2011 Tanzania Survey Codebook. Description Variable Name Value/Unit/Format

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1 Q. No. Description Variable Name Value/Unit/Format Questionnaire ID s Region region 1=Dar-Es-Salaam 2=Unguja 3=Pemba District district 1=Temeke 2=Ilala 3=Kinondoni 4=Mjini 5=Magharibi 6=Wete 7=Mkoani 8=Micheweni 9=Chakechake 10=Wesha 11=Gando 12=Kati 13=Kusini Unguja 14=Kaskazini 15=Kaskazini B 16=Maungani Ward/Shehia s_area 1=Tandika 2=Vingunguti 3=Magomeni 4=Kurasini 5=Kariakoo 6=Hananasifu 7=Makumbusho 8=Miburani 9=Upanga Mashariki 10=Mbagala 11=Kibamba 12=Msongola 13=Kimara 14=Bunju 15=Kibamba 16=Tabata 17=Makubuli 18=Makdara 19=Amani 20=Kisimamajogoo 21=Muugano 22=Mwanakwerekwe 23=Mchangani 24=Jangwani 25=Chang Ombe - 1 -

2 26=Ukonga 27=Yombo Vituka 28=Kigogo 29=Mchikichini 30=Msasani 31=Manzese 32=Chamazi 33=Mzimuni 34=Azimio 35=Ubungo 36=Kinondoni 37=Sandali 38=Chanika 39=Charambe 40=Kawe 41=Gando 42=Mkanyageni 43=Mtambwe 44=Mgogoni 45=Piki 46=Ole 47=Ndagoni 48=Makongole 49=Ukutini 50=Shidi 51=Micheweni 52=Bopwe 53=Ngwachani 54=Mkoani 55=Mtoni Kidatu 56=Kilindi 57=Ngambwa 58=Tibirinzi 59=Ubago 60=Wingwi 61=Pete 62=Banda maji 63=Kilombero 64=Maungani 65=Kendwa 66=Kombeni 67=Ndijani 68=Dinga Urban/Rural setting setting 1=Urban 2=Rural Date of Interview date Number of eligible men/women in the household no_men - 2 -

3 Start time of the interview startime (24hr format) 1 What is the respondent s gender? q1 1=Male 2=Female 2 What is your age? q2 (in years) 999=Unable to identify - Year of birth? y_birth 3 Are you a citizen of Tanzania? q3 2=No 4 Where were you born? q4 1=Dar Es Salaam 2=Otherwise 5 Specify below. A. Village or town q5_1 B. Province q5_2 1=Arusha 2=Dar es salaam 3=Dodoma 4=Iringa 5=Kagera 6=Kigoma 7=Kilimanjaro 8=Lindi 9=Manyara 10=Mara 11=Mbeya 12=Morogoro 13=Mtwara 14=Mwanza 15=North Pemba 16=Pwani 17=Rukwa 18=Ruvuma 19=Shinyanga 20=Singida 21=South Pemba 22=Tabora 23=Tanga 24=Zanzibar North 25=Zanzibar South 26=Zanzibar West 27=Foreign country (Kenya) 6 How often do you go back to your home village/town? q6 1=Less than once a year 2=Once or twice a year 3=3-4 times a year 4=Once a month 5=More than once a month 88=Not applicable - 3 -

4 7 What is your religion? q7 1=Catholic 2=Protestant 3=New Apostolic 4=Adventist 5=Mormon 6=Muslim 7=Traditional religion 8=Hindu 9=No religion 10=Other religion (specify) 8 What is your ethnic (racial) group? q8 1=Sukuma 2=Makonde 3=Chagga 4=Haya 5=Nyamwezi 6=Bena 7=Gogo 8=Waha 9=Iramba 10=Luguru 11=Makhuwa 12=Mwera 13=Nyakyusa 14=Nyiha 15=Pare 16=Sambaa 17=Swahili 18=Nyaturu 19=Yao 20=Zaramo 21=Zigua 22=Hadimu 23=Shirazi 24=Tumbatu 25=Arab 26=Asian 27=Other (specify) 9 What languages do you speak at home? (up to 3 languages) - Most frequently spoken q9_1 1=Swahili 2=Luguru 3=English 4=Makonde - 4 -

