1 BELIZE BORDER MANAGEMENT AGENCY ACT CHAPTER 144 REVISED EDITION 2000 SHOWING THE LAW AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 2000 This is a revised edition of the law, prepared by the Law Revision Commissioner under the authority of the Law Revision Act, Chapter 3 of the Laws of Belize, Revised Edition This edition contains a consolidation of the following laws- Page ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS 3 BORDER MANAGEMENT AGENCY ACT 6 Amendments in force as at 31st December, 2000.
2 BELIZE BORDER MANAGEMENT AGENCY ACT CHAPTER 144 REVISED EDITION 2000 SHOWING THE LAW AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 2000 This is a revised edition of the law, prepared by the Law Revision Commissioner under the authority of the Law Revision Act, Chapter 3 of the Laws of Belize, Revised Edition This edition contains a consolidation of the following laws- Page ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS 3 BORDER MANAGEMENT AGENCY ACT 6 Amendments in force as at 31st December, 2000.
3 Border Management Agency [CAP CHAPTER 144 BORDER MANAGEMENT AGENCY ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART I Preliminary 1. Short title. 2. Interpretation. PART II Establishment of the Agency 3. Establishment of the Border Management Agency. 4. Board of Directors. 5. Temporary appointments. 6. Chairman and Deputy Chairman. 7. Tenure of office of members. 8. Publication of composition of Agency. 9. Authentication of seal and documents. 10. Procedure and meetings.
4 4 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency 11. Remuneration of directors. 12. Protection of Agency. 13. Protection of directors. 14. Functions of the Agency. 15. Power of Minister to give policy direction. 16. General duties of the Agency. 17. Long range development plans to be approved by Minister. PART III Financial Provisions 18. Transfer of property. 19. Loans by Government. 20. Funds and resources of the Agency. 21. Borrowing powers. 22. Accounts and audits. 23. Submission of budget estimates. 24. Advances and guarantee of borrowings. 25. Power to invest money.
5 Border Management Agency [CAP Report to Minister. 27. Tenders Committee. PART IV Management and Staff 28. Appointment of staff. 29. Secondment. 30. Power to delegate. PART V Miscellaneous 31. Regulations. 32. Agency not a bailee for reward. 33. Lien on and detention of vehicles. 34. Power of arrest. 35. Presumption of venue. 36. Penalty for failure to disclose identity. 37. Saving of powers conferred under other laws. 38. Exemption from income tax, property tax and stamp duty.
6 6 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency 39. Commencement. CHAPTER of Commencement [ ] S.I. 11 of BORDER MANAGEMENT AGENCY PART I [22nd January, 2000] Preliminary Short title. 1. This Act may be cited as the Border Management Agency Act. Interpretation. 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:- Agency means the Border Management Agency established in accordance with this Act; Board means the Board of Directors of the Agency constituted in accordance with this Act; border point or prescribed border point means the entry and exit points at Belize s border with Guatemala at Benque Viejo Del Carmen in the west, and Belize s border with Mexico at Santa Elena in the north and any other entry or exit point at Belize s borders which the Minister may hereafter declare by Order published in the Gazette to be a border point for the purposes of this Act; Chairman means the Chairman of the Board;
7 Border Management Agency [CAP director means a director of the Agency; financial year means the period of twelve months ending on the thirty-first day of March, inclusive; functions includes powers and duties; Minister means the Minister to whom the subject of Tourism is assigned by the Governor-General acting under section 41 of the Belize Constitution; CAP. 4. Secretary means the Secretary to the Board. PART II Establishment of the Agency 3.-(1) There is hereby established for the purposes of this Act a body to be called the Border Management Agency. (2) The Agency shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal and with power as such to enter into contracts, to sue and be sued in its corporate name and may for all purposes be described by such name, to acquire, hold, mortgage, lease and dispose of all kinds of property movable and immovable, and to do and perform such acts and things as bodies corporate may by law do and perform subject to the provisions of this Act. 4.-(1) There shall be a Board of Directors of the Agency with powers to manage the business of the Agency, subject to the provisions of this Act, including responsibility for the policy and general administration of the affairs of the Agency. Establishment of the Border Management Agency. Board of Directors. (2) The Board shall consist of such number of directors, not being less than five nor more that nine, as the Minister may appoint from time to time from persons appearing to the Minister to have ability and experience in matters
