LAND DEVELOPMENT CHAPTER 300

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1 Cap. 300] 300 Ordinances Nos. 19 of 1935, 3 of 1946, Acts Nos. 49 of 1953, 22 of 1955, 16 of 1969, 21 of Law No. 43 of AN ORDINANCE TO PROVIDE FOR THE STATE LAND IN SRI LANKA. SYSTEMATIC DEVELOPMENT AND ALIENATION OF [15th October ] Short title. Interpretation. 2. In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires - [ 2, 16 of [ 2, 16 of [ 2, 21 of 1971.] 1. This Ordinance may be cited as the Land Development.. alienation" with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions means the alienation of State land under this Ordinance ;.. citizen of Sri Lanka" means an individual who is a citizen of Sri Lanka under any law for the time being in force relating to citizenship;.. court" means any Court of Justice constituted by or under the Constitution of the Republic;.. disposition" with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions means any transaction of whatever nature affecting land or the title thereto and includes any conveyance, devise, donation, exchange, lease, mortgage or transfer of land;.. district agricultural committee" shall have the same meaning as in the Irrigation Ordinance;.. Government Agent" includes an Additional Government Agent, Assistant Government Agent and Additional Assistant Government Agent;.. grant" means a grant of land from the State under this Ordinance;.. holding" means land alienated by grant under this Ordinance, and includes any part thereof or interest therein;.. kachcheri" means the office of a Government Agent;.. land" inc1udes- (a) (b) (c) the bed of any waterway or of any collection of water, whether natural or artificial, things attached to the earth or permanently fastened to anything attached to the earth, and any title to land or any interest in the crops growing or to be grown thereon;.. Land Commissioner" means the officer appointed under section 3 of this Ordinance, and includes any officer of his department authorized by him in writing in respect of any particular matter or provision of this Ordinance ;.. Land Kachcheri " means a meeting held in the prescribed manner for the purpose of alienating State land;.. land officer" means an officer appointed under section 6 for the purposes of this Ordinance and the expression.. the land officer" means the officer dealing with the particular land which is referred to in the context in which such expression is used ; XI/416

2 [Cap. 300 [ 2, 16 of [ 2, 16 of [ 2, 16 of.. local authority" includes a Municipality, an Urban Council established under the Urban Councils Ordinance, a Town Council, and a Village Council;.. mapping-out" with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions means the reservation of State land for one or more of the purposes specified in section 8* or for any purpose prescribed under that section;.. minimum fraction" means the smallest fraction of a holding which can lawfully be held in undivided ownership;.. owner" means the owner of a holding whose title thereto is derived from or under a grant issued under this Ordinance;.. peace officer" means a police officer and includes any grama seva niladhari appointed by the Government in writing to perform police duties;.. People's Bank" means the Bank established under the People's Bank Act;.. permit" means a permit for the occupation of State land issued under Chapter IV ;.. permit-holder" means any person to whom a permit has been issued and includes a person who is in occupation of any land alienated to him on a permit although no permit has actually been issued to him;.. prescribed" means prescribed by this Ordinance or by the regulations made thereunder;.. registered society" shall have the same meaning as in the Co-operative Societies Law;.. regulation" means a regulation made under this Ordinance by the Minister; Section 8 is repealed by Law No. 43 of State land" means all land to which the State is lawfully entitled together with all rights, interests and privileges attached or appertaining thereto;.. State Mortgage and Investment Bank" means the Bank established under the State Mortgage and Investment Bank Law;.. surveyed" means surveyed by the Surveyor-General or under his authority;.. Surveyor-General" means the Surveyor General of Sri Lanka or any other officer deputed to act on his behalf for the purposes of this Ordinance to the extent to which such officer is deputed;.. title" means right, title, or interest;.. unit of subdivision" means the minimum extent of land below which a holding cannot lawfully be subdivided. (a) ApPOINTMENT, POWERS AND DUTIES OF OFFICERS for the due performance of the duties and functions assigned to him as Land Commissioner under this Ordinance; [ 2, 16 of [ 89, Law 13 of 1975.) 3. (I) There may be appointed a Land Appointment Commissioner who shall be responsible- (b) for the general supervision and control of all Government Agents and land officers in the administration of State land and in the exercise and discharge of the powers and duties conferred and imposed upon them by this (2) In the exercise of his powers and in the discharge of his duties under this Ordinance, the Land Commissioner shall be subject to the general direction and control of the Minister. and duties of Land Commissioner. XI/417

