International Migration and the Welfare State. Prof. Panu Poutvaara Ifo Institute and University of Munich

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "International Migration and the Welfare State. Prof. Panu Poutvaara Ifo Institute and University of Munich"

Transcription

1 International Migration and the Welfare State Prof. Panu Poutvaara Ifo Institute and University of Munich

2 1. Introduction During the second half of 20 th century, Europe changed from being primarily origin of migration flows to a destination Guest worker programs in Germany and many other countries, initially to attract temporary migrants Political debate on immigration, identity and integration of immigrants

3 Migration and income maximization Adam Smith noted already in 1776 in An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations that the wage differences in the United Kingdom were much larger than price differences, concluding that it appears evidently from experience that a man is of all sorts of luggage the most difficult to be transported. Migration responds to economic incentives, but there are also a lot of non-monetary barriers to migration

4 Net migration in 2008

5 Immigrants per 1000 inhabitants

6 Intro Data Model Simulations Share of foreign born in the labour force Lithuania 5.9% Portugal 9.9% Italy 11.8% Denmark 12.0% France 13.0% Slovenia 13.1% Latvia 13.4% United States 13.5% Greece 14.0% Netherlands 14.0% United Kingdom 14.2% Estonia 14.7% Ireland 15.3% Germany 15.3% Spain 17.7% Sweden 17.8% Belgium 17.8% Austria 18.3% Canada 19.9% Australia 21.0% Switzerland 29.2% Luxembourg 39.1% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 40.0% 45.0% Data sources: EU LFS and EU-SILC, CPS, US Census, Canadian LFS, HILDA Institute 7 / 59

7 2. Migration and efficiency Migration arising from differences in marginal productivity promotes welfare. Migration that is based on differences in taxes and transfers (redistribution) generally reduces efficiency Adverse selection problem for redistribution Musgrave (1969) assigns redistribution to national rather than local governments

8 Migration and redistribution Migration challenges redistribution, whether the rich or the poor are mobile Migration reallocates income risks. It reduces income risks of mobile workers and increases income risks of complementary immobile factor

9 Winners and losers Migration generates generally winners and losers among different classes of workers / owners of complementary factors of production in the source and destination country Corresponds to the effects of trade

10 3. Welfare effects of immigration Opposite demographic challenges: population aging in Europe and youth bulge in many developing countries How does immigration affect different skill groups? What type of immigration policies allow unlocking gains from trade by allowing migration? How should welfare state institutions be adjusted?

11 A challenge How should welfare state and labour market institutions be reformed in response to increasing international migration? Target from the perspective of natives: to ensure that migrants are net contributors to the welfare state Labour market effects should be taken into account

12 4. Empirical results on immigration and the welfare state Although theoretical studies suggest that immigrants should reduce wages of natives, several empirical studies have found no clear effect An explanation could be that natives and immigrants are imperfect substitutes No consensus on whether immigrants are net contributors or beneficiaries from the welfare state

13 Intro Data Model Simulations Share of High skilled Immigrants and Natives Immigrants Portugal Italy Canada Austria Denmark Australia Estonia Sweden United States Luxembourg Switzerland United Kingdom Latvia Lithuania Belgium Netherlands France Spain Germany Greece Slovenia Ireland 45 degree line Natives Data sources: EU LFS and EU SILC, CPS, US Census, Canadian LFS, HILDA Figure : Share of High Skilled in the Labour Force Institute 8 / 59

14 Intro Data Model Simulations Immigrants Unemployment Rates of Immigrants and Natives Low Skilled Workers Denmark Austria Italy Netherlands United Kingdom Canada Switzerland Slovenia United States Luxembourg Australia Sweden Belgium Germany Ireland France Lithuania Greece Portugal EstoniaLatvia Spain 45 degree line Natives Data Sources: EU SILC, average over Line is a 45 degree line Figure : Unemployment Rates of Low Skilled Immigrants and Low Skilled Natives Institute 12 / 59

15 Intro Data Model Simulations Immigrants Unemployment Rates of Immigrants and Natives High Skilled Workers Sweden Germany France Belgium Estonia Ireland Italy Latvia Denmark Lithuania Netherlands Canada Austria United Kingdom Switzerland Slovenia Luxembourg United States Australia Portugal Spain Greece 45 degree line Natives Data Sources: EU SILC, average over Line is a 45 degree line Figure : Unemployment Rates of High Skilled Immigrants and Low Skilled Natives Institute 13 / 59

16 Intro Data Model Simulations Immigrant wage gap of low skilled Italy β = 0.25 p value = 0.04 R squared = 0.20 Greece Luxembourg United States Netherlands Portugal Wage gap and GDP of origin country Low Skilled Workers Austria France Germany Slovenia United Kingdom Spain Canada Belgium Denmark Switzerland Sweden Ireland Latvia Australia Lithuania Estonia Ratio between origin and destination GDP per capita Sources: Doquier et al. (2011), World Bank, EU SILC, CPS, US and Canadian Census, HILDA Figure : Relative GDP and wage gaps of low skilled workers Institute 15 / 59

