ANTHROPOLOGY, HISTORY. Charles TilQ. University of Michigan. March 1978

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ANTHROPOLOGY, HISTORY. Charles TilQ. University of Michigan. March 1978"

Transcription

1 ... ANTHROPOLOGY, HISTORY AND THE ANNALES Charles TilQ University of Michigan March CRSO Working Paper //I73 Copies available through: Center for Research on Social Organization University of Michigan 330 Packard Street Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

2 At first glance, antl~ropologints and liistorlans secm to have hccn made for each other. likely to thrive. Their romance was bound to occur. onc might think, and Aftcr all, both nnll~ropologlsts and liintorlnns tcnd to be fastidiotis aho~~t the particular, cvcn wlicn tlicy are hoping ro gencrnl lzc. Antliropologlsts and historians Prcqucntly hold 18p as nn ideal the form of ANTHROPOLOW, IIISTORY AND THE ANNALES analysis which Cltfford Ceertz, followlng Gilhcrt Rylc. calls "thick dcscrip- tion": the grnsplng and rendering of "... n multipllclty of complex con- ceptual structures, mnny of them sllpcrimposcd upon or knot~cd Into one nn- other, which are at once strange, irrcgr~lar, nnd 111rxpllclt... " (Cccrtz 1973: 10). Jn short, the interpretation of cr11 tures. That concern sets anthropologists nnd IiisLorinns off from mnsl ccono- mists, sociologtsts and other social nclentists. Etl~nogrophic 'ield wnrk resembles the historian's archlval research more than it docs the soclolo- gist's survey design or the economtst's natil~nal income accounting. The Pago-Pago Principlc (as Arnold Feldman once cnllcd it) t~nilcn tl~cm: Wl~cncvcr Charles Ti1l.y University OF Michigan October some social scientist hnzards a world-wide ~cnernlizntlon abot~t economlc dc- velopment or changing fertjlity pnttcrns, reported I'cldman, back row stands t~p and says. "But not In I'ngo-Pagol" somconc in the 'Tl~at somconc Is I lkcly to be an historian or an anthropologist. On closer inspection, we can dlscovcr posslhlc grounds for disscnnion between the inamorati. Ilintorians Lcncl to be cspccinlly concernml nhot~t fix- ing human actions in time, while hclng less cnnccrncd - o r amhlvnlcnl - about fixing them in space. In n gencrnllzntlon nhnr~t ciglitccnli~-ccnl~y America, an historian must be very t:nrcft~l to plrlcc Ll~c st:itcmcnt (nnd Its

3 doc~~mcntation) before, durine or after 1776; if information from Roston is not available, however, information from Providence or Hartford may well do turn has been especially visible among l~istoria~~s who liave wanted to build a rigorous. autonomous social history. a social history wl~ich was not a simple tl~e job. Anthropologists, on the other band, tend to be much attached to appendage to political or intellcclt~al history. Illstorla~~s of famlly struc- place, and somewhat more relaxed about fixing human actions in time. The ture. of popular movements, of peasant lifc and OF similar ~oplcs have "nntl~ropologicnl present" for a given village may well span a generation. Illstorinns tend to be hesitant or hostile when it comes to the use of cate- reached Loward anthropology for insights, metl~ods and cxptnnntions. Thc pat11 from social hlstory to anthropology 11:1s ~encrnl ly been in- gories which were not part of the period's own conceptual apparatus - for direct. No doubt the most important singlc innovation in the social history example, the application of the vocabulary of class to an era before the of the Last few decades was the widespread adoptlon of one form nr another mergence of that vocabulary. Anthropologists quite regi~larly apply analyt- of collective biography: the systematic accumulntlon of mr~lplple lifc his- lc frnmeworks which would be unfamiliar, incomprehensible, or even offen- tories, or fragments of life histories, in order to eggregale Lhcm Inln a sive, to the objects of their study: formal models of kinship, tracings of portrayal of the experience of the population as a wl~ole. lllstorlans of interpersonal influence, and so on. The historjan's greater anxiety about class structure have looked at the occ~~pationnl lives of hundreds of people situating Irumnn nffairs in time co11ld very well be the basis of serious mis- understanding and disagreemen t wilh anthropologists. in one city or another, then compounded tl~em Into rates of occ~~pntlonal mo- bility by class of origin, by rellginn, by race, by natlonnl background. by As the specialists in time, historians have more than one way of root- locality or by some other criterion. Demographic historians have brought ing their analyses in tlme. Let us consider only two alternatives: first, together multiple observations of Lndivldr~nl persons and events from I:cnstlses the simple attnclmcnt of each action to a particular time: second, the de- or vital records, linked the records together, and then r~sed the linked liberate analysis of change over time. In the first case, we carcfr~lly records to examine variations in fertility, morlnlity and nuptlallty. Ills- situate American reactions to Britain in 1765 before or after Britain's ef- forte to impose the Stamp Act, and rule out evjdence from after the Stamp Act repeal of 1766 as a tainted guide to American orientations in the pre- ~orians of popular movements have col l ected information about Ind lvldual participants, connected the vario~~q scraps of evidence conccrnlng the same indivicll~als with each other, then drawn from the connected scraps an anal yais vious year. In the second case, we purposefully reconstruct the process by of the movement's social composition. which American opposition to Britain crystallized, and tl~en developed into a In these and many other appl icatlons of col lcctivc hlogrnphy. the revolr~tionary clullenge. The second is more complex than the first, be- point is to move beyond the general Impresslrm or the wcl 1-cl~os~n cxnmple cause it includes the first, and adds the problem of establishing ca~~sal sequences. Ilistorians doing both the simple and thc complex rooting of analyses witl~out losing the ability to talk about what I~appened to the pvpulation as a whole. Although the approach of collect lvc hlogrnphy 1s not n~?ccssnrily incompatible with the usual procedures rif :~ntl~ropolo~lsts, Its Ioglc I~as in time liave recently turned to anthropology for idcas and approacllcs. The

