The Three Elephants in the Room: Coal, Oil and Gas in the Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) and their CO2 Emissions up to 2013 Bernard CHABOT

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Three Elephants in the Room: Coal, Oil and Gas in the Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) and their CO2 Emissions up to 2013 Bernard CHABOT"

Transcription

1 The Three Elephants in the Room: Coal, Oil and Gas in the Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) and their CO2 Emissions up to 2013 Bernard CHABOT Renewable Energy Consultant and Trainer BCCONSULT, Garbejaire B107, VALBONE, France 1

2 Main Findings and Conclusions World primary energy consumption (PEC) remains based mainly on the use of fossil fuels : according to the BP Statistical Rewiew 2014 used in this analysis, in 2013 fossil fuels contributed around 87 % of the 12,730 Mtoe of global PEC in 2013: 33 % from oil (4,185 Mt), 30 % from coal (3,827 Mtoe) and 24 % from gas (3,020 Mtoe). Commercial renewables (including hydropower) contributed by 8.9 % (1,135 Mtoe) and nuclear by 4.4 % (563 Mtoe) Considering final energy consumption including from traditional biomass (see slide N 7 from the REN report), in 2012 fossil fuels contributed by 78.2 %, renewables by 19 % (of which 10 % modern renewables) and nuclear energy by 2.6 %. On the last ten years ( ), fossil fuels consumption average annual growth rate (2.2 %/year) was the same than for PEC, compared to %/year for renewables (resulting from %/year for hydropower and %/year for other renewables) and to a decrease of %/year for nuclear power. At 35,094 MtCO2 in 2013 and an average growth rate of %/year on compared to %/year on , global emissions from burning fossil fuels are on an unsustainable path (see slide N 36 and 37), with a cumulative value of more than 1,100 GtCO2 since around half a century ago (1965) of which 400 Gt since Extrapolated to 2025, this CO2 emission path from burning fossil fuels would add GtCO2 since 2000, too near from the 866 GtCO2 of the CO2 budget calculated by the Postdam Institute for Climate to secure a 80 % probality of limiting the global warming to less than + 2 C during this 21 st century. Detailed analysis of coal consumption (slides 38-44) and oil of and consumption and production (slides 45-72) in 2013, during the last ten years ( ) and on the period show the differentiated contributions of main countries producing and consuming fossil fuels and the impact of large emerging countries. Analysis of [Oil + Gas] consumption and production (slides 73-81), of the (production consumption) differences and the (Production /Consumption) ratios puts in evidence the fast declining related values on for large hydrocarbons producers and exporters (e. g. Saudi Arabia, Iran) and for many importing countries (like China since 1993) or regions (European Union). In USA, the recent increase of unconventional oil and gas production was not sufficient to avoid a still large hydrocarbons (production consumption) difference of Mtoe in 2013, with a ratio of 71 %. For the European Union, the hydrocarbons production/consumption deficits are aggravating (slides 80 and 81), for gas from a ratio of 60 % in 1994 down to 38 % in 2013 (a deficit of 244 Mtoe), for oil from 25 % in 1999 down to a mere 11 % in 2013 (a deficit of Mt), and for [Oil + Gas] from 36 % in 1996 down to 22 % in 2013 (a combined deficit of Mtoe). Tables of the Top 40 countries in 2013 in ANNEX 1 and ANNEX 2 (slides 82 to 91) show individual countries ranks for the contributions of primary energy sources (fossils, renewables, nuclear) in absolute and relative values. Up to 12 of the 67 selected countries are dependant to fossil fuels to more than 99 % of their PEC. Only 2 countries (Norway and Sweden) rely on non-fossil energy sources for more than 2/3 rd of their PEC. Only one country (France) rely on more than 1/3 rd on nuclear power of its PEC with a 38.6 % contribution. And only 4 countries rely on modern and commercial renewables for more than 1/3 rd of their PEC (of which near 2/3 rd for Norway), and without hydropower, only one (Denmark) rely on more than 20 % from renewables within its PEC. Due to this unsustainable dependency and development path related to fossil fuels consumption and the related CO2 emissions, and due to the continuously decreasing market share from nuclear power and its limited future development opportunities, sustainable policies and measures for energy and climate should strongly focus on energy conservation, energy efficiency and a faster development of modern renewables in all economic sectors both in industrialised, emerging and developing countries.

3 Introduction and Content Analysis based on data from the BP Statistical Review 2014, global data and for 67 individual countries representing 96 % of the 2013 world PEC, downloadable at : World primary energy consumption (PEC): Slides N 4-18 Fossil fuels consumption: Slides N CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels : Slides N Coal consumption by countries: Slides N Oil consumption and production by countries: Slides N Gas consumption and production by countries: Slides N [Oil + Gas] consumption and production: Slides N ANNEX 1: Top 40 countries for primary energy consumption by sources: Slides ANNEX 2: Top 40 countries by % of primary energy consumption by sources: Slides 91-94

4 World Primary Energy Consumption by Sources in

5 5

6 Data from BP Tot Fossil Coal Oil Gas Nuclear Hydro Other RE Tot. RE Tot. PEC Total World (Mtoe) % Total PEC 86,66% 30,06% 32,87% 23,73% 4,42% 6,72% 2,19% 8,92% 100% Rest of World (Mtoe) % ROW on total 3,9% 1,4% 6,7% 3,3% 0,3% 9,5% 2,0% 7,7% 4,1% Data from BP Tot. Fossil Coal Oil Gas Nuclear Hydro Other RE Tot. RE Tot. PEC Total World (Mtoe) Of which: OECD 4 571, , , ,4 447,0 319,3 195,6 514, ,1 Non-OECD 6 461, , , ,0 116,1 536,5 83,7 620, ,3 % OECD 41,4% 27,9% 49,2% 47,8% 79,4% 37,3% 70,0% 45,4% 43,5% % Non OECD 58,6% 72,1% 50,8% 52,2% 20,6% 62,7% 30,0% 54,6% 56,5% European Union 1 284,9 285,4 605,2 394,3 198,5 81,9 110,6 192, ,9 % EU in World 11,6% 7,5% 14,5% 13,1% 35,3% 9,6% 39,6% 17,0% 13,2% EU in OECD 28,1% 26,7% 29,4% 27,3% 44,4% 25,7% 56,5% 37,4% 30,3% 6

7 Considering the final energy consumption (and not the primary energy demand) and integrating the non commercial use of biomass, the global share of fossil fuels was still largely dominant at 78.4 % in 2012, compared to 19 % from renewables and 2.6 % from nuclear energy Source: REN 21, RENEWABLES 204 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT 7

8 Analysis of the Changes in the World Primary Energy Consumption by Sources on the Last Ten Years:

9 World PEC. Data: BP Total Coal Oil Gas Nuclear Hydro Other RE Tot. RE Total BCCONSULT 6/2014 Fossils PEC Mtoe Mtoe , (2013) - (2004) (Mtoe) (2013) / (2004) 1,21 1,37 1,08 1,25 0,90 1,35 3,67 1,60 1,22 10 years variation % 21% 37% 8% 25% -10% 35% 267% 60% 22% Av. Growth Rate (%/year) 2,2% 3,5% 0,9% 2,5% -1,1% 3,4% 15,6% 5,3% 2,2% 9

10 Analysis of Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) by Sources on

11 11

12 Analysis of Primary Energy Consumption by Countries on

13 13

14 14

15 15

16 16

17 17

18 18

19 Fossil Fuels Consumption by Countries on

20 20

21 21

22 22

23 23

24 24

25 25

26 C02 Emissions From Burning Fossil Fuels (All Sectors) Share of electricity production in global CO2 emissions CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels since 1990 CO2 emissions in 2013 Cumulated CO2 emissions on the last ten years Cumulated CO2 emissions since

27 Electricity production and industry are main emitters sectors Source: «Long term trend in global CO2 emissions, 2011 report», PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and JRC European Commission,

28 28

29 29

30 30

31 CO2 emissions in 2013 (Mt). Data from BP Rank Country Mt CO2 % World Cum % 1 China 9 524,3 27,1% 27,1% 2 US 5 931,4 16,9% 44,0% 3 India 1 931,1 5,5% 49,5% 4 Russian Federation 1 714,2 4,9% 54,4% 5 Japan 1 397,4 4,0% 58,4% 6 Germany 842,8 2,4% 60,8% 7 South Korea 768,1 2,2% 63,0% 8 Saudi Arabia 632,0 1,8% 64,8% 9 Iran 630,6 1,8% 66,6% 10 Canada 616,7 1,8% 68,4% 11 Brazil 541,1 1,5% 69,9% 12 Indonesia 523,3 1,5% 71,4% 13 United Kingdom 513,4 1,5% 72,8% 14 Mexico 499,4 1,4% 74,3% 15 South Africa 441,1 1,3% 75,5% 16 France 385,6 1,1% 76,6% 17 Italy 383,1 1,1% 77,7% 18 Australia 360,1 1,0% 78,7% 19 Poland 331,1 0,9% 79,7% 20 Taiw an 330,0 0,9% 80,6% 21 Turkey 328,8 0,9% 81,6% 22 Thailand 328,4 0,9% 82,5% 23 Ukraine 301,1 0,9% 83,4% 24 Spain 284,3 0,8% 84,2% 25 United Arab Emirates 253,7 0,7% 84,9% 26 Netherlands 238,5 0,7% 85,6% 27 Malaysia 234,7 0,7% 86,2% 28 Singapore 224,6 0,6% 86,9% 29 Egypt 224,0 0,6% 87,5% 30 Kazakhstan 209,5 0,6% 88,1% 31 Argentina 194,5 0,6% 88,7% 32 Venezuela 176,6 0,5% 89,2% 33 Pakistan 166,4 0,5% 89,6% 34 Belgium 142,4 0,4% 90,1% 35 Vietnam 137,1 0,4% 90,4% 36 Algeria 121,9 0,3% 90,8% 37 Uzbekistan 110,5 0,3% 91,1% 38 Czech Republic 109,4 0,3% 91,4% 39 Kuw ait 104,5 0,3% 91,7% 40 Chile 92,2 0,3% 92,0% 41 China Hong Kong SAR 90,8 0,3% 92,2% 42 Philippines 90,8 0,3% 92,5% 43 Colombia 82,2 0,2% 92,7% 44 Qatar 80,7 0,2% 93,0% 45 Greece 78,8 0,2% 93,2% 46 Romania 76,2 0,2% 93,4% 47 Israel 76,1 0,2% 93,6% 48 Austria 70,6 0,2% 93,8% 49 Bangladesh 67,9 0,2% 94,0% 50 Turkmenistan 66,4 0,2% 94,2% 51 Belarus 65,6 0,2% 94,4% 52 Trinidad & Tobago 53,0 0,2% 94,5% 53 Sw eden 52,9 0,2% 94,7% 54 Portugal 52,3 0,1% 94,8% 55 Peru 47,9 0,1% 95,0% 56 Finland 47,9 0,1% 95,1% 57 Hungary 47,0 0,1% 95,2% 58 Denmark 44,6 0,1% 95,4% 59 Norw ay 44,5 0,1% 95,5% 60 Sw itzerland 44,3 0,1% 95,6% 61 Bulgaria 41,4 0,1% 95,7% 62 New Zealand 37,1 0,1% 95,9% 63 Ecuador 36,8 0,1% 96,0% 64 Republic of Ireland 35,4 0,1% 96,1% 65 Slovakia 34,7 0,1% 96,2% 66 Azerbaijan 32,3 0,1% 96,2% 67 Lithuania 14,8 0,0% 96,3% ROW ,7% 100,0% Total World ,0% of w hich: OECD ,7% Non-OECD ,3% European Union ,2% Former Soviet Union ,3% Source of data: BP Statistical Review