17 Intro Data Model Simulations Immigrant wage gap of high skilled Greece β = 0.07, p value = 0.66 R squared = 0.01 Canada Germany Netherlands Belgium Sweden United States Wage gap and GDP of origin country High Skilled Workers Luxembourg Slovenia France Australia Latvia Austria United Kingdom Switzerland Estonia Spain Ireland Portugal Lithuania Italy Denmark Ratio between origin and destination GDP per capita Sources: Doquier et al. (2011), World Bank, EU SILC, CPS, US and Canadian Census, HILDA Figure : Relative GDP and wage gaps of high skilled workers Institute 16 / 59

18 Current work in progress Manuscript Migration, Labor Market Frictions and Redistribution by Michele Battisti, Gabriel Felbermayr, Giovanni Peri, Panu Poutvaara Main aim: provide an integrated analysis on the effects of immigration when both labour market effects and income redistribution are taken into account

19 5. Emigration from a welfare state Research project Danes Abroad: Economic and Social Motivations for Emigration and Return Migration Originally financed by the Danish Social Science Research Council (FSE) Data subsequently used in a NORFACE project and now in Ifo Center of Excellence for Migration and Integration Research (CEMIR) Comprehensive register data and two surveys

20 Target population Danes who had emigrated in 1987, 1988, 1992, 1993, 1997, 1998, 2001 or Survey in summer Age at the time of emigration at least 18 years, and in 2008 at most 60 years Statistics Denmark identified return migrants and the relatives of those who had not returned from population registers

21 Danes abroad A representative sample of 4,126 Danes who stay abroad Response rate 61 %

22 The Self-Selection of Emigrants from a Welfare State (with George Borjas and Ilpo Kauppinen) How Danish emigrants are self-selected in terms of education and earnings? Register data on Danish working-age men who don t have immigration background and who have been working full time the year before migration Migrants positively selected in terms of both education and earnings and in terms of unobservable characteristics

23 Preferences for Redistribution among Emigrants from a Welfare State (with Ilpo Kauppinen) How attitudes towards redistribution differ between Danes who stay in Denmark, and Danes who emigrate? Focus on Danes who stay abroad

24 Attitudes towards increasing redistribution in Denmark among Danes living in Denmark (ESS) Strongly against Somewhat against Neutral Somewhat in favour Men Women Strongly in favour

25 Attitudes towards increasing redistribution in Denmark among Danes living abroad (our survey) Strongly against Somewhat against Neutral Somewhat in favour Men Women Strongly in favour

26 Other Nordic countries vs. Englishspeaking countries Strongly against Somewhat against Neutral Somewhat in favour Strongly in favour Men % Other Nordic Women % Other Nordic Englishspeaking Englishspeaking

27 Summary Strong evidence on positive selection in terms of earnings ability among emigrants Male emigrants have a clearly more negative attitude towards the welfare state than non-migrants Female emigrants are more positive towards redistribution than female nonmigrants

28 6. Migration and education The government has to invest in the education of the young before they decide where to live, work, and pay taxes after graduation. The expected returns to the government are lower the higher the probability that the student emigrates. Therefore, even migration based on productivity differences may reduce efficiency

29 Internationally applicable and country- specific education (Poutvaara CESifo Economic Studies 2004; Scandinavian Journal of Economics 2008) Some degrees internationally more applicable, like engineering, economics and medicine Other degrees quite country-specific, like law and national history With increasing mobility, governments have incentive to provide too much country-specific education

30 Solutions Income-contingent student loans, which would be converted into ordinary loans in case of emigration Provides both insurance and guarantees that the state that financed education also receives part of returns Opportunity to opt out to protect young people against expropriation

Migration, Demography and Labour Mobility

Migration, Demography and Labour Mobility Migration, Demography and Labour Mobility Prof. Panu Poutvaara, PhD WELFARE GAINS FROM FREE MOBILITY 3 INSIGHTS FROM ECONOMICS 1/3 General insight: immigration improves overall welfare, provided that migration

More information

International Migration: Seizing the Opportunity

International Migration: Seizing the Opportunity International Migration: Seizing the Opportunity Gabriel Felbermayr Munich Economic Summit June 30 / July 1, 2016 Ifo Center for International Economics G. Felbermayr 22 AGENDA A huge potential Natives

More information

Options for Romanian and Bulgarian migrants in 2014

Options for Romanian and Bulgarian migrants in 2014 Briefing Paper 4.27 www.migrationwatchuk.com Summary 1. The UK, Germany, France and the Netherlands are the four major countries opening their labour markets in January 2014. All four are likely to be

More information

Europe divided? Attitudes to immigration ahead of the 2019 European elections. Dr. Lenka Dražanová

Europe divided? Attitudes to immigration ahead of the 2019 European elections. Dr. Lenka Dražanová Europe divided? Attitudes to immigration ahead of the 2019 European elections Dr. Lenka Dražanová Europe divided? Europeans, overall, becoming more positive to immigration BUT country differences matter!