4 - 5 - much more in common with the routlnes of demographers and sociolo~ists. In itself, then. we might have expected the adoption of collective hlography to draw l~intoriar~s nwny from anthropology rather than toward it. It is the IimiLs of collective biography as a source of satlsfylng s- planatlons of social action wl~ich have often driven historians toward a11111ro- pology. Take demograpl~ic Illstory as an example. The collective biography of vital events and population characteristics is a powerful way to rule out The socialist historians who began to thrive toward World War T (.Ic~II, Juarbs and Albert Mathiez are examples) added substance LO the nnalyals of popular movements. hut still worked malnly from the top down. Illstory from below becamc a general and influential modcl for the study or polrular protest and collective actjon with the work of Gcorgcs Lcfrl~vre from the 1920s onward; Lefebvre's Paysans du Nord made it clear that. t11c materials cxls~cd for a rich portrayal of routine social lifc and of ordinary people In somc- bad explanations. If it turns out, for example, that the chief difference thing like their own terms, nod for the linkl~ig of that portrayal WILII Rcller- bctwccr~ periods of rapid growth and of stagnation in the development of a particular clty is the rate at wl~ich migrants come and go, then any explana- tion of the city's growth nnd stagnation in terms of the resident population's al accounts of the French Revolution mid other majoc pollttcal cl~nngcs. In the 1950s, collective biography strict0 scnsu entered thc sccl~c wit11 Albert Soboul's reconstruction of the lifc and composltioii of Pnrlslan working- vigor is at least seriously incomplete. Yet the strength of colleclive biog- class neigl~borhoods during the early Revolutlon; RJcl~ard Cubh's treatment of raphy 1s not in supplying alternative explanations, but in specifying what is the revolutionary militias, George RudB's analyses of Llie participants ~ I I to be explnined. Historians who have specified what is to be explained via major revolutior~ary journ6es. and many other stud lcs along the same 1 inc ce- collectlve biography often find themselves turning to explanations stressing the immedtatc setting and organization of everyday life, or relying on some- mented the joint between collective biogmpl~y and French rcvolnllonary history. thing vaguely called "culture". That moves them back toward anthropology. Yet these authors and thclr successors soon discovcrcd Ll~c I lmlls of The evolution shows up clearly in the study of popular protest and collective biography: collective biogrnpl~y told them who was there and some- collectlve action. Let us stick to France, partly because the French and thing about how those who were there behaved, but collcctivc blogrnphy did frnncopl~iles l~ave ploneered in such studies, partly because this symposium not in itself provide compelling expl:~nations of the bel~avlor. 1n tl~c 1960s is trainlng attention on a great French historical school. Until early in and 1970s the successors turned increasingly Lo antliropology as a source of the twentieth century, the standard French approach to popular protest and explanatlono, insights and methods. Two broadly antl~ropologlcal styles of collcctive action was to infer the attitudes of ordln;~ry people - "the mob" to autl~ors on the right, "the people" to authors on the left - from general prlnclples or from the pronorlnccmcnts of spokesmen, self-appointed or othcr- work became prominent in the study of pop111ar protest a~ld collcctivc action. The flrst was the close analysis of Lhc cult~~ral m;~tcri:~ltr used or produce11 by historlcal actors: songs, sayings, iconography, forms nf rctrihullon, and wise, of ordinnry people. The attitudes then provided the explanations of so on. The second we might call "re~ros~ectivc etl~nr~grapl~~", tllr effort to collcctivc nctlot~. Michelet, despite his greater cntl~ustasm for The People, was no more sophisticated than Tnine in this regard. reconstitute a round of life from the best hlstorlcnl cqulvnlcnts of Llle cth- nograpller's observations, then to IISC the rcconstilu~cd routld of Life 11s n

5 context for the explanation of colleclive action. In America, Natalie Zemon structures as a means to the explanation of collectlve nctlon, n number of Dz~vis' sensitive portrayals of sixteenth-century French conflicts illustrate Freuch historiar~s have taken them up as worthy enterprises ln their owl that effort to give an anthropological tone to historical analysis. In right. Tlie lives of peasants and artisans, in pnrtlculnr, lmvc come In for France itself, Maurice Agr~lhon's treatments of nineteenth-century socia- anthropological scrutiny. Some of the inspirat loti f lowed cl trect 1 y from bil.ity and symbolism illustrate the richest outcomes of the anthropological Fecnand Braudel's program of Total History. One of the most I~nprcsslvc approacl~. In nlmost none of this work was the influence of academic aotliropology and influential examples is Emmnnucl Le Roy Ladnrie's vasl 1,ortralt nf the peasants of Languedoc from the fourteenth through tlie ei~htccntl~ centuries. very formal or very intrusive. The work nevertheless deserves to be called It follows the program of Totnl History in synthesizing observations on antl~ropological because, as compared with previous historical work, it stresses the reconstruction of a round of life bnd a body of meanings from climate, land forms, demographic changes, prices, ngricultl~rnl techt~ology. religious beliefs, popular movements and power s~ructures. It follows the the perspective of a participant observer on the ground. It also relies on lead of collective biography in building much of the annlysls on n masslvc the borrowing of insights from other ethnogrnphics, both historical and parcel-by-parcel reconslruction of the IISCU and ownership of the land over contemporary. That is where the Annales and its collaborators come in. Unti.1 the the centuries. dimensional. The resulting organization of the book is powerfully twn- The collective biography of tlie land provldes Lllc flrst di , popi~lnr protest and collective action occupied a very modest place in t11e pages of the Annales, and the historians most closely associated mension, the flucluations of prices, prodllction and popul:~tlon Ll~c second. In the squares of the two-dimensional grld 1.e Roy Laclurlc inserts with the Annnles played no more than a secondary role in such developments his retrospective ethnography. Otie stunning example Is his rcconslruction nn the introduction of collective biography into studies of the French Rev- of the 1580 Mardi Cras festivities io Romns, a smnll city near the ~l~&ic olution. But in the 1960s the increasingly catholic Annalcs became an im- south of Lyon. There, in a time of famlne, artisans and peasants "danced portnnt vchicl.e for studies of popular protest and collective action. That their revolt in tlie streets of the clty" before putting it Into opcrntion. was cspcclolly true of anthropologically-tinged studies of the subject. Jean Serve, a popular local. leader, donned a bearskin, placed hlmnclf on the The work of the American Natalie Davis and of the English E.P. Thompson first consular throne, declared price controls, and Led n series of 11lznrre ccrc- becnmc widely known to French audiences through the pages of the Annales. monial denunciations of the rich of Romans. The events liave come to be There was plenty of room for their French counterparts: Mona Ozouf, Michcl known as tlie Carnival of Romans. Tl~e rich struck back, mnrdcrtny, Serve nnd Vovelle nnd many others all found their places in the journal. The Annales, many of his companions. "Thus cndccl the Carnival of Romans," wrltes 1.c Roy it seems, helped promote this recent convergence of anthropology and history. Ladurie, "a failed attempt to invert the social ordcr: cverytl~infi wns put The people of the Annales helped in other ways as well. Instead of back in its proper place, and the domlnnnt classes, at bny for n wl~llc. employing retrospective ethnography and the sllstaioed analysis of symbolic landed back on their feet. To confirm that rctur~l to gond ordcr, the judges

