1. This was Russia's first elected assembly

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1 Russian Revolution Exam Choose the letter of the term or name that matches the description. soviet b. Nicholas II Bloody Sunday b. Duma Bolsheviks Ruso-Japanese War pogrom Mensheviks e. Trans-Siberian railway Rasputin e. Leon Trotsky provisional government e. Karl Marx World War I b. March Revolution (1917) V.I.Lenin b. Alexander Kerensky New Economic Policy (NEP) 1. This was Russia's first elected assembly 2. He was the last Romanov Czar of Russi 3. He was the leader of the Bolshevik party 4. This was overthrown by the Bolshevik Revolution. 5. This type of organized violence against Jews was encouraged by Alexander II. 6. This man's influence on Czarina Alexandra led a group of Russian nobles to murder him. 7. For Russia, this ended with the signing of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. 8. This was an influential council of workers, peasants and soldiers which Formed in every major Russian city. 9. After successfully leading the Red Army in the Civil War} he lost a power struggle to replace Lenin and was forced into exile and later assassinate 10. He headed the provisional government in Russia after the March Revolution but was only in power for less than a year,

2 Russian Revolution Exam 11. Under Stalin's "Command Economy" system, all economic decisions were made by government officials alone b. gov't. officials and workers members of the social realist movement local soviets composed of peasants, workers and soldiers 12. All of the following were stressed by "social realism" EXCEPT the value of hard work b. the glory of Communism the achievements of Stalin the worth of the individual 13. Under Russia's provisional government, Soviet's were labor unions b. local leadership councils revolutionary leaders plans for redistributing land 14. All of the following occurred during the rule of Nicholas II EXCEPT Russo-Japanese War b. Bolshevik Revolution creation of the first Duma Trans-Siberian railroad 15. The Soviet Union was transformed into a Totalitarian state by V.I.Lenin b. Serge Witte Joseph Stalin Leon Trotsky 16. The purpose of the Soviet Unions {IS Year Plans" were to promote foreign policy b.political reform social restructuring economic development 17. Under Stalin, the Soviet government persecuted everybody EXCEPT Jews b. atheists Kulaks Roman; Catholics 18. Why did Kerensky and the provisional government lose support in 1917? the kept Russia in WWI b. they started the Civil War the Bolsheviks promised a better life and free bread all of the above.

3 'q 0 What is a government that td takes total, centralized, state control over every aspect of public and private a, Oligarchy b, Monarchy c, Totalitarian d, Autocmcy Which of the following does not characterize a totalitarian state? a, Police terror b, Indoctrination c, Religious toleration d, Propaganda and censorship 1 ~ What was Stalin's campaign of v' terror against his real and perceived political enemies) a, The Reign of Terror b, The Great Purges c, The Killing Fields d, The Holocaust II What two individuals struggled for power following the death of Lenin? a, Zinovlev and Stalin b, Kamenev and Zinoviev Trotsky and Stalin d, TrotSky and Bukarin In 1928, the New Economic Policy was ended and an attempt to industrialize RUSSia first by impementing the a, Stimulus packages b, 5 Year Plans c, Peristroika initiatives d, Glasnost initiatives 2<1 Who were the prosperous farmers that attempted to resist the communist government's takeover of land) 0, Serfs b, Kulaks c, Boyars d, Junkers 2) The process that resulted in a massive takeover of the countryside leading to government run farms was called a, Socialization b, Collectivization Enclosure d, Rural i za tion ZU The government takeover of the countryside by the communists during the Russian Revolution a, Led to widespread famine b, Led to the deaths of millions Was initiated by Stalin d, AI' of the above Joseph Stalin advocated strugge With Trotsky in his Ideological a, International Revolution b, Socialism in One country c, Peristroika d, Glasnost " 2'0 What benefits did Stalin's rule bring to women) a, women had equal rights b, education improved c, women got Jobs they had never d had before all of the above

4 )'7 Which war led to Russian demonstrations that resulted in "Bloody Sunday"? a, Russo-Japanese War b, World War I November Revolution d, Civil War :;;C' What did Czar Nicholas II agree to do after "Bloody Sunday"? start the Duma b. step down as Czar go to England allow the Bolsheviks to rule c";; ~,:) I Who were the Bolsheviks? a revolutionary group, led by Marx b. a revolutionary group, led by Lenin that was influenced by the writings of Marx the Czar's secret police that was responsible for massacres White Russians How did World War I lead to the downfall of Czar Nicolas? recur'rlng defeats In battle b. low troop morale food shortages all of the above 33. What did the "pogroms" of 19 th century Russia do? killed all of the Kulaks b. asked for aid from foreign powers violently persecuted the Jews created a Communist council ~'1 9' b, d,,., b. -5ip b. S::r b is b. Which group of revolutionary Russian Marxists took control in November 1917? the Allies the Duma the Bolsheviks the Totalitarians What was the outcome of the civil war? capitalism Bolsheviks won Lenin died Freedom of speech In the Russian Civil War, the White Russians were helped by the Allies. the Menshoviks. the Bolsheviks. the Germans and Austrians. The New Economic Policy Lenin introduced was designed to budd the Russian ec:onomy. prepare Russia for war. create money for the Czar. All of the above. Lenin's New Economic Policy included all of the following provisions except: peasants were allowed to sell their surplus (extra) crops the government sold the banks to French businessmen to raise money small factories were allowed to be operated privately the government encouraged foreign Investment

5 39. Stalin's "Great Purge" from 1934 to 1939 (0) eliminated the army's dominance in state decisions. (b) expanded Soviet agriculture at the expense of industry. (c) brought about the death of millions of people. (d) replaced agricultural workers with technology. (a) (b) (c) (d) When Lenin and the Bolsheviks took aver Russia they signed the Treaty of 8rest-Litovsk, which accepted Germany's surrender. withdrew Russia from WWI. granted the Czar his life. gave land to Japan. i~d In the struggle to gain control of the Soviet Union in the 1920s, Stalin's chief political rival was (0) Kerensky. (b) Bukharin. (c) Romanov. (d) Trotsky..tf t Lenin hoped that the Russian Revolution would (0) inspire Russians to continue fighting WWI. (b) incite similar socialist rebellions throughout Europe. (c) persuade the combatants in Europe to sign an armistice. (d) counter U.s. military presence in Eastern Europe..,t7 How did the Cheka help Lenin ~ :,... gain control of Russia? (a) infiltrated the Czar's army (b) redistributed of land (c) used terror tactics against the enemies of Bolshevism (d) negotiated peace with Germany

6 Short Answer (5 points) Choose ONE of the two questions to answer according to the prompt. Please be clear in your opinion and information presente Remember to read the question carefullv pi'ior to answering, Questioni11 To create his totalitarian state, Josef Stalin had to control the Industrial, Agricultural, Artistic and Educational areas of society. Identify at least one action he took to cantr each area and ex81ain why it was effective. Question #2 WhV did the Bols'levik Revo!ution in October 17. succeed at creating in Russia when other attempts at change and reform, sue;' as the Protest or 1905 and The March Revolution of 1917 failed

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