More information

Migration Challenge or Opportunity? - Introduction. 15th Munich Economic Summit

Migration Challenge or Opportunity? - Introduction. 15th Munich Economic Summit Migration Challenge or Opportunity? - Introduction 15th Munich Economic Summit Clemens Fuest 30 June 2016 What do you think are the two most important issues facing the EU at the moment? 40 35 2014 2015

More information

Migration, Mobility and Integration in the European Labour Market. Lorenzo Corsini

Migration, Mobility and Integration in the European Labour Market. Lorenzo Corsini Migration, Mobility and Integration in the European Labour Market Lorenzo Corsini Content of the lecture We provide some insight on -The degree of differentials on some key labourmarket variables across

More information

Fertility rate and employment rate: how do they interact to each other?

Fertility rate and employment rate: how do they interact to each other? Fertility rate and employment rate: how do they interact to each other? Presentation by Gyula Pulay, general director of the Research Institute of SAO Changing trends From the middle of the last century

More information

Migration and Labor Market Outcomes in Sending and Southern Receiving Countries

Migration and Labor Market Outcomes in Sending and Southern Receiving Countries Migration and Labor Market Outcomes in Sending and Southern Receiving Countries Giovanni Peri (UC Davis) Frederic Docquier (Universite Catholique de Louvain) Christian Dustmann (University College London)

More information

Is This Time Different? The Opportunities and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence

Is This Time Different? The Opportunities and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence Is This Time Different? The Opportunities and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence Jason Furman Chairman, Council of Economic Advisers The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Washington,

More information

The Outlook for EU Migration

The Outlook for EU Migration Briefing Paper 4.29 www.migrationwatchuk.com Summary 1. Large scale net migration is a new phenomenon, having begun in 1998. Between 1998 and 2010 around two thirds of net migration came from outside the

More information

NERO INTEGRATION OF REFUGEES (NORDIC COUNTRIES) Emily Farchy, ELS/IMD

NERO INTEGRATION OF REFUGEES (NORDIC COUNTRIES) Emily Farchy, ELS/IMD NERO INTEGRATION OF REFUGEES (NORDIC COUNTRIES) Emily Farchy, ELS/IMD Sweden Netherlands Denmark United Kingdom Belgium France Austria Ireland Canada Norway Germany Spain Switzerland Portugal Luxembourg

More information

European Union Passport

European Union Passport European Union Passport European Union Passport How the EU works The EU is a unique economic and political partnership between 28 European countries that together cover much of the continent. The EU was

More information

Working paper 20. Distr.: General. 8 April English

Working paper 20. Distr.: General. 8 April English Distr.: General 8 April 2016 Working paper 20 English Economic Commission for Europe Conference of European Statisticians Work Session on Migration Statistics Geneva, Switzerland 18-20 May 2016 Item 8

More information

INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANTS INTO THE LABOUR MARKET IN EU AND OECD COUNTRIES

INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANTS INTO THE LABOUR MARKET IN EU AND OECD COUNTRIES INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANTS INTO THE LABOUR MARKET IN EU AND OECD COUNTRIES AN OVERVIEW Brussels, 25 June 2015 Thomas Liebig International Migration Division Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social

More information

Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2013: A Further Decline

Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2013: A Further Decline January 31, 2013 ShadEcEurope31_Jan2013.doc Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2013: A Further Decline by Friedrich Schneider *) In the Tables

More information

Globalisation and flexicurity

Globalisation and flexicurity Globalisation and flexicurity Torben M Andersen Department of Economics Aarhus University November 216 Globalization Is it Incompatible with High employment Decent wages (no working poor) Low inequality

More information

OECD/EU INDICATORS OF IMMIGRANT INTEGRATION: Findings and reflections

OECD/EU INDICATORS OF IMMIGRANT INTEGRATION: Findings and reflections OECD/EU INDICATORS OF IMMIGRANT INTEGRATION: Findings and reflections Meiji University, Tokyo 26 May 2016 Thomas Liebig International Migration Division Overview on the integration indicators Joint work

More information

IMMIGRATION IN THE EU

IMMIGRATION IN THE EU IMMIGRATION IN THE EU Source: Eurostat 10/6/2015, unless otherwise indicated Data refers to non-eu nationals who have established their usual residence in the territory of an EU State for a period of at

More information

UNDER EMBARGO UNTIL 9 APRIL 2018, 15:00 HOURS PARIS TIME

UNDER EMBARGO UNTIL 9 APRIL 2018, 15:00 HOURS PARIS TIME TABLE 1: NET OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FROM DAC AND OTHER COUNTRIES IN 2017 DAC countries: 2017 2016 2017 ODA ODA/GNI ODA ODA/GNI ODA Percent change USD million % USD million % USD million (1) 2016

More information

How does education affect the economy?