32 32

33 33

34 Cumulative CO2 emissions on (Mt). Data: BP Rank Country % World Cum % World 1 US ,3% 24,3% 2 China ,6% 37,9% 3 Japan ,0% 42,9% 4 Russian Federation ,8% 47,7% 5 Germany ,4% 52,1% 6 India ,1% 55,2% 7 United Kingdom ,8% 58,0% 8 Canada ,2% 60,2% 9 France ,9% 62,1% 10 Italy ,8% 63,9% 11 Poland ,6% 65,6% 12 South Korea ,4% 67,0% 13 South Africa ,3% 68,3% 14 Mexico ,2% 69,5% 15 Australia ,2% 70,7% 16 Ukraine ,2% 71,9% 17 Brazil ,2% 73,0% 18 Iran ,1% 74,2% 19 Saudi Arabia ,1% 75,3% 20 Spain ,1% 76,3% 21 Netherlands ,0% 77,3% 22 Indonesia ,82% 78,1% 23 Taiw an ,70% 78,8% 24 Czech Republic ,70% 79,5% 25 Turkey ,65% 80,2% 26 Belgium ,63% 80,8% 27 Romania ,58% 81,4% 28 Argentina ,53% 81,9% 29 Thailand ,53% 82,5% 30 Kazakhstan ,49% 82,9% 31 Venezuela ,48% 83,4% 32 Egypt ,42% 83,8% 33 United Arab Emirates ,39% 84,2% 34 Malaysia ,37% 84,6% 35 Singapore ,37% 85,0% 36 Pakistan ,34% 85,3% 37 Greece ,32% 85,6% 38 Sw eden ,31% 85,9% 39 Uzbekistan ,31% 86,3% 40 Hungary ,30% 86,6% 41 Austria ,27% 86,8% 42 Bulgaria ,27% 87,1% 43 Denmark ,26% 87,4% 44 Algeria ,26% 87,6% 45 Vietnam ,23% 87,8% 46 Finland ,22% 88,1% 47 Colombia ,21% 88,3% 48 Philippines ,21% 88,5% 49 Belarus ,20% 88,7% 50 Slovakia ,20% 88,9% 51 Kuw ait ,19% 89,1% 52 China Hong Kong SAR ,19% 89,3% 53 Israel ,19% 89,5% 54 Sw itzerland ,19% 89,6% 55 Portugal ,19% 89,8% 56 Chile ,18% 90,0% 57 Norw ay ,16% 90,2% 58 Republic of Ireland ,13% 90,3% 59 New Zealand ,12% 90,4% 60 Turkmenistan ,12% 90,5% 61 Qatar ,12% 90,6% 62 Peru ,10% 90,8% 63 Trinidad & Tobago ,10% 90,9% 64 Azerbaijan ,10% 91,0% 65 Bangladesh ,10% 91,1% 66 Ecuador 731 0,07% 91,1% 67 Lithuania 604 0,05% 91,2% ROW ,8% 100,0% Total World ,0% of w hich: OECD ,0% Non-OECD ,0% European Union ,2% Former Soviet Union ,8% Source of data: BP Statistical Review

35 35

36 36

37 37

38 38

39 : %/year : %/year : + 3.4%/year 39

40 40

41 Coal Consumption by Countries on

42 42

43 43

44 44

45 45

46 46

47 47

48 Oil Consumption by Countries on

49 49

50 50

51 51

52 52

53 53

54 54

55 Oil Production by Countries On

56 56

57 57

58 58

59 59

60 60

61 2013 Oil Production World % Rank Country Mtoe % Cum % 1 Saudi Arabia 542,3 13,12% 13,12% 2 Russian Fed. 531,4 12,86% 25,98% 3 US 446,2 10,80% 36,78% 4 China 208,1 5,04% 41,81% 5 Canada 193,0 4,67% 46,48% 6 Iran 166,1 4,02% 50,50% 7 United Arab Emirates 165,7 4,01% 54,51% 8 Iraq 153,2 3,71% 58,22% 9 Kuw ait 151,3 3,66% 61,88% 10 Mexico 141,8 3,43% 65,31% 11 Venezuela 135,1 3,27% 68,58% 12 Nigeria 111,3 2,69% 71,27% 13 Brazil 109,9 2,66% 73,93% 14 Angola 87,4 2,11% 76,05% 15 Qatar 84,2 2,04% 78,08% 16 Kazakhstan 83,8 2,03% 80,11% 17 Norw ay 83,2 2,01% 82,12% 18 Algeria 68,9 1,67% 83,79% 19 Colombia 52,9 1,28% 85,07% 20 Libya 46,5 1,12% 86,19% 21 Azerbaijan 46,2 1,12% 87,31% 22 Oman 46,1 1,12% 88,43% 23 Indonesia 42,7 1,03% 89,46% 24 India 42,0 1,02% 90,47% 25 United Kingdom 40,6 0,98% 91,46% 26 Egypt 34,5 0,84% 92,29% 27 Argentina 30,5 0,74% 93,03% 28 Malaysia 29,6 0,72% 93,75% 29 Ecuador 28,2 0,68% 94,43% 30 Australia 17,9 0,43% 94,87% 31 Vietnam 17,0 0,41% 95,28% 32 Thailand 16,6 0,40% 95,68% 33 Equatorial Guinea 14,6 0,35% 96,03% 34 Rep. of Congo (Brazz.) 14,5 0,35% 96,38% 35 Gabon 11,8 0,29% 96,67% 36 Turkmenistan 11,4 0,28% 96,95% 37 Denmark 8,7 0,21% 97,16% 38 Yemen 7,4 0,18% 97,33% 39 Brunei 6,6 0,16% 97,49% 40 Sudan 6,0 0,15% 97,64% 41 Trinidad & Tobago 5,9 0,14% 97,78% 42 Italy 5,6 0,13% 97,92% 43 Chad 5,0 0,12% 98,04% 44 South Sudan 4,9 0,12% 98,15% 45 Peru 4,6 0,11% 98,26% 46 Romania 4,1 0,10% 98,36% 47 Tunisia 3,0 0,07% 98,44% 48 Uzbekistan 2,9 0,07% 98,51% 49 Syria 2,8 0,07% 98,57% 49 countries ,57% 98,57% ROW 59 1,43% 100% Total World ,9 100% of w hich: OECD 951,0 23,0% Non-OECD 3 181,9 77,0% OPEC 1 740,1 42,1% Non-OPEC (- FSU) 1 711,6 41,4% European Union 68,4 1,7% Former Soviet Union 681,3 16,5% Source of data: BP Statistical Review

62 Gas Consumption by Countries on

63 63

64 64

65 65

66 66

67 67

68 68

69 Gas Production by Countries On

70 70

71 71

72 72

73 73

74 74

75 2013 Gas Production (Mtoe) % Rank Country Mtoe % Cum % 1 US 627,2 20,50% 20,50% 2 Russian Federation 544,3 17,79% 38,29% 3 Iran 149,9 4,90% 43,18% 4 Qatar 142,7 4,66% 47,85% 5 Canada 139,3 4,55% 52,40% 6 China 105,3 3,44% 55,84% 7 Norw ay 97,9 3,20% 59,04% 8 Saudi Arabia 92,7 3,03% 62,07% 9 Algeria 70,7 2,31% 64,38% 10 Indonesia 63,4 2,07% 66,45% 11 Malaysia 62,1 2,03% 68,49% 12 Netherlands 61,8 2,02% 70,51% 13 Turkmenistan 56,1 1,83% 72,34% 14 United Kingdom 51,4 1,68% 74,02% 15 Mexico 51,0 1,67% 75,69% 16 Egypt 50,5 1,65% 77,33% 17 United Arab Emirates 50,4 1,65% 78,98% 18 Uzbekistan 49,7 1,62% 80,60% 19 Australia 38,6 1,26% 81,86% 20 Trinidad & Tobago 38,6 1,26% 83,12% 21 Thailand 37,6 1,23% 84,35% 22 Pakistan 34,7 1,13% 85,49% 23 Nigeria 32,5 1,06% 86,55% 24 Argentina 32,0 1,05% 87,59% 25 India 30,3 0,99% 88,58% 26 Oman 27,8 0,91% 89,49% 27 Venezuela 25,6 0,84% 90,33% 28 Bangladesh 19,7 0,64% 90,97% 29 Brazil 19,2 0,63% 91,60% 30 Bolivia 18,8 0,61% 92,21% 31 Ukraine 17,3 0,57% 92,78% 32 Kazakhstan 16,6 0,54% 93,32% 33 Azerbaijan 14,5 0,48% 93,80% 34 Bahrain 14,2 0,46% 94,26% 35 Kuw ait 14,0 0,46% 94,72% 36 Myanmar 11,8 0,39% 95,11% 37 Colombia 11,4 0,37% 95,48% 38 Brunei 11,0 0,36% 95,84% 39 Peru 11,0 0,36% 96,20% 40 Libya 10,8 0,35% 96,55% 41 Romania 9,9 0,32% 96,87% 42 Yemen 9,3 0,30% 97,18% 43 Vietnam 8,8 0,29% 97,46% 44 Germany 7,4 0,24% 97,70% 45 Italy 6,4 0,21% 97,91% 46 Denmark 4,4 0,14% 98,06% 47 Syria 4,0 0,13% 98,19% 48 Poland 3,8 0,12% 98,31% 49 Iraq 0,6 0,02% 98,33% 49 countries ,33% 98,33% ROW 51 1,67% 100% Total World ,9 100% of w hich: OECD 1 107,0 36,2% Non-OECD 1 952,9 63,8% European Union 150,7 4,9% Former Soviet Union 698,8 22,8% Source of data: BP Statistical Review

