Overview: The World Community from

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Overview: The World Community from"

Transcription

1 Overview: The World Community from By Encyclopaedia Britannica, adapted by Newsela staff on Word Count 874 Level 1050L During the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, Czechoslovakians carry their national flag past a burning tank in Prague. Photo by the CIA. The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II, but after the war ended they didn't trust each other. The United States was concerned that the Soviet Union would expand its power by bringing Eastern Europe into its influence. And that is exactly what happened. The Soviet Union sent its army into Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, East Germany and Bulgaria. These nations turned communist and became Soviet satellite nations that is, they fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. The Soviet Union itself, however, was left in ruins by World War II. It was worried that the United States, which at the time was the only nation with atomic weapons, would attempt to destroy it. This article is available at 5 reading levels at 1

2 "Mutual hostility" between the U.S. and the Soviet Union The Cold War developed out of this situation of mutual hostility between the two superpowers. Each nation tried to increase its influence around the world. They both formed alliances with many other countries and offered them money in the form of foreign aid and sold them weapons. Both the U.S. and Soviet Union also sometimes tried to topple the governments of smaller nations. The Cold War never became an actual war between the superpowers, probably only because both had nuclear weapons and neither wanted a nuclear war to happen. In 1949, a communist revolution happened in China, which increased U.S. anxieties about Soviet power. Many Americans were fearful that communism would spread around the world. The Cold War was not the only important global development. All over the world, former colonies were gaining independence from European powers. Revolutions were going on in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Latin America. Meanwhile, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan and others developed nuclear weapons. Industrialization changes the political landscape With the new political order came new terminology. The "First World" was the United States and its allies, primarily Western Europe and Japan. The "Second World" meant the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe. The term "Third World" meant all developing countries that hadn't yet industrialized. This included much of Southeast Asia, Latin America and Africa. There were a great number of poverty-stricken and underdeveloped nations in the 1950s. Many were just emerging from colonialism while others had been badly governed for decades. Africa was still mostly underdeveloped and poor. Parts of Latin America, however, underwent major change as countries with dictatorships became democracies. Many areas of Southeast Asia experienced rapid economic development, like China, which experienced fast economic growth. The countries of the Middle East that had oil also prospered. Europe and Japan had been devastated by World War II, and the Soviet Union was in shambles. To rebuild the West and Japan, the U.S. launched a massive foreign aid program called the Marshall Plan. It gave Western Europe more than $17 billion in aid for reconstruction. Then U.S. also helped Japan rebuild. The result was a time when the industrialized societies achieved levels of wealth they had never seen before. The Eastern bloc nations, led by the Soviet Union, also had to rebuild after the war. The process took longer. They refused to take Marshall Plan money, and they had been poorer and less industrialized than the nations of Western Europe before the war. This article is available at 5 reading levels at 2

3 The Cold War's lingering effects lead to conflict Many conflicts came out of the Cold War. The Vietnam War ended with the victory of communist North Vietnam. Soviet and U.S. power confronted each other in several places, especially in Europe and Korea. In Cuba, forces led by Fidel Castro led a revolution in the late 1950s and set up a communist government. In 1962, the threat of nuclear war escalated when the Soviet Union placed missiles in Cuba and aimed them at the United States. U.S. President John F. Kennedy blockaded shipping to Cuba to prevent more missiles from entering the country. Eventually, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev ordered the missiles removed. In the early 1980s, much of Central America was torn by conflict. The Soviet Union and Cuba often supplied rebel fighters to overthrow governments, and the U.S. armed and trained government forces to stop the rebels. Not all of the global trouble spots came out of the Cold War, though most of them were affected by it. One constant area of conflict was the Middle East. Several wars were fought between the Arab states and Israel. The Soviet Union supplied some Arab states, such as Syria and Iraq, with weapons while the U.S. aided Israel and the Arab countries that it was friendly with. The United Nations formed in the ashes of World War II with the goal of preventing future wars. The Cold War led to a number of alliances between countries for their mutual protection. The best known were the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), formed in 1949, and the Warsaw Pact, which was signed in NATO is a military alliance that was created to defend Western Europe from the Soviet Union. The Warsaw Pact was the Soviet alliance created to counter the power of NATO. Many organizations were created to deal with the financial needs of the global community and give out aid money, like the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. This article is available at 5 reading levels at 3