8 8 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency relating to tourism, transport, finance, economics, engineering, accountancy, law, industrial relations, commerce, immigration, customs and other related subjects. Of the members, one shall be a senior representative of the Ministry for the time being responsible for Tourism. (3) The General Manager of the Agency shall be an ex officio director of the Board but without any right of vote. Temporary appointments. Chairman and Deputy Chairman. 5. The Minister may appoint any person to act temporarily in the place of any director in the case of the absence or inability to act of such director. 6.-(1) On the commencement of this Act and thereafter during the month of January in every year the Minister shall appoint one of the members of the Board to be Chairman of the Board, and the members shall elect one of their number to be deputy chairman of the Board. (2) The Chairman and deputy chairman of the Board shall hold office as such until the appointment or election of his successor but he shall cease to be chairman or deputy chairman, as the case may be, if he ceases to be a member of the Board. (3) A retiring Chairman or deputy chairman shall be eligible for reappointment or re-election, as the case may be. (4) In the absence or inability to act of the Chairman, the deputy chairman shall perform the functions of the Chairman. (5) The Minister shall appoint a fit and proper person to be Secretary to the Board. Tenure of office of members. 7.-(1) A member of the Board other than an ex officio member shall, subject to subsections (2) and (3), hold office for such period, not exceeding three years, as the Minister may direct in the instrument appointing such member, but such member shall be eligible for reappointment.
9 Border Management Agency [CAP (2) Any member of the Board other than an ex officio member may at any time resign his office by instrument in writing addressed to the Minister, and from the date of receipt by the Minister of such instrument such member shall cease to be a member of the Board. (3) The Chairman or deputy chairman of the Board may at any time resign his office as such Chairman or deputy chairman by instrument in writing addressed to the Minister and such resignation shall take effect from the date of receipt by the Minister of such instrument. (4) The Minister may at any time for good and sufficient cause revoke the appointment of a member of the Board other than an ex officio member if he thinks it expedient so to do. 8. The names of all directors as first constituted and every change in the composition thereof shall be published in the Gazette. 9.-(1) The seal of the Agency shall be authenticated by the signatures of the Chairman, or one director authorized to act in that behalf, and the Secretary. (2) All documents, other than those required by law to be under seal, made by, and all decisions of, the Board may be signified under the hand of the Chairman or any director authorized to act in that behalf, and the Secretary. 10.-(1) The Board shall meet at such times as may be necessary or expedient for the transaction of business (but not less than twice per annum) and such meetings shall be held at such places and on such days as the Board shall determine. Publication of composition of Agency. Authentication of seal and documents. Procedure and meetings. (2) Minutes in proper form of each meeting of the Board shall be kept by the Secretary.
10 10 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency (3) The Chairman may at any time call a special meeting of the Board and shall call a special meeting to be held within seven days of a written request for that purpose addressed to him by any two directors. (4) The decisions of the Board shall be by majority vote. (5) The Chairman or, in case of the absence or inability to act of the Chairman, the deputy chairman shall preside at the meetings of the Board, and when so presiding the Chairman or the deputy chairman, as the case may be, shall in addition to an original vote have a casting vote in any case in which the voting is equal. (6) The quorum of the Board shall be four members with voting rights. (7) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Board may regulate its own proceedings. (8) The validity of any proceedings of the Board shall not be affected by any vacancy amongst the directors or by any defect in the appointment of a director. Remuneration of directors. Protection of Agency. 11. There shall be paid to the Chairman and to other directors, other than ex officio directors, such remuneration, if any (whether by way of salaries, or travelling or other allowances) as the Minister may determine. 12. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Act, no act done or proceedings taken under this Act by the Agency shall be questioned on the ground of any omission, defect or irregularity not affecting the merits of the case: Provided that any person aggrieved by a decision of the Agency may appeal to the Minister who may, if he thinks fit, direct the Agency to rectify any such omission, defect or irregularity.
