Citation for published version (APA): Stolwijk, S. B. (2017). Who is driving whom: The media, voters and the bandwagon.

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1 UvA-DARE (Digital Academic Repository) Who is driving whom Stolwijk, S.B. Link to publication Citation for published version (APA): Stolwijk, S. B. (2017). Who is driving whom: The media, voters and the bandwagon. General rights It is not permitted to download or to forward/distribute the text or part of it without the consent of the author(s) and/or copyright holder(s), other than for strictly personal, individual use, unless the work is under an open content license (like Creative Commons). Disclaimer/Complaints regulations If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library: or a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible. UvA-DARE is a service provided by the library of the University of Amsterdam ( Download date: 12 Apr 2019

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5 Discussion and Conclusion Hopmann, D. N., Vliegenthart, R., de Vreese, C., & Albæk, E. (2010). Effects of election news coverage: How visibility and tone influence party choice. Political Communication, 27(4), Iacus, S. M., King, G., & Porro, G. (2009). CEM: Software for coarsened exact matching. Journal of Statistical Software, 30(9), Imbens, G. W. (2004). Nonparametric estimation of average treatment effects under exogeneity: A review. Review of Economics and Statistics, 86(1), Imai, K., & Ratkovic, M. (2014). Covariate balancing propensity score. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Statistical Methodology), 76(1), Iyengar, S., Norpoth, H., & Hahn, K. S. (2004). Consumer demand for election news: The horserace sells. Journal of Politics, 66(1), Iyer, A., Webster, J., Hornsey, M. J., & Vanman, E. J. (2014). Understanding the power of the picture: the effect of image content on emotional and political responses to terrorism. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 44(7), DOI: /jasp Jackson, J. E. (1983). Election night reporting and voter turnout. American Journal of Political Science, Jandura, O., & Petersen, T. (2009). Gibt es eine indirekte Wirkung von Wahlumfragen? Publizistik, 54(4), DOI: /s Jennings, W., & Wlezien, C. (2016). The timeline of elections: a comparative perspective. American Journal of Political Science, 60(1), Johnston, C. D., Lavine, H., & Woodson, B. (2015). Emotion and political judgment expectancy violation and affective intelligence. Political Research Quarterly, Published online before print July 27. DOI: / Kaid, L. L., McKinney, M. S., & Tedesco, J. C. (2007). Introduction political information efficacy and young voters. American Behavioral Scientist, 50(9), Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1979). Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica, 47(2), Kayden, X. (1985). Effects of the Present System of Campaign Financing on Special Interest Groups. In G. Grassmuck (Ed.), Before Nomination: Our Primary Problems. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute. Kenney, P. J., & Rice, T. W. (1994). The psychology of political momentum. Political Research Quarterly, 47(4), DOI: / Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. 3rd ed. New York: Guilford Press. Klor, E. F., & Winter, E. (2007). The welfare effects of public opinion polls. International Journal of Game Theory, 35(3), Köcher, R. (1986). Bloodhounds or missionaries: Role definitions of German and British journalists. European Journal of Communication, 1(1), Kriesi, H. (2008). Political mobilisation, political participation and the power of the vote. West European Politics, 31(1-2), Kruikemeier, S. & Shehata, A. (2016). News media use and political engagement among adolescents: An analysis of virtuous circles using panel data, Political Communication. doi: / Kühne, R., Schemer, C., Matthes, J., & Wirth, W. (2011). Affective priming in political campaigns: How campaign-induced emotions prime political opinions. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 23(4), DOI: /ijpor/edr004 Ladd, J. M., & Lenz, G. S. (2008). Reassessing the role of anxiety in vote choice. Political Psychology, 29(2), Lau, R. R., & Redlawsk, D. P. (2001). Advantages and disadvantages of cognitive heuristics in political decision making. American Journal of Political Science, 45(4), Lazarsfeld, P.F., Berelson, B., & Gaudet, H. (1965). The people s choice: How the voter makes up his mind in a Presidential campaign. New York: Columbia University Press. Lee, H., & Kwak, N. (2014). The affect effect of political satire: Sarcastic humor, negative emotions, and political participation. Mass Communication and Society, 17(3), DOI: /