6 had the effigy of Jean Serve, the rebel chief, hanged upside down, feet in inhabitants. The group had flxed on Ploz6vct, among other reasons, bc- the air and hcnd down" (LC Roy Ladurie 1966: I, 397). Small wonder that cause the recurrence of a genetically-based deformity (a diaplnced hip) s~~g- LC Roy Ladurie's reconstruction of the Carnival gave rise to a much-watched gested an endogamous genetic isolate. Originally, the team had cxcludcd televlsion drnmatizntion. HLs ahalysis exemplifies the application of history and historians from the inqulry. As the p~ojcct'wore on. Ll~cy re- Gccrtz' thick description to the distant past. cruited the historian Burguibre to write the general report of tl,clr find- A number of French historians have rollowed Le Roy Ladurie's lead, and others have arrived more or less independently at the same project of ings. Bretons de PlozBvet is the result. BurgulBre's assignment had three parts: flrst, to wr1t.c the 11Ist(1ry integrating ethnography into history. Eugen Weber's widely-praised Peasants -- lnto Frenclunen uses the local chroniclers, commentators and folklorists of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as proxy ethnographers. Michel of the research project; second, to sum up nnd (whcrc posslhlc) to lntcernte the project's biversc findings; thlrd, to write the I~istory of ~loz6vct as a context for interpretation of the flndlngs. Ile found ft easier to do the Vovelle and Yves Castan have undertaken the close inspection of routine third than the second, easier to do the second than the flrst. Tl~e book he written materials and iconography for their symbolic content, and for the produced is full of valuable juxtapositions and insights. For examplc, we light they shed on the systems of meanings within which people lived out learn something important about the constant crcntlon and re-crention of their lives. Many other varieties of a broadly anthropological approach "tradition" in discovering that the great decorative coiffcs worn on the to historical subject matter have appeared in the last decade. Much of heads of Breton women were essentially n product of Lhc later nineleenth that work has been initiated, inspired, publicized or actually done by century. Burguibre raises important doubts ns to whetllcr the vill:~gc as historians closely associated with the Annales. I.et us consider just two samples of first-retrospective ethnography which have come from the milieu of the Annales: The first is ~ndr4? Burguihrc's Bretons de PlozBvet, the second Emmanucl Le Roy Ladurie's &- such played, or plays, a fundamental role in locnl endogamy or, by cxtcn- sion, in a variety of other soclal relations. But the point here is not to revlcw the varied res~~lts of the Inquiry. The lmportant thing for present purposes in the dlff ic111 ty Burgulbrc had In taillou, village occitan. Tn different ways, both books illustrate the devising an analytic framework which would be nt once adcq~~arc to the ~rlb- strengths nnd the limits of the recent alliance between history and anthro- ject matter, consistent with the objectlvcs of the lion-hlatorlnnn on the pology. project. and faithful to his I~lstorlcal calling. Burg111h1-c devotes some ~ndre Burguibre received one of the most flattering and challenging thoughtft~l. pages to that confrontation. Ilc points out the prcrl,l.cm of inte- nssignments a historian has received in some time. In 1962, a team of grating an inquiry which began orientcd to the idea thr~t the ulttmate and gcnctici.sts. anthropologists, demogrnphcrs, sociologists and other observ- constraining reality was jndividt~al and biologlcnl, which st1011 brrrugl~l i11 ers had descended on a Breton vlllagc. The vil.lap,e was Pl.oz6vet: the researchers who were convlnced that socl:~l structures 11:ld thclr owl 111s- famous Plod6met of Edgar Morln's Commune en France. It had nbout 3,800 tortes and consequer~ces, and which fixed Its attention on tl~osc aspects or

7 social reality which could be observed and measured directly. Burguihre gives the lie to the historians' frequent complnlnt that their sorlrccs do searched for an all-encompassing temporal framework, hut fillally settled for an old, effective historical device: he organized his account around tlie vi- not permit Ll~mn Lo reconstruct the vulgar details of everyday existence. The works of Le Roy Ladurie and of RurgcliEre give 11s envlnblc models cissltudes of the polltical elite, snd especially around the fate of a single. for the integration of historical and antl~ropologlcal conccrns. Yet they lnflucntlal family, the Le Balls. Thus in order to integrate his retrospec- do not really illustrate the convergence of history and ant1,ropology. Nor tive ethnography he had to reach outside the ethnographic framework. Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie's Montaillou remains more completely within the confines of retrospective ethnography, at the cost of ending up witllovt a do they display any major contribution of hlstorlans, or of the hlstorlnns most closely associated with the Annales, to the prnclicc of anll~ropology. The discipline of anthropology is far broader ellan etllnogrnpl~y. Tndeecl, general analytic framework. Lest those words sound deprecating, let nle say important segments of the profession consjder tlie standard forms of partlcl- at once that the book is a joy and a revelation. Montaillou, a small vil- pant observation to be relics of the past. Much of the current octlon in lage in the Pyrenees, was a hotbed of heresy in the late thirteenth century, anthropology conccrns the formal analysis of symbolic strrlcttlres. the 1111man- and the object of a searching inquiry by the Inquisition in the 1320s. The ization of hiology and ecology, the dcvclopmcnt of cvotutlnnnry models, tl~c i~~q~~isitor, the clever and persistent bishop Jacques Fournier, left bchlnd a transcript of his inquest which is full of direct qt~otations from his in- rigorous treatment of kinship, demography and household struct~~re. A l l these anthropological concerns have, to be sure, left traces In the pages of terviews with the villagers. the Annales. But they sre for the most part altcrnntlvcs to ctl~nogrnphy. What a source1 nographic field notes. 1.e Roy Lndurit treats it as a voluminous set of eth- llc adopts a simple and relatively conventional out- not additions to it. The portion of anthropology wlth wl~tch French and francophile historians have worked most effectively is only a small part of line for the report of findings: "ecology" "archeology" (that is, social relations). (that is, social geography), then Within the two major sections, the field, and in some regards a backwater. Furthermore, the influence of historical work - including thal of we find chapters on standard ethnograpl~ic topics: sexuality, courtship, the Annales - on anthropological practice has been sllght. Few anthropol- marriage. life-cycles, gathering places, Forms of solidarity, and so on. Le Roy Laclurie hrings the material into brilliant light by embedding chunks ogists know much history. fewer know much ahout I~lstoricnl research, and fewer still employ the historian's models, matcrl;~ls or inslgl~ts In thdr of the transcript in his text, by ingenious portrayals of the village's own work. The flow of influence between a~~tllropology and I~istory, ns principal characters (including tlie sexual adventures of the local priest, practicing disciplines, has been largely one-way. Under these circumstances, Pierre Clergue), by punctuating the description with unexpected but often to speak of convergence between the fields is an exa.qgeration. 'I'o speak OF revelatory references to distant times and cultures, by an agile play OF the influence of the Annales on this particular branch of Llie social scf- hypothesis, inference and speculation. The result may well be our most com- ences is wishful thinking. prchensive account of the daily life of a medleval village. Le Roy Ladurie