3 Cap. 300] Powers of Land Commissioner. 4. (I) The Land Commissioner may from time to time give general or special directions to a Government Agent or to a land officer as to the performance of his duties relating to land administration and may direct or authorize any question of doubt or difficulty in connexion with such duties to be referred to the Land Commissioner for decision. (2) Any direction or decision of the Land Commissioner shall be observed and given effect to by the Government Agent or by the land officer as the case may be. IV* PERMITS AND GRANTS *25. Every permit shall be substantially in Form of a prescribed form. permit. t27. Every grant shall be substantially in Form of grant. a prescribed form. 28. Land which has not been surveyed shall not be alienated by grant. 29. (I) Every grant, when issued, shall be registered at the instance of the Government Agent in such manner as may be prescribed. Grant notto issue for unsurveyed land. Registration of grants. Appointment of Assistant Land Commissioners and other officers Land officers. [ of 1971] 5. There may be appointed one or more Assistant Land Commissioners and such other officers as may from time to time be required for the purposes of this 6. (I) There may be appointed one or more land officers for the whole of Sri Lanka or for any province or district. (2) Every such land officer may, for the purposes of this Ordinance, perform. execute and exercise in any province or district or in the particular province or district for which he shall have been appointed, all or any of the functions, duties and powers assigned to or imposed upon or vested in a Government Agent under this Ordinance or any regulation made thereunder. (3) Every person appointed as a Settlement Officer or as an Assistant Settlement Officer under the Land Settlement Ordinance, shall be deemed to be appointed a land officer for the whole of Sri Lanka for the purposes of this (2) No fees shall be paid or recovered for such registration. 30. The land alienated on any grant shall be described with reference to a plan prepared by or under the authority of the Surveyor General and kept in his charge. There shall be attached to each grant a diagram of the land alienated on that grant. The diagram shall be prepared under the authority of the Surveyor General but it shall not be necessary for the diagram to bear on the face thereof a certificate to the effect that it was so prepared. 31. The Surveyor-General shall cause to be issued to any applicant a copy of any plan or of any part thereof on payment of the prescribed fee. t 35. The Land Commissioner may authorize the Government Agent to include in a grant special conditions applicable to individual cases or to classes of cases in particular areas. t 37. The conditions included in any grant shall, as from the date of such grant, run with the land and shall bind the original and all owners thereof and all persons whomsoever who acquire any title thereto. Diagram to be attached to grant. Copy of plan to besupplied on payment of prescribed fcc. Land Commissioner may authorize insertion of special conditions in grants. Conditions in a grantto run with the land. All officers to 7. All officers appointed for the be public purposes of this Ordinance shall servants. be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of the Penal Code. 38. The amount to be paid by a permitholder annually for the purposes of subsection (3) of section 19A** shall be determined in accordance with such regulations as may be made in that behalf. Chapters II and III (Sections 8 to 24) are repealed by Section 53, Law No. 43 of t Section26 is repealed by Act No. 16 of t Sections 32, 33, 34 and 36 are repealed by Act No. 16 of Section 19A is repealed by LawNo. 43 of XIj4l8 Principles governing the determination of the amount of theannual payment. [ f 1969.J

4 [Cap. 300 Protection of land alienated on permits and grants. [ 17, 16 of PROTECTION OF LAND HELD ON PERMITS OR GRANTS 39. (I) No land alienated on a permit or grant shall be seized or sold in execution of the decree of any court: Provided that the preceding provisions of this section shall not apply to the seizure and sale of land alienated on a grant in execution of a decree entered in an action for the enforcement of a mortgage on that land which is permitted by this Ordinance; And provided further that where any land alienated on a grant has been accepted as bail for the release of any person accused of an offence before any court and where such person does not appear as required by such court, such land may be seized and sold for the recovery of such amount as may be fixed as bail by such court. (2) Where land alienated on a grant is sold in execution of a decree entered in an action for the enforcement of a mortgage on that land, the sale shall not be confirmed by the court unless the Land Commissioner has approved the purchaser upon application made in that behalf by the purchaser. (3) Where the Land Commissioner refuses to approve the purchaser of any land alienated on a grant, the purchaser shall apply to the court by petition to set aside the sale on the ground that he has not been approved by the Land Commissioner. Upon such application being made, the court shall pass an order setting aside the sale. (4) When a sale of land alienated on a grant is set aside under subsection (3)- (0) the purchaser shall be entitled to receive back his purchase money from any person to whom the purchase money has been lawfully paid, and (b) the land shall be purchased by the State for such sum as the Chief Valuer of the Government or any officer authorized by him may determine. V (5) An order for the repayment of the purchase money may be made by the court on an application made under subsection (3) if the person against whom the order is directed is a party to the application and such order may be enforced against such person in like manner as a decree for money. (6) If the amount paid by the State for the purchase under this section of any land alienated on a grant exceeds the total amount of the debt due to the mortgagee together with the costs of seizure and sale, the mortgagor shall be entitled to such excess. 40. Subject to the provisions of section Seizure and 39, the seizure and sale in execution of the sale of land alienated on a decree of a court of any land alienated on a permit or grant permit or grant shall be invalid. invalid. [ 17,I60f 41. The provisions of sections 39 and 40 scope of shall apply to land alienated by grant or to protection. I d ali d.. f [ 18, 16 of an ienate on a permit In respect 0 which the permit-holder is paying an annual sum by virtue of the provisions of subsection (3) of section 19A* notwithstanding the devolution or disposition under this Ordinance of the title of the original grantee or of such permit- [ 18, 16 of holder to any other person. DISPOSITIONS VI 42. The owner of a holding may dispose of such holding to any other person except where the disposition is prohibited under this Ordinance, and accordingly a disposition executed or effected in contravention of the provisions of this Ordinance shall be null and void. 43. The owner of a holding- (0) shall not lease such holding to any other person except in such circumstances as may be prescribed; and (b) shall not mortgage such holding to any person other than the People's Bank or the State Mortgage and Power of owner to dispose of holding. [ 19, 16 of Leases and mortgages of holdings where permitted. [ 19, 16 of [ 89, Law 13 of 1975.] Section 19A is repealed by Law No. 43 of XI/419