11 Border Management Agency [CAP (1) No director shall be personally liable for any act or default of the Agency done or omitted to be done in good faith in the course of the operations of the Agency. 11 Protection of directors. (2) Where any director is exempt from liability by reason only of the provisions of this section the Agency shall be liable to the extent that it would be if the said director were a servant or agent of the Agency. 14.-(1) It shall be the duty of the Agency:- (a) to administer, control and manage prescribed border points and any other property vested in it under this Act; Functions of the Agency. (b) (c) to provide and maintain such services and facilities as are in its opinion necessary or desirable for the efficient operation of prescribed border points or as the Minister may require; to provide, or to coordinate the provision of emergency services, including rescue and fire fighting services, at prescribed border points. (2) In the exercise of its functions, the Agency may:- (a) (b) (c) (d) construct, alter and maintain buildings at prescribed border points; purchase land or buildings; grant, on such terms and conditions as the Agency thinks fit, authority to carry on any trade or business at any border points; grant leases, subleases, or other interests or concessions in respect of land or buildings within a prescribed border point, on such terms and conditions and subject to the payment of
12 12 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency rent or other consideration as the Agency may think fit; (e) carry on such activities as appear to it advantageous, necessary or desirable for or in connection with the exercise and performance of its functions. Power of Minister to give policy directions. General duties of the Agency. 15. The Minister may, after consultation with the Chairman, or in the event of Chairman being absent, the deputy chairman, give to the Agency directions of a general character as to the policy to be followed in the exercise and performance of its functions in relation to matters appearing to him to concern the public interest, and the Agency shall give effect to any such directions. 16.-(1) It shall be the duty of the Agency so to conduct the affairs of the Agency as to ensure that, so far as practicable, the annual revenues of the Agency are, taking one financial year with the other, sufficient to meet all charges properly chargeable to revenue and the establishment of reserves necessary for its operations. Long range development plans to be approved by (2) The Agency shall furnish the Minister with such returns, statistics and other information with respect to the property and other activities of the Agency as the Minister may from time to time require, and shall afford him facilities for verifying such information in such manner and at such times as he may reasonably require. (3) If any member of the Board or some other person present at a meeting of the Board is directly or indirectly interested in any contract or proposed contract or other matter he shall, at the meeting and as soon as is practicable after the commencement of the meeting, disclose the fact of his interest and shall not take part in the discussion, consideration or voting on such a contract or other matter. 17.-(1) Except in so far as may be allowed by general directions of the Minister, the Agency shall not proceed with the implementation of any long range plans for the development of any prescribed border point except in accordance Minister.
13 Border Management Agency [CAP with the provisions of a scheme made by the Agency and approved by the Minister. (2) For the purpose of this section long range development plans means plans:- (a) (b) which have been formulated on the basis of statistics compiled in respect of movements of traffic, cargo, passengers and visitors within the prescribed border points; which have been projected to meet estimated requirements for development five years or more after the formulation of such plans. (3) Nothing in subsection (1) shall be construed as precluding the grant of any authority under paragraph (c) of subsection (2) of section 14, or of any lease, sublease or other interest or concession under paragraph (d) of subsection (2) of section 14, for a period in excess of five years. PART III Financial Provisions 18.-(1) The Minister responsible for Finance may, by Order, transfer to the Agency any property belonging to the Government which appears to him to be necessary or useful to the Agency for carrying out its functions under this Act, and such property shall vest in the Agency by virtue of the Order and without further assurance. Transfer of property. (2) An Order under subsection (1):- (a) may contain such incidental, consequential or supplemental provisions as the said Minister thinks necessary or expedient for the purposes of the Order;
14 14 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency (b) shall be subject to negative resolution of the House of Representatives. Loans by Government. Funds and resources of the Agency. 19. The Government may lend the Agency such sum as the Minister responsible for Finance certifies is required to enable the Agency to commence its functions, to be repaid by the Agency at such times and by such methods as the said Minister may determine. 20. The funds and resources of the Agency shall consist of:- (a) such sums as may be provided for the purpose from time to time by the National Assembly; (b) (c) (d) (e) all sums borrowed by the Agency; all sums received by the Agency as payment for advertisements; all sums collected under the authority of regulations made under this Act or under any other law; and all other sums or property which may in any manner become payable to or vested in the Agency in respect of any matter incidental to its powers and duties. Borrowing powers. 21.-(1) Subject to the provisions of subsection (2), the Agency may borrow sums required by it for meeting any of its obligations or discharging any of its functions. (2) The power of the Agency to borrow shall be exercisable only with the approval of the Minister as well as the Minister of Finance as to the amount, as to the sources of the borrowing, and as to the terms on which the borrowing may be effected.