8 References Maurice Agul.hon 1966 Penitents ct francs-maqons de l'ancienne Provence. Paris: Yves-Marie Bcrcf Foyard Fete et rhvolte. Dcs mentaliths populaircs du XVIe nu XVIIIe hndr6 Burgu thrc Yvcs Castnn Ricliard Cobb sihcle. Paris: Hachette Bretons de Plozkvet. Paris: Flammarion Honni3tet6 et relations sociales en Languedoc ( ). Paris: Plon Les armfes rbvolutionnaires, instrument de la Terreur dans 1963 les dkpartements. Paris: Mouton. 2 vols. Notolie Zemon Davis 1975 Soclety and Culture in Early Modern France. Stanford: Clnudc Ga lgnebet StanEord Unlversity Press "Le combat de Carnaval et de Carsme de P. Bruegel (1559)", Annsles; Economies, Socj6tibs, Civilisations, 27: Emmanuel 1,e Roy Ladurie 1966 I.es paysans de Languedoc. Paris: SEWEN. 2 vols Montaillou, village occltnn, dc 1294?I Pz~rls: Collimard. Mona Ozouf 1971 "Le corthge et la ville. Les 1Linfratres pnrislcns dcs fetes rhvolutionnaircs", Annalcs; Economics, Soci6Lfs. Civilisations, 26: George Rudh 1959 The Crowd in tlic French Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Albert Soboul 1958 Les sans-culottes paris icns cn l'an IT. La Roclic-sur-Yon : Potlet. E.P. Thompson 1972 "'Rough Music': Le Charival-1 anglals", Antialcs; Economics. Socl&ths, Civilisations, 27: Michel Vovelle 1976 Les mhtamorpl~oses de la fete en Provencc dc 1750 $ Paris: AubierlFlammarion. Clifford Gccrtz 1973 The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books. Ceorgcs Lefcbvre 1924 Les Pnysans du Nord pendant la R6volution franqaise. Li1l.e: Robbe Etudes orlqanalses. Paris: Commjssion d'llistoire Economique 1963 et Sociale de la RQvolutlon. 2 vols.

Fernand Braudel and the Annales School David Moon

Fernand Braudel and the Annales School David Moon Fernand Braudel and the Annales School David Moon Introduction The Annales school of historians emerged in France in the late 1920s around a journal entitled Annales d'histoire economique et sociale (which

More information

History/Social Science Standards (ISBE) Section Social Science A Common Core of Standards 1

History/Social Science Standards (ISBE) Section Social Science A Common Core of Standards 1 History/Social Science Standards (ISBE) Section 27.200 Social Science A Common Core of Standards 1 All social science teachers shall be required to demonstrate competence in the common core of social science

More information

The Save Our History Educator s Manual

The Save Our History Educator s Manual The Save Our History Educator s Manual Curriculum Links to State History and Social Studies Standards in Louisiana The Save Our History lesson plans and activities focusing on The American Revolution and

More information

1. Students access, synthesize, and evaluate information to communicate and apply Social Studies knowledge to Time, Continuity, and Change

1. Students access, synthesize, and evaluate information to communicate and apply Social Studies knowledge to Time, Continuity, and Change COURSE: MODERN WORLD HISTORY UNITS OF CREDIT: One Year (Elective) PREREQUISITES: None GRADE LEVELS: 9, 10, 11, and 12 COURSE OVERVIEW: In this course, students examine major turning points in the shaping

More information

NOTES ON HISTORY FROM BELOW. Billie Pritchett GR05655: Historical Theory 26 May 2016

NOTES ON HISTORY FROM BELOW. Billie Pritchett GR05655: Historical Theory 26 May 2016 Pritchett 1 NOTES ON HISTORY FROM BELOW Billie Pritchett GR05655: Historical Theory 26 May 2016 Notes on Jim Sharpe, 1 History from Below, in New Perspectives on Historical Writing, Second Edition, edited

More information

Part. What is Sociology?

Part. What is Sociology? Part 1 What is Sociology? Sociology is an engrossing subject because it concerns our own lives as human beings. All humans are social we could not develop as children, or exist as adults, without having

More information

INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT 196 Rosemount-Apple Valley-Eagan Public Schools Educating our students to reach their full potential

INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT 196 Rosemount-Apple Valley-Eagan Public Schools Educating our students to reach their full potential INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT 196 Rosemount-Apple Valley-Eagan Public Schools Educating our students to reach their full potential Series Number 619 Adopted November 1990 Revised June 2013 Title K-12 Social

More information

Sociology. Sociology 1

Sociology. Sociology 1 Sociology Broadly speaking, sociologists study social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. Sociology majors acquire a broad knowledge of the social structural

More information

The Save Our History Educator s Manual

The Save Our History Educator s Manual The Save Our History Educator s Manual Curriculum Links to State History and Social Studies Standards in Alabama The Save Our History lesson plans and activities focusing on The American Revolution and

More information

Foreword. David L. Featherman. Director of the Institute for Social Research

Foreword. David L. Featherman. Director of the Institute for Social Research David L. Featherman Director of the Institute for Social Research Survey research, based on ever more precise samples of populations, measurements of concepts, and methods of mental interrogation, is little

More information

Dublin City Schools Social Studies Graded Course of Study Modern World History

Dublin City Schools Social Studies Graded Course of Study Modern World History K-12 Social Studies Vision Dublin City Schools Social Studies Graded Course of Study The Dublin City Schools K-12 Social Studies Education will provide many learning opportunities that will help students

More information

Understanding institutions

Understanding institutions by Daron Acemoglu Understanding institutions Daron Acemoglu delivered the 2004 Lionel Robbins Memorial Lectures at the LSE in February. His theme was that understanding the differences in the formal and

More information

Ordering Power: Contentious Politics and Authoritarian Leviathans in Southeast Asia

Ordering Power: Contentious Politics and Authoritarian Leviathans in Southeast Asia Ordering Power: Contentious Politics and Authoritarian Leviathans in Southeast Asia Review by ARUN R. SWAMY Ordering Power: Contentious Politics and Authoritarian Leviathans in Southeast Asia by Dan Slater.

More information

A Correlation of Prentice Hall World History Survey Edition 2014 To the New York State Social Studies Framework Grade 10

A Correlation of Prentice Hall World History Survey Edition 2014 To the New York State Social Studies Framework Grade 10 A Correlation of Prentice Hall World History Survey Edition 2014 To the Grade 10 , Grades 9-10 Introduction This document demonstrates how,, meets the, Grade 10. Correlation page references are Student

More information

GRADE 8 United States History Growth and Development (to 1877)

GRADE 8 United States History Growth and Development (to 1877) GRADE 8 United States History Growth and Development (to 1877) Course 0470-08 In Grade 8, students focus upon United States history, beginning with a brief review of early history, including the Revolution

More information

POPULATION D YN A M IC S: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF WORLD DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE

POPULATION D YN A M IC S: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF WORLD DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE BOOK REVIEWS POPULATION D YN A M IC S: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF WORLD DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE RALPH THOMLINSON New York, Random House, 1965, 576 pp., $8.50. There should always be room for another elementary

More information

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM FIELD 114 SOCIAL SCIENCE: HISTORY November 2003 Illinois Licensure Testing System FIELD 114 SOCIAL SCIENCE: HISTORY November 2003 Subarea Range of Objectives I. Social

More information

CAMBRIDGE IELTS 4 - TEST 4 - READING

CAMBRIDGE IELTS 4 - TEST 4 - READING READING PASSAGE 1 CAMBRIDGE IELTS 4 - TEST 4 - READING Question 1-6: 1. TRUE (para 1, first 5 lines: Since the early years of the twentieth century, when the International Athletic Federation began keeping

More information

Colorado 21 st Century Skills

Colorado 21 st Century Skills Curriculum Development Course at a Glance Planning For 5 th Grade Social Studies Content Area Social Studies Grade Level 5 th Grade Course Name/Course Code Standard Grade Level Expectations (GLE) GLE Code

More information

Small Change: Money, Political Parties, and Campaign Finance Reform Raymond J. La Raja Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2008, 304 pp.