5 Cap. 300] Disposition of land alienated ona permit. [ 21,16 of Recovery of moneys dueon mortgage of land alienated on a permit. [ 21, 16of Investment Bank or a registered society or other prescribed institution. *46. (1) Subject to the provisions of subsection (2), no permit-holder shall execute or effect any disposition of the land alienated to him on the permit. (2) With the written consent of the Government Agent, a permit-holder may mortgage his interest in the land alienated to him on the permit to any registered society of which he is a member. (3) Any disposition, other than a disposition in accordance with the provisions of subsection (2), of any land alienated on a permit shall be null and void. 47. (I) Where default is made by a permit-holder who is a member of a registered society in the payment of any sum due to the registered society on any loan granted on the mortgage of the land alienated on the permit, whether that sum is due on account of principal or interest or both, the registered society may, after a decision or award under section 58 of the Co-operative Societies Law has been made on the dispute which had arisen between the registered society and such member by reason of the default, report the defaulter to the Government Agent and transmit to him a certified copy of the decision or award. (2) The Government Agent, upon receipt of a report made under subsection (1) and of a certified copy of the decision or award referred to in that subsection, may take action under Chapter X of this Ordinance to recover the sum due from the person against whom the report was made as though such sum were due to the State and not to the registered society by which the report was made. (3) Notwithstanding anything in any other written law, any sum due to a registered society on account of any sum granted on the mortgage of land alienated on a permit shall be recovered in the manner set out in this section and accordingly such registered society shall not take, and shall be precluded from taking, proceedings for the recovery of such sum in any other manner. (4) The Government Agent shall deliver to a registered society any sum recovered under this section by him in satisfaction of the debt due to such registered society and shall pay the costs of seizure, if recovered, into the Consolidated Fund. SUCCESSION VII 48. In this Chapter "successor ", when used with reference to any land alienated on a permit or a holding, means a person who is entitled under this Chapter to succeed to that land or holding upon the death of the permit-holder or owner thereof, if that permit-holder or owner died without leaving behind his or her spouse, or, if that permitholder or owner died leaving behind his or her spouse, upon the failure of that spouse to succeed to that land or holding or upon the death of that spouse. Definition of successor. [ 22, 16of 48A. (1) Upon the death of a permit- Spouse of a holder who at the time of his or her death deceased permit-holder was paying an annual sum by virtue of the entitled to provisions of subsection (3) of section 19At, succeed to land the spouse of that permit-holder, whether he alienated ~o. that permitor she has or has not been nominated as holder onthe successor by that permit-holder, shall be permit. entitled to succeed to the land alienated to [ 23, 16of that permit-. h I h. d h 0 der on t e permit an t e terms and conditions of that permit shall be applicable to such spouse: Provided that where a spouse who was not nominated as successor by the deceased permit-holder succeeded under the preceding provisions of this subsection to the land alienated on the permit and where after so succeeding, such spouse marries, then upon such marriage- (0) the person nominated by the deceased permit-holder shall succeed to the land, or (b) if no successor has been so nominated, the title to the land shall devolve as prescribed by rule I of the Third Schedule. Sections 44 and45 are repealed byact No. 16of t Section 19A is repealed by Law No. 43 of XI/420

6 [Cap. 300 Spouse of a deceased owner of a holding entitled to succeed to that holding. [ of (2) If, during the lifetime of the spouse of a deceased permit-holder who has succeeded under subsection (I) to the land alienated on the permit, the terms and conditions of the permit are complied with by such spouse, such spouse shall be entitled to a grant of that land subject to the following conditions :- (0) such spouse shall have no power to dispose of the land alienated by the grant; (b) such spouse shall have no power to nominate a successor to that land; (e) upon the death of such spouse, or upon his or her marriage, the person, who was nominated as successor by the deceased permitholder or who would have been entitled to succeed as his successor, shall succeed to that land: Provided that the aforesaid conditions shall not apply to a grant of any land to be made to a spouse who has been nominated by the deceased permit-holder to succeed to the land alienated on the permit. (3) Any disposition or nomination made by a spouse in contravention of the provisions of subsection (2) shall be invalid. 48B. (I) Upon the death of the owner of a holding, the spouse of that owner shall be entitled to succeed to that holding subject to the following conditions :- (0) upon the marriage of such spouse, title to the holding shall devolve on the nominated successor of the deceased owner or, if there was no such nomination, on the person who was entitled to succeed under rule I of the Third Schedule; (b) such spouse shall have no power to dispose of that holding; (e) such spouse nominate holding: shall have no power to a successor to that Provided that the aforesaid conditions shall not apply to a spouse who has been nominated by the deceased owner of the holding to succeed to that holding. (2) Any disposition or nomination made by a spouse in contravention of the provisions of subsection (I) shall be invalid. 49. Upon the death of a permit-holder who at the time of his or her death was paying an annual sum by virtue of the provisions of subsection (3) of section 19A,* or of an owner of a holding, without leaving behind his or her spouse, or, where such permit-holder or owner died leaving behind his or her spouse, upon the failure of such spouse to succeed to the land alienated to that permit-holder on the permit or holding or upon the death of such spouse, a person nominated as successor by such permitholder or owner shall succeed to that land or holding. t51. No person shall be nominated by the owner of a holding or a permit-holder as his successor unless that person is the spouse of such owner or permit-holder, or belongs to one of the groups of relatives enumerated in rule I of the Third Schedule. 52. (I) A nomination made by the owner of a holding or a permit-holder who on the date of making such nomination was unmarried shall, upon the marriage of such owner or permit-holder, be null and void. (2) More persons than one may be nominated by the owner of a holding or a permit-holder as successors to the holding or land alienated on the permit provided that such nomination does not contravene the conditions of the grant or permit. (3) No person shall be nominated as successor to a part or share, whether divided or undivided, of a holding or a land alienated on a permit, unless in the document whereby he is so nominated a successor is duly nominated for the rernammg part or share of the holding or land alienated on the permit. (4) The nomination of a successor and the cancellation of any such nomination shall not be made subject to any condition or defeasance. Succession to land alienated on a permit or to a holding. [ 24, 16 of Restriction on nomination of successors to holdings. General principles applicable to nomination. [ 27, 16 of Section 19A is repealed by Law No. 43 of t Section 50 is repealed by Act No. 16 of XI/421