4 Quiz 1 Read the section "Industrialization changes the political landscape." Select the paragraph that shows HOW the U.S. helped its allies after World War II. 2 Which section of the article highlights the idea that the Cold War was responsible for a new language about regions of the world? Introduction [paragraphs 1-2] "Mutual hostility between the U.S. and the Soviet Union" "Industrialization changes the political landscape" "The Cold War's lingering effects lead to conflict" 3 Read the sentence from the section "The Cold War's lingering effects lead to conflict." In the early 1980s, much of Central America was torn by conflict. HOW does the phrase "torn by conflict" affect the TONE of this sentence? It conveys a sense of unity that Central America was joining with the Soviet Union. It conveys a sense of eagerness that Central America wanted to rebel against its governments. It conveys a sense of unease that Central Americans were unclear about the next step. It conveys a sense of desperation that struggles persisted in Central America. 4 Read these excerpts from the article. These nations turned communist and became Soviet satellite nations that is, they fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. The "Second World" meant the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe. What is a "satellite nation"? a country that was once democratic but is now communist a country that is aligned with the Soviet Union a country that joined the Second World to escape the Third World a country that has an influential space program This article is available at 5 reading levels at 4

5 This article is available at 5 reading levels at 5

6 Answer Key 1 Read the section "Industrialization changes the political landscape." Select the paragraph that shows HOW the U.S. helped its allies after World War II. Paragraph 7: Europe and Japan had been devastated by World War II, and the Soviet Union was in shambles. To rebuild the West and Japan, the U.S. launched a massive foreign aid program called the Marshall Plan. It gave Western Europe more than $17 billion in aid for reconstruction. Then U.S. also helped Japan rebuild. 2 Which section of the article highlights the idea that the Cold War was responsible for a new language about regions of the world? Introduction [paragraphs 1-2] "Mutual hostility between the U.S. and the Soviet Union" "Industrialization changes the political landscape" "The Cold War's lingering effects lead to conflict" 3 Read the sentence from the section "The Cold War's lingering effects lead to conflict." In the early 1980s, much of Central America was torn by conflict. HOW does the phrase "torn by conflict" affect the TONE of this sentence? It conveys a sense of unity that Central America was joining with the Soviet Union. It conveys a sense of eagerness that Central America wanted to rebel against its governments. It conveys a sense of unease that Central Americans were unclear about the next step. It conveys a sense of desperation that struggles persisted in Central America. This article is available at 5 reading levels at 6

7 4 Read these excerpts from the article. These nations turned communist and became Soviet satellite nations that is, they fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. The "Second World" meant the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe. What is a "satellite nation"? a country that was once democratic but is now communist a country that is aligned with the Soviet Union a country that joined the Second World to escape the Third World a country that has an influential space program This article is available at 5 reading levels at 7

Overview: The World Community from

Overview: The World Community from Overview: The World Community from 1945 1990 By Encyclopaedia Britannica, adapted by Newsela staff on 06.15.17 Word Count 462 Level 580L During the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, Czechoslovakians

More information

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill COLD WAR 1945-1991 1. The Soviet Union drove the Germans back across Eastern Europe. 2. They occupied several countries along it s western border and considered them a necessary buffer or wall of protection

More information

World History (Survey) Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present

World History (Survey) Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present World History (Survey) Chapter 33: Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Section 1: Two Superpowers Face Off The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February

More information

Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also

Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also Name Period Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also Japan by U.S. troops Industries re-built with modern Korea into zones of occupation (USSR and US) Boundary is parallel (38

More information

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Japan Occupied by U.S. troops Demilitarized Industries re-built with modern machinery Divided into 2 zones of occupation

More information

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled.

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Objectives Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Explain how President Truman responded to Soviet domination of Eastern Europe. Describe

More information

EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era

EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era Conflict in Europe Following WWII, tensions were running high between western Allies and USSR US and Great Britain: Allies should not occupy territories they conquered

More information

Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War

Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Thought for the day: Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also

More information

The Cold War

The Cold War The Cold War 1945-1989 What is the Cold War It was an intense rivalry between the United States and Russia between West and East and between capitalism and communism that dominated the years following

More information

Chapter 33 Summary/Notes

Chapter 33 Summary/Notes Chapter 33 Summary/Notes Unit 8 Perspectives on the Present Chapter 33 Section 1. The Cold War Superpowers Face off We learned about the end of WWII. Now we learn about tensions that followed the war.