Small Change: Money, Political Parties, and Campaign Finance Reform Raymond J. La Raja Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2008, 304 pp. union. The British Empire met the OCA criteria far better than does Chimerica. It is not surprising to Ferguson, therefore, that there is currently a severe economic crisis in the world that stemmed from

More information

Global Inequality: A New Approach For The Age Of Globalization PDF

Global Inequality: A New Approach For The Age Of Globalization PDF Global Inequality: A New Approach For The Age Of Globalization PDF One of the worldâ s leading economists of inequality, Branko Milanovic presents a bold new account of the dynamics that drive inequality

More information

PURPOSE AND FRAMEWORK FOR D39 SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM

PURPOSE AND FRAMEWORK FOR D39 SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM Wilmette Public Schools Grade 7 Social Studies (2014 Review) What is the story a seventh grader is able to tell by the end of the year? The purpose of our system of government is to balance the interest

More information

DGE 1 EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 8 May 2017 (OR. en) 2016/0259 (COD) PE-CONS 10/1/17 REV 1 CULT 20 EDUC 89 RECH 79 RELEX 167 CODEC 259

DGE 1 EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 8 May 2017 (OR. en) 2016/0259 (COD) PE-CONS 10/1/17 REV 1 CULT 20 EDUC 89 RECH 79 RELEX 167 CODEC 259 EUROPEAN UNION THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT THE COUNCIL Brussels, 8 May 2017 (OR. en) 2016/0259 (COD) PE-CONS 10/1/17 REV 1 CULT 20 EDUC 89 RECH 79 RELEX 167 CODEC 259 LEGISLATIVE ACTS AND OTHER INSTRUMTS Subject:

More information

Roles of children and elderly in migration decision of adults: case from rural China

Roles of children and elderly in migration decision of adults: case from rural China Roles of children and elderly in migration decision of adults: case from rural China Extended abstract: Urbanization has been taking place in many of today s developing countries, with surging rural-urban

More information

Mr. Meighen AP United States History Summer Assignment

Mr. Meighen AP United States History Summer Assignment Mr. Meighen AP United States History Summer Assignment AP United States History serves as an advanced-level Social Studies class whose purpose is to analyze the history and development of the United States

More information

[ ] Book Review. Paul Collier, Exodus. How Migration is Changing Our World, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013.

[ ] Book Review. Paul Collier, Exodus. How Migration is Changing Our World, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013. Cambio. Rivista sulle trasformazioni sociali, VII, 13, 2017 DOI: 10.13128/cambio-21921 ISSN 2239-1118 (online) [ ] Book Review Paul Collier, Exodus. How Migration is Changing Our World, Oxford, Oxford

More information

9 GRADE CANADA IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD

9 GRADE CANADA IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD CANADA IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD 9 GRADE Grade Overview 62 Cluster Descriptions 63 Grade 9 Skills 64 Core Concept Citizenship 68 General and Specific Learning Outcomes 69 Clusters: Cluster 1: Diversity

More information

HANDBOOK ON COHESION POLICY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

HANDBOOK ON COHESION POLICY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 2018 Natalia Cuglesan This is an open access article distributed under the CC-BY 3.0 License. Peer review method: Double-Blind Date of acceptance: August 10, 2018 Date of publication: November 12, 2018

More information

K-12 Social Studies Timeline Template Comparative Politics: Unit 1 Introduction of Comparative Politics

K-12 Social Studies Timeline Template Comparative Politics: Unit 1 Introduction of Comparative Politics Unit Name: HP Components Weeks 1, 2, 3 Introduction of Comparative Politics Short Descriptive Overview The student will understand the broad fundamental concepts and tools used to study the processes and

More information

INSPIRED STANDARDS MATCH: LOUISIANA

INSPIRED STANDARDS MATCH: LOUISIANA www.inspiration.com LOUISIANA SOCIAL STUDIES CONTENT STANDARDS STATE STANDARDS FOR CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT 05/22/97 TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION... 3 LOUISIANA CONTENT STANDARDS FOUNDATION SKILLS...

More information

History (HIST) History (HIST) 1

History (HIST) History (HIST) 1 History (HIST) 1 History (HIST) HIST 110 Fndn. of American Liberty 3.0 SH [GEH] A survey of American history from the colonial era to the present which looks at how the concept of liberty has both changed

More information

Voices from the Shifting Russo-Japanese Border: Karafuto/Sakhalin. Svetlana Paichadze and

Voices from the Shifting Russo-Japanese Border: Karafuto/Sakhalin. Svetlana Paichadze and 1 Voices from the Shifting Russo-Japanese Border: Karafuto/Sakhalin. Svetlana Paichadze and Philip, Seaton. (eds.) Abingdon: Routledge, 2015. ISBN: 9781138804784 Sakhalin or Karafuto to some in Japan is

More information

Interdisciplinary Conference on Poverty and Development in Latin America April 25th :30-17:00 St. Mary s College Hall St.

Interdisciplinary Conference on Poverty and Development in Latin America April 25th :30-17:00 St. Mary s College Hall St. Interdisciplinary Conference on Poverty and Development in Latin America April 25th 2008 9:30-17:00 St. Mary s College Hall St. Andrews Latin American and Caribbean Network (LacNet) Introduction: Poverty

More information

Urban sociology Prof. Claire Lévy-Vroelant

Urban sociology Prof. Claire Lévy-Vroelant Urban sociology Prof. Claire Lévy-Vroelant Lecture 6. The place of the «other» «L enfer, c est les autres», Jean-Paul Sartre, Huis clos, 1944 «A city is a place where people can learn to live with strangers»

More information

Bozeman Public Schools Social Studies Curriculum Fifth Grade

Bozeman Public Schools Social Studies Curriculum Fifth Grade Bozeman Public Schools Social Studies Curriculum Fifth Grade Overarching Essential Question: Who am I, how did I get here, and how will I proceed as an informed and conscientious (productive) citizen of

More information

Students at the Basic level demonstrate a general understanding of content and concepts in U.S. history from westward

Students at the Basic level demonstrate a general understanding of content and concepts in U.S. history from westward U.S. History Achievement Level Descriptors The Achievement Level Descriptors (ALDs) describe the knowledge, skills, and cognitive processes that students should exhibit with relative consistency and accuracy

More information

Western Philosophy of Social Science

Western Philosophy of Social Science Western Philosophy of Social Science Lecture 5. Analytic Marxism Professor Daniel Little University of Michigan-Dearborn delittle@umd.umich.edu www-personal.umd.umich.edu/~delittle/ Western Marxism 1960s-1980s

More information

Population size: 21,015,042 Student enrollment: 3,417,000 in 2007 U.S. states with similar statistics: Florida, Texas, and Pennsylvania

Population size: 21,015,042 Student enrollment: 3,417,000 in 2007 U.S. states with similar statistics: Florida, Texas, and Pennsylvania AUSTRALIA PISA Rankings 2006 MATH SCIENCE READING 13 8 7 2003 MATH SCIENCE READING 11 6 4 2000 MATH SCIENCE READING 6 8 4 Population size: 21,015,042 Student enrollment: 3,417,000 in 2007 U.S. states with