7 Cap. 300] Cancellation of nominations. [ 28, 16 of Further nomination. [ 29, 16 of Act of nomination is not a disposition. [ of How nomination is effected. [ 31, 16 of [ 31.16of [ 3I,16of 1969) No stamp duty for nominations or cancellation of nominations. [ 32, 16 of Documents of nomination or cancellation invalid unless registered. l 33, 16 of 53. Any nomination of a successor may at any time be cancelled by the owner or permitholder who made such nomination. 54. The owner of a holding or permitholder may make a further nomination in lieu of any nomination which has been cancelled; and a person may be renominated as successor notwithstanding the previous cancellation of the nomination of that person in such capacity. 55. The act or transaction whereby a successor is lawfully nominated under the provisions of this Chapter shall not be or be construed as a disposition of the land for which such successor is so nominated. 56. ( I) The nomination of a successor and the cancellation of any such nomination shall be effected by a document substantially in the prescribed form executed and witnessed in triplicate before a Government Agent, or a Registrar of Lands, or a divisional Assistant Government Agent, or a notary, or a Justice of the Peace. (2) The provisions of subsection (I) shall not apply to any nomination or cancellation of a successor made by last will in the manner hereinafter provided, or to the nomination and cancellation of a successor to a land alienated on a permit made in the manner provided in section 87. (3) A document by which the nomination of a successor or the cancellation of any such nomination is effected under subsection (I) shall not be deemed to be an instrument affecting land for the purposes of the Registration of Documents Ordinance, nor shall the provisions of Chapter II of that Ordinance apply to any person before whom any such document is executed. 57. No stamp duty shall be charged or levied on the execution of a document whereby a successor is nominated or whereby any such nomination is cancelled. 58. ( I) A document (other than a last will) whereby the nomination of a successor is effected or cancelled shall not be valid unless and until it has been registered by the Registrar of Lands of the district in which the holding or land to which that document refers is situated. (2) Regulations may be made prescribing the procedure for the registration of documents whereby nominations of successors are effected or cancelled and for all matters connected therewith or incidental thereto, including the registers which shall be kept and the fees which shall be charged for such registration. 59. Any person shall on payment of the prescribed fee be entitled to inspect at the office of the Registrar of Lands any register kept by him under this Ordinance for the purposes of section No nomination or cancellation of the nomination of a successor shall be valid unless the document (other than a last will) effecting such nomination or cancellation is duly registered before the date of the death of the owner of the holding or the permit-holder. 61. The death during the lifetime of the owner of a holding or a permit-holder of a person who has been nominated by that owner or permit-holder as a successor to that holding or the land alienated on the permit shall operate as a cancellation of the nomination of that person as a successor. 62. ( I) After the registration of a document whereby a person is nominated as successor to a holding or a land alienated on a permit, a document which purports to nominate any other person as successor to that holding or land shall not be registered unless the nomination effected by the registered document has been duly cancelled by the registration of a document of cancellation: Provided that it shall be lawful in one and the same document to cancel a registered nomination and to make some other nomination in lieu thereof; and, in that event, notwithstanding anything in this section contained, the document in which such cancellation and nomination are combined may be registered and shall upon due registration operate both as a cancellation of a previously registered nomination and as a nomination of a new nominee. [ 33, 16 of 1969) Right of public to inspect registers. Nomination or cancellation of nomination invalid unless registered before death of owner or permit-holder. [ 34, 16 of 1969.J Nomination cancelled by death of nominee. [ 35, 16 of No document of nomination to be registered until after cancellation of previous nomination. [ 36, 16 of 1969) Xlj422

8 [Cap. 300 [ 36, 16 of Nomination and cancellation may be made in last will of owner or permit-holder. [ 37, 16of Registration essential to validity of nomination or cancellation made in last will. [ 38, 16of Probate essential to validity of nomination or cancellation made in last will. [ 39, 16of [ 39, 16of [ 39, 16of (2) Nothing in this section contained shall apply to any nomination or cancellation of a nomination made in the last will of the owner of a holding or a permit-holder. 63. The nomination of a person as successor to a holding or to a land alienated on a permit, or the cancellation of any nomination effected by any document duly registered under this Chapter, or both such nomination and cancellation may be made in the last will of the owner of that holding or the permit-holder to whom that land has been alienated. 64. A nomination or a cancellation of a nomination made in the last will of the owner of a holding or a permit-holder shall not be valid unless it is registered in the prescribed manner within a period of three months reckoned from the date of the death of the owner of that holding, or of the date of the death of that permit-holder, as the case may be. 65. (l) A nomination or a cancellation of a nomination made in the last will of the owner of a holding or of a permit-holder shall not be registered unless the applicant for registration shall furnish to the registering officer a certified copy of that will together with a certificate in the prescribed form to the effect that probate of that will has been applied for, signed by the Registrar of the District Court to which the application for probate was made. (2) A nomination or a cancellation of a nomination made in the last will of the owner of a holding or of a permit-holder shall be invalid if probate of that will is refused or recalled or set aside by order of a court of competent jurisdiction; and, in that event, the title to the holding or to the land alienated to that permit-holder shall devolve as though no nomination or cancellation of a nomination had been registered after the death of the owner of that holding or permit-holder. (b) of the registered document by which nomination was effected before the death of the owner or permit-holder; and the last will specifically refers to the nomination effected by that registered document and definitely cancels such nomination. 67. Save as is otherwise specially provided those provisions of this Chapter which apply to nominations or cancellations of nomination effected by documents other than a last will shall apply equally to nominations or cancellations of nomination made in a last will. 68. (1) The spouse of a deceased permitholder, who at the time of his or her death was paying an annual sum by virtue of the provisions of subsection (3) of section 19A, or the spouse of an owner, fails to succeed to the land held by such permit-holder on the permit or to the holding of such owner, as the case may be- (a) if such spouse refuses to succeed to that land or holding, or (b) if such spouse does not enter into possession of that land or holding within a period of six months reckoned from the date of the death of such permit-holder or owner. (2) A nominated successor fails to succeed to the land held on a permit by a permitholder who at the time of his or her death was paying an annual sum by virtue of the provisions of subsection (3) of section 19A* or to the holding of an owner if he refuses to succeed to that land or holding, or, if the nominated successor does not enter into possession of that land or holding within a period of six months reckoned- [ 40, 16 of General principles governing nominations and cancellations by last will. Failure of succession. [ 41, 16of Conditions applicable to cancellation of registered nomination by last will. [ 40, 16of 66. A nomination effected by a document duly registered before the death of the owner of a holding or a permit-holder and in force at the time of his death shall not be cancelled by the last will of that owner or permit-holder unless- (a) the last will was executed on a date later than the date of the execution (i) where such permit-holder or owner dies without leaving behind his or her spouse, from the date of the death of such permit-holder or owner; or (ii) where such permit-holder or owner dies leaving behind his or her spouse, from the date of the Section 19A is repealed by Law No. 43 of XI/423