76 [Oil + Gas] Production and Consumption by Countries in 2013 and on

77 77

78 2013 [Oil+Gas] Production Mtoe/year Source of data: BP Statistical Review 2014 Rank Country Oil Gas % Oil % Gas [Oil+Gas] % World Cum % 1 Russian Federation 531,4 544,3 49% 51% 1 075,7 14,96% 15,0% 2 US 446,2 627,2 42% 58% 1 073,4 14,92% 29,9% 3 Saudi Arabia 542,3 92,7 85% 15% 635,0 8,83% 38,7% 4 Canada 193,0 139,3 58% 42% 332,4 4,62% 43,3% 5 Iran 166,1 149,9 53% 47% 316,0 4,39% 47,7% 6 China 208,1 105,3 66% 34% 313,5 4,36% 52,1% 7 Qatar 84,2 142,7 37% 63% 226,9 3,15% 55,2% 8 United Arab Emirates 165,7 50,4 77% 23% 216,0 3,00% 58,2% 9 Mexico 141,8 51,0 74% 26% 192,8 2,68% 60,9% 10 Norw ay 83,2 97,9 46% 54% 181,0 2,52% 63,4% 11 Kuw ait 151,3 14,0 92% 8% 165,3 2,30% 65,7% 12 Venezuela 135,1 25,6 84% 16% 160,7 2,23% 68,0% 13 Iraq 153,2 0,6 100% 0% 153,8 2,14% 70,1% 14 Nigeria 111,3 32,5 77% 23% 143,7 2,00% 72,1% 15 Algeria 68,9 70,7 49% 51% 139,6 1,94% 74,0% 16 Brazil 109,9 19,2 85% 15% 129,1 1,80% 75,8% 17 Indonesia 42,7 63,4 40% 60% 106,1 1,47% 77,3% 18 Kazakhstan 83,8 16,6 83% 17% 100,4 1,40% 78,7% 19 United Kingdom 40,6 51,4 44% 56% 92,0 1,28% 80,0% 20 Malaysia 29,6 62,1 32% 68% 91,7 1,28% 81,3% 21 Angola 87,4 0,0 100% 0% 87,4 1,21% 82,5% 22 Egypt 34,5 50,5 41% 59% 85,0 1,18% 83,7% 23 Oman 46,1 27,8 62% 38% 73,9 1,03% 84,7% 24 India 42,0 30,3 58% 42% 72,3 1,00% 85,7% 25 Turkmenistan 11,4 56,1 17% 83% 67,5 0,94% 86,6% 26 Colombia 52,9 11,4 82% 18% 64,3 0,89% 87,5% 27 Argentina 30,5 32,0 49% 51% 62,5 0,87% 88,4% 28 Azerbaijan 46,2 14,5 76% 24% 60,7 0,84% 89,2% 29 Libya 46,5 10,8 81% 19% 57,2 0,80% 90,0% 30 Australia 17,9 38,6 32% 68% 56,5 0,79% 90,8% 31 Thailand 16,6 37,6 31% 69% 54,2 0,75% 91,6% 32 Uzbekistan 2,9 49,7 6% 94% 52,6 0,73% 92,3% 33 Trinidad & Tobago 5,9 38,6 13% 87% 44,4 0,62% 92,9% 34 Ecuador 28,2 0,0 100% 0% 28,2 0,39% 93,3% 35 Vietnam 17,0 8,8 66% 34% 25,8 0,36% 93,7% 36 Bangladesh 0,0 19,7 0% 100% 19,7 0,27% 94,0% 37 Brunei 6,6 11,0 38% 62% 17,6 0,24% 94,2% 38 Yemen 7,4 9,3 44% 56% 16,7 0,23% 94,4% 39 Peru 4,6 11,0 29% 71% 15,5 0,22% 94,6% 40 Equatorial Guinea 14,6 0,0 100% 0% 14,6 0,20% 94,8% 41 Rep. of Congo (Brazz.) 14,5 0,0 100% 0% 14,5 0,20% 95,0% 42 Bahrain 0,0 14,2 0% 100% 14,2 0,20% 95,2% 43 Romania 4,1 9,9 29% 71% 14,0 0,19% 95,4% 44 Denmark 8,7 4,4 67% 33% 13,0 0,18% 95,6% 45 Italy 5,6 6,4 47% 53% 11,9 0,17% 95,8% 46 Gabon 11,8 0,0 100% 0% 11,8 0,16% 96,0% 47 Myanmar 0,0 11,8 0% 100% 11,8 0,16% 96,1% 48 Syria 2,8 4,0 41% 59% 6,8 0,09% 96,2% 49 Sudan 6,0 0,0 100% 0% 6,0 0,08% 96,3% 50 Chad 5,0 0,0 100% 0% 5,0 0,07% 96,4% 51 South Sudan 4,9 0,0 100% 0% 4,9 0,07% 96,4% 52 Tunisia 3,0 0,0 100% 0% 3,0 0,04% 96,5% Countries Oil Gas % Oil % Gas [Oil+Gas] % World Cum % 52 countries % 41% ,47% 96,5% ROW % 77% 254 3,53% Total World % 43% % 100% of w hich: OECD 951, ,0 46% 54% 2 058,0 28,6% Non-OECD 3 181, ,9 62% 38% 5 134,7 71,4% European Union 68,4 150,7 31% 69% 219,1 3,0% Former Soviet Union 681,3 698,8 49% 51% 1 380,1 19,2% Oil and gas production. Source of data: BP Statistical Review

79 79

80 80

81 81

82 82

83 83

84 84

85 ANNEX 1: Top 40 Countries For Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) by Sources In

86 Mtoe ROW 1 182,0 9,3% 100% 2013 TOTAL World ,0% 100% Rank Country Total PEC % Total Cum. % 1 China 2 852,4 22,4% 22,4% 2 US 2 265,8 17,8% 40,2% 3 Russia 699,0 5,5% 45,7% 4 India 595,0 4,7% 50,4% 5 Japan 474,0 3,7% 54,1% 6 Canada 332,9 2,6% 56,7% 7 Germany 325,0 2,6% 59,3% 8 Brazil 284,0 2,2% 61,5% 9 South Korea 271,3 2,1% 63,6% 10 France 248,4 2,0% 65,6% 11 Iran 243,9 1,9% 67,5% 12 Saudi Arabia 227,7 1,8% 69,3% 13 United Kingdom 200,0 1,6% 70,8% 14 Mexico 188,0 1,5% 72,3% 15 Indonesia 168,7 1,3% 73,7% 16 Italy 158,8 1,2% 74,9% 17 Spain 133,7 1,1% 75,9% 18 Turkey 122,8 1,0% 76,9% 19 South Africa 122,4 1,0% 77,9% 20 Ukraine 117,5 0,9% 78,8% 21 Australia 116,0 0,9% 79,7% 22 Thailand 115,6 0,9% 80,6% 23 Taiw an 110,9 0,9% 81,5% 24 Poland 99,9 0,8% 82,3% 25 United Arab Emirates 97,1 0,8% 83,0% 26 Netherlands 86,8 0,7% 83,7% 27 Egypt 86,8 0,7% 84,4% 28 Argentina 84,5 0,7% 85,1% 29 Venezuela 82,9 0,7% 85,7% 30 Malaysia 81,1 0,6% 86,4% 31 Singapore 75,7 0,6% 86,9% 32 Pakistan 69,6 0,5% 87,5% 33 Kazakhstan 62,0 0,5% 88,0% 34 Belgium 61,7 0,5% 88,5% 35 Vietnam 54,4 0,4% 88,9% 36 Sw eden 51,0 0,4% 89,3% 37 Uzbekistan 47,8 0,4% 89,7% 38 Algeria 46,6 0,4% 90,0% 39 Norw ay 45,0 0,4% 90,4% 40 Czech Republic 41,9 0,3% 90,7% Source of data: BP Statistical Review 2014 Mtoe ROW 947,4 8,6% 105% 2013 TOTAL World ,0% 100% Rank Country Tot. Fossils % Total Cum. % 1 China 2 578,1 23,4% 23,4% 2 US 1 957,7 17,7% 41,1% 3 Russia 618,7 5,6% 46,7% 4 India 545,9 4,9% 51,7% 5 Japan 442,7 4,0% 55,7% 6 Germany 268,7 2,4% 58,1% 7 Iran 239,5 2,2% 60,3% 8 South Korea 237,6 2,2% 62,4% 9 Saudi Arabia 227,7 2,1% 64,5% 10 Canada 216,9 2,0% 66,5% 11 Brazil 180,3 1,6% 68,1% 12 Mexico 176,6 1,6% 69,7% 13 United Kingdom 172,1 1,6% 71,3% 14 Indonesia 162,8 1,5% 72,7% 15 Italy 134,1 1,2% 74,0% 16 France 131,1 1,2% 75,1% 17 South Africa 118,9 1,1% 76,2% 18 Thailand 113,4 1,0% 77,3% 19 Australia 108,1 1,0% 78,2% 20 Turkey 107,2 1,0% 79,2% 21 Taiw an 99,1 0,9% 80,1% 22 United Arab Emirates 97,1 0,9% 81,0% 23 Spain 95,7 0,9% 81,9% 24 Ukraine 95,3 0,9% 82,7% 25 Poland 95,1 0,9% 83,6% 26 Egypt 83,4 0,8% 84,3% 27 Netherlands 83,1 0,8% 85,1% 28 Malaysia 78,7 0,7% 85,8% 29 Singapore 75,4 0,7% 86,5% 30 Argentina 73,3 0,7% 87,1% 31 Venezuela 63,9 0,6% 87,7% 32 Pakistan 61,1 0,6% 88,3% 33 Kazakhstan 60,2 0,5% 88,8% 34 Belgium 49,1 0,4% 89,3% 35 Algeria 46,5 0,4% 89,7% 36 Uzbekistan 45,2 0,4% 90,1% 37 Vietnam 42,1 0,4% 90,5% 38 Kuw ait 37,8 0,3% 90,8% 39 Czech Republic 32,6 0,3% 91,1% 40 Qatar 31,8 0,3% 91,4% 86

87 Mtoe ROW 502,3 12,0% 105% 2013 TOTAL World ,0% 100% Rank Country Oil % Total Cum. % 1 US 831,0 19,9% 19,9% 2 China 507,4 12,1% 32,0% 3 Japan 208,9 5,0% 37,0% 4 India 175,2 4,2% 41,2% 5 Russia 153,1 3,7% 44,8% 6 Saudi Arabia 135,0 3,2% 48,0% 7 Brazil 132,7 3,2% 51,2% 8 Germany 112,1 2,7% 53,9% 9 South Korea 108,4 2,6% 56,5% 10 Canada 103,5 2,5% 59,0% 11 Iran 92,9 2,2% 61,2% 12 Mexico 89,7 2,1% 63,3% 13 France 80,3 1,9% 65,2% 14 Indonesia 73,8 1,8% 67,0% 15 United Kingdom 69,8 1,7% 68,7% 16 Singapore 65,9 1,6% 70,2% 17 Italy 61,8 1,5% 71,7% 18 Spain 59,3 1,4% 73,1% 19 Thailand 50,4 1,2% 74,3% 20 Australia 47,0 1,1% 75,5% 21 Taiw an 43,4 1,0% 76,5% 22 Netherlands 41,4 1,0% 77,5% 23 Venezuela 36,2 0,9% 78,4% 24 Egypt 35,7 0,9% 79,2% 25 United Arab Emirates 35,6 0,9% 80,1% 26 Turkey 33,1 0,8% 80,9% 27 Malaysia 31,2 0,7% 81,6% 28 Belgium 31,0 0,7% 82,3% 29 Argentina 29,4 0,7% 83,0% 30 South Africa 27,2 0,7% 83,7% 31 Poland 24,0 0,6% 84,3% 32 Pakistan 22,0 0,5% 84,8% 33 Kuw ait 21,8 0,5% 85,3% 34 China Hong Kong SAR 17,7 0,4% 85,7% 35 Chile 17,6 0,4% 86,2% 36 Algeria 17,5 0,4% 86,6% 37 Vietnam 17,4 0,4% 87,0% 38 Sw eden 14,3 0,3% 87,3% 39 Greece 14,0 0,3% 87,7% 40 Colombia 13,9 0,3% 88,0% Source of data: BP Statistical Review 2014 Mtoe ROW 72,1 1,9% 101% 2013 TOTAL World ,0% 100% Rank Country Coal % Total Cum. % 1 China 1 925,3 50,3% 50,3% 2 US 455,7 11,9% 62,2% 3 India 324,3 8,5% 70,7% 4 Japan 128,6 3,4% 74,1% 5 Russia 93,5 2,4% 76,5% 6 South Africa 88,2 2,3% 78,8% 7 South Korea 81,9 2,1% 80,9% 8 Germany 81,3 2,1% 83,1% 9 Poland 56,1 1,5% 84,5% 10 Indonesia 54,4 1,4% 86,0% 11 Australia 45,0 1,2% 87,1% 12 Ukraine 42,6 1,1% 88,2% 13 Taiw an 41,0 1,1% 89,3% 14 United Kingdom 36,5 1,0% 90,3% 15 Kazakhstan 36,1 0,9% 91,2% 16 Turkey 33,0 0,9% 92,1% 17 Canada 20,3 0,5% 92,6% 18 Malaysia 17,0 0,4% 93,0% 19 Czech Republic 16,5 0,4% 93,5% 20 Thailand 16,0 0,4% 93,9% 21 Vietnam 15,9 0,4% 94,3% 22 Italy 14,6 0,4% 94,7% 23 Brazil 13,7 0,4% 95,1% 24 Mexico 12,4 0,3% 95,4% 25 France 12,2 0,3% 95,7% 26 Philippines 10,5 0,3% 96,0% 27 Spain 10,3 0,3% 96,2% 28 Netherlands 8,3 0,2% 96,5% 29 China Hong Kong SAR 7,8 0,2% 96,7% 30 Chile 7,4 0,2% 96,9% 31 Israel 7,3 0,2% 97,0% 32 Greece 7,1 0,2% 97,2% 33 Bulgaria 5,9 0,2% 97,4% 34 Romania 5,6 0,1% 97,5% 35 Pakistan 4,4 0,1% 97,6% 36 Colombia 4,3 0,1% 97,8% 37 Finland 3,7 0,1% 97,9% 38 Austria 3,6 0,1% 97,9% 39 Denmark 3,2 0,1% 98,0% 40 Slovakia 3,1 0,1% 98,1% 87