More information

AP Euro Free Response Questions

AP Euro Free Response Questions AP Euro Free Response Questions Late Middle Ages to the Renaissance 2004 (#5): Analyze the influence of humanism on the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance. Use at least THREE specific works to support

More information

From Bounded Rationality to Behavioral Economics: Comment on Amitai Etzioni Statement on Behavioral Economics, SASE, July, 2009

From Bounded Rationality to Behavioral Economics: Comment on Amitai Etzioni Statement on Behavioral Economics, SASE, July, 2009 From Bounded Rationality to Behavioral Economics: Comment on Amitai Etzioni Statement on Behavioral Economics, SASE, July, 2009 Michael J. Piore David W. Skinner Professor of Political Economy Department

More information

7th Grade Illinois Social Studies Standards Teacher Implementation Guide

7th Grade Illinois Social Studies Standards Teacher Implementation Guide 7th Grade Illinois Social Studies Standards Teacher Implementation Guide The Illinois Social Science Learning Standards: The standards build the knowledge, dispositions, and skills necessary for success

More information

PLT s GreenSchools! Correlation to the National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies

PLT s GreenSchools! Correlation to the National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies PLT s GreenSchools! Correlation to the National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies Table 1. Knowledge: Early Grades Knowledge PLT GreenSchools! Investigations I. Culture 1. Culture refers to the behaviors,

More information

Radical Right and Partisan Competition

Radical Right and Partisan Competition McGill University From the SelectedWorks of Diana Kontsevaia Spring 2013 Radical Right and Partisan Competition Diana B Kontsevaia Available at: https://works.bepress.com/diana_kontsevaia/3/ The New Radical

More information

Q&A with Michael Lewis-Beck, co-author of The American Voter Revisited

Q&A with Michael Lewis-Beck, co-author of The American Voter Revisited Q&A with Michael Lewis-Beck, co-author of The American Voter Revisited Michael S. Lewis-Beck is the co-author, along with William G. Jacoby, Helmut Norpoth, and Herbert F. Weisberg, of The American Voter

More information

paoline terrill 00 fmt auto 10/15/13 6:35 AM Page i Police Culture

paoline terrill 00 fmt auto 10/15/13 6:35 AM Page i Police Culture Police Culture Police Culture Adapting to the Strains of the Job Eugene A. Paoline III University of Central Florida William Terrill Michigan State University Carolina Academic Press Durham, North Carolina

More information

RESEARCH IN COUNTY AND LOCAL ROAD ADMINISTRATION. By C. M. Nelson Editor, Better Roadi

RESEARCH IN COUNTY AND LOCAL ROAD ADMINISTRATION. By C. M. Nelson Editor, Better Roadi 16. RESEARCH IN COUNTY AND LOCAL ROAD ADMINISTRATION By C. M. Nelson Editor, Better Roadi Presented at the IVrenty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Highway Res'earch Board The appearance of this paper on the

More information

Left-wing Exile in Mexico,

Left-wing Exile in Mexico, Left-wing Exile in Mexico, 1934-60 Aribert Reimann, Elena Díaz Silva, Randal Sheppard (University of Cologne) http://www.ihila.phil-fak.uni-koeln.de/871.html?&l=1 During the mid-20th century, Mexico (and

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 22: Enlightenment and Revolution,

World History (Survey) Chapter 22: Enlightenment and Revolution, World History (Survey) Chapter 22: Enlightenment and Revolution, 1550 1789 Section 1: The Scientific Revolution During the Middle Ages, few scholars questioned ideas that had always been accepted. Europeans

More information

History Major. The History Discipline. Why Study History at Montreat College? After Graduation. Requirements of a Major in History

History Major. The History Discipline. Why Study History at Montreat College? After Graduation. Requirements of a Major in History History Major The History major prepares students for vocation, citizenship, and service. Students are equipped with the skills of critical thinking, analysis, data processing, and communication that transfer

More information

Eighth Grade Social Studies Crosswalk North Carolina and the United States: Creation and Development of the State and Nation

Eighth Grade Social Studies Crosswalk North Carolina and the United States: Creation and Development of the State and Nation This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Common Core and s (Standard Course of Study). NCDPI staff Eighth Grade Social Studies Crosswalk North Carolina and the United States:

More information

Missouri Educator Gateway Assessments

Missouri Educator Gateway Assessments Missouri Educator Gateway Assessments FIELD 014: MIDDLE SCHOOL EDUCATION: SOCIAL SCIENCE June 2014 Content Domain Range of Competencies Approximate Percentage of Test Score I. History 0001 0006 40% II.

More information

Brunswick High School Social Studies World History I - Grade 9 UNIT 7: The Medieval World

Brunswick High School Social Studies World History I - Grade 9 UNIT 7: The Medieval World Brunswick High School Social Studies World History I - Grade 9 UNIT 7: The Medieval World Essential Understandings Many new social orders were created during this era. Power struggles between institutions,

More information

early twentieth century Peru, but also for revolutionaries desiring to flexibly apply Marxism to

early twentieth century Peru, but also for revolutionaries desiring to flexibly apply Marxism to José Carlos Mariátegui s uniquely diverse Marxist thought spans a wide array of topics and offers invaluable insight not only for historians seeking to better understand the reality of early twentieth

More information

Charles Tilly s Understanding of Contentious Politics: A Social Interactive Perspective for Social Science

Charles Tilly s Understanding of Contentious Politics: A Social Interactive Perspective for Social Science (2009) Swiss Political Science Review 15(2): 1 9 Charles Tilly s Understanding of Contentious Politics: A Social Interactive Perspective for Social Science Florence Passy University of Lausanne [Stinchcombe

More information

Themes of World History

Themes of World History Themes of World History Section 1: What is world history? A simple way to define world history is to say that it is an account of the past on a world scale. World history, however, is anything but simple.

More information

Marco Scalvini Book review: the European public sphere and the media: Europe in crisis

Marco Scalvini Book review: the European public sphere and the media: Europe in crisis Marco Scalvini Book review: the European public sphere and the media: Europe in crisis Article (Accepted version) (Refereed) Original citation: Scalvini, Marco (2011) Book review: the European public sphere

More information

Irish American Novelists Shape American Catholicism. University of Notre Dame Press Notre Dame, Indiana. Copyright 2016 University of Notre Dame

Irish American Novelists Shape American Catholicism. University of Notre Dame Press Notre Dame, Indiana. Copyright 2016 University of Notre Dame T H E S H A M R O C K A N D T H E C R O S S Irish American Novelists Shape American Catholicism E I L E E N P. S U L L I V A N University of Notre Dame Press Notre Dame, Indiana I N T R O D U C T I O N

More information

The French Revolution A Concise Overview

The French Revolution A Concise Overview The French Revolution A Concise Overview The Philosophy of the Enlightenment and the success of the American Revolution were causing unrest within France. People were taxed heavily and had little or no

More information

AS History. America: A Nation Divided, c Component 2J The origins of the American Civil War, c Mark scheme.