9 Lap. 300] Succession under the Third Schedule. [ 43,160f Date of succession. [ 44,160f Accrual of rights in case of plurality of successors. [ of failure of such spouse to succeed, such date being reckoned according to the provisions of paragraph (b) of subsection (I), or of the death of such spouse, as the case may be. *72. If no successor has been nominated, or if the nominated successor fails to succeed, or if the nomination of a successor contravenes the provisions of this Ordinance, the title to the land alienated on a permit to a permit-holder who at the time of his or her death was paying an annual sum by virtue of the provisions of subsection (3) of section 19At or to the holding of an owner shall, upon the death of such permit-holder or owner without leaving behind his or her spouse, or, where such permit-holder or owner died leaving behind his or her spouse, upon the failure of such spouse to succeed to that land or holding, or upon the death of such spouse, devolve as prescribed in rule I of the Third Schedule. 73. Title to a land alienated on a permit or to a holding shall be deemed to have devolved on any person entitled to succeed to the land or holding under the provisions of section 72 as from the date of the death of the permit-holder or owner of the holding if such permit-holder or owner died without leaving behind his or her spouse, or, if such permit-holder or owner died leaving behind his or her spouse, upon the failure of such spouse to succeed or from the date of the death of such spouse. as the case may be. 74. Where two or more persons have been duly nominated as successors to a land alienated on a permit or holding, the title of anyone of such successors who is dead on the date on which such successor is entitled to succeed, or who refuses so to succeed. or who fails so to succeed within a period of six months reckoned from such date, shall, as from such date. be deemed to have accrued to the other successors who were duly nominated with him. 75. Any nomination of a successor and any cancellation of any registered nomination of a successor shall be wholly invalid if such nomination or cancellation in any way contravenes the provisions of this 76. (I) If the Government Agent is satisfied after such inquiry as he may deem necessary that title to a holding or land alienated on a permit has devolved on a minor, he may, notwithstanding anything in any other written law, appoint a fit and proper person to be the curator of that minor for the purpose of enabling the minor to exercise his right and to be responsible for his obligations in respect of that holding or land under this (2) No stamp duty shall be payable on the instrument by which a curator is appointed under subsection (I). (3) A curator appointed under subsection (I) shall be responsible for the performance of all duties and for the discharge of all obligations imposed on the minor as owner of the. holding or as permitholder and may be removed from office by the Government Agent if he is satisfied after inquiry that such curator has failed to perform his obligations or has been guilty of neglect of duty or of action or conduct adverse or prejudicial to the interests of the minor, or that the curator is unfit to continue to hold office or for any other sufficient cause. A curator aggrieved by an order of the Government Agent removing him from office may appeal against that order to the Minister in such manner as may be prescribed. (4) A person appointed under subsection (l) as the curator of a minor shall cease to hold office upon the appointment by any court of competent jurisdiction of any other person as curator of that minor. (5) Subject to the provisions of this section, a person appointed under subsection (l) to be the curator of a minor shall in respect of the holding of such minor or of the land alienated on a permit to which such minor has succeeded and in Nomination or cancellation of nomination is invalid if contrary to provisions of [ 46, 16 of Curators. [ 47, 16 of [ 47, 16 of [ 47, 16 of [ 47, 16 of Sections 69,70 and 71 are repealed by Act No. 16 (If t Section 19A is repealed by Law No. 43 of XI/424

10 [Cap. 300 Succession on the death ofa permit-holder who was paying rent under section 19A (2) for the land alienated. [ 49, 16of Reversion of land to State under certain circumstances. [ of Vesting of surrendered land. Name of successor nominated by the permitholder may be endorsed on permit before issue. [ of respect of the management, control, occupation and protection of that holding or land exercise all the rights and be subject to all the liabilities of a curator appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction. *84. Upon the death of a permit-holder who at the time of his or her death was paying rent under subsection (2) of section 19A t for the land alienated to him or her on the permit, then,- (0) if that permit-holder is survived by his or her spouse, the spouse shall be entitled to succeed to that land; (b) if that permit-holder is not survived by his or her spouse or if the spouse does not succeed to the land, any other person who is a duly nominated successor of the deceased permit-holder shall be entitled to succeed to that land on such person obtaining a permit from the Government Agent under the provisions of this Ordinance to occupy that land. 85. Where on the death of a permitholder who at the time of his or her death was paying rent under subsection (2) of section 19A t for the land alienated to him or her on the permit, a person entitled to succeed to that land under the provisions of section 84 fails to so succeed, such person shall be deemed to have surrendered to the State his or her title to that land. 86. Land deemed to have been surrendered under section 85 shall vest in the State free from all encumbrances. 87. A person to whom a Government Agent has agreed to alienate land may nominate as his successor any person who is entitled under this Ordinance to be so nominated, and the name of such successor may be endorsed on the permit before it is issued to the first-mentioned person, and the Government Agent may upon being requested so to do by the permit-holder cancel the name of such successor by an endorsement on the permit and endorse on the permit the name of any other person suggested by the permit-holder as his successor. Sections 77 to 83 are repealed by Act No. 16 of t Section 19A is repealed by Law No. 43 of t Sections 88 to 103are repealed by Act No. 16 of VIII CANCELLATION OF GRANTS AND PERMITS t 104. The President may make order cancelling the grant of a holding if he is satisfied that there has been a failure of succession thereto either because there is no person lawfully entitled to succeed or because no person so entitled is willing to succeed. los. Where In the case of a land alienated on a permit to any person who was at the time of his death paying an annual sum by virtue of the provisions of subsection (3) of section 19At there has been a failure of succession because there is no person lawfully entitled to succeed or because no person so entitled is willing to succeed or where any land has vested in the State under section 86, the Government Agent of the administrative district in which that land is situated shall be entitled to take possession of that land State. on behalf of the 106. (I) If it appears to the Government Agent that a permit-holder has failed to observe a condition of the permit, the Government Agent may by notice in writing require such permit-holder to pay by way of fine such sum not exceeding one hundred rupees, and on or before such date, as may be specified in the notice. (2) Where a permit-holder fails to comply with the requirements of a notice issued under subsection (I), or where a permit-holder contravenes a condition of the permit on a second or subsequent occasion, the Government Agent may issue a notice in the prescribed form intimating to the permit-holder that his permit will be cancelled unless sufficient cause to the contrary is shown to tho: Government Agent on a date and at a time and place specified in the notice The date specified in a notice issued under subsection (2) of section 106 shall not be less than forty-two days from the date of the issue of such notice on the permit-holder. Powers of the President in thecase of failure of succession to a holding. Power ofthe Government Agent in respect ofa land alienated ona permit where there is a failure of succession or where such land has been vested in the State. [ of Notice to permit-holder where there has been a breach of the conditions of the permit. [ of Period allowed for showing cause. [ of 1969] XI/425