88 Mtoe ROW 231,5 7,7% 104% 2013 TOTAL World ,0% 100% Rank Country Gas % Total Cum. % 1 US 671,0 22,2% 22,2% 2 Russia 372,1 12,3% 34,5% 3 Iran 146,0 4,8% 39,4% 4 China 145,5 4,8% 44,2% 5 Japan 105,2 3,5% 47,7% 6 Canada 93,1 3,1% 50,8% 7 Saudi Arabia 92,7 3,1% 53,8% 8 Germany 75,3 2,5% 56,3% 9 Mexico 74,5 2,5% 58,8% 10 United Kingdom 65,8 2,2% 61,0% 11 United Arab Emirates 61,5 2,0% 63,0% 12 Italy 57,8 1,9% 64,9% 13 South Korea 47,3 1,6% 66,5% 14 Thailand 47,0 1,6% 68,0% 15 India 46,3 1,5% 69,6% 16 Egypt 46,3 1,5% 71,1% 17 Argentina 43,2 1,4% 72,5% 18 Turkey 41,1 1,4% 73,9% 19 Uzbekistan 40,7 1,3% 75,2% 20 Ukraine 40,5 1,3% 76,6% 21 France 38,6 1,3% 77,8% 22 Pakistan 34,7 1,1% 79,0% 23 Indonesia 34,6 1,1% 80,1% 24 Brazil 33,9 1,1% 81,3% 25 Netherlands 33,4 1,1% 82,4% 26 Malaysia 30,6 1,0% 83,4% 27 Algeria 29,1 1,0% 84,3% 28 Venezuela 27,5 0,9% 85,3% 29 Spain 26,1 0,9% 86,1% 30 Qatar 23,3 0,8% 86,9% 31 Trinidad & Tobago 20,2 0,7% 87,6% 32 Turkmenistan 20,0 0,7% 88,2% 33 Bangladesh 19,7 0,7% 88,9% 34 Belarus 16,5 0,5% 89,4% 35 Australia 16,1 0,5% 89,9% 36 Kuw ait 16,0 0,5% 90,5% 37 Belgium 15,1 0,5% 91,0% 38 Poland 15,0 0,5% 91,5% 39 Taiw an 14,7 0,5% 92,0% 40 Romania 11,2 0,4% 92,3% Source of data: BP Statistical Review 2014 Mtoe ROW 1,7 0,3% 100% 2013 TOTAL World ,0% 100% Rank Country Nuclear % Total Cum. % 1 US 187,9 33,4% 33,4% 2 France 95,9 17,0% 50,4% 3 Russia 39,1 6,9% 57,3% 4 South Korea 31,4 5,6% 62,9% 5 China 25,0 4,4% 67,4% 6 Canada 23,1 4,1% 71,5% 7 Germany 22,0 3,9% 75,4% 8 Ukraine 18,8 3,3% 78,7% 9 United Kingdom 16,0 2,8% 81,6% 10 Sw eden 15,1 2,7% 84,2% 11 Spain 12,8 2,3% 86,5% 12 Belgium 9,6 1,7% 88,2% 13 Taiw an 9,4 1,7% 89,9% 14 India 7,5 1,3% 91,2% 15 Czech Republic 7,0 1,2% 92,5% 16 Sw itzerland 5,9 1,1% 93,5% 17 Finland 5,4 1,0% 94,5% 18 Slovakia 3,6 0,6% 95,1% 19 Hungary 3,5 0,6% 95,7% 20 Brazil 3,3 0,6% 96,3% 21 Japan 3,3 0,6% 96,9% 22 Bulgaria 3,2 0,6% 97,5% 23 South Africa 3,1 0,6% 98,0% 24 Mexico 2,7 0,5% 98,5% 25 Romania 2,6 0,5% 99,0% 26 Argentina 1,4 0,2% 99,2% 27 Pakistan 1,1 0,2% 99,4% 28 Iran 0,9 0,2% 99,6% 29 Netherlands 0,6 0,1% 99,7% 30 Saudi Arabia 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 31 Indonesia 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 32 Singapore 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 33 Italy 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 34 Thailand 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 35 Australia 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 36 Venezuela 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 37 Egypt 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 38 United Arab Emirates 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 39 Turkey 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 40 Malaysia 0,0 0,0% 99,7% 88

89 Mtoe ROW 7,8 2,8% 101% 2013 TOTAL World ,0% 100% Rank Country Non Hydo RE % Total Cum. % 1 US 58,6 21,0% 21,0% 2 China 42,9 15,4% 36,4% 3 Germany 29,7 10,6% 47,0% 4 Spain 16,8 6,0% 53,0% 5 Brazil 13,2 4,7% 57,7% 6 Italy 13,0 4,6% 62,4% 7 India 11,7 4,2% 66,6% 8 United Kingdom 10,9 3,9% 70,5% 9 Japan 9,4 3,4% 73,9% 10 France 5,9 2,1% 76,0% 11 Sw eden 5,0 1,8% 77,8% 12 Canada 4,3 1,5% 79,3% 13 Poland 4,2 1,5% 80,8% 14 Denmark 3,7 1,3% 82,1% 15 Portugal 3,6 1,3% 83,4% 16 Australia 3,4 1,2% 84,6% 17 Netherlands 3,0 1,1% 85,7% 18 Belgium 2,8 1,0% 86,7% 19 Finland 2,7 1,0% 87,7% 20 Mexico 2,5 0,9% 88,6% 21 Philippines 2,4 0,8% 89,4% 22 Indonesia 2,3 0,8% 90,3% 23 Turkey 2,2 0,8% 91,1% 24 New Zealand 2,0 0,7% 91,8% 25 Austria 1,9 0,7% 92,5% 26 Czech Republic 1,5 0,5% 93,0% 27 Greece 1,4 0,5% 93,5% 28 Chile 1,4 0,5% 94,0% 29 Taiw an 1,2 0,4% 94,4% 30 Romania 1,1 0,4% 94,8% 31 Republic of Ireland 1,1 0,4% 95,2% 32 South Korea 1,0 0,4% 95,6% 33 Thailand 1,0 0,3% 95,9% 34 Argentina 0,7 0,2% 96,2% 35 Bulgaria 0,6 0,2% 96,4% 36 Norw ay 0,5 0,2% 96,6% 37 Hungary 0,5 0,2% 96,8% 38 Sw itzerland 0,5 0,2% 97,0% 39 Egypt 0,4 0,1% 97,1% 40 Slovakia 0,3 0,1% 97,2% Source of data: BP Statistical Review 2014 Mtoe ROW 112,6 9,9% 102% 2013 TOTAL World ,0% 100% Rank Country Total RE % Total Cum. % 1 China 249,2 22,0% 22,0% 2 US 120,2 10,6% 32,5% 3 Brazil 100,4 8,8% 41,4% 4 Canada 92,9 8,2% 49,6% 5 India 41,6 3,7% 53,2% 6 Russia 41,1 3,6% 56,9% 7 Germany 34,3 3,0% 59,9% 8 Norw ay 29,7 2,6% 62,5% 9 Japan 28,0 2,5% 65,0% 10 Spain 25,1 2,2% 67,2% 11 Italy 24,6 2,2% 69,4% 12 France 21,4 1,9% 71,2% 13 Venezuela 19,0 1,7% 72,9% 14 Sw eden 18,9 1,7% 74,6% 15 Turkey 15,6 1,4% 76,0% 16 Vietnam 12,3 1,1% 77,0% 17 United Kingdom 12,0 1,1% 78,1% 18 Austria 10,3 0,9% 79,0% 19 Colombia 10,2 0,9% 79,9% 20 Argentina 9,9 0,9% 80,8% 21 Sw itzerland 9,0 0,8% 81,6% 22 Mexico 8,7 0,8% 82,3% 23 Australia 8,0 0,7% 83,0% 24 Pakistan 7,4 0,7% 83,7% 25 New Zealand 7,3 0,6% 84,3% 26 Portugal 6,6 0,6% 84,9% 27 Indonesia 5,9 0,5% 85,4% 28 Chile 5,8 0,5% 85,9% 29 Finland 5,6 0,5% 86,4% 30 Peru 5,0 0,4% 86,9% 31 Poland 4,8 0,4% 87,3% 32 Romania 4,6 0,4% 87,7% 33 Philippines 4,5 0,4% 88,1% 34 Denmark 3,7 0,3% 88,4% 35 Iran 3,4 0,3% 88,7% 36 Ukraine 3,4 0,3% 89,0% 37 Egypt 3,3 0,3% 89,3% 38 Netherlands 3,1 0,3% 89,6% 39 Belgium 2,9 0,3% 89,8% 40 Greece 2,9 0,3% 90,1% 89

90 Source of data: BP Statistical Review 2014 Mtoe ROW 128,7 7,6% 102% 2013 TOTAL World ,0% 100% Rank Country Non Fossi % Total Cum. % 1 US 308,1 18,1% 18,1% 2 China 274,2 16,1% 34,3% 3 France 117,2 6,9% 41,2% 4 Canada 116,0 6,8% 48,0% 5 Brazil 103,8 6,1% 54,1% 6 Russia 80,3 4,7% 58,9% 7 Germany 56,4 3,3% 62,2% 8 India 49,1 2,9% 65,1% 9 Spain 37,9 2,2% 67,3% 10 Sw eden 34,0 2,0% 69,3% 11 South Korea 33,7 2,0% 71,3% 12 Japan 31,3 1,8% 73,1% 13 Norw ay 29,7 1,8% 74,9% 14 United Kingdom 27,9 1,6% 76,5% 15 Italy 24,6 1,5% 78,0% 16 Ukraine 22,2 1,3% 79,3% 17 Venezuela 19,0 1,1% 80,4% 18 Turkey 15,6 0,9% 81,3% 19 Sw itzerland 15,0 0,9% 82,2% 20 Belgium 12,6 0,7% 83,0% 21 Vietnam 12,3 0,7% 83,7% 22 Taiw an 11,8 0,7% 84,4% 23 Mexico 11,4 0,7% 85,0% 24 Argentina 11,2 0,7% 85,7% 25 Finland 11,0 0,6% 86,3% 26 Austria 10,3 0,6% 87,0% 27 Colombia 10,2 0,6% 87,6% 28 Czech Republic 9,3 0,5% 88,1% 29 Pakistan 8,5 0,5% 88,6% 30 Australia 8,0 0,5% 89,1% 31 New Zealand 7,3 0,4% 89,5% 32 Romania 7,2 0,4% 89,9% 33 Portugal 6,6 0,4% 90,3% 34 Indonesia 5,9 0,3% 90,7% 35 Chile 5,8 0,3% 91,0% 36 Slovakia 5,0 0,3% 91,3% 37 Peru 5,0 0,3% 91,6% 38 Bulgaria 4,8 0,3% 91,9% 39 Poland 4,8 0,3% 92,2% 40 Philippines 4,5 0,3% 92,4% 90