5 - - The second most The third most q9_2 q9_3 5=Kiarabu 6=Nyakyusa 7=Kibena 8=Nyamwezi 9=Mochi 10=Kisambaa 11=Kigogo 12=Sukuma 13=ha 14=Nyaturu 15=Haya 16=Zaramo 17=Hehe 18=Kinyiramba 19=Kizigua 20=Kingoni 21=Kinyasa 22=Chagga 23=Lugulu 24=Makhuwa 25=Arab 26=Nyakyusa 27=Zaramo 28=Kizigua 29=Kingoni 32=Kindengereko 33=Kimatumbi 36=Kirangi 38=Kinyanyema 40=Mhehe 42=Kinyarwanda 43=Kijita 44=Kindigo 45=Kipemba 50=Kingido 51=Kikisi 52=Kipogoro 58=Kimakunduchi 68=Kimatengo 71=Kihagi 73=Kimbulu 79=Kihangaza 10 What is the highest level of formal education that you have attained? q =No formal schooling 1=Some primary schooling 2=Primary completed 3=Some secondary schooling 4=Secondary completed 5=Post-secondary qualifications, other

6 - 6 - than university 6=Some university, college or polytechnic 7=University, college or polytechnic completed 8=Post-graduate in years 11 How many years of formal education do you have? q11 12 What is your main occupation? - Current job q12_1 0=Never had a job - Last job q12_2 1=Subsistence farmer (for home consumption only) 2=Peasant farmer (with some surplus for sale) 3=Commercial farmer (mainly for sale) 4=Farm worker 5=Fisherman 6=Trader/Hawker/Vendor 7=Miner 8=Domestic worker/maid/househelp 9=Armed Services/Police/Security Personnel 10=Artisan/Skilled manual worker 11=Clerical worker 12=Unskilled manual worker 13=Businessperson (works in company for others) 14=Businessperson (owns small business of less than 10 employees 15=Businessperson (owns large business of 10 or more employees 16=Professional worker (e.g. lawyer, accountant, nurse, engineer, etc.) 17=Supervisor/Foreman 18=Teacher 19=Government worker 20=Retail worker 21=Student 22=Housewife/Works in the household 24=Retired 25=Driver 26=Nurse 27=Watch man/woman 28=Tailor 29=Secretary

7 13 Which of the following things do you personally own or have in your household? A. Radio q13a 0=No B. Bicycle q13b C. Television q13c D. Mobile phone q13d E. Refrigerator q13e F. Flush toilet at home q13f G. Car q13g 14 Over the past year, how often, if ever, have you or anyone in your family gone without: A. Enough food to eat? q13a 0=Never B. Enough clean water for home use? q13b C. Medicines or medical treatment? q13c D. Enough gas/kerosene to cook your q13d food? E. A cash income? q13e F. Money for school expenses for q13f your children (like fees, uniforms or books)? 15 In the past year, how often, if ever, have you encountered violent crimes (robbery, assault, etc.)? q15 16 In general, how do you rate your living conditions compared to those of other Tanzanians? Are you... q16 1=Just once or twice 2=Several times 3=Many times 4=Always 99=Don t know 0=Never 1=Just once or twice 2=Several times 3=Many times 4=Always 1=Much better 2=Better 3=Same 4=Worse 5=Much worse 17 How important are the following elements for the way you think about yourself? a) Your gender q17a 1=Very important b) Your native language q17b c) Your nationality q17c d) Your religion q17d e) Your ethnic (racial) group q17e f) Your state of origin q17f g) Your political ideology or q17g preferences h) Your neighbourhood or locality q17h 2=Somewhat important 3=Not very important 4=Not important at all - 7 -