15 Border Management Agency [CAP (3) An approval given in any respect for the purposes of subsection (2) may be either general or limited to a particular borrowing or otherwise and may be either unconditional or subject to conditions. 22.-(1) The Agency shall keep accounts of its transactions according to international accounting standards and such accounts shall be audited by the Auditor General or by an auditor appointed by the Minister. Accounts and audit. (2) The members, officers, agents and servants of the Agency shall grant to the Auditor-General or the auditor appointed to audit the accounts of the Agency under subsection (1) access to all books, documents, cash and securities of the Agency and shall give to him on request all such information as may be within their knowledge in relation to the operation of the Agency. (3) The Agency may with the approval of the Minister write off bad debts. 23.-(1) The Agency shall, in such form and by such dates as may be prescribed by the Financial Secretary, prepare and submit to the Minister responsible for Finance, through the Minister responsible for Tourism, estimates of income receivable and the expenditure to be incurred during each financial year (including any supplementary estimates), and the Minister responsible for Finance shall present the said estimates to the National Assembly with such amendments and modifications, if any, as he may consider necessary. Submission of Budget estimates. (2) All new or special expenditure shall receive the approval of the Minister before being included in the Estimates. 24.-(1) The Minister responsible for Finance may from time to time make advances to the Agency out of moneys provided by the National Assembly for the purpose. Advances and guarantee of borrowings.
16 16 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency (2) The Minister responsible for Finance may guarantee, in such manner and on such conditions as he thinks fit, the repayment of the principal and the payment of interest on any authorized borrowings of the Agency made otherwise than by way of advance under subsection (1). (3) Where the Minister responsible for Finance is satisfied that there has been default in the repayment of any principal moneys or the payment of interest guaranteed under the provisions of this section he shall direct the repayment or, as the case may be, the payment, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the amount in respect of which there has been such default and any such repayment or payment shall be a charge on the Consolidated Revenue Fund. Power to invest money. Report to Minister. 25. All moneys of the Agency not immediately required to be expended in the meeting of any obligations or the performance of any functions of the Agency may be invested in such securities or other investments as may be approved generally or specifically by the Minister, and the Agency may, with the approval of the Minister of Finance, sell all or any of such securities or other investments. 26.-(1) The Agency shall, not later than six months from the end of each year, submit to the Minister a report containing:- (a) (b) an account of its transactions throughout the preceding year in such detail as the Minister may direct; and a statement of the accounts of the Agency audited in accordance with section 22. (2) A copy of the auditor s report shall be printed and laid on the table of both Houses of the National Assembly and published in the Gazette. Tenders Committee. 27. The Agency shall appoint a Tenders Committee from amongst the Board of Directors and all contracts above forty thousand dollars awarded by the Agency shall require the prior approval of the Minister.
