An Unequal French Society. Reading #1: The French Revolution (Page ) Topic: Long term problems: Inequality in France

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1 Reading #1: Problem (Old Regime) Phase Experiencing World History An Unequal French Society Reading #1: The French Revolution (Page ) Topic: Long term problems: Inequality in France 1. Who made up the First & Second Estates and what privileges did they have? 2. What groups made up the Third Estate and what were two complaints they had about French Society? 3. Describe two causes of the French Revolution. 4. What was the Estates General and why did Louis XVI call them together in 1789? The French Revolution 1. In the 1770s, was one of Europe s wealthiest countries led by an.. king named. He was not a very good ruler. French Society was divided into 3 Estates 2. Fill out the Chart below as you read. First Estate Second Estate Third Estate Pop % Who? 94% Privileges Complaints Jobs

2 3. What were two crises (big problems) that the French government faced? 4. called together the in 1789 in order to. the nobles. In the -, each Estate got vote. To complete this reading: Turn to page ONE of this study guide and fill out the chart and questions #1 & #2.

3 Reading #2: Transfer of Power Phase Experiencing World History Reading #2: Destruction of the Absolute Monarchy ( ) Topic: The 3 rd Estate Rebels 1. What change in the Estates General did the Third Estate demand and why did it create the National Assembly? 2. What was the Bastille and why did members of the Third Estate attack it on July 14, 1789? 3. Describe a change made by the National Assembly to remedy (fix) France s problems. 4. What was the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen and explain three rights it guaranteed. The French Revolution Begins 1. What change in the way the Estates General worked did the Third Estate demand? 2. The created a new government called the after they were locked out of the meeting of the. The Third Estate vowed to keep meeting until they had created a new. 3. On July,, members of the Third Estate attacked the famous French prison called the in order to get that they hoped to use in order to protect their new government, the National Assembly. Revolutionary Reforms and Terror 4. What change did the new government (National Assembly) make once it came to power? 5. Who wrote the Declaration of Rghts of Man? What was it? What were 3 rights it gave to the French people?

4 The French Formed a New Government 6. During the 1780s, the French king held ALL the power in France. Point out two ways the new government created by the National Assembly took power away from the king. 7. Why did the new French government go to war with Austria and Prussia in 1791? To complete this reading: Turn to page ONE of this study guide and fill out the answers to questions #1 - #4 in Phase Two.

5 Reading #3 & #4: Moderates & Extremists struggle & Reign of Terror Phases Reading #3 & #4: Moderates & Extremists struggle & Reign of Terror Phases (Pages ) Topic: Extremists take control of government & terror reigns 1. What was a problem created by the execution of King Louis XVI? 2. What was the role of the Committee of Public Safety? 1. A new government, called the, was created in 1792 and would rule France for three years. France would now be a. would have no power in government, all French could vote and hold office and the government would now try to spread to all of Europe through war if necessary. France soon found itself at war with, Austria, Prussia and Spain. 2. Who was executed on January 21, 1793? Why do you think he was killed? Reign of Terror 3. Even within France, some people opposed the craziness of the French Revolution. After King Louis XVI was executed, in the countryside rebelled. Within the government, (called the Girondin) and radicals, called the Jacobins, fought over who would lead the new country. 4. Thousands of people were killed by way of the in the 1790s. King Louis XVI s wife, as well as the man who led the Reign of Terror, were guillotined.

6 5. Why do you think this period of the French Revolution is called the Reign of Terror? What do you think was its goal? 6. Order was gradually restored in France under a new government called the that was run by several men, the most famous of these men being. To complete this reading: Turn to page TWO of this study guide and fill out the answers to question #1 under Phase Three and question #2 in Phase Four.