11 Cap. 300] Notice to be posted on land and served on interested parties. [ 55, 16 of Order cancelling permit if permit-holder fails to appear. [ 56, 16 of 108. (I) A copy of every notice issued under section 106 shall be served on the permit-holder and a copy shall also be affixed in a conspicuous position on the land affected by such notice. The Government Agent may also cause a copy of such notice to be served on any person who, in his opinion, is interested in the land or may be affected by a cancellation of the permit. (2) If a permit-holder who has to be served under subsection (I) with a notice issued under section 106 cannot by the exercise of due diligence be found, the notice shall be deemed to be duly served on that permit-holder if a copy thereof is left with some adult member of his family or with his servant residing with him; and, if there is no member of the family or servant of that permit-holder on whom the notice can be so served by way of substitution for personal service, the notice shall be deemed to be duly served on that permit-holder if a copy thereof is affixed to some conspicuous part of the house or homestead in which he ordinarily resides. (3) Where a notice issued under section 106 is served on the permit-holder personally, the officer to whom service thereof has been entrusted shall furnish a declaration duly signed by him to the Government Agent that such notice has been served on the permit-holder (I) If the permit-holder fails to appear on the date and at the time and place specified in a notice issued under section 106, or appears and states that he has no cause to show why his permit should not be cancelled, the Government Agent may, if he is satisfied that there has been due service of such notice and that there has been a breach of any of the conditions of the permit, make order cancelling such permit but no such order shall be made until after the expiry of a period of twenty-eight days reckoned from the date specified in the notice issued under section 106. (2) If, within a period of fourteen days reckoned from the date specified in the notice issued under section 106, the permitholder satisfies the Government Agent that he has cause to show why his permit should not be cancelled and that he was prevented by accident, illness, misfortune or other unavoidable cause from appearing on the date and at the time and place specified in such notice, the Government Agent shall appoint another date, time and place for the purpose of enabling the permit-holder to show cause why his permit should not be cancelled. 1l0. (I) If on the date and at the time and place specified in a notice issued under section 106 or appointed by the Government Agent under section 109 (2) the permitholder appears and offers to show cause why his permit should not be cancelled, the Government Agent may, if he is satisfied after inquiry that there has been a breach of any of the conditions of the permit, make order cancelling the permit. (2) The Government Agent may adjourn any inquiry under this section from time to time and shall hear evidence before making his order. All such evidence shall be given on oath or affirmation which the Government Agent is hereby authorized to administer for the purpose. (3) Where an inquiry under this section is adjourned, notice in writing of the date and the time to which the inquiry is adjourned shall be given by the Government Agent to the permit-holder. Ill. Every order made by the Government Agent for the cancellation of a permit shall be dated as of the date on which such order was made. Procedure where permitholder appears and show; cause. [ 57,160f [ 57, 16 of Date of order of cancellation. 1l2. (I) A copy of an order made by a Order of Government Agent under section 110 shall Government Agent to be be served forthwith on the permit-holder served on and a copy of such order shall also be permit-holder affixed forthwith in a conspicuous position and to be posted on land. on the land affected by such order. Every copy so served or affixed shall contain a statement to the effect that an appeal from such order will lie to the Land Commissioner if preferred within a period of thirty days reckoned from the date of the order and such date shall be specified in such statement. XI/426