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 26: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Cold War Conflicts CHAPTER OVERVIEW After World War II, tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union lead to a war without direct military

More information

Unit 7: The Cold War

Unit 7: The Cold War Unit 7: The Cold War Standard 7-5 Goal: The student will demonstrate an understanding of international developments during the Cold War era. Vocabulary 7-5.1 OCCUPIED 7-5.2 UNITED NATIONS NORTH ATLANTIC

More information

Modern World History Spring Final Exam 09

Modern World History Spring Final Exam 09 1. What was the goal of the Marshall Plan? A. to provide aid to European countries damaged by World War II B. to protect member nations against Soviet Union aggression C. to protect the United States economically

More information

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 [Since 1998, the pattern is: two subject specific questions, two questions allowing a choice of examples, and one question

More information

ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES

ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES Cold War: Super Powers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into

More information

World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues _Edited

World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues _Edited Name: Period: Date: Teacher: World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues 2012-2013_Edited Test Date: April 25, 2013 Suggested Duration: 1 class period This test is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE

More information

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2014

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2014 Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2014 [Since 1998, the pattern is: two subject specific questions, two questions allowing a choice of examples, and one question

More information

Early Cold War

Early Cold War Early Cold War 1945-1972 Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism Communism Free-Market Economy Upper, Middle and Working Class North Atlantic Treaty Organization Government Controlled Economy Classless Society

More information

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off Cold War: Superpowers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into

More information

Former Allies Diverge

Former Allies Diverge Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off Former Allies Diverge The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe United States Counters Soviet Expansion The Cold War and a Divided World Former Allies Diverge Before

More information

Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present

Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Map Activity Define the following on a separate sheet of paper: Cold War, Brinkmanship, Détente, Containment, Communism, Capitalism, Democracy, Command Economy,

More information

The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT)

The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) Throughout WWII the U.S. and the Soviet Union began to view each other with increasing suspicion. He s a commie, and once made an alliance with Hitler...

More information

Cold War Containment Policies

Cold War Containment Policies VUS.13b Cold War Containment Policies How did the U.S. respond to the threat of communist expansion? "Flags courtesy of www.theodora.com/flags used with permission" Origins of the Cold War The Cold War

More information

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off Section 1 Cold War: Superpowers Face Off Reading Comprehension Find the name or term in the second column that best matches the description in the first column. Then write the letter of your answer in

More information

WINNING the WAR / PLANNING the PEACE The Allies: US, England, USSR, and China Feb 1945 Yalta Conference: US-USSR-England GERMANY must agree to

WINNING the WAR / PLANNING the PEACE The Allies: US, England, USSR, and China Feb 1945 Yalta Conference: US-USSR-England GERMANY must agree to WINNING the WAR / PLANNING the PEACE The Allies: US, England, USSR, and China Feb 1945 Yalta Conference: US-USSR-England GERMANY must agree to UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER Germany will be divided into 4 parts

More information

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA)

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) Cold War VS Communism Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) United Nations (UN) Started with 50 member countries Created to promote peace

More information

Economics, Government, & the Cold War. Why do states cooperate with each other?

Economics, Government, & the Cold War. Why do states cooperate with each other? Economics, Government, & the Cold War Why do states cooperate with each other? ECONOMIC TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH POLITICS a. CAPITALISM Economic system where citizens own property & private businesses control

More information

The Cold War Begins. After WWII

The Cold War Begins. After WWII The Cold War Begins After WWII After WWII the US and the USSR emerged as the world s two. Although allies during WWII distrust between the communist USSR and the democratic US led to the. Cold War tension

More information

Cold War. A war of words between countries. There is no actual fighting.