8 i) Your job or occupation q17i 18 If you have to choose between the identity aspects or elements mentioned above, which are the three most important ones? 1) Your gender q18a 0=No 2) Your ethnic (racial) group q18b 3) Your native language q18c 4) Your state of origin q18d 5) Your nationality q18e 6) Your political ideology/preferences q18f 7) Your religion q18g 8) Your neighbourhood/locality q18h 9) Your job/occupation q18i 19 Which of the following statement best expresses your feeling? q19 1=I feel only Tanzanian 2=I feel more Tanzanian than (Respondent s ethnic group) 3=I feel equally Tanzanian and (Respondent s ethnic group) 4=I feel more (Respondent s ethnic group) than Tanzanian 5=I feel only (Respondent s ethnic group) 99=Don t know 20 Are you or have you ever been married? q19 1=Currently married to one wife/husband 2=Currently married to multiple wives 3=Currently married to a husband with multiple wives 4= Divorced and not remarried 5=Spouse deceased and not remarried 88=Never married 21 Could you tell me whether your spouse was/is from: A. The same province as you? q21a 0=No 99=Don t know - If no, specify his/her province. q21aspe B. The same ethnic (racial) group as you? q21b - If no, specify his/her group. q21bspe C. The same religion as you? q21c 0=No 0=No 99=Don t know - 8 -

9 99=Don t know - If no, specify his/her region. q21cspe 1=Catholic 2=Protestant 3=New apostolic 4=Adventist 5=Mormons 6=Muslim 7=Traditional religion 8=Hindu 9=No religion D. The same nationality as you? q21d 0=No 99=Don t know - If no, specify his/her nationality. q20dspe 22 People of which tribe would you object if your daughter/sister wanted to marry? - None q22_00 0=None 1=Some - Sukuma q22_01 0=No - Makonde q22_02 - Chagga q22_03 - Haya q22_04 - Nyamwezi q22_05 - Bena q22_06 - Gogo q22_07 - Ha q22_08 - Hehe q22_09 - Nyilamba q22_10 - Luguru q22_11 - Makhuwa q22_12 - Pare q22_13 - Sambaa q22_14 - Swahili q22_15 - Nyaturu q22_16 - Yao q22_17 - Zaramo q22_18 - Zigua q22_19 - Ebira q22_20 - Hadimu q22_21 - Shirazi q22_22 - Tumbatu q22_23 - Mwera q22_24 - Nyakyusa q22_25 - Nyiha q22_26 - Arab q22_27-9 -

10 - Asians q22_28 - Mdengereko q22_29 - Kurya q22_30 - Masai q22_31 - Mrangi q22_32 - Mdigo q22_33 - Mpemba q22_34 - Mgido q22_35 - Mmakunduchi q22_36 - Mkunga q22_37 - Mbulu q22_38 - Msomali q22_39 - Pwani q22_40 - Habesh q22_41 - Mshia q22_42 23 People from which religions would you object if your daughter/sister wanted to marry? - None q23_00 0=None 1=Some - Catholic q23_01 0=No - Protestant q23_02 - New Apostolic q23_03 - Adventist q23_04 - Mormon q23_05 - Muslim q23_06 - Traditional Religion q23_07 - Hindu q23_08 - No religion q23_09 - Other religion q23_10 24 People from which countries would you object if your daughter/sister wanted to marry? - None q24_00 0=None 1=Some - Kenya q24_01 0=No - Uganda q24_02 - Rwanda q24_03 - Burundi q24_04 - Libya q24_05 - Mozambique q24_06 - China q24_07 - Malawi q24_08 - Congo q24_09 - Somalia q24_10 - Spain q24_

