Review for U.S. History test tomorrow

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1 Review for U.S. History test tomorrow

2 What did President Nixon cover up in 1973? What political party was Nixon affiliated with? Burglary of Democrat National Headquarters : Republican

3 What was the name of the scandal that happened during Nixon s Presidency? Watergate

4 Who was the only president to not be elected president by the people? Gerald Ford

5 How did Nixon leave office? He Resigned

6 Who granted President Nixon a pardon? Gerald Ford

7 What country did President Nixon open economic & diplomatic relations with in 1971? China

8 What as the result of all the bad situations with government, Vietnam war, Watergate, and president s with too much power? Cynicism (changing attitude) toward ALL public officials

9 Roe vs. Wade (1973) was about what controversial issue? Abortion

10 Bakke vs. Univ Ca (1978) was about what controversial issue? Affirmative Action

11 What was the result of Bakke vs. Univ. CA? Schools can consider race as One factor in admission decisions to achieve a diverse student body.

12 What portion of government had a great effect on American life and culture after 1968? Supreme Court

13 What is another word for Affirmative Action? Quota

14 What two countries were involved in the Camp David Accords? Israel and Egypt

15 What U.S. President was responsible for forging peace between two rival countries at Camp David? Jimmy Carter

16 What area had troops withdrawn in the results of the Camp David Accords? Sinai Peninsula

17 Where was a U.S. embassy seized and hostages taken in 1979? Iran

18 What did the U.S. do that infuriated rebels to seize a U.S. embassy in 1979? Allowed the former Shah to enter the U.S. for cancer treatments.

19 What religious group lead the overthrow of the corrupt leader (shah) of Iran? Muslim Ayatollah Khomeini

20 What Carter era act placed a tax on gas-guzzling cars and tax credits for developers of alternative energy? National Energy Act

21 What theory had a reduction in size and influence of government to encourage private investment, reduction in taxes, and reduction in government spending? Supply side Economics

22 What was the nickname given to Reagan s increased defense spending? Star Wars

23 What was the proposal that President Reagan had for defending the U.S. from enemy missiles (satellites shooting them down)? Strategic Defense Initiative?

24 What country began implementing openness and restructuring of their society during the Reagan Administration? USSR

25 What president was in office when the cold war ended? Reagan

26 What group was in Nicaragua that fought against Communists sympathizing leadership? Contras

27 What did President Reagan s staff do in Nicaragua that led to an investigation? Sent profits from arms sales to Contras in Nicaragua

28 In 1986, it was revealed that President Reagan approved for promise of hostage release? Sale of arms to Iran

29 What are the three reforms that were sought by President Bill Clinton? 1. Health Care 2. Balanced Budget 3. Welfare

30 What two terrorist events happened during President Clinton s Era as President? 1993 Bombing of the World Trade Center 1995 Bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal Building

31 What removed trade and investment barriers among U.S., Mexico, and Canada? North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

32 What was Bill Clinton charged with in his impeachment proceedings? Perjury and Obstruction of justice

33 What amount of majority does the Senate need to convict in an impeachment proceeding? Did they reach this in 1999? 2/3: No

34 Who were the two candidates in the 2000 presidential election? Al Gore and George W. Bush

35 What state was there a controversy centered on the Presidential Election of 2000? Florida

36 What played a major role in this election (25) in this situation in 2000? Electoral College

37 What body made the final decision (5-4) on awarding the winner by ending the recounts? Supreme Court

38 What two areas were hit by airplanes on September 11, 2001? World Trade Center- NYC Pentagon- Washington DC Missed- Pennsylvania (plane brought down by passengers)

39 What is the name of the man (and his group) that claimed responsibility to the events of 911? Osama Bin Laden Al-Qaeda

40 What group is/ was harboring terrorist s in Afghanistan? When is the war in Afghanistan scheduled to end? Taliban; 2014

41 What man was accused of manufacturing WMD s (weapons of mass destruction) in Iraq? Saddam Hussein

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