12 [Cap. 300 Appeal to Land Commissioner. Time-limit for appeal. [ 58, 16 of Powers of Land Commissioner. (2) If a permit-holder who has to be served under subsection (I) with a copy of an order made by the Government Agent under section 110 cannot by the exercise of due diligence be found, the copy shall be deemed to be duly served if it is left with some adult member of the permit-holder's family or with his servant residing with him; and, if there is no member of the family or servant of that permit-holder on whom the copy can be so served by way of substitution for personal service, it shall be deemed to be duly served on that permitholder if it is affixed to some conspicuous part of the house or homestead in which he ordinarily resides A permit-holder aggrieved by an order made by the Government Agent under section 110 may appeal therefrom to the Land Commissioner (I) An appeal under section 113 shall be preferred by written petition within a period of forty-two days reckoned from the date on which the order appealed from was made. (2) In computing the time within which an appeal must be preferred, the date on which the order appealed from was made shall be excluded, but all public holidays shall be included The Land Commissioner may In appeal- (0) direct further inquiry to be made or information to be furnished or evidence to be given; or (b) allow the appeal and set aside the order of the Government Agent; or (c) modify the order of the Government Agent; or (d) affirm the order of the Government Agent; or (e) make such other order as he may consider just. (2) Any decision made by the Land Commissioner under section 115 shall be final and conclusive for all purposes No appeal shall lie against an order of cancellation made by the Government Agent under section 109 but such order shall be final and conclusive for all purposes The agent or representative of any owner or permit-holder may appear before the Government Agent in any proceedings taken or inquiry held under this Chapter: Provided that the Government Agent may at any time require any owner or permitholder to appear in person before him if in his opinion the attendance of that owner or permit-holder is necessary for the purpose of any proceedings taken or inquiry held under this Chapter. 118A. Where the Land Commissioner in the exercise of his powers under section 23A* varies a decision of a Government Agent selecting a person to receive a permit for the occupation of land, the Land Commissioner shall give notice in writing in the prescribed form to such person that- (0) where a permit has been issued to such person, such permit shall, with effect from the date specified in the notice, be deemed to be cancelled; or (b) where no permit has been issued to such person and where such person is in occupation of the land, such person shall vacate and deliver possession of the land on such date and at such time. and to such officer, as may be specified in the notice. IX PROCEDURE I)'; EJECTMENT Government Agent's order under section 109 is final. Righi of party to be represented by agent. Effect of the Land Commissioner reversing a decision of the Government Agent selecting a person to receive a permit for the occupation of land. [ of Copy of Land Commissioner's decision to be served on permit-holder and to be final (I) The decision of the Land Commissioner under section 115 shall be communicated to the Government Agent who shall forthwith cause a copy thereof to be served on the permit-holder who preferred the appeal When the grant of a holding has been cancelled under the provisions of section 104, the Government Agent may issue a notice on any person in possession or occupation of the holding calling upon such person forthwith to vacate the holding. Not ice to issue on party in occupation to vacate holding. [ 60, 16 of Section 23A is repealed by Law No. 43 of XI/427

13 Cap. 300] Report to a Magistrate if person served with notice refuses to vacate holding. Summons to Issue. Order of ejectment where no cause is shown. Inquiry if cause is shown. Order of ejectment If any person on whom a notice has been issued under section 119 fails forthwith to vacate the holding and deliver over possession thereof in terms of the notice so issued and served upon him, the Government Agent, or some other person deputed by him for the purpose, may present to the Magistrate a written report stating the fact that the grant relating to such holding has been duly cancelled and that the person named in such report is in unlawful possession or occupation of such holding and has failed to vacate such holding though served with a notice issued under section Upon receipt of a written report presented to him under section 120, the Magistrate shall forthwith issue a summons to the person named in such report to appear and show cause on a specified date why he should not be ejected from the holding If on the date specified in a summons issued under section 121, the person to whom such summons was issued fails to appear, or appears and informs the court that" he has no cause to show against an order of ejectment, the court shall forthwith issue an order directing such person to be ejected from the holding If the person to whom summons has been issued under section 121 appears on the date specified in such summons and states that he has cause to show against the issue of an order of ejectment, the Magistrate may proceed forthwith to hear and determine the matter or may set the case down for inquiry on some future date. *125. If, after due inquiry, the Magistrate is not satisfied that the person showing cause is entitled to the possession or occupation of the holding, he shall make order directing such person forthwith to be ejected from the holding. Procedure Act shall apply accordingly as though the appeal were preferred against a final order of a Magistrate in respect of which an appeal lies to the Court of Appeal under that Chapter of that Act (I) If no appeal has been preferred against an order of ejectment made by a Magistrate under section 125 within the time allowed for such an appeal, or, if an appeal has been preferred after the final decision of the Court of Appeal affirming the order of ejectment shall have been duly Execution of order of ejectment. certified to the Magistrate's Court, the [ 62, 16 of Magistrate shall, on the application of the Government Agent or other prescribed officer, direct the Fiscal or a peace officer to eject from the holding any person bound by the order of ejectment and to deliver possession of the holding to the Government Agent or other prescribed [ 62, 16 of officer or to the representative of the Government Agent or other prescribed officer. (2) The Fiscal or the peace officer entrusted with the execution of the order of ejectment shall comply with the directions of the Magistrate and make due return of the manner in which he executes the order. (3) In executing an order of ejectment, the Fiscal or the peace officer or any officer authorized by either of them may use such force as may be necessary to enter the holding, to eject any person bound by the order of ejectment and to deliver possession of the holding to the Government Agent [ 62, 16 of or other prescribed officer or to the representative of the Government Agent or other prescribed officer (l) The provisions of this Chapter shall apply, mutatis mutandis, in a case where any person is in unlawful or unauthorized possession or occupation of State land- Ejectment from land alienated on permit. (a) after the cancellation of the permit [ 63, 16 of whereby that land was alienated, or Appeal to Court of Appeal Any person aggrieved by an order made against him by the Magistrate under section 125 may appeal therefrom to the Court of Appeal; and the provisions of Chapter XXVIII of the Code of Criminal (b) after the date on which possession of that land was required by notice under paragraph (b) of section 118A to be delivered to the officer specified in such notice, or Section 124 is repealed by Act No. 16 of XIj428