11 - Sudan q24_12 - Botswana q24_13 - Arabs q24_14 - South Africa q24_15 - India q24_16 - Zambia q24_17 - Nigeria q24_18 - Zimbabwe q24_19 - Ethiopia q24_20 - Israel q24_21 - USA q24_22 - Iraq q24_23 - Germany q24_24 - Egypt q24_25 - Italy q24_26 - Zanzibar q24_27 - Japan q24_28 - Asian q24_29 - Syria q24_30 - Madagascar q24_31 - Saudi Arabia q24_32 - Pakistan q24_33 - Dubai q24_34 - Indonesia q24_35 - Tanzania mainland q24_36 - Korea q24_37 - Oman q24_38 - Ivory coast q24_39 - Comoro q24_40 - Liberia q24_41 - Russia q24_42 25 How often do you have contact with people from other religions? q25 26 How often do you have contact with people from other ethnic (racial) groups? 27 How often do you have contact with people from other provinces? q26 q27 1=Daily or almost daily 2=A few times a week 3=A few times a month 4=Hardly ever or never 5=Don t know 1=Daily or almost daily 2=A few times a week 3=A few times a month 4=Hardly ever or never 5=Don t know 1=Daily or almost daily 2=A few times a week 3=A few times a month 4=Hardly ever or never 5=Don t know

12 28 People of which ethnic (racial) groups do you feel uncomfortable working with? - None q28_00 0=None 1=Some - Sukuma q28_01 0=No - Makonde q28_02 - Chagga q28_03 - Haya q28_04 - Nyamwezi q28_05 - Bena q28_06 - Gogo q28_07 - Ha q28_08 - Hehe q28_09 - Nyilamba q28_10 - Luguru q28_11 - Makhuwa q28_12 - Pare q28_13 - Sambaa q28_14 - Swahili q28_15 - Nyaturu q28_16 - Yao q28_17 - Zaramo q28_18 - Zigua q28_19 - Ebira q28_20 - Hadimu q28_21 - Shirazi q28_22 - Tumbatu q28_23 - Mwera q28_24 - Nyakyusa q28_25 - Nyiha q28_26 - Arab q28_27 - Asians q28_28 - Mdengereko q28_29 - Hsindu q28_30 - Kurya q28_31 - Masai q28_32 - Mrangi q28_33 - Mdigo q28_34 - Mkwere q28_35 - Mgido q28_36 - Mpogoro q28_37 - Mnyasa q28_38 - Msandawi q28_39 - Mgazija q28_40 - Habesh q28_

13 - Shaiban q28_42 29 People from which religions do you feel uncomfortable working with? - None q29_00 1=No 2=Some - Catholic q23_01 0=No - Protestant q23_02 - New Apostolic q23_03 - Adventist q23_04 - Mormon q23_05 - Muslim q23_06 - Traditional Religion q23_07 - Hindu q23_08 - No religion q23_09 30 How much do you trust each other of the following types of people? A. Your relatives q30a 1=Not at all B. Your neighbours q30b 2=Just a little C. People of the same religion as your q30c 3=Somewhat self D. People of other religions q30d 4=A lot E. People from your ethnic (racial) q30e 99=Don t know group F. People from other ethnic (racial) q30f groups G. People from your state of origin q30g H. People from other states q30h I. People from other African countries q30i 31 Do you think that the relations between the different ethnic (racial) groups in your country will improve or worsen in the future? q31 1=Improve a lot 2=Improve somewhat 3=Stay the same 4=Worsen somewhat 5=Worsen a lot 6=Refused to answer 7=Don t know 32 Do you think that the relations between the different religious groups in your country will improve or worsen in the future? 33 Do you think that someone s ethnic (racial) identity/background affects one s chances of getting: A. Government jobs q33a 0=No B. Government contracts q33b q =Improve a lot 2=Improve somewhat 3=Stay the same 4=Worsen somewhat 5=Worsen a lot 6=Refused to answer 7=Don t know