91 ANNEX 2: Top 40 Countries by % of Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) by Sources in

92 2013 TOTAL World 86,7% Rank Country % Fossil 1 Qatar 100,0% 2 Kuw ait 100,0% 3 Saudi Arabia 100,0% 4 China Hong Kong SAR 100,0% 5 Turkmenistan 100,0% 6 United Arab Emirates 100,0% 7 Trinidad & Tobago 100,0% 8 Algeria 99,8% 9 Belarus 99,7% 10 Singapore 99,6% 11 Israel 99,4% 12 Bangladesh 99,1% 13 Iran 98,2% 14 Thailand 98,1% 15 Azerbaijan 97,3% 16 South Africa 97,2% 17 Malaysia 97,0% 18 Kazakhstan 97,0% 19 Indonesia 96,5% 20 Egypt 96,2% 21 Netherlands 95,8% 22 Poland 95,2% 23 Uzbekistan 94,6% 24 Lithuania 94,2% 25 Mexico 94,0% 26 Japan 93,4% 27 Australia 93,1% 28 India 91,7% 29 Republic of Ireland 90,6% 30 China 90,4% 31 Greece 89,5% 32 Taiw an 89,3% 33 Russia 88,5% 34 Pakistan 87,8% 35 South Korea 87,6% 36 Turkey 87,3% 37 Argentina 86,7% 38 US 86,4% 39 United Kingdom 86,0% 40 Philippines 85,7% 2013 TOTAL World 32,87% Rank Country % Oil 1 Singapore 87,1% 2 Ecuador 78,8% 3 China Hong Kong SAR 63,6% 4 Saudi Arabia 59,3% 5 Kuw ait 57,7% 6 Greece 51,5% 7 Chile 50,7% 8 Republic of Ireland 50,6% 9 Belgium 50,3% 10 Lithuania 47,9% 11 Netherlands 47,7% 12 Mexico 47,7% 13 Brazil 46,7% 14 Peru 46,0% 15 Portugal 45,4% 16 Spain 44,4% 17 Japan 44,1% 18 Indonesia 43,8% 19 Venezuela 43,7% 20 Israel 43,6% 21 Thailand 43,6% 22 Denmark 43,4% 23 Philippines 43,0% 24 Egypt 41,1% 25 Australia 40,5% 26 South Korea 40,0% 27 Taiw an 39,1% 28 Sw itzerland 39,1% 29 Italy 38,9% 30 Malaysia 38,5% 31 Iran 38,1% 32 Algeria 37,5% 33 Austria 36,8% 34 United Arab Emirates 36,7% 35 US 36,7% 36 Colombia 36,5% 37 Azerbaijan 36,0% 38 New Zealand 35,7% 39 United Kingdom 34,9% 40 Argentina 34,8% Source of data: BP Statistical Review TOTAL World 30,06% Rank Country % Coal 1 South Africa 72,05% 2 China 67,50% 3 Kazakhstan 58,20% 4 Poland 56,15% 5 India 54,51% 6 Czech Republic 39,35% 7 Australia 38,78% 8 Taiw an 36,94% 9 Ukraine 36,26% 10 Bulgaria 34,54% 11 Philippines 33,14% 12 Indonesia 32,25% 13 Israel 30,30% 14 South Korea 30,17% 15 Vietnam 29,24% 16 China Hong Kong SAR 27,86% 17 Japan 27,12% 18 Turkey 26,87% 19 Greece 26,12% 20 Germany 25,01% 21 Chile 21,26% 22 Malaysia 20,91% 23 US 20,11% 24 Slovakia 18,95% 25 United Kingdom 18,27% 26 Denmark 17,70% 27 Romania 16,90% 28 Finland 14,18% 29 Thailand 13,81% 30 Russia 13,38% 31 Hungary 12,99% 32 Colombia 11,31% 33 Portugal 11,28% 34 Austria 10,55% 35 Republic of Ireland 9,92% 36 Netherlands 9,60% 37 Italy 9,19% 38 Spain 7,74% 39 New Zealand 7,60% 40 Mexico 6,62% 2013 TOTAL World 23,73% Rank Country % Gas 1 Trinidad & Tobago 91,60% 2 Uzbekistan 85,12% 3 Turkmenistan 76,09% 4 Bangladesh 73,81% 5 Qatar 73,25% 6 Belarus 65,21% 7 United Arab Emirates 63,32% 8 Algeria 62,35% 9 Azerbaijan 61,35% 10 Iran 59,85% 11 Egypt 53,35% 12 Russia 53,24% 13 Argentina 51,11% 14 Pakistan 49,86% 15 Lithuania 42,95% 16 Kuw ait 42,29% 17 Saudi Arabia 40,72% 18 Thailand 40,67% 19 Mexico 39,62% 20 Netherlands 38,44% 21 Hungary 37,74% 22 Malaysia 37,68% 23 Italy 36,41% 24 Ukraine 34,47% 25 Romania 34,01% 26 Turkey 33,45% 27 Venezuela 33,15% 28 United Kingdom 32,89% 29 Republic of Ireland 30,05% 30 US 29,61% 31 Slovakia 29,32% 32 Canada 27,98% 33 Peru 27,15% 34 Israel 25,47% 35 Colombia 25,37% 36 Belgium 24,55% 37 Germany 23,16% 38 Austria 22,45% 39 Japan 22,19% 40 Indonesia 20,50% 92

93 2013 TOTAL World 4,42% Rank Country % Nuclear 1 France 38,6% 2 Sw eden 29,7% 3 Slovakia 21,5% 4 Finland 20,7% 5 Sw itzerland 19,6% 6 Bulgaria 18,8% 7 Hungary 17,0% 8 Czech Republic 16,6% 9 Ukraine 16,0% 10 Belgium 15,6% 11 South Korea 11,6% 12 Spain 9,6% 13 Taiw an 8,5% 14 US 8,3% 15 United Kingdom 8,0% 16 Romania 8,0% 17 Canada 6,9% 18 Germany 6,8% 19 Russia 5,6% 20 South Africa 2,6% 21 Argentina 1,6% 22 Pakistan 1,5% 23 Mexico 1,4% 24 India 1,3% 25 Brazil 1,2% 26 China 0,9% 27 Netherlands 0,7% 28 Japan 0,7% 29 Iran 0,4% 30 Norw ay 0,0% 31 Colombia 0,0% 32 New Zealand 0,0% 33 Austria 0,0% 34 Venezuela 0,0% 35 Vietnam 0,0% 36 Peru 0,0% 37 Ecuador 0,0% 38 Portugal 0,0% 39 Chile 0,0% 40 Turkey 0,0% 2013 TOTAL World 6,7% Rank Country % Hydro 1 Norw ay 64,9% 2 Brazil 30,7% 3 Sw itzerland 28,4% 4 Sw eden 27,3% 5 Canada 26,6% 6 Colombia 26,4% 7 New Zealand 26,3% 8 Austria 24,7% 9 Venezuela 22,9% 10 Vietnam 22,5% 11 Peru 21,9% 12 Ecuador 17,0% 13 Portugal 12,9% 14 Chile 12,8% 15 Finland 11,1% 16 Turkey 10,9% 17 Argentina 10,9% 18 Pakistan 10,7% 19 Romania 10,4% 20 Italy 7,3% 21 China 7,2% 22 Slovakia 7,0% 23 Philippines 6,9% 24 France 6,2% 25 Spain 6,2% 26 Russia 5,9% 27 Uzbekistan 5,4% 28 Bulgaria 5,4% 29 Greece 5,3% 30 India 5,0% 31 Japan 3,9% 32 Australia 3,9% 33 Egypt 3,4% 34 Mexico 3,3% 35 Kazakhstan 3,0% 36 US 2,7% 37 Ukraine 2,7% 38 Azerbaijan 2,7% 39 Malaysia 2,6% 40 Indonesia 2,1% Source of data: BP Statistical Review TOTAL World 2,19% Rank Country % Non hyd RE 1 Denmark 20,3% 2 Portugal 15,1% 3 Spain 12,6% 4 New Zealand 10,3% 5 Finland 10,3% 6 Sw eden 9,8% 7 Germany 9,1% 8 Republic of Ireland 8,5% 9 Italy 8,2% 10 Philippines 7,4% 11 Austria 5,6% 12 United Kingdom 5,4% 13 Greece 5,2% 14 Brazil 4,7% 15 Belgium 4,6% 16 Poland 4,2% 17 Chile 4,0% 18 Lithuania 3,7% 19 Bulgaria 3,7% 20 Czech Republic 3,5% 21 Netherlands 3,5% 22 Romania 3,4% 23 Australia 3,0% 24 Hungary 2,6% 25 US 2,6% 26 France 2,4% 27 Japan 2,0% 28 India 2,0% 29 Slovakia 1,8% 30 Turkey 1,8% 31 Sw itzerland 1,6% 32 China 1,5% 33 Indonesia 1,4% 34 Mexico 1,3% 35 Canada 1,3% 36 Norw ay 1,2% 37 Taiw an 1,1% 38 Peru 1,1% 39 Thailand 0,8% 40 Argentina 0,8% 2013 TOTAL World 8,9% Rank Country % RE 1 Norw ay 66,1% 2 Sw eden 37,0% 3 New Zealand 36,6% 4 Brazil 35,4% 5 Austria 30,2% 6 Sw itzerland 30,0% 7 Portugal 28,0% 8 Canada 27,9% 9 Colombia 26,8% 10 Peru 23,0% 11 Venezuela 22,9% 12 Vietnam 22,5% 13 Finland 21,4% 14 Denmark 20,3% 15 Spain 18,8% 16 Ecuador 17,6% 17 Chile 16,8% 18 Italy 15,5% 19 Philippines 14,3% 20 Romania 13,8% 21 Turkey 12,7% 22 Argentina 11,7% 23 Pakistan 10,7% 24 Germany 10,6% 25 Greece 10,5% 26 Republic of Ireland 9,4% 27 Bulgaria 9,1% 28 Slovakia 8,9% 29 China 8,7% 30 France 8,6% 31 India 7,0% 32 Australia 6,9% 33 United Kingdom 6,0% 34 Japan 5,9% 35 Russia 5,9% 36 Lithuania 5,8% 37 Czech Republic 5,6% 38 Uzbekistan 5,4% 39 US 5,3% 40 Poland 4,8% 93

94 Source of data: BP Statistical Review TOTAL World 13,3% Rank Country % Non Fossil 1 Sw eden 66,7% 2 Norw ay 66,1% 3 Sw itzerland 49,6% 4 France 47,2% 5 Finland 42,1% 6 New Zealand 36,6% 7 Brazil 36,5% 8 Canada 34,8% 9 Slovakia 30,3% 10 Austria 30,2% 11 Spain 28,4% 12 Portugal 28,0% 13 Bulgaria 27,8% 14 Colombia 26,8% 15 Peru 23,0% 16 Venezuela 22,9% 17 Vietnam 22,5% 18 Czech Republic 22,2% 19 Romania 21,8% 20 Belgium 20,4% 21 Denmark 20,3% 22 Hungary 19,9% 23 Ukraine 18,9% 24 Ecuador 17,6% 25 Germany 17,3% 26 Chile 16,8% 27 Italy 15,5% 28 Philippines 14,3% 29 United Kingdom 14,0% 30 US 13,6% 31 Argentina 13,3% 32 Turkey 12,7% 33 South Korea 12,4% 34 Pakistan 12,2% 35 Russia 11,5% 36 Taiw an 10,7% 37 Greece 10,5% 38 China 9,6% 39 Republic of Ireland 9,4% 40 India 8,3% 41 Australia 6,9% 42 Japan 6,6% 43 Mexico 6,0% 44 Lithuania 5,8% 45 Uzbekistan 5,4% 46 Poland 4,8% 47 Netherlands 4,2% 48 Egypt 3,8% 49 Indonesia 3,5% 50 Kazakhstan 3,0% 51 Malaysia 3,0% 52 South Africa 2,8% 53 Azerbaijan 2,7% 54 Thailand 1,9% 55 Iran 1,8% 56 Bangladesh 0,9% 57 Israel 0,6% 58 Singapore 0,4% 59 Belarus 0,3% 60 Algeria 0,2% 61 Trinidad & Tobago 0,0% 62 United Arab Emirates 0,0% 63 Turkmenistan 0,0% 64 China Hong Kong SAR 0,0% 65 Kuw ait 0,0% 66 Qatar 0,0% 67 Saudi Arabia 0,0% 94