Cold War. A war of words between countries. There is no actual fighting. Cold War Era Cold War A war of words between countries. There is no actual fighting. Iron Curtain The term Winston Churchill used to describe the communist countries in Europe Yalta Conference a conference

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War A Difference In Opinion 1945 was the beginning of a long period of distrust & misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West (particularly the US) Soviet

More information

The Potsdam Conference

The Potsdam Conference The Cold War Begins The United Nations Chartered in April 1945 Replaced the League of Nations as a mediator for international disputes 50 nations joined initially (today, UN has 192 members) In the General

More information

TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS SINCE 1945

TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS SINCE 1945 TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS SINCE 1945 Facing the First Challenges: the Transatlantic Partnership during the 1950s Today s outline The development of institutional frameworks to implement the West s policy

More information

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1:

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam War and the arms race were associated with the Cold War. RESULTS OF WWII RESULTS VE

More information

End of WWI and Early Cold War

End of WWI and Early Cold War End of WWI and Early Cold War Why So Scary, Communism? It posed a direct threat to democracy and capitalism Struggle between US and USSR was political but battle between good and evil Democracy A system

More information

Chapter Two Superpowers Face Off

Chapter Two Superpowers Face Off Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off I) Former Allies Diverge II) The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe III) United States Counters Soviet Expansion IV) The Cold War and a Divided World I) Former Allies

More information

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War The Cold War Origins - Korean War What is a Cold War? WW II left two nations of almost equal strength but differing goals Cold War A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct

More information

One war ends, another begins

One war ends, another begins One war ends, another begins Communism comes from the word common, meaning to belong equally to more than one individual. The related word, commune is a place where people live together and share property

More information

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s America after WWII The 1946 through the 1950 s The United Nations In 1944 President Roosevelt began to think about what the world would be like after WWII He especially wanted to be sure that there would

More information

Europe and North America Section 1

Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Europe and North America Section

More information

Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? THE COLD WAR ( )

Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? THE COLD WAR ( ) THE Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry

More information

Chapter 25 Cold War America, APUSH Mr. Muller

Chapter 25 Cold War America, APUSH Mr. Muller Chapter 25 Cold War America, 1945-1963 APUSH Mr. Muller Aim: How does the U.S. and U.S.S.R. go from allies to rivals? Do Now: Communism holds that the world is so deeply divided into opposing classes that

More information

Unit Nine: World War II & the Cold War ( ) AP European History

Unit Nine: World War II & the Cold War ( ) AP European History Unit Nine: World War II & the Cold War (1919 1965) AP European History www.chshistory.net 1 Unit 9: World War II & The Cold War Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday March 27 March 28 March 29 March

More information

Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off. Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII?

Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off. Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Post WWII Big Three meet in Yalta Divide Germany into 4 zones (U.S.,

More information

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs.

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. The Cold War 1945-1990 Part I (1945-1960) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism Ideas/Questions What was the cold war? Are we still seeing its echoes

More information

International Influence

International Influence What is influence? Influence is how a thing or person affects another thing or person. When someone has influence over you, he or she has the power to change the decisions you make. You can think about

More information

Journal # 11 04/30/15 Objective: Students will utilize various

Journal # 11 04/30/15 Objective: Students will utilize various Journal # 11 04/30/15 Objective: Students will utilize various resources to identify, compare/contrast, and evaluate the origins, development and effects of the Cold War. Agenda: Journal Cold War PPT Guided

More information

Domestic policy WWI. Foreign Policy. Balance of Power

Domestic policy WWI. Foreign Policy. Balance of Power Domestic policy WWI The decisions made by a government regarding issues that occur within the country. Healthcare, education, Social Security are examples of domestic policy issues. Foreign Policy Caused

More information

Who wants to be a. Expert on the Cold War?!

Who wants to be a. Expert on the Cold War?! Who wants to be a Expert on the Cold War?! Which statement describes the economic history of Japan since World War II? A: Japan has withdrawn from the world economic community and has practices economic

More information

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior.

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 1. The Americans become increasingly impatient with the Soviets. 2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 3. On February 22, 1946, George Kennan an American

More information

Introduction to the Cold War

Introduction to the Cold War Introduction to the Cold War What is the Cold War? The Cold War is the conflict that existed between the United States and Soviet Union from 1945 to 1991. It is called cold because the two sides never

More information

nations united with another for some common purpose such as assistance and protection

nations united with another for some common purpose such as assistance and protection SS.7.C.4.1 Differentiate concepts related to U.S. domestic and foreign policy. Students will recognize the difference between domestic and foreign policy. Students will identify issues that relate to U.S.