14 C. Private sector formal jobs q33c D. Public housing q33d E. Educational opportunities at the q33e school level F. Educational opportunities at the q33f university level G. Private loans q33g 34 Do you think someone s ethnic (racial) background has become more/less important since the introduction of multi-party elections in 1995? Or has there been no change in the situation? q34 1=Much more important 2=Somewhat more important 3=No change 4=Somewhat less important 5=Much less important 35 Do you think that someone s religious background affects one s chances of getting: A. Government jobs q35a 0=No B. Government contracts q35b C. Private sector formal jobs q35c D. Public housing q35d E. Educational opportunities at the q35e school level F. Educational opportunities at the q35f university level G. Private loans q35g 36 Do you think someone s religious background has become more/less important since the multiparty elections in 1995? Or has there been no change in the situation? 37 Do you think that someone s state (province) of origin affects one s chances of getting: A. Government jobs q37a 0=No q36 B. Government contracts q37b C. Private sector formal jobs q37c D. Public housing q37d E. Educational opportunities at the q37e school level F. Educational opportunities at the q37f university level G. Private loans q37g 38 Do you think someone s state of origin has become more/less important since q38 1=Much more important 2=Somewhat more important 3=No change 4=Somewhat less important 5=Much less important 1=Much more important 2=Somewhat more important

15 the multiparty election in 1995? Or has there been no change in the situation? 39 Is the socio-economic situation of your own ethnic (racial) group much better, better, about the same, worse or much worse that of other ethnic (racial) groups in this country? q39 3=No change 4=Somewhat less important 5=Much less important 1=Much better 2=Better 3=Same 4=Worse 5=Much worse 6=Refused to answer 7=Do not know 40 How do today s socio-economic conditions of your ethnic (racial) group compare to those of... A. 5 years ago? q40a 1=Much better B. 10 years ago? q40b 2=Better 3=Same C. 20 years ago? q40c 4=Worse 5=Much worse 41 Some portion of the seats in the parliament should be allocated to the disadvantaged ethnic (racial) groups. 42 Some portion of government ministerial appointments should be allocated to the disadvantaged ethnic (racial) groups. 43 How much do you feel that your ethnic (racial) group has proper influence in... A. Unity government q43a 1=Very much q41 q42 B. National Assembly q43b C. Armed forces q43c D. Government civil service q43d E. Judiciary q43e F. Police q43f 44 Compared to other ethnic (racial) groups, do you think your group currently has a fair share from: A. Revenue from Union Government? q44a 0=No B. Government projects? q44b C. Access to public universities? q44c 45 Are you a registered voter? q57 0=No 1=Strongly agree 2=Agree 3=Neither agree nor disagree 4=Disagree 5=Strongly disagree 2=Somewhat 3=Not very much 4=Not at all

16 46 (If not registered) Why not? 0=No 1. Missed registration q46a 2. Ill health q46b 3. Absent from area q46c 4. Registration process was not q46d credible 5. Did not have required documents q46e 6. Under 18 during registration q46f 7. Not interested in voting q46g 8. Otherwise engaged q46h 9. Encountered difficulties during q46i registration 10. Other (specify) q46j 47 To which political party do you feel closest? q47 48 How important are the following considerations when you vote in the national presidential elections? A. Qualifications and competence of q48a candidate B. Candidate s religion q48b C. Pol. Program, proposed actions or q48c ideology D. Candidate s ethnic (racial) identity q48d E. Political party q48e F. Personal qualities q48f G. Past record q48g H. Candidate s gender q48h 49 How important are the following considerations when you vote in the national legislative constituency/national elections? A. Qualifications and competence of q49a candidate B. Candidate s religion q49b C. Pol. Program, proposed actions or q49c 1=Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) 2=Chama Cha Wananchi (CUF) 3=Chamacha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA) 4=Tanzania Labor Party (TLP) 5=United Democratic Party (UDP) 6=Jahazi Asilia 7=Don t feel close to any party 8=No political party with good leaders 1=Very important 2=Somewhat important 3=Not very important 4=Not important at all 1=Very important 2=Somewhat important 3=Not very important 4=Not important at all