VISA POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

VISA POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN VISA POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN Country Diplomatic Service National Term of visafree stay CIS countries 1 Azerbaijan visa-free visa-free visa-free 30 days 2 Kyrgyzstan visa-free visa-free visa-free

More information

GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS WEF EXECUTIVE OPINION SURVEY RESULTS SEPTEMBER 2017

GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS WEF EXECUTIVE OPINION SURVEY RESULTS SEPTEMBER 2017 GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS WEF EXECUTIVE OPINION SURVEY RESULTS SEPTEMBER 2017 GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS Results from the World Economic Forum Executive Opinion Survey 2017 Survey and

More information

Contributions to UNHCR For Budget Year 2014 As at 31 December 2014

Contributions to UNHCR For Budget Year 2014 As at 31 December 2014 1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1,280,827,870 2 EUROPEAN UNION 271,511,802 3 UNITED KINGDOM 4 JAPAN 5 GERMANY 6 SWEDEN 7 KUWAIT 8 SAUDI ARABIA *** 203,507,919 181,612,466 139,497,612 134,235,153 104,356,762

More information

Countries for which a visa is required to enter Colombia

Countries for which a visa is required to enter Colombia Albania EASTERN EUROPE Angola SOUTH AFRICA Argelia (***) Argentina SOUTH AMERICA Australia OCEANIA Austria Azerbaijan(**) EURASIA Bahrain MIDDLE EAST Bangladesh SOUTH ASIA Barbados CARIBBEAN AMERICA Belgium

More information

The Conference Board Total Economy Database Summary Tables November 2016

The Conference Board Total Economy Database Summary Tables November 2016 The Conference Board Total Economy Database Summary Tables November 2016 About This document contains a number of tables and charts outlining the most important trends from the latest update of the Total

More information

World Refugee Survey, 2001

World Refugee Survey, 2001 World Refugee Survey, 2001 Refugees in Africa: 3,346,000 "Host" Country Home Country of Refugees Number ALGERIA Western Sahara, Palestinians 85,000 ANGOLA Congo-Kinshasa 12,000 BENIN Togo, Other 4,000

More information

Contracting Parties to the Ramsar Convention

Contracting Parties to the Ramsar Convention Contracting Parties to the Ramsar Convention 14/12/2016 Number of Contracting Parties: 169 Country Entry into force Notes Albania 29.02.1996 Algeria 04.03.1984 Andorra 23.11.2012 Antigua and Barbuda 02.10.2005

More information

VACATION AND OTHER LEAVE POLICIES AROUND THE WORLD

VACATION AND OTHER LEAVE POLICIES AROUND THE WORLD VACATION AND OTHER LEAVE POLICIES AROUND THE WORLD VACATION AND OTHER LEAVE POLICIES AROUND THE WORLD AT A GLANCE ORDER ONLINE GEOGRAPHY 47 COUNTRIES COVERED 5 REGIONS 48 MARKETS Americas Asia Pacific

More information

HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D

HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D This fact sheet presents the latest UIS S&T data available as of July 2011. Regional density of researchers and their field of employment UIS Fact Sheet, August 2011, No. 13 In the

More information

Mechanism for the Review of Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption: country pairings for the second review cycle

Mechanism for the Review of Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption: country pairings for the second review cycle Mechanism for the Review of Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption: country pairings for the second review cycle In the first year, a total of 29 reviews will be conducted.

More information

World Peace Index Its Significance and Contribution to the Scientific Study of World Peace

World Peace Index Its Significance and Contribution to the Scientific Study of World Peace World Peace Index Its Significance and Contribution to the Scientific Study of World Peace The 3 rd OECD WORLD FORUM October 29, 2009, BUSAN, KOREA Sang-Hyun Lee Acting Director, The World Peace Forum

More information

Overview of JODI Gas Milestones and Beta Test Launch

Overview of JODI Gas Milestones and Beta Test Launch 3 rd Gas Data Transparency Conference 4-5 June 2013, Bali, Indonesia Overview of JODI Gas Milestones and Beta Test Launch Yuichiro Torikata Energy Analyst International Energy Forum Extending the JODI

More information

LIST OF CONTRACTING STATES AND OTHER SIGNATORIES OF THE CONVENTION (as of January 11, 2018)

LIST OF CONTRACTING STATES AND OTHER SIGNATORIES OF THE CONVENTION (as of January 11, 2018) ICSID/3 LIST OF CONTRACTING STATES AND OTHER SIGNATORIES OF THE CONVENTION (as of January 11, 2018) The 162 States listed below have signed the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between

More information

A Partial Solution. To the Fundamental Problem of Causal Inference

A Partial Solution. To the Fundamental Problem of Causal Inference A Partial Solution To the Fundamental Problem of Causal Inference Some of our most important questions are causal questions. 1,000 5,000 10,000 50,000 100,000 10 5 0 5 10 Level of Democracy ( 10 = Least

More information

Trends in international higher education

Trends in international higher education Trends in international higher education 1 Schedule Student decision-making Drivers of international higher education mobility Demographics Economics Domestic tertiary enrolments International postgraduate

More information

Global Variations in Growth Ambitions

Global Variations in Growth Ambitions Global Variations in Growth Ambitions Donna Kelley, Babson College 7 th Annual GW October Entrepreneurship Conference World Bank, Washington DC October 13, 216 Wide variation in entrepreneurship rates

More information

On the Future of Criminal Offender DNA Databases

On the Future of Criminal Offender DNA Databases The Impact of DNA Technologies On the Future of Criminal Offender DNA Databases Presented by Tim Schellberg Gordon Thomas Honeywell Governmental Affairs Human Identification Solutions Conference Madrid,

More information

TAKING HAPPINESS SERIOUSLY

TAKING HAPPINESS SERIOUSLY TAKING HAPPINESS SERIOUSLY FLACSO-INEGI seminar Mexico City, April 18, 2013 John Helliwell Canadian Institute for Advanced Research and Vancouver School of Economics, UBC In collaboration with Shun Wang,

More information

Asia Pacific (19) EMEA (89) Americas (31) Nov

Asia Pacific (19) EMEA (89) Americas (31) Nov Americas (31) Argentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Bolivia Brazil Cayman Islands Chile Colombia Costa Rica Curaçao Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Jamaica Nicaragua Panama

More information

SKILLS, MOBILITY, AND GROWTH

SKILLS, MOBILITY, AND GROWTH SKILLS, MOBILITY, AND GROWTH Eric Hanushek Ludger Woessmann Ninth Biennial Federal Reserve System Community Development Research Conference April 2-3, 2015 Washington, DC Commitment to Achievement Growth

More information

APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM

APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM 1 APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM All indicators shown below were transformed into series with a zero mean and a standard deviation of one before they were combined. The summary

More information

Montessori Model United Nations - NYC Conference March 2018

Montessori Model United Nations - NYC Conference March 2018 Montessori Model United Nations - NYC Conference March 018 Middle School Level COMMITTEES COUNTRIES Maximum Number of Delegates per Committee DISEC 1 DISEC LEGAL SPECPOL SOCHUM ECOFIN 1 ECOFIN UNSC UNGA

More information

AUSTRALIA S REFUGEE RESPONSE NOT THE MOST GENEROUS BUT IN TOP 25

AUSTRALIA S REFUGEE RESPONSE NOT THE MOST GENEROUS BUT IN TOP 25 19 July 2013 AUSTRALIA S REFUGEE RESPONSE NOT THE MOST GENEROUS BUT IN TOP 25 Australia is not the world s most generous country in its response to refugees but is just inside the top 25, according to

More information

Official International Travel of Madeleine Albright

Official International Travel of Madeleine Albright I was to find throughout my years as Secretary that travel was an efficient use of time because face-to-face meetings were action-forcing and the best possible way to size up others whether friend, foe,

More information

Commonwealth of Australia. Migration Regulations CLASSES OF PERSONS (Subparagraphs 1236(1)(a)(ii), 1236(1)(b)(ii) and 1236(1)(c)(ii))

Commonwealth of Australia. Migration Regulations CLASSES OF PERSONS (Subparagraphs 1236(1)(a)(ii), 1236(1)(b)(ii) and 1236(1)(c)(ii)) Commonwealth of Australia Migration Regulations 1994 CLASSES OF PERSONS (Subparagraphs 1236(1)(a)(ii), 1236(1)(b)(ii) and 1236(1)(c)(ii)) I, SOPHIE MONTGOMERY, Delegate of the Minister for Immigration,

More information

GENTING DREAM IMMIGRATION & VISA REQUIREMENTS FOR THAILAND, MYANMAR & INDONESIA

GENTING DREAM IMMIGRATION & VISA REQUIREMENTS FOR THAILAND, MYANMAR & INDONESIA GENTING DREAM IMMIGRATION & VISA REQUIREMENTS FOR THAILAND, MYANMAR & INDONESIA Thailand Visa on Arrival (VOA) Nationals of the following 18 countries may apply for a Thailand VOA. The applicable handling

More information

KYOTO PROTOCOL STATUS OF RATIFICATION

KYOTO PROTOCOL STATUS OF RATIFICATION KYOTO PROTOCOL STATUS OF RATIFICATION Notes: R = Ratification At = Acceptance Ap = Approval Ac = Accession 1. ALBANIA ----- 01/04/05 (Ac) 30/06/05 2. ALGERIA ---- 16/02/05 (Ac) 17/05/05 3. ANTIGUA AND

More information

The Hassle Factor. (rank ordered) Andreas Scho-er (Ph.D.) & Paul W. Beamish (Ph.D.) Copyright 2012: Andreas Scho-er & Paul W.