How does education affect the economy? 2. THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL BENEFITS OF EDUCATION How does education affect the economy? More than half of the GDP growth in OECD countries over the past decade is related to labour income growth among

More information

Widening of Inequality in Japan: Its Implications

Widening of Inequality in Japan: Its Implications Widening of Inequality in Japan: Its Implications Jun Saito, Senior Research Fellow Japan Center for Economic Research December 11, 2017 Is inequality widening in Japan? Since the publication of Thomas

More information

Europe in Figures - Eurostat Yearbook 2008 The diversity of the EU through statistics

Europe in Figures - Eurostat Yearbook 2008 The diversity of the EU through statistics STAT/08/75 2 June 2008 Europe in Figures - Eurostat Yearbook 2008 The diversity of the EU through statistics What was the population growth in the EU27 over the last 10 years? In which Member State is

More information

The Foreign-born Population in the EU and its contribution to National Tax and Benefit Systems. Andrew Dabalen World Bank

The Foreign-born Population in the EU and its contribution to National Tax and Benefit Systems. Andrew Dabalen World Bank The Foreign-born Population in the EU and its contribution to National Tax and Benefit Systems Andrew Dabalen World Bank Motivation Disagreements on the benefits of immigrants Welfarist view migrants are

More information

Economics of European Integration Lecture # 6 Migration and Growth

Economics of European Integration Lecture # 6 Migration and Growth Economics of European Integration Lecture # 6 Migration and Growth Winter Semester 2013/14 Gerald Willmann Gerald Willmann, Department of Economics, Bielefeld University Migration Facts and Theory Immigration:

More information

Between brain drain and brain gain post-2004 Polish migration experience

Between brain drain and brain gain post-2004 Polish migration experience Between brain drain and brain gain post-2004 Polish migration experience Paweł Kaczmarczyk Centre of Migration Research University of Warsaw Conference Fachkräftebedarf und Zuwanderung IAB, Nuernberg May

More information

ISSUE BRIEF: U.S. Immigration Priorities in a Global Context

ISSUE BRIEF: U.S. Immigration Priorities in a Global Context Immigration Task Force ISSUE BRIEF: U.S. Immigration Priorities in a Global Context JUNE 2013 As a share of total immigrants in 2011, the United States led a 24-nation sample in familybased immigration

More information

Migration in employment, social and equal opportunities policies

Migration in employment, social and equal opportunities policies Health and Migration Advisory Group Luxembourg, February 25-26, 2008 Migration in employment, social and equal opportunities policies Constantinos Fotakis DG Employment. Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (EU, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the EU, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (EU, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the EU, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (EU, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the EU, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (EU, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the EU, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

USING, DEVELOPING, AND ACTIVATING THE SKILLS OF IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR CHILDREN

USING, DEVELOPING, AND ACTIVATING THE SKILLS OF IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR CHILDREN USING, DEVELOPING, AND ACTIVATING THE SKILLS OF IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR CHILDREN 29 October 2015 Thomas Liebig International Migration Division Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD

More information

Migration information Center I Choose Lithuania

Migration information Center I Choose Lithuania Migration information Center I Choose Lithuania Lithuania: Emigration and net migration rates highest in Europe; Population decrease 80% due to emigration; 1,3 million Lithuanians are estimated to be living

More information

Equality between women and men in the EU

Equality between women and men in the EU 1 von 8 09.07.2015 13:13 Case Id: 257d6b6c-68bc-48b3-bf9e-18180eec75f1 Equality between women and men in the EU Fields marked with are mandatory. About you Are you replying to this consultation in a professional

More information

Improving the measurement of the regional and urban dimension of well-being

Improving the measurement of the regional and urban dimension of well-being Improving the measurement of the regional and urban dimension of well-being 4 th OECD World Forum, lunchtime seminar 19 October 2012 Walter Radermacher, Chief Statistician of the EU Walter Radermacher

More information

The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration

The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration Frederic Docquier (UCL) Caglar Ozden (World Bank) Giovanni Peri (UC Davis) December 20 th, 2010 FRDB Workshop Objective Establish a minimal common framework

More information

Migration, Coordination Failures and EU Enlargement

Migration, Coordination Failures and EU Enlargement Economic Policy 20th Anniversary London, 20 October, 2005 Migration, Coordination Failures and EU Enlargement Tito Boeri and Herbert Brücker Bocconi University and DIW Berlin The issue Economic theory:

More information

Population and Migration Estimates

Population and Migration Estimates 22 September 2009 Components of population growth Population and Migration Estimates April 2009 Natural increase Net migration 80 60 40 20 0 Year ending April 2008 April 2009 Natural increase 44,600 45,100

More information

European patent filings

European patent filings Annual Report 07 - European patent filings European patent filings Total filings This graph shows the geographic origin of the European patent filings. This is determined by the country of residence of