More information

TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Cold War Tensions (Chapter 30 Quiz)

TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Cold War Tensions (Chapter 30 Quiz) Cold War Tensions (Chapter 30 Quiz) What were the military and political consequences of the Cold War in the Soviet Union, Europe, and the United States? After World War II ended, the United States and

More information

Section 4: How did the Cold War develop?

Section 4: How did the Cold War develop? Section 4: How did the Cold War develop? 1943-56 4 (a) Describe one reason why the Allies met at Yalta in February 1945. 1 1 Simple statement(s) e.g. To discuss what to do with Germany. 2 2 Developed statements

More information

THE COLD WAR ( )

THE COLD WAR ( ) THE COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry divided the world into two teams (capitalism

More information

The Legacies of WWII

The Legacies of WWII The Cold War The Legacies of WWII WWI might have been the war to end all wars but it was WWII that shifted the psyche of humanity. The costs of total war were simply too high 55 million dead worldwide

More information

Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins. Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War.

Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins. Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle US & the Western Democracies GOAL

More information

The Early Cold War: Written by Ms. Susan M. Pojer and modified by J. Christie

The Early Cold War: Written by Ms. Susan M. Pojer and modified by J. Christie The Early Cold War: 1947-1970 Written by Ms. Susan M. Pojer and modified by J. Christie California Standards Compare the economic and military power shifts caused by the war, including the Yalta Pact,

More information

World History Chapter 23 Page Reading Outline

World History Chapter 23 Page Reading Outline World History Chapter 23 Page 601-632 Reading Outline The Cold War Era: Iron Curtain: a phrased coined by Winston Churchill at the end of World War I when her foresaw of the impending danger Russia would

More information

Communism. Communism is a form of economy. Everyone gets the same resources. Gov t owns the means of production -so no individuals own the businesses

Communism. Communism is a form of economy. Everyone gets the same resources. Gov t owns the means of production -so no individuals own the businesses The Cold War Communism Communism is a form of economy Everyone gets the same resources Gov t owns the means of production -so no individuals own the businesses Idea of Communism Gov t will work in the

More information

Option 26/27 scheme of work

Option 26/27 scheme of work Option 26/27 scheme of work Superpower relations and the Cold War, 1941 91 GCSE (9-1) History Pearson Edexcel Level 1/Level 2 GCSE (9-1) in History (1HI0) Introduction This document provides a sample

More information

Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S :

Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S : Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S : 1 9 4 6-1 9 9 1 Textbook Help Remember your textbook has a lot of extra information that can really help you learn more about the Cold

More information

Post World War II...The Cold War

Post World War II...The Cold War Post World War II...The Cold War Thesis Statement The Post WWII era has been dominated by the Cold War and events today are reflective of Cold War dynamics (propaganda, us vs. them, good vs. evil, UN Security

More information

Note Taking Study Guide THE COLD WAR UNFOLDS

Note Taking Study Guide THE COLD WAR UNFOLDS SECTION 1 Note Taking Study Guide THE COLD WAR UNFOLDS Focus Question: What were the military and political consequences of the Cold War in the Soviet Union, Europe, and the United States? As you read

More information

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Former Allies Clash After World War II the US and the Soviets had very different goals for the future. Under Soviet communism the state controlled all property and economic

More information

Unit 8. 5th Grade Social Studies Cold War Study Guide. Additional study material and review games are available at at

Unit 8. 5th Grade Social Studies Cold War Study Guide. Additional study material and review games are available at at Unit 8 5th Grade Social Studies Cold War Study Guide Additional study material and review games are available at www.jonathanfeicht.com. are available at www.jonathanfeicht.com. Copyright 2015. For single

More information

Lessons from the Cold War,

Lessons from the Cold War, Lessons from the Cold War, 1949-1989 Professor Andrea Chandler Learning in Retirement/April-May 2018 Lecture 3: Cold War Crises LIR/Chandler/Cold War 1 What is a Cold War crisis? An event which heightened

More information

The Cold War. Chapter 30

The Cold War. Chapter 30 The Cold War Chapter 30 Two Side Face Off in Europe Each superpower formed its own military alliance NATO USA and western Europe Warsaw Pact USSR and eastern Europe Berlin Wall 1961 Anti-Soviet revolts