The Hassle Factor. (rank ordered) Andreas Scho-er (Ph.D.) & Paul W. Beamish (Ph.D.) Copyright 2012: Andreas Scho-er & Paul W. The (rank ordered) Andreas Scho-er (Ph.D.) & Paul W. Beamish (Ph.D.) 1 About the Research The predominant assumption in business research and practice is that Multinational Corporations choose their foreign

More information

Global Trends in Location Selection Final results for 2005

Global Trends in Location Selection Final results for 2005 Global Business Services Plant Location International Global Trends in Location Selection Final results for 2005 September, 2006 Global Business Services Plant Location International 1. Global Overview

More information

2017 Social Progress Index

2017 Social Progress Index 2017 Social Progress Index Central Europe Scorecard 2017. For information, contact Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited In this pack: 2017 Social Progress Index rankings Country scorecard(s) Spotlight on indicator

More information

HPC Global Support Contact Information

HPC Global Support Contact Information HPC Global Support Contact Information This document provides important warranty and service information. For HPC products 2006 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein

More information

Statistics to the end of September 2017

Statistics to the end of September 2017 Statistics to the end of September 2017 16000 Cumulative no. of ANZCTR registered trials 14000 12000 No. of trials 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 // No. of ANZCTR Registered Trials in past 12 Months 200 180

More information

Corruption continues to deprive societies around the world

Corruption continues to deprive societies around the world PRESS RELEASE This is Passau University s press release on the Corruption Perceptions Index 2004. Please also obtain the official press release by Transparency International at: transparency.org/surveys/index.html#cpi

More information

INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES TRANSIT AGREEMENT SIGNED AT CHICAGO ON 7 DECEMBER 1944

INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES TRANSIT AGREEMENT SIGNED AT CHICAGO ON 7 DECEMBER 1944 INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES TRANSIT AGREEMENT SIGNED AT CHICAGO ON 7 DECEMBER 1944 State Entry into force: The Agreement entered into force on 30 January 1945. Status: 131 Parties. This list is based on

More information

Proforma Cost for national UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies

Proforma Cost for national UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies Proforma Cost for national UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies - 2017 Country of Assignment National UN Volunteers (12 months) In US$ National UN Youth Volunteers (12 months) In US$ National University

More information

Proforma Cost for National UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for National UN. months) Afghanistan 14,030 12,443 4,836

Proforma Cost for National UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for National UN. months) Afghanistan 14,030 12,443 4,836 Proforma Cost for National UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for 2018 Country of Assignment National UN Volunteers (12 months) National UN Youth Volunteers (12 months) National University Volunteers

More information

The Henley & Partners - Kochenov GENERAL RANKING

The Henley & Partners - Kochenov GENERAL RANKING The Henley & Partners - Kochenov GENERAL RANKING Nationalities of the World in Henley & Partners Kochenov Quality of Index 2 nd Edition Nationalities of the World in The QNI General Ranking 2015-2012-

More information

Round 1. This House would ban the use of zero-hour contracts. Proposition v. Opposition

Round 1. This House would ban the use of zero-hour contracts. Proposition v. Opposition Round 1 This House would ban the use of zero-hour contracts New Zealand Bermuda Wales Romania Greece Estonia USA Scotland Slovakia Philippines Qatar Ireland Hungary Australia Japan Canada Sri Lanka Sweden

More information

corruption perceptions index

corruption perceptions index corruption perceptions index 2017 Transparency International is a global movement with one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption.

More information

58 Kuwait 83. Macao (SAR China) Maldives. 59 Nauru Jamaica Botswana Bolivia 77. Qatar. 63 Bahrain 75. Namibia.

58 Kuwait 83. Macao (SAR China) Maldives. 59 Nauru Jamaica Botswana Bolivia 77. Qatar. 63 Bahrain 75. Namibia. Rank Passport Score 1 Germany 177 13 Estonia 165 36 Grenada 127 58 Kuwait 83 Morocco Equatorial Guinea 2 Singapore 176 14 Poland 163 Macao (SAR China) Maldives Zimbabwe Laos 3 Denmark 175 15 Monaco 162

More information

Country Number Special Instructions. Please reference https://www.business.att.com/bt/access.jsp?c=a if the Direct Access Code does not work.

Country Number Special Instructions. Please reference https://www.business.att.com/bt/access.jsp?c=a if the Direct Access Code does not work. Country Number Special Instructions US / Canada 1-866-277-2410 Algeria N/A No number is available at this time. Please reference https://commalert.alertline.com/gcs/welcome for online reporting. First,

More information

Excuse me for my culture? Cultural Insights that Improve Safety. Dr. Nicklas Dahlstrom Human Factors Manager

Excuse me for my culture? Cultural Insights that Improve Safety. Dr. Nicklas Dahlstrom Human Factors Manager Excuse me for my culture? Cultural Insights that Improve Safety Dr. Nicklas Dahlstrom Human Factors Manager Understanding Safety - The Changing Nature of Safety Lives lost per year How safe is flying?

More information

UNHCR, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNHCR, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees States Parties to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol Date of entry into force: 22 April 1954 (Convention) 4 October 1967 (Protocol) As of 1 February 2004 Total

More information

Overview of the status of UNCITRAL Conventions and Model Laws x = ratification, accession or enactment s = signature only

Overview of the status of UNCITRAL Conventions and Model Laws x = ratification, accession or enactment s = signature only = ratification, accession or enactment Echange and International Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia s Australia s 3 Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh

More information

Market Briefing: Trade-Weighted Dollar

Market Briefing: Trade-Weighted Dollar Market Briefing: Trade-Weighted Dollar February 12, 2018 Dr. Edward Yardeni 516-972-7683 eyardeni@ Debbie Johnson 4-664-1333 djohnson@ Mali Quintana 4-664-1333 aquintana@ Please visit our sites at blog.

More information

1 THICK WHITE SENTRA; SIDES AND FACE PAINTED TO MATCH WALL PAINT: GRAPHICS DIRECT PRINTED TO SURFACE; CLEAT MOUNT TO WALL CRITICAL INSTALL POINT

1 THICK WHITE SENTRA; SIDES AND FACE PAINTED TO MATCH WALL PAINT: GRAPHICS DIRECT PRINTED TO SURFACE; CLEAT MOUNT TO WALL CRITICAL INSTALL POINT Map Country Panels 1 THICK WHITE SENTRA; SIDES AND FACE PAINTED TO MATCH WALL PAINT: GRAPHICS DIRECT PRINTED TO SURFACE; CLEAT MOUNT TO WALL CRITICAL INSTALL POINT GRAPHICS PRINTED DIRECT TO WHITE 1 THICK

More information

QGIS.org - Donations and Sponsorship Analysis 2016

QGIS.org - Donations and Sponsorship Analysis 2016 QGIS.org - Donations and Sponsorship Analysis 2016 QGIS.ORG received 1128 donations and 47 sponsorships. This equals to >3 donations every day and almost one new or renewed sponsorship every week. The

More information

CONVENTION ON NUCLEAR SAFETY FINAL ACT

CONVENTION ON NUCLEAR SAFETY FINAL ACT INF Tffêft- INFClRC/449/Add. 1 /, August iyy4 ~~" International Atomic Energy Agency INFORMATION CIRCULAR GENERAL Dislr. Original: ARABIC, CHINESE, ENGLISH, FRENCH, RUSSIAN, SPANISH CONVENTION ON NUCLEAR

More information

Rankings: Universities vs. National Higher Education Systems. Benoit Millot

Rankings: Universities vs. National Higher Education Systems. Benoit Millot Rankings: Universities vs. National Higher Education Systems Benoit Millot Outline 1. Background 2. Methodology 3. Results 4. Discussion 11/8/ 2 1. Background 11/8/ 3 Clear Shift Background: Leagues focus

More information

Millennium Profiles Demographic & Social Energy Environment Industry National Accounts Trade. Social indicators. Introduction Statistics

Millennium Profiles Demographic & Social Energy Environment Industry National Accounts Trade. Social indicators. Introduction Statistics 1 of 5 10/2/2008 10:16 AM UN Home Department of Economic and Social Affairs Economic and Social Development Home UN logo Statistical Division Search Site map About us Contact us Millennium Profiles Demographic

More information

A Global View of Entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012

A Global View of Entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012 A Global View of Entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012 Donna Kelley, Babson College REITI Workshop Tokyo Japan January 21, 2001 In 2012, its 14 th year, GEM surveyed 198,000 adults in 69

More information

Changing Attitudes towards Gender Equality: Update from the World Values Survey

Changing Attitudes towards Gender Equality: Update from the World Values Survey Changing Attitudes towards Gender Equality: Update from the World Values Survey The 6th Global Forum on Gender Statistics Helsinki, Finland, 24 to 26 October 216 Mengjia Liang and Rachel Snow United nations

More information

Education Quality and Economic Development

Education Quality and Economic Development Education Quality and Economic Development Eric A. Hanushek Stanford University Bank of Israel Jerusalem, June 2017 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Development = Growth Growth = Skills Conclusions

More information

Information note by the Secretariat [V O T E D] Additional co-sponsors of draft resolutions/decisions

Information note by the Secretariat [V O T E D] Additional co-sponsors of draft resolutions/decisions Information note by the Secretariat Additional co-sponsors of draft resolutions/decisions Draft resolution or decision L. 2 [102] The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (Egypt) L.6/Rev.1

More information

Asylum Trends. Monthly Report on Asylum Applications in The Netherlands. February 2018

Asylum Trends. Monthly Report on Asylum Applications in The Netherlands. February 2018 Asylum Trends Monthly Report on Asylum Applications in The Netherlands 218 IND Business Information Centre (BIC) Asylum Trends 218 Colophon Title Asylum Trends Subtitle Monthly Report on Asylum Applications

More information

A) List of third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders. 1. States

A) List of third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders. 1. States Lists of third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and of those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement A) List of third countries whose

More information

OECD Strategic Education Governance A perspective for Scotland. Claire Shewbridge 25 October 2017 Edinburgh

OECD Strategic Education Governance A perspective for Scotland. Claire Shewbridge 25 October 2017 Edinburgh OECD Strategic Education Governance A perspective for Scotland Claire Shewbridge 25 October 2017 Edinburgh CERI overview What CERI does Generate forward-looking research analyses and syntheses Identify

More information

PQLI Dataset Codebook

PQLI Dataset Codebook PQLI Dataset Codebook Version 1.0, February 2006 Erlend Garåsen Department of Sociology and Political Science Norwegian University of Science and Technology Table of Contents 1. Introduction...3 1.1 Files...3

More information

corruption perceptions index 2016

corruption perceptions index 2016 corruption perceptions index 16 Transparency International is a global movement with one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption.

More information

The requirements for the different countries may be found on the Bahamas official web page at:

The requirements for the different countries may be found on the Bahamas official web page at: Visa requirements Participants who require a visa to enter the Bahamas should apply for a visa at the nearest consulate or embassy of the Bahamas in their country. There are several Bahamas embassies and

More information

It has been recognized at IMO that it is only at the interregional level that concerted efforts can be made:

It has been recognized at IMO that it is only at the interregional level that concerted efforts can be made: Regional PSC Regimes 2 Regional Control It has been recognized at IMO that it is only at the interregional level that concerted efforts can be made: aimed at improving harmonization; and ensuring the global

More information

Belgium s foreign trade

Belgium s foreign trade Belgium s FIRST 9 months Belgium s BELGIAN FOREIGN TRADE AFTER THE FIRST 9 MONTHS OF Analysis of the figures for (first 9 months) (Source: eurostat - community concept*) After the first nine months of,

More information

International Import and Export Authorization System (I2ES) Ha Fung NG, Cilla Psychotropic Control Section, INCB

International Import and Export Authorization System (I2ES) Ha Fung NG, Cilla Psychotropic Control Section, INCB International Import and Export Authorization System (I2ES) Ha Fung NG, Cilla Psychotropic Control Section, INCB NDS and I2ES User Group Meeting 3-5 October 2017 What is I2ES? Expedite import and export

More information

A GAtewAy to A Bet ter Life Education aspirations around the World September 2013

A GAtewAy to A Bet ter Life Education aspirations around the World September 2013 A Gateway to a Better Life Education Aspirations Around the World September 2013 Education Is an Investment in the Future RESOLUTE AGREEMENT AROUND THE WORLD ON THE VALUE OF HIGHER EDUCATION HALF OF ALL

More information

Summary Information on Published ROSCs (End-December, 2010)

Summary Information on Published ROSCs (End-December, 2010) Summary Information on Published ROSCs (End-December, 2010) Notes ***REFERENCES TO UNDERWAY AND UNPUBLISHED ROSCs ARE CONFIDENTIAL*** Standards Abbreviations Fund-led ROSCs: Data Fiscal MFPT BCP IOSCO

More information

Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works

Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works - 10 - Status October 13, 2017 Albania... March 6, 1994 Paris: March 6, 1994 Algeria... April 19, 1998 Paris: April 19, 1998 2,3 Andorra... June 2, 2004 Paris: June 2, 2004 Antigua and Barbuda... March

More information

Illustration of Proposed Quota and Voting Shares--By Member 1/ (In percent)

Illustration of Proposed Quota and Voting Shares--By Member 1/ (In percent) Illustration of Quota and 1/ s 4/ Advanced economies 58.2 60.0 61.6 60.5 57.7 60.6 57.9 55.3 Major advanced economies (G7) 42.9 48.0 46.0 45.3 43.4 45.1 43.0 41.2 United States 17.0 21.6 17.4 17.7 17.4