More information

Migration Policy and Welfare State in Europe

Migration Policy and Welfare State in Europe Migration Policy and Welfare State in Europe Assaf Razin 1 and Jackline Wahba 2 Immigration and the Welfare State Debate Public debate on immigration has increasingly focused on the welfare state amid

More information

WORLDWIDE DISTRIBUTION OF PRIVATE FINANCIAL ASSETS

WORLDWIDE DISTRIBUTION OF PRIVATE FINANCIAL ASSETS WORLDWIDE DISTRIBUTION OF PRIVATE FINANCIAL ASSETS Munich, November 2018 Copyright Allianz 11/19/2018 1 MORE DYNAMIC POST FINANCIAL CRISIS Changes in the global wealth middle classes in millions 1,250

More information

In 2012, million persons were employed in the EU

In 2012, million persons were employed in the EU countries: Latvia (2.3 pps) and Estonia (+2.0 pps). On the other hand, the employment rate fell by more than 2 pps in Spain (-2.3 pps), Portugal (-2.4 pps), Cyprus (-3.0 pps) and Greece (-4.3pps). The

More information

Economics Of Migration

Economics Of Migration Department of Economics and Centre for Macroeconomics public lecture Economics Of Migration Professor Alan Manning Professor of Economics and Director of the Centre for Economic Performance s research

More information

Convergence: a narrative for Europe. 12 June 2018

Convergence: a narrative for Europe. 12 June 2018 Convergence: a narrative for Europe 12 June 218 1.Our economies 2 Luxembourg Ireland Denmark Sweden Netherlands Austria Finland Germany Belgium United Kingdom France Italy Spain Malta Cyprus Slovenia Portugal

More information

Labour mobility within the EU - The impact of enlargement and the functioning. of the transitional arrangements

Labour mobility within the EU - The impact of enlargement and the functioning. of the transitional arrangements Labour mobility within the EU - The impact of enlargement and the functioning of the transitional arrangements Tatiana Fic, Dawn Holland and Paweł Paluchowski National Institute of Economic and Social

More information

Identification of the respondent: Fields marked with * are mandatory.

Identification of the respondent: Fields marked with * are mandatory. Towards implementing European Public Sector Accounting Standards (EPSAS) for EU Member States - Public consultation on future EPSAS governance principles and structures Fields marked with are mandatory.

More information

INVESTING IN AN OPEN AND SECURE EUROPE Two Funds for the period

INVESTING IN AN OPEN AND SECURE EUROPE Two Funds for the period INVESTING IN AN OPEN AND SECURE EUROPE Two Funds for the 2014-20 period COMMON ISSUES ASK FOR COMMON SOLUTIONS Managing migration flows and asylum requests the EU external borders crises and preventing

More information

Migration and the European Job Market Rapporto Europa 2016

Migration and the European Job Market Rapporto Europa 2016 Migration and the European Job Market Rapporto Europa 2016 1 Table of content Table of Content Output 11 Employment 11 Europena migration and the job market 63 Box 1. Estimates of VAR system for Labor

More information

Public consultation on the EU s labour migration policies and the EU Blue Card

Public consultation on the EU s labour migration policies and the EU Blue Card Case Id: a37bfd2d-84a1-4e63-8960-07e030cce2f4 Date: 09/07/2015 12:43:44 Public consultation on the EU s labour migration policies and the EU Blue Card Fields marked with * are mandatory. 1 Your Contact

More information

Labour market integration of low skilled migrants in Europe: Economic impact. Gudrun Biffl

Labour market integration of low skilled migrants in Europe: Economic impact. Gudrun Biffl Labour market integration of low skilled migrants in Europe: Economic impact Gudrun Biffl Contribution to the Conference on Managing Migration and Integration: Europe & the US University of California-Berkeley,

More information

Migration as an Adjustment Mechanism in a Crisis-Stricken Europe

Migration as an Adjustment Mechanism in a Crisis-Stricken Europe Migration as an Adjustment Mechanism in a Crisis-Stricken Europe Martin Kahanec Central European University (CEU), Budapest Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn Central European Labour Studies

More information

Standard Note: SN/SG/6077 Last updated: 25 April 2014 Author: Oliver Hawkins Section Social and General Statistics

Standard Note: SN/SG/6077 Last updated: 25 April 2014 Author: Oliver Hawkins Section Social and General Statistics Migration Statistics Standard Note: SN/SG/6077 Last updated: 25 April 2014 Author: Oliver Hawkins Section Social and General Statistics The number of people migrating to the UK has been greater than the

More information

Eurostat Yearbook 2006/07 A goldmine of statistical information

Eurostat Yearbook 2006/07 A goldmine of statistical information 25/2007-20 February 2007 Eurostat Yearbook 2006/07 A goldmine of statistical information What percentage of the population is overweight or obese? How many foreign languages are learnt by pupils in the