17 ideology D. Candidate s ethnic (racial) identity q49d E. Political party q49e F. Personal qualities q49f G. Past record q49g H. Candidate s gender q49h 50 How important are the following q62 considerations when you vote in the local elections? A. Qualifications and competence of q50a candidate B. Candidate s religion q50b C. Pol. Program, proposed actions or q50c ideology D. Candidate s ethnic (racial) identity q50d E. Political party q50e F. Personal qualities q50f G. Past record q50g H. Candidate s gender q50h 51 Please specify the religious groups from which you would not consider a national presidential/parliamentary candidate. - Catholic q51_01 0=No - Protestant q51_02 - Pentecostal q51_03 - Muslim q51_04 - Traditional religion q51_05 - Hindu q51_06 - Adventist q51_07 52 People of which ethnic (racial) group would you not consider voting for a national presidential/parliamentary election? - None q52_00 0=None 1=Some - Sukuma q52_01 0=No - Makonde q52_02 - Chagga q52_03 - Haya q52_04 - Nyamwezi q52_05 - Bena q52_06 - Gogo q52_07 - Ha q52_08 - Hehe q52_09 - Nyilamba q52_10 1=Very important 2=Somewhat important 3=Not very important 4=Not important at all

18 - Luguru q52_11 - Makhuwa q52_12 - Pare q52_13 - Sambaa q52_14 - Swahili q52_15 - Nyaturu q52_16 - Yao q52_17 - Zaramo q52_18 - Zigua q52_19 - Ebira q52_20 - Hadimu q52_21 - Shirazi q52_22 - Tumbatu q52_23 - Mwera q52_24 - Nyakyusa q52_25 - Nyiha q52_26 - Arab q52_27 - Asian q52_28 - Mdengereko q52_29 - Kurya q52_30 - Matumbi q52_31 - Masai q52_32 - Mrangi q52_33 - Mdigo q52_34 - Mkwere q52_35 - Mnyasa q52_36 - Mmakunduchi q52_37 - Machinga q52_38 53 People from which religion would you not consider voting for a national presidential or parliamentary election? - None q53_00 0=None - Catholic q53_01 0=No - Protestant q53_02 - New Apostolic q53_03 - Adventist q53_04 - Mormon q53_05 - Muslim q53_06 - Traditional religion q53_07 - Hindu q53_08 54 Did you vote in the presidential elections of 2010? q54 2=No

19 55 If not, what is the main reason? q55 1=No interest 2=Did not have time 3=Election will not change anything 4=No good party 5=To punish the party I support 6=Not registered to vote 7=Others 56 How often do politicians use ethnicity (race) to get political support? 57 If that happens, how do you think politicians of your ethnic (racial) group should react? q56 q57 58 The President of the United Republic of Tanzania should decide on his own what is best for the country. q58 59 The President should listen and work q59 with other politicians before deciding what is best for the country. 60 Under the current constitution, the q60 president has too much power. 61 I will continue to support my political q61 party if it enters into a coalition with other political parties. 62 If local communities/districts were q62 given more decision-making power, public services would improve. 63 If local communities/districts were q63 given more decision-making power, there would be more ethnic (racial) tensions at the local level. 64 If local communities/districts were q64 given more decision-making power, there would be more corruption. 65 The Tanzanian state institutions are q65 highly effective and work really well. 66 Corruption is more important than q66 tribalism that is why the institutions do not work well in this country. 67 I have to vote for an ethnic (racial) q67 0=Never 1=Sometimes 2=Often 3=Always 1=Use similar language 2=Avoid similar language 7=Not applicable 1=Strongly agree 2=Agree 3=Neither agree nor disagree 4=Disagree 5=Strongly disagree