More information

The Global Gender Gap Index 2015

The Global Gender Gap Index 2015 The Global Gender Gap Index 2015 The Global Gender Gap Index was first introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006 as a framework for capturing the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking

More information

ISO Social Responsibility

ISO Social Responsibility ISO 26000 - Social Responsibility Singapore Mirror Committee 5 October 2009 Jonathon Hanks Convenor ISO 26000 Integrated Drafting Task Force In the context of these current global challenges, what is the

More information

Information note by the Secretariat

Information note by the Secretariat Information note by the Secretariat Additional co-sponsors of draft resolutions/decisions Draft resolution or decision L.1 [93] Establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East

More information

TABLE OF COUNTRIES WHOSE CITIZENS, HOLDERS OF ORDINARY PASSPORTS, REQUIRE/DO NOT REQUIRE VISAS TO ENTER BULGARIA

TABLE OF COUNTRIES WHOSE CITIZENS, HOLDERS OF ORDINARY PASSPORTS, REQUIRE/DO NOT REQUIRE VISAS TO ENTER BULGARIA TABLE OF COUNTRIES WHOSE CITIZENS, HOLDERS OF ORDINARY PASSPORTS, REQUIRE/DO NOT REQUIRE VISAS TO ENTER BULGARIA Last update: 03.06.2015 Country Visa is required Yes/No 1 Afghanistan Yes 2 Albania (3)

More information

Final report of the Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the

Final report of the Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Distr.: General 14 May 2014 Original: English NPT/CONF.2015/1 Contents Annexes Final report of the Preparatory Committee

More information

Scale of assessments for the financial period

Scale of assessments for the financial period (^Ш ^^^ World Health Organization Organisation mondiale de la Santé FIFTIETH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY Provisional agenda item 24.2 A50/13 1 April 1997 Scale of assessments for the financial period 1998-1999

More information

Refugee migration 2: Data analysis

Refugee migration 2: Data analysis Core units: Exemplar Year 10 Illustration 3: Refugee migration Refugee migration 2: Data analysis The global picture At the end of 2010, there were 43.7 million people forcibly displaced by persecution

More information

Thirty-seventh Session. Rome, 25 June - 2 July Third Report of the Credentials Committee

Thirty-seventh Session. Rome, 25 June - 2 July Third Report of the Credentials Committee July 2011 C 2011/LIM/26 Rev.1 E CONFERENCE Thirty-seventh Session Rome, 25 June - 2 July 2011 Third Report of the Credentials Committee 1. The Credentials Committee of the Thirty-seventh Session of the

More information

2016 Global Civic Engagement

2016 Global Civic Engagement 2016 Global Civic Engagement Copyright Standards This document contains proprietary research, copyrighted materials and literary property of Gallup, Inc. It is for the guidance of your organization only

More information

Industrial Remote Communication Country Approvals for mobile network based Products

Industrial Remote Communication Country Approvals for mobile network based Products SIMATIC NET Industrial Remote Communication Country Approvals for mobile network based Products 2018-01-12 www.siemens.com/simatic-net Industrial Routers / Modems CP 1200 LOGO! CMR Compact RTU MD741-1

More information

The foreign-born population of Aruba

The foreign-born population of Aruba The foreign-born population of Aruba The foreign-born population 2 introduction Central Bureau of Statistics Aruba TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION... 5 THE FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION... 5 THE SEX AND AGE DISTRIBUTION

More information

Governing Body Geneva, November 2006 LILS FOR INFORMATION

Governing Body Geneva, November 2006 LILS FOR INFORMATION INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE GB.297/LILS/3 297th Session Governing Body Geneva, November 2006 Committee on Legal Issues and International Labour Standards LILS FOR INFORMATION THIRD ITEM ON THE AGENDA The

More information

PROTOCOL FOR THE PROHIBITION OF THE USE IN WAR OF ASPHYXIATING, POISONOUS OR OTHER GASES, AND OF BACTERIOLOGICAL METHODS OF WARFARE

PROTOCOL FOR THE PROHIBITION OF THE USE IN WAR OF ASPHYXIATING, POISONOUS OR OTHER GASES, AND OF BACTERIOLOGICAL METHODS OF WARFARE PROTOCOL FOR THE PROHIBITION OF THE USE IN WAR OF ASPHYXIATING, POISONOUS OR OTHER GASES, AND OF BACTERIOLOGICAL METHODS OF WARFARE Signed at Geneva June 17, 1925 Entered into force February 8, 1928 Ratification

More information

Social Progress Index (SPI) Measuring more than just GDP

Social Progress Index (SPI) Measuring more than just GDP Nontechnological trends Social Progress Index (SPI) Measuring more than just GDP Georges Kioes Partner Public Sector Leader Deloitte Tom Pfeiffer Partner Audit Deloitte To measure a country s development,

More information

Natural Resources, consuming energy in Michigan, ways to think green. Edrick Ramos, PCMI Candidate. 8 th grade Lesson Plan

Natural Resources, consuming energy in Michigan, ways to think green. Edrick Ramos, PCMI Candidate. 8 th grade Lesson Plan NaturalResources,consumingenergyinMichigan,waystothinkgreen EdrickRamos,PCMICandidate 8 th gradelessonplan Objectives Providethestudentsgeneralconceptsofenergysources,energyconsumptionontheir homesandwaystouseotherresourcesaspotentialformsofproducingenergy.

More information

CESifo WORLD ECONOMIC SURVEY

CESifo WORLD ECONOMIC SURVEY CESifo, a joint initiative of the University of Munich s Center for Economic Studies and the Ifo Institute for Economic Research CESifo WORLD ECONOMIC SURVEY VOLUME 6, NO. 3 AUGUST 2007 WORLD ECONOMIC

More information

Elections, nominations, confirmations and appointments to subsidiary and related bodies of the Economic and Social Council

Elections, nominations, confirmations and appointments to subsidiary and related bodies of the Economic and Social Council Decision 2016/201 D Elections, nominations, confirmations and appointments to subsidiary and related bodies of the Economic and Social Council At its17th and 18th meetings, held on 5 and 6 April 2016,

More information

( ) Page: 1/12 STATUS OF NOTIFICATIONS OF NATIONAL LEGISLATION ON CUSTOMS VALUATION AND RESPONSES TO THE CHECKLIST OF ISSUES

( ) Page: 1/12 STATUS OF NOTIFICATIONS OF NATIONAL LEGISLATION ON CUSTOMS VALUATION AND RESPONSES TO THE CHECKLIST OF ISSUES 25 October 2017 (17-5787) Page: 1/12 Committee on Customs Valuation STATUS OF NOTIFICATIONS OF NATIONAL LEGISLATION ON CUSTOMS VALUATION AND RESPONSES TO THE CHECKLIST OF ISSUES NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT

More information

The construction sector and economic development: the Bon curve

The construction sector and economic development: the Bon curve Construction Management and Economics ISSN: 0144-6193 (Print) 1466-433X (Online) Journal homepage: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rcme20 The sector and economic development: the Bon curve Les Ruddock &

More information

Commonwealth of Dominica. Consulate. Athens Greece

Commonwealth of Dominica. Consulate. Athens Greece Commonwealth of Dominica Consulate Athens Greece This is a full list of all the Visa Free Countries to where holders of Dominica Passport could travel visa free or easily get visa on arrival. The list

More information

Post-2015 AFP, Baltimore May 2014

Post-2015 AFP, Baltimore May 2014 Post-2015 AFP, Baltimore May 2014 Post-2015 1. Why? 2. What do we want? 3. Process & timelines 4. Key players 5. Content 6. What can we do? Why? Millennium Development Goals have driven plans, budgets

More information

Two Global Leaders with Very Different Global Perceptions

Two Global Leaders with Very Different Global Perceptions Two Global Leaders with Very Different Global Perceptions Gallup International Association opinion poll in 55 countries across the globe Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are

More information

Trademarks FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9. Highlights. Figure 8 Trademark applications worldwide. Figure 9 Trademark application class counts worldwide

Trademarks FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9. Highlights. Figure 8 Trademark applications worldwide. Figure 9 Trademark application class counts worldwide Trademarks Highlights Applications grew by 16.4% in 2016 An estimated 7 million trademark applications were filed worldwide in 2016, 16.4% more than in 2015 (figure 8). This marks the seventh consecutive

More information

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East United Nations General Assembly Distr.: General 1 December 2005 Original: English A/60/476 Sixtieth session Agenda item 30 05-61593 (E) 011205 *0561593* United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine

More information

Proposed Amendment on the Reform of the IMF Executive Board and Fourteenth General Review of Quotas Status of Acceptances and Consents

Proposed Amendment on the Reform of the IMF Executive Board and Fourteenth General Review of Quotas Status of Acceptances and Consents INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND Proposed Amendment on the Reform of the IMF Executive Board and Fourteenth General Review of Quotas Status of Acceptances and Consents Prepared by the Legal, Finance, and Secretary

More information

IBM 25 Years Power i Anniversary: Software Maintenance After Licence Fee Discount Program

IBM 25 Years Power i Anniversary: Software Maintenance After Licence Fee Discount Program IBM 25 Years Power i Anniversary: Software Maintenance After Licence Fee Discount Program The offer Eligible products Start and/or end dates Where is it available? Marketing information Ordering/fulfillment

More information

Myanmar Visa on Arrival

Myanmar Visa on Arrival Myanmar Visa on Arrival Types of Visa, Fees and Duration Types of Visa Fees Duration BUSINESS VISA US$ 50 70 days ENTRY VISA (Meetings / Workshops / Events) US$ 40 28 days TRANSIT VISA US$ 20 24 hours

More information

The Resource Curse. Simply put, OPEC members saw per capita income decline by 35% between 1965 and 1998,

The Resource Curse. Simply put, OPEC members saw per capita income decline by 35% between 1965 and 1998, * Gylfason, Lessons from the Dutch disease: Causes, treatment, and cures in Paradox of Plenty: The Management of Oil Wealth, Report 12/02, ECON, Centre for Economic Analysis, Oslo, 2002. The Resource Curse

More information

Inequality and Occupy

Inequality and Occupy Roadmap Inequality and Occupy What do we mean by inequality? Is inequality bad? How does inequality vary across countries? How has it changed over time? What causes inequality? How does finance fit in?

More information

We are pleased to present you with detailed instructions on processing your visa application with us. Within this information pack you will find:

We are pleased to present you with detailed instructions on processing your visa application with us. Within this information pack you will find: Dear Client, We are pleased to present you with detailed instructions on processing your visa application with us. Within this information pack you will find: A list of the required documents for your

More information

Taiwan s Development Strategy for the Next Phase. Dr. San, Gee Vice Chairman Taiwan External Trade Development Council Taiwan

Taiwan s Development Strategy for the Next Phase. Dr. San, Gee Vice Chairman Taiwan External Trade Development Council Taiwan Taiwan s Development Strategy for the Next Phase Dr. San, Gee Vice Chairman Taiwan External Trade Development Council Taiwan 2013.10.12 1 Outline 1. Some of Taiwan s achievements 2. Taiwan s economic challenges

More information

Geographical grouping 1

Geographical grouping 1 ANNEX 2 Country groupings used in this review Geographical grouping 1 Continent Region Sub-region Countries and territories included in the review Africa Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana Burkina Faso,

More information

STATISTICAL UNV STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL INFORMATION 2016

STATISTICAL UNV STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL INFORMATION 2016 UNV STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL INFORMATION 216 UN Women, UNFPA, UNV and the Office of Indigenous Women in Guatemala teamed up to mark 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence. In support of the

More information