More information

The Cold War. Chap. 18, 19

The Cold War. Chap. 18, 19 The Cold War Chap. 18, 19 Cold War 1945-1991 Political and economic conflict between U.S. and USSR Not fought on battlefield U.S. Vs. USSR Democracy- free elections private ownership Free market former

More information

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991 U.S vs. U.S.S.R. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension

More information

The end of WWII caused major changes:

The end of WWII caused major changes: The Cold War The end of WWII caused major changes: 1. Europe is no longer the world s dominant power The USA and the USSR have become superpowers. 2. The world has entered...the nuclear age Tension was

More information

The Spread of Communism

The Spread of Communism The Spread of Communism Enduring Understanding: You should understand how international developments during the Cold War affected the world politically, socially, and economically. Be able to explain the

More information

8-1: THE EARLY COLD WAR,

8-1: THE EARLY COLD WAR, 8-1: THE EARLY COLD WAR, 1945-1963 I. Overview A. The United States responded to an uncertain and unstable postwar world by asserting and working to maintain a position of global leadership, with far-reaching

More information

Chapter 1 The Cold War Era Political Science Class 12

Chapter 1 The Cold War Era Political Science Class 12 CHAPTER 1 THE COLD WAR ERA 1. The Background 10x10 Learning TM Page 1 2. Significant Features of the Cold War. Questions at the end of the Chapter: 1. Which among the following statements about the Cold

More information

THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS. US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2

THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS. US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2 THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2 THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS CONTAINING COMMUNISM MAIN IDEA The Truman Doctrine offered aid to any nation resisting communism; The Marshal Plan aided

More information

Required Reading for this Unit: Geopolitics. The Nation State. What is Geopolitics?

Required Reading for this Unit: Geopolitics. The Nation State. What is Geopolitics? 2 Required Reading for this Unit: A Sure Path to Conflict? 3 4 What is? The interplay (relationship) between geography and politics on either a national or international level. The Nation State Independent

More information

COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm.

COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. COLD WAR ORIGINS U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World

More information

VUS.13a. Postwar outcomes. Wars have political, economic, and social consequences.

VUS.13a. Postwar outcomes. Wars have political, economic, and social consequences. VUS.13a Postwar outcomes Wars have political, economic, and social consequences. Boundary Issues Map courtesy of: 1998 Cable News Network, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Divisions of Europe As the Soviets pushed

More information

Confrontation of the Superpowers

Confrontation of the Superpowers Confrontation of the Superpowers After World War II, the differences between the United States and Soviet Union became very apparent, and the two powers became fierce rivals. Reading Connection Can you

More information

Learning Goal 17: Student will be able to explain how the Cold War started.

Learning Goal 17: Student will be able to explain how the Cold War started. Cold War and 1950s Learning Goal 17: Student will be able to explain how the Cold War started. - Western fear of Communist Expansion (Containment, Truman Doctrine, McCarthyism, Second Red Scare, HUAC,

More information

International Influence STEP BY STEP

International Influence STEP BY STEP Teacher s Guide Time Needed: One Class Period Materials Needed: Student worksheets, an overhead transparency, and an overhead or computer projector. Copy Instructions: Students will receive one reading

More information

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe The Main Idea WWIII??? At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Cold

More information

unit 4: The Cold War

unit 4: The Cold War unit 4: The Cold War Vocabulary & Important People 1. Cold War: the state of political hostility that existed between the Soviet bloc countries and the US-led Western powers from 1945 to 1990. 2. Harry

More information

Answer: (d) The US and USSR were engaged in direct wars.

Answer: (d) The US and USSR were engaged in direct wars. The Cold War Era 1. Which among the following statements about the Cold War is wrong? (а) It was a competition between the US and Soviet Union and their respective allies. (b) It was an ideological war

More information

Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War

Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War Essential Question How did WWII change Europe? After the death of Vladimir Lenin, the Soviet Union s new communist leader was Joseph Stalin. Stalin and the

More information

Con!:,rressional Research Service The Library of Congress

Con!:,rressional Research Service The Library of Congress ....... " CRS ~ort for_ C o_n~_e_s_s_ Con!:,rressional Research Service The Library of Congress OVERVIEW Conventional Arms Transfers in the Post-Cold War Era Richard F. Grimmett Specialist in National

More information

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era?