17 Border Management Agency [CAP PART IV Management and staff 28.-(1) The Agency shall, with the approval of the Minister, appoint a chief executive officer to be called the General Manager at such remuneration and on such terms and conditions as the Minister may approve. Appointment of staff. (2) Subject to subsection (1), the Agency may appoint and employ, at such remuneration and on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit, such other officers, agents and servants as it deems necessary for the proper carrying into effect of this Act: Provided that:- (a) (b) (c) no salary in excess of the rate of twenty thousand dollars per annum shall be assigned to any post without the prior approval of the Minister; no appointment shall be made to any post to which a salary in excess of the rate of twenty thousand dollars per annum is assigned without the prior approval of the Minister; and no provision shall be made for the payment of any pensions, gratuities or other like benefits to any officers, agents or servants, or to others by reference to their service, without the prior approval of the Minister. (3) The Agency may, with the approval of the Minister, formulate schemes for the grant of pensions, gratuities or other like benefits to its officers, agents or servants.
18 18 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency Secondment. CAP. 4. Power to delegate. 29. The Governor-General, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister in the case of public officers to whom section 107 of the Belize Constitution applies, and the Public Services Commission in the case of all other public officers, may, subject to such conditions as the Governor-General acting as aforesaid, or, as the case may be, the Public Services Commission, may impose, approve the secondment of any public officer in the service of the Government to any office with the Agency and any public officer so seconded shall, in relation to pension, gratuity or other retiring benefit, be treated as continuing in the service of the Government. 30.-(1) Subject to this Act, the Board may, by a two-thirds majority vote of the members thereof, delegate to any member or committee of the Board the power and authority to carry out on its behalf such duties as the Board may determine. (2) Every delegation under this section shall be revocable by the Board and no delegation shall prevent the exercise by the Board of any of the functions so delegated. PART V Miscellaneous Regulations. 31.-(1) The Minister may, in consultation with the Agency, make such Regulations as he considers necessary or expedient for giving effect to the provisions of this Act, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, such Regulations may- (a) provide for the most effective management of border points and for coordinating the activities of all public and private sector agencies operating in the border points;
19 Border Management Agency [CAP (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) provide for securing the safety of vehicles and persons using any prescribed border point as aforesaid and preventing danger to the public arising from the use and operation of the border point; make provision for preventing or minimizing obstruction of traffic or otherwise within the border point; make provision for preserving order within the border point and preventing damage to property therein; regulate or restrict advertising within the border point; regulate, promote or restrict the movement of persons into, or out of, the border point; prohibit or regulate, in relation to the whole or any part of the border point:- (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) the presence of persons or classes of persons; the presence of animals or classes of animals; the use of vehicles of any class or description; and acts which might endanger any property or persons; (h) (i) regulate vehicular traffic anywhere within the border point, and in particular may impose speed limits on vehicles therein. appoint and regulate the use, including charges to be made for the use, of parking places for motor vehicles in the border point;
20 20 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency (j) make provision for the removal to such place as the Agency may think fit of vehicles parked in a place other than a place appointed for the parking of such vehicle or vehicles which have broken down or vehicles which have been left in any place:- CAP (i) (ii) (iii) in contravention of any provision made by or pursuant to this Act, in so far as it relates to roadways in a prescribed border point, or in contravention of the Motor Vehicles and Road Traffic Act and the Regulations made thereunder; in such a position or in such condition or in such circumstances as to cause obstruction to other persons using the prescribed border point or as to be likely to cause danger to such other persons; or in such a position or condition or in such circumstances as to appear to have been abandoned, and for the safe custody of vehicles removed and any goods which they contain at the time of such removal and for the charges to be imposed for the removal and safe custody of such vehicles or goods; (k) (l) (m) prescribe and regulate the conditions for use of the border point and its facilities including the charges to be made for the use of the border point and for services or facilities provided therein; provide for the disposition of unclaimed property in the custody of the Agency; provide for security arrangements.