More information

REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS, THE CRISIS IN EUROPE AND THE FUTURE OF POLICY

REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS, THE CRISIS IN EUROPE AND THE FUTURE OF POLICY REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS, THE CRISIS IN EUROPE AND THE FUTURE OF POLICY Tim Hatton University of Essex (UK) and Australian National University Noise from America Firenze 11-12 June 2016 Introduction

More information

Income inequality the overall (EU) perspective and the case of Swedish agriculture. Martin Nordin

Income inequality the overall (EU) perspective and the case of Swedish agriculture. Martin Nordin Income inequality the overall (EU) perspective and the case of Swedish agriculture Martin Nordin Background Fact: i) Income inequality has increased largely since the 1970s ii) High-skilled sectors and

More information

OECD ECONOMIC SURVEY OF LITHUANIA 2018 Promoting inclusive growth

OECD ECONOMIC SURVEY OF LITHUANIA 2018 Promoting inclusive growth OECD ECONOMIC SURVEY OF LITHUANIA 218 Promoting inclusive growth Vilnius, 5 July 218 http://www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/economic-survey-lithuania.htm @OECDeconomy @OECD 2 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 21 211

More information

FORM P1 - APPLICATION FORM FOR CANDIDATES

FORM P1 - APPLICATION FORM FOR CANDIDATES 2018 FORM P1 - p. 1 / 5 FORM P1 - APPLICATION FORM FOR CANDIDATES SUMMARY Surname and first name Sex (male female) Home country Profession Job title Country choice Type of hospital COMMENTS NATIONAL COORDINATOR

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

Settling In 2018 Main Indicators of Immigrant Integration

Settling In 2018 Main Indicators of Immigrant Integration Settling In 2018 Main Indicators of Immigrant Integration Settling In 2018 Main Indicators of Immigrant Integration Notes on Cyprus 1. Note by Turkey: The information in this document with reference to

More information

On aid orphans and darlings (Aid Effectiveness in aid allocation by respective donor type)

On aid orphans and darlings (Aid Effectiveness in aid allocation by respective donor type) On aid orphans and darlings (Aid Effectiveness in aid allocation by respective donor type) Sven Tengstam, March 3, 2017 Extended Abstract Introduction The Paris agenda assumes that the effectiveness of

More information

Defining migratory status in the context of the 2030 Agenda

Defining migratory status in the context of the 2030 Agenda Defining migratory status in the context of the 2030 Agenda Haoyi Chen United Nations Statistics Division UN Expert Group Meeting on Improving Migration Data in the context of the 2020 Agenda 20-22 June

More information

Inclusion and Gender Equality in China

Inclusion and Gender Equality in China Inclusion and Gender Equality in China 12 June 2017 Disclaimer: The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

EuCham Charts. October Youth unemployment rates in Europe. Rank Country Unemployment rate (%)

EuCham Charts. October Youth unemployment rates in Europe. Rank Country Unemployment rate (%) EuCham Charts October 2015 Youth unemployment rates in Europe Rank Country Unemployment rate (%) 1 Netherlands 5.0 2 Norway 5.5 3 Denmark 5.8 3 Iceland 5.8 4 Luxembourg 6.3... 34 Moldova 30.9 Youth unemployment

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

Factsheet on rights for nationals of European states and those with an enforceable Community right

Factsheet on rights for nationals of European states and those with an enforceable Community right Factsheet on rights for nationals of European states and those with an enforceable Community right Under certain circumstances individuals who are exempt persons can benefit from the provisions of the

More information

Free movement of labour and services in the EEA

Free movement of labour and services in the EEA Free movement of labour and services in the EEA Line Eldring, Fafo Institute for Labour and Social Research EEA EFTA Forum of local and regional authorities, Staur Gård, 11 June 2015 The EU enlargements

More information

CO3.6: Percentage of immigrant children and their educational outcomes

CO3.6: Percentage of immigrant children and their educational outcomes CO3.6: Percentage of immigrant children and their educational outcomes Definitions and methodology This indicator presents estimates of the proportion of children with immigrant background as well as their

More information

Population and Migration Estimates

Population and Migration Estimates An Phríomh-Oifig Staidrimh Central Statistics Office 21 September 2010 Components of population growth Population and Migration Estimates April 2010 Natural increase Net migration 80 60 40 20 0 Year ending

More information

Russian Federation. OECD average. Portugal. United States. Estonia. New Zealand. Slovak Republic. Latvia. Poland

Russian Federation. OECD average. Portugal. United States. Estonia. New Zealand. Slovak Republic. Latvia. Poland INDICATOR TRANSITION FROM EDUCATION TO WORK: WHERE ARE TODAY S YOUTH? On average across OECD countries, 6 of -19 year-olds are neither employed nor in education or training (NEET), and this percentage

More information

Gender effects of the crisis on labor market in six European countries

Gender effects of the crisis on labor market in six European countries Gender effects of the crisis on labor market in six European countries Hélène Périvier Marion Cochard et Gérard Cornilleau OECD meeting, 06-20-2011 helene.perivier@ofce.sciences-po.fr marion.cochard@ofce.sciences-po.fr

More information

2. The table in the Annex outlines the declarations received by the General Secretariat of the Council and their status to date.