7 Reading #5: The Return to Order Experiencing World History Reading #5: The Age of Napoleon ( ) Topic: Napoleon restores order but becomes dictator 1. Describe how Napoleon came to power and point out a change Napoleon made. 2. Give two reasons why Napoleon fell from power (e.g. Continental System, Invasion of Russia). 3. What nations allied to defeat Napoleon and to where did they ultimately exile him? 4. How did Napoleon s rule change France and the rest of Europe? Napoleon and the French Empire 1. In what is called a coup de etat, overthrew the disorganized French government in November of and would rule France for the next years. Napoleon Becomes Emperor 2. Why do you think Napoleon pretended to be the elected leader of France when he came to power? 3. Who did Napoleon invite to come crown him emperor? Why do you think he did this? Napoleon Conquers Europe 4. What countries did Napoleon conquer? 5. (country) proved to be Napoleon s toughest opponent. Napoleon, as his navy could not defeat them, decided to use a plan called the to defeat the British.

8 6. How would this system defeat Britain? 7. Your author says Napoleon s continental system turned out to be a costly mistake. Why? Napoleon Invades Russia 8. Why did Napoleon invade Russia? 9. What tactic did the Russians use to defeat Napoleon s advancing army? 10. Napoleon began his invasion of Russia with (number) men and would return to France with fewer than. Napoleon Is Defeated 8. Who ultimately defeated Napoleon? 9. Napoleon was sent to, an island off the coast of Italy, and Louis XVI s brother,, became the King of France. 10. In (year), Napoleon returned to power in France for Days and was finally defeated at the Battle of. Napoleon was exiled to the island of where he would die in 1821.

9 Effects of Napoleon s Rule 11. Explain a change or effect that Napoleon s leadership had on France? 12. Explain a change or effect that Napoleon s leadership had on Europe? To complete this reading: Turn to page TWO of this study guide and fill out the answers to questions #1 - #4 under Phase Five. p

10 World History I Mr. Horas Name: Comparing and Contrasting the Declaration of the Rights of Man & the U.S. Bill of Rights Declaration of the Rights of Man What are four similarities these two documents share? 1, , U.S. Bill of Rights What are two differences between these documents? Give an example of how the Declaration of the Rights of Man is a product of revolutionary France. In other words, what was happening before the revolution in France that is mentioned in the document? 3. Give an example of how the Bill of Rights of a product of revolutionary America. 4. Which document do you like better? Why?

11 World History I Mr. Horas History Channel s The French Revolution Phase One: Problem Phase 1. This program opens with a discussion of Louis XVI s inexperience as leader. How do you think Louis XVI s qualities as a leader led to the French Revolution? 2. What were some of the causes of the French Revolution discussed in this program? 3. What was the Enlightenment? Who were some of its major thinkers and writers? 4. Why did the French people have such negative feelings toward Marie Antoinette? Phase Two: Transfer of Power Phase 5. What event do you believe begins the revolution? Why? 6. What was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen? How does it relate to the U.S. Constitution? 7. What was the Third Estate? Which groups in French society did it include? 8. How does France change once King Louis XVI is no longer in power?

12 Phase Three: Struggle between Moderates and Radicals 9. What kind of leader was Robespierre? Do you think he did a good job of representing the..wishes of the French people? 10. What was the role of women in the French Revolution? Point out two examples of their contribution to the Revolution mentioned in this program? Phase Four: Reign of Terror 11. Why do you think the initial goals of the Revolution became so distorted during the Reign of Terror? Why do you think Robespierre had so much fear of political traitors? 12. What changes does the government make during the Reign of Terror? 13. How does the Reign of Terror end? Why? 14. What do you think were the most important long-term effects of the French Revolution? What were its legacies?

13 World History I Mr. Horas Name: Station One: YouTube: Lady Gaga on the French Revolution Point out three historically accurate bits of information about the French Revolution that Lady Gaga mentions in her video Create a final verse of at least 4 lines for the song (about Napoleon). If you are really creative, use the proper syllabic pattern. Station Two: Sister Revolutions Make note of three similarities and three differences. Complete the following sentence: While both the French and American revolutions (similarity) the French Revolution... while the American Revolution...

14 Station Three: YouTube: Stick Man Video Create a time line of five events of the French Revolution. (Note one of the dates they mention is incorrect.) Station Four: #34 Napoleon Point out two mistakes (mentioned in the article) that contributed to Napoleon s fall and two reasons why the author, Michael Hart, considers Napoleon such an influential historical figure. Mistakes Why Influential?

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