20 kinsman because s/he will take care of my group. 68 I think it is good to have political parties which are organized along ethnic (racial) lines. 69 Compared to other ordinary Tanzanians, how easy/difficult do you feel it is to have your voice heard by the government? 70 Please tell me... A. Are you or an immediate family member of yours a politician, journalist, or a public official? B. Do you belong to an organization that is politically influential such as a political party or a trade union? 71 How successful/unsuccessful has been the emergence of a Tanzanian nationality? 72 How important is it to for the country s political stability to strengthen the Tanzanian nationality? 73 Would you object if your daughter/sister wanted to marry a person from the mainland? q68 q69 q70a q70b q87 q72 q73 74 Do you agree/disagree with the following statement: 1. I support the unity (power sharing) q74_01 government in Zanzibar. 2. The unity (power sharing) q74_02 government in Zanzibar could become a pillar for stable and fair politics. 3. The unity (power sharing) q74_03 1=Much easier 2=Somewhat easier 3=Same 4=Somewhat more difficult 5=Much more difficult 88=Not applicable 0=No 1=Very successful 2=Somewhat successful 3=Neither successful nor unsuccessful 4=Somewhat unsuccessful 5=Very unsuccessful 1=Very important 2=Somewhat important 3=Neither important nor unimportant 4=Somewhat unimportant 5=Very unimportant 1=No 2=Yes 3=Refused to answer 4=Do not know 1=Strongly agree 2=Agree 3=Neither agree nor disagree 4=Disagree 5=Strongly disagree

21 government in Zanzibar could work better to reduce poverty. 4. Zanzibar should get more autonomy and independence in the future. 75 How could you describe the relationship between Pemba and the Unguja Islands? q74_04 q75 76 How different is Pemba and Unguja Islands in terms of the following: A. the provision of social services q76a B. economic progress and q76b development C. political power q76c 77 Compared to 10 years ago, please describe Pemba and the Unguja Islands economic situation. 1=Close relationship 2=Somewhat close relationship 3=Disconnected 1=Very different 2=Somewhat different 3=They are the same 1=More economic difference 2=Less economic difference 3=Nothing has changed End time endtime (in 24hr format) 78 In what language was the interview conducted? q78 1=English 2=Swahili 3=Other language 79 In what type of shelter did the respondent live? q79 1=Permanent house 2=Wooden house 3=Temporary structure on own plot 4=Flat in block of flats 5=Single room in larger dwelling structure 6=Other (specify) 80 What was the roof material made of? q80 1=Corrugated iron 2=Earth/Sand 3=Wood planks 4=Palm, bamboo 5=Plastic sheets 6=Cement and tiles 7=Other (specify) 81 Were there any other people immediately present who might be listening during the interview? 82 Did the respondent check with others q93 for information to answer any question? Do you think anyone influenced q83_01 0=No q81 1=No one 2=Children only 3=Spouse 4=Small crowd 5=A few others 0=No

22 the respondent s answers during the interview? 83.2 If yes, who influenced? q83_021 1=Sister in low q83_022 q83_023 2=Husband 3=Friend 4=Younger (unspecified) 5=Grandmother 6=Neighbour 7=Mother 8=Son 9=Brother 10=Sister 11=Wife 12=Tenant 13=Nephew 84 How many of the questions do you feel the respondent had difficulty in answering? q84 0=None or a few 1=Less than half 2=About half 3=More than half 4=All or almost all 85 Interviewer: What is your gender? q85 0=Male 1=Female 86 Interviewer: What is your ethnic (racial) group? q86 1=Sukuma 3=Chagga 19=Yao 23=Shirazi 24=Tumbatu 25=Arab 27=Mbondei 29=Mdengereko 37=Mnyiramba 40=Mhehe 57=Mnyasa 87 Interviewer: Do you have any other comments on the interview? q87_01 q87_02 q87_

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