2. The table in the Annex outlines the declarations received by the General Secretariat of the Council and their status to date. Council of the European Union Brussels, 10 June 2016 (OR. en) 9603/16 COPEN 184 EUROJUST 69 EJN 36 NOTE From: To: Subject: General Secretariat of the Council Delegations Council Framework Decision 2008/909/JHA

More information

Territorial indicators for policy purposes: NUTS regions and beyond

Territorial indicators for policy purposes: NUTS regions and beyond Territorial indicators for policy purposes: NUTS regions and beyond Territorial Diversity and Networks Szeged, September 2016 Teodora Brandmuller Regional statistics and geographical information unit,

More information

People on the move: impact and integration of migrants in the European Union

People on the move: impact and integration of migrants in the European Union People on the move: impact and integration of migrants in the European Union Uuriintuya Batsaikhan, Zsolt Darvas and Inês Gonçalves Raposo Bruegel workshop: Better policies for people on the move 13 th

More information

Brexit. Alan V. Deardorff University of Michigan. For presentation at Adult Learning Institute April 11,

Brexit. Alan V. Deardorff University of Michigan. For presentation at Adult Learning Institute April 11, Brexit Alan V. Deardorff University of Michigan For presentation at Adult Learning Institute April 11, 2017 Brexit Defined: The exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union What that actually means

More information

Migration to Norway. Key note address to NFU conference: Globalisation: Nation States, Forced Migration and Human Rights Trondheim Nov 2008

Migration to Norway. Key note address to NFU conference: Globalisation: Nation States, Forced Migration and Human Rights Trondheim Nov 2008 1 Migration to Norway Numbers, reasons, consequences, and a little on living conditions Key note address to NFU conference: Globalisation: Nation States, Forced Migration and Human Rights Trondheim 27-28

More information

The effect of migration in the destination country:

The effect of migration in the destination country: The effect of migration in the destination country: This topic can be broken down into several issues: 1-the effect of immigrants on the aggregate economy 2-the effect of immigrants on the destination

More information

3-The effect of immigrants on the welfare state

3-The effect of immigrants on the welfare state 3-The effect of immigrants on the welfare state Political issues: Even if in the long run migrants finance the pay as you go pension system, migrants may be very costly for the destination economy because

More information

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE; ECONOMICS OF MIGRATION, INTRODUCTION, TRENDS AND CONCEPTS

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE; ECONOMICS OF MIGRATION, INTRODUCTION, TRENDS AND CONCEPTS INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE; ECONOMICS OF MIGRATION, INTRODUCTION, TRENDS AND CONCEPTS Mariola Pytliková CERGE-EI, VŠB-Technical University Ostrava, CReAM, IZA, CCP and CELSI Info about lectures: http://home.cerge-ei.cz/pytlikova/laborspring18/

More information

3Z 3 STATISTICS IN FOCUS eurostat Population and social conditions 1995 D 3

3Z 3 STATISTICS IN FOCUS eurostat Population and social conditions 1995 D 3 3Z 3 STATISTICS IN FOCUS Population and social conditions 1995 D 3 INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN THE EU MEMBER STATES - 1992 It would seem almost to go without saying that international migration concerns

More information

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN FEBRUARY 2017

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN FEBRUARY 2017 TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN FEBRUARY 2017 In February 2017, the number of the trips of Bulgarian residents abroad was 366.8 thousand (Annex,

More information

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN AUGUST 2016

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN AUGUST 2016 TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN AUGUST 2016 In August 2016, the number of the trips of Bulgarian residents abroad was 590.6 thousand (Annex, Table

More information

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN AUGUST 2015

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN AUGUST 2015 TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN AUGUST 2015 In August 2015, the number of the trips of Bulgarian residents abroad was 512.0 thousand (Annex, Table

More information

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN MARCH 2016

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN MARCH 2016 TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN MARCH 2016 In March 2016, the number of the trips of Bulgarian residents abroad was 354.7 thousand (Annex, Table

More information

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN MAY 2017

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN MAY 2017 TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN MAY 2017 In May 2017, the number of the trips of Bulgarian residents abroad was 653.3 thousand (Annex, Table 1) or

More information

Spot on! Identifying and tracking skill needs

Spot on! Identifying and tracking skill needs Spot on! Identifying and tracking skill needs Fabio Manca Labour Market Economist, Employment, Labour, and Social Affairs Directorate, Skills and Employability Division, OECD What do we mean by Skill mismatch?

