of Vladimir Lenin, the Soviet Union s new communist leader was Joseph Stalin. Stalin and the

More information

Modern International Relations An Elective Social Science Course for Loudoun County Public Schools

Modern International Relations An Elective Social Science Course for Loudoun County Public Schools Modern International Relations An Elective Social Science Course for Loudoun County Public Schools Loudoun County Public Schools Ashburn, Virginia 2014 Modern International Relations The United States

More information

Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL EUROPEAN COMMISSION Strasbourg, 11.6.2013 COM(2013) 404 final 2013/0185 (COD) C7-0170/13 Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on certain rules governing actions for damages

More information

International Security Problems and Solutions by Patrick M. Morgan (Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2006)

International Security Problems and Solutions by Patrick M. Morgan (Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2006) Global Tides Volume 2 Article 6 1-1-2008 International Security Problems and Solutions by Patrick M. Morgan (Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2006) Jacqueline Sittel Pepperdine University Recommended Citation

More information

GENOCIDE AND UNITED NATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF UNIVERSAL NORMS: A STUDY OF STATE INTERESTS AND CONFLICT AFTER 1945

GENOCIDE AND UNITED NATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF UNIVERSAL NORMS: A STUDY OF STATE INTERESTS AND CONFLICT AFTER 1945 GENOCIDE AND UNITED NATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF UNIVERSAL NORMS: A STUDY OF STATE INTERESTS AND CONFLICT AFTER 1945 Item Type text; Electronic Thesis Authors RIOS, EDWIN ANTONIO Publisher The University of

More information

ISTANBUL SECURITY CONFERENCE 2017 New Security Ecosystem and Multilateral Cost

ISTANBUL SECURITY CONFERENCE 2017 New Security Ecosystem and Multilateral Cost VISION DOCUMENT ISTANBUL SECURITY CONFERENCE 2017 New Security Ecosystem and Multilateral Cost ( 01-03 November 2017, Istanbul ) The controversies about who and how to pay the cost of security provided

More information

Units 3 and 4: Global Politics

Units 3 and 4: Global Politics Units 3 and 4: Global Politics 2016 2017 This revised curriculum for VCE Global Politics Units 3 and 4 replaces the units within the Australian and Global Politics Study Design 2012 2017. VCAA July 2015

More information

ASIA-PACIFIC PARLIAMENTARY FORUM (APPF) RESOLUTION APPF24/RES.17 ECONOMY, TRADE AND REGIONAL VALUE CHAINS

ASIA-PACIFIC PARLIAMENTARY FORUM (APPF) RESOLUTION APPF24/RES.17 ECONOMY, TRADE AND REGIONAL VALUE CHAINS ASIA-PACIFIC PARLIAMENTARY FORUM (APPF) 24 TH ANNUAL MEETING RESOLUTION APPF24/RES.17 ECONOMY, TRADE AND REGIONAL VALUE CHAINS (Sponsored by the Russian Federation, New Zealand, Canada, Japan, Mexico,

More information

Multinational Conflict Management: Does the Concept Conflict with Sovereignty?

Multinational Conflict Management: Does the Concept Conflict with Sovereignty? P a g e 1 Multinational Conflict Management: Does the Concept Conflict with Sovereignty? Sovereignty is a multi-use concept with a seemingly unending supply of definitions. It is also in an apparent logical

More information

DÓCHAS STRATEGY

DÓCHAS STRATEGY DÓCHAS STRATEGY 2015-2020 2015-2020 Dóchas is the Irish Association of Non-Governmental Development Organisations. It is a meeting place and a leading voice for organisations that want Ireland to be a

More information

Migration, Identity and Sovereignty

Migration, Identity and Sovereignty Edexcel Geography A-level Migration, Identity and Sovereignty PMT Education Written by Jeevan Singh Migration, Identity and Sovereignty Enquiry question 1: What are the impacts of globalisation on international

More information

POST-STANDARDISATION. Version 1.0: General Certificate of Education. Law. Mark Scheme examination January series

POST-STANDARDISATION. Version 1.0: General Certificate of Education. Law. Mark Scheme examination January series Version 1.0: 0110 POST-STANDARDISATION General Certificate of Education Law Unit 2 (LAW02) The Concept of Liability Mark Scheme 2010 examination January series Mark schemes are prepared by the Principal

More information

European Neighbourhood Policy

European Neighbourhood Policy European Neighbourhood Policy Page 1 European Neighbourhood Policy Introduction The EU s expansion from 15 to 27 members has led to the development during the last five years of a new framework for closer

More information

PANEL II: GLOBAL ATTITUDES ON THE ROLE OF THE

PANEL II: GLOBAL ATTITUDES ON THE ROLE OF THE PANEL II: GLOBAL ATTITUDES ON THE ROLE OF THE UNITED NATIONS IN THE MAINTENANCE AND RESTORATION OF PEACE Danilo Tiirk* Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. As the Ambassador of Slovenia I can start this

More information

1 Introduction. Laura Werup Final Exam Fall 2013 IBP Pol. Sci.

1 Introduction. Laura Werup Final Exam Fall 2013 IBP Pol. Sci. 1 Introduction 1.1 Background A distinction has been drawn between domestic and international realms of politics, reflecting differences between what occurs within the state and what occurs in relations

More information

Canada and the Middle East

Canada and the Middle East A POLICY PAPER 2016 POLICY REVIEW SERIES CGAI Fellow This essay is one in a series commissioned by Canadian Global Affairs Institute in the context of defence, security and assistance reviews by the Trudeau

More information

CHINA S GROWING ROLE IN REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS

CHINA S GROWING ROLE IN REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS The Maastricht Journal of Liberal Arts 2015, Volume Six, 3 13 A. Aksu CHINA S GROWING ROLE IN REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS Application of institutional realism to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Aylin

More information

Preventive Diplomacy, Crisis Management and Conflict Resolution

Preventive Diplomacy, Crisis Management and Conflict Resolution Preventive Diplomacy, Crisis Management and Conflict Resolution Lothar Rühl "Preventive Diplomacy" has become a political program both for the UN and the CSCE during 1992. In his "Agenda for Peace", submitted

More information

BRICS Cooperation in New Phase of Globalization. Niu Haibin Senior Fellow, Shanghai Institutes for International Studies

BRICS Cooperation in New Phase of Globalization. Niu Haibin Senior Fellow, Shanghai Institutes for International Studies BRICS Cooperation in New Phase of Globalization Niu Haibin Senior Fellow, Shanghai Institutes for International Studies Abstract: The substance of the new globalization is to rebalance the westernization,

More information

CHAPTER 2 MULTILATERALISM AND UNILATERALISM

CHAPTER 2 MULTILATERALISM AND UNILATERALISM CHAPTER 2 MULTILATERALISM AND UNILATERALISM James A. Helis Our best hope for safety in such times, as in difficult times past, is in American strength and will the strength and will to lead a unipolar

More information

This House believes that the United Nations has failed

This House believes that the United Nations has failed Published on idebate.org (http://idebate.org) Home > This House believes that the United Nations has failed This House believes that the United Nations has failed The United Nations, formed out of the

More information

GCE. Government and Politics. CCEA GCE Specimen Assessment Material for

GCE. Government and Politics. CCEA GCE Specimen Assessment Material for GCE CCEA GCE Specimen Assessment Material for Government and Politics For first teaching from September 2016 For first award of AS level in Summer 2017 For first award of A level in Summer 2018 Subject

More information