AS History. America: A Nation Divided, c Component 2J The origins of the American Civil War, c Mark scheme. AS History America: A Nation Divided, c1845 1877 Component 2J The origins of the American Civil War, c1845 1861 Mark scheme 7041 June 2017 Version: 1.0 Final Mark schemes are prepared by the Lead Assessment

More information

this social science discipline looks at the development and structure of human society and how it works (Bain, Colyer, DesRiveires, & Dolan,2002)

this social science discipline looks at the development and structure of human society and how it works (Bain, Colyer, DesRiveires, & Dolan,2002) + Sociology + What is Sociology? this social science discipline looks at the development and structure of human society and how it works (Bain, Colyer, DesRiveires, & Dolan,2002) sociology is the study

More information

The Curious Dawn of American Public Schools

The Curious Dawn of American Public Schools The Curious Dawn of American Public Schools Sun Go and Peter Lindert (UC-Davis) Triangle Universities Economic History Workshop Seminar 6 September 2007 I. The puzzles Why so much primary education in

More information

Eighth Grade American Studies Curriculum Social Studies

Eighth Grade American Studies Curriculum Social Studies Eighth Grade American Studies Curriculum Social Studies 8 th Grade American Studies Overview Course Description American Studies students in eighth grade history will study American history of the twentieth

More information

REFERENCES. Book Reviews 429

REFERENCES. Book Reviews 429 Book Reviews 429 REFERENCES Nora, Pierre, and Collaborators. Les lieux de mémoire, tome I: La République [Site of memory, volume I: The Republic]. Paris: Gallimard, 1984.. Les lieux de mémoire, tome II:

More information

Enlightenment scientists and thinkers produce revolutions in science, the arts, government, and religion. New ideas lead to the American Revolution.

Enlightenment scientists and thinkers produce revolutions in science, the arts, government, and religion. New ideas lead to the American Revolution. SLIDE 1 Chapter 22 Enlightenment and Revolution, 1550 1789 Enlightenment scientists and thinkers produce revolutions in science, the arts, government, and religion. New ideas lead to the American Revolution.

More information

PLANNED COURSE 10th Grade Social Studies Wilkes-Barre Area School District

PLANNED COURSE 10th Grade Social Studies Wilkes-Barre Area School District PLANNED COURSE 10th Grade Social Studies Wilkes-Barre Area School District Academic Standard(s) For U.S.History II Unit 3 Title: Postwar United States (1945 to Early 1970 s) Conceptual Lens: Social Change

More information

AS History. The English Revolution, /2E The origins of the English Civil War, Mark scheme June Version: 1.

AS History. The English Revolution, /2E The origins of the English Civil War, Mark scheme June Version: 1. AS History The English Revolution, 1625 1660 7041/2E The origins of the English Civil War, 1625 1642 Mark scheme June 2016 Version: 1.0 Final Mark schemes are prepared by the Lead Assessment Writer and

More information

Standards Social Studies Grades K-12 Mille Lacs Indian Museum

Standards Social Studies Grades K-12 Mille Lacs Indian Museum Grade Workshops Native American Four Seasons Exhibit Hall Seasonal Demonstrati Stards Social Studies Grades K-12 Mille Lacs Indian Museum Title Program Name Stards K Str Sub-Str Stard Code 1. Citizenship

More information

History. History. 1 Major & 2 Minors School of Arts and Sciences Department of History/Geography/Politics

History. History. 1 Major & 2 Minors School of Arts and Sciences Department of History/Geography/Politics History 1 Major & 2 Minors School of Arts and Sciences Department of History/Geography/Politics Faculty Mark R. Correll, Chair Mark T. Edwards David Rawson Charles E. White Inyeop Lee About the discipline

More information

Social Capital as Patterns of Connections. A Review of Bankston s Immigrant Networks and Social Capital

Social Capital as Patterns of Connections. A Review of Bankston s Immigrant Networks and Social Capital MPRA Munich Personal RePEc Archive Social Capital as Patterns of Connections. A Review of Bankston s Immigrant Networks and Social Capital Fabio Sabatini Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Economics

More information

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM January 2017 Effective beginning May 14, 2018 ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM January 2017 Subarea Range of Objectives I. Social Science Foundational Skills 0001 0003

More information

Foundation for Economic Education study reveals how youth concerns shift with age from terrorism to inequality, government corruption, others

Foundation for Economic Education study reveals how youth concerns shift with age from terrorism to inequality, government corruption, others April 10, 2018 Foundation for Economic Education study reveals how youth concerns shift with age from terrorism to inequality, government corruption, others Atlanta, Ga. The Foundation for Economic Education

More information

2009 Senior External Examination

2009 Senior External Examination 2009 Senior External Examination Assessment report Modern History Statistics Year Number of candidates Level of achievement VHA HA SA LA VLA 2009 17 2 3 8 4 0 2008 7 3 0 4 0 0 2007 4 1 1 2 0 0 2006 2 2

More information

Anna Feigenbaum, Fabian Frenzel and Patrick McCurdy

Anna Feigenbaum, Fabian Frenzel and Patrick McCurdy Anna Feigenbaum, Fabian Frenzel and Patrick McCurdy, Protest Camps, London: Zed Books, 2013. ISBN: 9781780323565 (cloth); ISBN: 9781780323558 (paper); ISBN: 9781780323589 (ebook) In recent years, especially

More information

Annual Conference of the EUROPEAN GROUP FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION CALL FOR PAPERS

Annual Conference of the EUROPEAN GROUP FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION CALL FOR PAPERS 2018 Annual Conference of the EUROPEAN GROUP FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION LAUSANNE SWITZERLAND 5-7 SEPTEMBER 2018 PhD SYMPOSIUM 3-4 SEPTEMBER 2018 CALL FOR PAPERS EGPA Permanent Study Group XVII on: Sociology

More information

Sociology. Sociology 1

Sociology. Sociology 1 Sociology 1 Sociology The Sociology Department offers courses leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology. Additionally, students may choose an eighteen-hour minor in sociology. Sociology is the

More information

Antoine Kernen, La Chine vers l économie de marché. Les privatisations à Shenyang

Antoine Kernen, La Chine vers l économie de marché. Les privatisations à Shenyang China Perspectives 56 2004 Varia Antoine Kernen, La Chine vers l économie de marché. Les privatisations à Shenyang Paris, Karthala, 2004, 274 p. Gilles Guiheux Édition électronique URL : http:// chinaperspectives.revues.org/446

More information

The French Revolution

The French Revolution The French Revolution The Old Regime or Old Order France was ruled by Louis XVI and his wife Queen Marie Antoinette France was an advanced and prosperous nation Beneath this was unrest caused by bad harvests,

More information

History Policy. Purpose of Study

History Policy. Purpose of Study History Policy Purpose of Study A high-quality History education will help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain s past and that of the wider world. It should inspire pupils curiosity

More information

Are Asian Sociologies Possible? Universalism versus Particularism

Are Asian Sociologies Possible? Universalism versus Particularism 192 Are Asian Sociologies Possible? Universalism versus Particularism, Tohoku University, Japan The concept of social capital has been attracting social scientists as well as politicians, policy makers,

More information

7.1.3.a.1: Identify that trade facilitates the exchange of culture and resources.