More information

September 2012 Euro area unemployment rate at 11.6% EU27 at 10.6%

September 2012 Euro area unemployment rate at 11.6% EU27 at 10.6% STAT/12/155 31 October 2012 September 2012 Euro area unemployment rate at 11.6% at.6% The euro area 1 (EA17) seasonally-adjusted 2 unemployment rate 3 was 11.6% in September 2012, up from 11.5% in August

More information

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: A SUMMARY VIEW OF TRENDS AND PATTERNS

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: A SUMMARY VIEW OF TRENDS AND PATTERNS United Nations Expert Group Meeting on International Migration and Development July, 2005 INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: A SUMMARY VIEW OF TRENDS AND PATTERNS Jorge Martínez

More information

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN SEPTEMBER 2015

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN SEPTEMBER 2015 TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN SEPTEMBER 2015 In September 2015, the number of the trips of Bulgarian residents abroad was 450.9 thousand (Annex,

More information

FLOWS OF STUDENTS, COMPUTER WORKERS, & ENTREPRENEURS

FLOWS OF STUDENTS, COMPUTER WORKERS, & ENTREPRENEURS FLOWS OF STUDENTS, COMPUTER WORKERS, & ENTREPRENEURS September 23, 2014 B. Lindsay Lowell Director of Policy Studies Institute for the Study of International Migration Georgetown University lowellbl@georgetown.

More information

Migration: Global challenges, European responses

Migration: Global challenges, European responses EUROPEAN UNION Committee of the Regions Migration: Global challenges, European responses Institute Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich 7 th Brussels International Economic

More information

REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS, THE CRISIS IN EUROPE AND THE FUTURE OF POLICY

REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS, THE CRISIS IN EUROPE AND THE FUTURE OF POLICY REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS, THE CRISIS IN EUROPE AND THE FUTURE OF POLICY Tim Hatton University of Essex (UK) and Australian National University International Migration Institute 13 January 2016 Forced

More information

Main findings of the joint EC/OECD seminar on Naturalisation and the Socio-economic Integration of Immigrants and their Children

Main findings of the joint EC/OECD seminar on Naturalisation and the Socio-economic Integration of Immigrants and their Children MAIN FINDINGS 15 Main findings of the joint EC/OECD seminar on Naturalisation and the Socio-economic Integration of Immigrants and their Children Introduction Thomas Liebig, OECD Main findings of the joint

More information

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN DECEMBER 2016

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN DECEMBER 2016 TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN DECEMBER 2016 In December 2016, the number of the trips of Bulgarian residents abroad was 397.3 thousand (Annex,

More information

NFS DECENT WORK CONFERENCE. 3 October RIGA

NFS DECENT WORK CONFERENCE. 3 October RIGA NFS DECENT WORK CONFERENCE 3 October RIGA STRUCTURES TO ENSURE FAIR CONDITIONS FOR MOBILE WORKERS Analysis: where we are with free movement. Legal aspects Economic aspects What to do HOW MANY? 45 000 000

More information

AMWAY GLOBAL. Encouraging WOMEN to be entrepreneurs Eliminating the fear of failure. A Survey of Amway Europe, March 2014

AMWAY GLOBAL. Encouraging WOMEN to be entrepreneurs Eliminating the fear of failure. A Survey of Amway Europe, March 2014 AMWAY GLOBAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP REPORT 2013 Encouraging WOMEN to be entrepreneurs Eliminating the fear of failure. A Survey of Amway Europe, March 2014 Candan Corbacioglu Amway Europe Corporate Affairs Area

More information

ISBN International Migration Outlook Sopemi 2007 Edition OECD Introduction

ISBN International Migration Outlook Sopemi 2007 Edition OECD Introduction ISBN 978-92-64-03285-9 International Migration Outlook Sopemi 2007 Edition OECD 2007 Introduction 21 2007 Edition of International Migration Outlook shows an increase in migration flows to the OECD International

More information

The Extraordinary Extent of Cultural Consumption in Iceland

The Extraordinary Extent of Cultural Consumption in Iceland 1 Culture and Business Conference in Iceland February 18 2011 Prof. Dr. Ágúst Einarsson Bifröst University PP 1 The Extraordinary Extent of Cultural Consumption in Iceland Prof. Dr. Ágúst Einarsson, Bifröst

More information

Immigration Policy In The OECD: Why So Different?

Immigration Policy In The OECD: Why So Different? Immigration Policy In The OECD: Why So Different? Zachary Mahone and Filippo Rebessi August 25, 2013 Abstract Using cross country data from the OECD, we document that variation in immigration variables

More information

Extended Findings. Finland. ecfr.eu/eucoalitionexplorer. Question 1: Most Contacted

Extended Findings. Finland. ecfr.eu/eucoalitionexplorer. Question 1: Most Contacted Extended Findings Finland Preferences Question 1: Most Contacted Finland (2%) is not amongst the most contacted countries within the EU: Germany (22%), France (13%), the UK (11%), Poland (7%), Italy (6%),

More information