21 Border Management Agency [CAP (2) All regulations made under this section shall be subject to negative resolution. (3) Every person contravening any Regulation made under this section shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or in default of payment, to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months. (4) Regulations made under this section in relation to the use of roadways in any border point shall take effect notwithstanding that the roadways are subject to the Motor Vehicles and Road Traffic Act and regulations made thereunder. (5) Subject to subsection (6), where by virtue of any provision made by or pursuant to this Act or the Motor Vehicles and Road Traffic Act a vehicle has been, or could at any time be, removed from a place in a prescribed border point, the Agency may, if it appears to it that the vehicle had been abandoned, sell or otherwise dispose of it and its contents (if any) and- CAP CAP (a) (b) (c) apply the proceeds of any such sale in or towards satisfaction of any costs incurred by them in connection with the disposal thereof or any charge or payment to which they are entitled as regards the vehicle or contents under any provision made by or pursuant to this section, so, however, that the Agency, in its discretion, may waive, in whole or in part, the amount of such costs, charges or payment; recoup from the owner or person in charge of the vehicle any costs mentioned in paragraph (a) insofar as such costs are not satisfied by virtue of that paragraph; dispose of, in such manner as the Agency may by Order presscribe, any sum received by the Agency on a sale of the vehicle after deducting any sum applied thereout by virtue of paragraph (a).
22 22 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency (6) A power of disposal conferred by subsection (5) shall not be exercisable in the case of a vehicle unless there have been taken by the Agency such steps (including provisions for publication) and there has elapsed such period ( not being less than six weeks) beginning with the taking of the first of such steps, as may be prescribed by the Agency by Order, being steps and a period whose respective taking and lapse shall, in the opinion of the Agency, together suffice for securing adequate opportunity for enabling the vehicle to be claimed. (7) Different provisions may be made under subsection (6) with respect to vehicles of different classes or descriptions or with respect to vehicles of the same class or description in different circumstances. Agency not a bailee for reward. Lien on and detention of vehicles. Power of arrest. 32. The Agency is not, with respect to anything entrusted to its care, a bailee for reward and has no liability for loss or damage occasioned thereto unless such loss or damage is due to the gross negligence or default of the Agency. 33.-(1) The Agency has a lien on every vehicle for the recovery of border point dues remaining unpaid for over seven days. (2) The Agency may enter, take control of and detain any vehicle over which it has a lien. 34. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act to the contrary, a police officer or a person authorized by the Agency in that behalf (hereinafter referred to as the authorized person ) may, within any prescribed border point, arrest, with or without a warrant, any person who:- (a) contravenes or is suspected on reasonable grounds of contravening or having contravened any provision of this Act or of any Regulations made thereunder;
23 Border Management Agency [CAP (b) having been so requested under section 36, fails or refuses to correctly state his name and address or the purpose of his being at the border point; and (c) having been removed from a border point under section 36, returns or attempts to return thereto without the approval of a police officer or an authorized person: Provided that any person arrested under this section by an authorized person shall as soon as practicable be handed over by him to a police officer or taken by him to a police station. 35. Where an offence is alleged to have taken place at a border point it shall be deemed to have taken place thereat unless the contrary is proved. 36. Any person suspected on reasonable grounds of having contravened or of being about to contravene any of the provisions of this Act or of any Regulations made thereunder shall upon being requested so to do by a police officer or an authorised person correctly state his name and address and the purpose of his being at the border point, and upon his failure so to do may be removed from the border point or any part thereof. 37.-(1) The Agency shall perform its functions in close cooperation with the Belize Police Department, the Department of Immigration and Nationality Services and the Customs Department (2) This Act shall be read and construed as being in addition to, and not in derogation of, the provisions of the Immigration Act, the Police Act, the Customs and Excise Duties Act, the Customs Regulation Act and any Regulations made thereunder. Presumption of venue. Penalty for failure to disclose identity. Saving of powers conferred under other laws. CAP CAP CAP. 48. CAP. 49.
24 24 CAP. 144] Border Management Agency Exemption from income tax, property tax and stamp duty. Commencement. 38.-(1) The Agency shall be exempt from income tax and property tax. (2) All instruments executed by or on behalf of the Agency shall be exempt from stamp duty. 39. This Act shall come into force on a date to be appointed by the Minister by Order published in the Gazette.
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