7.1.3.a.1: Identify that trade facilitates the exchange of culture and resources. History: 6.1.1.a.1: Identify the cultural achievements of ancient civilizations in Europe and Mesoamerica. Examples: Greek, Roman, Mayan, Inca, and Aztec civilizations. 6.1.2.a.1: Describe and compare

More information

20 th CENTURY UNITED STATES HISTORY CURRICULUM

20 th CENTURY UNITED STATES HISTORY CURRICULUM 20 th CENTURY UNITED STATES HISTORY CURRICULUM NEWTOWN SCHOOLS NEWTOWN, CT. August, 2002 K-12 SOCIAL STUDIES PHILOSOPHY The primary purpose of social studies education is to prepare young people to make

More information

Key Concepts & Research in Political Science and Sociology

Key Concepts & Research in Political Science and Sociology SPS 2 nd term seminar 2015-2016 Key Concepts & Research in Political Science and Sociology By Stefanie Reher and Diederik Boertien Tuesdays, 15:00-17:00, Seminar Room 3 (first session on January, 19th)

More information

THE CORPORATION OF THE TOWNSHIP OF WOOLWICH BY-LAW NUMBER A BY-LAW FOR THE IMPOSITION OF DEVELOPMENT CHARGE

THE CORPORATION OF THE TOWNSHIP OF WOOLWICH BY-LAW NUMBER A BY-LAW FOR THE IMPOSITION OF DEVELOPMENT CHARGE THE CORPORATION OF THE TOWNSHIP OF WOOLWICH BY-LAW NUMBER 33-2014 A BY-LAW FOR THE IMPOSITION OF DEVELOPMENT CHARGE WHEREAS the Township of Woolwich will experience growth through development and redevelopment;

More information

SAMPLE Course Clusters

SAMPLE Course Clusters You have options. You may want to opt for a free approach in which you select courses from the College of Liberal Arts semester by semester that simply strike you as fascinating and useful. This way, your

More information

Introduction. Animus, and Why It Matters. Which of these situations is not like the others?

Introduction. Animus, and Why It Matters. Which of these situations is not like the others? Introduction Animus, and Why It Matters Which of these situations is not like the others? 1. The federal government requires that persons arriving from foreign nations experiencing dangerous outbreaks

More information

Chapter 6 The War for Independence,

Chapter 6 The War for Independence, Chapter 6 The War for Independence, 1774 1783 Chapter Summary Chapter 6 offers the student a survey of the final conflicts that led the American colonies to declare independence from Britain, the ensuing

More information

Integrating Latino Immigrants in New Rural Destinations. Movement to Rural Areas

Integrating Latino Immigrants in New Rural Destinations. Movement to Rural Areas ISSUE BRIEF T I M E L Y I N F O R M A T I O N F R O M M A T H E M A T I C A Mathematica strives to improve public well-being by bringing the highest standards of quality, objectivity, and excellence to

More information

Social Studies: Grade 6 Pacing Guide Quarter 3

Social Studies: Grade 6 Pacing Guide Quarter 3 19 Jan. 3-6 (4 days) Standards Unit 7: Past and Present Governments in the West 6.3.3 Describe and compare major physical characteristics of regions in Europe and the Americas. Examples: Mountain ranges,

More information

Social Studies European History Unit 4: Colonial Age

Social Studies European History Unit 4: Colonial Age Understandings Questions Students will investigate the economies of scale during the 18 th century and the foundation of a global interdependency dependent upon commerce. Students will extensively research

More information

FRCP 30(b)(6) Notice or subpoena directed to entity to require designation of witness to testify on its behalf.

FRCP 30(b)(6) Notice or subpoena directed to entity to require designation of witness to testify on its behalf. I. Deposition Goals A. Each deposition and each deposition question should be aimed at accomplishing a desired result. 1. Determine knowledge of relevant facts and pin down lack of knowledge of relevant

More information

POLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

POLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS POLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 2013-2014 Catalog POLITICS MAJOR 11 courses distributed as follows: POLI 100 Issues in Politics MATH 215 Statistical Analysis POLI 400 Research Methods POLI 497 Senior

More information

Violent Conflicts 2015 The violent decade?! Recent Domains of Violent Conflicts and Counteracting February 25-27, 2015

Violent Conflicts 2015 The violent decade?! Recent Domains of Violent Conflicts and Counteracting February 25-27, 2015 Call for Papers Violent Conflicts 2015 The violent decade?! Recent Domains of Violent Conflicts and Counteracting February 25-27, 2015 Organized by the Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict

More information

New York State Social Studies High School Standards 1

New York State Social Studies High School Standards 1 1 STANDARD I: HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES AND NEW YORK Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of major ideas, eras, themes, developments, and turning points

More information

GLOSSARY ARTICLE 151

GLOSSARY ARTICLE 151 GLOSSARY ARTICLE 151 With the Treaty of Maastricht, signed on 7 February 1992 and entered into force on 1 November 1993, the European Union (EU) added for the first time an article on culture to its legal

More information

Brunswick High School Social Studies World History I - Grade 9 UNIT 6: The Golden Age of Empires

Brunswick High School Social Studies World History I - Grade 9 UNIT 6: The Golden Age of Empires Brunswick High School Social Studies World History I - Grade 9 UNIT 6: The Golden Age of Empires Essential Understandings A systematic understanding of the life cycle of an empire can be obtained through

More information

Period 1: Period 2:

Period 1: Period 2: Period 1: 1491 1607 Period 2: 1607 1754 2014 - #2: Explain how intellectual and religious movements impacted the development of colonial North America from 1607 to 1776. 2013 - #2: Explain how trans-atlantic

More information

Speech of IARC Director Christopher P. Wild at the celebration of the 50th anniversary of IARC

Speech of IARC Director Christopher P. Wild at the celebration of the 50th anniversary of IARC 15 May 2015 Speech of IARC Director Christopher P. Wild at the celebration of the 50th anniversary of IARC It is my great pleasure to welcome you to this celebration of the 50th anniversary of the International

More information

Aidis, Ruta, Laws and Customs: Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Gender During Economic Transition

Aidis, Ruta, Laws and Customs: Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Gender During Economic Transition PANOECONOMICUS, 2006, 2, str. 231-235 Book Review Aidis, Ruta, Laws and Customs: Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Gender During Economic Transition (School of Slavonic and East European Studies: University

More information

A-LEVEL History. Component 1E Russia in the Age of Absolutism and Enlightenment, Mark scheme June Version: 1.

A-LEVEL History. Component 1E Russia in the Age of Absolutism and Enlightenment, Mark scheme June Version: 1. A-LEVEL History Component 1E Russia in the Age of Absolutism and Enlightenment, 1682 1796 Mark scheme 7042 June 2017 Version: 1.0 Final Mark schemes are prepared by the Lead Assessment Writer and considered,

More information