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Cold War Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Yalta Conference The Yalta Conference was held towards the end of World War II. During this time

More information

Marshall Plan: A U.S. recovery plan that offered money to help European countries rebuild after WWII.

Marshall Plan: A U.S. recovery plan that offered money to help European countries rebuild after WWII. Cold War 1951-1991 Hostility between Soviet Union (communism) and the United States (democratic) created the Cold War. No Physical Fighting hence the name Cold War https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= naqs-blpfu4

More information

Preface to Cold War. Preface

Preface to Cold War. Preface Preface to Cold War Preface I have had the pleasure of teaching IB history for over 20 years, mainly at Malmö Borgarskola in Sweden but also on revision courses in England and in the United States. It

More information

Making of the Modern World 15. Lecture #10 The Cold War and the American Century

Making of the Modern World 15. Lecture #10 The Cold War and the American Century Making of the Modern World 15 Lecture #10 The Cold War and the American Century Uncle Joe Guess where. Origins of the Cold War US, USSR, Great Britain unnatural allies during World War II Tensions submerged

More information

Great Powers. Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, United States president Franklin D. Roosevelt, and British prime minister Winston

Great Powers. Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, United States president Franklin D. Roosevelt, and British prime minister Winston Great Powers I INTRODUCTION Big Three, Tehrān, Iran Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, United States president Franklin D. Roosevelt, and British prime minister Winston Churchill, seated left to right, meet

More information

This work is the intellectual property of MrHubbshistory.com. Content copyright MrHubbsHistory. All rights reserved.

This work is the intellectual property of MrHubbshistory.com. Content copyright MrHubbsHistory. All rights reserved. The Crumbling Alliance After World War II two powers, the United States and the Soviet Union became the world superpowers. These two countries had the economic resources and military force to dominate

More information

The Cold War ( )

The Cold War ( ) America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 26 The Cold War (1945 1960) Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved. America:

More information

The Roots of the Cold War

The Roots of the Cold War The Roots of the Cold War Communism No real wealthy people State/country controls everything business related No free enterprise system 1 ruler that can easily turn into a dictatorship Roots of the Cold

More information

Objectives: CLASSROOM IDEAS: Research human rights violations since World War II and the United Nations response to them.

Objectives: CLASSROOM IDEAS: Research human rights violations since World War II and the United Nations response to them. Niagara Falls City School District 630 66th Street, Niagara Falls, NY 14304 Social Studies - Grade 8-40 Weeks 8th Grade NYS Performance Indicators Objectives I. The United States as Leader of the Free

More information

Mini Lesson Part I: Reading

Mini Lesson Part I: Reading Do Now : How does the idea of containing communism help the American economy? How does war affect lower class citizens in America? Mini Lesson Part I: Reading Foreign Policy Change= Failure Americans Losing

More information

Portsmouth City School District Lesson Plan Checklist

Portsmouth City School District Lesson Plan Checklist Portsmouth City School District Lesson Plan Checklist Ninth Grade Social Studies Academic Content Standards Standard 1 Standard 2 Standard 3 History People in Societies Geography Benchmarks Benchmarks

More information

Russian History. Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s

Russian History. Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s Russian History Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s Outline Russia Lecture #1 Ancient Russia Settlement of Russia Yaroslav the Wise Mongol Invasion of Russia Retaking Russia Ivan the Great Ivan the

More information

THE COLD WAR Part Two Teachers Notes by Paul Latham

THE COLD WAR Part Two Teachers Notes by Paul Latham THE COLD WAR Part Two Teachers Notes by Paul Latham Notes also available on DVD disc as either a Word document or PDF file. Also available on the website 1 2 The Cold War (Part 2) Teachers Notes CUBA AND

More information

1918?? US fails to recognize Bolshevik regime and the USSR April 12, 1945?? FDR dies Stalin had immense respect for FDR which did not carry through

1918?? US fails to recognize Bolshevik regime and the USSR April 12, 1945?? FDR dies Stalin had immense respect for FDR which did not carry through 1918?? US fails to recognize Bolshevik regime and the USSR April 12, 1945?? FDR dies Stalin had immense respect for FDR which did not carry through to Truman 1946?? Kennan Telegram urging the US gov t

More information