6 Lecheler, S., Schuck, A., & de Vreese, C. (2013). Dealing with feelings: Positive and negative discrete emotions as mediators of news framing effects. Communications - The European Journal of Communication Research, 38(2), pp DOI: /commun Lengauer, G., & Höller, I. (2012). Turning voters on? Effects of news frame exposure on voter mobilization in the 2008 Austrian elections. J Mass Commun Journalism, 2, 137. Lerner, J. S., & Keltner, D. (2001). Fear, anger, and risk. Journal of personality and social psychology, 81(1), 146. DOI: / Levendusky, M. S. (2011). Rethinking the role of political information. Public Opinion Quarterly, 75(1), Lischka, J. A. (2014). Different revenue incentives, different content? Comparing economic news before and during the financial crisis in German public and commercial news outlets over time. European Journal of Communication, 29(5), DOI: / Liu, Y. I., & Eveland, W. P. (2005). Education, need for cognition, and campaign interest as moderators of news effects on political knowledge: An analysis of the knowledge gap. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 82(4), MacKuen, M., Wolak, J., Keele, L., & Marcus, G. E. (2010). Civic engagements: Resolute partisanship or reflective deliberation. American Journal of Political Science, 54(2), DOI: /j x Maier, J., Rittberger, B., & Faas, T. (2016). Debating Europe: Effects of the Eurovision Debate on EU attitudes of young German voters and the moderating role played by political involvement. Politics and Governance, 4(1), Marcus, G. E., MacKuen, M., & Neuman, W. R. (2011). Parsimony and complexity: Developing and testing theories of affective intelligence. Political Psychology, 32(2), DOI: /j x Marcus, G. E., MacKuen, M., Wolak, J., & Keele, L. (2006). The measure and mismeasure of emotion. In D.P. Redlawsk (Ed.), Feeling politics: Emotion in political information processing, New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillan, pp Marcus, G. E., Neuman, W. R., & MacKuen, M. (2000). Affective intelligence and political judgment. University of Chicago Press. Marsh, C. (1985). Back on the bandwagon: The effect of opinion polls on public opinion. British Journal of Political Science, 15(1), Matthews, J. S., Pickup, M., & Cutler, F. (2012). The mediated horserace: Campaign polls and poll reporting. Canadian Journal of political science, 45(02), McDonald, P., Mohebbi, M., & Slatkin, B. (2012). Comparing Google consumer surveys to existing probability and non-probability based internet surveys. Google Whitepaper, retrieved November 28, 2014 from static/consumer_surveys_ whitepaper.pdf. McGowen, E. B., & Palazzolo, D. J. (2014). Momentum and media in the 2012 Republican Presidential nomination. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 44(3), Meffert, M. F., Huber, S., Gschwend, T., & Pappi, F. U. (2011). More than wishful thinking: Causes and consequences of voters electoral expectations about parties and coalitions. Electoral Studies, 30(4), Mehrabian, L. (1998). Effects of poll reports on voter preferences. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28(23), DOI: /j tb01363.x Meyer, P., & Potter, D. (1998). Preelection polls and issue knowledge in the 1996 US presidential election. The Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 3(4), doi: / X Mills, J., Aronson, E., & Robinson, H. (1959). Selectivity in exposure to information. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 59, Möller, J., & de Vreese, C. (2015). Spiral of political learning: The reciprocal relationship of news media use and political knowledge among adolescents. Communication Research, doi: / Möller, J., de Vreese, C., Esser, F., & Kunz, R. (2014). Pathway to political participation: The influence of online and offline news media on Internal efficacy and turnout of first-time voters. American Behavioral Scientist, 58(5), doi: /

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