14 [Cap. 300 [ 63, 16 of Payment of moneys due to the State. [ 64, 16 of Remission, reduction and waiver of annual payments. [ 65, 16 of (c) after the Government Agent was entitled to take possession of that land by virtue of the provisions of section 105. (2) At any inquiry by a Magistrate into cause shown against the issue of an order of ejectment from a land alienated on a permit, it shall not be open to the permit-holder or any other person claiming title to such land through or under the permit-holder to assert or prove- (0) that such land does not belong to the State, or (b) if the permit was cancelled, that such cancellation should not have been made. RECOVERY OF ANNUAL PAYMENTS AND MONEYS DUE To THE STATE 129. Any annual or other payment of any money due to the State by a permitholder in respect of any land alienated under this Ordinance may be made at the district kachcheri to the Government Agent or to an officer authorized by the Government Agent to receive such payments and to issue receipts therefor (I) It shall be lawful for the Minister at any time to remit any annual payment or arrears of annual payments or any moneys due to the State under this (2) The powers of the Minister under subsection (I) may be exercised on his behalf by such persons and in such manner as may be prescribed. (3) If the Government Agent is satisfied that there is sufficient cause for granting relief generally to any class of persons in any locality in respect of any annual payments due by such persons on account of lands alienated in such locality on permits, he may either reduce the amount of any such annual payment or waive it altogether: Provided that such reduction or waiver shall not be made operative for a period exceeding one year. X 131. Without prejudice to the generality of the grounds upon which a Government Agent may reduce or waive any annual payment under section 130, any general failure of crops due to unfavourable weather conditions, any exceptional fall in the price of any staple commodity, any epidemic, or any outbreak of cattle disease adversely affecting the cultivation of the land, may be deemed to be a sufficient cause for granting relief under that section A permit-holder shall be liable in respect of any payments which may be overdue or in arrears, to make additional payments to the State according to such scale and in such manner as may be prescribed Any amount due to the State by a permit-holder in respect of any land alienated under this Ordinance shall be a first charge on the land held by such permit-holder on the permit If a permit-holder makes default in the due payment of any moneys payable by him in respect of the land alienated to that permit-holder on the permit, the Government Agent or any person authorized by him in writing may seize and sequester the crops of such land together with any movable property therein belonging to the permit-holder who has so made default: Provided that the following property shall not be liable to seizure or sequestration under this section :- (0) the necessary wearing apparel, beds, and bedding of the permit-holder [ 68,16 of who has made default, or of his wife, and children; and (b) utensils used in his dwelling house for cooking or for the preparation of food, his implements of husbandry and such cattle and seed-grain as may, in the opinion of the officer effecting the seizure or sequestration, be necessary to enable him to earn his livelihood as an agriculturist In this Chapter a growing crop on any land shall not be regarded as an interest in land but shall be deemed to be movable property. Specified grounds upon which a reduction or waiver of annual payments may be made. Penalties for payments overdue or in arrears. [ of Money due to State a first charge on land. [ 67, 16 of Seizure and sequestration of crops and movable property of defaulting permit-holder. [ 68, 16 of In this Chapter a growing crop is movable property. XI/429

15 Cap. 300] Property seized to be taken charge of. Sale of property seized. List of property seized. Excess to be refunded to defaulter. Seizure of land alienated on the permit. [ 69, 16 of [ 69, 16 of 136. The person effecting the seizure may take charge of or place another person in charge of any crops, produce or movable property seized under section (1) If the defaulter fails to pay the amount due to the State together with the costs of seizure within a period of thirty days reckoned from the date of such seizure the Government Agent may cause the property seized to be sold by public auction or by tender: Provided that perishables may be sold as soon as may be deemed expedient by the person effecting the seizure. (2) In computing the period of thirty days referred to in subsection (1), the date on which the seizure was made shall be excluded but all public holidays shall be included. (3) Regulations may be made prescribing the costs which may be charged or recovered for any seizure or sale effected under this Chapter (1) A list shall be made showing details of the property seized under section 134 and sold under section 137, the names and addresses of the purchasers, the prices realized, and the total amount recovered by the sale. (2) Upon payment of the purchase money, a purchaser at a sale under section 137 shall receive a certificate of sale showing the property purchased and the price paid for such purchase If the amount realized by the sale of the property seized under section 134 exceeds the total amount of the debt due to the State together with the costs of seizure and sale, the Government Agent shall refund the excess to the defaulter If at a sale under section 137 the amount recovered is insufficient to discharge the debt due by the permit-holder to the State together with the costs of seizure and sale, the Government Agent or a person authorized by him in writing may seize the land alienated on the permit (1) A seizure of a land referred to in section 140 shall be effected by serving upon the permit-holder to whom that land was alienated a notice substantially in the prescribed form and by affixing a copy of such notice in a conspicuous position on such land. A copy of such notice may also be served on any other person interested in the land or affected by the seizure thereof. (2) If a permit-holder who has to be served with a notice under subsection (1) cannot by the exercise of due diligence be found, the notice shall be deemed to be duly served on that permit-holder if a copy thereof is left with some adult member of his family or with his servant residing with him; and, if there is no member of the family or servant of that permit-holder on whom the notice can be so served by way of substitution for personal service, the notice shall be deemed to be duly served on that permit-holder if a copy thereof is affixed to some conspicuous part of the house or homestead in which he ordinarily resides. (3) No land shall be seized if the defaulting permit-holder to whom that land was alienated surrenders free and unclaimed movable property to satisfy the entirety of the amount due from him (1) Every seizure of a land referred to in section 140 shall be registered. (2) No disposition of a land alienated on a permit shall be valid if it is effected or registered after the seizure of that land has been registered (1) The seizure of a land under section 142 shall operate as a cancellation of the permit under which such land was alienated, and the permit-holder to whom such land was alienated shall have no claim whatsoever to such land but such permitholder shall, if he pays within a period of one year from the date of the seizure of the land the total amount due in respect of such land together with the costs of seizure, be entitled to be placed in possession of such land on the same terms and conditions on which the land was held by such permitholder on the date of the seizure. Where the permit-holder dies before the expiry of the period of one year hereinbefore specified the right to be placed Seizure, how effected. [ 70, 16 of [ 70, 16 of [ 70, 16 of Registration of seizure. [ 71, 16 of [ 71,16 of Seizure of land under section 142 operates as cancellation of permit. [ 72, 16 of XI/430

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